Sunteți pe pagina 1din 48

TEMA 1 LEMN

Celulele de culoarea

D
t
ga
So,k
Ce

se vor completa cu datele date din tema.

Date de intrare
9
m
2.5
m
50 daN/m2
250 daN/m2
0.8

Predimensionarea Grindei
c
1.00
m
d
0.30
m
hmax
0.60
m
hmin
0.40
m
hr
0.47
m
f
0.23
m
b
0.36
m
b Grinda
0.12
m
r
39.3125
m
gr
0.0778424
rad
cos gr
0.997

Definitie
deschidere
travee
greutatea elementelor de acoperis
greutatea de referinta a stratului de zapada
coeficient de expunere

FC

15
0.66
40
3

Evaluarea Incarcarilor permanente


Greutate Proprie Grinda
480.00 daN/m3
0.21
Asector
165.43
Atriunghi
164.17
Asegment
1.26
Atr
3.36
Agr
5.45
m2
Vgr
1.96
m3
Ggr
942.59
DaN
qgrpr
85.69 daN/m
ngrpr
1.35
qgrprc
115.68 daN/m

factor de corectie
consola
inaltime maxima
inaltime minima
inaltime in reazem
contrasageata
latime

i
Ct
Sk
qzn
qzc

Greutate Elemente Acoperis


125.38 daN/m
169.26 daN/m
211.07 daN/m
284.94 daN/m

Evaluarea Incarcarilor temporara


Incarcarea din zapada
0.8
1
160 daN/m2
400 daN/m
600 daN/m

Verificarea de rigiditate (deformatie)


Valori normate ale incarcarii
fadm
0.018
m
E
11300.00 N/mm^2
I
0.006
fm1
0.002
m
fm2
0.005
m

19.60
Kr
0.821
f1,inst
0.003
m
f2,inst
0.006
m
kp,def
0.50
kz,def
0.25
f1
0.005
m
f2
0.008
m
fi
0.00
m
fc
0.00
m
fmax,final
0.013
1

Verificarea de rezistenta
Verificarea grinzii la inconvoiere statica
16.80 N/mm^2
1.10
0.65
1.00
9.93 N/mm^2
Sectiunea 1
h1
0.49
m2
Wbrut1
0.01
m3
kw
0.95
Wcalcul1
0.01
Mt
0.90
Mr1
11989.16
daNm
Mef1
3397.29
1
Sectiunea 2
h2
0.48
m2
Wbrut2
0.01
m3
kw
0.95
Wcalcul2
0.01
Mt
0.90
Mr2
11959.53
daNm
Mef2
6052.11
1
Sectiunea 3
h3
0.49
m2
Wbrut3
0.01
m3
kw
0.95
Wcalcul3
0.01
Mt
0.90
Mr3
12227.55
daNm
Mef3
7821.99
1
Sectiunea 4
h4
0.56
m2
Wbrut4
0.02
m3
kw
0.95
Wcalcul4
0.02
Mt
0.90
Mr4
15970.68
daNm
Mef4
8706.93
1
Sectiunea 5
h5
0.60
m2
Wbrut5
0.02
m3
kw
0.95
Wcalcul5
0.02
Mt
0.90
Mr5
18333.69
daNm
Mef5
9565.52
1
Rin
i
mdi
mui
Ric

Verificarea de rezistenta
Verificarea grinzii la forfecare perpendiculara
Rfn, perp
10.80 N/mm^2
Rfc, perp
6.38 N/mm^3
Afc, perp
0.17 cm^2
Vr
97960.57 daN
Tmax
3982.28
1

Verificarea de rezistenta
Verificarea grinzii la forfecare paralela
Rfn, para
2.70 N/mm^2
f, para
1.25
Rfc, para
1.40
Spara
0.01 m3
Ipara
0.0032 m4
Lr
14367.55 daN
Tmax
3982.28
1

se aleg cum vrem noi


se alege o valoare cuprinsa intre 15 si 25 a factorului de corecectie; ATENTIE!!! Hmax trebuie sa aibe valori rotunde (0.6, 0.7, etc)
se alege o valoare cuprinsa intre 0.6 si 0.99 a factorului de corectie
se calculeaza in autocad sau prin formule
se alege o valoare cuprinsa intre 40 si 60 a factorului de corectie
se alege un coef de corectie care mareste latimea
se introduce in prima celula spatiul dintre grinzi si in a doua celula latimea grinzii pentru calculul nr de grinzi

raza
panta

lemn

qa
qac
qperm
qpermc

Observatii
aceste date se introduc manual; sunt datele
date de profesor pentru fiecare student in parte

se da

Arie grinda
Volum grinda
Greutate grinda
incarcarea greutatii proprii normata
coeficient de incarcare
incarcarea greutatii proprii calculata

se calculeaza in autocad sau prin formule de preferat prin formule

este dat

incarcarea elementelor de acoperis normata


incarcarea elementelor de acoperis calculata
incarcarea permanenta normata
incarcarea permanenta calculata

coeficient de forma pentru incarcarea din zapada


coeficient termic

este dat
este dat

incarcarea zapezii normate


incarcarea zapezii calculate

sageata, deformatia maxima admisibila


modul elasticitate (brad)
moment static

este dat

coeficient ce tine cont de forma in elevatia grinzii


coeficient care tine cont de sectiunea variabila a grinzii

este dat
mareste flexibilitatea grinzii

V1
V2

4267.19
4267.19

M1

Verifcare

se dau
sageata sau deformatia datorata incarcarilor permanente
sageata sau deformatia datorata incarcarilor temporale din zapada
deformatia datorata curgerii lente in timp a mijloacelor de imbinare
contrasageata initiala a grinzii inainte de incarcare
sageata deformatia maxima a grinzii

clasa de calitate normata pt lemn de brad


coeficient partial de siguranta
coeficient al conditiilor de lucru care tine seama de tipul incarcarii si de durata de actionare a acesteia
coeficient al conditiilor de lucru care tine seama de echilibrul aerului interior al constructiei

