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Unit 1: GREETINGS (Nhng li chao hoi)

A. HELLO (Xin chao)


1. Personal pronouns (ai t nhan xng) ai t nhan xng dung e xng ho khi giao tiep, gom co 3 ngoi va 8 ai t. Ngoi (persons) Ngoi th I (1st person) Ngoi th II (2nd person) Ngoi th III (3d person) I So t (singular) : toi : ban : anh ay : ch ay : no So nhieu (plural) We : chung toi, chung ta You : cac ban They : ho, chung no

You He She It

2. The present simple tense of tobe (ong t tobe th hien tai n)-the xac nh (affirmative form) Dang rut gon I am -> Im You are -> Youre He is -> Hes She is -> Shes It is -> Its We are -> Were They are -> theyre 3. T gii thieu ten e t gii thieu ten mnh, ta co 2 cach: Cach 1 : I am + ten 1. I am Minh (toi la Minh) Cach 2: My name is + ten 2. My names Loan (ten cua toi la Loan) 4. Hoi tham sc khoe:

e hoi tham sc khoe cua ngi nao o, ta dung mau


cau co dang: How + be (is/are) + subject? (How + ong t tobe + chu ng) 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. By: How are you? (ban khoe khong) Im fine, thank you (toi khoe, cam n) fine, thanks (khoe, cam n) How is she? (ch ay co khoe khong? Shes fine, thanks (ch ay khoe, cam n) Page 1

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

English 6
Grammar

Lu y: e hoi lai ngi khac, ta co the dung dang cau hoi ngan: 8. and you? (Con ban th sao?)

By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

B. GOOD MORNING (Xin chao)


1. Greetings (chao hoi) Hello, hi la hai cach chao than mat (Hi la cach chao than mat hn) thng dung gia ban be than, cung la tuoi hoac vi ngi nho tuoi hn. good morning, good afternoon, good evening la ba cach chao trnh trong, lch s, the hien s ton trong ngi oi dien 2. On lai cach hoi tham sc khoe phan A (Hello) 9. How are you (Ban co khoe khong) (you ngoi th 2 so t) 10. Im fine, thank you (Toi khoe, cam n ban) 11. How are you? (Cac ban co khoe khong) (you ngoi th 2 so nhieu) 12. Were fine, thanks (Chung toi khoe, cam n)

C. HOW OLD ARE YOU? (Ban bao nhieu tuoi?)


1. Hoi va tra li ve tuoi

Muon hoi tuoi, ta dung mau cau co dang:


How old + is/are + subject? 13. How old are you? (Ban bao nhieu tuoi) 14. How old is she? (Ch ay bao nhieu tuoi)

e tra li ve tuoi, ta dung mau cau co dang:


Subject +am/is/are + so tuoi (=years old) 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. How old are you? (Ban bao nhieu tuoi?) I am twelve years old (Toi 12 tuoi) How old is he? (anh ay bao nhieu tuoi) He is nineteen years old (anh ay 19 tuoi) How old are they? (Ho bao nhieu tuoi?) They are twenty (years old) (Ho 20 tuoi)

2. this (ay) ai t ch nh (demonstrative pronoun) this co the c dung e gii thieu ten mot ngi hay ch ten mot vat gan. This is + ten ngi / vat 21. This is Hoa (ay la Hoa) 22. This is Mr. Hung (ay la ong Hng) 23. This is a book (ay la mot quyen sach)

___________________________________

By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

Unit 2 : AT SCHOOL ( trng)


A. COME IN (Mi vao)
1. Imperative sentence (Cau menh lenh) Cau menh lenh (Imperative sentence) la cau dung ong t (verb) e ra lenh, sai khien hoac e ngh. Co 2 loai cau menh lenh : Cau menh lenh khang nh va cau menh lenh phu nh. Trong phan nay ch hoc cau menh lenh khang nh Cau menh lenh khang nh c thanh lap theo 2 cach: 1. verb (ong t) + Object (tan ng) 24. close your book (Hay gap sach cua ban lai) 25. open the door (Hay m ca ra) 2. verb (ong t) + preposition (gii t) 26. Sit down (Hay ngoi xuong) 27. Stand up (Hay ng len) 28. Come in (Hay vao i)

B. WHERE DO YOU LIVE? (Ban song au?)


1. Present simple tense of ordinary verb (Th hien tai n cua ong t thng) Affirmative form (The khang nh)

the khang nh ong t c chia :

a. Vi cac chu t (subject) la I, you, we, they va danh t so nhieu th ong t co dang dong t nguyen mau khong to Subject + verb (infinitive without to) 29. I live in Ha Noi (toi song Ha Noi) 30. We go to school (chung toi i hoc) b. Vi cac chu t la he, she, it va danh t so t th ong t thng phai them s Subject + verb + s/es 31. She lives in Viet Nam (Co ay song Viet Nam) 32. Nam says hello to his classmates (Nam chao cac ban cung lp) Cac ong t tan cung la s, sh, ch, x, o ta phai them es 33.Mary goes to school in the morning (Mary i hoc vao buoi sang) 1. She watches TV every night ( Co ay xem TV moi toi) Cac ong t tan cung la y sau mot phu am (consonant), ta oi y thanh i va cong them es To study -> studies (hoc) Cac ong t tan cung la y sau mot nguyen am (vowel), th ta ch them s To say -> says By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

2. Hoi va tra li ten : a. Muon hoi ten ngi oi dien ta dung mau cau: What is your name? (ban ten g?) 2. What is your name? (ban ten g?) 3. My names Lan (Toi ten la Lan) b. Muon hoi ten mot ngi nao o ta dung mau cau: 4. What is his name? (ten cua anh ay la g? 5. His name is Minh (Tan anh ay la Minh) 3. Hoi va tra li cho : e hoi a ch, cho cua ngi nao o, ta dung cau truc cau hoi vi where ( au) Where +do/does + subject + live ? (. . . song au?) 6. Where do you live? (Ban song au?) 7. Where does she live (Ch ay song au?) Do : tr ong t dung trong cau phu nh hoac cau hoi vi cac chu t I, you, we, they hay danh t so nhieu Does : tr ong t dung trong cau phu nh hoac cau hoi vi cac chu t he, she, it hay danh t so t e tra li ta dung: Subject + lives + in/on + place (ni chon) 8. Where do you live ? (ban song au?) 9. I live on Le Loi street (toi song ng Le Li) 10. Where does he live? (anh ay song au?) 11. He lives in HCM city (anh ay song thanh pho Ho Ch Minh) Lu y: ON + ten ng + street IN + city (thanh pho) / town (th tran) / country (at nc) 3. e yeu cau ngi nao o anh van ten hoac t ma ta khong nghe ro, ta dung : How do you spell . . .? (Ban anh van nh the nao) 12. How do you spell your name? (Ban anh van ten ban nh the nao?)

C. MY SCHOOL (Trng toi)

1. Demonstrative pronouns : this, that (ai t ch nh) a. This dung e ch mot ngi hay mot vat gan ngi noi This is + noun (so t) - (ay la . . .) 13. This is my desk (ay la ban hoc cua toi) 14. This is Mary (ay la Mary) b. That dung e ch mot ngi hay mot vat xa ngi noi By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

That is + noun (so t) (o la . . .) 15. Thats my teacher (o la giao vien cua toi) 16. Thats my classs (o la lp cua toi) c. Khi muon chuyen sang dang cau hoi, ta dung : Is + this/ that + noun (so t) ? 17. Is this your pen? (Co phai ay la cay but mc cua ban khong?) 18. Is that your teacher? (Co phai kia la giao vien cua ban khong?) e tra li ta dung : Yes :vang, phai hoac No: khong 19. Is this your class ? (Co phai ay la lp cua ban khong?) 20. No, thats my class (Khong, kia la lp cua toi) Lu y: Danh t so t (Singular noun) la dang danh t noi ve mot ngi hoac mot vat 2. Indefinie articles (Mao t bat nh) Hai mao t bat nh a / an eu co ngha la mot (con / cai / quyen . . . ) A ng trc cac danh t so t bat au bang mot phu am (b, c, d, f, g, h, l, m, n. . . ) -> A desk (mot cai ban) -> a school (mot ngoi trng) An ng trc cac danh t so t bat au bang mot nguyen am (a, e, i, o, u) hay mot phu am h cam -> An eraser (mot cuc tay) -> an hour (mot gi) 3. Hoi ve o vat : Muon hoi ve mot o vat nao o, ta thng dung ai t nghi van What? (g?, cai g?) What + is + this / that ? (ay/kia la g?) e tra li ta dung It is a / an . . . . (No la . . . ) 21. What s this? (ay la cai g?) 22. It is a bag (No la mot cai tui xach) 23. Whats that? (o la cai g?) 24. Its an eraser (No la mot cuc tay)

