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INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC

Coordonator al ediiei: Prof. Univ. Dr. Vergil VOINEAGU - Preedinte Colectivul de coordonare a lucrrii: Florin CIURARIU, Gabriel JIFCU, Ilie DUMITRESCU, Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN, Doina BADEA. Colectivul de elaborare a capitolelor Anuarului: Adriana CIUCHEA, Silvia PISIC, Ion FLORESCU, Daniela TEFNESCU, Andoria Cristina IONI, Lavinia BLTEANU, Andreea CAMBIR, Georgeta Marinela ISTRATE, Mihai GHEORGHE, Liliana PINTILIA, Nina ALEXEVICI, Maria Ioana NICOLA, Constantin MNDRICELU, Floria CRSTEA, Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA, Florentina GHEORGHE. Colectivul de design i editare: Ilie DUMITRESCU, Doina BADEA, Lavinia POPESCU, Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU, Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Minodora RDULESCU, Elena TUDOR, Genia MIHOC, Andreia MESTEACN, Cristina BABOI, Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Valentina MUNTEANU, Daniela POPESCU, Lenua POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR, Laura ENACHE.

Responsabil de publicaie: Doina BADEA Fotografie: Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN Editare CD: Rodica SOLOVSTRU, Daniela POPESCU, Valentina MUNTEANU, Mihaela TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Lenua POPESCU Coperta: Alexandru POPESCU

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC


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Abonamente la publicaiile editate de I.N.S se pot contracta prin: Activitatea Diseminarea Informaiilor Statisticii Romneti Telefon/Fax: +40 021 317 11 10 i Fax: +40 021 318 18 74 e-mail: rrs@insse.ro Publicaiile editate de Institutul Naional de Statistic se pot procura de la sediul I.N.S. prin: Librria Ion Ionescu de la Brad tel. 318 18 42 int. 2254, 1073, 2479 e-mail: rrs@insse.ro Punctele de vnzare de la sediile Direciilor Judeene de Statistic INS 2012

CUVNT NAINTE

Caracteristica esenial a anului trecut a fost, n plan general, persistena dificultilor economice, a constrngerilor i elementelor de austeritate, fapte ale realitii care trebuiau i au i fost reflectate, ca atare, n datele statistice. Statisticienii au cuantificat, obiectiv i onest, prin metode specifice statisticii, rezultatele vieii economice i sociale, i au realizat acest deziderat cu exigena necesar, de profesionalism marcat prin cunoaterea metodelor i tehnicilor moderne aplicate n statistica noastr naional, n consens cu cele recomandate n plan european. Alinierea statisticii romneti la standardele internaionale n domeniu este, n plan metodologic, nu numai un fapt mplinit ci, n planul fluxului de informaii la nivel internaional, o condiie indispensabil care a fost asigurat pentru a altura datele noastre celor ale altor ri din Uniunea European, n special, i de pe ntreg mapamondul, n general.

Aa cum v-a obinuit n ultimii ani, respectndu-i obligaia fa de utilizatorii de date statistice, Institutul Naional de Statistic pune la dispoziia utilizatorilor o nou ediie a Anuarului Statistic al Romniei, naintea sfritului de an. Aceast realizare a INS trebuie privit, deopotriv, ca un angajament al statisticienilor de a servi ntreaga societate cu rezultatul muncii lor, concretizate n cel mai sintetic instrument cu care se msoar evoluia fenomenelor i a proceselor economice i sociale ce au avut loc n timpul anului trecut i n perioada care s-a scurs nainte de acesta. Dac cineva m-ar pune n situaia de a exprima printr-un singur cuvnt sau printr-o sintagm ce reprezint ntr-adevr Anuarul Statistic, mi-ar fi dificil s rspund. ntr-o exprimare sintetic, reprezint lucrarea de referin n sistemul publicaiilor statistice ale Institutului Naional de Statistic, o ampl i laborioas sintez a informaiilor privitoare la starea economico-social a rii, un autentic instrument de lucru, indispensabil elaborrii programelor de dezvoltare, att pentru organismele administraiei publice, centrale i locale, ct i pentru operatorii economici i ali vectori sociali. De asemenea, este rezultatul efortului conjugat al tuturor celor care, ca furnizori sau utilizatori de date, ne sunt colaboratori. Anuarul Statistic, stimai cititori, constituie o sum de proiecte reunind lucrri de o mare varietate, din diverse domenii, ncepnd cu anchetele de statistic social, anchetele statistice din domeniul economic, al mediului nconjurtor, practic, un sumum de demersuri statistice capabile s caracterizeze comprehensiv toate sferele economice i sociale. Complexitatea cercetrilor statistice, diversitatea lor i, mai ales, exigenele pe care momentul actual ni le impune cu privire la calitatea informaiei statistice au fcut din Anuarul Statistic un barometru al strii economiei naionale i, a zice, al capacitii profesionale a tuturor celor implicai, ntr-o form sau alta, n constituirea seriilor de date statistice inserate n paginile Anuarului. Reiternd informaiile de baz n succesiunea lor de-a lungul anilor, noua ediie a Anuarului aduce n prim plan elementele specifice ultimului an al seriei, n acest caz, anul 2011.

n acest fel, informaiile statistice sunt de natur s serveasc celor implicai n procesul elaborrii programelor de dezvoltare naionale cu valene conforme cerinelor n plan internaional. Aceast afirmaie se bazeaz pe faptul c, dac n trecut se putea vorbi despre statistica naional i cea internaional, astzi o disjuncie ntre cele dou aspecte ale procesului statistic nu mai este posibil. Sunt ncredinat c utilizatorii datelor noastre statistice, cei care vor accede la informaiile Anuarului Statistic, vor aprecia nu numai calitatea informaiilor, ci i eforturile de inteligen, de gndire i demers conceptual (virtui pe care le-am aezat la fundamentul acestei noi ediii a Anuarului), i le vor evalua cum se cuvine. Ca i n ediiile anterioare, informaiile referitoare la statisticile n profil teritorial se gsesc exclusiv pe CD-ROM-ul publicaiei. Firete, nimic nu e perfect i, mai ales, nimeni nu e perfect, astfel nct, contieni de acest lucru, vom fi recunosctori tuturor celor care, dincolo de aprecieri, vor gsi timpul s ne transmit opiniile, sugestiile i, de ce nu, i eventualele insatisfacii fa de ceea ce s-au ateptat s gseasc n paginile acestei ediii. Este i scopul pentru care am inserat la finalul ediiei un Chestionar la care v rugm s raspundei. Cu acest gnd, nchei aceste rnduri cu sentimentul c, i prin aceast ediie a Anuarului, statistica oficial romneasc i demonstreaz pe deplin rolul i utilitatea, ca serviciu public n slujba societii romneti.

Prof. univ. dr. Vergil VOINEAGU, Preedintele Institutului Naional de Statistic

SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI

Pagina Page

CONTENTS

Not metodologic general ......................................... VII Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur ........... XVII Simboluri folosite ........................................................ XVII 1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor ........ 1 2. Populaie ................................................................. 35 3. Piaa forei de munc .............................................. 79 4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei ........ 131 5. Locuine i utiliti publice ..................................... 179 6. Securitate i asisten social .............................. 193 7. Sntate ................................................................ 225 8. Educaie ................................................................ 241 9. Cultur i sport ...................................................... 275 10. Preuri .................................................................... 297 11. Conturi naionale ................................................... 313 12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ............................ 349 13. tiin, tehnologie i inovare ................................. 363 14. Agricultur i silvicultur ....................................... 411 15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ........................................ 449 16. Industrie i construcii ........................................... 481 17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii .................... 503 18. Comer internaional .............................................. 527 19. Comer interior i servicii de pia ........................ 569 20. Turism .................................................................... 577 21. Finane .................................................................. 601 22. Justiie ................................................................. 621 23. Statistic internaional ......................................... 631

General methodological note Abbreviations used for units of measurement Symbols used Geography, meteorology and environment Population Labour market Population income, expenditure and consumption Dwellings and public utilities Social protection and assistance Health Education Culture and sport Prices National accounts Investments and tangible fixed assets Science, technology and innovation Agriculture and forestry Enterprise activity Industry and construction Transport, post and telecommunications International trade Domestic trade and market services Tourism Finances Justice International statistics

NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL

GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este statuat prin Legea nr. 226 / 2009 a organizrii i funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia. n lege se regsesc contextul i prevederile care definesc elementele constitutive ale procesului statistic, respectiv, colectarea, procesarea, analiza, diseminarea datelor statistice, dezvoltarea culturii statistice, constituirea i administrarea seriilor de date statistice oficiale, cu caracter demografic, social, economic, financiar i juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale care stau la baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia. Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat. Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s solicite i s obin cu titlu gratuit datele i informaiile statistice de la toate persoanele, fizice sau juridice, care dein capital sub orice form sau desfoar activitate de orice fel pe teritoriul Romniei. Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea statistic, n deplin concordan cu principiile fundamentale privind funcionarea statisticii ntr-o societate democratic, adoptate pe plan internaional, constau n: independen profesional; autoritate n materie de culegere a datelor; adecvarea resurselor; angajamentul privind calitatea n statistici; confidenialitatea n statistic; imparialitate i obiectivitate; metodologie solid; proceduri statistice adecvate; sarcin de rspuns adecvat pentru repondeni; eficien sub raportul costurilor; relevan, precizie i fiabilitate (credibilitate); promptitudine i punctualitate; coeren i comparabilitate; accesibilitate i claritate. Att contextul general, ct i principiile de funcionare a statisticii, precum i producerea de date statistice de calitate, armonizate cu normele i standardele Uniunii Europene, confer rezultatelor activitii statistice garania satisfacerii cerinelor utilizatorilor de date statistice. 2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n Anuarul statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de surse: cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj cuprinse n Programul Statistic Anual (PSA); surse administrative . 3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA) reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea, procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor organizaii internaionale.

1. The legal framework concerning the statistical activity is represented by Law no. 226 / 2009 on the organisation and functioning of official statistics in Romania. The Law includes the context and the provisions defining the constitutive elements of the statistical process, namely: statistical data collection, processing, analysis and dissemination, the statistical culture development, the official statistical data series building up and management, of demographic, social, economic, financial and juridical nature, as well as the fundamental principles on which the functioning of official statistics in Romania is defined. In Romania, the official statistics is organised and coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics, specialised body of central public administration, subordinated to Government and financed from the state budget. The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask for and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data and information from all natural and legal persons, owing any type of capital or developing any kind of activity on Romanias territory. The principles on which statistical activity are based, fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al international level, consists in: professional independence; empowerment related to data collection; resources adequacy; commitment on statistics quality; statistical confidentiality, impartiality and objectiveness; solid methodology; adequate statistical procedures; adequate burden of respondents; cost-effectiveness; relevance, accuracy and reliability; promptness and timelyness; coherence and comparability; accesibility and clearness. Both the general context and the principles of statistics functioning, as well as the production of statistical data of high quality, compliant with the European Unions norms and standards confer the statistical activity results the guarantee of meeting the statistical data users requirements. 2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources categories: exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included in the Annual Statistical Programme (ASP); administrative sources . 3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP) represents the basic tool by means of which the National Institute of Statistics and the other producers of official statistics are authorized to carry out the collection, storage, processing, analysis and dissemination of official statistical data, in order to provide the information necessary to domestic users, as well as those resulting from the legislation of European Union and from the recommendations of other international organisations.

VII

Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice. Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a Guvernului. 4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor cu privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii; chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele, instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de cuprindere, datele din Anuarul statistic au fost determinate pe baza a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice: Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor supuse observrii statistice, de aceeai natur, asemntoare sau omogene din punctul de vedere al anumitor criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice exhaustive se obin rezultate detaliate n diferite structuri administrative, geografice, grupri pe activiti potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN) etc. Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt recensmintele populaiei i locuinelor, recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale, recensmntul general agricol. Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion. Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la ntreaga populaie statistic. 5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice. 6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n Anuar caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei naionale, cu excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele specifice care prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se precizeaz altfel.

The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines, regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers, statistical studies and analyses, statistical publications. The Yearly National Statistical Programme is endorsed by the National Statistical Council and it is approved by Government decision. 4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of data related to the economic and social phenomena situation and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried out based on projects, where the general concepts, the survey purpose and the statistical tools on which it is based are defined (survey organisation: questionnaire, classifications, nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.). According to the coverage criterion, the data included in the Statistical Yearbook were determined based on two statistical surveys types: Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this type of survey, data are recorded from all statistical population units, called statistical collectivity, which is well defined. The statistical population represents all the elements subject to statistical observation, of the same nature, similar or homogenous from certain criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive statistical surveys, detailed results are obtained in various administrative and geographical structures, by group of activities according to the Classification of Activities of National Economy (CANE) a.s.o. The most well-known exhaustive surveys are population and housing censuses, industrial products and services census, general agricultural census. Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey, data are recorded only from part of the statistical population, called sample. The sample is determined based on representativeness criteria, by using probabilistic methods, whose results are further extended to the whole statistical population.

5. Administrative sources means the evidence sources organised and managed by public administration or non-governmental bodies, for other purposes than the statistical ones. Only the sources with an appropriate potential for statistical requirements and scientific rigour concerning coverage, quality and completeness making them also usable for statistical purposes are used. The use of these data and information sources for statistical purposes is achieved either directly, as basic data (assimilated to statistical data), or after appropriate processing and adaptation, in view to meet quality, comparability and coherence requirements, or for reconciliation and validation of statistical data obtained from statistical surveys. 6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical Yearbook characterise the whole national economy, except cases where specific notes that preface each chapter of the Yearbook stipulates otherwise.

VIII

Mrimile statistice folosite: n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date absolute i date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de intensitate etc.). Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i structuri. Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale diferite. Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt: Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile; ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz; Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile, ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent. Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin program. Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici. Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri statistice. Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial, asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n exercitarea funciei principale. Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de decizie n exercitarea funciei principale. 8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile anului curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri curente nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin, nu pot fi utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n prealabil, deflatate cu indicii de preuri corespunztori. 9. Formele de proprietate sunt: proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul social; proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist i obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau gospodriile populaiei.

