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II.

Thermal insulation design for the envelop elements ( Proiectarea higrotermic a anvelopei cldirii)
The equation used for the thermal resistance estimation in the hypothesis of one direction thermal flux is:

R o , ef = R i +

Rk + Re =

dk

[m2K/W] (1)

Atentie: Dincondiiadeeconomiedeenergie:

R0,ef Rmin
Incare: Rminrezistentatermicaminimanormata, Rmin=(1,21,3)Rmin cu Rmin valoarea minim normat a rezistenei termice medii corectate a ntregului element de construciedinanvelop,peansamblulcldirii. Observatii: Deoarece in tabelele de mai jos se dau valorile minime ale rezistentelor medii corectate pe tipuri de elemente si ansamblul cldirii, pentru predimensionarea termoizolaiei vom considera ca punile termiceaferenteelementelordeconstruciereducrezistenetermicadincmpcurentcu20%...30%.


Thermal characteristics of the materials used in the construction of the envelope: Density Thermal Thermal conductivity receptivity Nr. Material Sm Kg/m3 W/(mk) W/(m2k) 0 1 2 3 4 1 Reinforced concrete 2500 1,74 16,25 2 Reinforced concrete 2400 1,62 15,36 3 Cement/lime plaster 1700 0,87 4,47 4 Plaster over insulation 1200 0.52 3.15 5 Mineral wool 100/130 0,048 0,50 6 Polystyrene 20 0,044 0,29 7 Cardboard plaster 700 0,23 3,13 8 Sand infilling 1600 0,58 7,50 10 Gravel infilling 1800 0,70 8,74 11 Aerated concrete (b.c.a.) 675 0,27 3,38 masonry with slim joints 12 Aerated concrete strips 625 0,25 3,13 13 Fir timber 550 0,17 4,12 14 Oak and beech timber 800 0,23 5,78 15 PFL board 300 0,07 1,95 16 Bituminous cardboard 600 0,17 3,28 Vapour permeability resistance 1/KD 5 21,63 21,3 8,5 4.7 1,3 30,0 3,4 3,9 2,4 3,8 3,7 10,4 11,3 2,7 -

REZISTENTELE TERMICE ALE STRATURILOR DE AER NEVENTILATE Grosimea stratului de aer 0 5 7 10 15 25 50 100 300 Directia si sensul fluxului termic Orizontal 0,00 0,11 0,13 0,15 0,17 0,18 0,18 0,18 0,18 Vertical Ascendent 0,00 0,11 0,13 0,15 0,16 0,16 0,16 0,16 0,16 descendent 0,00 0,11 0,13 0,15 0,17 0,19 0,21 0,22 0,23

OBSERVATIE:Pentruvaloriintermediareseinterpoleazliniar

Other necessary information : Surface heat loss factors: i and e:

Working condition factor:

1. External walls type I (cross shear wall):

Ro ,ef = Ri + Rk + Re =
i=8, e=23
Nr.

dk

e
Therm. asim. factor Sm (W/m2K)

Material

Layer Thickness d (m)

Therm. conduct. (W/mK)

Heat loss resist. R (m2K/W)

Vapour conductiv. 1/KD -

1 2 3 4

1/i Internal Cement / lime plaster Reinforced concrete Polystyrene / mineral wool/ polyurethane X External plaster 1/e Total on element

R=

External walls:

type II

Nr.

Material

Layer Thickness d (m)

Therm. conduct. (W/mK)

Therm. asim. factor Sm (W/m2K)

Heat loss resist. R (m2K/W)

Vapour conductiv. 1/KD -

1 2 3 4

1/i Internal Cement / lime plaster Brick masonry Polystyrene / mineral wool/ polyurethane External plaster 1/e Total on element

R=

2. Top floor (terrace roof) :


1- waterproof membrane protection (mortar 3 cm + gravel or concrete boards); 2 waterproof membrane; 3 diffusive layer; 4 waterproof membrane support (mortar 3 cm); 5 plistyrene termoinsulation 20 cm; 6 vapor barrier; 7 diffusion layer; 8 sloping layer (b.c.a.) 8 cm; 9 reinforced concrete floor slab 1215 cm; 10 ceiling plaster - 1,5 cm;

3. Floor over the basement: floor over basement: 1- ceiling plaster - 1,5 cm; 2- thermal insulation of mineral wool 10 cm; 3- reinforced concrete floor slab 1215 cm; 4- mortar bead 3 cm 5 Ceramic floor tile 1.2 cm

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Adrese utile: <http://www.wienerberger.ro/servlet/Satellite?pagename=Wienerberger/Page/List05&c=Page&cid=1139915658675&sl=wb_ ro_home_ro > , < http://www.brikston.ro/produse/>, <http://www.metaleinternational.ro/index.php?pag_index=9&id=307>, <http://www.elpreco.ro/download/zidarie/Fisa_tehnica_BCA_zidarie.pdf>, < http://www.elpreco.ro/download/zidarie/Catalog_sistem_zidarie_cu_rosturi_subtiri_-_%20BCA.pdf