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1.3.1. Clasificarea adjectivelor 1. calitative (of Quality / Descriptive) 2. posesive (Possessive) 3. interogativ - relative (Interrogative-Relative) 4. demonstrative (Demonstrative) 5.

cantitativ/nehotrte (Quantitative-Indefinite)

1.3.1.1. Adjective calitative (Adjectives of Quality) clever = detept, deteapt, detepi, detepte a clever boy = un biat detept a clever girl = o fat deteapt clever boys = biei detepi clever girls = fete detepte interesting = interesant, interesant, interesani, interesante good = bun, bun, buni, bune etc. 1.3.1.2. Adjective posesive (Possessive Adjectives) my = meu, mea, mei, mele its = lui/ei, su/sa, si/sale your = tu, ta, ti, tale our = nostru, noastr, notri, noastre his = lui, su, sa, si, sale, dnsului your = vostru, voastr, votri, voastre, dumneavoastr her = ei, su, sa, si, sale, dnsei their = lor, dnilor, dnselor, dumnealor my friend = prietenul meu my friends = prietenii mei your friend = prietenul tu your friends = prietenii ti his friend = prietenul lui/dnsului his friends = prietenii lui/dnsului her friend = prietenul ei/dnsei her friends = prietenii ei/dnsei its friend = prietenul lui/ei its friends = prietenii lui/ei our friend = prietenul nostru our friends = prietenii notri your friend = prietenul vostru/dv. your friends = prietenii votri/dv. their friend = prietenul lor/dnilor their friends = prietenii lor/dnilor

1.3.1.3. Adjective interogativ-relative (Interrogative-Relative Adjectives) 1.3.1.3.1. Interogative which = care ?, pe care ? which boy ? = care (al ctelea) biat ? (which boys ? = care (ai ctelea) biei?) which girl ? = care (a cta) fat? (which girls ? = care (ale ctelea) fete ?) which house ? = care (a cta) cas ? (which houses ? = care (ale ctelea) case?) which tree ?= care (al ctelea) copac? (which trees? = care (ai ctelea) copaci ?) which of ? = care dintre ? (selectiv) which of the boys?= care dintre biei? which of the girls ? = care dintre fete ? which of the houses ? = care dintre case ? which of the trees ? = care dintre copaci ? what ? = ce ?, care ? what boy ? = ce/care biat ? what boys ? = ce/care biei ? what girl ? = ce/care fat ? what girls ? = ce/care fete ? what house ? = ce/care cas ? what houses ? = ce/care case ? what tree ? = ce/care copac ? what trees ? = ce/care copaci ? what kind/sort of ? = ce fel de ? what kind of boy ? = ce fel de biat ? (what kind of boys ? = ce fel de biei?) what kind of girl ? = ce fel de fat ? (what kind of girls ? = ce fel de fete ?) what kind of house? = ce fel de cas? (what kind of houses? = ce fel de case ?) what kind of tree? = ce fel de copac? (what kind of trees ? = ce fel de copaci ? whose ? = al, a, ai, ale cui ? whose boy ? = al cui biat ? whose boys ? = ai cui biei ? whose girl ? = a cui fat ? whose girls ? = ale cui fete ? whose house ? = a cui cas ? whose houses ? = ale cui case ? whose tree ? = al cui copac ? whose trees ? = ai cui copaci ?

