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RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !

" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004

CARACTERISTICI DEMOGRAFICE, NAIONALE, LINGVISTICE, CULTURALE


NUMRUL $I DENSITATEA POPULAIEI
absenei de peste un an. 0istribuia populaiei n pro'il teritorial relev 'aptul c #"/ din locuitorii rii ('iecare al cincilea) triesc n mun. 1.iinu& %&*/ n 2.3.4. 5gu-ia& (&)/ n mun. Bli. Raioanele cu o populaie de peste "$$ mii locuitori snt 6 1a.ul& 7nceti& 8r.ei& 2ng.eni. 1el mai mic numr de locuitori l au raioanele Basarabeasca (#9 mii)& 0ubsari ((% mii)& :oldneti (%# mii) i 3araclia (%( mii). 1on'orm datelor 'urni-ate de ultimele dou rencensminte& perioada "9)9 ! #$$% s!a caracteri-at prin reducerea numrului populaiei& nregistrnd o scdere de #+% mii persoane& declin demogra'ic care s!a produs ntr!un ritm mediu anual de $& /. 0escreterea populaiei n aceast perioad a 'ost in'luenat de reducerea natalitii i de soldul negativ al migraiei externe. 1omparativ cu "9)9& se constat meninerea preponderenei populaiei rurale a rii ! *"&%/ 'a de +&9/. ;opulaia urban s!a redus n perioada intercen-itar cu un ritm mediu anual de "&$/& iar pentru populaia rural ritmul mediu anual de scdere a 'ost de $&"( /& ma<orndu!se ast'el decala<ul procentual ntre cele dou medii. ,n perioada dintre cele dou recensminte& densitatea populaiei a sc-ut de la "#$&% la """&% locuitori pe =mp. Numrul populaiei stabile a Republicii Moldova (cu excepia raioanelor de Est i mun. Bender) nregistrat la recensmntul din ! "# octombrie #$$%& a 'ost de (()(((# locuitori& inclusiv "($ * locuitori n mediul urban i #$++*++ locuitori n mediul rural. ,n numrul total al populaiei recen-ate snt incluse i persoanele temporar absente& plecate peste .otarele rii& n numr de #+( mii& dintre care "($ mii (%+&+/) cu durata

STRUCTURA POPULAIEI PE SE%E $I VRSTE

Evoluia 'enomenelor demogra'ice& precum i 'luxurile migratorii& att externe& ct i interne& i gsesc re'lectare n distribuia populaiei pe sexe i vrste.

;opulaia de sex 'eminin continu s 'ie predominant ( "&9/ din total populaie n #$$% i #&(/ n "9)9). Numrul 'emeilor nregistrate la ultimul recensmnt a 'ost de "+ *%( persoane& depind cu "#) mii numrul brbailor. 4st'el& la "$$$ de persoane de sex 'eminin reveneau 9#+ de persoane de sex masculin& 'a de 9"# n "9)9. ,n po'ida 'aptului& c scderea numrului populaiei 'eminine n aceast perioad a 'ost mai mare dect cea a populaiei masculine& decala<ul numeric ntre sexe s!a pstrat. >emeile snt mai numeroase dup vrsta de ($ de ani. ?tructura populaiei pe vrste a nregistrat sc.imbri eseniale la toate cele trei grupe mari de vrst. ,n numrul total al populaiei rii& ponderea persoanelor sub vrsta de " ani a constituit #"/& micorndu!se cu )&* puncte procentuale 'a de "9)9. ;opulaia n vrst apt de munc (brbai "* ! *" ani& 'emei "* ! * ani) a nregistrat o pondere de *(&9 / din total populaie pe ar& ma<orndu!se cu )&) puncte procentuale 'a de "9)9. 4ceast ma<orare a 'ost cau-at de completarea acestei categorii de populaie cu persoane nscute n anii opt-eci& caracteri-ai printr!un nalt nivel de natalitate i de ma<orarea vrstei de pensie cu cte doi ani att pentru 'emei& ct i pentru brbai. Numrul populaiei peste vrsta apt de munc a nregistrat o descretere cu $& puncte procentuale& constituind "%&) la sut din total populaie. ,n Republica Moldova se 'ace evident accentuarea procesului de mbtrnire demogra'ic& n primul rnd& prin reducerea numrului persoanelor tinere cu vrsta sub " ani i& concomitent& prin creterea numrului populaiei vrstnice (de *$ de ani i peste). ,n "9)9 aceste categorii de populaie constituiau respectiv #9&*/ i "#&*/ din total populaie& iar n #$$% ! #"&$/ i "%&(/. @a recensmntul din #$$% au 'ost nregistrate 9+ persoane n vrst de peste "$$ de ani& ) din acestea 'iind 'emei& iar +9 persoane locuiau la ar. ,n perioada anali-at a crescut cu (& ani vrsta medie a populaiei& 'iind de ( &( ani& a 'emeilor ! (*&) ani i a brbailor 6 ((&* ani (con'orm datelor recensmntului populaiei din "9)9 vrsta medie a populaiei constituia ("&) ani& a 'emeilor ! ((&( ani i a brbailor !($&" ani).

