Sunteți pe pagina 1din 13

SUBSTANTIVELE

Exercise 2.2. Attach indefinite and definite articles to the nouns:


1. carte book ___________________
2. caiet notebook ___________________
3. computer computer ___________________
4. main car ___________________
5. ceas watch ___________________
6. brbat man ___________________
7. fereastr window ___________________
8. student student ___________________
9. anten antenna ___________________
10. cafea coffee ___________________
11. cataclism cataclysm ___________________
12. ciocnitoare woodpecker ___________________
13. stea star ___________________
14. vedere card ___________________
15. iepure rabbit ___________________
16. prenume first name ___________________
17. zi day ___________________
18. noapte night ___________________
19. tanti aunt ___________________
20. veveri squirrel ___________________
21. secretar secretary ___________________
22. nceput beginning ___________________
23. miraj mirage ___________________
24. biciclist bicyclist ___________________
25. biciclet bicycle ___________________
26. cpitan captain ___________________
27. poveste story ___________________
28. franuzoaic French woman ___________________
29. pod bridge ___________________
30. sculptur sculpture ___________________
31. film movie ___________________
32. palmier palm tree ___________________
33. avocat lawyer ___________________
34. floare flower ___________________
35. u door ___________________
36. cap head ___________________
37. mn hand ___________________
38. picior leg ___________________
39. economist economist ___________________
40. ziarist journalist ___________________
41. sofa sofa ___________________
42. revist magazine ___________________
43. avocat lawyer ___________________
44. secretar secretary ___________________

Exercise 2.3. Form the plural of the following masculine nouns (the nouns marked
with * have phonetic mutations):
A.
un elev doi elevi
un student* doi studeni
1. un bulgar ____________________
2. un american ____________________
3. un romn ____________________
4. un profesor ____________________
5. un lup ____________________
6. un coleg* ____________________
7. un biat* ____________________
8. un copac* ____________________
9. un pom ____________________
10. un prieten ____________________
11. un specialist* ____________________
12. un ziarist* ____________________
13. un pescar ____________________
14. un marinar ____________________
15. un francez ____________________
16. un chinez ____________________
B.
un tigru doi tigri
un ministru* doi minitri
un pigmeu doi pigmei
1. un codru ____________________
2. un leu ____________________
3. un zmeu ____________________
4. un fiu ____________________
5. un pedestru* ____________________
6. un evreu ____________________
7. un zimbru ____________________
C.
un iepure doi iepuri
un dinte* doi dini
1. un printe* ____________________
2. un pepene ____________________
3. un perete* ____________________
4. un frate* ____________________
5. un cine ____________________
6. un munte* ____________________
7. un fluture ____________________
D.
un ochi doi ochi
un pisoi doi pisoi
1. un unchi ____________________
2

2. un cioroi ____________________
3. un pui ____________________
4. un muchi ____________________
5. un ardei ____________________
6. un genunchi ____________________
7. un rinichi ____________________
Exercise 2.4. Form the plural of the following feminine nouns (the nouns marked with
* have phonetic mutations):
A.
o elev dou eleve
o romnc* dou romnce
1. o fat* ____________________
2. o americanc* ____________________
3. o bulgroaic* ____________________
4. o specialist ____________________
5. o secretar ____________________
6. o profesoar ____________________
7. o btrn ____________________
8. o franuzoaic* ____________________
9. o camer ____________________
10. o prieten ____________________
11. o uzin ____________________
B.
o main dou maini
o fabric* dou fabrici
1. o can* ____________________
2. o u ____________________
3. o sal* ____________________
4. o grdin ____________________
5. o lumin ____________________
6. o ptur ____________________
7. o gur ____________________
8. o limb ____________________
9. o gar* ____________________
10. o amend* ____________________
C.
o blan* dou blnuri
1. o marf* ____________________
2. o iarb* ____________________
3. o ceart* ____________________
4. o treab* ____________________
5. o sare* ____________________