7.

7. Statistical measures used: The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative data (indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.). The statistical indicator is the numerical expression of certain phenomena, processes, activities or economic and social categories, manifested over time, area and structures. The index is a ratio between values of the same variables recorded in various time or territorial units. The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are: Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of individual indices of the same variable; the used weights refer to the base period; Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of individual indices of the same variable; the used weights refer to current period. The statistical unit is subject to the survey and bearer of the statistical characteristics observed through the programme. The observation unit is the entity from/for which primary data and information are collected, based on which statistics are compiled. The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary data and information under a statistical survey. The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise, commercial company, association, budgetary institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and taking decisions when exercising its main function. The unit without legal status is a natural person, a household, a family, an association or any other entity without decisional autonomy when exercising its main function. 8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the volume of production, income or expenses or to the value of products, services a.s.o., expressed in the current year prices. The values expressed in current prices corresponding to various periods are not directly comparable and, as consequence, cannot be used for indices compilation without being previously deflated with the corresponding price indices. 9. Ownership types: state majority ownership - comprises integral state, public, national and local interest and mixed capital, where the states own 50% or more of the social capital; private majority ownership - comprises integral private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and community capital. The activities carried out by natural persons and/or population households are also included here.

IX

10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup criterii obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a proceselor i fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile utilizate n Anuar, potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau diferitelor domenii de activitate, sunt: Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent de grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, a datelor referitoare la unitile statistice. n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN, respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul nr. 337 / 2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293 / 2007 i revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN Rev. 2 respect standardele europene, fiind total armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din Comunitatea European NACE Rev. 2. Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea: Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter; Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre; Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre; Clase - codificate prin patru cifre. Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor. Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor; Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA; Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate activitilor - CPSA 2002; Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin Ordinul Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic nr. 605 / 15.X.2008. CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor familiilor de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice succesive. CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru: satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii; identificarea sistematizat a produselor i serviciilor din economia naional; compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor statistice. CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti. PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i servicii industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional de Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri statistice privind producia industrial. Nomenclatorul PRODROM este total armonizat cu lista PRODCOM utilizat n cadrul Uniunii Europene.

10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are the main tools allowing for the structuring of observed processes and phenomena according to objective and accurate criteria related to statistical units. The classifications used within the Yearbook, according to various purposes or fields of activity are: The Classification of Activities of National Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent system for grouping, according to scientific criteria related to homogeneity, the data referring to statistical units. The updated version of CANE is used in the Yearbook, respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented through the Order no. 337/2007 of the National Institute of Statistics President, published in the Official Journal no. 293/2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes the European standards, being fully compliant with the Nomenclature of Activities from the European Community NACE Rev. 2. The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following: Sections - coded at one letter level; Divisions - coded at two digits level; Groups - coded at three digits level; Classes - coded at four digits level. In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data structure according to CANE Rev. 2, the Annex no. 1 to the General methodological note includes the classification at section and division level. Enterprises grouping by size; Classification of products associated to activities used by the European Union - CPA; Classification of products and services associated to activities - CPSA 2002; Classification of products and services associated to activities - CPSA 2008, adopted by the Government Decision no. 53/1999 and revised by the National Institute of Statistics President Order no. 605 / 15.10.2008) CPSA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE Rev. 2, whose organisation relies on the principle of homogeneity of all families of products and services by successive hierarchical levels. CPSA 2008 classification provides information in order to: respond to the requirements of aggregation and detailed data regarding the production of goods and services; identify the products and services from our national economy; ensure the comparability of statistical data. CSPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised with Classification of Products Associated to Activities (CPA 2008) used in EU. The classification contains explanatory notes for various classification entities according to the necessities. PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial products and services drawn up by the National Institute of Statistics and used for statistical surveys on industrial production. The PRODROM nomenclature is fully harmonised with the PRODCOM list used within the European Union.

Legtura CAEN Rev. 2 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile din cadrul nomenclatorului PRODROM sunt rezultatul detalierii subclaselor elementare CPSA 2008. 11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu caracter mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea activitii secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra o unitate ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 2. Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare (de sus n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care contribuie n cea mai mare msur la valoarea adugat total a unitii luate n considerare. Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau servicii. Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex, indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum: contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc. 12. mprirea teritorial . Din punct de vedere al structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate la nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe diferite uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul indicatorilor. Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor, sunt administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu, jude) i non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune de dezvoltare). Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune. ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare. ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. 13. Conform Legii nr. 348/14 iulie 2004 privind denominarea monedei naionale a Romniei (ncepnd cu data de 1 iulie 2005), seriile de date exprimate n valori absolute au fost recalculate n lei (RON). Un leu nou (RON) este egal cu 10000 lei vechi (ROL). Seriile de indici nu sunt afectate de denominare.

The link of CANE Rev. 2 with PRODROM is ensured at four digits level (class), since the positions from PRODROM nomenclature are the result of CPSA 2008 detailing elementary sub-classes. 11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the production units carry out activities of mixed nature, namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities. The identification of secondary activity is needed in view to frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev. 2. The main activity, in the sense of classification, is identified by top-down method. This is the activity contributing to the largest extent to the total value added of the concerned unit. The secondary activity is any other kind of activity carried out within the unit producing goods or services. The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity, indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such as: bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase, promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o. 12. Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are presented at national level (for the whole country), as well as by various territorial unit, depending on indicators specific. According to their status, territorial units are either administrative (commune, town, townmunicipality, county) or non-administrative (macroregion and development region). Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications, only data at county, municipality, town and commune level were, as a rule, processed and disseminated. Beginning with 1998, according to the territorial structure, the statistical publications also included data at development regions level. Starting with 2008 edition, according to the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania, territorial structure also presents data at macroregional level, constituted according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania and to requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003. 13. According to the Law no. 348/ July 14, 2004 on the process of national currency of Romania denomination (beginning with July 1, 2005), data series expressed in absolute values were recalculated in lei (RON). One leu (RON) is equivalent with 10000 former lei (ROL). Statistical indices series are not affected by denomination.

XI

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
Macroregiunea Macroregion MACROREGIUNEA UNU MACROREGION ONE Regiunea de dezvoltare Development region Nord - Vest North - West Judeul County Bihor Bistria-Nsud Cluj Maramure Satu Mare Slaj Alba Braov Covasna Harghita Mure Sibiu Bacu Botoani Iai Neam Suceava Vaslui Brila Buzu Constana Galai Tulcea Vrancea Arge Clrai Dmbovia Giurgiu Ialomia Prahova Teleorman Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti Bucharest Municipality Dolj Gorj Mehedini Olt Vlcea Arad Cara-Severin Hunedoara Timi

Centru Center

MACROREGIUNEA DOI MACROREGION TWO

Nord - Est North - East

Sud - Est South - East

MACROREGIUNEA TREI MACROREGION THREE

Sud - Muntenia South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov Bucharest - Ilfov MACROREGIUNEA PATRU MACROREGION FOUR Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia

Vest West

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare. Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.06.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni, dup cum urmeaz: - Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia, - Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia, - Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov. S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.

Denumirile oficiale ale macroregiunilor sunt prezentate n tabele, n mod convenional, n expresie numeric.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law no. 2/1968 further amended, while the counties were grouped by development region. Through the rectification introduced in Law no. 315/28.06.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed, as follows: - The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia, - The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia, - The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov. Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania and to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NSTU, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003.

The official names of the macroregions are presented in the tables, conventionaly, by numerical expression.

XII

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
Nord - Est North - East Nord - Vest North - West
MACROREGIUNEA UNU / MACROREGION ONE

Centru Center

MACROREGIUNEA DOI / MACROREGION TWO MACROREGIUNEA TREI / MACROREGION THREE MACROREGIUNEA PATRU / MACROREGION FOUR

Vest West

Legend / Legend : Orae / Towns Municipii / Municipalities Reedine de jude / County residence Judee / Counties Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions

Bucureti

Sud - Est South - East

Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia Sud - Muntenia South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov Bucharest - Ilfov

XIII

Anexa nr. 1 Annex no. 1 CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2 (aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN, publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008) THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2 (approved through Order no. 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating, published in the Official Journal no. 293/03. V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/29. V. 2008)
Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division A 01 02 03 B 05 06 07 08 09 C 10 11 12 13 14 15 AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Pescuitul i acvacultura INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP CALD I AER CONDIIONAT Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Description

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities Forestry and logging Fishing and aquaculture MINING AND QUARRYING Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities MANUFACTURING Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply

16

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 D

35

XIV

Anexa nr. 1 - continuare Annex no. 1 - continued


Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division E DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE, GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR, ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Activiti i servicii de decontaminare CONSTRUCII Construcii de cldiri Lucrri de geniu civil Lucrri speciale de construcii COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL; REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I MOTOCICLETELOR Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi Activiti de pot i de curier HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie INFORMAII I COMUNICAII Activiti de editare Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i activiti de editare muzical Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe Telecomunicaii Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei Activiti de servicii informatice INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare, activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii TRANZACII IMOBILIARE Tranzacii imobiliare ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE I TEHNICE Activiti juridice i de contabilitate Description

36 37 38 39 F 41 42 43 G

WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION ACTIVITIES Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activities and services of decontamination CONSTRUCTION Construction of buildings Civil engineering Specialised construction activities WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE; REPAIR OF MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE Land transport and transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Warehousing and support activities for transportation Postal and courier activities HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS Hotels and other accommodation facilities Restaurants and other catering services INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION Publishing activities Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities Programming and broadcasting activities Telecommunications Computer programming, consultancy and related activities Information service activities FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION Financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security) Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, insurance activities and pension funds REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES Real estate activities PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES Legal and accounting activities

45 46 47

H 49 50 51 52 53 I 55 56 J 58 59

60 61 62 63 K 64 65

66

L 68 M 69

XV

Anexa nr. 1 - continuare Annex no. 1 - continued


Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division 70 Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor administrative centralizate; activiti de management i de consultan n management Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de testri i analiz tehnic Cercetare-dezvoltare Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti veterinare ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT Activiti de nchiriere i leasing Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor; alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic Activiti de investigaii i protecie Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public NVMNT nvmnt SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten social, cu cazare Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I RECREATIVE Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor i alte activiti culturale Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII Activiti asociative diverse Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale i de uz gospodresc Alte activiti de servicii ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de angajator de personal casnic Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor extrateritoriale Description

Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis Scientific research and development Advertising and market research Other professional, scientific and technical activities Veterinary activities ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE ACTIVITIES Rental and leasing activities Employment activities Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and related activities Security and investigation activities Services to buildings and landscape activities Office administrative, office support and other business support activities PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE; COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY Public administration and defence; compulsory social security EDUCATION Education HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES Human health activities Residential care activities Social work activities without accommodation ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION Creative, arts and entertainment activities Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities Gambling and betting activities Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES Activities of membership organisations Repair of computers and personal and household goods Other personal service activities ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS; UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICESPRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel Undifferentiated goods and services producing activities of private households for own use ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies

71 72 73 74 75 N 77 78 79 80 81 82 O 84

P 85 Q 86 87 88 R 90 91 92 93 S 94 95 96 T

97 98

U 99

XVI

PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
U.M. M.U. mm m m2 m3 ha (10000 m2) km km2 microgr. mg g kg t tdw l dal hl W kW kWh kVA = unitate de msur = measurement unit = milimetru = millimetre = metru = metre = metru ptrat = square metre = metru cub = cubic metre = hectar = hectare = kilometru = kilometre = kilometru ptrat = square kilometre = microgram = microgram = miligram = miligram = gram = gram = kilogram = kilogram = ton = tonne = ton deadweight = tonne deadweight = litru = litre = decalitru = decalitre = hectolitru = hectolitre = watt = watt = kilowatt = kilowatt = kilowatt - or = kilowatt - hour = kilovoltamper = kilovoltamper MVA CP HP kcal Gcal kO '' ' h 0 nr. no. % mii thou mil. mill. mild. bn echiv. equiv. S.A. A.S. buc. pcs. per. garnit. n.c.a. n.e.c. = megavoltamper = megavoltamper = cal putere = horse power = kilocalorie = kilocalorie = gigacalorie = gigacalorie = kilooctet = kilooctet = secund = second = minut = minute = or = hour = grad = degree = numr = number = procent = percentage = mii = thousands (thou) = milion = million = miliard = billion = echivalent = equivalent = substan activ = active substance = bucat = pieces = pereche = pair = = = = garnitur set neclasificate altundeva not elsewhere classified

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE SYMBOLS USED - = nu este cazul


= data not applicable G = grafic = graph *) = date mai mici dect 0,5 = magnitude less than 0.5 **) = date mai mici dect 0,05 = magnitude less than 0.05 ***) = date mai mici dect 0,005 = magnitude less than 0.005

... = lips date


= data not available

~ = date nensumabile
= nontotalized data c = date confideniale = confidential data

= tabele ce apar numai pe CD-ROM. = tables included only on the CD-ROM.

XVII

GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL


1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Poziia geografic a Romniei ..................................... 10 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .................................. 11 Principalele altitudini muntoase ................................... 11 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei ....................................................... 13 Principalele lacuri naturale .......................................... 14 Principalele lacuri antropice ........................................ 15 Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia .. 16 Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2011 ................................................. 17

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Geographical position of Romania Length of Romanias borders Major mountain peaks Length of major rivers on Romanian territory Major natural lakes Major anthropic lakes Average height of major towns in Romania Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2011

METEOROLOGIE
1.9 1.10 1.11 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ............ 18 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) .............................. 20 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) .. 28

METEOROLOGY
Air temperature (monthly and yearly average) Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR
Resurse naturale Ariile protejate, n anul 2011 ........................................ 30 Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2011 .......................... 30 Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2011 ................................................................ 31 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2011 .......................... 32 Calitatea factorilor de mediu Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2011 ................. 32 Msuri de protecie a mediului Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2011 ......... 33 Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2011 ................................................................ 34

ENVIRONMENT
Natural resources Protected areas, in 2011 Biosphere reservations, in 2011 National and natural parks, in 2011 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2011 Environment factors quality Superficial water quality, in 2011 Environment protection measures Investments for environment protection, in 2011 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2011

1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15

1.16 1.17 1.18

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului, completat de operatori economici i unitile administraiei publice.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on environment protection expenditure, filled in by economic operators and public administration units.

