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FOUR TYPES OF ANIMAL TISSUES

EPITHELIAL TISSUE
(COVERING)
 Tightly-joined closely-packed cells
 One side of exposed to air or
internal fluid, other side attached to
a basement membrane
 Covers outside of the body and lines
internal organs and cavities
 Barrier against mechanical injury,
invasive microorganisms, and fluid
loss
 Provides surface for absorption,
excretion and transport of molecules
TYPES OF
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
 Cell shape
 Squamous
 Cuboidal
 Columnar

 Number of cell
layers
 Simple
 Pseudostratified
 Stratified
 RELATE
STRUCTURE TO
FUNCTION!
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
(FRAMEWORK)
 Binding and
support of other
tissues
 Large amount of
extracellular
matrix with fewer
cells
 ECM - network of
fibers in liquid,
jelly-like or solid
matrix
 Composed of long cells called
MUSCLE TISSUE muscle fibers
(MOVEMENT)  Contraction  movement
NERVOUS TISSUE
(CONTROL)
 Senses
stimuli and
transmits Axon
nerve
impulses Dendrite
 Single cell
Cell body
body with
long
extensions
(axons and
dendrites)
Tissue Type Epithelial Connective Muscle Nerve

Cell Shape Flattened, Irregular or round Elongated Cell appendages


cuboidal, branched
columnar
Cell Single  Scattered in In sheets or Isolated or
Arrangement multilayered matrix bundles networked

Location Body covering or Supports other Lining internal Concentrated in


lining organs or organs organs, make brain and spinal
cavities skeletal muscles cord + all over
the body
Surface Feature Cilia, microvilli - - -
of Cells
Matrix Type Basement Varied – protein - -
membrane fibers + liquid,
gelatinous, firm
to calcified
Matrix Amount Minimal Extensive Absent Absent

Unique Feature No direct blood Cartilage has no Can generate Can generate
supply, except for blood supply electrical signals, electrical signal
glands force and
movement