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Service Manual

Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93


Ultrasonic Flow Measuring System

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SH011D/06/en/03.08 71070182

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Endress+Hauser

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Contents

Contents
1
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7

Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Identifying hazards and notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Work and operational safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Technical progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enabling the programming levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service equipment checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Repair instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 6 6 6 6 7

2
2.1

Service functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Function matrixes of local operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.1.1 Prosonic Flow 90 function matrix . . . . . . 10 2.1.2 Prosonic Flow 91 function matrix . . . . . . 11 2.1.3 Prosonic Flow 93 function matrix . . . . . . 12 Configuring the service functions using FieldCare . 14 Description of functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.3.1 ASSIGN LINE 1, ASSIGN LINE 2, ASSIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.3.2 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.3.3 OVERFLOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.3.4 SUM INVENTORY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.3.5 OVERFLOW INVENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.3.6 ASSIGN CURRENT, ASSIGN CURRENT . 17 2.3.7 CURRENT ADJUST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2.3.8 VAL. CURR. ADJUST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2.3.9 MANUFACT ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.3.10 DEVICE ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.3.11 DEVICE REVISION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.3.12 PHAT NEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.3.13 MEASUREMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.3.14 SENSOR TYPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.3.15 REYNOLDS NO. LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2.3.16 K-FACTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2.3.17 ZERO POINT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2.3.18 SYSTEM RESET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3.19 TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3.20 OPERATION HOURS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3.21 h SINCE RESET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.3.22 SERIAL NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.3.23 HW-REV. AMP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.3.24 HW-IDENT. AMPLIF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.3.25 SW-IDENT. AMPLIF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.3.26 PROD-NO. AMPLIF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.3.27 HW-REV. F-CHIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.3.28 HW-IDENT. F-CHIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.3.29 SW-IDENT. F-CHIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.3.30 PROD-NO. F-CHIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3.31 HW-REV. I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3.32 HW-IDENT. I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3.33 SW-IDENT. I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3.34 PROD-NO. I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3.35 HW-REV. SUB-I/O 1 to 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.36 HW-IDENT.SUB-I/O 1 to 4 . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.37 SW-IDENT.SUB-I/O 1 to 4 . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.38 PROD-NO.SUB-I/O 1 to 4 . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.4

2.2 2.3

2.3.39 DELTA T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.40 ACT.TRANSIT TIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.41 NOM.TRANSIT TIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.42 TIME.FLIGHT MIN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.43 TIME.FLIGHT MAX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.44 BURST FREQUENCY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.45 RCV. FREQUENCY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.46 RESON. FREQUENCY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.47 BURST VOLTAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.48 AMP. ELECTR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.49 STATUS AMPLIFIER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.1 Explanation of frequency-specific terms . . 2.4.2 Operating principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.3 Prosonic Flow 93 - two-channel system . . 2.4.4 Prosonic Flow 93C Inline calibration data

28 28 29 29 30 30 31 32 32 32 33 34 34 34 34 35

3
3.1 3.2 3.3

Troubleshooting and fault elimination 36


Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 system check . . . . . . . . . Application, installation and process errors . . . . . . . Checking the transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Block circuit diagram of the measuring sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.2 Function diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3 Adjusting the current output . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.4 Simulating the sensors with Fieldcheck . . 3.3.5 Replacing the electronics (standard, Ex i and Ex d version) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking the measuring sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4.1 Sensor test block (W/P/U sensors) . . . . . 36 37 39 39 40 41 41 42 43 43

3.4

4
4.1

Tables and characteristic curves . . . . 44


Commissioning data from the database in the transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1.1 Medium data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1.2 Material data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sound velocity tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.1 Media/liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.2 Solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.3 Sound velocities for wall thickness measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard values of pipes (pipe dimensions) . . . . . . . 4.3.1 Cast iron pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.2 ANSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.3 Steel pipes in accordance with DIN . . . . . 4.3.4 Plastic pipes in accordance with DIN . . . . Properties of coupling pastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Explanation of the sensor type names . . . . . . . . . . . Possible measuring error due to cycle slips . . . . . . . 44 44 52 54 54 73 78 79 79 80 82 85 86 87 88

4.2

4.3

4.4 4.5 4.6

5
5.1 5.2

Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Spare parts/consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Endress+Hauser

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Registered trademarks HART Registered trademark of HART Communication Foundation, Austin, USA PROFIBUS Registered trademark of PROFIBUS User Organization e.V., Karlsruhe, Germany FOUNDATION Fieldbus Registered trademark of the Fieldbus FOUNDATION, Austin, USA SilGel Registered trademark of Wacker-Chemie GmbH, Munich, Germany S-DAT, T-DAT, F-CHIP, FieldCare, Fieldcheck, Applicator Registered or registration-pending trademarks of Endress+Hauser Flowtec AG, Reinach, CH

Endress+Hauser

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

1 Safety instructions

Safety instructions

Please observe the safety instructions set out below and the notes in the service manual that are indicated with pictograms. The devices are designed to meet state-of-the-art safety requirements in accordance with sound engineering practice. They have been tested and left the factory in a condition in which they are safe to operate. The devices comply with the applicable standards and regulations in accordance with EN 61010-1 Protection Measures for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, Regulation and Laboratory Procedures and with the EMC requirements of EN 61326/A1. The service manual is valid from software version V1.00.XX. You can obtain information on the latest version and any updates from your Endress+Hauser sales office.

1.1

Identifying hazards and notes

In this service manual, possible hazards when repairing and working with the measuring system are indicated using the following symbols:

Warning!

This symbol is used in the service manual to indicate all tasks that may present a danger to life and limb if performed incorrectly. Follow the instructions closely and proceed with care. This symbol is used in the service manual to indicate all tasks that may present a danger to property. Follow the instructions closely. This symbol is used to indicate useful and helpful text passages.

"
! 1.2

Caution!

Note!

Work and operational safety

The measuring device must only be repaired by qualified and trained personnel. Invariably, local regulations governing the opening and repair of electrical devices apply. Do not carry out any repairs in Ex zones, especially soldering. Soldering on the boards should not be carried out by Service staff, and in particular no SMD parts may be soldered. If they are Ex boards, this would contravene existing regulations. Only repairs that are possible in the field should be carried out there. All other repairs should be carried out in the repair workshop. Replace devices in the field if you have not found the fault or the repair is too complex. All devices sent to Endress+Hauser for repair must be free of all hazardous or poisonous substances (acids, alkali, solvents etc.). Please do not return a device if you cannot be absolutely sure that you have completely removed all traces of hazardous substances. The measuring devices meet the requirements of IP 67 (NEMA 4X) protection, apart from the Prosonic Flow U sensors which have IP 54. All screws of the transmitter and sensor housing must only be removed by qualified, trained personnel, as otherwise the ingress protection guaranteed by Endress+Hauser is negated. All seals must be replaced and the screws firmly tightened.

Endress+Hauser

1 Safety instructions

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

1.3

Technical progress

The manufacturer reserves the right to modify technical data without prior notice. The current version of the service manual is available in PDF format in the Endress+Hauser Engine. Your Endress+Hauser sales office can provide you with information on the latest version and any updates to the service manual.

1.4

Enabling the programming levels


Prosonic Flow 90: Prosonic Flow 91: Prosonic Flow 93: 90 91 93 4685 (factory setting) (factory setting) (factory setting) (service code)

Enabling the programming level

Enabling the service level

All devices:

"

Caution! Changing the settings of the service functions may cause the device to function incorrectly or break down. In such instances, reset the settings by selecting the ORIGINAL TRANSMITTER DATA option in the SYSTEM RESET function ( Page 23). If the device still does not measure correctly, replace the I/O board and the amplifier board (Prosonic Flow 90/93), or the main board (Prosonic Flow 91) including the T-DAT (only Prosonic Flow 91/93) (see the corresponding Operating Instructions).

1.5

Service equipment checklist

Multimeter Sensor test block FieldCare Fieldcheck FXA291 Simubox Ultrasonic Replacement electronic modules

More information on the Applicator, FieldCare, Fieldcheck and Simubox tooling components can be found in the Endress+Hauser Engine and in the Operating Instructions Fieldcheck (BA067D/06/).

1.6

Repair instructions

"

Caution! Please ensure that you are grounded with a grounding strap when carrying out repairs to electronics. Otherwise the electronics may be destroyed by electrostatic charges. Only pack boards in specially designed plastic bags that guarantee protection against electrostatic charges.

Endress+Hauser

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

1 Safety instructions

1.7

Documentation

In addition to the service manual, you need ancillary documentation. Prosonic Flow 90: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 90 (BA068D/06/) Description of Device Functions for Proline Prosonic Flow 90 (BA069D/06/) Service checklist for Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 (SD049D/06/) Certificate of accuracy (measuring report) for the device in question (if available) Prosonic Flow 90 PROFIBUS PA: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 90 PROFIBUS PA (BA074D/06/) Description of Device Functions for Proline Prosonic Flow 90 PROFIBUS PA (BA075D/06/) Service checklist for Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 (SD049D/06/) Certificate of accuracy (measuring report) for the device in question (if available) Prosonic Flow 91: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 91 (BA100D/06/) Service checklist for Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 (SD049D/06/) Certificate of accuracy (measuring report) for the device in question (if available) Prosonic Flow 93: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93 (BA070D/06/) Description of Device Functions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93 (BA071D/06/) Service checklist for Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 (SD049D/06/) Certificate of accuracy (measuring report) for the device in question (if available) Prosonic Flow 93 PROFIBUS DP/PA: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93 PROFIBUS DP/PA (BA076D/06/) Description of Device Functions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93 PROFIBUS DP/PA (BA077D/06/) Service checklist for Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 (SD049D/06/) Certificate of accuracy (measuring report) for the device in question (if available) Prosonic Flow 93 FOUNDATION Fieldbus: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93 FOUNDATION Fieldbus (BA078D/06/) Description of Device Functions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93 FOUNDATION Fieldbus (BA079D/06/) Service checklist for Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 (SD049D/06/) Certificate of accuracy (measuring report) for the device in question (if available) Prosonic Flow 93C: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93C (BA087D/06/) Description of Device Functions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93C (BA088D/06/) Calibration report of the device in question Prosonic Flow 93C PROFIBUS DP/PA: Operating Instructions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93C PROFIBUS DP/PA (BA089D/06/) Description of Device Functions for Proline Prosonic Flow 93C PROFIBUS DP/PA (BA090D/06/) Calibration report of the device in question

Note! In the case of devices approved for use in explosion hazardous areas, please also note the safety instructions in the relevant Ex documentation.

Endress+Hauser

1 Safety instructions

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Endress+Hauser

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

2 Service functions

2
2.1

Service functions
Function matrixes of local operation

Note! Only the service functions are shown in the following function matrixes, regardless of the communication protocol. The non-service functions described in the corresponding Operating Instructions are not included, i.e. the sequence of functions does not necessarily match the display for local operation or that of an operating program. The functional descriptions are based on device software version V2.01.00 for Prosonic Flow 90/93 and device software version V1.00.02 for Prosonic Flow 91. There may be differences in the operation of the individual service functions compared to previous software versions. The Commuwin II operating program is no longer supported as of software version V 2.00.00. Prosonic Flow 90/91 The function matrix consists of two levels. The elements are not indicated by letters or digits. Groups Functions

A0000960

Prosonic Flow 93 The function matrix consists of four levels. Each element of each level is uniquely indicated by individual letters or a sequence of letters or digits. Blocks Groups Function groups Functions
A AAA ACA 000 040 042 200 202 204 206 220 0000 0400 0420 2000 2020 2040 2060 2200 0001 0002 0003

0009

0401 0402 0403 0421 0422 0423 2001 2002 2003

0409 0429
2009

B C

BAA CAA

D, E, CBA

2021 2022 2023 2029 2041 2042 2043 2049 2061 2062 2063 2069

2201

2202

2203

2209

A0000961

Endress+Hauser

10

2 Service functions

OVERFLOW ( P. 16) CURRENT ADJUST ( P. 18) DEVICE ID ( P. 19) DEVICE REVISION ( P. 19) VAL. CURR. ADJUST ( P. 18) SUM INVENTORY ( P. 16) OVERFLOW INVENT. ( P. 17)

2.1.1

USER INTERFACE

ASSIGN LINE 1 ( P. 15)

ASSIGN LINE 2 ( P. 15)

TOTALIZER 1/2

SUM ( P. 15)

CURRENT OUTPUT

ASSIGN CURRENT ( P. 17)

COMMUNICATION

MANUFACT ID ( P. 19)

PROCESSPARAMETER

PHAT NEX ( P. 20)

SENSOR DATA

SENSOR TYPE ( P. 21)

CALIBRATION DATA

REYNOLDS NO. LOG ( P. 22) TROUBLESHOOTING ( P. 23) HW-IDENT. AMPLIF. ( P. 24) PROD-NO. I/O ( P. 26) ACT.TRANSIT TIME ( P. 28) RCV. FREQUENCY ( P. 31) NOM.TRANSIT TIME ( P. 29) RESON. FREQUENCY ( P. 32) TIME.FLIGHT MIN. ( P. 29) BURST VOLTAGE ( P. 32) TIME.FLIGHT MAX. ( P. 30) AMP. ELECTR. ( P. 32) STATUS AMPLIFIER ( P. 33) SW-IDENT. AMPLIF. ( P. 25) HRS. SINCE RESET ( P. 24) PROD-NO. AMPLIF. ( P. 25) HW-REV. I/O ( P. 26) HW-IDENT. I/O ( P. 26)

Prosonic Flow 90 function matrix

SUPERVISION

SYSTEM RESET ( P. 23)

AMPLIFIER VER.

HW-REV. AMP. ( P. 24)

SW-IDENT. I/O ( P. 26)

SERVICE&ANALYSIS

DELTA T ( P. 28)

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Endress+Hauser

AMP OPERATION

BURST FREQUENCY ( P. 30)

Endress+Hauser

2.1.2

TOTALIZER

SUM ( P. 15) VAL. CURR. ADJUST ( P. 18) DEVICE ID ( P. 19)

OVERFLOW ( P. 16)

SUM INVENTORY ( P. 16)

OVERFLOW INVENT. ( P. 17)

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

CURRENT OUTPUT

CURRENT ADJUST ( P. 18)

COMMUNICATION

MANUFACT ID ( P. 19)

CONFIG. CHANNEL

SENSOR TYPE ( P. 21)

CALIBRATION DATA

REYNOLDS NO. LOG ( P. 22) TROUBLESHOOTING ( P. 23) OPERATION HOURS ( P. 23) HRS. SINCE RESET ( P. 24)

SUPERVISION

SYSTEM RESET ( P. 23)

ACT.TRANSIT TIME ( P. 28) RCV. FREQUENCY ( P. 31) NOM.TRANSIT TIME ( P. 29) RESON. FREQUENCY ( P. 32)

SENSOR VERSION

SERIAL NUMBER ( P. 24) TIME.FLIGHT MIN. ( P. 29) BURST VOLTAGE ( P. 32) TIME.FLIGHT MAX. ( P. 30) AMP. ELECTR. ( P. 32) STATUS AMPLIFIER ( P. 33)

Prosonic Flow 91 function matrix

TIME MEASUREMENT

DELTA T ( P. 28)

AMP OPERATION

BURST FREQUENCY ( P. 30)

2 Service functions

11

12
ASSIGN (2200) ( P. 15) ASSIGN (2220) ( P. 15) ASSIGN (2400) ( P. 15) ASSIGN (2420) ( P. 15) ASSIGN (2600) ( P. 15) ASSIGN (2620) ( P. 15) SUM (3040) ( P. 15) SUM INVENTORY (3600) ( P. 16) ASSIGN CURRENT (4000) ( P. 17) CURRENT ADJUST (4043) ( P. 18) MANUFACT ID (6040) ( P. 19) PHAT NEX (6405) ( P. 20) MEASUREMENT (6880) ( P. 21) REYNOLDS NO. LOG (6892) ( P. 22) K-FACTOR (6800) ( P. 22) ZERO POINT (6803) ( P. 22) SENSOR TYPE (6881) ( P. 21) VAL. CURR. ADJUST (4044) ( P. 18) DEVICE ID (6041) ( P. 19) DEVICE REVISION (6042) ( P. 19) OVERFLOW INVENT. (3601) ( P. 17) OVERFLOW (3041) ( P. 16)

2 Service functions

2.1.3

USER INTERFACE

MAIN LINE

CONFIGURATION

MULTIPLEX

ADDITION LINE

CONFIGURATION

MULTIPLEX

INFORMATION LINE

CONFIGURATION

MULTIPLEX

TOTALIZER

TOTALIZER 1 to 3

OPERATION

INVENTORY

Prosonic Flow 93 function matrix

OUTPUTS

CURRENT OUTPUT 1 to 3

CONFIGURATION

OPERATION

BASIC FUNCTION

HART

INFORMATION

PROCESS.PARA.CH1 /2

CONFIGURATION

SENSOR DATA CH1/ 2

SENSOR PARAMETER

CALIBR.DATA CH1/2

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Endress+Hauser

SENSOR DATA

CONFIGURATION

Endress+Hauser
SYSTEM RESET (8046) ( P. 23) HW-REV. AMP. (8220) ( P. 24) HW-REV. F-CHIP (8242) ( P. 25) HW-REV. I/O (8301) ( P. 26) HW-IDENT. I/O (8302) ( P. 26) SW-IDENT. I/O (8304) ( P. 26) HW-IDENT. F-CHIP (8243) ( P. 25) SW-IDENT. F-CHIP (8245) ( P. 25) HW-IDENT. AMPLIF. (8221) ( P. 24) SW-IDENT. AMPLIF. (8223) ( P. 25) PROD-NO. AMPLIF. (8224) ( P. 25) PROD-NO. F-CHIP (8246) ( P. 26) PROD-NO. I/O (8305) ( P. 26) TROUBLESHOOTING (8047) ( P. 23) HRS. SINCE RESET (8049) ( P. 24) HW-REV. SUB-I/O 1 to 4 HW-IDENT.SUB-I/O 1 to 4 SW-IDENT.SUB-I/O 1 to PROD-NO.SUB-I/O 1 to 4 (83x1) ( P. 27) (83x5) ( P. 27) 4 (83x2) ( P. 27) DELTA T (9600) ( P. 28) ACT.TRANSIT TIME (9601) ( P. 28) RCV. FREQUENCY (9701) ( P. 31) BURST FREQUENCY (9700) ( P. 30) STATUS AMPLIFIER (9705) ( P. 33) NOM.TRANSIT TIME (9602) ( P. 29) RESON. FREQUENCY (9702) ( P. 32) TIME.FLIGHT MIN. (9603) ( P. 29) BURST VOLTAGE (9703) ( P. 32) TIME.FLIGHT MAX. (9604) ( P. 30) AMP. ELECTR. (9704) ( P. 32)

SUPERVISION

SYSTEM

OPERATION

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

VERSION INFO

AMPLIFIER

F-CHIP

I/O MODULE

I/O SUB MODULE 1 to 4

SERVICE&ANALYSIS

TIME MEASUR. CH1/2

Prosonic Flow 93 function matrix (continued)

AMP OPERAT. CH1/ 2

2 Service functions

13

2 Service functions

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

2.2

Configuring the service functions using FieldCare

The Fieldserv module can be used to configure all the service functions within the FieldCare software without also entering the service code directly via the service interface FXA193 (Prosonic Flow 90/93) and FXA291 (Prosonic Flow 91) and the service protocol, regardless of the communication protocol (HART, PROFIBUS, FOUNDATION Fieldbus). For HART devices, configuration is also possible via the HART modem, e.g. FXA195, and HART protocol.

A0008994-en

Fig. 1:

Configuring the service functions using the Fieldserv module within the FieldCare software

14

Endress+Hauser

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

2 Service functions

2.3

Description of functions

Explanation of special characters 6 8 9 l  Function available in devices with HART communication protocol Function available in devices with PROFIBUS communication protocol Function available in devices with FOUNDATION Fieldbus communication protocol Function available via local operation Function available via operating program (the information might be displayed differently in different operating programs)

2.3.1

ASSIGN LINE 1, ASSIGN LINE 2, ASSIGN

6 , 8, 9
90 : USER INTERFACE 90 l: USER INTERFACE 93 : USER INTERFACE MAIN LINE / ADDITION LINE / INFORMATION LINE 93 l: USER INTERFACE MAIN LINE / ADDITION LINE / INFORMATION LINE CONFIGURATION / MULTIPLEX Use this function to specify what display value is assigned to the various lines of the local display. An extended range of options is available with the service code. Extended options (Prosonic Flow 90): DELTA T Extended options (Prosonic Flow 93): DELTA T CH1 DELTA T CH2

2.3.2
6, 9

SUM

90 l: TOTALIZER 1/2 90 : TOTALIZER 1/2 91 l: TOTALIZER 91 : TOTALIZER 93 l: TOTALIZER TOTALIZER 1 to 3 OPERATION 93 : TOTALIZER TOTALIZER 1 to 3 The following functional description applies to the totalizer of Prosonic Flow 91, totalizers 1 and 2 of Prosonic Flow 90 and totalizers 1 to 3 of Prosonic Flow 93 which can be configured independently of one another. Use this function to enter the measured quantity of the totalizer aggregated since measuring began. The value can be positive or negative, depending on the setting selected in the INSTALLATION DIRECTION SENSOR function (See relevant Operating Instructions) and the direction of flow. User input: 7-digit floating point number, incl. sign and unit (e.g. 15467.04 m; 4925.631 lb)

Note! The appropriate unit is taken from the SYSTEM UNITS function group (See relevant Operating Instructions).

