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CBA 1000-2000 CB TEST SETS ARCHITECTURE AND KEY FEATURES

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE

1.

THREE TASKS:
TO MEASURE MAIN C.B. POLES AND AUXILIARY CONTACT INTERVENTION TIMES; TO MEASURE THE STATIC AND DYNAMIC MAIN CONTACT RESISTANCE; TO MEASURE ANALOG OR DIGITAL INPUTS AND TO CONVERT THEM INTO MOVEMENT, SPEED, ACCELERATION.

2.

3.

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


BLOCK SCHEMATIC
AUX V (PLANT)
DIGITAL TRANSDUCERS

MAIN SENSE COIL DRIVERS #2 (4) I SOURCE CLOSED DETECT #6 (12, 18)

AUX SENSE WET/DRY CLOSED DETECT # 4 (8, 12)

3* RS488 (CBA2000) LOW V +5 V TRANSD SUPPLY MEAS IN 1 (3) V

CBA1000 (2000)
HIGH V MEAS IN 1 (2) SYN IN/OUT

AUX V, MOTOR V.. CB COIL

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


BLOCK DESCRIPTION

(ALMOST) NO POWER GENERATION ALL CIRCUITS HAVE TO BE ISOLATED TO AVOID INDUCTIONS SEQUENCE OF TESTS: MICRO DELAY MEASUREMENT AND RECORDING: 2 SLAVE MICRO METER AND RECORD COIL CURRENTS LOW VOLTAGE INPUTS MEASURE FOR TRAVEL MOVEMENT HIGH VOLTAGE INPUTS FOR ANY OTHER MEASUREMENT OPTIONAL THREE DIGITAL INPUTS FOR TRAVEL MEASUREMENTS (CBA2000 ONLY) SYNCHRONIZE UP TO 4 TEST SETS

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE TEST SETS COMPARISON


PERFORMANCE
COIL DRIVES MAIN CONTACTS IN AUX CONTACTS IN

CBA2000
2; 4 OPT 3 PHASES, 2 BREAKS OPT: 4, 6 BREAKS 2 GROUPS OF 2 EACH OPT: 4, 6 GROUPS

CBA1000
2; 4 OPT 3 PHASES, 2 BREAKS 2 GROUPS OF 2 EACH

AUX OUTPUT
ANALOG INPUTS

RELAY: C, NO, NC
10 IN ALL: 2 (4) COIL CURRENT; 1 RESISTANCE (5 V) 3 LOW V (10 V); 2 HIGH V (500 V) YES, 3 YES

NO
6 2 1 1 IN ALL: (4) COIL CURRENT; LOW V (5 V); HIGH V (500 V)

DIGITAL INPUTS OPT USB PEN DRIVE

NO NO

ALL RELAY TEST SETS ARCHITECTURE


COIL DRIVE CIRCUITS
+ V BATTERY

COIL

PLANT

ELECTRONIC BIDIRECTIONAL SWITCH: 300 V, 25 A MICR I SENSE CBA1000 (2000)

ALL RELAY TEST SETS ARCHITECTURE


MAIN CONTACTS SENSE
IDC = 50 mA (MAIN)

CLAMP
R

VMAX = 20 V (PRE-INS) I DC

OPTO COUPLER

OUT

CB MAIN CONTACT CLAMP

PREINS

V SENSE

PLANT

V BATT = 24 V

CBA1000 (2000)

TWO INPUTS HAVE THE SAME COMMON CBA1000: THREE PHASES, TWO BREAKS CBA2000: THREE PHASES, 2 4 6 BREAKS

ALL RELAY TEST SETS ARCHITECTURE


AUXILIARY CONTACTS SENSE
MICRO

CONTACT
WET

IDC = 2 mA

OPTO COUPLER

BRIDGE
DRY

THRESH

I DC

OUT

IN
WET

PLANT

DRY

CBA1000 (2000)

TWO INPUTS HAVE THE SAME REFERENCE CBA1000: 2 GROUPS, 4 INPUTS CBA2000: 2, 4, 6 GROUPS

SAME CIRCUITS

ALL RELAY TEST SETS ARCHITECTURE


TIME DELAY MEASUREMENT
OPEN COIL COMMANDS CLOSE OPEN

A1 T OPEN
T CLOSE T OPEN

BOUNCES

BOUNCES

LAST TOUCH

FIRST TOUCH

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MICROOHMMETER

PROBLEM: SQUEEZE AN HIGH CURRENT GENERATOR INTO THE SET WITHOUT A DRAMATIC INCRESE OF WEIGHT AND DIMENSIONS SOLUTION: ENERGY PROVIDED BY A DISCHARGING CAPACITOR

DIFF OP AMP CONSTANT CURRENT SOURCES 1F 16 V START I OUT SHUNT V MEAS.

I LIMIT DC SUPPLY

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MICROOHMMETER
1. 2.

