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Glosar termeni agricoli englez

A A-horizon - stratul superior al solului, amestec de culoare nchis de materie organic descompus, humus (orizontul A corespondent in lb. romn ca termen pedologic); acorn ghind; alder anin; alfalfa lucern [Medicago sativa]; almond migdal; aquaculture - acvacultur; artichoke - anghinare [Cynara scolymus]; arugula - voinicic, rucola [Eruca sativa]; ash frasin; asparagus sparanghel [Asparagus officinalis]; aspen - plop tremurtor; astride - clare; attic - mansard; apricot- cais; alyssum - albi (Nume dat mai multor plante erbacee cu flori galbene (Alyssum)

B backswimmers - gndaci de ap din familia Notodectidae, care noat pe spate; bagger - main de ambalat; bale - balot; barberry - drcil; bark scoar de copac;

barley - orz; barley stripe rust - rugin galben barn hambar, ptul, ur, opron, grajd; barren - arid, neroditor; basswood - tei; batten- scndur; bean - fasole; bob; beech fag; beetle gndac; crbu; beet - sfecl [Beta vulgaris]; bevy - stol bit - zbal; blachthorn porumbar; blackeyed Susan - Sorencu [Rudbeckia hirta]; blackberry mur; coacz negru; blackbird - mierl; black medick - lucerna neagr [Medicago lupulina]; blanched - palid, culoare pal a frunzelor; blueberry - coacz; bluegill - biban-soare; bluejay - gai albastr; birch - mesteacn; birch bolete - [Leccinum scabrum]; bog mlatin, mocirl; borage limba-mielului; boxwood - buxus [Buxus sempervirens]; bramble - mrcine; brambleberry -mur; brass - alam; brassica plants - familia cruciferelor; bracken - specie de ferig [Pteridium esculentum]

brackish - slciu; bridle - fru, cpstru; briar - mcee ; broad bean - (vezi faba bean); broad-leaved dock - cicoare [Rumex obustifolius]; broom grozam, mtur [Laburnum anagyroides]; browse - a mnca mldie (despre iepuri slbatice, cprioare etc.); brushwood - vreascuri, nuiele; bruises- a zdrobi (o frunza la recoltare); bucket gleat, vadr, hrdu; buckwheat hric; burdock brusture; burlap - pnz groas de sac; burrow - vizuin; bushel - obroc; buttress - contrafort;

C cabbage - varz; cabbage looper - molie de varz; calendula glbenele; candied- glasat (un fruct) cane - costrei [Sorghum halepense]; canola - rapi canopy - acoperi, bolt; cantaloupe - pepene galben [Cucumis melo]; capercaillie - coco de munte [Tetrao urogallus]; carob - rocov; cassava - manioc;

catch crop - cultur asociat unei culturi principale, al crei scop este s mpiedice apariia buruienilor (ex: trifoi pe lng orez, sau trifoi pe lng in); cover crop - cultur premergtoare, destinat fertilizrii solului; cork tool - dopuitor catchfly - gua porumbelului, opai (Lichis Nivalis); catfish - somn; catnip - iarba mei (Nepeta cataria); cattails papur; cauliflower conopid; cedar cedru; celeriac - elin cultivat pentru rdcin; celery - elin de peiol [Apium graveolens]; elin cultivat pentru frunze; cellar - pivni; cep - hrib [Boletus edulis]; chard - sfecl elveian; chestnut castan; chicory - cicoare (Cichorium intybus) chickweed rcovin [Stellaria media]; chisel - a sculpta, a scobi; chisel - dalt; chipper - toctor; chives arpagic [Allium schoenoprasum]; churn - a frmnta, a agita, a clocoti, a bate untul; cleavers - turi, asprioar, cornel [Galium aparine]; cleft - tietur, crpatur, fisur; clerestory - fereastr ncastrat n acoperi, fereastr deasupra cmpului vizual; cloche - clopot, clop; clover trifoi; clubroot - hernia rdcinilor, la Crucifere; clump - mnunchi; cinnamon - scorioar;

