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Stage 6

Teii me about it
Leciile din Povestii sunt axate pe relatarea unor evenimente care au avut loc n trecut. Ele se refer la situaii mai complexe, cum ar fi povestirea unor ntmplri sau scrierea unui raport. Apoi vei privi spre viitor, astfel c acum vei putea exersa toate timpurile verbale de baz. n aceast etap, aruncai o privire asupra verificrilor progreselor pe care le-ai fcut (leciile 10 i 20 din fiecare etap) i vedei ct de bine v descurcai. Ai parcurs o cale lung de la Etapa 1. Bravo!
English in 20 mimiles a ay First edition 2004 The Reader's Digest, London Produs pentru Reader's Digest de Aldridge Press, London design: Bridge Creative Services Copyright 2005 Editura Reader's Digest, Bucureti, pentru ediia romn Reader's Digest i iogoul Pegas sunt mrci nregistrate ale The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Pleasantville, New York, USA. Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei English in 20 minutes a day. - Bucureti: Reader's Digest, 2005 ISBN 973-87048-5-5 811.111 Concept code IE 0131 /G

<,
Printed and bound in Italy by Officine Grafiche Novar 1901 SPA, 2005

Stage 6
LESSON 1 LESSON 2 LESSON 3 LESSON 4

Fel me about it

Asking about past events (1)


[ntrebri despre ce a fost (l)]

Asking about past events (2)


[ntrebri despre ce a fost (2)]

What were they doing?


[Ce fceau ei?]

Telling a story
[Spunei o poveste]

BREAKTHROUGH 11 At the museum


[La muzeu]

LESSON 5 LESSON 6
[Cnd s-a ntmplat?]

What did you do next? When did it happen? Talking about obligation What's going to happen? Seaside Mystery: Part 11 Check your progress Talking about future plns Saying when something is going to happen

[Ce ai fcut dup aceea?]

LESSON 7 LESSON 8 LESSON 9 LESSON 10 LESSON 11 LESSON 12

[S vorbim despre obligaii] [Ce urmeaz s se ntmple?] [Suspans pe malul mrii: Partea 11] [Verificai-v progresele] [Despre planuri de viitor] [Cum spunem cnd urmeaz s se ntmple ceva]

BREAKTHROUGH 12 That's entertainment!


[Hai s ne distrm!]

LESSON 13 LESSON 14
[Cum ajung acolo?]

Talking about past events How do I get there? Reporting what people say (1) Famous lives Reporting what people say (2) Promises and resolutions Seaside Mystery: Part 12 (conclusion) Check your progress

[Despre evenimente din trecut]

LESSON 15
[Ce au spus alii (l)]

LESSON 16
[Personaje faimoase]

LESSON 17
[Ce au spus alii (2)]

LESSON 18 LESSON 19 LESSON 20

[Promisiuni i hotrri] [Suspans pe malul mrii: Partea I2 (ncheiere)] [Verificai-v progresele]

Tel! me about it
Asking about past events (1)
Ce s-a ntmplat aici? Privii imaginile i punei propoziiile A-C Tn ordinea corect pentru a spune povestea fiecrei imagini. l [ J They bought some food. J They went to the market. j They had a picnic in the park. 2 [ J He broke his leg. J He went to hospital. J He fell downstairs. 3 [ j She got a degree. J She went to university. J She passed all her exams. 2 Citii i ascultai dialogurile i completai cuvintele lips. Conversation 1 A: Morning, Sam. B: Morning, Ben. Sorry, but can you lend me some cash for my train ticket? A: ...........................all your money last night? B: Yes, I did. I had to get a taxi home. A: OK, then. Here you are. B: Thanks. I can go to the bank at lunch time and pay you back tonight. A: Fine - but don't forget!

WO-R-V> -pOWBT^
lucky day: o zi cnd toate merg bine. Conversation 2 A: l've had a terrible day! The train was delayed and it was so full 1 had to stand all the way into town. B.- Oh dear, for work? A: No, 1 wasn't, but I wanted to get to the office early, to prepare for the sales meeting. B: .........-..................OK? A: No, it was terrible! My computer didn't work properly, so my presentation was all mixed up, and I spilt coffee all over my notes. B: Not your lucky day then. A: No, it wasn't.

Grammar:

Questions about the past (1)


Sau was 1 were + subiect + adjectiv. Were you late for
work? No, 1 wasn't. See Grammar Bank

Cnd punem ntrebri despre trecut i ateptm un rspuns yes / no folosim did + subiect + verb la infinitiv.
Did you spend all your money? Yes, 1 did.

English in 20 minutes a day

241

3 Gsii rspunsul corespunztor (a-g) pentru ntrebrile din coloana stng. 1 Did you see Tom? 2 Was it hot? 3 Did you do your work? 4 Were they tired? 5 Did it rain yesterday? 6 Was he upset with you? 7 Did you make any plns for the weekend? 4 Alegei cuvntul corect pentru a completa urmtoarele ntrebri despre copilria dumneavoastr i dai rspunsuri scurte (de ex. Yes, 1 did). a) Yes. he was. He was very angry with me. b) No, I didn't. I still have to do my presentation. c) Yes, I did. I saw him last night. d) No, it didn't. It was warm and sunny all day. e) Yes, I did. I'm planning to go to the theatre. f) Yes, they were. They didn't get to sleep until 2 a.m. g) Yes, it was. It was 35 C in the shade.

Do you know?
Make sau do? We do: work, a presentation, exercise We make: a profit, a mistake, a phone

caii, money, plns ride help play teach youngest city 1 Did you...............any sports?............................. 2 Did they...............English at your school?............. 3 Was your family home in the..............?.................. 4 Were you the..................child in your family?........ 5 Did you.....................a bicycle?.......................... 6 Did you.....................with the housework at home?

20minutes+
Rspundei la urmtoarele ntrebri despre evenimente trecute. Adugai o alt propoziie pentru a v explica rspunsul. Question: Did you go out on Saturday evening? Answer: Yes, I did. 1 went to the cinema. Answer: No, I didn't. 1 stayed home with my family. 1 Did you go out last night? 2 Were you late for work this week? 3 Did you do any exercise at the weekend? 4 Did you have a holiday last year? 5 Were you happy when you were at school? English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Asking about past events (2)

Stage 6

I Imaginai-v c ntrebai un prieten sau un coleg despre vacana lui. Iat cteva ntrebri pe care i le-ai putea pune. Gsii-le un rspuns adecvat.

I- *L.-.B^i?fc
1 2 3 4 How was your holiday? Where did you go? What did you do? Did you take any photos?

a) We saw a wonderful play at Epidaurus.

b) Absolutely fantastic. c) We went to Greece. d) Yes, I did. Do you want to see them?

Questions about the past (2)


Cnd punem ntrebri despre trecut, folosim de obicei What, Where, W/io, Why, When i How + did + subiect + verb la infinitiv.
What did you do last night? Where did you go on your holiday'} When did he arrive? How did he travel? Sau What, Where, Who, Why, When i How + was I were + subiect. What was the weather like? Who were you with? Why was she late? How was your holiday? See Grammar Bank

Do you know?
2 Completai ntrebrile cu unul din interogativele din caseta de gramatic. . ... . , . . , . What's he like? Folosit pentru a 1 ............did you do last nignt? ., , , ,r.___. ' " ntreba despre personalitatea cuiva. 2 ............did you go? What does she look like? Folosit pentru a ntreba despre aspectul cuiva. 3 were you |ate? What was it like? Folosit pentru a 4 ............did she arrive? ntreba despre o experien trecut. 5 ............were you with on Saturday? 3 Completai ntrebarea cu una din expresiile din caset. What do you do What you do What did you do '........................last night?' 'I did some housework and watched television.'
English in 20 minutes a day 243

4 Citii acest formular i completai spaiile cu cuvinte adecvate din caset. n unele cazuri sunt posibile mai multe rspunsuri. how hear pay happy did were when how why buy (x2) have where

