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Castelul Corvinilor

C as na ra di

te l
at ou Pl

Fig. 1. Hunedoara. Siturile din Grdina Castelului i Dealul Snpetru.

Dealul Snpetru

215

Te r

as

ul ui

1 1

3 Fig. 2. Hunedoara - Castelul Corvinilor. 1-3 Vederi de ansamblu, inclusiv Grdina Castelului (dup Arny 1867).

216

2 Dealul Snpetru

3 Grdina Castelului/Platou Grdina Castelului/Teras

4 4 Fig. 3. Hunedoara. 1 Castelul Corvinilor, 2 Grdina Castelului i Dealul Snpetru, 3 Grdina Castelului/Teras, 4 Vedere panoramic a siturilor Dealul Snpetru,Grdina Castelului/Platou i Grdina Castelului/Teras. 217

5 Fig. 4. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. 1, 5-6 Seciunea V; 2 S9; 3 S22; 4 S20. Nivelul cu dolomit spart (1-5) i al mormintelor (6).

218

5 Fig. 5. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Suprafee spate-dolomit nativ (1-5) i profilul de sud din S20 (6). 1 S6; 2 S24, S22; 3 S7; 4-5 S8; 6 S20.

219

5 6 Fig. 6. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Complexele 6 (1), 8 (2), 7 (3-4), 9 (5) i 10 (6).

220

Fig. 7. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Complexele 10 (1-2), 13 (3), 16 (4), 12 (5) i 18 (6).

221

5 Fig. 8. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Complexele 15 (1), 26 (2), 19 (3-4) i 35 (5).

222

5 Fig. 9. Hunedoara-Grdina Castelului/Platou.Complexele 33 (1-2), 30 (3-4) i 50 (5).

223

5 Fig. 10. Hunedoara-Grdina Castelului/Platou. Complexele 43-44 (1-2), 53 (4), 51 (3) i 52 (5).

224

1a

1b

2a

3 Fig. 11. Hunedoara-Grdina Castelului/Platou. Complexele 67 (1), 68 (2) i 69 (3).

2b

225

5 Fig. 12. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Depunerile nr. 5 (1-2), nr. 4 (3), nr. 7 (4) i nr. 1 (5).

226

1a 1b 2 3 4

6 7a

7b

10

11

12

13

14

15

16a

16b

17

18

19

20a 20b

20c 21a 21b

Fig. 13. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese de la Defuncii 8 (1,9), 15a (2), 14 (3), 13b (4), 12a (6), 11a (7), 26a (8, 14), 24 (10), 7 (15), 2a (16), 27 (19) i din Depunerile 1(17), 3 (11, 21) i 5 (18); 5, 20 piese izolate. 1-8, 11-13, 18-19, 21 bronz, 9 argint aurit, 10 canin, 14-17 sticl, 20 aur. 227

2 1

4 5 6

7a

7b

8a

8b

14

9a

9a + 9b

11 9b 10 12 13

Fig. 14. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese de la Defuncii 2e (1), 3 (2), 7 (6, 13), 26a (11-12) i Depunerile 2 (3, 5) i 5 (8-9, 14); 4, 7, 10 piese izolate. 1-5, 7-12, 14 bronz, 6 os, 13 fier. 228

Fig. 15. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. 1- Dealul Snpetru, vedere general; 2-3 Seciunea S3; Seciunea S1, vzut dinspre E (4) i dinspre V (5).

229

5 Fig. 16. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Seciunea S2. Fortificaia din piatr. 1-2 Fundaia zidului de piatr; 3-4 S2-latura de Nord; 5-6 S2- latura de Sud. 230

2 1 3

4 6

5 7

Fig. 17. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Seciunea S3. Complexele dacice nr.15A-B (1), 15A (2), 29 (3), 17 (4), 19 (5), 20 (6), 26 (7).

231

1a 1c

1b

5 2 6 3 8 7

10

11

Fig. 18. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Piese din Complexele C15B (1-3), C13 (10), C18 (4-5) i din strat (6-9, 11).

232

Legend: aezri descoperiri n peteri morminte loc de cult tezaure monetare tezaur de piese i monede descoperiri izolate minereuri de fier

Fig. 19. Descoperiri din sec. II a. Chr. - I p. Chr. n zona Hunedoarei.

233

Legend: 1) 2)

Defunct n decubit de sex masculin

5 1 2

Defunct n decubit de sex feminin

3) 4)

Defunct de sex feminin chircit pe stnga

27
18
1

45

Defunct de sex feminin chircit pe dreapta

24
17

5)

4 3
6)
0.50

Defunct de sex masculin chircit pe stnga

Defunct de sex masculin chircit pe dreapta

29a
16 a
5 0.50

28
0.50 0.66

7)

22a
23

22b 16b

Defunct de sex nedeterminat chircit pe dreapta

8) 9)

0.50

14
3.50

8 10

0 1.25 0.1

Pandantiv

11a 12a

10) 11)

Mrgele

Cercei

1.25

2b 3a 4
D1 7
1.75 2

26a
1.50

12) 13)