pt. ca grinda nu e pretensionata


pt. ca folosim clei

la alegerea noastra intre 24 pt cal 1 sau 16.8 pt calitatea a 2-a


este dat

1
2

calitate
24
16.8

1
2

calitate
12
10.8

se alege intre cele 3 clase de umiditate

inaltimea sectiunii

coeficient de tratare a lemnului impotriva biodegradarii


capacitatea de rezistenta calculata in sectiune

este dat
se ia din diagrama

inaltimea sectiunii

coeficient de tratare a lemnului impotriva biodegradarii


capacitatea de rezistenta calculata in sectiune

este dat
se ia din diagrama

inaltimea sectiunii

coeficient de tratare a lemnului impotriva biodegradarii


capacitatea de rezistenta calculata in sectiune

este dat
se ia din diagrama

inaltimea sectiunii

coeficient de tratare a lemnului impotriva biodegradarii


capacitatea de rezistenta calculata in sectiune

este dat
se ia din diagrama

inaltimea sectiunii

coeficient de tratare a lemnului impotriva biodegradarii


capacitatea de rezistenta calculata in sectiune

este dat
se ia din diagrama

se alege clasa de rezistenta

coeficient de rezistenta a unui element in sect. simpla din lemn supus la forfecare perpendiculara cu fibra lemnului

calitate
1
2
este dat

coeficient de rezistenta a unui element in sect. simpla din lemn supus la forfecare paralela cu fibra lemnului

3
2.7

calitate
1
2
3

1
0.9
0.75

TEMA 2 LEMN
Celulele de culoarea
Celulele de culoarea

deschidere
inaltimea montanului central
travee
greutatea elementelor de acoperis
greutatea de referinta a stratului de zapada
coeficient de expunere

incarcarea permanenta normata


incarcarea permanenta calculata

coeficient de forma pentru incarcarea din zapada


coeficient de forma pentru incarcarea din zapada
coeficient termic
incarcarea zapezii normate

D
h
t
ga
So,k
Ce
gr
cos gr

qperm
ngrpr
qpermc

I1
II1
II2
Ct
qzIn

Date de intrare
9
m
1.8
m
2.5
m
50 daN/m2
250 daN/m2
0.8
21.8
0.928

Evaluarea Incarcarilor
Incarcari permanente
134.63
daN/m
1.35
181.75
daN/m

Evaluarea Incarcarilor
Incarcarea din zapada
0.8
0.4
1.381333
1
400
daN/m

se vor completa cu datele date din tema sau se vor mo


sunt verificari; 1 inseamna bine, 0 inseamna ca nu sunt

Tipul
barei
Talpa superioara
Talpa inferioara
diagonale

1-3
3-5
5-7
7-9
9-11
11-12
1-2
2-4
4-6
6-8
8-10
10-12
3-4
5-6
6-9
8-11
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-9
10-11

600
200
300
690.6667
1036

montanti

qzIc
qzII1n
qzII1c
qzII2n
qzII2c

Bara

incarcarea zapezii calculate

daN/m
daN/m
daN/m
daN/m
daN/m

Eforturi unitare

Determinarea eforturilor in barele grinzii cu zabrele


Eforturi reale

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

qp SLU

qz1 SLU

qz2 SLU 1

daN/m
-7.068
-5.048
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
6.563
6.563
4.689
2.812
2.812
2.812
-2.02
-2.401
0
0
0
0.75
1.5
0
0

daN/m
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
-5.048
-7.068
2.812
2.812
2.812
4.689
6.563
6.563
0
0
-2.401
-2.02
0
0
1.5
0.75
0

daN/m
-10.097
-8.077
-6.058
-6.058
-8.077
-10.097
9.375
9.375
7.501
7.501
9.375
9.375
-2.02
-2.401
-2.401
-2.02
0
0.75
3
0.75
0

daN/m
-1835.1
-1467.97
-1101.03
-1101.03
-1467.97
-1835.1
1703.883
1703.883
1363.288
1363.288
1703.883
1703.883
-367.13
-436.376
-436.376
-367.13
0
136.3106
545.2426
136.3106
0

daN/m
-6058.2
-4846.2
-3634.8
-3634.8
-4846.2
-6058.2
5625
5625
4500.6
4500.6
5625
5625
-1212
-1440.6
-1440.6
-1212
0
450
1800
450
0

daN/m
-2120.4
-1514.4
-908.7
-908.7
-908.7
-908.7
1968.9
1968.9
1406.7
843.6
843.6
843.6
-606
-720.3
0
0
0
225
450
0
0

clasa de calitate

clasa de exploatare

capacitatea de rezistenta a unui element cu sect


simpla din lemn supus la intindere centrica
Effort de intindere care apare in bara

Bare cu sectiune simpla (grinzi) supuse la intindere


centrica (Ti)
bef
_10
cm
hef
19
cm
Aef
190
cm^2
1
Rtn
8.6 N/mm^2
t
1.4
mdt
0.938376
mut
1
mt
0.90
Rtc
5.76 N/mm^2
Aneta
180.17
cm^2
Tr

9856.97

daN

Tef

9346.75

daN

Bare cu sectiune simpla supuse la compresiune cu


flambaj (Ts)
Rcparan
15 N/mm^2
c
1.25
mdc
0.84
muc
1.00
Rcparac
10.06 N/mm^2
bef
10
cm
hef
12
cm
Aef
120
cm^2
1
I
1440
cm^4
i
3.46
cm

46.48
1
fic
1.44

Bare cu sectiune simpla supuse la compres


4, 8-11)
Rcparan
12
c
1.25
mdc
0.84
muc
1.00
Rcparac
8.05
bef
10
hef
12
Aef
120
I
1440
i
3.46

46.48
fic
1.44

Acalc
Ctr
Cef

77.47
15593.18
10066.25

daN
daN

Acalc
Ctr
Cef

Dimensionare montanti 2-3, 10-11


Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Aef
d

0
0
cm^2
1600 daN/cm^2
1.25
1.13
cm^2
12
mm

Verificarea pragurilor de chertare la strivire sub unghiul

Rcnperp
3.3 N/mm^2
Rcnpara
15 N/mm^2
muc
1.00
mdc
0.84
c
1.25
Rccperp
2.21 N/mm^2
Rccpara
10.06 N/mm^2
Rc1
8.53 N/mm^2
Nr1
2977.62
daN
Nr2
5955.24
daN
Nrtotal
8932.86
daN
Ncef
7893.30
daN
1