Surse administrative: Institutul de Geografie Bucureti; Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor; Administraia Naional de Meteorologie; Ministerul Mediului i Pdurilor; Ministerul Finanelor Publice; Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului; Regia Naional a Pdurilor; Administraia Naional Apele Romne.

Administrative sources: Institute of Geography Bucharest; General Inspectorate of Border Police within the Ministry of Administration and Interior; National Administration of Meteorology; Ministry of Environment and Forests; Ministry of Public Finances; National Agency for Environment Protection; National Company of Forests; National Administration Romanian Waters.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL


Prezentare Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei (sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) i cu ieire la Marea Neagr. De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la 100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti. Cu o suprafa de 238391 km2, Romnia este a 12-a ar ca mrime a Europei. Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii. Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe 245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, 33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor majore ale reliefului. Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan (Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie (oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman). Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Description Romania is situated in the geographical centre of Europe (south-east of Central Europe) at the north of the Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between Atlantic Coast and The Urals, inside and outside the Carpathians Arch, on the Danube lower course (1075 km) and has exit to the Black Sea. Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian intersects near the geometrical centre of the country, 100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest. Romania is the twelfth country of Europe, having an area of 238391 km2. The exit to the sea enables the connections with the countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world. Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on 245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine) and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria). Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m. Main features of relief units are proportionality (31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and meadows) and concentric display of the relief major levels. Romanias climate is temperate-continental of transition, with oceanic influences from the West, Mediterranean ones from South-West and continentalexcessive ones from the East. Multiannual average temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of -2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif) and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county). Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East

n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase s ajung la 1000-1500 mm. Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se vars n Marea Neagr. Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale (numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief. Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, afin, merior i altele. n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin culturi agricole. Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere: urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni. Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil, crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase, zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de

Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about 350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they reach 1000-1500 mm. Romanian running waters are radially displayed, most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the Black Sea. The lakes are represented by natural lakes (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks (Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well in all relief units. The vegetation is determined by the relief and by pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors. Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree, spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper, bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o. In the hills and plateaus regions there are broadleaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto. The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau, Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops. Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals according to each species biotype. Relict elements as black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck, squirrel and several species of birds. In a few mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares, moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is represented especially by trout in the mountainous waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region; carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube. Romania's useful minerals resources are various. Among the main useful minerals resources we can mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as

sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere. O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene pentru consum i tratamente medicale. Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii i judee. Conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia s-au constituit patru macroregiuni (n concordan cu prevederile Legii nr. 315/2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia i armonizarea cu cerinele Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. Macroregiunile nu sunt uniti administrativ-teritoriale i nu au personalitate juridic; sunt constituite pentru a asigura colectarea, elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor regionale armonizate la nivelul Uniunii Europene. Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost create 8 regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin reuniunea mai multor judee. Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, socialpolitice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti). Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social, politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie administrativ. Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole. Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe sate (din care unul este reedin de comun). Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural. Oraele principale: Bucureti, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Porturile principale: la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia; la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral water springs, with consumption and medical treatments valences. Romanian territory is divided from administrative viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities and counties. According to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania, four macroregions were constituted (according to the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania and harmonisation to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003. Macroregions are not administrative territorial units and have no legal entity, they are constituted to assure the collection, compilation and transmission of harmonised regional statistics at European Union level. As territorial (non-administrative) units, 8 regions of development were created, gathering several counties. County represents traditional administrativeterritorial unit in Romania, including towns and communes, depending on geographical, economical and social-political conditions and population cultural and traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into 42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality). Municipality is a town, with an important economic, social, political and cultural role, usually having administrative function. Town represents a human concentration with administrative function and a life specific to urban areas and with a population professional structure where the population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails. Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which comprises rural population united by interest and traditional community, including one or several villages (from which one is commune residence). Village is the smallest territorial unit, having characteristics of rural settlements. Main cities: Bucharest, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Main harbours: at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia; at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare, Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea. Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1919352 locuitori, la 1 iulie 2011 - date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011), mprit n ase sectoare administrative. Prima menionare documentar dateaz din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. Capital a rii Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate a secolului al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei, din anul 1862, municipiul Bucureti este cel mai important centru politic, economic i cultural-tiinific al rii. Limba oficial: limba romn. Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la lance: albastru, galben, rou. Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie. Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te romne. Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica: Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i modificat n 2003; Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de Guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de preedintele rii; Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un mandat de 5 ani. Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban. Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro.

Main airports: Bucharest (Henri Coand Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare, Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea. The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1919352 inhabitants on July 1, 2011 - provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census), organised into six administrative sectors. The first documentary mention was on 20.IX.1459, as residence of Vlad epe. Capital of ara Romneasc since the second half of the XVIIth century and Capital of Romania since 1862, Bucharest Municipality is the most important political, economic and cultural-scientific center of the country. Official language: Romanian. Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours are placed vertically in the following order from the lance: blue, yellow, red. National day of Romania: December, 1. National anthem of Romania is Wake up, Romanian. Government form in Romania is the republic: Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in 1991 and modified in 2003; Legislative power is represented by two chamber Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and executive power is carried out by Government led by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys President; President of the country is elected based on general elections results by universal vote for a 5 years mandate. National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision. The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METEOROLOGIE


Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti meteorologice se asigur prin colaborare internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial. Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES METEOROLOGY


The research on physical processes and phenomena in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary programme of measurements and observations, as well as other meteorological activities are assured by international co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology, with the World Meteorology Organisation. The meteorological station represents the point from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and

msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea observaiilor, msurtorilor i determinrilor meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de 26 m x 26 m. Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n spaiu, ct i n timp. Programul climatologic reprezint complexul observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent, la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra: presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii, precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori, electrometeori etc.). Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene. Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare (termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr, de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra solului. Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2).

observations on all meteorological elements and phenomena are carried out in keeping with the programme. Most of meteorological observations, measurements and determinations from the stations are performed on the meteorological area situated on an open land, typical for the respective region, with the standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m. In order to observe the atmospheric processes and phenomena and to compute various meteorological and climatic parameters, it is necessary to report observations and measurements, carried out both in space and over time. The climatic programme represents the complex of meteorological observations and measurements performed at stations, according to the local average solar time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19 local average solar time), the observations and measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind, air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature, cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility. Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors, litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined. Air temperature observations consist of air temperature measurement at the observation deadlines and of determining its maximum and minimum values, during the intervals between the climatic observation deadlines. Air temperature is measured with direct reading instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation, the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at 2 meters high above the ground. The measurement of water quantities coming from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR
Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine.

ENVIRONMENT
Water resources represent the hydrological potential consisting of the superficial and underground waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.

Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G. nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic, tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind: rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice; parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional; parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic; rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific; rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic, faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic, paleontologic, pedologic; monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite; zone umede de importan internaional sunt acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede; arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea, meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea ntr-o stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice; situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist, contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale. Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici, fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani evacuai n cantiti importante.

Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O. no. 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and with a special protection and preservation regime, where wild plants and animal species, bio-geographic elements and formations or of other nature, with special ecological, scientific or cultural value exist and include: reservations of biosphere - protected natural areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of a natural habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity; national parks - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of representative samples for the national bio-geographic space; natural parks - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of landscape piles in which human activities interactions in time created a distinct area, with landscape and/or cultural significant value, often with a great biological diversity; scientific reservations - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including representative elements of scientific interest; natural reservations - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of important natural habitats and species from flora, fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological, paleontological, pedological point of view; natural monuments - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of natural elements and of ecological, scientific, landscape special significance; wetlands of international importance are those protected natural areas whose purpose is to ensure the protection and preservation of the natural sites with a wetland-specific biological diversity; special avifaunistic protection areas are those protected natural areas whose purpose is the preservation, maintenance and where necessary the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species and specific habitats designated for wild migratory bird species protection; sites of community interest reprezent areas located in biogeographical regions, contributing significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a favourable preservation state of the natural habitats. The evaluation of the superficial waters quality is carried out by monitoring the biological hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical, the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution agents evacuated in important quantities.

Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting 5 clase de calitate, definite astfel: clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de valorile din condiiile de stare bun; clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i n care pri mari din comunitile biologice importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate, sunt absente. Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea pagubelor aduse acestuia. Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje, mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea, reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane, cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare). Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea, repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru

According to Law no. 310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality classes are distinguished, defined as follows: the first quality class - very good state - no alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for the type of superficial waters bodies as against those normally associated with specific type in unchanged conditions; the second quality class - good state - biological quality elements values for superficial water body type presents low levels of change because of human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those normal values associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions; the third quality class - moderate state - biological quality elements values for superficial water body type moderately deviates as against those which are normally associated with superficial water body type in unchanged conditions. These values presents moderate perturbation signs because of human activities and are essentially perturbated as against the good state conditions values; the fourth quality class - poor - presents major alteration proofs of the biological quality elements values for superficial water bodies type in which important biological communities significantly deviates from the normal values associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions; the fifth quality class - bad - presents major alteration proofs of the biological quality elements values for superficials water bodies type and in which big parts from important biological communities which are normally associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions are absent. Environment protection expenditure include investments and internal current expenditure for carrying out the activities of environment observation and protection and refer to environment damages prevention or repair. Investments for environment protection include the expenditure made for construction, installations and building works, for equipment, transport means purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed assets for the development, modernization, reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the purpose of environment protection. They also include the value of services related to existent fixed assets and land ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions, loading-unloading transport expenditure). Current internal expenditure for environment protection are made of the expenditure for operating, repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment

protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie, ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri. Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru protecia mediului sunt: productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); productorii specializai - uniti care execut activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal, conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 36; 37; 38; 39 i clasa 4677; administraia public - toate unitile administraiei publice locale i centrale a cror producie de servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este destinat consumului individual i colectiv (CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411). Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel: prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor, protecia solului i a apelor subterane); protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate, remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale periculoase); alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie, instruire, informare).

for environment protection by enterprise staff. They include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The current internal expenditure do not include environmental services purchased from thirds. Categories of service producers for environment protection are: non-specialised producers - units carrying out an activity of environment protection as their secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is not the environment protection. These units are found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2, divisions: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); specialised producers - units carrying out an activity of environment protection as their main activity, according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 36; 37; 38 ; 39 and 4677 class; public administration - local and central units of public administration whose non-market production of environment protection services is meant for individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2, 8411 class). Specific activities of environment protection are grouped by environmental domains, as follows: pollution prevention and reduction (air protection, water protection, wastes management, soil and underground waters protection); natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation (species protection, protected areas, ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic environment restoration, prevention of dangerous natural phenomena); other domains (research-development, environment general administration, noise and vibrations reduction, protection against radiation, education, training, looking for information).

1.1
Nord North Sud South Est East Vest West

Poziia geografic a Romniei Geographical position of Romania


Punctul extrem (localitatea) Extreme point (locality) Satul Horoditea Horoditea village Oraul Zimnicea Zimnicea town Oraul Sulina Sulina town Comuna Beba Veche Beba Veche commune Judeul County Botoani Teleorman Tulcea Timi Longitudinea estic1) Longitude east1) 26o4205 25o2332 29o4124 20o1544 Latitudinea nordic Latitude north 48o1506 43o3707 45o0936 46o0727

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.

10

1.2

Lungimea frontierelor Romniei Length of Romanias borders


km

Lungimea frontierelor / Border length Total Total Total granie Bulgaria Republica Moldova Serbia Ucraina Ungaria Marea Neagr 3149,9 631,3 681,3 546,4 649,4 448,0 193,5 Terestr Land 1085,6 139,1 256,8 273,8 415,9 Fluvial River 1816,9 470,0 681,3 289,6 343,9 32,1 Maritim Sea 247,4 22,2 31,7 193,5 Total borders Bulgaria Republic of Moldova Serbia Ukraine Hungary Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral. Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.

