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Nail Varnish Poisoning, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

Nail Varnish Poisoning, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

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Nail Varnish Poisoning, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

Lungime:
103 pages
57 minutes
Lansat:
Mar 26, 2018
ISBN:
9781370651924
Format:
Carte

Descriere

This book describes Nail Varnish Poisoning, Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases
Nail polish is a cosmetic chemical used to beautify and occasionally protect one’s nails.
They appear in a range of colors and shades and are a complicated mixture of chemicals
Causes:
Nail Polish Poisoning is the accidental or purposeful ingestion of nail polish.
The intake may be through inhalation, skin or eye contact, or after ingestion of the chemical
Poisonous Ingredients
Nail Varnish comprises both resins and solvents.
The harmful chemicals in the resins are:
1. Amber
2. Balsam
3. Rosin
The harmful chemicals in the solvents are:
1 Nail varnish
2. Butyl acetate
3. Ethyl acetate
4. Dibutyl phthalate
5. Camphor
Most nail varnishes have these chemicals although some now use non-toxic herbal ingredients.
Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of Nail Polish Poisoning can range from one person to another.
It may be mild in some and serious in others.
Many systems of the body, such as the digestive system, respiratory system, vascular system, nervous system, and urinary system may be involved
The signs and symptoms of Nail Polish Poisoning are:

1. Breathing problems, which may be serious if the varnish is inhaled
2. Chest pain
3. Headache
4. Nausea, vomiting
5. Stomach and abdominal pain
6. Eye irritation and pain on contact with the substance
7. Urination difficulties
8. Irregular heart-rate
9. Feeling dizzy or drowsy
10. Over-excitement; acting ‘drunk’
11. Lack of coordinated movements, walking difficulties, unable to stand
12. Confusions and hallucinations
13. Seizures
14. Shock and unconsciousness
Diagnosis:
The disorder is diagnosed based upon the medical history, combination of signs and symptoms, and more tests
ECG to look for abnormal heart rhythms
Bronchoscopy and chest x-ray to check the lungs
Gastroscopy to check for ulcers in esophagus and stomach
Treatment
Home Care
If the nail varnish is present on the skin or in the eyes, the patient must flush with lots of water for at least 15 minutes.
If the persons swallowed the nail varnish, they should be given water or milk right away, unless a doctor tells them not to.
They should not drink anything if they have symptoms that make it difficult to swallow:
These symptoms are vomiting, convulsions, or a reduced level of alertness.
If the persons took in nail varnish fumes, they should be moved to fresh air right away.
Carefully remove the patient from the exposure area
The airways should be protected (wear mask); make sure of breathing and the presence of pulse
If involvement of the eye has happened, the person should then wash thoroughly with copious amounts of water (for at least 15 minutes)
Unless instructed by a doctor, there should no induction of vomiting in the affected patient
The patient should be taken to emergency room (ER) for further treatment
Always try to bring the varnish bottle/container to the ER
The emergency medical doctor might do these steps towards treating the disorder:
1. Medically treat symptoms, such as abnormal heart rate and seizures
2. Provide breathing support, if necessary
3. Gastric lavage for removal of the substance from the stomach (irrigation using special solutions)
4. Wash eyes repeatedly and completely (irrigation), to remove any remaining hazardous compound
5. After this, a suitable skin or eye ointment may be applied to treat the exposure
6. Surgical treatment for skin burns such as removal of burnt skin
7. Fluids are given by an intravenous drip line
The doctor will evaluate and monitor the person's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure
Medicines are given to treat symptoms

TABLE OF CONTENT
Introduction
Chapter 1 Nail Varnish Poisoning

Lansat:
Mar 26, 2018
ISBN:
9781370651924
Format:
Carte

Despre autor

Medical doctor since 1972.Started Kee Clinic in 1974 at 15 Holland Dr #03-102, relocated to 36 Holland Dr #01-10 in 2009.Did my M.Sc (Health Management ) in 1991 and Ph.D (Healthcare Administration) in 1993.Dr Kenneth Kee is still working as a family doctor at the age of 70.However he has reduced his consultation hours to 3 hours in the morning and 2 hours inthe afternoon.He first started writing free blogs on medical disorders seen in the clinic in 2007 on http://kennethkee.blogspot.com.His purpose in writing these simple guides was for the health education of his patients which is also his dissertation for his Ph.D (Healthcare Administration). He then wrote an autobiography account of his journey as a medical student to family doctor on his other blog http://afamilydoctorstale.blogspot.comThis autobiography account “A Family Doctor’s Tale” was combined with his early “A Simple Guide to Medical Disorders” into a new Wordpress Blog “A Family Doctor’s Tale” on http://ken-med.com.From which many free articles from the blog was taken and put together into 1000 eBooks.He apologized for typos and spelling mistakes in his earlier books.He will endeavor to improve the writing in futures.Some people have complained that the simple guides are too simple.For their information they are made simple in order to educate the patients.The later books go into more details of medical disorders.He has published 1000 eBooks on various subjects on health, 1 autobiography of his medical journey, another on the autobiography of a Cancer survivor, 2 children stories and one how to study for his nephew and grand-daughter.The purpose of these simple guides is to educate patient on health disorders and not meant as textbooks.He does not do any night duty since 2000 ever since Dr Tan had his second stroke.His clinic is now relocated to the Buona Vista Community Centre.The 2 units of his original clinic are being demolished to make way for a new Shopping Mall.He is now doing some blogging and internet surfing (bulletin boards since the 1980's) startingwith the Apple computer and going to PC.The entire PC is upgraded by himself from XT to the present Pentium duo core.The present Intel i7 CPU is out of reach at the moment because the CPU is still expensive.He is also into DIY changing his own toilet cistern and other electric appliance.His hunger for knowledge has not abated and he is a lifelong learner.The children have all grown up and there are 2 grandchildren who are even more technically advanced than the grandfather where mobile phones are concerned.This book is taken from some of the many articles in his blog (now with 740 posts) A Family Doctor’s Tale.Dr Kee is the author of:"A Family Doctor's Tale""Life Lessons Learned From The Study And Practice Of Medicine""Case Notes From A Family Doctor"