Fibule

25
6a 1a 1b 13a
a 13b
0

Depunere de piese
0

2a 2e 5a
0.13

D7 D6 D5 D2

14) 15) 16) 17) 18)


D4 D3

Gropi

Amenajri cu oase de animale

Defunct incinerat

Limita platoului

29
19)
1.50 (ani)

Numrul defunctului (eantion statistic)

Vrsta defunctului (eantion statistic)

Fig 20. Plan general Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou

234

15a
1

9a

Defunct de sex nedeterminat n decubit

20 30 21

27 24
18 17

15a 15b-c

19
16 a

29a 29b
23

28a-b 22a-b

14

8 10

11b 9a-b 12a 12b-d 6a-b 2a-f 3a-b 5a-b 11a

16b

26a

1)

Defunct nhumat Defunct incinerat Defunct datat sec I a. Chr. - I p. Chr. Defunct datat sec I p. Chr. Defunct datat sec II -I a Chr.

26b

2) 3) 1a 4) 5)

25

4 1a 1b 7 13a 13b

14 7

Fig 22. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Distribuia spaial a defuncilor dup cronologie i rit.

236

F 27 F 29a F 15a M 9a M 12a M 25 M 4 M 3a F 2a F 1a F 26a M 11a F 22a M 23


1) 2) 3) 4)

F 28a

M F

Defunct de sex masculin Defunct de sex feminin Limita platoului

237

29

Numrul defunctului

M 2b

Fig 23. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Distribuia spaial a defuncilor dup sex (eantionul statistic)

45 6

27
1

24 29
0.50 5 0.50

28a 22a

15a
0.50

0.50

0.66

16b 8
3.50 0 1.25

23
1) 2) 3)
1.50 0.50

14
1.25

0.1

Limita platoului

12a 26a
2 0 1.75 0.2 0.3

29

Numrul defunctului

25

3a

2a

2b

1a

5a

13b

Fig. 24. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Distribuia spaial a defuncilor dup vrst (eantion statistic).

238

9a

11a

Vrsta defunctului (ani)

24

27

29a 22a 15a 16b 11a 14 8 12a 25 4 2a 2b 1a 26a

28a

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

Pandantiv Mrgele Cercei Fibule Limita platoului

239
13b

29

Numrul defunctului

Fig. 25. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Distribuia spaial a inventarului defuncilor din eantionul analizat statistic.

Castel

S33 5 S20 S26 S28 S27

SVII

S32

30
1

21

20
4 3

29
18

24

27
17

29
S19

S31

19
S15

28 23 22
S18 S30

S16

S23

S17

16 9
1

15 14
S10 S11

8 10

11 12

S13

S. X

S21 S25

235
SV

25 4
D1

3
6

2 5

S09

26
D7

1
D5

D6
S22

D2
S24

31

26

2.

5
S14

7 13
S12

S08

D4 D3

S07 S06

25

7.

1) 2)

Defunci nhumai Defunci incinerai Defunci nhumai i iincinerai incinerai Depuneri de piese Aglomerri de oase de animale Gropi

S29 S34
S. X I

SVIII

3) 4) 5) 6)

7) .....Margine abrupt Fig. 21 Hunedoara Grdina Castelului/Platou. Plan general realizat cu suport topografic. Tipuri de complexe

45 6

24

F 27
1

1)

Pandantiv Mrgele Cercei Fibule Limita platoului


0.50

29

F 0.50 F
0.50

2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8)

F5

22a
0.66 M 0.50

28a

15a
M0 9a
1.25

23

3.50

0.50

14
1.25

M 11a
0.1

Vrsta defunctului Sexul defunctului Numrul defunctului

M, F

12a
F 2a M 0.3
1.75 2 1.50

29

M 25 M 4
0.17

F 26a

F 1a

M0 3a

2b

5a

13b

Fig. 26 Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Distributia spaial a caracteristicilor eantionului analizat statistic (vrst, sex, inventar)

240

16b

2 Legend

Fig. 27. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Suprafaa S13, profilul de sud (1) i Suprafaa S15, profilele de sud (2) i de nord (3). Legend: 1strat vegetal actual, 2 strat negru, granulat, 3 strat cenuiu cu piatr, 4 strat cenuiu-albicios, 5 stnc nativ, 6 piatr spart, 7 fragmente ceramice. 241

2 242 1 2 Legend 3 4 5 6 7 8

Fig. 28. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Suprafaa S17, malul de nord (1) i malul de est (2). Legend: 1strat vegetal actual, 2 strat negru, granulos, 3 strat cenuiu cu piatr, 4 strat cenuiu-albicios, 5 sol negru cu mult piatr, 6 stnc nativ, 7 piatr spart, 8 fragmente ceramice.

Fig. 29. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Suprafaa S20, malul de sud-est. Legend: 1strat vegetal actual, 2 strat de pmnt i dolomit spart, 3 strat de pmnt cenuiu i dolomit spart, 4 stnc nativ. 243

2 Legend

-15 cm

-15 cm -17 cm

-20 cm

-18 cm 1
cm cm

-20 cm
cm

3
0

3
cm

-40 cm -15 cm -35 cm

cm

6
cm

cm

Fig. 30. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Defuncii 1a-b (1), 2a (2), 3a (3), 4 (4), 6 (5), 5a (6).

