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N LOC DE INTRODUCERE Bun, sunt Minnie, ghidul tu de limba englez. Vocea mea te va nsoi ntro cltorie fascinant.

Vei descoperi c nimic nu este greu, dac eti pregtit. Astazi este cea mai buna zi sa ncepi sa nvei limba englez. Voi face ca totul sa fie ct mai uor pentru tine. Asculti CD-ul, deci te-ai hotrt. ine-o tot aa ! Hi, my name is Minnie, your guide for English. My voice will join you on a fascinating trip. You will discover that nothing is difficult if you are ready for it. Today is a perfect day to start learning English. I will make it easy for you. You already listen to the CD so you have decided to do it. Go for it!

Prima lecie Lesson One


GRAMATIC GRAMMAR Mai nti i dezvlui un secret: limba englez are o gramatic mai simpl dect limba romn. Prin urmare, mai uor de nvat. Forma de plural a substantivelor este obinut, n general, prin adugarea terminaiei s: apple-apples(mr-mere), cat-cats(pisic-pisici), dog-dogs(cine-cini), batbats(liliac-lilieci), horse-horses(cal-cai), leg-legs(picior-picioare), windowwindows(ferastr-ferestre), mirror-mirrors(oglind-oglinzi), door-doors(uui)... Excepie fac substantivele cu form de plural neregulat: man-men(brbatbarbai), woman-women(femeie-femei), foot-feet(talp-tlpi), ox-oxen(bouboi), mouse-mice(oarece-oareci), goose-geese(gsc-gte), sheepsheep(oaie-oi), child-children(copil-copii)... n limba englez nu exist pronume de politee, you fiind folosit universal att pentru a exprima pronumele tu ct i dumneavoastr. Ceea ce face diferena este maniera de adresare. Verbele limbii engleze se conjug mult mai simplu dect n limba noastr. La prezentul simplu Present Tense - exist de obicei o singur terminaie diferit, aceea pentru persoana a III-a singular. La trecutul simplu Past Tense al verbelor regulate, terminaia este aceeai pentru toate persoanele: ed. Adjectivele nu au forme diferite la feminin sau masculin, la singular sau plural. Spre exemplu, adjectivul smart-iste: She is a smart girl. He is a smart kid. They are smart people.

Trei verbe sunt foarte importante n construcia oricrei propoziii sau fraze n limba englez: to be, to have i to do, adic a fi, a avea i a face. Fiecare dintre ele poate ndeplini i funcia de verb auxiliar. Iat conjugarea lor la timpul prezent n propoziii:

to be
I am Minnie. Eu sunt Minnie. You are my friend. Tu eti prietenul meu. He is Alexander. El este Alexandru. She is Helen. Ea este Elena. It is our cat. Ea este pisica noastr. We are Mr. and Mrs. Edwards. Noi suntem dl. i d-na Edwards. You are my guests. Voi suntei musafirii mei. They are my students. Ei sunt elevii mei.

to have
I have a small cat. Eu am o pisic mic. You have a white horse. Tu ai un cal alb. He has a red car. El are o main roie. She has a big house. Ea are o cas mare. It has gray fur. Ea are blana gri. We have a little garden. Noi avem o gradin micu. You have a smart child. Voi avei un copil iste. They have beautiful flowers. Ei au flori frumoase.

to do
I do my homework. Eu mi fac tema pentru acas. You do your job. Tu i faci meseria. He does his duty. El i face treaba. She does her work. Ea i face munca. We do our lessons. Noi ne facem leciile. You do your shoppings. Voi v facei cumprturile. They do their tasks. Ei i ndeplinesc sarcinile.

Noiuni generale

General concepts

S nu uitm, ns, importana lexicului. Este ct se poate de clar c, fr un vocabular minim n limba englez, nu ne-am putea face niciodat nelei orict de mult gramatic am cunoate. Aa c, s ncepem s vorbim n limba englez. So lets start speaking English!

Cltoria noastr ncepe cu prezentare i saluturi obinuite: Our trip starts with an introduction and formal greetings: Bun, m cheam Minnie. Minnie Jones. Dar pe tine? Hi, my name is Minnie. Minnie Jones. Whats yours?

ntrebri uzuale

Frequent questions

How are you? How do you do? Ce mai faci/facei? Im glad to meet you! Sunt bucuros(ncntat) s v ntlnesc! Im glad to see you again! Sunt bucuros s v vd din nou! What is your name? Cum te cheam? Who are you? Cine eti? Do I know you? Te cunosc? I dont remember meeting you. Nu-mi amintesc s te fi cunoscut. Where are you from? De unde eti? Im from Romania. Sunt din Romnia. I am a Romanian. Sunt romn. And you? Dar tu? How old are you? Ce vrst ai? Im 50(fifty) years old. Am 50 de ani. Cum salutm: Hi! Salut! Hello! Bun! Good morning! Bun dimineaa! Good afternoon! Bun ziua! Good evening! Bun seara! Cum ne lum rmas bun: Good bye! La revedere! Good night! Noapte bun! See you soon! Pe curnd! So long! Adio! Farewell! Cu bine! Bye! Pa! Have a nice day! S ai(avei) o zi bun! Cum ne exprimm recunotina i cum rspundem cnd ni se mulumete: Thank you. Mulumesc. I am grateful to you. V sunt recunosctor. You are welcome. Cu plcere. Cum ne cerem scuze: I am sorry. mi pare ru. Excuse me. Scuzai-m! I didnt want to do it. Nu am vrut s fac asta. I regret it. Regret. Aadar sunt Minnie, ghidul tu de limba englez. Am 54 de ani i sunt romnc. Sunt cstorit de 30 de ani cu un englez, Alexander Jones. Avem doi copii: o fat, Emily i un biat, Peter. Povestea mea ncepe cu o ntlnire. So Im Minnie, your guide for English. Im 54(fifty four) years old and I am Romanian. Ive been married for 30(thirty) years to an Englishman, Alexander Jones. We have two children: a daughter, Emily and a son, Peter. My story begins with a meeting.

A Meeting

O ntlnire

Jim Patrick: Good afternoon, Mrs. Jones. How do you do? Im glad to see you again. (Bun ziua, doamn Jones. Ce mai facei? Sunt bucuros s v vd din nou.) Minnie Jones: Hello young man, but who are you? Do I know you? I dont remember meeting you. (Bun tinere, dar cine eti? Te tiu de undeva? Numi amintesc s te fi ntlnit.) Jim Patrick: Of course you do, Mrs. Jones. Im Jim, Jim Patrick, now you know me, dont you? (Bineneles c m cunoatei, doamn Jones. Sunt Jim, Jim Patrick, acum m tii, nu-i aa?) Minnie Jones: Jim Patrick Oh, of course, now I remember. You are Daniels younger son. Yes, I remember you. How is your father? (Jim Patrick A, bineneles, acum mi amintesc. Eti fiul cel mai mic al lui Daniel. Da, acum mi amintesc de tine. Ce mai face tatl tu?) Jim Patrick: He is fine, thank you. How is your family? (Este bine, mulumesc. Ai dumneavoastr ce mai fac?) Minnie Jones: They are all well. Our daughter and our son are married and have children. As for me and Al, we are quite all right, thank you. (Sunt bine toi. Fiica noastr i fiul nostru sunt cstorii i au copii. Ct depre mine i Al, suntem destul de bine amndoi, mulumim.) Jim Patrick: Well, good bye Mrs. Jones. Remember me to your husband. See you soon! (Ei bine, la revedere doamn Jones. Salutri soului dumneavoastr. Pe curnd!) Minnie Jones: Good bye, Jim. (La revedere, Jim.) Vocabulary: so = aadar, astfel married = cstorit, cstorit child, children = copil, copii daughter = fiic son = fiu story = poveste to begin = a ncepe a meeting = o ntlnire young man = tnr, barbat tnr but = dar, ns again = din nou to know = a cunoate,a ti to remember = a-i aminti of course = bineneles

younger = mai tnr well = bine our = al nostru, a noastr, ai notri, ale noastre as for = ct despre quite = destul de all right = n regul remember me to ... = transmitei salutri lui ... husband = so soon = curnd

Dont forget! Nu uita!


Cele trei verbe importante ale limbii engleze sunt: to be, to have i to do, a fi, a avea i a face. Ele pot fi att predicate ct i verbe auxiliare.

S conjugm mpreun to be:


I am Minnie. Eu sunt Minnie. You are my friend. Tu eti prietenul meu. He is Alexander. El este Alexandru. She is Helen. Ea este Elena. It is our cat. Ea este pisica noastr. We are Mr. and Mrs. Edwards. Noi suntem dl. i d-na Edwards. You are my guests. Voi suntei musafirii mei. They are my students. Ei sunt elevii mei.

S conjugm mpreun to have:


I have a small cat. Eu am o pisic mic. You have a white horse. Tu ai un cal alb. He has a red car. El are o main roie. She has a big house. Ea are o cas mare. It has gray fur. Ea are blana gri. We have a little garden. Noi avem o gradin micu. You have a smart child. Voi avei un copil iste. They have beautiful flowers. Ei au flori frumoase.

S conjugm mpreun to do:


I do my homework. Eu mi fac tema pentru acas. You do your job. Tu i faci meseria. He does his duty. El i face treaba. She does her work. Ea i face munca. We do our lessons. Noi ne facem leciile.

You do your shoppings. Voi v facei cumprturile. They do their tasks. Ei i ndeplinesc sarcinile.

In English we say:

n englez spunem:

How are you? How do you do? Ce mai faci? Ce mai facei? Im glad to meet you! Sunt bucuros s v ntlnesc! Sunt ncntat s v ntlnesc! Im glad to see you again! Sunt bucuros s v vd din nou! What is your name? Cum te cheam? Who are you? Cine eti? Do I know you? Te cunosc? I dont remember meeting you. Nu-mi amintesc s te fi cunoscut. Where are you from? De unde eti? Im from Romania. Sunt din Romnia. I am a Romanian. Sunt romn. And you? Dar tu? How old are you? Ce vrst ai? Im 50(fifty) years old. Am 50 de ani.

In English we greet people:

n englez salutm oamenii:

Hi! Salut! Hello! Bun! Good morning! Bun dimineaa! Good afternoon! Bun ziua! Good evening! Bun seara!

Before we leave we say:

nainte de a pleca spunem:

Good bye! La revedere! Good night! Noapte bun! See you soon! Pe curnd! So long! Adio! Farewell! Cu bine! Bye! Pa! Have a nice day! S ai(avei) o zi bun!

We express our gratitude: Ne exprimm recunotina:


Thank you. Mulumesc. I am grateful to you. V sunt recunosctor. You are welcome. Cu plcere.

We express our regret: Ne exprimm prerea de ru:


I am sorry. mi pare ru. Excuse me. Scuzai-m! I didnt want to do it. Nu am vrut s fac asta. I regret it. Regret.

Lecia a doua Lesson Two


GRAMATIC GRAMMAR Personal Pronoun Pronumele personal

Pronumele personal nlocuiete substantivul i are dou forme: el este fie subiectul, fie obiectul aciunii. The personal pronoun replaces the noun and it has two forms: it is either the subject or the object of the action. Examples Exemple

I am Minnie. Its about me. Eu sunt Minnie. Este vorba despre mine. You are Paul. Its about you. Tu eti Paul. Este vorba despre tine. She is Alice. Its about her. Ea este Alice. Este vorba despre ea. He is Andrew. Its about him. El este Andrew. Este vorba despre el. It is the cat. Its about it. Ea este pisica. Este vorba despre ea. We are a family. Its about us. Noi suntem o familie. Este vorba despre noi. You are brothers. Its about you. Voi suntei frai. Este vorba despre voi. They are friends. Its about them. Ei sunt prieteni. Este vorba despre ei. Pronumele it poate nlocui lucruri, obiecte, sau fiine despre care nu avem informaii legate de gen sau sex. Poate fi vorba despre o carte, o ar, un cine sau chiar despre un bebelu. Exist ns i excepii de la aceast regul: acele obiecte care au gen. Spre exemplu, ship = vas, ambarcaiune are genul feminin. The ship is here. She is here. Vasul este aici. El este aici. La fel se ntmpl i n cazul unor ri precum Frana sau Marea Britanie... Tot acum vom nva i cum anume putem adresa o ntrebare n limba englez. When? Cnd? Where? Unde? What? Ce? Which? Care? Who? Cine? How? Cum? Trebuie s mai tim i faptul c forma interogativ rstoarn construcia enunului format din subiect i predicat. Astfel I am devine am I , I have devine have I i tot aa. S lum cteva exemple: Where are you born? Unde te-ai nscut? Where is Oradea? Unde este Oradea? What is your nickname? Care este porecla ta? What is your job? Care este slujba ta? What are you doing for a living? Ce faci ca s-i ctigi existena?

Which cat do you like most? Care dintre pisici ii place cel mai mult? Who is Peter? Cine este Peter? How is your job? Cum este slujba ta? How many children do you have? Ci copii ai? When do you come? Cnd vii?

General concepts

Noiuni generale

i acum trecem din nou la lexic. Avem de nvat cuvinte noi, foarte utile n comunicarea obinuit.

Days of the week


Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

Zilele sptmnii
luni mari miercuri joi vineri smbt duminic

Seasons
spring summer autumn winter

Anotimpuri
primvar var toamn iarn

Months of the year


January February March April May June July August September October November December

Lunile anului
Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie

COUNTRIES, CAPITAL CITIES, LANGUAGES, CITIZENS RI, CAPITALE, LIMBI, CETENI

Bucharest is in Romania. Athens is in Greece. Sofia is in Bulgaria. Ankara is in Turkey. London is in England. Paris is in France. Rome is in Italy. Lisbon is in Portugal. Madrid is in Spain. Berlin is in Germany. Budapest is in Hungary. Warsaw is in Poland. Prague is in Czech Republic. Moscow is in Russia. Bucureti este n Romnia. Atena este n Grecia. Sofia este n Bulgaria. Ankara este n Turcia. Londra este n Anglia. Paris este n Frana. Roma este n Italia. Lisabona este n Portugalia. Madrid este n Spania. Berlin este n Germania. Budapesta este n Ungaria. Varovia este n Polonia. Praga este n Cehia. Moscova este n Rusia.

I speak Romanian. I speak Greek. I speak Bulgarian. I speak Turkish. I speak English. I speak French. I speak Italian. I speak Portuguese. I speak Spanish. I speak German. I speak Hungarian. I speak Polish. I speak Czech. I speak Russian.

I am Romanian. I am Greek. I am Bulgarian. I am a Turk. I am English. I am French. I am Italian. I am Portuguese. I am a Spaniard. I am German. I am Hungarian. I am a Pole. I am Czech. I am Russian. Sunt romn. Sunt grec. Sunt bulgar. Sunt turc. Sunt englez. Sunt francez. Sunt italian. Sunt portughez. Sunt spaniol. Sunt neam. Sunt ungur. Sunt polonez. Sunt ceh. Sunt rus.

Vorbesc romna. Vorbesc greaca. Vorbesc bulgara. Vorbesc turca. Vorbesc engleza. Vorbesc franceza. Vorbesc italiana. Vorbesc portugheza. Vorbesc spaniola. Vorbesc germana. Vorbesc maghiara. Vorbesc poloneza. Vorbesc ceha. Vorbesc rusa.

Jim and I are very good friends now. We often meet and talk about many things. Jim i cu mine suntem buni prieteni acum. Ne ntlnim adesea i stm de vorba despre multe lucruri.

Lets Talk about us

S vorbim despre noi

Jim Patrick: Well, Minnie, tell me something about you. Where are you from?(Ei bine, Minnie, spune-mi ceva despre tine. De unde eti de fel?) Minnie Jones: I was born in Baia Mare. I am from Baia Mare. (M-am nscut la Baia Mare. Sunt din Baia Mare.)

Jim Patrick: Where is Baia Mare? (Unde este Baia Mare?) Minnie Jones: In Romania, of course. I am a Romanian. (n Romnia, bineneles. Sunt romnc.) Jim Patrick: How old are you, Minnie? (Ci ani ai, Minnie?) Minnie Jones: I am 54 years old. And how old are you, Jim? (Am 54 de ani. Dar tu ci ani ai, Jim?) Jim Patrick: Im 32 years old and I was born in London. Minnie, where do you live? (Am 32 i m-am nscut la Londra. Minnie, tu unde locuieti?) Minnie Jones: I live in London with my husband, Al. And you? (Locuiesc la Londra cu soul meu, Al. Dar tu?) Jim Patrick: I also live in London with my wife, Paula. Minnie, what are you doing for a living? (i eu locuiesc la Londra cu soia mea, Paula. Minnie, tu cum i ctigi existena?) Minnie Jones: I am a teacher. I teach French in a private school. And you? (Sunt profesor. Predau franceza la o coal particular. Dar tu?) Jim Patrick: Well, I am an architect but I work as a designer in a small company. Minnie, how many children do you have? (Ei bine, eu sunt arhitect dar lucrez ca designer la o mic firm privat. Minnie, tu ci copii ai?) Minnie Jones: We have two children: a daughter and a son. Emily lives in Cologne, Germany and Peter moved to America recently. Now he lives in San Francisco with his family. And you, Jim, do you have children? (Avem doi copii: o fiic i un fiu. Emily locuiete n Koln, Germania, iar Peter s-a mutat de curnd n America. El locuiete acum n San Francisco mpreun cu familia lui. Dar tu, Jim, ai copii?) Jim Patrick: I have a daughter, Lily. She is four years old. (Am o feti, Lily. Are patru ani.) Vocabulary: lets = hai s very = foarte good = bun, bun friend = prieten often = adesea many things = multe lucruri to talk about = a vorbi despre something = ceva from = de la, din I was born = m-am nscut to live = a locui with = cu wife, wives = soie, soii teacher = profesor to teach = a preda private = privat,

school = coal architect = arhitect small company = companie mic to move = a (se) muta recently = recent family, families = familie, familii

Dont forget! Nu uita!


The personal pronoun replaces the noun and it has two forms: it is either the subject or the object of the action. Pronumele personal nlocuiete substantivul i are dou forme: el este fie subiectul, fie obiectul aciunii. I am Minnie. Its about me. Eu sunt Minnie. Este vorba despre mine. You are Paul. Its about you. Tu eti Paul. Este vorba despre tine. She is Alice. Its about her. Ea este Alice. Este vorba despre ea. He is Andrew. Its about him. El este Andrew. Este vorba despre el. We are a family. Its about us. Noi suntem o familie. E vorba despre noi. You are brothers. Its about you. Voi suntei frai. Este vorba despre voi. They are friends. Its about them. Ei sunt prieteni. Este vorba despre ei. Pronumele it poate nlocui lucruri, obiecte, sau fiine despre care nu avem informaii legate de gen sau sex. It is the cat. Its about it. Ea este pisica. Este vorba despre ea. Poate fi vorba despre o carte, o ar, un cine sau chiar despre un bebelu. The baby is in the garden. It is in the garden. Bebeluul este n grdin. El este n grdin. Exist ns i excepii de la aceast regul: acele obiecte care au gen. Spre exemplu, ship = vas, ambarcaiune are genul feminin. The ship is here. She is here. Vasul este aici. El este aici. La fel se ntmpl i n cazul unor ri precum Frana sau Marea Britanie... France is an european country. She is european. Frana este o ar european. Ea este european. Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom. She is part of the United Kingdom. Marea Britanie este parte a Regatului Unit. Ea face parte din Regatul Unit.

n limba englez ntrebm: When? Cnd? Where? Unde? What? Ce? Which? Care? Who? Cine? How? Cum? Where are you born? Unde te-ai nscut? What are you doing for a living? Ce faci ca s-i ctigi existena? What is your job? Care este slujba ta? How is your job? Cum este slujba ta? How many children do you have? Ci copii ai? When do you come? Cnd vii? Who is Peter? Cine este Peter? Which cat do you like most? Care dintre pisici ii place cel mai mult?

Lets remember which are the days of the week! S ne amintim care sunt zilele sptmnii!
What day is today? Ce zi este astzi? Today is Monday. Astzi este luni. Today is Tuesday. Astzi este mari. Today is Wednesday. Astzi este miercuri. Today is Thursday. Astzi este joi. Today is Friday. Astzi este vineri. Today is Saturday. Astzi este smbt. Today is Sunday. Astzi este duminic.

Lets remember which are the seasons of the year! S ne amintim care sunt anotimpurile anului!
spring summer autumn winter primvar var toamn iarn

Lets remember which are the months of the year! S ne amintim care sunt lunile anului!
January February March April May June July August Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August

September October November December

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie

What you need to know about England and Great Britain! Ce trebuie s tii despre Anglia i Marea Britanie!
London is in England. Londra este n Anglia. I speak English. Vorbesc engleza. I am English. Sunt englez. I am an Englishman. Sunt un englez. I am an Englishwoman. Sunt o englezoaic. England is also called Albion because of her white coasts. Angliei i se mai spune i Albion din cauza falezelor sale albe. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii i Irlandei de Nord este compus din Anglia, Scoia, ara Galilor i Irlanda de Nord.