STAREA CIVIL A POPULAIEI, FERTILITATEA

?tarea civil a populaiei rii& nregistrat la recensmnt& la 'el ca i alte caracteristici socio!demogra'ice& este 'oarte important. E'ectele directe

"

RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004 pe care le are asupra creterii populaiei& 'ertilitii& participrii la activitatea economic i asupra nivelului de instruire a populaiei rii& poate in'luena evoluia societii n ansamblu. ?tructura dup starea civil relev 'aptul c n #$$% persoanele cstorite constituiau )& / din totalul populaiei n vrst de " ani i peste. ;ersoanele necstorite deineau o pondere de # &9/& cele vduve de "$&"/& cele divorate o'icial de %&#/& iar cele desprite ! "&#/. >emeile divorate erau de # ori mai numeroase dect brbaii divorai& iar 'emeile vduve de (&) ori depeau numrul brbailor vduvi. ,n mediul urban att brbaii necstorii i cei divorai& ct i 'emeile cu aceeai stare civil& deineau o pondere mai ma<or dect n mediul rural& respectiv brbaii cu cte &* i #& puncte procentuale i 'emeile cu cte 9&( i *&# puncte procentuale. ,n mediul rural persoanele cstorite i cele vduve deineau o pondere mai ma<or dect n mediul urban. 1on'orm datelor recensmntului din "9)9& persoanele cstorite deineau o pondere de *)& necstorite de "+&$ /& persoanele vduve de 9&) / i cele divorate i desprite de %&% /. /& cele

?e impune a 'i menionat c la recensmntul din #$$% s!a colectat& pentru prima dat& in'ormaia despre starea civil de 'apt a populaiei. Numrul total al cuplurilor recen-ate a constituit )$" mii& din care ) mii au declarat c snt cstorii neo'icial& adic triesc n uniune consensual. 0in totalul persoanelor care au declarat c triesc n uniune consensual *)&+/ snt locuitori din mediul rural. Re-ultatele recensmntului din #$$% a con'irmat tendina de descretere a 'ertilitii populaiei 'eminine. 1ontingentul 'ertil ('emeile n vrst de " 6 %9 ani) constituie *%&)/ din numrul total al 'emeilor n vrst de " ani i peste& 'a de * &(/ n "9)9. 0in numrul total de 'emei n vrst de " ani i peste& care au indicat numrul de copii nscui vii& 'iecare a patra 'emeie nu a nscut nici un copil& #$&#/ din 'emei au nscut " copil& ($&(/ 'emei au nscut # copii& "(&#/ 'emei ( copii& %&9/ 'emei % copii i &%/ 'emei au nscut cte i mai muli copii. 1omparativ cu "9)9 a crescut ponderea 'emeilor care nu au nscut nici un copil cu (&% puncte procentuale& cu $& puncte a 'emeilor care au nscut " copil& cu "& i $&# puncte procentuale a 'emeilor care au nscut respectiv # i ( copii. 3endina este invers& n sc.imb& la 'emeile care au nscut % sau i mai muli copii& ponderea lor micorndu!se respectiv cu "&$ i %& puncte procentuale. ?!a constatat 'aptul c 'enomenul 'ertilitii este di'erit n mediul urban i cel rural. 0ac numrul mediu de copii nscui vii la "$$$ de 'emei& la nivel de ar& a 'ost de "+#$& atunci n mediul rural acest indicator a 'ost de "&* ori mai mare 'a de cel din mediul urban& constituind respectiv #$( i "#+$. 1omponena naional a populaiei Republicii Moldova nregistrat la recensmntul din #$$% relev 'aptul c moldovenii& STRUCTURA LINGVISTIC, populaia ma<oritar& constituie + &)/ din totalul populaiei& marcnd o cretere cu &9/ 'a de "9)9. 4lturi de moldoveni& n ara noastr CETENIA convieuiesc ucraineni& repre-entnd )&%/& rui cu o pondere de &9/& ggu-i ! %&%/& romAni 6 #&#/& bulgari !"&9/ i alte naionaliti& cu o pondere de "&$/ din numrul total al populaiei rii. ;entru $&%/ din locuitori naionalitatea nu a 'ost nregistrat. ?tructura populaiei dup naionaliti re'lect modi'icrile care au avut loc n societatea noastr n ultimii " ani& impunndu!se a 'i menionat intensitatea emigrrii populaiei& 'apt ce a in'luenat descreterea ponderii populaiei de origine ucrainean cu #&9/ i celei ruse cu (&9/. ;otrivit datelor ambelor recensminte& locuitorii de naionalitate ucrainean i rus se plasea- pe al doilea i al treilea loc n numrul total al populaiei rii. ;onderea populaiei de naionalitate ggu- s!a ma<orat n aceast perioad cu $&(/ iar a populaiei de origine romAneasc cu #&"/& plasndu!se respectiv pe al patrulea i al cincilea loc n total populaie. ,n acelai timp& a sc-ut cu $&"/ ponderea populaiei de naionalitate bulgar& ct i a altor naionaliti cu "&+/. Este necesar de menionat& c moldovenii& ggu-ii& bulgarii locuiesc preponderent la sate& iar ruii& romAnii i ucrainenii n orae. @a recensmntul din #$$%& +)&)/ din populaia rii a declarat ca limb matern (prima limb care a nsuit!o n 'rageda copilrie) limba naionalitii sale& iar #$&)/ a indicat o alt limb& care nu coincide cu naionalitatea sa. 0in rndul moldovenilor& +)&%/ au declarat ca limb matern& limba moldoveneasc& ")&)/ limba romAn& #& / limba rus i $&(/ au declarat alte limbi materne. 2crainenii& care au declarat ca limb matern limba ucrainean& repre-int *%&"/ din total& iar ("&)/ au declarat ca limb matern limba rus. 0in rndul populaiei de etnie rus& 9+&#/ au declarat ca limb matern limba rus. 5gu-ii& la 'el ca i ruii& ma<oritatea au declarat ca limb matern& limba propriei etnii 6 9#&(/ din total& iar &)/ limba rus. Bulgarii cu limba matern bulgar& repre-int )"/ din total i "(&9/ au declarat!o matern pe cea rus.