PROBLEMS: CABLES INDUCTANCE SHORT DURATION


I

L OF CABLE
V

3 ms

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MICROOHMMETER 1. STATIC RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT

T IS INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL TO I: 30 ms @ 200 A DURING T WE MEASURE V, I AND COMPUTE R = V/I THE RESULT IS THE AVERAGE OF 300 MEASUREMENTS MINIMUM

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MICROOHMMETER 2. DYNAMIC RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT

PURPOSE: SHOW CONTACT RESISTANCE CHANGES DURING CLOSE OPEN


R PROBLEM

OPEN

PROBLEM

CLOSE

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MICROOHMMETER 2. DYNAMIC RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT

PROBLEM: CURRENT GENERATION LASTS 30 ms

OPEN COMMAND START I GENER.

OPEN

CONTACT: CLOSED

OPEN

t TO: TIME TO OPEN DELAY TO 20 ms 20 ms

WE GENERATE THE CURRENT 20 ms BEFORE OPENING

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MICROOHMMETER 2. DYNAMIC RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT

NO SYNCHRONIZATION PROBLEM

CLOSE COMMAND I GENER. COMMAND CONTACT: OPEN CLOSED

CLOSE

CURRENT OUT

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MOVEMENT MEASUREMENT
1. 2. 1. 2. 1. 2.

PURPOSES: TO MEASURE THE STROKE: WEAR TO MEASURE SPEED: PLAYS HOW TO DO IT: DEFINE WHERE AND HOW TO CONNECT THE TRANSDUCER PREPARE H/W FIXTURES TRANSDUCER TYPES: ANALOG: POTENTIOMETER (LINEAR, ROTATIVE) DIGITAL (CBA2000): ROTATIVE

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MOVEMENT MEASUREMENT

ANALOG TRANSDUCER: IT IS AN HIGH ACCURACY POTENTIOMETER. THE CURSOR VOLTAGE IS PROPORTIONAL TO THE CURSOR POSITION CBA MEASURES THE CURSOR VOLTAGE AND CONVERTS IT INTO STROKE AND SPEED
+ V (CBA) +V MARGIN V CLOSED (OPEN) Vc

TRANSDUCER LENGTH, L

Vc = V * P / L
MARGIN

POSITION P
0

V OPEN (CLOSED)

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MOVEMENT MEASUREMENT
1. 2. 3.

ANALOG ROTATING TRANSDUCER: CONTINUOUS TURN THERE IS A GAP ACROSS THE SUPPLIES: V DROPS TO ZERO FOLLOW THE CALIBRATION PROCEDURE
+ V (CBA)

+V

355 360

ANGLE

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MOVEMENT MEASUREMENT
1. 2. 3.

4.

DIGITAL TRANSDUCER: CONTINUOUS ROTATION; NO GAPS TRAIN OF IMPULSES: ACCURACY = IMPULSES/TURN TWO TRAINS TO DETECT FORWARDS AND REVERSE MOVEMENTS RS488 STANDARD
A TRACE B TRACE

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE


MOVEMENT MEASUREMENT
1.

2.

CALIBRATION: CB STROKE KEY PARAMETERS ARE: a) THE CB STROKE; b) THE TRANSDUCER STROKE AT THE CONNECTION POINT; c) THE TOTAL TRANSDUCER LENGTH (ANALOG) OR THE IMPULSES PER TURN (DIGITAL) FROM THE ABOVE, THE TEST SET DISPLAYS THE ACTUAL CB STROKE

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE MOVEMENT MEASUREMENT


1. 2. 3.

4.

DATUM POINTS IN THE RESULT TABLE IS REPORTED THE CONTACT SPEED THE SPEED CHANGES DURING THE MOVEMENT THE REPORTED SPEED IS COMPUTED BETWEEN TWO DATUM POINTS MANY DEFINITIONS: SEE THE MANUAL

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE MOVEMENT MEASUREMENT


1.

2.

SLOW MOTION: WHAT IS IT? DURING ITS MOVEMENT THE MECHANISM HITS AGAINST SHOCK ABSORBERS HOW MUCH MORE STROKE IS AVAILABLE?
TOTAL STROKE
A EXTRA STROKE
A MARGIN OVERTRAVEL (O/C)

CB STROKE

B EXTRA STROKE
OVERTRAVEL (C/O) B MARGIN

A OVERTR. POSITION A (O/F) (O/C)

OVERTR. B B POSITION B (F/O) BOUND (C/O)

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE FIRST TRIP TEST


THE CB HAS TO BE OPENED AND ISOLATED BEFORE CONNECTING IT TO CBA FRICTIONS DEVELOPED DURING THE TIME SLOW THE CB ON THE FIRST TRIP: THIS INFORMATION IS LOST
I CB Busbar with voltage I Clamp OPEN COIL COMMAND (I Clamp)

Circuits

CBA
500 V
d e v e l o p e d d e v e l o p e d

(500 V)

AUX 1

d e v e l p e d

d e v e l o p e d

d d u u r r

d u d r u i r

CBA1000 2000 ARCHITECTURE SWITCH SYNC TEST


IF THE CB CLOSES ON COMPENSATION CAPACITORS, HUGE CURRENTS ARE DEVELOPED SOLUTION: SEPARATELY CLOSE THE THREE PHASES WHEN THE VOLTAGE IS AT ZERO
CT CB

I Clamp

VT

Circuits

500 V 1

(500 V 2)

AUX 1

CBA