coarse - grosolan, aspru; coarse (material) - grosier (ex: bulgri mari, bolovani); cocklebur - scaiete [Xanthium strumarium]; collard greens varz furajer; cold frame - rsadni; colt - mnz; coltsfoot - podbal [Tussilago farfara]; comfrey ttneas [Symphytum officinale]; coppice - tufi, lstar, dumbrav; to coppice - a tia un copac pentru a fora lstarii s ias din restul de tulpin rmas; copse - dumbrav, lstar; cordon - spalier; cordial - sirop; coriander coriandru; corn cob cocean de porumb; cornflower - albstrea [Centaurea cyanus]; corn salad - fetic [Valerianella locusta]; corn stover strujan de porumb; coulter - fier de plug; covey - stol (de potrnichi sau prepelie); cow parsley - hasmauchi [Anthriscus sylvestris]; cowpeas - fasole ochi-negri; crab apple - mr slbatic [Malus sylvestris]; cranberry - merioare ; cranesbill - nprasnic [Geranium robertianum]; crawfish - rac de ru; crayfish - langust; cress - creson [Lepidium sativum]; cucumber - castravete; curly cress - creson cre;;

currant coacz; cutting - buta; cypress - chiparos; chamomile - mueel;

D daffodil zarnacadele, narcise galbene; coprina (Narcissus pseudonarcissus) dam baraj, dig; saddle dam - baraj auxiliar; damp - umed, jilava; date palm - curmal; deciduous foios; dehorning - decornare; dandelion ppdie; design - proiect; detritus - material granulat rezultat din frmiarea rocilor; dew rou; dibble - plantator; digester - digestor; dill mrar [Anethum graveolens]; disc harrow - grapa cu discuri; ditch - an, canal, rigol; driftwood material lemnos plutitor; drizzle burni, ploaie mocnit; drove - crd , ciread , mulime , stol docks plante din genul Rumex; tevie [Rumex patientia]; dock yellow dragavei; dogwood - snger [Cornus sanguinea]; dowel - cep, pivot, tift;

eaves - jgheab; edge - hotar eelworm vierme cilindric (nematode); eggplant ptlgic vnt [Solanum melanogena]; eider - ra de mare [Somateria]; elder soc; elderberry - soc negru [Sambucus nigra]; elm ulm; emery paper - hrtie abraziv, mirghel; encroach - a uzurpa proprietatea; endive andiv; evergreen plant peren;

faba bean (fava bean) - bob [Vicia faba]; fallow - prloag, elin, pmnt nelucrat; fallowing - nelenire; faulted landscape - relief fracturat; fava bean - (vezi faba bean); fennel chimen dulce, fenicul ; feral - slbatic, nedomesticit; fermentation lock - dop de fermentaie; feverfew iarba moale, iarba fetei; fig - smochin; fir brad; fire blight - foc bacterian; fireweed - sburtoare, pufuli, rchiic [Epilobium angustifolium] flail mower - secertoare;

flax - in; flour - fin, praf de piatr; flow rate ratio - indice debit; foal - mnz; fodder nutre; forage - nutre ; foxglove - degeelul rou [Digitalis purpurea] - plant toxic! fuchsia fucsie, cercelu; furrow - brazd, glie, tietur; furze - grozam, drobi, genistr;

gale - vijelie; gale - ciumrea [Myrica gale, Galega officinalis]; galvanized wire mash - plas de srm galvanizat; gander - gnsac; garlic usturoi; glaze - luciu, smal, fuire; globe artichoke - cardon [Cynara cardunculus]; ginger - ghimbir; girth - girth; goldenrod - splinu, solidago [Solidago vigaurea]; gorse grozam, drobi, genistr; gooseberry agri; graft - gref, altoire; a altoi; grain - cereale ; grasses - graminee; grasshopper - lcust, cosa; grazing iarb, nutre verde; pscut, punat; grazier - cresctor de vite;

greater celandine - rostopasc; grey mold - putregaiul cenuiu [Botrytis cinerea]; ground cherry - pplu [Physalys]; grub - larv, vierme; guelder rose clin, drmoz; guineafowl bibilic; gully - jgheab, canal pentru ap;

