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NTEZE Ms ION HORATIU CRISAN SPIRITUALITATEA GETO-DACILOR REPERE ISTORICE EDITURA ALBATROS @ BUCURESTI @ 1986 ‘cuPRINS 2 Pregeodual ou t= Hd enon 5. Gaon strech UIT” Ca 4. Gerda veh es XUMVIE hen) ‘pest urn X berraatenagee te 5: Chur prs aca pent an et ante Capel 1V. PORTRETUL MORAL 1 Teugoute tei, case mld depae te). 2 Lope oe pte 3 CC ae aw ce conta V. ARTA, Stu 2 hea fer ODINTE $@ KOEI RELIGIONS 3 Stee 7, Simtatisa eutaalomagich a unr baile 4 Sie ea pm dee oped SI MostESIRT CUvINT INAINTE A: ts a tl ete ald eater nt Yat ie caer tal Se he a ee tate ae ‘are meritd de a fi exprimat ew rigoare i inifieexcephionale neg eal hea i ae fae ca ees i race (eset tae a ieee naire iciriae Renee eee se al See ir eas Bigs Bee Siem eme oat Ae ee ie ah ata aaa api emen eeloreal et ea Tata fa at thy a ee fig He Accel ai ei aoe Edm Facdeah i se ae fear drs cat ee Been nc ae oll ae tee ae oe a ae a a cee cy Bi aie mec eran eae ess ie Soci eee ake ee, phe tin tae saa se a ett ses en ll te inp Saw fatene avr tartar on gf. 0 pate Ds, cones Gate, desigurat, pean sate asumilefevioade, tsria gree debi Bet mas ate crete tmple wet fr eke dus tee mad ac entrar Tosi eet cong ulate qdodaced tn anol Europei ene, conl fe deca al en nt ata procs cingenee roman * Ind decent arbetgs se tad. wah gre dif atu eta te torte te spall y last ke wet ier, ‘prt acre, wor opi de mide 58 cnbadicor ‘hm tact ad ikem tn tame de fat tals sie ear rcp a coigiara s ‘nalts geld, prota lot moral, Proce cove Ian sin hemate si cht alta deters aero tian primed rnd fisfta 3 ing. A eee teed sd ne rect daar ta comand ep ck 5 fu sinarn for hana soe ged. em ‘ataic eu ale fopoarecntonporane i Enropa rte pe Mie fontnene, dete gee paces of aprosimaie ace inept a erolick svat, Cnc id cts ro tpertent ‘ete. contador ew ale eto oot popoare, fi ‘ime Snctauttfctonomte morals girder nu we ade ‘inet chiar find sea de lok diferente opston Teg. de fond general man ‘De aceon am incrpat eu 9 ssid expunere asupre con: crcl rebone’ a. tadocegponton’ tae fotepd hs amt vst din diverse omental Ting nth aloes cmoloie ces Demerol te lpia rin ner Eietaaiogs ear te anim a the fopearsteleepen dricind bier, rita trdivfe eal te hi be fare tim fat Conaratie tinge cceriee onan fad in cre taope rece de ape af ant maa ‘eda tin imo grndactor dened! ronan i 0 ‘oud fonb, i ar vce lain aps fo fis este mien, narcindromantaten popes Biter fort Inivnipee th Spf Corpate-danbans ont ‘Spinola getodarlor rfleté drat onomich itis nume mmc find paterne mare de cate ‘Sem fled edo prcearedeansanble a cinafe mate iia th exten he co instal dor asupra tr aap Incare se riflect egnancaractord de erate, des fhse rape I chip fits, ris mast drs ab daco-romani a monet testa mri ace, roel af tee int ele dont cis, fal coats de vole top: ie foe Doi el apr a et, yr spl, se fr cea tor, ar roe ‘oma ire fabs enclose itt samo tare stir fe Cental Seprcarés mot ts imitate deco, ne explicate yf feted 1 indie parte fail atte se rp of edo 4 Se tlre romauated cl fe innit fede ee iret onsrae Ertl oh dete probe a suave a yeor elem indarh, romano, face romase fecae ‘roprafi sl ctudlogis se'strbdatese se depisese 4 4 fiat tn ebdet rin toss conclare tonal tin Bonpution composted eer papuare ring 1 at ensan GeTo-Dactt Gunn ise 3, obco-osca StRAvaCit . 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WIEN 1 INDOEUROPENIL Problema indocuopenilor @ fost abordats din diverse ung numero ein nei tel Work antropelgi, fads ef sjuns la un punt’ de vedefecomun, @ “ete Indemni declaboar ner nari Faptal i feet casa In 4 ngurle ft mastrl ef aduck male peemptor au rer de onsite 4 poparslr inorstepens pe care [caoagtem din tvoarle List cate eau Perpetiat ped set Semone oper ore ‘snitate ctoick echo, oreare ar fi ca, se defincgte, ‘ga com spanoa tnedHorodot, pein comusitate de Li, ‘St obtsiut n care ao adaugt toda rigs cl ‘paterls,nivlal de deevltare gh ined onl sft inde Nunai ef ‘nciana diate displ mpicte major tn Teanarea proslemel ne pot afer fen date