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Basic Electronics: Book 1

Basic Electronics: Book 1

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Basic Electronics: Book 1

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4/5 (29 evaluări)
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160 pages
1 hour
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Lansat:
Sep 19, 2011
ISBN:
9781465970176
Format:
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Descriere

This book covers the fundamentals of electronics in terms that are easy to understand. There are many charts and diagrams included that help you visualize the concepts. You will start by learning about the creation and flow of electricity. From there you will learn the basic function, properties, identification, and tolerances of standard electronic components. By the end of the book you will have learned how to use these components in basic circuits.

Editor:
Lansat:
Sep 19, 2011
ISBN:
9781465970176
Format:
Carte

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Basic Electronics - Paul Daak

BASIC ELECTRONICS

Book 1

By: Paul Daak

Copyright © 2011/2020 Paul Daak

All rights reserved. This book, or any parts thereof, may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without written permission from the publisher.

Table Of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1: What Is Electricity?

Chapter 2: How Is Electricity Created?

Chapter 3: Basic Series Circuits

Chapter 4: Basic Parallel Circuits

Chapter 5: Series Parallel Circuits

Chapter 6: Transformers

Chapter 7: Diodes

Chapter 8: Capacitors

Chapter 9: Basic Power Supply Design

Chapter 10: Fuses

Chapter 11: Switches And Relays

Appendix

About the Author

Introduction

Electronics

Electronics is the branch of science that deals with the control of electrons, including studies of their behavior and effects in conductors, semiconductors, vacuums, and gasses.

Electronic Technician Classification

Electronic technicians, by utilizing specialized tools and technical equipment, create and affect change in electron flow beyond the delivery of electrical power and simple on and off control. They understand the principals of electron flow within electronic circuitry. The electronic technician classification requires specific knowledge and training in the function and application of electronic components.

Radios, amplifiers, synthesizers, televisions, telephones, computers, motor controls, and data communications devices are considered electronic equipment. However, being the installer or the operator of electronic equipment does not, in and of itself, qualify a person as an electronic technician.

A person that simply removes defective circuit boards and replaces them with functional ones, or a person that only programs computers or computer-controlled equipment is not really an electronic technician. A person that installs industrial wiring, circuit breakers, lighting fixtures, and other related electrical equipment in buildings is an electrician.

This Book's Objective

Electronics is a fantastic career choice and a terrific hobby. Learning electronics from the ground up will help to more fully understand the trade. I hope this book helps you to learn and understand the fundamentals of basic electronics. These concepts are the foundation of all electronics. Ultimately, this is where it all begins.

The main objective of this book is to introduce you to the following basic elements of the electronics industry.

• Electrical theory, creating and conducting electricity

• Series, parallel, and series parallel circuitry

• Standard components and their function in circuits

• Conventional power supply design variations

• Common electronic mathematic calculations

Table Of Contents

Chapter 1: What Is Electricity?

The Circulation Concept

The circulation of blood in the human body is what makes and sustains life. When the circulation of blood stops so does life. In electronic circuitry the flow of electrons is what makes and sustains action. When electron flow stops so does action.

Medical doctors must understand how blood is created and flows through the body in order to be successful in their profession. Likewise, electronic technicians must also understand how electricity is created and flows through circuitry to be successful in their profession.

For obvious reasons we aren't going to delve deeper into blood flow. But in order to learn about electronics, we will start with the fundamentals of what electricity is. This truly is the basics.

The Atom

Atoms are the basic building blocks of all things. Atoms are submicroscopic particles and each one consists of three types of elements. Those elements are Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons.

Atoms resemble our solar system. The nucleus, or center, of our solar system is the sun. Earth and all the other planets revolve around the sun. (See chart 1-1)

1-1

The nucleus of an atom is made up of protons and neutrons. Electrons revolve around the nucleus similar to planets around the sun. (See chart 1-2)

1-2

Protons are positively charged particles. (+)

Electrons are negatively charged particles. (-)

Neutrons are neutral, neither positive or negative. (0)

Normally the quantity of electrons revolving around the nucleus is equal to the quantity of protons within the nucleus. This creates a balance of polarity making the atom neutral.

The quantity of protons in the nucleus is called the atomic number. Each type of atom has a different atomic number, therefore that number identifies which type of atom it is. For example, a silicon atom has fourteen protons in its nucleus and has fourteen electrons orbiting it. A copper atom has twenty-nine protons in its nucleus and has twenty-nine electrons orbiting it. For the purpose of studying basic electronics you do not need to know the atomic number for the individual atoms.

When we were in elementary school we studied magnets and magnetism. We learned that opposite polarities attract each other and like polarities repel each other. For instance the North Pole of one magnet will pull toward the South Pole of another magnet. But the North Pole of one magnet will push away the North Pole of another magnet.

Being that electrons are negatively charged particles they repel each other in orbit. And being that protons are positively charged particles they repel each other also. It's the job of the neutrons, having no polarity, to act like glue and keep the protons together forming the nucleus. The attraction of the protons by the electrons keeps the electrons in orbit.

Substances that contain one type of atom, such as copper and aluminum, are referred to as pure elements. Substances that contain multiple types of atoms are referred to as compounds. Compounds contain atoms that are chemically combined. For example, water is a compound of chemically combined hydrogen and oxygen. Substances that are formed by mixing or blending elements together are referred to as alloys. Bronze is an alloy that is usually made by melting copper and tin together. Solder that is commonly used in electronics is an alloy made of tin and lead.

Electron Flow

In our solar system the planets do not all revolve around the sun in the same orbit. And in atoms the electrons do not all revolve around the nucleus in the same orbit. It's the outer most orbiting electrons that will determine if the atom is a good conductor or not a good conductor.

The outermost orbit of an atom is called the valence shell. Atoms that have only a few electrons orbiting in the valence shell are better conductors. One, two, or three electrons in the valence shell is considered a few. (See chart 1-3)

1-3

These valence electrons are loosely connected to the nucleus and, with a little energy from an outside force, can break away from the parent atom. These electrons become what are called free electrons. Free electrons can easily drift from one atom to another. (See chart 1-4)

1-4

This movement of free electrons is called electron flow. Electron flow is very commonly called current flow. Elements that do not have free electrons are not good conductors and we refer to them as insulators.

Speed Of Electron Flow

When you activate the switch on a flashlight

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    best book about electrical about electronic word real worl abt
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    A very basic but extremely important issue for technical electronics students with a very small and simple breakdown of each subject.
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