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BRIEF HISTORY OF MY RESPECTED FOREFATHERS

(SADAAT SHERAZI/ BUKHARI )

WRITTEN BY:

SYED WALAYAT SHAH SHERAZI VILLAGE OGHAZ BANDA, TEHSIL BATTAGRAM, HAZARA (www.syedshirazi.com)

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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST MERCIFUL, THE MOST BENEFICIENT ‘FOREWORD’

Man by nature is very forgetful and absent-minded. He does forget the history of his forefathers with the passage of time. There are many people of my village who don’t know even the names of their grandfathers. This is because of the fact that no one has written any book on the life history and other achievements of their forefathers. So I vowed to write a book through which my younger generation could know about the life history and achievements of their forefathers.

Although I’m not the student of history yet am very curious to know the history of my respected forefathers. I also want to transfer the knowledge to my younger generation that I’ve got from my elders. Today, every one is involved in materialistic benefits. No one has a spare time to ask some thing from others. Some people also feel shy to ask about the history of their elders. I’m very grateful to the Almighty Allah for granting courage and assistance for writing this book, as He is the most Compassionate, the most Merciful.

Allah says in the Holy Quran, “O mankind! (Allah) has created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who is one of the pious. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware”.

All suggestions, especially from my elders, to improve and enrich the book would be gratefully accepted and thankfully acknowledged in the next edition, Insha Allah.

I’ve been much guided by the books “Islam, Yahoodiyat and Issa-iat” written by Ejaz Hussain Tirmizi, “Sarhad Mein Mughl-e-Azam Ka Islami Mission” written by Syed Ma’aroof Shah Sherazi and “Roohani Rabita & Taroon” written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani.

I feel great pleasure in extending my heart felt thanks to Syed Jalal Shah Sherazi, Syed Omar Farooq Sherazi and Syed Hussain Shah Sherazi for their contributions to this book. I express my deep appreciation for the assistance rendered to me by Pirzada Syed Ghulam Rahmani Al-Qadri of Bagh Kandi Sharif, Lower Dir. I am also thankful to all my worthy elders who encouraged me to write this book and helped me with their valuable suggestions.

Syed Walayat Shah Sherazi: Thursday, May 25, 2006

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Chapter-1

S #

Contents

Page #

 

Genealogy (Shajara-e-Tayyiba) of Sadaat Sherazi.

6, 7,8

01

Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

9

1-A

Hazrat Khadijatul Kubra (May Allah be pleased with her)

23

02

Hazrat Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her).

27

2-B

Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him).

28

3-A

Hazrat Imam Hassan (May Allah be pleased with him).

31

03

Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him).

33

04

Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

35

05

Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

37

06

Hazrat Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

39

07

Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

45

08

Hazrat Imam Ali Raza (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

48

09

Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi Jawaad (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

49

10

Hazrat Imam Ali Naqi Al-Hadi (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

51

11

Abu Ali, Ja’far Saani Askari (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih) .

52

12

Abu Abdullah, Ali Asghar Al-Ashtar (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

53

13

Hazrat Abdullah, Abu Ahmad Shahabuddin (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

54

14

Hazrat Abu Yousuf, Abu Mahmood Sheikhul Mashaikh, Jalaluddin Ahmad Qatal Bukhari (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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15

Syed Abu Muhammad Nasiruddin, Mahmood Asghar Mukhtarullah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

56

16

Syed Abu Al-Fatah Safiuddin Muhammad (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

57

17

Syed Abu Ali Ja’far (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

58

18

Syed Ali Al-Moeed (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

59

19

Jalaluddin, Abul Barkat Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

60

20

Syed Sultan Ahmad Kabir (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

63

21

Jalaluddin Hussain, Makhdoom Jahanian, Jahangasht Bukhari (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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22

Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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23

Syed Nizamuddin Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

69

24

Syed Niamat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

69

25

Syed Rahmat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

70

26

Syed Ahmad Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

70

27

Syed Abbas Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

70

28

Syed Mahr Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

70

29

Syed Omar Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

70

30

Syed Mubarak Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

70

31

Syed Niamat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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32

Syed Rahmat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

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33

Syed Sher Muhammad Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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34

Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah (Hisar Baba), Rahmatullah-e-Alaih.

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35

Syed Hassan Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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35-a

Syed Fateh Khan (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

77

35-b

Syed Rehan Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

77

35-c

Syed Rahman Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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35-d

Bibi Dur Marjan (Rahmatullah-e-Alaiha).

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Syed Haroon Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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37

Haji Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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38

Syed Pir Saadat Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

80

39

Syed Maazud-Din Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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39-a

Syed Pir Imam Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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39-b

Syed Muhammad Issa Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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39-c

Syed Sirajuddin Shah. (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

87

39-d

Syed Ruknuddin Shah. (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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39-e

Syed Muhammad Ayaz Shah. (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

89

40

Syed Mahboob Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

87

41

Syed Amir Asif Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

87

42

Syed Rahmat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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43

Syed Muhammad Shafiullah Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

 

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Syed Haroon Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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45

Syed Walayat Shah Sherazi.

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46

Farida Sherazi + Syed Omar Farooq Sherazi + Syed Shahid Farooq Sherazi + Faryal Sherazi + Syed Haider Farooq Sherazi.

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Chapter-I

5 Chapter-I GENEALOGY (SHAJARA-E-TAYYIBA) OF SADAAT SHERAZI [To be handled with utmost respect] 1. HAZRAT MUHAMMAD

GENEALOGY (SHAJARA-E-TAYYIBA) OF SADAAT SHERAZI [To be handled with utmost respect]

1. HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (Peace be upon him)

2. Hazrat Fatima Al-Zahra (May Allah be pleased with her)

3. Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him)

4. Hazrat Imam Ali, Zainul Abideen (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

5. Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

6. Hazrat Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

7. Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

8. Hazrat Imam Ali Raza (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

9. Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

10. Hazrat Imam Ali Naqi (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

11. Abu Ali, Ja’far Saani Askari (Rahmatullah-e-Alai)

12. Abu Abdullah, Ali Asghar Al- Ashtar (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

13. Abu Ahmad, Shahabuddin Abdullah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

14. Abu Yousuf, Abu Mahmood, Sheikhul Mashaikh Jalaluddin Ahmad Qatal Bukhari (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

15. Abu Muhammad Nasiruddin, Mahmood

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Asghar Mukhtarullah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

16. Abu Al-Fatah, Safiuddin Muhammad (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

17. Syed Abu Ali, Ja’far (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

18. Syed Ali Al- Moeed (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

19. Syed Jalaluddin, Abu Al-Barakat Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

20. Syed Sultan Ahmad Kabir (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

21. Syed Jalaluddin Hussain, Makhdoom Jahanian, Jahangasht Bukhari (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

22. Syed Nasirud-Din Mahmood Sherazi (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

23. Syed Nizamuddin Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

24. Syed Niamat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

25. Syed Rahmat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

26. Syed Ahmad Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

27. Syed Abbas Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

28. Syed Mahr Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

29. Syed Omar Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

30. Syed Mubarak Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

31. Syed Niamat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

32. Syed Rahmat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

33. Syed Sher Muhammad Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

34. Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah, Hisar Baba (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

35. Syed Hassan Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

36. Syed Haroon Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

37. Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah

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(Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

38. Syed Pir Saadat Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

39. Syed Maazud-Din Shah) (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

40. Syed Mahboob Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

41. Syed Amir Asif Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

42. Syed Rahmat Wali Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

43. Syed Muhammad Shafiullah Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

44. Syed Haroon Shah (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

45. Syed Walayat Shah Sherazi

46. Farida Sherazi + Syed Omar Farooq Sherazi + Syed Shahid Farooq Sherazi + Faryal Sherazi + Syed Haider Farooq Sherazi. May the blessings of Allah be always Upon the Noble Prophet and all his descendants. Amin!

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HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (Peace be upon him)

The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was born on Monday, the

12 th Rabi-ul-Awwal, 20 th April 571 A.D. in Makkahtul Mukarrama in the family of

Quresh. His father, Hazrat Abdullah died several weeks before his birth in Madina where he went to visit his father's maternal relatives. His mother, Hazrat Amina died while on the return journey from Madinah at a place called "Abwa" when he was six years old. He was raised by his paternal grand father, Hazrat Abdul Muttalib until the age of eight, and after his grandfather's death by Hazrat Abu Talib, his paternal uncle. Hazrat Abdul Muttalib's mother, Salma, was a native of Madina and he was born and raised as a young boy in Madinah before his uncle Hazrat Muttalib brought him to Makkah to succeed him. Many years before Hazrat Muhammad's birth, Hazrat Abdul Muttalib had established himself as an influential leader of the Arab tribe "Quraish" in Makkah and took care of the Holy "Ka'bah". Makkah was a city-state well connected to the caravan routes to Syria and Egypt in the north and northwest and Yemen in the south. Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was a descendant of Prophet Ismail through the lineage of his second son, Kedar.

Ka'bah is the first house of worship built on the earth for the worship of Allah, the One True God. It was re-built (raised from the existing foundation) by Prophets Ibrahim and Ismail. Allah is the proper name of the One True God, creator and sustainer of the universe, who does not have a partner or associate, and He did not beget nor was He begotten. Unlike the word god, the word Allah does not have a plural or gender.

Under the guardianship of Hazrat Abu Talib, Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) began to earn a living as a businessman and a trader. At the age of twelve, he accompanied Hazrat Abu Talib with a merchant caravan as far as Bostra in Syria. Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was popularly known as`al-Ameen for his unimpeachable character by the Makkans and visitors alike. The title Al-Ameen means the Honest, the Reliable and the Trustworthy, and it signified the highest standard of moral and public life.

Upon hearing of Muhammad's (Peace be upon him) impressive credentials, Hazrat Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her), a rich merchant widow, asked Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to take some merchandise for trade to Syria. Soon after this trip when he was twenty-five, Hazrat Khadijah proposed marriage to Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) through a relative. Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) accepted the proposal. At that time, Hazrat Khadijah was twice widowed and forty years old. Hazrat Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) and Hazrat

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Muhammad (Peace be upon him) were the parents of six children - four daughters and two sons. His first son, Qasim died at the age of two. He was nicknamed Abul Qasim, meaning the father of Qasim. His second son, Abdullah died in infancy. Abdullah was also called affectionately as 'Tayyib' and 'Tahir' because he was born after Hazrat Muhammad's Prophet-hood. The names of four daughters were: Hazrat Zainab, Hazrat Ruqayyah, Hazrat Umm Kulsoom and Hazrat Fatimah (May Allah be pleased with them).

The Holy sanctuary Ka'bah was now filled with three hundred sixty idols. The original, pristine message of Prophet Ibrahim was lost, and it was mixed with superstitions and traditions of pilgrims and visitors from distant places, who were used to idol worship and myths. In every generation, a small group of men and women detested the pollution of Ka'bah and kept pure their practice of the religion taught by Prophets Ibrahim and Ismail. They used to spend some of their time away from this polluted environment in retreats to nearby hills.

Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was forty when, during his one of many retreats to Mount Hira for meditation during the month of Ramazan, he received the first revelation from the Angel Jibril (Gabriel). On this first appearance, Gabriel (as) said to Muhammad "Iqraa” meaning Read or Recite. Muhammad replied, "I cannot read," as he had not received any formal education and did not know how to read or write. The Angle Gabriel then embraced him until he reached the limit of his endurance and after releasing said: " Iqraa." Muhammad's answer was the same as before. Gabriel repeated the embrace for the third time, asked him to repeat after him and said:

"Recite in the name of your Lord who created! He created man from that which clings. Recite; and thy Lord is most Bountiful, He who has taught by the pen, taught man what he knew not". Thus it was in the year 610 CE the revelation began.

Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was terrified by the whole experience of the revelation and fled the cave of Mount Hira. When he reached his home, tired and frightened, he asked his wife: ‘cover me’ cover me,' in a blanket. After his awe had somewhat abated, his wife, Hazrat Khadijah asked him about the reason of his great anxiety and fear. She then assured him by saying: "Allah (The One God) will not let you down because you’re kind to relatives, you speak only the truth, you help the poor, the orphan and the needy, and you’re an honest man. Hazrat Khadijah then consulted with her cousin, Waraqa, who was an old, saintly man possessing knowledge of previous revelations and scriptures. Waraqa confirmed to her that the visitor was none other than the Angle Gabriel, who had come to Moses. He then added that Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the expected Prophet. Hazrat Khadijah accepted the revelation as truth and was the first person to accept Islam. She

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supported her husband in every hardship, most notably during the three-year 'boycott' of the Prophet's clan by the pagan Quraish. She died at the age of sixty-five in the month of Ramazan soon after the lifting of the boycott in 620 CE.

Angel Gabriel visited the Prophet as commanded by Allah revealing Ayat (meaning signs, loosely referred to as verses) in Arabia over a period of twenty-three years. The revelations that he received were sometimes a few verses, a part of a chapter or the whole chapter. Some revelation came down in response to an inquiry by the non- believers. The revealed verses were recorded on a variety of available materials (leather, palm leaves, shoulder bones of animals), memorized as soon as they were revealed, and were recited in daily prayers by Muslims. Angel Gabriel taught the order and arrangement of verses, and the Prophet instructed his several scribes to record verses in that order. Once a year, the Prophet used to recite all the verses revealed to him up to that time to Gabriel to authenticate the accuracy of recitation and the order of verses. All the revealed verses (over a period of 23 years and ending in 632 CE) were compiled in the book known as Qur'an. The name Qur'an appears in the revealed verses. The Qur'an does not contain even a word from the Prophet. The Qur'an speaks in the first person, i.e., Allah's commandments to His creation. Gabriel also visited the Prophet throughout his mission informing and teaching him of events and strategy as needed to help in the completion of the prophetic mission. The Prophet's sayings, actions, and approvals are recorded separately in collections known as Hadith.

The mission of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was to restore the worship of the One True God, the creator and sustainer of the universe, as taught by Prophet Ibrahim and all Prophets of God, and to demonstrate and complete the laws of moral, ethical, legal, and social conduct and all other matters of significance for the humanity at large.

The first few people who followed this message were: his cousin Hazrat Ali, his servant Zayd Ibne Harithah, his friend Hazrat Abu Bakr and his wife and daughters (May Allah be pleased with them). They accepted Islam by testifying that:

"There is no Deity (worthy of worship) except Allah (The One True God) and Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the Messenger of Allah."

Islam means peace by submission and obedience to the Will and Commandments of God and those who accept Islam are called Muslims, meaning those who have accepted the message of peace by submission to God.

In the first three years of his mission forty people (men and women) accepted Islam. This small group comprised of youth as well as older people from a wide range of

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economic and social background. The Prophet was directed by a recent revelation to start preaching Islam to everyone. Then he began to recite revelations to people in public and invite them to Islam. The Quraish, leaders of Makkah, took his preaching with hostility. The most hostile and closest to the prophet was his uncle, Abu Lahab and his wife. Initially, they and other leaders of Quraish tried to bribe him with money and power including an offer to make him King if he were to abandon his message. When this did not work, they tried to convince his uncle, Abu Talib to accept the best young man of Makkah in place of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and to allow them to kill (Peace be upon him). His uncle tried to persuade the Prophet to stop preaching but the Prophet said: "O uncle, if they were to put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left hand to stop me from preaching Islam, I would never stop. I will keep preaching until Allah makes Islam prevail or die."

The Quraish began to persecute Muslims by beating, torture and boycott of their businesses. Those who were weak, poor or slaves were publicly tortured. The first person to die by this means was a Muslim woman by the name Ume Ammar (the mother of Ammar Ibne Yasir). The Muslims from well-to-do families were physically restrained in their homes with the condition that if they disclaim they would be allowed freedom of movement. The Prophet was publicly ridiculed and humiliated including frequent throwing of filth on him in the street and while he prayed in the Ka'bah. In spite of great hardships and no apparent support, the message of Islam kept all Muslims firm in their belief. The Prophet was asked by God to be patient and to preach the message of Qur'an. He advised Muslims to remain patient because he did not receive any revelation yet to retaliate against their persecutors.

When the persecution became unbearable for most Muslims, the Prophet advised them in the fifth year of his mission (615 CE) to migrate to Abyssinia (modern Ethiopia) where Ashabah (Negus, a Christian) was the ruler. Eighty people, not counting the small children, emigrated in small groups to avoid detection. No sooner had they left the Arabian coastline, the leaders of Quraish discovered their flight. They decided not to leave these Muslims in peace, and immediately sent two of their envoys to Negus to bring all of them back. However, Negus allowed them to stay under his protection after he investigated Muslim belief and heard the revelations about Jesus and Mary (Peace be upon them both), who appears in Chapter 19, entitled Mary, of the Qur'an. The emigrants were allowed freedom of worship in Abyssinia.

The Quraish then made life even more difficult for the Prophet by implementing total ban on contact with the Prophet's family (Bani Hashim and Muttalib). The ban lasted for three years without the desired effect. Just before the ban was lifted, the Prophet was contacted by the leaders of the Quraish to agree to a compromise under which they should all practice both religions (i.e., Islam and idolatry). Upon hearing this, the Prophet recited a revelation he had just received and which ends with the words: "…

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For you your religion and for me mine." The ban was lifted when leaders of Quraish discovered that their secret document on the terms of ban, which they had stored in Ka'bah, was eaten by worms and all that was left were the opening words "In Your name, O Allah’. ‘The effect of the three year boycott left Prophet with more personal sorrow when he lost his beloved wife, Hazrat Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her)) and uncle Hazrat Abu Talib soon after the ban was lifted.

After Khadijah's death in 620 CE, the Prophet married a widowed Muslim woman, Hazrat Sawdah (May Allah be pleased with her) who was fifty years old. She and her husband had migrated to Abyssinia in the early years of persecution. After her husband died, she came back to Makkah and sought Prophet's shelter. The Prophet, recognizing her sacrifices for Islam, extended his shelter by marrying her. Later in the same year, the Prophet upon receiving the divine command in a dream, after approval of Hazrat Sawdah, contracted marriage with Hazrat Ayeshah, the daughter of his dear companion, Hazrat Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him). She joined the Prophet in Madinah, completing the marriage contract. Hazrat Sawdah and Hazrat Ayeshah (May Allah be pleased with them) were the only wives until he was fifty-six years old.

After the death of his uncle, Hazrat Abu Talib, the Prophet went to Taif (about 50 miles, southeast of Makkah) to seek their protection. They flatly refused and mocked at him, and severely injured him by inciting their children to throw stones at him. Hazrat Gabriel (as) visited the Prophet here suggesting that the angels were ready to destroy the town if he were to ask Allah for the punishment. Nevertheless, the Prophet declined and prayed for future generations of Taif to accept Islam. It was on the return journey from Taif that the verses from surah Al Jinn were revealed. It indicated that the Qur'an is a book of guidance to both the Jinns and Humankind.

Soon after the terrible disappointment at Ta'if, the Prophet experienced the events of al-Asraa and al-Miraaj (621CE). In the Al-Asraa, Hazrat Gabriel (as) took the Prophet from the sacred Mosque near Ka'bah to the furthest (al-Aqsa) mosque in Jerusalem in a very short time in the latter part of a night. Here, Prophet (Peace be upon him) met with previous Prophets (Abraham, Moses Jesus and others) and he led them in prayers. After this, in Al-Miraj, the Prophet was taken up to heavens to show the signs of God. It was on this journey that five daily prayers were prescribed. He was then taken back to Ka' bah, the whole experience lasting a few hours of a night. Upon hearing this, the people of Makkah mocked at him. However, when his specific description of Jerusalem, other things on the way, and the caravan that he saw on this journey including its expected arrival in Makkah turned out to be true, the ridicule of the nonbelievers stopped.

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In 622 CE, the leaders of the Quraish decided to kill the Prophet and they developed a plan in which one man was chosen from each of the Quraish tribes and they were to attack the Prophet simultaneously. Hazrat Gabriel informed the Prophet of the plan and instructed him to leave Makkah immediately. The Prophet, after making arrangements to return the properties entrusted to him by several nonbelievers, left with Hazrat Abu Bakr in the night he was to be assassinated. They went south of Makkah to a mountain cave of Thawr, and after staying three nights they traveled north to Yathrab (Madinah) about two hundred fifty miles from Makkah. Upon discovery of his escape, the leaders of Quraish put up a reward of one hundred camels on him, dead or alive. In spite of all their best scouts and search parties, Allah protected the Prophet and he arrived safely in Quba, a suburb of Madinah. This event is known as the ‘Hijra' (migration) and the Islamic calendar begins with this event. The people of Aws and Khazraj in Madinah greeted him with great enthusiasm in accordance with their pledge made at Aqaba less than a year ago during the annual pilgrimage. One by one those Muslims (men and women) who were not physically restrained, and who could make a secret exit, left for Madina leaving behind their properties and homes.

To insure the peace and tranquility, the Prophet proposed a treaty defining terms of conduct for all inhabitants of Madinah. All - Muslims, non-Muslim Arabs and Jews, ratified it. After his emigration to Madinah, the enemies of Islam increased their assault from all sides. The Battles of Badr, Uhud and Allies (Trench) were fought near or around Madinah. In these battles until the year 672 CE, the nonbelievers with encouragement from Jews and other Arabian tribes attacked the Prophet and Muslim community. The Muslims while defending their city and religion lost many men, that resulted to make many Muslim women as widows and numerous children as orphans. In these circumstances, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) married several women during fifty-sixth year up to the sixtieth year of his life. He did not contract any marriage in the last three years of his life, following the revelation limiting the number of wives up to a maximum of four. This is the first time in the history of revealed scriptures that a limit on the number of wives was imposed and the terms of conduct were specified. The Prophet was instructed not to divorce any of his wives after this revelation. All of the ladies he took as wives were either widows or divorced ones, except Hazrat Ayeshah (May Allah be pleased with her).

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) married Hazrat Umme Salmah (May Allah be pleased with her) in 626 CE. Her husband had died of wounds inflicted in the Battle of Uhud (625 CE.). When the Prophet asked her for marriage, she replied: "O Messenger of God, I suffer from three shortcomings. I’m a very jealous woman, and am afraid this might cause me to do things that you dislike. Secondly, I’m an old woman. Finally, I’ve many children". The Prophet answered: " Regarding your jealousy, I pray to God to remove it from you. As for your age, we’re similar in age.

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As for the children, your children are mine." Thus she agreed to marry the Prophet. The Prophet's marriage contract with Hazrat Umme Habibah (May Allah be pleased with her) was solemnized, by proxy, by Negus, King of Abyssinia, in 628 CE.