1.3

Principalele altitudini muntoase Major mountain peaks


Denumirea masivului muntos Name of massif Fgra Fgra Parng Retezat Bucegi Retezat Iezer Iezer Rodna Godeanu Fgra Rodna Cindrel Lotru Piatra Craiului Godeanu arcu arcu Leaota ureanu Cpna Climan ureanu Maramure Ciuca Maramure Judeul County Altitudinea vrfului (m) Height (m) 2544 2535 2519 2509 2505 2482 2462 2391 2303 2291 2283 2279 2244 2242 2238 2229 2190 2190 2133 2130 2124 2100 2059 1956 1954 1930

Denumirea vrfului muntos Name of peak Moldoveanu Negoiu Parngu Mare Peleaga Omu Retezat Iezerul Mare Ppua Pietrosu Gugu Suru Ineu Cindrel tefleti La Om (Piscul Baciului) Godeanu Cleanu arcu Leaota Vrful lui Ptru Ursu Pietrosu ureanu Farcu Ciuca Toroiaga

Arge Arge, Braov, Sibiu Gorj, Hunedoara Hunedoara Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia Hunedoara Arge Arge Maramure Cara-Severin, Hunedoara Sibiu, Vlcea Bistria-Nsud Sibiu Sibiu, Vlcea Braov Cara-Severin, Gorj Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Dmbovia, Arge Hunedoara Vlcea Suceava, Mure Hunedoara Maramure Braov, Prahova Maramure

11

1.3
Name of peak

Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare Major mountain peaks - continued


Denumirea masivului muntos Name of massif Ceahlu Ceahlu Vlcan Bistria Raru Bihor ible Vldeasa Muntele Mare Harghita Hma Bistria Vrancea Vrancea Gurghiu Penteleu Munii Cernei Cozia Tarcu Raru Nemira Obcina Mestecni Harghita Stnioara Obcina Feredeu Mehedini Semenic Guti Munii Metaliferi Poiana Rusc Trascu Guti Bodoc Munii Metaliferi Almj Munii Aninei Codru Moma Perani Mese Zarand Mcin Judeul County Neam Neam Gorj, Hunedoara Neam, Suceava Suceava Bihor, Alba Maramure, Bistria-Nsud Cluj Alba, Cluj Harghita Harghita, Neam Suceava Buzu, Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea Mure Buzu Cara-Severin Vlcea Bacu Suceava Bacu Suceava Harghita, Covasna Neam Suceava Mehedini Cara-Severin Maramure Alba Timi, Cara-Severin Alba Maramure Harghita Alba Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Arad, Bihor Braov Slaj Arad Tulcea Altitudinea vrfului (m) Height (m) 1907 1900 1868 1859 1856 1849 1837 1836 1826 1800 1792 1791 1784 1777 1776 1772 1733 1668 1664 1650 1649 1588 1558 1530 1495 1466 1447 1443 1437 1374 1369 1307 1301 1258 1224 1160 1112 1104 996 836 467

Denumirea vrfului muntos

Ocolau Mare Toaca Straja Budacu Giumalu Cucurbta Mare ible Vldeasa Muntele Mare Harghita Mdra Hmau Mare Pietrosu Goru Lcu Saca Penteleu Vlacu Mic Cozia Grindu Raru Nemira Lucina Cucu Bivolu Pacani Vrful lui Stan Piatra Goznei Guti Poienia Pade Dmbu Igni Ciomatu Detunata Svinecea Mare Leordi Pleu Vrful Cetii Mgura Priei Drocea uuiatu

12

1.4
Dunre Mure Prut Olt Siret Ialomia Some Arge Jiu Buzu Dmbovia Bistria Jijia Trnava Mare Timi Criul Alb Vedea Moldova Brlad Trnava Mic Prahova Neajlov Olte Someul Mic Suceava Bega Arie Trotu

Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei Length of major rivers on Romanian territory
Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Length of the river (km) 1075 761 742 615 559 417 376 350 339 302 286 283 275 246 244 234 224 213 207 196 193 186 185 178 173 170 166 162 Suprafaa bazinului (km2) Basin area (km2) 332501) 27890 10990 24050 42890 10350 15740 12550 10080 5264 2824 7039 5757 6253 5673 4240 5430 4299 7220 2071 3738 3720 2663 3773 2298 2362 3005 4456

Denumirea cursului de ap River name

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.

13

1.5
Bucura Znoaga Mare Blea Clcescu Sfnta Ana Zton Iezerul Ighiu Vintileasca Lacul Rou Bltu

Principalele lacuri naturale Major natural lakes


Judeul County Suprafaa (ha) Area (ha) Volum (mil. m3) Volume (mill. m3)

Denumirea lacului natural Natural lake name

Ianca Movila Miresii Lacul Srat-Brila Oltina Iezerul Mostitei Balta Alb Jirlu Amara-Buzu Snagov Cldruani Hazarlc Amara-Ialomia Taaul Techirghiol Mangalia Tatlageac Razim Sinoie Zmeica Siutghiol Brate Bistre Suhaia Lacul Rotund Dranov Lacul Rou Gorgova Lumina Merhei Furtuna Matia

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses 10,5 9,0 4,7 3,0 Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater Harghita 22,0 Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions Mehedini 20,0 Alba 5,3 Vrancea 4,7 Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage Harghita 12,6 Bacu 6,0 Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes Brila 322,0 Brila 180,0 Brila 39,0 Limane fluviatile / River banks Constana 2509,0 Clrai 1860,0 Buzu, Brila 1012,0 Brila 890,0 Buzu 600,0 Ilfov 575,0 Ilfov 224,0 Constana 168,0 Ialomia 132,0 Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks Constana 2335,0 Constana 1161,0 Constana 261,0 Constana 178,0 Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons Tulcea 41500,0 Constana 17150,0 Tulcea 5460,0 Constana 1900,0 Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes Galai 2111,0 Dolj 1867,0 Teleorman 1094,0 Tulcea 219,0 Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes Tulcea 2170,0 Tulcea 1445,0 Tulcea 1377,5 Tulcea 1367,5 Tulcea 1057,5 Tulcea 977,5 Tulcea 652,5 Hunedoara Hunedoara Sibiu Gorj

0,5 1,0 0,2 0,1 0,6 1,0 0,2 0,1 0,7 0,1 1,6 4,5 0,2 60,0 160,01) 5,1 5,6 3,6 17,3 4,5 0,8 2,6 57,0 41,8 15,7 14,0 909,0 210,7 45,6 88,7 30,0 28,0 18,0 2,0 21,7 21,7 13,8 20,5 15,9 9,8 9,8

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.

14

1.6

Principalele lacuri antropice Major anthropic lakes


Suprafaa la nivel normal de retenie (ha) Area at normal level of afflux (ha) 70000,01) 7920,0 5900,0 3100,0 2204,0 1692,0 1280,0 1095,0 1080,0 1013,0 950,0 884,0 870,0 500,0 452,0 447,0 420,0 380,0 360,0 290,0 270,0 256,0 234,0 230,0 230,0 215,0 182,0 Volumul la nivel normal de retenie (mil. m3) Volume at normal level of afflux (mill. m3) 2400,0 800,0 735,0 1130,0 202,7 110,0 96,0 74,0 76,0 76,3 340,0 212,9 469,0 6,1 15,8 131,0 210,0 8,6 126,0 120,0 65,0 14,2 14,1 38,0 8,0 70,3 63,0

Denumirea lacului antropic Anthropic lake name

Judeul County

Categoria de folosin Category of use

Porile de Fier Ostrovu Mare Stnca-Costeti Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz Strejeti Ipoteti Frunzaru Izbiceni Drgneti Mihileti Vidra Fntnele Vidraru Drcani Soleti Oaa Gura Apelor Clineti Siriu Iovanu Colibia Lacul Morii Vcreti Brdior Pucai Tarnia Pecineagu

Mehedini Mehedini Botoani Neam Olt Olt Olt Olt Olt Ilfov Vlcea Cluj Arge Botoani Vaslui Alba Hunedoara Satu Mare Buzu Gorj Bistria Nsud Municipiul Bucureti Dmbovia Vlcea Vaslui Cluj Dmbovia

energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex piscicultur / fish breeding complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex energie / energy complex / complex

1)

ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale). / Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data of the two hydro-power stations).

15

1.7
Oraul Town

Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia Average height of major towns in Romania
Judeul County Alba Teleorman Arad Bacu Maramure Bistria-Nsud Vaslui Botoani Braov Brila Buzu Clrai Cluj Constana Dolj Cluj Hunedoara Mehedini Braov Vrancea Galai Giurgiu Hunedoara Iai Timi Sibiu Harghita Harghita Bacu Bihor Hunedoara Neam Arge Prahova Cara-Severin Vlcea Neam Satu Mare Covasna Sibiu Maramure Mure Olt Ialomia Suceava Galai Timi Dmbovia Gorj Mure Tulcea Cluj Teleorman Vaslui Slaj Altitudinea medie (m) Average height (m) 235 45 107 165 225 360 90 130 625 20 85 95 13 360 25 100 285 220 65 430 55 35 23 245 95 70 300 665 385 210 150 650 345 287 150 245 250 195 123 555 415 270 375 135 35 325 50 90 280 205 330 30 330 23 110 275

Alba lulia Alexandria Arad Bacu Baia Mare Bistria Brlad Botoani Braov Brila Bucureti / Bucharest Buzu Clrai Cluj - Napoca Constana Craiova Dej Deva Drobeta-Turnu Severin Fgra Focani Galai Giurgiu Hunedoara Iai Lugoj Media Miercurea Ciuc Odorheiu Secuiesc Oneti Oradea Petroani Piatra Neam Piteti Ploieti Reia Rmnicu Vlcea Roman Satu Mare Sfntu Gheorghe Sibiu Sighetu Marmaiei Sighioara Slatina Slobozia Suceava Tecuci Timioara Trgovite Trgu Jiu Trgu Mure Tulcea Turda Turnu Mgurele Vaslui Zalu

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m. Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m. Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m. The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.

16

1.8

Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2011 Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2011
Numrul oraelor i municipiilor Number of towns and municipalities 320 100 43 10 4 6 13 6 4 57 11 10 5 9 11 11 81 46 8 7 5 5 16 5 35 4 5 12 4 5 5 57 48 7 5 7 3 7 14 5 9 8 1 82 40 7 9 5 8 11 42 10 8 14 10

Macroregiunea Regiunea de dezvoltare Judeul Macroregion Development region County Total MACROREGIUNEA 1 MACROREGION 1 Nord - Vest / North - West Bihor Bistria-Nsud Cluj Maramure Satu Mare Slaj Centru / Center Alba Braov Covasna Harghita Mure Sibiu MACROREGIUNEA 2 MACROREGION 2 Nord - Est / North - East Bacu Botoani Iai Neam Suceava Vaslui Sud - Est / South - East Brila Buzu Constana Galai Tulcea Vrancea MACROREGIUNEA 3 MACROREGION 3 Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia Arge Clrai Dmbovia Giurgiu Ialomia Prahova Teleorman Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti Bucharest Municipality MACROREGIUNEA 4 MACROREGION 4 Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia Dolj Gorj Mehedini Olt Vlcea Vest / West Arad Cara-Severin Hunedoara Timi

Suprafaa total Total area (km2) 238391 68259 34159 7544 5355 6674 6304 4418 3864 34100 6242 5363 3710 6639 6714 5432 72612 36850 6621 4986 5476 5896 8553 5318 35762 4766 6103 7071 4466 8499 4857 36274 34453 6826 5088 4054 3526 4453 4716 5790 1821 1583 238 61246 29212 7414 5602 4933 5498 5765 32034 7754 8520 7063 8697

din care: municipii of which: municipalities 103 35 15 4 1 5 2 2 1 20 4 4 2 4 4 2 28 17 3 2 2 2 5 3 11 1 2 3 2 1 2 17 16 3 2 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 23 11 3 2 2 2 2 12 1 2 7 2

Numrul comunelor Number of communes 2861 760 403 91 58 75 63 59 57 357 67 48 40 58 91 53 861 506 85 71 93 78 98 81 355 40 82 58 61 46 68 551 519 95 50 82 51 59 90 92 32 32 689 408 104 61 61 104 78 281 68 69 55 89

Numrul satelor Number of villages 12957 3588 1800 430 235 420 214 220 281 1788 656 149 122 235 464 162 3862 2414 491 333 418 344 379 449 1448 140 475 189 180 133 331 2110 2019 576 160 353 167 127 405 231 91 91 3397 2070 378 411 344 377 560 1327 270 287 457 313

17

1.9
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Media lunar Monthly average Iunie Iulie August Septembrie June July August September

Octombrie October

Noiembrie November

Decembrie December

Media anual Yearly average

Amplitudinea anual Yearly amplitude

Meteorological station and observation years Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2011 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2011 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2011 Iai 1901 - 2000 2011 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2011 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2011 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2011 Deva 1901 - 2000 2011 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2011 Galai 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2011 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2011 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2011 Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2011 Constana 1901 - 2000 2011

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2011 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2011 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2011 Iai 1901 - 2000 2011 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2011 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2011 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2011 Deva 1901 - 2000 2011 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2011 Galai 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2011 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2011 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2011 Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2011 Constana 1901 - 2000 2011

-2,8 -0,7 -4,8 -2,7 -1,9 0,0 -3,5 -2,4 -4,2 -3,6 -4,0 -3,1 -3,6 -2,9 -1,5 -0,7 -2,5 -1,9 -3,6 -3,0 -10,6 -10,3 -2,6 -2,4 -2,4 -1,2 -2,2 -2,4 -1,4 -0,4 -2,3 -1,9 -2,2 -1,5 0,1 1,0

-0,6 -2,1 -3,2 -3,0 0,3 -1,2 -1,8 -2,3 -2,1 -3,5 -1,8 -2,2 -2,1 -2,1 0,6 -1,0 0,0 -1,3 -1,4 -2,6 -10,8 -9,2 -0,9 -3,0 -0,3 -1,0 -0,2 -1,7 0,6 0,2 0,3 -0,7 -0,2 -1,4 1,2 0,5

4,5 4,9 1,4 1,7 5,2 6,0 3,1 3,5 3,6 4,6 4,0 4,8 2,9 2,5 5,7 6,3 5,3 5,7 3,9 4,6 -8,5 -7,2 4,0 4,6 4,8 4,9 4,4 5,3 5,7 4,7 5,6 5,4 5,3 6,0 4,5 4,6

10,4 11,4 7,9 9,0 10,8 12,4 10,2 10,3 9,2 10,1 9,7 10,2 9,7 9,9 11,1 12,7 10,7 11,8 9,5 10,1 -4,4 -5,2 10,8 10,2 10,9 11,9 10,9 11,1 11,9 12,4 12,2 11,5 11,6 11,4 9,6 9,2

15,7 16,2 13,4 15,1 15,9 16,8 16,0 16,7 14,4 14,6 14,8 15,5 15,2 15,8 16,3 16,6 15,6 15,7 14,4 14,8 0,3 0,6 16,5 17,2 15,9 16,7 16,6 17,0 17,4 17,5 17,6 17,1 16,9 16,6 15,2 16,2

18,8 20,6 16,9 18,5 19,0 21,1 19,5 20,7 17,4 18,7 17,7 19,0 18,9 20,2 19,6 21,3 18,6 19,5 17,5 18,6 3,5 4,3 20,4 21,3 19,4 20,8 20,3 21,2 21,0 22,4 21,3 21,8 20,7 21,3 19,7 21,5

20,4 20,8 18,6 19,9 20,9 21,8 21,2 22,9 19,1 19,8 19,4 20,2 20,6 22,0 21,5 22,6 20,4 20,8 19,2 20,3 5,5 7,0 22,5 24,2 21,4 22,2 22,3 23,7 23,3 24,0 23,3 23,9 22,9 23,9 22,2 24,1

19,8 21,1 17,8 19,0 20,4 22,6 20,5 21,6 18,4 19,9 18,8 20,1 19,8 20,6 20,9 22,9 19,8 21,4 18,6 20,6 5,7 7,8 21,9 22,9 20,8 22,2 21,9 23,0 22,8 24,4 22,5 23,3 22,4 23,3 22,0 23,6