23.66
12474.55
2459.85

Dimensionare montanti 4
Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Aef
d

586.31
0.46
1600
1.25
1.13
12

Conditii constructive pt realizare


hc1
hc2
lp1
lp2
Astr1
Astr2
bef
hef

3
6
27
60
38.77
77.55
12
19

Verificarea pragurilor de chertare la strivire sub unghiul

Rcnperp
3.3 N/mm^2
Rcnpara
15 N/mm^2
muc
1.00
mdc
0.84
c
1.25
Rccperp
2.21 N/mm^2
Rccpara
10.06 N/mm^2
Rc1
7.44 N/mm^2
Nr1
3424.64
daN
Nr2
0
daN
Nrtotal
3424.64
daN
Ncef
1579.13
daN
1

Conditii constructive pt realizare


hc1

4.75

lp1

33.25

Astr1

51.16

ele date din tema sau se vor modifica pentru a obtine rezultatele optime.
mna bine, 0 inseamna ca nu sunt indeplinite conditiile

barele grinzii cu zabrele


Eforturi reale
qz2 SLU 2 qz2 SLU total

Ipoteza I

Ipoteza II

Efort
maxim

Ipoteze de incarcare

daN/m
-3138.044
-3138.044
-3138.044
-3138.044
-5229.728
-7322.448
2913.232
2913.232
2913.232
4857.804
6799.268
6799.268
0
0
-2487.436
-2092.72
0
0
1554
777
0

daN/m
-7893.3
-6314.17
-4735.83
-4735.83
-6314.17
-7893.3
7328.883
7328.883
5863.888
5863.888
7328.883
7328.883
-1579.13
-1876.98
-1876.98
-1579.13
0
586.3106
2345.243
586.3106
0

daN/m
-7093.55
-6120.42
-5147.77
-5147.77
-7606.4
-10066.3
6586.015
6586.015
5683.22
7064.692
9346.751
9346.751
-973.13
-1156.68
-2923.81
-2459.85
0
361.3106
2549.243
913.3106
0

daN
7893.305
6314.175
5147.77
5147.77
7606.403
10066.25
7328.883
7328.883
5863.888
7064.692
9346.751
9346.751
1579.13
1876.976
2923.812
2459.85
0
586.3106
2549.243
913.3106
0

daN/m
-5258.444
-4652.444
-4046.744
-4046.744
-6138.428
-8231.148
4882.132
4882.132
4319.932
5701.404
7642.868
7642.868
-606
-720.3
-2487.436
-2092.72
0
225
2004
777
0

iune simpla supuse la compresiune cu flambaj (d 34, 8-11)


N/mm^2

N/mm^2
cm
cm
cm^2
cm^4
cm

Bare cu sectiune simpla supuse la compresiune cu


flambaj (d 5-6, 6-9)
Rcparan
12 N/mm^2
c
1.25
mdc
0.84
muc
1.00
Rcparac
8.05 N/mm^2
bef
10
cm
hef
12
cm
Aef
120
cm^2
1
I
1440
cm^4
i
3.46
cm

55.43
1
fic
1.01

daN
daN

Acalc
Ctr
Cef

40.00
8771.50
2923.81

Dimensionare montanti 4-5

daN
daN

Dimensionare montanti 6-7


Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Aef
d

cm^2
daN/cm^2
cm^2
mm

Dimensionare montanti 8-9

2549.24
1.99
cm^2
1600 daN/cm^2
1.25
2.01
cm^2
16
mm

Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Aef
d

913.31
0.71
cm^2
1600 daN/cm^2
1.25
1.13
cm^2
12
mm

Nodul in reazem

onditii constructive pt realizarea chertarii


cm
cm
cm
cm
cm^2
cm^2

1
1

Verificarea pragurilor de chertare la fofecare

9
10

Nc1
Nc2
Fef11
Fef12
Af1
Af2
mufpara
mdf
fpara
Rnf
Rcfpara
Fr1
Fr2

Nodul intermediar 4

2631.10
daN
7893.30
daN
2442.94
daN
7328.82
daN
270
cm^2
600
cm^2
1.00
0.63
1.25
3 N/mm^2
1.50 N/mm^2
2558.65
daN
8122.69
daN

Verificarea buloanelor de avarie


mo
Rol
d
Abruta
ksl
Aneta
Ncapbls
Ncapbls
Nefbls

1
1

0.6
210 N/mm^2
22
mm
3.80
cm^2
1.25
3.04
cm^2
3831.74
daN
7663.48
daN
6350.92
daN

onditii constructive pt realizarea chertarii

Verificarea pragurilor de chertare la fofecare

cm
cm
cm^2

7
3

Nc1
Nc2
Fef11
Fef12
Af1

1579.13
1579.13
1466.2
1466.2
332.5

daN
daN
daN
daN
cm^2

mufpara
mdf
fpara
Rnf
Rcfpara
Fr1

1.00
0.63
1.25
3 N/mm^2
1.50 N/mm^2
3150.93
daN

h
9
9
9
10.5
10.5
10.5
12
12
12
15
15
15
18
18
18

gr (grade)
1.8
21.8
2
23.94
2.25
26.56
2.1
21.18
2.4
24.56
2.65
26.77
2.4
21.8
2.7
24.23
3
26.56
3.25
23.42
3.5
25
3.75
26.56
3.6
21.8
4
23.96
4.5
26.56

Talpa superioara Tipul barei


Talpa inferioara
diagonale
montanti

Bara
1-3
3-5
5-7
7-9
9-11
11-12
1-2
2-4
4-6
6-8
8-10
10-12
3-4
5-6
6-9
8-11
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-9
10-11

Stanga
1.8
-7.068
-5.048
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
6.563
6.563
4.689
2.812
2.812
2.812
-2.02
-2.401
0
0
0
0.75
1.5
0
0