Lecia a treia Lesson Three


GRAMMAR 1. Articolul GRAMATIC The Article

Articolul nsoete substantivul i arat ct de cunoscut ne este acesta. El arat diferena ntre a tiger = un tigru(oarecare) i the tiger = tigrul (cu identitate precis). The article is attached to the noun and it shows how familiar this is to us. a. Referire general Generic reference Tigrii sunt animale periculoase. Ruii sunt artiti excepionali. Francezii au o buctrie excelent. Muzica este ncnttoare.

Tigers are dangerous animals. Russians are exceptional artists. French people have excellent cuisine. Music is delightful. b. Articolul hotrt

Definite article Rusul este un bun dansator. Leul este regele tuturor animalelor. Doamna este frumoas. Indefinite article

The Russian is a good dancer. The lion is the king of all animals. The lady is beautiful. c. Articolul nehotrt

A friend in need is a friend indeed.

Prietenul la nevoie se cunoate. (proverb) A woman stands in front of the door. O femeie st n faa uii. De reinut c, n limba englez, articolul nehotrt a devine an atunci cnd este plasat naintea substantivelor care ncep cu vocal sau semivocal: an elephant = un elefant an egg = un ou an apple = un mr an orange = o portocal Articolul hotrt the se citete diferit n funcie de substantivul pe care l precede. a. Dac substantivul ncepe cu consoan, articolul hotrt se citete the: the tiger the dress the Russian the lion the lady

b. Dac substantivul ncepe cu vocal, articolul hotrt se citete the: the elephant the end the apple Timpul prezent the orange the egg

2. The Present Tense

La conjugrile prezentului, verbele i schimb forma de infinitiv doar la persoana a III-a singular unde primesc un s final. I remember you remember she remembers he remembers we remember you remember they remember mi amintesc i aminteti i amintete i amintete ne amintim v amintii i amintesc I spend you spend she spends he spends we spend you spend they spend petrec petreci petrece petrece petrecem petrecei petrec

Excepie fac verbele a cror pronunie necesit mici modificri. Este i cazul verbelor: to do - she(he) does to go - she(he) goes to have - she(he) has to fly - she(he) flies to dry - she(he) dries to cry - she(he) cries Excepie face i verbul to be care are un comportament aparte la conjugarea prezentului: I am, you are, she(he) is, we are, you are, they are. 3. Pentru a obine forma de plural, substantivele primesc i ele, n majoritatea cazurilor, un s la final. boy-boys(biat-biei), car-cars(main-maini), girl-girls(fat-fete), catcats(pisic-pisici), dog-dogs(cine-cini) apple-apples(mr-mere), horsehorses(cal-cai), leg-legs(picior-picioare), window-windows(ferastrferestre), mirror-mirrors(oglind-oglinzi), door-doors(u-ui). Excepie fac: a) substantivele a cror terminaie nu permite o pronunie fireasc prin adaugarea unui simplu s: dress-dresses(rochie-rochii), glass-glasses(pahar-pahare) sau

knife-knives(cuit-cuite), wife-wives(soie-soii) dar i b) substantivele cu form de plural neregulat: man-men(brbat-barbai), woman-women(femeie-femei), foot-feet(talp-tlpi), ox-oxen(bou-boi), mouse-mice(oarece-oareci), goose-geese(gsc-gte), sheepsheep(oaie-oi), child-children(copil-copii).

General concepts Holidays


Christmas Christmas tree New Years Eve New Years Day Easter Lent Labour Day National Day birthday

Noiuni generale Srbtori


Crciun pom de iarn ajun de Anul Nou prima zi de Anul Nou Pate Postul Mare Ziua Muncii Ziua Naional zi de natere

Wishes and congratulations


Happy birthday! Best wishes! Many happy returns of the day! Good luck! Congratulations! Merry Christmas! Happy Easter! Have a nice time! Have a nice trip! Have a nice weekend! Have a nice party! Have fun!

Urri i felicitri
La muli ani! Cele mai bune urri! La ct mai multe aniversri! Noroc! Felicitri! Crciun fericit! Pate fericit! Distracie plcut! Drum bun! Week-end plcut! Petrecere frumoas! S te distrezi!

Colours

Culori

white = alb, black = negru, gray = gri, green = verde, yellow = galben, red = rou, pink = roz, orange = portocaliu, blue = albastru, violet = violet, brown = maro, silver = argintiu, lilac = liliachiu, lila, purple = purpuriu, beige = bej. She has a white horse. Ea are un cal alb.

The rainbow has seven colours.

Curcubeul are apte culori.

Diferitele nuane ale culorilor, mai deschise sau mai nchise, sunt exprimate prin adjectivele light = luminos, deschis i dark = ntunecat, nchis. I have a light blue dress. He has a dark green car. Am o rochie albastru deschis. El are o main verde nchis.

I am very fond of holidays. I always remember the way we celebrated Christmas and Easter in Romania. Holidays are very important for Jim, too. Srbtorile mi sunt foarte dragi. mi amintesc ntotdeauna cum srbtoream Crciunul i Patele n Romnia. Pentru Jim, srbtorile sunt de asemena importante.

On Holidays

De srbtori

Jim Patrick: Holidays are delightful. We spend more time with our families. We are peaceful and happy. (Srbtorile sunt ncnttoare. Petrecem mai mult timp cu familiile noastre. Suntem linitii i fericii.) Minnie Jones: Indeed they are. Winter is white and beautiful. On Christmas, here in London everything is white outside: the streets, the trees, the houses, the gardens, even the cars are white. (Sunt, ntr-adevr. Iarna este alb i frumoas. De Crciun, aici n Londra totul este alb afar: strzile, copacii, casele, grdinile, pn i mainile.) Jim Patrick: And spring is full of flowers and joy. On Easter, the grass is green and the trees are dressed in pink, white, orange, yellow, red, blue and violet. A real symphony of colours. (Iar primvara este plin de flori i bucurie. De Pati, iarba este verde i copacii sunt mbraci n roz, alb, portocaliu, galben, rou, albastru i violet. O adevrat simfonie de culori.) Minnie Jones: I know. My birthday is in April and I always enjoy the fine weather and the colours of nature. (tiu. Ziua mea de natere este n aprilie i m bucur mereu de vremea frumoas i de culorile naturii.) Vocabulary: to be fond of = a ndrgi way = cale, drum; mod, fel, modalitate delightful = ncnttor to spend = a petrece; a cheltui more = mai mult peaceful = linitit happy = fericit here = aici

outside = afar street = strad tree = copac, pom house = cas garden = grdin car = main full of = plin de flower = floare joy = bucurie grass = iarb dressed in = mbrcat, n real = real, adevrat symphony = simfonie to enjoy = a se bucura fine = bun, weather = vreme

Dont forget! Nu uita!


i n limba englez exist articol hotrt i articol nehotrt. Articolul arat ct de cunoscut ne este substantivul pe care l nsoete. El arat diferena ntre a mouse = un oarece(oarecare) i the mouse = oarecele (cu identitate precis). Articolul hotrt the se citete diferit n funcie de substantivul pe care l precede. a. Dac substantivul ncepe cu consoan, articolul hotrt se citete the: the tiger the dress the Russian the lion the lady

b. Dac substantivul ncepe cu vocal, articolul hotrt se citete the: the elephant the end the apple the orange the egg

Articolul nehotrt are dou forme n limba englez: a i an n funcie de substantivul pe care l precede. Dac acesta ncepe cu vocal sau semivocal, articolul hotart este an: an elephant = un elefant an egg = un ou an apple = un mr an orange = o portocal

Dac substantivul ncepe cu consoan sau semiconsoan, articolul hotart este a: A friend in need is a friend indeed. Prietenul la nevoie se cunoate. A woman stands in front of the door. O femeie st n faa uii. This is a University. Aceasta este o Universitate. This is a union. Aceasta este o uniune. This ia a year. Acesta este un an.

Lets use the Present Tense! S folosim timpul prezent!


I remember you. Eu mi amintesc de tine. You remember me. Tu i aminteti de mine. She remembers him. Ea i amintete de el. He remembers her. El i amintete de ea. We remember them. Noi ne amintim de ei. You remember us. Voi v amintii de noi. They remember you. Ei i amintesc de voi.

Remember how we congratulate people! Amintete-i cum i felicitm pe ceilali!


Happy birthday! Best wishes! Many happy returns of the day! Good luck! Congratulations! Merry Christmas! Happy Easter! Have a nice time! Have a nice trip! Have a nice weekend! Have a nice party! Have fun! La muli ani! Cele mai bune urri! La ct mai multe aniversri! Noroc! Felicitri! Crciun fericit! Pate fericit! Distracie plcut! Drum bun! Week-end plcut! Petrecere frumoas! S te distrezi!

Which are the most important holidays? Care sunt cele mai importante srbtori?
Christmas New Years Eve New Years Day Easter Lent Labour Day National Day Crciun ajun de Anul Nou prima zi de Anul Nou Pate Postul Mare Ziua Muncii Ziua Naional

Which are the main colours? Care sunt culorile principale?


white = alb black = negru gray = gri green = verde yellow = galben red = rou pink = roz orange = portocaliu blue = albastru violet = violet brown = maro silver = argintiu golden = auriu lilac = liliachiu, lila purple = purpuriu beige = bej We have a gray car. Avem o main gri. The rainbow has seven colours: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. Curcubeul are apte culori: rou, portocaliu, galben, verde, albastru, indigo i violet. Diferitele nuane ale culorilor, mai deschise sau mai nchise, sunt exprimate prin adjectivele light = luminos, deschis i dark = ntunecat, nchis. She has a light blue skirt. You have a dark green shirt. Ea are o fust albastru deschis. Tu ai o cma verde nchis.

Lecia a patra Lesson Four


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Numeralele cardinale one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred

1. Cardinal Numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

1,000 1,000,000 1,000,000,000 2. Questions ntrebri

one thousand one million a billion

a. Exist ntrebri la care putem da sau primi o varietate de rspunsuri, cele de tipul: When? Cnd? Where? Unde? What? Ce? Which? Care? Who? Cine? How? Cum? Examples Where is Paula? Paula is in London. Paula is here. When does spring come? Spring comes in March. Who comes? Emily comes from Germany. Exemple Unde este Paula? Paula este la Londra. Paula este aici. Cnd vine primvara? Primvara vine n martie. Cine vine? Emily vine din Germania.

b. Exist ntrebri la care putem rspunde afirmativ: Do you have an apple? Yes, I do. / Yes, I have an apple. Ai un mr? Da, am. / Da, am un mr. Does he live in London? Yes, he does. / Yes, he lives in London. Locuiete la Londra? Da, locuiete. / Da, el locuiete la Londra. Does she teach English? Yes, she does. Yes, she teaches English. Pred engleza? Da, pred. / Da, ea pred engleza. sau negativ: Do you have an apple? No, I dont. / No, I dont have an apple, I have a pear. Ai un mr? Nu, nu am. / Nu, nu am un mr, am o par. Does she live in Paris? No, she doesnt. / No, she doesnt live in Paris, she lives in London. Locuiete la Paris? Nu, nu locuiete. / Nu, ea nu locuiete la Paris, locuiete la Londra. Im in London. Im here. Im not in Paris. Im not there. Sunt la Londra. Sunt aici. Nu sunt la Paris. Nu sunt acolo.

Paula is here. She is here. Paula isnt there. She isnt there. Paula este aici. Ea este aici. Paula nu este acolo. Ea nu este acolo. Exist ntrebri pe care le putem adresa folosind fie forma afirmativ fie pe cea negativ a verbului sau auxiliarului: You have a pear, havent you? Yes, I have. You dont have a pear, do you? No, I dont. He has a map, hasnt he? Yes, he has. He doesnt have a map, does he? No, he doesnt. Ai o par, nu-i aa? Da, am. Nu ai o par, nu-i aa? Nu, nu am. Are o hart, nu-i aa? Da, are. Nu are o hart, nu-i aa? Nu, nu are.

General concepts

Noiuni generale Cum ne artm aprobarea

How to express the agreement


Of course Certainly Very well Excellent Indeed Thats right You are right Im pleased Im glad I like it Willingly With great pleasure How nice Well done Fortunately You are lucky

desigur, bineneles cu siguran foarte bine excelent ntr-adevr aa e ai dreptate/avei dreptate sunt ncntat sunt bucuroas mi place cu plcere cu mare plcere Ce bine/drgu! Bravo! Ai fcut bine! din fericire eti(suntei) norocos

How to express the disagreement Cum ne artm dezaprobarea


Never Nothing Not at all No way! niciodat nimic deloc n niciun caz!

Too bad Terrible I dont agree Its impossible How awful What a pity What bad luck I dont like it I dislike it You are wrong You are mistaken Its rather difficult Unfortunately

foarte ru cumplit nu sunt de acord este imposibil ngrozitor Ce pcat! Ce ghinion? nu-mi place nu-mi place te neli greeti e destul de greu din nefericire

Al and I live in London in a quiet area. Our house is not big but it is nice and comfortable. Jim likes it very much. Eu i Al locuim n Londra ntr-o zon linitit. Casa noastr nu este mare, dar e drgu i confortabil. Lui Jim i place foarte mult.

Home Sweet Home

Cas, dulce cas

Jim Patrick: You really have a nice house, Minnie. I like especially the living-room. It is large and sunny. How many rooms are there? (Ai o cas foarte drgu, Minnie. mi place mai ales sufrageria: Este spaioas i nsorit. Cte camere sunt n total?) Minnie Jones: Four rooms downstairs and six upstairs. At the ground floor there are the living-room, the dining-room, the kitchen and a bathroom. (Patru camere jos i ase sus. La parter sunt sufrageria, camera unde lum masa, buctria i o baie.) Jim Patrick: Where are the bedrooms? (Unde sunt dormitoarele?) Minnie Jones: Upstairs. There are three bedrooms, two bathrooms and a large study at the first floor. (Sus. Sunt trei dormitoare, dou bi i o camer de studiu mare la primul etaj.) Jim Patrick: Where do you spend most of the time? In which room? (Unde petrecei cel mai mult timp. n care dintre camere?) Minnie Jones: We spend most of our evening in the living-room. I watch TV and Al reads the newspapers. (Ne petrecem cea mai mare parte a serii n sufragerie. Eu m uit la TV, iar Al citete ziarele.) Jim Patrick: You also have a beautiful garden outside. How nice! It is excellent to have a garden even a small one. (Avei i o grdin frumoas afar. Ce drgu! Este grozav s ai o grdin, fie i una mic.) Minnie Jones: You are right. It is a great pleasure to have a garden and spend some time outside. We are lucky to have it. (Ai dreptate. Este o mare plcere s ai o grdin i s petreci puin timp afar. Suntem norocoi c o avem.)

Vocabulary: quiet = linitit, calm area = zon, big = mare comfortable = confortabil to like = a(-i) plcea much = mult especially = mai ales, n special large = spaioas sunny = nsorit how many = cte, ci downstairs = jos(pe scri) upstairs = sus(pe scri) living-room = sufragerie dining-room = camer unde se ia masa kitchen = buctrie bedroom = dormitor bathroom = baie study = camer de studiu, birou to spend = a petrece(timpul) most = cel mai mult to watch = a se uita, a privi to read = a citi newspaper = ziar garden = grdin outside = afar even = fie, chiar

Dont forget! Nu uita! Ask questions and give correct answers! Pune ntrebri i d rspunsurile corecte!
Where is Paula? Paula is in London. Paula is here. When does spring come? Spring comes in March. Who comes? Emily comes from Germany. Unde este Paula? Paula este la Londra. Paula este aici. Cnd vine primvara? Primvara vine n martie. Cine vine? Emily vine din Germania.

Give affirmative answers! Rspunde afirmativ!

Do you have an apple? Yes, I do. / Yes, I have an apple. Ai un mr? Da, eu am. / Da, eu am un mr. Does he live in London? Yes, he does. / Yes, he lives in London. Locuiete la Londra? Da, locuiete. / Da, el locuiete la Londra. Does she teach English? Yes, she does. Yes, she teaches English. Pred engleza? Da, pred. / Da, ea pred engleza.

Give negative answers! Rspunde negativ!


Do you have an apple? No, I dont. / No, I dont have an apple, I have a pear. Ai un mr? Nu, nu am. / Nu, nu am un mr, am o par. Does she live in Paris? No, she doesnt. / No, she doesnt live in Paris, she lives in London. Locuiete la Paris? Nu, nu locuiete. / Nu, ea nu locuiete la Paris, locuiete la Londra. Im in London. Im here. Im not in Paris. Im not there. Sunt la Londra. Sunt aici. Nu sunt la Paris. Nu sunt acolo. Paula is here. She is here. Paula isnt there. She isnt there. Paula este aici. Ea este aici. Paula nu este acolo. Ea nu este acolo.

Express your agreement!


Of course Certainly Very well Excellent Indeed Thats right You are right Im pleased Im glad I like it Willingly With great pleasure How nice Well done Fortunately You are lucky

Exprim-i aprobarea!
desigur, bineneles cu siguran foarte bine excelent ntr-adevr aa e ai dreptate/avei dreptate sunt ncntat sunt bucuroas mi place cu plcere cu mare plcere Ce bine/drgu! Bravo! Ai fcut bine! din fericire eti(suntei) norocos

Express your disagreement! Exprim-i dezaprobarea!

Never Nothing Not at all No way! Too bad Terrible I dont agree Its impossible How awful What a pity What bad luck I dont like it I dislike it You are wrong You are mistaken Its rather difficult Unfortunately

niciodat nimic deloc n niciun caz! foarte ru cumplit nu sunt de acord este imposibil ngrozitor Ce pcat! Ce ghinion? nu-mi place nu-mi place te neli greeti e destul de greu din nefericire

The main rooms of the house Principalele camere ale casei


There are four rooms downstairs and six upstairs. Sunt patru camere jos i ase sus. At the ground floor there are the living-room, the dining-room, the kitchen and a bathroom. La parter sunt sufrageria, camera unde lum masa, buctria i o baie. Upstairs there are three bedrooms, two bathrooms and a large study Sus sunt trei dormitoare, dou bi i o camer de studiu mare. They all are at the first floor. Sunt toate la primul etaj.

Lecia a cincea Lesson Five


REVISION Exercise 1 RECAPITULARE Exerciiul 1

a. Answer the following questions: Who are you? What nationality are you? Where are you from? Where do you live? What is your job? What language do you speak? Rspunde la urmtoarele ntrebri: Cine eti? De unde eti? Unde locuieti? Ce profesie ai? Ce limbi vorbeti? I am Minnie. Im a Romanian. Im from Oradea. Oradea is in Romania. Now I live in England. I am a teacher. I teach French. I also speak Romanian and English. Sunt Minnie. Sunt romnc. Sunt din Oradea. Oradea este n Romnia. Acum locuiesc n Anglia. Sunt profesoar. Predau franceza. Mai vorbesc romna i engleza. b. Please, answer the following questions: Who is he/she? What nationality is he/she? Where is he/she from? Where does he/she live? What is his/her job? What language does he/she speak? Rspundei, v rog, la urmtoarele ntrebri: Cine este el/ea? De unde este el/ea? Unde locuiete el/ea? Ce profesie are el/ea? Ce limbi vorbete el/ea? He is Jim. He is my friend. He is an Englishman. He is from London. He lives in London. He is an architect. He speaks both English and French. El este Jim. Este prietenul meu. Este englez. Este din Londra. Locuiete la Londra. Este arhitect. Vorbete att engleza ct i franceza. She is Isabela. She is an Italian. She is from Italy. She lives in Venice. She is an artist. She speaks Italian, English, Greek, German and Portuguese. Ea este Isabela. Este italianc. Este din Italia. Locuiete la Veneia. Este artist. Vorbete italiana, engleza, greaca, germana i portugheza. He is Boris. He is a Pole. He is from Warsaw, Poland. He lives in Krakow. He is a doctor. He speaks Polish. He speaks English, too. El este Boris. Este polonez. Este din Varovia, Polonia. Locuiete n Cracovia. Este doctor. Vorbete poloneza. Vorbete, de asemenea, engleza. She is Dolores. She is Spanish. She is from Barcelona. She lives in Spain. She lives in Madrid. She is a business woman. She speaks Spanish and English. Ea este Dolores. Este spaniol. Este din Barcelona. Locuiete n Spania. St n Madrid. Este om de afaceri. Vorbete spaniola i engleza.

He is Dimitri. He is a Russian. He is from Russia. He lives in Moscow. He is a pilot. He speaks only Russian. El este Dimitri. Este rus. Este din Rusia. Locuiete n Moscova. Este pilot. Vorbete doar rusa. She is Marie Claire. She is French. She is from France. She lives in Paris. She is a dancer. She speaks only French. Ea este Marie Claire. Este franuzoaic. Este din Frana. Locuiete la Paris. Este dansatoare. Vorbete doar franceza. He is Ali. He is a Turk. He is from Turkey. He lives in Ankara. He is an engineer. He speaks Turkish and French. El este Ali. Este turc. Este din Turcia. Locuiete n Ankara. Este inginer. Vorbete turca i franceza. Exercise 2 Exerciiul 2

Put and answer the following questions: Pune i rspunde la urmtoarele ntrebri: a. Does Dolores live in Spain? Yes, she does. / Yes, she lives in Spain. Dolores locuiete n Spania? Da, locuiete. / Da, ea locuiete n Spania. Does Boris cure people? Yes, he does. / Yes, he cures people, he is a doctor. Boris vindec oameni? Da, vindec. Da, el vindec oameni, el este doctor. Does Isabela live in Madrid? No, she doesnt. / No, she doesnt live in Madrid, she lives in Venice. Isabela locuiete la Madrid? Nu, nu locuiete. / Nu, ea nu locuiete la Madrid, locuiete la Veneia. Does Dimitri speak Spanish? No, he doesnt. / No, he doesnt speak Spanish, he speaks only Russian. Dimitri vorbete spaniola? Nu, nu vorbete. / Nu, el nu vorbete spaniola, vorbete doar rusa. Is Marie Claire a dancer? Yes, she is. / Yes, she is a dancer. Marie Claire este dansatoare? Da, este. / Da, ea este dansatoare. b. Jim isnt a Turk, is he? No, he isnt a Turk, he is an Englishman. Jim nu este turc, nu-i aa? Nu, nu este turc, este englez.