___________________________________

By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

Page 6

English 6
Grammar

Unit 3: AT HOME ( nha)


A. MY HOUSE (Ngoi nha cua toi)
1. Demonstrative pronouns (ai t ch nh) ai t ch nh these / those la dang so nhieu cua ai t ch nh this / that ong t tobe i vi nhng ai t nay la are These / those + are + noun (so nhieu) (ay / kia la nhng . . .) 25. these are my books (ay la nhng quyen sach cua toi)

Muon oi sang cau hoi ta dung


Are + these / those + noun (so nhieu) ? 26. Are those your pen? (Co phai kia la nhng cay but mc cua ban khong?) Lu y: Danh t so nhieu (plural noun) la dang danh t noi en t 2 ngi/hai vat tr len 2. Hoi ve o vat: a. Muon hoi ve mot o vat nao o, ta dung: What + is + this / that ? (ay / kia la cai g?)

e tra li ta dung : It is a/an + noun (so t)

27. Whats this ? (ay la cai g?) 28. Its a table (No la mot cai ban) b. Muon hoi ve nhieu o vat, ta dung mau cau: What + are + these/ those ? (ay/kia la nhng cai g?

e tra li ta dung : They are + noun (so nhieu)


29. 30.

What are those ? (o la nhng cai g?) Theyre chairs (Chung la nhng cai ghe ta)

3. There is / there are Dung e noi co ma khong nhan anh en ngi s hu a. There is + noun (so t) 31. There is a book on the table (Co mot quyen sach tren ban) 32. Theres a board in my classroom (Co mot tam bang trong lp toi) b. There are + noun (so nhieu) 33. There are two armchairs in the living room (Co 2 cai ghe banh trong phong khach) Trc cac danh t so nhieu ta co the dung some (mot vai), many (nhieu), two, three . . . Lu y: ong t tobe (is/are) phai c dung tng hp vi danh t (noun) 34. There is a book and there are two pens on the table By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

(Co mot cuon sach va co hai cay but mc tren ban) 4. Hoi ve so lng: Muon hoi ve so lng ngi hoac vat, ta dung cau truc vi How many ? (bao nhieu?) 35. How many students are there in your class? (Co bao nhieu hoc sinh trong lp cua ban) Tra li: Neu co 1, ta tra li : there is one Neu co nhieu, ta dung :there are + so lng 36. How many tables are there in the living room? (Co bao nhieu cai ban trong phong khach?) 37. There is one (table) (Co mot cai) 38. How many tools are there in the living room? (Co bao nhieu cai ghe au trong phong khach 39. There are four (tools) (Co 4 cai) 5. Who (ai) Who la mot ai t nghi van c dung e hoi ve ngi Who + is + this / that ? (ay / Kia la ai)

e tra li ta dung :
40. 41. 42. 43.

This is . . . (ay la . . .) That is . . .(Kia la . . .) Whos this? (ay la ai?/ Ai ay?) This is Mr. Hung (ay la ong Hung) Whos that? (o la ai?/Ai o?) That is my brother(o la anh trai toi)

___________________________________

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Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

Page 8

English 6
Grammar

B. NUMBERS (Con so)

THE PLURAL NOUNS (Danh t so nhieu)


1. CACH THANH LAP DANH T SO NHIEU:
a. So nhieu cua danh t thng c thanh lap bang cach them s vao cuoi danh t so t A lamp -> lamps (nhng cay en) A door -> doors (nhng ca ra vao) b. Danh t tan cung la x, ch, sh, s ta them es A couch -> couches (nhng cai ghe sa long dai) A bench -> benches (nhng cai ghe dai) c. Danh t tan cung bang phu am + y, ta oi y thanh i roi them es A city -> cities (nhng thanh pho) d. Danh t tan cung bang nguyen am + y, ta ch them s A boy -> boys (nhng a be trai) A key -> keys (nhng chiec cha khoa) e. Danh t tan cung bang f hoac fe, ta thay f, fe bang v roi them es A knife -> knives (nhng con dao) A leaf -> leaves (nhng chiec la) f. Danh t tan cung bang phu am + o, ta them es A potato -> potatoes (nhng cu khoai tay) g. Danh t tan cung bang nguyen am + o ta ch them s A kangaroo -> kangaroos (nhng con chuot tui) Mot vai danh t co dang so nhieu ac biet A A A A man -> men (nhng ngi an ong) woman -> women (nhng ngi an ba) child -> children (nhng a be) mouse -> mice (nhng con chuot)

2. CACH PHAT AM UOI S, ES:


S dc phat am la /s/ neu phu am trc s la k, p, t, f Book -> books /s/ Street -> streets /s/ S c phat am la /z/ neu s ng sau cac am con lai ( n,d,v,m,y,l,r,b,g,) Chair -> chairs /z/ School -> schools /z/ Page 9

By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

English 6
Grammar

Es c phat am la /iz/ neu t tan cung bang (s, x, ch, sh, z) Couch -> couches /iz/ Bench -> benches /iz/ Lu y: khi es c them vao sau cac danh t tan cung bang phu am + y th es c phat am /z/ City -> cities /z/ Story -> stories /z/

3. CACH OI MOT CAU T SO T SANG SO NHIEU:


a. ai t : I -> we You -> you He/she/it -> they This/that -> these/those b. ong t tobe: am/is -> are c. Danh t :Them s hoac es vao sau danh t Student -> students Bench -> benches d. Bo a/an trc danh t : This is a book -> these are books I am a student -> we are students

C. FAMILY (Gia nh)


1. Possessive adjective (Tnh t s hu) Tnh t s hu (oi khi con c goi la ai t s hu possessive pronouns) at trc mot danh t e ch ro danh t o thuoc ve ai Cac tnh t s hu tng ng vi cac ai t nhan xng (personal pronouns) ai t nhan Tnh t s hu xng (possessive adjectives) (Personal pronouns) I My : cua toi You Yours : Cua ban He His : Cua anh ay, ong She ay It Her : Cua ch ay, ba We ay They Its : Cua no Our : Cua chung toi/ta Their : Cua ho, cua chung no 44. This is my family (ay la gia nh cua toi) By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

Page 10

English 6
Grammar

45. These are their books (ay la nhng quyen sach cua ho) 2. The present simple tense of tobe( Th hien tai n cua ong t tobe) Negative form (The phu nh) Them NOT vao sau ong t tobe (am / is / are) ta c dang phu nh cua ong t tobe Dang rut gon I am not -> Im not You are not -> You arent He is not -> He isnt She is not -> She isnt It is not -> It isnt We are not -> We arent They are not -> they arent 46. I am not a student (Toi khong phai la hoc sinh) 47. He isnt a doctor (Ong ay khong phai la bac s) Interrogative form (The nghi van) Trong cau nghi van, ong t tobe (Am, is, are) c at au cau (Ngi ta con goi cau hoi nay la Yes/No question) Am I . . .? -> Co phai toi la . . .? Are you . . .? -> Co phai ban la . . .? Is he . . .? -> Co phai anh ay la . . .? Is she . . .? -> Co phai ch ay la . . .? Is it . . .? -> Co phai no la . . .? Are we . . .? -> Co phai chung toi la . . .? Are they . . .? -> Co phai ho la . . .? e tra li cau hoi nay ta dung : - Phai : Yes, S + be (am/is/are) - Khong : No, S (am/is/are) + not 48. Are you a teacher ? (Co phai ban la giao vien khong?) No, I am not. I am a student (Khong, khong phai. Toi la hoc sinh) 49. Is he twelve? (Co phai cau ay 12 tuoi khong?) Yes, he is (Vaang phai) 3. Hoi ve nghe nghiep : Muon hoi ve nghe nghiep, ta ung ai t nghi van What? (g, cai g?) What + do/does + subject + do ? (Lam nghe g?) e tra li cau hoi nay ta dung: Subject + be (am/is/are) + danh t ch nghe nghiep 50. 51. 52. 53. What do you do? (Ban lam nghe g?) I am a student (Toi la hoc sinh) What does she do ? (Ba ay am nghe g?) She is a nurse. (Ba ay la y ta)

4. Hoi ve a iem, ni chon: By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

Muon hoi ve a iem hoac v tr cua ngi hay vat, ta dung trang t nghi van Where ( au?) Where + be (is / are) + subject? ( au) be thay oi tuy theo chu t (subject) 54. Where are you? (Ban au?) 55. Where is my pencil? (Cay but ch cua toi au?)