H hackberry ulmul american cu fructe ca cireele; hail grindin, piatr; halter - cpstru; harden off - a cli, a ntri hardwood - lemn de esen tare; hatch - a cloci; hay - fn; hawthorn pducel, gherghin; heap - grmad, morman, movil; heath - land, ogor, paragin; heather - buruian/ iarb neag [Calluna vulgaris]; hemlock cucut; hemp - cnep; hoe sap; hogweed - crucea-pmntului [Heracleum sphondylium]; honey fungus - armilaria [Armillaria mellea]; honey locust gldia; honeysuckle - caprifoi, mna Maicii Domnului, lonicera; hoof - copit; hop hamei; horsemanship - echitaie;

horseradish - hrean; horsetail - coada-calului, barba-ursului [Equisetum arvense]; horseweed - coada vacii (hulpii, lupului etc.) [Conyza canadensis]; hull pstaie; husk pleav;

jam - gem; japanesse parsley - patrunjel japonez (Chryptotaenica japonica) Jerusalem artichoke - nap porcesc, topinambur [Helianthus tuberosus]; juniper ienupr;

K kale varza verde crea; knotweed - centaurea; kohlrabi gulie;

L ladys mantle - creioar [Alchemilla vulgaris] lambs quarter - lobod porceasc (Chenopodium ......) landslide - alunecare de teren; larch - larice, zad; lard - untur; lavender levnic; lawn peluz, pajite; leach - a leviga (transportarea n apa freatic a substanelor din sol provocat de excesul de ap); lee - bord de sub vnt, adpost mpotriva vntului;

leeward - opus vntului, sub vnt, la adpost de vnt; leek praz; lettuce - salat verde, laptuc [Lactuca sativa]; legumes - leguminoase; levee - mal nlat; linseed oil - ulei de in; litter gunoi, resturi; loam - lut; locust - salcm; lope - a tunde un arbore; lovage - leutean [Levisticum officinale]; lupin - lupin [Lupinus perennis]; lush - luxuriant;

maggot - vierme; mallet - ciocan de lemn, mai; mallow nalb; mane - coam; (old fashioned) mangle set - manglu, calandru (cu role); manure - blegar, blegar pt. ngrat pmntul; manure water - must de grajd; maple arar; mare - iap; marigold glbenele [Calendula officinalis]; crie [Tagetes minuta]; marjoram - mghiran; marl - marn; marsh pmnt mltinos, mocirl, mlatin; marsh mallow - nalb mare [Althaea officinalis]; martingale - martingal;

masonry - zidrie; marten - jder; mattock - splig; meadow pajite, livad; fnea; lunc; melon pepene galben [Cucumis melo]; mildew - mucegai; millet mei; mockingbirds - mierla nordamerican; monkshood - omag de grdin [Aconitum napellus] - plant toxic! mockingbirds - mierla nordamerican; moraine - moren (grmad de pietri, nisip, sfrmturi de stnci si argil, transportat de gheari n alunecarea lor sau depus de gheari disprui); motherwort - talpa-gtei [Leonurus cardiaca]; mouldboard plough - plugul cu corman; mound - movil; mugwort - pelin negru, pelinari [Artemisia vulgaris]; mulberry dud; mulch - mulci; paie; frunze putrede; muskrat bizam; mussel - midie; musty - rnced; muzzle - bot; mycorrhizae - micoriz, micorize (pl.)

