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TESTE $l PROBLEil/IE

CURASPUNSLAALEGI-=RE

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CUPRINS

;

INTRODUCERE

t"

rrsrEvARIANTA

TESTE VARIANTA

Prezentacu|egeredetesteconstituietematicaprobeic|eChinrieorganicadin

l. Subidctetipasocieresimpli

I

ll.intrebiri cu complementsimplu

ll.1Intrlducerein chimiaorganici

r.rrrlrUlconcursului de admitere la Universitatea de Medicind 9i Farnracie "Victor Babe9"

rlrrr 'l irnigoara,careva avealocin

datade 24'07 '2001'

Jl:2Alcani

Jl3 Alchene

Concursu|vafisus|inutlnbazaacestorteste,dincareVorfiextrasea|ealor'un

11,4 Alcadiene.Compugimacromoleculari

tttttttilrdat,carevorconstitulsubiecte|e de concurs.Corectarea acestorase va face pe

Irrrrjtdegri|d.peloc.insa|S.decStredouScadredidactice,?nprezenlacandidatu|ui

|.t||l}ite|aborattezagiaaltordoicandida|i,inca|itatedemartori.|mediatdupi

r oror;tarecandldafil'afli punctajul 9i notaobfinuti'

Pr|naceastasedoregtecatoficandida[iis6seafleincondiliiega|e'

rrxtnlilndo iransparenfl'totati a concursului' In cazul.in carecandidalii sau cadreledidactice careparcurgacestetesteau

rrrrr,lortbieclilsau'obs'ervalii,iugdmalecomunicalaUniversitateadeMedicindqi

I

ar,rrrt:ro "Victor Babeg;ain ririgorra,

 

l

lrrllrritta,numaittaiu de 2'07 '2001'

in scris, pe adresa:P-la

Eftimielvlurgunr.2,

Ar:ceptdmoriceobs.erva}iedinparteacandidafi|orgiprofesori|ordespecia|itate.

putea

rilrrrilrktrlca testelecare potprezentaneclaritdti sdfiecorectate'Prinaceastavor

lt Uxrluriodlnbazade datqtestelecare prezintdambiguitdli'

(]otn|sladeadmlterelg|rezervidreptuldeafacemodificiriu|terioare

lnclohrr (:nrovor conititul subiecte de'concurs'

l.r;unlntlrh,cl,unlversitatea de Medicind 9i Farmacie 'Victor Babeg"din

Alchine

--.11.5

-,|1.6 Arene

,,I{.7.Compugi halogenali

ll.8Alcooli

ll.'bFenoli

",1,1110 Amine " ll.11Aldehide 9i cetone

atlz

ecizicarboxitici

ll.-13E-steri

ll.14Anti-d6

ll.15 Arddacizi - proteine

11.16Glucide

11.17Reacliide alchilare 9i condensare

ll.1BReac$ide oxidare

ll.19 Reacliide hidrogenare gi reducere

11.20lzomeriade catenil,de pozilie 9i geomelrici '

va asigura tuiufi-r candida[ilor din provincieadrnigi, cazarein c6minele

llrrrlgrrr''

ilillvorrllfilii gl masd contracosl Precizdm cd toatecdmineleau fostrenovate9i se afl6

frr rrrrrrllflloptimedecazare'

Conducerea Universitilii

TESTEVARIANTA

ill

TESTEVARIANTA

IV

TESTEVARIANTA

V. Scheme-dereac|le

TESTEVARIANTA

Vl. intrebiri cu complement grupat .

TESTEVARIANTA

Vll. intrebiri de tip cauzi - efect

TESTEVARIANTA

Vlll.Probleme

:

Vlll.l Structurichimici. FormuldmolecularS.lzomerie

Vlll.2Solu(ii.Conversie.Randament

Vlll.3Problemediverse

'

ANEXA

1

30

30

35

3S

.42

40

51

EA

58

62_

bo

ttl

74

78

81

84

8B

91

95

9B

102

117

133

158

206

230

230

248 .

zss

286

({

hrw 7--

iFlf

F

VAnhNtA I

€tdtferlellp alrrilore r.hlrpld

I f, tFEIFi F IItI{,tI,I:AHIAVAI{tAN'rA RASPUNDETI:

l'r'"rilr rir" 'r!.:

ts'riiiif r,i.rifrlilrr ifr *.Hrfinttettolrrdcrr cifrearabe(1 - 5] trebuie si

lrlifdlatsrtilnlo

,rrr;r(a

- e).DupE asocierepi"ai-ii

l

prin

'r;'r* irli

rrl{,lr,r lilcrefstl

'|r r'Erirtfiir i !,l.irrr

F relreltlr FE saltEu ltrrrtrltlciaficorecti.

|

|

i

I

|

'r

iltElatl

lr

nFiriiEiilHti

,I,rrrftiilr

1rP11l911

t:,,lttsttlatl

ja

ac

4a ,le {lr,6rl,

ik,4g,

ic

I tq d€, ,*,, 4r1,frlr

lt

I

li

n

lr

lr

ts

lF

ie

lg

{h

rlrl,

{h, hrl,

hrl,

J

|

; stltiil

J frLfftrgetl

,l errrl

{

rrtf

6 trekrgprr

 

A

tlt, Ja,;l:, 4o,tid;

F

lA,,r:, ild,4b,5d;

t;

la, lr:, ltlr,4u,5d;

ll

Irl,2r:,Ja,4b,5e;

I

le, ?r;,llb,4o,5d.

|

iltt'tldll

7

Hl€il6

,l l)tr)|,il1

4 lrUlarl

fr lrr:ttittn

A.

ll, 1d,2b,3e,4a,

C. 1c,2d,3e,4a,5b;

D. 1b,2c, 3e,4a, Sd;

Sc;

lu,2c.3b.4a,5d;

 

E. 1e.2a,3d,4b,5c.

44

1.benzen

2.