Two of his wives, Hazrat Juwayriah and Hazrat Safiyah (May Allah be pleased with them), were prisoners of war. Both belonged to the family of the chief of their tribes and were set free by the Prophet; they then gladly accepted Islam and were pleased to become the Prophet's wives. The Prophet's marriages provided security to women who would have otherwise remained unmarried, unprotected, or felt humiliated. His marriages were also a means of transmitting important teachings of Islam. The Prophet's wives, called the "Mothers of the believers," showed themselves as examples of proper Muslim womanhood. All his wives, especially 'Hazrat Ayeshah’ transmitted many ahadith (sayings, deeds, and actions from Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

A year after the Battle of Allies (trench), the Prophet and fifteen hundred of his

companions left for Makkah to perform the annual pilgrimage (628 CE). They were barred from approaching the city at Hudaybiyah, where after some negotiations a treaty was signed allowing for them to come next year. This treaty facilitated exchange of ideas among the people of the whole region without interference. Many delegations from all regions of Arabia came to the Prophet to investigate the teachings of Islam, and a large number of People accepted Islam within a couple of years. The Prophet sent many of his companions (who memorized the Qur'an by heart) to new communities to instruct them about the practice of Islam. More than fifty of them were martyred by non-believers.

A few weeks after Hudaybiyah, the Prophet sent letters to several kings and rulers

(including the two superpowers-Byzantines and Persians) inviting them to Islam. Negus, the king of Abyssiniia and the Ruler of Bahrain accepted Islam, and Emperor Heraclius acknowledged Muhammad's Prophet-hood. Among rulers who accepted Islam but without any initiative from the Prophet was Chakrawati Farmas, a Hindu King of Malabar (located on the southwest coast of India).

About two years later at the end of 629 CE, the Quraish violated the terms of the Treaty of Hudaybiyah by helping Banu Bakr in the surprise attack on Bani Khuza'ah who were allied with the Prophet. Some of Bani Khuzah's men escaped and took shelter in Makkah and they sought redress. However, the leaders of Quraish did nothing. They then sent a message to the Prophet for help.

The Prophet, after confirming all the reports of the attack and subsequent events, marched to Makkah with an army consisting of three thousand Muslims of Madinah and Muslims from other Arab communities that joined him on the way totaling ten

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thousand Muslims. Before entering the city he sent word to citizens of Makkah that anyone who remained in his home, or in Abu Sufyan's home, or in the Ka'bah would be safe. The army entered Makkah without fighting and the Prophet went directly to the Ka'bah. He magnified Allah for the triumphant entry in the Holy City. The Prophet pointed at each idol with a stick he had in his hand and said," Truth has come and Falsehood will neither start nor will it reappear". And one by one the idols fell down. The Ka'bah was then cleansed by the removal of all three hundred sixty idols, and it was restored to its pristine status for the worship of One True God (as built by Prophet Ibrahim and Ismail).

The people of the city expected general slaughter in view of their persecution and torture of Muslims for the past twenty years. While standing by the Ka'bah, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) promised clemency for the Makkans, stating: "O Quraish, what do you think that I’m about to do with you?” They replied, "Good. You’re a noble brother, son of a brother:” the Prophet forgave them all saying:

"I will treat you as Prophet Yousuf (Joseph) treated his brothers. There is no reproach against you. Go to your homes, and you are all free." The Prophet also declared:

“Allah made Makkah Holy the day He created heavens and earth, and it is the Holy of Holiest until the Resurrection Day. It is not lawful for anyone who believes in Allah and the last day to shed blood therein, nor to cut down trees therein. It was not lawful to anyone before me and it will not be lawful to anyone after me”.

The people of Makkah then accepted Islam including the staunch enemies of the Prophet. A few of the staunchest enemies and military commanders had fled Makkah after his entry. However, when they received the Prophet's assurance of no retaliation and no compulsion in religion, they came back and gradually the message of Islam won their hearts. Within a year (630 CE), almost all Arabia accepted Islam. Among the Prophet's close companions were Muslims from such diverse background as Persia, Abyssinia, Syria and Rome. Several prominent Jewish Rabbis, Christian bishop and clergymen accepted Islam after discussions with the Prophet (Peace be upon him).

One night in March 630 CE, Angel Gabriel visited the Prophet and addressed him as:

"O father of Ibrahim." A few hours later, the Prophet received the news of the birth of his son from his wife, Hazrat Mariah (May Allah be pleased with her), and the Prophet named him Ibrahim. He was the only child born after the six children from Prophet's first wife, Khadijah. Ibrahim died when he was ten months old. On the day of Ibrahim's death, there was an eclipse of the sun. When some people began to attribute it to the Prophet's bereavement, he said: "The sun and the moon are two

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signs of the signs of God. Their light is not dimmed for any man's death. If you see them eclipsed, you should pray until they be clear."

The great change in Arabia alarmed the two superpowers, Byzantines and Persians. Their Governors, particularly the Byzantines, reacted with threats to attack Madinah. Instead of waiting, the Prophet sent a small army to defend the north-most border of Arabia. In the remaining life of the Prophet, all of the major battles were fought on the northern front. The Prophet did not have a standing army. Whenever he received a threat, he called the Muslims and discussed with them the situation and gathered volunteers to fight any aggression.

The Prophet performed his first and last pilgrimage in 632 CE. One hundred twenty thousand men and women performed pilgrimage that year with him. The Prophet received the last revelation during this pilgrimage. Two months later, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) fell ill and after several days died on Monday, 12th Rabi ul-Awwal, the eleventh year after Hijra, 8 th June 632 A.D. in Madinah. He was buried at the same place where he died.

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) lived a most simple, austere and modest life. He and his family used to go without cooked meal several days at a time, relying only on dates, dried bread and water. During the day, he was the busiest man, as he performed his duties in many roles all at once as head of state, chief justice, commander-in-chief, arbitrator, instructor and family man. He was the most devoted man at night. He used to spend one-to-two-thirds of every night in prayer and meditation. The Prophet's possession consisted of mats, blankets, jugs and other simple things even when he was the virtual ruler of Arabia. He left nothing to be inherited except a white mule (a gift from Muqawqis), little ammunition and a piece of land that he had made a gift during his lifetime. Among his last words were: "We the community of Prophets are not inherited. Whatever we leave is for charity".

Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was a man and a messenger of Allah (The one God). He is the last of the Prophets sent by Allah to guide man to the right path; Adam was the first prophet. The Qur`an mentions twenty-five Prophets by names and provides a great insight of their mission, struggle and their communities. The Quran exonerates prophets from charges leveled against them in previous Scriptures. The Qur`an also mentions four previously revealed Scriptures: Suhoof (pages) of Ibrahim (Abraham), Taurat (Torah) as revealed to Prophet Moses, Zaboor ('Psalms') as revealed to Prophet David, and Injeel (Bible) as revealed to Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon them). Islam requires belief in all prophets and revealed scriptures (original, non-corrupted) as part of the Articles of Faith. Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is greatly respected as the model of Qur`anic behavior. Muslims mention his name by adding, " Peace be upon him", and a phrase used with the name of all

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prophets. All sincere Muslims try to follow the Qur`an and the Prophet's example to minute details. The account of every aspect of his life has been preserved. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) has served as an example for all Muslims in all periods to modern times. He will remain a model example for all of humanity.

At the end of his mission, the Prophet was blessed with several hundred thousand followers (men and women) of Islam. Thousands prayed with him at the mosque and listened to his sermon. Hundreds of sincere Muslims would find every opportunity to be with him following five daily prayers and at other times. They used to seek his service for their every day problems, and listened attentively to the interpretation and application of revealed verses to their situation. They followed the message of the Qur'an and the Messenger of Allah with utmost sincerity, and supported him with every thing they had. The most excellent among them are Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, Hazrat Umar, Hazrat Usman, Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Talha, Hazrat Zubair, Hazrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf, Hazrat Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqas, Hazrat Sa'd bin Zaid, Hazrat Abu Obaida, Hazrat Hassan, Hazrat Hussain, and several others (May Allah be pleased with all of them). They faithfully carried the message of Islam after the Prophet and within ninety years the light of Islam reached Spain, North Africa, the Caucaus, Northwest China and India.

Considering the qualities and teachings of Muhammad, peace be upon him, testified to by some many people throughout history and even testified to by Allah Himself, we conclude the following to be only a partial list of the qualities, morals and virtues of Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Articulate - Muhammad, peace be upon him, although unable to read or write throughout his entire life, was able to express himself in clear and decisive terms and in the best of classical Arabic language.

Brave - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was praised for his courage and bravery during and after his life by his followers and opponents alike. He has been an inspiration to Muslims and even non-Muslims throughout the centuries.

Courteous - Muhammad, peace be upon him, always put other people's feelings ahead of his own and was the most courteous of hosts and the best of guests wherever he went.

Dedicated - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was determined to carry out his mission and present the message with which he had been sent, to all the world.

Eloquent - Muhammad, peace be upon him, claimed he was not a poet, yet he could express himself in the most concise manner, using the least amount of words in a

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most classic manner. His words are still quoted by millions of Muslims and non- Muslims today everywhere.

Friendly - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was noted for being the most friendly and considerate of all who knew him.

Generous - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was most generous with his possessions and never wanted to keep anything if there was anyone who was in need. This was true of gold, silver, animals and even food and drink.

Hospitable - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was indeed, noted to be the most gracious of hosts and taught his companions and followers to be the best of hosts to all their guests as a part of their religion.

Intelligent - Muhammad, peace be upon him, has been proclaimed by many commentators who have studied his life and actions, to be of the most intelligent of all men who ever lived.

Just - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was most fair and just in all of his dealings. Whether in business or in giving judgment in any matter, he practiced justice on all levels.

Kindness - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was kind and considerate to everyone he met. He tired his best to present the message of worship of the Creator instead of the creations to all he met in the kindest fashion and most considerate manner.

Loving - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was the most loving toward Allah and to his family members, friends, companions and even those who did not accept his message but remained peaceful to him and his followers.

Messenger of Mercy - Muhammad, peace be upon him, is proclaimed in the Quran by Allah, as being sent to all of the world as the "Mercy to all mankind and jinn."

Noble - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was the most noble and distinguished of all men. Everyone knew of his fine character and honorable background.

"Oneness" - Muhammad, peace be upon him, is most famous for his proclamation of the "Oneness of Allah" or monotheism (called "Tawheed" in Arabic).

Patient - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was the most steadfast and forbearing in all of the trials and tests he lived through.

Quiet - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was often very quiet and never was heard to be boastful, loud or obnoxious on any occasion.

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Resourceful - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was most clever and resourceful in handling even the most serious of difficulties and problems confronting him and his companions.

Straightforward - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was known by all to speak directly to a subject and not twist things around in his speech. He also used a minimal amount of verbiage and considered excessive talk to be vain and unproductive.

Tactful - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was the most delicate and tactful in his dealings with the people. He never scratched the dignity of someone, even though unbelievers often insulted him and maligned him.

Unmatched - Muhammad, peace be upon him, is known throughout the world today as the man who most influenced the lives of so many people during his own time and for all times to come.

Valiant - Muhammad, peace be upon him, gave new meaning to the word valiant and he was always most honorable in all of his affairs, whether defending the rights of orphans or preserving the honor of widows or fighting for those in distress. He was not intimidated when outnumbered in battle, nor did he turn away from his duties in protecting and defending the truth and freedom.

"X" - Muhammad, peace be upon him, could neither read nor write, not even his own name. In today's world he would have to use an "X" to "sign" a document. He used a signet ring worn on the little finger of his right hand to seal any documents or letters sent to the leaders of other lands.

Yielding - Muhammad, peace be upon him, would yield his own desires and forego his own ideas in favor of whatever Allah directed him to do. While considering opinions from his followers, he often accepted their ideas over his own, preferring to yield in favor of others as much as possible.

Zealous - Muhammad, peace be upon him, was the most zealous of all the prophets

of Allah, in carrying out his mission of "Peace through the submission to the Will of God." He truly was the most enthusiastic in regard to delivering the message with which he had been entrusted by Allah; the message of "Laa elaha illa-allah, Muhammadar-Rasoolulah" (There is none worthy of worship, except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah ) .

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Shajara-e-Tayyiba (Genealogy) of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him):

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(1)Hazrat Muhammad, Peace be upon him (2) Hazrat Abdullah (3) Hazrat Abdul Mutalib (4) Hazrat Hashim (5) Abd Munaf (6) Qusayy (7) Kilab (8) Murrah (9) Ka’ab (10) Lu’ayy (11) Ghalib (12) Fihr (13) Malik (14) Al-Nadr (15) Kinanah (16) Khuzaimah (17) Mudrikah (18) Ilyas (19) Mudar (20) Nadhar (21) Ma’ad (22) Hazrat Adnan (23) Add (24) Humaisi’ (25) Salaman (26) Awas (27) Buz (28) Qamwal (29) Obai (30) ‘Awwam (31) Nashid (32) Haza (33) Bildas (34) Yaldaf (35) Tabikh (36) Jahim (37) Nahish (38) Makhi (39) Aid (40) Abqar (41) ‘Ubaid (42) Ad-Da’a (43) Hamdan (44) Sanbir (45) Yathrabi (46) Yahzin (47) Yalhan (48) Ar’awai (49) Aid (50) Deshan (51) Aisar (52) Afnad (53) Aiham (54) Muksar (55) Nahith (56) Zarih (57) Sami (58) Wazzi (59) ‘Adwa (60) Aram (61) Haider (62) Hazrat Ismail (63) Hazrat Ibrahim (64) Tarukh (65) Nahur (66) Saru’ (67) Rau’ (68) Falik (69) Abir (70) Shalikh (71) Arfakhshad (72) Sam (73) Hazrat Nuh (74) Lamik (75) Matulsalkh (76 Hazrat Idris (77 Yarid (78) Mahla’il (79) Qinan (80) Anwas (81) Hazrat Sheth (82) Abul Bashar Hazrat Adam, Peace be upon him. ===========================================

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Wives and descendants of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

1. Khadija al-Kubra binte Khuwaylid (May Allah be pleased with her). She came from a noble family of Quresh. When Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was still a young man, she entrusted him with some of her wealth, asking him to trade with it in Syria on her behalf. He was already well known for his honesty, truthfulness and trustworthiness. He returned from Syria after having made a large profit for Hazrat Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her).

After hearing his account of the journey, she decided that he would make the best of the husbands, even though many of the most important nobles of the Quraish had already proposed to her and had been refused, and in due course she proposed to him. After the Prophet's uncle, Hazrat Abu Talib, had given the proposed marriage his blessing, Hazazrat Muhammad and Hazrat Khadijah were married. At the time of the marriage, the Prophet was twenty-five years old, while Hazrat Khadijah was forty years old.

Hazrat Khadijah was blessed with several children. Their first child was a son whom they named Qasim, died when he was only two years old. Two more sons, called Tayyib and Tahir, were also born, but they too died in their infancy. However, Muhammad and Khadijah also had four daughters who survived:

Zaynab, Ruqayya, Umme Kulthum and Hazrat Fatima (May Allah be pleased with them). She died in the age of 65 in Makkah and was buried in Jannat-ul- Mo- Alla.

2. Hazrat Sauda binte Zama’a (May Allah be pleased with her). She died in 55 Hijri and was buried in Jannat-ul-Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

3. Hazrat Ayesha binte Hazrat Abu Bakr and Umme Rooman (May Allah be pleased with them). She died on 17 th Ramazanul Mubarak 57 Hijri in the age of 66 years and was buried in Jannat-ul-Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

4. Hazrat Khafsa binte Hazrat Omar Farooq (May Allah be pleased with them). She died in 45 Hijri in the age of 63 years and was buried in Jannat-ul- Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

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5. Hazrat Zainab binte Khuzaima (May Allah be pleased with them). She died in 4 Hijri. Hazrat Khadija and Hazrat Zainab died in the presence of Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him). She had no child.

6. Hazrat Umme Salma binte Abu Umayya (May Allah be pleased with her). She died in 62 Hijri in the age of 84 years and was buried in Jannat-ul- Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

7. Hazrat Zainab binte Jahash (May Allah be pleased with her). She died in the age of 50 years and was buried in Jannat-ul-Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

8. Hazrat Jawairia binte Haris Ibne Aabi Zarar (May Allah be pleased with her). She died in the age of 65 years and was buried in Jannat-ul-Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

9. Hazrat Umme Habiba binte Abu Sufian (May Allah be pleased with her). She died in 50 Hijri and was buried in Jannat-ul-Baqee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

10. Hazrat Safiya binte Huyya (May Allah be pleased with her). She died in the age of 60 years and was buried in Jannat-ul-Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. She had no child.

11. Hazrat Maimoona Haris binte Hazan (May Allah be pleased with her). Her real name was Barra. She had no child.

12. Hazrat Maria Qibtia (May Allah be pleased with her). She was a bandi. She was blessed with a son, Hazrat Ibrahim, who died in the age of 16 months.

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Courtesy: Fazail-e-Aamaal Tableegh written by Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Zakaria (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

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(1-a) HAZRAT KHADIJAH

AL- KUBRA

(May Allah be pleased with her)

Hazrat Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) came from a noble family. Her father, Khuwaylid, son of Assad, son of Abdul Uzza, son of Qussay, son of Kilab had been one of the most honored leaders of his tribe until he was killed in battle. Her husband had also died, leaving her a very wealthy woman. When Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was still a young man, she entrusted him with some of her wealth, asking him to trade with it iffn Syria on her behalf. He was already wellknown for his honesty, truthfulness and trustworthiness. He returned from Syria after having made a large profit for Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her).

After hearing his account of the journey, she decided that he would make the best of the husbands, even though many of the most important nobles of the Quraish had already proposed to her and had been refused, and in due course she proposed to him. After the Prophet's uncle, Abu Talib, had given the proposed marriage his blessing, Muhammad and Khadijah were married. At the time of the marriage, the Prophet was twenty-five years old, while Hazrat Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) was forty years old.

For the next fifteen years they lived happily together, and Hazrat Khadijah bore several children. Their first child a son whom they named Qasim, died when he was only two years old. Two more sons, called Tayyib and Tahir, were also born, but they too died in their infancy. However, Muhammad and Khadijah also had four daughters who survived: Zaynab, Ruqayya, Umme Kulthum and Fatima (May Allah be pleased with them).

Towards the end of one Ramadan, when he was forty and Khadijah was fifty-five, Muhammad suddenly appeared at his house in the middle of the night, trembling with fear and saying, "Cover me up, cover me up!"

Hazrat Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) was very alarmed to see him in such a state. Quickly she wrapped a blanket around his shoulders and when he had calmed down, she asked him to describe exactly what had happened. He told her how a being whom he had never seen before-in fact it was the angel Jibril-had suddenly appeared to him while he was asleep and had said, "Read!"

"But I cannot read," he had replied, for he was unlettered and could neither read nor write. "Read!" the angel had repeated, clasping Muhammad close to his chest. "I cannot read," he had repeated. "Read!" the angel had repeated, firmly embracing him yet again. "What shall I read?" he had asked in desperation, and the angel had replied:

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“Read, in the Name of your Lord who created, created man from a clot, Read, and your Lord is the Most Gracious, Who taught with the pen, taught man what he did not know. (Quran 96:1-5)

As she listened to Muhammad's words, Khadijah did not share any of these fears. She realized that something tremendous and awe-inspiring had happened to her husband, and she was certain, knowing him as she did, that he was neither mad nor possessed. "Do not worry," she said, "for by Him who has dominion over Khadijah's soul, I hope that you’re the Prophet of this nation. Allah would never humiliate you, for you’re good to your relatives, you’rftrue to your word, you help those who are in need, you support the weak, you feed the guest and you answer the call of those who are in distress."

When Muhammad (Peace be upon him) as a little more relaxed, Khadijah took him to see her cousin, Waraqa Ibn Nawfal, for he was a man of knowledge, and she was sure that he would be able to explain the meaning of what had just happened to her beloved husband. Waraqa had studied the books of both the Jews and the Christians very closely and he had learned a great deal from many of their wisest people. He knew that the coming of another Prophet had been foretold by both Moses and Jesus (Peace be upon them) and he knew many of the signs that would confirm the identity of this Prophet when he appeared.

After listening closely to his story, Waraqa, who was both old and blind, exclaimed, "This is the same being who brought the revelations of Allah to Moses. I wish I was young and could be alive why our people will drive you out." "Will they drive me out?" asked Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

"Yes," replied Waraqa. "No one has come with what you have been given without being treated with enmity; and if I were to live until the day when you are turned out, then I would support you with all my might. Let me just feel your back." So, saying, Waraqa felt between the Prophet's shoulder-blades and found what he was feeling for:

a small round, slightly raised irregularity in the skin, about the size of a pigeon's egg. This was yet another of the many signs that Waraqa already knew would indicate the identity of the next Prophet after Jesus, (Peace of Allah be upon him).

"This is the Seal of the Prophethood!" he exclaimed. "Now I’m certain that you’re indeed the Prophet whose coming was foretold in the Torah that was revealed to Moses and in the Injil that was revealed to Jesus, (Peace be upon them). You’fe

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indeed the Messenger of Allah, and the being who appeared to you on the mountain was indeed the angel Jibril!"

Hazrat Khadijah as both overjoyed and awed to find that her understanding of what had happened on the mountain had been confirmed. Not long after this incident, Muhammad was commanded in a subsequent revelation from Allah, through the angel Jibril, to call people to worship Allah only, and it was at this point that Khadijah did not hesitate in expressing in public what she had now known for certain in secret for some time: " I bear witness that there is no god except Allah," she said, "and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."

In the years that followed, difficult years in which the leaders of the Quraish did everything in their power to stop the Prophet spreading his message, Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) was a constant source of help and comfort to Muhammad (Peace Allah be upon him) in the difficulties that he had to face. All her wealth was spent in the way of Allah, helping to spread the message of her husband, helping to free slaves who had embraced Islam, and helping to feed and shelter the community of Muslims that slowly but surely began to grow in numbers and strength.

First of all the Prophet's uncle, Hazrat Abu Talib, who was by then more than eighty years old, died; and then a few months later, during the month of Ramadan, Khadijah also died, at the age of sixty-five (May Allah be pleased with her). The Prophet Muhammad (Peace of Allah be upon him) mourned her deeply. They had shared twenty-five years of marriage together and she had given birth to five of his children. Only one of the Prophet's future wives, Maria Qibtia, would give him another child, Ibrahim, and he, like Qasim, was destined to die when he was still very young, at the age of eighteen months.

