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PAST

TIMPUL Past Tense Simple ASPECTE


Forma a 2-a a vb. La interogativ: did + infinitiv La negativ: did not + infinitiv

TENSE
EXEMPLE
I knew him many years ago. Te-ai dus acolo? = Did you go there ? N-am fost la coal ieri. = I didnt go to school yesterday. I done some foolish things in my past. She followed him when he left downtown.

TEORETICE

Aciune trecut, terminat, fr nici o legtur cu prezentul Timpul povestirii Echivalent cu perfectul compus (cel mai des), cu imperfectul sau cu perfectul simplu. Folosit pentru exprimarea succesiunii mai multor actiuni in trecut

Past Tense Continous Concordane

Ieri m-a vizitat, apoi a fost n oras, a mncat si a plecat. = Yesterday he visited me, then he went to town, had his lunch and left. Obs: used to exprim o aciune care avea loc I used to play a lot when i was little. cu regularitate n trecut, dar care acum She used to drink a lot. nu se mai ntmpl Were (was) + vb. + ing Aciune care se afla in desfaurare ntr-un What were you doing at this time yesterday? moment din trecut sau n timpul altei aciuni At this time last year I was swimming trecute in the sea. Echivalent numai cu imperfectul. Pentru 2 aciuni perfect simultane si care sunt in n timp ce mama gtea eu priveam la desfaurare folosim Past Tense Continous in televizor.= While mother was cooking ambele propozitii I was watching TV. Una dintre aciuni e n desfaurare ( Past Tense Cnd am intrat elevii vorbeau.=When Continous), iar cealalt intervine pe un singur I came in the pupils were talking. moment (Past T. Simple) When I saw him he was crosing the street.

PAST
TIMPUL Past Perfect Simple ASPECTE

PERFECT
EXEMPLE

TEORETICE

Past Perfect Continous

had( has ) + forma a 3-a I knew him many years ago. Aciune trecut, desfurat naintea altei aciuni Cnd am venit la tine terminasei leciile. = trecute sau naintea unui moment din trecut When I came to your place, yesterday, you had finished your lessons. Echivalent cu mai mult ca perfect Sptamna trecut pe vremea asta spalasem rufele.= At this time, last week I had washed. had( has ) been + vb.+ ing Aciune trecut care ncepuse naintea altei Cnd i-am vizitat ieri, lucrau n grdin aciuni trecute, sau a unui moment din trecut, de 2 ore. = When I visited them yesterday putnd s continue i dup ce acestea au survenit they had been working in the garden for 2 hours. Obs: se deosebete de Past Tense Continous Cnd am ajuns acas azi, tata vorbea cu prin faptul c apare in mod explicit durata vecinul. Vorbeau de 10 minute. = sau momentul nceperii aciunii When I got home today, my father was talking with our neighbor. They had been talking for 10 minutes.