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A Simple Guide to Myopia and Refractive Eye Diseases

A Simple Guide to Myopia and Refractive Eye Diseases

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A Simple Guide to Myopia and Refractive Eye Diseases

32 pages
22 minutes
Nov 13, 2012


Refractive Eye Disease is an eye disease occurring as a result of error in the focusing of light by the eye.

It results in poorer eye vision.

These are :

1. Myopia or short sightedness
where light comes to focus in front of the retina instead of on the retina.

2. Hypermetropia or Long sightedness
where light comes to focus behind the retina instead of on the retina.

3. Presbyopa or Far sightedness
where the ability to focus up close becomes more difficult due to age.
As the eye ages, the lens can not change shape easily to allow the eye to focus close objects clearly.

4. Astigmatism
where the eye can not focus light evenly onto the retina.
This can cause images to appear blurry and stretched out.

Who is at risk for refractive errors?
All refractive errors can affect both children and adults.
People with parents having certain refractive errors are more likely to get a refractive error.

What are the signs and symptoms of refractive errors?

Blurred vision is the most common symptom.
Double vision
Glare or halos around bright lights
Eye strain

How are refractive errors treated?

Refractive errors can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery.
Eyeglasses are the simplest and safest way to correct refractive errors.


Chapter 1

Refractive Eye Disease

Chapter 2


Chapter 3


Chapter 4


Chapter 5


Chapter 6

Lasik Surgery


Nov 13, 2012

Despre autor

Medical doctor since 1972.Started Kee Clinic in 1974 at 15 Holland Dr #03-102, relocated to 36 Holland Dr #01-10 in 2009.Did my M.Sc (Health Management ) in 1991 and Ph.D (Healthcare Administration) in 1993.Dr Kenneth Kee is still working as a family doctor at the age of 70.However he has reduced his consultation hours to 3 hours in the morning and 2 hours inthe afternoon.He first started writing free blogs on medical disorders seen in the clinic in 2007 on http://kennethkee.blogspot.com.His purpose in writing these simple guides was for the health education of his patients which is also his dissertation for his Ph.D (Healthcare Administration). He then wrote an autobiography account of his journey as a medical student to family doctor on his other blog http://afamilydoctorstale.blogspot.comThis autobiography account “A Family Doctor’s Tale” was combined with his early “A Simple Guide to Medical Disorders” into a new Wordpress Blog “A Family Doctor’s Tale” on http://ken-med.com.From which many free articles from the blog was taken and put together into 1000 eBooks.He apologized for typos and spelling mistakes in his earlier books.He will endeavor to improve the writing in futures.Some people have complained that the simple guides are too simple.For their information they are made simple in order to educate the patients.The later books go into more details of medical disorders.He has published 1000 eBooks on various subjects on health, 1 autobiography of his medical journey, another on the autobiography of a Cancer survivor, 2 children stories and one how to study for his nephew and grand-daughter.The purpose of these simple guides is to educate patient on health disorders and not meant as textbooks.He does not do any night duty since 2000 ever since Dr Tan had his second stroke.His clinic is now relocated to the Buona Vista Community Centre.The 2 units of his original clinic are being demolished to make way for a new Shopping Mall.He is now doing some blogging and internet surfing (bulletin boards since the 1980's) startingwith the Apple computer and going to PC.The entire PC is upgraded by himself from XT to the present Pentium duo core.The present Intel i7 CPU is out of reach at the moment because the CPU is still expensive.He is also into DIY changing his own toilet cistern and other electric appliance.His hunger for knowledge has not abated and he is a lifelong learner.The children have all grown up and there are 2 grandchildren who are even more technically advanced than the grandfather where mobile phones are concerned.This book is taken from some of the many articles in his blog (now with 740 posts) A Family Doctor’s Tale.Dr Kee is the author of:"A Family Doctor's Tale""Life Lessons Learned From The Study And Practice Of Medicine""Case Notes From A Family Doctor"

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A Simple Guide to Myopia and Refractive Eye Diseases - Kenneth Kee







Refractive Eye Diseases


Dr Kenneth Kee

M.B.,B.S. (Singapore)

Ph.D (Healthcare Administration)

Copyright Kenneth Kee 2012 Smashwords Edition

Published By Kenneth Kee at Smashwords.com


This book is dedicated

to my wife Dorothy

and my children

Carolyn, Grace

and Kelvin

This book describes the Myopia and Related Eye Diseases such as Myopia, Hypermetropia, Presbyopia and Astigmatism

which are seen in some of my patients in my Family Clinic.

This eBook is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This eBook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each reader.

If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy.

Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

Chapter 1

Refractive Eye Diseases

What are Refractive Eye Diseases?

Refractive Eye Disease is an eye disease occurring as a result of error in the focusing of light by the eye.

It results in poorer eye

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