244

2 -25cm -35 cm -40 cm 1 oase umane incinerate/ cremated human bones oase de animale/animals bones
0 12 cm

-30cm

-42cm

-60 cm -40cm

-45cm

-20 cm -50cm

50 cm

Fig. 31. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Defuncii 7 (1), 8 (2), 9 (3), 10 (4), 11a (5), 12a (6), 13 (7).

245

-28cm -35cm -17cm

-33cm

-32cm 1
0 50 cm

2
cm

-35cm

-40cm -13cm -40cm


0 40 cm
0 14 cm

Fig. 32. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Defuncii 23 (1), 25 (2), 26a (3), 27 (4), 28a (5), 29a (6).

246

-25cm -23cm

-28cm

-32cm 1 2 3a

-28cm 5a

1m

3b

-42cm -30cm

5b 6
cm

Fig. 33. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Defuncii 14 (1), 15a (2), 16b (3), 17 (4), 18 (5), 22a (6).

247

3 2

4 5

6 10

11 8

9 Fig. 34. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese de la Defuncii 1a (1), 2a (2-3), 2b (4), 2e (5), 3 (6), 4 (7), 5 (8) i 7 (9-11). 1-2, 9 fier, 3-4 sticl, 5-6 bronz, 7 os i sticl, 8 melc, 10-11 ceamic. 248

2 1

5a

5b 7
8

Fig. 35. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese de la Defunctul 7. 1 sticl, 2-3 bronz, 4-5, 8 fier, 6-7 os.

249

2 1

10

11

12

13 9

14

Fig. 36. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese de la Defuncii 8 (1-7), 9a (8), 10 (9), 11a (10-12), 12a (13-14); 1 argint aurit, 2-5 sticl, 6, 8-9, 11, 14 bronz, 7, 10, 12 fier, 13 argint. 250

6 7

9 12 10

11 18 14 16 13 19

15

17

21

20

Fig. 37. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului Piese de la Defuncii 13a (2), 13b (1), 14 (3), 15a (4, 6-8), 16b (9), 17 (10), 18 (12), 19 (13), 26a (14-20); 5, 11, 21 izolate. 1, 3-4, 9, 11, 14-15, 19-21 bronz; 2, 6-8, 10, 13 fier; 5 argint; 12, 16-18 sticl. 251

10

11a

11b

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Fig. 38. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese de la Defuncii 22a (1), 23 (2), 24 (3), 25 (4), 27 (5-11), 28a (12-14), 29a (15-16); piese izolate (17-18). 1-2, 4 sticl; 3 canin; 5-9, 11, 15-17 bronz; 10, 13-14 fier; 12,16 argint 252

10

11

12

13

15 14

16

17

Fig. 39. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese din C25 Depunerea 5. 1-9, 13-17 bronz, 11-12 fier, 10 sticl.

253

2 1

11 9

8 14 7 6 12

17 16 10 19 18 21 13

15

20 22 23 24

25

Fig. 40. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese din C23 Depunerea 3 (1-8) i C24 Depunerea 4 (9-10); piese izolate din S8 (11-13) S12 (14), S13-S5 (15), S30-S31 (16), S20 (17), S13 (18), S10 (19), S17 (20), S14 (21), S22 (22), S28 (23-24), S17-S13 (25). 1-2, 11, 15-16, 20, 22, 24 bronz; 3 canin; 4-10, 12-14, 17, 19, 21, 23 fier;18 argint; 25 aur.

254

8 6 7

13

10

11

12

14

Fig. 41. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese din C20 Depunerea 1 (1-4), C 46 Depunerea 6 (5-8), C22 Groapa 1 (14), C21 Depunerea 2 (10-13) i S13 (9). 1 sticl, 2 marmur, 3-4,7, 10, 11, 13 bronz, 5-6, 8, 12 fier, 14 ceramic. 255

3b 3a 3c 4

10

11

Fig.42. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Piese de fier din C70 Depunerea 7.

256

1a

1b

3a

3b 4a 4b

5 6

10 8a 8b

9a

9b

11

Fig. 43. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Complexul 69, Depunerea 7. Fragmente din cmaa de zale de fier.

257

1a0

1cm 0

1b
1cm

1cm

2a

1cm

1cm

7a
0 1cm

2b
0 1cm

1cm

7b
0 1cm

1cm

1cm

8
0 1cm

9a
0 1cm 0 1cm

9b

10

11a
0 1cm 0

11b
1cm

3cm

12a

12b
0 3cm

14a 13a
0 1cm 0 1cm

14b 14b
0 1cm 0 1cm

13b

15a
0 3cm 0

15b
3cm

16a
0 1cm 0 1cm

16b

Fig. 44. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Fragmente din cmaa de zale, sabie (13-14) i umbones de scut (12, 15-16).

258

2 1

7 8

0 9

3 cm

10

Fig. 45. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Fragmente de vase dacice modelate cu mna (1-3) i cu roata (4-10).