3. acid benzoic

4. aldehidd formic6

5. CH3COOCzH5

naftalind

e cnrlx)ncuatemar lr,rlorrsllale maimaredecatapa t. ;t 1!i%oin aer,detoneaze rl,r:r.rrbonte(iar rr,lklrld la2O'C

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

MoO3

MnOz

(CH:COO)zpb

AgNO:

BaCl2

a. reacliede izomerizare(AlCl3)

b. carbonhibridizatsp3

c. densitate fal5de aer = 0.92

d. carbonhibridizatsp?

e. gaz"75o/o carbon

; !-.1i4

.,&js./lYjlTe: "

';r

;

t

.':

,.:ifiAv*rf,5l

i',",.:l.!&.qp,,$,{ as t

,j,'ii.tJ,i.r:i.V irtg: i

:

a. lichid,mirospliiut, sohbnt

b.

c. lichid,inflanrabil,solvent

d. solid.cristalizat,insecticid

e. gaz, solubilin apd, dezinfectant

solid,cristalizat,strblimeazi

.

:

-at.lrl

;r,:,)i.+ir-:!T*ii-,'

1

9

+

88

6

c

5.

A. 1a,2b,3c, dO,se,

B.

1a,2b,3e.4cJ,5c;

C. 1b,2d,3a,4e,Sc;

D. 1c,Zb,3e, 4d,5a,

E, 1c,Zd,3b,4e.5a

1.crH2

2. fenol

3 glicerinA

4.

5.

proteine

eteni

A

B

1c,Za,3b, 4cl,5e:

1a,2c,3d,4e,5b;

I

i

C. 1b,Za,3c,4e, brj;

D. 1d,2e,3b,4c, Sa,

E.1c,2b,3d,4a, 5e.

a. HNO3

b.

c.

d; solulie

e. densitate fal6de aer=0,97

FeCl:

[As(NH]hloH

bazicdrte CuSOa

6.

1. Cfljolj

-

--+-+

--

CHrO + |.1.

a. oxizi de azot, 4fi1600"C

5:Hrl3;ilfl?31

2.2 CzH2

3. C2H2 .'.-".---

Clla=6g_a- b. Cu,2SO"C

ClJj CHO

cH;o+fl,s

"n

4.cH,-+oz---r-

5. CH3-CH(OH)-CH3------_

CHr_CO-CHa , e. KzCrzOz, HzSO,r

A.

1c,2b,3d,4a, Se;

8.1e,2d,3c. 4a,Sb;

C.1b,2d,3c,

D.

E.1a,2b,3d,4c, 5e.

4a,5e;

1d,2b,3c, 4a,5e;

7. 1.HrN-CH:-CO-NH-Cf t.COO|-J

I

clt;-sH

2. H,N-CH.CGNH-CH-COOH

ll

cF{

cH"_oH

4- HaN-CH-CO-NH-CH-(CHtrNH2

HOOC-(cHr, tl

cooH

3.HrN-CH-CGNH_CH_icH?)2-CooH

ll

CH!-SH

cocH

5. H2N-Ct-t-co_NH_CH.C;OOH

ll

CHTSH

CH:

a.glutamil-lisin6

b.cisteiniFacidglutamic

c.glicil-cisteind

d.alanil-serin6

e.cisteinil-alanind

4.1a,2b,3d, 4c,5e;

B.1d,2c,3b,4a, 5e:

C.1e,2d,3b,4a. 5c;

D.1c,2d,3b,4a, 5e;

E.1b,2a,3e,4c, 5d.

1.celulozi+ hidroxidde sodiu

2.celulozisodate+ sulfrredecarbon

a.xantogenat deceluloza b.colodiu

10

|

|

.t (-erut(rza+ acld actlc +

4 t:chrloz6 + acid azotic + acid sulfuric

li cetuloze + acid azolic + acidsulfuric + acetona

anhtdndaacetica

c, acetatde celuloz6

A.'1c,2e,3b.4d,5a;

d. alcaliceluloziprimari

B.lc,2a,3d,4b,5e;

e.pulberefdri fum

C.1c,2a,3b,4d,5e;

D.

1a,2q 3d,4b, 5e;

A. 14,2b,3d,4c,5e;

tl 1c,2d,3a,4e.5b:

O. 1d.2a,3c,4e,5b;

tl

E 1e,2c,3b,4d,5a.

1b,2e,3d.4a,5c:

I Col-lrr

I

2 -CH

I

:J.anronoxidare

.l clonrrddemetilen

5.cracare

A,1a,2c.3b,4e,5d;

B. 'lb,2a, 3d,4c,5e;

C.1d,2a,3e,4b,5c;

D.1c,2e,3b,4a,5d;

l!.1e,2a,3d,4b,5c.

'l ncetilurSdecalciu

? scetihrredecupru

.

3,o.'Hz

4,C:Hr+

600€00'c

------'---------

80-100"c

CuzClz,NHrCl

0,CrHr

B0-100"c

+

CurClr'NHrCl

A,1b,2c,3a,4e,5d;

B,1!,2d,3e,4b,5c;

Cllc,2d.3a,4e.5b;

D 1c,2d,3b,4e,5a;

E,1c,2d,3e,4a,5b.

i, b.nzen + 3clz

2,lronzcl+3Clz .-#

S

L

nrltollnA + HrSOr

nrftallnA +

HzSOr

tl honron+6C1,

lumini

FeCl:

100"c

180"C

FeCIJ

*

a. metin

b. bun solvent

c. ruperelegaturiC-C

d. izomeride catenii ciclici

e. Pt, 1000'C

a. Ql-lr

b.GeHs

l

c. stabililalemPeraturacamerei

d.explodeazdlaincdlzire

e.CeHe

a. GH:Ch

b. acida-naftalin-sulfonic

c. C*{oCle

d. acidR-naftalinsttlfonic

e. CsClc

*J

i

I

\

4F

/ t

"'1/

t,\

/tt

61s

E.|e,2a,3d,4b,5c.

12. 1.C2HsCl

2. CzHscl

3.CrH{Clz

4.C:HsCl

5 CH3CI

KOHalcoolic

NaOHapos

A.1c,2e,3d,4a,5d;

B.1c,2d,3b,4a,5e;

C.Ia,2d,3b, 4c,5e;

D.1c,2d,3a,4b,5e;

E.1a,2c,3b,4d,5e.

13. 1.1.1-dihidroxiproPan

2. 2,2dihidroxiproPan

3. C2H5OH + KzCrrOr + HzSOr

4. 3-Pentanol + K2Cr2O? + H2SOI

5. CzHOH + KMnOr + HzSOr

A.1a,2c,3b,4d,5e;

B. 1a,2c"3d,4b, 5e;

C.1d,2c,3b,4d,5e;

D. 1q2a,3b,4d,5e;

E. 1c,2e,3b,4a,5d.

14. 1.pkogalol

2. hidrochinond

3. crezol

4. fenol

5. naftol

A.1d,2a,3b,4c,5e;

8.1a,2d,3e.4c,5b;

C.1d,2a,3c4b,5e;

D.1c,2d,3a,4e,5b:

E.1a,2d,3c,4b,5e.