Unit 4 BIG OR SMALL ? (Ln hay nho)


A. WHERE IS YOUR SCHOOL? (Trng cua ban au?)
1. Descriptive Adjectives (Tnh t mieu ta) Tnh t mieu ta dung e dien ta tnh chat , trang thai, mau sac, kch thc. . . cua ngi, vat hoac s viec : Big (to ln); small (nho); good (tot); tall (cao); pretty (ep); blue (mau xanh) . . . etc. a. Tnh t mieu ta thng i sau ong t tobe e bo ngha cho chu t Subject + be + adjective 56. My house is big (Ngoi nha cua toi th ln) 57. The bags are small (Nhng cai tui nay th nho) b. Tnh t mieu ta ng trc danh t e bo ngha cho danh t o Subject + be + (a/an) + adjective + noun 58. 59. It is a big school (o la mot ngoi trng ln) They are small bags (Chung la nhng cai tui nho)

c. Dang cau hoi: Be + subject + Adjective ? 60. Is this bag small? (Cai tui xach nay co nho khong?) - Yes, it is (Vang, co) - No, it isnt. It is big (Khong, no khong nho. No ln) 61. Are the windows big? (Nhng cai ca so nay ln phai khong?) - Yes, they are /- No, they arent Lu y: Chu ng (Subject) co the la danh t hoac ai t so t hay so nhieu, do o ong t tobe (am / is / are) phai c dung tng hp vi chu ng. 2. Possessivecas (S hu cach): Co 2 hnh thc dien at s s hu cua mot danh t. a. S hu cach vi of (cua) : dung chung cho ngi, vat va con vat The house of Mary (Nha cua Mary The roar of lion (Tieng gam cua s t) The tail of a kite (uoi cua canh dieu) b. S hu cach vi s : ch dung cho ngi va con vat s c at sau danh t ch quyen s hu By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


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English 6
Grammar

The house of Mary -> Marys house The roar of lion -> the lions roar Ghi chu: Neu chu t la so t, ta them s. Nhhg neu chu t la so nhieu co s, ta ch them dau phay () sau s My parents picture (hnh cua cha me toi) 3. OR-question (Cau hoi vi OR) Cau hoi vi OR (hoac, hay la) la loai cau hoi oi hoi phai la chon. Is he a doctor? (Co phai anh ay la mot bac s khong?) Is he a teacher ? (Co phai anh ay la mot giao vien khong?) -> Is he a doctor or a teacher? (Anh ay la mot bac s hay mot giao vien) e tra li ta chon mot trong hai y: He is a doc tor. (Anh ay la mot bac s) Hoac He is a teacher. (Anh ay la mot giao vien) Lu y: Khong dung Yes hoac No e tra li cho loai cau hoi nay.

B. MY CLASS (Lp cua toi)


1. Which (Nao, cai nao, ngi nao) a.Muon hoi ngi nao o hoc lp may hoac hoc lp nao, ta dung mau cau co dang: Which grade/class + be (is/are) + subject + in? 62. Which grage are you in? (Ban hoc lp may?) 63. Which class is he in? (Anh ay hoc lp nao?) Cau tra li: Subject + be (am/is/are) = in+grade/class + so cap lp/so lp 64. I am in grade 6 (Toi hoc lp 6) 65. I am in class 6A (Toi hoc lp 6A) b. Muon hoi tang nao? ta dung mau cau co dang: Which floor + be (is/are) + subject + on? 66. Which floor is your classroom on? (Lp hoc cua ban tang nao) Cau tra li co dang: Subject + be (is/are) + on + the + so tang + floor 67. My classroom is on the second floor (Lp cua toi tang 2) Lu y: -Dung so em (cardinal number) e noi cap lp/so lp. -Dung so th t (ordinal number) e noi so tang. 2. How many ? How many (bao nhieu) c dung trc mot danh t em c (countable noun) so nhieu e hoi ve so lng cua danh t o. By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


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English 6
Grammar

How many + noun (so nhieu) + do/does +subject + verb? 68. How many books do you have? (Ban co bao nhieu quyen sach?) e tra li, ta dung so em 69. How many classrooms does your school have? (Trng cua ban co bao nhieu lp) Twenty (20) hoac It has twenty classrooms Ghi chu: - Neu chu t (subject) la I, we, you, they hoac danh t so nhieu ta dung tr ong t do - Neu chu t la he, she, it hoac danh t so t, ta dung tr ong t does. 3. Ordinal numbers (So th t) Muon viet so th t, ta theo quy tac sau: a. th nhat, nh, ba Th nhat : first -> 1st Th nh : second -> 2nd Th ba : third -> 3rd b. T th t en th mi chn, ta viet nh so em va them th Th t : fourth -> 4th Th mi chn: nineteenth -> 19th Chu y: Th nam : fifth -> 5th th Th tam : eighth -> 8 Th chn : ninth -> 9th Th mi hai : twelfth -> 12th c. T th hai mi en th chn mi chn Vi cac so chan chuc (twenty, thirty. . .ninety) ta thay y thanh i + eth. Twenty -> twentieth (20th) Vi cac so khong chan chuc, ta viet phan chan chuc la so so em (twenty, thirty, forty . . .) phan le la so th t (first, second . . .ninth). Th hai mi mot : twenty-first -> 21st Th hai mi lam : forty-fifth -> 45th Lu y: Gia phan chan chuc va phan le co gach ngang nho (-)

C. GETTING READY FOR SCHOOL (Chuan b san sang e i hoc)

1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE OF ORDINARY VERBS (Th hien tai n cua ong t thng)
(Xem lai phan ng phap cua bai 2, phan B) Th hien tai n dien ta mot s that hien nhien, mot thoi quen hay mot hanh ong xay ra thng xuyen hien tai By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

a. Neu chu t la I, we, you, they hoac danh t so nhieu th ong t c chia nh sau: Subject + verb (bare-infinitive) Bare-infinitive = infinitive without to : nguyen mau khong to 70. I get up at six oclock (Toi thc day luc 6 gi) b. Neu chu t la he, she, it hoac danh t so t, ong t c chia phai them s hoac es Subject + verb s/es 71. She gets up at five oclock (Ch ay thc day luc 5 gi) 72. He washes his face (Anh ay ra mat) Cach phat am uoi s hoac es cua ong t tng t nh cach phat am uoi s, es cua danh t so nhieu 2. Hoi ve hoat ong hang ngay Muon hoi ve hoat ong hang ngay ta dung mau cau co dang: What + do/does + subject + do . . .?

Ta co the them : every morning (moi sang), every


afternoon (moi chieu), ebery evening (moi toi), every day (moi ngay) . . .e hoi ve hoat ong hang ngay 73. What do you do every morning? (Ban lam g moi sang?) 74. What does he do every day? (Anh ay la g moi ngay?) 3. Hoi va tra li ve gi giac: a. Muon hoi gi ta dung cau: What time is it? (May gi roi?) b. Cach tra li : Gi chan: Its + so gi (one, two, three . . .) + oclock 75. Its five oclock (5 gi) e phan biet sang hay chieu, ta them A.M (sang) va P.M (chieu) 76. Its three p.m (3 gi chieu) 77. Its five a.m (5 gi sang) Gi le : Its + so gi + so phut 78. Its ten fifteen (10 gi 15 phut) 79. Its seven thirty (7 gi 30 phu) 80. Its eight twenty-five (8 gi 25 phut) Lu y: Khi noi gi ta dung so em 4. Hoi va tra li ve thi gian cua cac hoat ong a. e hoi thi gian cua cac hoat ong hang ngay, ta dung what time? (May gi) What time + do/does + subject + verb . . .? 81. What time do you get up? (May gi ban thc day?) 82. What time does she have breakfast? (Ch ay an sang luc may gi?) By:

Trng Thanh Thien c


Phone: 0918.458680

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English 6
Grammar

b. Tra li : Subject + verb + at + thi gian at (pre.) = vao luc 83. What time do you get up? (Ban thc day luc may gi?) 84. I get up at six oclock (Toi thc day luc 6 gi)

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English 6
Grammar

Unit 5: THINGS I DO (Nhng viec toi lam)


