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Lecia a paisprezecea Lesson Fourteen

GRAMMAR GRAMATIC Adverbe de mod

1. Adverbs of Manner

Adverbele de mod se formeaz prin alipirea sufixului ly la finalul adjectivului corespunztor. n limba englez, adjectivul i adverbul au aadar forme diferite, n vreme ce n limba romn, de cele mai multe ori, adverbul sun la fel ca adjectivul: adjectiv easy bad beautiful excellent fluent kind nice perfect adverb easily badly beautifully excellently fluently kindly nicely perfectly adj+adv uor ru frumos excelent fluent amabil drgu perfect

They understand each other perfectly. Se neleg perfect. I speak English fluently. Vorbesc engleza fluent. He kindly asked me to give him a second chance. M-a rugat cu amabilitate s-i acord o a doua ans. His behaviour can be easily understood. Comportamentul lui poate fi uor neles. They are newly married. Sunt proaspt cstorii. I can hardly see you. Te pot vedea cu greu. 2. The Adverbial Numeral once twice three times ten times a hundred times Numeralul adverbial o dat de dou ori de trei ori de zece ori de o sut de ori

I have seen her once. Am vzut-o o dat. We spoke at least twice. Am vorbit de cel puin dou ori. She phoned three times. A telefonat de trei ori. 3. 10 Irregular Verbs 10 verbe neregulate

Infinitive to forget(a uita) to forgive(a ierta) to freeze(a nghea) to get(a obine) to give(a da) to go(a merge) to grow(a crete) to have(a avea) to hear(a auzi) to hide(a ascunde)

Past forgot forgave froze got gave went grew had heard hid

Past Participle forgotten forgiven frozen got given gone grown had heard hidden

General concepts
Shopping

Noiuni generale
Cumprturi Ct cost? Nu vreau s cheltuiesc mai mult de... Putei s-mi facei o reducere? Preul a fost deja redus A vrea s schimb fusta aceasta Articolele vndute nu pot fi schimbate Este prea scump Nu este ceea ce caut V rog s pstrai bonul de cas Pot s v dau altceva? La doctor respir greu am pierdut mult snge Ce grup de snge avei? Doare aici? ridicai braul avei nevoie de un bandaj gipsat avei nevoie de o radiografie v vom administra un anestezic v vom pune cteva copci sunt allergic la am miopie am prezbitism mi-a czut o plomb boal febr

How much does it cost? I dont want to spend more than Can you give me a discount? The price has already been reduced. Id like to change this skirt. Sold clothes cant be changed It is too expensive. This is not what I am looking for. Please keep the cash slip. Can I give you anything else? At the Doctors I have difficulty in breathing I have lost a lot of blood What is your blood type? Does it hurt here? raise your arm You need a plaster cast You need an X-ray We will give you a pain killer We will give you a few stitches I am allergic to Im short-sighted Im long-sighted one of my fillings has come out illness fever

headache durere de cap toothache durere de dini decay carie gum gingie Most people hate doctors. Even if we dont want them we need them. This happens at least once or twice in a lifetime. Dont you agree? Cei mai muli oameni i ursc pe medici. Chiar dac nu i vrem, avem nevoie de ei. Asta se ntmpl cel puin o dat sau de dou ori ntr-o via. Nu credei?

For and against

Pro i contra

Jim Patrick: Thats true. If I think of my life up to present I realize I have been at least twenty times to see a doctor. (Este adevrat. Dac m gndesc la viaa mea de pn acum mi dau seama c am fost de cel puin douzeci de ori la doctor.) Minnie Jones: I am really not able to think of a number of times and I can hardly remember my first time. But imagine I gave birth to a boy and a girl and Ive been to the hospital many times with my children ever since. (Nu m pot gndi la un numr, dar abia dac mi amintesc cnd am fost prima oar. Imagineaz-i c am dat natere unui biat i unei fete i am fost de atunci la spital de multe ori cu copiii mei.) Jim Patrick: Well, I have been at least ten times to the dentist and several times to a general practitioner, Im sure of it. (Eu am fost de cel puin zece ori la dentist i de cteva ori la medicul generalist, sunt convins de asta.) Minnie Jones: We dont like them too much but we need them so badly. I remember a time when Emily was a baby and she had convulsions and very high fever. (Nu ne plac prea mult, dar avem atta nevoie de ei. mi amintesc de o zi cnd Emily era micu i avea convulsii i febr foarte mare.) Jim Patrick: Oh, God. What did you do? (O, Doamne. Ce ai fcut?) Minnie Jones: I called an ambulance and went to the nearest hospital in a heart beat. The doctors saved Emilys life that time. She was very ill. (Am chemat ambulana i am ajuns la cel mai apropiat spital ntr-un suflet. Medicii i-au salvat viaa lui Emily atunci. Era foarte bolnav.) Jim Patrick: We have been once to the hospital in the middle of the night. Our daughter Lily had a severe infection and we were very worried. (Noi am ajuns odat la spital n mijlocul nopii. Fetia noastra Lily avea o infecie foarte grav i eram foarte ngrijorai.) Minnie Jones: When you are a parent you always have problems and need a doctor or at least his opinion on something. (Cnd eti printe ai ntotdeauna probleme i ai nevoie de un doctor sau mcar de prerea lui.)

