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macOS Mojave: Up To Speed

macOS Mojave: Up To Speed

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macOS Mojave: Up To Speed

614 pages
3 hours
Oct 22, 2018


The macOS Mojave: Up To Speed guide helps you to get up and running quickly with Apple's latest operating system.  This handy step-by-step guide is written from scratch, starting with basic macOS topics and moving on to more advanced features of the operating system, designed to help you to become more productive more quickly.   Though comprehensive, the information in this book is presented in a clear, concise manner with screenshots providing helpful visual guidance all along the way.

In no time at all you'll be navigating Mojave, setting up and maintaining user accounts, managing files, playing music and video, modifying system preferences, surfing the Web and working with applications like a pro. 

Topic include:

Operating System Basics

Understanding the Mac Interface

Using the Mouse & Keyboard

Investigating Menus

Using Shortcut Menus

Using Gestures with a Trackpad

Using the Dock

Getting Help

Navigating a Window

Moving a Window

Changing the Size of a Window

Displaying the Status Bar

Switching Between Windows

Using Split Window View

Hiding the Finder Toolbar and Sidebar

Using Mission Control

Changing Window Views

Using Quick Look

Mojave Disk Organization

Opening Folders and Disks

The Finder Toolbar & the Sidebar

Using Quick Actions

Accessing Recent Folders

Arranging & Sorting the Contents of a Folder

Browsing the Contents of Folders

Navigating Folder Hierarchy

Using iCloud & iCloud Drive

Optimizing Disk Storage

Store Most Files on iCloud

Empty Trash After 30 Days

Creating a New Folder

Renaming a File or Folder

Copying, Moving & Deleting Files and Folders

Using Desktop Stacks

Using the Info Window

Finding Files using Spotlight

Finding Files from the Finder Window

Using Smart Folders

Searching with Siri

Selecting Multiple Files and Folders

Batch Rename Files

Arranging Finder Window Icons

Setting Dock Properties

Adding & Removing Items to the Dock

Setting System Preferences

Using Dark Mode

Changing the Desktop Background

Adding a Screen Saver

Using an External Monitor with a Laptop

Using AirPlay

Adding a Printer

Modifying Notification Center Settings

Setting Finder Preferences

Syncing Documents & Desktop to the Cloud

Managing User Accounts

Security & Privacy

Opening Applications and Documents

Formatting Text

Forcing an Application to Quit

Installing & Removing Applications

Using Automator

Organizing Contacts with the Contacts Application

Organizing Your Schedule with the Calendar Application

Getting Things Done with the Reminders Application

Navigating with Maps

Using the Notes Application

Using the News app & the Stocks App

Using Dictation

Using the Voice Memos app

Working with the Photos App

Backing Up with Time Machine

Using Continuity Camera

Sharing Files with Airdrop

Moving Between Devices with Handoff

Sharing with the Universal Clipboard

Mac Utilities

Setting up an Internet Connection

Browsing a Web Page

Adding & Managing Bookmarks

Pinning Frequently Visited Sites

Using Apple Pay in Safari

And More....

Oct 22, 2018

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macOS Mojave - R.M. Hyttinen


macOS Mojave: Up To Speed

R.M. Hyttinen

Copyright & License Notes

macOS High Mojave: Up to Speed

By R.M. Hyttinen

Copyright © 2018 by R.M. Hyttinen.  All rights reserved.

Published by PCM Courseware, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


ISBN: 978-1-943005-13-0

Examples used in this book are fictional.  Any resemblance to actual persons living or dead, businesses, incidents, organization or events is purely coincidental.

All rights reserved.  No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a public retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.  Although every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher and author assume no responsibility for errors and omissions.  Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of information contained within.

If you found this book helpful, please consider leaving a review wherever you purchased this book.  Also consider telling your friends about it to help me spread the word about my book.

Thank you so much for supporting my work!

License Notes

This e-book is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This e-book may not be re-sold, given away to other people or used in any type of training classes. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each recipient. If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to your favorite e-book retailer and purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

Trademark Acknowledgements

This is an independent publication which has not been authorized, paid for or approved by Apple, Inc.  Apple, Mac and MacOS Mojave are registered trademarks of the Apple Corporation.  All other known trademarks have been appropriately capitalized and are the property of their respective owners.


As the author and founder of PCM Courseware, I am delighted to bring you the next in our Up To Speed series of guides:  MacOS Mojave - Up To Speed.  Since 2003, PCM Courseware has been publishing innovative Print-On-Demand electronic courseware for both the PC and the Macintosh and beginning with the Up to Speed series, we are now creating software guides for everyone, not just for software trainers.

My mission is to create guides to make learning technology concepts easy, no matter what kind of learner you are. The guides are simple to use yet comprehensive in their effectiveness. Many students find the step-by-step approach of our manuals to be a valuable self-study resource.