259

3 4

6 5

7 Fig. 46. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Teras. Vase dacice modelate cu mna (1-2) i cu roata (3-8) (dup V. Srbu, T. Mari 2008).

260

3 Fig. 47. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Mandibul de la Defunctul 15a (1), fragment de mandibul de la Defunctul 4 (2) i oase lungi de la Defunctul 6a (3).

261

3a

3b

1a

1b

1c

Fig. 48. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Craniu (1), fragment de mandibul (2) i ilium de la Defunctul 2a (3).

262

1a

1b

2b 2a

3a

3b

Fig. 49. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Fragmente craniene i din scheletul postcranian de la defuncii: 27 (1), 28a (2) i 22a (3).

263

1a

1b

2a

2b

3a

3b

Fig. 50. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Fragmente craniene i din scheletul postcranian de la defuncii: 23 (1), 25 (2) i 26a (3).

264

0 1 2

3 4

5 cm

3 0 5 cm

5 cm

2 Fig. 51. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului. Faun din Depunerile nr. 1 (1), nr. 2 (2) i pandantiv de la Defunctul 6a (3).

265

N
15 296,26 16 296,00

12 294,54

13 254,56 14 297,34 11 297,07

10 298,76 17 297,22 63 296,39 9 298,47 3 293,88 62 296,96 66 299,27 8 299,14

C1
18 297,64

65 298,28

64 296,82

Drum de acces
4 295,35 5 295,39 2 295,12

S1 C2 Turn Cosmote
27 300,62 67 300,48 82 297,77

C4

7 297,16 6 297,00

S3
29 300,07

81 298,92

61 297,86

S2

C3
68 301,80 30 302,33 80 69 299,53 299,99

57 298,34

60 301,06 59 298,50 58 301,08

1 293,96

Spturi T. Mari

50m

32 302,08

71 303,73

78 301,06

Turn DRTV

52 302,23

51 304,06

42 304,47 78 304,08 49 304,36 43 306,71 48 306,36

44 305,35

Fig. 52. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Plan topografic cu marcarea spturilor arheologice.

266

Fig. 53. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. S2, carourile 23-26, profilul sudic. Structura de piatr.

267

nivel dacic I

dacic III

dacic II

dacic

stnc nativ (dolomit)

Fig. 54. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. S2, carourile 23-26. Planul structurii de piatr.

268

1m

S3/2006, C 15A, profil vestic

1m

S3 , C 17, profil estic

Fig. 55. Hunedoara-Dealul Snpetru. 1. S3 C15A, 2. S3 C17.

269

3 2

6 5

9 8

10 11 12

13 14 Fig. 56. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Piese din os (10), corn (8), piatr (7) i fragmente ceramice (1-6, 9, 11-15) din Complexul C15A.

15

270

1 0 3 cm 2
0 3 cm 0

3
3 cm 0

4
3 cm

8 10

11a

11b

Fig. 57. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Piese din metal i fragmente ceramice din Complexele C15A (5-6 ) i C15 B (1-4, 7-11).

271

1 2

9
0 3 cm

8
0 3 cm

10
0 0 3 cm

13 11
3 cm 0 3 cm

12

3 cm

Fig. 58. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Fusaiol (1), fragmente ceramice (2-8) i piese de metal (9-13) din Complexul C18.

272

2 1

4 3

5 7

8 6

9 0 3 cm Fig. 59. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Fragmente ceramice din Complexele C29 (1-3), C17 (4), C21 (7-8) i C26 (5-6); fragment de bol dacic cu decor n relief din strat (9).

273

3 4 5

3 cm

9
0 3 cm 0

10
3 cm

14
0 3 cm 0 3 cm

11
0 3 cm

12

3 cm

13

15

Fig. 60. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Fragmente ceramice i piese din metal din Complexele C19 (1-8), C13 (10), C20 (9,14) i din strat (11-15).

274

Fig. 61. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Vase dacice modelate cu mna (1-2) i cu roata (3-9) (dup V. Srbu, T. Mari 2008).

275

3 cm

3 cm

Fig. 62. Hunedoara. Vase dacice de pe strada Liliacului (1-2) i strada Pomilor (3-5); modelate cu mna (3, 5) i cu roata (1-2, 4) (1-2 dup V. Srbu, T. Mari 2008). 276

0 1 2

3 4

5 cm

1 2
0 1 2 3 4 5 cm

0 1 2

3 4

5 cm

0 1 2 3 4 5 cm

Fig. 63. Hunedoara - Dealul Snpetru. Faun.

277

3
0 5 cm

1a

1b

2 4
0 5 cm

5
0 10 cm 0

6
10 cm

7
0 10 cm

Fig. 64. Piese din tezaurul de la Cerbl, jud. Hunedoara (dup M. Roska 1942).

278

Schelet 1

Schelet 2

- pietre - fragmente de pmnt - oase umane

Fig. 65. nhumri de copii n aezrile de la Cscioarele (1), Ocnia (2) i Brad (3-4) (dup V. Srbu 1993; D. Berciu 1981; V. Ursachi 1986).