COMPONENA NAIONAL,

RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004 4lturat cu in'ormaia vi-nd limba matern& n cadrul recensmntului din #$$% a 'ost obinut i in'ormaia despre limba n care vorbete de obicei populaia. 0in numrul total a locuitorilor rii& )&)/ vorbesc de obicei n limba moldoveneasc& "*&%/ n limba romAn& "*&$/ n limba rus& (&)/ n limba ucrainean& (&"/ n limba ggu- i "&"/ n limba bulgar. ,n alte limbi& dect cele enumerate& vorbete de obicei $&%/ din populaie i tot atta populaie nu a indicat limba n care vorbete de obicei. 1u toate c ma<oritatea ucrainenilor& ggu-ilor i bulgarilor au indicat ca limb matern& limba naionalitii sale& 'iecare al doilea ucrainean& 'iecare al treilea bulgar i 'iecare al patrulea ggu- vorbesc de obicei limba rus. Moldovenii care vorbesc de obicei limba rus constituie &$/ din total. 0in rndul minoritilor etnice& *&#/ de ucraineni& %&%/ de rui& "&9/ de ggu-i& #&#/ de romAni i +&"/ de bulgari au declarat c vorbesc de obicei limba moldoveneasc. ;entru prima dat n cadrul recensmntului populaiei a 'ost obinut in'ormaia vi-nd numrul cetenilor Republicii Moldova& care a constituit ((+"$)# persoane sau 99&*/ din totalul populaiei rii. 1etenia altui stat aveau *%)* persoane ($&#/) i (+% persoane erau 'r cetenie. 0in rndul cetenilor Republicii Moldova "#+$ persoane au declarat c au dubl cetenie. Numrul locuitorilor care n!au indicat cetenia era de (9$ de persoane.

NIVELUL DE INSTRUIRE $I GRADUL DE ALFA&ETI'ARE AL POPULAIEI

Re-ultatele recensmntului din #$$% mrturisesc despre modi'icri eseniale n structura nivelului de instruire i gradul de al'abeti-are a populaiei n vrst de " ani i peste.

Numrul persoanelor cu nivelul de instruire superior i general (secundar i obligatoriu) repre-int )*&*/ din totalul persoanelor n vrst de " ani i peste& 'a de + & / n "9)9. ;ersoanele cu nivelul de instruire primar deineau "$&"/ i cei 'r studii primare #&#/& 'a de "%&(/ i respectiv& *&*/ n "9)9. >emeile pentru prima dat au nregistrat per'ormane la nivelul de instruire superior i mediu de specialitate& depind cu *&( puncte procentuale brbaii cu acelai nivel de instruire. ?e menine decala<ul ntre nivelul de instruire al populaiei din mediul urban i cel rural. ,n mediul urban persoanele cu nivelul de instruire superior i general (secundar i obligatoriu) repre-int 9(&9/ din numrul total al persoanelor n vrst de " ani i peste& n mediul rural acest nivel de instruire l aveau )"&+/ (cu "#&# puncte procentuale mai puin). 4semenea discrepane erau i ntre genuri. Brbaii i 'emeile din urbe aveau acest nivel de instruire respectiv cu 9&( i " &" puncte procentuale mai mult dect brbaii i 'emeile din sate. ,n "9)9 discrepanele erau mai ma<ore la acest nivel de instruire. ,ntre mediul urban i cel rural era de #%&9 puncte procentuale n 'avoarea mediului urban& ntre brbaii i 'emeile din orae i sate discrepanele constituiau respectiv #"&* i #+&* puncte procentuale& de asemenea n 'avoarea celor din orae. ?e impune a 'i menionat c creterea nivelului general de instruire a populaiei a avut ca consecin o reducere a numrului netiutorilor de carte. ;roporia populaiei anal'abete a sc-ut de la (&*/ n "9)9 la "&"/ n #$$%. 4 sc-ut numrul netiutorilor de carte att n urbe ct i n sate& respectiv cu cte "&( i (&9 puncte procentuale. ,n ambele medii de via 'emei anal'abete snt de % ori mai multe dect brbai anal'abei.