You do not need to read the book sequentially, although this can certainly be helpful if you are just starting out with the Mac operating system.  I’ve written the book from scratch, starting with basic MacOS Mojave topics and moving on to more advanced features of the operating system, designed to help you to become more productive more quickly.

If you are looking to accomplish a specific task, be sure to take advantage of the handy Table of Contents.

So let’s get started with macOS Mojave – Up to Speed.

Chapter 1 - The Fundamentals

Operating System Basics

Welcome to Apple’s latest operating system, macOS Mojave 10.14!  Before we begin to work with the Macintosh, it is helpful to understand what exactly macOS Mojave is and what it does.  Mojave is the latest generation of the Macintosh operating system, incorporating an innovative new look and feel.

An Operating System is a software program that controls just about everything your computer does, such as:

Controls the application programs that run on your computer

Controls the computer’s hardware

Implements user management utilities and features such as the Finder and the Dock

Organizes the files and folders on your computer

Mojave is actually made up of two operating systems, which provide for maximum power and flexibility.These are:

Unix – A powerful and complex command-line interface

Metal 2 – The graphical overlay of macOS Mojave.

Older versions of the Mac operating system included Mac OS 9 Classic support, allowing you to run your pre-OS X computer applications on OX 10.The classic environment is no longer supported on newer Intel-based Macintosh computers or under the macOS Mojave operating system.Additionally, those applications that need Rosetta to run are also no longer supported.Mojave also consists of the graphics framework called Metal 2, which offers better performance and smoother animations due to system level painting and drawing.

If you are new to computers or to the Mac, you are about to embark on an exciting new journey – the discovery of macOS Mojave.

So, let’s get started!

Logging Onto Your Mac

The most basic task you will need to do with your computer is turning it on and logging onto your Mac.  To turn on your computer, find your computer’s On/Off switch.  Assuming your computer is plugged in correctly, macOS Mojave should launch.

Depending on how your computer is set up, you may be presented with a list of users who have been added to the computer’s account list. Click your username, type your assigned password in the text box and then press the Return or Enter key (depending on your keyboard).

If you are about to turn on a brand new out-of-the-box Mac, you will need to configure your computer first.  After you turn on your computer, your Mac will prompt you for some information:  your name, the language you prefer, keyboard layout (US or Canada), short name (the name you want to give to your Home folder), and the password you want to use to log on to your Mac.  You may be prompted to set up your iCloud account (more on iCloud later).  If you already have a wireless network available, your Mac should identify it.  If your network is security enabled, you will need to provide your Wi-Fi password or key.  We’ll discuss setting up a new network in a later section.

You are now ready to begin working with your Macintosh!

To log on to your Mac, do this:

1.  Find the computer’s On/Off switch.

2.  Press the On/Off switch.

3.  Move your cursor over the icon that corresponds to your username and then click your mouse button.

4.  Type your password in the password box.

5.  Click Log in.

Understanding the Mac Interface

This section will help you become familiar with the Mojave screen, also known as the Desktop.  The Desktop is the first screen you will see after logging in to the computer.  The table below summarizes the major elements of the macOS Mojave screen.

Don’t worry if the Mac screen appears mystifying or confusing at first.  Each of these elements will be covered in detail in subsequent sections.  This section is just to introduce to you to major parts of the Desktop.

Major Elements of the macOS Mojave Screen

Apple Menu

The Apple Menu is used for a variety of Mac system commands such as opening System Preferences, modifying the Dock properties, logging out, restarting your computer, selecting a network location and jumping to recent items.


This is the large background area of the Mojave screen.  The desktop is where you may find shortcuts to your favorite folders, documents, and applications.

Menu Bar

Displays the Mac menus used to execute commands.  Clicking on a menu displays a list of commands for that menu.


Icons that display in the menu bar, such as date and time or Airport connection status.

Notification Center

The Notification Center provides a place for all of the alerts from various applications.  You can easily view all of your appointments, events, and reminders from the Today tab of the Notification Center.

The Dock

The Dock is a band of icons that launch programs, files or folders that you use often.  When you open another application or minimize a document window, its icon will then appear in the Dock.  The Dock also includes the Trash. To delete a file, drag it to the Trash.


Files and folders that you delete are moved to this folder.

Using the Mouse

The Mouse, a small device that is connected to your computer (or connected to it wirelessly), allows you to select and move objects on the screen.  The mouse is associated with the Mouse Pointer on your screen.  The mouse pointer is used to point to and select objects on your screen.  When you move the mouse on your desk, the pointer moves on your screen.  To move the pointer left, move your mouse to the left on your desk.  Likewise, to move your pointer up, down or to the right, move your mouse upwards, downwards or to the right, respectively.

The mouse pointer normally takes one of three forms:  Standard Pointer, Insertion Point, and Rotating Beach Ball.