A. MY DAY (Ngay cua toi)
1. The simple present tense of ordinary verbs (Th hien tai n cua ong t thng) Negative form (The phu nh)

the phu nh, ong t c chia


Subject + do/does + not + verb - Dang rut gon : do not -> dont does not -> doesnt 85. I dont play volley ball after school. I play soccer (Sau gi hoc toi khong chi bong chuyen. Toi chi bong a) 86. She doesnt go to school every day (Co ay khong i hoc moi ngay) Interrogative form (the nghi van)

the nghi van, ong t c chia: Do/Does + subject +


verb ? 87. Do you play volleyball? (Ban co chi bong chuyen khong?) 88. Does she go to school every day? (Co ay i hoc moi ngay a?) e tra li, ta co the dung dang cau tra li ngan: + yes, S + do/does + no, S + do/does not (No, S + dont/doesnt) 89. Do you play soccer? (Ban co chi bong a khong? + Yes, I do. (Co, toi co chi) + No, I dont (Khong, toi khong chi) Lu y: - Neu chu t la I, you, we, they hoac danh t so nhieu ta dung tr ong t do - Neu chu t la he, she, it hoac danh t so t, ta dung tr ong t does - Khi tr ong t do/does c dung trong cau phu nh hoac cau hoi th ong t chnh la ong t nguyen mau khong to (bare-infinitive) 2. Adverbs of time (Trang t ch thi gian)

Cac trang t ch thi gian : then (sau o), after (sau),


before (trc), yesterday(hom qua), tomorrow (ngay mai), today (hom nay), now(bay gi), recently (gan ay), soon(chang bao lau), immediately (ngay lap tc) . . .c dung e cho biet hanh ong dien ra luc nao. Trang t ch thi gian c at au hoac cuoi menh e 90. Ill meet you tomorrow (Toi se gap ban vao ngay mai) 91. What do you do now? (Bay gi ban ang lam g?) 92. Then he goes to school (Sau o anh ay i hoc) By:

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English 6
Grammar

B. MY ROUNTINE (Viec lam thng ngay cua toi)


1. Cach noi thi gian (tiep theo) (Xem lai phan ng phap bai 4 phan C) e tra li gi le, ta con co the s dung cach noi phut trc gi sau - Noi gi kem: Its + so phut + to + so gi 93. Its ten to eight (8 gi kem 10 phut) = Its seven fifty - Noi gi hn: Its + so phut + past + so gi 94. Its five past four (4 gi 5 phut) = Its four five - Neu so phut len ti 30 phut Its + so gi + thirty hoac Its + half + past + so gi - Ta co the dung a quarter thay cho fifteen (15 phut) va half thay cho thirty (30 phut) 95. Its a quarter past two. = Its fifteen past two ( 2 gi 15 phut) 96. Its half past seven = Its seven thirty (7 gi 30 phut) 2. Cach dung cac gii t (Preposition) in, on, at e dien ta thi gian a. IN: vao, trong (ch khoang thi gian, dung trc nam, thang, mua, buoi) in the morning (vao buoi sang), in May (vao thang Nam), in June 1982 (vao thang 6 nam 1982), in 1980 (vao nam 1980), in Summer (vao mua he) b. ON: vao (ch iem thi gian, dung trc th, ngay trong thang.) On Monday (vao th Hai) On June 1st (vao ngay 1 thang 6) c. AT : vao luc (ch thi iem) At ten oclock (vao luc 10 gi)

C. CLASSESS (Cac gi hoc)


1. Hoi va tra li ve thi khoa bieu: - e hoi ve thi khoa bieu cua ngay hom nay, ta dung: What + do/does + subject + have today? 97. 98. What do we have today? (Hom nay chung ta hoc g?) - Cau tra li : Subject + have/has + mon hoc We have English, math, literature, and history. (Chung ta co tiet Tieng Anh, toan, van, va lch s) Lu y: Have c dung vi cac chu ng I, we, you, they hoac danh t so nhieu. Has c dung vi he, she, it hoac danh t so t 2. When ? : Khi nao?

When la mot trang t nghi van dung e hoi thi gian


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English 6
Grammar

When + do/does + subject +verb? 99. When do you have math? (Khi nao ban co tiet toan?) - e tra li, ta dung cac gii t ch thi gian ( preposition of time): in, on, at (xem phan B) 100. When do you have English? (Khi nao ban co tiet Anh Van?) 101. I have it on Monday and Wednesday (Toi co tiet Anh Van vao th Hai va th T) Lu y: ai t nhan xng it c dung e thay cho English

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Grammar

Unit 6: PLACES (Cac ni chon)


A. OUR HOUSE (Nha cua chung toi)
1. Mieu ta canh vat: e mieu ta canh vat mot cach n gian hoac noi len s hien dien cua mot ngi, mot vat, nhieu ngi, nhieu vat mot v tr nao o, ta co the dung mau cau co dang: There is + noun (so t) + cum t ch ni chon There are + noun (so nhieu) + cum t ch ni chon 102. There are many flower in the park (Co nhieu hoa trong cong vien) 103. There is a park near the lake (Co mot cong vien gan ho) 2. V tr cua tnh t (Adjective) Tnh t co the ng sau ong t tobe e bo ngha cho chu t 104. She is beautiful (Co ay xinh ep) Tnh t cung co the ng trc mot danh t e lam nh ng cho danh t o. Ta goi tnh t nay la tnh t thuoc ng (attributive adjective) 105. Its a small school (o la mot ngoi trng nho) 3. Definite arcle (Mao t xac nh)

The la mot mao t xac nh c s dung e ch s viec ,


vat hoac ngi ma ngi nghe a biet hoac a c nhac en trc o. 106. There is a park near my house (1) (Co mot cong vien gan nha toi) 107. There are trees and flowers in the park (2) (Co cay va hoa trong cong vien nay) Cau (1) : t park (cong vien) c nhac en lan au, co ngha la ngi nghe cha he biet en mot cong vien nh the, ta dung mao t bat nh a Cau (2) : t park c nhac en lan th hai, ngi nghe a biet o la cong vien gan nha ngi noi, ta dung mao t xac nh the Trong a so trng hp, mao t xac nh the c dch la nay hoac ay

B. IN THE CITY (Trong thanh pho)


1. Where questions with tobe and ordinary verbs (Cau hoi where vi ong t tobe va ong t thng). Where ( au) c dung e hoi ve ni chon, a iem a. Vi ong t tobe : where + be (is/are) + subject? By:

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English 6
Grammar

108.

Where is your house ? (Nha ban au?) My house/It is next to a bookstore (Nha toi canh mot hieu sach) 109. Where are the flowers ? Nhng bong hoa au? They are in the yard (Chung trong san) b. Vi ong t thng : Where + do/does + subject + verb ? 110. Where does she work ? (Co ay lam viec au?) She works in a hospital (Co ay lam viec trong benh vien) 111. Where do they work? (Ho lam viec au?) They work in a factory (Ho lam viec trong nha may)

C. AROUND THE HOUSE (Quanh nha)


1. Prepositions of position (Cac gii t ch a iem, v tr) In : trong, trong 112. The children are in the museum (Bon tre trong vien bao tang) On : tren, tren 113. The books is on the table (Quyen sach tren ban) At : tai, 114. Hes at home every evening (Anh ay nha moi toi) Near : gan 115. My house is near a park (Nha toi gan mot cong vien) Next to : canh ben, sat 116. Lan sits next toher mother on the couch (Lan ngoi canh me co ay tren ghe salong dai) In front of : pha trc, ang trc 117. There is a yard in front of the house (Co mot cai san pha trc nha) Behind : pha sau, ang sau 118. The stadium is behind our house (San van ong pha sau nha chung toi) To the left of/to the right of : pha ben trai/pha ben phai 119. To the left of my house, there is a movie theater (Pha ben trai nha toi co mot rap chieu bong) between : gia (2 ngi hoac hai vat) 120. My house is between the bookstore and the bakery (Nha toi gia hieu sach va tiem banh m) opposite : oi dien, trc mat 121. Put the bookshelf in the corner opposite the door (at ke sach goc oi dien ca ra vao) 2. WHICH ? (Cai nao?)

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English 6
Grammar

ai t nghi van which c dung e hoi ngi nao/vat nao


(Trong mot so lng han che) Which + be (is/are) + subject ? 122. Which is your book ? (Quyen sach nao la sach cua ban?) Its the red one 3. What ? (Cai g?)

ai t nghi van What c dung e hoi ve mot ieu g

hoac vat g cha xac nh. 123. What is it? (No la cai g?) 124. What is behind your house? (Pha sau nha ban la cai g?)