1.3.1.3.2. Relative

who = care ; the boy who knows you = biatul care te cunoate whose = al , a, ai, ale crui/crei/cror the boy whose father ... = biatul al crui tat ... the boy whose mother ... = biatul a crui mam ... the boy whose parents ... = biatul ai crui prini ... the girl whose parents ... = fata ai crei prini the boys whose father ... = bieii al cror tat ... the boys whose mother ... = bieii a cror mam ... the boys whose fathers ... = bieii ai cror tai the boys whose parents ... = bieii ai cror prini the girl whose mother ... = fata a crei mam ... the girl whose father ... = fata al crei tat ... the girls whose mother ... = fetele a cror mam the girls whose father ... = fetele al cror tat the girls whose parents ... = fetele ai cror prini the girls whose mothers ... = fetele ale cror mame the girls whose fathers ... = fetele ai cror tai the house whose colour ... = casa a crei culoare the house whose roof ... = casa al crei acoperi the houses whose colour ... = casele a cror culoare the houses whose roof ... = casele al cror acoperi the houses whose colours ... = casele ale cror culori the houses whose roofs ... = casele ale cror acoperiuri the tree whose leaf ... = copacul a crui frunz the tree whose leaves ... = copacul ale crui frunze the trees whose leaves ... = copacii ale cror frunze The boy, whose book is on the table, is my brother. = Biatul, a crui carte este pe mas, este fratele meu. The playwright, whose play is Hamlet, is Shakespeare. = Dramaturgul, a crui pies este Hamlet, este Shakespeare. to whom = cruia, creia, crora the boy to whom you recommend the book = biatul cruia i recomanzi cartea the girl to whom you recommend a book = fata creia i recomanzi o carte the boys to whom you recommend a book = bieii crora le recomanzi o carte the girls to whom you recommend a book = fetele crora le recomanzi o carte whom = pe care the boy whom you see = biatul pe care l vezi the girl whom you see = fata pe care o vezi the boys whom you see = bieii pe care i vezi the girls whom you see = fetele pe care le vezi that/which = care, pe care the colour that/which you like = culoarea care i place which of [wit~ ov] = care dintre , cui dintre He knows which of us lives here. = El tie care dintre noi locuiete aici. what [wot] = ce/ct/care Tell him what answer to give. = Spune-i ce rspuns s dea. Tell me what time it is. = Spune-mi ct e ceasul . I know what book you like. = tiu ce/care carte i place. what kind/sort of = ce fel de I know what kind/sort of man he is. = tiu ce fel de om este el. 1.3.1.4. Adjective demonstrative (Demonstrative Adjectives)

this = acest, acesta ; aceast, aceasta this boy = acest biat, biatul acesta this girl = aceast fat, fata aceasta this tree = acest copac, copacul acesta this book = aceast carte, cartea aceasta these = aceti, acetia ; aceste, acestea

these boys = aceti biei, bieii acetia these girls = aceste fete, fetele acestea these trees = aceti copaci, copacii acetia these books = aceste cri, crile acestea

that = acel, acela ; acea, aceea that boy = acel biat, biatul acela that girl = acea fat, fata aceea that tree = acel copac, copacul acela that book = acea carte, cartea aceea

those = acei, aceia; acele, acelea those boys = acei biei, bieii aceia those girls = acele fete, fetele acelea those books = acele cri, crile acelea those trees = acei copaci, copacii aceia