279

Fig. 66. nhumri de copii din aezarea de la Grditea (1), "cmpurile de gropi" de la Sf. Gheorghe - Bedehaza (2) i Orlea (3) (dup V. Srbu 1993; K. Horedt 1959; E. Coma 1972). 280

Legend

Fig. 67. nhumri i depuneri rituale de copii la geto-daci (sec. IV a.Chr.-I p.Chr.). Legend: a) n aezri - n locuine -1, n gropi -2, nespecificat -3, b) n gropi izolate -4, c) n "cmpuri de gropi" - 5, d) Hunedoara - 6. Localiti: 1 Berea, 2 Bzdna, 3 Borduani, 4 Brad, 5 Cscioarele, 6 Celu Nou, 7 Celei, 8 Ceteni, 9 Chirnogi, 10 Cndeti, 11 Dulceanca, 12 Grditea, 13 Ocnia, 281

Localitatea

Contextul descoperirii Aezare

Nr. schelete ntreg

Reprezentare schelet

Poziie schelet

Vrsta

Inventar

Oase izolate post -craniene

Schelete cu urme violente

Chircit

Neconexiune anatomic

Conexiune anatomic

Infans II (7-14 ani)

Vertical, ghemuit

Infans I (0-7 ani)

Complex de cult

Pri din schelet

Oase craniene/

Groap izolat

Decubit dorsal

Piese de port

Total indivizi

Neprecizat

Neprecizat

Trei-apte

Fr cap

Neprecizat

Locuin

Berea Bzdna Borduani Brad Cscioarele Celu Nou Celei Ceteni Chirnogi Cndeti Dulceanca Grditea Ocnia Orlea Orlovka Ostrovul imian Piscu Crsani Poiana Popeti Rctu Sf. Gheorghe Sighioara - Albeti Sighioara, Wietenberg Unirea TOTAL

Groap

4 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 7 2 1 1 9 1 3 4 1 10 1 6 35 7 21 9 1 6 1 46 4 14 1 1 7 1 3 2 3 3 1 1 1 5 1 3 4 1 1 8 1 1 1 2

4 4 3 3

x 1 1 x 1 3

x x x

x 5 2

x 1 1 x

Dreapta

Stnga

x x 1 1 1

x 1 14 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 5 1 4 2 1 1

x 1 x 1 1

Diverse

Unu

x x

3 1 1 1 2 1 6 2 1 1 3 3 1 5 x 2 1 1 5 2 6 1 1 6 1 1 3 8 1 20 7 3 2 x 8 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 5 x 1 2 1 1 2

x 1 1 5

4 2

(4) 1 1 14 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 5 1 7 2 1 1

3-2 a.C. 4-3 a.C. 1 a.C. 1 p. C. 4-3 a.C. 2-1 a.C. 3 a.C. 2-1 a.C. 2-1 a.C. 1 p. C. 2-1 a.C. 1 a.C. 1 a.C. 2-1 a.C. 4-3 a.C. 2-1 a.C. 2-1 a.C. 3 a.C.1 p. C. 2-1 a.C. 1 a.C.1 p. C. 1 a.C. 1 a.C.1 p. C. 1 a.C.1 p. C. 3 a.C.

Datare

Doi

9 1 3 4 1 10 1 69 2

x x

9 1 3 4

1 10

18

35

1 78

Fig. 68a. nhumri i oseminte de copii n lumea geto-dacilor.

282

Settlement Cult complex


Three - seven Isolated pit

Entire
Skeleton parts

Isolated bones /Post-cranial

Skeletons with traces of violence

Locality

Context of the discovery

Number of skeletons

Skeleton condition

Skeleton position Crouched

Age

Inventory

Infans II (7-14 years)

Infans I (0-7 years)

Total indivizi (4) 1 1 14 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 5 1 7 2 1 1 9 1 3 4 1 10 1 78

Skulls /jaws

No connection

In connection

On the back

Unspecified

Unspecified

Beheaded

Vertical

Berea Bzdna Borduani Brad Cscioarele Celu Nou Celei Ceteni Chirnogi Cndeti Dulceanca Grditea Ocnia Orlea Orlovka Ostrovul imian Piscu Crsani Poiana Popeti Rctu Sf. Gheorghe Sighioara Albeti Sighioara Wietenberg Unirea TOTAL

Unspecified

4 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 7 2 1 1 9 1 3 4 1 10 1 6 35 7 21 9 1 6 1 46 4 14 1 1 7 1 3 2 3 3 1 1 1 5 1 3 4 1 1 8 1 1 1 2

4 4 3 3

x 1 1 x 1 3

x x x

x 5 2

x 1 1 x

On the right

Dwelling

On the left

Pit

x x 1 1 1

x 1 14 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 5 1 4 2 1 1

x 1 x 1 1

Various

Jewelry

x x

3 1 1 1 2 1 6 2 1 1 3 3 1 5 x 1 1 5 2 6 1 1 6 1 1 3 8 1 20 7 3 2 x 8 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 5 x 1 2 1 1 2

x 1 1 5

4 2

3-2 BC 4-3 BC 1 BC 1 AD 4-3 BC 2-1 BC 3 BC 2-1 BC 2-1 BC 1 AD 2-1 BC 1 BC 1 BC 2-1 BC 4-3 BC 2-1 BC 2-1 BC 3BC-1 AD 2-1 BC 1 BC-1 AD 1 BC 1 BC-1 AD 1 BC-1 AD 3 BC

9 1 3 4 1 10 1 69 2

x x

18

35

Fig. 68b. Ritual inhumations and deposits of children at the Geto-Dacians.