Rtn

14.4
8.6

mut

1
0.9

Rcparan

15
12

sionare montanti 8-9

ea buloanelor de avarie

gr (rad)
0.380482
0.417832
0.463559
0.369661
0.428653
0.467225
0.380482
0.422893
0.463559
0.408756
0.436332
0.463559
0.380482
0.418181
0.463559

cos gr
0.928486
0.913971
0.894467
0.93245
0.909527
0.892822
0.928486
0.911905
0.894467
0.917616
0.906308
0.894467
0.928486
0.913829
0.894467

10.5

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

1.8
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
-3.029
-5.048
-7.068
2.812
2.812
2.812
4.689
6.563
6.563
0
0
-2.401
-2.02
0
0
1.5
0.75
0

-10.097
-8.077
-6.058
-6.058
-8.077
-10.097
9.375
9.375
7.501
7.501
9.375
9.375
-2.02
-2.401
-2.401
-2.02
0
0.75
3
0.75
0

-6.469
-4.621
-2.773
-2.773
-2.773
-2.773
5.912
5.912
4.223
2.534
2.534
2.534
-1.848
-2.259
0
0
0
0.75
1.5
0
0

2
-2.773
-2.773
-2.773
-2.773
-4.621
-6.469
2.534
2.534
2.534
4.223
5.912
5.912
0
0
-2.259
-1.848
0
0
1.5
0.75
0

-9.242
-7.394
-5.546
-5.546
-7.394
-9.242
8.446
8.446
6.757
6.757
8.446
8.446
-1.848
-2.259
-2.259
-1.848
0
0.75
3
0.75
0

-5.871
-4.194
-2.517
-2.517
-2.517
-2.517
5.251
5.251
3.751
2.251
2.251
2.251
-1.677
-2.121
0
0
0
0.75
1.5
0
0

2.25
-2.517
-2.517
-2.517
-2.517
-4.194
-5.871
2.251
2.251
2.251
3.751
5.251
5.251
0
0
-2.121
-1.677
0
0
1.5
0.75
0

-8.388
-6.711
-5.034
-5.034
-6.711
-8.388
7.502
7.502
6.002
6.002
7.502
7.502
-1.677
-2.121
-2.121
-1.677
0
0.75
3
0.75
0

-8.247
-5.891
-3.535
-3.535
-3.535
-3.535
7.657
7.657
5.469
3.282
3.282
3.282
-2.356
-2.801
0
0
0
0.875
1.75
0
0

2.1
-3.535
-3.535
-3.535
-3.535
-5.891
-8.247
3.282
3.282
3.282
5.469
7.657
7.657
0
0
-2.801
-2.356
0
0
1.75
0.875
0

-11.782
-9.426
-7.07
-7.07
-9.426
-11.782
10.939
10.939
8.751
8.751
10.939
10.939
-2.356
-2.801
-2.801
-2.356
0
0.875
3.5
0.875
0

-7.369
-5.263
-3.158
-3.158
-3.158
-3.158
6.701
6.701
4.786
2.872
2.872
2.872
-2.105
-2.594
0
0
0
0.875
1.75
0
0

2.4
-3.158
-3.158
-3.158
-3.158
-5.263
-7.369
2.872
2.872
2.872
4.786
6.701
6.701
0
0
-2.594
-2.105
0
0
1.75
0.875
0

-10.527
-8.421
-6.316
-6.316
-8.421
-10.527
9.573
9.573
7.658
7.658
9.573
9.573
-2.105
-2.594
-2.594
-2.105
0
0.875
3.5
0.875
0

Grosimi

Latimi

25
15
30

1-3
3-5
5-7
7-9
9-11
11-12
1-2
2-4
4-6
6-8

Talpa inferioara

Bara

25
30
30

Tipul
barei

12
15
19
12
15
15
17
19
25
19
25

Talpa superioara

10
10
10
12
12
15
15
15
15
19
19

Grosimi
_10
_12
_15
_19
_25
_30

Tabel Pagina 208


10
12
12
12
15
15
19

9
1.8
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.61
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

15
15
17
19
25
7.5

10.5

2.25
1.64
1.64
1.64
1.64
1.64
1.64
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

2.1
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.88
1.75
1.75
1.75
1.75

2.4
1.92
1.92
1.92
1.92
1.92
1.92
1.75
1.75
1.75
1.75

19
19
25

25
25

30
15
30

Lungimi bare (pentru flambaj)


12
2.65
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.96
1.75
1.75
1.75
1.75

2.4
2.15
2.15
2.15
2.15
2.15
2.15
2
2
2
2

2.7
2.19
2.19
2.19
2.19
2.19
2.19
2
2
2
2

15
3

3.25
2.23
2.23
2.23
2.23
2.23
2.23
2
2
2
2

2.72
2.72
2.72
2.72
2.72
2.72
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5

3.5
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5

3.75
2.79
2.79
2.79
2.79
2.79
2.79
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5

Talpa inferioara
diagonale
montanti

8-10
10-12
3-4
5-6
6-9
8-11
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-9
10-11

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

1.5
1.5
1.61
1.92
1.92
1.61
0.6
1.2
1.8
1.2
0.6

1.5
1.5
1.64
2
2
1.64
0.666
1.332
2
1.332
0.666

calitate
1
2

12
10.8

calitate
1
2

3
2.7

1
2

fpara
1.25
1.1

1.5
1.5
1.68
2.12
2.12
1.68
0.75
1.5
2.25
1.5
0.75

1.75
1.75
1.88
2.24
2.24
1.88
0.7
1.4
2.1
1.4
0.7

1.75
1.75
1.92
2.37
2.37
1.92
0.8
1.6
2.4
1.6
0.8

1.75
1.75
1.96
2.48
2.48
1.96
0.883
1.76
2.65
1.76
0.883

2
2
2.15
2.56
2.56
2.15
0.8
1.6
2.4
1.6
0.8

2
2
2.19
2.69
2.69
2.19
0.9
1.8
2.7
1.8
0.9

Aefectiv montant
1.130973
12
1.53938
14
2.010619
16
2.54469
18
3.141593
20
3.801327
22
4.908739
25
6.157522
28
7.068583
30
8.042477
32
10.17876
36
12.56637
40

cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2
cm^2

2
2
2.23
2.83
2.83
2.23
1
2
3
2
1

2.5
2.5
2.72
3.3
3.3
2.72
1.083
2.166
3.25
2.166
1.083

2.5
2.5
2.75
2.333
2.333
2.75
1.166
2.333
3.5
2.333
1.166

montant
12
14
16
18
20
22
25
28
30
32
36
40

Aefectiv
1.130973
1.53938
2.010619
2.54469
3.141593
3.801327
4.908739
6.157522
7.068583
8.042477
10.17876
12.56637