Endress+Hauser

15

2 Service functions

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

2.3.3
6, 9

OVERFLOW

90 l: TOTALIZER 1/2 90 : TOTALIZER 1/2 91 l: TOTALIZER 91 : TOTALIZER 93 l: TOTALIZER TOTALIZER 1 to 3 OPERATION 93 : TOTALIZER TOTALIZER 1 to 3 The following functional description applies to the totalizer of Prosonic Flow 91, totalizers 1 and 2 of Prosonic Flow 90 and totalizers 1 to 3 of Prosonic Flow 93 which can be configured independently of one another. Use this function to enter the overflow of the totalizer aggregated since measuring began. Total flow quantity is represented by a floating point number consisting of a maximum of 7 digits. You can use this function to view higher numerical values (>9999999) as overflows. The effective quantity is thus the sum of OVERFLOW plus the value displayed in the SUM function. Example: Reading for 2 overflows: 2 107 dm (= 20000000 dm) The value displayed in the SUM function = 196845.7 dm Effective total quantity = 20196845.7 dm User input: Integer with exponent, including sign and unit, e.g. 2 107 dm

Note! The appropriate unit is taken from the SYSTEM UNITS function group (See relevant Operating Instructions).

2.3.4
6, 9

SUM INVENTORY

90 l: TOTALIZER 1 90 : TOTALIZER 1 91 l: TOTALIZER 91 : TOTALIZER 93 l: TOTALIZER INVENTORY 93 : TOTALIZER INVENTORY The following functional description applies to the totalizer of Prosonic Flow 91, totalizer 1 of Prosonic Flow 90 and the inventory counter of Prosonic Flow 93. Use this function to view the inventory counter flow rate aggregated since commissioning took place. All flow parts are totaled, regardless of their flow direction (positive/negative). User interface: 7-digit floating-point number

Note! The unit for the total of the inventory counter is m or kg.

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2.3.5
6, 9

OVERFLOW INVENT.

90 l: TOTALIZER 1 90 : TOTALIZER 1 91 l: TOTALIZER 91 : TOTALIZER 93 l: TOTALIZER INVENTORY 93 : TOTALIZER INVENTORY The following functional description applies to the totalizer of Prosonic Flow 91, totalizer 1 of Prosonic Flow 90 and the inventory counter of Prosonic Flow 93. Use this function to display the inventory counter overflow aggregated since commissioning took place. User interface: 7-digit integer with exponent

Note! The unit for the overflow of the inventory counter is m or kg.

2.3.6
6

ASSIGN CURRENT, ASSIGN CURRENT

90 l: CURRENT OUTPUT 90 : CURRENT OUTPUT 93 l: OUTPUTS CURRENT OUTPUT 1 to 3 CONFIGURATION 93 : OUTPUTS CURRENT OUTPUT 1 to 3 The following functional description applies to current outputs 1 to 3 of Prosonic Flow 93 which can be configured independently of one another. Use this function to specify which measured value should be assigned to the current output. An extended range of options is available with the service code. Extended options (Prosonic Flow 90): DELTA T ACT. TRANSIT TIME Extended options (Prosonic Flow 93): DELTA T CH1 DELTA T CH2 ACT. TRANSIT TIME CH1 ACT. TRANSIT TIME CH2

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2.3.7
6

CURRENT ADJUST

90, 91 l: CURRENT OUTPUT 90, 91 : CURRENT OUTPUT 93 l: OUTPUTS CURRENT OUTPUT 1 to 3 OPERATION 93 : OUTPUTS CURRENT OUTPUT 1 to 3 The following functional description applies to current outputs 1 to 3 of Prosonic Flow 93 which can be configured independently of one another. Use this function to initiate adjustment of the current signal value of the current output. Proceed as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. Select 4 mA. Local operation: confirm twice with the F key. This calls up the VAL. CURR. ADJUST function. Determine the input current at the control system (e.g. 3.93 mA). In the VAL. CURR. ADJUST function, enter the input current determined at the control system and confirm with the F key (local operation) or Return (FieldCare). The adjustment coefficient is calculated and activated by the device. 5. Local operation: select the CURRENT ADJUST function again by pressing the F key repeatedly. 6. Select 20 mA. 7. Local operation: confirm twice with the F key. This calls up the VAL. CURR. ADJUST function. 8. Determine the input current at the control system (e.g. 19.89 mA). 9. In the VAL. CURR. ADJUST function, enter the input current determined at the control system and confirm with the F key (local operation) or Return (FieldCare). The adjustment coefficient is calculated and activated by the device. 10. Local operation: select the CURRENT ADJUST function again by pressing the F key repeatedly. 11. Select OFF, confirm with the F key (local operation) or Return (FieldCare), thereby terminating the current adjustment. Options: OFF 4 mA 20 mA

2.3.8
6

VAL. CURR. ADJUST

90, 91 l: CURRENT OUTPUT 90, 91 : CURRENT OUTPUT 93 l: OUTPUTS CURRENT OUTPUT 1 to 3 OPERATION 93 : OUTPUTS CURRENT OUTPUT 1 to 3 The following functional description applies to current outputs 1 to 3 of Prosonic Flow 93 which can be configured independently of one another. Use this function to enter the values of the current output measured with an external measuring device. The exact process of value adjustment is described in the CURRENT ADJUST function. User input: 5-digit fixed point number: 00.000 to 25.000 mA

Note! This function is only available if OFF is not selected in the CURRENT ADJUST function.

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2.3.9

MANUFACT ID

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: COMMUNICATION 90, 91 : COMMUNICATION 93 l: BASIC FUNCTION HART INFORMATION 93 : BASIC FUNCTION HART Use this function to enter the manufacturer ID for the device. User input: 16-character text, permitted characters are: A-Z, 0-9, +, , _, , . Factory setting: ENDRESS+HAUSER

Note! The factory setting should not be changed.

2.3.10

DEVICE ID

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: COMMUNICATION 90, 91 : COMMUNICATION 93 l: BASIC FUNCTION HART INFORMATION 93 : BASIC FUNCTION HART Use this function to enter the device ID for the measuring device. User input: 16-character text, permitted characters are: A-Z, 0-9, +, , _, , . Factory setting: Device-specific

2.3.11

DEVICE REVISION

6 , 8, 9
90 l: COMMUNICATION 90 : COMMUNICATION 93 l: BASIC FUNCTION HART INFORMATION 93 : BASIC FUNCTION HART Use this function to display the device revision of the device. User interface: Max. 5-digit number Factory setting: Device-specific

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2.3.12

PHAT NEX

6 , 8, 9
90 l: PROCESSPARAMETER 90 : PROCESSPARAMETER 93 l: BASIC FUNCTION PROCESS.PARA.CH1/2 CONFIGURATION 93 : BASIC FUNCTION PROCESS.PARA.CH1/2 Use this function to select the operating mode for the filter function if cycle slips occur. Options: OFF AUTOMATIC ON Factory setting: OFF Description: The cross-correlation curve (t) is calculated in the transmitter from the upwards and downwards signal of the two measuring sensors yup and ydn by means of a cross-correlation function. The time between the value 0 and the maximum value of the cross-correlation curve is known as the transit time difference.
1 Mhz ~ 1 ms Dt yup 0 F(t) t 0 Dt = ? 2 Mhz ~ 0.5 ms

ydn 0

t[ms]

t 0
A0008950

Fig. 2: yup ydn t (t) t

Cross-correlation curve Upwards signal from the measuring sensors Downwards signal from the measuring sensors Transit time difference Cross-correlation curve Time

If several maximum values occur in the cross-correlation curve, the measuring system cannot decide which of the maximum values should be used to calculate the transit time difference correctly. The distance between the maximum values of the cross-correlation curve is known as a cycle slip. If a cycle slip occurs, the measured value determined has a significant error (>10 %) ( Possible measuring error due to cycle slips on Page 88). Cycle slips mostly occur in conjunction with large nominal diameters (>DN 1500 / 60") and high flow velocities. They also occur with small nominal diameters but this is less frequent. If you suspect cycle slips occur during a measurement, the following test should be performed. 1. Calculate the current cycle length with the following equation: 1 -9 T p = ----- 10 Fx Tp Fx [ns]

Current cycle length [ns 109 s] Burst frequency of the measuring sensors ( Function BURST FREQUENCY on Page 30)

1 Example: Tp = ----------------------- = 0.0000008 s = 800 ns 1.25 MHz

(Continued on next page)

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90 l: PROCESSPARAMETER 90 : PROCESSPARAMETER 93 l: BASIC FUNCTION PROCESS.PARA.CH1/2 CONFIGURATION 93 : BASIC FUNCTION PROCESS.PARA.CH1/2 (Continued) 2. Calculate the expected transit time difference with the following equation: [ns]

QA ( t ) = t M 1 ------ Q -
M

(t) tM QA QM

Expected transit time difference Delta T time difference ( Function DELTA T on Page 28) Current or expected flow Flow display of the measuring device (VOLUME FLOW function corresponding Operating Instructions)

56 ft3 h Example: ( t ) = 19.4 ns 1 ------------------- = 2.686 ns 65 ft3 h If the cycle length Tp and the estimated transit time difference (t) are roughly identical, a cycle slip is probably the reason behind a measuring error found. In the example above, the cycle length (800 ns) and the estimated transit time difference (2.686 ns) differ significantly from one another. Thus, the measuring error of 9 ft/h (QM - QA) is not caused by a cycle slip. Instead, the incorrect positioning of the measuring sensors could be the reason for the measuring error.

2.3.13

MEASUREMENT

6 , 8, 9
93 l: BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CH1/2 SENSOR PARAMETER 93 : BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CH1/2 Use this function to select the type of measurement. An extended range of options is available with the service code. Extended options: INLINE

2.3.14

SENSOR TYPE

6 , 8, 9
90 l: SENSOR DATA 90 : SENSOR DATA 91 l: CONFIG. CHANNEL 91 : CONFIG. CHANNEL 93 l: BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CH1/2 SENSOR PARAMETER 93 : BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CH1/2 Use this function to select the sensor type. An extended range of options is available with the service code. Extended options (Pros. Fl. 90): W-CL-2F-L-A DEMONSTRATION Extended options (Pros. Fl. 91): P-CL-2F-L-B P-CL-1F-L-B P-CL-2F-M-B P-CL-1F-M-B U-CL-2F-L-A Extended options (Pros. Fl. 93): W-IN-1F-L-C DEMONSTRATION

Note! Different sensor types are displayed depending on the option selected in the MEASUREMENT function. Flow simulation is performed under the DEMONSTRATION option.

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2.3.15

REYNOLDS NO. LOG

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: CALIBRATION DATA 90, 91 : CALIBRATION DATA 93 l: BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CH1/2 CALIBR.DATA CH1/2 93 : BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CH1/2 Use this function to display the calculated Reynold's number at the operating point. The transmitter constantly calculates the Reynolds number from the viscosity of the fluid, the pipe nominal diameter and the average flow velocity. The Reynolds number is displayed in logarithmic form for reasons of clarity. Calculate the Reynolds number from it using the following formula: Re(linear) = 10Re(log) Example: Re(log) = 5.09 Re(linear) = 105.09 = 123.000 User interface: 5-digit floating-point number

Note! If the value is >4.0 (linear: 10000), the measurement is working in the turbulent flow range. If the value is <3.0 (linear: 1000), the application is in the laminar flow range. A transition from turbulent flow to laminar flow, or vice versa, takes place in the value range in between. Large measuring errors (up to 30 %) can occur in this transitional area since the flow profile is not clearly defined here. In such instances, the suitability of the measuring device in the application must be examined.

2.3.16

K-FACTOR

6, 8
93C l: BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CONFIGURATION 93C : BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA Use this function to enter the current calibration factor for the measuring pipe and the measuring sensors. The calibration factor is determined and set as a default at the factory. User input: 5-digit floating-point number (including sign) Factory setting: Depends on measuring pipe and calibration

2.3.17

ZERO POINT

6, 8
93C l: BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA CONFIGURATION 93C : BASIC FUNCTION SENSOR DATA Use this function to enter the current zero-point correction value for the measuring pipe and the measuring sensors. The zero-point correction value is determined and preset at the factory (dynamic zero point). User input: Max. 5-digit number Factory setting: Depends on measuring pipe and calibration

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2.3.18

SYSTEM RESET

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: SUPERVISION 90, 91 : SUPERVISION 93 l: SUPERVISION SYSTEM OPERATION 93 : SUPERVISION SYSTEM Use this function to perform different resets of the measuring system. An extended range of options is available with the service code. Extended options (Prosonic Flow 90, 93): ORIGINAL TRANSMITTER DATA RESET ERROR HISTORY Factory setting: NO Extended options (Prosonic Flow 91): RESET DELIVERY RESET ERROR HISTORY

Note! ORIGINAL TRANSMITTER DATA or RESET DELIVERY: The customer-specific data (e.g. language, damping, full scale values, pulse value) are reset to the default values of the device software. This data are not always identical to the factory settings. The sensor-specific data of Prosonic Flow 93C (e.g. serial number, nominal diameter, calibration factor, zero point, adjustment values for the current output) are saved in the T-DAT and are retained. RESET ERROR HISTORY: The list in the PREVIOUS SYSTEM CONDITIONS function is deleted.

2.3.19

TROUBLESHOOTING

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: SUPERVISION 90, 91 : SUPERVISION 93 l: SUPERVISION SYSTEM OPERATION 93 : SUPERVISION SYSTEM Use this function to rectify faults occurring in the EEPROM. The EEPROM is split into different blocks. Only blocks in which a fault has occurred are displayed. Faults are eliminated by selecting the block in question and acknowledging with the F key.

"

Caution! When eliminating faults in a block, the parameters of the entire block selected are reset to the default values of the device software. Options: CANCEL Faulty block

2.3.20
6

OPERATION HOURS

91 l: SUPERVISION 91 : SUPERVISION Use this function to display the total operating hours of the measuring device. User interface: 00:00:00 = hr : min : sec 0000:00 = hr : min 000000 = hr

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2.3.21

h SINCE RESET

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: SUPERVISION 90, 91 : SUPERVISION 93 l: SUPERVISION SYSTEM OPERATION 93 : SUPERVISION SYSTEM Use this function to display the operating hours of the measuring device since the last startup. User interface: 00:00:00 = hr : min : sec 0000:00 = hr : min 000000 = hr

2.3.22
6

SERIAL NUMBER

91 l: SENSOR VERSION 91 : SENSOR VERSION Use this function to enter the serial number of the sensor. User input: 11-character text, permitted characters are: A-Z, 0-9, +, , _, , .

2.3.23

HW-REV. AMP.

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO AMPLIFIER 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware revision number of the amplifier. User interface: V.x.xx.xx

2.3.24

HW-IDENT. AMPLIF.

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO AMPLIFIER 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware identification number of the amplifier. User interface: 8-digit number

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2.3.25

SW-IDENT. AMPLIF.

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO AMPLIFIER 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the software identification number of the amplifier. User interface: 8-digit number

2.3.26

PROD-NO. AMPLIF.

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO AMPLIFIER 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the production number of the amplifier. User interface: 11-digit number

2.3.27
6

HW-REV. F-CHIP

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO F-CHIP 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware revision number of the F-CHIP. User interface: Vx.xx.xx

2.3.28
6

HW-IDENT. F-CHIP

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO F-CHIP 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware identification number of the F-CHIP. User interface: 8-digit number

2.3.29
6

SW-IDENT. F-CHIP

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO F-CHIP 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the software identification number of the F-CHIP. User interface: 8-digit number

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2.3.30
6

PROD-NO. F-CHIP

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO F-CHIP 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the production number of the F-CHIP. User interface: 11-digit number

2.3.31

HW-REV. I/O

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O MODULE 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware revision number of the I/O module. User interface: Vx.xx.xx

2.3.32

HW-IDENT. I/O

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O MODULE 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware identification number of the I/O module. User interface: 8-digit number

2.3.33

SW-IDENT. I/O

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O MODULE 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the software identification number of the I/O module. User interface: 8-digit number

2.3.34

PROD-NO. I/O

6 , 8, 9
90 l: AMPLIFIER VER. 90 : AMPLIFIER VER. 93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O MODULE 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the production number of the I/O module. User interface: 11-digit number

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2.3.35
6

HW-REV. SUB-I/O 1 to 4

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O SUB MODULE 1 to 4 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware revision number of the I/O submodule 1 to 4. User interface: Vx.xx.xx

2.3.36
6

HW-IDENT.SUB-I/O 1 to 4

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O SUB MODULE 1 to 4 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the hardware identification number of the I/O submodule 1 to 4. User interface: 8-digit number

2.3.37
6

SW-IDENT.SUB-I/O 1 to 4

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O MODULE 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the software identification number of the I/O submodule 1 to 4. User interface: 8-digit number

2.3.38
6

PROD-NO.SUB-I/O 1 to 4

93 l: SUPERVISION VERSION INFO I/O MODULE 93 : SUPERVISION VERSION INFO Use this function to display the production number of the I/O submodule 1 to 4. User interface: 8-digit number

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

2.3.39

DELTA T

6 , 8, 9
90 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS 90 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS 91 l: TIME MEASUREMENT 91 : TIME MEASUREMENT 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 Use this function to display the transit time difference currently measured which results from measuring in the direction of flow and against the direction of flow. A positive or negative value results depending on the flow direction. The transit time difference should be 0 in the event of zero flow. User interface: Floating point number with max. 2 decimal places

Note! The unit for the measured transit time difference is ns [nanoseconds; 109 s].

2.3.40

ACT.TRANSIT TIME

6 , 8, 9
90 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS 90 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS 91 l: TIME MEASUREMENT 91 : TIME MEASUREMENT 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 Use this function to display the actual time the sound needs in the measuring path to propagate against the direction of flow. The measurement takes into consideration the sum of the individual transit times in the medium, the sensor, the sensor cable, the pipe wall, and in the pipe lining if available. Thus, the system measures the entire time that elapses between sending the signal and receiving the signal. User interface: Floating point number with max. 2 decimal places

Note! The signal delay in the sensor cable is 10 ns per meter of cable length. The unit for the measured transit time is s [microseconds; 106 s].

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2.3.41

NOM.TRANSIT TIME

6 , 8, 9
90 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS 90 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS 91 l: TIME MEASUREMENT 91 : TIME MEASUREMENT 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 Use this function to display the target value for the time the sound needs in the measuring path to propagate against the direction of flow. The calculation takes into consideration the sum of the theoretical propagation times in the medium, the sensor, the sensor cable, the pipe wall, and in the pipe lining if available. User interface: Floating point number with max. 2 decimal places

Note! The signal delay in the sensor cable is 10 ns per meter of cable length. The unit for the target value of the transit time is s [microseconds; 106 s].

2.3.42

TIME.FLIGHT MIN.

6 , 8, 9
90 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS 90 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS 91 l: TIME MEASUREMENT 91 : TIME MEASUREMENT 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 Use this function to display the value for the minimum transit time. The minimum transit time is a calculated variable that is computed on the basis of application and system data as well as the minimum theoretical transit time in the medium. The transit time in the pipe wall and in the pipe lining, if available, are relevant application data for the calculation. The time delay in the sensors and in the sensor cable is the relevant system parameter. The minimum theoretical transit time in the medium is calculated from the SOUND VELOCITY LIQUID and SOUND VEL. POSITIVE parameters and taken into account when calculating the minimum transit time. User interface: Floating point number with max. 2 decimal places

Note! The unit for the minimum transit time is s [microseconds; 106 s].

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2.3.43

TIME.FLIGHT MAX.

6 , 8, 9
90 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS 90 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS 91 l: TIME MEASUREMENT 91 : TIME MEASUREMENT 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS TIME MEASUR. CH1/2 Use this function to display the value for the maximum transit time. The maximum transit time is a calculated variable that is computed on the basis of application and system data as well as the maximum theoretical transit time in the medium. The transit time in the pipe wall and in the pipe lining, if available, are relevant application data for the calculation. The time delay in the sensors and in the sensor cable is the relevant system parameter. The maximum theoretical transit time in the medium is calculated from the SOUND VELOCITY LIQUID and SOUND VEL. NEGATIVE parameters and taken into account when calculating the maximum transit time. User interface: Floating point number with max. 2 decimal places

Note! The unit for the maximum transit time is s [microseconds; 106 s].