15,5 17,6 13,6 16,3 16,3 19,4 15,9 18,1 14,2 17,3 14,6 17,3 15,3 17,6 16,8 20,3 15,7 19,1 14,5 18,2 2,8 5,8 17,3 20,3 16,5 20,1 17,4 21,0 18,2 22,4 18,1 21,1 17,7 21,3 18,2 21,2

10,1 8,0 7,9 7,4 10,9 9,8 10,0 8,8 8,8 7,6 9,2 7,4 9,5 8,1 11,2 10,1 10,2 9,1 9,2 8,2 -0,8 -1,9 11,3 10,3 10,5 9,8 11,2 10,6 11,9 11,7 11,8 10,5 11,8 10,9 13,2 12,0

4,9 0,3 2,7 1,9 5,3 1,9 4,1 2,7 3,3 -0,4 3,7 -0,7 3,7 2,1 5,7 2,5 4,7 0,7 3,8 -0,5 -4,8 -3,9 5,2 3,3 4,8 1,7 5,1 3,6 5,7 2,9 5,7 2,5 5,5 4,1 7,6 5,1

0,1 2,7 -2,2 1,5 0,8 3,1 -0,8 2,6 -1,4 0,9 -1,3 1,0 -0,9 1,3 1,2 3,5 0,3 1,8 -1,1 0,6 -8,4 -7,6 0,1 3,0 0,0 1,7 0,4 3,1 1,0 3,5 0,5 2,3 0,4 3,3 2,8 5,1

9,7 10,1 7,5 8,7 10,3 11,1 9,5 10,3 8,4 8,8 8,7 9,1 9,1 9,6 10,7 11,4 9,9 10,2 8,7 9,2 -2,6 -1,7 10,5 11,0 10,2 10,8 10,7 11,3 11,5 12,1 11,4 11,4 11,0 11,6 11,4 12,0

23,2 23,2 23,4 22,9 22,8 23,8 24,7 25,3 23,3 23,5 23,4 23,3 24,2 24,9 23,0 23,9 22,9 23,3 22,8 23,6 16,5 18,1 25,1 27,2 23,8 23,4 24,5 26,1 24,7 24,8 25,6 25,8 25,1 25,4 22,1 23,6

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18

19

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie October November December August September

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Suceava 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Oradea 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Iai 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

14,7 1990 -29,3 1982 10,8 10 -11,8 31

17,9 1989 -27,6 1940 11,4 8 -13,1 27

26,0 1974 -20,6 1940 21,1 16 -7,9 1

30,7 1950 -6,4 1954 23,7 22 -0,3 11; 14

32,4 1937 -2,6 1976 30,3 28 -2,4 6

36,3 2000 0,6 1977 33,8 23 6,6 26

37,2 1939; 1987 4,9 1961 36,0 10 9,1 3

39,4 1952 3,5 1980 36,1 25 7,8 11

37,3 1946 -4,7 1970 32,4 5 2,1 25

28,3 1943 -9,3 1971 26,5 5 -8,6 18

24,2 1968 -19,6 1989 19,7 6 -11,1 30

18,0 1989 -30,4 1961 12,5 5 -7,9 1

39,4 16 august 1952 -30,4 24 decembrie/December 1961 36,1 25 august -13,1 27 februarie/February

15,0 1984 -29,6 1954 9,5 15; 17 -17,1 6

20,4 1990 -31,0 1954 16,3 8 -13,6 16

26,6 1952 -21,9 1955 18,1 14 -14,5 3

28,4 1943 -9,2 1963 21,9 27 -0,2 21

34,5 1958 -2,2 1999 28,3 23 2,6 6

34,0 1972 1,5 1958 33,5 23 9,7 21

35,2 1988 5,5 1989 31,3 11 6,8 3

38,6 1952 4,2 1993 29,4 8 9,0 29

32,9 1986 -3,5 1953; 1977 29,7 12 5,7 26; 27

32,0 1952 -8,0 1951; 1979 26,8 5 -4,7 30

24,0 1994 -21,2 1942 12,5 9 -7,6 22

18,0 1989 -29,8 1996 15,5 5 -11,4 25

38,6 17 august 1952 -31,0 20 februarie/February 1954 33,5 23 iunie/June -17,1 6 ianuarie/January

17,1 1939 -29,2 1942 12,4 10 -13,9 30

19,2 1958 -24,5 1935 11,7 18 -9,8 1

26,4 1974 -18,6 1932 21,4 16 -7,1 9

32,6 1934 -10,0 1944 24,4 27 -0,2 14

33,4 1968 -4,0 1943 30,8 31 0,6 5

37,8 2000 1,0 1918 34,3 23 7,9 26

39,5 1936 5,0 1943 37,9 10 10,0 2

40,0 2000 4,2 1942; 1943 36,9 25 10,9 12

37,0 1942 -1,9 1970 33,8 5 4,0 29

32,7 1932 -10,5 1943 26,5 1 -4,2 18

26,0 1997 -16,4 1915 21,6 5 -9,9 24

19,2 1957 -26,2 1902 13,5 12 -5,2 26

40,0 21 august 2000 -29,2 24 ianuarie/January 1942 37,9 10 iulie/July -13,9 30 ianuarie/January

16,7 1921 -30,6 1963 10,3 18 -16,6 5

22,5 1990 -36,3 1937 15,3 7 -13,1 16

27,0 1926 -22,7 1952 21,6 15 -15,7 3

31,5 1909 -9,4 1963 24,7 29 1,5 12

36,4 1950 -3,0 1935 31,6 30 3,8 6

38,0 1927 3,5 1934 34,6 24 10,7 15

40,0 1909 6,3 1929 35,5 20 10,4 4

39,7 1905 4,6 1914 33,1 23 10,2 30

38,0 1946 -3,5 1921; 1931 31,9 12; 14 4,9 26

33,9 1952 -9,6 1912 28,5 5 -3,7 19; 27

29,0 1926 -21,1 1993 14,3 4 -7,9 30

19,5 1989 -29,5 1946 15,6 4 -10,2 25

40,0 27 iulie/July 1909 -36,3 1 februarie/February 1937 35,5 20 iulie/July -16,6 5 ianuarie/January

14,0 1903 -34,2 1963 9,1 16 -18,6 30

19,3 1966 -32,5 1929 8,2 18 -18,3 2

26,6 1975 -22,0 1932 19,6 13 -10,9 8; 9

30,2 1926; 1950 -8,4 1923 21,8 30 -0,8 17

32,5 1924 -3,5 1935 28,4 24 0,5 6

36,0 1935 0,4 1955 32,5 23 8,2 26

37,0 1936 5,2 1980 33,1 9 7,0 3

38,0 1952 3,5 1933 33,7 24 9,0 12

33,7 1927 -3,0 1939 30,7 12 6,0 25

32,6 1952 -8,8 1997 25,4 7 -6,0 18

26,0 1926 -22,3 1948 16,0 9 -10,2 26

18,7 1982 -27,9 1927 13,5 5 -9,9 1

38,0 16 august 1952 -34,2 23 ianuarie/January 1963 33,7 24 august -18,6 30 iauarie/January

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Suceava 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Oradea 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Iai 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date

20

21

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie August September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Bacu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Timioara 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Deva 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Sibiu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

14,0 1936 -32,8 1942; 1963

19,0 1994 -32,0 1929

27,0 1975 -27,3 1932

32,5 1934 -7,5 1929

34,4 1950 -1,6 1976

35,3 1963 0,3 1928

39,0 1936 4,6 1996

38,5 1946 2,7 1958

38,2 1946 -3,3 1970

31,5 1952 -8,4 1988

26,5 1926 -19,6 1989

18,3 1960 -25,9 1927

39,0 29 iulie/July 1936 -32,8 25 ianuarie/January 1942; 23 ianuarie/January 1963 34,0 20 iulie/July -16,4 6 ianuarie/January

Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Bacu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Timioara 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Deva 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Sibiu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date

9,1 16 -16,4 6

10,9 7 -11,4 1; 3

21,9 16 -9,4 9

22,7 24; 25; 27 -2,9 11

29,4 24 0,4 6

32,0 23 8,7 26

34,0 20 9,1 3

33,9 25 7,8 30

31,8 12 5,7 25

26,0 7 -7,9 18

19,1 6 -9,8 24; 28

15,3 13 -11,6 2

18,2 1984 -30,8 1963 8,5 18 -16,9 5

22,4 1977 -32,5 1954 17,0 8 -12,2 1

29,6 1952 -21,5 1986 21,9 15 -15,9 3

30,9 1943 -11,3 1963 23,0 27; 30 0,1 17

35,6 1908 -3,0 1912 28,9 22; 24 2,8 7

36,5 1908 2,7 1939 35,9 24 8,9 21

39,6 1988 6,0 1904; 1954 35,7 9 9,5 3

38,8 1952 3,0 1940 32,4 8 8,9 29

35,8 1946 -4,5 1977 34,4 14 4,8 27

34,6 1952 -10,0 1912 28,8 1 -4,0 19; 31

26,6 1990 -21,4 1993 14,7 9 -8,5 30

19,0 1903 -27,8 1946 13,6 5 -10,1 25

39,6 6 iulie/July 1988 -32,5 20 februarie/February 1954 35,9 24 iunie/June -16,9 5 ianuarie/January

17,4 1979 -35,3 1963 14,3 9 -15,3 25

20,5 1994 -29,2 1935 10,5 8 -10,8 27

28,2 1952 -20,0 1932 20,4 15; 16 -7,0 9

32,0 1950 -5,2 1931 24,7 30 2,2 14

34,5 1950 -5,0 1935 30,2 31 1,7 6

38,4 1938 2,2 1962 34,3 23 10,2 21

39,6 1939 5,9 1962 37,7 10 8,8 3

41,0 1952 5,0 1949 37,3 24 10,8 12

39,7 1946 -1,9 1970 34,2 11 8,9 25

33,8 1935 -6,8 1971 27,6 1 -4,1 18

27,1 1926 -15,4 1922 19,7 5 -7,7 25

20,2 1957 -24,8 1927 15,3 5 -4,3 2

41,0 16 august 1952 -35,3 24 ianuarie/January 1963 37,7 10 iulie/July -15,3 25 ianuarie/January

15,3 1939 -31,6 1963 12,0 9 -16,8 31

20,8 1977 -28,1 1929 12,9 7; 8 -19,1 2

28,5 1952 -21,7 1987 21,1 13; 15 -8,9 8; 9

32,3 1956 -6,0 1926 24,3 22 0,8 18

34,6 1950 -2,4 1953 30,7 28 -1,1 6

35,6 1952; 1963 2,2 1933 34,5 23 7,0 27

39,4 1931; 1936 3,7 1962 35,4 15; 19 9,0 3

39,7 1952 4,4 1961 36,7 25 8,8 12

38,2 1946 -4,2 1970 34,1 12 7,2 30

32,7 1932 -8,0 1997 27,5 1 -6,1 18

27,4 1926 -16,6 1922 16,8 6 -9,6 24

19,8 1957 -24,1 1927 16,7 5 -9,8 2

39,7 16 august 1952 -31,6 24 ianuarie/January 1963 36,7 25 august -19,1 2 februarie/February

15,6 1903 -31,8 1963 11,6 9; 15 -21,4 31

21,3 1966 -31,0 1929 10,5 8 -20,3 1

30,6 1952 -24,5 1932 20,3 16 -9,3 9

30,2 1934 -12,0 1942

32,1 1973 -3,6 1963

35,4 1963 1,0 1934 31,3 23 8,9 16

37,5 1987 4,2 1996 33,1 9 8,2 3

39,5 38,4 1946 1946 -3,6 1,0 1981 1970; 1977 33,8 24 9,2 30 32,2 12 6,9 29

32,5 1932 -9,4 1997 25,4 7 -5,9 18

27,0 1926 -21,3 1948 19,9 6 -13,2 30

19,3 1957 -29,8 1927 15,8 5 -11,5 1; 22

39,5 7 septembrie/September 1946 -31,8 23 ianuarie/January 1963 33,8 24 august -21,4 31 ianuarie/January

21,9 26,8 21 23;24;25;30 -2,9 -0,6 17 6

22

23

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie August September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Galai 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Buzu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Calafat 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

5,6 1949 -32,3 1964 -1,8 11 -20,9 25

6,0 1950 -38,0 1929 1,3 8 -20,9 13

12,2 1974 -29,6 1987 3,5 15 -22,9 8

12,8 1986 -26,0 1940 1,8 5 -14,2 10

16,6 1986 -16,0 1940 11,2 28 -12,6 6

22,0 1939 -12,0 1939 14,9 24 -4,1 27

22,1 1984 -8,0 1933 15,5 19 -2,1 3

20,8 1956; 1957 -7,0 1949 16,6 24 0,1 12

19,2 1993 -15,0 1935 14,1 14 -1,1 10

20,0 1935 -19,0 1946 10,3 5 -14,6 17

13,6 1945 -30,8 1957 7,7 4 -12,5 11

8,2 1972 -32,4 1957 -0,4 2 -17,3 22

22,1 14 iulie/July 1984 -38,0 10 februarie/February 1929 16,6 24 august -22,9 8 Martie/March

17,3 1993 -26,5 1929 7,4 15 -16,2 31

22,4 1990 -28,6 1929 7,5 9 -14,1 3

27,8 1952 -17,2 1985 22,7 26 -8,3 3

31,8 1998 -5,2 1904 22,7 30 1,7 11

36,2 1950 -0,1 1935 30,5 25 5,3 6

35,8 1908 3,8 1973 34,2 24 12,6 26

40,2 2000 7,3 1976 36,0 9 12,1 4

39,0 1904 6,2 1980 33,6 20 13,2 28

35,7 1968 -1,5 1977 34,4 14 9,4 28

33,5 1952 -6,8 1973 27,8 7 -1,9 27

25,6 1926 -17,4 1933 17,5 9 -6,2 19

20,0 1947 -20,7 1996 15,5 5 -6,7 25

40,2 5 iulie/July 2000 -28,6 10 februarie/February 1929 36,0 9 iulie/July -16,2 31 ianuarie/January