2.5
2.5
2.79
3.53
3.53
2.79
1.25
2.5
3.75
2.5
1.25

Rnf
1
2

3
2.3

12
Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

-6.799
-4.857
-2.914
-2.914
-2.914
-2.914
6.071
6.071
4.337
2.603
2.603
2.603
-1.942
-2.464
0
0
0
0.875
1.75
0
0

2.65
-2.914
-2.914
-2.914
-2.914
-4.857
-6.799
2.603
2.603
2.603
4.337
6.071
6.071
0
0
-2.464
-1.942
0
0
1.75
0.875
0

-9.713
-7.771
-5.828
-5.828
-7.771
-9.713
8.674
8.674
6.94
6.94
8.674
8.674
-1.942
-2.464
-2.464
-1.942
0
0.875
3.5
0.875
0

-9.425
-6.732
-4.039
-4.039
-4.039
-4.039
8.751
8.751
6.251
3.751
3.751
3.751
-2.693
-3.202
0
0
0
1
2
0
0

2.4
-4.039
-4.039
-4.039
-4.039
-6.732
-9.425
3.751
3.751
3.751
6.251
8.751
8.751
0
0
-3.202
-2.693
0
0
2
1
0

-13.464
-10.771
-8.078
-8.078
-10.771
-13.464
12.502
12.502
10.002
10.002
12.502
12.502
-2.693
-3.202
-3.202
-2.693
0
1
4
1
0

-8.528
-6.091
-3.654
-3.654
-3.654
-3.654
7.777
7.777
5.555
3.333
3.333
3.333
-2.437
-2.99
0
0
0
1
2
0
0

2.7
-3.654
-3.654
-3.654
-3.654
-6.091
-8.528
3.333
3.333
3.333
5.555
7.777
7.777
0
0
-2.99
-2.437
0
0
2
1
0

-12.182
-9.745
-7.308
-7.308
-9.745
-12.182
11.11
11.11
8.888
8.888
11.11
11.11
-2.437
-2.99
-2.99
-2.437
0
1
4
1
0

-7.828
-5.592
-3.356
-3.356
-3.356
-3.356
7.002
7.002
5.002
3.002
3.002
3.002
-2.236
-2.829
0
0
0
1
2
0
0

3
-3.356
-3.356
-3.356
-3.356
-5.592
-7.828
3.002
3.002
3.002
5.002
7.002
7.002
0
0
-2.829
-2.236
0
0
2
1
0

-11.184
-8.948
-6.712
-6.712
-8.948
-11.184
10.004
10.004
8.004
8.004
10.004
10.004
-2.236
-2.829
-2.829
-2.236
0
1
4
1
0

-11.007
-7.862
-4.718
-4.718
-4.718
-4.718
10.1
10.1
7.214
4.329
4.329
4.329
-3.145
-3.818
0
0
0
1.25
2.5
0
0

3.25
-4.718
-4.718
-4.718
-4.718
-7.862
-11.007
4.329
4.329
4.329
7.214
10.1
10.1
0
0
-3.818
-3.145
0
0
2.5
1.25
0

18
3.6
3.23
3.23
3.23
3.23
3.23
3.23
3
3
3
3

4.5
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3
3
3
3

3.35
3.35
3.35
3.35
3.35
3.35
3
3
3
3

3
3
3.23
3.84
3.84
3.23
1.2
2.4
3.6
2.4
1.2

3
3
3.28
4.01
4.01
3.28
1.333
2.666
4
2.666
1.333

3
3
3.35
4.24
4.24
3.35
1.5
3
4.5
3
1.5

15

18

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

Dreapte

Total

Stanga

-15.725
-12.58
-9.436
-9.436
-12.58
-15.725
14.429
14.429
11.543
11.543
14.429
14.429
-3.145
-3.818
-3.818
-3.145
0
1.25
5
1.25
0

-10.352
-7.394
-4.437
-4.437
-4.437
-4.437
9.382
9.382
6.701
4.021
4.021
4.021
-2.958
-3.665
0
0
0
1.25
2.5
0
0

3.5
-4.437
-4.437
-4.437
-4.437
-7.394
-10.352
4.021
4.021
4.021
6.701
9.382
9.382
0
0
-3.665
-2.958
0
0
2.5
1.25
0

-14.789
-11.831
-8.874
-8.874
-11.831
-14.789
13.403
13.403
10.722
10.722
13.403
13.403
-2.958
-3.665
-3.665
-2.958
0
1.25
5
1.25
0

-9.785
-6.989
-4.194
-4.194
-4.194
-4.194
8.752
8.752
6.251
3.751
3.751
3.751
-2.796
-3.536
0
0
0
1.25
2.5
0
0

3.75
-4.194
-4.194
-4.194
-4.194
-6.989
-9.785
3.751
3.751
3.751
6.251
8.752
8.752
0
0
-3.536
-2.796
0
0
2.5
1.25
0

-13.979
-11.183
-8.388
-8.388
-11.183
-13.979
12.503
12.503
10.002
10.002
12.503
12.503
-2.796
-3.536
-3.536
-2.796
0
1.25
5
1.25
0

-14.137
-10.098
-6.059
-6.059
-6.059
-6.059
13.126
13.126
9.376
5.626
5.626
5.626
-4.039
-4.802
0
0
0
1.5
3
0
0

3.6
-6.059
-6.059
-6.059
-6.059
-10.098
-14.137
5.626
5.626
5.626
9.376
13.126
13.126
0
0
-4.802
-4.039
0
0
3
1.5
0