D.
o vedere dou vederi
o carte* dou cri
1. o parte* ____________________
2. o pasre* ____________________
3. o compunere ____________________ 4. o prere ____________________
5. o petrecere ____________________
6. o traducere ____________________
7. o ezitare* ____________________
8. o iubire ____________________
9. o durere ____________________
10. o hotrre ____________________
E.
o femeie dou femei
o idee dou idei
1. o cheie ____________________
2. o scnteie ____________________
3. o nevoie ____________________
4. o lmie ____________________
5. o statuie ____________________
6. o ploaie* ____________________
7. o vpaie* ____________________
8. o oaie* ____________________
9. o foaie* ____________________
10. o epopee ____________________
F.
o familie dou familii
1. o cmpie ____________________
2. o plrie ____________________
3. o patrie ____________________
4. o nebunie ____________________
5. o piraterie ____________________
6. o prostie ____________________
7. o lecie ____________________
8. o bucurie ____________________
9. o jucrie ____________________
10. o cutie ____________________
G.
o baclava dou baclavale
1. o sarma ____________________
2. o pafta ____________________
3. o sanda ____________________
4. o para ____________________
5. o macara ____________________
6. o haimana ____________________

H.
o cafea dou cafele
1. o saltea ____________________
2. o perdea ____________________
3. o belea ____________________
4. o temenea ____________________
5. o msea ____________________
6. o lalea ____________________

Exercise 2.5. Form the plural of the following neuter nouns (the nouns marked with *
have phonetic mutations):
A.
un tren dou trenuri
1. un corp ____________________
2. un joc ____________________
3. un dans ____________________
4. un club ____________________
5. un spun ____________________
6. un pix ____________________
7. un dar ____________________
8. un zid ____________________
9. un deal ____________________
10. un gnd ____________________
11. un sfert ____________________
12. un bloc ____________________
13. un hotel ____________________
B.
un institut dou institute
un tractor dou tractoare
1. un autobuz ____________________
2. un troleibuz ____________________
3. un spital ____________________
4. un creion* ____________________
5. un ziar ____________________
6. un semnal ____________________
7. un ora ____________________
8. un sunet ____________________
9. un accent ____________________
10. un balcon* ____________________
11. un motor* ____________________
12. un covor* ____________________

C.
un lucru dou lucruri
un tablou dou tablouri
1. un titlu ____________________
2. un ecou ____________________
3. un cuplu ____________________
4. un ciclu ____________________
5. un soclu ____________________ D.
un cadru dou cadre
un muzeu dou muzee
1. un timbru ____________________
2. un teatru ____________________
3. un procedeu ____________________
4. un filtru ____________________
5. un releu ____________________
E.
un fotoliu dou fotolii
1. un fluviu ____________________
2. un colocviu ____________________
3. un concediu ____________________
4. un studiu ____________________
5. un exerciiu ____________________
6. un criteriu ____________________
7. un teritoriu ____________________
8. un premiu ____________________
F.
un tramvai dou tramvaie
1. un pai ____________________
2. un evantai ____________________
3. un strai ____________________
4. un cimpoi* ____________________
5. un pietroi* ____________________
6. un gunoi* ____________________
7. un clci ____________________
8. un cui ____________________
G.
un taxi dou taxiuri
1. un meci ____________________
2. un schi ____________________
3. un travesti ____________________

Exercise 2.6. Attach definite articles to the plural nouns you formed in Exercises 2.3,
2.4 and 2.5.
A.
un elev elevii
un student* studenii
1. un bulgar ____________________
2. un american ____________________
3. un romn ____________________
4. un profesor ____________________
5. un lup ____________________
6. un coleg* ____________________
7. un biat* ____________________
8. un copac* ____________________
9. un pom ____________________
10. un prieten ____________________
11. un specialist* ____________________
12. un ziarist* ____________________
13. un pescar ____________________
14. un marinar ____________________
15. un francez ____________________
16. un chinez ____________________
B.
un tigru tigrii
un ministru* minitrii
un pigmeu pigmeii
1. un codru ____________________
2. un leu ____________________
3. un zmeu ____________________
4. un fiu ____________________
5. un pedestru* ____________________
6. un evreu ____________________
7. un zimbru ____________________
C.
un iepure iepurii
un dinte* dinii
1. un printe* ____________________
2. un pepene ____________________
3. un perete* ____________________
4. un frate* ____________________
5. un cine ____________________
6. un munte* ____________________
7. un fluture ____________________
D.
un ochi ochii
un pisoi pisoii
1. un unchi ____________________
7