the one = acel/acela care, cel ce/care; cea/aceea care The one, who knows us, is here. = Cel/cea care ne cunoate este aici. it = acela, aceea Was it you ? = Tu ai fost acela/aceea ? the former = primul (din doi), cel dinti (din doi), prima (din dou), cea dinti (din dou) the latter = (cel de-) al doilea, ultimul (din doi), (cea de-) a doua, ultima (din dou) John and William are friends. The former is a farmer, the latter is an engineer. = John i William sunt prieteni. Primul este fermier, al doilea este inginer. the first = cel, cea, cei, cele dinti, primul, prima, primii, primele He is my first friend. = El este primul meu prieten. = El este cel dinti prieten al meu. the first boy = primul biat the first boys = primii biei the first girl = prima fat the first girls = primele fete the first book = prima carte the first books = primele cri the first tree = primul copac the first trees = primii copaci the last = cel, cea, cei, cele din urm, ultimul, ultima, ultimii,ultimele Is this your last decision ? = Este aceasta ultima ta hotrre ? the last boy = ultimul biat the last boys = ultimii biei the last girl = ultima fat the last girls = ultimele fete the last book = ultima carte the last books = ultimele cri the last tree = ultimul copac the last trees = ultimii copaci the other = cellalt, cealalt, ceilali, celelalte the other boy = cellalt biat the other girl = cealalt fat the other house = cealalt cas the other boys = ceilali biei the other girls = celelalte fete the other houses = celelalte case another = alt, alt, o alt, alte another boy = alt biat another girl = alt fat another tree = alt copac another house = alt cas another news = alte tiri another good news = alte tiri bune He will be staying in England for another year . = El va sta n Anglia nc un an. such = astfel de, asemenea, aa such a boy = un astfel de biat, un asemenea biat such a girl = o astfel de fat, o asemenea fat such boys = aa biei, astfel de biei, asemenea biei such girls = aa fete, astfel de fete, asemenea fete such people = aa oameni, astfel de oameni people such as = oameni cum ar fi, oameni ca de exemplu We hope never to have another such experience. = Sperm s nu mai avem niciodat o astfel de experien. the same = acelai, aceeai, aceiai, aceleai the same boy = acelai biat the same girl = aceeai fat the same book = aceeai carte the same tree = acelai copac the same boys = aceiai biei the same girls = aceleai fete the same books = aceleai cri the same trees = aceiai copaci

one and the same = unul i acelai; una i aceeai. one and the same boy = unul i acelai biat; one and the same girl = una i aceeai fat one and the same book = una i aceeai carte; one and the same tree = unul i acelai copac the very = chiar, tocmai , nsui , nsi the very boy who/that = chiar/ nsui / tocmai biatul care; he very girl who/that = chiar/nsi/tocmai fata care the very book which/that = chiar /tocmai cartea care; the very boys who/that = chiar/tocmai bieii care the very girls who/that = chiar/tocmai fetele care the very books which/that = chiar/tocmai crile care This is the very book I needed. = Aceasta este chiar cartea de care aveam nevoie. 1.3.1.5. Adjective cantitative/NEHOTRTE (The Quantitative/INDEFINITE Adjectives) some = unii, unele, nite, vreun, vreo Se folosete n propoziiile afirmative. Cnd apare n propoziiile interogative se sper s se obin un rspuns afirmativ. I see some people in the street. = Vd nite oameni pe strad. Come to see us some Sunday ! = Vino/venii pe la noi ntr-o (zi de) duminic ! Do you see some people in the street ? = Vezi nite oameni pe strad ? I should drink some water, not some wine. = A bea nite ap, nu nite vin. I know him to some degree. = l cunosc ntr-o oarecare msur. Some agree with me and some don't. = Unii sunt de acord cu mine, iar alii nu. They will find out the truth some day. = Ei vor afla adevrul ntr-o bun zi. This matter has some importance. = Chestiunea aceasta are oarecare importan. You will meet some person or other. = Vei ntlni o persoan sau alta. any- n propoziiile afirmative = orice, fiece He can come at any hour of the day. = El poate veni la orice or din zi. You may like any book. = i poate plcea orice carte. You can/may come any time. = Poi veni oricnd. any ? - n propoziiile interogative = orice ?, fiece ?, vreun ?, vreo ? Do you like any book ? = i place orice carte ? Have you got any friends ? = Ai vreun prieten ?, Ai ceva prieteni ? Can you lend me any of those books ? = mi poi mprumuta vreuna dintre crile acelea? any - n propoziiile negative = nici un, nici o I cannot find any excuse. = Nu pot gsi nici o scuz. We do not see any house. = Noi nu vedem nici o cas. He does not see any boy. = El nu vede nici un biat. no - numai n propoziiile negative = nici un, nici o n limba englez se folosete o singur negaie n propoziie. I see no boy, no girl and no house. = Nu vd nici un biat, nici o fat i nici o cas. No man could do it. = Nici un om n-o putea face. He will spare no pains. = El nu va crua nici un efort. no admittance = intrarea interzis no smoking = fumatul interzis I can find no other solution. = Nu pot gsi nici o alt soluie. few = puini, puine I see few boys, few girls and few houses. = Eu vd puini biei, puine fete i puine case. few of us/you/them = puini/puine dintre noi/voi/ei/ele a few = puini/destui, puine/destule I have a few books. = Am puine/suficiente cri. He has a few friends. = Are puini/destui/ceva prieteni.