Marie Claire is French, isnt she? Yes, she is. She is French. Marie Claire este franuzoaic, nu-i aa? Da, este. Este franuzoaic. Exercise 3 Exerciiul 3

Repeat the following sentences: Repet urmtoarele propoziii: I talk about him. You talk about them. He talks about us. She talks about me. We talk about you. You talk about her. They talk about you. Exercise 4 Vorbesc despre el. Vorbeti despre ei. Vorbete despre noi. Vorbete despre mine. Vorbim despre tine. Vorbii despre ea. Vorbesc despre voi. Exerciiul 4

Translate into English the following sentences: Tradu n englez urmtoarele propoziii: Ce zi este astazi? Astzi este luni. What day is today? Today is Monday. Ce anotimp este acesta? Este primvar. Este vremea primverii. What season is this? This is spring. Its springtime. Ce lun este aceasta? Este aprilie. What month is this? This is April. Ce anotimp este acela? Este var. Este vremea verii. What season is that? That is summer. Its summertime. Ce lun este aceea? Este iulie. What month is that? That is July. Care sunt lunile de iarn? Decembrie, ianuarie i februarie. Which are the months of winter? December, January and February. Care sunt lunile de primvar? Martie, aprilie i mai. Which are the months of spring? March, April and May. Care sunt lunile de var? Iunie, iulie i august.

Which are the months of summer? June, July and August. Care sunt lunile de toamn? Septembrie, octombrie i noiembrie. Which are the months of autumn? September, October and November. Exercise 5 Exerciiul 5

Translate into English the following sentences: Tradu n englez urmtoarele propoziii: Cum este vremea iarna? What is the weather like in winter? Iarna, vremea este rece i ninge. Cerul este mai mult acoperit. Uneori suntem blocai de viscol. In winter the weather is cold and its snowing. Most of the time, the sky is cloudy. Sometimes we are stuck in the blizzard. Cum este vremea primvara? What is the weather like in spring? Uneori, primvara, vremea este frumoas i este cald. Alteori vremea este rea: vntul bate i cad ploi toreniale. Sometimes in spring the weather is fine and its warm. Other times the weather is bad: the wind blows and there are showers. Cum este vremea vara? What is the weather like in summer? Vara, aerul este fierbinte i uscat. Temperatura poate urca pn la 40 de grade Celsius la umbr. In summer the air is hot and dry. The temperature can rise up to 40(forty) degrees Celsius in the shade. Cum este vremea toamna? What is the weather like in autumn? Toamna, vremea este capricioas. Uneori vremea este rea: este ceoas, bate vntul i plou mult. Alteori vremea este frumoas. Este rcoare, cerul este senin i este cald. In autumn the weather is capricious. Sometimes the weather is bad: its foggy, its windy and its raining a lot. Other times the weather is fine. Its cool, the sky is clear and its warm.

i pentru c a venit vorba despre vreme, v amintesc exerciiile de dicie pe care profesorul Higgins i le propune tinerei florrese Eliza Doolittle n filmul My Fair Lady, ecranizarea piesei lui George Bernard Shaw Pygmalion: The rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain. n Spania, ploaia apare mai ales la es. In Hartford, Hereford, and Hampshire, hurricanes hardly happen. n Hartford, Hereford i Hampshire, uraganele se produc arareori. n limba englez, ca i n limba romn, exist o mulime de expresii legate de vreme. Iat dou pe care i propun s le nvei, chiar dac eti la nceput: Its raining cats and dogs = plou cu gleata Come rain or come shine! Tradus cuvnt cu cuvnt, ar nsemna: Fie ploaie, fie soare, dar expresia echivalent n limba romn este Fie ce-o fi! Exercise 6 Exerciiul 6

Give the correct answers to the following questions! Rspunde correct la urmtoarele ntrebri! You have a pear, havent you? Yes, I have. You dont have a pear, do you? No, I dont. He has a map, hasnt he? Yes, he has. He doesnt have a map, does he? No, he doesnt. Ai o par, nu-i aa? Da, am. Nu ai o par, nu-i aa? Nu, nu am. Are o hart, nu-i aa? Da, are. Nu are o hart, nu-i aa? Nu, nu are.

Lecia a asea Lesson Six


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Prezentul Continuu 1. The Present Continuous Tense

Prezentul continuu este alctuit din prezentul verbului to be i forma n ing a verbului care este conjugat. Forma continu a prezentului arat o aciune care are loc n clipa de fa. To be + to eat + ing I am eating you are eating she is eating he is eating we are eating you are eating they are eating eu mnnc tu mnnci ea mnnc el mnnc noi mncm voi mncai ei mnnc to be + to read + ing I am reading you are reading she is reading he is reading we are reading you are reading they are reading eu citesc tu citeti ea citete el citete noi citim voi citii ei citesc

Prezentul continuu face distincia ntre timpul prezent n general i momentul de fa. Astfel: I go to school every day. Im going to school right now. I do my homework every evening. Im doing my homework now. Iat i forma negativ: Im not reading the newspaper right now. Nu citesc ziarul chiar acum. Im not listening to music now. Nu ascult muzic acum. 2. Possesive Pronouns My book is mine. Your room is yours. His pen is his. Her garden is hers. Its tail is its. Our house is ours. Your car is yours. Their flat is theirs. Pronume posesive Cartea mea este a mea. Camera ta este a ta. Stiloul lui este al lui. Grdina ei este a ei. Coada ei(pisicii) este a ei. Casa noastr este a noastr. Maina voastr este a voastr. Apartamentul lor este al lor. M duc la coal n fiecare zi. M duc la coal chiar acum. mi fac tema n fiecare sear. mi fac tema acum.

General concepts

Noiuni generale

Meals in Great Britain breakfast brunch lunch dinner the five oclock tea supper

Mesele n Marea Britanie mic dejun gustarea dintre micul dejun i prnz masa de prnz masa principal ceaiul de la ora 5 cina

Romnii iau micul dejun, prnzul i cina. Romanians have breakfast, lunch and dinner. Family members&relatives parents mother father daughter son sister brother grandparents grandmother grandfather grandchildren granddaughter grandson aunt uncle niece nephew cousin mother-in-law father-in-law the in-laws daughter-in-law son-in-law sister-in-law brother-in-law godmother godfather godson goddaughter Membrii familiei&rude prini mam tat fiic fiu sor frate bunici bunic bunic nepoi(de bunic) nepoat(de bunic) nepot(de bunic) mtu unchi nepoat(de unchi) nepot(de unchi) verior(verioar) soacr socru cuscri nor ginere cumnat cumnat na na fin fin

I and my friend Jim we often talk on the phone. Today we are speaking about family, food and meals of the day. Eu i prietenul meu Jim vorbim adesea la telefon. Astzi vorbim despre familie, mncruri i mesele zilei.

On the Phone

La telefon

Jim Patrick: How are you, Minnie? Im glad to hear your voice. You sound happy. (Ce mai faci, Minnie? mi pare bine s-i aud vocea. Pari fericit.) Minnie Jones: I am happy. Emily and Peter are coming home today. Our family is together again. (Sunt fericit. Emily i Peter vin astzi acas. Familia noastr este din nou unit.) Jim Patrick: How nice! It is a wonderful surprise! Im sure you and Al are delighted. Your son and daughter are coming home for holidays. (Ce dragu! Este o surpriz minunat! Sunt sigur c tu i Al suntei ncntai! Fiul i fiica voastr vin acas n vacan.) Minnie Jones: Not only our children but also our grandchildren. Our granddaughters Hilda and Alice and our grandsons Klaus and Michael are coming, too. (Nu doar copiii, dar i nepoii. Nepoatele noastre Hilda i Alice i nepoii notri Klaus i Michael vin, de asemenea.) Jim Patrick: Oh, Minnie, I think you are very busy now. You are preparing lots of things for your children and grandchildren. (O, Minnie, cred c eti foarte ocupat acum. Pregteti o mulime de lucruri pentru copiii i nepoii ti.) Minnie Jones: Thats right. There is a lot of work and Al is helping me to finish it. Now, I am baking a chocolate cake and an apple pie. (Aa este. Am o mulime de treab i Al m ajut s o termin. Acum coc o prjitur cu ciocolat i o plcint cu mere.) Jim Patrick: Excellent! I even smell the flavours from your kitchen! Your dear ones are lucky to have you. You are a treasure for your family. (Excelent! Chiar simt aromele din buctria ta! Ai ti sunt norocoi s te aib. Eti o comoar pentru familia ta.) Minnie Jones: Well, Jim, dont exaggerate things. Im pleased to do all these things for my family: preparing their rooms, cooking their breakfast, lunch and dinner, washing dishes. Im doing all the work willingly. (Ei bine, Jim, nu exagera. Sunt ncntat s fac toate lucrurile astea pentru familia mea: s le pregtesc camerele, s le gtesc micul dejun, prnzul i cina, s spl vasele. Fac toat munca din plcere.) Jim Patrick: When are they coming? (Cnd vin?) Minnie Jones: Tonight. All of them are coming tonight by plane. Emily, Johann, Hilda and Klaus come at 7 oclock and Peter, Anna, Alice and Michael come at 9 oclock. We go by car to the airport to wait for them. (n seara asta. Vin toi n seara asta cu avionul. Emily, Johann, Hilda i Klaus

vin la ora 7, iar Peter, Anna, Alice i Michael vin la 9. Ne ducem cu maina la aeroport s-i ateptm.) Jim Patrick: I leave you then. Have a nice evening home and enjoy your meal! Good night, Minnie. (Te las atunci. O sear plcut i poft bunl! Noapte bun, Minnie.) Minnie Jones: Thank you, Jim. Good night! (Mulumesc, Jim. Noapte bun!) Vocabulary: on the phone = la telefon to hear = a auzi; a afla voice = voce to sound = a suna; a prea together = mpreun wonderful = minunat, Im sure you are = sunt sigur, delighted = ncntat, busy = ocupat, to prepare = a pregti to help = a ajuta to finish = a termina to bake = a coace chocolate cake = prjitur cu ciocolat; tort de ciocolat apple pie = plcint cu mere to smell = a mirosi, a simi (mirosul) flavour = arom treasure = comoar to exaggerate = a exagera to cook = a gti to wash = a spla dishes = vesel, vase de buctrie tonight = desear, n seara asta plane = avion to come by plane = a veni cu avionul to go by car = a merge cu maina airport = aeroport to wait for = a atepta (pe cineva, ceva) to leave = a lsa; a prsi

Dont forget! Nu uita!


The Present Continuous Tense To be + to eat + ing Prezentul Continuu to be + to read + ing

I am eating you are eating she is eating he is eating we are eating you are eating they are eating

mnnc mnnci mnnc mnnc mncm mncai mnnc

I am reading you are reading she is reading he is reading we are reading you are reading they are reading

citesc citeti citete citete citim citii citesc

Prezentul continuu face distincia ntre timpul prezent n general i momentul de fa. I go to school every day. Im going to school right now. I do my homework every evening. Im doing my homework now. M duc la coal n fiecare zi. M duc la coal chiar acum. mi fac tema n fiecare sear. mi fac tema acum.

Im not reading the newspaper right now. Nu citesc ziarul chiar acum. Im not listening to music now. Nu ascult muzic acum.

Lets read the possesive pronouns S citim pronumele posesive


My book is mine. Your room is yours. His pen is his. Her garden is hers. Its tail is its. Our house is ours. Your car is yours. Their flat is theirs. Cartea mea este a mea. Camera ta este a ta. Stiloul lui este al lui. Grdina ei este a ei. Coada ei(pisicii) este a ei. Casa noastr este a noastr. Maina voastr este a voastr. Apartamentul lor este al lor.

Which are the main meals in Romania? Care sunt mesele principale n Romnia? In Romania, Romanians have breakfast, lunch and dinner. n Romnia, romnii iau micul dejun, prnzul i cina.

Lecia a aptea Lesson Seven


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Genitivul

1. The Genitive Case

Genitivul este cazul atributului i exprim, n primul rnd, posesiunea sau apartenena i rspunde la ntrebrile Whose? = al, a, ai, ale cui? What? sau Which? = care? We say: Spunem: Alans wife is an actress. Soia lui Alan este actri. The cats kittens are nice. Puii pisicii sunt drgui. Maggies house is on the corner. Casa lui Maggie este pe col. We are happy about my fathers arrival. Suntem fericii de sosirea tatei. It is good to have somebodys admiration. Este bine s te bucuri de admiraia cuiva. I am reading Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet. Citesc Romeo si Julieta lui Shakespeare. Pauls ideas are good. Ideile lui Paul sunt bune. Nicks parents are both doctors. Prinii lui Nick sunt amndoi doctori. But we say: Dar spunem: The key of my door is on the table. Cheia de la ua mea este pe mas. Sometimes the passage of time is slow. Uneori trecerea timpului este nceat. I have a feeling of joy. Am un sentiment de bucurie. The roof of the house is damaged. Acoperiul casei este stricat. I want a slice of cake. Vreau o felie de tort. The month of June is really beautiful in my country. Luna iunie este cu adevrat frumoas n ara mea. The cover of the book is dark blue. Coperta crii este albastru nchis. Observaii: Substantivele care se termin n s sau ss primesc numai apostroful: Dickens novels are in my book case. Romanele lui Dickens sunt n biblioteca mea.

2. The Adjective much and many

Adjectivul

Much este folosit cu substantive nenumerabile i exprim cantitatea. Teaching English gives much pleasure to me. Predarea limbii engleze mi ofer mult plcere. There is much sand on your shoes. Este mult nisip pe pantofii ti. I need much sugar into my coffee. Am nevoie de mult zahr n cafeaua mea. She gives him much love. i ofer mult dragoste. There isnt much room left in their kitchen. Nu prea le rmne spaiu n buctrie. I need much time to think about it. Am nevoie de mult timp ca s m gndesc la asta. Many este folosit cu substantive numerabile i exprim numrul. There are many roses in my garden. Sunt muli trandafiri n grdina mea. We have many new ideas. Avem multe idei noi. Mary has many friends. Mary are muli prieteni. There are many chairs in their kitchen. Sunt multe scaune n buctria lor. There are many students in the library. Sunt muli studeni la bibliotec. They have too many pictures on their walls. Au prea multe tablouri pe perei.

General concepts
State of mind Im merry Im happy Im satisfied Im lucky Im sad Im confused Im amazed Im in a hurry Im unhappy Im unlucky Im tired Im dissatisfied Im worried Im shocked Im afraid Im scared

Noiuni generale
Stare de spirit sunt bucuros, bucuroas sunt fericit, sunt mulumit, sunt norocos, norocoas sunt trist, sunt derutat, sunt uluit, sunt grbit, sunt nefericit, sunt ghinionist, sunt obosit, sunt nemulumit, sunt ngrijorat, sunt ocat, mi-e team mi-e fric

Im hungry Im thirsty Im cold Im ill

mi-e foame mi-e sete mi-e frig mi-e ru

Its Saturday morning and I meet Jim at the market. Im buying vegetables: green peppers, hot peppers, onion, garlic, potatoes, mushrooms, beans, carrots, parsley, green salad, tomatoes, cabbage and eggplants. Jim is buying fruits such as strawberries, bananas, pears, apples, grapes, oranges, plums, peaches and apricots. Este smbt dimineaa i m ntlnesc cu Jim la pia. Eu cumpr legume i zarzavaturi: adrei grai, ardei iui, ceap, usturoi, cartofi, ciuperci, fasole, morcovi, ptrunjel, salat verde, roii, varz i vinete. Jim cumpr fructe precum cpuni, banane, pere, mere, struguri, portocale, prune, piersici i caise.

A Birthday Barbecue for Peter Un grtar de ziua lui Peter


Minnie Jones: Its Peters birthday today. So we are having a barbecue in our garden. You and your wife are both invited to the party. Are you coming, Jim? (Este ziua lui Peter astzi. Aa c vom face un grtar n grdin. Tu i soia ta suntei invitai amndoi la petrecere. Venii, Jim?) Jim Patrick: Well, Minnie, I have to talk first with Paula about it but I think this is not a problem. We dont have a program for today. I think the answer is yes, we are coming. (Ei bine, Minnie, trebuie s vorbesc mai inti cu Paula despre asta, dar nu cred s fie o problem. Nu avem program astzi. Cred c rspunsul este da, venim.) Minnie Jones: We are delighted to have you and Paula among us then. (Suntem ncntai s va avem pe tine i pe Paula printre noi, atunci.) Jim Patrick: Thank you, Minnie. Im doing my shopping and Im going home to tell Paula about the party. But I have to buy fruits first. (Mulumesc, Minnie. mi fac cumprturile i m duc acas s-i spun Paulei despre petrecere. Dar mai nti trebuie sa cumpr fructe.) Minnie Jones: I have a lot of things to buy, too. Today we are very busy because of this special celebration. I do the shopping and Emily is cooking a delicious birthday cake for her brother. Anna is helping her. (i eu am o mulime de lucruri de cumprat. Astzi suntem foarte ocupai cu aceast srbtoare special. Eu fac cumprturile i Emily pregtete un tort delicios pentru fratele ei. Anna o ajut.) Jim Patrick: What are the men of your family doing? Are they helping you, too? (Ce fac brbaii din familia voastr? V ajut i ei?) Minnie Jones: Of course they are. Al is working very hard to decorate a place in the garden, Peter and Johann are building a stage for dancing and

playing the music. (Sigur c da. Al se strduiete din greu s decoreze un loc n grdin, Peter i Johann construiesc un ring pentru dans i muzic.) Jim Patrick: Thank God the weather is splendid. The sun shines, the sky is clear and theres no wind. We arent afraid of any shower. (Doamne ajut c vremea este splendid. Soarele strlucete, cerul e senin i nu bate vntul. Nu ne temem de vreo ploaie torenial.) Minnie Jones: Yes, we are lucky. Now you have to excuse me, Jim. Im in a hurry. I have to go to the grocers and also to the butchers as I have many things to buy: beef, pork and fish. Im sorry. (Da, suntem norocoi. Acum trebuie s m scuzi, Jim. M grbesc. Trebuie s trec pe la bcnie i pe la mcelrie pentru c am multe de cumprat : carne de vit, de porc i pete. mi pare ru.) Jim Patrick: It is all right, Minnie, I understand. I have only one question for you. What do we wear? Casual or elegant clothes? (Este n regul, Minnie, neleg. Am o singur ntrebare pentru tine. Ce purtm? Haine obinuite sau elegante?) Minnie Jones: What a question! Of course you wear what you want. We are looking forward to seeing you! Bye, Jim. (Ce ntrebare! Bineneles c v mbrcai cu ce vrei. Abia ateptm s v vedem. Pa, Jim.) Jim Patrick: Bye, Minnie, thank you for the invitation. I call you when I come home. (Pa, Minnie, mulumim pentru invitaie. Te sun cnd ajung acas.) Vocabulary: market = pia vegetables = zarzavaturi, legume, verdeuri fruits = fructe green pepper = adrei gras hot pepper = ardei iute onion = ceap garlic = usturoi potato, potatoes = cartof, cartofi mushroom = ciuperc beans = fasole carrot = morcov parsley = ptrunjel green salad = salat verde tomato, tomatoes = roie, roii cabbage = varz eggplant = vnt strawberry, strawberries = cpun, cpuni banana = banan pear = par apple = mr grapes = struguri

orange = portocal plum = prun peach = piersic apricot = cais barbecue = grtar to invite = a invita party = petrecere to have to = a trebui s problem = problem program = program answer = rspuns to answer = a rspunde among = n mijlocul, printre to shop = to go shopping = a cumpra, a face comprturi to tell = a spune special celebration = srbtoare special delicious = delicios birthday cake = tort very hard = din greu to decorate = a decora to build = a construi stage = podium, ring to play = a cnta (la un instrument), a (se)juca thank God = i mulumesc lui Dumnezeu sun = soare to shine = a strluci grocers = bcnie butchers = mcelrie beef = carne de vit pork = carne de porc fish = pete to understand = a nelege to wear = a purta(haine) casual = obinuit elegant = elegant clothes = haine to look forward to = a atepta cu nerbdare s to call somebody = a telefona cuiva

Lecia a opta Lesson Eight


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC

1. Construcia to be going to urmat de infinitivul verbului care este conjugat arat: a. intenia de a svri n viitor aciunea respectiv They are going to have a party. Ei intenioneaz s organizeze o petrecere. Im going to eat an apple. Intenionez s mnnc un mr. We are going to buy a new car. Intenionm s cumprm o main nou. Andy is going to live in Paris a whole year. Andy intenioneaz s locuiasc la Paris un an ntreg. b. viitorul aciunii exprimate n prezent She is going to have a baby. O s aib un copil. Its going to rain. O s plou. He is going to change his job. O s-i schimbe slujba. Sarah is going to study Chinese. Sarah o s nvee chineza. 2. The Preposition Prepoziia

V aducei aminte cu siguran c prepoziiile sunt acele cuvinte care leag diferite pri de vorbire ntre ele. n limba englez, prepoziiile cel mai des folosite sunt: at = la, in = n, on = pe, for = pentru, from = din, de la, to = la, ctre, above = deasupra, under = sub, near = lng, by = lng. Exemple: I go to school. Merg la(ctre) coal. He comes home from his office. El se ntoarce acas de la birou. This is for you. Asta este pentru tine. We go on a trip to the Moon. Mergem ntr-o excursie pe(ctre) Lun. The picture is above the desk. Tabloul este deasupra pupitrului. The carpet is under the bed. Covorul este sub pat. The cat sleeps near the window. Pisica doarme lng fereastr. We sit by the fire. Stm lng foc. They are at school. Ei sunt la coal. She is at home. Ea este acas. The book is in the bag. Cartea este n geant.