1.oxidareenergice2,3-dimetil-2-buteni

2.oxidare2-buten6

3.oxidareacidmaleic

4.oxidarepropeni

5.oxidare$hexend

A.1e,2b,3d,4c,5a;.

8.1a,2b,3q4d,5e;

C.|b,2a.3e,4d, 5c;

I

I

a.CzHsOH

b.solventorganlc

Cztla

".

d.anestezic

e. agentfrigorifa

a.propanond

b.etanal

c. proPanal

d.dietilcetoni

e.acidac€tic

I

I

i'.,.

- i,

'

,.:i,.-,ii

i1,'l

'::

,i'

S,l.l

;:,'.1 :,3.i"1fQ

.i n{iol .3

.i-r .a *l#Siq.t. '",, 1x:rt#*.t,

8t

;

tio:r*.bS.C

.i 't sn:tir?ryf

.F

a.revetatoifoto tt

*,lnY1.,*,-

' '

,11'1,i33*"*ii

e.coloranli.,.,

i

3lil1H'il"*lYirrfF*:i': "r ir

iii.$i,lF#*"

,.ui.,,;,Srtig:ff 1

,''

,, ,1;n,i

i:j

.:,".rJt

:.1{ " j.r.: :r''}l +

a.aciohbricl "

3:;H*"t:l

d.acid

e acetoni ,jg

propiodc

,il

ilrI

ti' /6

D. 1e,2c,Jo,4a,5().

E.1e,2a,3b,4c,5cl

16. 1.acetilurdcuproas,i

acetilurAde arginl:

acetilurdde sodiu

acetilurdde calciur

acetilene

2.

3.

4.

5.

.l

l-t

i.

d

e.

r,irll-r;t.l

1:r;-.':pilal alb g5lbui lririr(;i:zeazi :ir;Lrl-,iilaitt acetona i;rt"'r;iprlatrogu-violet

'I

ri,;

A. Ia, 2b,3c,4d,5e;

8.1e,2a.3c,4b,5d;

C. 1b,2e,3d,4a,5c;

 

D,1e,2b,3c,4a,5d;

E.1c,2b,3a,4a,5d.

/f

17. 1.benzen

a. prina.ir(laidcUL),in prezert[ade VzOsla 350"C formeazaanl:,ririrlaftiilrca

2.

3. toluen

4. antracen

5. nitrobenzen

naflalind

b.

c.prinreducereforrneazdanilini

d.prinorrdarelor'nieaziacidbenzoic

e.stabrllaoxidarecLrKlr,4rrOo(apos)

prinoxirlarectrK

Cr;O7fornreazianlrachinond

4.1e,2a,3d,4b,5c;

8.1e,2a,3d,4c,5b;

C. 1a,2b,3e,4c,5d.

D.1b,2c,3d,4a,5e;

E.1e,2a,3d,4c,5b.

E

18. 1.etanol+ PCls

2.

3.

4.

5. benzen+ Ch + AlCl3

acetaldehidi+ HClrl

luftn + Cl2 1-pentene+ HCI

a.CeH.-Cl

b.csH11cl

c CrH:i'lO

d.

e. C.rHgCl

c2H3cl

/j

A. 1d,2b,3o,4c, 5a;

B.1a,2b,3c,4d,5e;

C. 1b,2c,3a,4d,5e;

D. 1d,2c,3e,4b,5a;

E.1a,2e,3d,4q 5b.

19. 1. glic€rini 2. alcool nesaturat

3. 1:pppanol + KzCrzC)r+ H2SOa 4. 1-proliairol+ KMnO4+ grggo

5.2-propanol+ KzCrzClr + HzSOr

a

propanal

b.

acidpropanoic

c.

propanon6

d

alcoolalilic

e.

idenlificarecu o soluliebazici de Cu2'

.A -!

' i

I

t

Y '

.4&.

{ 3

A

1e,2d,3a,4b,5c;

B. 'lc,2a, 3b,4e,5d;

 

C.1b,2e,3c,4d,5a;

D.1a,2b,3d,4e.5c:

E

1e,2d,3a,4c,5b.

d,4

.,, zo .;

'::.

iF:

i

il

2O 1.fenolt FeCl3

-

i',,

.:

il

:i:-

i:l:r';;

j

.-:r

$U.^; .,';1r. "xr-

a. coloralievioletintens

2. crezol+ FeClr

3. beta-naftol+ FeCl:

4. alfa-nafifil+ FeCl:

I

5.fenol + aer(intimp)

A. 1d,2b,3c,4e,5a;

B.

1c,2b,3d,4e,5a;

C.

1a,2b,3c,4d,5e;

D. 1e,2d,3a,4b,5c;

 

E. 1d,2b,3c,4a,5e.

i

21.

1propilamind+HCI

2. hidrolizaacetanilidei 3.tdmetitaminS+ CHrl

I

4. butilamini

5. anilini

A. 1a,2b.3c,4d,5e;

B. 1b,2c,3a,4e,5d;

l

C.1c,2a,3b,4d.5e;

D.1e,2d,3b,4c,5a;

E.1e,2d,3a,4b,5c.

,r.

1.propanat+ HCN

2.

acetond + HCN

3.

fenol+ formaldehidS (rnediubazic,la rece)

4.

fenol+ formaldehida (mediu acid)

5.

acetaldehidi+ etanal

4.1a,2b,3c,4d,5e,

8.1d,2e,3a,4b,5c;

C.1e,2c,3b,4a,5d;

.

D.1c,2d,3b,4e,5a;

E.1b,2a,3d,4c,5e.

23. 1.acidformic+Ni(tumini)

2. acidoxalic+ KMnOr

3. acidoxalic+ H2SOa(cald)

4. acid formic+H2SOa(cald)

5. benzen(Or,VrOs,500'C)

A. 1a,2b,3q 4d,5e; 8.1b,2a,3d,4q Se;

C.1e,2c,3b,4a,5d;

D.1e,2d,3a,4c,5b;

E.1d,2e.3c,4a,5b.