STRUCTURA CONFESIONAL A POPULAIEI

Recensmntul din #$$% a 'ost primul care a 'urni-at in'ormaii privind distribuia populaiei dup religie.

0in numrul total al populaiei rii& 9(&(/ s!au declarat de religie (con'esiune religioas) ortodox. 0in rndul persoanelor de alt religie (con'esie)& urmea- a 'i menionaiB baptitii& repre-entnd aproximativ "&$/ din totalC adventitii de -iua a aptea& cu o pondere de $&%/ din totalC penticostalii& cu o pondere de $&(/C cretinii de rit vec.i i cretinii dup Evang.elie& care au nregistrat cte o pondere de $&" / i de alte religii& dect cele enumerate& "&"/ din total populaie. Numrul persoanelor care s!au declarat atei i 'r religie a 'ost de %* mii sau "&%/ din total. Religie nedeclarat a 'ost nregistrat pentru + &+ mii de persoane& repre-entnd #&#/ din populaia rii.

RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004

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RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004

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RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004 ^RFFTE_ E $&(/ V^ROEH NX\TE. v^HVE RT^PEIkHW *%&"/ ^JVI\[ NX\TJ[ RTPXPGE RT^PEIFTE_ NX\T& P ("&)/ ! ^RFFTE_. v^HVE ^RFFTE] 9+&#/ ^JVI\[ NX\TJ[ RTPXPGE NX\T FWJH_ IPkEJIPGLIJFKE. jPOPRX\& KPTdH TPT E ^RFFTEH& W SJGLcEIFKWH FWJH[ ^JVI\[ NX\TJ[ RTPXPGE NX\T FWJH_ IPkEJIPGLIJFKE 6 9#&(/& P &)/ ! ^RFFTE_ NX\T. `JGOP^\ F ^JVI\[ NX\TJ[ SJGOP^FTE[ FJFKPWEGE )"&$/& E "(&9/ ^JVI\[ NX\TJ[ RTPXPGE ^RFFTE_ NX\T. a[HFKH F EIrJ^[PkEH_ J ^JVIJ[ NX\TH& M^E MH^HMEFE #$$% OJVP& S\GP KPTdH MJGRZHIP EIrJ^[PkEN J NX\TH& IP TJKJ^J[ JS\ZIJ ^PXOJWP^EWPHK IPFHGHIEH. wX JSbHOJ ZEFGP IPFHGHIEN FK^PI\ )&)/ JS\ZIJ ^PXOJWP^EWPHK IP [JGVPWFTJ[ NX\TH& "*&%/ ! IP ^R[\IFTJ[& "*&$/ ! IP ^RFFTJ[& (&)/ ! IP RT^PEIFTJ[& (&"/ ! IP OPOPRXFTJ[ E "&"/ ! IP SJGOP^FTJ[. tP V^ROE] NX\TP]& T^J[H RTPXPII\] W\cH& JS\ZIJ ^PXOJWP^EWPYK $&%/ WFHOJ IPFHGHIEN& E KPTRY dH VJGY FJFKPWGNHK IPFHGHIEH& IH RTPXPWcHH NX\T& IP TJKJ^J[ JS\ZIJ ^PXOJWP^EWPHK. tHF[JK^N IP KJ& ZKJ SJGLcEIFKWJ RT^PEIkHW& OPOPRXJW& SJGOP^ ^JVI\[ NX\TJ[ RTPXPGE NX\T FWJH_ IPkEJIPGLIJFKE& TPdV\_ WKJ^J_ RT^PEIHk& TPdV\_ K^HKE_ SJGOP^EI E TPdV\_ ZHKWu^K\_ OPOPRX JS\ZIJ ^PXOJWP^EWPHK IP ^RFFTJ[ NX\TH. UJGVJWPIH& TJKJ^\H JS\ZIJ ^PXOJWP^EWPYK IP ^RFFTJ[ NX\TH& FJFKPWGNYK &$/ JK E] JSbH_ ZEFGHIIJFKE. v^HVE IPkEJIPGLI\] [HILcEIFKW *&#/ RT^PEIkHW& %&%/ ^RFFTE]& "&9/ OPOPRXJW& #&#/ ^R[\I E +&"/ SJGOP^ ^PXOJWP^EWPYK IP [JGVPWFTJ[ NX\TH. aMH^W\H M^E MH^HMEFE IPFHGHIEN S\GP MJGRZHIP EIrJ^[PkEN J ZEFGH O^PdVPI QHFMRSGETE UJGVJWP& TJKJ^JH FJFKPWEGJ ((+"$)# ZHGJWHTP EGE 99&*/ JK WFHOJ IPFHGHIEN FK^PI\. j^PdVPIFKWJ V^ROJOJ OJFRVP^FKWP E[HGE *%)* ZHGJWHTP ($&#/) E (+% 6 SHX O^PdVPIFKWP. v^HVE O^PdVPI QHFMRSGETE UJGVJWP "#+$ O^PdVPIFKWJ (9$ ZHGJWHT. ZHGJWHT RTPXPGE VWJ_IJH O^PdVPIFKWJ. tH RTPXPGE