Hazrat Khadijah had been the first to publicly accept Hazrat Muhammad (Peace of Allah be upon him) as the Messenger of Allah, and she had never stopped doing all she could to help him. Love and mercy had grown between them, increasing in quality and depth as the years passed by, and not even death could take this love away. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace of Allah be upon him) never stopped loving Khadijah, and although he married several more wives in later years and loved them all. It is clear that Khadijah always had a special place in his heart. Indeed whenever 'Aisha, his third wife, heard the Prophet speak of Khadijah, or saw him sending food to Khadijah's old friends and relatives, she could not help feeling jealous of her, because of the love that the Prophet still had for her.

Once Hazrat Aisha asked him if Khadijah had been the only woman worthy of his love. The Prophet (Peace of Allah be upon him) replied: "She believed in me when no one else did; she accepted Islam when people rejected me; and she helped and

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comforted me when there was no one else to lend me a helping hand." It had been related by Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) that on one occasion, when Khadijah was still alive, Jibril came to the Prophet (Peace of Allah be upon him) and said, "O Messenger of Allah, Khadijah is just coming with a bowl of soup (or food or drink) for you. When she comes to you, give her greetings of peace from her Lord and from me, and give her the good news of a palace of jewels in the Garden, where there will be neither any noise nor any tiredness." After the Prophet's uncle, Abu Talib, and his first wife, Khadijah, had both died in the same year, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace of Allah be upon him) and his small community of believers endured a time of great hardship and persecution at the hands of the Quraish. Indeed the Prophet, who was now fifty years old, name this year 'the Year of Sorrow.'

Courtesy: Fazail-e-Amaal Tableegh written by Maulana Muhammad Zakria.

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(2) HAZRAT FATIMA AL-ZAHRA (May Allah be pleased with her)

She was born on Friday, 20 th Jamadi Ussani in the fifth year of the declaration of the Profithood (625 A.D) in Makkah. Her name was Fatima, Title Al-Zahra, Al-Mardhia, Al-Mubaraka, Al-Tahira, Al-Zakiyah, Al-Radhiah, Al-Batoul, and Ummul Aaima. She was the daughter of Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and Hazrat Khadijatul Kubra binte Khuwaylid (May Allah be pleased with them). She died on 14 th Jamadiul Awwal 11 A.H in the age of 18 in Madina. She was buried in Jannat-ul- Baq’ee in Madina. She had two daughters named Hazrat Zainab, Hazrat Umme Kulsoom and three sons named Hazrat Imam Hassan, Hazrat Imam Hussain and Hazrat Mohsin (May Allah be pleased with them).

The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said, “Fatima is a true splendor”. Anas Ibne Malik’s mother said: “ Fatima was like a moon on its full night, or the sun covered with no clouds. She was white with a touch of rose colour on her face. Her hair were black and she has the beautiful features of the Messenger of Allah”. Hazrat Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) said. “I’ve not seen a person familiar to the Prophet’s appearance, conduct, guidance and speech whether sitting or otherwise than Hazrat Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her)”. She will be the leader of women in paradise. ======================================== Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi.

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(2-a) HAZRAT ALI AL-MURTAZA (May Allah be pleased with him)

Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was the son of Hazrat Abu Talib (Imran), the kind uncle of Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) under whose guardianship the Prophet after the death of his grandfather; Hazrat Abdul Muttalib was brought up. Abu Torab was the surname of Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him). He came of the clan of Banu Hasham. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) belonged to the same clan. Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was born ten years before the Call of Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Prophet loved him as a son and gave his daughter, Hazrat Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her) in marriage to him in the first or second year of the Hijrah. As Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was brought up from his childhood in the house of the Prophet, he knew all about Him. So, when the Holy Prophet invited men to accept his mission, Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was among the foremost few persons, who responded to his Call.

Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was gifted with an extraordinary measure of daring, which he devoted to the service of Islam. He took part in almost all the battles that were fought during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet. At the battle of Badr, he was the bearer of the Prophet’s standard and showed great feats of bravery on this occasion. At the battle of Uhud, which took place in the third year of Hijrah, Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was stuck to his ground. At the treaty of Hudaybia, he was also present and acted as scribe (writer). But of all the material exploits of Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him), the most brilliant was the capture of Qamus, the famous port of Khyber.

With the death of Hazrat Usman (May Allah be pleased with him) everything went out of order. Confusion and anarchy prevailed in the city of Madinah. Of

the three bands of insurgents, the Egyptian was the most powerful. After five days of anarchy, Ibn-e-Saba, the Egyptian leader, supported the cause of Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) on the ground that he was the rightful Khalifa in whose favour the Holy Prophet had made a bequest. On the

23 rd June 656 A.D. Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was saluted as

Khalifa by the insurgents and the public swore allegiance to him one by one. With accession of Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him), there opens a new chapter in the history of Islam.

Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was the model of simplicity and self-denial. From cradle to the grave, he led the simple life of a poor man. He

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had neither male-servant nor maidservant in his house and his wife, Hazrat Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her) would grind corn with her own hands. Purity of motives and selflessness were the keynote of his life. Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was a constant companion of the Holy Prophet and during the early period of Islam, he displayed feats of courage and bravery. He was a commentator of the Holy Qur’an of high standard. He was titled as the Gate of Knowledge by the Holy Prophet. His whole life was dedicated to the service of Allah and His Creation.

Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was martyred by Abdur Rahman Ibne Muljam on 21 st Ramazanul Mubarak 40 Hijri when he was saying his morning prayer in the public mosque of Kufa and was buried in Ghaznain, Najaf Ashraf.

Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) married Hazrat Fatima Al-Zahra on 15th Rajjabul Murajjab 2 Hijri. Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) had three brothers named (1) Hazrat Talib (2) Hazrat Aqeel and (3) Hazrat Ja’far Tayyar (May Allah be pleased with them). He had also three sisters named (1) Hazrat Raita (2) Hazrat Hammana and (3) Hazrat Fakhta known as Hazrat Umme Haani. Six sons of Hazrat Ali named (1) Hazrat Imam Hussain (2) Hazrat Abbas (3) Hazrat Usman (4) Hazrat Ja’far (5) Hazrat Abdullah and (6) Hazrat Abdullah Asghar (May Allah be pleased with them) were martyred in Karbala.

*********************************************** Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafquat Hussain Naqvi.

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WIVES AND DESCENDANTS OF HAZRAT ALI-AL-MURTAZA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM)

 

Names of mothers

Names of sons

Names of

daughters

1

Hazrat Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her)

(1) Hazrat Hassan, (2) Hazrat Hussain (3) Hazrat Mohsin (May Allah be pleased with all of them).

(1) Hazrat

Zainab

Kubra (2) Hazrat Umme Kulsoom.

 

Hazrat Khoula D/o Jaffar

(1) Muhammad Akbar (known as Muhammad Hanafia)

 

2

Hanafia (May Allah be pleased with her).

--------------

3

Hazrat Fatima known as

(1) Hazrat Abbas (2) Ja’far Usman And (3) Hazrat Abdullah

---------

Ummul Baneen

D/o

Khazam

4

Hazrat Umme Habib D/o Rabia

(1) Omar Akbar (2) Abbas Asghar

(1) Ruqayya

5

Hazrat Umme Saeed D/o Orooh

---

(1) Ruqayya Kubra, (2) Ruqayya Sughra, (3) Zainab Sughra, (4) Umme Kulsoom Sughra, (5) Umme Akram, (6) Umme Salma, (7) Ramala.

6

Hazrat Umme Showaib Makhzomia

---

(1) Ummul Muhsin (2) Ramala

7

Hazrat Laila D/o Masaud Nahshalya

(1) Abdullah (2) Abu Bakr

-------

8

Hazrat Osama D/o Abul Aas

(1) Hazrat

------

Muhammad

 

Oasat

9

Hazrat Mahya D/o Omaraul Qais

(2) Hazrat Ahmad

(1) Khadija, (2) Tamima, Umm Haani,

1

Hazrat Asma D/o Ammes

(1) Hazrat Yahya, (2) Hazrat Oan, (1) Hazrat Muhammad Asif.

---

0

Courtesy: Tareekh-e-bani Hashim written by Mr.Irtiza bin Raza, Nawaz Puri

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(3-a) HAZRAT IMAM HASSAN (May Allah be pleased with him)

He was born on Tuesday, 15 th Ramazan, 3 A.H. in Madinatul Munawwarah, Arabia. He was the elder son of Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Fatimah Al-Zahra (May Allah be pleased with them). His title was Al-Mujtaba and Kuniat was Abu Muhammad. He was poisoned by his wife and died on Thursday, 7 th Safar, 50 A.H.in Madina. He was buried in Janatul Baqi, a public cemetery in Madinatul Munawwarah.

He excelled all others in his time in worshipping Allah, in knowledge and in spiritual perfection. He was liked very much by the Holy Profit. He was the most kind-hearted person in his family at his time and the most forbearing among people.

Once a housemaid presented a bunch of flowers to him and because of this, he set her free. He, then, said that it was because of how Allah has disciplined us and he stated this from the Holy Qur’an. “When you’re greeted, you should respond in even a better way or just return the greeting”.

Once a person from Syria on a horseback met Hazrat Imam Hassan (May Allah be pleased with him) and started to abuse him but Hazrat Imam Hassan did not respond. When the Syrian said all that he wanted to say, Hazrat Imam Hassan went closer to him and said with a smile, “May peace be with you, I think you have just come to this town. If you need food we can provide you, if you may need anything, we can give you, and if you need directions we can give directions and if you need a ride, we can provide one and if you need protection, we’re ready to protect you.” The man after hearing all this began to cry and said. “I testify that you’re the deputy of Allah on earth and Allah knows better who to entrust with Divine message”.

Two sons of Hazrat Imam Hassan (May Allah be pleased with him), Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Qasim Abdullah were martyred in Karbala.

He married nine times and had eight sons and seven daughters. His son Hassan Musanna was wounded in Karbala. Hassan Musanna married Fatima, daughter of Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him). He was made Khalifa in 40 Hijri and remained king for one year. He left khalifat in favour of Amir Muawia in Rabiul Awwal 41 Hijri. He was poisoned by his wife, Ja’ada binte Ash-a’at on 28 th Saffar 49 Hijri and was buried at Jannat-ul- Baq’ee in Madinatul Munawwara.

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Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi.

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(3) HAZRAT IMAM HUSSAIN (May Allah be pleased with him)

He was born in Madinatul Munawwarah on 5th of Sha’aban in the year 4 A.H. (626 A.D). His mother, Hazrat Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her) brought him to the Apostle of God. The latter was delighted with him and named him Hussain. He sacrificed a ram on his behalf in the rite of Aqiqa. On the testament of the Apostle of God, he and his brother are the two lords of the youth of Heaven.

Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him) had married five times. The names of his wives are:

1. Hazrat Shehr Banu, daughter of Yazdigar of Iran, who belonged to the family of Emperor Nowsherwan Aadil, the last Emperor of Iran. Hazrat Imam Zainul Abideen was her son. She died within ten days of Zaynul Abideen’s birth.

2. Hazrat Rabab, daughter of Imra’Ul Qays, the chief of the tribe of Kinda. Rabab was the mother of Sakinah and the baby Abdullah (called Ali Asghar). She was present in Karbala with Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him) and died after one year of return to Madinah after the tragedy of Karbala.

3. Hazrat Laila was the daughter of Abu Murra, the son of Urwan bin Masaud Al Thaqafi. Her mother was Maymunah, the daughter of Abu Sufyan and thus she was the cousin of Yazid. Her aunt Umme Sa’id, daughter of Urwan, was a wife of Hazrat Ali. Hazrat Laila was the mother of Ali Akbar. According to scholars, she was not alive at the time of Tragedy of Karbala.

4. Hazrat Umme Ishaq was the daughter of Talha bin Ubaidullah Taimi amd she was the mother of Fatima Kubra.

5. Hazrat Qudaiyah was from the tribe of Quda’ah. She gave birth to one child, Ja’far, who died in childhood.

Once the Holy Profit (Peace be upon him) was praying, Hassan and Hussain (May Allah be pleased with them) came and stood behind him. When he raised his head, he took them tenderly into his arms. When he resumed his prayers, they resumed theirs. When he had finished the prayer, he got them seated one on his right knee and the other on his left knee and

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said: “Whoever loves me, should love these two. They are the two proofs of God of Prophet in the contest of prayer”. Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) said’ “O God, I love both of them. Therefore love whoever loves them. Then He said, “Whoever loves al-Hassan and al Hussain, is one whom I love, God loves, and whomever God loves, he will cause to enter Heaven. Whoever hates them, I hate and God hates. Whomever God hates, he will cause to enter the Fire. Then He said, “These two sons of mine are my two plants of sweet basil (to sweeten) the world”. Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him) was martyred on Friday, 10 th Muharramul Haram 60 Hijri in Karbala, Iraq.

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Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali. (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi.

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(4) HAZRAT IMAM ALI ZAINUL ABIDEEN (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Ali; Kuniat Abu Muhammad and Abul Hassan; alqaab were Zainul Abideen, Sayyidus Sajideen. He was the son of Hazrat Imam Hussain, grandson of Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with them) and great grandson of Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him). He had a very graceful personality. He was the elder son of Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him) and Shehr Bano. Shehr Bano was the daughter of King Yazdigar II, the last of the Persian Kings, who belonged to the family of Emperor Nowsherwan Aadil. Hazrat Gaihan Bano, sister of Hazrat Shehr Bano, was the wife of Hazrat Muhammad, son of Hazrat Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with them). Hazrat Imam Zainul Abideen was two years old when Hazrat Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was martyred in the Mosque at Kufa.

Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen was born on Friday, 15th Jamadiul Awwal 38 Hijri (660 A.D) in Madinatul Munawwara. The calm and peaceful life of the Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen was not to be tolerated by the Ummayad’s cruel regime. They realized that the Imam was suceeding in his mission of spreading the message of his father, Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him). He was martyred by getting poisoned by King Waleed Ibne Abdul Malik on 25th Muharramul Harram, 95 Hijri (714 A.D). He was laid to rest in the graveyard of Jannat-ul-Baq’ee in Madinatul Munawwara.

He had written a book titled “Saheefa-e-Sajjadia” containing manajaat and prayers. This is also known as Saheefa-e-Kamila, Zaboor-e-Aal-e-Muhammad and Injeel Ahl-e-Baith.

Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen went from Madina to Makkah with his father on 28th Rajab 60 Hijri. They stayed there for four months. Then, they went from Makkah to Karbala and reached there on 2nd Muharramul Haram 60 Hijri. He got seriously ill in Karbala. He tried his level best to take part in the battle against the enemies of Islam, but he was stopped by his sister, Hazrat Zainab on the instruction of Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with them). After the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain, all the members of his family were taken to the court of Governor, Ibne Ziad. From there, they were taken to Damascus and brought in the court of Yazeed in chains.

Inspire of his illness and humiliating position in front of Yazid, the Ummayad’ruler, when Yazid addressed him in an insulting manner, saying

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that his father wasted his life by refusing to give the oath of allegiance to Yazid, Imam Ali replied, it was to save Islam. They were wondering how Islam was saved? When time for “Azaan” came and the “Moazzin” screamed from the minaret, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, Imam shouted to Yazid, this is the way Islam was saved. People would have forgotten the name of Muhammad as the Messenger of Allah if his grandson could not have shown the world that you were a ruler by default. They were kept in prison for one year. After this, they came back to Karbala on 20 th Safar 62 Hijri to pay homage over the grave of their beloved father, uncle and brothers. They also buried the head of Hazrat Imam Hussain with the body of Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him). The whole family then retuned to Madina on 8 th Rabiul Awwul 62 Hijri.

The people of Madina were very shocked to see such a grieved caravan and mourned over the death of innocent descendants of Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) for fifteen days. All Hussaini Sadaat are the descendants of Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him). ********************************

Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi.

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(5) HAZRAT IMAM MUHAMMAD BAQIR (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His full name and lineage is Muhammad, Ibne Ali, Ibne Hussain, Ibne Ali, Ibne Abu Talib al-Quraishi al-Hashimi (May Allah be pleased with them). He was the son of Hazrat Ali Zainul Abideen and Hazrat Fatima, daughter of Imam Hassan (Allah may be pleased with them). He was born on Friday, 1 st Rajabul Murjjab, 57 Hijri in Madinatul Munawwara. His kuniat was Abu Ja’far and Abu Abdullah and Alqaab were Baqir and Hadi.

Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir has disclosed secrets of ‘Ilm’ and Hikmah and unfolded the principles of spiritual and religious guidance. Nobody can deny his character, his God-given knowledge, his Divinely-gifted Hikmah, and his obligation and gratitude towards the spreading of knowledge. He was a sacred and highly talented spiritual leader and for this reason, he was popularly titled al-Baqir, which means the expounder of knowledge. Imam devoted all his time to the worship of Allah.

Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir lived in the period of the Umayyad dynasty of Sulayman, Hazrat ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul-‘Aziz, Yazid II, and Hisham bin Abdul-Malik. The period of the Khalifat of Hazrat ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul Aziz was a positive one for the Ahl-e-Bayt because not only did he bring an end to the bad-mouthing of Hazrat Ali bin Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) and his descendants, but he also gave the orchard of Fidak to Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir out of his tremendous respect for and devotion to the descendants of Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upo him) which was well- accepted by him.

Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir married the great granddaughter of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (May Allah be pleased with him), Hazrat Umme Farwa binte al-Qasim Ibne Muhammad Ibne Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him).

Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir was martyred by getting poisoned on Monday, 7 th Zil-Hajj 114 Hijri (732 A.D) by King Hisham Ibne Abdul Malik in the age of 57 years and was buried in Jannat-ul-Baq’ee, Madinatul Munawwara. The Islamic currency was started on the advice of Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir in the reign of Abdul Malik Ibne Marwan in 75 Hijri.

He was three years old when he left Madina for Makkah along with his family. He was the eyewitness of the whole tragedy of Karbala and remained

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in prison in Damascus for one year. Hazrat Zaid was his brother whose mother was a slave girl named Huriyah, who belonged to Sindh.

He had two daughters and five sons. However, the names of Hazrat Imam Ja’far Sadiq and Hazrat Abdullah are known. He had four wives named (1) Hazrat Umme Farwah, binte Qasim, son of Muhammad, son of Hazrat Abu Bakr (2) Hazrat Umme Hakim, son of Assad and 2 girl slaves. He was a pious and a great scholar of Islam. He was also the teacher of Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa, a great scholar of Islam.

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Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi

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(6) HAZRAT IMAM JA’FAR AL-SADIQ (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Ja'far and known as al-Sadiq and Abu Abdullah. He was the son of Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, son of Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen, son of Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with them). His mother was Umm Farwah, daughter of al-Qasim, son of Hazrat Muhammad, son of Hazrat Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaded with them). Thus the sixth Imam has an impressive historical background of lineage.

He was born on 17th Rabiul-Awwal, 83 Hijri (April 20, 702 A.D). At his birth, his father, Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was 26, and his grandfather, Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen was still alive. The Prophet's family joyfully welcomed this auspicious addition.

Up to the age of twelve, Hazrat Imam Ja'far was brought up under the guidance of his grandfather, Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen, whose main concern was to worship his Maker and reflect on the tragic events of Karbala. So, as soon as Ja'far al-Sadiq gained understanding, he was profoundly impressed by the continuous grief of his grandfather, so much so that he felt as if he himself was present during that tragedy of Karbala. He also contemplated on the presence of his father, Imam Muhammad al- Baqir, although only three years old, at that gruesome scene. Hazrat Imam Ja'far al- Sadiq considered it as his duty to convene the recitation gatherings (Majalis) about that sorrowful event.

He was twelve years old when his grandfather, Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen expired. Thence up to the age of 31, he passed his time under the supervision of his father, Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir. It was the time when the Umayyad politics were tottering and Muslims were approaching Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir in thousands. Hazrat Ja'far al-Sadiq was one of them, but he was a student devoted to worship and learning. Whether at Madina or in travels, he was always with his father.

In l14 A.H. (732 A.D), Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir died, and the responsibilities of Imamate devolved on the shoulders of Hazrat Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. Hisham Ibne Abdul Malik was ruling in Damascus and political disturbances were afoot. The passion of taking revenge on Bani Umayya was strong and several descendants of Hazrat Imam Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) were preparing themselves to overthrow the regime. Most prominent among them was Hazrat Zaid, the respected son of Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen. His religious zeal and piety were known throughout Arabia. He was a well-versed hafiz of the Holy Qur'an and he had taken the field against the tyranny of the Umayyads.

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This was a precarious juncture for Hazrat Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. As regarding hatred of the Umayyad he agreed with his uncle, Hazrat Zaid for whom he had a great deal of respect. Since his far-sighted judgment could clearly see that rising against the well-organized royal forces was of no avail; therefore, he did not join him for all practical reasons. But he was compassionate towards him and sympathetic to his cause, and he asked him to be judicious. As a great host of Iraqis had sworn their allegiance to him, Hazrat Zaid became quite optimistic. He gave gallant battle to the royal forces but was killed in the end. One year after Zaid's martyrdom, his son, Yahya gained the same ancestral honour. Hazrat Imam Ja'far was surely moved by these touching events, but he was destined to carry out the duties of spreading the religious sciences of Ahlul-Bayt.

The last days of the Umayyad were ruffled by political disturbances and during the last phase of the tottering Umayyad rule, the Hashemites were actively engaged in their anti-Umayyad activities. The Abbasids took advantage of their efforts and secretly formed an association. But the Imams, the descendants of Hazrat Imam Ali (May Allah be pleased with him), never tried to acquire power through political trickery, while the Abbasids, who too were Hashemites, no doubt took the opportunity by the forelock. And when they established themselves on the throne, they became enemies of the descendants of Hazrat Imam Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) in the same degree or more than that which had been adopted by the heartless Umayyad.

Hazrat Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq was sadly touched by those events. When once the descendant of Hazrat Imam Hassan Ibne Ali (May Allah be pleased with them) were all constrained, shackled and banished from Madina, he watched their sufferings with a saddened heart from the rooftop of his house. With flooded eyes he was heard saying:

" Oh! Madina is no more a sanctuary or a place of peace sorrow for the inactive descendants of the Ansar thus:

Then he expressed his

"The early Madenites (Ansar) had invited the Holy Prophet to Madina under the oath that they would protect him and his descendants just as they would protect their own kith and kin. But today the descendants of those very Ansar act as silent onlookers and none stands up to protect the Prophet's offspring".