Aste, Ino, ont de desvllats p tehmilats sti ha Be pate spe mimic ci privire Tinka pe care 0 vorbeaw Fston unis sot afin dine cule mater ste ‘ite Cel molt poate stabi etova din sepetaleidcloge lor inschim fe ofer ate substantial peivnd clara ‘ateralt lag posits de comparare ey fete ae scomafice. Acdeay cecetan evdentant still de acon ‘Ea ald cnt Waa, orc ar Mimatie: spatial de orgie 4 tolor ven toe sport ‘Mas devtoltarea wea su altel dnt cular, Pe de SME parte, Ingvstice audit veehle'tuesmmir salto ‘eles ce near putes commicacevn despre ime porta Felor ashaice, O achintare radical Sn damental calle Inateriale nu implich oblgeton gi achimbareslimbi, tot n piper ee eee a ee Soa ia ea ine ts Pee ae ea et ee sent aan aah eae Seed Mah Set a re Shearidteed ae sented Maries Tinie iteapns ener mmr grog ea te mee et SR See men rea ‘et fins con Tyas meme re te eee ees eet cage pened Sant ve sameete ht Soe core aes fe tin keepers & ac i spl IM soars fo irae Seemann eet SOE ae eae mess Cee ee OR a Oa Coe eae eed Ba pet lad ag a Sere UGCA SES Rindes che fa eae aia ite thc ears hog earn es berg Darel exer sai de ese blag Si eee es Le See oe Cotes Sie Stocco ae So a ee, re Poe eh toga! Si Bat, Or nomen ame stirtvae, datoate fn, primal od migetrit populaiet de nr din senor pice pre Danaea deo, Pon: f Peninsda Balan. ‘entra poptlaile din epoca nelitlet =a_peeupas ct ar fi vorta de atehtont ce au evaluat din trie pipe Icoltie sau, mal plauzib ed agecullorsedentar ai Euro alomaiics ar mig dn Aue Autocar, fk a Be Thea vorbu de mari mist repie, ch de 9 expansiane pro- vd, lent Se pretupane arf vorbie a limb. ren aropeand de cafacter ie jafetitz™ (caurazo-bast) fe ‘moditeranean , Teriteral Greet ar f fost lock deo Populate preindoceropeantapropiatd cect tin Ania Mic, Talia eu pela mention semdlogendar in iavoare Arise, Popa prosiens tepiilor qe ar ft de den ‘eat in'unele toponime eu ufixele sot i tathos® Gert mal veh sa a ale cle din lina ene ‘an dovelt ea prizornts 4 pee iit mlenialot HT hen A outd Burgh ae at le ar bulvers evolu inert ‘Tot inirerupt de putronderea anor elementeetce sine. Vainepe 0 perioadaagitata de tranaformir, de nol si feze eice gcultrale. Mavle framiptaleno-cuturale Sau fcutsimtite in sande sudice pela 2500 Le, mated Sirgad Teel Itt interapees deevoltat broneal tie pede sudvest anstollan. Deplastile st restructure de Tiburi din perionda Ge tanec dela nclite la epoca bron SSI cn oe spain ers fet serene in Grecia 3 Avia Antetioars. Priest grt Sp fa” apariia fe lnana 1900 feoncad vu 8 otros eatin hl raf cet ee es ele Rate Sans centinees Aa tn “oes nts fs RevanneSis arc. VS, i an ie i si 8 ine ‘wre 13 me Se ne ec ee mal ate! neo-encolitice In urma unui impact, survenit Intro {erate de asmenea peop cs cea Talat ees de sranzifie spre epoca bronzului, ree eel cin es ae ieee gee eet etl Serbitont de lib afm ate stor), ated cd a Pi ae ‘comunitatea indocuropeans,® iret = ee Bene au formula dood tpotere poeple, une aperinc aes a i Seria de ude Gite), a oa fou watts weenie ee ce dome Europa central si tot teritoriul dintre Marea Baltic’ si Bee Ct pm hy 9 Eta coer iat ig sorbeasel o limba din care, dup o vreme nedetcrminabil, S outs nesta o limba indosuropeant Unita a ettat eins ane nn ate ai ate SE pand Spar dedi Cereeviele moder te ge Viotka?an daboeat'metoda seconettanlar interne be Iilor, ag-numitagloocronsogie pe bara crea se admite {ated tomental Sproximativ al separieddaletlorindo- turopene: hitiiluvits,qreco-micetiang, indosraniad te, Incepe cd im milena Tiles, representing totodatd ‘ol find deity al wit» Sa ermal pre. Fon imconformitate en care migralta din nrdal Marl Negre Spt Eine seta sis Balen a fs its do e inshore a eles ta mio teria IV tem ioe a ‘ev lngs tori. migrations, mpSrpitt de marca ijoritate a ceretatoror, care ede procesal de indoeure- recat a aya al populist venite Gin zone fin epee dere ‘pape peste populisautontans neon pind: ‘efopeai'ea emie in ultima wremeo not tere eabo- ‘ats e lingvst- Adept nol teor, tn frante eu VI. 1. Geor- ev, vAd ‘in