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TIMPURILE VERBALE DIN LIMBA ENGLEZ - TABEL Timp verbal Cuvinte Utilizare Forma ajuttoare Afirmativ Negativ 1.

aciuni obinuite sau Infinitiv S +do not/does not repetate Iar la persoana a III- (dont/doesnt)+infinitiv 2. aciuni cu caracter a singular: he/she/it every day +verb +terminatia-s sometimes permanent sau general, reguli, definiii, legi, proverbe, always etc. I work. He works I don't work. He doesn't work. often 3. cu verbele care nu au usually aspectul Continuous seldom 4. Cu sens de viitor, cnd never aciunea face parte dintr-un first program oficial (orar, then program TV, mersul trenurilor, etc) now at the moment Look! Listen! 1. aciune care se petrece n momentul vorbirii 2. Cu sens de viitor: cnd ceva a fost deja hotrt i urmeaz a fi fcut (program personal) S+to be (am/are/is) + infinitiv + ing I'm working. He's working. S+to be (am/are/is) + not+infinitiv + ing Are not=arent Is not=isnt I'm not working. He isn't working.

Interogativ Do/Does + S+infinitiv

Do I work? Does he work?

PRESENT SIMPLE

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

to be (am/are/is) + S+infinitiv + ing Am I working? Is he working?

PAST SIMPLE

1. stare sau aciune ncheiat Vb regulate: S+did not (didnt)+infinitiv n trecut, fr legtur cu Infinitiv + -ed I didn't work. He didn't work. prezentul I didn't go. He didn't go. last ... 2. aciuni obinuite sau Vb neregulate: .ago repetate n trecut a doua form din in 1990/June 3. n propoziia subordonat tabelul vb neregulate yesterday la condiionalul de tipul II I worked. He worked. I went. He went.

Did+S+infinitiv Did I work? Did he work? Did I go? Did he go?

PAST CONTINUOUS

while

1. Aciune n desfurare la un moment dat n trecut (nu se tie cnd a nceput, ct dureaz i cnd se va termina)

S+was/were + infinitiv + -ing I was working. He was working.

S+was/were +not+ infinitiv + -ing was not=wasnt were not=werent

Was/were+S+infinitiv+ing Was I working? Were they working?

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

just yet never ever already so far, up to now, since for recently always all day the whole day how long since for

1. Aciune care s-a ntmplat n trecut i are legtur cu prezentul sau are efecte n prezent 2.Aciune nceput n trecut i care continu n prezent

S+have/has + participiu trecut*

I wasn't working. They weren't working. S+have/has +not+ participiu Have/has+S+participiu trecut trecut Have I worked? Has he worked? Have I gone? Has he gone?

*(infinitiv + -ed) sau Have not=havent (a treia form din Has not=hasnt tabelul verbelor neregulate) I haven't worked. He hasnt worked. I have worked. I haven't gone. He has worked. He hasnt gone. I have gone. He has gone. S+have/has + been + infinitiv + -ing I have been working. He has been working. S+have/has + been +not+ infinitiv + -ing Have not=havent Has not=hasnt I haven't been working. He hasn't been working.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

La fel ca Present Perfect Simple dar cu accentul pe durata de desfurare a aciunii nu pe rezultatul ei

Have/has +S+ been + infinitiv + -ing Have I been working? Has he been working?

already PAST PERFECT just SIMPLE never

1. Aciune trecut care s-a desfurat naintea altei aciuni trecute 2. In propoziia subordonat la condiionalul de tipul III

S+had + participiu trecut* *(infinitiv + -ed) or (a treia form din tabelul verbelor neregulate) I had worked. He had worked.

S+had +not+ participiu trecut Had+S+participiu trecut Had not=hadnt Had I worked? I hadn't worked. Had he worked? He hadn't worked.

how long PAST PERFECT since CONTINUOUS for

Aciune trecut, nceput naintea altei aciuni trecute sau a unui moment din trecut, i care continu la momentul respectiv 1. Aciuni viitoare i presupuneri despre viitor

S+had + been + infinitiv +-ing I had been working. He had been working. S+will + infinitiv I'll work. He'll work.

S+had+not+been+infinitiv+ing had not=hadnt I hadn't been working. He hadn't been working. S+will not/wont+infinitiv I won't work. He won't work.

Had+S+been+infinitiv+ing Had I been working? Had he been working?

VIITORUL CU WILL

Will+S+infinitiv Will I work? Will he work? be (am/are/is) +S+ going to + infinitiv Am I going to work? Is he going to work?

VIITORUL CU BE GOING TO

1. Aciuni viitoare care au fostS+be (am/are/is) + programate sau hotrte going to + infinitiv dinainte I'm going to work. He's going to work.

S+be (am/are/is)+not+ going to + infinitiv Are not=arent Is not=isnt I'm not going to work. He's not going to work.

Observatii: 1. S nseamn subiect 2. Nu am inclus n acest tabel excepiile de la regulile de formare, precum i regulile de ortografie de la Present Simple (persoana a treia singular), de la adugarea terminaiei ing (timpurile la Continuous) i de la Past Simple sau participiu trecut (adaugarea terminaiei -ed) 3. Exemplele sunt date cu forma prescurtat a auxiliarului negativ, ntruct aceasta este mai rspndit dect forma literar (neprescurtat).