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SUBSTATION AUTOMATION

(FROM CONVENTIONAL SUBSTATION TO GSM/CDMA AUTOMATION SYSTEM)


PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
™ From substation control and protection to
Fibre optics based Substation.
™ Fibre optics based Substation to GSM /CDMA
based Substation Automation.
™ From modern to intelligent Substation
Automation

™ System Architectures

™ Functional Structures

™ Application examples

™ Features and Benefits


¾ IT based solution for protection and control offer cost
effective measures to counteract large area system
disturbances.
¾ Effective fault location is mandatory for faster finding
and fixing of problems.
¾ Integrated numerical protection & control allows
automated power restoration and load shedding.
¾ On-line condition monitoring reduces maintenance
costs and enables.
¾ Substation Automation offers a cost effective
infrastructure for implementing on-line condition
monitoring of assets.
¾ Voltage instability prediction is a new approach for
early indication voltage collapses and enables to
work plants and systems harder.
¾ Integrated asset management improves overall
utility performance and productivity.
General Principles of Substation Automation

The general principles of the substation operation have


not changed, since their developing days. Therefore the
control and protection tasks remain the same.

The objective of modern substation automation (SA) is to


solve these tasks in a more efficient and economical way
by using state of the art information technologies (IT) and
to provide more functionality to work plant and systems
harder.
CONVENTIONAL
SUBSTATION
PRACTICES
PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
CONVENTIONAL SUBSTATION
1. Very Wide Cabling. i.e. from equipment to BMB/CTMB/CVT MB and from BMB/CTMB/CVT MB to
Control Room Dedicated Device.
2. For each function Dedicated Device.
I. Bay Control – Control Panels for the Bay
Circuit Breaker Control & Indication.
Isolator Control & Indication.
Earth Switch Indication.
DC & AC Healthy Indication and Testing.
Annunciation facia for Troubles.
Panel Meters & Energy Meter.
II. Bay Protection – Relay & Protection Panels - Protective Relays of Concerned bay
Circuit Breaker Relay Panel (A/R, LBB, TSR, CB Troubles, Master Trip Relays etc).
Line Protection Panel (21L1, 21L2, 67, 59-1, 59-2, 50 Stub, 87 Teed-1, 87 Teed-2 etc).
ICT Protection Panel (87T1, 87T2, 67HV, 67IV, 50O/L, 99HV, 99IV etc).
Reactor Protection Panel (87R, 64R, 21R, 87Teed-1, 87Teed-2 etc).
III. Bus Bar Protection – Entire Substation Protection - Each Voltage Level Bus Bar Protection Panels
High Impedance Bus Bar Protection With Main & Check Panels for each Bus.
Medium Impedance Bus Bar Protection Panels for each Bus.
Low Impedance Bus Bar Protection Panels for Each Bus.
Numerical Bus Bar Protection Panels for Centralised or Distributed Architecture.
Redundant Numerical Bus Bar Protection for each Voltage Level.
III. Fault Recorder – Disturbance Recorder - For each Bay stand alone Disturbance Recorder
Line, Transformer/ICT, Reactor & Bus bar
III. Event Recorder – SOE / EL / ER for all Bays
The Operation of all Equipments & Protective relays will be shown in a sequence with
millisecond resolution. This is Time Synchronised with GPS.
IV. RTU – Remote Terminal Unit
For Monitoring the Substation information from Load Dispatch Centre
CONVENTIONAL CONTROL & PROTECTION
Bay Fault Event SCADA
Control Bay Protection Busbar Protection Recording Recording RTU
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01


ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

ABB ABB ABB

125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B


125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
Station Level

125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
L316*4
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ABB
RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT
cti
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In
0
5
6

c6
ti
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In
0
5

1 9 1

2 10

3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

ON/OFF

056 ci tcad nI 0 56 citc adnI 05 6 citca dnI

=W1

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4


=W2
1
=W

2
=W
RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT
1 9

2 0
1

-Q1 -Q2
3 1

1
-Q

4 2
1

SEL SEL
5 3
1

6 4
1

7 5
1

8 6
1

o
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ON/OFF
M
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-Q0
SEL TESTE
LAMPE LOCAL CONTROL METERING
cti
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0
5
6

L316*4
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0
5

RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT


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A

ABB

1 9

2 10

3 1 3

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16 8

ON/OFF

OUVRIRFERMER

ABB
LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4

ESC EXE an
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B
A
50
B
E
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ABB

DISTANCE
LOC

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500


Bay Level

Local
BMB/BMK/SyMB CVT MB/JB CT MB/JB Marshalling
Boxes
Process Level

GIS or AIS
1-89A ISO
Switchgear
1-52 CB 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

1-89B ISO
SUBSTATION
MONITORING
SYSTEM
(Next Development)
PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
SUBSTATION MONITORING SYSTEM
1. Still Very Wide Cabling. i.e. from equipment to BMB/CTMB/CVT MB and from BMB/CTMB/CVT MB to
Control Room Dedicated Device.
2. For each function Dedicated Device and some functions are Integrated due to Numerical Advantage.
I. Bay Control – Control Panels for the Bay
Circuit Breaker Control & Indication.
Isolator Control & Indication.
Earth Switch Indication.
DC & AC Healthy Indication and Testing.
Annunciation facia for Troubles.
Panel Meters & Energy Meter.
II. Bay Protection – Relay & Protection Panels - Protective Relays of Concerned bay
Circuit Breaker Relay Panel (A/R, LBB, TSR, CB Troubles, Master Trip Relays etc).
Line Protection Panel (21L1, 21L2, 67, 59-1, 59-2, 50 Stub, 87 Teed-1, 87 Teed-2 etc).
ICT Protection Panel (87T1, 87T2, 67HV, 67IV, 50O/L, 99HV, 99IV etc).
Reactor Protection Panel (87R, 64R, 21R, 87Teed-1, 87Teed-2 etc).
III. Bus Bar Protection – Entire Substation Protection - Each Voltage Level Bus Bar Protection Panels
Numerical Bus Bar Protection Panels for Centralised or Distributed Architecture.
LBB is part of Bus Bar Protection
Redundant Numerical Bus Bar Protection for each Voltage Level.
III. Fault Recorder – Disturbance Recorder - For each Bay stand alone Disturbance Recorder
Line, Transformer/ICT, Reactor & Busbar – Part / Inbuilt Function of Numerical Relays
III. Event Recorder – SOE / EL / ER for all Bays – Inbuilt function of Numerical Relays
IV. RTU – Remote Terminal Unit
For Balance Events not Covered by Protective relays are wired to RTU.
V. All are connected to System and from system to communication Media to ALDC
VI. FBS – Fall Back Switch – FSK/NSK Modem.
Communication Media to ALDC / SLDC for Transfer of Data and Monitoring the Data from SLDC.
SUBSTATION MONITORING SYSTEM
SCADA
Bay
Busbar Protection RTU
Control
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
Bay Protection
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
SCADA- SMS
125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB ABB ABB RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT


125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
L316*4
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B
A

ABB
Station Level

2
9

10
ON/OFF
3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT


BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4

=W1
1
=W

ON/OFF
2
=W

1 9

2 0
1

3 1

=W2
1
-Q

4 2
1

5 3
1

6 4
1

7 5
1

8 6
1

-Q1 -Q2 o
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SEL SEL M
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RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT

LOCAL CONTROL METERING

-Q0
L316*4
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A

ABB
ON/OFF
SEL TESTE
LAMPE 1

5
9

10

12

13
d gi t al
6 14

7 15

8 16

ABB Power Automation AG RER111


LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
OUVRIRFERMER 500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 500SCM
01 01 01
01 Tx1 01
Tx1 Tx1 di gi t al
50
B
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ABB ABB Tx1 Tx1

Rx1 Rx1 Rx1 Rx1 Rx1


ESC EXE

Tx2 Tx2 Tx2 Tx2 Tx2

Rx2 Rx2 Rx2 Rx2 Rx2

Tx3 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3


DISTANCE BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500
LOC
Rx3 Rx3 Rx3 Rx3 Rx3

Interbaybus
COM581
ABBPower Automation AG

Communication
Converter FBS NCC / RCC
Star coupler
C
Bay Level

Local
BMB/BMK/SyMB CVT MB/JB CT MB/JB Marshalling
Boxes
Process Level

GIS or AIS
1-89A ISO
Switchgear
1-52 CB 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

1-89B ISO
COMMUNICATION:
LEVELS OF SUBSTATION CONTROL
& AUTOMATION

Control Centre Level

Substation Level

Bay Level

Process Level

Switchgear
SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
SYSTEM
(Stage-1 Development)
PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM(STAGE-1)
1. This system is exciting Conventional System to convert Remote Control System.
2. This is same as Substation Monitoring System.
3. Additionally One More RTU is Provided for Remote Control & Operation.
4. Normally RTU Having 3 Types of cards
1. Analog Input Card - To Monitor the Analog Values
2. Digital Input Card – To Monitor the Status of Equipment
3. Digital Output Card – To Control & Operation of Substation Equipment
5. Exciting RTU for only Monitoring the Substation from Remote Control Station exclusively
for ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC.
6. Without disturbing the exciting RTU the following works are carried.
7. All Controls of Circuit Breakers & Isolators are Brought to RTU to Control Card.
8. All Status of Circuit Breakers & Isolators are Brought to RTU to Digital Card.
9. Each Bay is provided with Multifunction Meters. They are connected in Modbus
configuration and brought to network.
10. Transformer OTI, WTI, Online DGA & Tap Changer Positions information is available in 4-
20mA. They are brought to RTU Analog Card.
11. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View
the yard and this is having a facility to slow motion moving round to cover all the Major
equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local
12. The RTU, Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in Ethernet
Switch and to Station Control System and connected to Modem & Router to Remote
Control Center.
13. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he
can Monitor the substation and take a decision for any thing.
14. This is Stage-1 Substation Control System.
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-1)
Bay Bay
Control Protection Busbar Protection RTU RTU SCADA- SCS
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
ABB ABB ABB 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
L316*4
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B
A

ABB
RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT
Station Level

1 9

2 10

3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

ON/OFF ON/OFF

1 9

2 0
1

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4


3 1

4 2
1

5 3
1

6 4
1

7 5
1

8 6
1

=W1 RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT


1
=W

2
=W

1
-Q

=W2
ON/OFF ON/OFF
o
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V
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4
sn

-Q1 -Q2
M
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SEL SEL
c

LOCAL CONTROL METERING

RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT


L316*4
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B
A

ABB
-Q0
SEL TESTE
LAMPE
1 9

d gi ta l
2 10

3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

ON/OFF ON/OFF

ABB Power Automation AG RER111


LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
OUVRIRFERMER an
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B
A
50
B
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500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 500SCM


ABB
ABB 01
Tx1
01
Tx1
01
Tx1
01
Tx1
01
Tx1 di gi t al
Rx1 Rx1 Rx1 Rx1 Rx1
ESC EXE

Tx2 Tx2 Tx2 Tx2 Tx2

Rx2 Rx2 Rx2 Rx2 Rx2

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3


DISTANCE
LOC
Rx3 Rx3 Rx3 Rx3 Rx3

Interbaybus
COM581
ABBPower Automation AG

Communication
Converter FBS NCC / RCC
Star coupler
TO C

ALDC / SLDC / RLDC


Bay Level

Local
BMB/BMK/SyMB CVT MB/JB CT MB/JB Marshalling
Boxes
Process Level

GIS or AIS
1-89A ISO
Switchgear
1-52 CB 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

1-89B ISO
SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
SYSTEM
(Stage-2 Development)
PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM(STAGE-2)
1. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering.
2. This is same as Substation Monitoring System except new IED is introduced in a Panel. It is
called Bay Control Unit.
3. This Replaces additional one More RTU for Remote Control & RTU for ALDC / SLDC / RLDC /
NLDC as if it is new Substation.
4. The Bay Control Unit IED is one unit per Bay and it is Provided in CB Relay Panel.
5. This is almost RTU, but limited to one Bay and nothing but Mini RTU / Distributed RTU.
6. All Controls & Status of Circuit Breakers & Isolators and Circuit Breaker Troubles and Alarms
are Brought to BCU of Particular Bay in addition to Conventional Control Panel.
7. Each Bay is provided with Energy Meters &Multifunction Meters. They are connected in
Modbus configuration and brought to network. The control panel also having Panel Meters.
8. Transformer OTI, WTI, Online DGA & Tap Changer Positions information is available in 4-
20mA. They are brought to BCU Analog Card.
9. Transformer Troubles and Alarms and are brought to BCU Digital Card.
10. Transformer Tap Changer Control is brought to BCU Control Card.
11. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the
yard and this is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major
equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local.
12. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in
Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote
Control Center and ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC.
13. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can
Monitor the substation and take a decision for any thing.
14. This is Stage-2 Substation Control System.
15. Still Extensive Wide cabling and conventional Control Panels existing.
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-2)
SCADA- SCS
Bay Bay
Control Protection Busbar Protection
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

ABB ABB ABB 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB
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A
L316*4
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Station Level

1 9

2 10

3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4 di gi t al


=W1 1
=W

2
=W

1 9

2 0
1

M M
3 1

1
-Q

4 2
1

5 3
1

=W2
6 4
1

7 5
1

8 6
1

M
o
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V
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4
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-Q1 -Q2 M
R
E
F

SEL SEL c

LOCAL SET
c

? REMOTE OPERATION

LOCAL CONTROL METERING


L316*4
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B
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ABB
-Q0
SEL TESTE
LAMPE
1 9

2 10

3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

ABB Power Automation AG RER111


LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
OUVRIRFERMER an
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B
A
50
B
E
R