Having said these words, he returned to his house and fell ill, unable to move from bed for twenty days. Among the aforesaid prisoners was the aged Abdullah al-Mahdi, son of Hazrat Imam Hassan Ibne Ali (May Allah be pleased with them), who had to suffer the hardships of a prolonged imprisonment. His son, Muhammad rose against

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the oppressive government and fell fighting near Median in 145 A.H. The head of the young warrior was sent to his aged father in prison, a shocking sight that the worn out old man could not bear, and he died shortly thereafter. Another son of Abdullah al- Mahdi, named Ibrahim, also fought against Mansur's army and fell fighting near Kufa. In the same way, Abdullah, son of Muhammad, Musa and Yahya brothers of Muhammad, were all killed mercilessly. Many Sayyids were used alive as part of the building materials of walls.

In spite of all these atrocities, Hazrat Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq went on silently, propagating the teachings of Ahle al-Bayt. As a result, even those who did not acknowledge him as the Imam nor knew his prestige and line-age, bowed before his knowledge and prided in being counted among his students.

AI-Mansur tried to bring persons to compete with him but they all proved incapable of arguing even with his students. Failing in all his efforts he decided to harass, arrest or murder him. And anyone suspected of supporting the Imam, was to be arrested. The Imam himself was summoned from Madina a number of times, each time being in one way or another nothing but harassment. Al-Mansur, however, could never find sufficient grounds to order his imprisonment or assassination. On the other hand, the consequent stay of the Imam in Iraq only expanded the circle of those who wanted to learn the teachings of Ahlul-Bayt from him. Perceiving this, al-Mansur ordered him to be sent back to Madina. Even there, he was not spared from persecution. Through saboteurs, his house was once set on fire but Providence soon put it out and nobody was harmed.

Character and Virtues:

Hazrat Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq was one of those Infallible souls who were created by the Almighty to be models of moral excellence. But the particular virtues of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq which were recorded by the historians included hospitality, charity, the helping of the needy in secrecy, the fair treatment of the relatives, forgiveness, patience and fortitude.

During the days of scarcity the Imam had no reason to worry since there was a large quantity of corn to sustain them over a long period of time. But he sold the corn out and directed: "Pure wheat flour shall not be used in my kitchen. Let it be mixed with an equal quantity of oat flour. We must share the misfortune with the needy as long as it takes".

He used to respect the poor more than the rich and esteem their hard work. Trade was his occupation and he liked to do manual work in his gardens too. One day while wielding the spade and sweating profusely from top to toe, someone offered to do the work for him, but the labour-loving leader said:

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"It is no insult to bear the heat of the summer sun for the sake of my house-hold".

His profound knowledge of religious and other sciences was famed throughout the entire Islamic world. People came from distant regions to learn from him. The number of his students reached once four thousand. Among them were scholars,

etc. Heads of other religions also came there to

expostulate with his students. When they went away vanquished and defeated, the Imam used to explain to his students their own weak points so that they might be careful in the future. He was also the teacher of Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa and Jabir bin Hayan, a great scientist of Islam.

jurists, Tafsir (exegesis), Hadith

Sometimes he himself argued with the opponents especially the atheists. Apart from religious sciences, he used to teach some students mathematics, chemistry,

etc. Jabir Ibne Hayyan of Tarus, the famous pioneer of physics, chemistry

and mathematics, was his disciple who wrote about four hundred treatises based on his mentor's instruction. The hundreds can count the jurists, who learned from him and authored several volumes of books on jurisprudence.

medicine

Such a great religious man and scholar can never be ambitious for power. But the government considered his popularity to be a constant threat, even though the monarchs knew that this Progeny really deserved to rule the Islamic World. Exhausting all its efforts, the ruling class could not find any grounds to take action against the Imam. It finally resorted to the use of their soundless weapon, poison. The governor of Madina was directed to offer him poisoned grapes, the efficacy of which ended his life on the 15th of Shawwal of 148 A.H. (December 04, 765 A.D) at the age of 65. His funeral prayer was led by his son and successor, Hazrat Imam Musa al- Kazim, who led the burial prayers. He was laid to rest in compound of Jannat al-Baqi, where Hazrat Imam Hassan, Hazrat Imam Ali Zainul Abideen and Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir (May Allah be pleased with them) have been buried.

He had ten children - three daughters and seven sons named (1) Hazrat Umme Farwah (2) Hazrat Asma (3) Hazrat Fatima Sughra (4) Hazrat Ismail (5) Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim (6) Hazrat Ali Areez (7) Hazrat Muhammad (8) Hazrat Abdullah (9) Hazrat Ishaq Ja’far and (10) Hazrat Abbas. He had two wives and three girl slaves.

Brief Sayings of Imam Ja’far Al- Sadiq:

1. A Muslim who puts in endeavors to materialize the desire of his Brother is like someone who performs holy war (Jihad) on the way to God.

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2. Our intercession will not be extended to the one who is careless in Performing prayers.

3. The fruit (result) of love and attachment with the world is Inconvenience, trouble and sorrow and the result of piety and purity in The world is the comfort of body and soul.

4. How indecent is it that the powerful ones take revenge from the weak.

5. Be benevolent to your father and mother so that your children may as Well be benevolent to you.

6. Pray to God that your sustenance does not lie in the hand of people.

7. One who invites the people towards himself (leadership) and a person? Wiser than him is present among the people, has gone astray.

8. Avoid incorrect jokes and humors, as it is the cause of enmity and Grudge.

9. Three things are the signs of a hypocrite:

i) While talking, tells lies.

ii) Does not fulfill promises and commitments.

iii) Embezzles the deposits of others.

10. Take distance from (avoid) being jealous of others because this will be the cause of your becoming away from God.

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Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K. Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi

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(7) HAZRAT IMAM MUSA KAZIM (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

Hazrat Imam Musa al-Kazim was the son of Hazrat Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq. The name of his mother was Hamida Khatoon, who was the daughter of a noble man named Saeed, hailing from the country of Berber (present Algeria). He was a pious, scholar and very passionate person.

Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim was born on Sunday, 7 th Safar, 128 A.H. (745 A.D) at Abwa, midway between the cities of Makkah and Madina. It is the place where the mother of the Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him), Hazrat Amina, the daughter of Wahub, had passed away and was buried there. He died on Friday, 25 th Rajab, 183 Hijri at the age of 55 in Baghdad, Iraq.

His name was "Musa", Laqab Abul Hassan and his famous title was Kazim. His matchless devotion and worship of God has also earned him the title of "Abd-e-Saleh" (virtuous slave of God). Generosity was synonymous with his name and no beggar ever returned from his door empty handed. Thus one of his additional titles is also "Bab-e-Qaza-ul-Hawaij" (the door to fulfilling needs).

Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim lived under the care of his father, Imam Ja'far al- Sadiq and learned from the school of his father, to which the religious scholars, jurists (religious experts), philosophers and preachers flocked. He inherited, from his father, his knowledge, manners and morals. He came to epitomize high morals, generosity, asceticism, patience, bravery, perseverance and holy striving (jihad). During the Imamate of his father, he directed his attention to acquiring knowledge, and after his father's death, he shouldered the responsibility of leading the ummah.

Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim passed 20 years of his sacred life under the gracious patronage of his father. His inherent genius and gifted virtues combined with the enlightened guidance and education from Imam Ja’far al- Sadiq, showed in the manifestation of his future personality.

He was fully versed with Divine knowledge even in his childhood. Allama Majlisi relates that once Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa happened to call upon the holy abode of Imam Jafar-as-Sadiq to ask him about some religious matters (Masail). The Imam was asleep and so he was kept waiting outside till the Imam's awakening. Meanwhile, Imam Musa Kazim, who was then 5 years old, came out of his house, Imam Abu Hanifa, after offering him his best compliments, said:

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"O the son of the Holy Prophet! What is your opinion about the deeds of a

man? Does he do them by himself or does God makes him do them?"

Abu Hanifa", the five years old Imam replied at once, in the typical tone of his ancestors.

"O

"The doings of a man are confined to three possibilities. First, that God alone does them while the man is quite helpless. Secondly, that both God and the man do equally share the commitment. Third, that man does them alone.

Now if the first assumption is true, it obviously proves the unjustness of God, who punishes his creatures for sins that they have not committed. And if the second condition is accepted, even then God becomes unjust if He punishes the man for the crimes in which he is equally a partner. But the undesirability of both these conditions is evident in the case of God. Thus we’fe naturally left with the third alternative to the problem that men are absolutely responsible for their own doings."

Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim lived under the most crucial times in the regimes of the autocratic Abbasid kings, who were marked for their tyrannical and cruel administration. He witnessed the reigns of Mansur-e-Dawaniqi, Mahdi and Haroon-al-Rashid. Mansur and Haroon were the despotic kings who put a multitude of innocent descendants of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) to the sword.

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Moral and Ethical Excellence:

Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim earned many nicknames for his great status among the people and his unique refined character. He was called 'Abd Salih' (The Good Servant) for his perfect character and manners, "Zainul- Mutahajjideen" (The Ornament of Performing The Mid-Night Prayers) for his lengthy worship and supplication, 'al-Kazim' (The one Who Curbs His Anger) for his extreme endurance, patience and bravery in the face of adversities, his curbing of pain and anger, and for being kind to those who harassed him, 'Bab al-Hawa'ij' (The Gateway to Satisfaction of peoples' needs) for his great position in the sight of Allah, and the fulfillment of one's desires and needs when one beseeches Allah, invoking his name.

One of his wives was Al-Baneen whose laqab was Tahira and the names of other wives are not known. He had 23 sons and 18 daughters. Sons (1) Abdur Rahman (2) Aqeel (3) Qasim (4) Yahya (5) Dawood (6) Suleman (7) Fazal (8) Ahmad (9) Hussain Ibrahim Al-Akbar (10) Haroon (11) Zaid (12) Hassan Asghar (13) Ali Raza (14) Ibrahim Asghar (15) Abbas (16) Ismail (17) Ishaq (18) Hamza (19) Abdullah (20) Obaidullah (21) Ja’far and (23) Hussain.

Daughters: (1) Fatima Kubra (2) Fatima Sughra (3) Ruqayya (4) Hakima (5) Ruqayya Sughra (6) Kulsoom (7) Umme Ja’afar (8) Al-Baba (9) Zainab (10) Khadija (11) Aalia (12) Amina (13) Hasna (14) Bareeta (15) Umme Salma (16) Maimoona (17) Umme Kulssom (18) Umme Meeha. ================================================

Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi.

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(8) HAZRAT IMAM ALI RAZA (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the son of Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim and Hazrat Ummul Baneen, alias Najma. He was born on Thursday, 11th Zeeqa’ad 148 Hijri (765 A.D) in Madina, in the reign of Mansoor Abbasi. His Kuniat was Abul Hassan and Alqaab were Raza, Sabir, Zaki, Wali, Razi and Wasi. He saw the periods of Mansoor Abbasi, Mehdi Abbasi, Hadi Abbasi, Haroon Rashid Abbasi, Amin Abbasi and Mamoon Abbasi. At the time of martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim, he was 55 years old. He was married to Sakina (Khaizran) and Umme Habiba, the daughter of King Mamoon Rashid. He was made Crown Prince by King Mamoon on 1 st Ramazanul Mubarak 201 Hijri. He was poisoned on 23 rd Zilqaada 203 Hijri (818 A.D) and buried in Mash-had, Iran. He had only one son, Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi. Hazrat Fatima was the sister of Hazrat Imam Ali Raza, who died in Qum, Iran.

Rizvi Sayyids:

It is a fact that all Sayyids known as Razvi are actually Taqvi. Hazrat Imam Ali Raza had no son other than Imam Muhammad Taqi. Had he other sons than the Imam Muhammad Taqi, and then their offspring would have been called Rizvi Sayyids. But as Imam Ali Raza came to Iran and died in Tus, many descendants of his son, Imam Muhammad Taqi, were also called Rizvis.

================================================

Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi.

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(9) HAZRAT IMAM MUHAMMAD TAQI JAWAAD (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi was the son of Hazrat Imam Muhammad Raza and Khaizran alias Sakina. Khaizran belonged to the clan of Ummul Momineen Hazrat Maria Qibtia of Egypt. His Kuniat was Abu Ja’far and Alqaab were Jawaad, Murtaza and Taqi. He was born on Friday, 10 th Rajabul Murajjab 195 Hijri (811 A.D) in Madinatul Munawwara in the reign of Amin Abbasi. He was married to Ummul Fazal, the daughter of King Mamoon Abbasi.

He spent most of his daytime sitting in the Mosque of the Prophet where Muslims came to avail of his knowledge and preaching. The narrators of Hadith and other students of theology came to enquire about religious sciences and the Imam guided them by explaining every complicated matter. The whole world saw that Imam Ja’afar Sadiq’s successor, seated on the same mat, was guiding the people towards piety that was the hallmark of Islam.

Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi allowed the same amount of freedom to his wife Umme Fadhl and imposed the same restrictions on her as his ancestors had done in the case of their wives. He did not care much about the fact that Umme Fazal was a princess. Although she lived with him, he married another lady, who was a descendant of Hazrat Ammar Ibne Yasir. God had intended to continue the line of Immamate through her and she gave birth to Hazrat Imam Ali Naqi, the tenth Imam.

Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi’s speech was very charming and effective. Once during the Hajj season, he addressed a gathering of the pilgrims and stated commandments of the Divine Law of Sharia’a. The audience included learned scholars who admitted that they had never heard such an eloquent and comprehensive speech.

He was poisoned by his wife, Ummul Fazal on the instigation of her uncle, King Muhtasim Billah on 28 th Zilqa’ad 220 Hijri (835 A.D) and was buried near the grave of grandfather, Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim in Sarman Rai, Iraq. This city is now called Kazimeen. He had four children from Bibi Sahana - two daughters and two sons, (1) Fatima (2) Imama (3) Ali Al-Hadi Al-Naqi and (4) Musa Al-Mubarqa.

Character and Virtues:

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Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi occupied the highest position in human virtues and moral attainments as this was the marked feature of the Prophet’s family. It was customary for the Imam to meet everyone humbly, fulfill the needs of the poor, maintain Islamic requisites of equality and simplicity, help the poor secretly, treat even foes fairly, extend hospitality, impart true Islamic knowledge to all and specially to the scholars of religion and the like, marked his saintly life-in full conformity with other members of this sacred series of infallible Imams.

Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi

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(10) HAZRAT IMAM ALI NAQI AL-HADI (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the elder son of Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi and Hazrat Samaana Khatoon. His Kuniat was Abul Hassan and Alqab were Askari, Hadi and Naqi.

He was a pious, virtuous, God fearing and great scholar of Islam. He was the model of simplicity and self-denial. From cradle to the grave, he led the simple life of a Dervish. His whole life was dedicated to the service of Allah and His creation. He was born on Friday, 5 th Rajab- ul- Murajjab 214 Hijri (829 A.D) in Sarya, Madinatul Munawwara in the reign of King Mamoon Abbasi. He was got poisoned by Mustansir on 3 rd Rajab 252 Hijri (868 A.D) in Saamra/Samarra, 125 kilometres north of Baghdad, Iraq and was buried in his house there.

He had several wives but two of them are known - Hadisa and Saleel. He had five children - one daughter and four sons named (1) Aaliya (2) Hazrat Imam Hassan Askari, who was the 12 th Imam of Fiqa-e-Ja’faria (3) Muhammad (4) Hussain (5) Ja’far Saani Askari, who was the youngest of all. Hazrat Ja’far Saani Askari was the great grandfather of Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari. May Allah shower His blessings upon his soul. Amin!

=================================

Courtesy: (1) A Study of Islamic History written by K.Ali. (2) Tazkiratul Ma’asoomeen written by Syed Shafqauat Hussain Naqvi.

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(11) SYED ABU ALI, JA’FAR SAANA ASKARI (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

Hazrat Ja’far Saani Askari was the youngest son of Hazrat Imam Ali Naqi. His name was Ja’far, Kuniat was Abu Ali and Alqaab were Ja’far Sanai, Ja’far Al- Murtaza, Ja’far Al-Tawab, Ja’far Al-Zaki and Khalilullah Saani. He had many children among them (1) Ismail Kharif (2) Yahya Al-Sofi (3) Haroon (4) Ali Al-Mukhtar (5) Idrees and (6) Tahir are well known. The descendants of Ismail Kharif and Haroon have settled in Egypt. Most of the descendants of Hazrat Ali Al-Mukhtar have settled in India and Pakistan. He died in 271 Hijri in Saamra, Iraq and was buried there. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Courtesy: Page # 285 of Roohani Rabita and Taroon written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency.

(1)

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SYED ABU ABDULLAH, ALI ASGHAR AL-ASHTAR (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Ali; Kuniat was Abu Abdullah; Asghar and Ashtar were his alqaab. He was the son of Hazrat Ja’far Saani and Zainab, binte Abul Fazal Muhammad Sharif Fazil, Ibne Syed Abu Al-Qasim Ali Naqeeb, (Qum, Iran), Ibne Syed Muhammad, Ibne Syed Hamza Mash-hood Ibne, Ahmad Al-Surkh, Ibne Syed Muhammad, Ibne Syed Ismail, Ibne Syed Muhammad Al-Arquat, Ibne Syed Abdullah Bahir, Ibne Syed Imam Ali Zaiul Abideen, Ibne Hazrat Imam Hussain (Allah may be pleased with them).

He was born in 257 Hijri and died in 321 Hijri and was buried in Saamra, Iraq near the grave of his father, Ja’far Saani Askari. He had four sons named (1) Muhammad (2) Ja’far (3) Ismail and (4) Abdullah. Sadaat of Bhakkar and Sindh are the descendants of Syed Ismail and when Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari migrated from Bukhara to Bhakar, he married one of the daughters of these sadaat. Sadaat of Chinar Kot, Oghaz Banda and Pir Khel, Malakand Agency etc., are the descendants of Syed Abdullah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Courtesy: Page # 284, 285 of Roohani Rabita written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency.

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(13) ABU AHMAD, SHAHABUDDIN ABDULLAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Abdullah, Kuniat was Abu Ahmad and Laqab was Shahabuddin. Abdullah was the son of Ali Asghar Al-Ashtar and Khadija, binte Syed Mazhar, Ibne Abul Fazal Muhammad Sharif Fazil. He was born in 291 Hijri and died in 352 Hijri in Saamra, Iraq. He had two sons named (1) Syed Muhammad Nazoak, who had five sons, Syed Issa, Syed Abul Ghanaim Abdullah, Syed Muhammad, Syed Ali and Syed Yahya and all his descendant are called bani Nazoak and (2) Abu Yousuf, Abu Mahmood, Ahmad Qatal, who migrated from Iraq to Bukhara and his descendants are known as Bukhari Sadaat. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(1)

MASHAIKH JALALUDDIN AHMAD QATAL BUKHARI

ABU YOUSUF, ABU MAHMOOD, SHEIKHUL

(Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the great grandfather of Sadaat Bukhari, who migrated from Iraq to Bukhara, Uzbakistan. His name was Syed Ahmad, Kuniat Abu Yousuf, Abu Mahmood and Laqab was Qatal. He was the son of Abdullah and Sakina, binte Muhammad, Ibne Syed Mazhar, Ibne Syed Abul Fazal Muhammad. He was born in 340 Hijri in Iraq and died in 412 Hijri in Bukhara. He had three sons named (1) Yousuf (2) Ali known as Jalaluddin Akbar and (3) Mahmood (known as Jalaluddin Asghar). All the descendants of Jalaluddin Ahmad Qatal are known as Bukhari Syed and they also put the word of “Jalaluddin” with their names. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Courtesy: Page # 284 of Roohani Rabita written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency.

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(15) ABU MUHAMMAD, NASIRUD-DIN MAHMOOD ASGHAR MUKHTARULLAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Mahmood; Kuniat was Abu Muhammad and Alqab were Asghar, Mukhtarullah and Nasiruddin. He was the son of Syed Ahmad Qatal and Zainab, binte Syed Murtaza, Ibne Syed Muhammad, Ibne Syed Mazhar, Ibne Syed Abul Fazal Muhammad. They were two brothers: (1) Ali (known as Ali Akbar) and (2) Mahmood (known as Mahmood Asghar). He was born in 370 Hijri and died in 467 Hijri in Bukhara, present- day Uzbakistan. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Courtesy: Page # 284, 285 of ‘Roohani Rabita’ written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency.

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(16) ABUL FATAH, MUHAMMAD SAFIUD-DIN (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Syed Muhammad Safiuddin and Kuniat was Abul Fatah. He died in 519 Hijri in Bukhara and was buried there. He had two sons: (1) Fatah and (2) Ja’far (known as Abu Ali). May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin! **********************************************

Courtesy: Page # 283 of Roohani Rabita & Taroon written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency.

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(17) SYED ABU ALI, JA’FAR (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Syed Ja’far; Kuniat Abu Ali Al-Moeed. He had two sons: (1) Ali Al-Moeed and (2) Abdul Ghafoor. One of the descendants of Abdul Ghafoor named Abdul Hakim Bukhari (1150-1236 Hijri) died in Gujar Garhi, Mardan and was buried there. Syed Ja’far died in 575 Hijri in Bukhara and was buried there. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Courtesy: Page # 282 of Roohani Rabita written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency.

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(18) SYED ALI AL-MOEED (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Syed Ali Al-Moeed. His wife was the daughter of King Sultan Muhammad Khuda Banda, who was one of the descendants of King Changez Khan. King Sultan Muhammad Khuda Banda had three daughters. He had determined in his mind to give all his daughters’ hands in marriages to Syed families. So he gave his first daughter’s hand in marriage to the family of Sadaat Kirmani, the second to Syed Jalaluddin Tebraizi and the third to Syed Ali Al-Moeed, father of Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari. She was blessed with a son, Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari.

His son, Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari migrated from Bukhara to Bahawal Pur, present-day Pakistan. Syed Ali Al-Moeed died in 575 Hijri in Bukhara and was buried there. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Courtesy: “The Daily Mashriq”, (Special Edition) Wednesday, 5 th December 1990 written by Rasool Bakhsh Naseem.