2.3.44

BURST FREQUENCY

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: AMP OPERATION 90, 91 : AMP OPERATION 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 Use this function to display the current burst frequency. The burst frequency is the frequency at which the transmitter triggers or excites the sensors. The sensors have a sensor resonance frequency (typ. 0.5 MHz, 1 MHz or 2 MHz) but excitation is possible in a certain range above or below this frequency. The number of signals sent depends on the intensity of the signal and the burst voltage. If, at minimum amplitude, the amplitude of the signal received exceeds 1 V, the transmitter first reduces the burst voltage and then the number of signals sent. The frequency range of a specific sensor depends on its sensor resonance frequency: Sensor resonance frequency Frequency range 0.5 MHz 0.3 to 0.7 MHz 1.0 MHz 0.7 to 1.3 MHz 2.0 MHz 1.5 to 2.8 MHz

(Continued on next page)

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90, 91 l: AMP OPERATION 90, 91 : AMP OPERATION 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 (Continued) The operating frequency of the sensors is determined by scanning the frequency range (see above). The transmitter varies the burst frequency of the sensors in a fixed range around the sensor resonance frequency (fmin to fmax) and looks for the signal with the lowest damping. The range between fmin and fmax depends on the sensor type (see above) and the thickness of the pipe wall. The thinner the wall, the wider the frequency range scanned and the sensor resonance frequency.

fmin
Fig. 3: a f fmin fmax fr fop

fr fop

fmax

f
A0008952

Determining the operating frequency of the sensors Damping Frequency Minimum frequency Maximum frequency Sensor resonance frequency Operating frequency of the sensors / burst frequency

User interface: Integer

Note! The unit for the burst frequency is Hz. More information on the burst frequency can be found under Explanation of frequency-specific terms on Page 34.

2.3.45

RCV. FREQUENCY

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: AMP OPERATION 90, 91 : AMP OPERATION 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 Use this function to display the current receive frequency. The receive frequency indicates the frequency at which the receiving sensor is excited by the sound wave hitting it. A stable value displayed for the receive frequency and a display value that is in the range of the burst frequency ( Function BURST FREQUENCY on Page 30) are indicators for stable measurement. User interface: Integer

Note! The unit for the receive frequency is Hz. More information on the receive frequency can be found under Explanation of frequency-specific terms on Page 34.

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2.3.46

RESON. FREQUENCY

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: AMP OPERATION 90, 91 : AMP OPERATION 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 Use this function to display the current resonance frequency. User interface: Integer

Note! The unit for the resonance frequency is Hz. More information on the resonance frequency can be found under Explanation of frequency-specific terms on Page 34.

2.3.47

BURST VOLTAGE

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: AMP OPERATION 90, 91 : AMP OPERATION 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 Use this function to display the current amplitude of the signal used to excite the sensors. To transmitter adjusts this voltage automatically to the conditions of the application. For applications with high acoustic damping, a higher burst voltage is used and vice versa. The amplifier discretely switches the voltage between two levels. The lower level corresponds to a voltage of 10 V while the upper level corresponds to a voltage of 50 V for devices for use in safe areas and Ex Zone 2. In Ex Zone 1, the upper level is at 30 V for Prosonic Flow 93 transmitters. Regardless of whether the actual operating voltage is 50 V or 30 V, 50V is always output on the display in this function to signal the upper level. The lower level is indicated by a display value of 10V. User interface: Floating point number with max. 4 decimal places

Note! Prosonic Flow 93 transmitters with Zone 1 approval have intrinsically safe sensor circuits. Zone 1 approval requires that the voltage in the power unit of the transmitter be limited to 30 Vp. The unit for the burst voltage is Volt Peak (peak voltage Vp or Vs).

2.3.48

AMP. ELECTR.

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: AMP OPERATION 90, 91 : AMP OPERATION 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 Use this function to display the current electronic gain of the signal received. The transmitter uses an amplifier with automatic gain control (AGC) to amplify the signal received by the sensors to a constant internal level of 1 V. The electronic gain needed for this purpose is displayed in this function. The higher this value, the greater the acoustic damping of the application and the lower the signal strength calculated by the transmitter and output. A low value indicates a strong receive signal. User interface: Floating point number with max. 4 decimal places

Note! The electronic gain is used as the basis for calculating the SIGNAL STRENGTH parameter ( corresponding Operating Instructions).

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2 Service functions

2.3.49

STATUS AMPLIFIER

6 , 8, 9
90, 91 l: AMP OPERATION 90, 91 : AMP OPERATION 93 l: SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 93 : SERVICE&ANALYSIS AMP OPERAT. CH1/2 Use this function to display the status of the amplifier. User interface: 0 1

The amplifier works in the Standard mode. The amplifier works in the Advanced mode. The system only evaluates the signal section with the maximum amplitude. This ensures reliable transit time measurement even in the event of interference in the application. It cannot be ruled out, however, that this process results in a measuring uncertainty when determining the transit time.

Note! The method is used, for example, if interference signals are superimposed on the measuring signal received to a large extent. The transmitter uses the signal shape to automatically decide the mode for signal analysis.

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2.4
2.4.1

Additional information
Explanation of frequency-specific terms

In the case of flow measurement based on the differential transit time principle, a distinction must be made between the resonance frequency of the pipe (resonance frequency) and the resonance frequency of the measuring sensors (sensor resonance frequency, Function BURST FREQUENCY on Page 30), which is a multiple of the resonance frequency. The resonance frequency depends on the pipe data (material, pipe geometry). During startup, the transmitter searches for the receive frequency in a specific frequency range around the sensor resonance frequency. The receive frequency is the frequency of the returning signal that exhibits the lowest damping ( Function RESON. FREQUENCY on Page 32). The sensors are now excited with this frequency found (burst frequency). The signal that returns as a result is known as the operating frequency of the sensors and can deviate from the burst frequency.

2.4.2

Operating principle

The measuring devices operate on the basis of the differential transit time principle. Here, an acoustic signal (ultrasonic signal) is sent from one sensor to another in the direction of flow and against the direction of flow. The process is fully digital. The differential transit time is derived directly from the cross-correlation between the received signal in the flow direction and the corresponding signal against the flow direction. The transmitter initializes measurement by optimizing the burst frequency ( Explanation of frequency-specific terms on Page 34). In the next step, the transmitter looks for a signal in a range that is specified by the set sound velocity +984 ft/s (+300 m/s) and 1641 ft/s (500 m/s). The limit values of the range searched can be programmed as per the user's requirements but the maximum search range should not exceed 1641 ft/s (500 m/s). The measurement starts automatically as soon as a signal has been found. If measurement is interrupted during regular operation, the transmitter automatically restarts this search routine. In applications with a low signal intensity - which may be caused by entrained air - the measurement result can be improved by making the search range smaller. A search range of 328 ft/s (100 m/s) is more than adequate for applications with water. The transit time difference is determined by applying the cross-correlation function in the digital signal processor. The computing power required is provided by a TI DSP. The measuring device scans the entire search range but focuses on the relevant range around the measured signals when determining the transit time difference. The algorithms applied offer a resolution of less than 0.1 ns.

2.4.3

Prosonic Flow 93 - two-channel system

Prosonic Flow 93 is a two-channel transmitter for operating two independent sensor pairs (apart from Prosonic Flow 93C). The functions in the SERVICE&ANALYSIS Block are individually available for measuring channel CH1 and CH2, thereby facilitating the independent and simultaneous display of data. The two sensor pairs can be mounted on two different pipes to measure two independent flows (two-channel measurement) or can be used on the same pipe to find the average of two independent flow measured values (two-path measurement) ( corresponding Operating Instructions).

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A0009207

Fig. 4: A B1 B2

Operation of two independent sensor pairs with Prosonic Flow 93 Two-channel measurement (1x 2 traverses and 1x 1 traverse) Two-path measurement with 2x 2 traverses Two-path measurement with 2x 1 traverse

2.4.4

Prosonic Flow 93C Inline calibration data

Restoring calibration data using a T-DAT The calibration data of the system are stored in a protected memory area of the T-DAT. They cannot be overwritten or saved. After restarting the system or exchanging the transmitter, the original data of the system can be loaded to the transmitter via the LOAD option in the T-DAT SAVE/LOAD function. The calibration data are then restored in the SYSTEM RESET function by means of the PIPE DATA option.

"

Caution! The T-DAT is connected to the sensor signal cable and should not be removed. Here, the system can only be restored with the original T-DAT. Restoring calibration data without a T-DAT If the T-DAT is not available, it is possible to enter the calibration factor and the zero point manually to restore the system. Proceed as follows to do so: 1. Select the INLINE option in the MEASUREMENT function for channel 1 and 2. 2. In the PIPE STANDARD and NOMINAL DIAMETER functions, select the option in accordance with the information on the nameplate. 3. Take the calibration factor and the zero point of the measuring pipe from the nameplate and enter these values in the K-FACTOR or ZERO POINT function.

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

3
3.1

Troubleshooting and fault elimination


Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 system check

For an exact description of the error types, error messages and display texts, see the corresponding Operating Instructions.

Is power applied to terminals 1 and 2? Yes No

Check the wiring.

Is the fuse on the power unit board OK? Yes No Change the fuse (see the corresponding Operating Instructions).

Is the information displayed on the local display visible? Yes No Switch off the power supply and switch it on again with the P buttons held down. The system starts up in English and with a contrast of 50%.

Are there any error messages on the local display? No Yes If positive zero return or a simulation is active, switch off this function. Pay attention to other status messages.

Are there any error messages on the onsite display? Yes No No system or process error exists. Check the wiring of the output signal cables and check other possible sources of error, e.g. the process conditions.

Is a system error (device error) present? No Yes

Is a process error (application error) present? Yes

The error and the error type are displayed (for the error description, see the corresponding Operating Instructions). Take appropriate action to correct the error.

The error and the error type are displayed (for the error description, see the corresponding Operating Instructions). Correct the process parameters or change the settings of the device in accordance with the process conditions.
A0002360-EN

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3.2

Application, installation and process errors

Display, system or process error messages with an error number are described in a checklist in Section 9 of the relevant Operating Instructions. For further information on mounting and installation, corresponding Operating Instructions, see Section 3. The most common application, installation and process errors are listed below and countermeasures are described:
Error status of the measuring device Possible causes Countermeasures Check the medium for proportion of solids (impurities) or inhomogeneity (e.g. through dosing directly before the measuring device) within the medium. Set the system filter and/or time constant of the current output higher where necessary.

Measuring signal unstable Proportion of solids too high; or uneven Inhomogeneous liquid; Gas content in medium

Grounding problems (only for Prosonic Check the grounding situation (lined piping). The Flow 93C) device must be well grounded. High measuring error Data incorrectly programmed Check the process and sensor data (e.g. sensor type) and reprogram them if necessary.

Measuring pipe is not filled completely The process should be structured so that the measuring pipe is always filled. External flow display despite zero local display and active low flow cutoff Difference between internal and external totalizer values Plus/minus sign of the flow is incorrect Check the adjustment values of the current output and readjust if necessary.

Check the measuring mode of the pulse output and totalizer. Set them the same as one another if necessary. Flow direction incorrect, or minus sign Change the flow direction in the INSTALLATION DIRECTION SENSOR function. In the case of a remote device version, check the wiring between the sensor and transmitter (sensor cable Up/Down). Zero-point value and/or calibration factor incorrect Ensure that: The zero point and calibration factor in the software have the same values as on the sensor nameplate and in the calibration report or the certificate of accuracy (measurement report); The calibration factor is within the tolerance limits; The measuring device is configured with the correct application data (pipe and liquid data).

Incorrect flow rate

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Error status of the measuring device Signal is too low

Possible causes

Countermeasures

A good application has a signal strength > 50 dB. Measurement can be performed as far as 40 dB but it cannot be ruled out that the measurement is performed with reduced accuracy. The device uses the Signal too low error message to indicate that the measuring circuit has been interrupted. This can be caused by the following: Sensors mounted incorrectly (sensor distance, number of traverses, alignment of the sensor holders) Check whether: The actual and calculated sensor distance match and correct how the sensors are mounted if necessary; The actual and set number of traverses match and correct the number selected in the SENSOR CONFIG. function if necessary; The sensor holders are correctly aligned and correct the installation direction if necessary. Take the sensor type from the nameplate and, where necessary, change the option selected in the SENSOR TYPE function. Remove the coupling paste and replace it with an appropriate coupling paste ( Page 86).

The wrong sensor type has been selected The coupling paste does not meet the requirements of the application

The surface of the pipe/contact surface Remove loose layers and/or rust from the pipe and is rough, rusty or coated sand the pipe down where necessary. The outer shielding of the sensor cable Replace the sensor cable. is interrupted. The sensor cable is mechanically damaged or buckled. The sensor is defective. Replace the sensor cable. If possible, check the measuring sensors ( Page 43) with new sensor cables. If the measured values do not correspond to the specified data, replace the entire sensor set. Check the medium for proportion of solids (impurities) or inhomogeneity (e.g. through dosing directly before the measuring device) within the medium. In most instances, another measuring point has to be found. If the proportion of gas in the medium is too high, increase the counterpressure.

Proportion of solids too high; Inhomogeneous liquid; Gas content in medium

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3.3
3.3.1

Checking the transmitter


Block circuit diagram of the measuring sequence

MUX A CH1 UP CH1 DOWN

RS

A/D A D

mP1 DSP ToF dt mP

mP2 I/O1 I/O2 I/O3

TS CH2 UP CH2 DOWN D

G I/On Amp I/O

A0004627

Fig. 5: CH1 UP / DOWN CH2 UP / DOWN MUX A RS A/D DSP ToF dt P G D TS P1 P2 I/O 1 to n Amp I/O

Block circuit diagram of the measuring sequence Sensor connections, channel 1 Sensor connections, channel 2 (only Prosonic Flow 93) Multiplexer Signal amplifier Analog input signal A/D converter Digital signal processor Calculation of the signal transit time Calculation of the transit time difference between the UP and DOWN signal System microprocessor Generator for the transmission signal Driver for the transmission signal Digital transmission signal (sensor excitation) Microprocessor of the amplifier board Microprocessor of the I/O board Input/output signal 1 to n Amplifier board I/O board

A detailed description, including a function diagram, can be found on Page 40.

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

3.3.2

Function diagram

Amplifier / Amp Transmit / receive

Sensor signal

AGC

A/D converter

Search window Tmin to Tmax

Sampling window

Time-of-flight T

Cross correlation F(t)

Median filter

Flow calculation

System time constant

Output

Output time constant

Output signal

COM module(s) / I/O


A0008963-EN

Fig. 6:

Function diagram

Transmit/receive The Transmit/receive function is the front end of the transmitter on the sensor side. The transmitter sends the signals digitally. Analog signals are received. The front end contains a multiplexer. AGC The automatic gain control system (AGC) normalizes the signal received. The gain is inversely proportional to the strength of the signal that is displayed by the transmitter. A/D converter The A/D converter converts the analog receive signal to a digital signal which is processed further in the amplifier. Tmin to Tmax search window The size of the search window depends on the values that are entered for the sound velocity of the liquid and in the SOUND VEL. POSITIVE and SOUND VEL. NEGATIVE functions. The transmitter searches for the strongest signal within the search window. Sampling window The sampling window is defined by the time when the strongest signal is found 20 s. Transit time T The transit time T is the total time a sound signal needs in one direction. The measured value provides a good comparison for the calculated nominal transit time. Cross-correlation (t) More information on the cross-correlation (t) can be found under PHAT NEX on Page 20. Median filter The median filter is a nonlinear digital filter technology to eliminate noise from the measuring signal. A random sample of the measuring signal is checked and a decision is made as to whether it is representative. Here, a sampling window is used with an uneven number of random samples. The measured values in the sampling window are sorted numerically and the median value - the measured value in the middle of the sampling window - is forwarded as the output signal. The oldest random sample is then rejected, a new sample collected and the output signal is determined again.

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Flow calculation The flow is determined using the following equation: L 1 t - -- ----Q = A ----------sin k T 2
Q A L k t T Volume flow Pipe cross-sectional area Path length Angle of radiation Profile factor Transit time difference Transit time

System time constant Depending on the system version, Prosonic Flow has one or more programmable time constants one time constant for the system and one for each output. All the time constants are 1st order lowpass filters. The time constant of the system dampens the complete measuring system. Output Each output can be programmed individually and must be configured. This makes the measuring device very flexible but also complex. Output time constant The output time constant dampens the output in question.

3.3.3

Adjusting the current output

There are three ways to adjust the current output: Via local display ( Function CURRENT ADJUST on Page 18) Via the Fieldserv module in FieldCare ( Function CURRENT ADJUST on Page 18) Via a HART handheld terminal: Connect the HART handheld terminal to the measuring device together with a resistance of at least 250 . Enter the service code. Select the CURRENT OUTPUT group. Prosonic Flow 93: Select the CURRENT ADJUST function in the OPERATION function group. Prosonic Flow 90, 91: Select the CURRENT ADJUST function. Prosonic Flow 9x: Select 4 mA or 20 mA. Follow the instructions of the HART handheld terminal.

3.3.4

Simulating the sensors with Fieldcheck

Sensor signals can be generated with Fieldcheck to check the amplifier and I/O board (Operating Instructions Fieldcheck (BA067D/06/)). The signals generated by the transmitter are read and checked at the same time. Fieldcheck offers the following functions: Simulation and checking of flow quantities Checking the signal outputs In conjunction with Fieldtool: reading and printing of the test results

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Connecting Fieldcheck to the transmitter Fieldcheck is connected to the transmitter as follows: Via the Simubox to the CHx UP and DOWN sensor connections ( Fig. 5) and the time synchronization of transmitter To the service plug of the transmitter To the current and/or frequency output of the transmitter

Note! For more information on using the Fieldcheck and on software compatibility, see Operating Instructions Fieldcheck (BA067D/06/).

3.3.5

Replacing the electronics (standard, Ex i and Ex d version)

Warning! Mounting, electrical installation, commissioning and maintenance of devices approved for use in explosion hazardous areas must only be carried out by specialist personnel trained in explosion protection. The electronics cover may only be opened in areas at risk of explosion if the atmosphere is no longer explosive or the measuring device has been powered off. Wait at least 10 minutes after disconnecting the power supply to discharge the internal capacitance and allow the electronic components to cool before you begin replacing parts. Note! Replacement of the electronics is described in the relevant Operating Instructions.

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3.4
3.4.1

Checking the measuring sensors


Sensor test block (W/P/U sensors)

The W, P and U measuring sensors can be checked with a test block (50093274). The W/P sensors are inserted into the holders with coupling paste.

A0004651

Fig. 7:

Clamping the W/P sensors

The U sensors are mounted on the rear of the test block with coupling paste and fixed in place with adhesive tape (50102856). Turn the sensor setting screws clockwise until the U sensors sit lightly on the test block .

Note! The sensors are configured in accordance with the information in the service checklist for Prosonic Flow 90/91/93 (SD049D/06/).