Unit 7: YOUR HOUSE (Ngoi nha cua ban)


A. IS YOUR HOUSE BIG? (Nha cua ban co ln khong?)
Hoi va tra li ve canh vat

bai 6 chung ta a hoc cach mieu ta canh vat mot


cach n gian bang cach dung there is . . hoac there are . . e hoi canh vat quanh nha, ta dung mau cau co dang Is there + a/an + noun (so t). . . ? 125. Is there a garden behind the house? (Sau nha ban co mot cai vn phai khong?) Are there = any + noun (so nhieu) . . .? 126. Are there any roses in the garden? (Co bong hoa nao trong vn khong? e tra li ngan gon , ta dung: Yes, there is / there are : Vang, co No, there isnt / there arent : Khong, khong co Lu y: - a/an la cac mao t bat nh (indefinite articles), an ng trc cac danh t bat au bang mot nguyen am (a, e, I, o, u) hoac phu am h cam, a ng trc cac danh t bat au bang phu am - Any la tnh t ch so lng c dung trong cau cau phu nh va nghi van. No ng trc danh t so nhieu ch mot so lng ngi hoac vat khong xac nh, co ngha la nao

B. TOWN OR COUNTRY ? (Thanh th hay thon que?)


Yes/No question (Cau hoi Yes/No)

Yes/No question la dang cau hoi c tra li bang Yes


(co/phai) /No (khong/khong phai) Cach at cau hoi Yes/No: By: Phone: 0918.458680

Trng Thanh Thien c

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English 6
Grammar

a. Vi ong t tobe (am/is/are) ong t tobe c a ra au cau Be + subject . . .? 127. Is your house beautiful? (Co phai nha ban ep khong?) Yes, it is / No, it isnt 128. Are you a student ? (Co phai ban la mot hoc sinh khong?) Yes, I am / No, I am not b. Vi ong t thng (ordinary verb) : tr ong t Do / Does c dung au cau Do/Does + subject + verb . . . ? 129. Does she live in the country? (Co ay song mien que phai khong?) Yes, She does / No, she doesnt 130. Do you work in a factory? (Co phai ban lam viec trong nha may khong?) Yes, I do / No, I dont Lu y: Khi tr ong t does c dung trong cau hoi hoac cau phu nh, th ong t chnh c a ve nguyen mau (khong s/es)

C. ON THE MOVE (Di chuyen)


Hoi va tra li ve phng tien di chuyen a. Muon hoi ngi nao o i lai bang phng tien g, ta dung trang t nghi van How? (Bang cach nao?) How + do/does +subject + go/travel . . ? 131. How do you go to school? (Ban i hoc bang phng tien g?) 132. How does he travel to work? (Anh ay i lam bang phng tien g?) b. e tra li, ta dung cum t trang ng (adverbial phrase) by + phng tien i lai - by bike : bang xe ap - by motorbike : bang xe may - by bus : bang xe buyt - by car : bang xe hi - by train : bang tau hoa - by plane : bang may bay - by couch : bang xe o - on foot : i bo 133. How do you go to school ? (Ban i hoc bang phng tien gi?) I walk to school = I go to school on foot (Toi i bo en trng) 134. How does your father travel to Ha Noi? (Cha ban i Ha Noi bang phng tien g?) He travels by plane (Ong ay i bang may bay)

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English 6
Grammar

Unit 8: OUT AND ABOUT (i ay i o)


A. WHAT ARE YOU DOING? (Ban ang lam g?)
1. Present progressive tense (Th hien tai tiep dien) Usage (Cach dung) : Th hien tai tiep dien c dung e dien ta mot hanh ong ang xay ra hien tai (ngay khi ang noi). No thng i kem vi cac cum t ch thi gian : Now (bay gi); right now (ngay bay gi); at present (luc nay); at the moment (vao luc nay) . . . Form (Cau truc): a. Affirmative form (The khang nh) Subject + am/is/are + verb-ing 135. I am working at present (Luc nay toi ang lam viec) 136. He is reading (Anh ay ang oc sach) b. Negative form (The phu nh) Subject + am/is/are + not + verb-ing 137. She isnt playing volleyball now (Bay gi co ay khong chi bong chuyen) 138. Im not writing. I am reading. (Toi khong viet. Toi ang oc sach) c. Interrogative form (The nghi van) Am/Is/Are + subject + verb-ing? 139. phai) 140. Are you listening? (Co phai ban ang lang nghe khong?) Yes, I am / No, I am not (Vang, Phai / Khong, khong

Is she teaching? (Co phai co ay ang day hoc khong?) Yes, she is / No, she isnt 2. Present progressive tense with WH-questions (Th Hien tai tiep dien vi cac cau hoi WH-) Cau hoi Wh-la dang cau hoi c bat au bang When (Khi nao), Where ( au), What (Cai g), Why (Tai sao), Who (Ai) . .. What/Who/Where + am/is/are + subject + Verb-ing ? 141. What are you doing? (Ban ang lam g? ) 142. I am playing video games (Toi ang chi cac tro chi ien t) 143. Where is she going ? (Co ay i au?) 144. Shes going to school (Co ay ang en trng)

B. A TRUCK DRIVER (Mot tai xe xe tai)

Xem lai th hien tai tiep dien (present progressive tense) va th


hien tai tiep dien vi cau hoi WH (Present progressive tense with WH-question) phan A

C. ROAD SIGNS (Nhng bien bao giao thong)


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English 6
Grammar

1. Modal verb CAN (ong t hnh thai CAN) ong t hnh thai can c dung e noi len kha nang co the thc hien c ieu g o hoac bieu th s cho phep. tat ca cac ngoi, can c chia giong nhau. ong t i theo sau can la ong t nguyen mau khong to (infinitive without to) a. Affirmative form (The khang nh) Subject + can + verb (inf without to) 145. 146. I can swim (Toi co the bi) You can park here (Ban co the au xe ay)

b. Negative form (The phu nh) Subject + can not + verb (inf without to) Can not = cant 147. She cant ride motorbike (Ch ay khong the chay xe gan may) 148. You cant turn right (Ban khong the re phai) c. Interrogative form (The nghi van) Can + subject + verb (inf without to)? Tra li : ta dung dang tra li ngan gon Yes, S + can / No, S + cant 149. Can you play the piano? (Ban co the chi dng cam klhong?) Yes, I can / No, I cant (Vang, toi co the / Khong, toi khong the) 2. Modal verb MUST (ong t hnh thai MUST) ong t hnh thai MUST c dung e dien at s bat buoc hoac mot li khuyen nhan manh. Must c chia giong nhau cho tat ca cac ngoi. Sau Must la ong t nguyen mau khong to (infinitive without to) 150. You must get up earlier in the morning (Con phai thc day sm hn vao buoi sang) 151. He must take more exercise (Anh ay phai lam nhieu bai tap hn) Must not = mustnt : Khong c phep 152. 153. You mustnt go out (Ban khong c ra ngoai) We mustnt drive fast. There is an intersection ahead (Chung ta khong c chay nhanh. Co mot giao lo pha trc)

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English 6
Grammar

Unit 9. THE BODY (C the)


A. PARTS OF THE BODY (Cac bo phan cua c the)
Review Descriptive adjectives in Unit 4, part A Descriptive adjectives (Tnh t mo ta) : la nhng t dien ta mau sac, kch thc, pham chat, trang thai, . . . cua mot danh t (ngi, vat, s viec)

Ex: tall (cao), short (thap), good (tot), old (cu), strong (manh), red (mau o), fat (map), long (dai), beautiful (ep) . . . V tr cua tnh t: a. ng sau ong t tobe e bo ngha cho chu t (subject) 1. Mary is very beautiful. She is tall and thin (Mary rat xinh ep, co ay cao va manh khanh) b. ng trc danh t e bo ngha cho danh t o 2. She has black hair (Ch ay co mai toc en) 3. He is a fat man (Ong ay la mot ngi an ong map map)

B. FACE (khuon mat)


1. CAU HOI VE MAU SAC e hoi ve mau sac, ta dung cau truc: What color + is/are + subject? mau g? 4. What color is your dress? (Cai ao am cua ch mau g?) 5. What color are your shoes? (oi giay cua ban mau g?) Lu y: Chu ng (subject) co the la danh t so t hoac danh t so nhieu, do o ta phai dung is hoac are tng hp vi chu ng. Tra li, ta dung: Its / Theyre + mau sac It is = Its; They are = Theyre 6. What color are her eyes? (oi mat ch ay mau g?) 7. Theyre black. (Chung mau en.) 8. What color is your pen? (Cay viet cua ban mau g?) 9. Its blue and white. (No mau xanh va trang.) 2. TRAT T CUA CAC TNH T MIEU TA Khi hai hoac nhieu tnh t mieu ta c dung trong cung mot cau, th trat t cua chung c sap xep nh sau: Kch thctuoi tac mau sachnh dang + noun (long, small)(old, new) (black, red) (round, oval) (danh t) 10. She has long black hair. (Co ay co mai toc en dai.) By:

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English 6
Grammar

11. Its a small black round table. (No la mot cai ban tron nho mau en) Ta co the dung lien t and (va) e ket noi hai hoac hn hai tnh t. 12. Lan is short and fat. (Lan thap va map.) 13. A red, white and green flag (la c mau o, trang va xanh.) 3. CAU HOI LA CHON VI OR Xem lai cau hoi vi OR (OR Question) bai 4, phan A. 14. Are her eyes black or brown? (oi mat cua co ay mau en hay nau?) -> They are black. (Chung mau en.)