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(19) SYED JALALUDDIN HASSAN MIR SURKH BUKHARI (Rahmatullah-e- Alaih)

His name was Hassan; Jalaluddin, Jalal Azam and Mir Surkh (Surkh Posh) Bukhari were his alqaab. He was also known as Jalal Ganj. He was born on Friday, 5th Zilhaj 595 Hijri in Bukhara, present - day Uzbakistan. He was the son of Syed Ali Al- Moeed and grandson of Syed Ja’far Hussain. He got his early education in Bukhara under the supervision and guidance of his father. He married Syeda Fatima, daughter of Syed Qasim in Bukhara. She was blessed with two sons, Syed Ali and Syed Ja’far.

After the death of his first wife, Syeda Fatima in Bukhara, he along with his two sons - Syed Ali and Syed Ja’far migrated at the age of forty years from Bukhara to Bhakkar, Punjab in 635 Hijri. However, as per book “Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht” written by Muhammad Ayub Qadri, both the brothers went back to Bukhara after some time.

In Bhakkar, Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari married Syeda Zehra; daughter of a renowned “Buzurg” named Syed Badruddin, son of Sadruddin, son of Hussaini of Bhakkar. She was blessed with a son, Syed Bahauddin. He then shifted to Oufach Sharif, Punjab and settled there. After the death of his second wife, he married Fatima, who was also the daughter of Syed Badruddin, son of Sadruddin Hussaini of Bhakkar. She was blessed with two sons - Syed Ahmad Kabir and Syed Muhammad Kabir.

Mother of Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari was the daughter of King Sultan Muhammad Khuda Banda, who was one of the descendants of King Changez Khan. King Sultan Muhammad Khuda Banda had three daughters. He had determined to give all his daughters’ hands in marriages to Syed families. So he gave his first daughter’s hand in marriage to the family of Sadaat Kirmani, the second to Syed Jalaluddin Tebraizi and the third to Syed Ali Al - Moeed, father of Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari. She was blessed with a son, Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari.

His son, Syed Ahmad Kabir, who had two sons: (1) Syed Jalaluddin Hussain Makhdoom Jahania Jahan Gash and (2) Syed Sadruddin were very pious, virtuous and Sahib-e-Karamat Buzurg.

Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari died in the age of 95 years on 19th Jamadiul Awwal 690 Hijri (20 th May 1294) in Ouch Sharif, Punjab. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Note: Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah Sherazi known as Hisar Baba (953-1033), great grand-father of Sadaat of Pir Khel, Malakand Agency and Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah (1004 Multan - 1033 Bajawar Agency), great grand-father of Sadaat Bukhari (Ibrahim Khel) of Kot Kay Chirming, Bajawar Agency were the great grandsons of Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari of Ouch Sharif, Multan, Punjab. Their Shajara-e-Nasab (Genealogy) is as follows:

1.

Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari

01.Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh

 

Bukhari

2.

Syed Muhammad Kabir

02.

Syed Ahmad Kabir

3. Syed Ghaus

03.

Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht Hussain Bukhari

4. Syed Abu Saeed Mubarak

04.

Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi.

5. Syed Noor Muhammad

05.

Syed Nizamuddin Shah

6. Syed Nooruddin

06.

Syed Niamat Wali Shah

7. Syed Noorullah

07.

Syed Rahmat Wali Shah

8. Syed Fatehullah

08.

Syed Ahmad Shah

9. Syed Noorullah Saani

09.

Syed Abbas Shah

10. Syed Azizullah

10.

Syed Pir Wali Shah

11. Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah- Grandfather of Sadaat Bukhari of Bajawar Agency.

11.

Syed Omar Wali Shah

12.

Syed Mubarak Wali Shah

13.

Syed Niamat Wali Shah

 

14

Syed Rahmat Wali Shah

15.

Syed Sher Muhammad

16.

Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah- Grandfather of Saddat Sherazi of Pir Khel, Malakand Agency.

Courtesy: (1) Page # 292-346 of Roohani Rabita & Taroon written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency. (2) “The Daily Mashriq”, (Special Edition) Wednesday, 5 th December 1990 written by Rasool Bakhsh Naseem

.

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(20) SYED SULTAN AHMAD KABIR BUKHARI (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and God-fearing person. Syed Bahauddin Sultan Ahmad Kabir was the son of Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari. He was also one of the disciples of Hazrat Shiekh Abul Fatah Ruknuddin Suharwardi. They were four brothers: (1) Ja’far (2) Ali (3) Ahmad Kabir (himself) and (4) Muhammad Kabir. He had two sons - (1) Syed Jalaluddin Hussain Makhdoom Jahanian Jahan Gasht Bukhari and (2) Makhdoom Sheikh Sadruddin Muhammad Rajoo Qatal, the younger son, who was born on 20 th Shaaban 760 Hijri (1359 A.D) and died in 827 Hijri in Delhi, India. He had many disciples and khalifas including Sheikh Jalal Mujarrad Selhati, who lit the candle of Islam in Bengal and Selhat. Many people embraced Islam at the hands of Sheikh Jalal Mujarrad Selhati in Bengal and Selhat. Ibne Batoota met Sheikh Jalal Mujarrad Selhati in Kamroop. According to some people, he was the maternal nephew of Syed Ahmad Kabir. Syed Sultan Ahmad Kabir died in 700 Hijri in Ouch Sharif, Punjab and was buried there. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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Courtesy: (1) Page # 292-346 of Roohani Rabita & Taroon written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani.(2) Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht written by Muhammad Ayub.

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(21) HAZRAT JALALUDDIN HUSSAIN MAKHDOOM JAHANIAN JAHAN GASHT BUKHARI (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Syed Hussain; Makhdoom Jahanian and Jahan Gasht Bukhari were alqaab. He was born on 25th Shawwal 707 Hijri (1303) A.D) in Ouch Sharif, Punjab and died on Wednesday, 10 th Zilhaj 785 Hijri (3 rd February 1383 A.D.) in Ouch Sharif, Punjab. He got his early education from his uncle, Muhammad Kabir and Qazi Allama Bahauddin in Ouch Sharif. He went to the Islamic Madrassa of the grandson of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria in Multan, where he got Islamic education from Maulana Moosa and Maulana Mujaduddin. Where after, he went to Makkah and Madina, where he received Islamic education of Sihah-e-Sitta from Allama Abdullah Yafii and Allama Afifuddin Abdullah Matri. Being a Syedzada, he was highly respected and loved by Allama Abdullah Matri. Thereafter, he went to Shiraz, Iran. He used to teach different Islamic ulooms in Sheraz Iran. He was highly respected by the ruler of Sheraz. Once he explained the meanings of “Oolul Amr” so obviously and thoughtfully that the ruler of Sheraz was much impressed and presented to him two bowls containing silver and golden coins, which he accepted and gave them all to a needy person. King Muhammad Tughlaq, who ruled from 1325 to 1351 A.D, made him Sheikhul Islam. He had written many books including (1) Asaar & Malfoozat (2) Sirajul Hidaya (3) Muqarrir Nama (4) Khazana-e-Jalali (5) Jawahir Jalali (6) Mazhar Jalali and (7) Arbaeen Sufia. He had six children - one daughter and five sons named (1) Malik Jahan (2) Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood (3) Syed Bahauddin (4) Syed Mukarramuddin (5) Syed Hassanuddin and (6) Syed Nooruddin. Sadaat Chinar Kot, Oghaz Banda and Pir Khel, Malakand Agency are the descendants of Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Courtesy: (1) Roohani Rabita & Taroon (Page # 359) written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency (2) Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht written by Muhammad Ayub, Karachi.

UOCH SHARIF

Ouch Sharif has played a significant role in the making of history. For some time as a provincial metropolis of the well known Raj Hindu Dynasty and then the capital of

62

Nasiruddin Qabacha. However, it remained a favourite place of religious existence and piety throughout the period of its existence. The city once possessed several sun temples. With the advent of Islam, sprang up institutions of formal and informal education. It was divided into three socio-administrative sectors:

Ouch Bukhari (2) Ouch Jilani and (3) Ouch Moghla.

Ouch Bukhari was founded by Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari, while Ouch Jilani by Saifuddin Ghazrooni. The saintly personages living in the city imparted mystic training and guidance to the thousands who approached. The Suharwardia silsila was established over here by Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari. The place got name and fame due to Syed Jalaluddin Hussain Jahanian Jahangasht Bukhari. Similarly Syed Muhammad Ghaus Jilani Hallabi established the Qadiriya silsila. It was Ouch from where this order spread to entire sub-continent and was carried to Indonesia and Malaysia.

The same tombs existing at Ouch Sharif include those of Makhdoom of Hazrat Bahawal Haleem, Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht, Bibi Javinda, the tomb of the wife of the Jahanian Jahangasht, who was the daughter of Sultan Lange Khan, the governor of Multan, for whose name is a garden at Multan.

The Sajjada Nasheen of Ouch Bukhari has the following relics:

(1) A turban of the Holy Prophet (2) A robe and mantle of the Holy Prophet (3) Samsam (sword) of Hazrat Imam Hassan, May Allah be pleased with him (4) A cap

of Hazrat Shiekh Abdul Qadir Jilani of Baghdad (5) The turban and mantle of Hazrat

Salman Farsi (May Allah be pleased with him). The Sajjada Nasheen of Ouch Jilani

has the following relics: (1) Footprints of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) (2)

A few chapters of the Holy Quran written by Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be

pleaed with him) (3) Tooth of Hazrat Awais Qarni (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

63

(22) SYED NASIRUD-DIN MAHMOOD SHERAZI (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi was the eldest son of Syed Jalaluddin Hussain Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht Bukhari. He was born on 2nd Zilqa’ad 740 Hijri (1338 A.D) and died on 22nd Ramazanul Mubarak 800 Hijri (1398 A.D) in Shiraz, Iran. He had ten sons named: (1)) Syed Hamid Kabir (2) Syed Ilmuddin (3) Syed Shahabuddin (4) Syed Ismail (5) Syed Sirajuddin (6) Syed Fazlullah (7) Syed Burhanuddin, whose descendants have settled in Gujrat. (8) Syed Munawwaruddin known as Bandagi Sheikh Islam, whose descendants have settled in Qanooj, India (9) Syed Sharfuddin, whose descendants have settled in Bahawal Pur and (10) Syed Nizamuddin Shah.

Most of the descendants of the sons of Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood are called as ‘Bukhari Sadaat’ in India and Pakistan but the descendants of Syed Nizamuddin are called as ‘Sadaat Sherazi’ because they migrated to Sheraz, Iran and settled there. After a long perid of two hundred years, some of the descendants of Syed Nizamuddin migrated from Sheraz, Iran to Dheli, India and settled in different parts of India and Pakistan. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Note: Syed Hassan Shah Baba, a great ‘Wali’ (migrated from Matani and Aadi Zai, Peshawar to Jangal Khail, Kohat in 1050 Hijri). M a y Alla h ke e p his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Comparson between Shajara-e-Nasab of Sadaat (1) Kohat (2) Pir Khel (Malakand Agency) and (3) Peshawar is as follows:

1. Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi

1. Syed Nasiruddin

01.Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi

Mahmood Sherazi

2. Syed Sirajuddin Shah

02. Syed Nizamuddin Shah

02.Syed Ilmuddin Shah 03.Syed Muhammad Sheikh

03. Abdur Rahman Ganj Alam

03. Syed Niamat Wali Shah

04. Syed Rahmat Wali Shah

04. Syed Ilmuddin Saani

04. Syed Ruknuddin

05. Syed Ahmad Shah

05. Syed Miran Shah

05. Syed Budha Shah

06. Syed Abbas Shah

06. Syed Munawwar Shah

06. Rahmatullah Jahan Kalah

07. Syed Pir Wali Shah

07. Syed Sulaiman Shah

08. Syed Omar Wali Shah

08. Syed Abdur Rashid

07. Syed Imam Haji Shah

09. Syed Mubarak Wali

09. Syed Abul Hassan

08. Syed Nabi Shah

Shah 10.Syed Niamat Wali Shah

10. Syed Muhammad

09. Syed Najeeb Shah

Dawood

10. Syed Sher Shah

11. Syed Rahmat Wali Shah

11.

Syed Rafiuddin

11. Syed Rang Shah

12. Syed Sher Muhammad

12.Syed Hamiduddin

64

12. Syed Gohar Shah 13. Syed Hassan Shah- Jangal Khel- Kohat.

13.Syed Muhammad

13.Syed Ghazi Shah 14-Syed Haji Shah 15-Qutbul Aqtaab Syed Fateh Muhammad Shah Bukhari - Grandfather of Wadpagga- Sadaat Peshawar.

Ibrahim Shah

14. Syed Hassan Shah

 

15. Syed Haroon Shah

16. Haji Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah- Grandfather of Sadaat Chinar Kot, Singal Kot and Oghaz Banda, etc.

Courtesy: Page # 359 of Roohani Rabita & Taroon written by Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani, Darul Ishaat, Bajawar Agency.

65

(23) SYED NIZAMUD-DIN SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the youngest son of Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi, grandson of Syed Jalaluddin Hussain Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht Bukhari and brother of (1) Syed Hamid Kabir (2) Syed Ilmuddin (3) Syed Shahabuddin (4) Syed Ismail (5) Syed Sirajuddin (6) Syed Fazlullah (7) Syed Burhanuddin (8) Syed Munawaruddin and (9) Syed Sharfuddin. Syed Nizamuddin died in Ouch Sharif, Punjab and was buried there.

Most of the descendants of the brothers of Syed Nizamuddin are called as ‘Bukhari Sadaat’in Pakistan except the descendants of Syed Nizamuddin, who are called as ‘Sadaat Sherazi’ in Pakistan as they migrated to Sheraz, Iran and settled there. After a long perid of two hundred years, some of the descendants of Syed Nizamuddin migrated from Sheraz, Iran to Dheli, India and settled in different parts of India and Pakistan. May Allah keep the souls of all of them in His eternal peace. Amin!

Note: Qazi Abdul Haleem Asar Afghani states in his book titled “Roohani Rabita & Taroon” on page # 360, “Syed Nizamuddin Shah, son of Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi died in village Laghoonay, Ali Khel (Teraah), Orakzai Agency and was buried there”. But so far my investigation is concerned, this Nizamuddin Baba of Aurakzai Agency was not the son of Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherazi but he was the son of Syed Mir Habib and his Shajara-e-Nasab is as follows:

Syed Nizamuddin, son of Syed Mir Habib, son of Syed Khalil Sani, son of Makhdoomul Mulk, son of Shamsuddin, son of Syed Ibrahim, son of Syed Abdullah, son of Syed Noorullah, son of Syed Kamaluddin, son of Syed Khusro, son of Syed Hadi, son of Syed Ibrahim, son of Syed Abu Tahir, son of Syed Hussain, son of Syed Ali, son of Syed Muhammad, son of Syed Hazrat Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq, son of Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir, son of Hazrat Imam Zainul Abideen, son of Hazrat Imam Hussain, son of Hazrat Imam Ali (May Allah be pleased with all of them).

(24) SYED NIAMAT WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and great ‘Sahib-e-Karamat Buzurg’. He was born in Ouch Sharif, Punjab and died in Laddakh, Kashmir. His Urs is celebrated every year. He migrated from Ouch Sharif, Punjab to Laddakh, Kashmir to propagate the teachings of Islam. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(25) SYED RAHMAT WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

66

He was a pious, virtuous and very kindhearted and

in Laddakh, Kashmir

Laddakh, Kashmir from renowned

scholars eternal peace. Amin!

person. He was born from

Iran. He migrated education

died

in Sheraz,

Iran

to learn

May

to Sheraz,

the religious his soul

of Islam.

Allah keep

in His

(26) SYED AHMAD SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and very kindhearted his

and

peace. Amin!

died

in Sheraz,

Iran. May

Allah keep

(27) SYED ABBAS SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and very kindhearted his

and

peace. Amin!

died

in Sheraz,

Iran. May

Allah keep

person. He was born soul

eternal

in His

person. He was born soul

eternal

in His

(28) SYED MAHR WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and very kindhearted his

and

peace. Amin!

died

in Sheraz,

Iran. May

Allah keep

person. He was born soul

eternal

in His

(29) SYED OMAR WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih))

He was a pious, virtuous and very kindhearted his

and

peace. Amin!

died

in Sheraz,

Iran. May

Allah keep

person. He was born soul

eternal

in His

(30) SYED MUBARAK WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and very kindhearted his

and

peace. Amin!

died

in Sheraz,

Iran. May

Allah keep

person. He was born soul

eternal

in His

67

(31) SYED NIAMAT WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He

twelve sons. But the names

and Syed Nizamuddin Shah are known. Syed Niamat Wali Shah

was born and died in Sheraz, Iran. May Allah keep eternal peace. Amin!

had

of two of them, Syed Rahmat Wali Shah

was

a pious, virtuous

and very kind-hearted

person.

He

his soul in His

(32) SYED RAHMAT WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous son

of Syed

Niamat

and very kindhearted

person. He was the

Wali Shah

and brother of Syed Nizamuddin

Shah.

He

is traced

back

to Syed

Jalaluddin

Hussain

Makhdoom

Jahanian

Jahangasht

Bukhari. He was

born

and

died

in Sheraz,

Iran. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(33) SYED SHER MUHAMMAD WALI SHAH SHERAZI (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was

and his paternal uncle, Syed Nizamuddin

from

the kingdom

of Farid

Pushtoon

Tahmasp- I of Safavid Dynasty (1501-1736 A.D).

a pious, virtuous, truthful and very kindhearted person. He Shah came

to Dheli, India to re-capture

Shah Soori, son

Sheraz,

Iran

in 1555

A.D with

King

Humayoun

from Aadil Shah

of India.

Soori, son of Saleem Shah days, Iran

as Sher

those

Khan, who

king

was known

In

Soori, a renowned

was ruled

by

King

He was also one of the disciples named Shiekh Saleem

as Hazrat Bahauddin

loved

Muhammad Saleem

and died on 29th Ramazanul

and khalifas of a renowned

“Sufi”

Chishti Fateh Puri Sekri, Delhi, India known Baba Hazrat born

Shiekh

Baba. Hazrat Bahauddin

was much

by

King

Jalaluddin

Muhammad

Akbar.

in 892 Hijri

Pur, India.

Syed Sher Muhammad in

Fate

descendants are known as Sadaat Sherazi in Sub-continent. May

and

died

his

Chishti Fateh Mubarik, 979 Hijri in Fateh

Puri Sekri was

Wali Shah

was

Sekri, Delhi

and

born

was

in Sheraz,

buried

there.

Iran

All

Pur

Allah keep

his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(34) SYED MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM SHAH (Hisar Baba)

68

(Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous, God fearing and great scholar of Islam. He was a renowned Sufi and devout of his time. He had a pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He was the model of simplicity and self-denial. From cradle to the grave, he led the simple life of a Dervaish. His whole life was dedicated to the service of Allah and His creation. He had a vast knowledge of Fiqah, Hadith and the Holy Qur’an. He was also a well-versed Hafiz of the Holy Qur'an.

Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah known as ‘Hisar Baba’ was born in 953 Hijri in Fateh Pur Sekri, Delhi, India, died on 12 th Rajjabul Murajjab 1033 Hijri in village Pir Khel and was buried in Tota Kaan near River Swat, Malakand Agency.

He was the son of Syed Sher Muhammad Wali Shah Sherazi and great grandson of Syed Jalaluddin Hussain Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht Bukhari, son of Syed Jalaluddin Sultan Ahmad Kabir, son of Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari, who migrated from Bukhara to Bhakkar, Punjab. The family tree of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah Baba meets Hazrat Imam Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him) at thirty-two stage and Syed Jalaluddin Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari at sixteen.

He was one of the ardent devotees of a renowned spiritual teacher, Sheikh Muhammad Saleem Chishti Fateh Puri, known as Hazrat Bahauddin Baba, who was born in 892 Hijri and died on 29 th Ramazanul Mubarak 980 Hijri in Fateh Pur Sekri, India. In those days, Sanits and Sufia-e-Kirams used to send all good disciples and Muslim students to different parts of India for the propagation of Islam.

In 1566 A.D, he migrated from Delhi, India to southern parts of Swat in the reign of Mughal King Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar (1555-1606 A.D) with a missionary zeal to propagate the teachings of Islam. He left no stone un-turned to impart spiritual training and guidance to the thousands who approached him. He lived among the people and attracted them by his piety and spirituality. He spread the message of virtue and brotherhood. Most of the followers of Buddhism also embraced Islam at the hands of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah Baba. He used to spend most of his time in mosque in the worship of Allah. He also got constructed a Mosque at Bagh Patti situated at the top of a mountain called ‘Hazaar Nao’ where he taught the teachings of Islam to his disciples for a long time. He had also written a book named “Kashkoal”. As per “Tazkira-e-Ulema Kubaar & Mushaikh-e-Uzzam of

69

Frontier” written by Mian Abdur Rashid, Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah Baba was one of the disciples and khalifas of Syed Muhammad Ali Shah Tirmizi known as Pir Baba, who was born in 908 Hijri in Ghaltanabad, Tirmiz (Afghanistan) and died in 991 Hijri in Buner, Swat.

Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah Baba first stayed in Pir Payee, Nowshera for some time, and then shifted to Piraan Kallay, Malakand Agency (Lower Swat) finding it a suitable place for the propagation Islam.

All the people of the area had a great respect and love for him. His ardent devotees, Yousuf Baba, Sultan Baba, Syed Baba, Akhoon Baba, Aatay Baba and Hazrat Khawaja Baba, who belonged to Yousufzai tribe of Pathan, took him to their village, “Tota Kaan” near Bat Khela to learn the teachings of Islam from him. Due to his piousness, virtuousness and truthfulness, he was also gifted the lands of present village “Pir Khel” by the elders of Yousufzai. This was the gratitude of the people of Lower Swat for his spiritual gifts.

He had six children - two daughters and four sons. Their names were: (1) Bibi Dur Marjan (2) Pir Abai (3) Syed Hassan Shah, who had two sons - Syed Haroon Shah and Syed Hussain Shah (4) Syed Muhammad Rehan Shah, who had three sons - Syed Mian Shah, Syed Pir Mahmal Shah and Syed Pir Muazzam Shah (5) Syed Muhammad Fateh Khan, who had also three sons - Shah Baig Shah, Khan Baig Shah and Lal Baig Shah and (6) Syed Muhammad Rahman Shah, who had no offspring being not married throughout his life.