24.

1.s6punde sodiu

2. sdpundepotasiu

3.

sipLrnde bariu

4.

sdpunde mangan

b. coloraliealbastrd

c. coloralieverde

colora{ievioleta

d.

e. colora{ierogie

a. ioduri de tetrametilamoniu

b. mai bazicddec6t NH:

c. maipulinbazicSdec6tNHr

d. anilind

e. clofiidrat

a. alcoolihidroxibenzilici

b. dihidroxidifenilmetan

c. aldehidi crotonici

d.

etilcianhidrinA

e. dimetilcianhidrind

a. CO + CO2+ flrq

b.2COz+ 2HzO+ anhidridi maleici

c-CO +HzO

d. 2CO2+ H2O

e. Hz+ COz

a. lichid,solubilin ap6

b-utilizatla pasteadezive

c. solid,solubilin apd

d. utilizatla unsoriconsistents

./

J./pr,l

r ds

i ilvlllroEt

l

A

lb,2c,3a,4e,5d;

lc,2a,3e,4b,5d;

lc,2a,3d,4e,5b;

lt |a,2b,3c,4d,5e;

O

ll

| le,2d,3a,4c,5b.

e. solr(j,rnscltrbrlrnapd

I

irrcilzireciarratde amoniu

a.staresolida

ir

lorntamidi

b.alcooletilic

:l

acetantidd

c. acetoniiril

!

4. arnonolizdacetatde elil

5

acelatde amoniu+ PzOs

A

1d,2e,3a,4b,5c;

ll

la,2d,3e,4c,5b;

() 1d,2e,3b,4c,5a;

| ) 1c,2a,3b,4d,5e;

lo,2b,3c,4a,5d.

I

d. diamidaaciduluicarbonic

e. starelichid5

.'rr I :;irreSeignette r;rrllatde cupru .t rrr:idazotic

.,

a.r€actiexanloproteicd b.reactivbiurel c. reactivTollens

|

4

lrkhoxidde argint

d.reactivFehling

lr

lrllurol

e.identificareanilin6

A

1,r,2c,3e,4d,5b;

||

lrl,2c,3e,4b,5a;

t'. lu,?a,3b,4c,5d;

 

|

)

lrl,2b.3a,4c,5e;

I

lh,2d,3o,4a,5c

|

r,t,'litt?l

a.senge

-'

hlrotrr;l

b,cupru

t

glillr,.lrrii

c.grau

4 lrrrrrro0lobinl

d.lapte

'r ltlttttx:iattind

e.metase

A

In,7b,3c,4d,5e;

ll

lr, l,n,3n,4d,5b;

I

lr, 2ir.3b.4c.5d;

lr

lrl,,,tt,:lc,4a,5b;

|

|1,7r.:1a,4b,5c.

-Jtt I lrrrrrrl,/1

i

lrrrr,livlitJtwcizer

I

vr'lqrrtril

4 nlhnlrlncr':hrlozi

tr

,rlr rrlhlltklzi

A

llr,,,rr,:h, 4d,5e;

ll

lrt,,rlr,ilrt,4d,5c;

I

lr, ,tr.,:ll, 4a,5b;

a.

b.

c.

d.

s.

conlineamoniac

lignind

colodiu

alcoxid

sulfurede carbon

-*

Q,,t

29.

D.'1c,2d,3e,4b, Sa;

E.1b,2a,3e,4c, Sd.

.1. cloruride trimetilalclrilamoniu 2. hidroxipolieter 3. sulfalide atchil

, 4. oleatde sodiu

' i

t

ill

3l

bQ

i rh\ vv

I

+l

{
I

S.trioleind

A.

1d,2e,3b,4c, 5a,

B.

1b,2c,3d,4a,5e;

C.

le,Zd,3b,4c,5a;

D

1d,2e,3a,4b, Sc;

E.

1a,2b,3c,4d,5e.

30.

.1. hemocianine

2- gluteina

3.

4. gnrpdprostetici

5. cazeina

colagen

A.1e,2d,3b,4c,5a;

8.1a,2c,3b,4e,5d;

C. 1b,2d,3e,4a,5c;

D.1d,2e,3a, 4c,5b;

E.1d,2b,3c,4a,5e.

31.1.poli(.t,4)-s-grucoza

2.poti(1,4)-R-glucozd

3.glucozi cristalizatddinapd

4. glucozi cristalizate dinacidacetic

5.poli(1,4-1,6)-cr_glucoze

A.1a,2b,3c,4d,5e;

B. 1c,2d,3a,4e,5b;

C. 1d,2a,3e,4c,5b;

D.1b,2c,3d, 4a,5e;

E. 1e,2d,3a,4b,5c.

rZ. f. incrusre

2. eliminareincruste

3. solubilizare celulozA

4. v6scozi

5. celobiozd

33

A.1a,Zb,3c, 4d,5e;

B. 1c,2d,3e,4a,Sb;

C. 'ld, 2e,3a,4b,Sc;

D.1e,2a,3b,4c, Sd;

E. 1b,2d,3e,4a,5c.

1.legdturadintreC 9i O in aldehide

a. detergent anionic

b- sipun

c. esterorganlc

d. detergent cationic

e. detergontneionic

a.fosfoproteirii. b.proteinE fibroasi

c. gliceridA "

d.protein6globulard

e.proleino cucupru

;.

a. anomerq

b. anomerB'

c. amilopecUni

d. celulozi

e. amilozi

'I

""!"

-::: - '

'''il":

t:

f ).-*-'

- ,?,1

"-F

". ':'

f.C

.1:

- :r

l

'

j

Jtt

2 legAtLlra dtrltr€!L;

3. legdtr.lra dltlre,(; lt iJ

4. legittrradlllre ,.; ir () irrlrr<kozrcetorrt;

5.leg6tura dintre C 9i C irrperrtind

fl ll ir)iiiil.:ir

ll :tti:.Ji,lttctttari

A. 1e,2a,3b,4c,IirJ;

B. 1b,2c, 3d,4e,tia

C. 1a,2b,3e,4tJ, 5r-,

D.1c,2d,3b,4a. Se,

E. 1e,2a,3c,4b,Stl

34. 1. acid ftalicr_Olir.:crrrr,r 2.antoniac{ oxitlrftrr:rrtrr;l 3.fenoxiclde sorlrrrr lorilllr:l;:n

4.acidl;rclk:(rlr:hirl;ttr;t,rtsrr;)

5.aci<l2-ckrrltrt1r;rrrtlrrtir;fitrlroitz;i)

A. 1Lt,2d,ikl, 4r;,.bD;

Ll.1tr,2c,:i(i,4e,tja;

C.