quite a few = a good few = some few = many, a large number = muli/multe He has got quite a few friends. = Are destui/muli prieteni. little = puin, puin; mic, mic, mici I drink little tea and little coffee. = Eu beau puin ceai i puin cafea. He has little time for reading. = El are puin timp pentru citit. The little boy drinks little lemonade. = Bieelul bea puin limonad. the little ones = cei mici a little = puin/destul, puin/destul, (cte) ceva A little is better than none. (prov.) = Mai bine puin dect deloc. = Mai bine ceva dect nimic. We have a little beer and a little wine. = Avem ceva bere i ceva vin. to know a little of everything = a ti cte ceva din toate The little girl is a little better now. = Fetia face ceva mai bine acum. much = mult, mult There is much tea in the teapot. = Este mult ceai n ceainic. many = muli, multe There are many people in the park. = Sunt muli oameni n parc. many of us/you/them = muli/multe dintre noi/voi/ei/ele . plenty of = mult, mult, muli, multe. We have plenty of time . = Avem timp din belug. = Avem timp berechet. a lot of = o mulime de. We have a lot of books. = Noi avem o mulime de cri. each = fiecare (luat n parte) Each man knows their story. = Fiecare om tie povestea lor. each of us/you/them = fiecare dintre noi/voi/ei/ele every = fiecare, toi/ toate Every man knows their story. = Fiecare om tie povestea lor. We can go to the library every day. = Putem merge la bibliotec n fiecare zi. several = civa, cteva, mai muli/multe We shall spend several days and nights in the mountains. = Vom petrece cteva zile i nopi la munte. He has several friends. = El are civa prieteni. several of us/you/them = civa dintre noi/voi/ei/ele Several of us went home on foot. = Mai muli dintre noi au mers acas pe jos. enough = destul, destul, suficient, suficient There is enough bread on the table. = Este suficient pine pe mas. certain = anumii, anumite, unii, unele certain boys = unii/anumii biei certain girls = unele/anumite fete certain books = unele/anumite cri a certain = un anumit, o anumit, un anume/oarecare, o anume/oare- care a certain boy = un anume/anumit/oarecare biat a certain girl = o anume/anumit/oarecare fat a certain Mr. Jones = un anumit/oarecare domn Jones a certain Mrs. Jones = o anumit/oarecare doamn Jones a certain Miss. Jones = o anumit/oarecare domnioar Jones