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Nail Varnish Poisoning, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions - Kenneth Kee

Nail Varnish

Poisoning,

A

Simple

Guide

To

The Condition,

Diagnosis,

Treatment

And

Related Conditions

By

Dr Kenneth Kee

M.B.,B.S. (Singapore)

Ph.D (Healthcare Administration)

Copyright Kenneth Kee 2018 Smashwords Edition

Published by Kenneth Kee at Smashwords.com

Dedication

This book is dedicated

To my wife Dorothy

And my children

Carolyn, Grace

And Kelvin

This book describes Nail Varnish Poisoning, Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases which is seen in some of my patients in my Family Clinic.

(What The patient Need to Treat Nail Varnish Poisoning)

This eBook is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This eBook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each reader.

If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy.

Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

Introduction

I have been writing medical articles for my blog http://kennethkee.blogspot.com (A Simple Guide to Medical Disorder) for the benefit of my patients since 2007.

My purpose in writing these simple guides was for the health education of my patients.

Health Education was also my dissertation for my Ph.D (Healthcare Administration).

I then wrote an autobiolographical account of his journey as a medical student to family doctor on his other blog http://afamilydoctorstale.blogspot.com.

This autobiolographical account A Family Doctor’s Tale was combined with my early A Simple Guide to Medical Disorders into a new Wordpress Blog A Family Doctor’s Tale on http://kenkee481.wordpress.com.

From which many free articles from the blog was taken and put together into 800 amazon kindle books and 200 into Smashwords.com eBooks.

Some people have complained that the simple guides are too simple.

For their information they are made simple in order to educate the patients.

The later books go into more details of medical disorders.

The first chapter is always from my earlier blogs which unfortunately tends to have typos and spelling mistakes.

Since 2013, I have tried to improve my spelling and writing.

As I tried to bring the patient the latest information about a disorder or illness by reading the latest journals both online and offline, I find that I am learning more and improving on my own medical knowledge in diagnosis and treatment for my patients.

Just by writing all these simple guides I find that I have learned a lot from your reviews (good or bad), criticism and advice.

I am sorry for the repetitions in these simple guides as the second chapters onwards have new information as compared to my first chapter taken from my blog.

I also find repetition definitely help me and maybe some readers to remember the facts in the books more easily.

I apologize if these repetitions are irritating to some readers.

Chapter 1

Nail Varnish Poisoning

Nail polish poisoning is not common but because the modern toddler is inquisitive and like to do what the mother does for her nails it has become more frequent.

Recently a toddler was playing with her mother’s nail polish and accidentally swallowed some of the nail varnish.

She had a seizure and was admitted to hospital unconscious.

Happily with rapid intravenous treatment she managed to fully recover.

Because of the toxicity, new nail varnishes without the toxic Toulene and Dibutyl phthalate are being produced for women still using nail varnish.

What Is Nail Varnish Poisoning?

Nail polish is a cosmetic chemical used to beautify and occasionally protect one’s nails.

They appear in a range of colors and shades and are a complicated mixture of chemicals

Nail Polish Poisoning is the accidental or purposeful ingestion of nail polish.

The intake may be through inhalation, skin or eye contact, or after ingestion of the chemical

Nail Polish Poisoning may be also called:

1. Nail Polish Toxicity

2. Nail Varnish Poisoning

What are the Causes of Nail Polish Poisoning?

Causes:

Nail Polish Poisoning is induced by the intake of nail polish (liquid) normally accidentally.

The poisoning may also be from direct skin and eye contact, or by inhaling the vapors

This poisoning could be accidental, or in rare cases intentional, to bring self-harm

Nail polishes are produced through organic solvents and may contain:

1. Plasticizers,

2. Pigments and dyes,

3. Thickening agents, and

4. UV stabilizers.

The combination is based

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