D 1t:,?;t,lltl,4lt,5c.

E. 1c,2rl,ltr.:, 4ir,{ib.

lrl, jf;r, :Jl), 4(j,bc;

36

35. Urtilirlc:rslrrrr:{rrr;rl.ir rlrr.

 

1.tcrorr

2.

nylorr{i {i

 

3.polistinrrr

 

4.

polit citpro;rrrrtri;r

 

.5. polimet;rr:rrl;rl rll Irrr.hl

 

A.

1b,2c,3rl, rlr, 5ir.

 

B.1a,2b,3e.4rt,lrr:,

C- 1e,2d,3c, 4b,5,r,

D. 1c,2e,3b, 4a,trt,

E. 1a,2b,3c,4d,5r:

3C,

36. 1.hidrogenare alch:-1rl

 

2.

Ndrogenareparliala aft_lrrrr, ,

3.

hidrogenare benz:en

4.

reducere nitrodenva li

:t.

reducere nitrili

A

lc,2d,3e,4a,5b;

lt

t(t,2a,3b,4q be;

lb, 20,3d,4c,Sa;

(.

l )

lir,Zr:,:ld,4e,5b;

I

lu,?rl,ltrr,4tl,5c.

b. hibridizare sp3la carbon

htbridizare sp? 9i spr la carDorr

c.

rJ.hibridizare sp

e. hibridizare sp2 la carbon

$i sp3la caroon

a.aqd cetopropionic

b.acidhidroximalonic

c.gliptal

d. trietanolamina

e. anisol

a.5 atomide C b.6 atomide C c.Batomide C

d. 12atomideC

e. 10atomideC

;t Pt,250"c

Ir

r:

rl

l

[;s r flQl

Nil + alcooletilic l)rJcu sdruride pb Nl,t|0-200.C, 200atm

57 37.1 rth.rroh !l r!lr!tl:i.ltttrali

2.

3.IurIorrirr.l,,l

IrkI rrxr,rIlnlrirlrr 9i r:eloeteri saturati

ptr:ltlot.liOli

satufati

- 4.r:sh:rrnr':,itlllltt giitoziciclici

5.hidruxrutorl 1l

tlhrlllalurali

.t

lr

I

rl

t!

| ,,1 l/,,rf,

|

,,1 lr,,ttr ,,t t,,,, ,l lr ,,t t,,,,,rI ( ,,1 1,,, rt t,

|

|

L

J

4.1a,2b,3c,4d, 5e;

B. 1d,2e,3a, 4c,5b;

C.1d,2a,3b, 4e,5c;

D.1e,2a,3b,4c,5d;

E. 1b,2c.3d,4a, 5e.

38 J. acidoxalic(caracter reducetor)

A' ,,

2.acidoxalic+ HzSOc

3.acidbenzoic

4. acidoleic

5. acidstearic

4.1a,2c,3b,4e, 5d;

8.1a,2c,3d,4e, 5b;

C.1c,2a.3d,4e, Sb;

D.1c,2a,3b,4e, 5d;

E.1c.2a,3b,4d, 5e.

4

vv

c]

39. 1.acetatde butil

acidcarboxilic

2.

3. alcooli

4. sicativare

5. hidrogenaregrdsimi

4.1c,2e,3a.4b, 5d;

I 8.1c,2a,3e.4d, 5b;

I

I

I

I .

C.1d,2a,3e,4b,5c;

D.1a,2c,3e,4b, 5d;

;

I E.1c,2a,3e,4b, 5d.

. ^40.1. uree

QU

2. acidcarbamic

3. formamid5

4. R-C=N+ fl,

5. R-C=N+ fl.Q

t 4.1d,2c,3b;4e, Sa;

B.1d,2a,3b,4e,5c;

C. 1c,2a,3b, 4e,5d;

D.1c,2b,3a,4e,5d;

E.1a,2d,3b, 4e.5c.

41.1.alanind

,

0 ('l

I

2.colaqen

J.Senna

4.albumini

5.glicoprotein6

A.1c,2b,3a,4e,5d;

B.1c,2b,3a,4d, Se;

C.1a,2b.3c.4d, Se;

D.1e,2b,3a,4d, 5c.

10

a- CO + CO, + HzO

b. sublimare

c. 2COz+ lJzO

d. solirl

e. lichid

a.

b. polimerizare grdsimi nesaturate

hidrolizdnitrili

c. esenlearomate

d. solidificare

e. obtinereeteri

a. amid6 instabil6

b. amidi lichida

c. ci€natde amoniu

d. amid6stabild

e. aminAprimare

a.grupare -OH b.proteini fibroas6 c.acidcr-arnincpropionic d.proteineglobulari e.@mponentglucidic

,l

I

I

F

I

I

t

F

F

F

F

f.

F

F

T

/ t .)

"

/) ),

/)

')

)

I

()

c,.lu,1D.Je,40,5a.

42.1. anameralfaal glucozei

anomerbelaal glucozei

2.

3.zaharozi

4.

celulozd

5. fructozi + l-lz

A.

B.

C.1a,2d,3b,4o,5e;

1d,2a,3e,4c,5b;

1d,2a,3c,4b,5e.

D.

E.

1a,2d,3e,4c,5b;

1b,2a,3c,4d,5e;

43.1.C2Hr+ 02

2.

3.

4.

5.

C2l-12+ IOI

Crol-lo + Ct CsHro + [Ol C6H12O5+ [Ol

Ag, 250"C

vros,350"c

A. 1a,2d,3b,4e,5c;

8. 1d,2a,3e,4b.5c;

C. 1a,2d,3e,4b,5c;

D.1e,2a,3b,4d,5c;

1d,2a,3b,4e,5c.

E.

44. 1. CaHl*tr

2

caH. + 2H2

Pd (Pb'-)

-----------*

*'

'

3.R-CHr-OH tol*

4' R-NO,

5. R-CHO * Hr -_

-_--'

A.

1e,2b,3a,4c,5d;

1e,2b,3d,4c,5a;

C.1b,2e,3a,4c,5d;

1b,2e,3d,4c,5a;

E. 1o,2b,3c,4d,5a.

B.