2. un cioroi ____________________
3. un pui ____________________
4. un muchi ____________________
5. un ardei ____________________
6. un genunchi ____________________
7. un rinichi ____________________
E.
o elev elevele
o romnc* romncele
1. o fat* ____________________
2. o americanc* ____________________
3. o bulgroaic* ____________________
4. o specialist ____________________
5. o secretar ____________________
6. o profesoar ____________________
7. o btrn ____________________
8. o franuzoaic* ____________________
9. o camer ____________________
10. o prieten ____________________
11. o uzin ____________________
F.
o main mainile
o fabric* fabricile
1. o can* ____________________
2. o u ____________________
3. o sal* ____________________
4. o grdin ____________________
5. o lumin ____________________
6. o ptur ____________________
7. o gur ____________________
8. o limb ____________________
9. o gar* ____________________
10. o amend* ____________________
G.
o blan* blnurile
1. o marf* ____________________
2. o iarb* ____________________
3. o ceart* ____________________ 4. o treab* ____________________
5. o sare* ____________________
H.
o vedere vederile
o carte* crile
1. o parte* ____________________
2. o pasre* ____________________
3. o compunere ____________________
4. o prere ____________________
5. o petrecere ____________________
8

6. o traducere ____________________
7. o ezitare* ____________________
8. o iubire ____________________
9. o durere ____________________
10. o hotrre ____________________
I.
o femeie femeile
o idee ideile
1. o cheie ____________________
2. o scnteie ____________________
3. o nevoie ____________________
4. o lmie ____________________
5. o statuie ____________________
6. o ploaie* ____________________
7. o vpaie* ____________________
8. o oaie* ____________________
9. o foaie* ____________________
10. o epopee ____________________
J.
o familie familiile
1. o cmpie ____________________
2. o plrie ____________________
3. o patrie ____________________
4. o nebunie ____________________
5. o piraterie ____________________
6. o prostie ____________________
7. o lecie ____________________
8. o bucurie ____________________
9. o jucrie ____________________
10. o cutie ____________________
K.
o baclava baclavalele1. o sarma ____________________
2. o pafta ____________________
3. o sanda ____________________
4. o para ____________________
5. o macara ____________________
6. o haimana ____________________
L.
o cafea cafelele
1. o saltea ____________________
2. o perdea ____________________
3. o belea ____________________
4. o temenea ____________________
5. o msea ____________________
6. o lalea ____________________
9

M.
un tren trenurile
1. un corp ____________________
2. un joc ____________________
3. un dans ____________________
4. un club ____________________
5. un spun ____________________
6. un pix ____________________
7. un dar ____________________
8. un zid ____________________
9. un deal ____________________
10. un gnd ____________________
11. un sfert ____________________
12. un bloc ____________________
13 un hotel ____________________
N.
un institut institutele
un tractor tractoarele
1. un autobuz ____________________
2. un troleibuz ____________________
3. un spital ____________________
4. un creion* ____________________
5. un ziar ____________________
6. un semnal ____________________
7. un ora ____________________
8. un sunet ____________________
9. un accent ____________________
10. un balcon* ____________________
11. un motor* ____________________ 12. un covor* ____________________
O.
un lucru lucrurile
un tablou tablourile
1. un titlu ____________________
2. un ecou ____________________
3. un cuplu ____________________
4. un ciclu ____________________
5. un soclu ____________________
P.
un cadru cadrele
un muzeu muzeele
1. un timbru ____________________
2. un teatru ____________________
3. un procedeu ____________________
4. un filtru ____________________
5. un releu ____________________
10