N nasturtium clunai [Tropaeolum majus]; neigh - a necheza; nechezat; nettle urzica; New Zealand spinach - spanac de Noua Zeeland [Tetragonia tetragonioides]; night crawlers - vierme de pmnt, rm;

nightshades - buruieni din familia Solanum (Zrn-Solanum nigrum,....) notch - cresttur; nursery - pepinier;

O oats ovz; oak - stejar; okra bam [Abelmoschus esculentus]; orchid - orhidee; orchard - livad; oregano ovrv; oyster - stridie; otter vidr;

P paddock - padoc, cmp ngrdit; parsley ptrunjel; parsnip pstrnac; pastoralism - punatul nomad (n contrast cu pastoral farming); passel - mulime(o mulime de buruieni) pasture - pune patch - strat, parcel; pattypan squash dovlecel patison [Cucurbita pepo convar. melopepo var. radiata]; pea mazre; peanut - arahid, alun de pmnt [Arachis hypogaea]; pen - arc; pepper piper; ardei gras;

perch - stinghie; persimmon - curmal japonez; pike - tiuc; pigweed - tir porcesc [Amaranthus retroflexus]; pillion - aua nsoitorului, aua din spate; pine pin; pip - smbure de mr; plantain ptlagin; plover - nag; plum prun; pod - pstaie; polder - mar (sol format pe depunerile rmase n urma retragerii apelor mrii); pomace - tescovin; poplar - plop poppy - mac; powdery mildew - finare; preserves - conserve; prickly pear - chumbo [Opuntia fiscus-indica]; prune a tia, a reteza (crci); pulling - plivit; pumice - piatr ponce; pumpkin dovleac [Cucurbita pepo]; pusley - portulaca(o varietate de portulaca); Q

quackgrass - pir [Agropyron repens]; quail prepeli; quince - gutui;

radish ridiche; ragweed - ambrozie [Ambrosia artemisifolia]; raised beds straturi supranlate; rake grebl; raking - greblat; ramp fetic; rampant - luxuriant, care se nmulete violent; raspberry - zmeur; reap - a culege, a recolta, a secera; red deer - cerb; reed - trestie; resin - rin; rhubarb - rubarb, revent (Rheum officinalis) ridge creast, culme, coam, movil; rill - rule; rime - chiciur; ripe - copt robin - mcleandru rodent - roztoare; roe deer - cprioar; rooster (amer.) coco; rootstock - portaltoi; rosemary rozmarin [Rosmarinus officinalis]; rowan tree - scoru de munte; rubble - pietri, moloz; rue - virnan ; [Ruta graveolens] runoff - scurgere (scarlet) runner bean fasole mare [Phaseolus coccineus]; rush - rogoz; rutabaga - nap furajer; rye secara

S saddle - a; sage salvie, jale [Salvia officinalis]; salsify barba-caprei [Tragopogon porrifolius]; salve - balsam, unguent, remediu; sap - sev; sapling - vlstar, puiet; sawdust - rumegu; scab - rapnul prului (Venturia pirina); scallop - specie de scoic (sau escalop); sclerophyll - cu frunze dure, adaptate la secet; scion - altoi, vlstar; scrubland - tufriuri; scour - a cura; seakale - varz de mare (Crambe maritima) seaweed alge marine; secluded - retras; sedge - rogoz; seedling - puiet, rsad, plantula shale - marn, argil istoas, ist argilos; shallot - ham, hagim; shallow-rooted cu rdcini superficiale; shank - coada unei unelte; shard - ciob; sheave - teanc, mnunchi, snop; shed - magazie sheeps fescue - piu [Festuca ovina]; sheeps sorrel - mcriul iepurelui [Rumex acetosella] shepherds purse - traista-ciobanului;

