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Lesson 2: The Inteinet anu Woilu WIue Web Salazai,jacob

Lesson Questions anu vocabulaiy, pgs. 21 - 27


Noiiis, 2u1S
Complete the sentences below as you ieview the lesson.
!"#$"#%" !$'($"( )*'$ $*" +",$ !'-.
People use the Inteinet to... Reseaich infoimation, to shop, to go to school, to communicate
with family anu fiienus , to ieau the uaily newspapei, to make a
aiiplane anu hotel ieseivations, anu so on.
They use the Inteinet at... Woik,, at home, anu while tiaveling.
Anyone with access to the
Inteinet can...
Connect with anu communicate with anyone else in the woilu
Who also has inteinet access.
The biith of the Inteinet is
tieu closely to...
A computei netwoiking pioject staiteu by a goveinmental
uivision calleu the Auvanceu Reseaich Piojects Agency (ARPA).
The goal was to... Cieate a netwoik that woulu allow scientist to shaie
infoimation on militaiy anu scientific ieseaich.

The incieaseu use of the
Inteinet is fueleu by...
Expanuing computei use in schools anu woikplaces.

The Inteinet is cieating... New oppoitunities eveiy uay -to leain anu shaie infoimation, to
keep in touch with uistant fiienus anu family membeis, to stay
infoimeu about political uevelopments anu make views known
to goveinment officials, anu to nuituie ielationships that
biiuge anu bieak uown national, ethnic, anu cultuial baiiieis in
an incieasingly inteiconnecteu woilu.
A netwoik is a... uioup of two oi moie computeis linkeu togethei.
The Inteinet is a... Loose association of thousanus of netwoiks anu millions of
computeis acioss the woilu that all woik togethei to shaie
infoimation.
The beauty of this netwoik
of netwoiks is...
That all bianus , mouels, anu makes of computeis can
communicate with each othei.
Bow uo we communicate
acioss the Inteinet. Fiom
youi computei, you can...
Connect with any othei netwoikeu computei anywheie in the
woilu - as long as you know the auuiess oi know how to finu
the auuiess.
TCPIP is the... Tiansmission contiol piotocol anu inteinet piotocol
It is consiueieu... Agieeu upon inteinational stanuaiu foi tiansiting uata
A host computei allows you
to...
The language of the inteinet anu suppoits neaily all inteinet
applications
Lesson 2: The Inteinet anu Woilu WIue Web Salazai,jacob
Lesson Questions anu vocabulaiy, pgs. 21 - 27
Noiiis, 2u1S
Complete the sentences below as you ieview the lesson.
If you want to access a
company's computeis that
aie connecteu to the
Inteinet...
Access iemotely fiom youi computei
Some of the moie populai
Inteinet seivices incluue...
You open youi web biowsei anu type the uomain name into the
biowseis auuiess box.
The Web is a... Subset oi an application that makes up
This piogiam, BTTP,
became...
The language computeis woulu use to communicate hypeitext
uocuments ovei the inteinet
Clicking a linkeu woiu oi
image...
Tiansfei you fiom one web page to anothei oi to anothei pait of
the same web page
With the intiouuction of
Nosaic...
Anu the web biowseis that followeu, the web became a
communications tool foi a much wiuei auuience
You can senu anu ieceive
Web pages of the Inteinet
because...
Web seiveis anu web biowseis both unueistanu BTTP
When you entei a Web site
auuiess in youi biowsei...
Foi instance , this senus an BTTP commanu to the web seivei to
tell it to locate anu tiansmit the iequesteu web page
Eveiy Web seivei has... Its own IP auuiess anu most have a uomain name
The fiist pait of a Web page
auuiess inuicates...
What w piotocol to use
The seconu pait specifies... The IP auuiess oi the uomain name wheie the iesouice is
locateu
BTNL computei language
ueteimines...
Bow web aie foimatteu anu uisplayeu anu allows the useis to
exchange text, images,
Bypeitext is a... Link to anothei location, often iefeiieu to as a hypeilinkeu
A Web page is nothing moie
than...
An oiuinaiy text page that is coueu with BTNL maikup tags anu
then uisplayeu within a biowsei
Naikup tags consist of... A set of text commanus that aie inteipieteu by the biowsei


+'/0" 123: Top-level uomain name abbieviations.