General concepts

Noiuni generale

The Time a minute an hour a quarter of an hour half an hour What time is it? Its three oclock sharp. Its five (minutes) past two. Its a quarter past four. Its half past nine. Its ten to six. Its a quarter to seven. Its midday. Its midnight. What time is the party? From eight to eleven p.m. Direction and position there here near to east/eastern west/western nord/northern south/southern on top of far away from straight ahead in the centre in front of behind next to at the bottom at the top in the neighbourhood at the beginning at the end on the other side to the right to the left across

Timpul un minut o or un sfert de or o jumtate de or Ct este ceasul? Este ora trei fix. Este dou i cinci minute. Este patru i un sfert. Este nou i jumtate. Este ase fr zece. Este apte fr un sfert. Este miezul zilei. Este miezul nopii. La ce or este petrecerea? De la opt la unsprezece seara. Direcia i poziia acolo aici aproape de est/estic, de est vest/vestic, de vest nord/nordic, de nord sud/sudic, de sud deasupra departe de drept nainte n centru n faa n spatele n imediata apropiere, alturi n partea inferioar n partea superioar n vecintate la nceput la sfrit pe cealalt parte spre dreapta spre stnga vizavi

Summer is going to come soon. It is coming next month. Its time for us to make plans for the holidays. Vara o s vin curnd. O s vin luna viitoare. Este timpul s ne facem planuri de vacan.

Looking for Summer Visnd la var


Jim Patrick: Hi, Minnie. I hear youre going to spend your summer holidays in Romania. (Bun, Minnie. Aflu c o s-i petreci vacana de var n Romnia.) Minnie Jones: Yes, I am. Im going there in August because I want to see my sister and her family. (Da, aa e. n august o s plec acolo pentru c vreau s o vd pe sora mea i familia ei.) Jim Patrick: That sounds nice. Are you going to stay there long? (Sun dragu. i o s stai mult acolo?) Minnie Jones: Yes. I want to travel around while Im there, so Im going to stay there for a whole month. (Da. Vreau s cltoresc prin mprejurimi ct timp o s fiu acolo, aa c o s stau o lun ntreag.) Jim Patrick: Great. What are you going to do there? (Grozav. Ce o s faci acolo?) Minnie Jones: Im going to visit Maramure to see again the places of my childhood. I also want to go to the mountains and also to the sea-side and visit my friends from Constanta. (O s vizitez Maramureul ca s vd din nou locurile copilriei mele. Vreau s merg la munte, dar i la mare s-i vd pe prietenii mei din Constana.) Jim Patrick: Youre so lucky. Are you going to take a ship and sail on the Black Sea? (Eti aa norocoas. O s navighezi cu vasul pe Marea Neagr?) Minnie Jones: I dont know but I really want to do it. (Nu tiu, dar vreau foarte mult s o fac.) Jim Patrick: What about Al? Is he going to join you on this trip to your native country? (Dar Al? O s vin cu tine n cltoria ctre ara ta natal?) Minnie Jones: Unfortunately, he is going to stay home this time. He has to work in August. (Din pcate, o s stea acas de data asta. Trebuie s lucreze n August.) Jim Patrick: Anyway, I envy you, Minnie and I look forward to our summer holidays in Romania next year. Im going there with Paula to visit her family. Please, take photos of the places you visit there. (Oricum, te invidiez, Minnie i abia atept vacana noastr de var n Romnia, anul viitor. O s m duc acolo cu Paula n vizit la familia ei. Te rog s faci poze cu locurile pe care le vizitezi acolo.) Minnie Jones: Well, Im going to take my video camera because I want to show everyone what Romania is like when I get back. (Ei bine, o sa-mi iau

camera video pentru c vreau s le art tuturor aa cum este Romnia cnd m ntorc.) Jim Patrick: Thats a great idea. Have fun! (Este o idee foarte bun. S te distrezi!) Vocabulary: summer holidays = vacana de var to stay = a sta long = mult(timp); lung to travel = a cltori around = prin mprejurimi, mprejur whole = ntreg, ntreag to visit = a vizita place = loc childhood = copilrie to the mountains = la munte to the sea-side = la mare to take = a lua to sail = a naviga to join = a se altura trip = excursie native = natal, anyway = oricum to envy = a invidia to look forward = a atepta cu nerbdare to take photos = a face poze to show = a arta to get back = a se ntoarce everyone = toat lumea sharp = fix half = jumtate quarter = sfert

Always remember!

Amintete-i ntotdeauna!

A minute is sixty seconds. Un minut are 60 de secunde. An hour is sixty minutes and three thousand six hundred seconds. O or are 60 de minute sau 3.600 de secunde. A quarter of an hour is fifteen minutes and nine hundred seconds. Un sfert de or are 15 minute sau 900 de secunde. Half an hour is thirty minutes and one thousand eight hundred seconds. O jumtate de or are 30 de minute sau o mie 800 de secunde.

What time is it? Ct este ceasul?

Its three oclock sharp. Este ora trei fix. Its five minutes past two. Este dou i cinci minute. Its a quarter past four. Este patru i un sfert. Its half past nine. Este nou i jumtate. Its ten to six. Este ase fr zece. Its a quarter to seven. Este apte fr un sfert. Its midday. Este miezul zilei. Its midnight. Este miezul nopii. What time is the meeting? La ce or este ntlnirea? At four oclock sharp. La ora patru fix.

Dont forget

Nu uita

I go to school. Merg la coal. She is at home. Ea este acas. The book is in the bag. Cartea este n geant. He comes home from his office. El se ntoarce acas de la birou. The picture is above the desk. Tabloul este deasupra pupitrului. The carpet is under the bed. Covorul este sub pat. The cat sleeps near the window. Pisica doarme lng fereastr. We sit by the fire. Stm lng foc. This is for you. Asta este pentru tine.

Lecia a noua Lesson Nine


GRAMMAR 1. The Past Tense GRAMATIC Trecutul Simplu

n limba englez, trecutul simplu are o singur form pentru toate persoanele, cu excepia verbului to be. Trecutul simplu al verbelor regulate se formeaz prin adugarea sufixului(terminaiei) ed la forma de infinitiv a verbului care este conjugat. Regular Verbs I remembered you remembered she remembered he remembered we remembered you remembered they remembered Verbe regulate eu mi-am amintit tu i-ai amintit ea i-a amintit el i-a amintit noi ne-am amintit voi v-ai amintit ei i-au amintit I danced you danced she danced he danced we danced you danced they danced eu am dansat tu ai dansat ea a dansat el a dansat noi am dansat voi ai dansat ei au dansat

n funcie de context, n limba romn, The Past Tense este fie echivalentul perfectului compus fie al imperfectului. Verbul to be, care este neregulat, are dou forme la trecut: was i were I was a teacher. Am fost profesor. You were tired. Erai obosit. She was happy. Era fericit. He was in Paris last week. Era la Paris sptmna trecut. We were friends. Am fost prieteni. You were my students. Ai fost studenii mei. They were busy. Erau ocupai. Celelalte verbe neregulate au, la trecut, o singur form pentru toate persoanele, form care trebuie memorat ca atare. Ce ai tu de fcut? Ai de nvat, la fiecare lecie, cte zece verbe neregulate mpreun cu toate formele lor de infinitiv, trecut i participiu trecut. You have to learn them by heart ! Trebuie s le nvei pe de rost! 10 Irregular Verbs 10 verbe neregulate

Infinitive to be(a fi) to become(a deveni) to begin(a ncepe) to break(a sparge, a rupe) to bring(a aduce) to build(a construi) to buy(a cumpra) to catch(a prinde) to choose(a alege) to come(a veni)

Past was, were became began broke brought built bought caught chose came

Past Participle been become begun broken brought built bought caught chosen come

Verbul to have este, de asemenea, neregulat i are la trecut forma had: She had a nightmare. A avut un comar. We had many things to do when we came back home. Am avut o mulime de lucruri de fcut cnd ne-am ntors acas. Auxiliarul to do are i el o singur form la Past Tense = did. I did all that I had to do. Am fcut tot ce aveam de fcut. We did our best to save him. Am fcut tot ce ne-a stat n puteri s-l salvm. La trecut, forma negativ se obine n acelai fel ca la prezent. I didnt disturb her. Nu am deranjat-o. She didnt remember the question. Nu i-a amintit ntrebarea. They didnt dance at the party. N-au dansat la petrecere. We didnt buy the flat. Nu am cumprat apartamentul. 2. Time adverbs the day before yesterday yesterday today tomorrow the day after tomorrow last week next week a week ago last month next month a month ago last year next year Adverbe de timp alaltieri ieri astzi mine poimine sptmna trecut sptmna viitoare acum o sptmn luna trecut luna viitoare acum o lun anul trecut anul viitor

a year ago

acum un an

General concepts
Dos and Donts In public places Dont cross! No smoking! No entry! Come in! Dont disturb! Dont drink the water. Dont park here. Dont take pictures. Dont turn left. Dont drive fast. Beware of the dogs! Mind the steps! At the Library

Noiuni generale
Lucruri premise i lucruri interzise n locuri publice Nu traversai! Fumatul interzis! Accesul interzis! Intrai! Nu deranjai! Nu bei apa! Nu parcai aici! Nu facei poze! Nu facei stnga! Nu conducei cu vitez! Atenie la cini! Avei grij la trepte! La bibliotec

Be quiet. Linite! Dont smoke. Nu fumai! Dont eat. Nu mncai! Dont drink. Nu bei! Return books on time. Returnai crile la timp! Dont bring pets into the library. Nu aducei animale n incinta bibliotecii. Keep books in good condition. Pstrai crile n condiii bune. Dont talk aloud. Nu vorbii tare! Table manners Bunele maniere la mas

Never eat with your fingers. Nu mncai cu minile. Always use a knife and a fork. Folosii ntotdeauna cuitul i furculia. Dont talk with your mouth full. Nu vorbii cu gura plin. Dont put your elbows on the table. Nu v punei coatele pe mas. Never blow your nose at the table. Nu v suflai nasul la mas. Dont be late for dinner. Nu ntrziai la cin. Never take food from someone elses plate. Nu luai mncare din farfuria altcuiva. Always ask before you smoke. Cerei voie ntotdeauna nainte s fumai.

I have something in common with Jim Patrick. I am a Romanian married to an Englishman and he is an Englishman married to a Romanian. His wife, Paula, is from Bucharest. They are husband and wife for six years and they have a daughter of four, Lily. I and Jim are good friends now. That is why we often talk about our families and also about us. Am ceva n comun cu Jim Patrick. Eu sunt o romnc maritat cu un englez i el este un englez cstorit cu o romnc. Soia lui, Paula, este din Bucureti. Sunt so i soie de ase ani i au o feti n vrst de patru ani, Lily. Eu i Jim suntem acum prieteni buni. De aceea vorbim adesea despre familiile noastre i despre noi nine.

Once upon a Time

A fost odat

Jim Patrick: Well, Minnie, we really have lots of things in common. (Ei bine, Minnie, avem ntr-adevr multe lucururi n comun.) Minnie Jones: Yes, Jim, we really do. (Da, Jim, ntr-adevr avem.) Jim Patrick: Lets talk a little bit about you. (Hai s vorbim puin despre tine.) Minnie Jones: What do you want to know about me? (Ce vrei s tii despre mine?) Jim Patrick: Everything you can tell me. (Tot ce mi poi spune.) Minnie Jones: I came to London 30(thirty) years ago when I married Al. (Am venit la Londra acum 30 de ani cnd m-am cstorit cu Al.) Jim Patrick: Where did you first meet? (Unde v-ai ntlnit prima oar?) Minnie Jones: We first met in Romania. I was 18(eighteen) years old and I was already a student. (Prima oar ne-am ntlnit n Romnia. Eu aveam 18 ani i eram deja student.) Jim Patrick: When did it happen? (Cnd s-a ntmplat asta?) Minnie Jones: In April 1972(nineteen seventy two). It was spring and the weather was splendid. (n aprilie 1972. Era primvar i vremea era splendid.) Jim Patrick: Do you remember the exact date? (i aminteti data exact?) Minnie Jones: Yes Jim, of course I remember. It was on the 30th of April. It was a Sunday afternoon. (Da, Jim, sigur c-mi amintesc. Era 30 aprilie. Era ntr-o duminic dup-amiaz.) Jim Patrick: You have a good memory. I also remember the day I met Paula. (Ai o memorie bun. i eu mi amintesc ziua n care am ntlnit-o pe Paula.) Minnie Jones: When did it happen? (Cnd s-a ntmplat asta?) Jim Patrick: Seven years ago. Paula was in London on holidays with her family. (Acum apte ani. Paula era la Londra n vacan cu familia ei.) Minnie Jones: Where in London did you two meet in fact?(Unde anume n Londra v-ai ntlnit voi doi de fapt?) Jim Patrick: In Hyde Park, near the Serpentine Lake. (n Hyde Park, n apropiere de Serpentine Lake.)

Minnie Jones: Oh, very romantic. (O, foarte romantic.) Jim Patrick: Indeed. Very. (ntr-adevr. Foarte.) Vocabulary: in common = n comun one day = ntr-o zi lots of things = multe lucruri a little bit = puin, un pic to want = a vrea, a dori everything = tot, orice to come/came/come = a veni, a sosi first time = prima oar, prima dat to meet/met/met = a se ntlni already = deja memory = memorie to happen = a se ntmpla exact date = data exact in fact = de fapt romantic = romantic

Dont forget

Nu uita

Never eat with your fingers. Nu mncai cu minile. Always use a knife and a fork. Folosii ntotdeauna cuitul i furculia. Dont talk with your mouth full. Nu vorbii cu gura plin. Dont put your elbows on the table. Nu v punei coatele pe mas. Never blow your nose at the table. Nu v suflai nasul la mas. Dont be late for dinner. Nu ntrziai la cin. Never take food from someone elses plate. Nu luai mncare din farfuria altcuiva. Always ask before you smoke. Cerei voie ntotdeauna nainte s fumai.

Lecia a zecea Lesson Ten


REVISION Exercise 1 RECAPITULARE Exerciiul 1

Translate into English the following sentences: Tradu n englez urmtoarele propoziii: nvai engleza acum. You are learning English now. Nu notai acum. You are not swimming now. Dormi? Are you sleeping? Stau jos. I am sitting. Nu stau n picioare. I am not standing. St jos sau st n picioare? Is he sitting or standing? i citesc crile chiar acum. They are reading their books right now. Nu se uit la televizor. They are not watching television. Ce faci acum? What are you doing now? De ce nu i faci temele? Why aren't you doing your homework? Iei n ora n seara asta? Are you going out tonight? Dan citete cartea n acest moment. Dan is reading the book at the moment. Zbor spre Roma n seara asta. Im flying to Rome tonight. Exercise 2 Exerciiul 2

Give affirmative answers to the following questions: Rspunde afirmativ la urmtoarele ntrebri: Did you have a nightmare last night? Yes, I did. / Yes, I had a nightmare. Ai avut un comar? Da, am avut. / Da, am avut un comar. Did he buy the flat next door? Yes, he did. / Yes, he bought the flat next door.

A cumprat apartamentul de vizavi? Da, l-a cumprat. / Da, a cumprat apartamentul de vizavi. Did you remember the story? Yes, we did. / Yes, we remembered the story. V-ai amintit povestea? Da, ne-am amintit-o. / Da, ne-am amintit povestea. Exercise 3 Exerciiul 3

Give negative answers to the following questions: Rspunde negativ la urmtoarele ntrebri: Did you bring your mother with you? No, I didnt. / No, I didnt bring my mother, I brought my father. Ai adus-o pe mama ta cu tine? Nu, nu am adus-o. / Nu, nu am adus-o pe mama, l-am adus pe tata. Did she live in Athens? No, she didnt. / No, she didnt live in Athens, she lived in Budapest. A locuit la Atena? Nu, nu a locuit. / Nu, nu a locuit la Atena, a locuit la Budapesta. Did you build this house? No, we didnt. / No, we didnt build this house, we built that house. Ai construit casa aceasta? Nu, nu am construit-o. / Nu, nu am construit casa aceasta, am construit casa aceea. Exercise 4 Exerciiul 4

a. Translate from English the following sentences: Tradu din englez urmtoarele propoziii: The class began at six sharp. Ora a nceput la ase fix. He broke his leg. i-a rupt piciorul. She brought her sister. A adus-o pe sora ei. We built a fence. Am contruit un gard. They bought a new table. Au cumprat o mas nou. b. Translate into English the following sentences: Tradu n englez urmtoarele propoziii: Statea la u cu plria n mn. He stood at the door with his hat in his hand. S-au rzgndit din nou. They changed their mind again.

i aduc toat familia: prini, copii, bunici, nepoi, unchi, mtui. They are bringing all their family: parents, children, grandparents, grandchildren, uncles, aunts. Copiii notri i copiii votri sunt colegi de coal. Our children and your children are school mates. Fiica mea i fiul ei sunt prieteni. My daughter and her son are friends. Cumnata lui Paul a fost la Moscova anul trecut. Pauls sister-in-law was in Moscow last year. Ginerele lui Mary pred germana chiar acum. Marys son-in-law is teaching German right now. Acoperiul casei noastre este complet nou. The roof of our house is completely new. Toamna, frunzele copacilor sunt galbene. In autumn, the leaves of the trees are yellow. Peter are un sentiment de fericire. Peter has a feeling of happiness. Exercise 5 Read and translate: Citete i tradu: a. Jims parents and their granddaughter Lily live in a pretty house near the centre of Brighton. Brighton is a lovely city on the south coast of England. Their house is quite big and it lies in a very nice area. There are seven rooms in it. Upstairs, there are two bedrooms and a bathroom. Lilys bedroom is quite big and it has a comfortable single bed and lots of toys everywhere. Downstairs, there is a big kitchen, a spacious living-room, a study and a small bathroom. Outside their house, there is a garage and a huge garden with lots of trees and flowers. Jims parents love their house because it makes them feel safe, secure and relaxed. After all, there is no place like home. Exerciiul 5

Last weekend Jim and Paula went to Brighton by car. They bought new pieces of furniture for their daughter and her grandparents: a bookcase for the study, a dining-table and four chairs for the dining-room, a new fridge for the kitchen, two armchairs and a comfortable sofa for the living-room. They even bought new towels for the bathroom and some pillows for the bedrooms. Prinii lui Jim i nepoata lor Lily locuiesc ntr-o cas frumoas aproape de centrul oraului Brighton. Brighton este un ora ncnttor aflat pe coasta sudic a Angliei. Casa lor este destul de mare i se afl ntr-o zon foarte drgu. Are apte camere. Sus sunt dou dormitoare i o baie. Dormitorul lui Lily este destul de mare i are un pat confortabil pentru o persoan i o mulime de jucrii peste tot. Jos se afl o buctrie mare, o sufragerie spaioas, o camer de studiu i o baie mic. Afar este un garaj i o gradina uria cu o mulime de pomi i flori. Prinii lui Jim i iubesc casa pentru c i face s se simt relaxai i n siguran. La urma urmei, nu exist loc ca acas. Week-end-ul trecut, Jim i Paula s-au dus la Brighton cu maina. Au cumprat mobile noi pentru fetia lor i pentru bunicii ei: o bibliotec pentru camera de studiu, o mas i patru scaune pentru camera unde se ia masa, un frigider nou pentru buctrie, dou fotolii i o canapea pentru sufragerie. Au cumprat chiar i prosoape noi pentru baie i cteva perne pentru dormitoare. b. a letter My dearest Jim, I am writing to you from New York. It is great! The weather is fine and I am having a wonderful time. The place is noisy and crowded. Right now, I am eating lunch in a modern restaurant. The thing that I like here the most is o scrisoare

the food which is delicious. I miss you and Paula very much. See you next week. Yours,

Diana Dragul meu Jim, i scriu din New York. Este grozav! Vremea este frumoas i m distrez de minune. Locul este zgomotos i aglomerat. Chiar acum iau prnzul ntr-un restaurant modern. Lucrul care mi place aici cel mai mult este mncarea care este delicioas. Mi-e dor de tine i de Paula. Ne vedem sptmna viitoare. A ta,

Diana c. On Saturdays, Jim always gets up very early in the morning, at about half past six. First he has a shower then he gets dressed. After that he goes jogging through the park then he comes back home and has breakfast. After that he usually goes shopping with his wife and sometimes at noon he and Paula go to the cinema. On Saturday afternoons, they usually have dinner with Jims sister, Diana. In the evening Jim and Paula watch TV. They always go to bed late on Saturday night.

