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ANEXA 1

Proprieti ale transformatei Laplace


Fie f(t) i g(t) doua funcii original. Utilizm notaiile urmtoare: F(s)=

L[ f (t )] et G(s)= L[g (t )].

1. Linearitate

L[f (t ) + g (t )] =F(s)+G(s), , C.
2.Teorema integrrii

t L f ( )d = 1 F (s) . s 0
Aplicaie. Remarcnd c:

L[(t )] = 1
deducem c:

L[ (t )] = 1
s
i n genera:

L t

n n!

(t ) =

1 s
n +1

3. Teorema derivrii:

df + L = sF ( s ) f (0 ) . dt
n general:

234

L[ f (n) (t )] = s n .F (s) s n 1. f (0 + ) s n 2 . f (0 + ) "


" s. f ( n 2) (0 + ) f ( n 1) (0 + )
4. Teorema ntrzierii:

L[ f (t ).(t )] = e s F (s) .
S remarcm c un elment inamic ce are posed ntrziere pur de durat are n transmitana operaional un factor e s . 5. Teorema deplasrii: F(s+a)= Aplicaie.

L[e at . f (t )], aC
1 . s+a

L[e at (t )] =

6. Teorema valorii iniiale:


t 0+

lim f (t ) = lim sF ( s )
s

cu condiia ca limita s existe. 7. Teorema valorii finale:


t +

lim f (t ) = lim sF ( s )
s 0

cu condiia ca limita s existe. 8. Imaginea convoluiei

L f () g (t )d = L[ f (t ) * g (t )] = F (s).G(s) .
0
Remarc:

L[ f (t ).g (t )] F (s).G ( s) .