A0004652

Fig. 8:

Clamping the U sensors

Typical measured values are:


W/P sensors Delta T: Current transit time: Signal strength (1 MHz): Signal strength (2 MHz): Sound velocity: 0 1 ns 70 s 10% >60 >45 4856 ft/s (1480 m/s) 10% U sensors 0 1 ns 61 s 10% >45 4922 ft/s (1500 m/s) 10%

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

4
4.1

Tables and characteristic curves


Commissioning data from the database in the transmitter
Medium data

4.1.1

When the measuring point is set up, the medium and process temperature have to be entered. The transmitter then calculates the sound velocity and the viscosity in the operating point using characteristic curves saved in the system. A database with liquid data is stored in Prosonic Flow transmitters. The database has parameter characteristic curves for the following media: Water Sea water Distilled water Ammonia Alcohol Benzene Bromide Ethanol Glycol Kerosene Milk Methanol Toluene Lube oil Diesel Benzine

These parameter characteristic curves are graphically illustrated on the following pages. Water

v [m/s] 1600

n [cSt] 1.4

1550

v n

1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2

1500

1450

1400

1350

0.0 0.2 250

1300

50

100 T [C]

150

200

A0000911

Fig. 9: v

Parameter characteristic curve for water Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Sea water

v [m/s] 1650

n [cSt] 1.4 1.2

1600

v n
1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2

1550

1500

1450

1400

0.0 0.2 250

1350

50

100 T [C]

150

200

A0000912

Fig. 10: v

Parameter characteristic curve for sea water Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

Distilled water

v [m/s] 1600

n [cSt] 1.4 1.2 v n 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2

1550

1500

1450

1400

1350

0.0 0.2 250

1300

50

100 T [C]

150

200

A0000913

Fig. 11: v

Parameter characteristic curve for distilled water Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Ammonia

v [m/s] 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 v n

n [cSt] 0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.0

60

40

20

0 T [C]

20

40

0.1 60

A0000914

Fig. 12: v

Parameter characteristic curve for ammonia Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

Alcohol

v [m/s] 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 150 v n

n [cSt] 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

100

50 T [C]

50

100

A0000915

Fig. 13: v

Parameter characteristic curve for alcohol Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Benzene

v [m/s] 1600 v 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 n

n [cSt] 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0

10

20

30

40 T [C]

50

60

70

80

90

A0000916

Fig. 14:

Parameter characteristic curve for benzene Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

Bromide

v [m/s] 1200 v 1000 n

n [cSt] 1.4

1.2

800

1.0

0.8 600 0.6 400

0.4

200

0.2

0.0 0 10 20 30 T [C] 40 50 60

A0000917

Fig. 15: v

Parameter characteristic curve for bromide Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Ethanol

v [m/s] 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 150 v n

n [cSt] 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0

100

50 T [C]

50

100

A0000918

Fig. 16: v

Parameter characteristic curve for ethanol Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

Glycol

v [m/s] 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 v n

n [cSt] 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2

50

100 T [C]

150

200

250

A0000919

Fig. 17: v

Parameter characteristic curve for glycol Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Kerosene

v [m/s] 1600 v 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 n

n [cSt] 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0 10 20 30 T [C]
A0000920

40

50

60

70

Fig. 18:

Parameter characteristic curve for kerosene Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

Milk

v [m/s] 1580 1560 1540 1520 1500 1480 1460 1440 1420 1400 v n

n [cSt] 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 140

20

40

60 T [C]

80

100

120

A0000921

Fig. 19: v

Parameter characteristic curve for milk Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Methanol

v [m/s] 1600 v 1400 1200 1000 800 n

n [cSt] 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8

600 0.6 400 200 0 120 0.4 0.2 0.0

80

40 T [C]

40

80

A0000922

Fig. 20: v

Parameter characteristic curve for methanol Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

Toluene

v [m/s] 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 150 v n

n [cSt] 1.2

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

100

50

0 T [C]

50

100

0.0 150

A0000923

Fig. 21: v

Parameter characteristic curve for toluene Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Lube oil

v [m/s] 1800 1600

n [cSt] 120

100 1400 1200 1000 60 800 600 40 80

v
400 200 0 0

20

50

100 T [C]

150

200

250

A0000924

Fig. 22: v

Parameter characteristic curve for lube oil Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

Diesel

v [m/s] 1400 1200 1000 800

n [cSt] 1.2

1.0

0.8

0.6 600 400 200 0

v n

0.4

0.2

50

100 T [C]

150

200

0.0 250

A0000925

Fig. 23: v

Parameter characteristic curve for diesel Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Benzine
v [m/s] 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 0.8 n [cSt] 1.2

1.0

0.6

v
400 200 0

0.4

0.2

50

100 T [C]

150

200

0.0 250
A0000926

Fig. 24: v

Parameter characteristic curve for benzine Sound velocity Kinematic viscosity Temperature

4.1.2

Material data

When the measuring point is set up, the pipe dimensions and pipe material have to be entered. The Prosonic Flow transmitters have an integrated database to facilitate the selection of the pipe dimensions and the sound velocity characteristic of a specific material. Standard data for pipes A database with pipe dimensions is stored in Prosonic Flow 90/93 transmitters. The database has the data for the following common pipe standards: DIN: PN10, PN16, 28610, 28614, 28615, 28619 ANSI: SCHEDULE 40, SCHEDULE 80 AWWA: CLASS 50, CLASS 53, CLASS 55 The standard data for the following nominal diameters are stored in Prosonic Flow 90/93 transmitters: DN 25 / 1" DN 40 / 1" DN 50 / 2" DN 80 / 3" DN 100 / 4" DN 150 / 6" DN 200 / 8" DN 250 / 10" DN 300 / 12" DN 400 / 16" DN 450 / 18" DN 500 / 20" DN 600 / 24" DN 700 / 28" DN 750 / 30" DN 800 / 32" DN 900 / 36" DN 1000 / 40" DN 1200 / 48" DN 1400 / 54" DN 1500 / 60" DN 1600 / 64" DN 1800 / 72" DN 2000 / 80"

By selecting the appropriate standard and specifying the nominal diameter, the pipe dimensions (outer diameter and wall thickness) are automatically taken from the database and imported into the setup.

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Sound velocities for materials The sound velocities for common pipe materials are permanently stored in the Prosonic Flow transmitter. Using the type of measurement, the transmitter automatically knows whether the longitudinal or transversal sound velocity of the material is needed. The following values are stored in the database:
Sound velocity for flow measurement [ft/s] Cast iron (ductile) Carbon steel Stainless steel SS ANSI 304 SS ANSI 316 SS ANSI 347 SS ANSI 410 SS ANSI 430 Alloy C GFR HDPE LDPE PA PE PP PTFE PVC PVDF Glass pyrex Asbestos cement 9843 10598 10237 10089 10417 10171 9817 11024 10270 8203 7888 6365 7218 6398 7888 4429 7874 7218 10762 7218 [m/s] 3000 3230 3120 3075 3175 3100 2990 3360 3130 2500 2404 1940 2200 1950 2404 1350 2400 2200 3280 2200 Sound velocity for wall thickness measurement [ft/s] 19030 19489 18570 18046 17422 18833 17685 18046 19194 8203 7888 6365 7218 6398 7888 4429 7874 7218 18406 7218 [m/s] 5800 5940 5660 5500 5310 5740 5390 5500 5850 2500 2404 1940 2200 1950 2404 1350 2400 2200 5610 2200

Material

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

4.2

Sound velocity tables

The following tables list an extensive range of sound velocities for various media and materials.

4.2.1
Liquids 1,1,1-Trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrabromo-ethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrabromo-ethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloro-ethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloro-ethane 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoro-ethane 1,1-Dichloro-1,2,2,2-Tetrafluoro ethane 1,2,2-Trifluorotrichloro-ethane 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene 1,2,3-Propanetriol 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 1,2-Bis butane 1,2-Bis propane 1,2-Bis-(difluoramino-) butane 1,2-Bis-(difluoramino-) propane 1,2-Bis-(difluoramino-)2-methylpropane 1,2-Bis-(disfluoramino-) butane 1,2-Bis-2-methylpropane 1,2-Dibromo-ethane 1,2-Dichloro-ethane 1,2-Dichloro-ethane 1,2-Dichloro-ethylene 1,2-Dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane 1,2-Dimethyl-Benzene 1,2-Dimethyl-Benzene 1,2-Ethanediol 1,3,3-Trimethylnorcamphor 1,3-Cyclopentadiene 1,3-Dimethyl-benzene 1,4-Dimethyl-benzene 1-2-Dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane 1-3-Dichloro-isobutane 1-Bromo-butane 1-Bromonaphthalene 1-Chloro-butane 1-Chlorohexane 1-Chloronaphthalene 1-Chloro-propane 1-Decene 1-Decene 1-Heptane 1-Iodohexane 1-Nonane 1-Nonene 1-Nonene C9H20 C9H18 C9H18 C3H7Cl C10H20 C10H20 C7H16 C4H9Cl C8H10 C8H10 C2H6O2 C10H16O C5H6 C8H10 C8H10 C4Cl2F6 C4H8Cl2 C4H9Br C4H9(NF2)2 C2H4Br2 C2H4Cl2 C2H4Cl2 C2H2Cl2 Formula C2H3Cl3 C2H2Br4 C2H2Br4 C2H2Cl4 C2H2Cl4

Media/liquids
Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 3232 2274 3416 3370 3842 3763 2572 2182 2572 4895 6247 4269 3281 3150 3281 3150 2953 3281 2953 3265 3393 3914 3481 2195 4370 4370 5440 4331 4662 4406 4377 2195 4003 3343 4502 3740 4006 4859 3471 4101 4052 3701 3547 3960 3996 3960 [m/s] 985 693 1041 1027 1171 1147 784 665 784 1492 1904 1301 1000 960 1000 960 900 1000 900 995 1034 1193 1061 669 1332 1332 1658 1320 1421 1343 1334 669 1220 1019 1372 1140 1221 1481 1058 1250 1235 1128 1081 1207 1218 1207 Reference temp. [F] 77 77 68 77 68 77 32 14 32 68 77 68 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 68 77 77 77 59 77 77 77 68 68 68 77 77 77 68 77 68 68 77 68 77 68 68 68 68 77 [C] 25 25 20 25 20 25 0 10 0 20 25 20 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 20 25 25 25 15 25 25 25 20 20 20 25 25 25 20 25 20 20 25 20 25 20 20 20 20 25 1.6540 1.1400 1.2760 1.4870 0.8870 0.8720 1.1940 0.8920 0.7410 0.7460 0.6970 1.4410 0.7360 0.7290 0.7360 4 4 0.4 0.5 4.57 0.5 3.4 Spec. weight 1.3300 1.8690 2.9630 2.9660 1.6000 1.5950 1.5630 1.4550 1.5630 0.9710 1.2600 1.4560 1.2160 1.2650 1.2160 1.2650 1.2130 1.2160 1.2130 2.1800 1.1740 1.2530 1.2840 1.6540 0.8970 0.8970 1.1130 0.9470 0.8050 0.8680 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.9 0.9 4.1 2.1 0.6 0.8 2.2 3.73 3.44 1.2 Kin. visc. [m/s] 0.9 DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

1,1,1-Trifluoro-2-Chloro-2-Bromo-Ethane C2HClBrF3

CCl2F-CClF2 CClF2-CClF2 CCl2F-CClF2 C10H12 C3H8O3 C6H3Cl3 C4H8(NF2)2 C3H6(NF2)2

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Liquids 1-Octane 1-Octanol 1-Octene 1-Pentanol 1-Propanol 2,2-Bis-(difluoramino-)-propane 2,2-Dihydroxydiethyl ether 2,2-Dimethyl-butane 2,2-Dimethyl-butane 2,2-Oxydiethanol 2,3-Butylene glycol 2,3-Dichlorodioxane 2,3-Dichlorodioxane 2,5-Hexanedione 2-Amino-ethanol 2-Aminotolidine 2-Butane 2-Butanol 2-Butanone 2-Dibromoethylene 2-Fenechanone, d2-Furaldehyde 2-Furancarboxaldehyde 2-Furyl-methanol 2-Hydroxy-toluene 2-Methyl-butane 2-Methylcyclohexanone 2-Methylphenol 2-Nitroethanol 2-Propanol 2-Propanone 3-Hydroxy-toluene 3-Methoxytoluene 3-Methyl cyclohexanol 3-Methyl-1-cyclohexanol 3-Methylphenol 3-Phenyl propenal 4-Aminotolidine 4-Methylaniline 4-Methylcyclohexanol 4-Metyhlcyclohexanone Acetaldehyde Acetaldehyde Acetic acid methyl ester Acetic anhydride Acetone Acetone Acetonitrile Acetonylacetone Acetophenone Acetyl chloride Acetylacetone

Formula C8H18 C8H18O C8H16 C5H12O C3H8O C3H6(NF2)2 C4H10O3 C6H14 C6H14 C4H10O3 C4H10O2 C2H6Cl2O2 C2H6Cl2O2 C2H7NO C7H9N C4H10 C4H10O C4H8O C10H16O C5H4O2 C5H4O2 C5H6O2 C7H8O C5H12 C7H8O C3H8O C3H6O C7H8O C7H14O C7H8O C9H8O C7H9N C7H9N

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 3859 4456 3859 4233 4009 2920 5204 3540 3540 5204 4869 4564 4564 4590 5656 5309 4068 4068 3960 3140 4331 4738 4738 4758 5056 3215 4662 5056 5177 3839 3852 4922 4544 4593 4613 4922 5099 4856 4856 4551 4423 [m/s] 1176 1358 1176 1294 1222 890 1586 1079 1079 1586 1484 1391 1391 1399 1724 1618 1240 1240 1207 957 1320 1444 1444 1450 1541 980 1421 1541 1578 1170 1174 1500 1385 1400 1406 1500 1554 1480 1480 1387 1348

Reference temp. [F] 68 68 77 68 68 77 77 68 77 77 77 32 77 77 77 68 77 77 68 68 77 77 77 77 68 77 78 68 68 68 77 68 78 77 78 68 77 77 77 78 78 61 68 [C] 20 20 25 20 20 25 25 20 25 25 25 0 25 25 25 20 25 25 20 20 25 25 25 25 20 25 25.5 20 20 20 25 20 25.5 25 25.5 20 25 25 25 25.5 25.5 16.1 20 25 25 20 25 25 25 20 20 20

Spec. weight 0.7230 0.8250 0.7230 0.8150 0.7800 1.2540 1.1160 0.6490 0.6490 1.1160 1.0190

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

4.1

2.4

2.4 0.4 1.51 3.7

0.7290 1.0180 0.9990 0.8100 0.8100 0.8050 2.2710 0.9470 1.1570 1.1570 1.1350 1.0470 0.6200 0.9370 1.0470 1.2700 0.7850 0.7910 1.0340 0.9760 0.9200 0.9140 1.0340 1.1120 0.9660 0.9660 0.9130 0.9130 0.3 0.3 0.9340 1.0820 0.9300 0.7910 0.7830 0.7290 1.0260 1.1050 0.9760 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.8 1.9 1.9 6.0 2.7 0.4 6.0 4.3 0.3 0.3 4.3 0.2 4.4 3.2 3.2

3.6 3.4

3.3

3.7 3.7 3.4

4.5

3.2

CH3CHO CH3CHO C3H6O2 (CH3CO)2O C3H6O C3H6O C2H3N C6H10O2 C8H8O C2H30Cl C5H8O2 3973 3872 3904 3852 4233 4590 4908 3478 4538 1211 1180 1190 1174 1290 1399 1496 1060 1383

77 77 68 77 77 77 68 68 68

2.5 4.5 4.5 4.1 3.6

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Liquids Acetylene dichloride Acetylene tetrabromide Acetylene tetrabromide Acetylene tetrabromide Acetylene tetrachloride Acetylene tetrachloride Acid (acetic) ethyl ester Acid (acetic), nitrile Acid, acetic Acid, acetic Acid, acetic 10% Acid, acetic 50% Acid, acetic 80% Acid, amino Acid, butyric Acid, caprylic Acid, carbolic Acid, formic Acid, formic 10% Acid, formic 50% Acid, formic 80% Acid, formic, amide (formamide) Acid, heptanoic Acid, oleic Acid, oleic Acid, propionic Acid, sulfuric Acid, sulfuric Acid, sulfuric Acid, sulfuric 60% Acid, sulfuric 95% Acid, triolacetic Acrolein Alcohol Alcohol (allyl)Alcohol (allyl)Alcohol (amyl) Alcohol (benzyl) Alcohol (butyl) Alcohol (butyl) Alcohol (dichloro-t-butyl) Alcohol (ethyl) Alcohol (ethyl) Alcohol (ethyl) (grain) Alcohol (ethyl) (grain) Alcohol (furfuryl) Alcohol (isopropyl) also (also Isopropanol) Alcohol (methyl) Alcohol (methyl) Alcohol (methyl) (wood)

Formula C2H2Cl2 C2H2Br4 C2H2Br4 C2H2Br4 C2H2Cl4 C2H2Cl4 C4H8O2 C2H3N C2H4O2 C2H4O2

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 3330 3409 3370 3304 3763 3790 3560 4233 3773 5197 [m/s] 1015 1041 1027 1007 1147 1155 1085 1290 1150 1584

Reference temp. [F] 77 68 77 82 77 82 77 77 68 122 59 59 59 [C] 25 20 25 28 25 28 25 25 20 50 15 15 15 20 20 20 18.3 20 20 20 20 25 20 20 45 20 15 20 25 20 20 25 20 25 20 40 20 20 20 70 25 20 25 20 37.8 25 20 20 25 0

Spec. weight 1.2600 2.9630 2.9660 1.5950 1.5780 0.9010 0.7830 1.0500

Kin. visc. [m/s] 0.4

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C] 3.8

1.2 0.5 0.4 4.4 4.1

1.4 2.3 2.9 1.2160 0.9590 0.9100 11.8 1.2260 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.1340 0.9130 0.8730 0.9920 2.5700 14.6 1.8410 11.2 4.4 14.5 1.0740 0.8410 0.7890 1.4 1.6 0.9 0.8160 1.0500 0.8100 3.6 1.2 3.8 0.7900 0.7890 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.1350 0.7850 2.7 3.4 4 4 1.43 2.9 2.2

4223 C4H8O2 C8H16O2 CH2O2 3947 4367 4213 4262

1287 1203 1331 1287 1299

68 68 68 65 68 68 68 68

CH3NO

5322 4305 4731 4374 3859

1622 1312 1442 1333 1176 1440 1258

77 68 68 113 68 59 68 77 68 68

H2SO4 H2SO4 H2SO4

4725 4128

3832 C3H4O C2H6O C3H6O C3H6O C5H12O C7H8O C4H10O C4H10O C4H8Cl2O C2H6O C2H6O C2H5OH C2H5OH C5H6O2 C3H8O CH40 CH40 CH3OH 4758 3839 3675 3530 4278 3839 3960 4233 5053 4160 3790 3960

1168 1155 1207

77 68 77 68 104

1294 1540 1268 1304 1170 1207

68 68 68 158 77 68 77 68 100

1450 1170 1120 1076

77 68 68 77 32

0.7910

0.7 1.0

2.92

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Liquids Alcohol (methyl) (wood) Alcohol (n-amyl) Alcohol (n-Butyl) Alcohol (n-decyl) Alcohol (n-dodecyl) Alcohol (n-heptyl) Alcohol (n-nonyl) Alcohol (sec-butyl) Alcohol (sec-butyl) Alcohol (t-Amyl)Alcohol (tert-amyl) Alcohol (tert-butyl) Alcohol, n-PropylAlcohol, PropylAlcohol, PropylAlcohol, PropylAlcohol, wood Alkazene-13 Alkazene-25 Alkohol (n-hexyl) Alpha-Methyl naphtalene Alpha-picoline Aminobenzene Ammonia Ammonia Ammonia Ammonia Amorphous Polyolefin Amyl acetate Amyl acetate Amyl bromide, nAmyl ether, iso Amyl formate Aniline Aniline Aniline Argon Argon Argon Asphalt (blended RC-0, MC-0, SC-0) Asphalt (blended RC-0, MC-0, SC-0) Asphalt (blended RC-1, MC-1, SC-1) Asphalt (blended RC-1, MC-1, SC-1) Asphalt (blended RC-2, MC-2, SC-2) Asphalt (blended RC-2, MC-2, SC-2) Asphalt (blended RC-3, MC-3, SC-3) Asphalt (blended RC-3, MC-3, SC-3) Asphalt (blended RC-4, MC-4, SC-4) Asphalt (blended RC-4, MC-4, SC-4) Asphalt (blended RC-5, MC-5, SC-5) Asphalt (blended RC-5, MC-5, SC-5) Asphalt (blended RS-1, MS-1, SS-1)

Formula CH3OH C5H12O C4H10O C10H22O C7H16O C9H20O C4H10O C4H10O C5H12O

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 4016 4160 4600 4554 4400 4564 4009 4068 3950 3950 3790 [m/s] 1224 1268 1402 1388 1341 1391 1222 1240 1204 1204 1155 1222 1223 1234 1076 1317 1307 1322 1510 1453 1639 1729 1663 1729 963 1168 1173 981 1153 1201 1656 1639 853 837 817

Reference temp. [F] 59 83 68 68 86 68 68 68 77 77 82 68 68 68 75 122 77 77 77 68 77 82 77 27 0 61 77 77 78 83 68 78 78 50 68 77 306 303 297 77 100 100 122 100 122 122 140 140 181 140 181 77 [C] 15 28.6 20 20 30 20 20 20 25 25 28 20 20 20 24 50 25 25 25 20 25 28 25 33 17.8 16 25 25 25.5 28.6 20 25.5 25.5 10 20 25 188 186 183 25 37.8 37.8 50 37.8 50 50 60 60 82.2 60 82.8 25

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s] 0.7

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

0.8100 0.8290 0.8310 0.8230 0.8280 0.8080 0.8100 0.8100 0.8090 0.7890 0.7800 0.8040 0.9900 1.4 0.7910 0.8600 1.2000 0.8200 1.0900 0.9510 1.0220 0.7710 1.4600 0.7710 0.9800 0.8790 1.2460 0.7740 0.8930 6.4 1.0220 1.0220 1.4000 1.4040 159 to 324 60 to 108 518 to 1080 159 to 324 518 to 1080 215 to 430 1295 to 2805 540 to 1080 1725 to 4315 270 to 540 6040 to 18340 647 to 1295 33 to 216 3.6 4.0 0.3 26.6 6.68 3.6 0.3 0.3 4 6.68 3.7 0.7 2.92 3.9 3.4 2.5 2.8 3.2 4.4 3.3

C3H8O C3H8O C3H8O C3H8O CH4O C15H24 C10H12Cl2 C6H14O C11H10 C7H7N C6H5NO2 NH3 NH3 NH3 NH3 C7H14O2 C7H14O2 C5H11Br

4009 4013 4049 3530 4321 4288 4338 4954 4767 5378 5673 5456 5673 3160 3832 3849 3219 3783 3941