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DEFGJ GEk F W\FcE[ E JSbE[ (F^HVIE[ E JSNXPKHGLI\[) R^JWIH[ JS^PXJWPIEN FJFKPWEGJ )*&*/ JK WFHOJ IPFHGHIEN W WJX^PFKH " GHK E FKP^cH& M^JKEW + & / W "9)9 OJVR. DEFGJ GEk F IPZPGLI\[ JS^PXJWPIEH[ FJFKPWEGJ "$&"/& IH E[HYbE] IPZPGLIJOJ JS^PXJWPIEN 6 #&#/ M^JKEW& FJJKWHKFKWHIIJ& "%&(/ E *&*/ W "9)9 OJVR. nJGN dHIbEI F W\FcE[ E F^HVIE[ FMHkEPGLI\[ JS^PXJWPIEH[ WMH^W\H M^HW\FEGP VJGY [RdZEI F PIPGJOEZI\[ R^JWIH[ JS^PXJWPIEN IP *&( M^JkHIKI\] MRITKP. vJ]^PINHKFN ^PXIEkP W R^JWIH JS^PXJWPIEN [HdVR OJ^JVFTE[ E FHGLFTE[ IPFHGHIEH[. a OJ^JVP] ZEFGJ GEk F W\FcE[ E JSbE[ (F^HVIE[ E JSNXPKHGLI\[) R^JWIH[ JS^PXJWPIEN FJFKPWEGJ 9(&9/ JK JSbHOJ ZEFGP IPFHGHIEN W WJX^PFKH " GHK E FKP^cH& W FHGLFTJ_ [HFKIJFKE ! )"&+/ (IP "#&# M^JkHIKI\] MRITKP [HILcH). vJ]^PINHKFN ^PX^\W W R^JWIH JS^PXJWPIEN [HdVR OJ^JVFTE[ E FHGLFTE[ IPFHGHIEH[ MJ MJGR. URdZEI E dHIbEI F W\FcE[ E JSbE[ (F^HVIE[ E JSNXPKHGLI\[) R^JWIH[ JS^PXJWPIEN W OJ^JVP]& FJJKWHKFKWHIIJ& IP 9&( E " &" M^JkHIKI\] MRITKP SJGLcH& ZH[ [RdZEI E dHIbEI W FuGP]. a "9)9 OJVR MJ fKJ[R R^JWIY JS^PXJWPIEN ^PX^\W\ S\GE SJGHH FRbHFKWHII\[E. UHdVR OJ^JVFTE[ E FHGLFTE[ IPFHGHIEH[ ^PX^\W FJFKPWGNG #%&9 M^JkHIKI\] MRITKP W MJGLXR OJ^JVFTJOJ IPFHGHIEN& [HdVR [RdZEIP[E E dHIbEIP[E OJ^JVJW E FuG& ^PX^\W FJFKPWGNG& FJJKWHKFKWHIIJ& #"&* E #+&* M^JkHIKI\] MRITKP. tHJS]JVE[J JK[HKEKL& ZKJ ^JFK JSbHOJ R^JWIN JS^PXJWPIEN IPFHGHIEN MJWGENG IP R[HILcHIEH ZEFGP IHO^P[JKI\]& VJGN TJKJ^\] FIEXEGPFL F (&*/ W "9)9 OJVR VJ "&"/ W #$$% OJVR. DEFGJ IHO^P[JKI\] R[HILcEGJFL TPT W OJ^JVP]& KPT E W FuGP]& FJJKWHKFKWHIIJ& IP "&( E (&9 M^JkHIKI\] MRITKP. p^E fKJ[ IHO^P[JKI\] dHIbEI RZKHIJ W % ^PXP SJGLcH& ZH[ [RdZEI E W OJ^JVP]& E W FuGP].

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RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004

DEMOGRAP8IC, NATIONAL, LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL C8ARACTERISTICS


3.e number o' resident population in t.e Republic o' Moldova (except eastern counties and Balti municipalit{) registered at t.e population census .eld 'rom to "# october #$$%& |as estimated to be (()(((# in.abitants& POPULATION DENSIT9 including "($ * persons in urban area and #$++*++ persons in rural area. 3.e total number o' t.e enumerated population& #+( t.ousand& includes temporaril{ absent persons& |ent abroad& o' |.ic. "($ t.ousand (%+&+/) .ave been absent 'or more t.an one {ear.