BROMINIK CANERAS
Professional qualrty at an amateur price.Thank you for choosing a Brominik camera. We hope it will give you many years of satisfaction. Enter our draw to win a year's suppiy of free film. Simply complete the form below and send it back to us in the pre-paid envelope. 1 ...............did you...............this model? Relibilrtu. Price.. 2 ...............did you...............about it? T&l&v&ion adve.rt-ijseme.n-t. 3 ...............did you...............it? 18 Januaru. 2004. 4 ............... much did you...............for it? 280-00 5 ...............you ...............any problems when you first used it? No. I-t's very ea^y to use. 6 Have you had any pictures developed yet? If so.............you............with the quality? Ye^s. TTT picivre. qoa.Hu is, e.xc&lle.n-t. Thank you for taking the time to complete this. Good luck in the draw! 5 Gsii rspunsul corespunztor pentru fiecare ntrebare. 1 What did you do last night? 2 Where were you at eight o'clock this morning? 3 Who did you meet at the party? 4 Why were you late? 5 When did the film start? 6 How was John when you saw him last night? a) |ohn and Beatrice. b) I missed the bus. c) Fine, I think. d) I was still in bed. e) 1 watched a video. f) At eight o'clock. -.-

20minutes+
Citii i ascultai nregistrarea i rspundei la ntrebrile pe care le auzii folosindu-v propriile idei. 1 What did you do last Saturday night? ............................................ 2 Where were you at eight o'clock last night? ...................................... 3 Who did you talk to yesterday? ..................................................... 4 When did you start leaming English? ............................................ 5 How did you feel yesterday? ........................................................ 244 English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
What were they doing?
3^, I Ascultai nregistrarea. Unde se aflau aceste persoane la ora opt, asear? Alegei dintre locurile de mai jos. 1 Zoe was 2 James was 3 Markwas 4 Iulie was

5 Pennywas
6 William was

at the sports centre


f clS. COtidilUOUS 6 fi 56 f 1

Cnd vorbim despre activiti din trecut care au durat un timp, folosim forma de trecut continuu a verbului. Nu spunem cnd a nceput sau s-a ncheiat aciunea. Acest timp se formeaz cu
was 1 were + -ing. At eight o'clock last night, 1 was eating dinner.

Dac sunt dou sau mai multe aciuni din trecut care dureaz un timp, nu repetm was / were.
I was listening (o the radio and reading a book.

See Grammar Bank

2 V amintii ce spuneau persoanele din exerciiul 1? ncercai s completai frazele de mai jos. Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i verificai-v rspunsurile. 1 I...........................and.....................television. 2 1...........................a meal out with my girlfriend. 3 I...........................on somesales figures for the sales conference. 4 I..............................to some great music. The bnd was terrific! 5 1...........................tennis with my friend, Anna. 6 I...........................home and........................to the radio.
English in 20 minutes a day

3 Combinai propoziiile din cele dou coloane pentru a obine fraze coerente. 1 l'm sorry, I was having a shower, 2 It was raining all day yesterday, 3 She didn't come to lunch on Sunday 4 I was playing tennis all afternoon, 5 We were eating a nice lunch at the restaurant, a) so we weren't in a hurry to leave. b) so I didn't have time to go shopping. c) so we didn't go out for a picnic. d) so I didn't hear the phone ring. e) because she was taking her children to the museum. tj 4 O femeie povestete la Poliie despre un brbat pe care I-a vzut de la fereastra ei. Privii imaginile n timp ce ascultai nregistrarea. Bifai (/) imaginea care include toate obiectele descrise de ea.

O
4^, 5 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i completai propoziiile. 1 1...........................a man standing by the side of the road. 2 He........................a jacket and a tie. 3 He..............................a suitcase. 4 ...........................ahat? 5 He........................at a map.

20minutes+
Rspundei la urmtoarele ntrebri folosindu-v propriile idei. 1 What were you doing at nine o'clock last night? 2 What were you doing on Sunday afternoon? 3 What were you doing this time last week? 4 What were you doing this time last month? 5 What were you doing this time last year?

1
246 English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Stage
6

Telling a story
| Privii imaginile. Toate aceste persoane ffi^JiL. fceau ceva cnd s-a ntmplat altceva. ^^Jgwwj Spunei ce s-a fntmplat (a-e) ^sSKwl$0$' I i terminai fiecare fraz. ^K wf * l#7^ 1 I le was walking home.................................................. 2 They were watching television........................................ 3 While he was having a bath........................................... 4 She was driving to work................................................ 5 While he was doing his shoppin" a) the phone rang. b) when he saw a UFO. c) somebody tried to steal his wallet. d) when a dog ran in front of her car. e) when it suddenly caught fire. /'
**

' \xA)fy ! W[ i^>ii-i.s---

.iu ; TvCX'/

Grammar:

Past continuous tense (2) Folosim de obicei while naintea aciunii ndelungate, sau when naintea aciunii scurte. Wli/te 1 was doing my shopping, somebody tried to steal my wallet. I was doing my shopping when somebody tried to steal my wallet.

Cnd vrem s descriem dou aciuni din trecut folosim trecutul continuu pentru a descrie aciunea principal, mai ndelungat, i trecutul simplu pentru a descrie aciunea mai scurt, finit, care ntrerupe aciunea principal.

1 was ealing dinner when the phone rang. See Grammar Bank

^, 2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi ase persoane vorbind despre diferite lucruri care li s-au ntmplat. Scriei numrul fiecrui vorbitor n dreptul frazelor de mai jos. I was cooking dinner when the phone rang. Somebody stopped me while I was taking a photograph. My computer crashed while 1 was doing some work. While 1 was playing tennis, it started to rain. |__| I was skiing when I broke my leg. I was exchanging some money when somebody tried to rob the bank! English in 20 minutes a day

3 Completai urmtoarele propoziii cu ideile dumneavoastr 1 I was taking a shower when..................................... 2 While 1 was eating lunch......................................... 3 I was watching television when................................. 4 While 1 was trying to sleep....................................... 5 I was walking to work when ..................................... i, 4 Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi un client al unui hotel vorbind cu recepionera. Ascultai i bifai n csuele din formularul de mai jos.

Carlington Towers Hotel


Expresii cu verbul take: take a pbotograph take a taxi, bus or train to ... take notes take medicine take a shower take a holiday (UK) or a vacation (US)
GUEST COMMENTS

We hope you have enjoyed your stay at the Carlington Towers Hotel. We are continually striving to improve our service, and would be grateful to receive any comments and feedback you might have. Please complete this form and hand it in to reception at the end of your stay. Your name: Room number: 1 How do you rate this hotel in general? Good Fair Poor How do you rate the following? 2 Your room Good Fair 3 Room service Good Fair Q 6 Restaurant service Good Fair Poor 7 Business centre Good Fair Poor 4 Housekeeping services Good Fair 5 Restaurant food Good Fair PoorQ PoorQ PoorQ PoorQ Reception GoodQ Fair Poor Additional comments about the Carlington Towers Hotel.

20minutes+
Ct de politicoase sunt aceste reclamaii? Stabilii dac sunt a) extrem de politicoase, b) foarte politicoase, c) destul de politicoase, d) nu prea politicoase, e) deloc politicoase. 1 l'm afraid l'm not very happy with the service here. ... 2 I'm not at all happy with the service here. ... 3 The service here is rubbish...... 4 I don't think the service here is very good. ... 5 l'm sorry, but I'm afraid I'm not very happy with the service here. ...
248 English in 20 minutes a day

Stage 6

Breakthrough 11
Which museum?
I Ct de des vizitai un muzeu? La ce muzee ai fost? Privii harta Insulei Muzeelor i gsii textul coespunzator (A-F) fiecrui loc de pe hart.

O
Outdoor sculptures, by local artists, plus six new pieces by South African sculptor Alexander Tembo, on show untilSeptember!2th. More than 100 paintings from trie early 1900s tothe present day. The collection includes a number of lmpressionist works and three of Picasso's paintings from his 'Blue Period'. The story of this city from its beginnings as a fishing village in Roman times, right up to the present day. An excellent collection of photographs showing people's everyday lives over the last 120 years. Citii propoziiile de mai jos. Ce muzeu de pe insul i s-a prut cel mai interesant fiecrui vorbitor? Scriei denumirile. 1 'I like cars, and 1 want to be a racing driver when I'm older.'.................. 2 '1 enjoy reading historical novels. 1 think it's fascinating to learn what people's lives were like so many years ago.'................ 3 'Picasso is my favourite artist of all time. I think he was a real genius.'............. 4 's there life on planet Mar? I'd sure like to know.'................