Smbta, Jim se trezete ntotdeauna dimineaa foarte devreme, pe la ase i jumtate. n primul rand, face un du apoi se mbrac. Dup aceea face jogging prin parc i apoi se ntoarce acas i ia micul dejun. Mai apoi se duce de obicei cu soia lui la cumprturi i uneori la prnz el i Paula se duc la cinematograf. De cele mai multe ori, smbt dup-amiaza iau cina cu sora lui Jim, Diana. Seara, Jim i Paula se uit la televizor. ntotdeauna se culc trziu smbt noaptea. Exercise 6 Exerciiul 6

Read aloud and translate: Citete cu voce tare i tradu: My book is mine. Your room is yours. His pen is his. Her garden is hers. Its tail is its. Our house is ours. Your car is yours. Their flat is theirs. Exercise 7 Cartea mea este a mea. Camera ta este a ta. Stiloul lui este al lui. Grdina ei este a ei. Coada ei(pisicii) este a ei. Casa noastr este a noastr. Maina voastr este a voastr. Apartamentul lor este al lor. Exerciiul 7

Read and answer the following questions: Citete i rspunde la urmtoarele ntrebri: Which are the meals in Great Britain? Care sunt mesele n Marea Britanie? The first meal is the breakfast. Prima mas este micul dejun. The second meal is the brunch. A doua mas este gustarea dintre micul dejun i prnz. Britons have brunch at eleven oclock. Britanicii iau gustarea la ora 11. The third meal is the lunch. Cea de-a treia mas este prnzul. The fourth meal is the dinner. Cea de-a patra este masa principal. Britons have dinner when they come home from their daily work. Britanicii iau masa principal cnd se ntorc acas de la munca lor de zi cu zi. Britons have tea at five oclock tea. Britanicii iau ceaiul de la ora 5. The five oclock tea is a British habit. Ceaiul de la ora 5 este un obicei britanic. The fifth meal is the supper. A cincea mas este cina propriu-zis.

Lecia a unsprezecea Lesson Eleven


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Numeralele ordinale primul al doilea al treilea al patrulea al cincilea al aselea al aptelea al optulea al noulea al zecelea al unsprezecelea al doisprezecelea al treisprezecelea al paisprezecelea al cincisprezecelea al aisprezecelea al aptesprezecelea al optsprezecelea al nousprezecelea al douzecilea al douzeci i unulea al douzeci i doilea al douzeci i treilea al douzeci i patrulea al douzeci i cincilea al douzeci i aselea al douzeci i aptelea al douzeci i optulea al douzeci i noulea al treizecilea al patruzecilea al cincizecilea al aizecilea al aptezecilea al optzecilea al nouzecilea al o sutlea al o mielea

1. Ordinal Numbers the first the second the third the fourth the fifth the sixth the seventh the eighth the ninth the tenth the eleventh the twelfth the thirteenth the fourteenth the fifteenth the sixteenth the seventeenth the eighteenth the nineteenth the twentieth the twenty-first the twenty-second the twenty-third the twenty-fourth the twenty-fifth the twenty-sixth the twenty-seventh the twenty-eighth the twenty-ninth the thirtieth the fourtieth the fiftieth the sixtieth the seventieth the eightieth the ninetieth the hundredth the thousandth

2. Indefinite Adjectives

Adjective nehotrte

a certain = un oarecare, o oarecare, un anumit, o anumit certain = unii, unele, anumit, anumii He is taking a certain Will Smith with him. l ia pe un anumit Will Smith cu el. Certain people have no taste for jazz music. Unii oameni nu gust jazzul. some = civa, cteva; unii, unele; ceva, nite, puini She bought some rice. A cumprat puin orez. The exhibition contained some rare pictures. Expoziia a coninut i cteva tablouri rare. any care nseamn vreun, vreo n propoziii interogative i niciun, nicio n cele negative Have you any rare books? Ai vreo carte rar? She hasnt any idea about it. Nu are nicio idee despre asta. n propoziiile afirmative, any nseamn orice, oricare Any child can do this. Orice copil poate s-o fac. several = civa I went to Madrid several times. Am fost la Madrid de cteva ori. another = un alt, o alt; nc Wait another five minutes, please! Ateptai, v rog, nc cinci minute! other = alt, alt Other days, other people. Alte zile, ali oameni. few dar i a few = civa, puini We know few people in Prague. Cunoatem puini oameni la Praga. A few words are often enough to make you understand the whole situation. Cteva cuvinte sunt adesea suficiente ca s te fac s nelegi ntreaga situaie. enough = destul

We have enough time to get there. Avem timp destul s ajungem acolo. each = fiecare, n sensul de fiecare luat n parte Each child is a promise. Fiecare copil reprezint o promisiune. every = fiecare, n sens colectiv; toi, toate We go to the mountains every summer. Mergem la munte n fiecare var. no = niciun, nicio The postman brought no letters yesterday. Potaul n-a adus nicio scrisoare ieri. none = niciun, nicio, deloc Do you have any experience in this field? No, I have none. Ai ceva experien n domeniu? Nu, niciuna.

General concepts
At the airport luggage trolley luggage compartment health certificate travel documents label check-in counter passport check point boarding card customs customs officer departure arrival duty-free shop flight number... to land to take off Fasten your seat belt!

Noiuni generale
La aeroport crucior pentru bagaje compartiment de bagaje certificat de sntate documente de cltorie etichet ghieu de control punct de control al paapoartelor tichet de mbarcare vam vame plecare sosire magazin scutit de taxe vamale zborul numrul... a ateriza a decola Punei-v centura de siguran!

Jim and Paula are going to visit Paris. They are going to stay there for a whole week, so I want to give some tips to my friend.

Jim i Paula vor vizita Parisul. Intenioneaz s stea acolo o sptmn ntreag, aa c vreau s-i dau nite ponturi prietenului meu.

See new places, meet new faces Locuri noi, oameni noi
Jim Patrick: Tomorrow morning we are leaving for Paris. (Mine diminea plecm la Paris.) Minnie Jones: A visit to Paris is a memorable experience. I am happy for you both. I was in Paris several times. (O vizit la Paris este o experien memorabil. M bucur pentru voi amndoi. Eu am fost la Paris de cteva ori.) Jim Patrick: Its our first visit to Paris. Its a chance we dont want to miss. (E prima noastr vizit la Paris. Este o ans pe care nu vrem s o ratm.) Minnie Jones: Dont miss it! Paris has a large number of districts you can visit and see lots of interesting sights. It also depends on what you prefer to do. (N-o ratai! Parisul are un numr mare de cartiere pe care le putei vizita i putei vedea locuri interesante. Depinde i ce preferai s facei.) Jim Patrick: I like French cuisine and Paula wants to buy some fashionable clothes. (Mie mi place buctria francez, iar Paula vrea s-i cumpere haine la mod.) Minnie Jones: Thats good. You can enjoy lunch in one of the many famous restaurants in the city and you can visit many excellent shops. (Foarte bine. Putei savura prnzul ntr-unul dintre restaurantele celebre ale oraului i putei vizita magazine excelente.) Jim Patrick: We are also very fond of the nightlife. (Ne place i viaa de noapte.) Minnie Jones: Of course you are. You can spend an evening at the theatre, enjoy a drink in a caf or go for a peaceful walk along the riverside. (Bineneles. Putei petrece o sear la teatru, putei bea ceva la o cafenea sau v putei plimba de-a lungul rului.) Jim Patrick: Minnie, I have to go now. I have to buy a few things for our flight. (Minnie, trebuie s plec acum.Trebuie s cumpr cteva lucruri pentru zbor.) Minnie Jones: What time is the departure? (La ce or e plecarea?) Jim Patrick: We are taking off at 8 oclock. Bye, Minnie. (Decolm la 8. Pa, Minnie.) Minnie Jones: Have a nice flight then! Bye Jim. (Atunci zbor linitit! Pa, Jim.) Vocabulary: tip = pont, sfat face = fa to leave for = a pleca spre memorable experience = experien memorabil

chance = ans to miss = a rata district = cartier to depend on = a depinde de fashionable = la mod famous = celebru, faimos shop = magazin nightlife = via de noapte caf = cafenea peaceful = linitit along = de-a lungul river = ru side = parte; mal

Dont forget

Nu uita

Hundred are aceeai form i la plural, dac l folosim cu specificarea unui numr precis: four hundred twenty-eight books - 428 de cri Hundreds se folosete numai atunci cnd numrul nu este specificat cu precizie: hundreds of victims, hundreds of houses - sute de victime, sute de case We say: one hundred, two hundred, three hundred, four hundred but we also say hundreds of times, hundreds of people de sute de ori, sute de oameni Dup acelai model se comport thousand, million i billion: We say: one thousand, two thousand, three thousand, four thousand but we also say thousands of times, thousands of people de mii de ori, mii de oameni We say: one million, two million, three million, four million but we also say millions of times, millions of people de milioane de ori, milioane de oameni And we say: one billion, two billion, three billion, four billion but we also say billions of times, billions of people de miliarde de ori, miliarde de oameni

Lecia a dousprezecea Lesson Twelve


GRAMMAR 1. Present Perfect GRAMATIC Prezentul perfect

Present Perfect exprim de obicei o aciune nceput n trecut care dureaz i n prezent sau care s-a ncheiat recent. Prezentul perfect se formeaz cu ajutorul prezentului auxiliarului to have + participiul trecut al verbului care este conjugat. n cazul verbelor regulate, participiul trecut se formeaz prin adugarea sufixului ed ca i n cazul trecutului simplu: Regular Verbs TO DANCE = a dansa I have danced you have danced she has danced he has danced we have danced you have danced they have danced TO WAIT = a atepta I have waited you have waited she has waited he has waited we have waited you have waited they have waited eu am ateptat tu ai ateptat ea a ateptat el a ateptat noi am ateptat voi ai ateptat ei au ateptat eu am dansat tu ai dansat ea a dansat el a dansat noi am dansat voi ai dansat ei au dansat Verbe regulate

Present Perfect of the verb to be I have been a teacher all my youth. Am fost profesor toat tinereea. You have been tired all morning. Ai fost obosit toat dimineaa. She has been happy today. A fost fericit astzi. He has been in Paris all week. A fost la Paris toat sptmna. We have been friends all our life. Am fost prieteni toat viaa. You have been my students for three years. Ai fost studenii mei timp de trei ani. They have been busy all night. Au fost ocupai toat noaptea.

Celelalte verbe neregulate au, la Present Perfect, o singur form pentru toate persoanele, form care trebuie memorat ca atare. 10 Irregular Verbs Infinitive to cut(a tia) to do(a face) to drink(a bea) to drive(a conduce) to eat(a mnca) to fall(a cdea) to feed(a hrni) to feel(a simi) to find(a gsi) to fly(a zbura) 2. either... or / neither... nor 10 verbe neregulate Past cut did drank drove ate fell fed felt found flew fie... fie / nici... nici Past Participle cut done drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt found flown

She is either timid or lazy. Este fie timid, fie lene. He is either naughty or very clever. Este fie obraznic, fie foarte iste. We are neither wild nor friendly. Nu suntem nici slbatici, nici prietenoi. They are neither rude nor polite. Nu sunt nici grosolani, nici politicoi.

General concepts
Shopping List 2 bottles of wine 3 kilos of potatoes 3 packets of flour 4 cartons of milk 2 loaves of bread 12 slices of ham The Order What is the menu of the day? Id like to order We havent decided yet What can you recommend? What is your speciality?

Noiuni generale
List de cumprturi 2 sticle de vin 3 kilograme de cartofi 3 pungi(pachete) de fin 4 cutii de lapte 2 pini 12 felii de jambon Comanda Care este meniul zilei? A dori s fac comanda Nu ne-am decis nc Ce ne putei recomanda? Care este specialitatea casei?

Will you pass me the salt and pepper? Will you bring some more dressing? Can you change my order? The cheese is tasteless The roast beef is burnt and salty The cream is sour The green salad is not properly washed smoked frozen boiled raw baked roast underdone stewed grilled fried fresh stuffed marinated it tastes sweet it tastes salty it tastes sour it tastes bitter

D-mi, te rog, sarea i piperul Aducei-mi, v rog, mai mult sos mi putei schimba comanda? brnza este fad friptura de vit este ars i srat smntna este acr salata verde nu este bine splat afumat congelat fiert crud copt fript(la cuptor) n snge nbuit fript(la grtar) prjit proaspt umplut marinat are gust dulce are gust srat are gust acru are gust amar

Yesterday I met Jim by accident. I was hungry and my friend invited me out to dinner so we have eaten in a fancy restaurant. Ieri l-am ntlnit ntmpltor pe Jim. mi era foame i prietenul meu m-a invitat la cin aa c am luat masa ntr-un restaurant elegant.

Enjoy your meal

Poft bun

Jim Patrick: It has been a lovely evening. Thank you, Minnie. (A fost o sear ncnttoare. Mulumesc, Minnie.) Minnie Jones: I thank you for the invitation Jim. We have eaten healthy food and now I am really full. (Eu i mulumesc pentru invitaie, Jim. Am mncat sntos i acum m simt ntr-adevr plin.) Jim Patrick: Me too. I have also enjoyed your company which is very special to me. Did you like the food? (i eu la fel. Pe deasupra m-am bucurat de compania ta care este special pentru mine. i-a plcut mncarea?)

Minnie Jones: Yes, I did. The tomato soup has been delicious. And the roast chicken with carrots tasted really good. (Da, sigur. Supa de roii a fost un deliciu. Iar puiul fript cu morcovi a fost foarte gustos.) Jim Patrick: Im not used to eat soup thats why I preferred the grilled fish with rice and a garden salad. And the wine was fit, too? (Eu nu sunt obinuit s mnnc sup aa c am preferat pete la grtar cu orez i salata asortat. i vinul a fost potrivit, nu?) Minnie Jones: Indeed. Excellent choice: white, dry and chilled. (Desigur. Excelent alegere: alb, sec i rece. ) Jim Patrick: I wonder whether they are making their own desserts, I forgot to ask. But that pudding was delicious. What about your ice cream? (M ntreb dac pregtesc un desert special al casei, am uitat s ntreb. Dar budinca a fost delicioas. Cum a fost ngheata ta?) Minnie Jones: Very good, indeed. I was delighted to see that the waiter has brought an extra portion of whipped cream. (Cu adevrat bun. Am fost ncntat cnd chelnerul mi-a adus o extra porie de fric.) Jim Patrick: This restaurant is really nice. The place is clean and large and you have lots of tasty and spicy dishes to choose from. (Restaurantul este ntr-adevr drgu. Locul este curat i spaios i ai de ales dintr-o mulime de mncruri gustoase i condimentate.) Minnie Jones: We are certainly going to come back soon. (O s ne ntoarcem precis n curnd.) Vocabulary: by accident = din ntmplare fancy = la mod healthy food = hran sntoas full = plin, soup = sup chicken = pui rice = orez garden salad = salat asortat choice = alegere dry = sec chilled = rcit, la rece to wonder = a se ntreba whether = dac dessert = desert pudding = budinc ice cream = ngheat waiter, waitress = chelner, chelneri extra portion = extra porie, porie n plus whipped cream = fric tasty = gustos spicy = condimentat

dish = fel de mncare to come back = a se ntoarce

Dont forget! Nu uita!


Present Perfect, prezentul perfect, exprim de obicei o aciune nceput n trecut care dureaz i n prezent sau care s-a ncheiat recent. Prezentul perfect se formeaz cu ajutorul prezentului auxiliarului to have + participiul trecut al verbului care este conjugat.

Present Perfect of the verb to be Prezentul perfect al verbului a fi


I have been a teacher all my youth. Eu am fost profesor toat tinereea. You have been tired all morning. Tu ai fost obosit toat dimineaa. She has been happy today. Ea a fost fericit astzi. He has been in Paris all week. El a fost la Paris toat sptmna. We have been friends all our life. Noi am fost prieteni toat viaa. You have been my students for three years. Voi ai fost studenii mei timp de trei ani. They have been busy all night. Ei au fost ocupai toat noaptea.

Remember how to use the expression either... or Amintete-i cum s foloseti expresia fie... fie
She is either timid or lazy. Este fie timid, fie lene. He is either naughty or very clever. Este fie obraznic, fie foarte iste.

Remember how to use the expression neither... nor Amintete-i cum s foloseti expresia nici... nici
We are neither wild nor friendly. Nu suntem nici slbatici, nici prietenoi. They are neither rude nor polite. Nu sunt nici grosolani, nici politicoi.

How you order in a restaurant Cum comanzi mncare ntr-un restaurant


What is the menu of the day? Id like to order We havent decided yet What can you recommend? What is your speciality? Will you pass me the salt and pepper? Will you bring some more dressing? Can you change my order? Care este meniul zilei? A dori s fac comanda Nu ne-am decis nc Ce ne putei recomanda? Care este specialitatea casei? D-mi, te rog, sarea i piperul Aducei-mi, v rog, mai mult sos mi putei schimba comanda?

The cheese is tasteless The roast beef is burnt and salty The cream is sour The green salad is not properly washed smoked frozen boiled raw baked roast underdone stewed grilled fried fresh stuffed marinated My food tastes sweet My food tastes salty My food tastes sour My food tastes bitter

brnza este fad friptura de vit este ars i srat smntna este acr salata verde nu este bine splat afumat congelat fiert crud copt fript(la cuptor) n snge nbuit fript(la grtar) prjit proaspt umplut marinat Mncarea mea are gust dulce Mncarea mea are gust srat Mncarea mea are gust acru Mncarea mea are gust amar

Lecia a treisprezecea Lesson Thirteen


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Comparaia adjectivelor scurte

1. Comparison of short adjectives

Adjectivele monosilabice, bisilabice i cele trisilabice cu prefix negativ au form flexionar la comparativ i superlativ prin alipirea sufixelor er i est: de egalitate as calm as as large as as old as as kind as as friendly as as unlucky as la fel de calm ca la fel de larg ca la fel de n vrst ca la fel de amabil ca la fel de prietenos ca la fel de ghinionist ca de superioritate calmer than larger than older than kinder than friendlier than unluckier than mai calm dect mai larg dect mai n vrst dect mai amabil dect mai prietenos dect mai ghinionist dect superlativ the calmest the largest the oldest the kindest the friendliest the unluckiest cel mai calm cel mai larg cel mai n vrst cel mai amabil cel mai prietenos cel mai ghinionist

Mike is as old as my son. Mike este de aceeai vrst cu fiul meu. He is the friendliest boy in town. Este cel mai prietenos biat din ora. It is the largest district of Paris. Este cel mai mare cartier al Parisului. Im older than you. Sunt mai mare dect tine. 2. Comparison of long adjectives Comparaia adjectivelor lungi

Adjectivele mai lungi de dou silabe, cele bisilabice la care accentul cade pe prima silab formeaz comparativul i superlativul cu ajutorul adverbelor more i most: de egalitate as curious as as beautiful as as important as as attractive as as fragile as la fel de curios ca de superioritate more curious than more beautiful than more important than more attractive than more fragile than mai curios dect superlativ the most curious the most beautiful the most important the most attractive the most fragile cel mai curios

la fel de frumos ca la fel de important ca la fel de atrgtor ca la fel de fragil ca

mai frumos dect mai important dect mai atrgtor dect mai fragil dect

cel mai frumos cel mai important cel mai atrgtor cel mai fragil

She is as beautiful as always. Este la fel de frumoas ca ntotdeauna. It is more important than the other exam. Este mai important dect cellalt examen. It is the most attractive landscape. Este cel mai atractiv peisaj. 3. Adjectives with irregular forms good / well bad / ill little much / many bun ru puin mult better than worse than less than more than mai bun dect mai ru dect mai puin dect mai mult dect Adjectivele cu forme neregulate the best the worst the least the most cel mai bun cel mai ru cel mai puin cel mai mult

General concepts
Qualities and Shortcomings kind generous courageous, brave clever, smart polite gorgeous careful friendly pretty good-looking, handsome beautiful patient silent bad aggressive ugly rude stupid lazy noisy

Noiuni generale
Caliti i defecte amabil generos curajos iste politicos splendid atent prietenos drgu chipe frumos rbdtor tcut ru agresiv urt grosolan prost lene zgomotos

naughty greedy violent mean boring stubborn

obraznic lacom violent meschin plictisitor ncpnat

Parents and their children are very much alike. They sometimes look the same, feel the same and act the same. They often share the same value system, same beliefs and opinions, same lifestyle. This is also the case of my son and my husband. Prinii i copiii lor seamn foarte mult. Ei arat uneori la fel, simt la fel, acioneaz la fel. Adesea mprtesc acelai sistem de valori, aceleai convingeri i preri, acelai stil de via. Este i cazul fiului i soului meu.