D.

45.1.CsHi2

CeHrz

CoHrz

2.

3.

4.

5.

C7H8O

CloH-OH

R-NHz

A. 1a,2e,3b,4c,5d;

8.1d,2a,3e.4b,5c;

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

crislalizaredin ap5

fructozi

reactivSchweizer

celulozd

hexitol

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

acidoxalic

anhidriddftalici

acidgluconic

oxidde eteni

acidftalic

a.

R-CHO

b.

cxH6

c. 3Fe + 6HCl

d.

e.

R-cH2-oH

C3H6

a.

b. 5 izomeriaromatici

c.2izomen de poziliearomatici

d.

e.

12izomen de catend 9i pozilie ciclici

3 izomeride catend I izomeride catendgipoziliearomatici

I

i

I

I

I

I

i

A

t.-

/')('

1d.2a,3b,4e,5c;

D 1c,2e.3b,4a,5d;

E 1d,2e,3a,4b,5c.

46 Unitateaskucturalddin:

1.nylon6-6

s.2 atonlioxigen

2. poli-c-caproamida

b.4 atomicarbon

3.

4. poliacetatde vinil

5.

terom

polistiren

A. 1e,2a,3c.4b,5d;

B.'1e,2a,3c,4d,5b;

C.1a,2c,3d,4b,5e;

D, 1c,2a,3e,4b,5d;

E.1c.2a,3d,4b,5e.

c. 1 atom oxigen

d.4 atonrioxigen

e. 8 atomi carbon

h

l

//8

47

'

aa7

|

.

t

halogenareaalcanilor

a.acetilerle

2.izomerizareaalcanilor

b.gazdesintezd

3. oxidareametanuluicu vaporide api

c.acidclanhidric

4. amonooxidareametanului

d.substihtfier

5. cracareametanuluiin arc electric

e.AlClr,SS100"C

A 1d,2e,3b,4c,5a;

8.1b,2a,3d,4c,5e;

C.Id,2e,3c, 4b,5a;

D.1e,2d,3b,4c,5a;

E. 1d,2e,3c,4a,5b.

48.1.hidrogenareaalcheneloI

2. aditjaapeila eten;

3.polimerizareaetenei

4.oxidareaalchenelorcuKMnO,rin mediuneutru 5.oxidareaunoralchenecu dicromatinmediusulfuric

,

a.Ni,BG2OO"C,200atrn

b.300"C,1000atm

_c.acizi cadroxiliciglcetone d.dioli e.acidfoslForicpesuport deAlzOr

4.1e,2a,3d,4b,5c;

8.1a,2e,3b,4d,5c;

C.1a,2e,3c,4d,5b;

D.'lb,2e,3a,4c,5d;

E.

1d,2b,3a,4c,5e.

:'

:"1.:l.ii

;.i.-.

'

.

.

''

,.,.

'I

':,-

_

t

;,-

,.

0t.1.acetilen6,Pdotravit

a.

2. acetilenS,Ni findivizat

b.

CuzCh,NruCl,BC100"C

3. adila HCIla acetilen6

c.

etan

dimerizareaacetilenei

4.

5. trimerizareaacetilenei

A.1c,2d,3a,4b,5e;

1d,2c,3b,4a,5e;

B.

C.1d,2c,3a,4b,5e;

D.'la,2c,3d,4e,5b; i:

E.1b,2a,3c,4e,5d.

.

*r"

tt

L2-

d.elend -'

o. tuburi ceramlce, 6oO€00"C

-,

t

;

f

'

':-

,

'''

'

t

r"'

-l'':

.-.:!.-

!!l

:'i:

E:4

a,#

-

!;M

;,';

.:n i

-,.<ii

'a

I t'

I

!

;

J i'

I

50 1.1lrtr1.rarefurrr:ticrraiinlonovalentd

2 gruijare flnc.ttonalddivalentd

3 grut)are flrnc(ionalatrivalenld 4. den'ralftiltcltonal

5 comptrgicrrflrnclitrrremixtd

A

-le 2c,3tr,4a,5d;

B 1b.2d,3a,4c,lie;

C.

1b.2d,3e,4a,.5c;

D

1d.2b,3a,4e,r5c;

E.

lb. 2d,3a.4e.tic.

a.acizicarboxilicj

b. fenoli

c.aminoacizi

d.

e.

cetone

nilrili

sl. 1. func{irrnenrixri

grupdri alcoor prinrar, o g*parearcoor secundar

2. tlenv al fur.tctrr-rnarr

3. actrjlaclrc

4 acid pirLrvic(acicrcetopropionic)

5. func{iurie nrixtd arr,ehidii,o gnrpare alcoorprimar, o gnrpare arcoolsecrJndar

cet,:nd, doui

a hidroxiacid

b. lriozA

c. lekoza

d. cetoacid

e. anhidridd

'li

ii,,

i:;

A.1e,2c.3b,4a, Sct;

1c,2e,3a,4d,Str;

1c.2e,3d, 4a,5br;

1b,2a,3e, 4d,5c;;

1c,2a,3d,4b,Se.

C.

D.

B.

E.

lri

rl

it:r

lii:

llli

iiil

:ii

,{1

.-/ v

52. 1.aldehid6saturati

2.

3.

4.

5. alcoolcic,icnesaturat

alcoolsaturat

acidcarboxilicsatr.rrat

actddicarbonlicsaturar

4.1b,2a,3d,4e,5c,

8.1a,2b,3d, 4e,5c;

C. 1b,2e,3d,4c,Se;

D. 1c,2b,3a,4d,5e;

E. 1a,2b,3c,4d,5e.

ii{

iliii

t--D\

--J

;lil:

iil''

;in,

rih jfr'

L-/ 53.1.alcoolprimarsatun:t

2. alcoolnesaturat

3.alcoolaromatic

4.