O
Plants and animals in our world from earliest times to the present day. For children, there is a special interactive display called Where did all the dinosaurs go?' Hundreds of ideas and inventions in science, medicine and technology. The centre is famous for its wonderful 'universe' exhibition which includes the latest pictures from Mar. A great collection of cars-and their engines - from the Model T Ford to the vehicles of the future, including the world's fastest electric car. discover: a srfi CGVa ce Pn aton* tiai i diferit Ce Ceva cipht nou Planet: obien- A-

n loc.
i

249

Enqlish in 20 minutes a day

At the museum
3 Priviri fotografia cldirii muzeului din aceast pagin i citii descrierea din ghid. Alegei cuvintele adecvate din caset i completai descrierea. best famous round designed take pictures opened collection down

THE GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM


This (I) ................museum was (2) ................by architect Frank LloydWright and it was (3) ................in 1959. lts (4) ................shape makes many people think of a sea shell. The museum has a wonderful (5)................of modern art.The (6) ................way to see the (7) ................is to (8)................the lift to the top of the building, and walk slowly (9) ................the curved walkway inside. 4 Aceti oameni fac fiecare altceva ntr-un muzeu. i putei gsi pe aceast pagin? 1 Susan is drawing a picture of a statue. 2 Elmer and Betty are looking at an Egyptian mummy case. 3 Anna is writing notes about an ancient sculpture. 4 Susan is looking at a pair of impressionist paintings. 5 Bill is reading about the exhibits in his guide book. 6 David is looking at prehistoric animals in a glass case. 7 Alan is studying other planets on Ihe computer. 5 Ascultai nregistrarea i bifai (/) dac aceste afirmaii sunt adevrate sau false. True False Speaker I thinks the museum is good for children. Speaker 2 enjoyed the exhibition of paintings. Speaker 3 wants to visit the museum again. Speaker 4 thought the modern art was boring.

jj c
furniture 250 English in 20 minutes a day

visitor Un hands-on display ntr-un muzeu este un aparat interactiv unde oamenii sunt ncurajai s ncerce ceva sau s fac ceva s se ntmple, eventual folosind computere sau apsnd pe nite butoane. Majoritatea exponatelor dintr-un muzeu sunt de obicei descrise ca valuable (valoroase; nu sunt de vnzare) i nu ca expensive (scumpe; de vnzare la un pre mare).

ring
painting

IK

m
English in 20 minutes a day 251

6 Gsii aceste obiecte n pagina precedent i spunei din ce este fcut fiecare.

;***jg
silver &*
wood glass 1 The decanter is made of............ 2 The necklace and the plate are made of 3 The mask is made of............. stone 4 The sculpture is made of........ 5 The candlesticks are made of.. 6 The pot and the vase are made

of
7 Citii acest pliant despre muzeul unui teatru. Apoi ascultai nregistrarea i completai informaiile care lipsesc.

Th& Rjv&y/te< Th&afr& MUS&UJ*


Opening times
Monday-Saturday: (1)............to (2)............ Sunday:(3)............to (4) Closed: National holidays Admission prices Adults:(5)............ Students and senior citizens: 3 euros Under (6)............: Free FaciIites (7)............, (8)............, toilets, cinema

How to find us
Bus: number (9)............to Riverside Train: (10)............ from Riverside station

20minutes+
Gsii rspunsurile a-f ale ghidului corespunztoare ntrebrilor 1-6 ale vizitatorilor despre acest scrin. 1 How old is this chest? 2 What is it made of? 3 What was it used for? 4 How much is it worth? 5 Where does it come from? 6 Can I touch it? a) That's difficult to say - it's a valuable piece. b) No, I'm afraid not. It's very delicate. c) It's made of wood, and the little doors are painted. d) It's about two hundred years old. e) Oh, to store small things, such as coins or jewellery. f) China. It was probably made in Shanghai. English in 20 minutes a day 252

Teii me about it
What did you do next?
I Ascultai nregistrarea. Descrierea creia din urmtoarele activiti o auzii? Bifai (/) n csue. n engleza britanic film = film, cinema = cinematograf, theatre = teatru. n engleza american movie = film, theater = teatru, cinematograf. Se spune uneori movie theater pentru a le diferenia. Remarcai ortografia diferit: theatre n UK; theater n US. , 2 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i punei imaginile n ordinea corect.

Grammar
Time linkers

Urmtoarele cuvinte sunt utile atunci cnd vorbim despre lucruri pe care le-am fcut i dorim s descriem ordinea lor. Firsi ofall I Firsl (pentru prima aciune care a avut loc) Ihen I Nexf / After thal (pentru oricare din aciunile urmtoare) Finally I Eventually (pentru ultimul lucru care a avut Ioc sau dup o perioad ndelungat) English in 20 minutes a day 253

qj, 3 Ascultai nregistrarea. Vei auzi pe cineva vorbind despre prima zi ntr-un nou serviciu. Dup ce ai ascultat, completai e-mail-ul de mai jos cu adverbele de timp pe care le-ai auzit i cu cuvinte din caset. showed started met (x2) went told

<s> :<-, :<,:


Hi Beth, Well, l've just had my first day in my new job at the Mill Land Theatre. It didn't go too badly. (1)...............I (2)...............the theatre manager, Mr Bryce. Seems very pleasant. We had a coffee and a chat, and (3) ...............he{4)...............me about my duties and (5)...............me how to use the office facilities (computers, fax etc). (6)...............I (7)...............the other employees - a nicecrowd, it seems. (8)...............

weall (9)...............forlunch. (10)................I (11)..................workat


about 2 o'clock. AII in all, quite a good day. Anyway, l'll let you know what happens. Bill

4 Rob ncepe un nou serviciu i face cunotin cu ceilali angajai. Acetia i pun o mulime de ntrebri, lat rspunsurile lui. Care credei c sunt ntrebrile? 1 Robert, but my friends caii me Rob. In Fairfax, a town just north of San Francisco. Two. lenny, who's six, and Andrew, who's four. Oh, she's a doctor.

'E
Well, I like cooking and l'm quite interested in photography. Ascultai nregistrarea i verificai-v rspunsurile.

20minutes+
V amintii de prima zi ntr-un nou serviciu? Ce s-a ntmplat? Ce ai fcut? Facei o relatare, folosind cuvintele de mai jos. First of all................................................................ Afterthat.................................................................. Then.......................................................................
Next........................................................................ Finally.....................................................................

English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Stage 6
'

When did it happen?


I Privii desenul de mai jos. Ce expresii temporale folosii n limba romn pentru a vorbi despre ceva care s-a ntmplat n trecut? iijzs ain 'Swo ikiys iyo

Grammar

Time expressions

Alte expresii temporale utile se refer

Adjectivul ago este folosit cu uniti de msur pentru timp pentru a arta ct de departe n trecut s-a ntmplat ceva.
1 spoke to Harry a few minutes ago. We viere in Paris two days ago. I saw that film agesagol

la anumite momente din trecut.


1 phoned him last week. We bought a new car yesterday.

Ascultai nregistrarea. Cineva povestete despre cnd a fcut anumite lucruri n trecut. Completai e-mail-ul ei cu expresiile temporale corecte din caset.

Hi Jane, I thought I would let you know what l've been doing. I went shopping (1)....................................and spent a fortune! I also wenton the internet (2)....................................and spent even more! You know l'm mad about shopping. What else nave I been up to? Well, (3)...........................I saw a film called 'A Dog's Life'. It was terrible! Don't see it, whatever you do! Also, I met Sylvia and Janice (4)............................Remember them? We aii went out for a meal. Sylvia told us about a play she saw at the theatre. It was really boring and shehated it. (5).................................... I played squash with Sylvia. (She won, of course!). I almost forgot to teii you. (6)...........................Rob and I saw Manchester United beat Liverpool, three-nil. It was fantastic! And I went to London (7)............................I guess I nave been really busy!! English in 20 minutes a day 255

3 Citii din nou scrisoarea. Subliniai cte dou expresii care arat c ceva place sau displace.

Do you know?
What have you been up to? Mod foarte familiar de a ntreba pe cineva ce a mai fcut. I guess... Expresie familiar larg folosit cnd vrei s exprimai o prere. It's getting late. I guess he's not coming now. 4 Privii agenda lui Mark pentru dou sptmni. E duminic dup-mas, 14 mai. Completai propoziiile cu expresii temporale. 1
Mark was on holiday in Mexico.

he had a meeting in Chicago. he watched a football game on TV. he went to a concert. he went shopping.

20minutes+
Completai acest sondaj folosind expresii temporale din aceast lecie.

MA'
1 Monday
\

2 Tuesday 3 Wednesday

hOLIDAY
4 Thursday 5 Friday 6 Saturday

IW
8 Monday

9 Tuesday
10 Wednesday 11 Thursday

12 Friday fldlCO

Mee-r/rvj h Chicago

7 Sunday 13 Saturday la .in. - watch football 7-fjn._ - cxjfce.fr 14 Sunday

sWiffirty - lOajn.
WLH Market Research
Westlake Leisure Holdings pic want to know how people in the town spend their leisure time and wouid be grateful for your help. Please spare a few moments of your time to complete this questionnaire.