Like Father, like Son

Cum e tatl e i fiul

Jim Patrick: Yes, you are right. It is unbelievable how many things they have in common, Peter and Al, when you look at them. (Da, ai dreptate. Este incredibil ct de multe lucruri au n comun, Peter i Al, cnd te uii la ei.) Minnie Jones: They are really handsome. They are both tall, well-built with short blond hair and blue eyes. Peter takes after his father in every way. (Sunt amndoi chipei. Sunt amndoi nali, bine fcui, cu prul scurt i blond i ochii albatri. Peter seamn cu tatl lui n toate privinele.) Jim Patrick: They are both good-looking men, I agree. And they are very much alike. (Sunt amndoi brbai chipei, sunt de acord. i seamn foarte mult.) Minnie Jones: Peter was a sweet child when he was little but I didnt imagine him turning into another Al. Now Im amazed of their resemblance. (Peter era un coplia dulce pe cnd era mic, dar nu mi-am imaginat c o s se transforme ntr-un alt Al. Acum sunt uluit de asemnarea lor.) Jim Patrick: But maybe they are different in other respects, arent they!? (Dar poate sunt diferii n alte privine, nu?) Minnie Jones: No, they arent. They share almost everything else. They think alike, feel alike, act alike. (Nu. mprtesc aproape tot. Gndesc la fel, simt la fel, acioneaz la fel.) Jim Patrick: Wow, like father, like son. (Cum e tatl e i fiul!) Minnie Jones: Exactly. When Peter is answering one of my questions I almost hear my husbands voice and thoughts. (Exact. Cnd Peter mi rspunde la o ntrebare parc aud vocea i gndurile soului meu.) Jim Patrick: They have to be different in some ways (Trebuie s fie diferii n unele privine...)

Minnie Jones: Well, I dont know what to say. Peter is as generous as his father, as careful as him, he even is as patient as Al. (Nu tiu ce s spun. Peter este la fel de generos ca tatl su, este la fel de atent i la fel de rbdtor ca Al.) Jim Patrick: So there is only one obvious difference: Peter is much younger than Al, isnt there? (Atunci exist o singur diferen evident: Peter este mult mai tnr dect Al, nu?) Minnie Jones: Yes. Peter also shares his fathers hobbies and talents. He is playing the piano and he is painting during weekends. (Da. Peter are i aceleai preferine i talente. Cnt la pian i picteaz la sfrit de sptmn.) Jim Patrick: Do they also share the shortcomings? (Au i aceleai defecte?) Minnie Jones: Unfortunately. Peter is as stubborn as his father. (Din nefericire. Peter este la fel de ncpnat ca tatl su.) Vocabulary: to be alike = a fi asemntor the same = la fel to feel = a simi to act = a aciona to share = a mprti; a mpri value system = sistem de valori belief = convingere, crez, credin opinion = opinie, prere lifestyle = stil de via case = caz unbelievable = incredibil tall = nalt well-built = bine fcut to take after = a semna cu to imagine = a(-i) nchipui, a(-i) imagina to turn into = a se transforma n resemblance = asemnare respect = privin, aspect; respect voice = voce thought = gnd obvoius = evident, hobby = pasiune, ocupaie n timpul liber talent = talent to play the piano = a cnta la pian(n general, la un instrument) to sing = a cnta(cu vocea) to paint = a picta during = n timpul

Dont forget! Nu uita!


Adjectivele monosilabice, bisilabice i cele trisilabice cu prefix negativ au form flexionar la comparativul de egalitate i de superioritate, dar i la superlativ prin alipirea sufixelor er i est: as calm as la fel de calm ca as large as la fel de larg ca calmer than mai calm dect larger than mai larg dect the calmest cel mai calm the largest cel mai larg

Other examples

Alte exemple

Mike is as old as my son. Mike este de aceeai vrst cu fiul meu. He is the friendliest boy in town. Este cel mai prietenos biat din ora. It is the largest district of Paris. Este cel mai mare cartier al Parisului. Im older than you. Sunt mai mare dect tine. Adjectivele mai lungi de dou silabe, cele bisilabice la care accentul cade pe prima silab formeaz comparativul de egalitate i de superioritate, dar i superlativul cu ajutorul adverbelor more i most: as curious as la fel de curios ca as beautiful as la fel de frumos ca more curious than mai curios dect more beautiful than mai frumos dect the most curious cel mai curios the most beautiful cel mai frumos

Other examples

Alte exemple

She is as beautiful as always. Este la fel de frumoas ca ntotdeauna. It is more important than the other exam. Este mai important dect cellalt examen. It is the most attractive landscape. Este cel mai atractiv peisaj.

Dont forget the adjectives with irregular forms Nu uita adjectivele cu forme neregulate
good / well bun bad / ill ru better than mai bun dect worse than mai ru dect the best cel mai bun the worst cel mai ru

little puin much / many mult

less than mai puin dect more than mai mult dect

the least cel mai puin the most cel mai mult

Lecia a paisprezecea Lesson Fourteen


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Adverbe de mod

1. Adverbs of Manner

Adverbele de mod se formeaz prin alipirea sufixului ly la finalul adjectivului corespunztor. n limba englez, adjectivul i adverbul au aadar forme diferite, n vreme ce n limba romn, de cele mai multe ori, adverbul sun la fel ca adjectivul: adjectiv easy bad beautiful excellent fluent kind nice perfect adverb easily badly beautifully excellently fluently kindly nicely perfectly adj+adv uor ru frumos excelent fluent amabil drgu perfect

They understand each other perfectly. Se neleg perfect. I speak English fluently. Vorbesc engleza fluent. He kindly asked me to give him a second chance. M-a rugat cu amabilitate s-i acord o a doua ans. His behaviour can be easily understood. Comportamentul lui poate fi uor neles. They are newly married. Sunt proaspt cstorii. I can hardly see you. Te pot vedea cu greu. 2. The Adverbial Numeral once twice three times ten times a hundred times Numeralul adverbial o dat de dou ori de trei ori de zece ori de o sut de ori

I have seen her once. Am vzut-o o dat. We spoke at least twice. Am vorbit de cel puin dou ori. She phoned three times. A telefonat de trei ori. 3. 10 Irregular Verbs 10 verbe neregulate

Infinitive to forget(a uita) to forgive(a ierta) to freeze(a nghea) to get(a obine) to give(a da) to go(a merge) to grow(a crete) to have(a avea) to hear(a auzi) to hide(a ascunde)

Past forgot forgave froze got gave went grew had heard hid

Past Participle forgotten forgiven frozen got given gone grown had heard hidden

General concepts
Shopping

Noiuni generale
Cumprturi Ct cost? Nu vreau s cheltuiesc mai mult de... Putei s-mi facei o reducere? Preul a fost deja redus A vrea s schimb fusta aceasta Articolele vndute nu pot fi schimbate Este prea scump Nu este ceea ce caut V rog s pstrai bonul de cas Pot s v dau altceva? La doctor respir greu am pierdut mult snge Ce grup de snge avei? Doare aici? ridicai braul avei nevoie de un bandaj gipsat avei nevoie de o radiografie v vom administra un anestezic v vom pune cteva copci sunt allergic la am miopie am prezbitism mi-a czut o plomb boal febr

How much does it cost? I dont want to spend more than Can you give me a discount? The price has already been reduced. Id like to change this skirt. Sold clothes cant be changed It is too expensive. This is not what I am looking for. Please keep the cash slip. Can I give you anything else? At the Doctors I have difficulty in breathing I have lost a lot of blood What is your blood type? Does it hurt here? raise your arm You need a plaster cast You need an X-ray We will give you a pain killer We will give you a few stitches I am allergic to Im short-sighted Im long-sighted one of my fillings has come out illness fever

headache durere de cap toothache durere de dini decay carie gum gingie Most people hate doctors. Even if we dont want them we need them. This happens at least once or twice in a lifetime. Dont you agree? Cei mai muli oameni i ursc pe medici. Chiar dac nu i vrem, avem nevoie de ei. Asta se ntmpl cel puin o dat sau de dou ori ntr-o via. Nu credei?

For and against

Pro i contra

Jim Patrick: Thats true. If I think of my life up to present I realize I have been at least twenty times to see a doctor. (Este adevrat. Dac m gndesc la viaa mea de pn acum mi dau seama c am fost de cel puin douzeci de ori la doctor.) Minnie Jones: I am really not able to think of a number of times and I can hardly remember my first time. But imagine I gave birth to a boy and a girl and Ive been to the hospital many times with my children ever since. (Nu m pot gndi la un numr, dar abia dac mi amintesc cnd am fost prima oar. Imagineaz-i c am dat natere unui biat i unei fete i am fost de atunci la spital de multe ori cu copiii mei.) Jim Patrick: Well, I have been at least ten times to the dentist and several times to a general practitioner, Im sure of it. (Eu am fost de cel puin zece ori la dentist i de cteva ori la medicul generalist, sunt convins de asta.) Minnie Jones: We dont like them too much but we need them so badly. I remember a time when Emily was a baby and she had convulsions and very high fever. (Nu ne plac prea mult, dar avem atta nevoie de ei. mi amintesc de o zi cnd Emily era micu i avea convulsii i febr foarte mare.) Jim Patrick: Oh, God. What did you do? (O, Doamne. Ce ai fcut?) Minnie Jones: I called an ambulance and went to the nearest hospital in a heart beat. The doctors saved Emilys life that time. She was very ill. (Am chemat ambulana i am ajuns la cel mai apropiat spital ntr-un suflet. Medicii i-au salvat viaa lui Emily atunci. Era foarte bolnav.) Jim Patrick: We have been once to the hospital in the middle of the night. Our daughter Lily had a severe infection and we were very worried. (Noi am ajuns odat la spital n mijlocul nopii. Fetia noastra Lily avea o infecie foarte grav i eram foarte ngrijorai.) Minnie Jones: When you are a parent you always have problems and need a doctor or at least his opinion on something. (Cnd eti printe ai ntotdeauna probleme i ai nevoie de un doctor sau mcar de prerea lui.)

Jim Patrick: But doctors are also human beings, they sometimes fail. (Dar doctorii sunt i ei oameni, uneori mai greesc.) Minnie Jones: They do. We often hear about dentists who are extracting the wrong tooth or surgeons who have forgotten something into a patients body. (Aa e. Auzim adesea despre dentiti care scot alt dinte sau chirurgi care uit cte ceva n trupul pacientului.) Jim Patrick: Well, Minnie I think the best we can do is to take care of our health. (Minnie, cred c cel mai bun lucru pe care-l putem face este s avem grij de sntatea nostr.) Minnie Jones: Prevention is better than cure. (Paza bun trece primejdia rea!) Vocabulary: to hate = a ur to happen = a se ntmpla lifetime = timpul vieii to agree = a fi de acord to realize = a-i da seama to be able to = a fi n stare s hardly = abia, cu greu to give birth to = a da natere, a nate ever since = de atunci general practitioner(GP) = medic generalist badly = foarte tare, foarte mult baby = bebelu convulsion = convulsie high fever = febr mare to call = a chema ambulance = ambulan in a heart beat = ntr-un suflet to save = a salva in the middle of = n mijlocul severe = grav infection = infecie parent = printe human being = om, fiin uman to fail = a grei, a da gre to extract = a extrage wrong = greit surgeon = chirurg patient = pacient body = trup to take care = a avea grij health = sntate prevention = prevenie, prentmpinare

to prevent = a preveni cure = tratament to cure = a trata illness = boal fever = febr headache = durere de cap toothache = durere de dini decay = carie gum = gingie

Dont forget! Nu uita!


Adverbele de mod se formeaz prin alipirea sufixului ly adjectivului corespunztor: easy - easily bad - badly beautiful - beautifully excellent - excellently fluent - fluently kind - kindly nice - nicely perfect perfectly They understand each other perfectly. Se neleg perfect. I speak English fluently. Vorbesc engleza fluent. He kindly asked me to give him a second chance. M-a rugat cu amabilitate s-i acord o a doua ans. His behaviour can be easily understood. Comportamentul lui poate fi uor neles. They are newly married. Sunt proaspt cstorii. I can hardly see you. Te pot vedea cu greu. The Adverbial Numeral once twice three times ten times a hundred times Numeralul adverbial o dat de dou ori de trei ori de zece ori de o sut de ori

I have seen her once. Am vzut-o o dat. We spoke at least twice. Am vorbit de cel puin dou ori. She phoned three times. A telefonat de trei ori.

Remember what to ask when you are shopping Amintete-i cum pui ntrebrile cnd eti la cumprturi
How much does it cost? Can you give me a discount? I dont want to spend more than The price has already been reduced. Id like to change this skirt. Sold clothes cant be changed It is too expensive. Its cheap. This is not what I am looking for. Please keep the cash slip. Can I give you anything else? No, thank you. Ct cost? Putei s-mi facei o reducere? Nu vreau s cheltuiesc mai mult de... Preul a fost deja redus A vrea s schimb fusta aceasta Articolele vndute nu pot fi schimbate Este prea scump Este ieftin Nu este ceea ce caut V rog s pstrai bonul de cas Pot s v dau altceva? Nu, mulumesc.

Remember what to say when you are at the doctors Amintete-i ce spui cnd eti la doctor
I have difficulty in breathing I have lost a lot of blood What is your blood type? Does it hurt here? raise your arm You need a plaster cast You need an X-ray We will give you a pain killer We will give you a few stitches I am allergic to Im short-sighted Im long-sighted one of my fillings has come out respir greu am pierdut mult snge Ce grup de snge avei? Doare aici? ridicai braul avei nevoie de un bandaj gipsat avei nevoie de o radiografie v vom administra un anestezic v vom pune cteva copci sunt allergic la am miopie am prezbitism mi-a czut o plomb

Lecia a cincisprezecea Lesson Fifteen


REVISION Exercise 1 RECAPITULARE Exerciiul 1

Answer the following questions: Rspunde la urmtoarele ntrebri: Is it the first or the second time you try to explain things to him? Este prima sau a doua oar cnd ncerci s-i explici cum stau lucrurile? Its neither the first nor the second time, it is the sixth time I try to explain things to him. Nu-i nici prima nici a doua oar, este a asea oar cnd ncerc s-i explic cum stau lucrurile. Did you hear about a certain Tim Reed? Ai auzit de un oarecare Tim Reed? Yes, I did. He is either an actor or a film director. Da, am auzit. Este fie actor, fie regizor de film. Do you have any idea about what is going to happen to Danny? Ai vreo idee ce urmeaz s se ntmple cu Danny? Yes, I have some ideas about this. I think Danny is going to be fired. Da, am ceva idei n privina asta. Cred c Danny urmeaz s fie concediat. Who can talk on this topic for half an hour? Cine poate vorbi pe acest subiect timp de o jumtate de or? Any student can do this. Orice student poate s-o fac. Have you ever been to Barcelona? Ai fost vreodat la Barcelona? Yes, I have been there several times. Da, am fost acolo de cteva ori. Can you wait another two minutes? Putei atepta nc dou minute! Yes, I can. Da, pot. Is there any other possibility for you to make her understand the situation? Exist vreo alt posibilitate s o faci s neleag situaia? No, Im afraid there isnt any. Nu, m tem c nu exist niciuna. Do they know many people in Moscow? Cunosc muli oameni la Moscova? No, they know few people in Moscow. Nu, ei cunosc puini oameni la Moscova. Do you have anything to do before you go? Mai ai ceva de fcut nainte s pleci? Yes, I have to arrange a few things before I go. Da, mai am de aranjat cteva lucruri nainte s plec.

Did you have enough money to buy that car? Ai avut destui bani s cumprai maina aceea? Yes, we had enough money to buy that car. Da, am avut destui bani s cumprm maina aceea. What is your opinion on exams? Are they useful or useless? Ce prere ai despre examene? Crezi c sunt utile sau inutile? I think each passed exam makes you more confident. Cred c fiecare examen trecut te face mai ncreztor. How often does he go to the mountains? Ct de des merge el la munte? He goes to the mountains every summer. El merge la munte n fiecare var. How many letters did the postman bring yesterday? Cte scrisori a adus potaul ieri? None. The postman brought no letters yesterday. Niciuna. Potaul n-a adus nicio scrisoare ieri. Exercise 2 Exerciiul 2

Translate into English the following sentences: Tradu n englez urmtoarele propoziii: Au fost plecai toat dup amiaza. They have been gone all afternoon. Ea a fost medicul meu toat viaa. She has been my doctor all my life. Am vzut cel mai frumos tablou. I have seen the most beautiful picture. Cine a spart ceainicul? Who has broken the teapot? Nu tiu. Nu l-am spart eu. I dont know. I havent broken it. Ai pus scrisoarea la cutie? Have you posted the letter? Nu, n-am gsit timbre. Peste tot era nchis. No, I havent found stamps. Everything was closed. De ce ai deschis fereastra? Why have you opened the window? Este prea cald. Avem nevoie de aer curat. It is too hot. We need fresh air. Anna este fie slbatic, fie extrem de timid. Anna is either wild or extremely shy. Aceast problem nu este nici important nici foarte urgent. This problem is neither important nor very urgent. ncearc ntotdeauna s fii ct de calm poi fi. Always try to be as calm as you can be.

Este ntotdeauna mai bine s rezolvi problemele cnd nu eti nervos. It is always better to solve problems when you are not nervous. Acesta este cel mai ru lucru pe care poi s-l faci. This is the worst thing you can do. Ruth este mai n vrst dect Anna, dar este i mai n vrst dect Sandra. Ruth is older than Anna but she is much older than Sandra. Ruth este cea mai n vrst. Ruth is the oldest. Exercise 3 Exerciiul 3

Read in a loud voice and translate the following text sentence by sentence: Citete cu voce tare i tradu urmtorul text fraz cu fraz: The small, sunny island of Antigua is one of the most beautiful islands in the Caribbean. Mica i nsorita insul Antigua este una dintre cele mai frumoase insule din arhipelagul Caraibelor. Two hundred years ago, many of the large buildings were houses or shops. n urm cu dou sute de ani, multe dintre cldirile mari erau case sau magazine. They have been transformed into very nice hotels with comfortable rooms. Ele au fost transformate n hoteluri foarte drgue cu camere confortabile. Most of them are close to the beautiful beach and they are not as expensive as other hotels. Cele mai multe dintre ele se afl aproape de plaja frumoas i nu sunt att de scumpe ca alte hoteluri. There are many interesting places to visit on Antigua island. Sunt multe locuri interesante de vizitat pe insula Antigua. There you can buy great gifts for your friends and family. Acolo putei cumpra cadouri grozave pentru prieteni i familie. The souvenir shops in English Harbour are the cheapest and the best. Magazinele de souvenir-uri din portul englez sunt cele mai ieftine i cele mai bune. For a romantic and peaceful holiday, there is nowhere nicer than Antigua island. Pentru o vacan romantic i linitit, nu exist niciun loc mai plcut dect insula Antigua. Exercise 4 Exerciiul 4

Read and translate into Romanian: Citete i tradu n limba romn: Peter and Al understand each other perfectly. Peter i Al se neleg perfect. All the boys and all the girls from the tenth form speak English fluently. Toi bieii i toate fetele din clasa a zecea vorbesc engleza fluent. He kindly asked me to give him a second chance. M-a rugat cu amabilitate s-i acord o a doua ans. His behaviour can be easily understood. Comportamentul lui poate fi uor neles. Nick and Sarah are newly married. Nick i Sarah sunt proaspt cstorii. I can hardly hear you. Te pot auzi cu greu. He can hardly see you. El te poate vedea cu greu. Exercise 5 Exerciiul 5

Translate into English the following sentences: Tradu n englez urmtoarele propoziii: Poi s-mi numeti cinci zile ale sptmnii fr s vorbeti de luni, mari, miercuri, joi, vineri, smbt i duminic? Can you tell me five days of the week without speaking of Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday? Iat cele cinci zile: alaltieri, ieri, astzi, mine i poimine. Here are the five days: the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow and the day after tomorrow. Exercise 6 Exerciiul 6

Read and translate into Romanian the following sayings and quotes: Citete i tradu n limba romn urmtoarele zicale i citate: The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. Singura nelepciune adevrat este aceea de a ti c nu tii nimic. A wise man does not need advice and a fool wont take it. Un nelept nu are nevoie de sfaturi, iar un prost nu va ine seama de ele.

Artificial Intelligence is no match for Natural Stupidity. Inteligena artificial nu se potrivete cu prostia natural. He who can, does. He who cant, teaches. Cel care poate o face. Cel care nu poate i nva pe alii cum s-o fac. Life becomes useless and insipid when we have no longer either friends or enemies. Viaa devine inutil i insipid atunci cnd nu mai avem nici prieteni nici dumani. It is better to stay silent and be thought a fool, than to open ones mouth and remove all doubt. Este mai bine s taci i s fii considerat prost dect s dechizi gura i s nlturi orice ndoial. Teamwork means never having to take all the blame yourself. Munca n echip nseamn s nu i asumi niciodat ntreaga vin. I no longer have the fear of being alone. Its cool to find out that you dont need a boyfriend to be happy. Nu m mai tem s fiu singur. Este grozav s decoperi c nu ai nevoie de un iubit ca s fii fericit. Never put off until tomorrow what you can avoid all together. Nu lsa pe mine ce poi evita cu totul. If you dont know where youre going how do you expect to get there? Dac nu tii ncotro te ndrepi cum te atepi s ajungi acolo? Like a welcome summer rain, humor may suddenly cleanse and cool the earth, the air and you. Ca o binevenit ploaie de var, umorul poate cura i rcori dintr-odat pmntul, aerul i pe tine. Thats the secret of life replace one worry with another Acesta este secretul vieii s nlocuieti o grij cu o alta. A friend is someone who has the same enemies you have. Prieten este acela care are aceeai dumani ca i tine. The chief danger in life is that you may take too many precautions. Cel mai mare pericol n via este s i iei prea multe msuri de siguran. Wisdom begins in wonder. nelepciunea ncepe prin a te mira. Being yourself is being the person everyone else wants you to be. S fii tu nsui nseamn s fii aa cum te vor ceilali.