500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 500SCM


ABB
ABB 01
Tx1 01
Tx1 01
Tx1 01
Tx1 01
Tx1

ESC EXE
Rx1 Rx1 Rx1 Rx1 Rx1

TO REMOTE CONTROL
FBS
Tx2 Tx2 Tx2 Tx2 Tx2

Rx2 Rx2 Rx2 Rx2 Rx2

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3 Tx3


DISTANCE

CENTER
LOC
Rx3 Rx3 Rx3 Rx3 Rx3

Communication
Inter bay bus
COM581
ABBPower Automation AG

Communication Gate way TO


Converter
Star coupler ALDC / SLDC / RLDC
NCC / RCC
C
Bay Level

Local
BMB/BMK/SyMB CVT MB/JB CT MB/JB Marshalling
Boxes
Process Level

GIS or AIS
1-89A ISO
Switchgear
1-52 CB 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

1-89B ISO
SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
SYSTEM
(Stage-3 Development)
Distributed Control Room using Bay Kiosks or say
Portable Relay Rooms

PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-3)
1. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering.
2. This is Distributed Control Rooms using Bay Kiosks and called Portable Relay Rooms.
3. In this Conventional Control Panel is not required.
4. The Bay Control Unit IED is one unit per Bay and it is Provided in CB Relay Panels for Control & Monitoring.
5. This is almost RTU, but limited to one Bay and nothing but Mini RTU.
6. All Controls & Status of Circuit Breakers & Isolators and Circuit Breaker Troubles and Alarms are Brought to
BCU of Particular Bay.
7. Each Bay is provided with Energy Meters &Multifunction Meters. They are connected in Modbus
configuration and brought to network.
8. Transformer OTI, WTI, Online DGA & Tap Changer Positions information is available in 4-20mA. They are
brought to BCU Analog Card.
9. Transformer Troubles and Alarms and are brought to BCU Digital Card.
10. Transformer Tap Changer Control is brought to BCU Control Card.
11. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard and this
is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major equipments. This also put
in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local.
12. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in Ethernet
Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote Control Center and ALDC
/ SLDC / RLDC / NLDC.
13. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor the
substation and take a decision for any thing.
14. This is Stage-3 Substation Control System.
15. Still Extensive Wide cabling between Bay Kiosks/PRR to Switch yard equipment. But cables reduced to 60%
to 80%.
16. The Main Control Room Having only Network system with Printer and Aux System Monitoring.
17. But still Auxiliary system Location is Not Distributed and Centralised. This concept is not changing.
18. All IEDs are connected to Fibre Optic cable and Ethernet Switches. Even if FO cables damaged, still
protection function is working and it is unable to Monitor and control from Control Room / RCC / ALDC /
SLDC.
BAY LEVEL AUTOMATION (STAGE-3)
Network Control
Center NCC
Station Level

ABB Network Partner AG COM581

Interbay
Bus

ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

1 9
2 10
3 11
4 12
5 13
6 14
7 15
8 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4

=D04 ABOBO 1 ABB


POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W1

=W2

-Q1
SEL M M -Q2
SEL
Bay Level

-Q0 LAMPE
SEL TESTE

OUVRIR FERMER

DISTANCE

ABB LOCAL SET


ESC EXE

?
LOC

REMOTE OPERATION

LOCAL CONTROL METERING

ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

1 9
2 10
3 11
4 12
5 13
6 14
7 15
8 16

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4

ABB ABB Network Partner REB500

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500


Process Level

-Q2

-Q0 -Q9 -Q8

-Q1
BAY LEVEL AUTOMATION (STAGE-3)
Features Benefits
Less inventories and spare parts
Mainstream Hardware Less training & Familiarisation
Mainstream Software platforms Less Hardware and panels
Integrated SA System Less operation and maintenance
• Control (BCU) costs
• Monitoring (BCU)
• Metering (BCU) More availability
• Protection (BPU) Minimising outage breaks
• DR (BPU)
Integration of third-party
• SOE / ER (BCU+BPU)
• Billing (TVM/EM) equipment
• etc. Less cabling and installation
Open System costs
TCP / IP Ethernet communication Less testing and commissioning
costs
Using fibre optic media
for communication Less space and civil works
Compact design
Decentralised system structure
closer to process
Distributed Control Rooms
Or called Bay Kiosks
Or called Portable Relay Rooms
No conventional mimic board
HIGHLIGHTS BAY LEVEL SA
Features Benefits
Numerical Protection (BPU) Easy to use and to customise
Numerical Control (BCU) Efficient operation
• Avoiding errors
Safe interlocking • Less hazards and breaks
• Reduction of operation costs
Self supervision
Increasing availability
Modern MMI / HMI
Reducing maintenance costs
Operator guidance Higher power quality
Maintenance support
ENHANCED FUNCTIONALITY OF BAY LEVEL SA
Features Benefits
Better planning
Process status information • more timely data
On-line Primary equipment
monitoring Efficient trouble shooting
SA System status information All information at one glance
Events and Alarms evaluation
Better monitoring
Disturbance records
Trends and calculations Supports operation decisions

Reports Efficient asset management


SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
SYSTEM
(Stage-4 Development)
PROCESS LEVEL INTELLIGENT SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-4)
1. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering.
2. This is Distributed IEDs for each Switch Yard Equipment for Operation and Maintenance.This is
Called Process Bus Automation.
3. Non Conventional Instrument Transformers for Voltage and Current Measurement .
4. In this Distributed Control Rooms / Bay Kiosks / Portable relay Rooms are not required.
5. One complete Panel for one Bay. All control, Protection IEDs TVM/EM are available.
6. No Physical wiring from Switch Yard to Bay to Control. Total Fibre Optic Ethernet connection and
IEC61850 Communication.
7. No Cable Trenches. No DC Leakage.
8. But Centralised Auxiliary System and Physical Cabling to all Bay switch yard equipment and relays
and other accessory systems.
9. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard
and this is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major
equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local.
10. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in
Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote Control
Center and ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC.
11. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor
the substation and take a decision for any thing.
12. This is Stage-4 Substation Control System called Process Bus Substation Automation System.
13. Civil Engineering Cost in the yard reduces Drastically.
14. The Main Control Room Having only Network system with Printer and Aux System Monitoring.
15. But still Auxiliary system Location is Centralised, but Not Distributed. This concept is not changing.
16. Redundant, alternative communication channels are required to safe guard if FO cable damages.
17. The reliability of system Depends on availability of Fibre Optic System.
INTELLIGENT SA ARCHITECTURE
Network Control
Center NCC
Station Level

ABB Network Partner AG COM581

Interbay
B us
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

1 9
2 10
3 11
4 12
5 13
6 14
7 15
8 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4