The Standard Pointer is the most common appearance of the pointer. When the Standard Pointer appears, it looks like an arrow pointing to the upper left, at about a 30-degree angle. In Standard Pointer mode, you can move the mouse and single click to highlight an icon, double-click (click twice in rapid succession) to open an item and click and drag to do a number of different actions, such as highlighting more than one item at the same time, or moving an item.

The next common pointer is the Insertion Point. This pointer appears when you move the mouse and place the cursor over an area in a text-based program, such as a word processor, the Terminal or even a text field in a dialog box. When the pointer is in this mode, you can usually perform text-based actions, such as clicking once to place the cursor (commonly called setting the insertion point), or clicking and dragging to select a section of text.

The third type of pointer is the Rotating Beach Ball (sometimes referred to as the Beach Ball of Death). This pointer appears when an application is busy processing a task and cannot do anything else at the current time.  You are unable to do anything with that application while the beach ball is spinning except wait.

Mouse Actions

Selecting is the process of choosing an object in order to perform some action.  For instance, you may wish to open an application or move a file from one location to another. There are five basic Mouse Actions that you will use to select objects:

Single-Click – Press and release the mouse button once.  This action is used to select an icon or to click a button in a dialog box.

Double-Click – Quickly press and release the mouse button twice in rapid succession.  This action is used to open an application, a document or a folder.

Right-Click (also known as Control-Click) – Press and release the right mouse button once.  This action is used with a two-button mouse and usually produces a pop-up menu.  To produce this same result with a one-button mouse, hold down the Ctrl key and then press the mouse button.

Click-and-Drag – Press the mouse button and, with the mouse button still pressed down, move the mouse.  This action is used to select text in a document or to select more than one sequential item at a time.

Drag-and-Drop – Used to move items from one location to another.  Move your mouse pointer over the item you wish to move and then press and hold down the mouse button.  With the mouse button still held down, move or drag your mouse until the mouse pointer is in the location where you want to place the item.  Release the mouse button to drop the item.

If you are using a two-button mouse, pressing the right-mouse button often produces a contextual shortcut menu.  This is the equivalent of pressing down the Control key and clicking with a one-button mouse.  You can use either a one-button or two-button mouse with your Mac.

Using the Keyboard

The Keyboard is another device that is connected to your computer.  You may already be familiar with the keyboard.  However, there are several special keys on the Mac keyboard that allow you to use keyboard shortcuts instead of using the mouse.  One key that you will find on a Mac compatible keyboard that is typically used in combination with one or more other keys is the Command (⌘) key.  Holding down a combination of keys executes a particular command associated with that keystroke combination.  For example, holding down the key combination of ⌘ + W (The Command key and the W key) will close the active window.

It is important to note that the Control key, which is often labeled Ctrl, is not the equivalent of the Control key on a non-Mac keyboard.  One of the main purposes of the Control key on a Mac is for control-clicking to display shortcut menus. The Option key is often used to display hidden menus or to add special characters.

Below is a list of common keyboard shortcuts.  Keep in mind that not all shortcuts will work in all applications.

Common Keyboard Shortcuts

Cut:  ⌘ + X

Copy:  ⌘ + C

Paste:  ⌘ + V

Select All: ⌘ + A

Undo:  ⌘ + Z

Redo:  ⌘ + Shift + Z

Delete:  ⌘ + Backspace

Page Top:  ⌘ + Up Arrow

Page Bottom:  ⌘ + Down Arrow

Line Begin: ⌘ + Left Arrow

Line End:  ⌘ + Right Arrow

Previous Word:  ⌘ + Option + Left Arrow

Next Word:  ⌘ + Option + Right Arrow

Save: ⌘ + S

Save As: ⌘ + Shift + S

Force Quit: ⌘ + Alt + Escape

Switch Window:  ⌘ + `

Screen Shot:  ⌘ + Shift  + 3, ⌘ + Shift + 4

Font Panel:  ⌘ + T

Color Panel:  ⌘ + Shift + C

Close Window  :  ⌘ + W

Quit Program:  ⌘ + Q

Hide Program:  ⌘ + H

New Window:  ⌘ + N

New Folder:  ⌘ + Shift  + N

Open Spotlight Box:   ⌘ + Space

Investigating Menus

In the last section, we learned how to give commands to your Mac by using keystroke combinations.  Another common way to issue a command is by use of menus.  A menu is a categorized list of commands relevant to a particular application and is located near the top of the window.  The menu titles are displayed on the menu bar.  To display the commands for a menu title, position your mouse pointer over the title and click your mouse button.

Common menu items are File, Edit, View, and Help.  A disclosure triangle to the right of the menu name indicates that the menu contains a submenu.  You can trace to the submenu with your mouse pointer to execute the submenu’s command.