Jim Patrick: But doctors are also human beings, they sometimes fail. (Dar doctorii sunt i ei oameni, uneori mai greesc.) Minnie Jones: They do. We often hear about dentists who are extracting the wrong tooth or surgeons who have forgotten something into a patients body. (Aa e. Auzim adesea despre dentiti care scot alt dinte sau chirurgi care uit cte ceva n trupul pacientului.) Jim Patrick: Well, Minnie I think the best we can do is to take care of our health. (Minnie, cred c cel mai bun lucru pe care-l putem face este s avem grij de sntatea nostr.) Minnie Jones: Prevention is better than cure. (Paza bun trece primejdia rea!) Vocabulary: to hate = a ur to happen = a se ntmpla lifetime = timpul vieii to agree = a fi de acord to realize = a-i da seama to be able to = a fi n stare s hardly = abia, cu greu to give birth to = a da natere, a nate ever since = de atunci general practitioner(GP) = medic generalist badly = foarte tare, foarte mult baby = bebelu convulsion = convulsie high fever = febr mare to call = a chema ambulance = ambulan in a heart beat = ntr-un suflet to save = a salva in the middle of = n mijlocul severe = grav infection = infecie parent = printe human being = om, fiin uman to fail = a grei, a da gre to extract = a extrage wrong = greit surgeon = chirurg patient = pacient body = trup to take care = a avea grij health = sntate prevention = prevenie, prentmpinare

to prevent = a preveni cure = tratament to cure = a trata illness = boal fever = febr headache = durere de cap toothache = durere de dini decay = carie gum = gingie

Dont forget! Nu uita!


Adverbele de mod se formeaz prin alipirea sufixului ly adjectivului corespunztor: easy - easily bad - badly beautiful - beautifully excellent - excellently fluent - fluently kind - kindly nice - nicely perfect perfectly They understand each other perfectly. Se neleg perfect. I speak English fluently. Vorbesc engleza fluent. He kindly asked me to give him a second chance. M-a rugat cu amabilitate s-i acord o a doua ans. His behaviour can be easily understood. Comportamentul lui poate fi uor neles. They are newly married. Sunt proaspt cstorii. I can hardly see you. Te pot vedea cu greu. The Adverbial Numeral once twice three times ten times a hundred times Numeralul adverbial o dat de dou ori de trei ori de zece ori de o sut de ori

I have seen her once. Am vzut-o o dat. We spoke at least twice. Am vorbit de cel puin dou ori. She phoned three times. A telefonat de trei ori.

Remember what to ask when you are shopping Amintete-i cum pui ntrebrile cnd eti la cumprturi
How much does it cost? Can you give me a discount? I dont want to spend more than The price has already been reduced. Id like to change this skirt. Sold clothes cant be changed It is too expensive. Its cheap. This is not what I am looking for. Please keep the cash slip. Can I give you anything else? No, thank you. Ct cost? Putei s-mi facei o reducere? Nu vreau s cheltuiesc mai mult de... Preul a fost deja redus A vrea s schimb fusta aceasta Articolele vndute nu pot fi schimbate Este prea scump Este ieftin Nu este ceea ce caut V rog s pstrai bonul de cas Pot s v dau altceva? Nu, mulumesc.

Remember what to say when you are at the doctors Amintete-i ce spui cnd eti la doctor
I have difficulty in breathing I have lost a lot of blood What is your blood type? Does it hurt here? raise your arm You need a plaster cast You need an X-ray We will give you a pain killer We will give you a few stitches I am allergic to Im short-sighted Im long-sighted one of my fillings has come out respir greu am pierdut mult snge Ce grup de snge avei? Doare aici? ridicai braul avei nevoie de un bandaj gipsat avei nevoie de o radiografie v vom administra un anestezic v vom pune cteva copci sunt allergic la am miopie am prezbitism mi-a czut o plomb