The descendants of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah Baba have settled in Bat Khela, Pir Khel (Malakand Agency), Bagh Kandi Sharif and Safroona (Dir), Chinar Kot, Singal Kot, Shakkar Kot, Lami, Kanshian and Jalora-Bala Kot (district Mansehra), Oghaz Banda, Landai, Bara and Kanshai (Battagram). May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

**********************************************************

Courtesy: (1) Special article written by Mr. Hameedullah Zakhmi in Risala-e-Aaina dated December 1965 (2) Tazkira-e-Sadaat Sherazi written by Pirzada Syed Ghulam Rahmani Al-Qadri, Bagh Kandi Sharif, Lowr Dir.

70

(35) SYED HASSAN SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and God-fearing person. He had a pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He was the eldest son of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah and grandson of Syed Sher Muhammad Wali Shah.

He inherited, from his father, his knowledge, manners and morals. He came to abridge high morals, virtuousness, rigorousness, patience and steadfastness. During the life of his father, he directed his attention to acquiring knowledge, and after his father's death, he shouldered the responsibility of guiding the general people. He passed many years of his life under the gracious patronage of his father. His inherent genius and gifted virtues combined with the enlightened guidance and education from his father, Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah, showed in the demonstration of his future personality. He was fully versed with Divine knowledge even in his childhood.

As per “Tazkira-e-Ulema Kubaar & Mushaikh-e-Uzzam of Frontier” written by Mian Abdur Rashid, he was one of the disciples of Akhund Muhammad Payinda Baba, son of Akhund Darwaiza Baba. Syed Hassan Shah had two sons, Syed Haroon Shah and Syed Hussain Shah. The descendants of Syed Hassan Shah have settled in Pir Khel, Bat Khela (Malakand Agency), Bagh Kandi Sharif, Safroona and Gulabad (district Dir), Chinar Kot, Singal Kot, Lami (district Mansehra), Oghaz Banda, Landai, Bara and Kanshai (district Battagtam). Due to his piousness, virtuousness and uprightness, he was loved and respected by all the people of the area. He died in Pir Khel, Lower Swat and was buried there. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(35-a) SYED MUHAM M A D

FATEH KHAN

(Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the second younger son of Syed Muhammad

‘Hisar

had a pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature Khan

of his character. He had

Ibrahim Shah known as

working

person. He

Baba’. He was

a pious, generous

and

very hard

three sons named

Syed

Lal Baig Shah, Syed

Baig Shah

of Syed

Lal Baig

Shah, Syed

Khan

Baba

and Shah Baig. The descendants and Shah

Baig Shah

Khel respectively. Syed Fateh Khan

Baig are called Akhpal Kalay, Baacha died in Pir Khel and was buried

Khel and

at

his ancestral graveyard His eternal peace. Amin!

71

in Pir Khel, Lower

Swat. May

Allah keep

(35-b) SYED MUHAM MA D

REHAN SHAH

(Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

his soul in

He was the 2 nd youngest son of Syed Muhammad

ous, virtuous and very hardworking

ty. He had three sons, Moazzam Pir Khel (Malakand and

died

was Lower Swat. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Ibrahim

Shah. He was a pi-

person. He had also a graceful personali -

Shah and Syed Pir

Syed Mian Shah, Syed Pir Mahmal

of Syed Rehan

Shah. The descendants

Shah Baba

have settled in District

Dir, etc. He in

Agency), Kamala, Tauda

buried

near

Cheena, of his father

in Pir Khel

the grave

at Totakan

(35-c) SYED MUHAM M A D

RAHMAN

SHAH

He was the youngest son of Syed Muhammad

virtuous and God-fearing person. He also inherited, from his father, his knowl -

edge, manners

spent his whole life in the worship of Allah and used to lead a life of Dervaish. He

Muhammad

Syed

Shah in Totakan. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal

peace. Amin!

Ibrahim

Shah. He was a pious,

throughout

of his

his life. He

father,

and

morals.

and

He

did

buried

not get married

died

in a jungle Ibrahim

was

in the graveyard

(35-d) BIBI

DUR MARJAN

(Rahmatullah-e-Alaiha)

was a pious,

modest and God-fearing lady. The descendants of Bibi Dur Marjan are called

“Drey Minjan” who Ibrahim

Muhammad

She was the daughter of Syed Muhammad

Ibrahim Shah.

Malakand

She

have

settled

in Pir

Khel,

Agency, etc. Syed

Shah Baba gave her share in his lands in his life.

Sheikh Baba was one of the disciples of Syed Muhammad

was a pious, virtuous and God-fearing person. Due to his piousness, virtuous - ness and uprightness, Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah gave his daughter’s Baba

Pir Khel, Malakand Agency and were buried there. May Allah keep their

souls in His eternal peace. Amin!

hand in marriage

Ibrahim Shah. He

to Sheikh

Baba. Bibi Dur Marjan

and Sheikh

died in

(36) SYED HAROON SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

72

He was

of Syed Hassan had

Shah

Haroon Shah

a pious, virtuous Shah

and God-fearing of Syed

named

person. He was Hussain

the son

and brother

Shah. Syed

Ahmad

two sons

(1) Syed Muhammad

and (2) Syed Muhammad

Yousuf Shah. Syed Muhammad

Ahmad Shah

had only one son named

- Syed

Syed

Pir Saadat Shah, who

Pir Imam

Shah, Syed Maazuddin Shah, Syed

Shah, Syed Ruknuddin

Issa

Sirajuddin

Ayaz Shah

Shah and Syed Muhammad

Yousuf Shah

also one

son named

Syed Shahzad

Gul Shah,

had six sons

Muhammad

Shah, Syed

had

while Syed Muhammad

who

had

four sons

- Syed

Ayub

Shah, Syed Gulab

Shah, Syed

Rahmat Shah and Syed Gul Akbar Shah.

was Swat. He died in Pir Khel, Malakand

Syed Haroon Shah

the judge

i.e. Qazi Ul-Qaza

in the area

of

Agency and was buried there.

May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(37) SYED MUHAMMAD AHMAD SHAH (Haji Baba) (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous, kind-hearted and God-fearing person. He had a very pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He performed Haj several times. In those days it was very difficult to perform Haj as people used to go for Hajj on foot.

When the forces of Syed Jalal Baba under the command of Syed Pir Saadat Shah Baba defeated the forces of Muslim Turk Rajgaan of Phakal-Hazara and occupied the whole territory from Allai to Mangal and Agrore to Kaghan, Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba had gone to perform pilgrimage. After coming back from pilgrimage, he was shocked to know that the whole territory from the Muslim Turk Rajgaan had been occupied by force under the leadership of his son, Syed Pir Saadat Shah.

Haji Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba was of the view as to why did the Muslims of one territory fight against the Muslims of the other territory and occupied their lands by force. He thought that the share in occupied lands given to his son; Syed Pir Saadat Shah should be given back to the Muslim Turk Rajgaan as these lands were occupied from them forcefully and un- lawfully. When he went to the Muslim Turk Rajgaan, who were leading an exile life in Behali Sharif to ask them to get back their lands given to his son, Syed Pir Saadat Shah as his share in occupied lands. But it was told by the Turk Rajgaan that it could be very difficult for them to cultivate these lands at

73

different places amongst other Sadaat and Swati tribes. The offer to the Turk Rajgaan to get back their occupied lands shows the greatness and virtuousness of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba.

The Turk Rajgaan were so pleased with the honesty and virtuousness of Haji Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba that one of the Turk Rajgaan gave his daughter’s hand in marriage to his son, Syed Pir Saadat Shah. They also gifted all the lands given to Syed Pir Saadat Shah as his share in the occupied lands. After that, Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba was satisfied and decided to live with his Doadal daughter-in-law in Oghaz Banda, Battagram.

According to some people, Sultan Murad Khan and Sultan Aaqil Khan, sons of Raja Sultan Mahmood Khan along with their families took refuge with Syed Pir Saadat Shah Baba in Koansh.

Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba had two daughters and one son, Syed Pir Saadat Shah. One daughter was married to the son or grandson of Akhund Salak Baba while other daughter died before getting married.

Due to piousness, virtuousness and truthfulness, Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba was loved and respected by all the people. He was born in 1595 (A.D) in Pir Khel, Malakand Agency, died in 1685 (A.D) in Oghaz Banda, Battagram and was buried at the last boundary of his land near Shingli Payeen, Battagram. His graveyard is called “Haji Baba Maqbara” and all our forefathers have been buried there. Syed Pir Imam Shah, Syed Maazuddin Shah and Syed Muhammad Issa Shah received Turban, the Holy Qur’an and Sword respectively which belonged to their grandfather, Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(38) SYED PIR SAADAT SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, brave and very hardworking person. He had a graceful personality. He was a great scholar of Islam. He was the only son of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah and great grandson of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah. He had two wives: one belonged to Doadal family of Sawati while other belonged to Rajgaan family of Turk. He had three sons from his Turk wife: (1)

74

Syed Ruknuddin Shah, who was the forefather of Saadat Lami (2) Syed Sirajuddin Shah, who was the forefather of Sadaat Chinar Kot and (3) Syed Muhammad Ayaz Shah, who was the forefather of Sadaat Singal Kot, Mansehra. He had also three sons from his Doadal wife: (1) Syed Pir Imam Shah (2) Syed Maazuddin Shah and (3) Syed Muhammad Issa Shah, who were the forefathers of Sadaat Sherazi of Oghaz Banda, Landai, Bara and Kanshai, Battagram.

Some descendants of Syed Pir Saadat Shah Baba from his Turk wife have settled in Tangir (Chilas), Kanshian and Jalora (Bala Kot). Kanshian and Jalora were given to Syed Pir Sadaat Shah Baba as his share in the occupied lands. He was one of the commanders of the forces of Syed Jalal Baba during the occupation war against the Turk-Rajgaan of Phakal, Hazara. When Syed Jalal Baba planned to fight against the Turk Rajgaan of Phakal, Hazara, he was advised by his cousin, Syed Masood, son of Mian Abdul Wahab that most of the people were the disciples of the descendants of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah known as Hisar Baba and it would be better to ask one of the great grandsons of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah Baba to help in the occupation war against the Turk Rajgaan of Hazara. So Syed Jalal Baba requested Syed Pir Sadaat Shah Baba to lead the forces against the Turk Rajgaan of Phakal, Hazara. At that time, the forces against the Rajgaan of Phakal, Hazara were got together at Lahore (Bisham). The forces of Syed Jalal Baba under the leadership of Syed Pir Saadat Shah Baba fought very bravely and the whole territory from Allai to Mangal and Agrore to Saiful Malook, Kaghan was occupied from the Turk Rajgaan. Syed Pir Saadat Shah Baba was given his full share in the occupied lands at Battagram and Mansehra.

He was born in 1620 (A.D) in village Pir Khel, Malakand Agency, died in 1700 (A.D) in Chinar Kot, Mansehra and was buried there. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin! (39) SYED MAAZUDDIN SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

His name was Syed Maazuddin Shah but erroneously has been written as Syed Muhammad Zarin Shah in the book “Sarhad Mein Mughl-e-Azam Ka Islami Mission” written by Syed Ma’aroof Shah Sherazi. He was the middle son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah from his Doadal wife.

He was a pious, generous and very hardworking person. His mother belonged to Doadal clan of Swati. He had only one son, Syed Mahboob Shah, who had eight sons named (1) Syed Amir Asif Shah (2) Syed Izzatullah Shah 3) Syed Abdullah Shah (4) Syed Zulfiqar Shah (5) Father of Syed Aaqibat Shah (6) Grandfather of

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Syed Faqir Shah (7) Syed Barkatullah Shah known as Syed Majzoob Shah, grandfather of Mian Syed Baba of Kanshai and (8) Mulla Baba, who was a Islamic student.

Syed Amir Asif Shah had four sons: (1) Syed Saeed Shah (2) Syed Niamat Wali Shah (3) Syed Rahmat Wali Shah and (4) Syed Mubarak Wali Shah. Syed Izzatullah Shah had five sons - (1) Syed Muhammad Shah (2) Syed Muhammad Sadiq Shah (3) Syed Abbas Wali Shah (4) Syed Azmatullah Shah and (5) Syed Ali Haider Shah.

Syed Zulfiqar Shah had one son: (1) Syed Bahadar Shah, who had three sons named (1) Syed Abbas Shah (2) Syed Qabool Shah and (3) Syed Qahar Shah.

Syed Abdullah Shah had three sons: (1) Syed Niamatullah Shah (2) Syed Ahmad Shah and (3) Syed Sharif Shah.

Syed Barkatuulah Shah had two sons: (1) Syed Mustaghas Shah and (2) Syed Aqwalullah Shah.

Syed Maazuddin Shah died in Oghaz Banda and was buried at his ancestral graveyard called “Abai Ziarat” situated between Shingli Payeen and Oghaz Banda. The descendants of Syed Maazuddin Shah have settled in Oghaz Banda, Landai, Bara, Kanshai and Baffa, Hazara. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Please see for detail, the annexed Genealogical Table.

(39-a) SYED PIR IMAM SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the elder son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah and grandson of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. His mother belonged to Doadal clan of Swati. He had three sons: (1) Syed Ghaffar Shah (2) Syed Ghufran Shah and (3) Syed Kamal Shah.

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Syed Ghaffar Shah had one son named Syed Abdul Ghaffar Shah, who had three sons named named Ali Syed Shah, Syed Ibadat Shah and Syed Chanan Shah.

Syed Ghufran Shah had one son, Syed Rahmat Shah, who had three sons, Syed Painda Gul Shah, Syed Ahmad Gul Shah and Syed Gul Jamal Shah.

Syed Kamal Shah had also one son, Syed Jamal Shah, who had four sons, Syed Noor Gul Shah, Syed Khan Gul Shah, Syed Pir Gul Shah and Syed Khairullah Shah.

Syed Pir Imam Shah died in Oghaz Banda and was buried at his ancestral graveyard named “Abai Ziarat ” situated between Shingli Payeen and our village. The descendants of Syed Pir Imam Shah have settled in Oghaz Banda, Landai, Battagram and Haripur. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Note: Please see for detail, the annexed Genealogical Table.

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(39-b) SYED MUHAMMAD ISSA SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the youngest Ahmad

Syed Muhammad Swati. He was but the names

are Kabir Shah (3)Syed Safdar Shah (4)Shah Latif (5)Syed Muhammad Hadi Shah and (6)Syed Mahboob Shah.

known

son

of Syed

Pir Saadat

Shah

of

to Doadal clan of He had ten sons (2) Syed

and grandson

Shah. His mother belonged

person.

(1) Syed

a nice and very hardworking

of six sons

Nazar Shah

Syed Muhammad

his ancestral graveyard named “Haji Baba Maqbara” between Shingli Payeen and our village. His descendants have settled in Oghaz Banda, and

Phakal,

Landai, Akaazo- Kala Dhaka, Mashkand Mansehra.

Issa Shah

died

in Oghaz

Banda

and was

buried

at

Sabir Shah

The descendants

migrated to Akaazo, Kala Dhaka. According to some people, Syed Muhammad Issa Shah had two wives. Seven sons were from one wife of

and three

these three brothers killed the son/great grandson of Syed Muhammad

Hadi Shah.

other wife. One

of three

sons

of Syed

Muhammad

Issa Shah

have

sons

were from

of the great grandsons

Due ran away/ migrated

out all their landed property situated at Oghaz

third of their lands were purchased

Nazar Shah and the descendants of Syed Ali Shah purchased one-

third.

and settled there. They sold Banda and Landai. Two-

to fear, these

three brothers

along with their families

to Akaazo, Kala Dhaka

by one of the descendants

of Syed

The descendants

Issa Shah have also migrated to village Sabir Shah, Phakal (Mansehra)

of Shah

Latif, one

of the sons

of Syed

Muhammad

there. Their lands

situated

at Oghaz

Banda

and Landai

and settled were purchased

One son of Syed Muhammad

by Syed Zaman

Shah

and Syed

Ali Shah

repectively.

Issa Shah

had no offspring. The

names

and other detail of the three grandsons of Syed Muhammad and

given

who had migrated to Akaazo, Kala Dhaka

Issa Shah,

would be

in His

soul

Sabir Shah Allah keep

his

in next

edition, Insha

Allah. May

eternal peace. Amin!

Please see for detail, the annexed Genealogical Table.

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(39-c) SYED SIRAJUD-DIN SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and great scholar of Islam. He was the son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah and grandson of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. His mother belonged to Rajgaan family of Turk. He had two sons named (1) Syed Amanullah Shah and (2) Syed Jalal Shah.

Syed Amanullah Shah had six sons: (1) Syed Abdur Rasool Shah (2) Syed Ahmad Ali Shah (3) Shah Murtaza Shah (4) Syed Yousuf Shah (5) Syed Amir Shah (6) Shah Hussain Shah.

Syed Jalal Shah had four sons: (1) Syed Mahmood Shah (2) Syed Nadir Shah (3) Syed Gulab Shah and (4) Syed Murad Shah. The descendants of Syed Sirajuddin Shah have settled in Chinar Kot, Koansh. He died in Chinar Kot and was buried at his ancestral graveyard near Shakar Kot. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Please see for detail, the annexed Genealogical Table.

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(39-d) SYED RUKNUDDIN SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was the son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah and grandson of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. His mother belonged to Rajgaan family of Turk. He was a nice and very hardworking person. He had two sons: (1) Syed Omreen Shah and (2) Syed Mehdi Shah.

Syed Omreen Shah had one son, Syed Mir Shah. Syed Mehindi Shah had four sons: (1) Syed Haseeb Shah (2) Syed Sabit Shah (3) Syed Jabbar Shah and (4) Syed Qutub Shah. The descendants of Syed Ruknuddin Shah have settled in Lami, Koansh. He died in Lami and was buried at his ancestral graveyard near Shakar Kot, Koansh Valley. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

Please see for detail, the annexed Genealogical Table.

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(39-e) SYED MUHAMMAD AYAZ SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, generous and very hardworking person. He was the youngest son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah and grandson of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. His mother belonged to Rajgaan family of Turk.

Syed Muhammad Ayaz Shah had two wives. First wife belonged to Swati tribe, who had five sons but the names of three are known: (1) Syed Ghulam Shah (2) Syed Mustafa Shah (3) Syed Saeed Shah. The second wife belonged to sadaat Bukhari of Sher Garh, Tanawal, Hazara, who had two sons named (1) Syed Daulat Shah and (2) Syed Ahmad Shah.

Syed Daulat Shah was a brave and daring person. He had a graceful personality. He wanted to establish his rule over the whole valley of Koansh, Mansehra. Several people had accepted him as their chief and obeyed his orders in every field of life. But his half brothers did not want him to be the chief of the Koansh Valley. They used to make different types of hurdles in his way. But he was very bold and did not take care of any of the hurdles in his way. Unfortunately, he was killed in young age by his half brothers. He had no descendants being un-married. His younger brother, Syed Ahmad Shah along with his Bukhari Syed mother went to Sher Garh, Tanawal and remained there till he was grown up. The sons of his half-brothers brought him back to Singal Kot. He had also married a Bukhari Syed of Sher Garh, Tanawal, who had four sons named Syed Ali Shah, Syed Muhammad Shah, Syed Kala Shah and Syed Mahmood Shah.

The descendants of Syed Muhammad Ayaz Shah have settled in Singal Kot (Koansh) and Tangir (Chilas). He died in Singal Kot and was buried at his ancestral graveyard near Shakar Kot. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace! Amin!

Please see for detail, the annexed Genealogical Table.

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(40) SYED MAHBOOB SHAH (Mulla Baba) (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and very hardworking person. He was also a great scholar of Islam. He was the only son of Syed Maazuddin Shah. He was also known as ‘Mullah Baba’. Syed Mahboob Shah had eight sons, from different wives. They were: (1) Syed Izzatullah Shah (2) Syed Amir Asif Shah (3) Syed Zulfiqar Shah (4) Syed Abdullah Shah (5) Syed Barkatullah Shah known as Majzoob Shah (6) Father of Syed Aaqibat Shah, who was the father of Syed Muhammad Hussain Shah (7) and grandfather of Syed Faqir Shah. His one son was an Islamic student, whose name is not known. All the descendants of Syed Mahboob Shah have settled in Oghaz Banda, Landai, Bara and Kanshai, etc. He was born in Oghaz Banda, Battagram and also died there. He was buried at his ancestral graveyard called ‘Haji Baba Maqbara’ situated between Shingli Payeen and our village. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(41) SYED AMIR ASIF SHAH (Landai Baba) (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and God-fearing person. He had a very pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. Due to his piousness, virtuousness and truthfulness, all the people of the area had a great respect and love for him. He was commonly known as Landai Baba. He had six children - four sons and two daughters named (1) Syed Saeed Shah, who had two sons, Syed Ghulam Qadir Shah and Syed Muhammad Sadiq Shah (2) Syed Niamat Wali Shah, who had three sons, Syed Muhammad Akbar Shah, Syed Ali Akbar Shah and Syed Ali Asghar Shah (3) Syed Rahmat Wali Shah, who had three daughters and four sons, Syed Mukhtarullah Shah, Syed Muhammad Shafiullah Shah, Syed Nabiullah Shah and Syed Habibullah Shah (4) Syed Mubarak Wali Shah, who had two daughters and two sons, Syed Muhammad Hassan Shah and Syed Abdul Hassan Shah (5) Great grandmother of Sadaat of Khargaray and (6) Mother of Syed Omar Shah and Syed Abdur Raziq Shah. He was born in Oghaz Banda, Battagram, died in Landai and was buried at his ancestral graveyard called ‘Landai Baba

Maqbara’ situated to the North East of Oghaz Banda. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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(42) SYED RAHMAT WALI SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, generous and very hardworking person. The name of his wife was Syed Begum, daughter of Syed Izzatullah Shah, who died 50 ye a r s aft e r his de a t h i.e. in 1945. He had seven children- four sons and three daughters named (1) Syed Mukhtarullah Shah, who had five sons and two daughters, Syed Sabre- Jamil, Syed Usman Shah, Syed Hussain Shah, Syed Hassan Shah, Hazrat Hassan Shah, Noor Habiba and Bagh-e- Zam Jana (2) Syed Muhammad Shafiullah Shah, who had three sons and two daughters, Syed Haroon Shah, Syed Asar Shah, Syed Astaan Shah, Bibi Jana and Bibi Amina (3) Syed Nabiullah Shah known as Mannay, who had one daughter, Bibi Panisa (4) Syed Habibullah Shah, who had four sons and one daughter - Syed Akbar Shah, Syed Amanullah Shah, Syed Jalal Shah, Syed Suleman Shah and Bibi Shahi Rokhana (5) Bibi Khadija, mother of Syed Saadat Shah (6) Bibi Ayesha, mother of Syed Pir Ahmad Shah and (7) Wife of Syed Akram Shah. He was born in 1850, died in 1895 in Landai and was buried at his ancestral graveyard called Landai Baba Maqbara situated in Oghaz Banda. M a y Allah ke e p his so u l in His eternal peace. Amin!