C6H5NH2 C6H5NH2 C6H5NH2 Ar Ar Ar 5433 5378 2799 2746 2681

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Liquids Asphalt (blended RS-1, MS-1, SS-1) Asphalt emulsionsFed #1 Asphalt emulsionsFed #2, V, Vl Asphalt emulsionsFed #2, V, Vl Azine Beer Benzaldehyde Benzene Benzene Benzene Benzine Benzophenone Benzyl chloride Benzylacetone Biacetyl Bismuth Bismuth Bromal Bromine Bromine Bromo-benzene Bromo-benzene Bromo-ethane Bromoform Bromoform Butane (n) Butane (n) Butane, iso Butanol, iso Butyl acetate Butyl acetate, iso Butyl bromide, iso Butyl bromide, n Butyl chloride, n Butyl chloride, n Butyl chloride, tert Butyl formate Butyl oleate Butyliodide, n Cadmium Cadmium Cadmium Caesium Caesium Calcium chloride 25% Calcium chloride 50% Carbinol Carbitol Carbon dioxide Carbon disulfide Carbon disulfide Carbon disulfide

Formula

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] [m/s]

Reference temp. [F] 100 77 77 100 [C] 37.8 25 25 37.8 25 20 20 0 20 25 17 100 20 20 25 271 285 20 20 25 25 50 25 20 25 5 1 25 25 30 27 104 20 20 25 25 24 25 20 321 360 400 28.6 130 16.1 18.3 25 25 37 0 20 25

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s] 19 to 75 75 to 367 33 to 216 19 to 75

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

C6H5N C7H6O C6H6 C6H6 C6H6 C13H10O C7H7Cl

4643 4853 4364 4334 4249 3826 4318 4659 4967 4055

1415 1479 1330 1321 1295 1166 1316 1420 1514 1236 1635 1663 966 889 1170 1074 900 918 908 1085 1220 1212 1172 1180 1450 1019 1133 1140 984 1199 1404 977 2222 2150 2238 967 967

77 68 68 32 68 77 63 212 68 68 77 520 545 68 68 77 77 122 77 68 77 23 30 77 77 86 81 155 68 68 77 77 75 77 68 610 680 752 83 266 61 65

0.9820 1.0500

1.0 1.8 1.0 0.7

4.1

0.8700 0.8200 1.1030 0.9890 0.9900

Bi Bi Br2 Br2 C6H6Br C6H6Br C2H5Br CHBr3 CHBr3 C4H10 C4H10 C4H10 C4H10O C6H12O2 C6H12O C4H9Br C4H9Br C4H9Cl C4H9Cl C4H9Cl C5H10O2 C22H42O2 C4H9I Cd Cd Cd Cs Cs

5364 5456 3169 2917 3839 3524 2953 3012 2979 3560 4003 3977 3845 3872 4758 3343 3717 3740 3229 3934 4607 3206 7290 7054 7343 3173 3173

2.3000 0.3 2.9280 1.5220 1.4540 1.4600 2.8900 0.6010 0.3 0.7 3.8 0.5 0.8100 4.85 1.2760 0.8840 0.8870 0.8400 0.9110 3 1.6170 0.5 0.6 4.57 4.2 0.5 3.1 5.8 0.3 0.7 3

1.4

4.0 1.2 0.7910 0.9880 1.1010 1.2630 1.2610 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 7.71 0.7 2.92

CH4O C6H14O3 CO2 CS2 CS2 CS2

3530 4784 2753 3799 3770

1076 1458 839 1158 1149

77 77 35 32 68 77

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Liquids Carvacrol Cetane Chlorine Chlornitrobenzene, m Chlorobenzene Chlorobenzene Chloro-diFluoromethane Chloroform Chloroform Chloroform Chloroform Chlorotoluene, Chlorotrifluoromethane Chlortoluol, m Cinnamaldehyde Cinnamic aldehyde Citral b Colamine Corn starch solution 22 Baum Corn starch solution 22 Baum Corn starch solution 24 Baum Corn starch solution 24 Baum Corn starch solution 25 Baum Corn starch solution 25 Baum Corn syrup 78.4 Brix Corn syrup 78.4 Brix Corn syrup 80.3 Brix Corn syrup 80.3 Brix Corn syrup 82.3 Brix Corn syrup 82.3 Brix Corn syrup 84.4 Brix Corn syrup 84.4 Brix Corn syrup 86.4 Brix Corn syrup 86.4 Brix Cresol, m Cresol, o Crotonaldehyde Cumene Cyanomethane Cyclohexane Cyclohexane Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone Cyclohexanone Cyclohexene Cyclohexyl chloride Cyclohexylamine Cyclopentanone Cymene, p Decane

Formula

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 4839 [m/s] 1475 1338 850 1368 1291 1273 894 995 1001 979 1344 724 1326 1554 1554 1442 1724

Reference temp. [F] 68 77 68 104 68 77 58 68 74 77 140 68 180 68 77 77 68 77 70 100 70 100 70 100 100 180 100 180 100 180 100 180 100 180 [C] 20 25 20 40 20 25 50 20 23.5 25 60 20 82 20 25 25 20 25 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 37.8 82.2 37.8 82.2 37.8 82.2 37.8 82.2 37.8 82.2 20 20 20 20 25 20 25 20 25 30 20 25 20 20 20 24 28 25

Spec. weight 0.9760 0.7730

Kin. visc. [m/s] 4.3

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C] 3.71

C16H34 Cl2 C6H5Cl C6H5Cl CHCIF2 CHCl3 CHCl3 CHCl3 CHCl3 C7H7Cl CClF3 C7H7Cl C9C8O C9C8O C10H16O C2H7NO

4390 2789 4488 4236 4177 2933 3265 3284 3212 4410 2375 4351 5099 5099 4731 5656

1.1070 1.1060 1.4910 0.4 1.4900 1.4890 1.0820 5.26 1.0720 1.1120 1.1120 0.8880 1.0180 32.1 27.5 129.8 95.2 303.0 173.2 3200.0 160.0 6900.0 230.0 17.0 380.0 48.0 800.0 180.0 1750.0 1.0340 1.0470 0.8580 0.8620 0.7830 0.7790 0.7790 0.9450 0.9620 0.9480 0.9480 0.8110 1.0160 0.8190 0.9480 0.8570 0.7300 1.3 4 0.1 3.6 1.3 5.41 0.4 4.1 6.0 4.3 3.4 3.2 3.2 0.6 0.4 3.5 3.4 0.7 3.6 4.79

C7H8O C7H8O C4H6O C9H12 C2H3N C6H12 C6H12 C6H12O C6H12O C6H12O C6H10O C6H10O C6H10 C6H13N C5H8O C10H14 C10H22

4922 5056 4410 4403 4233 4213 4095 4899 4771 5322 4754 4669 4282 4328 4708 4836 4292 4108

1500 1541 1344 1342 1290 1284 1248 1493 1454 1622 1449 1423 1305 1319 1435 1474 1308 1252

68 68 68 68 77 68 77 68 77 86 68 77 68 68 68 75 82 77

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Liquids Decane, n Decane, n Decene, l Decylene, n Deuterium oxide Diacetyl Diamylamine Dibutyl phthalate Dibutyl phthalate Dichlorbenzene, m Dichlorbenzene, o Dichlorethane Dichloro methane Dichlorodifluoromethane Dichlorodifluoromethane Dichloro-fluoromethane Dichloro-fluoromethane Diethyl aldehyde Diethyl ester malonic acid Diethyl ether Diethylaniline, N,N Diethylene glycol Diethylene glycol Diethylene glycol, monoethyl ether Diethylene glycol, monoethyl ether Diethylenimide oxide Diethylphthalate Dihydroxyethane Diiodo-methane Dimethyl ketone Dimethyl pentane Dimethyl phthalate Dimethyl siloxane Di-n-propyl ether Dioxane Dioxane Diphenyl Diphenyl ether Diphenyl ether Diphenylmethane Dodecane Ethanenitrile Ethanoic anhydride Ethanol Ethanol Ethanol amide Ether Ethoxyethane Ethyl acetate Ethyl acetate Ethyl acetate Ethyl aceto acetate

Formula C10H22 C10H22 C10H20 C10H20 D2O C4H6O2 C10H23N C8H22O4 C8H22O4 C6H4Cl2 C6H4Cl2 C2H4Cl2 CH2Cl2 CCl2F2 CCl2F2 CHCl2F CHCl2F

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] [m/s]

Reference temp. [F] 0 100 [C] 17.8 37.8 20 25 20 25 25 0 25 28 20 20 25 21.1 25 0 21.1 24 22 25 20 21.1 25 25 30 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 20 20 20 25 100 24 30 28 25 25 25 20 25 25 25 25 15 20 25 25.5

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s] 2.4 1.0

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

4101 4052 4531 4055 4121 4620 4620 4042 4249 4068 3511 2540 2923 4521 4548

1250 1235 1381 1236 1256 1408 1408 1232 1295 1240 1070 774 891 1378 1386 985 1482 1533 1586 1458 1296 1442 1470 1658 980 1174 1063 1463 912 1112 1380 1376 1271 1469 1462 1501 1279 1290 1180 1156 1207 1724 985 985 1176 1085 1417

68 77 68 77 77 32 77 82 68 68 77 70 77 32 70 75 72 77 68 70 77 77 86 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 68 68 68 77 212 75 86 82 77 77 77 68 77 77 77 77 59 68 77 78

0.7460 1.0 0.9900

4 4.6 3.9

1.2850 1.3050 1.2500 1.3270 1.5160 1.4260 1.5 0.8250 1.0550 0.7130 0.9350 32.0 1.1160 0.9880 1.0000 1.1210 1.1130 3.2350 0.7910 0.6740 1.2000 0.7360 1.4200 1.0330 1.0730 1.0010 0.7490 0.7830 1.0820 0.7890 1.0180 0.7130 0.7130 0.9010 0.9010 1.0250 0.5 4.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.8 0.4 0.8 1.4 4 3.4 4.87 4.87 3.85 0.4 4.5 2.1 3.8 2.4 0.3 4.87 0.3 0.3 4.24 3.97 3.94

C4H10O C10H15N C4H10O3 C4H10O3 C6H14O3 C6H14O3 C4H9NO C12H14O4 C2H6O2 CH2I2 C3H6O C7H16 C8H10O4 C6H14O C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C12H10 C12H10O C12H10O C13H12 C12H26 C2H3N (CH3CO)2O C2H6O2 C2H6O2 C2H7NO C4H10O C4H10O C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C6H10O3

3232 4862 5030 5204 4784 4252 4731 4823 5440 3215 3852 3488 4800 2992 3649 4528 4515 4170 4820 4797 4925 4196 4233 3872 3793 3960 5656 3232 3232 3859 3560 4649

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Liquids Ethyl acetylmalonate Ethyl adipate Ethyl benzene Ethyl bromide Ethyl bromide Ethyl bromide Ethyl bromide Ethyl butyrate Ethyl caprylate Ethyl carbonate Ethyl ester propionic acid Ethyl ether Ethyl ether Ethyl formate Ethyl glycol Ethyl iodide Ethyl iodide Ethyl oxalate Ethyl phenyl ketone Ethyl succinate Ethylene bromide Ethylene bromide Ethylene chloride Ethylene chloride Ethylene chloride Ethylene chloroethanoate Ethylene dibromide Ethylene dichloride Ethylene dichloride Ethylene dichloride Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether Ethyl-p-phthalate Fenochone, d Fluorine Fluorine Fluorine Fluoro-benzene Formaldehyde Freon 11 / Frigen 11 Freon 11 / Frigen 11 Freon 12 / Frigen 12 Freon 12 / Frigen 12 Freon 21 / Frigen 21 Freon 21 / Frigen 21 Furfural, Fural Gas (natural) Gasoline a Gasoline a Gasoline b Gasoline c Gasoline c

Formula

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 4423 4515 [m/s] 1348 1376 1338 932 900 890 892 1117 1263 1173 1185 1006 985 1721 1606 869 876 1392 1498 1378 1009 995 1240 1193 1234 1014 1616 1240 1658 1279 1339 1471 1320 403 720 1039 1189 1587 828

Reference temp. [F] 73 72 68 50 68 77 82 75 82 82 75 68 77 75 86 68 77 72 68 72 68 77 68 73 77 78 75 68 73 77 86 86 73 77 225 279 351 77 77 32 70 70 [C] 22.5 22 20 10 20 25 28 24 28 28 24 20 25 24 30 20 25 22 20 22 20 25 20 22.5 25 25.5 24 20 22.5 25 30 30 22.5 25 143 173 213 25 25 0 21.1 21.1 25 0 21.1 25 103 16.1 37.8 16.1 16.1 37.8

Spec. weight 1.0850 1.0090 0.8670 1.4610 1.4300 1.4280 0.8790 0.8670 0.9750 0.8846 0.7200 0.7130 0.9240 1.9400 1.9500 1.0840 1.0120 1.0400 2.1701 2.1800 1.2570 1.2530 1.1590 1.1150 1.1130

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

C8H10 C2H5Br C2H5Br C2H5Br C2H5Br C6H12O2

4390 3058 2953 2920 2927 3665 4144 3849 3888

0.8 0.3

C4H10O C4H10O C3H6O2 C2H5l C2H5l

3301 3232 5647 5269 2851 2874 4567 4915 4521

5.7 0.3 4.87

0.3

C2H4Br2 C2H4Br2 C2H4Cl2 C2H4Cl2 C2H4Cl2 C2H4Br2 C2H6O2 C2H6O2 C2H6O2 C4H10O2 C3H8O2 C10H16O F F F C6H5F CH2O CCl3F CCl3F CCl2F2 CCl2F2 CHCl2F CHCl2F C5H4O2

3311 3265 4068 3914 4049 3327 5302 4068 5440 4196 4393 4826 4331 1322 2362 3409 3901 5207 2717

0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6

17.2

2.1

1.1230 0.9470 0.5450 0.2 11.31

1.0240 1.4900

0.6 3.56 0.2 0.3

2540 2923 4738 2471

774 891 1444 753

77 32 70 77 153 61 100 61 61 100

1.5160 1.4260 1.5 1.1570 0.3160 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

4.24 3.97 3.7

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Liquids Geranyl acetate Glucose Glucose Glycerine Glycerine Glycerine Glycerine, 50% water Glycerine, 50% water Glycol Glycol 50 % / H2O 50 % Guaicol Helium Helium Helium Helium Heptane Heptane Heptane, n Heptane, n Heptane, n Heptane, n Heptene Heptyne Hexachloro-Cyclopentadiene Hexadecane Hexahydrobenzene Hexahydrophenol (Hexalin) Hexamethylene Hexane Hexane Hexane Hexane, n Hexane, n Hexane, n Hexane, n Hexanol, n Hexyl Methyl ketone Honey Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Indan Indene Indium Indium Ink (printers) Ink (printers) Iodo-benzene Iodo-ethane Iodo-methane Jet fuel Kerosene

Formula C12H20O2 C6H12O6 C6H12O6 C3H8O3 C3H8O3 C3H8O3

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 4357 [m/s] 1328

Reference temp. [F] 82 100 151 [C] 28 37.8 66 20 25 90 20 60 25 25 100 271.5 269 268.8 0 23 25 17.8 20 22 37.8 30 30 25 25 25 25 25 20 23 25 17.8 20 21.1 37.8 25 24 37.8 256 253 20 20 20 156 260 37.8 54.4 20 25 25 34.4 25

Spec. weight 0.9170

Kin. visc. [m/s] 7.7 to 22 880 to 2420

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

6309 6247 6300

1923 1904 1920

68 77 194 68 140

1.2600 1.2600 1.2600 5.3 1.9 1.1130 2.1 757.1 2.2

C2H6O2 C7H8O2 He He He He C7H16 C7H16 C7H16 C7H16 C7H16 C7H16 C7H14 C7H12 C5Cl6 C16H34 C6H12 C6H12O C6H12 C6H14 C6H14 C6H14 C6H14 C6H14 C6H14 C6H14 C6H13OH C8H16O1 H2 H2 H2 C9H10 In In

5440 5177 4108 758 591 600 3166 3822 3711 3872 3773 3550 3803 3773 4390 4095 4771 4095 3553 3652 3649 3540 3560 4265 4344 3895 3698 4213 4603 4839 7267 7267

1658 1578 1252 231 180 183 965 1165 1131 1180 1150 1082 1159 1150 1338 1248 1454 1248 1083 1113 1112 1079 1085 1300 1324 1187 1127 1284 1403 1475 2215 2215

77 77 212 457 452 452 32 73 77 0 68 72 100 86 86 77 77 77 77 77 68 73 77 0 68 70 100 77 75 100 429 423 68 68 68 313 500 100 130

0.1460 0.1250 0.1250 0.7900 0.6840 0.6840 0.5 0.6 0.9 4 0.0 4.2 4.25

1.7180 0.7730 0.7790 0.9620 0.7790 0.6540 0.7300 0.6590 0.6490 0.4 0.8190 0.8180 73.6 0.0710 0.3550 0.9650 1.0060 7.0330 550 to 2200 238 to 660 1.8230 1.9500 2.2800 0.8100 1.0 0.3 0.2 7.9 2.1 3.6 0.0 3.8 0.4 0.7 4.53 2.71 4.3 1.3 70.7 1.3 3.71 5.41 3.6 5.41

C6H5l C2H5l CH3l

3655 2874 3209 4344

1114 876 978 1324

68 77 77 30 77

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4 Tables and characteristic curves

Liquids Kerosene Ketohexamethylene Lard Lard Lead Lead Linalool, d Lithium fluoride Machine lubricant #10 Machine lubricant #10 Machine lubricant #20 Machine lubricant #20 Machine lubricant #30 Machine lubricant #30 Machine lubricant #8 Machine lubricant #8 Menthol Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Mesityl oxide Methane Methanol Methanol Methyl acetate Methyl acetate Methyl acetate Methyl benzene Methyl bromide Methyl carbinol Methyl chloroethanoate Methyl cyanide Methyl cyanide Methyl ester salicylic acid Methyl formate Methyl iodide Methyl iodide Methyl iodide Methyl phenyl ether Methyl propionate Methyl propyl ketone Methylaniline, n Methylaniline, o Methyl-chloroform Methylcyclohexane Methylene Methylene bromide Methylene chloride Methylene chloride Methylene chloride

Formula

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 4249 [m/s] 1295 1423

Reference temp. [F] 93 77 100 130 [C] 34 25 37.8 54.4 327 340 20 900 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 50 20 21.1 25 37.8 50 25 89.15 20 25 20 25 30 20 2 25 25.5 20 25 28 25 20 25 30 25.5 25 24 20 25 25 20 24 24 20 24 25

Spec. weight 0.8250 0.9480

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C] 4

C6H10O

4669

62.1 34.3

Pb Pb C10H18O LiF

5873 5775 4400 8153

1790 1760 1341 2485

621 644 68 1652 100 130 100 130 100 130 100 130

0.8630 1.29 34 to 72 18 to 25 72 to 83 25 to 39 75 to 119 39 to 55 23 to 34 13 to 18 19.7000 0.1 13.5940 13.6000 0.8500 0.1620 0.7910 0.9340 0.8670 0.7890 1.2270 0.7830 0.7830 1.1840 0.9740 2.2790 2.2800 0.9988 0.9150 0.8160 0.9860 0.9990 1.3300 0.7864 2.4953 1.3360 1.3270 0.3 3.94 4.4 0.9 0.2 0.2 4.02 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.4 4.3 4 17.5 2.92 0.1 0.1 0.46

C10H19OH Hg Hg Hg Hg Hg C6H10O CH4 CH3OH CH3OH C3H6O2 C3H6O2 C3H6O2 C7H8 CH3Br C2H6O C2H3N C2H3N C8H8O3 C2H4O2 CH3I CH3I CH3I C7H8O C4H8O2 C7H9N C7H9N C2H3Cl3 C7H14

4170 4761 4754 4725 4298 1329 3668 3530 3973 3711 4357 2969 3960 4367 4278 4233 4620 3698 2736 3209 2674 4439 3986 4311 5204 5309 3232 4091 3186 3186

1271 1451 1449 1440 1310 405 1118 1076 1211 1131 1328 905 1207 1331 1304 1290 1408 1127 834 978 815 1353 1215 1314 1586 1618 985 1247 971 971 1092 1064 1070

122 68 70 77 100 122 77 192 68 77 68 77 86 68 36 77 78 68 77 82 77 68 77 86 78 77 75 68 77 77 68 75 75 68 75 77

CH2Cl2 CH2Cl2 CH2Cl2

3583 3491 3511

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Liquids Methylene iodide Methylene iodide Methylnaphthalene, A Milk Milk, homogenized Molasses A, first Molasses A, first Molasses B, second Molasses B, second Molasses C, blackstrap Molasses C, blackstrap Mono ethanol amine Monoethyl ether Morpholine Naphtha Naphthalene Neon Nicotine Nitrobenzene Nitrobenzene Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitromethane Nitromethane Nitrotoluene, o Nonane Nonane Nonene, l Nonene, n Nonene, n Octane Octane Octane, n Octane, n Octane, n Octyl bromide, n Octyl chloride, n Oil (cod) Oil (cod) Oil (cutting) 1 Oil (cutting) 1 Oil (cutting) 2 Oil (cutting) 2 Oil, 6 Oil, automotive crankcase SAE-10W Oil, automotive crankcase SAE-20 Oil, automotive crankcase SAE-20W Oil, automotive crankcase SAE-30 Oil, automotive crankcase SAE-40 Oil, automotive crankcase SAE-50