1.3.2. Comparaia adjectivelor i adverbelor (The Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs) Comparaia adjectivelor i adverbelor este: a) regulat/sintetic (cele scurte) b) analitic (cele lungi) c) mixt (sintetic i analitic) d) neregulat Comparaia adjectivelor se realizeaz la urmtoarele grade: 1) pozitiv, cnd nsuirea unui obiect/substantiv nu se raporteaz la nici un alt termen. Pozitivul este asemuit cu nominativul substantivelor i cu infinitivul verbelor. 2) comparativ, prin care se exprim superioritatea (comparativ de superioritate), egalitatea (comparativ de egalitate) sau inferioritatea (comparativ de inferioritate) unui obiect/substantiv fa de altul. 3) superlativ (lat.: superlativus; super = deasupra, latus = dus/ridicat) prin care se arat c nsuirea obiectului / substantivului se afl fie n cea mai mare msur/ intensitate (superlativul relativ), fie n foarte mare msur/ intensitate (superlativul absolut). Adjectivele monosilabice dubleaz consoana final cnd aceasta este precedat de vocal scurt. 1.3.2.1. Comparaia sintetic/regulat gradul pozitiv big mare dry uscat easy uor fat gras great mare, mre happy fericit hard tare, dur hot fierbinte kind amabil long lung nice plcut/drgu short scurt/scund small mic/modest strong tare tall nalt thick gros thin subire/slab comparativ de superioritate bigger mai mare drier mai uscat easier mai uor fatter mai gras greater mai mare happier mai fericit harder mai tare hotter mai fierbinte kinder mai amabil longer mai lung nicer mai plcut shorter mai scurt smaller mai mic stronger mai tare taller mai nalt thicker mai gros thinner mai subire superlativ relativ the biggest cel mai mare the driest cel mai uscat the easiest cel mai uor the fattest cel mai gras the greatest cel mai mare the happiest cel mai fericit the hardest cel mai tare the hottest cel mai fierbinte the kindest cel mai amabil the longest cel mai lung the nicest cel mai plcut the shortest cel mai scurt the smallest cel mai mic the strongest cel mai tare the tallest cel mai nalt the thickest cel mai gros the thinnest cel mai subire superlativ absolut very big foarte mare very dry foarte uscat very easy foarte uor very fat foarte gras very great foarte mare very happy foarte fericit very hard foarte tare very hot foarte fierbinte very kind foarte amabil very long foarte lung very nice foarte plcut very short foarte scurt very small foarte mic very strong foarte tare very tall foarte nalt very thick foarte gros very thin foarte subire, etc.

pozitiv abject abject/josnic abrupt abrupt active activ amiable prietenos attractive atrgtor beautiful frumoas curious curios foolish prost(esc) huge uria/imens severe sever/aspru sincere sincer skilled priceput sociable sociabil unfit nepotrivit unjust injust/nejust urbane manierat untidy dezordonat

1.3.2.2. Comparaia analitic a adjectivelor i adverbelor comparativ de superlativ relativ superlativ absolut superioritate more abject the most abject very abject Mai josnic cel mai josnic foarte josnic more abrupt the most abrupt very abrupt Mai abrupt cel mai abrupt foarte abrupt more active the most active very active mai activ cel mai activ foarte activ More amiable the most amiable very amiable mai prietenos cel mai prietenos foarte prietenos more attractive the most attractive very attractive mai atrgtor cel mai atrgtor foarte atrgtor more beautiful the most beautiful very beautiful mai frumoas cea mai frumoas foarte frumoas More curious the most curious very curious Mai curios cel mai curios foarte curios more foolish the most foolish very foolish mai prost(esc) cel mai prost(esc) foarte prost(esc) more huge the most huge very huge mai imens cel mai imens foarte imens more severe the most severe very severe mai sever cel mai sever foarte sever More sincere the most sincere very sincere Mai sincer cel mai sincer foarte sincer More skilled the most skilled very skilled mai priceput cel mai priceput foarte priceput More sociable the most sociable very sociable mai sociabil cel mai sociabil foarte sociabil more unfit the most unfit very unfit mai nepotrivit cel mai nepotrivit foarte nepotrivit more unjust the most unjust very unjust mai injust cel mai injust foarte injust More urbane the most urbane very urbane mai manierat cel mai manierat foarte manierat more untidy the most untidy very untidy mai dezordonat cel mai dezordonat foarte dezordonat

Din analiza exemplelor de mai sus rezult c la gradul comparativ de superioritate adjectivele cu comparaie analitic se ajut de adverbul more, la superlativul relativ de adverbul most, iar la superlativul absolut de adverbele very, extremely, awfully, quite etc. 1.3.2.3. Adjective cu comparaie mixt (sintetic i analitic) pozitiv able capabil ample amplu empty gol comparativ de superioritate more able abler mai capabil more ample ampler Mai amplu more empty emptier mai gol superlativ relativ the most able the ablest cel mai capabil the most ample the amplest cel mai amplu the most empty the emptiest cel mai gol superlativ absolut very able foarte capabil very ample foarte amplu very empty foarte gol

strange ciudat stupid stupid etc.