18,3 1983 -31,0 1942 13,4 14 -15,1 31

21,7 1990 -28,3 1954 16,8 8 -13,7 1

26,4 1957 -24,7 1987 22,0 25 -9,7 9

31,8 1926 -4,6 1968 22,6 30 0,2 15

37,5 36,6 1950 1947; 1963 -1,2 1938 29,4 24 1,5 7 2,2 1918; 1990 32,7 24 8,8 21

40,6 2000 5,0 1993 35,9 9 11,1 23

39,0 1922; 1946; 1952 2,6 1939 35,4 24 9,2 30

40,6 1946 -4,0 1906 35,3 13 7,7 29

31,5 1935 -9,0 1918 29,7 1 -5,6 18

26,4 1926 -15,1 1904 16,3 9 -8,1 27

20,0 40,6 1986 8 septembrie/September 1946 4 iulie/July 2000 -26,9 -31,0 1940 24 ianuarie/January 1942 14,8 4 -8,9 24 35,9 9 iulie/July -15,1 31 ianuarie/January

Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Galai 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Buzu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Calafat 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2011 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date

18,4 1936 -29,6 1942 13,5 15 -20,9 26

22,2 1990 -25,0 1929 14,2 12 -17,2 3

27,9 1947 -17,0 1901 22,9 14 -7,1 2

31,5 1909; 1947 -5,3 1944 22,9 26 1,1 11

37,3 1950 -2,0 1915 28,9 25 3,1 6

38,5 1908 4,6 1973 34,4 24 10,8 26

39,8 2000 7,5 1902 35,3 9 10,8 4

39,6 1951 5,4 1939 34,7 20 13,2 12

37,0 1946 -2,0 1977 34,1 13;14 10,2 10

35,3 1952 -8,0 1988 28,0 7 -3,9 31

25,0 1963 -17,6 1975 16,5 9 -6,9 18

21,6 1989 -23,0 1902 15,7 4 -5,8 1

39,8 5 iulie/July 2000 -29,6 24 ianuarie/January 1942 35,3 9 iulie/July -20,9 26 ianuarie/January

20,5 1993 -29,2 1947 15,5 14 -12,8 31

22,4 1990 -24,6 1950 16,9 7 -13,1 1

27,6 1952; 1994 -15,7 1963 23,0 25 -13,2 10

34,5 1985 -3,0 1912 23,5 7 2,5 24

36,6 1969 1,6 1952 30,2 30 4,2 9

39,5 1908 6,2 1962 35,7 23 12,9 27

43,2 2000 9,0 1913 37,5 11 11,6 4

41,3 1945 7,3 1904 38,3 24 10,3 30

39,8 1946 -1,3 1977 36,8 14 8,5 28

31,6 1991 -6,2 1988 30,4 1 -4,6 31

25,9 1970 -16,2 1988 21,7 9 -9,6 30

21,2 1989 -21,8 1948 19,8 4 -6,2 2

43,2 4 iulie/July 2000 -29,2 8 ianuarie/January 1947 38,3 24 august -13,2 10 martie/March

24

25

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie October November December August September

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Constana 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2011 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

18,0 1983 -30,0 1942 14,5 15 -13,5 30

24,1 1995 -26,0 1950 15,2 12 -12,2 4

29,6 1951 -22,2 1929 23,5 15; 16 -7,2 5

34,2 1985 -4,6 1923 23,0 8 -0,3 12

38,8 1950 0,5 1938 29,2 16; 24; 25 3,4 7

38,2 1957 5,0 1911 35,6 24 9,5 26

43,2 1987 9,0 1974 36,5 20 9,4 4

41,4 1952 6,6 1981 35,5 24 11,2 30

40,0 1946 -2,5 1977 34,6 14; 15 6,5 28

36,4 1952 -5,8 1988 29,0 7 -2,3 30

26,7 1963 -18,2 1993 16,2 28 -7,2 19

22,0 1903 -25,0 1933 20,0 5 -10,6 25

16,8 1983 -30,0 1942 12,1 16 -12,8 26; 27

23,0 1995 -24,2 1929 14,5 12 -14,1 1

28,8 1947 -13,6 1929 22,9 15 -4,9 5

34,4 1934 -5,5 1923 23,7 26 2,9 17

36,6 1950 -0,2 1915 29,6 16 4,9 8

40,3 1918 4,2 1918 34,9 24 11,7 27

42,4 2000 8,6 1933 36,9 20 10,9 4

41,1 1945 6,6 1981 36,2 9 12,9 12

39,6 1946 -1,6 1906 35,7 14 10,0 28

35,5 1952 -10,7 1920 29,0 7 -0,2 31

29,4 1926 -17,8 1904 17,2 9 -4,4 27

20,8 1903 -26,4 1927 16,9 5 -5,3 25

18,0 1988 -24,7 1942 9,6 15 -10,4 5

24,5 1995 -25,0 1929 16,2 8 -8,0 3

30,8 1952 -12,8 1929 23,1 26 -6,0 1

31,9 1985 -4,5 1923 18,4 7 2,9 12

36,9 1969 1,8 1915 27,4 25 7,2 6

36,9 1982 6,4 1913 30,1 22 12,9 29

38,5 1927 7,6 1944 33,9 18 14,2 4

36,8 1902 8,0 1936; 1949 33,0 14 16,3 30

34,8 1987 1,0 1931 30,6 13 12,3 28

31,0 1928 -12,4 1920 27,5 6 2,4 19

26,5 1990 -11,7 1953 15,8 9 -4,3 20

21,0 1903 -18,6 1948 17,8 5 -2,7 25

Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year -30,0 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2011 36,5 monthly maximum 20 iulie/July date -13,5 monthly minimum 30 ianuarie/January date Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 42,4 monthly maximum 5 iulie/July 2000 year -30,0 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2011 36,9 monthly maximum 20 iulie/July date -14,1 monthly minimum 1 februarie/February date Constana 1901 - 2000 38,5 monthly maximum 10 iulie/July 1927 year -25,0 monthly minimum 10 februarie/February 1929 year 2011 33,9 monthly maximum 18 iulie/July date -10,4 monthly minimum 5 ianuarie/January date 43,2 25 iulie/July 1987

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26

27

1.11

Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)
mm

Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2011 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2011 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2011 Iai 1901 - 2000 2011 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2011 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2011 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2011 Deva 1901 - 2000 2011 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2011 Galai 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2011 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2011 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2011 Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2011 Constana 1901 - 2000 2011

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August Septembrie August September

Octombrie October

Noiembrie November

Decembrie December

Anual Yearly

Meteorological station and observation years Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2011 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2011 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2011 Iai 1901 - 2000 2011 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2011 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2011 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2011 Deva 1901 - 2000 2011 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2011 Galai 1901 - 2000 2011 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2011 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2011 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2011 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2011 Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2011 Constana 1901 - 2000 2011

39,8 32,0 24,2 10,3 36,3 25,5 29,7 13,2 26,3 24,8 28,4 24,1 25,0 21,1 39,1 23,3 32,1 16,9 28,6 28,1 71,6 36,4 30,0 50,9 52,4 43,0 26,5 21,0 39,0 33,5 35,8 37,4 39,5 47,5 28,8 37,2

35,9 33,7 24,4 17,6 32,1 19,4 26,9 13,7 26,4 23,8 28,7 11,5 25,6 30,8 37,5 28,9 29,7 23,3 26,6 34,8 79,5 52,3 26,0 26,1 50,0 63,7 25,6 15,2 36,1 65,8 32,3 31,5 33,3 17,9 26,3 19,2

35,0 34,0 24,4 13,4 35,5 28,9 28,4 8,4 25,4 22,3 26,3 18,2 26,3 4,8 36,5 30,9 28,7 16,2 31,2 21,9 76,6 62,2 24,0 2,0 45,4 32,9 22,9 0,6 37,0 42,0 34,4 15,9 38,1 4,0 24,9 19,1

44,8 32,4 47,5 40,8 48,1 19,0 43,9 82,2 46,4 43,8 49,0 30,8 38,6 50,0 48,2 21,9 47,4 29,2 53,8 38,9 86,0 67,0 38,1 53,4 63,6 4,4 40,1 44,8 47,8 14,8 42,0 31,3 46,0 26,9 28,7 39,2

63,1 32,6 74,7 27,0 65,5 55,5 55,9 32,3 74,4 69,4 73,8 40,2 66,6 82,0 63,4 67,3 64,7 27,8 78,3 38,3 106,9 80,7 50,5 34,4 83,3 69,6 63,9 46,8 60,0 22,2 56,7 70,9 68,1 129,6 36,6 39,8

81,4 52,2 92,0 119,2 83,3 35,2 82,6 84,1 90,0 76,8 90,0 153,6 86,8 88,0 81,0 28,7 78,8 64,6 106,4 156,5 140,1 128,8 66,3 85,8 92,0 73,0 80,3 114,6 63,2 42,4 64,7 33,1 85,5 66,0 42,2 12,6

69,4 112,4 89,9 91,2 64,3 125,3 69,3 37,8 79,0 127,8 80,0 98,4 81,0 91,4 58,3 107,9 69,4 102,6 87,6 116,2 135,5 81,6 47,9 10,4 64,4 168,6 62,1 106,4 46,4 58,6 52,6 90,7 59,2 48,6 33,7 37,1

62,2 17,0 67,6 27,1 56,2 8,9 56,0 32,1 72,7 58,4 69,7 35,2 62,5 37,6 51,5 1,3 58,5 9,6 71,0 5,6 105,7 45,7 40,3 24,6 57,6 4,4 50,1 24,6 36,0 2,6 38,6 80,6 50,0 48,6 29,8 0,8

45,6 18,2 44,6 26,8 47,1 30,8 45,3 18,7 42,7 21,6 43,7 2,8 48,9 10,4 43,9 11,7 44,4 2,0 54,6 1,0 65,8 16,6 39,5 1,0 53,5 0,8 38,7 0,4 39,3 2,2 37,6 0,1 40,6 11,5 29,7 6,5

46,0 18,8 30,3 17,4 44,0 15,6 32,5 40,2 37,5 14,6 41,7 15,4 35,9 41,2 49,7 33,0 41,2 14,8 43,9 23,3 59,6 59,0 34,4 18,6 64,5 22,8 35,2 38,6 47,1 23,4 41,2 45,7 42,9 30,2 33,7 41,8

47,3 0,1 34,1 0,9 48,6 37,0 0,6 31,6 0,2 36,7 0,8 34,0 2,8 48,7 0,2 36,9 33,9 1,4 55,5 3,1 34,3 0,6 62,6 4,3 39,2 1,0 52,0 0,3 45,4 0,1 47,8 1,3 39,6 0,5

53,3 72,0 25,2 16,5 52,2 54,0 29,7 8,7 30,6 26,3 32,5 27,3 30,0 12,4 49,4 34,7 38,3 25,1 29,2 16,6 68,5 55,9 32,6 16,3 63,0 25,5 32,8 23,0 48,9 24,8 40,3 19,8 41,4 41,9 34,3 53,2

598,8 455,4 562,9 408,2 588,9 418,1 517,8 372,0 564,7 509,8 583,5 458,3 543,5 472,5 583,9 389,8 551,1 332,1 626,2 482,6 1023,7 689,3 445,6 324,1 726,3 513,0 501,5 437,0 532,8 332,6 502,7 457,1 567,7 474,0 368,1 307,0

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28

29

1.12

Ariile protejate, n anul 2011 Protected areas, in 2011


Numr Number 64 13 206 699 15 3 8 148 383 Suprafaa (ha) Area (ha) 2181451) 3168721) 154061) 3469331) 7728101) 664446 680859 3694394 4152153 Categories of protected areas Scientific reserves National parks Natural monuments Natural reserves Natural parks Biosphere reserves Wetlands of international importance Special avifaunistic protection areas Sites of community interest

Categorii de arii protejate Rezervaii tiinifice Parcuri naionale Monumente ale naturii Rezervaii naturale Parcuri naturale Rezervaii ale biosferei Zone umede de importan internaional Arii de protecie special avifaunistic Situri de importan comunitar

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone; 1284/2007 privind declararea ariilor de protecie special avifaunistic ca parte integrant a reelei ecologice europene Natura 2000 n Romnia; 1964/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat a siturilor de importan comunitar, ca parte integrant a reelei ecologice europene Natura 2000 n Romnia i 1066/2010 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat asupra unor zone din Rezervaia biosferei "Delta Dunrii". Note: Areas of protected zones were calculated according to the Law no.5/2000 regarding the national territory arrangement plan - Section III - protected areas and G.D. no. 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007 regarding regime of natural protected area for new zones; 1284/2007 regarding declaration of special protection avifauna areas as integral part of European ecological network NATURE 2000 in Romania; 1964/2007 on creation of protected natural area regime of community importance, as integrated part of European ecological network NATURE 2000 in Romania and 1066/2010 regarding regime of natural protected area over some zones from the reservation of "Danube Delta" biosphere. 1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS. / Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

1.13
Total

Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2011 Biosphere reservations, in 2011


Judeul County Suprafaa1) (ha) Area1) (ha) 664446 Tulcea, Constana Hunedoara Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava 580000 38047 46399

Denumirea rezervaiei Name of reserve

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Retezat Rodna

1) Conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate.