NUM&ER AND

3.e population distribution in territorial aspect reveals t.at #"/ o' residents o' t.e countr{ (eac. 'i't. resident) live in 1.iinau municipalit{& %&*/ in 2.3.4 5agau-ia& (&)/ in Bali municipalit{. 1ounties |it. a population over "$$ t.ousand in.abitants are 1a.ul& 7ncesti& 8r.ei& 2ng.eni. 3.e lo|est number o' population |as revealed in t.e next countiesB Basarabeasca (#9 t.ousand)& 0ubsari ((% t.ousand)& :oldaneti (%# t.ousand) and 3araclia (%( t.ousand). 4ccording to t.e data 'urnis.ed b{ t.e last t|o censuses& t.e "9)9 6 #$$% period |as c.aracteri-ed b{ a #+% t.ousand persons decrease in t.e population number& t.e demograp.ic decline occurred |it. an average annual decrease rate o' $& /. 3.e run!do|n o' t.e population number in t.is period is due to t.e reducing o' birt. rate and to a negative international net migration. }t |as stated t.at rural population continues to prevail over urban population representing *"&%/ compared to +&9/ in "9)9. }n t.e intercensal period& t.e average annual decrease rate 'or urban population |as estimated to be "&$/ and 'or rural ! $&"(/& inducing t.us an increase in t.e percent gap existed bet|een t.ese t|o areas. 3.e population densit{ .as decreased 'rom "#$&% to """&% residents per =m~ during t.e period bet|een t.e last t|o censuses.

POPULATION STRUCTURE &9 SE% AND

3.e evolution o' demograp.ic p.enomena& as |ell as international and internal migration 'lo|s is re'lected in t.e population distribution b{ sex and age.

>emale population continues to prevail ( "&9/ o' t.e total AGE population in #$$% and #&(/ ! in "9)9). 3.e number o' |omen registered during t.e last census |as estimated to be "+ *%( persons exceeding t.us t.e number o' men b{ "#) t.ousand. 7ereb{& t.ere are 9#+ men per "$$$ |omen& compared to 9"# in "9)9. 0espite t.e decrease in 'emale population number |.ic. .as been& in t.is period& more signi'icant t.an t.e decrease in male population number& t.e di''erence bet|een bot. sexes .as been maintained in terms o' absolute numbers. omen are more numerous a'ter ($ {ears o' age. 3.ere |ere observed important c.anges in t.e population structure b{ age |it.in all t.ree big age groups. 8' t.e total population number& #"/ are aged under " {ears& |.ic. represents a )&* percentage points increase compared to "9)9. 3.e population o' |or=ing age (men "*!*" {ears& |omen "*! * {ears) represents *(&9/ o' t.e total countr{s population& representing a )&) percentage points increase compared to "9)9. 3.is gro|t. is due to ne|!born persons |.o completed t.is categor{ o' population in eig.ties& c.aracteri-ed b{ a .ig. level o' birt. rate& also it is due to a rise b{ t|o {ears in t.e retirement age 'or bot. groupsB men and |omen. 3.e number o' population o' |or=ing age .as decreased b{ $& percentage points& representing "%&)/ o' t.e total. }n t.e Republic o' Moldova& t.ere is more evident t.e increase in demograp.ic ageing& 'irstl{& it is due to t.e reducing o' t.e number o' {oung people under " {ears age and& concomitantl{& to a rise o' t.e number o' old people (aged *$ {ears and over). }n "9)9& t.ese groups o' population represented respectivel{ #9&*/ and "#&*/ o' t.e total population& in #$$% 6 #"&$/ and "%&(/. 4t t.e #$$% population census& t.ere |ere observed 9+ persons aged over "$$ {ears& o' |.ic. ) |omen and +9 'rom rural area. >or t.e anal{-ed period& t.e mean age o' t.e population .as increased b{ (& {ears& representing ( &( {ears& 'or |omen 6 (*&) {ears and 'or men 6 ((&* {ears (according to t.e population census data 'rom "9)9& t.e mean age o' t.e population |as ("&) {ears& 'or |omen 6 ((&( {ears and 'or men 6 ($&" {ears).

RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004 3.e marital status o' t.e population observed during t.e census& as |ell as ot.er social ! demograp.ic c.aracteristics& is ver{ important. }ts direct e''ects on population gro|t.& on 'ertilit{& emplo{ment and on educational attainment o' t.e countr{s population ma{ a''ect t.e evolution o' t.e |.ole societ{. 3.e marital status structure reveals t.at in #$$% married persons represented )& / o' t.e total population aged " {ears and over. ?ingle persons represented # &9/& |ido|ed 6 "$&"/& o''iciall{ divorced 6 %&#/& de 'acto separated 6 "&#/. 0ivorced |omen |ere t|o times more numerous t.an divorced men& |ido|ed |omen exceeded (& times t.e number o' |ido|ed men. }n urban area& single and divorced men as |ell as |omen |it. t.e same marital status represented a more signi'icant percentage t.an in rural area& respectivel{& b{ &* and #& percentage points 'or men and b{ 9&( and *&# percentage points 'or |omen. }n rural area t.e percentage o' married and |ido|ed persons |as bigger t.an in urban area. 4ccording to t.e census data 'rom "9)9& married persons represented *)& /& single 6 "+/& |ido|ed 6 9&)/& divorced and de 'acto separated 6 %&%/. }t is necessar{ to mention t.at during t.e #$$% population census& 'or t.e 'irst time& t.ere .as been collected in'ormation about de 'acto marital status o' population. 3.e total number o' observed couples |as estimated to be )$" t.ousand& o' |.ic. ) t.ousand |ere stated as living in consensual unions. 8' t.e total o' persons |.o .ave declared t.at t.e{ are living in consensual unions& *)&+/ .ave been 'rom rural area. 4ccording to t.e results o' #$$% population census& t.ere |as observed a decrease in t.e tendenc{ o' 'emale 'ertilit{. 3.e 'ertile contingent (|omen aged " !%9 {ears) represents *%&)/ o' t.e total number o' |omen aged " {ears and over& compared to * &(/ in "9)9. 8' t.e total number o' |omen aged " {ears and over |.o .ave indicated t.e number o' live!born c.ildren& eac. %!t. |oman .as no c.ild& #$&# / o' |omen gave birt. to " c.ild& ($&(/ gave birt. to # c.ildren& "(&#/ ! ( c.ildren& %&9/ ! % c.ildren and &%/ o' |omen gave birt. to c.ildren and more. 1ompared to "9)9& t.ere |as registered a (&% percentage points rise in t.e proportion o' |omen |.o .ave no c.ild& a $& percentage points rise 'or |omen |.o gave birt. to " c.ild& a "& and a $&# percentage points rise 'or |omen |.o gave birt. to respectivel{ # and ( c.ildren. 3.e tendenc{ is inverse 'or |omen |.o gave birt. to % and and more c.ildren& t.eir percentage is in decrease b{ respectivel{ "&$ and %& percentage points. }t |as stated t.at t.e 'ertilit{ in urban area is di''erent 'rom t.e 'ertilit{ in rural area. }' at t.e national level t.e number o' live!born c.ildren per "$$$ |omen |as estimated to be "+#$& t.en in rural area t.is indicator |as "&* times .ig.er t.an in urban area& representing respectivel{ #$( and "#+$. Et.nic composition o' t.e population o' t.e Republic o' Moldova observed during t.e #$$% census reveals t.at moldovans& t.e ma<orit{ o' t.e population& represent + &)/ o' t.e total population& in gro|t. b{ &9/ LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE, compared to "9)9. 3oget.er |it. moldovans live u=rainians ! )&%/& russians CITI'ENS8IP 6 &9/& gagau-s 6 %&%/& romanians 6 #&#/& bulgarians 6 "&9/ and ot.er nationalities |it. a percentage o' "&$/ o' t.e total countr{s population. 3.ere |as no nationalit{ registered 'or $&%/ o' in.abitants o' t.e countr{.

ET8NIC COMPOSITION,

3.e population structure b{ nationalities reveals c.anges t.at .ave ta=en place in our societ{ during t.e last " {ears and it is ver{ important to mention t.e intensit{ o' population emigration t.at induced a decrease in t.e percentage o' u=rainian population b{ #&9/ and o' russian population b{ (&9/. 4ccording to bot. censuses& in.abitants o' u=rainian and russian nationalities are placed on t.e second and t.ird place in total number o' t.e countr{s population. 3.e percentage o' gagau- population .as increased b{ $&(/ in t.is period& t.e percentage o' t.e population o' romanian origin ! b{ #&"/ ta=ing& respectivel{& 'ourt. and 'i't. places in t.e total population. 4t t.e same time& t.ere |as observed a $&"/ decrease in t.e population percentage o' bulgarian nationalit{ and a "&+/ decrease in t.e percentage o' ot.er nationalities. }t is |ort. to mention t.at moldovans& gagau-s& bulgarians live preponderant in rural area& russians& romanians and u=rainians 6 in urban area. 4t t.e census 'rom #$$%& +)&)/ o' t.e population declared as mot.er tongue (t.e 'irst language spo=en in earl{ c.ild.ood) t.e language o' t.eir nationalit{& #$&)/ declared anot.er language |.ic. does not correspond to t.eir o|n nationalit{. 4mong moldovans& +)&%/ declared t.at t.eir mot.er tongue is moldavian& ")&)/ ! romanian& #& / ! russian and $&(/ ! ot.er native languages. 4mong u=rainians& t.ose |.o declared as mot.er tongue u=rainian& represent *%&"/ o' t.e total& ("&)/ declared russian as mot.er tongue. 4mong russians& 9+&#/ declared t.eir mot.er tongue being russian. 5agau-s& as |ell as russians& declared as mot.er tongue t.e language o' t.e et.nic group t.e{ belong to !

RECENSMNTUL POPULAIEI 2004 !" # 2004 POPULATION CENSUS 2004 9#&(/ o' t.e total and russian language ! &)/. 3.e native language 'or bulgarians is bulgarian 6 )"/ o' t.e total and 'or "(&9/ o' t.em mot.er tongue is russian. Except in'ormation regarding mot.er tongue& in'ormation about t.e language usuall{ spo=en b{ t.e population .as been collected during t.e #$$% census. 8' t.e total number o' in.abitants& )&)/ spea= moldavian language& "*&%/ ! romanian& "*/ ! russian& (&)/ ! u=rainian& (&"/ ! gagau-ian and "&"/ ! bulgarian. @anguages |.ic. are di''erent 'rom t.ose enumerated above are spo=en b{ $&%/ o' t.e total population and t.e same percentage o' population did not declare t.e language usuall{ spo=en. Even t.at t.e ma<orit{ o' u=rainians& gagau-s and bulgarians indicated as mot.er tongue t.e language o' t.eir nationalit{& eac. second u=rainian& eac. t.ird bulgarian and eac. 'ourt. gagau- usuall{ spea=s russian language. Moldovans |.o usuall{ spea= russian represent &$/ o' t.e total. 4mong minorit{ populations& *&#/ o' u=rainians& %&%/ o' russians&"&9/ o' gagau-s& #&#/ o' romanians and +&"/ o' bulgarians declared t.at t.e language usuall{ spo=en is moldavian. >or t.e 'irst time& during t.e population census& in'ormation about t.e number o' citi-ens o' t.e Republic o' Moldova .ave been collected& t.is number |as estimated to be ((+"$)# persons or 99/ o' t.e total countr{s population. 3.ere are *%)* persons ($&#/) |.o .old t.e citi-ens.ip o' anot.er countr{ and (+% persons |it.out citi-ens.ip. 4mong citi-ens o' t.e Republic o' Moldova& t.ere are "#+$ persons |.o declared .olding double citi-ens.ip. 3.e number o' in.abitants |.o did not matc. t.eir citi-ens.ip represents (9$ persons.

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT AND POPULATION LITERAC9

3.e #$$% population census results s.o| important c.anges in t.e educational attainment structure and in t.e literac{ degree o' t.e population " {ears o' age and over.

3.e number o' persons |.o attained .ig. and general (secondar{ and general obligator{) educational levels represents )*&*/ o' t.e total persons " {ears o' age and over& compared to + & / in "9)9. ;ersons |.o .ave primar{ education represent "$&"/ and t.ose |.o .ave no primar{ education are #&#/ compared to "%&(/ and respectivel{ *&*/ in "9)9. >or t.e 'irst time& 'or |omen t.ere |ere observed per'ormances at t.e .ig. and secondar{ speciali-ed educational levels& t.eir percentage exceeds b{ *&( percentage points t.e percentage o' men |it. t.e same educational attainment. 3.e di''erence bet|een t.e educational attainment o' t.e population in urban and rural areas |as maintained. }n urban area& persons |it. .ig. and general (secondar{ and general obligator{) levels constitute 9(&9/ o' t.e total number o' population aged " {ears and over& in rural area t.ese educational levels |ere attained b{ )"&+/ (a "#&# percentage points decrease). ?uc. discrepancies |ere also detected among categories b{ sex. Men and |omen 'rom urban area .aving t.is educational attainment are more numerous respectivel{ b{ 9&( and " &" percentage points t.an men and |omen 'rom rural area. }n "9)9& t.ese discrepancies |ere more signi'icant. }' |e compare urban and rural areas& t.en t.ere are #%&9 percentage points in 'avour o' urban area& i' |e compare men and |omen 'rom urban and rural areas& t.en t.ere are #"&* and #+&* percentage points in 'avour o' men and |omen 'rom urban area. }t is necessar{ to stress t.at t.e decrease in t.e number o' illiterate population is a conseuence o' t.e rise in general educational attainment o' t.e population. 3.e percentage o' illiterate population .as decreased 'rom (&*/ in "9)9 to "&"/ in #$$%. }n urban area& as |ell as in rural area& t.e number o' illiterate population |as reduced respectivel{ b{ "&( and (&9 percentage points. }n bot. areas illiterate |omen are more numerous t.an illiterate men.

POPULATION STRUCTURE &9 RELIGION

3.e #$$% census |as t.e 'irst census |.ic. 'urnis.ed in'ormation on population distribution b{ religion.

8' t.e total population o' t.e countr{& 9(&(/ declared being o' ort.odox religion (religious con'ession). 4mong persons |.o .ave anot.er religion (con'ession) t.ere can be mentionedB baptists& representing about "&$/ o' t.e totalC sevent. da{ adventists& representing $&%/ o' t.e totalC penticostals 6 $&(/& old rite c.ristians and evangelical c.ristians ! b{ $&" / 'or eac. o' t.em and ot.er religions ! "&"/ o' t.e total population. 3.e number o' t.e population |.o declared being at.eists represents %* t.ousand or "&%/ o' t.e total. 3.ere are + &+ t.ousand persons |.o declared no religion& t.is number constitutes #&#/ o' t.e total countr{s population.