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LABORATOR nr.1 E.I.M.

IENG 4852
Cuplele cinematice elementare
Cupla cinematic este realizat dintr-o legtur de contact direct, caracterizat de o
anumit mobilitate. Mai multe cuple cinematice formeaz un lan cinematic.
Clasificare:
dup urmtoarele criterii:
mobilitate;
monomobile;
zon de contact:
deschise, au o zon de contact de tip: linie sau punct;
nchise, au zona de contact de tip suprafa.
Principalele cuple cinematice elementare:
Nr.crt. Tipul cuplei Reprezentarea spaial - schematic Caracterizare structural
1. Cupl
mobil
congruent
de rotaie

'


0
21
0
21
5 6
1
) , , , , ( ) (
) ( ) (
z y x z y
x
P P P M M c
f c c
f
f f

2. Cupl
mobil
congruent
de translaie

'


0
21
0
21
5 6
1
) , , , , ( ) (
) ( ) (
z y x z y
x
P P M M M c
f c c
f
f f

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LABORATOR nr.1 E.I.M.
IENG 4852
3. Cupl
bimobil
congruent
cilindric

'


0
21
0
21
4 6
2
) , , , ( ) (
) , ( ) (
z y z y
x x
P P M M c
f c c
f
f f

4. Cupl
trimobil
congruent
sferic

'


0
21
0
21
3 6
3
) , , ( ) (
) , , ( ) (
z y x
z y x
P P P c
f c c
f
f f

5. Cupl
bimobil
congruent
plan pe plan

'


0
21
0
21
) , , ( ) (
3 6
) , , ( ) (
3
y z y
y x z
P M M c
f c c
f
f f

6. Cupl
tetramobil
incongruent
cilindru pe
plan

'


0
21
0
21
) , ( ) (
2 6
) , , , ( ) (
4
y y
y x y z
P M c
f c c
f
f f

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LABORATOR nr.1 E.I.M.
IENG 4852
7. Cupl
pentamobil
incongruent
sfer pe plan

'


0
21
0
21
1 6
5
) ( ) (
) , , , , ( ) (
y
z x z y x
P c
f c c
f
f f

Policuplele se realizeaz din dou sau mai multe cuple cinematice elementare.
Prin legarea n serie a dou sau mai multe cuple elementare se solidarizeaz
elementul finalal unei cuple de cel iniial al celeilalte cuple.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )

'

z y x z y
x
P P P M M c
c
f
f
, , , ,
; 5
; 1
21
21
0
21

+ ( ) ( )
( ) ( )

'

z y x z y
x
P P M M M c
v f
f
, , , ,
; 1
0
1 2
, ,
=> ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )

'


+
z y z y
x x
P P M M c
v f U f f
f f f
, , ,
,
;
, ,
, , , ,
, ,
1 2
0
1 2
21
1 2
1 2
21 21

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LABORATOR nr.1 E.I.M.
IENG 4852
Policuple paralele
Policuplele paralele se obin prin legarea n paralel a dou sau mai multe cuple
elementare i rezult prin solidizarea elementelor de acelai tip.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )

'

,
_

0
'
1 2
1 2
0
1 2
1 2
0
21
21
0
21
21
, , ,
; 5
; 1
, , ,
; 4
,
; 2
' '
' '
' '
'. '
z y z y x
x
z y z y
x x
P P M M M c
c
v f
f
P P M M c
c
v f
f

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )

'

,
_




0
'
1 2
21
0
1 2
21
1 2
21
, , ,
1
' '
' '
' '
z y z y x
x
P P M M M c Y c c
v f I f f
f f f
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LABORATOR nr.1 E.I.M.
IENG 4852
Policuple mixte
Se obin prin legarea a cel puin trei cuple n serie i paralel. Cele mai rspndite
cuple mixte sunt rulmenii (lagre cu rostogolire).


) , , , ( ) (
; 4
) , ( ) ( ; 2
21
21
21 21
z y z y
x x
P P M M c
c
v f f






) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
1
1 2 21
1 2 21
x
v f f f
f f f





) , , , , ( ) (
5 ) (
) ( ) ( ; 1
1 2
1 2
1 2 1 2
z y z y x
x
P P M M M c
c
v f f




) , , , , ( ) ( ) ( ) (
1 2 21 z y z y x
P P M M M c c c

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LABORATOR nr.1 E.I.M.
IENG 4852
( ) v v
( ) ( )

'


0
21
,
4
z x
f
f f

( ) ( )

'


0
21
,
2 6
z x
P P c
f c c
( ) ( )

'


0
21
,
4
z x
f
f f

( ) ( )

'


0
21
, ,
2 6
x z x
M P P c
f c c
( ) ( )

'


0
21
,
4
z x
f
f f

( ) ( )

'


0
21
,
2 6
z x
P P c
f c c
6