According to the Law no.5/2000 on the national territory arrangement plan - Section III - Protected areas. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30

1.14

Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2011 National and natural parks, in 2011
Suprafaa legislaie (ha) Area legislation (ha) Suprafaa GIS (ha)1) Area GIS (ha)1)

Denumirea parcului Name of park

Judeul County

Parcuri naionale - total National parks - total Domogled-Valea Cernei Rodna Retezat Cheile Nerei-Beunia Semenic-Cheile Caraului Climani Cozia Piatra Craiului Munii Mcinului Defileul Jiului Ceahlu Cheile Bicazului-Hma Buila-Vnturria Parcuri naturale - total Natural parks - total Munii Maramureului Maramure Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini Mehedini Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului Hunedoara Munii Apuseni Alba, Bihor, Cluj Putna - Vrancea Vrancea Bucegi Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova Vntori Neam Neam Comana Giurgiu Balta Mica a Brilei Brila Lunca Mureului Arad, Timi Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina Hunedoara Defileul Mureului Superior Mure Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior Galai Cefa Bihor Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava Hunedoara Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Bistria-Nsud, Harghita, Suceava, Mure Vlcea Arge, Braov Tulcea Gorj, Hunedoara Neam Neam, Harghita Vlcea

316335 60100 46399 38047 37100 36665 24519 17100 14800 11321 11127 8396 6575 4186

316872 61190 47207 38115 36707 36219 24519 16721 14781 11114 11136 7739 6933 4491

749137 148850 115656 106000 102392 75784 38204 32497 30818 24963 24400 17166 10000 9156 8247 5004

772810 133419 128196 106492 100487 76022 38190 32497 30841 24963 24400 17428 38116 9494 7261 5004

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone. Note: Protected areas were calculated according to the Law no.5/2000 on The Plan of natural territory arrangement - Section III protected areas and G.D. no.:2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, on the setting up of protected natural area regime for new zones. 1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS conform limitelor publicate pe site-ul Ministerului Mediului i Pdurilor. Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies according to limits issued on the site of Ministry of Environment and Forests. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31

1.15

Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2011 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2011
milioane m3 / an million m3 / year 39270 33859 13859 256 715 395 1044 608 2109 1682 40 1672 430 1956 726 2226 20000 5411

Surse de ap / Water sources Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins Total Ape de suprafa / Superficial waters Ruri interioare / Inland rivers Tisa Some Criuri Mure Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1) Jiu Olt Vedea Arge Ialomia Siret Prut Alte bazine2) / Other basins2) Dunrea / The Danube Ape subterane / Underground waters
1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera. 2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne. / Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

1.16

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2011 Superficial water quality, in 2011


km

Bazine hidrografice Hydrographic basins

Total lungimi pe corp de ap monitorizat Total length of monitored water body 21161 945 2406 1297 1699 1418 1279 2145 847 1679 590 1053 4295 498 756 254

Clasa I Stare foarte bun The first class Very-good status

din care: / of which: Clasa II Clasa III Stare Stare bun moderat The second The third class class Good Moderate status status 14148 6887 24 786 425 128 276 161 923 764 634 116 662 946 236 568 238

Clasa IV Stare slab The fourth class Poor status 82 13 69 -

Clasa V Stare proast The fifth class Bad status 44 44 -

Total Tisa Some Criuri Mure-Aranca Spaiul Banat 1) / Banat Space1) Jiu Olt Vedea Arge Buzu Ialomia Siret Prut Dunrea / The Danube Litoral / Seaside

921 1620 872 1571 1142 1118 1209 83 1045 474 391 3280 218 188 16

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne". / Source: National Administration "Romanian Waters".

32

1.17

Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2011 Investments for environment protection, in 2011
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate Activity sectors

Total

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, pe domenii de mediu: Prevention and control of pollution, by environmental field: sol i ape subterane aer ap deeuri soil and air water waste underground waters

Protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii Natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation

Alte domenii Other fields

Total

5414279

731255

3019253

949787

192899

189692

331393

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers Total Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Foresty and logging Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing 1400480 170905 522570 414141 535915 241304 168395 194957 418 96598 72757 173645 45144 94015 159997 1362 51790 17985 186952 167750 6860 10949 149014 1375 80874 50040

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 190502 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construcii Construction Transporturi Transport 14462 87900

76675

10903

28990

65515

1100

7319

3385 46156

708 13573

5477 19

1115 22230

149 144

3628 5778

Productori specializai / Specialised producers Total Distribuia apei i salubritate Water supply and sewerage 1491591 995279 137116 136046 780893 761148 517198 83612 27879 12807 118 118 28387 1548

Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile 442420 Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination Comer cu ridicata al deeurilor i resturilor Wholesale of waste and remains 24333

1039

8942

402598

3555

26286

28

10803

1473

11517

512

29559

29515

41

Administraie public / Public administration Total Administraie public central Central public adminstration Administraie public local Local public adminstration 2522208 1191493 1330715 58224 47246 10978 2043403 1002029 1041374 258944 258944 5023 2020 3003 2622 2622 153992 140198 13794

33

1.18

Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2011 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2011
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate Activity sectors

Total

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, pe domenii de mediu: Prevention and control of pollution, by environmental field: sol i ape subterane aer ap deeuri soil and air water waste underground waters

Protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii Natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation

Alte domenii Other fields

Total

12095325

365122

1019645

8656674

159410

182419

1712055

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers Total Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Foresty and logging Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing 2413346 25734 143625 1947192 192051 2 15016 143241 224415 31687 144335 198643 2 8174 145385 82126 3336 18849 163903 24512 57242 70226 1552208 1218 28170 1425156

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 214031 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construcii Construction Transporturi Transport 75717 7047

30727

32905

31826

30164

3006

85403

2158 907

14798 690

13052 204

28724 1053

8520 397

8465 3796

Productori specializai / Specialised producers Total Distribuia apei i salubritate Water supply and sewerage Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination 8899850 668269 60481 13340 624472 575220 8037217 61092 65259 17332 1040 817 111381 468

5604801

4746

32827

5447580

21027

203

98418

62505

16141

11555

24435

10374

Comer cu ridicata al deeurilor i resturilor 2564275 Wholesale of waste and remains

42395

284

2516990

2465

20

2121

Administraie public / Public administration Total Administraie public central Central public adminstration Administraie public local Local public adminstration 782129 225203 556926 112590 110181 2409 170758 22090 148668 420814 22856 397958 12025 10604 1421 17476 16868 608 48466 42604 5862

34

POPULAIE

POPULATION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30

Populaia pe sexe i medii ....................................... 44 Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie ...... 46 Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 ... 47 Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 ........................................................... 49 Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2011 ........................................ 53 Micarea natural a populaiei ................................. 54 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii ................. 56 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor .......... 58 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei ................................................... 60 Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii ............ 62 ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst .............. 62 Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii .......................... 63 Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ..................... 64 Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ................65 Decese, pe cauze de deces .................................... 66 Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ..................... 68 Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii .................... 69 Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ............... 70 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie ................................................. 71 Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii .......................... 72 Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 72 Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................ 74 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe ................................... 74 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii .................. 75 Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ........ 76 Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ..................... 77 Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie .......................... 77 Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ...................... 78 Imigranii, dup ara de provenien ........................ 78 Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe ............................. 78

Population by sex and area Population by age group and sex, on July 1 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2011 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2011 Vital statistics Vital statistics, by area Live-births by age group of parents Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother Average age of mother at birth, by area Abortions, by age group Fertility rates, by age group and total fertility rate Deaths, by age group and sex Infant deaths, by age group Deaths, by death causes Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death Life expectancy, by sex and area Marriages by age group of spouses Marriages by previous marital status of spouses Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area Divorces by age group of spouses Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by area and sex Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows determined by permanent residence changing Emigrants, by sex and age group Emigrants, by country of destination Immigrants, by sex and age group Immigrants, by origin country International migration determined by change of permanent residence, by sex

Teritorial 2.31 2.32 2.33 Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil ......... teritorial, la recensminte ........................................... Populaia, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 ............................................................. Populaia, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2011 .............................................................

Territorial Population and population density, at territorial level, on censuses Population, at territorial level, by sex and area, on July 1, 2011 Population, at territorial level and by age group, on July 1, 2011

36

2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39

2.40

2.41 2.42 2.43

Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2011 ................................................ Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011 .............................................. Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ................................................. Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ............................................................... Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2011 ................. Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ............................................................... Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2011 ............................................................... Emigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011 ............................................................... Imigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011 ............................................................... Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2011 ...............................................................

Vital statistics, at territorial level and by area, in 2011 Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level and by age group, in 2011 Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and area, in 2011 Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level, in 2011 Average age of spouses at marriage date, at territorial level and by area, in 2011 Divorces, by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution,at territorial level, in 2011 Internal migration determined by change of permanent residence, at territorial level and by area, in 2011 Emigrants, at territorial level and by age group, in 2011 Immigrants, at territorial level and by age group, in 2011 International migration determined by change of permanent residence, at territorial level and by sex, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Recensmintele populaiei; Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic a populaiei; nregistrri din evidena strii civile: Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese, cstorii i divoruri, respectiv, de judectorii pentru divoruri. Surse administrative: Baza de date a Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor, privind evidena persoanelor, pentru migraia intern i internaional, determinat de schimbarea domiciliului.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Population censuses; Statistics from current evidence of population, for data referring to population number and demographic structure; Registrations from civil register evidence: Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil register offices with data on births, deaths, marriages and divorces, respectively, by the law Courts for divorces. Administrative sources: Database of Ministry of Administration and Interior, for persons evidence, for internal and international migration, determined by domicile change.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Numrul populaiei stabile n perioadele intercensitare s-a determinat pe baza datelor de la recensminte i a celor din evidena curent referitoare la micarea natural i migratorie. Numrul populaiei stabile n perioada 2002-2011 s-a calculat pornind de la datele Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor, 18 martie 2002, cu privire la populaia cu domiciliul/reedina n Romnia, la care s-a

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
For intercensus years, the stable population number has been determined based on data from censuses and those from current evidence referring on vital and migration statistics. The stable population number during 2002-2011 was calculated from data of the Population and Housing Census, March 18, 2002, regarding the population with permanent residence in Romania, plus natural increase

37

adugat sporul natural al populaiei i soldul migraiei internaionale determinat de schimbrile de domiciliu/reedin, pentru populaia la nivel naional; pentru populaia la nivel de localitate s-a adugat soldul migraiei interne determinat de schimbrile de domiciliu i numrul persoanelor cu reedina n localitate. Pn n anul 2011 (inclusiv), populaia la 1 iulie a fost calculat prin metoda componentelor folosind surse de date administrative pentru migraia extern. Aceste surse nu acoper ntregul fenomen migratoriu, mai ales la nivelul emigraiei. n consecin, exist o subevaluare sever a acestui fenomen care duce la o supraevaluare a populaiei Romniei. Dup definitivarea rezultatelor Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011, n trimestrul IV 2013, se vor recalcula seriile pentru indicatorii de populaie i, pe baza acestora, se vor revizui seriile de date pentru indicatorii demografici (rate de mortalitate, fertilitate etc.), pentru perioada 2002-2011. Din acest motiv, datele prezentate au un caracter provizoriu. Datele aferente anului 2011 provin din statistica curent, nu din cele colectate la Recensmntul Populaiei i Locuinelor din anul 2011. Repartizarea populaiei pe medii s-a realizat astfel: pentru anul 1960, pn n anul 1966, n mediul urban sunt cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 localiti asimilate mediului urban; pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238 comune asimilate urbanului; ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele. Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie, este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani). Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Comisiei de Statistic a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite: nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare, prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau contracii musculare dependente de voin); nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup aceast separare, nu prezint nici un semn de via; decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv funciile vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de la natere; cstoria reprezint uniunea dintre un brbat i o femeie, ncheiat n concordan cu legislaia rii, n

and balance of internal and international migration determined by permanent residence changes for population at national level; for population at locality level the balance of internal migration determined by permanent residence changes and number of persons with temporary residence in locality was added. Until 2011 (included), the population on July 1 was calculated by the method of components using sources of administrative data for external migration. These sources cover the whole migratory phenomenon, especially at level of emigration. Consequently, there is a severe under evaluation of this phenomenon which leads to an overevaluation of the population in Romania. After finalizing the results of the Population and Housing Census, 2011, in the fourth quarter of 2013, the series for population indicators will be recalculated and on this basis, data series for demographic indicator (mortality rates, fertility rates etc.), during 2002-2011 will be revised. For this reason, the indicated data have a provisional nature. The data for 2011 are coming from current statistics and not from those collected on the Population and Housing Census 2011. Population breakdown by area was as follows: for 1960, until 1966, urban area included municipalities, towns and the 183 localities assimilated to the urban area; for 1966 and 1967, urban area included municipalities, towns and 238 communes assimilated to the urban area; starting with 1968, urban area includes only municipalities and towns. Age is expressed in the years reached during the year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and 11 months at July 1, is considered to be of 24 years old). The definitions of vital events are in compliance with the principles and recommendations of the United Nations Statistical Commission: live-birth is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular contractions dependent of will); dead-born child is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body after a pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after this separation, gives no sign of life; deceased is the person whose vital functions definitively ceased after a certain time passed from his birth; marriage represents an union between a man and a woman concluded according to the countrys

38

scopul ntemeierii unei familii i din care rezult drepturi i obligaii ntre cei doi soi, precum i ale acestora fa de copii; divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a organelor judectoreti, a ofierului de stare civil sau a unui notar public. Datele se refer la aciunile de divor pentru care desfacerea cstoriei a fost admis. Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul de referin. Durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de ani pe care i are de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada de referin. Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la 1000 locuitori. Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul persoanelor decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de decese la 1000 locuitori. Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de decedai n vrst de sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din anul respectiv. Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual de nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de nscui-vii i mori din acelai an i se exprim n numrul de nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din anul respectiv. Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul cstoriilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la 1000 locuitori. Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la 1000 locuitori. Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n profil teritorial (pe macroregiuni, regiuni de dezvoltare i judee) s-a fcut dup urmtoarele criterii: pentru nscui-vii i nscui-mori, dup domiciliul mamei; pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate; pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei; pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al soilor. Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de domiciliu i stabilirile temporare de reedin n alt localitate dect cea de domiciliu, n interiorul granielor rii.

legislation, in order to set up a family, where husband and wife have rights and obligations against one another as well as against their children; divorce represents the dissolution of a legally concluded marriage, according to a final decision of judicial bodies, of civil status office or of public notary. Data refer to divorce actions for which marriage dissolution was admitted. Natural increase represents the balance between the number of live-births and the number of deceased persons during the reference year. Life expectancy represents the average number of years an infant would live, if he / she lived all his / her life, under the conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the reference period. Birth rate represents the ratio between the number of live-births on July 1 of respective year and is expressed by the number of live-births per 1000 inhabitants. Mortality rate represents the ratio between the number of deceased persons on July 1 of respective year and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 inhabitants. Infant mortality rate represents the number of deaths for infants under one year of age per 1000 live births in a given year. Late foetal-deaths rate is the ratio between the number of late foetal-deaths in a year and the total number of live births and late foetal deaths in the same year, and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 live births and late foetal deaths. Marriages rate represents the ratio between the number of marriages on July 1 of respective year and is expressed by the number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants. Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the number of divorces on July 1 of respective year and is expressed by the number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants. Demographic events breakdown at territorial level (by macroregion, development region and county) was done according to the following criteria: for live-births and dead-born children, by mother's residence; for deaths, by residence of the deceased person; for marriage, by place of marriage registration ; for divorces, by last common residence of the spouses. Internal migration represents changes of permanent residence and temporary settling of residence in another locality, different from that of permanent residence, inside the borders of the country.