Bay Level

=D04 ABOBO 1 ABB


POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W1

=W2

-Q1 -Q2
SEL M
SEL M

-Q0 LAMPE
TESTE
SEL

OUVRIR FERMER

DISTANCE
ESC EXE

ABB LOC

LOCAL SET
? REMOTE OPERATION

LOCAL CONTROL METERING

ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

1 9
2 10
3 11
4 12
5 13
6 14
7 15
8 16

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4

ABB ABB Network Partner REB500

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

ABB
U
G
IT
N
M
R
E
W
O
P

EM C
LO
E
C
N
A
T
IS
D

Process B
us
Process Level

PISA

PISA

PISA
A

B
PISA
A

-Q2

-T1 -Q9 -Q8


-Q0

-Q1 -Q51
IMPLEMENTATION OF INTELLIGENT SAS
Intelligent Primary Equipment ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

MicroSCADA
125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

Interbay bus
1 9
2 10
3 11
4 12
5 13
6 14
7 15
8 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4


Ethernet Switches t
d gi tal
=D04 ABOBO 1 ABB
POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W1

=W2

-Q2
-Q1
M M -Q2
SEL SEL

-Q0 di gi t al i it l

-Q1
LAMPE
SEL TESTE
M

PISA OUVRIR FERMER

DISTANCE

? ABB
ESC EXE
LOCAL SET LOC

REMOTE OPERATION

-Q1 -Q2 LOCAL CONTROL METERING

COM 581
ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

-Q51 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

COM581
ABBPower Automation AG

Communication
LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
Converter NCC / RCC
ABB ABB Network Partner REB500

-Q0
Feeder Marshalling

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

-Q0
PISA
A
Process
Bus
PISA

-Q9
-T1 A
PISA
B

-Q8

-Q9

-Q8
INTELLIGENT SAS
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01
ABB

Actuator for
isolator & 125VDC Distributuion Battery A

ABB ABB Network Partner


125VDC Distributuion Battery B

REL316*4

earthing 1
2
3
4
5
9
10
11
12
13

Abgangsschutz
Line Protection 1I
6 14
7 15

switch
8 16

PISA PISA PISA

control
BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4

=D04 ABOBO 1 ABB


POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W1
PISA
=W2

M M
-Q1 -Q2
SEL SEL

Feldleitgerät
-Q0 LAMPE

Bay Controller
SEL TESTE
M

OUVRIR FERMER

DISTANCE

Star Coupler ABB ESC EXE


LOCAL SET
? LOC

REMOTE OPERATION

LOCAL CONTROL METERING

Actuator for
ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

1 9
2 10
3 11

circuit breaker
4 12
5 13
6 14
7 15
8 16

PISA

control
A
Abgangsschutz
Line Protection 2II
LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
PISA
A ABB ABB Network Partner REB500

PISA
B
Bus Bar Protection
Sensors for
current & BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

voltage
measurement

Process Bus
Inter bay bus 1
Phase L1 Inter bay bus 2
INTELLIGENT SA: FEATURES AND BENEFITS
Features Benefits

Bus (serial) communication Further reduction in yard


to primary equipment cabling and installation costs

Intelligent primary equipment More information from primary


equipment
Sampling and signal processing
locally in primary equipment Operation enhancements

Reducing operation and


maintenance costs

Less primary equipment costs

Less project execution time


SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
SYSTEM
(Stage-5 Development)
PROCESS LEVEL INTELLIGENT SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION WITH
GSM / CDMA NETWORK
PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-5)
1. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering.
2. This is Distributed IEDs for each Switch Yard Equipment for Operation and Maintenance. This is
Called Process Bus Automation.
3. Non Conventional Instrument Transformers for Voltage and Current Measurement .
4. In this Distributed Control Rooms / Bay Kiosks / Portable relay Rooms are not required.
5. One complete Panel for one Bay. All control, Protection IEDs TVM/EM are available.
6. No Physical wiring from Switch Yard to Bay to Control. Total GSM/CDMA connection and IEC61850
Communication.
7. But Centralised Auxiliary System and Physical Cabling to all Bay switch yard equipment and relays
and other accessory systems.
8. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard
and this is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major
equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local.
9. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in
Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote Control
Center and ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC.
10. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor
the substation and take a decision for any thing.
11. This is Stage-5 Substation Control System called Process Bus Substation Automation System.
12. Civil Engineering Cost in the yard reduces Drastically.
13. The Main Control Room Having only Network system with Printer and Aux System Monitoring.
14. But still Auxiliary system Location is Centralised, but Not Distributed. This concept is not changing.
15. Redundant, alternative communication channels are required with GSM / CDMA.
16. The reliability of system Depends on availability of GSM / CDMA.
INTELLIGENT GSM/CDMA SA ARCHITECTURE
TO RCC/ALDC/SLDC
Station Level

GSM GSM CDMA


ABB Network Partner AG COM581

CDMA
C

225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01


ABB

125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

L316*4
E
R

an
orkP
etw
N
B
A

ABB

1 9

2 10

3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16
Bay Level

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4

=D04 ABOBO 1

GSM
1
=W

2
=W

1
-Q

L
E
S
M M 2
-Q

L
E
S

M M

0
-Q E
P
M
LA

L
E
S S
E
T

M M

I
R
V
U
O M
R
E
F

LOCAL SETLOCAL SET


? ? ABB
REMOTE
REMOTE OPERATION OPERATION
C
S
E X
E

LOCAL CONTROL METERING

L316*4
E
R

an
orkP
etw
N
B
A

ABB

1 9

2 10

3 1

4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4

CDMA
50
B
E
R

an
orkP
etw
N
B
A

ABB

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

ABB U
G
IT
N
M
R
E
W
O
P

EM E
C
N
A
T
IS
D

C
LO
Process Level

GSM CDMA
GSM CDMA
PISA

PISA

PISA
A

B
PISA
A

-Q2

-T1 -Q9 -Q8


-Q0

-Q1 -Q51
IMPLEMENTATION OF CDMA / GSM INTELLIGENT SAS
Intelligent Primary Equipment ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

MicroSCADA
125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

GSM
1 9
2 10
3 11
4 12
5 13
6 14
7 15
8 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4


d gi tal t

=D04 ABOBO 1 ABB


POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W1

=W2

-Q2 GSM
-Q1
M M -Q2
SEL SEL

-Q0 di gi t al i it l

-Q1
LAMPE

CDMA
SEL TESTE
M

PISA
GSM
OUVRIR FERMER

DISTANCE

? ABB
ESC EXE
LOCAL SET LOC

REMOTE OPERATION

-Q1 -Q2 LOCAL CONTROL METERING

COM 581
ABB ABB Network Partner REL316*4

-Q51 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

CDMA ABBPower Automation AG

Communication
COM581

GSM
CDMA LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4

ABB ABB Network Partner REB500


Converter

NCC / RCC
C

-Q0 CDMA
Feeder Marshalling

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

-Q0
PISA
GSM
A

PISA

-Q9
-T1 A
PISA
CDMA
B

-Q8

-Q9

-Q8
ADVANTAGES OF
SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
SYSTEM PREPARED BY
GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU
ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
Mobile:9440336984
ADVANTAGES OF SA