Unit 10 : STAYING HELTHY (Gi cho khoe manh)


A. HOW DO YOU FEEL? (BAN CAM THAY THE NAO?)
1. HOI VE CAM GIAC a. Muon hoi ngi nao o cam thay the nao, ta dung mau cau co dang: How + do/does + subject + feel? 15. How does he feel? (Anh ay cam thay the nao?) 16. How do they feel? ( Ho cam thay the nao?) b. e tra li, ta co the dung Subject + be (am/is/are) + adjective Subject + feel/ feels + adjective 17. How does she feel? (Ch ay cam thay the nao?) + Shes happy. (Ch ay vui sng.) + She feels happy. (Ch ay cam thay vui.) 2. WOULD LIKE = WANT (MUON) a. e hoi ngi nao o muon g mot cach lch s va le phep, ta dung cau truc: What + would + subject + like? muon g? 18. What would you like? (Ban muon g khong?) 19. What would he like? (Anh ay muon g khong?) b. e dien at y muon mot cach lch s, ta dung: Subject + would like + noun/to-infinitive Sau would like la mot danh t hay ong t nguyen mau co to (to-infinitive) would like -> d like 20. Id like a sandwich. (Toi muon mot chiec banh xang uych.) 21. Shed like to go to the movies to night. (Toi nay ch ay muon i xem phim.) c. Would. . . like? (Co muonkhong?) By:

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English 6
Grammar

Dung trong li e ngh hoac li mi: 22. Would you like a cup of coffee? (Ban co muon dung mot tach cafe khong?) Cau tra li co the la: - Yes, I would. Hoac - No, I wouldnt.(would not wouldnt) 3. WANT (MUON) e hoi ngi nao o muon g hoac can g mot cach trc tiep va t nghi thc ta dung cau hoi vi want co dang: What + do/does + subject + want? Cau tra li co dang: Subject + want/wants + noun/to infinitive 23. What do you want? (Ban muon g?) -> I want some oranges (Toi muon vai trai cam) 24. What does she want? (Ch ay muon g?) -> She wants to go out for lunch (Ch ay muon ra ngoai an tra)

B. FOOD AND DRINK (Thc an va o uong)


1. SOME AND ANY Some va any la hai tnh t ch so lng bat nh. Chung c dung trc danh t khong em c hoac danh t em c so nhieu. a. Some (Mot vai, mot t) c dung trong cau khang nh 25. Id like some orange juice (Toi muon mot t nc cam) 26. I want some apples (Toi muon vai qua tao) c dung trong cau hoi ch i cau tra li yes hoac trong li mi, yeu cau 27. Would you like some coffee? (Ban dung mot t ca phe nhe?) b. Any (Nao) c dung trong cau phu nh va cau nghi van 28. Do you have any pens? (Ban co cay viet nao khong?) -> There isnt any mink (Khong co chut sa nao) 2. IS THERE / ARE THERE ? Sau cum t Is there any. . . ? la mot danh t khong em c (uncountable noun) nh: water, milk, meat, rice, fruit. . . Is there any + uncountable noun? 29. Is there any milk ? (Co chut sa nao khong?) - Yes, there is some milk (Co. Co mot t sa) - No, there isnt any milk (Khong, khong co chut sa nao) Sau cum t are there any. . .? la mot danh t em c (countable noun) so nhieu Are there any + countable noun? 30. By: Are there any bananas ? (Co chuoi khong?) Page 28

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English 6
Grammar

31. No, there arent any bananas. (Khong, khong co trai chuoi nao) 3. WHAT IS THERE TO DRINK / EAT? Cau nay dung e hoi : Co g e uong/an khong? 32. What is there to eat? (Co g an khong?) -> There is some rice and meat (Co mot t cm va tht) 33. What is there to drink? (Co g uong khong?) -> There is some milk (Co mot t sa)

C. MY FAVORITE FOOD (Thc an a thch nhat cua toi)


LIKE (THCH) Like la mot ong t lien ket (linking verb) dung e noi len y thch. Sau like thng la mot danh t hoac ong t nguyen mau co to (to infinitive) a. Affirmative form (The khang nh) Subject + like(s) + noun/to infinitive 34. I like apple juice (Toi thch nc tao) 35. He likes to play soccer in the park (Anh ay thch chi bong a trong cong vien) b. Negative form (The phu nh) Subject + do/does + not + like . . .= khong thch 36. He doesnt like fish (Anh ay khong thch ca) c. Interrogative form (the nghi van) Do/does +subject + like . . .? = Co thch. . . khong? 37. Do you like chicken ? (Ban co thch tht ga khong?) -Yes, I do (Vang, toi co thch) -No, I dont (Khong, toi khong thch)

UNIT 11 : WHAT DO YOU EAT? (Ban an g?)


A. AT THE STORE (Tai ca hieu)
1. HOW MANY? HOW MUCH? (BAO NHIEU?) a. How many c dung trc danh t em c (countable noun) so nhieu nh : eggs, tables, books, chairs. . . How many + countable noun (plural form) +do/does + subject + verb ? Khi tra li, ta dung so em (Cardinal numbers) 38. How many eggs do you want ? (Ban muon bao nhieu trng?) -> I want four eggs (Toi muon 4 trng)

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English 6
Grammar

39. How many books do you have? (Ban co bao nhieu cuon sach?) -> I have twenty books. (Toi co hai mi cuon) b. How much c dung trc danh t khong em c (uncountable noun) nh : milk, butter, rice, meat, bread, beef . . . How much + uncountable noun + do/does + subject + verb? Khi tra li, ta dung t ch s o lng, hay dung tch 40. How much coffee do you have? (Ban co bao nhieu ca phe?) 41. I have some coffee. (Toi co mot t ca phe) 42. How much rice does your mother want? (Me ban can bao nhieu gao?) 43. She wants a kilo of rice. (Ba ay muon mot can gao) Lu y: oi khi danh t (noun) c bo i khi no a c xac nh. 44. I need some eggs (Toi can vai qua trng) 45. How many (eggs) do you want? (Ban muon bao nhieu qua?) 2. ORDINARY VERBS WANT AND NEED (cac ong t thng want va need) Want : muon Need : can a. Affirmative form (The khang nh) Subject + want(s)/need(s) + noun/to infinitive 46. She needs a new dress (Ch ay can mot cai ao am mi) 47. I want to go to Ha Noi (Toi muon i Ha Noi) b. Negative form (The phu nh) Subject + do not/ does not + want / need + noun / to infinitive 48. He doesnt want to buy a new car (Anh ay khong muon mua xe hi mi) 49. They dont need raincoats (Ho khong can ao ma) c. Interrogative form (The nghi van) Do/does + subject + want/need . . .? 50. Do you need to go to the doctor? (Anh co can i bac s khong?) -> Yes, I do / No, I dont 51. Does she want a glass of milk? (Ch co muon mot ly sa khong?) -> Yes, she does / No, she doesnt d. WH question (Cau hoi WH) What + do / does + subject + want / need? 52. 53. By: What do you want? (Ban muon g?) What does she need? (Co ay can g?) Page 30

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English 6
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B. AT THE CANTEEN (Tai cang tin)


* Hoi va tra li ve gia tien - e hoi va tra li ve gia cua mot hoac nhieu mon hang, ta dung cau truc: How much +is / are + subject ? = Gia bao nhieu? 54. How much is this shirt ? (Cai ao s mi nay gia bao nhieu?) 55. How much are these book? (Nhng quyen sach nay gia bao nhieu?) Tra li ta dung : - It is + so tien - They are + so tien 56. How much is a can of peas? (Mot lon au gia bao nhieu?) 57. Its ten pence (No 10 penny) 58. How much are two bars of sooap ? (Hai cuc xa bong gia bao nhieu?) 59. They are four thousand dong (Chung gia 4000 ong) Lu y: Chu ng (Subject) co the la mot danh t so t hoac so nhieu, do o ong t to be (is, are) phai c dung phu hp vi chu ng.