5.alcool te(iar

1,2,}propaniriol

A.1a,2b,3c,4d,5e;

B.1d,2e,3b,4a,5c;

G.1a,2c,3e,4b,Sd:

D.1b,2a,3c, 4d,5e;

ih

t$ri

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

C,,Hzn.zO

CnH2uO

CuHz*zt)

CnH2nO2

CnH2o2Oa

a. propanol

b. glicerinS

c.

d.

e.

alcoolalilic_

alcool le(butilic

alcoolbenzilic

I

'

C

.-1

E.1a,2h.3e.4c,Fd

rfl-,

v

/

s+ 1.hidroliza:aharozei Z. hiclrolizagliccgenului

3.hidrolizacelutozei

4. hidrolizagr6sinrrlor

5_hidrclizaureer

A 1a,21',,3c,4ci,9,:;

B lb,2c, 3a,ee,Sci;

C. 1c,2a.3b,ac, 5cl;

D_1b.2c,3e,4d,5a;

E. 'lc, 2a.3b,4d,5e.

r

646s

e

1.viscozi

2. acelalde celtiloza

3. idenrificare(r. nafiol(FeCl])

4. identifi,;areR-rraftol(FeC[)

5. hidrogenarea fenotuiui, Ni,200,C

A. 1c,2e,3d, orr,5a;

B.1e.2c,3b,4d,5a;

C.1c.2e,3b,4d,Sa;

D. 1e,2c,3t1, 4b,5a;

E. ia,2tl,3b, 4c:,5d.

l

b

Se. 1.valir'la

2.

3.lisina

4.

5.

acidasparagic

glicina

alanina

A.1e,2c,3a, 4b,5d;

B. 1e,2b,3d,4q 5a;

C.

O 1a,2b.3c,ed,Se:

E.1c,2d,3b, 4a.Se.

lb,2e,3c,4e,5d;

3 -l' s1.1. -(CsHlrO:),i,n=6oo-1200

2. -(C6H'cOs),;.n=600i130.$0

3. reac{iabiurelului

.1. reacliaxantoproteicd

5. oxidareaglucozei cir reactivFehling

i

I

I

I

/12

Cd

A.

B.

C.

D. 1d,2b,3c,4e,5a;

E.1b.2d.3e,4c,5a.

Se;

'tb,:d, 3c,4a,Se;

1b,2d,3a, 4c,Se;

1d,?b,3c,4a,

ss.t.lisina

2.acirlasparagic

3.acitl 1.;hrlanric

a.

b.

bela-glucozd

zahAri,lvertit

alfirglucoz5

c.

cf.Cioxidde uarl,ongiarnoniac

e. sagcniflcare

a.

D.coloralieverde

c. filareumeilS

d. colora[ievictetilitens]

e. lilare uscate

cicloheranol

a. 6 alonti C

b. 2 atorniC

c- 4 atorniC

d. 3 atonii C

e- 5 atonii C

a. colorafieportocalie

b arr,iloza

c. coloralievioleti

'

d. arrrilopectina

e. precipitat rogrr

a. acida-aminoglutaric

b. acido-amlnoB-tiopropionic

c. aclclo-aminosuccinic

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

5. cistetna

A. 14,2b,3c,4s,5d:

B. 1c,2b,3a,4d,5e,

C. 1d,2c,3a,4e, 5b;

D. 1a,2b,3c,4d,5e;

E. 1d,2a,3b,4c,5e'

i JL,u

:l!

L-Uiirif

[l rocapl

Ofllc

e. acida-amino-4-hidroxipropionic

('

,.r

.I

t,r

|

.)

I

59.1.H_COOH + HeSOr

2.rl-cooH

3.

H-COOH

4.

5.

HOOC-COOH

HOOC€OOH + Hrsor

A.

fl.

C.

D.1c,2d,3e,4b, 5a;

E.1c,2d,3b,4e, 5a.

ld,2c,3e,4b,5a;

1a,2b,3c,4d, 5e;

1b.2a.3d.4e.5c;

Ni.lumin5

+lol

+[ol

fC

ll0.1.HOOC-CHa-COOH

2. HOOC'"(CHr)TCOOH

3. I1OOC-(CHTIfCOOH

4. HOOC-(CHr)TCOOH

li Hooc-cooH

A.1c,2e,3d,4b, 5a;

ll, 1a,2b,3c,4d,5e:

C.1c,2e,3b,4d,5a;

l). 1o,2c,3d,4b,5a;

l'. lt:',2d,3e,4a, 5b'

fll l lzobutan+izobuteni+HzSOr

2.fonilsmine +dorur5de metil(exces)

oxidde eteni (exces)

il hklroxibemen +

4 nlcoolihidroxrbenzilicila 150'C

h,o,o'dihidoxidifenilmetan in mediuacid

A,1u,2c,3c,4b,5d;

ll lc,2d,3a,4b,5e; (: 1b,2€,3a,4c,5d; t) lcl,2o,3b,4q5e;

|

1b,2e,3d,4a,5c.

'

I oxltlnremelan(H2O,Ni,65G900'C)
"

t. ltl

P' \'

2 oxklnmmetan (O2,oii

il oxhlururnetan (O2,60 atm,400"C)

deazot,40G600'C)

a. CO + CO2 + H2O

b. COz + HrO

c, CO +HzO

d. Cq+

H2

e. 2CO, + l-lrQ

a. acid oxalic

b. acid succinic

c. acid malonic

d. acid adipic

e. acidghrtaric

l

I

a. hidroxipolieter

b.

'c.

d. novolac

e. N,N-dimelilanilind

izooctan

reziti

'l

a.aldehidriformici 6.sarbqp + alii c.oxiddecarton+ hidrogen

,L5

67 v

4.oxidaremetan(Orin cantitateinsuficientd) 5.oxidaremetan (1500'C)

A.1a,2c,3e,4d,5b;

B.'1c,2a,3d, 4b,5e;

C. 1b.2a,3d.4e,5c;

D.1d,2b,3e,4o,5a;

E.1c,2d,3a,4b,5e.

ffi.1. benzen

-----.-* ciclohexan

'.-*

2.2;butini

3.hidroxibenzen .-*

4.acelonitril

5.a-nitronaflalinA -

2-butenl

ciclohexanol

etilamin6

o-naftilaminl

d. alcoolmetilic

e. carbon+ hidrogen

a.Na + alcooletilic

b.Ni,200"C,20atm

g.p6 + HCI d.Pd,siruridePb

e.Pt.250'C

A.1e,2d,3c, 4b,5a;

B.'la,2b,3e,4c,5d;

C.1c,2a,3d,4e,5b;

D.1e,2d,3b,4a,5c;

6+

E.ld,2e,3a,4b,5c.