Lecia a aisprezecea Lesson Sixteen


GRAMMAR 1. The Simple Future GRAMATIC Viitorul simplu

Viitorul se formeaz cu ajutorul auxiliarului will urmat de infinitivul verbului de conjugat. I will come you will come she will come he will come we will come you will come they will come eu voi veni tu vei veni ea va veni el va veni noi vom veni voi vei veni ei vor veni I will talk you will talk she will talk he will talk we will talk you will talk they will talk eu voi vorbi tu vei vorbi ea va vorbi el va vorbi noi vom vorbi voi vei vorbi ei vor vorbi

The day after tomorrow we will have an exam. Poimine vom avea un examen. There will be a fair in two weeks. Va fi un trg peste dou sptmni. She will do this next time. Va face asta data viitoare. He will finish his work at half past ten. Va termina lucrul la zece i jumtate. They will find a way to do this. Vor gsi o cale s fac acest lucru. Auxiliarul will are dou forme negative: I will not go there. Nu voi merge acolo. sau I wont go there. Nu voi merge acolo. n limba englez literar pentru persoanele I singular i plural se folosete, de obicei, auxiliarul shall: I shall come back. M voi ntoarce. We shall send you a letter. V vom trimite o scrisoare. 2. The Collective Numeral Numeralul colectiv

We ordered a couple of drinks. Noi am comandat dou buturi. I bought a new pair of gloves. Eu am cumprat o pereche de mnui. We are a team of doctors, we two. Noi suntem o echip de doctori, noi doi. We have two dozen of eggs. Noi avem dou duzini de ou. 3. 10 Irregular Verbs 10 verbe neregulate

Infinitive to hit(a lovi) to hurt(a rni) to keep(a pstra) to know(a ti) to leave(a prsi) to let(a lsa) to lose(a pierde) to make(a face) to meet(a ntlni) to pay(a plti)

Past hit hurt kept knew left let lost made met paid

Past Participle hit hurt kept known left let lost made met paid

General concepts
Telephone Calls reverse charge intercontinental call international call long-distance call local call night time rate full rate weekend rate reduced rate operator Idioms as a reward at a distance in a loud voice in a low voice on an average on a large scale on a small scale on an equal footing to be in a position to have an answer for everything to have a head for to have a fancy for to have an opportunity to have a right to to have a talent for to keep it a secret

Noiuni general
Convorbiri telefonice convorbire telefonic cu tax invers convorbire telefonic intercontinental convorbire telefonic internaional convorbire telefonic interurban convorbire telefonic local tarif de noapte tarif ntreg tarif de week-end tarif redus telefonist Expresii drept rsplat la distan cu voce tare cu voce sczut n medie la scar larg la scar mic pe picior de egalitate a fi n situaia a avea rspuns la toate a avea cap pentru a avea chef de a avea prilejul a avea dreptul s a avea talent la a ine ceva secret

to make a fortune to make a fuss to take a seat to go for a walk At the Seaside Where is the nearest beach? Are there any currents? Is it safe to bathe here? Can I hire? a kit for submarine fishing Id like to hire a boat motorboat rowing boat life belt flippers mask windsurf board surf board deck calm sea choppy sea

a face avere a face caz a lua loc a se duce la plimbare La mare Unde este cea mai apropiat plaj? Sunt cureni? Scldatul este sigur aici? Pot s nchiriez ? o trus pentru pescuit subacvatic A vrea s nchiriez o barc barc cu motor barc cu vsle centur de salvare labe de scafandru masc plac de surf cu pnze plac de surf punte mare calm mare nvolburat

Everybody is eager to find out what the future has in store for him or for her. Everybody wants to know what he or she will become in a few years. We all want to know if our dreams will come true and what difficulties we will have to cope with. But the future depends very much on what we do in the present. Toi suntem nerbdtori s aflm ce ne rezerv viitorul. Toi vrem s tim ce vom deveni n civa ani. Vrem s tim dac visurile nostre se vor mplini i cu ce dificulti vom avea de-a face. Dar viitorul depinde foarte mult de ceea ce facem n prezent.

Time Will Tell

Timpul va decide

Jim Patrick: This is a good topic to talk about: future. As far as I am concerned, I am a dreamer. (Iat o tem bun de discuie. In ceea ce m privete, sunt un vistor.) Minnie Jones: And you probably know what they say: Happy are those who dream dreams and are ready to pay the price to make them come

true. (i tii probabil ce se spune: Fericii sunt cei care viseaz visuri i sunt gata s plteasc preul pentru a le face s se mplineasc. ) Jim Patrick: Well, this can be a problem. I am not sure if I am ready to pay the price of all my dreams. I think some of them are really impossible. (Ei bine, asta poate fi o problem. Nu sunt aa de sigur dac sunt gata s pltesc preul viselor mele. Cred c unele dintre ele sunt cu adevrat imposibile.) Minnie Jones: You may know French people say Impossible does not exist. (Poate tii c francezii spun c Nimic nu este imposibil.) Jim Patrick: I am not French at all. I am just an Englishman and I have only English dreams. Dont laugh at me, my dear Minnie. (Dar eu nu sunt francez. Sunt doar un englez i am visuri englezeti. Nu rde de mine, draga mea Minnie.) Minnie Jones: Im not laughing at you at all. But you made me very curious: what impossible dreams do you have? (Nu rd de tine deloc. Dar m-ai fcut foarte curioas: ce visuri imposibile ai?) Jim Patrick: I have at least one and it is a sort of a secret. Only Paula knows about it. And she has promised not to laugh at me. (Am cel puin unul i est eun fel de secret. Doar Paula tie despre el. i a promis s nu rd de mine.) Minnie Jones: I can keep a secret. And I make a promise to you: I wont laugh at you! What is it? (Pot pstra un secret. i i fac o promisiune: n-o s rd de tine. Care este secretul tu?) Jim Patrick: I always wanted to be an actor. I think I have the skills for it. But talking about the price, I think I was never prepared to pay the price of fame. (ntotdeauna mi-am dorit s fiu actor. Cred c am talentul necesar. Dar vorbind despre pre, nu cred c am fost vreodat pregtit s pltesc preul celebritii.) Minnie Jones: I think this is not a foolish dream but Im not sure if it is fit for you. (Nu cred c este un vis prostesc, dar nu sunt sigur c este unul potrivit ie.) Jim Patrick: You may be right. Anyway, Im not too proud of my secret dream. (Probabil c ai dreptate. i oricum nu sunt prea mndru de visul meu secret.) Minnie Jones: Dont worry! Your secret is safe with me. But you must know it is never too late for dreams to come true. (Nu te ngijora! Secretul tu este n siguran cu mine. Dar trebuie s tii c niciodat nu este prea trziu ca visurile s se transforme n realitate.) Jim Patrick: You must be joking. Youve promised not to laugh at me(Glumeti probabil. i ai promis s nu rzi de mine...) Minnie Jones: A promise is a promise. Who is laughing? (O promisiune este o promisiune. Cine rde?)

Vocabulary: eager to = nerbdtor s to have in store = a rezerva, a avea pe stoc, n depozit to become = a deveni to come true = a se mplini to cope with = a face fa to depend on = a depinde de topic = tem, subiect dreamer = vistor to dream = a visa to be ready = a fi gata to pay the price = a plti preul to laugh at = a rde de a sort of = un fel de to keep a secret = a pstra un secret to keep a promise = a ine o promisiune actor, actress = actor, actri skill = abilitate fame = faim, celebritate foolish = prostesc to fit = a se potrivi proud = mndru safe = sigur to joke = a glumi boat = barc motorboat = barc cu motor rowing boat = barc cu vsle life belt = centur de salvare flippers = labe de scafandru mask = masc windsurf board = plac de surf cu pnze surf board = plac de surf deck = punte calm sea = mare calm choppy sea = mare nvolburat to hit = a lovi to hurt = a rni to keep = a pstra to know = a ti to leave = a prsi to let = a lsa to lose = a pierde to make = a face to meet = a ntlni to pay = a plti

as a reward = drept rsplat at a distance = la distan in a loud voice = cu voce tare in a low voice = cu voce sczut on an average = n medie on a large scale = la scar larg on a small scale = la scar mic on an equal footing = pe picior de egalitate to be in a position = a fi n situaia to have an answer for everything = a avea rspuns la toate to have a head for = a avea cap pentru to have a fancy for = a avea chef de to have an opportunity = a avea prilejul to have a right to = a avea dreptul s to have a talent for = a avea talent la to keep it a secret = a ine ceva secret to make a fortune = a face avere to make a fuss = a face caz to take a seat = a lua loc to go for a walk = a se duce la plimbare

Lecia a aptesprezecea Lesson Seventeen


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Verbele modale - Prima parte

1. Modal Verbs - Part One

Verbele modale primare ale limbii engleze sunt can, may, must, ought, shall i will i exprim modalitatea n care este svrit o aciune. Ele se folosesc mpreun cu verbul de care depind i despre care ofer informaii: I can go sunt n stare s merg I may speak - am permisiunea s vorbesc I must see - trebuie s vd I ought to know - am datoria s tiu I shall come sunt decis s vin I will open - vreau s deschid CAN = BE ABLE TO = A FI N STARE S I can go sunt n stare s merg you can go eti n stare s mergi she can go este n stare s mearg he can go este n stare s mearg we can go suntem n stare s mergem you can go suntei n stare s mergei they can go sunt n stare s mearg Forma negativ I cannot go/I cant go you cannot go she cannot go he cannot go we cannot go you cannot go they cannot go

It is not a problem, we can do it. Nu este o problem, noi putem s-o facem. He is weak but he can walk. El este slbit, dar poate s mearg pe jos. MAY = A AVEA PERMISIUNEA I may go you may go she may go he may go we may go you may go they may go am permisiunea s merg ai permisiunea s mergi are permisiunea s mearg are permisiunea s mearg avem permisiunea s mergem avei permisiunea s mergei au permisiunea s mearg I may not go you may not go she may not go he may not go we may not go you may not go they may not go

May I open the window? Yes, you may! mi permitei s deschid fereastra? Da, o putei deschide. May I shut the door? Yes, you may! mi permitei s nchid ua? Da, o putei nchide.

May I smoke in here? No, you may not. mi permitei s fumez aici nauntru? Nu, nu putei. MUST = A TREBUI I must go trebuie s merg you must go trebuie s mergi she must go trebuie s mearg he must go trebuie s mearg we must go trebuie s mergem you must go trebuie s mergei they must go trebuie s mearg I mustnt go you mustnt go she mustnt go he mustnt go we mustnt go you mustnt go they mustnt go

I must go right now. I must be there at seven sharp. Trebuie s plec chiar acum. Trebuie s fiu acolo la 7 fix. You must tell him what they said about him. Trebuie s-i spui ce au spus ei despre el. 2. 10 Irregular Verbs Infinitive to read(a citi) to ring(a suna) to run(a alerga) to say(a spune) to see(a vedea) to seek(a cuta) to sell(a vinde) to send(a trimite) to set(a aeza) to shake(a agita) 10 verbe neregulate Past read rang ran said saw sought sold sent set shook Past Participle read rung run said seen sought sold sent set shaken

General concepts
At the Hotel I want to book a room in a hotel close to the centre of the town close to the stadium close to the ski slope close to the harbour close to the airport close to the station Id like a room in a cheap hotel Id like a room in a luxury hotel

Noiuni general
La hotel Vreau s rezerv o camer la un hotel n apropiere de centrul oraului n apropiere de stadion n apropiere de prtia de schi n apropiere de port n apropiere de aeroport n apropiere de gar a vrea o camer ntr-un hotel ieftin a vrea o camer ntr-un hotel de lux

For how many nights? Pentru cte nopi? Do you have any vacancies? Avei camere libere? No, Im afraid we are full Nu, mi pare ru, sunt toate ocupate We dont accept telephone bookings Nu acceptm rezervri la telefon You must come in person Trebuie s venii personal The price only includes breakfast Preul include doar micul dejun We accept payments both by Acceptm pli att cu credit card carte de credit and by cheque ct i prin cec account cont, factur reservation rezervare to book a reservation a nregistra o rezervare air conditioning aer condiionat penthouse apartament de lux la ultimul etaj suite apartament double room camer dubl single room camer pentru o singur persoan spltorie laundry Each person has his or her own rhythm. Some are morning people while others are night people. Do you sometimes wonder why you are always going to bed very late at night while your husband or wife is ready to fall asleep before eleven oclock? Fiecare om are propriul lui ritm de via. Unii sunt matinali n timp ce alii sunt noctambuli. V ntrebai uneori de ce v ducei mereu la culcare noaptea foarte trziu n vreme ce soul sa soia dumneavoastr este gata s adoarm nainte de ora 23?

An Early Bird or a Night Owl

Matinal sau pasre de noapte

Jim Patrick: Excellent choice. You have chosen a very attractive subject matter to talk about. Im very interested in this field. Well, I am definitely an early bird. I have no doubt about it. (Excelent alegere. Ai ales un subiect foarte atrgtor. Sunt foarte interesat de domeniul acesta. Ei bine, eu sunt cu siguran un matinal. Nu am nicio ndoial. ) Minnie Jones: We are also early birds, me and Al. But I am the earliest: each morning is a real workout for the entire day: I spend my time preparing freshly squeezed juice for breakfast and watering my plants. (i noi suntem matinali, eu i Al. Dar eu sunt cea mai matinal: fiecare diminea este un adevrat antrenament pentru ziua care ncepe: petrec timp pregtind suc de fructe proaspt pentru micul dejun i udndu-mi plantele.)

Jim Patrick: I perfectly understand you. Unfortunately, my wife is just the opposite of me. Paulas morning ritual consists of dress, eat something rapidly and get out the door in fifteen minutes. I will never be able to understand her. (Te neleg perfect. Din nefericire, soia mea este exact opusul meu. Ritualul matinal al Paulei const n mbrcare, nghiit ceva pe fug i ieit pe u n 15 minute. N-o s-o neleg niciodat.) Minnie Jones: An early bird will never understand a night owl. Im just joking. (Un matinal n-o s neleag niciodat o pasre de noapte. Glumesc.) Jim Patrick: Well it isnt a joke. We have many problems because of these different rhythms of life. (Nu este chiar o glum. Avem multe probleme din cauza ritmului diferit de via.) Minnie Jones: Psychologists say that when couples are mismatched, they have significantly less marital adjustment and more marital conflicts. (Psihologii spun c atunci cnd cuplurile nu au bioritmuri similare, soii au mai puine puncte comune i mai multe conflicte.) Jim Patrick: Of course: they spend less time in serious conversation and spend less time in shared activities. (Firesc: petrec mai puin timp purtnd discuii serioase i au mai puine activiti commune.) Minnie Jones: I always wake up before the alarm goes off. Sometimes Im in the kitchen already preparing breakfast and Al is in his favourite armchair reading the morning newspaper. (Eu m trezesc ntotdeauna nainte s sune ceasul. Uneori sunt deja n buctrie i pregtesc micul dejun, iar Al este n fotoliul lui preferat i citete ziarul de diminea.) Jim Patrick: It also happens to me. On the contrary, when the alarm goes off, Paula rolls over in bed, moans and presses the snooze button. We are an odd couple, arent we? (i mie mi se ntmpl. Dimpotriv, dup ce sun ceasul, Paula se rsucete n pat, geme i apas butonul de alarm. Suntem un cuplu ciudat, nu?) Minnie Jones: No, you arent. But you have to be more careful with each other and try to be more patient. You cannot change your habits overnight. (Nu, nu suntei. Dar trebuie s fii mai ateni unul cu cellalt i mai rbdtori. Nu v putei schimba obiceiurile peste noapte.) Jim Patrick: My question is: do I have to become a night owl, or does Paula have to become an early bird? (ntrebarea mea este: trebuie s ajung eu pasre de noapte sau Paula s devin matinal.) Minnie Jones: You must be as you are now. Only more patient and more careful. (Trebuie s fii aa cum suntei acum. Doar mai rbdtori i mai ateni.) Vocabulary: workout = antrenament rhythm = ritm morning people, early birds = matinali, persoane matinale

bird = pasre while = n timp ce, n vreme ce night people = noctambuli night owl = pasre de noapte owl = bufni to fall asleep = a adormi subject matter = subiect to talk about = a vorbi despre definitely = cu siguran doubt = ndoial freshly squeezed juice = suc proaspt stors to squeeze = a stoarce to water = a uda(despre plante) opposite = opus morning ritual = ritual matinal to consist of = a consta n to get out = a iei to joke, to kid = a glumi joke = glum psychologist = psiholog couple = cuplu mismatched = nepotrivit marital conflict = conflict conjugal to go off = a porni to roll over = a se rsuci to moan = a geme, a se vita to press = a apsa snooze button = butonul alarmei odd couple = cuplu ciudat overnight = peste noapte account reservation to book a reservation air conditioning penthouse suite double room single room laundry to ring(a suna) to run(a alerga) to seek(a cuta) to sell(a vinde) to send(a trimite) cont, factur rezervare a nregistra o rezervare aer condiionat apartament de lux la ultimul etaj apartament camer dubl camer pentru o singur persoan spltorie

to set(a aeza) to shake(a agita)

Lecia a optsprezecea Lesson Eighteen


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Verbele modale Partea a doua 1. Modal Verbs Second Part

i celelalte verbe modale primare ale limbii engleze, ought, shall i will se folosesc mpreun cu verbul de care depind. n cazul lui ought exist o singur excepie: acesta se folosete mpreun cu particula to. OUGHT = A AVEA DATORIA S Forma afirmativ I ought to go eu am datoria s merg you ought to go tu ai datoria s mergi she ought to go ea are datoria s mearg he ought to go el are datoria s mearg we ought to go noi avem datoria s mergem you ought to go voi avei datoria s mergei they ought to go ei au datoria s mearg Forma negativ I ought not to go eu nu am datoria s merg you ought not to go tu nu ai datoria s mergi she ought not to go ea nu are datoria s mearg he ought not to go el nu are datoria s mearg we ought not to go noi nu avem datoria s mergem you ought not to go voi nu avei datoria s mergei they ought not to go ei nu au datoria s mearg I ought to tell her the truth. She must be very unhappy now. Trebuie s-i spun adevrul. Ea trebuie s fie foarte nefericit acum. He ought to fix the problem. Now they find themselves in a very difficult position. El trebuie s rezolve problema. Ei se afla ntr-o situaie foarte foarte dificil acum. SHALL = A FI DECIS I shall go you shall go she shall go he shall go we shall go eu sunt decis s merg tu eti decis s mergi ea este decis s mearg el este decis s mearg noi suntem decii s mergem Forma negativ I shall not go/I shant you shall not go she shall not go he shall not go we shall not go

you shall go they shall go

voi suntei decii s mergei ei sunt decii s mearg

you shall not go they shall not go

I shall go there at once. I cannot wait any longer. Sunt decis s merg acolo imediat. Nu mai pot atepta deloc. We shall act on the spot. There is no time left to postpone it. Trebuie s acionm pe loc. Nu mai este timp s amnm momentul. WILL = A VREA, A DORI Forma afirmativ Forma negativ

I will go eu vreau s merg I will not go/I wont go eu nu vreau s merg you will go tu vrei s mergi you will not go tu nu vrei s mergi she will go ea vrea s mearg she will not go ea nu vrea s mearg he will go el vrea s mearg he will not go el nu vrea s mearg we will go noi vrem s mergem we will not go noi nu vrem s mergem you will go voi vrei s mergei you will not go voi nu vrei s mergei they will go ei vor s mearg they will not go ei nu vor s mearg Will you tell her today? No, I wont. Vrei s-i spui astzi? Nu, nu vreau. Will you help him to cope with his problem? Yes, I will. Vrei s-l ajui s se mpace cu situaia? Da, vreau. 2. 10 Irregular Verbs Infinitive 10 verbe neregulate Past Past Participle shone sung sat slept spoken spent stood stolen swum taken

to shine(a strluci) shone to sing(a cnta) sang to sit(a sta jos) sat to sleep(a dormi) slept to speak(a vorbi) spoke to spend(a cheltui) spent to stand(a sta n picioare) stood to steal(a fura) stole to swim(a nota) swam to take(a lua) took

General concepts
Frequent questions Can I come in? May I come in? Yes, you may. Come in please!

Noiuni general
ntrebri frecvente Pot intra? Am voie s intru? Da, putei. Intrai v rog!