UNIT 12 : SPORTS AND PASTIMES (Nhng mon the thao va nhng tro giai tr)
A. WHAT ARE THEY DOING? (Ho ang lam g?)
1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (th hien tai n) a. form (cau truc) I, we, you, they + verb (without to) He, she, it + verb s/es b. Usage (cach dung) Th hien tai n dien ta mot s that hien nhien, mot thoi quen, hay mot hanh ong xay ra thng xuyen hien tai. 60. I go to school by bus (Toi i hoc bang xe buyt) 61. She gets up early every morning (Co ay thc day sm moi buoi sang) 2. THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE (Th hien tai tiep dien) a. form (Cau truc) I + am He, she, it + is + Ving We, you, they + are b. Usage (Cach dung) Th hien tai tiep dien dien ta mot hanh ong ang dien ra hien tai (ngay thi iem ang noi). No thng i kem vi By:

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cac cum t ch thi gian nh : now, at the moment, at present . . . 62. They are playing volleyball now (Hien gi ho ang chi bong chuyen) 63. What is she doing ? (Co ay ang lam g?) 3. Which sports + do/does + subject + play? Mau cau co dang nay dung e hoi ngi nao o chi nhng mon the thao nao 64. Which sports does your father play? (Cha ban chi mon the thao nao vay?) 65. He goes jogging and plays tennis (Ong chay bo va chi quan vt) 66. Which sports do you play? (Ban chi nhng mon the thao nao?) 67. I swim (Toi bi loi)

B. FREE TIME (THI GIAN RANH ROI)


How often? (Co thng khong?/Bao lau mot lan?) How often c dung e hoi ve mc o thng xuyen cua hanh ong How often + do/does + subject + verb? 68. How often do you listen to music? (Ban co thng nghe nhac khong?) -> Every night (moi toi) 69. How often does he play tennis? (Anh ay co thng chi quan vt khong?) -> Twice a week (Moi tuan hai lan) e tra li ta co the dung cac trang t tan suat hoac cum trang ng ch tan suat always (luon luon), usually (thng thng), often (thng), sometimes (thnh thoang), once a week/twice a month/three times a year (moi tuan mot lan/moi thang hai lan/ moi nam ba lan), every day/night/week/month/ year (moi ngay/toi/tuan/thang/nam). . .

C. HOW OFTEN? (Co thng khong?)


ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY (trang t tan suat) Trang t tan suat dung e dien at mc o eu an hoac thng xuyen cua hanh ong. Vi mc o thng xuyen nhat ta co always (luon luon), roi tan suat tha dan theo th t usually (thng thng), often (thng), sometimes (thnh thoang), never (khong bao gi) Cac trang t nay thng dung trc cac ong t thng (go, play, do, read, . . .); ng sau ong t ac biet ( be, can, must, . . .) hoac ng gia tr ong t va ong t chnh.

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70. He is never late for school (Anh ay khong bao gi i hoc tre) 71. Dung sometimes goes to the movies with her friends (Thnh thoang Dung i xem phim vi cac ban cua co ay) 72. We dont often go camping (Chung toi khong thng i cam trai)

UNIT 13 : ACTIVITIES ANG THE SEASONS (Cac hoat ong va cac mua)
A. THE WEATHER AND SEASONS (Thi tiet va cac mua)
1. NHAN XET VE THI TIET Khi muon noi hoac a ra nhan xet ve tnh hnh thi tiet, ta dung mau cau co dang: The weather/It + is + adjective 73. The weather is hot in the summer (Thi tiet nong vao mua he) 74. It is hot in the summer (Tri nong vao mua he) Lu y: Tnh t (Adjectives) ay la nhng tnh t ch thi tiet nh : hot (nong), cold (lanh), warm (am), cool (mat me), sunny (nang), rainy (ma), windy (gio), . . . ai t It thng c dung e thay the cho the weather 2. HOI VE THI TIET Muon hoi ve thi tiet ( mot ni nao o hoac vao mot mua nao o) ta dung mau cau Whats the weather like (in + season/place)? Thi tiet nh the nao (vao/ . . .) ? 75. Whats the weather like in the winter? (Thi tiet nh the nao vao mua ong?) 76. Its very cold in the winter. (Tri rat lanh vao mua ong) 77. Whats the weather like in Ho Chi Minh City? ( Thi tiet thanh pho Ho Ch Minh nh the nao?) 78. Its often sunny in the dry season (Tri thng nang vao mua kho) 3. HOI VE HOAT ONG e hoi mot ngi nao o lam g trong mot ieu kien thi tiet nao 1o , ta dung : What + do/does + subject + do + when its + adjective? 79. What do you do when its rainy? (Ban lam g khi tri ma?) -> When its rainy, I listen to music or read. (Khi tri ma, toi nghe nhac hoac oc sach) 80. What does Nam do when it hot? (Nam lam g khi tri nong?) -> When its hot, Nam goes swimming. (Khi tri nogn, Nam i bi) By:

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Grammar

Lu y : When ay khong phai la mot trang t nghi van dung e hoi, ma la mot lien t ( conjuncion) dung e noi hai cau vi nhau. No co ngha la trong luc, khi ma

B. ACTIVITIES IN SEASONS (Cac hoat ong theo mua)


1. PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE Muon noi ve mot thoi quen, hay mot hanh ong thng c lap i lap lai trong hien tai, ta dung th hien tai n. Cac trang t tan suat always, uaually, often, sometimes, never . . . thng c s dung trong cau 81. I sometimes go to the zoo on the weekend (Thnh thoang vao cuoi tuan toi i vn bach thu) 82. She always gets up at six oclock (Co ay luon thc day luc 6 gi) 2. HOI VE CAC HOAT ONG THEO MUA: Muon hoi mot ngi hoac nhieu ngi thng lam g vao mot mua nao o, ta dung: What + do/does + subject + do + in + season? 83. What do they do in the summer? (Ho lam g vao mua he?) e tra li, ta dung cac trang t tan suat e dien at mc o thng xuyen cua cac hoat ong 84. What does he do in the fall? (Anh ay lam g vao mua thu?) 85. He usually plays tennis (Anh ay thng chi quan vt)

UNIT 14 : MAKING PLANS (Lap ke hoach)


A. VACATION DESTINATIONS (Nhng ni en cho ky ngh)
1. THE NEAR FUTURE TENSE (th tng lai gan) Be going to (sap, se, d nh) Be going to c dung e noi len mot d nh, mot ke hoach, hay mot hanh ong sap xay ra trong tng lai gan nhat. No thng i vi cac trang t hoac cum trang t ch thi gian nh : tonight (toi nay), tomorrow (ngay mai), on the weekend (vao cuoi tuan), next week (tuan ti), on Sunday (vao chu nhat). . . Subject + be (am/is/are) + going to + verb (without to) 86. I am going to write some letters tomorrow (Ngay mai toi se viet vai la th) 87. She is going to have breakfast at school (Co ay nh an sang trng) 2. WH-QUESTION WITH BE GOING TO (Cau hoi WH- vi be going to) By:

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What Where + am/is/are + subject + going to + verb? How long . . . 88. What are you going to do tomorrow? (Ngay mai ban se lam g?) 89. Where is she going to have breakfast? (Co ay nh an sang au?) Lu y: How long? (Bao lau?) dung e hoi ve thi gian. e tra li cho cau hoi vi How long ta s dung cum t for + a period of time (for + mot khoang thi gian) 90. How long are they going to stay in Ha Noi? (Ho se lai Ha Noi bao lau?) 91. They are going to stay in Ha Noi for three days (Ho se lai Ha Noi 3 ngay)

B. FREE TIME PLANS (Nhng ke hoach cho thi gian ranh roi)
Review be going to and Wh-question with be going to in part A 92. What are you going to do on the weekend? (Ban se lam g cuoi tuan?) 93. I am going to see a movie on Saturday evening (Toi nh i xem phim vao toi th Bay)