More strange stranger Mai ciudat more stupid stupider Mai stupid

the most strange the strangest cel mai ciudat the most stupid the stupidest cel mai stupid

very strange foarte ciudat very stupid foarte stupid

good/well bun/bine bad/ill ru little puin/mic much/many mult/muli old btrn/vechi near aproape late trziu

far departe in n interior

out n exterior

up sus

beneath dedesubt hind din spate

fore n fa

1.3.2.4. Comparaia neregulat a adjectivelor i adverbelor comparativ de superlativ relativ superlativ absolut superioritate better the best very good/well mai bun/bine cel mai bun/bine foarte bun/bine worse the worst very bad/ill mai ru cel mai ru foarte ru less the least very little mai puin/mic cel mai puin/mic foarte puin/mic more the most very much/many mai mult/muli cel mai mult/cei mai foarte mult/muli muli older/elder the oldest/eldest very old mai btrn/ vechi cel mai btrn/ vechi foarte btrn/vechi nearer the nearest very near mai aproape cel mai aproape foarte aproape later the latest very late Mai trziu cel mai trziu foarte trziu latter = ultimul the last = ultimul din doi farther/further the farthest/ very far furthest mai departe cel mai departe foarte departe inner the inmost mai n interior cel mai n interior/ luntric the innermost = luntric la maximum outer/utter the outermost mai n exterior cel mai n exterior the utmost, uttermost = n exterior la maximum upper the upmost mai sus cel mai (de) sus the uppermost = sus la maximum nether the nethermost mai dedesubt cel mai de dedesubt hinder the hindmost mai din spate cel mai din spate the hindermost = ultimul din spate former the foremost Mai n fa cel mai din fa/dinainte the first = primul

1.3.2.5. Comparativul de egalitate

Se realizeaz cu ajutorul conjunciilor corelative: as... as... = tot aa de .... ca ..../la fel de... ca .... as interesting as ... = la fel de interesant ca ... as old as ... = la fel de btrn/vechi ca as beautiful as ... = la fel de frumos ca as strange as ... = la fel de ciudat/straniu ca ... as beautifully as ... = la fel de frumos ca as near as ... = la fel de aproape ca ... Unele astfel de comparative de egalitate au devenit idiomuri: as quick as thought = iute ca gndul as swift as an arrow = iute ca sgeata as sweet as honey = dulce ca mierea as white as snow = alb ca zpada etc.