-20.196
-16.157
-12.118
-12.118
-16.157
-20.196
18.752
18.752
15.002
15.002
18.752
18.752
-4.039
-4.802
-4.802
-4.039
0
1.5
6
1.5
0

-12.928
-9.235
-5.541
-5.541
-5.541
-5.541
11.814
11.814
8.438
5.063
5.063
5.063
-3.694
-4.516
0
0
0
1.5
3
0
0

4
-5.541
-5.541
-5.541
-5.541
-9.235
-12.928
5.063
5.063
5.063
8.438
11.814
11.814
0
0
-4.516
-3.694
0
0
3
1.5
0

-18.469
-14.776
-11.082
-11.082
-14.776
-18.469
16.877
16.877
13.501
13.501
16.877
16.877
-3.694
-4.516
-4.516
-3.694
0
1.5
6
1.5
0

-11.741
-8.386
-5.032
-5.032
-5.032
-5.032
10.502
10.502
7.501
4.5
4.5
4.5
-3.355
-4.243
0
0
0
1.5
3
0
0

3.25

4.5

Dreapte

Total

4.5
-5.032
-5.032
-5.032
-5.032
-8.386
-11.741
4.5
4.5
4.5
7.501
10.502
10.502
0
0
-4.243
-3.355
0
0
3
1.5
0

-16.773
-13.418
-10.064
-10.064
-13.418
-16.773
15.002
15.002
12.001
12.001
15.002
15.002
-3.355
-4.243
-4.243
-3.355
0
1.5
6
1.5
0

Proiect Constructii din lemn - Tema 2


Sa se proiecteze ferma de acoperis (grinda cu zabrele realizata din lemn) cu consum mediu
de material.
Date de tema:
Deschidere
Inaltimea montantului central
Travee
Incarcare permanenta
Incarcarea din zapada

D
9
h
1.8
t
2.5
ga
50
So,k 250
Ce
0.8

m
m
m
daN / m2
daN / m2

Evaluarea incarcarilor:
1. Incarcarea permanenta
g
50
q nperm a t
x 2.5 = 134.63 daN / m
0.928
cos
qcperm 1.35 q nperm 134.63 x 1.35 = 181.75 daN / m

2. Incarcarea din zapada


a). Ipoteza I
qzI ,n I Ce Ct So,k t

0.8

x 0.8 x

x 250 x 2.5 = 400 daN / m

qzI ,c I Ce Ct So,k t 1.5

0.8

x 0.8 x

x 250 x 2.5 x 1.5 = 600 daN / m

qzII ,1,n II ,1 Ce Ct So,k t

0.4

x 0.8 x

x 250 x 2.5 = 200 daN / m

qzII ,1,c II ,1 Ce Ct So,k t 1.5

0.4

x 0.8 x

x 250 x 2.5 x 1.5 = 300 daN / m

qzII ,2,n II ,2 Ce Ct So,k t 1.381 x 0.8 x

x 250 x 2.5 = 691 daN / m

qzII ,2,c II ,2 Ce Ct So,k t 1.5 1.381 x 0.8 x

x 250 x 2.5 x 1.5 = 1036

b). Ipoteza II

daN / m

Bare cu sectiune simpla (grinzi) supuse la intindere centrica (Ti):

Rtn 8.6

N / mm2

t 1.4
mdt

0.9 q cperm 0.95 qzI ,c


q cperm qzI ,c

0.9 x 1703.9 x 0.95 x 5625 = 0.93838


1703.9 + 5625

mut 1

Rtc

Rtn mut mdt

Aneta

Tef
R mt
c
t

8.6 x

1
1.4

x 0.94

9346.8
5.76 x 0.90 x 10

= 5.76 N / mm2

= 180

cm2

Aefectiva Aneta propunem o sectiune;

bef 10
hef 19

cm
cm

Aefectiv 190 cm2

Tr Rtc Aefectiva mt 5.76 x


Tef 9346.8

190

x 0.90 x

10 = 9856.97 daN

daN

daN / m
Se observa ca

9857 9346.8 daN

Tr Tef

Bare cu sectiune simpla (grinzi) supuse la compresiune cu flambaj (Ts):


Rcn 15

daN / m

N / mm2

c 1.25

daN / m

mdc

0.8 q cperm 0.85 qzI ,c


q cperm qzI ,c

0.8 x -1835 x 0.85 x -6058


= 0.83838
-1835 - 6058

muc 1

R
c
c

Rcn muc mdc

15 x

bef 10
hef 12

1
x 0.84
= 10.1 N / mm2
1.25

cm
cm

Aefectiva 120 cm2

Aefectiva

bef hef 3
12

10 x 1728
4
= 1440 cm
12

lf

1440
= 3.4641 cm
120
1.6 x 100
= 46.477
3.46

2160.1

1 - 0.8 x 10000 = 1.435
100

c 1 0.8

Cr Rcc Aefectiva mt c 10 X 120 X 0.90 X 1.435 x 10

= 15593.18 daN

Cef 10066.25 daN

Cr Cef

Se observa ca

15593.18 10066.25 daN

Bare cu sectiune simpla (grinzi) supuse la compresiune cu flambaj (diagonala 3-4, 8-11):
Rcn 12

N / mm2

c 1.3
mdc

0.8 q cperm 0.85 qzI ,c


q cperm qzI ,c

0.8 x -367 x 0.85 x -1212


= 0.84
-367 - 1212

muc 1

Rcc

Rcn muc mdc

12 x

bef 10
hef 12

1 x 0.8384
= 8.048 N / mm2
1.25

cm
cm

Aefectiva 120 cm2


I

bef hef 3
12
i

10 x 1728
4
= 1440 cm
12
1440
= 3.4641 cm
120

lf



100

1.61 x 100
= 46.48
3.46

c 1 0.8

2160.08
= 1.44
10000

- 0.8 x

Cr Rcc Aefectiva mt c 8.05 x 120 x

Cef 2459.85

Se observa ca

0.90

x 1.44 x

10

= 12474.55

daN
12474.55 2459.85

Cr Cef

daN

Bare cu sectiune simpla (grinzi) supuse la compresiune cu flambaj (diagonala 3-4, 8-11):
Rcn

