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1.BEAM189 is an element suitable for analyzing slender to moderately stubby/thic k beam structures 2.

BEAM189 is a quadratic beam element (3-node) in 3-D with six degrees of freedo m at each node. 3.BEAM189 includes stress stiffness terms.The stress stiffness terms provided en able the elements to analyze flexural, lateral and torsional stability problems 4.BEAM189 can be used with any cross section. 5.it have a additional directional node. h method and p method:-The difference between the two methods lies in how these elements are treated. The h-method uses many simple elements, whereas the p-met hod uses few complex elements. track=55 inches wheel base=65 inches