1.3.2.6. Comparativul de inferioritate Se realizeaz cu ajutorul conjunciilor corelative: not so ... as ... = nu aa de ... ca ... sau less ... than ... = mai puin ... dect/ca This film is not so interesting as that one. = Filmul acesta nu este aa de interesant ca acela. This man is not so old as that man. = Omul acesta nu este aa de vrstnic/btrn ca omul acela. That house is not so big as this house. = Casa aceea nu este aa (de) mare cum este casa aceasta. Mary is less beautiful than Alice. = Mary este mai puin frumoas ca Alice. 1.3.2.7. Comparativul de intensitate Const din dou comparative de superioritate legate ntre ele prin conjuncia and i se traduc prin structura din ce n ce mai . better and better = din ce n ce mai bine less and less = din ce n ce mai puin()/mic() worse and worse = din ce n ce mai ru fewer and fewer = din ce n ce mai puini/puine more and more = din ce n ce mai mult bigger and bigger = din ce n ce mai mare/mari etc. more and more interesting = din ce n ce mai interesant/interesant/ interesani/ interesante more and more important = din ce n ce mai important/ important/ importani/ importante more and more beautifully = din ce n ce mai frumos more and more carefully = din ce n ce mai atent/grijuliu etc. 1.3.2.8. Pozitivul cu comparativul de superioritate much better (than) ...= mult mai bine/bun (ca/dect)... much less (than) ...= mult mai puin (ca/dect) ... much worse (than)...= mult mai ru (ca/dect)... much older (than)...= mult mai n vrst (ca/dect)... much more (than)...= mult mai mult (ca/dect) ... much easier (than) ...= mult mai uor (ca/dect) ... much more difficult (than) ...= mult mai dificil/greu (ca/dect) ... much more beautiful (than) ...= mult mai frumoas (ca/dect) ... much more interesting (than) ...= mult mai interesant (ca/dect) ... much more important (than) ...= mult mai important (ca/dect) ... much more beutifully (than) ...= mult mai frumos (ca/dect) ... much more carefully (than) ...= mult mai atent (ca/dect) ... a little better (than) ...= puin mai bine/bun (ca/dect) ... a little older (than) ...= puin mai btrn/vechi (ca/dect)... a little worse (than) ...= puin mai ru (ca/dect) ... a little earlier (than) ... = puin mai devreme (ca/dect)... a little more (than) ...= puin mai mult (ca/dect) ... a little later (than) ...= puin mai trziu (ca/dect) ... a little less (than) ...= puin mai puin (ca/dect) ... a little easier (than) ...= puin mai uor (ca/dect) ... a little more difficult (than) ...= puin mai dificil/greu (ca/dect) ... a little more beautiful (than) ...= puin mai frumoas (ca/dect) .... a little more interesting (than) ...= puin mai interesant (ca/dect) .... a little more important (than) ...= puin mai important (ca/dect) ... a little more beautifully (than) ...= puin mai frumos (ca/dect) ... a little more carefully (than) ...= puin mai atent/grijuliu (ca/dect)... 1.3.2.9. By far + comparativul de superioritate = cu mult mai ... by far better (than) ...= cu mult mai bun/bine (ca/dect)... (ca/dect)... by far worse (than) ...= cu mult mai ru (ca/dect)... by far earlier (than) ...= cu mult mai devreme (ca/dect) by far more (than) ...= cu mult mai mult (ca/dect)... ... by far less (than) ...= cu mult mai puin (ca/dect)... by far later (than) ...= cu mult mai trziu (ca/dect)... by far older (than) ...= cu mult mai btrn/vechi by far easier (than) ...= cu mult mai uor (ca/dect)... by far more difficult (than) ...= cu mult mai dificil (ca/dect)...