More Effective Long Term Planning


& Loading Decisions
PLANNING

Real-time Analysis that Avoids


Interruptions
ENGINEERING

Reduction in the Need for Costly


Field Visits
PROTECTION

Precise and Confident Operator


Decisions in Restoring Service
MAINTENANCE
ADVANTAGES OF SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
1. LOCAL & REMOTE GRAPHICAL VISUALISATION OF ELECTRICAL
DIAGRAMS OF BAY & SYSTEM VIEWS.
2. ALARM PAGES & SOE ARE DISPLAYED AND PRINTABLE.
3. TREND WINDOWS: SEVERAL CURVES CAN BE FULLY
CUSTOMISED BY THE OPERATOR.
4. CONTROL WITH THE “SELECT-BEFORE OPERATE” SECURITY
COMMANDS.
5. SAVING OF HISTORICAL FILES.
6. SYSTEM CONFIGUARATION SCREEN.
7. TIME SYNCHRONISATION
8. MONITORING OF CIRCUIT BREAKER.
9. MONITORING OF TRANSFORMER.
10. MONITORING OF CTs, PTs, & CVTs.
11. MONITORING OF RELAYS, ENERGY METERS & PANEL METERS.
12. CONFIGUARATION OF RELAYS
13. DISTURBANCE RECORD VIEW.
14. MONITORING OF SWITCH YARD SURVELLIANCE SYSTEM.
15. MONITORING OF NETWORK
16. MONITORING OF PLCC / OLTE EQUIPMENT & COMMUNICATION.
UTILISATION OF SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
1. MAINTANENCE 2. CONTROL&PROTECTION 3. OPERATIONS:
A. TRANSFORMERS A. CONTROL (BCU) A. STATION DIAGRAM
B. BREAKERS B. METERING (BCU) B. ALARMS
C. CTs C. PROTECTIONS (BPU) C. SOE / ER
D. PTs &CVTs D. PROTECTION DIAGRAMS D. METERING VALUES
E. LAs E. CONFIGUARATION E. ICT/ EQUIP PARAMETERS
F. ISOLATORS F. DISTURBANCE F. HISTORY
RECORDER G. SOE
G. ENERY METERS H. DISTURABANCE REPORT
H. ANALYSIS OF FAULT & ANALYSIS.
I. GPS
J. RTU
4. COMMUNICATIONS 5. ENGINNERING 6. SECURITY
A. Analog PLCC A. VOLTAGE CONTROL A.LIVE CAMERA
B. Digital PLCC B. FREQUENCY CONTROL B.SURVELLIANCE SYSTEM
C. FIBRE OPTIC C. LOAD CONTROL C. ENTRY LOG
D. DIGITAL MICROWAVE D. VAR CONTROL
E. VSAT E. GRID CONTROL 7. INFORMATION TECH
F. DIDICATED F. POWER SYSTEM A. Web Browser View
COMMUNICATION ANALYSIS (LOAD FLOW) B. Commissioning Via Web
G. MUX G. HARMONIC ANALYSIS View
H. CHANNEL AIDED H. SYSTEM STABILITY C. Advanced IT Tech
PROTECTION I. ABT ANALYSIS D. Messages
I. DATA TRANSMISSION J. GENERATION CONTROL E. Notes
MONITORING
OF
SUBSTATION
IN
SMS/SCS/SA PREPARED BY
PREPARED
GOPALA KRISHNABY PALEPU
GOPALA KRISHNA
ADE/400KV/ PALEPU
VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
ADE/MRT(PROTECTION)
Mobile:9440336984
MONITORING via IEDs for PROTECTION
Automatic printing
Advanced analysis
Summary report GPS
tools

User friendly
visualization
Universal Time
CONCISE / FAST synchronization
Alarm Classes
Distance to Fault
Mo 12. 11. 96 GMT 17:02.43.305

Ayer Rajah & Labrador Feeder One

Sequence of Events

# Of trips IED Parameter


ABB Network Partner AG REL 316*4

1 9

2 10

3 11
4 12

5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16
Bay
C
E

I
C
O
E

R
F
C
E
Smart Screen “Wizards”
• One Line Diagrams
• Event Logger
• IED Faceplate
• IED Tabular Values
• Annunciator Panel
• Alarm List with Sorting Feature
• Trending
Substation Level Supervision
• Single line diagram
– U, I =>”fast”
– P, Q, E => “slow”
• Overview pictures
– P, Q, => “slow”
• Customised measurements
– P,Q, E
– Summation
– Minimum / maximum
– Average values
– Lists
– Bar charts
– etc. upon request
MAMIDIPALLY SS DISPLAY
SUBSTATION DISPLAY (400KV SIDE)
TAP TAP TAP

A A A
KV KV KV
MW MW MW
MVAR MVAR MVAR

A A A A A A
KV KV KV KV KV KV
MW MW MW MW MW MW
MVAR MVAR MVAR MVAR MVAR MVAR
F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6
SUBSTATION DISPLAY (220KV SIDE)
TAP TAP TAP

A A A
KV KV KV
MW MW MW
MVAR MVAR MVAR

A A
A A
KV KV
KV KV
MW F1 F2 MW MW F3 MW F4
MVAR MVAR
MVAR MVAR
SUBSTATION DISPLAY (220KV SIDE)
TAP TAP TAP

A A A
KV KV KV
MW MW MW
MVAR MVAR MVAR

A
KV
MW
MVAR

A A A A A
KV KV KV KV KV
MW MW MW MW MW
F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6
MVAR MVAR MVAR MVAR MVAR
SOE RECORDER EVENTS LIST
Monitors and Records all System Event Characteristics

• Time stamped to nearest milli-second


• Synchronizable to GPS via IRIG-B
• Automatic retrieval from IED to Host
• Storage on host disk
• Automatically forward to operations
PC
• Data sort capability included
– Standard filters
•Time
•Device Type
•Alarm Condition
– Custom filters per your needs
ALARM PROCESSING
Recording and time stamping of alarms

Persisting and fleeting alarms


Alarm Annunciation Panel
• Configurable Alarm Conditions
– Any present value can drive an alarm
– Set range of operation
• Failure Alarms
– Equipment generated
– System generated
– Grouped per IED

Remote
Communication
of Critical Alarms
TREND CURVES
TREND PARAMETERS
Recording of Trends and Alarm Generation

Upper Alarm (A)


hysteresis

Upper warning (W)

Lower warning

Lower alarm

A W
ABB DISTURBANCE RECORDER
ABB Diagnostic: Fault Recording and Evaluation

Automatic Fault Location Printout


ALSTOM DISTURBANCE RECORDER
ALSTOM DISTURBANCE RECORDER
DISTURBANCE RECORDER
GE Oscillography/Fault Reporting
SIEMENS Disturbance Recorder
SIEMENS Disturbance Recorder Analysis
BASLER – DISTURBANCE RECORDER
NXT-PHASE DISTURBANCE RECORDER
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
Hardcopy
Alarm/Event Printer +
Line Printer MFD
DM Printer
For 15 Min
2 Ports for RCC & Metering &
2 Ports for ALDC/SLDC Service Trends
Modem Engineering & DR
work Station

