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Ref 006027

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Published by: Viorica Serban on Jan 06, 2014
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Determinarea permitivitatii electrice si a

factorului de pierderi la materialele
electroizolante solide
1. Chestiuni de studiat :

Se vor utiliza valorile marimilor tgδ si ε
r
pentru diferite
materiale electroizolante si se vor compara cu cele din tabelele (existente
in indrumar sau inn cursul tiparit). Determinarile se vor face la frcvente
f=100 Hz si f=1 kHz.
2.Materiale utilizate :
1-Prespan -!zbest
"-#icanita $-%asina epoxidica
&-'extolit (-Pertinax
)-*ticlotextolit +-Polietilena
,-P-. plastificat 10-*ticla
3.Formule de calcul :
.
0

0
/
d
A
0
.
0
=capacitatea condensatorului cu aer avand confi1uratia
1eometrica identica cu cea a condensatorului de incercat0
!=aria suprafetei electrodului2 cu diametru D=10 cm0
d=distanta dintre electrozi (e1ala cu 1rosimea probei)0
.
r
=.
x
-.
c
-.
p
ε
r
=
0
C
C
r

.
c
=capacitatea cablului de masura0 .
c
=1 p3
.
r
=capacitatea reala a condensatorului de masura0
.
p
=capacitatea parazita0 .
p
=)& p3
ε
r
=(.(,/10
-1"
34m
%5.=""0 -(6)
#aterial de
incercat
7rosime
d
3recvent
a
f
.8 .r .o εr tgδ 9bservatii
mm Hz p3 p3 p3 adimensionale
*ticla ).1
1000 "1( 11) 1+.)) 0.$ 0.1$
100 "" 1"" 1+.)) 0.$" 0.0"
Polietilana 0.)
1000 &$& "+ 1,10."$ 0.1$( 0.00")
100 &$& "+ 1,10."$ 0.1$( 0.00"
Pertinax 0.$(
1000 &($ "(& (+0.$ 0.&1$ 0.01&
100 &(0 "$ (+0.$ 0.& 0.0"0
Pasina
epoxilica
".+
1000 1$ $" "&).$ 0.& 0.00,
100 1$$ $& "&).$ 0.& 0.00"
!zbest 1.0)
1000 "&$ 1&& .( 0.1++ 0.0
100 "+ 1, .( 0.")$ 0.1)(
P-.
plastificat
0.("
1000 &$, "$1 ()$."" 0.&1+ 0.0)
100 )0( &0) ()$."" 0.&, 0.0(
*ticlotextol
it
1.("
1000 "$, 1$1 &(1.$1 0.)) 0.00,
100 "$, 1$1 &(1.$1 0.)) 0.00
#icanita 0.("
1000 &10 "0 ()$."" 0.") 0.1)
100 &1( "1) ()$."" 0.", 0.",
Prespan 1.)(
1000 )(0 &$ )+.) 0.)& 0.01
100 , ,," )+.) 0.$ 0.01(
'extolit 1.((
1000 && "&" &+.,& 0." 0.1+
100 ,& )&" &+.,& 1.1$ 0.))"
:xemplu de calcul pentru micanita ;
.
r
=.
x
-.
c
-.
p
.
r
=&10-1-)&="0
.
r
=&1(-1-)&="1)
.
0

0
/
d
A
=(.(,/10
-1"
/
d
D
/ )
/
"
π
=(.(,/10
-1"
/
(" . 0 / )
100 / 1) . &
=()$."" p3
ε
r
=
0
C
C
r
=
"" . ()$
"0
=0.")
ε
r
=
0
C
C
r
=
"" . ()$
"1)
=0.",

)& 0.$1 &(1.)( 1.") r Cr "1) C εr= 0 = ()$.(. "$..0"0 0.& . $ "&).(" =()$.( ()$.(" 1.00.01( 0.0 ( 0.".(. "$1 &0) 1$1 1$1 "0 "1) &$ . $ (+0.01 0.)) 1 +.+ 1."" =0.$( ".1-)&="0 .(" 1.))" :xemplu de calcul pentru micanita . 0.8 p3 "1( "" &$& &$& &($ &(0 1$ 1$$ "&$ " + &$."$ 1.& 0./10 / ) / d =(.".) 0.0=ε0/ d =(. 0. &10 &1( )(0 . " 0..1 0.x-.1$( 0. $ 0.o p3 1 +."" &(1.)) 1.r=&1(.1)( 0.1-)&="1) A &. $ 0.1$( 0.( .") 0.". 0.)) 0.& 0."" ()$.$ "&). 0. )0( "$.0 ) 0.1) / 100 π / D" -1" -1" .1++ 0.10. .& & +.c-.00" 0.& 0.$1 ()$." "&" )&" .p .00" 0. plastificat *ticlotextol it #icanita Prespan 'extolit 7rosime d mm ).")$ 0.10.1$ 0.1) 0.(( 3recvent a f Hz 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 1000 100 .#aterial de incercat *ticla Polietilana Pertinax Pasina epoxilica !zbest P-./10 / ) / 0.) ) +.r=.00 0.0" 0."" p3 Cr "0 C ε = 0 = ()$."" =0."" ()$.01& 0.1$ 0.r p3 11) 1"" " + " + "(& "$ $" $& 1&& 1 ."" ) +. .r=&10.0 0. && .&..1+ 1.&1$ 0.00") 0.)) 0.) & +.&1+ 0.00.0) 0.(" 0.$ .& εr tgδ 9bservatii adimensionale 0.$" 0. 0."$ (+0.

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