The Apple menu (click the Apple icon) located on the top left of the screen contains many Mac system commands such as Sleep, Restart and Shut Down.  From here, you can also access System Preferences, display recently opened applications and documents or browse applications in the App Store.

To use menu commands, do this:

1.  Move your mouse pointer over the desired menu title on the menu bar.

2.  Click with your mouse to display the menu.

3.  Move your mouse pointer downwards to the desired command to highlight it.

4.  Click the mouse button.

5.  To display a submenu, move your mouse pointer over the disclosure triangle and trace to the submenu with your mouse pointer.

Using Shortcut Menus

Shortcut menus appear when you Right-Click an item (or Ctrl-Click an item if you are using a one-button mouse).  A shortcut menu is a pop-up menu that contains many useful commands.  For example, to view the properties of an icon, press and hold the Ctrl key, click the icon, and then select Get info from the shortcut menu.

To use shortcut menus, follow these steps:

1.  Press and hold down the Ctrl key.

2.  Click the item whose shortcut menu you want to display.

3.  Click the desired menu command in the shortcut menu.

4.  Click anywhere on your screen to close the shortcut menu.


1.  If using a two-button mouse, right-click on the item whose shortcut menu you want to display.

Using Gestures with a Trackpad

If you are using a Mac laptop such as a MacBook Pro, MacBook Air or are using an external Trackpad instead of a mouse (some people even use both!), then you can take advantage of Gestures.  Gestures allow the use of a trackpad, which converts certain finger movements into equivalent mouse movements.  For example, double-tapping the trackpad is the equivalent of double-clicking with your mouse.  Tapping a trackpad with two fingers is the equivalent of right-clicking your mouse.  Apple’s Magic Mouse contains a multi-touch surface enabling the use of gestures as well.

Mojave provides a preference pane that can be accessed by clicking the Trackpad icon in the System Preferences pane, which can help you become more familiar with gesture options.

To view the Trackpad pane, follow these steps:

1.  Click the Apple icon on the menu.

2.  Select System Preferences from the menu.

3.  Click the Trackpad icon.

4.  Click the Point & Click, Scroll & Zoom, or More Gestures tab.

5.  Set any desired gesture options by clicking the appropriate check box.

6.  When finished, click System Preferences on the menu and then click Quit System Preferences.

Using the Dock

The Dock is a 3-D ribbon located by default on the bottom of the screen that gives you quick access to the applications, folders, and documents that you use most often.  To open an item on the Dock, click on the icon for the item you wish to launch.  Hovering your mouse pointer over any icon on the Dock displays the item’s name above the icon.

The Dock is divided into three sections divided by a vertical line.  The items to the left are applications.  The center section are those applications that have been recently used but have not been added to the Dock.  The rightmost are everything except for applications (shortcuts to documents, folders, minimized windows, etc.)  When you launch an application, its icon displays in the Dock until you exit the application.  A small black dot appears on the bottom of the Dock icon to indicate that the program is currently running.  To add new items to the Dock, click the item you wish to add and then drag it to the Dock.

The Dock contains an initial set of icons, which are pictured below.   The default icons are, from left to right:

Finder – An application used for accessing and managing files and folders.  It is always located on the far-left side of the Dock.

Siri – Apple’s digital assistant, previously only available on iOS.

Launchpad – Displays all of your applications in a grid, very similar to the iPad or iPhone display of applications.

Safari – Apple’s Web browser.

Mail – Apple’s e-mail application.

Contacts (formerly called Address Book) – A list of contacts that is integrated with the Mail program and other aspects of the Operating System.

Calendar (formerly called iCal) – Apple’s calendar program

Notes – Apple’s Notepad application.

Reminders – Apple’s reminder’s application used for keeping track of to-do’s and appointments.

Maps – Apple’s Maps application from where you can map out directions and share them with others.

Photos – An application for transferring and storing photos from a digital camera.

Messages (previously called iChat) – Instant messaging application.

FaceTime – Video chatting program using your computer’s camera.

Pages – Apple’s word processing application.

Numbers – Apple’s spreadsheet application.

Keynote – Apple’s presentation application.

News - Apple’s news application which contains all the great features as its iOS counterpart.

iTunes – An application for playing, importing, and organizing music and videos.

App Store – The place from where you can buy applications for your Mac.

System Preferences – An application for customizing your computer.

Downloads – Folder that contains files that you download from your Web browser.  You can also store e-mail attachments here.

Trash – A container for discarding files and folders that are to be removed from your computer.

Folders that you add to the Dock are called Stacks.  This can be a folder of documents, aliases, or a group of applications that you need to access frequently.  When you click a stack, the contents of the folder appear in a handy arc menu.  If the folder contains more items than can be displayed in the arc, they are then presented in a grid format.  When Mojave is

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