Chronology

Two

One

283

Localizare
Defunci

Ritul

Starea Scheletului
Orientarea Poziia Oase izolate Oase din tot schelet Fr craniu Sexul Vrsta

Inventar Piese de port


Pandantiv Margele Diverse

Datare

Nr. complex

Incinerare

nhumare

Unelte

Cercei

Fibule

Altele

Arme

C6

S5-cas1

1a 1b

* * * * * * * * * * * * *

* * * * * * pc * md,d d * * pc * * * c,av

V-E S-N N-S S-N I

D D Cs D I

C7

S5-cas1

2a 2b 2c 2d 2e 2f

18-24 luni I circa 2 ani F 2 ani M I I M I 3 luni max. 3 luni 14 ani 30-35 ani 5 ani nounscut circa 14 ani 6 luni 2 luni sub 4 ani

Vase

1 1

ofrand carne ? ofrand carne ? ofrand carne ? ofrand carne? ofrand carne? ofrand carne?

C8

S5-cas1

3a 3b

V-E

Cs

M I

1 1 1 ofrand carne?

C9 C10

S5-cas1 S5-cas1

4 5a 5b

E-V S-N

Cd D

M I I

sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C.

284

C11

S5-cas1

6a 6b

* * *

* * c, pc. *

E-V

Cd

M I M

1 lun sub 4 ani 21-22 ani

C12

S5-cas2

2 verigi Bz

C 13

S5-cas3

V-E

6 luni

C14

S5-cas3

9a 9b

* * *

* * d *

S-N

M I

nounscut 5-6 ani 0-7 ani

1 veriga bronz

C15

S5-cas3

10
(pierdut)

S-N

C16

S5-cas3

11a

V-E

12-18 luni 30-35 ani 1 lun

11b C17 S5-cas3 12a

* * *

d N-S D

I M

inel Bz

12b 12c 12d C18 S5-cas2 13a

* * * * *

* pc * pc * pc

I F I I

max. 3 luni 6 luni 6 luni adult brar Fe

os animal sec. I a. C.perforat I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. 2 2 tuburi 125-51 a. C. os; 2 piese fier ofrand carne? 30/40101/106 p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. 1 sec. I a. C.instrument I p. C. Bz pies Fe 30/40101/106 p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. ofrand 30/40carne? 101/106 p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. 125-51 a. C.

285

13b C19 C26 S5-cas3 S10 14


(pierdut)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *? * *

* c, pc V-E N-S * pc * d Cd Cs

I I F I I I N-S N-S Cd D I F I I I I I N-S Cs F M N-S E-V E-V D D D M I M

nounscut 0-7 ani 5 ani nounscut adult adult circa 6 luni circa 15 ani adult 6 luni 2-3 ani 3-4 ani circa 3 ani 6 luni adult 6-9 luni 6 ani 12-18 luni 1 1 1 1 1 2? verig Fe brar Fe verig Fe

1 1 1

ofrand 50-101/106 carne? p. C. 50-101/106 50-101/106 p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. 2 piese sec. I a. C.Fe? I p. C. 125-51 a. C.? ofrand sec. I a. C.carne? I p. C. ofrand 125-51 a. C. carne? 2 125-51 a. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. ofrand sec. I a. C.carne? I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. ofrand sec. I a. C.carne? I p. C. ofrand sec. I a. C.carne? I p.C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C.

15a 15b 15c

1?

C30

S13

16a 16b

C33 C34 C35 C43 C44 C45 C47

S15 S15 S17 S20-c.A-D S20-c.B S20-c.C S18-c.A

17 18 19 20 21 30 22a 22b

c, pc * c, pc * c, pc, *c

* c, pc

C50 C51 C52

S18-c.D S27-c.A-B S25-c.C-D

23 24 25

286

C53

S21-c.D

26a 26b

* * * * * * * 48 4 29

* * pc * * * pc * *pc 1 22

V-E

F I

18 luni 2-7 ani 45 ani 6 luni 10-14 ani 12 luni adult 21 2 2

C67 C68

S19/S31 S18/S30

27 28a 28b

S-N E-V

D D

F F I

2 1

3 verigi Bz

C69

S19/S15

29a 29b

V-E

F I

50-101/106 p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. 50-101/106 p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. 3 1 1 6

Total

Fig. 69a. Hunedoara-Grdina Castelului/Platou. Depuneri umane.