Have a seat! Luai loc. Sit down, please Stai jos, v rog! Will you wait a minute, please? Putei atepta un minut, v rog? Will you fill in this form, please? Putei completa acest formular, v rog? Let me introduce myself Dai-mi voie s m prezint May I attend this session? Pot participa la aceast sesiune? Yes, you may. You are invited to it. Da, putei. Suntei invitat la ea. How nice of you to invite me! Ce drgu din partea dumneavoastr s m invitai I must excuse myself Trebuie s-mi cer scuze Excuse me for being late. Scuzai-m c am ntrziat. I didnt mean to offend you. Nu am vrut s v aduc vreo ofens. Will you help me, please? Ma putei ajuta, v rog? Pot s v ntreb ceva? May I ask you a question? Yes, go ahead! Sigur c da, ntrebai-m! Lets talk about our tasks. Lets talk about our duties. Lets talk about the important things of our lives. Lets talk about the problems we have to solve! Well, lets talk about the things we ought to do! Hai s vorbim despre sarcinile noastre. Hai s vorbim despre datoriile noastre. Hai s vorbim despre lucururile importante din viaa noastr. Hai s vorbim despre problemele pe care le avem de rezolvat. Hai s vorbim despre lucrurile pe care avem datoria s le facem !

Things we ought to do Lucruri pe care suntem datori s le facem


Jim Patrick: I dont like this topic. At all. I dont like to think about tasks, duties, problems I hate to talk about such serious things. Should we talk about all these things or shall we change the topic? (Nu-mi place tema. Deloc. Nu-mi place s m gndesc la sarcini, datorii, probleme Ursc s vorbesc despre lucruri att de serioase. Ar trebui s vorbim despre toate aceste lucruri sau putem schimba tema?) Minnie Jones: Well, Jim, in case you have forgotten, I am the teacher. I decided we should talk about the things we ought to do so we shall talk about them. (Jim, n caz c ai uitat, eu sunt profesorul. Eu am decis c ar trebui s vorbim despre lucrurile pe care trebuie s le facem aa c trebuie s vorbim despre ele.) Jim Patrick: All right, you are the teacher, you are the boss. We should focus then on this topic. (Bine, tu eti profesorul, tu eti eful. Ar trebui s ne concentrm atunci pe aceast tem. ) Minnie Jones: Thank you, Jim. You are certainly not making things easier for me. Dialogues should be at least as easy as they were in the previous lessons. (Mulumesc, Jim. Cu siguran c nu mi uurezi munca.

Dialogurile ar trebui s fie cel puin la fel de uoare ca acelea din leciile precedente.) Jim Patrick: I am sorry, Minnie. Lets talk then about the things we ought to do! I ought to go to work every weekday except for the holidays. (mi pare ru, Minnie. S vorbim atunci despre lucrurile pe care avem datoria s le facem. Am datoria s merg la munc n fiecare zi lucrtoare cu excepia srbtorilor.) Minnie Jones: I ought to take care of my family. I ought to provide them with everything they need to be healthy and happy. (Am datoria s am grij de familia mea. Am datoria s le dau tot ceea ce au nevoie ca s fie sntoi i fericii.) Jim Patrick: You are a good mother and wife. I also ought to take care of my family. I ought to love my wife and my daughter. (Eti o mam i o soie bun. i eu trebuie s s am grij de soia mea i de fiica mea.) Minnie Jones: I and Al ought to help our children in any way we can. (Eu i Al avem datoria s ne ajutm copiii cu tot ce putem.) Jim Patrick: I ought to take care of my parents. They are old and they arent so healthy. They are living in Brighton and they are raising our daughter, Lily. (Am datoria s am grij de prinii mei. Sunt n vrst i nu sunt prea sntoi. Locuiesc in Brighton i o cresc pe fiica noastr, Lily.) Minnie Jones: I ought to communicate with my family in Romania. They are very far away and they sometimes need things that I ought to give to them. (Am datoria s comunic cu familia mea din Romnia. Sunt foarte departe de mine i uneori au nevoie de multe lucruri, iar eu trebuie s li le dau.) Jim Patrick: I think we ought to end our discussion otherwise we will become boring. (Cred c trebuie s punem punct discuiei noastre, altfel vom deveni plictisitori.) Minnie Jones: Its true. End of discussion, then. (E adevrat. Aadar, discuia s-a ncheiat.) Vocabulary: boss = ef to focus = a se concentra dialogue = dialog previous = anterior, precedent weekday = zi din timpul sptmnii working day = zi de lucru except for = cu excepia to provide with = a furniza healthy = sntos in any way = n toate privinele to raise = a crete(despre personae) to communicate = a comunica far away from = departe de discussion = discuie

otherwise = altfel I ought to go am datoria s merg I shall go sunt decis s merg I will go vreau s merg to shine(a strluci) to sing(a cnta cu vocea) to sit(a sta jos) to stand(a sta n picioare) to steal(a fura) to swim(a nota) to take(a lua) to sleep(a dormi) Can I come in? May I come in? Yes, you may. Come in please! Have a seat! Sit down, please Will you wait a minute, please? Will you fill in this form, please? Will you help me, please? May I ask you a question? Yes, go ahead! Pot intra? Am voie s intru? Da, putei. Intrai v rog! Luai loc. Stai jos, v rog! Putei atepta un minut, v rog? Putei completa acest formular, v rog? Ma putei ajuta, v rog? Pot s v ntreb ceva? Sigur c da, ntrebai-m!

Lecia a nousprezecea Lesson Nineteen


GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Verbele modale Partea a treia att forme Trecut de prezent ct i de

1. Modal Verbs Third Part Can, may, shall i will au trecut/condiional/subjonctiv: Prezent

I can work sunt n stare s muncesc I could work eram n stare s muncesc You may say ai voie s spui You might say aveai voie s spui We shall do suntem decii s facem We should do eram decii s facem They will see vor s vad They would see voiau s vad CAN / COULD I can go you can go she can go he can go we can go you can go they can go I could go you could go she could go he could go we could go you could go they could go eu sunt n stare s merg tu eti n stare s mergi ea este n stare s mearg el este n stare s mearg noi suntem n stare s mergem voi suntei n stare s mergei ei sunt n stare s mearg eu eram n stare s merg tu erai n stare s mergi ea era n stare s mearg el era n stare s mearg noi eram n stare s mergem voi erai n stare s mergei ei erau n stare s mearg

I could work very hard. Eram n stare s muncesc din greu. It was not a problem, we could do it. Nu era o problem, noi puteam s-o facem. He was weak but he could walk. El era slbit, dar putea s mearg pe jos. MAY / MIGHT I may go you may go she may go he may go eu am permisiunea s merg tu ai permisiunea s mergi ea are permisiunea s mearg el are permisiunea s mearg

we may go you may go they may go I might go you might go she might go he might go we might go you might go they might go

noi avem permisiunea s mergem voi avei permisiunea s mergei ei au permisiunea s mearg eu aveam permisiunea s merg tu aveai permisiunea s mergi ea avea permisiunea s mearg el avea permisiunea s mearg noi aveam permisiunea s mergem voi aveai permisiunea s mergei ei aveau permisiunea s mearg

You might take for granted what he said. Ai putea s iei de bun ce zice el. SHALL / SHOULD I shall go eu sunt decis s merg you shall go tu eti decis s mergi she shall go ea este decis s mearg he shall go el este decis s mearg we shall go noi suntem decii s mergem you shall go voi suntei decii s mergei they shall go ei sunt decii s mearg I should go eu eram decis s merg you should go tu erai decis s mergi she should go ea era decis s mearg he should go el era decis s mearg we should go noi eram decii s mergem you should go voi erai decii s mergei they should go ei erau decii s mearg I should come back. Ar trebui s m ntorc. WILL / WOULD I will go eu vreau s merg you will go tu vrei s mergi she will go ea vrea s mearg he will go el vrea s mearg we will go noi vrem s mergem you will go voi vrei s mergei they will go ei vor s mearg I would go eu voiam s merg you would go tu voiai s mergi

she would go he would go we would go you would go they would go

ea voia s mearg el voia s mearg noi voiam s mergem voi voiai s mergei ei voiau s mearg

They would have to tell you what you can do to change the circumstances. Ei ar trebui s-i spun ce s faci ca s schimbi datele problemei. MUST nu are form pentru trecut, condiional sau subjonctiv, dar deoarece echivalentul su este to have to, vom obine formele respective cu ajutorul lui: I had to go at once. I had to be there at seven sharp. Trebuia s plec chiar atunci. Trebuia s fiu acolo la 7 fix. You had to tell him what they said about him. Trebuia s-i spui ce au spus ei despre el. 2. 10 Irregular Verbs Infinitive 10 verbe neregulate Past Past Participle taught torn told thought thrown understood woken worn won written

to teach(a preda) taught to tear(a rupe) tore to tell(a spune) told to think(a gndi) thought to throw(a arunca) threw to understand(a nelege)understood to wake(a trezi) woke to wear(a purta) wore to win(a ctiga) won to write(a scrie) wrote

General concepts
Human Body head face eye nose mouth ear hair cheek

Noiuni general
Corpul omenesc cap fa ochi nas gur ureche pr obraz

chin neck arm elbow hand finger shoulder chest breast back leg knee foot ankle toe joint hip skin bone Internal Organs liver kidneys stomach appendix tonsils lung tongue spleen

brbie gt bra cot mn deget(la mn) umr piept sn spate picior genunchi talp glezn deget(la picior) articulaie old piele os Organe interne ficat rinichi stomac apendice amigdale plmn limb splin

Little by little we have come to the end of our English course. It is high time for me and Jim to say good bye to you. ncet ncet, am ajuns la finalul cursului nostru de englez. A sosit vremea ca eu i Jim s ne lum rmas bun de la tine.

Alls Well that Ends Well Totul e bine cnd se termin cu bine
Jim Patrick: Good topic for a final lesson. Shakespeare would be delighted and proud he is so often mentioned in your English course. (Bun tem pentru o lecie final. Shakespeare ar fi ncntat i mndru c este att de des pomenit n cursul tu de englez.) Minnie Jones: In our lessons, Jim. They are ours. We both took part in this English course. It is a fact. In the beginning I confess I didnt realize the

real importance of your role. You have told me you wanted to be an actor. Well, youve managed to be a good one. You played your own part. You have good skills. (n leciile noastre, Jim. Sunt ale noastre. Amndoi am luat parte la acest curs de englez. Este un fapt. La nceput, mrturisesc c nu mi-am dat seama de importana real a rolului tu. Mi-ai spus c voiai s fii actor. Ei bine, ai reuit s fii unul bun. Ai jucat propriul tu rol. Ai real talent.) Jim Patrick: Minnie, this was supposed to be a secret. I will never tell you another one. You cannot really keep secrets at all. (Minnie, trebuia s fie un secret. Nu-i voi mai spune altul. Nu poi s-i ii promisiunea.) Minnie Jones: Well, I might be a liar. But we were supposed to talk about dreams. You mentioned a secret and I couldnt help asking you about. This is my only fault. (Poate c sunt o mincinoas, dar trebuia s vorbim despre visuri. Tu ai pomenit despre un secret, iar eu nu m-am putut abine s nu te ntreb despre el. Asta e singura mea vin.) Jim Patrick: Dont pretend youre innocent. You arent. (Nu face pe nevinovata. Nu eti.) Minnie Jones: But I did it only for the sake of our lessons. Can you forgive me? (Dar am fcut-o doar de dragul leciilor noastre. M ieri?) Jim Patrick: I think I might. For the sake of our lessons. (Cred c a putea. De dragul leciilor noastre.) Minnie Jones: Thank you, Jim. I must say: you are so kind, so polite, so careful. (Mulumesc, Jim. Trebuie s-o spun: eti att de amabil, de politicos i de atent.) Jim Patrick: Dont exaggerate. (Nu exagera.) Minnie Jones: But it isnt a compliment. Our mission has come to an end and it is just an observation and a conclusion. For the sake of our English course. (Dar nu este un compliment. Misiunea noastr a ajuns la sfrit i este doar o observaie i o concluzie. De dragul cursului nostru de limba englez.) Jim Patrick: Yes, Minnie, as you like it! (Da, Minnie, cum vrei tu!) Vocabulary: little by little = puin cte puin, ncetul cu ncetul to come to = a ajunge it is high time = este timpul, a sosit vremea final = final to mention = a meniona, a pomeni to take part in = a lua parte fact = fapt in the beginning = la nceputul to confess = a mrturisi role, part = rol

to manage = a reui own = propriu liar = mincinos, mincinoas to suppose = a presupune fault, mistake = greeal to pretend = a pretinde innocent = innocent,, nevinovat, for the sake of = de dragul compliment = compliment mission = misiune observation = observaie conclusion = concluzie to conclude = a concluziona to teach(a preda) to tear(a rupe) to tell(a spune) to think(a gndi) to throw(a arunca) to understand(a nelege) to wake(a trezi) to wear(a purta) to win(a ctiga)

Lecia a douzecea Lesson Twenty


REVISION Exercise 1 RECAPITULARE Exerciiul 1

Translate into English the following sentences: Tradu n englez urmtoarele propoziii: De ce avem doi ochi, dou urechi, dou mini, dou picioare i doar o gur i un nas ? Why do we have two eyes, two ears, two hands, two legs and only one mouth and one nose? Ei bine, trebuie s vedem bine, de aceea avem doi ochi. Well, we must see well that is why we have two eyes. Trebuie s auzim bine, de aceea avem dou urechi. We must hear well, that is why we have two ears. Trebuie s muncim bine, de aceea avem dou mini. We must work well that is why we have two hands. Trebuie s mergem bine, de aceea avem dou picioare. We must walk a good deal that is why we have two legs. Dar trebuie s nu vorbim prea mult, de aceea avem doar o gur. But we must not talk too much that is why we have only one mouth. i nu trebuie s ne bgm nasul peste tot. And we must not poke our nose into everything. Exercise 2 Exerciiul 2

Read an translate into Romanian the following quotes or sayings: Citete i tradu n romn urmtoarele citate sau zicale: Everyday is a gift, thats why they call it the present. Fiecare zi este un dar, de aceea este numit prezent. n limba englez cuvntul present nseamn att prezent ct i cadou. The future depends on what we do in the present. Viitorul depinde de ceea ce facem n prezent.

There is a light at the end of every tunnel. Just pray it isnt a train! Exist o lumin la captul ficrui tunnel. Roag-te doar s nu fie un tren! It is better to light a candle than curse the darkness. Este mai bines aprinzi o lumnare dect s injuri ntunericul. I have enjoyed life a lot more by saying YES than by saying NO. M-am bucurat mai mult de via spunnd DA dect spunnd NU. Dont waste a minute not being happy. If one window closes, run to the next window or break down a door. Nu irosi niciun minut fr s fii fericit. Dac o fereastr se nchide, alearg spre urmtoarea sau sparge o u. to waste are sensul de a risipi, a pierde, a irosi Happiness is the best face lift. Fericirea este cel mai bun lifting. Happy are those who dream dreams and are ready to pay the price to make them come true. Fericii sunt cei care sunt pregtii s plteasc preul pentru a le mplini. Nothing is predestined: the obstacles of your past can become the gateways that lead to new beginnings. Nimic nu este predestinat: obstacolele trecutului tu pot deveni porile care dau spre noi nceputuri. Find something you love to do and youll never have to work a day in your life. Gsete ceva ce poi face cu plcere i n-o s mai trebuiasc s munceti nicio zi din viaa ta. The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong. Cel slab nu poate ierta. Iertarea este atributul celui puternic. Think of the beauty still left around you and be happy. Gndete-te la frumuseea nc rmas i fii fericit. If you spend your whole life waiting for the storm, youll never enjoy the sunshine. Dac i pierzi toat viaa ateptnd furtuna, nu te vei bucura niciodat de soare. People can live one hundred years without really living a minute. Oamenii au capacitatea de a tri o sut de ani fr s triasc un singur minut. No matter what you do there will be critics. Orice ai face vor exista critici.

Exercise 3 Read and translate: Citete i tradu:

Exerciiul 3

The day after tomorrow we will have an exam. Poimine vom avea un examen. There will be a fair in two weeks. Va fi un trg peste dou sptmni. She will do this next time. Ea va face asta data viitoare. He will finish his work at half past ten. Va termina lucrul la zece i jumtate. They will find a way to do this. Vor gsi o cale s fac acest lucru. I shall come back. M voi ntoarce. We shall send you a letter. V vom trimite o scrisoare. It is not a problem, we can do it. Nu este o problem, noi putem s-o facem. It was not a problem, we could do it. Nu era o problem, noi puteam s-o facem. He is weak but he can walk. El este slbit, dar poate s mearg pe jos. He was weak but he could walk. El era slbit, dar putea s mearg pe jos. I can work very hard. Sunt n stare s muncesc din greu. I could work very hard. Eram n stare s muncesc din greu. May I open the window? Yes, you may! mi permitei s deschid fereastra? Da, o putei deschide. May I shut the door? Yes, you may! mi permitei s nchid ua? Da, o putei nchide. May I smoke in here? No, you may not. mi permitei s fumez aici nauntru? Nu, nu putei. I must go right now. I must be there at seven sharp. Trebuie s plec chiar acum. Trebuie s fiu acolo la 7 fix.

I had to go at once. I had to be there at seven sharp. Trebuia s plec chiar atunci. Trebuia s fiu acolo la 7 fix. You must tell him what they said about him. Trebuie s-i spui ce au spus ei despre el. You had to tell him what they said about him. Trebuia s-i spui ce au spus ei despre el. I ought to tell her the truth. She must be very unhappy now. Trebuie s-i spun adevrul. Ea trebuie s fie foarte nefericit acum. He ought to fix the problem. Now they find themselves in a very difficult position. El trebuie s rezolve problema. Ei se afla ntr-o situaie foarte foarte dificil acum. I shall go there at once. I cannot wait any longer. Sunt decis s merg acolo imediat. Nu mai pot atepta deloc. We shall act on the spot. There is no time left to postpone it. Trebuie s acionm pe loc. Nu mai este timp s amnm momentul. Will you tell her today? No, I wont. Vrei s-i spui astzi? Nu, nu vreau. Will you help him to cope with his problem? Yes, I will. Vrei s-l ajui s se mpace cu situaia? Da, vreau. You might take for granted what he said. Ai putea s iei de bun ce zice el. I should come back. Ar trebui s m ntorc. They would have to tell you what you can do to change the circumstances. Ei ar trebui s-i spun ce s faci ca s schimbi datele problemei. Exercise 4 Exerciiul 4

Lets remember the Collective Numeral. Read aloud and translate: S ne amintim numeralul colectiv. Citete cu voce tare i tradu: We ordered a couple of drinks. Am comandat dou buturi. I bought a new pair of gloves. Am cumprat o pereche de mnui. We are a team of doctors, we two. Suntem o echip de doctori, noi doi. We have two dozen of eggs. Avem dou duzini de ou.

Exercise 5

Exerciiul 5

Lets remember how we put different questions and give the right answers! S ne amintim cum punem diferite ntrebri i cum rspundem corect! Where is the nearest beach? Are there any currents? Is it safe to bathe here? Can I hire a motorboat? Unde este cea mai apropiat plaj? Sunt cureni? Scldatul este sigur aici? Pot s nchiriez o barc cu motor?

Id like to hire a kit for submarine fishing. A vrea s nchiriez o o trus pentru pescuit subacvatic I want to book a room in a hotel close to the centre of the town. Vreau s rezerv o camer la un hotel n apropiere de centrul oraului. Id like a room in a cheap hotel Id like a room in a luxury hotel For how many nights? Do you have any vacancies? No, Im afraid we are full A vrea o camer ntr-un hotel ieftin A vrea o camer ntr-un hotel de lux Pentru cte nopi? Avei camere libere? Nu, mi pare ru, sunt toate ocupate

We dont accept telephone bookings Nu acceptm rezervri la telefon You must come in person Trebuie s venii personal

The price only includes breakfast Preul include doar micul dejun We accept payments both by credit card and by cheque. Acceptm pli att cu carte de credit ct i prin cec.

Final conclusions

Concluzii finale

Well, Jim, we have really come to the end of our English Course for Beginners. And if you our student and listener - are here, if you already listened to the CDs and if you have already learnt all the lessons you are no longer a beginner.

Ei bine, Jim, acum chiar c am ajuns la finalul cursului de englez pentru nceptori. i dac tu elevul i asculttorul nostru ai ajuns aici, dac ai ascultat deja CD-urile i ai nvat toate leciile, nu mai eti un nceptor. Well, Jim, do you have any tip or any piece of advice to give to our student? Jim, ai vreun sfat sau vreun pont pentru elevul nostru? Dont stop here! Dont be afraid to try more. Try to read texts in English, listen to pop music and try to translate the lyrics of the songs, watch both British and American films without subtitles. You will be surprised to realize that you really understand English! Nu te opri aici ! Nu te teme s ncerci mai mult. ncearc s citeti texte n englez, ascult muzic pop i ncearc s traduci versurile cntecelor, urmrete filme englezeti i americane fr subtitrare. Vei fi surprins s constai c nelegi ntr-adevr engleza. Well be back soon with other new lessons and interesting topics. Keep it that way until next time. Minnie and Jim want to thank you for all your attention and wish you GOOD BYE and GOOD LUCK! Yours, Minnie Jones and Jim Patrick Ne vom ntoarce curnd cu lecii noi i subiecte interesante. ine-o tot aa pn data viitoare ! Minnie i Jim i mulumesc pentru atenia cu care i-ai ascultat i i ureaz SUCCES ! PE CURND ! Ai ti, Minnie Jones i Jim Patrick