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Prezent formal (-IMASU)

Prezent negativ formal (-IMASEN)

Trecut formal (-IMASHITA)

Trecut negativ formal (-IMASEN DESHITA)

Prezent informal

Prezent negativ informal (-NAI) Vb(c+U) + ANAI Vb(v+U) + WANAI

Trecut informal (-TA, DA)

Trecut negativ informal (-NAKATTA) Vb(c+U)+ ANAKATTA Vb(c+U)+ WANAKATT A

Grupa I

KAKU

kakimasu

kakimasen

kakimashita

kakimasen deshita

kakanai

Vb(KU) +ITA

kaita
Vb(GU) +IDA oyoida Vb(v+U)+ TTA atta Vb(TSU)+ TTA matta Vb(RU)+ TTA kaetta

kakanakatt a

OYOGU

oyogimasu

oyogimase n

oyogimashit a

oyogimase n deshita

oyogana i

oyoganakat ta

AU

aimasu

aimasen

aimashita

aimasen deshita

awanai

awanakatta

MATSU

machimasu

machimase n

machimashit a

machimase n deshita

matanai

matanakatt a

KAERU (a se intoarce ) HAIRU (a intra)

kaerimasu

kaerimasen

kaerimashita

kaerimasen deshita

hairimasu

hairimasen

hairimashita

hairimasen deshita

SHINU

shinimasu

shinimasen

shinimashita

shinimasen deshita

ASOBU (a se juca)

asobimasu

asobimase n

asobimashit a

asobimase n deshita

Forma de prezent informal este aceeasi ca forma din dictiona r, in acest tabel, prima coloana

kaeranai

kaeranakat ta

hairanai

Vb(RU)+ TTA haitta Vb(NU) +NDA shinda Vb(BU) +NDA asonda

hairanakatt a

shinanai

shinanakatt a

asobana i

asobanakat ta