12

c 1.25
mdc

0.8 q cperm 0.85 qzI ,c


q

c
perm

I ,c
z

0.8 x -367 +
-367 -

muc

Rcc

Rcn muc mdc

0.85
1212

x -1212

1
12 x

bef 10
hef 12

1 x 0.83838
= 8.048
1.25

cm
cm

Aefectiva 120 cm2


I

bef hef 3
12

10 x 1728 = 1440 cm4


12

lf


c 1 0.8

100

1440
= 3.46 cm
120
1.92 x 100
= 40.00
3.46

- 0.8 x

1599.97
= 1.01
10000

= 0.838

daN

Cr Rcc Aefectiva mt c 8.048 x 120 x 0.90 x 1.01 = 8771.504 daN

Cef 2923.81

Se observa ca

daN

Cr Cef

Dimensionare montanti 2-3, 10-11:


Nt 0

8771.50 2923.81

daN

d 12

Dimensionare montanti 4-5:

Nt 586.3 daN

Anec

Nt
ksl 586.3 x 1.25 = 0.46 cm2 d 12 mm Aef 1.13 cm2
R
1600

Dimensionare montanti 6-7:

Nt 2549

Anec

daN

Nt
2549
2
ksl
x 1.25 = 1.99 cm d 16 mm Aef 2.01 cm2
1600
R

Dimensionare montanti 8-9:

Nt 913.3

Anec

daN

Nt
913.3
x 1.25 = 0.71 cm2 d 12 mm Aef 1.13 cm 2
ksl
1600
R
cm2

Nod in reazem:
1. Conditii constructive pt realizarea chertarii

hc 2

htalpa
3

hc 2

19
3

hc1 2 aleg

= 6.00

hc1

hc 2 hc1 2

6.00 -

bef 12
hef 19

cm
3 cm

= 3.00 cm

l p1 10 hc1 l p1

10

= 27

cm

l p 2 10 hc 2 l p 2

10

6.00

=60

cm

1
Astr

hc1
3
x
b
0.92849
cos

10

= 38.77 cm 2

2
Astr

hc 2
b 6.00 x
cos
0.92849

10

= 77.55 cm 2

2. Verificarea pragurilor de chertare la strivire sub unghiul


Rcn

3.3 N / mm2
12 N / mm2
1.25
1.25

R
n
c

c
c

Rcc
R
c
c

Rcc,

Rcn muc mdc

c
Rcn muc mdc

c
Rcc

Rc

1 cc 1 sin 3
Rc

3.3

1.00 x 0.838
= 2.21
1.25

15

1.00 x 0.838
= 10.06 N / mm2
1.25

10.06
+
2.21

10.06

N / mm2

= 8.53 N / mm2
x 0.05

1
Nr1 Rcc, Astr
mt

8.53

x 38.77 x 0.90 x

10

= 2977.62

daN

2
N r2 Rcc, Astr
mt

8.53

x 77.55 x

10

= 5955.24

daN

0.9

N rtotal N r1 Nr2 2977.62 + 5955.2 = 8932.86

Nef 7893.30
Se observa ca

daN

daN

N rtotal Nef

8932.86 7893.30

daN

cm
cm

Nod intermediar:
1. Conditii constructive pt realizarea chertarii

hc

htalpa
4

l p 10 hc l p

Astr

hc 4.75 cm

aleg

10

4.75 = 33.25 cm

hc1
4.75
b
x
0.92849
cos

10

2
= 38.77 cm

2. Verificarea pragurilor de chertare la strivire sub unghiul


Rcn

3.3
15
1.25
1.25

R
c
c
n
c

Rcn muc mdc


R

c
c
c

Rcc
Rcc,

Rcn muc mdc

c
Rcc

Rc

1 cc 1 sin 3
Rc

3.3

1.00 x 0.838
= 2.21
1.25

15

1.00 x 0.838
= 10.06 N / mm2
1.25

10.06
10.06
+
2.21

Nr Rcc, Astr mt

7.44

N / mm2

= 7.44 N / mm2
x 0.05

x 38.77 x 0.90 x

10

= 3424.64 daN

N rtotal N r 3424.64 daN

Nef 1579.13 daN


Se observa ca

N rtotal Nef

3424.64 1579.13

daN

3. Verficarea pragurilor de cheratare la forfecare:


R nf 3 N / mm2
f 1.25
muf 1.00

mdf

0.55 q cperm 0.65 qzI ,c


q

c
perm

I ,c
z

0.55

N c 7893.30
N c1 N c

x -1835 + 0.65
-1835 - 6058.2

x -6058.2

= 0.63

daN

1
Astr
38.77
7893.30 x
1
2
38.77 + 77.55
Astr
Astr

= 2631.10 daN

Nc 2 Nc 7893.30 daN

Fef ,1 Nc1 cos 2631.10 x 0.928 = 2442.94 daN


Fef ,2 Nc 2 cos 7893.30 x 0.928 = 7328.82 daN
Af 1 l p1 b
27
x 10 = 270 cm2
Af 2 l p 2 b
60
x 10 = 600 cm 2

