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Optimizing Decision Making in the Apparel Supply Chain Using Artificial Intelligence (AI): From Production to Retail

Optimizing Decision Making in the Apparel Supply Chain Using Artificial Intelligence (AI): From Production to Retail

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Optimizing Decision Making in the Apparel Supply Chain Using Artificial Intelligence (AI): From Production to Retail

evaluări:
4/5 (1 evaluare)
Lungime:
457 pages
Lansat:
Jan 24, 2013
ISBN:
9780857097842
Format:
Carte

Descriere

Practitioners in apparel manufacturing and retailing enterprises in the fashion industry, ranging from senior to front line management, constantly face complex and critical decisions. There has been growing interest in the use of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to enhance this process, and a number of AI techniques have already been successfully applied to apparel production and retailing. Optimizing decision making in the apparel supply chain using artificial intelligence (AI): From production to retail provides detailed coverage of these techniques, outlining how they are used to assist decision makers in tackling key supply chain problems. Key decision points in the apparel supply chain and the fundamentals of artificial intelligence techniques are the focus of the opening chapters, before the book proceeds to discuss the use of neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy set theory and extreme learning machines for intelligent sales forecasting and intelligent product cross-selling systems.
  • Helps the reader gain an understanding of the key decision points in the apparel supply chain
  • Discusses the fundamentals of artificial intelligence techniques for apparel management techniques
  • Considers the use of neural networks in selecting the location of apparel manufacturing plants
Lansat:
Jan 24, 2013
ISBN:
9780857097842
Format:
Carte

Despre autor

W. K. Wong is full professor at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong and is currently with the endowed professorship title as Cheng Yik Hung Professor in Fashion. His areas of research range from computer vision to artificial intelligence with applications in the textile and fashion industries. He has published over hundred research articles in high-impact artificial intelligence related journals and serves as editorial board member of several journals. He also provides consultancy services to fashion and textile companies in the industry.

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Optimizing Decision Making in the Apparel Supply Chain Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) - Calvin Wong

Elsevier.

1

Understanding key decision points in the apparel supply chain

W.K. Wong,     The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China

Abstract:

In the apparel supply chain, a range of key decisions are always faced by apparel enterprises. These decisions, including site selection for establishing manufacturing plant, production planning and scheduling, line balancing, sales forecasting, etc., rely on the experience and subjective assessment of management and decision makers. As the apparel industry is characterized by short product life cycles, volatile customer demands and tremendous product varieties, such decisions have become more complex. This chapter will discuss these key decision points.

Key words

plant location

production planning and scheduling

marker planning

cut order planning

spreading

cutting

line balancing

sales forecasting

cross-selling and up-selling

1.1 Introduction

Apparel manufacturers and retailers in the fashion industry face a range of key decisions, including selection of plant locations, production planning and scheduling, marker planning, cut order planning, apparel assembly line balancing, retail sales forecasting and marketing. Traditionally, such decisions depended on the experience and judgement of key staff. However, as the market has shifted to short production runs to meet rapidly changing customer demands, and costs have been squeezed in favour of just-in-time production methods, these decisions have become more complex. At the same time, production has become more automated and integrated, allowing greater control of the supply chain. In this chapter, key decisions in the apparel supply chain will be discussed.

1.2 Selection of plant locations

Apparel manufacturers’ direct investment and joint ventures in developing regions have grown rapidly in the past few decades. The choice of plant locations for foreign direct investment is an important decision. Non-optimized selection can adversely affect a plant’s performance in terms of productivity, manufacturing and logistics costs. Selection of a proper plant location is thus crucial. In the case of establishing overseas plants, apparel manufacturers should consider costs, profits and other intractable factors, such as social environment, political stability, legality, technology, and micro-environmental factors, including customers, competitors and suppliers. Most manufacturers have difficulties in decision making due to vague and subjective measures, particularly for variables not represented by objective values, such as country risk and community facilities. The decision of plant locations thus mostly relies on the intuition and assessment of

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