64.1.Collu

2.clHecl

3. C7Hr8

4. c6H1t

5. C5H1r-OH

a.4 homeridepoziliegicaleni b.5 homeridecateni

c. 8

d.6 homeridecateni (ctl1 C cuatemar)

e. 8 homeridecaleni

lzomeride pollie 9i cateni (alcooli)

,i

A.1b,2c,3d,4e' 5a;

8.1a,2d,3c,4b,5e:

C.|c,2d,3b,4a,5e; :

D-1e,2b,3d,4c,5a; :

E.1b,2a,3e,4d,5c. ,

65.f . introducerea gruplriiR-CGlntr-omolecule

2.eliminareaaPeidinalcooli

3.introducerea grup6rii-CnHz,*rintr-omoleculS

4.adiliaaPeilaalchine

5.oblinereaacizilorcarboxilicidinamide

A.1b,2c,3a,4e, fi;

8.1a,2c,3b,4d,5e;

C.1a,2c,3b,4e, 5d;

D.1b,2a.3c,4d,5e;

E.1a,2b,3c,4d, 5e.

66

es.1.fenol

2.qcrezol

3.c-naftol

4.hidrochinoni

5. Pirogalol

A.1d,2c.3e,4b,Sai

B.1c,2d.3e,4a,5b;

a- reac$ede acilare

b. reacle de alchilaro

c. reac$ede deshidratare

d. reag$ede hidrolizd

e. reacfiede hidralare

a.l,2,$trihidroxibenzen

b. pdihiCro:ribenzen

c. hidroxibonzen

d.p-hidroxitoluen

e.'o-hldroxinaftalini

I

t

I

i

!.

t.

i:

al

1

I

rt

r

tC, 2il,

la,

J. 4b, Sa,

2b,3e, 4d,5r:

67 t fosfoproteidd 2 lipoproteidr:

a.

protei4e cu cupru

3.glicoprolekle

o.

cazeina

4. rrtetaloprotr-.ido

c.

res{uri de gliceride

5 nucleoproteicle

o.

acid nucleic

e.

resluri de glucide

A

H

11r,2c,3e, 4a,5d;

1a,2b,3c,4d,5e;

K

u. -rc, 2b,3a,

t! 1b' 2c,3d,

E.1d,2c,3e,4'a, Sb.

4e,sa;

4e,Sci:

(. 68 l. acitj stearic

2

3. acid adipic

4

S.acic.loleic

aciclpalmitic

acid

oJtalic

A.

1b,2a,3c, 4or,5e;

1b,2a,3d,4c,5e: 19,2b,3d,4c,5e;

u. 1e,2b,3c, 4d,Sar

E.1a,2b,3c,4d,

:

u.

Se.

a.

saturat

satural, 16

1gatomi de C

atomi de C

o.

c.

u. olcarboxilic, B atomi

orcarboxilic, 6

atomi de C

de C

tr.nesaturat, 1gatomi de C

L.i

7 C

69. J. n hexan_>

nretilpentan

z. oe_shidratarea

c.

riiolilor

potrnterizarea vinilicd

4. nidroliza nitrililor

poltcondensare

a.

A.

1d,2c,3b,4a. iie:

3l!:3i;33;t';:i

D

E. 1d,2c,3e, 4a,5b.

1d,2c,3b, 4e;5a.

a.

b.

c.

a.

e.

amide relon elirninare de apa zomedzare polistiren

70.

.1. transesterificar

2.poricon dens",-"ll

3-poticondensa ;: l"j,:919ylyi deeulenglicol

a poriconuens J":

ll19 1l9

H;|||H;;;

t9ftalatului

sricer,:na

S.policondensarea racidului *,pi;

hexametilendiamina

a.280"C, sub vid

b.

nylon$-6

c.215-23S"C

d. gliptati

e. 255"C

A. 1a,2c,3d,4e,5b;

LI

8.1c,2a,3d, 4e,5b; C.1c,2a,3e,4d, Sb; D. 1e,2a,3b, 4c,5d, E.1c,2a,3b,4e, Sd.

71. Unitateastructurald drn::

1

4

/

|

1.polipropene

2. policlorurd de vinil

3. pofi'acetat de vinil

4. polistiren

5. poliizopren

A- 1a,2b,3c, 4d.5e; B.1b,2a, gd.4e, 5c; C.'lc,2e,3a, 4d,5b; I D.1e,2d,3a, 4c,Sb; E.1d,2a,3b,4e, 5c.

72 1.150- Z0O"C,acidsulfuric concentrat 2.B0-200"C,presiuni pdn6 la200arrn 3.alchene sintelrice 4.alchene nesimetrice

-qt

5.reac$eexoterme

4.1d,2b,3e,

8.1d,2a,3b, 4c,5e;

C.

D.

E.

4a,5c;

1d,2e,3b,4a, 5c;

1e,2d,3b,4c,5a;

1d,2qsb,4e,Sa.

73. 1.hidrogenarea acetilenei

^

+

2j

'

-

2 hidrogenareaparliali a acelilenei

3. reacliein solvent

4. lrimerizarea acetilenei

5. acetilen6_+ acid oxalic

A.1b,Za,3c,4d, 5e;

B. 1a,2b,3c,4d, 5e; C.1e,Za,3c,4d, 5b;

D

E.1e,Za,3q 4b,bd.

1b,29

3a,4d, 5e;

74. 1.nuclee arornatice izolate

o)

'

2.

3. un nudeuaromatic

4.

5.

fenantren

sublimeazd uleimediudin gudron de cdrbune

A. 1e,2b,3a, 4d,Sc;

B.

C,1c,2a,3b,4d, Se;

1e,29 3b,4a,Sd;

D.

E-1c,2a,3d, 4b,5e.

1e,2a,3b,4d, Sc;

a.2 atomiC

b. 4 atomiC

c.

5 atomi C

d.3 atomi C

e. 8 atomiC

a

b

c.

d.

e.

adilieorientate a hidracizilor

adifleneorientati a

hidmclzilor,

adilia c.lorului la aceUlend

deshidralarea alcoolilor

hidrogenarea alchenelor

a. Pdgisdruride pb b.Nifindivizat c.clorurarea acetilenei d.tuburiceramicd, 600

e.permanganst depolasiu -'

'

Boo.C ;

.,

"

.

_

a.

b.

".

d.

e.

"il

:',

i

.,,, ,rr ,rt;