Q.
un fotoliu fotoliile
1. un fluviu ____________________
2. un colocviu ____________________
3. un concediu ____________________
4. un studiu ____________________
5. un exerciiu ____________________
6. un criteriu ____________________
7. un teritoriu ____________________
8. un premiu ____________________
R.
un tramvai tramvaiele
1. un pai ____________________
2. un evantai ____________________
3. un strai ____________________
4. un cimpoi* ____________________
5. un pietroi* ____________________
6. un gunoi* ____________________
7. un clci ____________________
8. un cui ____________________
S.
un taxi taxiurile
1. un meci ____________________
2. un schi ____________________
3. un travesti ____________________

Exercise 2.7. Transform the sentences according to the example. Make all the
necessary changes (when the noun is preceded by the numerals un or o, replace them
with doi or dou):
Example: Eu sunt student. Noi suntem studente.
1. Tu eti profesor? ______________________________
2. n clas este un elev. ______________________________
3. n curte este un om. ______________________________
4. Pe mas este o carte. ______________________________
5. n ora este tramvai. ______________________________
6. Aici nu este club. ______________________________
7. Pe mas este un stilou. ______________________________
8. El are un timbru. ______________________________
9. Noi avem un prieten. ______________________________
10. El este specialist. ______________________________
11. Ea este franuzoaic. ______________________________
12. n camer este un fotoliu? ______________________________
13. El are un ardei. ______________________________
14. n cas este o familie. ______________________________
15. Acolo este o pasre. ______________________________
11

16. Pe mas este o can. ______________________________


17. n curte este o femeie. ______________________________
18. n farfurie este o sarma. ______________________________
19. Eu am un unchi. ______________________________
20. Tu ai frate? ______________________________
21. Voi avei sor? ______________________________
Exercise 2.9. Transform the sentences, changing the masculine nouns designating
people
into feminine nouns and vice versa. Make all the necessary changes:
Example: Ea este englezoaic. El este englez.
1. Lucia este italianc. Luciano ____________________ .
2. Ea este student. ____________________ .
3. Cristian este elev. ___________________ .
4. Domnul Groza este actor. ________________ .
5. Doamna Diaconescu este pensionar. __________________ .
6. Unchiul George este director de fabric. __________________________ .
7. Uite o btrn. __________________ .
8. El este chinez? __________________?
9. Julie este americanc. __________________ .
10. tefan este buctar. ____________________ .
Exercise 2.11. Create similar dialogues using the given elements:
Exemplu: elev / 10 / 30 / n clas
Sunt zece elevi n clas?
Nu, sunt treizeci de elevi.
Elevii sunt n clas?
Da, da, sunt n clas.
student / 4 / 9 / n sal
actor / 3/ 4 / pe scen
inginer / 53 / 55 / la fabric
pom / 12 / 18 / n livad
lup / 2 / 4 / n pdure
secretar / 1 / 2 / n birou
manual de romn / 15 / 17 / n bibliotec
coleg / 5 / 8 / n clas
englezoaic / 10 / 11 / n avion

12

Exercise 2.12. Create similar dialogues using the given elements:


Example: dicionar / 3 / pe mas
Cte dicionare sunt pe mas?
Trei dicionare.
Eti sigur / sigur?
Absolut! Uite dicionarele!
roman de aventuri / 6 / n bibliotec
afi / 2 / pe perete
caiet / 10 / pe catedr
jucrie / 8 / n co
main / 20 / n parcare
pantof / 6 / n dulap
Exercise 2.13. Create similar dialogues using the given elements:
Example: crocodil / 17 / mult

Ci crocodili sunt aici?


aptesprezece crocodili.
Aa de muli?
Sigur c da! Uite crocodilii!
leu / 3 / mult
floare / 2 / puin
cine / 10 / mult
computer / 25 / mult
pasre / 95 / mult
pisoi / 3 / puin
elefant / 13 / mult
Exercise 2.14. Create similar dialogues using the given elements:
Example: pat / 2 / 3 / n camer

n camer sunt dou paturi.


Nu sunt trei?
Ba da, ai dreptate.
Uite, paturile sunt aici.
fotoliu / 5 / 6 / pe hol
dulap / 25 / 30 / n hotel
ceas / 1 / 2 / pe perete
steag / 20 / 21 / pe acoperi
pantof / 2 / 4 / n dulap
main / 15 / 16 / n parcare
pix / 9 / 10 / n sertar
13