R nf muf mdf

x 1.00 x
1.25

0.63

Fr1 Rcf Af 1 mt 0.7

1.50

x 270 x

0.9

0.7

x 10 = 2558.649 daN

Fr 2 Rcf Af 2 mt

1.50

x 600 x

0.9

10

= 8122.69

Rcf

Se observa ca
Se observa ca

Fr1 Fef 1
Fr 2 Fef 2

= 1.50

N / mm2

daN

2558.65 2442.94 daN


8122.69 7328.82 daN

4. Verficarea (dimensionarea) buloanelor de avarie:


m0 0.6
R0L 210 N / mm2
bulon
Propun d= 22 mm Abruta
3.80133 cm2

bulon
Aneta

bulon
3.80133
Abruta
= 3.04 cm2

1.25
ksl

Nef ,buloane Nc tg (60 ) 7893.3 x tg ( 60 bulon


Ncap ,bulon R0 L Aneta
m0

Ncap ,buloane 2 Ncap ,buloane

Se observa ca

210
2

x 3.04 x

21.8

)= 6350.9

daN

0.6

= 3831.7

daN

x 3832 = 7663.48 daN

Ncap ,buloane Nef ,buloane 7663.48 6350.92 daN

3. Verficarea pragurilor de cheratare la forfecare:


R nf 3
N / mm2
f 1.25
muf 1.00

mdf

0.55 q cperm 0.65 qzI ,c


q

c
perm

I ,c
z

0.55

x -367 +
-367 -

0.65
1212

x -1212

= 0.63

N c 1579.13 daN
Nc Nc

Astr
38.77
= 1579.13 daN
1579.13 x
38.77
Astr

Fef N c cos 1579.13 x 0.928 = 1466.2


Af l p b

R
c
f

R nf muf mdf

Fr Rcf Af mt 0.7

Se observa ca

33.25 x 10 = 270

cm2

x 1.00 x
1.25

0.63

1.50

x 270 x

0.9

Fr Fef

daN

= 1.50 N / mm2
x

0.7

x 10 = 3150.929 daN

3150.93 1466.20 daN

TEMA 3 LEMN
Celulele de culoarea
Celulele de culoarea

se vor completa cu datele date din tema sau se vor modifica pentru a obtine rezultatele optime.
sunt verificari; 1 inseamna bine, 0 inseamna ca nu sunt indeplinite conditiile

Nt
mut
mdt
Rtn
t
Rtc
mr
Anec
Grosime
Latime
Aef

Bare compuse tensionate TI


9346.75104
daN
1
0.94088516
14.4 N/mm^2
1.4
9.67767592 N/mm^2
0.9
11923.5227
mm^2
38
mm
160
mm
1
12160
mm^2
1

Nc
muc
mdc
Rcnpara
cpara
Rccpara
mr
lf
Grosime
Latime
Ap
Ipy
Isy
iy
y
Dcui
Lcui
k
r
dist tije
ne

ytr
ficy
Cry

Bare compuse comprimate TS


10066.2527
daN
1
0.84088487
15 N/mm^2
1.25
10.0906184 N/mm^2
0.9
1.61
m
48
mm
180
mm
1
17280
mm^2
43130880
mm^4
1474560
mm^4
50.8068237
mm
31.6886568
mm
_5.6
mm
160
mm
0.00318878
2
100
mm
20
2.04661977
64.8546316
0.66351014
104124.18
N
1

Ipx
Isx
ix
x
ficx
Crx

46656000
16384000
56.3389215
28.5770469
0.93466819
146676.823

Nc
lf
Dcui
Lcui
dist tije
Grosime
Latime
Ap
Ipy
Isy
iy
y
ficy
Cry
Ipx
Isx
ix
k
r
dist tije
ne

x
xtr
ficx
Crx

823080
mm^4
19022293.3
mm^4
53.8643701
mm
0.004
2
150
mm
13.3333333
2.08322916
35.645084
74.2568786
0.55887328
34716.0047 N

0
daN
0
cm^2
1600 daN/cm^2
1.5
38
mm
120
mm
456
cm^2

9.5
7.5
2
2

I
II

15
12

10
7.1
2.84
2.84

8.4
8.4
4.2
3.6

586.31
daN
0.55
cm^2
1600 daN/cm^2
1.5
38
mm
120
mm
456
cm^2

SUBSTITUTE(D100,"_","")
1

8
24

cm
cm
cm
cm

cm
cm
cm
cm

Dimensionare montanti 4-5


Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Grosime
Latime
Acalcul

Dimensionare montanti 6-7

16

Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Grosime
Latime
Acalcul

38

cm
cm
cm
cm

Imbinarea de prelungire
Nt
5863.88818
daN
Dcui
12
mm
Lcap inc
2880
N
Lcap strint
2280
N
Lcap strext
1824
N
Lmin tija
1824
N
n buloane 15.0339084 buloane
s1
s2
s3
s4

Rcnpara

Dimensionare Nod in reazem


Nc
10066.2527
daN
Nt
9346.75104
daN
Dcui
_7.1
mm
Lnec cui
215.5
mm
Lcui
225
mm
1
nf
4

0.66
Lcap inc
1512.3
N
Lcap strint
1079.2
N
Lcap strext
1704
N
Lmin tija
1079.2
N
nt ts
43.6191249
cuie
44
nt ti
40.5013773
cuie
41
s1
s2
s3
s4

14.4
8.6

Bare compuse comprimate Dprincipal


1876.9758
daN
1.92
m
_5
mm
150
mm
150
mm
38
mm
180
mm
6840
mm^2
18468000
mm^4
25941333.3
mm^4
67.7959903
mm
28.3202589
0.93583703
58132.1816
N
1

Dimensionare Nod 4
Dcui
_5
mm
Lnec cui
105
mm
Lcui
120
mm

0.66
Lcap inc
750
N
Lcap strint
760
N
Lcap strext
950
N
Lmin tija
750
N
nf
2
mtc
0.9
mu
1
mr
0.9
nt mont
7.31151818
cuie
nt diag
23.4066069
cuie
s1
s2
s3
s4

I
II

mm^4
mm^4
mm

Dimensionare montanti 2-3, 10-11


Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Grosime
Latime
Acalcul

Rtn

10
15

4
25
x=

7.6

2549.24
daN
2.47
cm^2
1600 daN/cm^2
1.55
38
mm
120
mm
456
cm^2

Dimensionare montanti 8-9

Nt
Anec
R
ksl
Grosime
Latime
Acalcul

913.31
daN
0.88
cm^2
1600 daN/cm^2
1.55
38
mm
120
mm
456
cm^2

Dulapi
Grosimi
Latimi min Latimi max
18
60
300
24
60
300
28
70
300
38
70
300
48
70
300
58
70
300
68
80
300
75
80
300

Diametrul
_1.8
_2
_2.24
_2.5
_2.8
_3
_3.55
_4
_4.5
_5
_5.6
_6
_7.1
_8

Cuie
1.8
30
40

2
40
45

2.24
50
60

2.5
40
50
60

2.8
50
60

3
60
70
80

3.55
70
80
90

4
100
110

4.5
120
130

5
120
150

5.6
160

6
180

7.1
200
225

8
250