C. SUGGESTIONS (Nhng e ngh)


1. MAKING SUGGESSTIONS (a ra nhng e ngh, gi y) e a ra mot li e ngh hay mot li gi y, ta dung 1 trong 3 cau truc sau : a. Dung cau menh lenh (imperative sentence) bat au bang lets (chung ta hay) Lets + verb (inf. Without to) 94. Lets go to the movies (Chung t ahay i xem phim) b. Dung cau truc cau hoi vi What about . . ? (. . . th sao?/nhe?) What about + verb-ing/noun . . .? 95. What about going to Ha Long Bay ? (i Vnh Ha Long nhe?) 96. What about a cup of coffee? (Mot tach ca phe nhe?) c. Dung cau truc cau hoi vi Why not. . . .? (Tai sao khong . . .?) 97. Why dont we go camping on the weekend? (Sao chung ta khong i cam trai vao cuoi tuan nay?) 2. ADVERB OF DEGREE TOO (Trang t ch mc o too) Too (qua) la mot trang t ch mc o cao hn mc oc cho phep, mong muon hoac co the. No thng c dung trc By:

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mot tnh t e bo ngha cho tnh t, hoac ng trc mot trang t khac e bo ngha cho trang t o. 98. The weather is too hot (Thi tiet qua nong) 99. He always drives too fast (Anh ay luon lai xe qua nhanh)

UNIT 15 : COUNTRIES (Cac quoc gia)


A. WE ARE THE WORLD (Chung ta la the gii)
1. HOI VE QUE QUAN Muon hoi ngi nao o que quan au hoac t quoc gia nao en, ta dung: Where + be (is/are) + subject + from? e tra li hoac gii thieu ve que quan, ta dung mau cau co dang: Subject + be (am/is/are) + from + ten nc (country) 100. Where are you from? (Ban t au en?) 101. I am from Japan (Toi t Nhat Ban en) 102. Where is he from? (anh ay t au en?) 103. He is from France. (Anh ay t Phap en) 2. HOI VE QUOC TCH Muon hoi quoc tch (nationality) cua ngi nao o, ta dung: What + is + your/his/her/ . . . + nationality? Mau cau tra li co dang: Subject + be (am/is/are) + quoc tch 104. What is your nationality? (Ban quoc tch g?) 105. I am French (Toi quoc tch Phaap) 106. What is her nationality? (Co ay quoc tch g?) 107. She is Canadian (Co ay quoc tch Canada. 3. HOI VE NGON NG e hoi ngi nao o dung ngon ng nao, ta dung: Which language + do/does + subject + speak ? Mau cau tra li co dang: Subject + speak(s) + ngon ng (language) 108. 109. 110. 111. Which language does Lan speak? (Lan noi tieng g?) She speaks Vietnamese. (Co ay noi tieng Viet Nam) Which language do they speak? (Ho noi tieng g?) They speak Japanese (Ho noi tieng Nhat)

B. CITIES, BUILDINGS AND PEOPLE (Nhng thanh pho, nhng toa nha va con ngi)
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1. COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES OF SHORT ADJECTIVES (So sanh bac hn va so sanh bac nhat cua tnh t ngan) Tnh t ngan (short adjectives) la nhng tnh t co mot van nh : long, short, tall, small, high, big. . . . Nhng tnh t co hai van nhng tan cung bang y, er, ow nh : happy, clever, narrow. . . cung c so sanh theo cong thc cua tnh t ngan a. Comparatives (So sanh hn) Subject + be (am/is/are) + short adj + er + than + noun/pronoun 112. Lan is shorter than Minh (Lan thap hn Minh) b. Superlative (So sanh cap nhat) Subject + be (am/is/are) + the + short adject + est 113. Minh is the tallest boy in his class (Minh la hoc sinh cao nhat lp) 114. Mexico City is the biggest city in the world (Thanh pho Mexico la thanh pho ln nhat the gii) Mot so tnh t ch kch c: Big (ln) -> bigger (ln hn) -> the biggest (Ln nhat) Small (nho) -> smaller (nho hn) -> the smallest (Nho nhat) Tall (cao) -> taller (Cao hn) -> the smallest (Cao nhat) Short (ngan) -> shorter (nganhn) -> the shortest (ngan nhat) Long (dai) -> longer (dai hn) -> the longest (dai nhat) High (cao) -> higher (cao hn) -> the highest (cao nhat) 2. HOI VE KCH THC e hoi ve chieu dai, chieu cao hoac be day cua mot vat, ta dung cau hoi vi cac tnh t (adjectives) long, high, thick Long . . . dai bao nhieu? How high + is + noun? . . . cao bao nhieu? Thick . . . day bao nhieu? Cau tra li It + is + so lng + adjective 115. How long is the river? (Con song dai bao nhieu?) 116. Its over fifty kilometers long (No dai hn 50 kilomet)

C. NATURAL FEATURES (ac iem t nhien)


MUCH, MANY, A LOT OF, LOTS OF Much, many, a lot of va lots of la cac tnh t ch lng bat nh. Chung ng trc danh t va eu co ngha la nhieu

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Grammar

o Much : ng trc cac danh t khong em c (uncountable nouns). No thng c dung trong cau phu nh hoac nghi van 117. I dont have much money (Toi khong co nhieu tien) o Many : ng trc danh t em c (countable nouns) so nhieu. 118. There are many pictures on the wall (Co nhieu tranh tren tng) o A lot of/ lots of : ng trc danh t em c so nhieu va danh t khong em c, thng a lot of/ lots of c dung trong cau khang nh 119. There are a lot of/lots of fruit in the refrigerator (Co nhieu trai cay trong tu lanh) 120. I see a lot of / lots of flowers in the garden (Toi nhn thay nhieu hoa trong vn) Lu y: Khi trong cau khang nh co cac t very, too, so, as th phai dung much/many There are too many mistakes in your writing (Co qua nhieu loi trong bai viet cua ban)

UNIT 16 : MAN AND THE ENVIRONMENT (Con ngi va moi trng)


A. ANIMALS AND PLANTS (ong vat va thc vat)
1. INDENFINITE QUANTIFIERS (cac t ch lng bat nh) Some, a little, a few, a lot of la cac t ch lng bat nh co chc nang lam tnh t. Chung ng trc cac danh t em c so nhieu hoac cac danh t khong em c. o Some (vai, mot t), a lot of (nhieu) : c dung trc cac danh t em c so nhieu hoac cac danh t khong em c trong cau xac nh 121. Some flowers (vao bong hoa) 122. A lot of flowers (nhieu hoa) o A little (mot t, mot chut) : c dung trc cac danh t khong em c 123. A little milk (mot t sa), a little rice (mot t gao) o A few (mot vai, mot t) : c dung trc cac danh t em c so nhieu 124. A few flowers (mot vai bong hoa), a few eggs( mot t qua trng) 2. CAU HOI WHY Why ? (Tai sao?) - Why la mot trang t nghi van dung e hoi ve ly do Why + do/does + (not) + subject + verb? - e tra li cau hoi vi Why ta dung lien t because (v, bi v) 125. Why dont they go camping? (Tai sao ho khong i cam trai?) By:

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126. Because they dont have a tent (V ho khong co leu) = They dont go camping because they dont have a tent (Ho khong i cam trai bi v ho khong co leu) 127. Why does the world need more food? (Tai sao the gii can co nhieu thc pham hn?) 128. Because there are more people (V co nhieu ngi hn)

B. POLLUTION (S o nhiem)
1. IMPERATIVE SENTENCES (Cau menh lenh) Cau menh lenh trc tiep co hai loai: a. Affirmative imperative (Cau menh lenh khang nh) Xem lai phan ng phap cua bai 2, phan A Verb + object = Hay 129. Go to the board (Hay len bang) 130. Negative imperative (Cau menh lenh phu nh) b. Cau menh lenh phu nh (Negative imperative) dung e ra lenh, yeu cau hoac e ngh ai ng lam ieu g o Dont + verb + object = ng 131. Dont pick flower (ng hai hoa) 132. Dont listen to him (ng nghe anh ta) 2. SHOULD/SHOULD NOT Should = nen c dung e e ngh, hoac khuyen bao subject + should + verb (infinitive without to) 133. You should stop smoking (Anh ta nen bo hut thuoc) Should not = shouldnt : khong nen Subject + should not + verb (infinitive without to) 134. We shouldnt waste water (Chung ta khong nen lang ph nc) The end

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Grammar