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ISTORIA
EXAMEN DE BACALAUREAT
PRETESTARE
Profilul umanist
31 martie 2009
Timp alocat 180 de minute
Rechizite i materiale permise: pix, creion, rigl, radier.

Instruciuni pentru candidai:


1

Citete atent subiectele de examen propuse.


Rezolvarea lor este obligatorie.

V dorim mult succes!

Nr.

Itemii

I.

Timpul, spaiul i personalitatea istoric

Scriei datele a cel puin trei evenimente corespunztoare epocii contemporane i


amplasai-le pe axa cronologic :
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Axa cronologic

Punctaj

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Caracterizai, prin cel puin trei idei rzboiul rece.


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Prezentai rolul istoric al personalitii nominalizate prin cel puin trei argumente.
- Grigore Vieru
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II.

Noiuni

Scriei noiunea ce corespunde urmtoarei definiii:


Nume dat n antichitate de greci i romani oricui care era de alt neam
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Formulai cel puin trei enunuri utiliznd urmtoarele noiuni istorice:


Polis, regat, imperiu.
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III

Legtura cauz efect.

Stabilii legtura cauz efect dintre politica mercantilist i extinderea colonial.


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IV

Analiza i utilizarea izvoarelor


Analizai documentul i rspundei la intrebri:
Mari, 10 ianuarie, tefan, voievodul Moldovei, nfrnse ntr-un mare mcel oastea de
120.000 de oameni a lui Mahomed, cruia i dduseri muntenii ajutor, dup ce le
supusese ara. A dat tefan aceast lupt lng mocirla Racov i rul Brlad, cu
oastea sa i cu 5 000 de secui, a cror ar, rupnd-o din regatul Ungariei, i-o
supusese siei. Dar nvingerea a costat i pe ai sai, cci toate irurile dinainte, n care
se aflau i secuii, fur zdrobite de turci i amenin a o mare primejdie, pn cnd tefan

se arunc el nsui n mijlocul turcilor (...) i nimici cetele turceti, avind 40 000 de
lupttori, dintre care cea mai mare parte erau ranii (...)
(Btlia de la Vaslui din J. Dlugasz, Istoria Poloniei)
Cind a avut loc btlia de la Vaslui?
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Cine forma baza social a armatei lui tefan cel Mare?


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Precizai tactica de lupt folosit de tefan cel Mare.


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Localizai pe hart locul unde a avut loc btlia.

Eseu istoric

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Redactai un eseu ncadrat n dou pagini la unul din subiectele propuse:

Democratizarea vie ii politice n Republica Moldova m(anii 90 ai sec. al XXlea).

Rolul ONU n solu ionarea litigiilor interna ionale la etapa actual .

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