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# POPULATION PYRAMIDS

16/9/13

## TO GET YOU THINKING..

http://populationpyramid.net/United+Arab+Emirates/2010/

## Choose a country and see how the pyramid

changes..
See what happens when you change the

year.

## LESSON OBJECTIVES: POPULATION PYRAMIDS 15/9/13

1. Define; population pyramids
2. Identify 10 key features of a population pyramid 3. Explain the difference between MEDCs and LEDCs and how this

## would impact upon the shape of a population pyramid

Upcoming assessment:
Personal demographic study DUE TODA Y Population pyramid with rationale due 19th Sept. in-class

assessment

## CAN YOU EXPLAIN THIS GRAPH?

POPULATION STRUCTURE
The population structure of a country is how it is made up of

## people of different ages, and of males and females.

The common method to show the structure is by a population

pyramid. This diagram is made up by putting two bar graphs (one for male, one for female) side by side.
From this you can read what percentage of a population is of a

certain gender and age range. In your own words, write a definition for population pyramid

In the example

## This population pyramid is wide at

the base, which means there are a large proportion of young people in the country. It tapers very quickly as you go up into the older age groups, and is narrow at the top. This shows that a very small proportion of people are elderly.
This shape of pyramid is typical of a

## POPULATION STRUCTURE - DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (MEDCS)

This shape is typical of a

developed country. It is narrow at the base, wider in the middle, and stays quite wide until the very top, as there is a sizable percentage of older people. Note that there are more old women than men. Italy and Japan have population structures that are of this shape.

## After the video: What do you think the acronyms

stand for?

This pyramid is typical of a country such as Kenya or Vietnam. Developing Country Wide at the top because there is longer life expectancy. Narrow at the top which shows that there is a small proportion of elderly people. Developed Country

Narrower at the base which means that birth rates are lower. Wide at the base which means there are a large proportion of young people in the country. 4% of the population is female aged 25-29. Wider in the middle which means that people are living longer, less infant mortality. This pyramid is typical of a country such as Italy and Japan.

## IDENTIFY 10 KEY FEATURES

Narrow at the top which shows that there is a small proportion of elderly people.
4% of the population is female aged 25-29.

Wider in the middle which means that people are living longer, less infant mortality.

## This pyramid is typical of a country such as Kenya or Vietnam.

Wide at the base which means there are a large proportion of young people in the country.

## This pyramid is typical of a country such as Italy and Japan.

Narrower at the base which means that birth rates are lower.

PROGRESS?

## 5-7 statements correct

1-4 statements correct
Learning Objective ***To be able to identify the 10 key features of a population pyramid.

## CHOROPLETH MAP TO SHOW GLOBAL BIRTH RATES

BIRTH RATES
MEDCs have low birth rates because:
It is expensive to look after large families
More women prefer to concentrate on their careers Increasing sexual equality has meant women have more control

## over their own fertility

There is a ready availability of contraception and family planning

BIRTH RATES
LEDCs have high birth rates because: Many parents will have a lot of children in the expectation that some will die because of the high infant mortality rate Large families can help in looking after the farm The children will be able to look after their parents if they become old or sick; there may not be an old age pension scheme There may be a shortage of family planning facilities and advice

The infant mortality rates are higher in LEDCs. The reasons for these higher rates are that developing countries often have:
A shortage of medical services A greater number of children born to mothers Poor nutrition of mothers and babies Less knowledge of health matters Dirty water supplies The chances of surviving to your fifth birthday depends on where in the world you are born.

DEATH RATES

WHY ARE THERE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BIRTH RATES AND DEATH RATES IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES?
LEDCs have high death rates because, in many cases, there are: Dirty, unreliable water supplies Poor housing conditions Poor access to medical services Endemic disease in some countries Diets that are short in calories and/or protein MEDCs have low death rates because, in many cases, there are:

Good housing conditions Safe water supplies More than enough food to eat Advanced medical services which are easy to access Some developed countries have a high death rate as they have an ageing population with many older people.

STARTER: MATCH THE KEY WORDS Match the termsUP to the definitions WITH THE CORRECT DEFINITIONS.

Death rate

the annual number of deaths of infants less than one year old per 1,000 live births. the number of years that an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics. the number of births per 1000 people in a year. is the number of extra people (birth rate minus the death rate). This is usually given as a percentage. the number of deaths per 1000 people in a year.

Natural increase
Life expectancy Infant mortality

Birth rate

## STARTER: MATCH UP THE KEY WORDS WITH THE CORRECT DEFINITIONS.

Infant Mortality
the annual number of deaths of infants less than one year old per 1,000 live births. the number of years that an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics. the number of births per 1000 people in a year. is the number of extra people (birth rate minus the death rate). This is usually given as a percentage. the number of deaths per 1000 people in a year.

Death Rate

## http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MNij0fRRls 3 mins Population 1.a

BR DR LE -

BR DR PROGRESS? LE -

BR DR LE -

1.

2.

PEE CHAINS

POINT

EVIDENCE
EXPLAIN

PEE CHAINS

LEDCs have high birth rates. This can be seen on the graph as it shows a wide base. The graph of Kenya shows 18% of the population is aged 0-4. This is because in rural areas families choose to have lots of children so that they can help on the farms.

PEE CHAINS

LEDCs have high birth rates. This can be seen on the graph as it shows a wide base. The graph of Kenya shows 18% of the population is aged 0-4. This is because in rural areas families choose to have lots of children so that they can help on the farms.

PEE CHAINS

LEDCs have high birth rates. This can be seen on the graph as it shows a wide base. The graph of Kenya shows 18% of the population is aged 0-4. This is because in rural areas families choose to have lots of children so that they can help on the farms.

PEE CHAINS

LEDCs have high birth rates. This can be seen on the graph as it shows a wide base. The graph of Kenya shows 18% of the population is aged 0-4. This is because in rural areas families choose to have lots of children so that they can help on the farms.

PEE CHAINS

LEDCs have high birth rates. This can be seen on the graph as it shows a wide base. The graph of Kenya shows 18% of the population is aged 0-4. This is because in rural areas families choose to have lots of children so that they can help on the farms.

## - EXPLAIN THE POPULATION PYRAMIDS FOR LEDCS AND MEDCS

LEDCs LEDCS have a high/low life expectancy. This can be seen on the graph because it shows a wide/narrow base. The graph of K_ _ _ _ shows _ % of the population is aged 80-84. This is because ....

BR DR LE -

BR DR PROGRESS? LE -

BR DR LE -

1.

2.

MEDCs

MEDCs have a low/high birth rate. The graph shows this because it has a narrower/wider base. The graph of J _ ___ shows _ % of the population is aged 04 years old. This is because ....

## REVISION: TRUE OR FALSE

1. A pyramid with a wide base indicates a low birth rate 2. A pyramid with a tall, wide top is an indicator of low life

expectancy
3. Developed countries have a high birth rate 4. A large number of people in the 40 to 65 age range indicates a

## low death rate

5. Japan is a developed country
6. Kenya is a developed country

NEXT LESSON

## If you have a laptop, it will be really helpful if you

bring it to our next lesson. It will be hard to complete the task otherwise
For the rest of the week we will be comparing

population pyramids and writing a statement of rationale as to why the pyramid looks the way it does.