Annunciation
COMMUNICATION Base System Base System
LAPTOP

Auxiliary
GATEWAY TO GPS

Alarm
RCC & ALDC Alarm Alarm Meinberg
Unit Unit
RCC LDC Printer Server POWER

V1

OVP
ACQR LOCK

NORMAL OPERATION
WED 11.12.1996
GPS 166
SATELLITE CONTROLLED CLOCK

MEZ 11.42.25
SV 24 > SYN

MENU CLR NEXT INC


ACK

MEINBERG

Ethernet (TCP/IP)

Network Partner
SSLTA 88SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M

SERVICE
RS232 RS485 RS485 Rugged Com/Equivalent Ethernet Switches forming ‘Redundant Managed switched Ethernet LAN on fiber optic medium Interbay bus on IEC61850 Network Partner
SSLTA 88SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M

SERVICE
RS232 RS485 RS485

1MRSC60029
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028

Communication Gate way with hot standby for RCC and SLDC’ For Control and Protection Relays. 1MRSC60029
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028

DIGITAL ABB Network Partner AG DIGITAL DIGITAL


M

M
M

PLCC/ 9
10
11
12
PLCC/ 9
10
11
12
13
PLCC/ 9
10
11
12
13
14

OLTE
13

OLTE OLTE
14
14 15 15
15 16 16
16
LOCAL SET
? REMOTE OPERATION

SYSTEM SYSTEM SYSTEM


C
E

M M
CARR 9
ABB Network Partner AG REL531
CARR 9
10
11
CARR 9
10
11
10 12 12

PROT
13

PROT
11 14 13

PROT
12 15 14
13 16 15
M 14 16
15
16

?
LOCAL
REMOTE
SET
OPERATION
SYSTEM 1
2
3
9
10
11
1
2
3
9
10
11
C
E
SYSTEM SYSTEM
4 12 4 12
5 13 5 13
6 14 6 14
7 15 7 15
8 16 8 16

C C
CARR
M M

M CARR 9
E E
9
10
11
12
CARR 9
10
11

PROT
13 12
10

PROT
14 13

PROT
11 15 14
12 16 15
LOCAL SET 13
? REMOTE OPERATION
14
15
16

16

SYSTEM SYSTEM SYSTEM


1
2
3
9
10
11
1
2
3
9
10
11
HYD HYD
EM
4 12 4 12

HYD
EM
5 13 5 13
6 14 6 14
7 15 7 15 ABB Network Partner AG REL531

EM
M M 8 16 8 16

RAN C C
RAN RAN
LOCAL SET
? REMOTE OPERATION
E E
C
E

M M

EM AVR 1 9 1 9
EM AVR EM AVR
M 2 10 2 10
3 11 3 11
4 12 4 12
5 13 5 13
6 14 6 14
7 15 7 15
LOCAL SET 8 16 8 16
? REMOTE OPERATION

C C
E E

EM OTH EM OTH
EM OTH
ABB Network PartnerREL511
AG
M M

LOCAL SET
? REMOTE OPERATION

C
E
CONTROL & RELAY
PANELS IN
CONVENTIONAL
SYSTEM
PREPARED BY
PREPARED
GOPALA KRISHNABY PALEPU
GOPALA KRISHNA
ADE/400KV/ PALEPU
VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
ADE/MRT(PROTECTION)
Mobile:9440336984
400KV INTEGRATED CONTROL PANELS
400KV LINE CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RLA 4RLB 4RTB

79 + 25 79 + 25
(AUTO RECLOSURE + (AUTO RECLOSURE +
CHECK SYNC RELAY) CHECK SYNC RELAY)

50 Z 50 Z
(LBB / BFR) 21 MAIN 1 (LBB / BFR)

CB TROUBLE ALARAM CB TROUBLE ALARAM


AND TRIP RELAYS AND TRIP RELAYS

TSR DC TSR TSR DC TSR


TC-1 I & II TC-1I TC-1 I & II TC-1I
21 MAIN 2
1-PH TRIP 1-PH TRIP
86 GR -A RELAYS -6 86 GR -A RELAYS -6
FOR 21M1 FOR 21M1

1-PH TRIP 1-PH TRIP

DC-1I
86 GR -B RELAYS -6 DC-1 86 GR -B RELAYS -6
FOR 21M2 FOR 21M2

D/T CH-1 D/T CH-2 D/T CH-1 D/T CH-2


RECEIVE RECEIVE 59 L1 59 L2 RECEIVE RECEIVE
RELAYS RELAYS O/V STG-1 O/V STG-1i RELAYS RELAYS

UNDER BREAKER BREAKER


21 MAIN 1 21 MAIN 1i
VOLTAGE MULTIPLICA MULTIPLICA
AUX RELYS AUX RELYS
RELAY TION RELAY TION RELAY

87 HIGH 87 LOW
TEED-1 TEED-2
400KV LINE + R CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RLA 4RLRB 4RLC 4RTB

79 + 25 75 A 79 + 25
(AUTO RECLOSURE + 75 B (AUTO RECLOSURE +
CHECK SYNC RELAY) 75 L CHECK SYNC RELAY)

50 Z 87 MAIN 50 Z
(LBB / BFR) 21 MAIN 1 (LBB / BFR)
HIGH IMP

CB TROUBLE ALARAM CB TROUBLE ALARAM


AND TRIP RELAYS AND TRIP RELAYS

TSR DC TSR TSR DC TSR


TC-1 I & II TC-1I TC-1 I & II TC-1I
21 IMP
21 MAIN 2
1-PH TRIP DISTANCE 1-PH TRIP
86 GR -A RELAYS -6 86 GR -A RELAYS -6
FOR 21M1 FOR 21M1

1-PH TRIP DC-1I 1-PH TRIP

DC-1I
DC-1
DC-1

86 GR -B RELAYS -6 86 GR -B RELAYS -6
FOR 21M2 FOR 21M2

D/T CH-1 D/T CH-2 HIGH SPEED D/T CH-1 D/T CH-2
RECEIVE RECEIVE 59 L1 59 L2 RECEIVE RECEIVE
64 REF AUX TRIP O/V STG-1 O/V STG-1i
RELAYS RELAYS RELAYS RELAYS RELAYS