Legend: Starea scheletului c = oase cranieme; md = oase din mandibul; d = dini; pc = oase postcraniene; av = arc vertebral

287

Orientarea NS = Nord Sud; VE = Vest Est; SN = Sud Nord; EV = Est Vest; I = indeterminabil

Poziia D = decubitus; Cd = chircit pe partea dreapt; Cs = chircit pe partea stng; I = indeterminabil

Sex M = sex masculin F = sex feminin I = indeterminabil

Localisation

Rite

State of skeleton

Inventory

Chronology

Orientation

Dead No.

Position

Isolated bones

Bones main body parts No skull

Gender

Complex No.

Incineration

Inhumation

Age

Wearable items
Weapons Pendants Earrings Various Various Fibulae Pottery

Beads

Tools

C6

S5-sur. 1

1a 1b

* * *

* * *

W-E S-N N-S

D D lc

F I F

18-24 1 months 2

years
C7 S5- sur.1 2a 2 1 1

years
2b * * S-N D M 3 months max. 3 months 14 1

2c

2d

pcb

years
2e * md, th th M 30-35 1

years
I 5

2f

years

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?)

288

C8

S5- sur.1

3a 3b

* * *

* pcb *

W-E

lc

M I

newborn
14 1 1

years
C9 S5- sur.1 4 E-W rc M 6 months 2 1 months under 4

C10

S5- sur.1

5a 5b

* *

* sk, av *

S-N

I I

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD
perforated 1st c. BC animal 1st c. AD bone

years
C11 S5- sur.1 6a * E-W rc M 1 months under 4

6b

sk, pcb. * *

1st c. BC 1st c. AD
1 2 bronze 2 2

289
C12 S5-cass. 2 C13 S5-cass. 3 C14 S5-cass. 3

years
7 M 21-22

years

chain links

2 bone tubes; 2 iron items

125-51 BC

meat offering (?)


8 * * V-W D I 6 2 months 4 1 30/40101/106 AD

9a

S-N

newborn
5-6

bronze chain link

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD

9b

th

years

C15 C16

S5-cass. 3 S5-cass. 3

10
(lost)

* * *

S-N W-E

D D

I M

0-7

years
12-18 months 30-35 1 1

11a

1 bronze 1st c. BC tool 1st c. AD iron item 30/40101/106 AD

11b C17 S5-cass. 3 12a

* * *

th N-S D

I M

years
1 months max. 3 months 6 months 6 months adult bronze ring 1

1st c. BC 1st c. AD meat offering (?)


30/40101/106 AD

12b 12c 12d C18 S5-cass. 2 13a 13b

* * * * * *

pcb pcb pcb

I F I I

iron bracelet 1

125-51 BC.

sk, pcb * * W-E N-S rc lc

newborn
0-7

meat 50-101/106 AD offering (?)


50-101/106 AD 50-101/106 AD

C19 C26

S5-cass. 3 S10

14
(lost)

* *

I F

years
5

15a

years
15b 15c * * pcb th I I

iron chain link

newborn
adult 1? 2 iron items?

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD

290

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD

C30

S13

16a 16b *

* * N-S rc

I I

adult 6 1 months 15 1 iron bracelet 2?

125-51 BC.?

C33

S15

17

N-S

years
C34 C35 S15 S17 18 19 * * *? sk, pcb sk, pcb sk, pc, sk I I I I adult 6 months 2-3

meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) meat 125-51 BC. offering (?)
2 125-51 BC.?

iron chain link

1st c. BC 1st c. AD meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) 1st c. BC 1st c. AD meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) meat 1st c. BC offering 1st c. AD (?) 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD

C43

S20-c.A-D

20

years
I I 3-4

C44

S20-c.B S20-c.C

21 30

* *

years
3

291

C45

years
C47 S18-c.A 22a * * N-S lc F 6 months adult 6-9 months 6 1 1 1

22b C50 C51 C52 C53 S18-c.D S27-c.A-B S25-c.C-D S21-c.D 23 24 25 26a

* * * * * * * * *

sk, pcb N-S E-V E-W W-E D D D D

M M I M F

years
12-18 months 18 months 1 3 2 2

26b C67 S19/S31 27

* * *

pcb S-N D

I F

2-7

years
45 2 2 3 bronze

years
S18/S30 28a 28b C69 S19/S15 29a 29b Total * * * * 48 4 29 1 * pcb 22 * pcb W-E D W-V D F I F I 6 2 months 10-14 1

chain links

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD


1 50-101/106 AD

years
12 months adult 21 1

1st c. BC 1st c. AD
8 3 1 1 6

Legend: State of skeleton sk=skull bones; md = mandible bones; th = teeth; pcb = post cranial bones; va = vertebral arch

Orientation NS = North South; WE = West East; SN = South North; EV = East West; U = unknown

Position D = decubitus; rc = right crouched; lc = left crouched; I = indeterminate

Gender M = male F = female I = unknown

292

Fig. 69b. Hunedoara-Grdina Castelului/Platou. Human deposits.

