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Agenda

1. Pre-Use Inspections

2. Slinging Applications

3. General Safety

4. Banksman

All items must have:


Safe Working Load

Unique Identification Number


Current Color Code

SAFETY HOOK

PIPE HOOK

SUMMARY Wire Rope Slings Check for crushing Check Ferrule for cracks Check for kinks Check for broken wires Check for other signs of damage

SUMMARY Webbing Slings Check for fraying Check for splits Check for contamination Check stitching Check for other signs of damage

SUMMARY Shackles Check for wear Check not stretched or bent Check for cracks (Sound Check) Check proper pin correctly fitted Check for other signs of damage

SUMMARY Hooks Check for wear Check not stretched or bent Check for cracks Check latch mechanism closes fully Check for other signs of damage

Slinging Application

Load on sling = 1000Kg

Load on sling = 500Kg

Load on sling = 500Kg 1000KG

SPREADER BAR IS USED AND SLINGS ARE HUNG OFF THIS AS SLINGS DO NOT MEET THERE IS NO ANGLE BETWEEN THEM SLINGS ATTACHED TO LOAD SHARE LOAD EQUALLY AND EACH BEARS 500KG SPREADER BAR IS HUNG OFF ANOTHER SLING WHICH BEARS FULL WEIGHT OF LOAD OR 1000KG (NOTE WE ARE NOT COUNTING WEIGHT OF SPREADER BAR)

90

Load on sling = 700Kg

Load on sling = 700Kg

1000KG

THIS TIME BOTH SLINGS ARE ATTACHED TO THE CRANE AND ANGLE BETWEEN THEM IS 90 DEGREES AS YOU CAN SEE LOAD ON EACH SLING HAS INCREASED SUCH THAT EACH SLING NOW BEARS 700KG

120
Load 1000Kg

Load 1000Kg

1000KG

THIS TIME ANGLE BETWEEN THEM HAS INCREASED TO 120 DEGREES

LOAD ON EACH SLING HAS INCREASED SO THAT EACH NOW BEARS 1000KG OR FULL WEIGHT OF LOAD

AS WE HAVE JUST SEEN IF ANGLE BETWEEN INCREASES THEN LOAD IMPOSED ON SLINGS INCREASE

90

SWL 1000Kg

SWL 1000Kg

1000KG

RULE FOR SLINGING WHEN USING TWO SLINGS IS:


ANGLE BETWEEN SLINGS MUST NEVER exceed 90 DEGREES
EACH SLING MUST BE RATED FOR FULL WEIGHT OF LOAD.

SWL of Assembly 1000Kg

90

O O

90

1000KG

SAME RULE STANDS FOR FOUR LEGGED SLINGS IN THAT THE ANGLE BETWEEN SLINGS MUST NOT EXCEED 90 DEGREES. IN THIS CASE HOWEVER THE BRIDLE ASSEMBLY WILL HAVE TO BE RATED FOR THE FULL WEIGHT OF THE LOAD. THIS WILL NORMALLY BE MARKED ON THE RING AT THE TOP

If you choke then half the SWL

Double wrap to get 360 degree contact

IMPORTANT RULE WHEN USING SLINGS IS: IF YOU CHOKE A SLING YOU MUST HALF ITS SWL WHEN SLINGING TUBULARS YOU MUST ENSURE THEY ARE DOUBLE WRAPPED. THIS IS TO GET 360 DEGREE CONTACT.

NEVER HIT OR FORCE EYE OF SLING DOWNWARDS WHEN SLINGING TUBULARS. SLINGS WILL FIND THEIR OWN BITE YOU WILL NOT INCREASE THE GRIP BY FORCING EYE DOWN ALL YOU WILL SUCCEED IN DOING IS INCREASING ANGLE WHICH AS WE KNOW INCREASES LOAD IMPOSED ON SLING

WHEN SLINGING TUBULARS MAKE SURE SLINGS ARE CHOKED IN THE SAME DIRECTION. IF YOU DO NOT, THEN LOAD WILL TWIST.

SLINGS SHOULD BE EQUAL DISTANCE FROM EACH END ENSURE ANGLE DOES NOT EXCEED 90 DEGREES HOWEVER

THIS IS WHAT HAPPENS IF SLINGS ARE NOT EQUAL DISTANCES FROM EACH END.

ALWAYS USE TAGLINES

ENSURE LOAD IS CLEAR TO LIFT PRIOR TO SIGNALLING CRANE OPERATOR.

LOOK OUT FOR DECK BEAMS OR OTHER OBSTRUCTIONS

NEVER MIX DIFFERENT SIZE TUBULARS IN SAME BUNDLE AS SMALLER SIZE MAY SLIP OUT

PROTECTORS SHOULD ALWAYS BE IN PLACE ON TUBULARS

BOX END PROTECTOR

PIN END PROTECTOR

BASKET HITCH
BASKET HITCH CAN BE USED TO LIFT FRAGILE BOXES AS SLINGS WILL NOT CRUSH THE LOAD WHEN USING BASKET HITCH TAKE GREAT CARE LOAD DOES NOT SLIP

MAKE SURE THERE ARE NO LOOSE ITEMS ON THE LOAD PRIOR TO MAKING ANY LIFT

LOOK ALL ROUND LOAD CAREFULLY

POSITION TIP OF BOOM DIRECTLY OVER LOAD

THIS WILL ENSURE LOAD PICKS UP CLEANLY WITHOUT SWINGING

IF TIP OF BOOM IS NOT DIRECTLY OVER LOAD THEN IT MAY SWING AND HIT PEOPLE OR PLANT CAUSING INJURY OR DAMAGE.