UNDER BREAKER BREAKER


21 MAIN 1 21 MAIN 1i
VOLTAGE MULTIPLIC MULTIPLICA
AUX RELYSAUX RELYS
RELAY ATION TION RELAY
RELAY

87 HIGH 87 LOW
TEED-1 TEED-2
400KV ICT HV + IV CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RTRA 4RTRB 4RTRC

75 A 75 A
75 B 75 B
75 L

50 Z 87 MAIN 1 50 Z
(LBB / BFR) (LBB / BFR)
LOW IMP

CB TROUBLE ALARAM CB TROUBLE ALARAM


AND TRIP RELAYS AND TRIP RELAYS

TSR DC TSR TSR DC TSR


TC-1 I & II TC-1I TC-1 I & II TC-1I
87 MAIN 2
HIGH IMP
86 GR -A 86 GR -B 86 GR -A 86 GR -B

INTER TRIP INTER TRIP HIGH SPEED

DC-1I
RECEIVE RECEIVE DC-1 AUX TRIP
RELAYS RELAYS RELAYS

AUX RLYS AUX RLYS


67 HV 67 IV INTER TRIP INTERTRIP
RECEIVE RECEIVE

BREAKER BREAKER
99T 99T
MULTIPLICA MULTIPLICA
HV O/F IV O/F
TION RELAY TION RELAY

ICT / ATF TROUBLES


ALARAM & TRIP
FLAG RELAYS

AUX RLYS AUX RLYS


FOR HV FOR IV

87 HIGH 87 LOW
TEED-1 TEED-2
400KV BUS REACTOR CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RBRA 4RBRB 4RTB

79 + 25
75 A
(AUTO RECLOSURE +
75 B
CHECK SYNC RELAY)

50 Z 87 MAIN 50 Z
(LBB / BFR) (LBB / BFR)
HIGH IMP

CB TROUBLE ALARAM CB TROUBLE ALARAM


AND TRIP RELAYS AND TRIP RELAYS

TSR DC TSR TSR DC TSR


TC-1 I & II TC-1I TC-1 I & II TC-1I
21 IMP
DISTANCE 1-PH TRIP
86 GR -A 86 GR -B 86 GR -A RELAYS -6
FOR 21M1

1-PH TRIP

DC-1I
DC-1 86 GR -B RELAYS -6
FOR 21M2

HIGH SPEED D/T CH-1 D/T CH-2


64 REF AUX TRIP RECEIVE RECEIVE
RELAYS RELAYS RELAYS

BREAKER BREAKER
87 HIGH 87 LOW
MULTIPLICA MULTIPLICA
TEED-1 TEED-2
TION RELAY TION RELAY
400KV BUSBAR PROTECTION & COMMON CONTROL PANEL
4RBB2 BBM1 + 96 UNITS 4RBB3 BBM2 + 96 UNITS
CONTROL & RELAY
PANELS IN
SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION
SYSTEM
GOPALA
PREPARED BY
PREPARED
KRISHNABY PALEPU
GOPALA KRISHNA
ADE/400KV/ PALEPU
VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in,
ADE/MRT(PROTECTION)
Mobile:9440336984
400KV & 220KV BUSBAR & COMMON CONTROL PANEL
4RBB 2 RBB

BCU1 BCU2

BCU1 BCU2

BCU3
BUSBAR
CENTRAL UNIT
BUSBAR
CENTRAL UNIT

AE CMR
DC

AE CMR
Bus DC Bus
AE CMR

AE CMR

89BB1

89BB2
89BB1

89BB2

Bar -1 Bar -1
Aux DC Aux DC
relays -2 relays -2
400KV LINE + REACTOR CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RLA 4RLB 4RLRC1/RBR3 4RTB2

75A,B,L

21L1 87R
BAY1 BCU BAY2 BCU

A/R+SC LBB/ BU A/R+SC LBB/ BU


79+25 50Z 79+25 50Z
TRIP COIL 64R
CB 1&2 21L2 CB
TRIP COIL
1&2
TROUBLES HEALTHY TROUBLES HEALTHY
& ALARMS LEDS & ALARMS LEDS
DC-1

186

DC-1
186
86 R1,Y1,B1 86 R1,Y1,B1
GR-A R2,Y2,B2 Reactor Trouble GR-A R2,Y2,B2
286 Alarms & Trips
DC-2

286

DC-2
86 R1,Y1,B1 86 R1,Y1,B1
GR-B R2,Y2,B2 GR-B R2,Y2,B2
59-1&2 21R
96 50
50Z CB PB D/T-1 D/T-2 ZT CB PB
Receive Receive
Relays Relays

99R
400KV ICT CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RTB2 4RTRA3 4RTRB3 4RTRC3

75A,B,L 75A,B

87T1 LV BAY BCU


BAY2 BCU BAY3 BCU

A/R+SC LBB/ BU LBB/ BU LBB/ BU


79+25 50Z 50Z 50Z

TRIP COIL TRIP COIL 87T2 TRIP COIL


CB 1&2 CB 1&2 CB 1&2
TROUBLES HEALTHY TROUBLES HEALTHY TROUBLES HEALTHY
& ALARMS LEDS & ALARMS LEDS & ALARMS LEDS

DC-1
DC-1
DC-1

186
86 R1,Y1,B1 86 86
GR-A R2,Y2,B2 GR-A GR-A
Transformer Trouble
286 Alarms & Trips

DC-2
DC-2
DC-2

86 R1,Y1,B1 86 86
GR-B R2,Y2,B2 GR-B 67HV 67IV GR-B
Inter 96/ Inter
50 96/ Trip Trip
ZT 50Z Relays 50Z
CB PB Relays CB PB
CB PB 99HV 99IV

MFM MFM
220KV FEEDER CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
2RLA1 2RLB1

75A
75B

21L1
BAY1 BCU

A/R+SC LBB/ BU
79+25 50Z

TRIP COIL 21L2


CB 1&2
TROUBLES HEALTHY
& ALARMS LEDS

DC-1
186
86 R1,Y1,B1
GR-A R2,Y2,B2
286
DC-2

86 R1,Y1,B1
GR-B R2,Y2,B2

96 /
50Z TTS
CB PB D/T-1 D/T-2
Receive Receive
Relays Relays

MFM
220KV BC, TBC & BS CB RELAY & PROTN PANELS
2RBC 2RTBC 2RBC

BC BCU TBC BCU BS BCU

LBB/ BU
A/R+SC LBB/ BU LBB/ BU
LBB/ BU LBB/ BU
50Z 79+25 50Z 50Z 50Z
50Z

TRIP COIL TRIP COIL TRIP COIL


CB 1&2 CB 1&2 CB 1&2
TROUBLES HEALTHY TROUBLES HEALTHY TROUBLES HEALTHY
& ALARMS LEDS & ALARMS LEDS & ALARMS LEDS

DC-1
DC-1
186
DC-1

86 86 R1,Y1,B1 86
GR-A GR-A R2,Y2,B2 GR-A
286

DC-2

DC-2
DC-2

86 86 R1,Y1,B1 86
GR-B GR-B R2,Y2,B2 GR-B

96 96 96
50Z 50Z 50Z
CB PB CB PB CB PB

50/51 50/51
A,B A,B
C,N C,N
SUBSTATION AUXILIARIES & TERMINAL PANELS
SSAUX

For AC For AC
415V 415V
System-1 System-2
BCU1 BCU2
For DC For DC
220V 220V
System-1 System-2
BCU3 BCU4