shingle - indril; shoot - vlstar; shovel lopat; shrub arbust, tuf; shutter - oblon; Siberian pea shrub caragana; sieve - sit; situ - locul definitiv de plantare silt - ml. (dac termenul face referire la tipul intermediar de textur a solului, ntre nisip i argil, termenul agreat n pedologia romneasc este cel de praf); silver leaf disease - boala plumbului; silver scurf (in potatoes) - helmintosporioza cartofului; slab - lespede; slake - a stinge varul; slate - ardezie; slit - a despica; slope pant, povrni, versant; slow worm - nprc; slurry - suspensie de materiale solide ntr-un lichid; snail melc; sod gazon; soft herbs - verdeuri; sorrel - mcri; sow - purcea; sow - a semna; sow thistle - susai(Sonchus ..) spade hrle, cazma, lopat; sparrow - vrabie; spirits - alcool; spring - izvor; sprout - a rsri, a ncoli, a lstri;

spruce molid; spud - cartof; spur - pinten; spurge - Euforbia (gen.); squash dovlecel, bostnel [Curcubita maxima, Curcubita mixta, Curcubita moschata, Curcubita pepo]; stable - grajd, staul; stalk tulpin, cocean; peiol; starling - graur; steed - armsar; stirrup - scar la a; stringhy - aos sau etiolat; stock - tulpina, trunchi, portaltoi; strawberry - cpun; stretch - ntindere; stubble - mirite stunted - chircit; sumac - oetar mirositor; suntrap - baterii solare naturale, capcane pentru soare; swale fga; sward - gazon; sweet alyssum ciucuoar; sweet clover - trifoi dulce; sweet vernal grass - vielar [Anthoxanthum odoratum]; swiss chard - sfecla elveian [Beta vulgaris cicla]; swiss pine - zmbru [Pinus cembra]; sycamore sicomor, smochin, paltin de munte [Acer pseudoplatanus]; stem - tulpin, peduncul al unui fruct sau flori, peiol; trunchi (de arbore); snapdragon - gura leului;

tadpole - mormoloc; tamarisk plante din genul Tamarix; ctin roie [Tamarix ramosissima]; tansy - vetrice [Tanacetum vulgare]; taro - ureche de elefant [Colocasia esculenta]; tarragon - tarhon [Artemisia dracunculus]; taut - ntins; tenant farmer arenda; to tether - a priponi, a lega; thaw - dezghe; thicket - tufi, desi; thinning - a repica; thistle - ciuline; threshing machine - main de treierat; thrush - sturz; thyme cimbru [Thymus vulgaris]; tide - maree; till (to) a ara, a cultiva (pmntul); tilth - artur; strat arabil; to mature - a se matura toad - broasc rioas [Bufo bufo]; topple - a vrsa, a rsturna; topsoil - sol vegetal; sol fertil; tormentil - sclipei [Potentilla tormentilla] trapa - castane de balt; trellis mpletitur de nuiele, leas; trelissing - spaliere; trench - an; trough - jgheab, canal, uluc; trout - pstrv; tuber - tubercul;

tuft - smoc, mo, ciucure, pompon; turnip - nap turcesc [Brassica rapa]; twig rmuric;

V valerian - odolean, valerian [Valeriana officinalis]; Verticillium wilt (in strawberries) - ofilirea cpunelor cauzat de (ciuperca) Verticillium; vetch - mzriche [Voicia orbus]; vine - lujer; vinegar - oet;

W wallow loc unde se blcesc animalele, balt, tioaln; walnut nuc; wasp viespe; water garden - grdin acvatic; watermelon pepene verde [Citrullus lanatus]; water sprout - lstar lacom; (?) watercress - nsturel [Nasturtium officinale]; waterscape - peisaj acvatic; weed - buruian, blrie, dudu; weevil - grgri; western cedar - cedrul occidental [Thuja plicata]; wheat gru; wheelbarrow roab; whip - bici, nuia; wild pear - pr pdure [Pyrus pyraster]; willow - salcie;

windbreak - protecie mpotriva vntului; windowsill - pervaz; winnowing machine - main de vnturat; woodchuck - marmot; workshop - atelier; wormwood - pelin alb [Artemisia absinthium]; wren - auel [Troglodytes parvulus];

Y yarrow coada oricelului; yew tis;

Z zucchini dovlecei [Cucurbita pepo convar. giromontia];