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Civil Disobedience Movement

General Information
It aims at Not Obeying or

Disobeying the orders of British Government. Started in 1930 after the withdrawal of Non-Cooperation Movement. Headed by Mahatma Gandhi.

Reasons for the Launch of CDM


Split of Indian National

Congress. Economic Depression of 1920s. Simon Commission set up in 1927 under Sir John Simon. Radical Thinking of people demanding immediate freedom.

Mahatma On no reply, Mahatma Gandhi declared theletter Gandhis beginning of Civil Disobedience Movement to Viceroy of Indiaon 11th march,1930. Lord Irwin requested to grant some demands.

CDM In further Process

Two Important events in CDM


Dandi March Gandhi-Irwin Pact

Dandi March
Mahatma Gandhi with his 78 followers

marched from Sabarmati to Dandi. He reached Dandi on 6th April and violated the Salt Law by manufacturing salt. This movement spread with different names in different areas.

Gandhi-Irwin Pact
Signed on 5th March,1951 b/w British

Government & INC.Some of its provisions are: Mahatma Gandhi agreed to withdraw CDM and participate in 2nd Round Table Conference. British Government agreed to release all Political Prisoners.

Results Of Gandhi-Irwin Pact


Mahatma Gandhi called off CDM and went to

London to attend Round Table Conference. But all the demands were rejected. So, after returning to India, he immediately restarted CDM.To suppress this movement, British sent Lord Willington, the new Viceroy of India who crushed this movement by arresting about 1.5 lac leaders. So, finally in 1934,he called off CDM.

Mass Participation in CDM


Peoples participation in

CDM can be categorized under following categories:Farmers Businessmen and Traders The working Class Womens Group

Farmers Participation
Farmers participated

actively under 2 groups namely, Rich and Poor: Rich farmers participated as they were not able to pay revenue due to Economic Depression. Poor farmers participated as they were landless farmers and wanted the unpaid rent to be cancelled.

Businessmen and Traders Participation


Businessmen participated to get protection

from imported goods.

The Working Classs Participation


They did not

participated actively except in Nagpur.The workers in Nagpur were active in participation. Others were away from CDM due to Businessmen and INC was also not interested in the working class.

Womens Participation
Women of all sections of society actively

participated in CDM. They participated in Protest March, manufactured salt and picketed shops selling foreign goods.

Reasons for Failure of CDM


Non-participation of Muslims in CDM.

All the social groups did not participated in

CDM, especially the weaker sections of the society.

Submitted By:-

Pushkar Aggarwal X-A 31