Formula CH2l2 CH2l2 C11H10

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 3206 3215 4954 5079 [m/s] 977 980 1510 1548

Reference temp. [F] 75 77 77 68 77 100 130 100 130 100 130 [C] 24 25 25 20 25 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 25 25 25 25 80 246 20 20 25 199 197 188.9 20 25 20 20 25 20 17.8 37.8 20 25 17.8 20 37 20 20 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 25 17.8 98.9 17.8 98.9 98.9 98.9

Spec. weight 3.3250 3.2350 1.0900

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

1.1 281 to 5070 151 to 1760 1410 to 13.3 660 to 3.3 2630 to 55 1320 to 16.5 1.0180 0.9900 1.0000 0.7600 0.9 1.2070 1.0090 1.1990 1.2000 0.8080 0.8150 1.1300 1.1350 1.1630 0.7180 0.7180 1.0 1.7 0.8 0.8400 0.7030 0.7040 1.1160 0.8750 32.1 19.4 30 to 40 17 to 23 40 to 46 23 to 26 1295 to 2590 5.7 to 9.6 2590 to 10350 9.6 to 12.9 12.9 to 16.8 16.8 to 22.7 0.7 1.3 0.7 0.6 3.5 4.2 4.14 4.04 0.5 4 0.2 3.8 3.4

C2H7NO C4H9NO C10H8 Ne C6H5NO2 C6H5NO2 N2 N2 N2 CH3NO2 CH3NO2 C6H4(CH3) (NO2) C9H20 C9H20 C9H18 C9H18 C9H18 C8H18 C8H18 C8H18 C8H18 C8H18 C8H17Br

5656 4784 4731 4019 1952 4892 4833 4800 3156 2851 2444 4416 4265 4698 4095 3960 3996

1724 1458 1442 1225 595 1491 1473 1463 962 869 745 1346 1300 1432 1248 1207 1218

77 77 77 77 176 411 68 68 77 326 323 308 68 77 68 68 77 68 0 100

3911 3845 3980 3878 4200

1192 1172 1213 1182 1280

68 77 0 68 99 68 68 100 130 100 130 100 130

4951

1509

77 0 210 0 210 210 210

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Liquids Oil, automotive crankcase SAE-5W Oil, automotive gear SAE-140 Oil, automotive gear SAE-150 Oil, automotive gear SAE-75W Oil, automotive gear SAE-80W Oil, automotive gear SAE-85W Oil, automotive gear SAE-90W Oil, bone Oil, bone Oil, Camphor Sassafrassy Oil, car Oil, castor Oil, castor Oil, castor Oil, castor Oil, castor Oil, China wood Oil, China wood Oil, coconut Oil, coconut Oil, corn Oil, corn Oil, cotton seed Oil, cotton seed Oil, crude 32.6 API Oil, crude 32.6 API Oil, crude 35.6 API Oil, crude 35.6 API Oil, crude 40 API Oil, crude 40 API Oil, crude 48 API Oil, crude 48 API Oil, crude Salt Creek Oil, crude Salt Creek Oil, diesel Oil, diesel fuel 2D Oil, diesel fuel 2D Oil, diesel fuel 3D Oil, diesel fuel 3D Oil, diesel fuel 4D Oil, diesel fuel 4D Oil, diesel fuel 5D Oil, diesel fuel 5D Oil, fuel 1 Oil, fuel 1 Oil, fuel 2 Oil, fuel 2 Oil, fuel 3 Oil, fuel 3 Oil, fuel 5A Oil, fuel 5A Oil, fuel 5B

Formula

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] [m/s]

Reference temp. [F] 0 210 210 210 210 210 210 130 212 [C] 17.8 98.9 98.9 98.9 98.9 98.9 98.9 54.4 100 25 25 18.6 20 25 37.8 54.4 21.1 37.8 37.8 54.4 54.4 100 37.8 54.4 16.1 54.4 16.1 54.4 16.1 54.4 16.1 54.4 16.1 54.4 25 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 50 71.1 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s] 1295 (max) 25 to 43 43 (min) 4.2 (min) 7 (min) 11 (min) 14 to 25 47.5 11.6

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

4561 2855 C11H10O10 C11H10O10 C11H10O10 C11H10O10 C11H10O10 4922 5053 4846

1390 870 1500 1540 1477

77 77 65 68 77 100 130 70 100 100 130 130 212 100 130 61 130 61 130 61 130 61 130 61 130

3.8 1.7400 0.9200 0.9690 0.7 259 to 325 98 to 130 308.5 125.5 29.8 to 31.6 14.7 to 15.7 28.7 8.6 37.9 20.6 23.2 7.1 17.8 4.9 9.7 3.5 3.8 1.6 77.0 6.1 0.8000 2 to 6 1 to 3.97 6 to 11.75 3.97 to 6.78 29.8 (max) 13.1 (max) 86.6 (max) 35.2 (max) 2.39 to 4.28 2.7 3 to 7.4 2.11 to 4.28 2.69 to 5.84 2.06 to 3.97 7.4 to 26.4 4.91 to 13.7 26.4 3.6 190.0

4101

1250

77 100 130 100 130 100 130 122 160 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Liquids Oil, fuel 5B Oil, fuel 6 Oil, fuel 6 Oil, fuel AA gravity Oil, gas Oil, gas Oil, insulating Oil, insulating Oil, lard Oil, lard Oil, linseed Oil, linseed Oil, linseed Oil, lubricating Oil, lubricating X200 Oil, menhaden Oil, menhaden Oil, motor Oil, neatsfoot Oil, neatsfoot Oil, olive Oil, olive Oil, olive Oil, olive Oil, olive Oil, palm Oil, palm Oil, paraffin Oil, peanut Oil, phenyl mustard Oil, rapeseed Oil, rapeseed Oil, rosin, resin Oil, rosin, resin Oil, sesame Oil, sesame Oil, silicone, DC-703 Oil, soya bean Oil, soya bean Oil, sperm Oil, sperm Oil, sperm Oil, spindle Oil, transformer Oil, transformer Oxygen Oxygen Oxygen Paraldehyde Paraldehyde Pentachloro-Ethane, Pentalin Pentachloro-Ethane, Pentalin

Formula

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] [m/s]

Reference temp. [F] 100 122 161 [C] 37.8 50 71.7 25 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 37.8 54.4 31 37.8 54.4 10 25 37.8 54.4 20 37.8 54.4 22 25 32 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 33.5 25 26.7 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 100 37.8 54.7 25 37.8 54.7 25 20 25 186 183.6 183 20 28 20 25

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s] 13.6 to 67.1 97.4 to 660 37.5 to 172

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

4872

1485

77 70 100 70 100 100 130

0.9900 13.9 7.4 24.1 (max) 11.75 (max) 41 to 47.5 23.4 to 27.1 0.9320 30.5 18.9

3.7

5814

1772

88 100 130

5332 5020

1625 1530

50 77 100 130

29.8 18.2 1.5100 49.7 27.5 0.9120 0.9040 43.2 24.1 47.8 26.4 1.1900 0.9360 1.1310 54.1 31.0 324.7 129.9 39.6 23.0 1.0130 35.4 19.6 0.8800 21 to 2315.2 21 to 2315.2 0.8660 0.9200 0.8650 1.1550 1.1430 1.1800 1.7090 1.6870 0.2 100.0 2.75

5709

1740

68 100 130

4725 4695 4433

1440 1431 1351

72 77 90 100 130 100 130

4659 4784 4633

1420 1458 1412

92 77 80 100 130 100 130 100 130

3396

1035

212 100 130

4725

1440

77 100 130

4695 4528 4643 O2 O2 O2 3124 2989 2992 3891 3924 C2HCl5 C2HCl5 3652 3550

1431 1380 1415 952 911 912 1186 1197 1113 1082

77 68 77 303 298 297 68 82 68 77

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Liquids Pentadecene, l Pentane Pentane, iso Pentane, iso Pentane, n Pentane, n Pentane, n Perchlorocyclopentadiene Perchloroethlyene Perchloroethlyene Perfluoro-1-Hepten Perfluoro-n-Hexane Petrolatum Petrolatum Petroleum Petroleum ether Phene Phenetole Phenol Phenyl acrolein, b Phenyl acrolein, beta Phenyl bromide Phenyl chloride Phenyl iodide Phenyl methane Phenylamine Phenylethane Phenylhydrazine Phthalardione Phthalic anhydride Picoline, beta Pimelic ketone Piperidine Plexiglas, Lucite, Acriylic Polyterpene Resin Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium bromide Potassium fluoride Potassium iodide Potassium nitrate Propane Propene Propionitrile, n Propyl acetate, n Propyl acetate, n Propyl iodide, n Propylchloride Propylchloride, n Propylene Propylene glycol

Formula C15H30 C5H12 C5H12 C5H12 C5H12 C5H12 C5H12 C5Cl6 C2Cl4 C2Cl4 C7F14 C6F14

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 4433 3347 3117 3215 3425 3301 3773 3511 3399 1913 1667 [m/s] 1351 1020 950 980 1044 1006 1150 1070 1036 583 508

Reference temp. [F] 68 68 32 77 68 77 80 77 68 77 77 77 130 160 [C] 20 20 0 25 20 25 26.7 25 20 25 25 25 54.4 71 15 16.1 25 25.5 100 25 25 20 25 20 20 25 20 20 25 152 28 25 20 25 25 64 75 150 900 900 900 352 45 13 20 2 25.5 20 25 20 13 21.1

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

0.6400 0.6410 0.6200 0.5570 1.7180 1.7200 1.6320 1.6700 1.6720 20.5 15.0 1.1400 31.0 0.8790 0.9670 1.1120 1.1120 1.5220 1.1060 1.8230 0.8670 1.0220 0.8670 1.0980 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.6 3.6 4.27 4 3.6 3.2 0.7 4.65 0.3 0.4 0.3 4.8

4577 C6H6 C6H5OH C9H8O C6H5Br C6H5Cl C6H5l C7H8 C6H5NO2 C8H10 C6H8N2 C8H4O3 C8H4O3 C7H7N C6H10O C5H11N 4285 3783 4180 5099 5099 3839 4177 3655 4357 5378 4390 5702 3691 3691 4656 4669 4593 8698 3609 K K K KBr KF Kl KNO3 C3H8 C3H6 C3H5N C5H10O2 C5H10O2 C3H7I C3H7Cl C3H7Cl C3H6 C3H8O2 5971 6175 6037 3836 5880 3232 5709 3291 3160 4170 4200 3878 3048 3471 3580 3160

1395 1306 1153 1274 1554 1554 1170 1273 1114 1328 1639 1338 1738 1125 1125 1419 1423 1400 2651 1100 1820 1882 1840 1169 1792 985 1740 1003 963 1271 1280 1182 929 1058 1091 963

59 61 77 78 212 77 77 68 77 68 68 77 68 68 77 306 82 77 68 77 77 147 167 302 1652 1652 1652 666 49 9 68 36 78 68 77 68 9 70

0.9610 0.9480 0.8620 0.7700 0.8240 0.7 0.71 1.03 0.64 1.8590 0.5850 0.5630 0.7830 4.63 0.8870 1.7470 0.8920 0.8900 0.5630 52.0 6.32 0.4 1.2 1.1 5.7 6.32 39.0 4

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

Liquids Pseudocumene Pyridine Quinaldine Quinaline Refrigerant 11 Refrigerant 12 Refrigerant 14 Refrigerant 21 Refrigerant 22 Refrigerant 113 Refrigerant 114 Refrigerant 115 Refrigerant C318 Resorcinol dimethy ether Rosin Rosin Rubidium Salicylaldehyde Saline solution 1% Saline solution 25% Selenium Selenium Selenium Silicon tetrachloride Silicone Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium chloride Sodium chloride 25% Sodium chloride 5% Sodium fluoride Sodium hydroxide 20% Sodium hydroxide 30% Sodium nitrate Sodium nitrite Solvesso #3 Spar varnish, colorless Spar varnish, colorless Spirit of turpentine Spirit of wine Sucrose 60 Brix Sucrose 60 Brix Sucrose 64 Brix Sucrose 64 Brix Sucrose 68 Brix Sucrose 68 Brix Sucrose 72 Brix Sucrose 72 Brix Sucrose 74 Brix Sucrose 74 Brix Sucrose 76 Brix

Formula C9H12 C6H5N

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 4488 4643 5168 5250 [m/s] 1368 1415 1575 1600 828 774 875 891 894 784 665 656 547 1460

Reference temp. [F] 68 77 68 68 32 40 238 32 122 32 14 58 14 78 100 200 [C] 20 25 20 20 0 40 150 0 50 0 10 50 10 25.5 37.8 93.3 160 26.7 25 25 215 250 560 30 25 100 150 600 850 16.1 20 1000 18.3 18.3 336 292 25 20 37.8 27 25 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 21.1

Spec. weight 0.8760 0.9820 1.1013 1.0950 1.4900 1.5160 1.7500 1.4260 1.4910 1.5630 1.4550 1.6200 1.0800

Kin. visc. [m/s] 1.0

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C] 4.1

CCl3F CCl2F2 CF4 CHCl2F CHClF2 CCl2F-CClF2 CCl2F-CClF2 C2ClF5 C4F8

2717 2540 2871 2923 2933 2572 2182 2152 1795 4790

3.56 4.24 6.61 3.97 4.79 3.44 3.73 4.42 3.88 216 to 11 108 to 4400

Rb C7H6O2

4134 4836 4879 5807

1260 1474 1487 1770 1100 1072 870 766 990 2524 2500 2255 1991

320 80 77 77 419 482 1040 86 77 212 302 1112 1562 61 68

1.1660 1.5200 2.1000 0.68

Se Se Se SiCl4 Si Na Na Na NaCl

3609 3517 2855 2513 3248 8281 8203 7399 6532

0.9930 0.9300 0.8130

30.0

2.4 1.1 0.8770 4.0 10.0 1.8840 1.8050 0.8770 313.0 143.0 1.1400 0.7890 1.4 49.7 18.7 95.2 31.6 216.4 59.5 595.0 138.6 1210.0 238.0 2200.0 4 3.7 1.4 1.32

NaF

6831

2082

1832 65 65

NaNO3 NaNO2

5784 6158 4495

1763 1877 1370

637 558 77 68 100

4200 C2H6O 3960

1280 1207

81 77 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70

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Liquids Sucrose 76 Brix Sulfur Sulfur Sulfur Sulfur Tar, coke oven Tar, coke oven Tar, gas house Tar, gas house Tar, pine Tar, pine Tellurium Tetrachlorocarbon Tetrachloroethane Tetrachloroethane Tetrachloroethane Tetrachloroethylene Tetrachloroethylene Tetradecane Tetraethylene glycol Tetrahydro-1.4-Isoxazine Tetralin Tetranitromethane Thallium Thiophene Tin Tin Tin Tin Toluene Toluene Toluene Toluene Toluidine, m Toluidine, o Toluidine, o Toluidine, p Trans-1.2-Dibromoethylene Trans-1.2-Dichloreethylene Tribromo-methane Trichlorethylene Trichlorethylene Trichloro-ethane Trichloro-fluoromethane Trichloro-fluoromethane Trichloro-methane Tridecene, l Tridecylene Triethylamine Triethylamine Triethylene glycol

Formula

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] [m/s] 1340 1332 950 1177

Reference temp. [F] 100 230 266 842 482 70 100 70 100 100 132 [C] 37.8 110 130 450 250 21.1 37.8 21.1 37.8 37.8 55.6 450 25 20 25 28 28 25 20 25 150 25 20 20 302 20 230 450 F ( 240 495 20 22.5 25 30 20 20 25 25 25 25 25 20 25 25 0 21.1 25 20 22 0 25 21.1

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s] 440.0

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

S S S S

4397 4370 3117 3862

1.1 600 to 1760 141 to 308 3300 to 66 440 to 4400 559.0 108.2 0.73 1.5950 1.5530 1.6320 1.8200 1.6700 1.6320 0.7630 1.1230 1.7500 1.0000 1.6500 1.0650 6.9600 3.8 2.9 3 0.6 1.2

Te CCl4 C2H2Cl4 C2H2Cl4 C2H2Cl4 C2Cl4 C2Cl4 C14H3O C8H18O5 C4H9NO C10H12 C(NO2)4 Tl C4H4S Sn Sn Sn Sn C7H8 C7H8 C7H8 C7H8 C7H9N C7H9N C7H9N C7H9N C2H2Br2 C2H2Cl2 CHBr3 C2HCl3 C2HCl3 C2H3Cl3 CCl3F CCl3F CHCl3 C13H26 C6H15N C6H15N C6H14O4

3252 3038 3839 3399 3790 3370 3399 4367 5204 2871 4731 4869 3409 5332 4265 8078 7448 8104 7907 4357 4331 4292 4183 5315 5361 5309 4856 3068 3314 3012 3442 3373 3373 2717 3212 4308 4308 3901 3685

991 926 1170 1036 1155 1027 1036 1331 1586 875 1442 1484 1039 1625 1300 2462 2270 2470 2410 1328 1320 1308 1275 1620 1634 1618 1480 935 1010 918 1049 1028 1028 828 979 1313 1313 1189 1123

842 77 68 77 82 82 77 68 77 238 77 68 68 576 68 446 450 464 923 68 73 77 86 68 68 77 77 77 77 77 68 77 77 32 70 77 68 72 32 77 70

Tetrafluoro-methane, Carbon tetrafluoride CF4

0.8670 1.1400 0.8660 0.9890 1.0040 0.9990 0.9660 2.2310 1.2570 2.8900 1.5400 1.4640 1.4640 1.4900

0.6 0.6

4.27 4.3 4.2

4.4 1.9

0.7

3.56 0.2 0.6 3.4

1.4890 0.7890 0.7260

4.47 40.0

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Liquids Triethylene glycol Trimethylene bromide Trinitrotoluene Triolein Turpentine Turpentine Turpentine Turpentine Undecene, l Unisis 800 Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water

Formula C6H14O4 C7H5(NO2)3 H2O

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 5276 3754 5282 4862 4364 4118 [m/s] 1608 1144 1610 1482 1330 1255

Reference temp. [F] 77 75 178 68 68 77 100 130 [C] 25 24 81 20 20 25 37.8 54.4 20 25 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16.1 17 18 19 20 21.1 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Spec. weight 1.1230 1.9790 1.6400 0.9150 0.8800 0.8800

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C] 3.8

1.4 86.6 to 95.2 39.9 to 44.3

4183 H2 O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O 4416 4600 4616 4633 4649 4666 4679 4695 4708 4721 4748 4761 4774 4787 4797 4810 4820 4833 4843 4853 4862 4872 4882 4892 4902 4912 4918 4928 4935 4944 4951 4958 4967 4974 4981 4987 4994 5000 5004 5010 5017 5020 5026

1275 1346 1402 1407 1412 1417 1422 1426 1431 1435 1439 1447 1451 1455 1459 1462 1466 1469 1473 1476 1479 1482 1485 1488 1491 1494 1497 1499 1502 1504 1507 1509 1511 1514 1516 1518 1520 1522 1524 1525 1527 1529 1530 1532

68 77 32 34 36 37 39 41 43 45 46 50 52 54 55 57 59 61 63 64 66 68 70 72 73 75 77 79 81 82 84 86 88 90 91 93 95 97 99 100 102 104 106 108

0.8700

0.9980

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Liquids Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water

Formula H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 5033 5036 5040 5046 5049 5053 5056 5063 5066 5069 5072 5076 5079 5082 5086 5086 5089 5092 5092 5095 5095 5095 5099 5099 5099 5102 5102 5102 5102 5102 5102 5102 5102 5102 5102 5102 5099 5099 5099 5099 5095 5095 5095 5092 5092 5089 5086 5086 5082 5082 5079 5076 [m/s] 1534 1535 1536 1538 1539 1540 1541 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1550 1551 1552 1552 1553 1553 1553 1554 1554 1554 1555 1555 1555 1555 1555 1555 1555 1555 1555 1555 1555 1554 1554 1554 1554 1553 1553 1553 1552 1552 1551 1550 1550 1549 1549 1548 1547

Reference temp. [F] 109 111 113 115 117 118 120 122 124 126 127 129 133 133 136 138 140 142 144 145 147 149 151 153 154 156 158 160 162 163 165 167 169 171 172 174 176 178 180 181 183 185 187 189 190 192 194 196 198 199 201 203 [C] 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

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Liquids Water Water Water Water Water Water, distilled Water, heavy Water, sea Water, sea Xenon Xylene hexafluoride Xylene, m Xylene, m Xylene, o Xylene, o Xylene, p Xylene, p

Formula H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O H2O D2O

Sound velocity, longitudinal [ft/s] 5072 5072 5069 5066 5063 4915 4590 4944 5023 [m/s] 1546 1546 1545 1544 1543 1498 1399 1507 1531 630 879 1343 1328 1332 1352 1330 1334

Reference temp. [F] 205 207 208 210 212 77 77 59 77 164 77 68 72 68 72 68 68 [C] 96 97 98 99 100 25 25 15 25 109 25 20 22 20 22 20 20

Spec. weight

Kin. visc. [m/s]

DeltaCL/ DeltaT [m/s 1/C]

0.9960 1.5400 1.0250 1.3700 0.8680 1.1400 0.8970 0.8610

1.0

2.4 2.8

1.0 0.6 0.7 4.1 0.9 4.1

Xe C8H4F6 C8H10 C8H10 C8H10 C8H10 C8H10 C8H10

2067 2884 4403 4357 4370 4436 4364 4377

0.7

If the data of a medium which is not listed in the table are needed, the reference data for sound velocity and viscosity can be determined with the aid of the data table and the values applicable for the process temperature can be calculated. The sound velocity of the media is defined in the table for a reference temperature. The temperature coefficient (DeltaCL/DeltaT) is then used to calculate the sound velocity at the process temperature. This value - not the reference value - is used to configure the measuring point. If possible, always configure the measuring point with the value that applies at the desired process temperature. Example of formic acid (CH3NO): 1622 m/s 77 F (25 C) 2.2 m/s 1/C 10 C Longitudinal sound velocity (from table) Reference temperature (from table) DeltaCL/DeltaT temperature coefficient (from table) Process temperature of the application

Change in sound velocity vS caused by difference in temperature: vS = (25 C - 10 C) (2.2 m/s 1/C) = 33 m/s Resulting sound velocity vSres at process temperature: vSres = 1622 m/s + (33 m/s) = 1589 m/s

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4.2.2

Solids

These sound velocity values are needed to configure the sound velocity of the pipe (see Sound velocity of the pipe or pipe material section).