For DC For DC Base System Hot Standby


48V 48V
System-1 System-2 Alarm Alarm
BCU5 BCU6 Unit Unit

For Air For Fire


condition Fighting
System System Main Server Redunt Server
BCU7 BCU8 ABB Network Partner AG COM581 ABB Network Partner AG COM581

For Diesel For fire C C

Generator & Smoke


E E

System Detector Communication Router to


BCU9 BCU10 Gateway ALDC/SLDC
SSLTA 88 SRS485M SRS485M SREDU/M SSLTA 88 SRS485M SRS485M SREDU/M
Network Partner Network Partner

SERVICE SERVICE
RS232 RS485 RS485 RS232 RS485 RS485

ABB Network Partner AG COM581 1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028

Ethernet Switch Ethernet Switch


C
E

Surveillance
system Line Printer for
Alarm / Event Metering Values
DOT Matrix Printer
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
Hardcopy
Alarm/Event Printer +
Line Printer MFD
DM Printer
For 15 Min
2 Ports for RCC & Metering &
2 Ports for ALDC/SLDC Trends
Engineering & DR
work Station

Annunciation
COMMUNICATION Base System Base System
LAPTOP

Auxiliary
GATEWAY TO Service GPS

Alarm
RCC & ALDC Alarm Modem Alarm Meinberg
Unit Unit
RCC LDC Printer Server POWER

V1

OVP
ACQR LOCK

NORMAL OPERATION
WED 11.12.1996
GPS 166
SATELLITE CONTROLLED CLOCK

MEZ 11.42.25
SV 24 > SYN

MENU CLR NEXT INC


ACK

MEINBERG

Ethernet (TCP/IP)

Network Partner
SSLTA 88SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M

SERVICE
RS232 RS485 RS485
Rugged Com/Equivalent Ethernet Switches forming ‘Redundant Managed switched Ethernet LAN on fiber optic medium Interbay bus Network Partner
SSLTA 88SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M

SERVICE
RS232 RS485 RS485

1MRSC60029
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028

on IEC61850 Communication Gate way with hot standby for RCC and SLDC’ For Control and Protection Relays. 1MRSC60029
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028
1MRSC60028

DIGITAL ABB Network Partner AG DIGITAL DIGITAL


M

M
M

PLCC/ 9
10
11
12
PLCC/ 9
10
11
12
13
PLCC/ 9
10
11
12
13
14

OLTE
13

OLTE OLTE
14
14 15 15
15 16 16
16
LOCAL SET
? REMOTE OPERATION

SYSTEM SYSTEM SYSTEM


C
E

M M
CARR 9
ABB Network Partner AG REL531
CARR 9
10
11
CARR 9
10
11
10 12 12

PROT
13

PROT
11 14 13

PROT
12 15 14
13 16 15
M 14 16
15
16

?
LOCAL
REMOTE
SET
OPERATION
SYSTEM 1
2
3
9
10
11
1
2
3
9
10
11
C
E
SYSTEM SYSTEM
4 12 4 12
5 13 5 13
6 14 6 14
7 15 7 15
8 16 8 16

C C
CARR
M M

M CARR 9
E E
9
10
11
12
CARR 9
10
11

PROT
13 12
10

PROT
14 13

PROT
11 15 14
12 16 15
LOCAL SET 13
? REMOTE OPERATION
14
15
16

16

SYSTEM SYSTEM SYSTEM


1
2
3
9
10
11
1
2
3
9
10
11
HYD HYD
EM
4 12 4 12

HYD
EM
5 13 5 13
6 14 6 14
7 15 7 15 ABB Network Partner AG REL531

EM
M M 8 16 8 16

RAN C C
RAN RAN
LOCAL SET
? REMOTE OPERATION
E E
C
E

M M

EM AVR 1 9 1 9
EM AVR EM AVR
M 2 10 2 10
3 11 3 11
4 12 4 12
5 13 5 13
6 14 6 14
7 15 7 15
LOCAL SET 8 16 8 16
? REMOTE OPERATION

C C
E E

EM OTH EM OTH
EM OTH
ABB Network PartnerREL511
AG
M M

LOCAL SET
? REMOTE OPERATION

C
E
POWER GRID CHINA SAS
SAS in POWER GRID, INDIA – SEONI (WR)
IEC 61850 RELAY MODELS OF DIFFERENT MANUFACTURERS
BAY LINE
FEEDER DISTANCE DIFFERENTIAL BUSBAR
MANUFACTURERS CONTROL DIFFERENTIAL
67 21 87 T 87 BB
UNIT 87 L
REX 521 REB 670
ABB REC 670 REL 670 RED 670 RET 670
REF 615 REB 500
AREVA MICOM MICOM MICOM MICOM MICOM MICOM
C264 P141 P44 2/3/4 P543/547 P633/P643 P74 1/3/6
GE D 25,C90+,
F 60 D 90, D 60 L 60, L 90 T 60 B 90,
MULTILIN F650
SIEMENS SIPROTEC SIPROTEC SIPROTEC SIPROTEC SIPROTEC SIPROTEC
( SIPROTEC ) 6MD 66/3 7SJ 62/3/4 7SA 522/6.. 7SD 522/61_ 7UT 633/13/2 7 SS 52

SEL SEL SEL SEL SEL SEL SEL


451-4 451 421 387L 487E 487B
GRL GRB
TOSHIBA GRD 150 GRD 140 GRZ 100 GRT 100
100 / 150 100/150
BAY LEVEL SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
¾ DECENTRALIZED ARCHITECTURE -
DISTRIBUTED CONTROL ROOMS USING BAY
KIOSKS CALLED PORTABLE RELAY ROOMS.
¾ BAY-ORIENTED CONCEPT –
EACH BAY PROVIDED WITH BAY KIOSKS/
PORTABLE RELAY ROOMS.
¾ DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENCE –
EACH BAY PROVIDED WITH CONTROL IEDs (BCUs)
FOR CONTROL & MONITORING FUNCTIONS.
EACH BAY PROVIDED WITH PROTECTION IEDs
(BPUs) FOR PROTECTION.
¾ DECENTRALIZED FUNCTIONS.
¾ USING IEC 61850 (UNIVERSAL) SUBSTATION
AUTOMATION PROTOCOL.
¾ IT IS CALLED BAY LEVEL SUBSTATION AUTOMATION.
PRESENT STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION
OF
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM
IN APTRANSCO IS
DISTRIBUTED CONTROL ROOMS USING
BAY KIOSKS
CALLED PORTABLE RELAY ROOMS
USING IEC 61850 (UNIVERSAL)
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION PROTOCOL.
THIS IS CALLED BAY LEVEL
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION