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COLEGIUL GRIGORE ANTIPA BACU

PROFESOR CONSTANTIN CIOFU


ECUAII EXPONENIALE
1. S se rezolve ecuaiile:
a) 1 2
x
= ;
b) 9 3
x
= ;
c) 1 7
x
= ;
d) 4 2
x 3 4
=

;
e) 27 3
4 x
=
+
;
f) 625 5
3 x 2
=

.
2. Folosind proprietatea ( ) y x a a
y x
= = , s se rezolve ecuaiile:
a)
5 x x 2
2 2
+
= ;
b)
x 2 1 7 x 4
3 3

= ;
c)
x 1 3 x
2 4
+
= ;
d)
3 x x 1
8 2
+
= ;
e)
1 x 2 1 x
9 27
+
= ;
f)
2 x 1 x 3
125 25
+
= .
3. Folosind eventual formula
n
m
n m
x x = , s se rezolve ecuaiile:
a)
3
2 x 1 x
2
1
2
1
+ +
|
.
|

\
|
= |
.
|

\
|
;
b)
4 1 x 7 x 2
5 5

= ;
c)
5 1 x 2 3 1 x
4 2
+
= ;
d)
3 2 x 1 x
9 3
+
= ;;
4. Logaritmnd, eventual, ntr-o baz convenabil, s se rezolve ecuaiile:
a) 3 2
x
= ;
b) 2 3
1 x
=
+
;
c) 5 2
1 x 2
=

;;
d)
4 x 2 1 x
3 5

= ;
e)
1 x 4 2 x
2 3
+
= ;
f)
2 x 1 x 2 x
5 3 2
+
= ;
g)
x 3 2 2 x 1 x
7 2 3
+ +
= ;
h)
x 4 2 x 3 x 2 1 x x
11 5 7 3 2

= .
5. Folosind metoda factorului comun, s se rezolve ecuaiile:
a) 49 2 2 2
2 x 1 x x
= + +
+ +
;
b) 56 2 2 2
x 1 x 2 x
= + +
+ +
;
c) 375 5 10 5
x 1 x
= +
+
;
d) 32 2 10 2 2
x 2 1 x 2 3 x 2
= +
+ +
;
e) 189 3 3 3
x 1 x 2 x
= +
+ +
;
f) 364 3 3 3 3 3 3
6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 x
= + + + + +

.
6. S se rezolve ecuaiile:
a) 0 2 2 3 4
x x
= + + ;
b) 0 6 3 7 9
x x
= + ;
c) 18 9 3
1 x 3 x
=
+ +
;
d) 0 27 3 12 3
x x 2
= + ;
e)
x x
2 5 4 4 = + ;
f) 1536 16 4
1 x 1 x
= +
+
;
g) 0 2 64 4
1 x 1 x
=
+ +
;
h)
2 x 2 x
2 10 16 4

= + ;
i) 0 3 3 36 9
3 x 1 x
2 2
= +

.