Note! The sound velocity (longitudinal or transversal) that is closer to 2440 m/s is selected for flow measurement. In the case of metals, this is generally the value for the transversal sound velocity. In the case of plastics, it is mostly the value for the longitudinal sound velocity. The value for the longitudinal sound velocity is always selected for wall thickness measurement.
Sound velocity Reference temperature transversal [ft/s] 3416 4692 2667 [m/s] 1041 1430 813 77 68 to 73 68 to 73 [F] 68 to 73 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 2140 74.8 to 109.5 39 18046 to 21327 5500 to 6500 19358 5900 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 32.4 to 43.5 36.2 17 10171 to 10270 3100 to 3130 8901 10270 9974 2713 3130 3040 16.7 to 17.2 14.4 to 15.2 17.7 17.3 [C] 20 to 23 Acoustic impedance [106 kg /ms]

Solids Acetal Acrylic Acrylic-Butadiene-Styrene, ABS Alloy, white Alumina Alumina Alumina Alumina, sintered Aluminium Aluminium Aluminium oxide abrasive Aluminium, dural Aluminium, rolled Aluminum, 6061T6 Aluminum, rolled AM-389 Antimony Araldit F Barium Bariumtitanate Basalt Beryllium Beryllium Bismuth Bismuth Black liquor Bone Brass Brass, Ms 58 Brass, Ms 63 Brass, Ms 72 Brass, yellow 70 Cu, 30 Zn Brass, yellow 70 Cu, 30 Zn Brickearth Bronze Buna mixture Buna N Cadmium Cadmium Caesium Calzium Celluloid 7720 8957 2020 32810 33433 32482 20736 12140 20736 21064 20943 21064

longitudinal [ft/s] 2353 2730 2020 10 000 10190 9900 6320 3700 6320 6420 6383 6420 19259 10302 to 11155 3140 to 3400 2530 2080 19456 42292 2180 5939 to 7448 11303 12566 2530 2080 5930 12 890 5906 3609 3806 10302 [m/s]

22311 to 23951 6800 to 7300

13124 to 15421 4000 to 4700

29529 to 36091 9000 to 11000

20342 to 20867 6200 to 6360

5870 1800 1100 1160 3140 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 23.2 to 24.1 21 17.7 to 22.2 25.2 to 40.3 6.3 31 31 to 34.4 36.3 to 36.6 40.4 21 to 22.8 3 7.8 27.6 to 30.8

17061 to 17717 5200 to 5400

41734 to 42292 12 720 to 12 890 27331 to 29135 8330 to 8880 2180 1810 to 2270 3445 3830 6726 to 7218 6949 to 6956 6923 2050 to 2200 2118 to 2120 2110 3609 to 3708 7218 to 10499 1100 to 1130 2200 to 3200

11484 to 18374 3500 to 5600

12566 to 13944 3830 to 4250 14436 to 14568 4400 to 4440 15421 14387 15421 5443 11582 4134 2000 9121 8744 to 10827 3576 13715 2210 4700 4385 4700 1659 3530 1260 2000 2780 2665 to 3300 1090 4180 2210

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

68 to 73 7317 2230 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 4922 to 5939 1936 7251 1500 to 1810 590 2210 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23

3.7 31.3 1.88 24 22.9 to 28.5 2.1 6.4 3.1

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Sound velocity Solids Cellulose acetate, CA Cellulose- aceto-butyrate, CAB Cement Cement, asbestos Cemented, carbide Cemented, carbide Cerium Chalk Chocolate Chromium Clay, annealed Cloroprene-Polymerisate, CR Cobalt Concrete Constantane Copper Copper Copper, rolled Cord, cotton Cord, leash Cork Degussit Delrin Diamant Duraluminum, 17 S Dysprosium Ebonite Ethylene-Vinyl acetate -Cop., EVA Gadolinium Gallium Germanium Glass, crown Glass, crown Glass, crown Glass, flint Glass, flint Glass, flint Glass, heavy Glass, light Glass, pyrex Glass, pyrex Glass, pyrex-flint Glass, window Glass-ceramics (Macor) Glass-fiber reinforced plastic, GFK Gneiss Gold Granite Graphite, pressed Hafnium Ice 17258 18505 18406 18406 18931 18472 9023 15421 10630 5250 to 8203 12041 5260 5640 5610 5610 5770 5630 2750 4700 3240 1600 to 2500 3670 3937 3937 to 4922 6562 6529 1200 1200 to 1500 2000 1990 10762 10663 11254 3280 3250 3430 77 2260 1966 2310 2200 longitudinal [ft/s] 2260 1966 2310 2200 13124 to 15421 4000 to 4700 4364 1330 [m/s] 3488 3041 transversal [ft/s] 927 [m/s] 1063

Reference temperature [F] 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 77 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 [C] 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25

Acoustic impedance [106 kg /ms]

2.63 77 to 102

22311 to 23951 6800 to 7300 22311 to 23951 6800 to 7300 2300 1575 5259 22458 11982 5798 9843 to 15847 17192 15421 16438 4101 to 4675 5955 1641 to 1755 2400 57418 20736 9712 5118 to 5138 1977 9679 9941 15027 16733 18570 13058 13977 2300 480 1603 6845 3652 1767 9843 to 10007 6562 to 7874 8662 7415 to 7612 3000 to 3050 2000 to 2400 2640 2260 to 2320 3000 to 4830 5240 4700 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 20342 41997 5643 6200 12800 1720 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 5512 2461 7940 1680 750 2420 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 5010 1250 to 1425 1815 500 to 535 2400 17500 6320 2960 1560 to 1566 1977 2950 3030 4580 5100 5660 11221 3420 68 to 73 20 to 23 3980 4260 8399 7809 9318 2560 2380 2840 68 to 73 77 77 20 to 23 25 25 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 13042 3975 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23

74.8 to 109.5 15.6

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

48.9

15486 to 19128 4720 to 5830

41.5 to 51.3 5.4 to 12.1 46.1 42 32.6 to 42.4

12028 to 15618 3666 to 4760

0.11 36.5 to 41.1 3.4 61.3

31498 to 34615 9600 to 10550

17.9 24.5 14 13.1 to 14.2 15 15.1 to 15.3

17143 to 18570 5225 to 5660

13780 to 13977 4200 to 4260

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

13 14.5 14.2

63.8 11 to 26.5 2.72 to 5.8 48.8 2.9 to 3.6

12960 to 21327 3950 to 6500

10604 to 13058 3232 to 3980

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Sound velocity Solids Ice Inconel, forged Indium Irdium Iron Iron Iron, armco Iron, armco Iron, armco Iron, cast Iron, cast Iron, cast Iron, ductile Iron, electrolytic Iron, gray cast Iron, sintered Ivory Lanthanum Lead Lead Lead +6% Al Lead, rolled Lead-Methaneiobate Lead-Titanate Lead-Zirconium-Tinanate Leguval Lithium Lithiumniobat Lithiumsulfate Low density polyethylene, LDPE Lucite Lucite Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium, drawn annealed Manganese Manganine Marble Mercury Mercury Molybdenum Molybdenum Monel Mortar Neodymium Neoprene Nickel Nickel Nickel Nickel silver Nickel silver 19358 11484 9876 to 10043 9088 2160 6726 to 7874 2160 1960 8531 to 17488 5900 3500 3010 to 3061 2770 2160 2050 to 2400 2160 1960 2600 to 5330 7415 to 8629 9252 2260 to 2630 2820 2297 to 2330 2658 700 to 710 810 5053 1540 11484 to 18374 3500 to 5600 13058 25657 2460 19358 19522 19555 19358 19522 14929 longitudinal [ft/s] 3980 7820 2460 5900 5950 5960 5900 5950 4550 10630 10630 8203 7218 to 10499 7218 to 10499 9843 10630 7218 to 10499 7218 3240 3240 2500 2200 to 3200 2200 to 3200 3000 3240 2200 to 3200 2200 77 10565 3220 9909 2330 10007 3020 710 3050 [m/s] transversal [ft/s] [m/s]

Reference temperature [F] 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 [C] 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 20 to 23

Acoustic impedance [106 kg /ms] 3.6 64.52 18 107.5 to 120.5 45 47

15749 to 17652 4800 to 5380

68 to 73 77 68 to 73 68 to 73 77 77 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

46.7 to 46.8 25.2 to 40.3 25.2 to 40.3

11484 to 18374 3500 to 5600 11484 to 18374 3500 to 5600

25.2 to 40.3 25.2 5.4 17 25 23.2 to 28.1 23.5 13 to 41.1 31 to 33 28.8 to 36.5 3.3 3.2 34 9.7 to 11.2 1.92 to 1.96 3.2 3.2 10 7.8 to 10.3 39.1 to 46.7 39 9.5 to 18.2 20 36.4 63.1 to 67.8 47.1 19 2.1 50 43.8 to 53.8 40 30.2 to 40

13649 to 14010 4160 to 4270 12927 to 15814 3940 to 4820 2650 19784 24017 2087 8957 2680 18931 18931 15289 4758 2673 20506 17553 2500 2720 5250 19817 18472 15618 2650 6030 7320 2087 2730 2680 5770 10007 to 10762 3050 to 3280 7710 to 10762 10696 2350 to 3280 3260 4134 1260

15486 to 17914 4720 to 5460

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

15099 to 19358 4602 to 5900 5770 4660 1450 2673 6250 15289 to 18242 4660 to 5560 12501 to 21327 3810 to 6500

20506 to 21819 6250 to 6650 5350 2500 2720 1600 6040 5630 4760

10991 to 11516 3350 to 3510 8924 4725 2720 1440

68 to 73 68 to 73 77 68 to 73 68 to 73

9712 9712 to 10562 7087

2960 2960 to 3219 2160

77 68 to 73 68 to 73

16316 to 19817 4973 to 6040 11812 to 15618 3600 to 4760

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Sound velocity Solids Niobium Nylon Nylon Nylon Nylon, 6-6 Osmium Palladium Paper, tissue paper Paper, vellum Paper, writing paper Paraffin, hard Paraffin, hard Paraffin, hard PDPE Perbunane Phenolic resin Pitch Platinum Plexiglass Polyamide, PA Polyamidimide, PAI Polycarbonate, PC Polyethylene Polyethylene (HD) Polyethylene (LD) Polyethylene glycol terephthalate, polyester, PETP Polyethylene, PE Polyimide Polymethyl methacylate, PMMA Polypropylene, PP Polystyrene Polystyrene, PS Poly-tetrafluor-ethylene, PTFE Polyvinyl-chloride (PVC), CPVC Polyvinyl-chloride, PVC Polyvinyl-fluoride, PVDF Porcelain Porcelain Praseodymium PUR, PU (polyurethane) Quartz Quartz crystal Resin Resin, epoxy Resin, ethoxyline Resin, polyester Rhenium Rhodium Rubber Rubber, cork Rubber, hard 17980 1989 2000 2107 2200 2200 4561 to 4593 2404 5578 to 5742 9187 4298 8760 to 9056 5906 to 8531 2685 2001 1950 2310 6365 2710 6398 to 6562 2433 8727 to 8990 2404 2350 7668 to 7710 4430 2400 7153 to 7415 2200 5480 1989 2000 2107 2200 2200 1390 to 1400 2404 1700 to 1750 2800 1310 5479 to 5676 3675 to 4692 3609 to 3937 3478 1670 to 1730 1120 to 1430 1100 to 1200 1060 2670 to 2760 1800 to 2600 2685 2001 1950 2310 1940 2710 1950 to 2000 2433 2660 to 2740 2404 2350 2337 to 2350 1350 2400 2180 to 2260 2200 3347 to 3773 1805 3478 3110 2543 1020 to 1150 550 1060 948 775 4521 3396 1378 1035 1772 540 1772 540 77 77 3396 1035 14797 to 15158 4510 to 4620 longitudinal [ft/s] 8974 2400 2600 2735 2400 2600 3773 3609 3511 10302 6234 to 6529 1150 1100 1070 3140 1900 to 1990 77 [m/s] 13452 to 16733 4100 to 5100 transversal [ft/s] 5578 to 6857 [m/s] 1700 to 2090

Reference temperature [F] 68 to 73 [C] 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23

Acoustic impedance [106 kg /ms] 35.3 to 43.9

68 to 73 77 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

2.9 123.2 51.9 to 53.1

1.8 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 1 2.8 3 to 3.2 3.9 13 11484 to 12140 3500 to 3700 4626 1410 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 12599 3609 3840 1100 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 9613 11385 2930 3470 68 to 73 68 to 73 77 68 to 73 13.4 to 15.5 17.3 2.2 15.2 to 15.3 15.2 1.71 2.64 3.2 to 3.4 110 75.5 3.8 1.76 to 1.80 3.5 3.1 to 3.3 2.16 2.45 to 2.49 3 1.83 1.22 to 1.26 2.26 1.7 to 1.75 3.5 1.45 84.7 to 87.3 3.2 to 3.3 1.98 to 3.12 3.8 2400

12993 to 13386 3960 to 4080

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 77 68 to 73 68 to 73

17389 to 19358 5300 to 5900 18374 to 20342 5600 to 6200 2660 5955 18899 5250 2400 2500 2650 17586 20309 6234 3609 2300 2660 1815 5760 1600 2400 2500 2650 5360 6190 1900 1100 2300

18833 to 18899 5740 to 5760

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Sound velocity Solids Rubber, hard Rubber, natural Rubber, nitrile NBR Rubber, silicone RTV Rubber, soft Rubidium Ruthenium Salt, rock Samarium Sandy soil Sapphire Schellac Sealing wax Sebum Silica Silica, fused Silica, fused Silica, fused Silica, fused Silica, fused Silicon nitride ceramics Silver Skin, sheep Sodium Stearin Steatite Steel, alloyed, annealed Steel, alloyed, hardened Steel, alloyed, hardened and tempered Steel, ball bearning Steel, high-speed steel, annealed Steel, high-speed steel, annealed Steel, low alloy Steel, stainless, annealed Steel, stainless, 347 Steel, stainless, feritish Steel, tool, annealed Steel, tool, hardened Steel, unalloyed, annealed Stone, fireproof Strontium Tantalum Tar, epoxy Teflon (PTFE) Terbium Textolit Texture, biological Thallium Thorium Tin Tin longitudinal [ft/s] 5151 to 7546 4997 6342 3110 4856 to 5086 4692 21425 8924 to 14436 2700 886 to 6562 35664 3232 4413 1280 29349 19463 19581 19581 18275 36091 1545 10860 4528 20998 19522 19358 19456 19653 19292 19883 18813 18144 18997 19719 19207 6562 to 15749 9121 2000 4430 9581 9581 4849 to 5742 5348 9351 to 9646 10893 1523 1933 948 1480 to 1550 1430 6530 2720 to 4400 2700 270 to 2000 10 870 985 1345 390 8945 5932 5968 5968 5570 11000 471 3310 1380 6400 5950 5900 5930 5990 5880 6060 5734 5530 5790 6010 5854 2000 to 4800 2780 2000 1350 2920 2920 1478 to 1750 1630 2850 to 2940 3320 5020 to 5479 1530 to 1670 1575 5118 to 5348 480 1560 to 1630 1805 5446 550 1660 4987 6660 1520 2030 11024 10335 3360 3150 9787 2983 12222 10696 10598 10630 10729 10466 10991 3725 3260 3230 3240 3270 3190 3350 5315 1620 20506 5217 to 5545 6250 1590 to 1690 12350 3764 17524 5341 4232 1290 2526 12271 770 3740 [m/s] 1570 to 2300 transversal [ft/s] [m/s]

Reference temperature [F] 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 [C] 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23

Acoustic impedance [106 kg /ms] 1.88 to 2.76 1.52 1.33 to 1.47 2.19 81.2 20.8 43.2 2.15 20.6

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 77 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23

13.1 14.5 to 15.4 14.5 36 37.4 to 39.4 3.2 17.3 46.6 46.3 46.5 46.7

18275 to 19456 5570 to 5930

11533 to 12304 3515 to 3750

11812 to 12435 3600 to 3790

43.7 46.3 to 47.5 46.3 to 46.7 45.9 46.2 to 46.7 3 to 19.2 7.4 68.1 to 70.4 2.97 3.7 1.36 to 1.65 19.3 33.3 to 34.4 24 23.4 to 24.2

19489 to 19555 5940 to 5960 19325 to 19522 5890 to 5950

10565 to 10647 3220 to 3245 10630 to 10729 3240 to 3270

13452 to 13911 4100 to 4240

10532 to 10893 3210 to 3320

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Sound velocity Solids Tin alloy Tin, rolled Titanium Titanium Titanium Titaniumcarbide Tourmaline Trolitul Tungsten Tungsten Tungsten, annealed Tungsten, carbide Tungsten, carbide Tungsten, drawn Tungsten, drawn Uranium Uranium Vanadium Vulcollan Water Wax Waxed cloth Wood, ash tree, direction of fiber Wood, ash tree, direction of fiber Wood, beech tree, across the fiber Wood, beech tree, direction of fiber Wood, cherry tree, direction of fiber Wood, elm tree, direction of fiber Wood, fir, direction of fiber Wood, maple tree, direction of fiber Wood, oak tree, across the fiber Wood, oak tree, direction of fiber Wood, pine tree, across the fiber Wood, pine tree, direction of fiber Wood, spruce, across the fiber Wood, spruce, direction of fiber Ytterbium Yttrium Zinc Zinc Zinc, extruded Zinc, rolled Zinc, rolled Zircaloy Zirconium Zirconium isopressed 11057 3370 9121 to 9384 9121 to 9384 2780 to 2860 2780 to 2860 10499 to 11287 3200 to 3440 17160 to 19686 5230 to 6000 5053 4915 2756 to 2832 1834 4561 15322 4922 13452 14436 13518 17258 13485 4823 14141 5348 17652 5348 17652 5971 14043 13682 14633 13813 13682 15158 25001 1540 1498 840 to 863 559 1390 4670 1500 4100 4400 4120 5260 4110 1470 4310 1630 5380 1630 5380 4700 1820 4280 4170 7513 to 8006 2290 to 2440 3281 7940 1000 2420 22311 to 23951 6800 to 7300 17750 5410 8662 2640 77 longitudinal [ft/s] 8892 to 10926 10893 19653 20014 27134 24739 2330 17914 16996 3320 5990 6100 8270 7540 2330 5460 8596 to 9416 9482 13058 2620 to 2870 2890 3980 3662 1116 10253 9581 to 10548 16930 3125 2920 to 3215 5160 77 [m/s] 2710 to 3330 5479 1670 transversal [ft/s] [m/s] 77

Reference temperature [F] 68 to 73 25 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 25 25 20 to 23 25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 [C] 20 to 23

Acoustic impedance [106 kg /ms] 20.4 to 23.8

19105 to 20539 5823 to 6260

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 77 77 68 to 73

26.2 to 28.2 42.6 23.8 2.45 104 98.9 to 105.4

16996 to 17914 5180 to 5460 5180

13124 to 15421 4000 to 4700

74.8 to 109.5

68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

59.8 to 64.3 30.3 to 34.8 1.85

1.04 2.82

0.96 2.8 1.03 3.34 1.01 3.34

Wood, walnut tree, direction of fiber 15421

7.9 30 27.6 to 29.9

12763 to 13813 3890 to 4210 4460 4210 4170 4620 7620

8006 7678 6398 to 8498 14043

2440 2340 1950 to 2590 4280

77 68 to 73 68 to 73 68 to 73

25 20 to 23 20 to 23 20 to 23 20.5 to 30.2

10368 to 15257 3160 to 4650

4.2.3

Sound velocities for wall thickness measurement

When measuring the wall thickness, use the longitudinal sound velocity indicated in Table 4.2.2, Solids on Page 73. 78 Endress+Hauser

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4.3

Standard values of pipes (pipe dimensions)

When the measuring point is set up, the pipe dimensions (outer diameter and wall thickness) have to be entered. The following tables contain the pipe dimensions for a selection of common standards.