(43) SYED MUHAMMAD SHAFIULLAH SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, kindhearted and very hardworking person. H e w a s the son of Syed Rahmat Wali Shah and Syed Begum, daughter of Syed Izzatullah Shah, son of Syed Mahboob Shah, son of Syed Ma’azud - din S h a h , so n of Sy e d Pir S a a d a t S h a h . He went to Thailand and mar- ried a Thai born Malaysian girl, who was blessed with four children - two sons and two daughters. But the names of Syed Haroon Shah and Bibi Jana are known. He came back to Pakistan after twenty years and married his betrothed, Bibi Hafiza, daughter of Syed Muhammad Sadiq Shah, who was blessed with only one son, Syed Asar Shah. After the death of Bibi Hafiza, he married Bibi Ram Jana, the widow of his first cousin, Syed Muhammad Akbar Shah. She was blessed with two children, Syed Astaan Shah and Bibi Amina. He died in 1937 in Oghaz Banda and was buried near the grave of Syed Qasim Shah, known as Paacha Baba in Oghaz Banda. M a y Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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(44) SYED HAROON SHAH (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih)

He was a pious, virtuous and very hardworking person. He had a very pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He was such a kind-hearted, good natured and noble man that everyone had a great respect and love for him. His father died when he was ten years old. He was brought up by his youngest uncle, Syed Habibullah Shah. He got Islamic education in Agra, India. He spent most of his time in mosque in the worship of Allah. He was the elder son of Syed Muhammad Shafiullah Shah and brother of Bibi Jana, Syed Asar Shah, Bibi Amina and Syed Astaan Shah. His mother was a Thai-born Malaysian, who was very affectionate and loving person. He was born in Thailand in 1919 and came to Pakistan at the age of two. He died on Friday, 5 th December 1991(just after sun set) and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. The Namaz-e-Janaza was held after Asr Prayer. He left two children - one son and one daughter, Syed Walayat Shah Sherazi and Zeba Sherazi. How- ever, his three daughters, Bibi Zaroon, Bibi Gul Marjan and Bibi Hussan Zeba died in infancy. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

(45) SYED WALAYAT SHAH SHERAZI

He is the only son of Syed Haroon Shah and Bibi Shahi Rokhana, daughter of Syed Habibullah Shah, son of Syed Rahmat Wali Shah. He has a master degree in Business Administration from Quaid-e-Azam College of Com- merce & Business Administration, University of Peshawar. He is also DA- IBP from Institute of Bankers in Pakistan, Karachi. He was born on 2 nd April 1961 in Oghaz Banda, Battagram. Presently, he is serving as Assis- tant Vice President in the Bank of Khyber, Peshawar. He is the author of this book - ‘Brief History of My Respected Forefathers’. He has five chil- dren - two daughters and three sons, Farida Sherazi, Faryal Sherazi, Syed Omar Farooq Sherazi, Syed Shahid Farooq Sherazi and Syed Haider Fa- rooq Sherazi. He has no brother except one sister, Zeba Sherazi. May Al- lah grant him a long, healthy and prosperous life. Amin!

46. (i)

Farida Sherazi. She was born on Friday, 22 nd June 1984 in Oghaz Banda, Battgaram.

(ii)

Syed Omar Farooq Sherazi. He was born on Monday, 1st November 1988 in Oghaz Banda, Battagram.

(iii)

Syed Shahid Farooq Sherazi. He was born on Friday, 16 th January 1992 in Oghaz Banda, Battagram.

Abbottabad.

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(v) Syed Haider Farooq Sherazi. He was born on Tuesday, 26 th November 1996 in Hayatabad, Peshawar.

********************************

85

Chapter - 2

WHO ARE WE?

1. We are ‘Ibrahimi’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Ismail, son of Hazrat Ibrahim (Peace be upon them).

2. We are ‘Quraishi’ as we are the descendants of Qussai, son of Kalam, son of Namra, son of Loowi, son of Ghalib, son of Fahr, son of Malik, son of Nazar, son of Kanana of Arabia.

3. We are ‘Hashmi’ (Hashimite) as we are the descendants of Hazrat Hashim, son of Abd-Manaf (who died in 510 A.D), son of Qussai.

4. We are ‘Muhammadi’ as we are the descendants and followers of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

5. We are ‘Fatimid’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Fatima Al-Zahra (May Allah be pleased with her).

6. We are ‘Alvi’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Ali Al-Murtaza (May Allah be pleased with him).

7. We are ‘Hussaini’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Imam Hussain (May (Allah be pleased with him).

8.

We are

(Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

‘Ja’afri’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Imam

Ja’afar Sadiq

9. We are ‘Kazmi’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

10.We are ‘Rizvi’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Imam Ali Raza e-Alaih).

(Rahmatullah-

11.We are ‘Taqi’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi (Rahmatullah-e-Alaih).

12.We are ‘Naqvi’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Imam Ali Naqi (Rahmatullah- e-Alaih).

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13. We are ‘Iraqi’ as we are the descendants of Hazrat Abdullah, Abu Ahmad, Shahabuddin. Abdullah was the son of Hazrat Ali and Khadija. His name was Abdullah, Kuniat Abu Ahmad and Laqab was Shahabuddin. He was born in 291 Hijri and died in 352 Hijri and was buried in Saamra, Iraq. He had two sons, Syed Muhammad Nazoak, who had five sons, Syed Issa, Syed Abul Ghanaim, Abdullah, Syed Ali and Syed Yahya and Abu Yousuf, Abu Muhammad, Syed Ahmad Qatal, who migrated from Iraq to Bukhara. His descendants are known as Bukhari Syed.

14. We’re the descendants of Syed Jalaluddin Hussain Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht Bukhari. His name was Jalaluddin Hussain and Alqaab were Makhdoom and Jahangasht. He travelled to Makkah, Madina and then to Shiraz. In Shiraz, he used to teach different Islamic ulooms. He had five sons, Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood, Syed Bahauddin, Syed Mukarramuddin, Syed Hassanuddin and Syed Nooruddin. Sadaat of Pir Khel, Chinar Kot and Oghaz Banda are the descendants of Syed Nasiruddin Mahmood Sherzi. He was born in 707 and died in 785 Hijri.

15. We’re ‘Syed Bukhari’ as we are the descendants of Syed Jalaluddin Abul Barakat Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari. His name was Hassan and Alqaab were Jalaluddin, Jalal Azam and Mir Surkh. Being born in Bukhara, he was known as Bukhari. He was also known as Syed Jalal Ganj. Renowned Wali of Ouch Sharif, Syed Makhdoom Jahanian was his great grandson. He came from Bukhara to Bakhar and then shiftef to Multan. He took allegiance to Hazrat Bahauddin Zakria. He married the daughter of Amir Syed Badruddin in Multan. He then shifted to Ouch Sharif and died there. He had three sons, Syed Ahmad Kabir, who was the father of Syed Makhdoom Jahanian Jahaangasht, Syed Bahauddin, and Sheikh Abdul Hague.

1 6.We’re ‘Syed Sherazi’ as we’re the descendants of Syed Sher Muhammad Wali Shah, who came to Delhi, India from Sheraz in 1555 with king Humayoun to re- capture the kingdom from Aadil Shah Soori, son of Saleem Shah Soori, son of Farid Khan, who was known as Sher Shah Soori, a renowned Pushtoon king of India.

17. We’re the descendants of Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah known known as Hisar Baba, who was sent at the age of twenty-five years in 1566 A.D from Delhi, India to southern parts of Swat in the reign of Mughal King Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar (1555-1606 A.D) with a missionary zeal to propagate the teachings of Islam by a renowned spiritual teacher, Hazrat Bahauddin Baba known as Sheikh Muhammad Saleem Chishti, Fateh Puri, who was born in 892 Hijri and died on 29 th Ramazanul Mubarak 980 Hijri in Fateh Pur, India.

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18.We are the descendants of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. He was a pious, virtuous and God-fearing person. He performed Haj several times. In those days, it was very difficult to perform Haj as people used to go on foot. When the forces of Syed Jalal Baba under the command of Syed Pir Saadat Shah Baba defeated the forces of Muslim Turk Rajgaan of Phakal-Hazara and occupied the whole territory from Allai to Mangal and Agrore to Kaghan, Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah Baba had gone to perform Haj. After coming back from Haj, he was shocked to know that the whole territory from the Muslim Turk Rajgaan had been occupied under the leadership of Syed Pir Saadat Shah. He was of the view why did the Muslims of one territory fight against the Muslims of the other territory and occupied their lands by force. He thought that the share in occupied lands given to his son, Syed Pir Saadat Shah Baba should be given back to the Muslim Turk Rajgaan as these lands were occupied from them by force and un-lawfully. When he went to the Muslim Turk Rajgaan, who were living in exile in Bihali Sharif to ask them to get back their lands given to Syed Pir Saadat Shah as his share, he was told by them that it could be very difficult and impossible for them (Turk Rajgaan) to utilize these lands at different places among other Sadaat and Swati tribes. They were so pleased with the honesty and virtuousness of Haji Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah that one of the Turk Rajgaan gave his daughter’s hand in marriage to his son, Syed Pir Saadat Shah. Muslim Turk Rajgaan also gifted all the lands given to his son as his share in occupied lands. After that, Syed Muhammad Shah was satisfied and decided to live in Oghaz Banda (Battagram). Due to his piousness, uprightness and righteousness, all the people of the area had a great respect and love for him. He had only one son, Syed Pir Saadat Shah. He died in 1680 (A.D) and was buried at the last boundary of his land near Shingli Payeen, Battagram. ================================

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Chapter - 3

ELDERS OF MY VILLAGE

My village has the honour to have intelligent, learned and highly educated people. Modesty is the salient feature of their character. They have vast knowledge of history of old period. Our elders used to sit around fireplace (warghalay) in mosque and get them- selves warmed in winter season. They also spent most of their leisure time under the shade of maple tree near the well-known ‘Chinar Spring’ in summer season. They also used to sit in a combined guesthouse, called “Hujra”. During their leisure time, they used to discuss different topics of history of our forefathers and thus shared the knowledge with each other. They also discussed the economic conditions of different civilisations, the standard of living of different people, the rise and fall of different nations and the moral values of different Muslim Nations of the world. They also used to discuss the personal anecdotes of their lives. We used to listen to our elders very carefully and try to keep in mind the knowledge what we learnt from them.

The people of my village have also gone through several hardships and sufferings in their lives. Their homes were set ablaze by their opponents. Several persons were killed and scores were wounded. They were exiled for four years. Their opponents occupied major portion of their lands. During four years of exile, many people died and a big graveyard was made at Tarand.

Most of our people visited different countries of the world including Siam, Burma, Malaya, Laos and India. My father, Syed Haroon Shah used to tell us about World War II, fought between German and British governments. He often used to discuss the personal anecdotes of his life in India. Syed Farooq Shah was an oldest man of his time. He told us about the people of Malaya, Laos and Siam. Syed Ghulam Hussain Shah used to tell us about the different battles fought between different khans of Battagram, etc. Syed Ghazi Shah used to tell us about the people of Burma. Muhammad Syed used to tell us about different battles fought between our opponents and our people. Our Pesh Imam, Maulana Abdul Manan used to tell us about the different incidents of his life in Thailand. Syed Habibur Rahman Shah used to tell us about the people of Thakot. Maulana Syed Muhammad Anwar Shah used to tell us about the history of Muslim of India. In this way, we used to get knowledge of different civilisation of different nations of the world from our elders. The knowledge so got from old generation was further transferred to the younger generation of our village.

Sadaat Sherazi, descendants of Syed Sher Muhammad Wali have settled at different parts of the world including Pakistan. They’re very genius, intelligent, brave and very industrious. Our great grandfather, Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah known as Hisaar

89

Baba migrated from Delhi, India in 1566 A.D in the reign of King Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar and settled in the present village of Pir Khel, Malakand Agency. He was a pious, devoted and very God fearing person.

******************

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Educated people of my village who have graduated from different universities of Pakistan, etc.

(1) Dr. Abdur Rahman Shah Wali, Ph.D., Jamia Al-Azhar, Cairo, Egypt. (2) Dr. Ziaullah Shah, Ph.D., Jamia Al-Azhar, Cairo, Egypt (1) (3) Syed Jalal Shah Sherazi, M.A. (Islamiyat), B. Ed., University of Peshawar (4) Syed Walayat Shah Sherazi, M.B.A. (Finance), University of Peshawar, DA-IBP (Banking) Institute of Bankers in Pakistan, Karachi (5) Syed Asif Shah Sherazi, B.Sc., (University of Peshawar), B.Sc. (National University of Science & Technology (NUST), Rawalpindi (6) Fatima Jalal, B.A., B. Ed., University of Peshawar (7) Zeba Sherazi, B.A., University of Peshawar (8) Syed Tauseef Shah Sherazi, B.A., University of Peshawar (9) Dr. Safia Jalal Sherazi, MBBS. (Khyber Medical College, Peshawar), MRCP, Pakistan, FRCP, U.K. (10) Dr. Farida Sherazi, MBBS., Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad (11) Dr. Zainab Jalal Sherazi, MBBS, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad (12) Rabia Jalal, B.Sc. (Electronics), G.I.K., Institute of Science & Technology, Topi (13) Mr. Muhammad Imlaq, B.A., University of Peshawar (14) Syed Nazif Shah, B.A., University of Peshawar (15) Syed Baidar Bakht, B.A., University of Peshawar (16) Syed Naheed Shah, B.A., University of Peshawar (17) Syed Hammad Sherazi, B.S., Information Technology, University of Agriculture, Peshawar (18) Shah Jahan Sherazi, B.A., B. Ed, University of Peshawar (19) Syed Bukht Munir Shah, B.A., University of Peshawar (20) Syed Muhammad Shah, B.A., University of Peshawar (21) Mr. Afsar Syed, B.A., University of Peshawar (22) Mr. Muhammad Ayaz, M.A., (English) University of Hazara, Mansehra (23) Syed Manzoor Hussain Shah, B.A., University of Peshawar (24) Syed Muneeb Shah, B.A., University of Karachi (25) Syed Sahib Shah, B.A., University of Peshawar (26) Syed Zahoor Shah, M.A. (Islamiyat), University of Baluchistan, Quetta (27) Mr. Masood Anwar Sherazi, M.Sc. (Economics), Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan (28) Syed Manzoor Assad, M.A. (Islamiyat), University of Peshawar (29) Mr. Behram Syed, M.A. (Islamiyat), University of Peshawar and Doctor, Electro Homoeopathic from Punjab Electro Homoeopathic Medical College, Faisalabad (30) Mr. Muhammad Showaib, B.A., University of Peshawar (31) Dr. Taufeeq Shah Wali, M.D., Moscow (32) Mr. Aiman Shah Wali, Architecture Engineering, Ukraine (33) Asma Shah Wali, M.A., (English), England (34) Sana Shah Wali, M.A. (International Relations), University of Punjab, Lahore (35) Shaima Shah Wali, M.A. (Economics), University of Punjab, Lahore (36) Syed Muzaffar Hussain Shah, M.A. (Arabic), Iraq (37) Syed Muhammad Yousuf Shah, M.A., (Islamiyat & Arabic), University of Peshawar, B. Ed., L.L.B., University of the Punjab, Lahore (38) Syed Fazal Mujeeb Shah, M.A. (Islamiyat + Arabic) B. Ed., University of Peshawar (39) Maulana Syed Jalal Shah, M.A. (Arabic + Islamiyat), University of Bahawal Pur (40) Shah Afzal, M. Sc., (Computer Science), Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad. ***********************

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Well-fated people of my villages who have completed their Islamic Course of “Dars-e-Nizami”:

(1) Maulana Muhammad Akram Shah, Ibne Syed Azizur Rahman Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (2) Maulana Abdul Latif Shah, Ibne Syed Laiq Shah, Jamia Sirajia, Rawalpindi (3) Maulana Muhammad Irshad Shah, Ibne Usman Syed, Jamia Furqania, Rawalpindi (4) Maulana Syed Ajmal Shah, Ibne Syed Wahid Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (5) Maulana Jamilur Rahman Shah, Ibne Syed Ghulam Qadir Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (6) Maulana Syed Arifullah Shah, Ibne Syed Saifullah Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (7) Maulana Gul Zamin Syed, Ibne Sheikhul Hassan Shah, Jamia Ashrafia, Lahore (8) Maulana Manzoor Assad, Ibne Maulana Muhammad Anwar Shah, Jamia Sirajia, Rawalpindi (9) Maulana Syed Zahoor Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah, Jamia Islamia Imdadia, Faisalabad (10) Maulana Syed Muneeb Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (11) Obaidatur Rahman, binte Syed Muneeb Shah, Jamia Islamia, Islamabad (11) Maulana Syed Naeem Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (12) Maulana Mufti Muhammad Hanif Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah, Jamia Islamia Imdadia, Faisalabad (13) Maulana Muhammad Aalam Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah, Jamia Ashrafia, Lahore (14) Maulana Taj Muhammad, Ibne Syed Ahmad Shah, Jamiatul Uloom Al-Sharia, Rawalpindi (15) Maulana Fazle Razaq Shah, Ibne Syed Habibur Rahman Shah, Karachi (16) Maulana Sayyidul Abrar, Ibne Syed Habibur Rahman Shah, Karachi (17) Maulana Hussain Ahmad, Ibne Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah (18) Maulana Abdur Razaq Shah, Ibne Syed Muhammad Shah (19) Maulana Syed Muzammil Shah, Ibne Syed Azizur Rahman Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (20) Maulana Syed Attaur Rahman Shah, Ibne Maulana Muhammad Razaq, Karachi (21) Maulana Faizur Rahman Shah, Ibne Maulana Muhammad Razaq (22) Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Shah, Ibne Syed Habibur Rahman Shah, Karachi (23) Dr. Ziaullah Shah, Ibne Syed Noorul Haque Shah, Jamia Islamia, Newtown, Karachi (24) Maulana Inaamullah Shah, Ibne Syed Noorul Haque Shah, Jamia Islamia, Newtown, Karachi (25) Maulana Syed Dakhir Shah, Ibne Muhammad Syed, Abbottabad (26) Dr. Abdur Rahman, Ibne Shah Wali, Jamia Ashrafia, Lahore, Jamia Dewband, India (27) Maulana Muhammad Yousuf Shah, Ibne Syed Sabir Shah, Multan (28) Maulana Abdur Rashid Shah, Ibne Usman Syed, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (29) Maulana Abdul Wakil Shah, Ibne Syed Faizur Rahman Shah, Jamia Islamia, Rawalpindi (30) Maulana Syed Burhan Shah, Ibne Noor Ali Syed, Jamia Islamia Imdadia, Faisalabad (31) Maulana Syed Muhammad Yahya, Ibne Noor Ali Syed (32) Maulana Muhammad Tayyib Shah, Ibne Noor Ali Syed, Jamia Sirajia, Rawalpindi (33) Maulana Muhammad Mukarram Shah, Ibne Hukam Syed (34) Maulana Imam Hassan Shah, Ibne Syed Sabir Shah, Jamia Taalemul Quran, Rawalpindi (35) Maulana Ikramullah Shah, Ibne Abdul Ali, Karachi (36) Maulana Muzaffar Hussain Shah, Ibne Maulana Abdul Ghani Shah, New Town, Karachi (37) Maulana Akram Syed, Ibne Lal Syed, Jamia Islamia, Rawalpindi (38)

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Maulana Muhammad Syed, Ibne Lal Syed, Jamia Islamia, Rawalpindi (39) Maulana Tawab Syed, Ibne Lal Syed, Jamia Islamia, Rawalpindi (40) Maulana Haleem Syed, Ibne Lal Syed, Jamia Islamia, Rawalpindi (41) Maulana Muhammad Razaq, Ibne Syed Muhammad Shah (42) Maulana Muhammad Warid Shah, Ibne Ahmad Syed, Jamia Taaleemul Quran, Rawalpindi (43) Maulana Muhammad Behram Syed, Ibne Noor Ali Syed, Jamia Taleemul Quran, Rawalpindi (44) Maulana Syed Maqbool Shah, Ibne Sultan Shah, Jamia Farooqia, Karachi (45) Maulana Syed Fazle Hakam Shah, Ibne Syed Ja’afar Shah, Jamia Nizamia, Lahore (46) Maulana Syed Muhammad Anwar Shah, Ibne Ghulam Rasool Shah, Jamia Aminia, India. (47) Syed Fazal Mujeeb Shah, Ibne Syed Ja’far Shah, Jamia Nizamia, Lahore (48) Maulana Syed Jalal Shah, Ibne Maulana Syed Ja’afar Shah, Dars-e-Nizami, Tanzeemul Madaris, Pakistan (49) Syed Fazle Hameed Shah, Ibne Syed Jaf’ar Shah, Dars-e- Nizami, Tanzeemul Madaris, Pakistan (50) Bibi Saeeda, binte Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah, Karachi (51) Bibi Samina, binte Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah, Karachi (52) Bibi Shafiqa, binte Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah, Karachi.