oament epock neaitice ql chiar pleat, ‘Sortito de limba indctropeani. doctropenit dn Europe ‘au din Asia Sica mari terltaal el mageafit oe a uel Eadktetaehen, probabil pe amestcurt geome, te parcusul mal miter meni“ Ar vorba ded de o des: olla autahtonsneinrernpt Park ints im prea amulce ‘eral, wom presenta argumenteleprinipale ale acdora are susfin nota tere. Bina de eurind e eredench fv Asia Mica nu poate i vorba de indocuropen inainte de sfiital dullenilo al Teles fe. Decfrarca textelor hittite ce se dateazd sce. XIX-XIT Lema dovedit ed hittitaduvita ‘ste o limba indoeuropeanice sa desprina mai devreme Sin indoeuropesna comand, contucndse ca. un idiom tn dndloie Reis, Wis sn seen SP “indo Envopl brates aedeagus, Pais, WOW Pe ITS 1 sou ee a a ee ee sara gage em BAG reece ert cu Spee ues ar eee hahaha tine para tae ear deowbl substan Ue imbe hititotovt, Hind ied Hien nore Lo dpi a re soit Cet tar (docs nS) ae Soeiieg patie a te wos Bi date iat nae XP Ril, on eke at ck apn padre rants a oo So Gerd ede proms Syma feo ae wet, Tea R Sito." bgir grad Pn epee ut, ip 23T” SSN Wind Bs pote Eee ws emg ndetrepcne prtengue, Lmvbine, 15E ipa, ei gma ams gence abe 16 costa ha enum un copa hp rag eae Reticence reer Seg Cre cots eae tant nyetretarrs Ba Fetes tae es eee ee fee pel ee Sree eete ory fea re a ore emit en ae cet a ee ee Se ones Geers Seren es eet ee aa Se ee a a Pam ea cae ete eames Te ee eae ea pein mmerntemnreier in| seboae percent marries ae see eee ee eee pe hegern ire tender ee. 4 eh ee ee eee Stary ries oe titer al Sern at are cer teas ae ae ae Meee ee re eer ess eee SES pees ee ae reece ae ae ee ee eee eae eerie a saeierr reece ete eer ees ee sae Ser ees eee ee ee ees terior, ete tesa ileal ch eae alee ee eae ert oes see Spee oe ee Sesh eee eee eres eect sera Soca Recetas Pelee opi legen rarer ne Sm A Btn Triton, 6 i, 1, a incon, rte los fot cual, ne cre. teu final (Raranovo VI) §1 epoca timpure a renal (arom VD na exit gt continue fra rt, descoperieteatheclogice fac Wovada e& spre etsial ‘pocitnvoitiee in Europa se conststs dout ant tinct ha notd-pontick en o civizaic mat primiti, caracter« 2atd prin fnmormintiitumulare 91 depunerea ‘de ota In Smormate, rato ists semenamd pastoral og ‘are social de ip patina Cea dea da are e cope Europa centals st fona belcaniel se carctirard prince ivilzatie avansits, printeo Visid-agseol seule Tact ‘ela stnital epoci Reltice ve contiath namcrease ini ‘east apot pitrunden ‘in prima fn cea de a dows ae Purahdele Pau feat suc topertoada avg’ ds timp, ewnoscuta sub numcle de perioadl de tranaie spec «para brongul, ce a cuprins cet al mare parte a mle hole TH team Ceretarte dia ‘lima rete! doveese ch In prinade de won a4 eseat dive restora! Primi part {orl af cultarlor cu eeramict pitts (milenial VE ew) dle pe teritorul fst moastre If au orgies tn Thessalix cultura Protosesko) dupa cum o dovedese Gexcopeie le a Cho) (Gara Bacal) Choos (fd. Dalle are 8e Sangh alte afeart recent eercetate Neolitial nosirw (nilenile VV ten) sa format tein amesteculsutohtondor epee ew clomeate sds fin zona egeo-anaiolina thesis. La sigalg ‘eoitice, in asa-numita pefioads enelited, initnin Sheva altar ine tnvidvaiaate®Gumelnifa,. Salata, Prep H Cucutent THpole, Bodrogkerestsr al dolce ert de 21'S pal sect ain ni TIT Len}, Dak ert verbeau’o limba indoeuropcand sia ni, ete greu de spa Uni lingvigttpresupan un ume de cosine ain abe, romini care provi din substrata ff preindocuropene st » a ry ti sts, Sirs any eee oe her eat tere goed Enea is gine Sorepondes i beater A Seis Mie arene areata one eae nie ee ala _Sceuiacs anak oe Sore Se rie ane ame [tice dim spatial Romani primele perturbar se constata Eee meieree eee ae #ataraien a pranye on ioe Se en eareat Sai pert acme cay ae te eae ears = Sopra er i Sah Pa gree coats Sugoi fin outta sce nde itt a Ccoctenl ‘Ae vor deci Seb fra tne InltiTente nol, Conroe enpmaaifes potlacrd wt te eo And Bomar Ont he oon. ery 8 p= fone te aad slump. O82008;¥. 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