MAKE SURE SLINGS AND SHACKLES ARE NOT TWISTED

IF YOU LIFT A LOAD WITH TWISTED SLINGS YOU ARE LIKELY TO CAUSE DAMAGE OR EVEN CAUSE THE EQUIPMENT TO FAIL DURING THE LIFT

ENSURE LOAD IS LEVEL BEFORE MAKING LIFT THIS MAY MEAN SECURING LOOSE EQUIPMENT IN HALF HEIGHTS AND CONTAINERS SO IT WILL NOT MOVE DURING THE LIFT. ALL LOADS SHOULD BE LIFTED 2 - 3 ABOVE THE DECK AND CHECKED TO SEE THEY ARE LEVEL BEFORE CONTINUING WITH THE LIFT

ALWAYS CHECK INSPECTION PLATE ON CONTAINERS AND HALF HEIGHTS TO ENSURE TEST DATE STAMP IS CURRENT.

CONTAINER DOORS MUST BE FIRMLY SECURED BEFORE MAKING LIFT. Collect staff tidy inside the container

HALF HEIGHTS MUST NOT HAVE ITEMS OVERHANGING THE EDGES

THESE MAY HAVE TO BE SLUNG INDIVIDUALLY

Ensure the bottles will not fall over.

Door to be closed

GAS BOTTLES MUST ALWAYS BE MOVED IN A CERTIFIED BOTTLE CARRIER. DO NOT MIX DIFFERENT TYPES OF GAS BOTTLES (Chemical reaction may happen) NEVER MOVE A GAS BOTTLE USING SLINGS. VALVES SHOULD BE TURNED OFF AND VALVE PROTECTOR CAPS SHOULD BE FITTED

SLING AND SHACKLE

Mandatory
LIFTING POINT

CERTAIN ITEMS OF PLANT MAY HAVE DEDICATED LIFTING POINTS FOR USE WITH EYE BOLTS.

ALWAYS USE DEDICATED LIFTING POINTS IF FITTED AS THEY ARE POSITIONED TO ENSURE STRAIGHT LIFT
BEARINGS AND SHAFTS SHOULD BE PROTECTED FROM DAMAGE USING WOOD OR RAGS.

IF THERE IS NO DEDICATED LIFTING POINT THEN YOU WILL HAVE TO CONSIDER WHERE THE CENTRE OF GRAVITY OF THE LOAD IS BEFORE YOU POSITIONS THE SLINGS REMEMBER THIS MAY NOT BE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE LOAD

CENTRE OF GRAVITY

BARREL CARRIER

BARREL HOOKS

WHERE EVER POSSIBLE BARRELS SHOULD ONLY BE LIFTED USING DEDICATED BARREL LIFTING EQUIPMENT

WHEN USING PIPE HOOKS MAKE SURE YOUR FINGERS WILL NOT BE CAUGHT WHEN LOAD IS LIFTED

NEVER ATTACH TAGLINE TO SLING OR HOOK WHEN USING PIPE HOOKS AS YOU COULD PULL HOOK OUT CAUSING LOAD TO FALL. TAGLINE SHOULD BE ATTACHED DIRECTLY TO THE LOAD

SUMMARY
Never exceed 90 degree angle Choked sling = half SWL Double wrap tubulars and choke in the same direction Aways fit protectors to tubulars Take extra care with pipe hooks

SUMMARY
Check containers & half heights for current test date stamp Close container doors properly Never allow items to overhang half heights Sling loads round the centre of gravity ALWAYS USE A TAGLINE

General Safety

ALWAYS THINK

WHAT IF ?
THE SLING BREAKS? THE LOAD SLIPS? THE LOAD SWINGS TOWARDS ME?

ADD ANY OTHER WHAT IFS OF YOUR OWN


FOR ALL THESE YOU SHOULD HAVE A PLAN TO ENSURE YOUR OWN AND OTHERS SAFETY

ALWAYS HAVE AN ESCAPE ROUTE DO NOT GET TRAPPED IN SPACES YOU CANNOT GET AWAY FROM QUICKLY

NEVER TAKE LOADS OVER PERSONNEL MOVE THE PERSONNEL OR TAKE THE LOAD ROUND THEM THE SAME APPLIES TO YOURSELF NEVER GO UNDER SUSPENDED LOADS

BE AWARE OF PINCH POINTS

NEVER WRAP TAGLINE ROUND YOUR HANDS OR BODY IF ANYTHING HAPPENS YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO GET FREE QUICKLY ENOUGH AND COULD BE BADLY INJURED OR WORSE TAGLINES SHOULD BE HELD NORMALLY

BE AWARE OF FIXED OBSTACLE SUCH AS STAIRS, VENTS OR THE DERRICK STRUCTURE ITSELF

SUMMARY
Ask yourself WHAT IF ? Have an escape route Never walk under loads or allow loads to be lifted over other personnel Watch out for fixed obstacles IF IN DOUBT ASK!

Banksman

Hook Up

Hook Down

Boom Up

Boom Down

Move to the right (right of the banksman)

Move to the Left (Left of the banksman)

Halt

Emergency Stop

Easy Easy

SUMMARY
Can the Crane Op see your signals
Use a radio if needed

Speak slowly & clearly


Establish & confirm radio contact with the Crane Op Be aware of background noise Regularly check the battery