4.3.1
Class A Nom. Outer diame- diameter ter [in] [in] 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 32 42 48 54 60 72 84 3.8 4.8 6.9 9.05 11.1 13.2 15.3 7.4 19.5 21.6 25.8 31.74 37.96 44.2 50.5 56.66 62.8 75.34 87.54 Wall thickness [in] 0.39 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.5 0.54 0.57 0.6 0.64 0.67 0.76 0.88 0.99 1.1 1.26 1.35 1.39 1.62 1.72 Class B Outer diameter [in] 3.96 5 7.1 9.05 11.1 13.2 15.3 17.4 19.5 21.6 25.8 32 38.3 44.5 50.8 57.1 63.4 76 88.54 Wall thickness [in] 0.42 0.45 0.48 0.51 0.57 0.62 0.66 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.89 1.03 1.15 1.28 1.42 1.55 1.67 1.95 2.22

Cast iron pipes


Pipes made of cast iron - scaled graphite - standard classes Class C Class D Outer diameter [in] 3.96 5 7.1 9.3 11.4 13.5 15.65 17.8 19.92 22.06 26.32 32.74 39.16 45.58 51.98 58.4 64.82 Wall thickness [in] 0.48 0.52 0.55 0.6 0.68 0.75 0.82 0.89 0.96 1.03 1.16 1.37 1.58 1.78 1.99 2.23 2.38 Class E Outer diameter [in] 7.22 9.42 11.6 13.78 15.98 18.16 20.34 22.54 26.9 33.1 39.6 Wall thickness [in] 0.58 0.66 0.74 0.82 0.9 0.9 1.07 1.15 1.31 1.55 1.8 Class F Outer diameter [in] 7.22 9.42 11.6 13.78 15.98 18.16 20.34 22.54 26.9 33.46 40.04 Wall thickness [in] 0.61 0.66 0.8 0.89 0.99 1.08 1.17 1.27 1.45 1.73 2.02 Class G Outer diameter [in] 7.38 9.6 11.84 14.08 16.32 18.54 20.78 23.02 27.76 Wall thickness [in] 0.65 0.75 0.86 0.97 1.07 1.18 1.28 1.39 1.75 Class H Outer diameter [in] 7.38 9.6 11.84 14.8 16.32 18.54 20.78 23.02 27.76 Wall thickness [in] 0.69 0.8 0.92 1.04 1.16 1.27 1.39 1.15 1.88

Outer diameter [in] 3.96 5 7.1 9.3 11.4 13.5 15.65 17.8 19.92 22.06 26.32 32.4 38.7 45.1 51.4 57.8 64.2 76.88

Wall thickness [in] 0.45 0.4 0.51 0.56 0.62 0.68 0.74 0.8 0.87 0.92 1.05 1.2 1.36 1.54 1.71 1.9 2 2.39

Pipes made of cast iron - nodular graphite - standard classes Class 50 Nominal diameter [in] 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 42 48 54 Do [in] 3.96 4.8 6.9 9.05 11.1 13.2 15.3 17.4 19.5 21.6 25.8 32 38.3 44.5 50.8 57.1 0.25 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.38 Class 51 Class 52 Class 53 Class 54 Class 55 Class 56 Wall thickness Wall thickness Wall thickness Wall thickness Wall thickness Wall thickness Wall thickness [in] [in] [in] [in] [in] [in] [in] 0.25 0.26 0.28 0.3 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.41 0.28 0.29 0.31 0.33 0.35 0.37 0.39 0.4 0.41 0.42 0.44 0.31 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 0.4 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.45 0.47 0.51 0.58 0.65 0.72 0.81 0.43 0.35 0.37 0.39 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.5 0.55 0.63 0.71 0.79 0.89 0.37 0.38 0.4 0.42 0.47 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.5 0.51 0.53 0.59 0.68 0.77 0.86 0.97 0.49 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.63 0.73 0.83 0.93 1.05 0.4 0.41 0.43 0.45

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4.3.2

ANSI
ANSI B36.19 Pressure ratings 5S 10S 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.4 4 4 4.2 4.2 4.8 4.8 5.5 2.1 2.1 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.8 4.2 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.8 5.5 5.5 6.4 40S/STD 1.7 2.2 2.3 2.8 2.9 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.9 5.2 5.5 5.7 6 6.6 7.1 8.2 9.3 9.5 80S/XS 2.4 3 3.2 3.7 3.9 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.5 7 7.6 8.1 8.6 9.5 11 12.7 12.7 12.7 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 6.4 7.9 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 ANSI B36.10 Pressure ratings STD XS Wall thickness [mm]

DN 8 8 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000

Do [mm] 10.3 13.7 17.2 21.3 26.7 33.4 42.2 48.3 60.3 73 88.9 101.6 114.3 141.3 168.3 219.1 273 323.9 355.6 406.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 965 1016 1067 1118 1168 1219 1321 1422 1524 1626

NSP 1/8 3/8 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 52 56 60 64

Wall thickness [mm]

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ANSI B36.10 Pressure ratings 10 DN 8 8 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Do [mm] 10.3 13.7 17.2 21.3 26.7 33.4 42.2 48.3 60.3 73 88.9 101.6 114.3 141.3 168.3 219.1 273 323.9 355.6 406.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 965 1016 1067 1118 1168 1219 1321 1422 1524 1626 NSP 1/8 3/8 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 52 56 60 64 1.2 1.7 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.8 4.2 4.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.5 9.5 9.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 17.5 17.5 19.1 7.8 8.4 9.5 9.5 11.1 12.7 12.7 14.3 17.5 20 30 40 Wall thickness [mm] 1.7 2.2 2.3 2.8 2.9 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.9 5.2 5.5 5.7 6 6.6 7.1 8.2 9.3 10.3 11.1 12.7 14.3 15.1 10.3 12.7 14.3 15.1 16.7 19.1 20.6 22.2 24.6 2.4 3 3.2 3.7 3.9 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.5 7 7.6 8.1 8.6 9.5 11 12.7 15.1 17.5 19.1 21.4 23.8 26.2 28.6 31 11.1 12.7 14.3 18.3 21.4 25.4 27.8 31 34.9 38.1 41.3 46 60 80 120

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4.3.3

Steel pipes in accordance with DIN


DIN 24482 (seamless pipes manufactured as per DIN 1629) Pressure ratings 64 1.8 2 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.6 7.1 8.8 11 12.5 14.2 100 1.8 2 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 5 6.3 7.1 10 12.5 14.2 16 Do [mm] 17.2 21.3 26.9 33.7 42.4 48.3 60.3 76.1 88.9 114.3 139.7 168.3 219.1 273 323.9 355.6 406.4 508 610 711 813 914 1016 1220 1420 1620 1820 2020 2220 6 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 9 10 11 12 10 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 10 10 11 12 14 15 16 18 16 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 8 8 8 8.8 8.8 10 10 10 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 20 25 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8 8.8 10 11 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 40 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8.8 11 14.2 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.6 7.1 8.8 11 12.5 14.2 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 5 6.3 7.1 10 12.5 14.2 16 2.6 2.6 64 1.8 2 100 1.8 2 Wall thickness [mm]

DIN 24581 (welded pipes manufactured as per DIN 1626) Pressure ratings Do [mm] DN 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 17.2 21.3 26.9 33.7 42.4 48.3 60.3 76.1 88.9 114.3 139.7 168.3 219.1 273 323.9 355.6 406.4 508 610 711 813 914 1016 1220 1420 1620 1820 2020 2220 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 9 10 11 12 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 10 10 11 12 14 15 16 18 6 10 16 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 8 8 8 8.8 8.8 10 10 10 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 20 25 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8 8.8 10 11 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 40 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8.8 11 14.2 Wall thickness [mm]

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DIN 24633 (Welded pipes made of austenitic stainless steel) Pressure ratings Do [mm] DN 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 17.2 21.3 26.9 33.7 42.4 48.3 60.3 76.1 88.9 114.3 139.7 168.3 219.1 273 323.9 355.6 406.4 508 610 711 813 914 1016 1220 1420 1620 1820 2020 2220 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 9 10 11 12 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 10 10 11 12 14 15 16 18 6 10 16 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 8 8 8 8.8 8.8 10 10 10 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 20 25 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8 8.8 10 11 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 40 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8.8 11 14.2 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.6 7.1 8.8 11 12.5 14.2 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 5 6.3 7.1 10 12.5 14.2 16 2.6 2.6 64 1.8 2 100 1.8 2 Do [mm] 17.2 21.3 26.9 33.7 42.4 48.3 60.3 76.1 88.9 114.3 139.7 168.3 219.1 273 323.9 355.6 406.4 508 610 711 813 914 1016 1220 1420 1620 1820 2020 2220

DIN 2462 (Seamless pipes made of austenitic stainless steel) Pressure ratings 6 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 9 10 11 12 10 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 8 8 10 10 11 12 14 15 16 18 16 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.9 6.3 7.1 8 8 8 8.8 8.8 10 10 10 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 20 25 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8 8.8 10 11 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 40 1.8 2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 6.3 7.1 8 8.8 11 14.2 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 5.6 7.1 8.8 11 12.5 14.2 2.9 3.2 3.6 4 5 6.3 7.1 10 12.5 14.2 16 2.6 2.6 64 1.8 2 100 1.8 2 Wall thickness [mm]

Wall thickness [mm]

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Threaded pipe DIN Water pipes Cast iron 2440 / 2441 DIN 2460 pipe SML (tol. in system Ms = Ss = DIN 1626) DIN 19522 medium- heavy heavy DIN 2440 DIN 2441 DN 6 8 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 70 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 88.9 114.3 139.7 165.1 4.1 4.5 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.4 5.4 5.4 88.9 114 140 168 219 273 324 356 406 508 610 711 813 914 1016 1220 1420 1620 1820 2020 3.2 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 4 4.5 4.5 5 5.6 6.3 6.3 7.1 8 8.8 11 12.5 14.2 16 17.5 110 135 160 210 274 326 3.5 4 4 5 5.5 6 Do [mm] 10.2 13.5 17.2 21.3 26.9 33.7 42.4 48.3 60.3 76.1 Ms [mm] 2 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.7 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.7 Ss [mm] 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.3 3.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.5 78 3.5 58 3.5

Stainless steel pipe DIN 11850 Line 1

Stainless steel pipe DIN 11850 Line 2

Stainless steel pipe DIN 11850 Line 3

Ductile cast Ductile cast Ductile cast iron pipes iron pipes iron pipes DIN 28610 DIN 28614 DIN 28615

Do s Do s Do s Do s Do s Do s Do s Do s [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

12 18 22 28 34 40 52

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

13 19 23 29 35 41 53 70 85 104 129 154 204

1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 2 2 2 2 2 2

14 20 24 30 36 42 54

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

98 118 170 222 274 326 429 532 635 738 842 945 1048 1258

6 6.1 6.5 7 7.5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 23.8

98 118 170 222 274 326 429 532 635 738 842 945 1048

8.1 8.4 9.1 9.8 10.5 11.2 12.6 14 15.4 16.8 18.2 19.6 21

98 118 170 222 274 326 429 532 635

6 6.1 6.5 7 7.5 8 9 10 11

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4.3.4

Plastic pipes in accordance with DIN


PE-HD DIN 8074 (tol. in DIN 8074) Pressure ratings 16 20 Do [mm] 2.5 3.2 4 6 10 16 Wall thickness [mm] 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 Do [mm] 5 4 1 1 1 1 1 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.6 4 4.5 4.9 5.5 6.2 7 7.9 8.9 9.8 11 12.4 14 15.7 17.7 19.7 23.6 27.5 31.4 PVC DIN 8062 (tol. in DIN 8062) Pressure ratings 6 1 1 1 1 1 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.7 3.2 3.7 4.1 4.7 5.3 5.9 6.6 7.7 8.2 9.2 10.4 11.7 13.2 14.6 16.4 18.4 20.7 23.3 26.3 29.2 10 1 1 1 1 1 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.4 3 3.6 4.3 5.3 6 6.7 7.7 8.6 9.6 10.8 11.9 13.4 15 16.9 19.1 21.5 23.9 26.7 30 16 1 1 1 1 1 1.2 1.5 1.9 2.4 3 3.7 4.7 5.6 6.7 8.2 9.3 10.4 11.9 13.4 14.9 16.7 18.6 20.8 23.4 26.3 29.7 Wall thickness [mm]

PP DIN 8077 (tol. in DIN 8077) Pressure ratings DN 5 6 8 10 12 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 16 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 125 140 160 180 200 200 250 300 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 560 630 710 800 900 1000 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.4 4.9 5.5 6.1 6.9 7.7 8.7 9.8 11 12.2 13.7 15.4 17.4 19.6 22 24.4 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 2 2.5 2.9 3.5 4.3 4.9 5.4 6.2 7 7.7 8.7 9.7 10.8 12.2 13.7 15.4 17.4 19.3 21.6 24.3 27.4 30.8 34.7 38.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.9 3.6 4.3 5.1 6.3 7.1 8 9.1 10.2 11.4 12.8 14.2 15.9 17.9 20.1 22.7 25.5 28.3 31.7 35.7 40.2 1.8 1.9 2.3 3 3.7 4.6 5.8 6.9 8.2 10 11.4 12.8 14.6 16.4 18.2 20.5 22.8 25.5 28.7 32.3 36.4 41 2.3 2.8 3.5 4.5 5.6 6.9 8.7 10.4 12.5 15.2 17.3 19.4 22.1 24.9 27.6 31.1 34.5 38.7 2.7 3.4 4.2 5.4 6.7 8.4 10.5 12.5 15 18.4 20.9 23.4 26.7 30 33.4 37.5 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 560 630 710 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 16 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 125 10 12 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2 10 12 Do [mm] 2.5 4 6 10 Wall thickness [mm]

6 8 10 12

1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 4.4 4.9 5.5 6.1 6.9 7.7 8.7 9.8 11 12.2 13.7 15.4 17.4 19.6 22 24.4 29.3 34.2 39.1

1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2 2.4 2.8 3.5 3.9 4.4 5 5.6 6.2 7 7.8 8.7 9.8 11.1 12.4 14 15.5 17.4 19.6 22.1 24.9 28 31.1 37.3 43.5 49.7

1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2 2.5 2.9 3.5 4.3 4.9 5.4 6.2 7 7.7 8.7 9.7 10.8 12.2 13.7 15.4 17.4 19.3 21.6 24.3 27.4 30.8 34.7 38.5 46.2 53.9 61.6

1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.9 3.6 4.3 5.1 6.3 7.1 8 9.1 10.2 11.4 12.8 14.2 15.9 17.9 20.1 22.7 25.5 28.3 31.7 35.7 40.2 45.3 51 56.6

1.8 1.9 2.3 3 3.7 4.6 5.8 6.9 8.2 10 11.4 12.8 14.6 16.4 18.2 20.5 22.8 25.5 28.7 32.3 36.4 41 45.5 51 57.3

2.3 2.8 3.5 4.5 5.6 6.9 8.7 10.4 12.5 15.2 17.3 19.4 22.1 24.9 27.6 31.1 34.5 38.7 43.5 49 55.2 62.1

16 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 125 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 560 630 710 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600

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PE-hard DIN 19533 (tol. in DIN 19532)

Wastewater PVC

PVC-hard DIN 19532 (tol. in DIN 8062) Pressure ratings 10 16

PE-soft DIN 19533 (tol. in DIN 8072)

PVC-hard

PP

PE-ND DIN 8072 (tol. in DIN 8072) Pressure ratings 6 10 Do [mm] 10 10 12 16 2 2 2 2 2.7 3.5 4.3 5.4 6.8 8.1 9.7 11.8 13.4 2 2 2.7 3.3 4.2 5.4 6.7 8.4 10.5 12.5 15 18.4 20.9 20 25 32 40 50 63 16 12

PE-X DIN 16893 (tol. in DIN 16893) Pressure ratings 12.5 20 Wall thickness [mm] 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.9 3.7 4.6 5.7 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.8 3.5 4.4 5.5 6.9 8.7

DN

Do s Do s Do [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

Wall thickness [mm]

Do s Do s Do s Do [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

Wall thickness [mm]

6 8 10 12 10 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 70 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 90 125 160 180 250 315 355 8.2 11.4 14.6 16.4 22.8 28.7 32.3 110 125 160 2.2 2.5 3.2 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 2 2.3 3 3.7 4.6 5.8 6.9 75 1.8 90 110 140 160 225 280 315 450 4.3 5.3 6.7 7.7 10.8 13.4 15 21.5 6.7 8.2 10.4 11.9 125 20.9 110 125 160 200 250 315 400 500 600 3 3 3.6 4.5 6.1 7.7 9.8 12.2 15.4 110 125 160 2.7 3.1 3.9 40 50 1.8 1.8 16 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 1.2 1.5 1.9 2.4 3 3.7 3 3.6 1.2 1.5 1.9 2.4 3 3.7 4.7 5.6 25 32 40 50 63 75 110 4.2 5.4 6.7 8.4 10.5 12.5 18.4 75 1.9 125 40 50 1.8 1.8

20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110

4.4

Properties of coupling pastes


Manufacturer Wacker Temperature range [F] 40 to +176 +32 to +338 40 to +176 4 to +176 40 to +266 40 to +176 [C] 40 to +80 0 to +170 40 to +80 20 to +80 40 to +130 40 to +80 Adhesive, hardening Water-soluble Silgel Standard MBG 2000 Description

Order number DK9CM-1 DK9CM-2 DK9CM-3 DK9CM-4 DK9CM-5 DK9CM-7

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Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

4 Tables and characteristic curves

4.5
Sensor type

Explanation of the sensor type names


Measuring sensor AbInstall. brevimethod ation AbFrequency / brevimeasuring task ation AbTemperature brevirange ation Low 05F 40 to +176 F (40 to +80 C) Medium 05F +32 to +338 F (0 to +170 C) 1F Low 40 to +176 F (40 to +80 C) Medium +32 to +338 F (0 to +170 C) Low 40 to +176 F (40 to +80 C) Medium +32 to +338 F (0 to +170 C) Low 40 to +176 F (40 to +80 C) Medium +32 to +338 F (0 to +170 C) DeAbsign/ breviabbreation viation L B

P-CL-05F-L-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

0.5 MHz / flow

P-CL-05F-M-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

0.5 MHz / flow

P-CL-1F-L-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

1 MHz / flow

P-CL-1F-M-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

1 MHz / flow

1F

P-CL-1S-L-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

1 MHz / sound velocity 1 MHz / sound velocity

1S

P-CL-1S-M-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

1S

P-CL-2F-L-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

2 MHz / flow

2F

P-CL-2F-M-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

2 MHz / flow

2F

P-CL-4W-L-B

P-sensor

Clamp On

CL

4 MHz / wall thickness

Low 4W 40 to +176 F (40 to +80 C) 2F Low 4 to +176 F (20 to +80 C)

U-CL-2F-L-A

U-sensor

Clamp On

CL

2 MHz / flow

W-CL-05F-L-B

W-sensor

Clamp On

CL

0.5 MHz / flow

Low 05F 4 to +176 F (20 to +80 C) 1F Low 4 to +176 F (20 to +80 C) Low 4 to +176 F (20 to +80 C) Low 40 to +176 F (40 to +80 C) Low 40 to +176 F (40 to +80 C)

W-CL-1F-L-B

W-sensor

Clamp On

CL

1 MHz / flow

W-CL-2F-L-B

W-sensor

Clamp On

CL

2 MHz / flow

2F

W-IN-1F-L-B

W-sensor

Insertion

IN

1 MHz / flow

1F

W-IN-1F-L-C

W-sensor

Insertion

IN

1 MHz / flow

1F

Endress+Hauser

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5 Miscellaneous

Service Manual Proline Prosonic Flow 90/91/93

4.6

Possible measuring error due to cycle slips


Number of traverses NT Burst frequency Fx [MHz] 1 1 10 250 1 2 1 40 1000 1 1 1 60 78 1500 1 2000 1 1 1 32.8 32.8 10 10 17 % 13 % 2 2 1 1 2 1 32.8 32.8 16.4 32.8 32.8 16.4 10 10 5 10 10 5 52 % 26 % 52 % 26 % 13 % 35 % 1 1 Flow velocity VQ [ft/s] 16.4 32.8 [m/s] 5 10 208 % 104 % Measuring error Q

Internal diameter Di [in] [mm]

5
5.1

Miscellaneous
Spare parts/consumables

For further details on the spare parts on offer, see the current edition of the spare parts price list for flow measurement technology.

5.2

Accessories

Further details of the accessories currently available Inputs/outputs Mounting kit Flow sensors Sensor holder set Installation sets Sensor cable Conduit adapter Adapter connector set Coupling fluid Commissioning tools can be found in the current edition of the Standard price list for flow measurement technology or in the corresponding Operating Instructions.

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