Nr. complex

Localizare

Tip complex

Equus caballus Bos taurus Sus scrofa sus OvisCapra Cervus elaphus

Piese port

Coninut/ Nr. indivizi

Specia animal

Vrsta

Inventar

Datare

C20 C21

SV-cas2; 35cm S8-D; 20cm

Depunerea 1 Depunerea 2

C22 C23 C24

SV S6-C; -35cm S6-D; -30cm

Groapa 1 Depunerea 3 Depunerea 4

Piese de port, oase animale Teac sabie, pies teac, ac cusut, verig Vas dacic Piese de port Loess, vas, vrf. de suli i sgeat Piese de port

14

4 2 1 1

Diverse
sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C. Sec. III a.C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C. sec. I a. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. 5 sec. III-II a.C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C. sec. I a. C.I p. C.

Unelte

Fibule

Arme

8 2 1

C25 C40

S8-A; -40cm S20-c.C

Depunerea 5 Aglomerarea 1

17

C46 C58

S22-D;: -30cm S32-c.A-B 36cm

C59 C60 C61

S31-c.A-B 19cm S31-c.A,D 21cm S33 30cm

Oase de animale, fragm. vase Depunerea 6 Piese de port, diverse Aglomerarea 2 Oase animale, fragm. vase Aglomerarea 3 Oase animale fragm. vase Aglomerarea 4 Oase animale Aglomerarea 5 Oase animale

Vase
1

293

C70

S22/S24; -30cm

Depunerea 7

Cma zale, sabie,scut (?) oase cal, porc

sec. I a. C.

Fig. 70a. Hunedoara-Grdina Castelului/Platou. Depuneri de piese i de oase de animale.

294

Complex No.

Localisation

Complex type

Equus caballus Bos taurus Sus scrofa sus OvisCapra Cervus elaphus

Weapons

Wearabl e items

Various

Fibulae

Unelte

Potery

Artefacts/ Animales bones

Animales species

Inventory

Chronology

C20

SV-cass. 2; 35cm

Deposit 1

Wearable items,
animal bones Scabbard sword, scabbard item, needle, link Dacian pottery

14

1st c. BC 1st c. AD
2 1 1

C21

S8-D; 20cm

Deposit 2

1st c. BC

C22 C23

SV S6-C; -35cm S6-D; -30cm

Pit 1 Deposit 3 Deposit 4

1 8 2 1

3rd c. BC

Wearable items
Loess, pottery, spearhead, arrowhead

C24

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC

295

C25 C40

S8-A; -40cm S20-c.C

Deposit 5 Agglomeration 1

Wearable items
Animal bones, pottery sherds

17

1st c. BC. 1st c. BC 1st c. AD

C46

S22-D;: -30cm

Deposit 6

Wearable items,
various Animal bones, pottery sherds

5 sec. III-II a.C.

C58

S32-c.A-B 36cm

Agglomeration 2

1st c. BC 1st c. AD

C59

S31-c.A-B 19cm

Agglomeration 3

C60 C61 C70

S31-c.A,D 21cm S33 30cm S22/S24; -30cm

Agglomeration 4 Agglomeration 5 Deposit 7

Animal bones, pottery sherds Animal bones Animal bones

1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC 1st c. AD 1st c. BC

Mail shirt,
sword, shield (?) horse and pig bones

Fig. 70. Hunedoara-Grdina Castelului/Platou Deposits of items and animals bones.

296

60

Defunci nhumai: 48
50

Defunci nhumai Defunci incinerai

40

30

20

10

Defunci incinerai: 4
0

Fig. 71. 1. Reprezentarea grafic a distribuiei defuncilor n funcie de rit.

Oase izolate: 22 defunci Defunci fr cap: 1, 2% 42% Defunci ntregi Defunci ntregi, 29 (dintre care 4 incinerai cu oase din toate prile corpului) 56% Defunci oase izolate Defunci fr cap

Fig. 71. 2. Reprezentarea grafic a distribuiei defuncilor n funcie de starea scheletului.

Peste 14 ani, 13 indivizi 25%

Piese izolate: 26 19%

7-14 ani 1 individ 2%

0-7 ani 38 indivizi 73%

Depuneri de piese: 39 29%

Defunci: 69 piese 52%

Fig. 71. 3. Reprezentarea grafic a distribuiei n funcie de vrsta defuncilor.

Fig. 71. 4. Reprezentarea grafic a distribuiei pieselor.

297

16

margele pandantive

18

14

12 fibule cercei verigi

10

varf de sageata varf de lance

piese de port

echipament militar i armament

pumnal

vase ceramice

Fig. 72. 1. Categorii de obiecte de inventar la defunci.

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 cercei

margele pandantive bratari inele colane

verigi

camasa de zale sabie teaca de sabie varf de sageata varf de lance

verigi

vase ceramice

6 bratari inele

piese de port

echipament militar i armament

vase ceramice

Fig. 72. 2. Categorii de obiecte de inventar n depunerile de piese.

298

vase ceramice

3 Fig. 73. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Complexul C71 Defunctul 31.

299

5cm

5cm

5cm

10 cm

10 cm

3a
0

3b

Fig. 74. Hunedoara - Grdina Castelului/Platou. Piese din Complexul C71 Defunctul 31. 1 Pumnal cu teac, 2 Cataram cu ac, 3 Pafta de centur, 4 Vrf de lance.

300

5cm

1a

1b

1c

5cm