When was the last time you: Had a holiday?............................................................


Went shopping?......................................................... Used the internet?...................................................... Went to the cinema?...................................................

Went to the theatre?................................................... Went to a gallery?....................................................... Saw a sporting event?.................................................. Watched television?..................................................... Ate in a restaurant or cafe?.............................................
Thank you!

r's
256 English in 20 minutes a day

Talking about obligation


1 Ai ratat vreodat o ntlnire? Din ce cauz? Care au fost consecinele? Privii imaginile.
Ce credei c s-a ntmplat?

2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Dou persoane discut despre o ntlnire la care una dintre ele nu a venit. n timp ce ascultai, completai biletul de mai jos cu cuvintele pe care le auzii. Dear Bob, Sorry I missed our date yesterday. As you know, Monday was a bank holiday and I (1)..................... go to work. But because I didn't work on Monday, I (2)..................stay late and work overtime on Tuesday. I know I (3).......................called you to let you know, but I was so busy that I completely forgot about the time. However, that is no excuse for the message you left me. You (4).................... spoken to me like that. 1*11 make up for missing our date on Tuesday, but I expect an apology from you too! Jackie

Gram mar.
Do you know? Srbtorile naionale se numesc bank holidays {UK) i public holidays (US). WORLE> POVVEHL mise: acest cuvnt nseamn a duce dorul cuiva eau a ceva, dar < a pierde {autobuzul etc.) a rata o fntnire. make up for. a ee revana a compensa, a ndrepta un nealuns cauzat cuiva. Folosim had to + un verb la infinitiv pentru a vorbi despre lucruri care au trebuit fcute n trecut. Folosim shouldrit have + verb la participiu trecut pentru a vorbi despre lucruri care n-ar fi trebuit fcute n trecut, dar au fost fcute.
We had to arrive al eight o'dock to check in for the ten o'dock flight. She shouldn'l have made so much noise. She upset the neighbours.

Folosim should have + verb la participiu trecut pentru a vorbi despre lucruri care trebuiau fcute n trecut, dar nu au fost fcute.
I should have called you, but 1 forgot. \'m somj.

Folosim didn't have to + infinitiv pentru a vorbi despre lucruri care nu erau necesare n trecut.
You didn't have to buu so much food. There's lots offood in thefridge. See Grammar Bank English in 20 minutes a day 257

ISS5
3 Gsii n coloana stng propoziiile corespunztoare definiiilor din dreapta. Orientai-v dup cuvintele n italice. 1 1 had to stay late and work overtime. a) This was an important thing to do, but it 2 1 should have called him to let him know. 3 He sfiouldn't have spoken to you like that. 4 1 didn't have to go to work because it was a bank holiday. wasn't done. b) This was an unnecessary thing to do. c) This was an important thing to do, and it was done. d) This was the wrong thing to do, but it was done. 4 Completai propoziiile cu had to, should have, sfiouldn't have sau didn't have to, i unul din urmtoarele verbe. eaten told spent left take work 1 You...........................that chicken - it wasn't completely cooked! 2 We...........................earlier. Now we'll be late. 3 I didn't meet you yesterday because I........................overtime. 4 We........................so much money in the restaurant! Now we can't afford to get a taxi home! 5 You...........................a taxi to the city centre. There's a cheap, reiiable bus service. 6 You...........................your boss you would be late. He's really angry! 5 Ai rspuns corect? Ascultai nregistrarea i verificai-v rspunsurile.

20minutes+
Completai propoziiile. V amintii vreo situaie recent n care: 1 You had to do something? 1 had to..............................because....................................... 2 You should have done something? I should have....................................because............................ 3 You shouldn't have done something? I shouldn't have.................................because........................... 4 You didn't have to do something I didn't have to.................................because............................

Enqlish in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Stage 6
>

What's going to happen?


I Citii aceste expresii legate de ofat. Bifai-le pe cele pe care le cunoatei i cutai-le pe cele noi n Word Bank. turn left slowdown hit someone / crash cross the road puii out overtake lose control indicate 2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Un instructor auto i vorbete unui elev, Mr Brown. Care din urmtoarele lucruri se ntmpl n cursul leciei de ofat? Bifai (") n csua corespunztoare. 1 The car in front of him turned right. 2 Mr Brown almost hit the car in front of him. 3 Some children crossed the road. 4 A car pulled out in front of him. 5 A car overtook him. 6 Mr Brown drove too fast. 7 Mr Brown crashed the car.

Gramma*
Future using going to (I)
Folosim is / are going to + verb la infinitiv cnd vrem s facem o predicie despre un eveniment viitor pe baza unor date actuale. Deseori folosim going to n acest mod pentru a enuna fapte sau a da avertismente. He's indicating, so he's going to turn left.
See Grammar Bank

Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i completai propoziiile. 1 He's.............................................down. 2 You're.............................................him! 3 They're.............................................the road. 4 He's....................................in front of you. 5 It looks like he's....................................you. 6 You're....................................control of the car! Speed limit este viteza maxim cu care putei circula pe un drum. Ea este exprimat de obicei n miles per hour (mph).
English in 20 minutes a day

4 Privii imaginile i scriei propoziii pentru a face predicii, folosind going Io i perechile de cuvinte din caseta de mai jos. drop/books be/wetday catch/bus have/baby make / phone caii eat/dinner F^, 5 Ascultai nregistrarea i verificai-v rspunsurile la exerciiul 4.

20minutes+
Completai spaiile cu expresii adecvate din caset. It's going to rain. It's going to be a beautiful day. It's going to be cold. It's going to snow. 1 ............................................Let's go for a picnic. 2 ............................................You don't need that heavy coat. 3 ............................................Make sure you wear something warm. 4 ............................................We should take an umbrei la. 5 ............................................Great! We can goskiing! English in 20 minutes a day It's going to be really hot.

Teii me about it
Seaside Mystery: Part 11
The story so far-. Yoshiko and Carlos meet up with Peter outside the cafe. Peter tells them that he put newspapers and magazines in the parcei. Carlos is worried: when the men find the parcei, they will be angry and they could hurt Mrs King. The three students decide to go back to Mrs King's house. When they get there Mrs King appears. She has been in London, trying to get money to help her son, Harry. She explains why Harry is in trouble. She is sorry that she has caused so much trouble. Just then they hear someone knocking on the front door. Rspundei la urmtoarele ntrebri legate de povestire. 1 What did Peter put in the parcei? 2 After the men pick up the parcei, where do the students decide to go? 3 Who is in the house when they return? 4 Where has Mrs King been? 5 Why is she sorry? 1 Aceste cuvinte i expresii apar n partea a unsprezecea a povestirii Bifai-le (/) pe cele pe care le tii deja. Vedei dac putei ghici ce nseamn celelalte, ascultnd povestirea. sofa dever get hold of got away all right living room sort everything out maybe not dead

Do you know?
Pentru a arta c nu suntei siguri de ceva, dar credei c ar fi posibil, ncepei propoziia cu perhaps sau maybe. Steve hasn't come to work today. Perhaps he is ill. Maybe he's taking a day's holiday. Cutai aceste expresii n povestire. English in 20 minutes a day 261

3 Ascultai partea a unsprezecea a povestirii i punei imaginile n ordinea corect.

2D
3 ..

3D

4D

4 Gsii n partea a unsprezecea a povestirii trei exemple cu get ca verb prepoziional. Scriei propoziiile. 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1
262 English in 20 minutes a day

Cine spune urmtoarele lucruri n povestire? Yoshiko, Peter, Harry sau Mrs King? 1*11 get you some water................... You are all 1 have................... Let me stay the night, and then ['11 go................... We can't leave her with him in this house................... Don't worry about me, Mum. I'll be fine................... Comeover here where we can see you................... 1 thinkyou have a lot of explaining to do................... |ohn! What are you doing here? 1 thoughtyou were dead! ..................

Check your progress


Stage 6
Lesson 10
Aceast lecie v d prilejul s exersai ce ai nvat pn acum. Verificai-v rspunsurile i vedei ce progrese ai fcut. Scriei-v punctajul n chenare.

Functions
I Gsii corespondentul aciunilor din stnga ntre propoziiile din partea dreapt. 1 ask a question in which you expect a yes or no response 2 ask a question in which you expect some information 3 talk about the first in a series of actions 4 talk about an activity that happened for a period of time in the past 5 talk about the last in a series of actions 6 make a prediction about a future event based on present evidence a) Finally, I went home and went to bed. b) It's cloudy. I think it's going to rain. c) 1 was watchingTV last night. d) First of all. I phoned my girlfriend. e) When did he arrive? f) Did you enjoy the film? 2 Citii urmtorul text. Uitai-v la propoziiile subliniate i stabilii dac: (1) Yesterdav I had to stav late and work overtime. 1 completely forgot that I was meeting Alice at 8 p.m. (2) I should have phoned her to let her know. But 1 was working so hard and I just forgot! She phoned me the next morning and she was really angry. (31 I don't think she should have sooken to me like that. She was really rude. Later she came over to apologise and offered to cook a nice meal. (4) I told her she didn't have to do that. We decided to go out to a nice restaurant instead. I'm happy to say we're friends again! a) this was an important thing to do, and it wasn't done. b) this was an unnecessary thing to do. c) this was an important thing to do. and it was done. d) this was the wrong thing to do, but it was done.

Vocabulary
3 1 2 3 4 5 Completai propoziiile cu verbele din caset. Ann..........................................a shower when the phone We..........................................TV all evening. He's indicating, so he's..........................................left. I........................last night and spent a fortune. They........................the 8.30 train.

SCORE

.../16
> going to turn were watching was taking went shopping rang caught Enqlish in 20 minutes a day 263

4 1 2 3

Completai propoziiile cu cuvinte din caset. lames went to........................because he broke his leg. We had a........................in the park. 1 went to the........................last night and saw Tfe

Relurn of the King.

4 My........................crashed while I was doing some work in the......................... 5 I didn't have to work on Monday because it was a................. 6 The........................in this town is 30 mph. 7 She passed all her......................... 8 The music at the........................was fantastic. 9 They went to Portugal on......................... office public holiday hospital picnic speed limit exams
SCORE

computer cinema holiday concert

.../14
> 5 Gsii rspunsul corect a-g la ntrebrile 1-7. 1 What did you do last night? 2 Why were you late? 3 When did your father arrive? 4 Who were you with when I saw you? How was your holiday? 6 What was the weather like? 7 How did he travel to Portugal? a) It was ver^' relaxing. b) It rained all day. c) By boat and train. d) I went to a concert. e) I missed the bus. f) At ten o'clock. g) I was with my boss. 6 Subliniai adverbele de timp din urmtorul paragraf. My trip to Paris in May was really fantastic. First of all, 1 travelled from London to Paris by Eurostar. Then I went to the hotel to drop off my luggage. I had lunch at a cafe near the hotel and taiked to some tourists who were also from London. After that, I found the nearest Metro station and went to the Eiffel Tower. Then I took a short tour round the Louvre. I have never seen so many famous paintings in my life! Next, 1 went to Notre Dame cathedral and walked along the river. The weather was good, very sunny and warm and eventually I found my way back to the hotel. I had a wonderful dinner and finally went to bed at midnight. 30+ excellent 24+ good >fe 2JC 20- more practice! * TOTAL .../40

>
264 English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Talking about future plns
| Ce v place s facei n weekend sau n timpul liber? Care dintre urmtoarele activiti v face plcere?

Gramma. Future using going to (2)


Cnd vorbim despre planuri de viitor sau intenia de a face ceva folosim am I are going to + verb la infinitiv.
Cm Saturday l'm going to meet my friends. When are you going to get a haircut? See Grammar Bank

2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Dou persoane discut despre planurile lor de weekend. Privii imaginile de la exerciiul 1 i bifai (/) ce vor s fac. 3 Ce vei face n weekend sau cnd avei nite timp liber? Completai propoziiile. First l'm going to........................................................ Then l'm going to........................................................ l'm also going to......................................................... After that, l'm going to.................................................

woRji VOWB-RL
relax: a te elibera de griji sau stres. take it easy: a nu te grbi sau a face puine lucruri. "e in: a sta n pat dimineaa psna trziu. Get a life! F-i o via mai voqata {expresie familiara)
English in 20 minutes a day 265

4
r

lohn l ntreab pe Alex ce va face duminic. Citii rspunsurile lui Alex i stabilii ce a ntrebat |ohn. Are you going to invite me? Why arc you going to sce it? Which one are you going to see? Where are you going to meet her? When are you going to meet her? Who are you going to see it with? What are you going to do on Saturday?

x$
Oh, there's a good film I want to see.
New York Detectives. It's a thriller.

Because 1 Iove films like that! My friend, Penny. Outside the Odeon cinema. At half'past seven. Sorry, no. Two's company, three's a crowd.

?V, 5 Ascultai nregistrarea i verificai-v rspunsurile la exerciiul 4.

20minutes+
Gsii n coloana din dreapta explicaia proverbelor din stnga. Exist i n romn proverbe similare? 1 Two's company, three's a crowd. 2 Two heads are better than one. 3 A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. a) The few things you have are always better than the many things you don't have. b) A third person is not wanted by two people who are happy together. c) Two people can solve a problem more easily than one person on their own. 266 English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Stage 6
Saying when something is going to happen
1 Gndii-v la viitor: ce vei face n urmtoarele cteva zile? Avei nite planuri? 2 Ascultai nregistrarea. Ms Stark, o femeie de afaceri, discut cu secretara despre planurile ei pentru urmtoarele trei sptmni. Ascultai i scriei pe calendar ce urmeaz s fac. 1 return from Athens
2 take lames out

3 flyto Athens 4 day off (public holiday) 5 make speech at office party 6 go to London
7 meet Mr Hamilton

give presentation to Sophos Education

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesda Thursday y

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

16

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

26

21

Future (3)
Putem folosi fie prezentul continuu, fie going to + un infinitiv ca s vorbim despre planuri de viitor. OH Friday \'m meeting my sister. OH Friday \'m going to meet my sister.

Do you know?
Ambele propoziii nseamn exact acelai lucru.
See Grammar Bank

Data se scrie de obicei astfel: Monday 2 (une 2004 sau Monday June 2 2004 Putem prescurta data folosind cifre 2/6/04 (UK) sau = 6/2/04 (US) Spunem data astfel: Monday the second of Iu ne, sau Monday June the second, two thousand and four
English in 20 minutes a day 267

3 Exist multe modaliti de a vorbi despre date viitoare. Citii propoziiile din stnga i gsii-le n coloana din dreapta o expresie temporal adecvat. Consultai calendarul de la exerciiul 2. If today is Wednesday 3 |une, then: 1 Thursday 4 June is................. 2 Friday 5 June is 3 Sunday 7 )une is 4 Wednesday 10 june is 5 Thursday 11 lune is 6 Friday 12 June is 7 Wednesday 17 June is a) this Friday / the day after tomorrow. b) a week today. c) in two weeks' time. d) next Friday. e) tomorrow. f) this weekend. g) a week tomorrow. WO-RLT* POVVERL 4 Ascultai nregistrarea. Ms Stark i revede planurile pentru urmtoarele dou sptmni.Verificai-v rspunsurile la exerciiul 3. Urmtoarele expresii temporale nseamn toate de azi n dou sptmni. in two weeks' time two weeks today in a fortnight a fortnight today

Do you know?
This Friday / Next Friday V Today (June 5) V This Friday (lune 3) the 5th?

Next Friday (June 12) 12th.

Are you going on holiday this Friday, No. We're going next Friday, the

20 minutes+
Ce vei face n urmtoarele dou sptmni? Completai agenda de mai jos cu planurile dumneavoastr, apoi facei propoziii folosind prezentul continuu sau going to + infinitiv.
Monday Tliesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

268

English in 20 minutes a day

Stage 6

Breakthrough 12
What do you like to do?
I Ce preferai s facei ca distracie? Bifai (/) activitile care v plac cel mai mult.

I
rI
listening to rock or pop music playing computer games going to the cinema
listening to classical music

watching television reading books going to the theatre watching sport

I
a 2 Gsii imaginile corespunztoare. 1 | cinema 2 | theatre 3 dance club 4 amusement park 5 rock concert 6 classical concert

Do you kiiON/vl
Sunt mai multe feluri de muzic, de exemplu: rock classical jazz folk country world reggae hip hop salsa

<::

269 English in 20 minutes a day

R
De

That's entertainment!
3 Privii fotografia unui concert n aer liber. Ce fel de muzic credei c se cnt? Folosii cuvintele potrivite de pe aceast pagin pentru a completa propoziiile de mai jos. 1 There are four musicians on the..................... 2 There are a Iot of young people in the..................... 3 ....................are used to keep people off the stage. 5 The lead musician is playing a..................... 6 One of the musicians is playing..................... 7 Amplifiers and....................make the music louder.

ffmtm
4 Privii fotografiile de artiti i apoi ascultai nregistrarea pentru a afla ce spun ase persoane despre ei. Apoi facei legtura ntre vorbitori abs ^nny: amuzant 1 arbe Speakerl Speaker2 comedy show Speaker 3 ballet Speaker4 play Speaker 5 magic show Speaker 6 jazz concert u <tebun. insuficient. ^"^VVSf^ specie ****** Uti,e P^tru a ** ae5 Pozitiv cr, cnnt- rJ i r pop concert mantiC: cu upintual3 u re * ^*'^n*!^ ^ *^te Ne <3ative: de'"6' nelntere5ant. atept'"3' "U atat de bun pe <#. poor: nu dest , ,

Performers on stage
public ai (loui

l'

actor magician lazz musicians English in 20 minutes a day

iress system peaker)


barriers stage rgroup / band-i speakers audience English in 20 minute a day lights

23^ 5 Ascultai nregistrarea; vei auzi pe cineva rezervnd prin telefon bilete la teatru. Apoi completai biletele de mai jos cu detalii din conversaia telefonic. In the auditorium...
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STALLS STAGE

In the dressing room, backstage...

Apollo Theatre
Playd)................................ Date (2)............................... Circle Row(3)............................... Seat number (4)................... Price (5)..............................
Start time (6).......................
Latecomers admitted at interval only.

Do you know? Pauza dintre dou pri ale unei piese sau ale unui concert se numete interval. Tn programme se gsesc detalii despre pies ori concert. La sfritul spectacolului, toi artitii vin pe scen la o curtain caii (chemare la ramp).

20minutes+
Gsii definiiile corespunztoare cuvintelor de mai jos. 1 backstage a) the break between two parts of a performance 2 stalls b) seats on an upstairs floor of the theatre 3 interval c) the cloth that hangs in front of the stage 4 curtain d) seats in front of the stage in a theatre 5 circle e) the area behind the stage where the performers get ready English in 20 minutes a day 272

Teii me about it
Talking about past events
I A trebuit vreodat s reclamai un furt? Sau s dai o declaraie la poliie despre o infraciune? Cutai Tn caset cuvintele corespunztoare imaginilor.

o y"
thief alarm screwdriver security guard Roman coins

Grammar;

Past passive
Uneori, cnd folosim diateza pasiv, vrem s spunem cine a fcut aciunea. William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and juliet. Romeo and ]uliet was written by WiKicim Shakespeare. See Grammar Bank

Pentru un eveniment petrecut n trecut, cnd vrem s punem accentul pe aciune, nu pe persoana care a fcut-o, folosim diateza pasiv la trecut. Aceasta se formeaz cu was 1 were + un participiu trecut. A thief robbed the museum at the weekend. (active) The museum was robbed at the weekend. (passive)

Cineva a dat o spargere la muzeu n weekend. Ascultai discuia dintre directorul muzeului i un poliist. Alegei cuvntul corect pentru a face propoziii adevrate despre ce s-a ntmplat.

1 2 3 4 5 6

The thief got in through a doorf window. He cut the telephone lines I alarm. He surprised the museum I security guard. He tied the guard to a chair/ glass case. He stole a letter I some coins. He left a note I some money.

Wo?tt> poweR
rob: a ha ceva de \a o pereoan sau o instituie steal: a lua ceva ce nu i' aparine break into: n acest context, a rtra ntr-o cldire cu fora. English in 20 minutes a day 273

Completai declaraia cu o form pasiv a verbului adecvat, folosind was sau were i cuvintele din caset.
METROPOLITAN

POLICE
Crime report taken stolen broken used tied called opened left cut

We are sorry that you have been a victim of crime in the area. In order to help us deal effectively with this incident, please teii us in your own words, and in as much detail as possible, what happened. The incident took place at about midnight on Sunday 14 May. One of the windows at the back of the building (1) . W!??..M.Pfrr^O.. , so we guessed the thief got in there. The telephone lines (2)..............................., probably by the same person. The security guard (3).........................to a chair so he couldn't escape. Then a glass case (4).......................We found a screwdriver on the floor, so wethink it(5).............................to open the case. Some ancient Roman coins (6)..............................and a note (7).........................oh the case. When we found the security guard the next morning, the police and an ambulance (8)..........................and the guard (9)...................to hospital.

4 Trecei urmtoarele propoziii la diateza pasiv la trecut. 1 William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and |u/iet. Komeo and 3u\)et yoas wrrtten b-j yJ'diam ktftespetfre. 2 Picasso painted Guernka in 1937.
Guernka.......................................................................................

3 Mrie Curie discovered radium.


Radium.......................................................................................

4 Nelson Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. The Nobel Peace Prize....................................................................

20 minutes+
Testai-v cunotinele. Facei din cuvintele de pe cele trei coloane propoziii coerente. 1 Mount Everest was first climbed by Vincent van Gogh.
2 Lord of the Rings 3 Abbey Road and Revolver

was written was set up was won was killed were recorded was painted

by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963. by Brazii. by Bill Gates. by the Beatles. by J R R Tolkien. by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953.

4 The Microsoft corporalion 5 The 2002 World Cup


6 Sunflowers

7 President John. F. Kennedy

274

English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Stage 6
How do I get there?
I Privii imaginile i gsii direcia 1-5 corespunztoare.

m,
1 go through 2 goup 3 go down 4 go out 5 go across 2 Privii planul muzeului i ascultai cele trei dialoguri. Unde au loc dialogurile? Vorbitorii sunt n locul A, B sau C de pe plan?

O
si

3 Privii planul muzeului. V aflai n locul X. Dai-le indicaii acestor vizitatori folosind cuvintele din caset. right left go through walk along go across go down A: Excuse me, l'm looking for the special exhibition. B: (1)..................the doors, (2).................the corridorand it's in Room 14 on the (3)..................... A: Can you help me? l'm looking for the section on Chinese painting. B: Certainly. (4)..................the stairs, then (5)..................the main hali and it's in Room 8 on the (6)................. English in 20 minutes a day 275

Deseori combinm verbele cu alte cuvinte pentru a arta direcia aciunii.


\yalk along the corridor and go through the doors at the end. Go down the stairs and then go across the main hali See Grammar Bank

Ascultai ghidul muzeului i citii ce spune. Subliniai verbele prepoziionale. As you walk through this room you can see some of the museum's most vaiuable exhibits. Look at the statues on your right. These come from the famous Romanov collection. Now let's go up these stairs to the next floor where you can see two paintings by Titian. Notice the beautiful seventeenth century wall hangings as you walk along the upper gallery. Now, ladies and gentlemen, if you'd like to come into the Red Room, where we have the Titians ...

Do you know?
n englez multe substantive se formeaz din verbe. Verbul exhibit, nsemnnd a expune ceva (ntr-un muzeu sau galerie), poate fi folosit i ca substantiv, exhibit = exponat. Substantivul exhibition, colecie de obiecte expuse, vine de la acelai verb.

20minutes+
Susan i d prietenei ei instruciuni cum s ajung la noul ei apartament. Completai propoziiile cu cuvinte adecvate din caset. in
across

into

right

along to

through

out

on

up Just turn (1) ...X^fv... at the corner and walk (2).............the square to Apsley House. It'sa big white block of flats - you can't miss it. Go (3)..................theglass doors and go (4)..............the main entrance hali. You'll see the lift in front of you. Go (5)..............in the lift and get (6)...............on thethird floor. Walk (7)................. the corridor until you get (8)................ourflat. It's number 12. Rememberto knock (9)......................the door (the beli doesn't work). Sam is at home, so he'll Iet you (10)..................See you later!
--276 English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Reporting what people say (1)
I Ascultai conversaia dintre Emma i Tom. Amndoi au nceput de curnd un serviciu nou. Cine spune urmtoarele lucruri, Emma sau Tom? Bifai (/) n coloana corect. ^^^^^^^H ^^^^^V 1 You look a bit ill. 2 I'm working quite hard at the moment. 3 1 need a holiday. 4 How's the new job? 5 I'm getting on really well. 6 Are you enjoying your new job? 7 1 hate it. 8 I'm arguing a lot with my boss. "p^ 2 Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i stabilii dac propoziiile de mai jos sunt adevrate sau false. 1 Emma thinks Tom looks tired. 2 Tomfeelsill. 3 Tom is busy at work. 4 Tom likes his new job. 5 Emma is enjoying her new job. 6 Emma argues with her boss.

Gramma
Reported speech (I)
Cnd vrem s-i spunem cuiva ceva ce am spus mai nainte sau ceva ce ne-a spus cineva mai nainte, folosim vorbirea indirect. Dac aciunea din vorbirea direct este la timpul prezent, folosim said [that] i schimbm verbul din propoziia principal la trecut. 'You look a bit iii.' (vorbire direct) 1 said [that) he looked a bit ill (vorbire indirect) rrue False

Dac aciunea din vorbirea direct este Ia

prezent continuu, n vorbirea indirect folosim trecutul continuu. TIB working quite hard at the moment.' (vorbire direct) He said {that) he was working quite hard at the moment, (vorbire indirect) See Grammar Bank

English in 20 minutes a day

277

3 Citii acest fragment dintr-o scrisoare scris de Emma unei prietene i completai spaiile cu said i verbele din caset. ... Anyway, I bumped intoTom yesterday moming. Do you remember him from school? He didn't look too good. I (1) ...<?.'4. he \ock.eA oi (not very diplomatic of me!). He (2).........he.......................hard andhe (3)................a holiday. I think he probably needs a very long holiday but of course, I didn't say that to him! He also (4)................ thathe.......................really well in his newjob. I (5).........that I................my newjob. He asked why, and I (6).........that I................a lot with my boss. He (7).........he.........sony to hear that. Still, enough about me. What are you up to these days? 4 Schimbai urmtoarele propoziii din vorbire direct n vorbire indirect. 1 '1 like the people in my office.' (She) .... 5ke ^id. . ke.. .IjLed tke people in ker p--jce........... 2 'I get on well with my new boss.' (lohn) 3 '1 need a holiday' (He) 4 'I am enjoying my new job very much.' (Emma) 5 We are too tired to go to the cinema.' (They)

20 minutes+
Citii vorbirea indirect. Care a fost vorbirea direct? 1 He said he lived in Brighton. 2 She said she was working late. 3 He said that he was learning Russian. 4 They said they really liked the new bus service. 5 He said he spoke a little French and some Dutch. was getting on needed was arguing looked was working was hated

Teii me about it
Stage 6
Famous lives
I Ce personaje faimoase admirai? Ce tii despre ele i cum ai aflat despre ele? Bifai-v rspunsurile. newspapcr or magazine article film (biopic) book (biography or autobiography) TV prograrnme 2 Citii urmtorul articol i subliniai adverbele de timp. Primul este gata subliniat.

Star Summary no 23: Gharlie Chaplin


Charlie Chaplin was born as Charles Spencer Chaplin in London on 16 April 1889. Before he became a star, Chaplin acted on the stage in London. He went to the USA with a travelling show and was discovered by the film producer, Mack Sennett. In 1914 he began to direct his own films. During his time in Hollywood, Chaplin acted in many films. He developcd a much-loved character who worc baggy trousers, a small coat, large shoes and a black bowlcr hat. His most suecessful films included The l'ramp (1915), The Gold Rush (1925), City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936). Chaplin became very rich and eventually he became famous all over the world. Aftcr forty years in the film business, Chaplin got into trouble with the US

governmcnt of the early 1950s. They did not likc his political ideas. He went to London in 1952 and was not allowed to return to Hollywood. After this, Chaplin decided to live in Switzerland. He went back to the USA once only, in 1972, to collect an Oscar at the Academy Awards ceremony. He finally died in 1977 in Switzerland.
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Gramma
Time linkers
Urmtoarele cuvinte sunt utile cnd vorbim despre o succesiune de evenimente, ca de exemplu evenimentele din viaa unei persoane. Aceste cuvinte descriu ordinea n care s-au ntmplat evenimentele. before (mai nainte, mai devreme) (1) He worked in London before (2) he became famous. during (pe toat perioada) He made films during his time in Hollywood. after (dup aceea, ulterior) (2) He decided to live in Switzerland after (1) he left the USA. English in 20 minutes a day 279

3 Ascultai povestirea din nregistrare. Bifai (/) dac urmtoarele propoziii sunt adevrate sau false. 1 Charlie Chaplin was born in the USA. 2 Before he became a star, he acted on the stage in London. 3 During his life, he acted in many films. 4 His films were not very successful. 5 He got into trouble with the US govemment. 6 After his time in the USA, he lived in London. 4 Citii acest articol despre o alt stea de cinema, Audrey Hepburn. Punei verbele din paranteze la trecut i completai spaiile rmase cu before, during sau altei: True False

Audrey Hepburn was born in Belgium in May, 1929. (1)....................she became a world-famous film star, she (2) (work) ...........................as a model and a ballet dancer and she (3) (play)...................... small parts in several films. (4).......................her time in Hollywood she (5) (star)......................in many films. Her first big success was Roman Holiday in 1953, and (6).................this came Love in the Afternoon (1957) and Breakfastat Tiffany's (1961). She left Hollywood and (7) (move) ...................to Rome at the end of the 1960s. She made a few more films (8) ......................the following years, and in 1988 she became a special ambassador for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). She (9) (die)..................in Switzerland in January 1993, four months (10)..................her sixty-fourth birthday.
m..------1

Do you know?
during = n tot timpul, n decursul, n perioada Caii me sometime during the holidays. for (= timp de), se folosete pentru a spune ct dureaz ceva. I was on holiday for ten days.

20minutes+
Completai spaiile cu during 1 I went to Greece............ 2 ..................my holiday 3 She acted in many films .. 4 1 want to talk to you........ sau for. .. two weeks................ n Greece, 1 went sailing. ........her life. a few minutes. the summer.

5 The gallery is open......... 6 .....................my visit to Rome,

six hours today. 1 went to the Coliseum.

280

English in 20 minutes a day

Teii me about it
Stage 6
Reporting what people say (2)
| Ce v mai amintii despre formularea unei cereri politicoase n englez? Citii propoziiile i notai-le de la A la E. A = foarte politicos; E = foarte nepoliticos.
1

I was wondering if you would mind mending my computer, please? [ Mend my computer. Could you mend my computer, please? Mend my computer, please. Would you mind mending my computer, please?

f
Formularea unei cereri n vorbire indirect. order. a da cuiva o depoziie ferma (chiar aspr) s fac ceva. teii: a spune cuiva s fac ceva. ask: a cere cuiva s fac ceva. Propoziiile A-C de mai jos sunt versiunea n vorbire indirect a propoziiilor 1-5 de mai sus. Gsii corespondentul propoziiilor 1-5 n versiunea de vorbire indirect. n unele cazuri sunt posibile mai multe variante. A He ordered me to mend his computer. ......... B He told me to mend his computer. ............ C He asked me to mend his computer. ............

Reported speech (2)


Cnd relatm ce ne spune sau ne cere cineva s facem folosim asked, told sau ordered + complement direct + to + verb la infinitiv. Vorbire direct: Vorbire indirect:
'Be quiet, please.' 'Be quietV 'Could you be quiet, please?' See Grammar Bank He told me Io be quiet. He ordered me to be quiet. He asked me to be quiet.

English in 20 minutes a day

281

9
Ascultai nregistrarea n timp ce citii propoziiile. Care verb - foii, ordered sau asked - ar fi mai potrivit pentru a relata situaiile pe care le auzii? Scriei verbul. 1 I was wondering if you could lend me your mobile phone?
2 Make me a cup of tea.................

3 4 5 6 7 8

Could you give me a hand, please? .................... You couldn't lend mesome cash, could you? ................. Shut up! ....................... Could you teii me where the nearest bank is, please?....... Sit down and pay attention! ....................... Send a fax to Mr Williams.....................

ask-ed
e'ive I lend a hand: a ajuta pe cineva Ascultai din nou nregistrarea i scriei fiecare propoziie ca relatare cu asked, lold sau ordered. Folosii He + verb + me ca nceput al fiecrei propoziii. j I4e asV-e.6, me i.o lend kiw wij mobile -pkone.
2 3 4 5 ............................................................................................. ............................................................................................. ............................................................................................. .............................................................................................

Do you know?
Shut up! (Taci din gur!), Clear off! (Pleac de aici!) i Get out! (Afar!) sunt expresii dure i considerate nepoliticoase n majoritatea situaiilor. Ele se folosesc de obicei doar cnd cineva este furios sau n caz de urgen. I've told you children not to come in here. Now clear off! Get out, everybody! The building is on fire!

20minutes+
Citii propoziiile i ascultai vorbitorul. Credei c sunt a) foarte politicos, b) politicos sau c) nepoliticos? 1 Be quiet, please.........................
2 Send this fax immediately.........................

3 4 5 6

Would you mind helping me with the washing up? ........... Can I borrow your laptop? .................. Shut up. Now! ..................... 1 was wondering if you would mind taking this to the bank?
English in 20 minutes a day

282

Teii me about it
Promises and resolutions
| V facei promisiuni pentru a marca nceputul unui nou an? De obicei le respectai sau nu? 2 Theo s-a hotrt s fac o list cu deciziile luate de Anul Nou. Uitai-v pe jurnalul lui i completai spaiile cu verbe prepoziionale din caset. break down give up listen to borrowed from look after talks about pay back set up

January 1
Jawary 1 otya'm, arA iVe dec/ded to mate a feu/ r&So\vtionS. Let's ^\0f& I can tee, f'n&m tVjs ye.ar\ 1 .......................... smokkg. 2- ......................... a regular tme. to $o to t\ye. gyrn. 3 ......................... iry boss w'n&y 'ns, ..................... tme. rnanaye.we.rit H ......................... t^e car so it dce.Sr\'t .......................... so ofter* 5 ......................... -rbe. money I ................................. <ry bror'ner. TTX, 3 Ascultai nregistrarea i verificai-v rspunsurile la exerciiul 2.

9
ulti-word werbs (2)
Unele verbe prepoziionale sunt uor de neles dac tii ce nseamn fiecare cuvnt. Toby borrowed money from his brother. Unele verbe prepoziionale au un sens Cu totul diferit. I wanl to give up smoking. give up = a nceta s faci ceva See Grammar Bank

Do you know?
Multe persoane i fac promisiuni (New Year's resolutions) pe I ianuarie. Aceasta este o list de lucruri pe care se hotrsc s Ie fac pentru a deveni mai buni. keep a resolution: a ine o promisiune break a resolution: a nu reui ii o promisiune English in 20 minutes a day 283

4 Gsii n coloana din dreapta ce nseamn verbele prepoziionale din stnga. 1 break down a) arrange to meet or collect 2 look after b) stop working 3 find out c) return 4 put off d) stop doing something 5 pay back e) discover 6 give up f) postpone 7 pick up g) take care of 5 Completai spaiile cu un verb prepoziional de la exerciiul 4. 1 Can you...........................the children while 1 go to trie doctor? 2 1 must............................the $20 I owe my sister. 3 He wants to.............................more about South America. He's visiting Chile next summer. 4 Weare startinga diet this week. We aregoingto.......................all fatty foods. 5 The sales figures aren't ready yet. We should..............................the meeting until next week. 6 You could..................some milk for me when you pass the convenience store on the corner. Thanks.

20 minutes+
Facei o list cu cinci promisiuni pe care vi le-ai fcut. Folosii verbele prepoziionale din casete listen to give up look after find out pay back

284

English in 20 minutes a day

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Seaside Mystery: Part 12


T/ie sfori) so far: While the three students are talking to Mrs King they hear someone knocking at the door. It is Harry, Mrs King's son. He has been attacked. They bring him in and put him on the sofa. Mrs King is very upset and Harry says he will go back to Australia to sort everything out. Yoshiko hears something at the back of the house. There is a man out there. Carlos and Peter bring him into the living room holding his arms behind his back. Mrs King is shocked. It is her husband, John. She thought he was dead. I Rspundei la urmtoarele ntrebri legate de povestire. I Who is knocking at the front door? 2 What is wrong with him? 3 Where does Harry say he will go? 4 What does Yoshiko hear? 5 Why is Mrs King so shocked? 2 Aceste cuvinte i expresii apar n partea a dousprezecea a povestirii. Bifai-Ie {</) pe cele pe care le tii deja. Vedei dac putei ghici ce nseamn celelalte, ascultnd povestirea. terrible turn off you lot tie up thug exciting sad complicated miss Great! adventure improved 'nglish in 20 minutes a day 285

Ascultai povestirea i stabilii cine spune urmtoarele lucruri. Bifai (/) n csua corespunztoare. 1 lt's a long story. 2 Turn ofT the lights and go out the back. 3 Tie them up, Reg. 4 What do you want? 5 Leave her alone, you thug! 6 Then we must go, ladies and gentlemen. 7 Well, I'm glad it's all over. 8 lt's sad for the King family. 9 That's why lohn King went to Australia. 10 Absolulely! Completai spaiile din acest rezumat al ultimei pri din Seaside Myslery cu cuvinte din caset.

eter Yoshiko

John King

Karl Kray

D
Yoshiko Australia


adventure lost


robbers police money help home lie down bank followed

Mr King is starting to teii his wife the story. At this moment the (1)............... run into the house. They teii everyone to (2)...............on the floor. They ask where (3)...............is. Peter says she has gone (4)................but they don't believe him and start to look for her. Peter says they don't have any (5)...............and Karl Kray says that it's not just about the money. As Lhey start to leave, the (6)...............arrive and the adventure is over. Laterthey find out that it all began when lohn King (7) ...............a lot of money in his business. He borrowed the money from Karl Kray but he could not pay the money back so he ran away to (8)................His son Harry wanted to (9)...............him and went to find him. When Harry came back, Karl Kray and his gang were waiting for him. They tried to make him rob a (10)............... with guns but he didn't want to. His father (11)...............him backto England

and that is when the (12)...............began for the three students.

5 "

English in 20 minutes a day

Check your progress


Stage 6
Lesson 20
Aceast lecie v d prilejul s exersai ce ai nvat pn acum. Verificai-v rspunsurile i vedei ce progrese ai fcut. Scriei-v punctajul n chenare.

Functions
SCORE

.../15
> I Gsii corespondentul aciunilor din stnga ntre propoziiile din partea dreapt. a) He ordered me to be quiet. b) My boss told me to send a fax. c) Could you please teii me where 1 talk about future plns 2 give directions 3 talk about the past by focusing on the event 4 report what someone said 5 ask someone politely to do something 6 report an order 7 report what someone told us to do 8 use a time linker to talk about events the nearest post office is? d) She said I looked tired. e) The bank was robbed on Monday. f) l'm going to Brazii in February. g) Walk along the corridor and turn right. h) Before she became a star, Audrey Hepburn lived in Belgium. 2 Astzi este 14 ianuarie. Uitai-v pe calendar i gsii pentru datele din stnga o expresie temporal corect n coloana din dreapta. 1 Wednesday, 22 lanuary 2 Tuesday, 28 lanuary 3 Thursday, 16 lanuary 4 Saturday, 18 lanuary 5 Wednesday, 15 lanuary 6 Thursday, 23 lanuary 7 Tuesday, 21 lanuary a) this Thursday b) a week today c) this weekend d) tomorrow e) next Thursday f) a week tomorrow g) in two week's time Enqlish in 20 minutes a day 287

Vocabulary
3 Alegei din caset cuvntul sau expresia corect pentru a completa propoziiile. 1 Shc ordered us to be............... ! 2 Andrew...........................his new job. 3 You look very...................Did you stay up late lasl night? 4 ...................his time in Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin became
a star.

5 6 7 8 9

1 brushed my teeth........................I went to bed. The museum was open.....................seven hours today. The thief used a........................to open the safe. The........................sounded the alarm. Alan asked me to..................him some money.

Grammar
4 Completai propoziiile cu un verb prepoziional din caset. 1 I'm going to.............................smoking this week. 2 )ane's car..............................and she had to walk to work. She doesn't...................it very well. 3 Alan...................some money...............me yesterday. He said he would...............me.............on Friday. 4 1 want to.......................more about Italy. I'm going there on holiday next month. 5 Please........................me. This is important. 6 Mrs Smith, the manager, is sick so we........................the meeting until tomorrow.
SCORE

...19
> put off look after pay back give up broke down find out borrowed from listen to

Gsii la ntrebrile 1-8 rspunsul corect a-h.

1 What are you going to do on Saturday? 2 Where are you going to meet Tom? 3 Can you teii me where the special exhibition is? 4 When are you going to play football? 5 Did you spend all your money? 6 Were you late for work? 7 Who is going with you? 8 Are you enjoying your new job? a) Yes, 1 did. b) No, 1 was early. c) I'm going to meet him at the new shopping centre. d) No, 1 hate it. e) Go through the doors and turn left. f) I'm going to go to the museum. g) On Saturday afternoon. h) My good friend, Angela. 30+ excellent ^ ^ ^ 24+ good ^ >fc 20- more practice! ^
TOTAL .../40 > English in 20 minutes a day

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