by far more beautiful (than) ...= cu mult mai frumos (ca/dect)... by far more interesting (than) ...= cu mult mai interesant (ca/dect)... by far more important (than) ...= cu mult mai important (ca/dect) ... by far more beautifully (than) ...= cu mult mai frumos (ca/dect) ... by far more carefully (than) ...= cu mult mai atent/prudent (ca/dect)... a good/great deal better (than) ...= cu mult mai bine (ca/dect)... a good/great deal worse (than) ...= cu mult mai ru (ca/dect)... a good/great deal more (than) ...= cu mult mai mult (ca/dect)... a good/great deal less (than) ...= cu mult mai puin (ca/dect)... a good/great deal older (than) ...= cu mult mai btrn/vechi (ca/dect) ... a good/great deal earlier (than) ...= cu mult mai devreme (ca/dect)... a good/great deal later (than) ...= cu mult mai trziu (ca/dect)... a good/great deal easier (than) ...= cu mult mai uor (ca/dect)... a good/great deal more difficult (than) ... = cu mult mai dificil (ca/dect)... a good/great deal more beautiful (than) ...= cu mult mai frumos (ca/dect)... a good/great deal more interesting (than) ...= cu mult mai interesant (ca/dect)... a good/great deal more important (than) ...= cu mult mai important (ca/dect)... a good/great deal more beautifully (than) ...= cu mult mai frumos (ca/dect)... a good/great deal more carefully (than) ...= cu mult mai atent/prudent (ca/dect)... 1.3.2.10 Structuri constnd din dou comparative de superioritate (cu ct... cu att...) the earlier, the better = cu ct mai devreme, cu att mai bine The earlier you come, the better it is. = Cu ct vii/venii mai devreme, cu att mai bine. The more you learn, the more you forget. = Cu ct nvei mai mult, cu att uii mai mult. the later, the worse = cu ct mai trziu, cu att mai ru The later you arrive, the worse it is. = Cu ct ajungi mai trziu, cu att este mai ru. The more beautifully Alice will sing, the more money she will get. = Cu ct Alice va cnta mai frumos, cu att mai muli bani va ctiga. His flat is a little cheaper than yours. = Apartamentul lui este puin mai ieftin dect al tu. Your flat is a lot cheaper than mine. = Apartamentul tu este mult mai ieftin dect al meu. Our flat is somewhat cheaper than theirs. = Apartamentul nostru este ntructva/puin mai ieftin dect al lor. 1.3.2.11. Superlativul absolut Se formeaz cu adverbele: very (foarte), extremely (extrem de), quite (total, complet, cu totul), perfectly (perfect), extraordinary (extraordinar de), inconceivably (incredibil de), exceedingly (excesiv/nemaipomenit de), fantastically (fantastic de), enormously/ immensely (enorm/imens de), tremendously/ awfully (ngrozitor/teribil de), infinitely (infinit de), terribly (teribil de), terrifically (nfiortor de) etc. awfully hot = ngrozitor/cumplit de cald We are awfully sorry. = Ne pare nespus de ru They have changed enormously. = Ei s-au schimbat enorm. quite well = foarte bine extremely well = extrem de bine very well = foarte bine exceedingly good = excesiv de bun infinitely small = infinit/nemsurat de mic exceedingly difficult = excesiv de greu, din cale afar de dificil perfectly well = perfect de bine terribly boring = teribil/nfiortor de plictisitor a matchless playwright = un dramaturg fr pereche quite right = perfect adevrat/just

enough - adjectiv enough food = food enough = hran suficient/destul to have money enough = to have enough money = a avea destui bani enough - adverb de comparaie I am warm enough. = mi este destul de cald. The exercise is difficult enough. = Exerciiul este destul de greu. What is good for you is good enough for me. = Ce este valabil pentru tine este perfect valabil i pentru mine. Enough este singurul adverb de comparaie care st dup adjectivul pe care l determin. This beer is good enough. = Berea aceasta este destul de bun. 1.3.2.12. Comparaia adjectivelor compuse
POZITIV COMPARATIV DE SUPERIORITATE SUPERLATIV RELATIV SUPERLATIV ABSOLUT

well-paid bine pltit good-looking artos sweet-natured bun la suflet short-sighted miop

better-paid mai bine pltit better-looking mai artos More sweet - natured mai bun la suflet more short - sighted mai miop

the best-paid cel mai bine pltit the best-looking cel mai artos the most sweet -natured cel mai bun la suflet the most short -sighted cel mai miop

very well-paid foarte bine pltit very good-looking foarte artos very sweet- natured foarte bun la suflet very short-sighted foarte miop

John is a good/great deal more careful than Bill. = John este mult mai atent/prudent dect Bill. Bill is a good/great deal less careful than John. = Bill este mult mai puin prudent dect John. He is a little less careful than his brother. = El este puin mai puin prudent dect fratele lui. He loves her more than I (do). = El o iubete pe ea mai mult dect o iubesc eu. He loves her more than me. = El o iubete pe ea mai mult dect pe mine. They know her better than I (do). = Ei o cunosc pe ea mai bine dect/ca mine. They know her better than me. = Ei o cunosc pe ea mai bine dect pe mine.