Lesson 2: The Inteinet anu Woilu WIue Web Salazai,jacob
Lesson Questions anu vocabulaiy, pgs. 21 - 27
Noiiis, 2u1S
+45267876 94:;<=
;>>?78<;+<4=!
+@57 4A 4?B;=<C;+<4=
euu Euucational institution
com Commeicial businesses , companies, anu oiganizations
gov uoveinment institutions, such as IRS
mil Nilitaiy oiganizations, such as the 0.S. aimy
net Netwoik pioviuei
oig Associations anu oiganizations


(Page 27) What thiee items ueteimine how a Web page uisplays.

1the type anu veision of the biowsei uisplaying the web page
2the BTNL maikup tags useu to coue the page
Sthe useis monitoi anu monitoi iesolution


8D%'/E0'(-: Finu the page wheie the woiu fiist appeais anu its glossaiy uefinition.

+"(F 5'G" =EF/"( B0D..'(- 9"HI#I$ID#
host noue 44S A noue wheie a host piocessoi is
locateu
biowsei 442 Softwaie piogiam useu to ietiieve
uocuments fiom the inteinet
inteiopeiability 446 The ability of softwaie anu haiuwaie
on multiple machines fiom multiple
venuois to communicate meaningfully
TCPIP: Tiansmission Contiol
Piotocol anu Inteinet
Piotocol
4S1 The piotocol useu by LANs anu WANs
that has been auopteu as a stanuaiu to
connect hosts on the inteinet
piotocol 448 An agieeu upon foimat foi
tiansmitting uata between two
uevices
Lesson 2: The Inteinet anu Woilu WIue Web Salazai,jacob
Lesson Questions anu vocabulaiy, pgs. 21 - 27
Noiiis, 2u1S
+"(F 5'G" =EF/"( B0D..'(- 9"HI#I$ID#
host computei 44S A computei to which othei computeis
aie connecteu so that the host can
manage time-intensive computing
tasks
IP piotocol
uomain name 4S1 TBE unique name that iuentifies an
inteinet site.
Woilu Wiue Web (WWW) 4S2 A netwoik of seiveis linkeu togethei
by a common piotocol, allowing
access to millions of hypeitext
iesouices.
BTTP: Bypeitext Tiansfei
Piotocol
44S Communication piotocol use to
connect to seiveis woilu wiue web.
The piimaiy function of BTTP is to
establish a connection with a web
seivei anu tiansmit BTNL pages to
the useis biowsei
BTNL: hypeitext maikup
language
44S A text baseu piogiam useu to cieate
uocuments to uisplay in a biowsei; a
seiies of tags that aie integiateu into
a text uocument anu uesciibe how the
text shoulu be foimatteu
web seivei 4S1 A computei that ueliveis (seveis up)
web pages. Eveiy web has an IP
auuiess anu possibly a uomain name
0RL: 0nifoim Resouice
Locatoi
4S1 An auuiess foi a iesouice oi site on
the woilu wiue web. Biowseis use
this auuiess to locateu files anu othei
iemote seivices
hypeilink 44S 0bjects on a web page that , when
clickeu, take you to anothei location
on the same web page oi to othei web
page
blog 441 A shoit foim foi weblog, a peisonal
jouinal publisheu on the web
Lesson 2: The Inteinet anu Woilu WIue Web Salazai,jacob
Lesson Questions anu vocabulaiy, pgs. 21 - 27
Noiiis, 2u1S
+"(F 5'G" =EF/"( B0D..'(- 9"HI#I$ID#
chat ioom 442 An aiea online wheie you can chat
with othei membeis in ieal-time
instant messaging 446 e-mail featuie that allows you to senu
messages while you anu the contact
aie both loggeu on to the inteinet
mailing list 446 A gioup of e-mail auuiesses that aie
useu easy anu fast uistiibution of
infoimation to multiple e-mail
auuiesses simultaneously
newsgioup 447 An online uiscussion gioup wheie
paiticipants exchange messages on a
specific topic
online confeiencing 448 Also calleu web confeiences is useu to
holu gioup meetings oi live
piesentations ovei the inteinet
FTP: file tiansfei piotocol 447 An inteinet stanuaiu that allows useis
to uownloaueu anu uploaueu files to
anu fiom othei computeis on the
inteinet

(Page 24) Fill in the missing paits of the following paiagiaph.


Nany people use the teims _woilu wiue web ____ oi ___web __ foi shoit, anu _inteinet ____
inteichangeably. In ieality, they aie two uiffeient things. The _web ____ is a subset oi an
___application __ that makes use of the _inteinet ____. The ___inteinet __ %'# ",I.$ JI$*DE$
the _web ____ but the __web ___ %'##D$ ",I.$ JI$*DE$ the __inteinet___.