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My village has the honour to have a large number of “Huffaz” of the Holy Quran. Their names are as following:

(1) Maulana Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Shah, Ibne Syed Habibur Rahman Shah (2) Syed Charaghuddin Shah, Ibne Syed Azizur Rahman Shah (3) Syed Muzammil Shah, Ibne Syed Azizur Rahman Shah (4) Syed Javed Shah, Ibne Syed Azizur Rahman Shah (5) Syed Naheed Shah, Ibne Syed Abdul Qayoum Shah, Haripur (6) Syed Ajmal Shah, Ibne Syed Wahid Shah (7) Syed Rahmatullah, Ibne Syed Wahid Shah (8) Syed Abdullah Shah, Ibne Syed Wahid Shah (9) Syed Fazle Wahab Shah, Ibne Syed Habibur Rahman Shah (10) Syed Jamilur Rahman Shah, Ibne Syed Abdul Qadir Shah (11) Syed Obaid Ahmad Shah, Ibne Syed Ibrahim Shah (12) Syed Ihtiramul Haque Shah, Ibne Maulana Sirajul Haque Shah (13) Syed Ihrarullah Shah, Ibne Syed Ziaur Rahman Shah (14) Syed Mubashir Shah, Ibne Syed Zaiwar Shah (15) Syed Iftikhar Ahmad, Ibne Syed Qamar Ali Shah (16) Bakht Ali Syed, Ibne Syed Masoom Shah (17) Syed Fazle Rabbi, Ibne Syed Faizur Rahman Shah (18) Abdul Haleem Shah, Ibne Gul Zahir Syed (19) Gul Zamin Syed, Ibne Sheikhul Hassan Shah (20) Sarzamin Syed, Ibne Amani Mulk Shah (21) Syed Manzoor Assad, Ibne Maulana Muhammad Anwar Shah (22) Syed Hanif Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah (23) Syed Aleem Shah Ibne, Syed Furqan Shah (24) Syed Naeem Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah (25) Syed Aalam Shah, Ibne Syed Furqan Shah (26) Syed Arifullah Shah, Ibne Syed Saifullah Shah (27) Taj Muhammad Shah, Ibne Syed Ahmad Shah (28) Syed Manaf Shah, Ibne Syed Mustajab Shah (29) Syed Arif Shah, Ibne Anwar Syed (30) Shamsur Rahman Ibne Syed Faiz Ali Shah (31) Syed Dakhir Shah, Ibne Muhammad Syed (32) Syed Abdul Wakil Shah, Ibne Faizur Rahman Shah (33) Syed Ikramullah Shah, Ibne Abdul Ali Shah (34) Syed Akhtar Hussain Shah, Ibne Afsar Syed (35) Abdullah Latif Shah, Ibne Syed Laiq Shah (36) Syed Saeed Shah, Ibne Maulana Syed Ja’afar Shah (37) Syed Haseeb Shah, Ibne Maulana Syed Ja’afar Shah (38) Ibne Sultani Room (39) Ibne Muhammad Niaz (40) Noor Jahan, binte Syed Habibur Rahman Shah (41) Bibi Khalila, binte Qari Syed Ibrahim Shah (42) Syed Noor Ali Shah, Ibne Syed Muqaddas Shah (43) Syed Muhammad Shah, Ibne Syed Naseeb Shah (44) Muhammad Syed, Ibne Lal Syed (45) Akram Syed, Ibne Lal Syed (46) Tawab Syed, Ibne Lal Syed (47) Haleem Syed, Ibne Lal Syed (48) Tasleem Syed, Ibne Lal Syed (49) Farooq Syed, Ibne Nawab Syed (50) Haneef Syed, Ibne Nawab Syed (51) Hazrat Younus Shah, Ibne Syed Sabir Shah (52) Saeedul Wahab Shah, Ibne Syed Sabir Shah (53) Abdur Rashid Shah, Ibne Usman Syed (54) Syed Muhammad Irshad, Ibne Usman Syed (55) Syed Mukarram Shah, Ibne Hukam Syed (56) Shahzada, Ibne Gulbar Syed (57) Syed Attaur Rahman Shah, Ibne Maulana Muhammad Razzaq (58) Muhammad Shamin, Ibne Noor Ali Syed (59) Syed Tayyib Shah, Ibne Noor Ali Syed (60) Syed Ishaq Shah, Ibne Noor Ali Syed (61) Shah Hussain, Ibne Syed Luqman Hussain Shah (62) Syed Altaf Hussain Shah, Ibne Syed Luqman Hussain Shah (63) Syed Abideen Shah, Ibne Syed Muslik Shah (64) Ibne Zaiwar Syed (65) Ibne Nazar Syed (66) Ibne Syed Shamroze Shah (67) Syed Nazar Hussain Shah, Ibne

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Syed Dilbar Shah (68) Ibne Syed Dilbar Shah (69) Salar, Ibne Syed Sultan Shah (70) Syed Muslim Shah, Ibne Syed Sultan Shah (71) Syed Maqbool Shah, Ibne Syed Sultan Shah (72) Syed Abdul Hameed Shah, Ibne Noor Ali Syed.

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DISTINGUISHED SONS OF MY VILLAGES, OGHAZ BANDA AND LANDAI, WHO HAVE DIED

1. Maulana Syed Muhammad Anwar Shah. He was a pious, genius and great scholar of Islam. He had a very pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He was such a kind-hearted, good natured and noble person that everyone had a great respect and love for him. He wanted to make the young generation true followers of Islam. He got Islamic education in Jamia Aminia, Delhi before partition of India. He taught Islamic education for more than half a century in different Islamic Madaris in Pakistan. He was a renowned Sheikhul Hadith of his time. He used to teach Ahadith, Fiqah and Tafseer-e-Qur’an to his students. He was also a poet of Arabic, Pashto and Persian languages and wrote several poems. He was the elder son of Syed Ghulam Rasool Shah, son of Shah Rasool, son of Syed Hussain Shah, son of Syed Kabir Shah, son of Syed Muhammad Issa Shah, son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah, son of Haji Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. He had one brother and three sisters, Syed Qasim Shah, Bibi Zainab, Bibi Gul Andama and Bibi Zaiwar Jana. Pacha Baba named Syed Qasim Shah, a virtuous, righteous and great Sahib-e-Karamat Buzurg, was the brother of his grandfather, Shah Rasool. He died after a long illness at the age of eighty-five years in June 1992 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. He left four sons and three daughters, Masood Anwar Sherazi, Riaz Anwar, Maulana Manzoor Assad, Arshad Mahmood, Bibi Shahida, Bibi Razia and Bibi Shagufta. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

2. Maulana Syed Abdul Ghani Shah. He was a pious, virtuous, generous and a brave man. He had a graceful personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He had vast knowledge of Islamic education. He used to teach all Islamic ulooms to his students. He had a vast network of Islamic students in northern areas of Pakistan. He took an active part in liberation war against our opponents. He along with some other elders took a good and right decision at a right time to bring the patwaris to their village to get settled their lands before their opponents. He was the son of Syed Noor Wali Shah, son of Syed Ali Haidar Shah, son of Syed Izzatullah Shah, son of Syed Mahboob Shah, son of Syed Maazuddin Shah, son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah, son of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. The name of his mother was Bibi Sahib Jana, who was the daughter of Syed Khairullah Shah. He was born in 1896 and died in January 1981 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Landai. He had four daughters and four sons named Maulana Syed Muzaffar Hussain Shah, Syed Luqman Hussain Shah, Syed Akbar Hussain Shah and

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Syed Asghar Hussain Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

3. Dr. Abdur Rahman Shah Wali. He was a genius, hardworking and great scholar of Islam. He had a very graceful personality. He did doctorate (Ph.D) in Philosophy from Al-Azhar University, Egypt. He was also graduated from Jamia Ashrafia, Lahore and Darul Uloom, Dewoband, India in 1956. He was the last Pakistani student graduated from Darul Uloom Dewband, India. He served as Professor and Incharge of Arabic Department, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad. He taught in the University of Tripoli, Libya, University of Riaz, Saudi Arabia and International Islamic University, Islamabad. He was the son of Shah Wali, son of Syed Qudrat Ali Shah, son of Syed Nadir Shah, son of Syed Nasir Shah, son of Syed Nazar Shah, son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah, son of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. The name of his mother was Noor Begum, who was the daughter of Syed Mir Ahmad Shah. He married three times. He died on 11 th December 2004 in Islamabad and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Landai. He had three sisters and one brother named (1) Bibi Bughdadai (2) Bibi Roohi Lala (3) Bibi Badrai and (4) Qabil Syed, who died in the age of fourteen years. He had two sons and four daughters named (1) Dr. Taufeeq Shah Wali (2) Eng. Aiman Shah Wali (3) Sahiba Shah Wali (4) Asma Shah Wali (5) Sana Shah Wali and (6) Shaima Shah Wali. All his children are highly educated, intelligent and very hard working. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

4. Syed Mukhtarullah Shah. He was a pious, socials and very hardworking person. He had a graceful personality. He was the son of Syed Rahmat Wali Shah and elder brother of Syed Muhammad Shafiullah Shah, Syed Nabiullah Shah and Syed Habibullah Shah. He took very active part in liberation war by organizing various lashkars of tribal people against our opponents. He died in 1951 and was buried at Dheri Chechian, Kala Dhaka. He married two times. He had two daughters and five sons, Bibi Noor Habiba, Bibi Bagh-e- Zam Jana, Syed Sabre Jamil, Syed Usman Shah, Syed Hussain Shah, Syed Hassan Shah and Hazrat Hassan Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

5. Syed Farooq Shah. He was a pious and nice man. He visited several countries in his youth. He spent much of lifetime in Siam, Malaya and Laos. He used to tell us different incidents and stories of his life- experiences. He was the oldest of all the people in his time. He was the elder son of Khan Gul Shah and brother of Syed Ghulam Hussain Shah and Bibi Duram Jana. He died in July 1978 in the age of 110 years and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. He had three sons named Syed Mamoor Shah,

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Syed Mahboob Shah and Syed Haroon Shah, who died in Thailand. May Al- Mighty Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

6. Maulana Syed Sahib Shah. He was a pious, virtuous and great scholar of Islam. He had a very pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He spent most of his daytime sitting in the mosque where Muslim students came to avail from his knowledge. The students of theology came to enquire about religious sciences and he guided them by explaining every complicated matter. He was considered to be a great Islamic scholar of his time. He used to teach all Islamic ulooms including Qur’an, Hadith, Fiqah and Logic (Mantiq) to his students. He had more than twenty students at all times in his village. He was the only son of Syed Abdur Raziq Shah and Bibi Hajra, daughter of Syed Barkatullah Shah of Kanshai. He had three daughters and two sons, Babai, Bajorai, Bakht Dewa, Syed Abdul Ali (Shah Jee) and Syed Fazle Ali (Mian Jee). Once he predicted that there would be a road in front of our village Inshallah. Syed Ismail Shah (a very thin and weak boy at that time) would go to Karachi. He would come back from Karchi and would get down from the vehicle in front of our village. People would go to road to receive him very happily. This prediction of Maulana Syed Sahib Shah came out to be 100% true after thirty years of his death. He died in March 1948 in the age of fifty years and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. May Al-Mighty Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

7. Syed Muhammad Ayub Shah. He was a nice, social and hardworking person. He was the only son of Syed Hassan Shah and grandson of Syed Abbas Shah. He used to be the leader (mate) of the workers during the construction of Shahrah-e-Raisham. He married two times. He died in 1993 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. He had two daughters and two sons, Bibi Haroonai, Bibi Naseeba, Syed Mustajab Shah and Alizar Syed. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

8. Haji Syed Saadat Shah. He was a pious, generous and very hardworking person. He had a graceful personality. He was the only son of Syed Zaman Shah, son of Syed Murad Shah, son of Syed Muhammad Issa Shah, son of Syed Pir Saadat Shah, son of Syed Muhammad Ahmad Shah. The name of his mother was Bibi Khadija, who was the daughter of Syed Rahmat Wali Shah. He used to participate in every jarga of our village. He visited several countries in his youth. He was born in 1896 and died in April 1986 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. He had two sons, Haji Syed Asghar Shah and Haji Syed Afzal Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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9. Syed Habibullah Shah. He was a pious, generous and very hardworking person. He was the youngest son of Syed Rahmat Wali Shah and brother of Syed Mukhtarullah Shah, Syed Shafiullah Shah and Syed Nabiullah Shah known as Mannay. He married two times. He died in September 1946 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard named Landai Baba Maqbara in Oghaz Banda. He had one daughter and four sons named Bibi Shahi Rokhana, Akbar Syed, Syed Amanullah Shah (both died in childhood), Syed Jalal Shah and Syed Suleman Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

10. Syed Noor Ghazi Shah. He was a pious, kindhearted, nice and very hardworking person. He had a very pleasant, soft and decent personality. He visited several countries in his life. He was also an old man of his time. He was the son of Syed Muhammad Sadiq Shah and the younger brother of Syed Pir Ghazi Shah, Bibi Hafiza, Bibi Mughafira and mother of Malik Syed. He died in May 1975 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. He married two times. He had three daughters and four sons named Bibi Mantagai, Bibi Naseeb Jana, Bibi Faizoon, Juma Qayoum Shah, Muhammad Ozair Shah, Muhammad Showaib Shah and Shaheen Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

11. Syed Azizur Rahman Shah (Momeen). He was a nice and hardworking person. He took part an active part in liberation war against our opponents. He was the son of Syed Rahman Shah and the elder brother of Syed Gul Rahman Shah and Muhammad Rahman Shah. He was drowned/flown by water while crossing the Nandhaar Stream in April 1987. He married two times. He had six sons named Gul Muhammad Shah, Syed Charaghuddin Shah, Syed Akram Shah, Syed Sher Shah, Syed Muzammil Shah and Syed Javed Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

12. Syed Sarwar Shah. He was a pious, softhearted and very hardworking person. He was the only son of Syed Muhammad Shah and grandson of Syed Izzat Shah. Syed Muhammad Shah has four sisters and one brother, Syed Ali Asghar Shah. He was also a renowned Tabeeb of his time. He used to give “Azaan for Fajr Prayer ” for a long time. He died in 1980 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. He had two daughters and three sons named Bibi Jannat Noora, Bibi Zalzaira, Syed Muhammad Imran (who was killed in Quetta), Muhammad Nabi Shah and Shah Zaiwar Syed. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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grandson of Syed Qudrat Ali Shah. He had three brothers and four sisters named (1) Haji Imam Syed (2) Syed Qasir Shah (3) Syed Sabir Shah (4) Bibi Zar Jana (5) Bibi Rookhaba (6) Mother of Syed Rozam Shah and (7) Mother of Syed Tooti Shah of Maidan. He died in May 1985 in a road accident near Mansehra and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Landai. He had three daughters and two sons named (1) Bibi Bughdadai (2) Bibi Roohi Lala (3) Bibi Badrai (4) Dr. Abdur Rahman Shah Wali and (4) Qabil Syed, who died in the age of fourteen years. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

14. Syed Sikandar Shah. He was a bold and daring person. He had a graceful personality. He played an important role in the liberation war against our opponents. He was the son of Syed Ghulam Hassan Shah, son of Syed Painda Gul Shah, son of Syed Rahmat Shah, son of Syed Ghufran Shah, son of Syed Pir Imam Shah and elder brother of Syed Samandar Shah and Syed Mahroom Shah. There are many incidents of his bravery. The mothers of our opponents used to frighten their children by telling the name of Sikandar Shah to them. He was killed in young age by one of his enemies in Landai. He had only two daughters, Shehr Bano and Bibi Palwasha. His widow, Bibi Asar Jana was married to his brother, Syed Samandar Shah. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

15. Syed Ghazi Shah. He was a nice, social, kindhearted and very hardworking person. He was the only son of Syed Pir Ghazi Shah and grandson of Syed Muhammad Sadiq Shah. He married two times. He was arrested during liberation war by our opponents and kept him under lock and key in Shingli Bala for three months. He also visited Burma and stayed there for a long time. He died on 30th October 1995 and was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Oghaz Banda. He had seven sons and two daughters named Syed Imam Shah, Abdul Hakim Shah, Syed Saifullah Shah, Syed Firdous Shah, Syed Sultan Shah, Syed Noor Ali Shah, Syed Ali Shah, Bibi Zaroon and Bibi Zari Khatoon. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

16. Haji Syed Abdul Hague Shah. He was a nice, social and hardworking person. He was a famous hunter of his time. He was the son of Syed Mir Ahmad Shah and brother of Syed Noorul Haque Shah, Syed Hashim Shah, Syed Muqarrab Shah, Syed Zahid Shah and Syed Noor Muhammad Shah. He died on 1st February 1991 and was buried in Oghaz Banda. He had one daughter and two sons, Bibi Sarwasa, Syed Zaffar Ali Shah and Chamni Khan, who died in childhood. May Allah keep his soul in His eternal peace. Amin!

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17. Maulana Syed Ja’afar Shah Sherazi. He was a pious, virtuous and great scholar of Islam. He had a very pleasant, soft and decent personality. Modesty was the salient feature of his character. He was such a kind-hearted, good natured and noble person that everyone had great a respect and love for him. He was the son of Syed Hazrat Shah and grandson of Syed Azmatullah Shah, who was also a pious, virtuous and “Sahib-e-Karamat Buzurg”. He was a hospitable and contented person. He used to remain in the state of ablutions and spent most of his time in the worship of Allah.

He was born on 1 st Zil Hajj 1346 Hijri (12 th June 1926) in Oghaz Banda and died on Monday, 8 th August 1989, in 2 nd Rakat of Maghrib Prayer in Buland Kot, Hazara and was buried there. Religious and social figures, relatives, friends and people from different walks of life from far-flung areas attended his Namaz-e- Janaza in large numbers. His elder son, Maulana Syed Fazle Mujeeb Shah Sherazi, led his Namaz-e-Janaza.

He got his early education of Dars-e-Nizami from his maternal uncle, Maulana Syed Abdul Ghani Shah at Landai, Battagram. Afterwards, he went to other renowned scholars at different places to seek Islamic education. Among them Maulana Syed Munabbar Shah (Allai), Maulana Naseeruddin (Ghurghashtu), Maulana Sahib-e-Haq, father of Mufti Fariduddin of Darul Uloom Haqqania, Nowshera (Zarobi, Swabi) and Maulana Fazlur-Rahim (Buland Kot) were prominent ones.

He taught Surf-o-Nahwa, Logic and Islamic Jurisprudence for half a century at different places. He had full command at all fields of education but had a specialization in Jurisprudence, Surf-o-Nahwa and Logic. He left no stone un- turned to impart knowledge and guidance to those who approached him. He also spread the message of virtue and brotherhood. He remained as Head of Teachers in Darul Uloom Subhania, Karachi and also taught there in the last days of his life. He had a vast network of Islamic students/talibaan, among them Maulana Shah Alam (Kohistan), Maulana Naqeeb Ahmad (Chilas), Maulana Sultan Muhammad (Kand, Akaazi), Maulana Muhammad Showaib (Buland Kot) and Maulana Abdul Latif (Gilgit) are well known. He also remained as Khateeb in Jamia Mosque, Buland Kot, Mansehra for many years. He was an eloquent orator. He also played a significant role in the movement of finality of Prophet-hood in 1953 and 1974 by delivering speeches at different places.

He had written many books on different topics. Few ones are: (1) Al-Insaf le- Khasfil Ekhtesaf: This is a magazine in Arabic language in which controversial issues with their solutions have been described (2) Shaan-e-Mustafa: A magazine in Urdu language in which the holy life of Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

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has been highlighted (3) Aqd-e-durad-fi-rabtil ayaatil Quran wal suwwar: This is a book in Arabic in which the inter-relation of all the suras of the Holy Quran has been discussed (4) Taqreer-e-usool-e-shashi: This is a book in Pushto about the laws of Fiqah-e-Islam (5) Taqreer-e-asaghoji: This is a book in Pushto about knowledge of Logic (6) Taqreer-e-nazm-e-maeta amil: This is a book about the knowledge of Nahwa and (7) Abwab-e- ilm-e-surf: This is a book in Pushto about the knowledge of Sarf.

He was also a great poet of Pushto, Urdu, Arabic and Persian languages and wrote several poems in the praise of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him), etc.

He had fourteen children - six daughters and eight sons by two wives: The names of his sons are:

(1) Syed Fazle Mujeeb Shah Sherazi. He is an intelligent, educated and very hardworking person. He has also a graceful personality. He is M.A in Islamiyat and Arabic and B. Ed from the University of Peshawar. He has also certificates of Dars-e-Nizami from Jamia Naeemia, Lahore and Faazil-e-Arabi from Lahore Board. He is also the Jana sheen/Successor of his father. He is one of the best speakers of the area. He is Khateeb in Jamia Masjid, Buland Kot and also serving as Senior English Teacher (SET) in Govt. High School, Buland Kot, and Battagram.

(2) Maulana Syed Fazle Hameed Shah Sherazi. He had a master degree in Islamic Studies from Tanzimul Madaris, Pakistan. He had also certificates of Dars-e- Nizami from Jamia Amjadia, Karachi and Faazil-e-Arabi from Karachi Board. He got certificates of Hifz-e-Quran and Tajweed from Jamia Nizamia, Lahore. He served as Khateeb/Naib Sobedar in Pak Army and died at the age of 35 years. He was buried in Buland Kot.

(3) Maulana Syed Fazle Jalal Shah Sherazi. He has a master degree in Arabic from the University of Bahawalpur and B. Ed from Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad. He got certificate of Moulvi Fazil from Peshawar Board and completed course of Dars-e-Nizami from his father at Buland Kot, Battagram. Presently, he is working as Arabic Teacher in Govt. Middle School, Nowshera, Battagram.

(4) Syed Fazle Hakam Shah Sherazi. He is M.A in Islamic Studies from the University of Karachi and Arabic from Tanzimul Madaris, Pakistan. He has also certificates of Dars-e-Nizami, Ilm-e-Tajweed and Dora-e-Hadith from Jamia Nizamia, Lahore and Faazil-e-Arabi from Lahore Board. Presently, he is

serving

Abbottabad.

as

Khateeb/Warrant

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Officer

in

Pakistan

Air

Force,

Kala

Bagh,

(5) Hafiz Shah Fazle Maula Sherazi. He has studied basic religious books from his father at Buland Kot. He is also a matriculate with science from Govt. High School, Buland Kot, Battagram.

(6) Hafiz Syed Fazle Haseeb Shah Sherazi. He has studied basic Dars-e-Nizami books from his father at Buland Kot. He is also a matriculate with science from Govt. High School, Buland Kot. He got certificate of Hifz-o-Qirat from Jamia Naeemia, Karachi. Presently, he is working as Pesh Imam and Mudarris in Lammi (Koansh), Mansehra.