39

Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de eviden a persoanei. ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt cuprinse i schimbrile de domiciliu dintr-un sector n altul al Municipiului Bucureti. Nu sunt incluse schimbrile de domiciliu n interiorul aceleiai localiti sau n acelai sector, i nici dintr-un sat n altul, n cadrul aceleiai comune. Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea domiciliului n alt ar i respectiv, din alt ar n Romnia. Datele cu privire la emigrani se refer la cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate. Aceste date au provenit exclusiv din surse administrative. Fenomenul de emigrare din Romnia este subevaluat, din cauza inexistenei unei surse de date care s ofere informaii despre totalitatea persoanelor care prsesc Romnia pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, cu sau fr schimbarea domiciliului. Datele cu privire la imigrani se refer la cetenii din alt ar care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia. Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena dintre numrul imigranilor i cel al emigranilor, n anul de referin.

Change of permanent residence was registered in case of persons for whom police wrote down the new permanent residence in the identity card and in persons evidence file. Starting with 1992, data also include changes of permanent residence from one sector to another within Bucharest Municipality. There are not included permanent residence changes inside the same locality or sector, or from one village to another, in the same commune. International migration represents the change of permanent residence to another country and respectively from other country to Romania. Data on emigrants refer to Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad. These data were exclusively taken over from administrative sources. Emigration phenomenon in Romania is under evaluated, because of lack of other data source providing information about all the persons leaving Romania for at least 12 months period, with or without domicile change. Data on immigrants refer to citizens from another country who settled their permanent residence in Romania. Net international migration represents the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants during the reference year.
1)

2.G1

Populaia pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 1) Population by sex and area, on July 1, 2011

51,3%

52,3%

50,1%

48,7%

47,7%

49,9%

Total

Urban Masculin / Male

Rural Feminin / Female

45,1%

46,2%

44,0%

54,9%

53,8%

56,0%

Total Urban
1)

Masculin / Male Rural

Feminin / Female

Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

40

2.G2
100 80 60 40 20 0

Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie Population by area, on July 1


%

67,9

63,1

54,2

45,7 45,4 45,4 46,7 46,6 45,1 45,1 44,8 44,9 45,0 44,9 44,9 45,1

32,1

36,9

45,8 54,3 54,6 54,6 53,3 53,4 54,9 54,9 55,2 55,1 55,0 55,1 55,1 54,9

1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

1)

Urban

Rural
1)

2.G3

Populaia pe vrste i sexe, la 1 iulie 2011 1) Population by age and sex, on July 1, 2011
Vrsta Age 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

250 Mii persoane Thou persons


1)

200

150

100

50

50

100

150

200

250 Mii persoane Thou persons

Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

41

2.G4
30 25 20 15 10 5

Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei Birth rate, mortality and natural increase
Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

1960 1965 1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010 2011

1)

Natalitate / Birth rate Sporul natural pozitiv Positive natural increase


1)

Mortalitate / Mortality rate Sporul natural negativ Negative natural increase

Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

2.G5
100 80 60 40 20 0

Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst Fertility rates, by age group


Nscui-vii la 1000 femei / Live-births per 1000 women

82,7 69,8 54,0 35,0 19,0 3,5 2006 15 19 ani / years 20 24 ani / years 25 29 ani / years 30 34 ani / years 0,2 2011
1)

72,6 59,7 55,5

35,2 23,4 4,2 0,2

35 39 ani / years 40 44 ani / years 45 49 ani / years

1)

Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

42

2.G6
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1)

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani) Life expectancy, by sex (years)

68,7 69,2 69,5 69,7 69,8 70,1 0 10 20 Masculin Male 30 40 50 60 70 Feminin Female

75,8 76,1 76,7 77,1 77,3 77,5 80

1)

Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

2.G7
200 150 100 50 0

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor Evolution of marriages and divorces


mii / thou

189,2 146,6 149,4

134,3 115,8 105,6

32,7

36,3

35,7

32,3

32,6

35,8

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

43

2.1

Populaia pe sexe i medii Population by sex and area


Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number Total Masculin Male 8981804 9069012 9130631 9200997 9261698 9315510 9351075 9371316 9447715 9670757 9820125 9945027 10056431 10156420 10243280 10347995 10460119 10564943 10626055 10677731 10777854 10875027 10953637 11029625 11091465 11128723 11165086 11214313 11261467 11319082 11374681 11422472 11449147 11435286 11213763 11200695 11176390 11156807 11123977 11080933 11041414 11012110 10984529 10968854 10949490 10568741 10642538 10606245 10571606 10543518 10521189 10496720 10477611 10457219 10434143 10392537 Feminin Female 9421610 9497920 9550090 9612134 9665383 9711857 9752088 9769467 9837099 10050227 10190053 10307514 10413227 10506228 10584245 10680846 10784984 10880755 10933855 10979838 11076768 11173278 11247750 11323010 11386238 11424351 11459419 11510523 11562012 11621348 11678871 11729092 11757573 11749798 11596272 11588274 11578870 11573815 11556974 11526687 11504511 11490693 11473493 11466351 11458903 11112233 11152255 11127311 11101722 11080331 11063176 11040843 11026831 11012740 10997155 10961859 n procente fa de total As percentage of total Masculin Male 48,8 48,8 48,9 48,9 48,9 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,1 49,1 49,1 49,2 49,2 49,2 49,2 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,2 49,1 49,1 49,1 49,0 49,0 49,0 48,9 48,9 48,9 48,9 48,7 48,8 48,8 48,8 48,8 48,7 48,7 48,7 48,7 48,7 48,7 Feminin Female 51,2 51,2 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,0 50,9 50,9 50,9 50,8 50,8 50,8 50,8 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,8 50,9 50,9 50,9 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,3 51,2 51,2 51,2 51,2 51,3 51,3 51,3 51,3 51,3 51,3 Urban 5912011 6029978 6109909 6234043 6317027 6417124 7305714 7343917 7467928 7144994 7316065 7464811 7619873 7776868 7938819 8142938 8339229 8555880 9395729 9517811 9778831 9886137 10171618 10484896 10872275 11054179 11141775 11370092 11540494 11770927 11961847 12311803 12608844 12552407 12391819 12367358 12406204 12427612 12457195 12411174 12404690 12347886 12302729 12244598 12243748 11435080 11608735 11600157 11895598 11879897 11913938 11877659 11835328 11823516 11798735 11727153 Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number Rural 12491403 12536954 12570812 12579088 12610054 12610243 11797449 11796866 11816886 12575990 12694113 12787730 12849785 12885780 12888706 12885903 12905874 12889818 12164181 12139758 12075791 12162168 12029769 11867739 11605428 11498895 11482730 11354744 11282985 11169503 11091705 10839761 10597876 10632677 10418216 10421611 10349056 10303010 10223756 10196446 10141235 10154917 10155293 10190607 10164645 10245894 10186058 10133399 9777730 9743952 9670427 9659904 9669114 9646443 9632563 9627243 n procente fa de total As percentage of total Urban 32,1 32,5 32,7 33,1 33,4 33,7 38,2 38,4 38,7 36,2 36,6 36,9 37,2 37,6 38,1 38,7 39,3 39,9 43,6 43,9 44,7 44,8 45,8 46,9 48,4 49,0 49,2 50,0 50,6 51,3 51,9 53,2 54,3 54,1 54,3 54,3 54,5 54,7 54,9 54,9 55,0 54,9 54,8 54,6 54,6 52,7 53,3 53,4 54,9 54,9 55,2 55,1 55,0 55,1 55,1 54,9 Rural 67,9 67,5 67,3 66,9 66,6 66,3 61,8 61,6 61,3 63,8 63,4 63,1 62,8 62,4 61,9 61,3 60,7 60,1 56,4 56,1 55,3 55,2 54,2 53,1 51,6 51,0 50,8 50,0 49,4 48,7 48,1 46,8 45,7 45,9 45,7 45,7 45,5 45,3 45,1 45,1 45,0 45,1 45,2 45,4 45,4 47,3 46,7 46,6 45,1 45,1 44,8 44,9 45,0 44,9 44,9 45,1 July 1, 1960 July 1, 1961 July 1, 1962 July 1, 1963 July 1, 1964 July 1, 1965 March 15, 1966 1) July 1, 1966 July 1, 1967 July 1, 1968 July 1, 1969 July 1, 1970 July 1, 1971 July 1, 1972 July 1, 1973 July 1, 1974 July 1, 1975 July 1, 1976 January 5, 1977 1) July 1, 1977 July 1, 1978 July 1, 1979 July 1, 1980 July 1, 1981 July 1, 1982 July 1, 1983 July 1, 1984 July 1, 1985 July 1, 1986 July 1, 1987 July 1, 1988 July 1, 1989 July 1, 1990 July 1, 1991 January 7, 1992 1) July 1, 1992 July 1, 1993 July 1, 1994 July 1, 1995 July 1, 1996 July 1, 1997 July 1, 1998 July 1, 1999 July 1, 2000 July 1, 2001 March 18, 2002 1) July 1, 2002 July 1, 2003 July 1, 2004 July 1, 2005 July 1, 2006 July 1, 2007 July 1, 2008 July 1, 2009 July 1, 2010 July 1, 2011 2)

1 iulie 1960 1 iulie 1961 1 iulie 1962 1 iulie 1963 1 iulie 1964 1 iulie 1965 15 martie 1966 1) 1 iulie 1966 1 iulie 1967 1 iulie 1968 1 iulie 1969 1 iulie 1970 1 iulie 1971 1 iulie 1972 1 iulie 1973 1 iulie 1974 1 iulie 1975 1 iulie 1976 5 ianuarie 1977 1) 1 iulie 1977 1 iulie 1978 1 iulie 1979 1 iulie 1980 1 iulie 1981 1 iulie 1982 1 iulie 1983 1 iulie 1984 1 iulie 1985 1 iulie 1986 1 iulie 1987 1 iulie 1988 1 iulie 1989 1 iulie 1990 1 iulie 1991 7 ianuarie 1992 1) 1 iulie 1992 1 iulie 1993 1 iulie 1994 1 iulie 1995 1 iulie 1996 1 iulie 1997 1 iulie 1998 1 iulie 1999 1 iulie 2000 1 iulie 2001 18 martie 2002 1) 1 iulie 2002 1 iulie 2003 1 iulie 2004 1 iulie 2005 1 iulie 2006 1 iulie 2007 1 iulie 2008 1 iulie 2009 1 iulie 2010 1 iulie 2011 2)

18403414 18566932 18680721 18813131 18927081 19027367 19103163 19140783 19284814 19720984 20010178 20252541 20469658 20662648 20827525 21028841 21245103 21445698 21559910 21657569 21854622 22048305 22201387 22352635 22477703 22553074 22624505 22724836 22823479 22940430 23053552 23151564 23206720 23185084 22810035 22788969 22755260 22730622 22680951 22607620 22545925 22502803 22458022 22435205 22408393 21680974 21794793 21733556 21673328 21623849 21584365 21537563 21504442 21469959 21431298 21354396

1) Recensmnt. / Census. 2) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale

ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38). Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

44

45

2.2

Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie Population by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

1)

Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over

21584365 1057804 1098663 1177605 1653027 1599535 1778735 1689369 1869153 1192648 1463532 1528720 1310266 977303 1041631 913325 675967 391080 166002 10521189 544111 563176 602816 842934 818547 911059 863241 944770 596863 720761 739441 621161 447270 453301 383397 269993 143476 54872 11063176 513693 535487 574789 810093 780988 867676 826128 924383 595785 742771 789279 689105 530033 588330 529928 405974 247604 111130

Total 21504442 1070639 1073733 1121104 1428324 1692108 1679885 1752955 1746994 1455383 1316506 1545262 1416872 1006459 958358 923364 699363 417111 200022 Masculin / Male 10496720 10477611 545866 550074 559856 551180 581356 574527 786763 728731 839745 865349 890529 859946 878737 898493 975816 886521 602225 731189 687380 650955 746431 746614 644226 669904 451848 462521 436752 417662 383369 383361 275630 278196 149339 155547 60852 66841 Feminin / Female 11040843 11026831 516671 520565 530428 522553 554262 546577 755065 699593 800382 826759 850157 819939 836781 854462 953321 860473 597949 724194 705364 665551 797850 798648 716297 746968 532536 543938 567316 540696 534808 540003 415138 421167 254101 261564 122417 133181 21537563 1062537 1090284 1135618 1541828 1640127 1740686 1715518 1929137 1200174 1392744 1544281 1360523 984384 1004068 918177 690768 403440 183269

21469959 1079077 1060158 1106540 1325569 1722804 1627924 1775260 1678096 1611779 1258455 1538167 1411490 1070415 923844 929212 704995 428578 217596 10457219 554333 544930 566897 677428 879022 833631 910647 852829 811426 623476 743586 666790 492427 403762 383565 279022 159915 73533 11012740 524744 515228 539643 648141 843782 794293 864613 825267 800353 634979 794581 744700 577988 520082 545647 425973 268663 144063

21431298 1082649 1051871 1106775 1207215 1721709 1611264 1773161 1663454 1738891 1212937 1473751 1435134 1157613 877712 932912 708422 441175 234653 10434143 556628 540650 567200 617804 877288 824511 910379 847519 876209 601357 713468 677935 532277 384057 383617 278785 164601 79858 10997155 526021 511221 539575 589411 844421 786753 862782 815935 862682 611580 760283 757199 625336 493655 549295 429637 276574 154795

21354396 1062695 1055229 1095415 1172977 1644400 1590275 1764339 1672212 1844332 1168162 1414241 1453901 1221207 882256 893635 717377 451974 249769 10392537 545917 542633 561371 600267 837756 814169 904958 854430 929580 580336 686116 686604 560775 386399 366556 281185 167793 85692 10961859 516778 512596 534044 572710 806644 776106 859381 817782 914752 587826 728125 767297 660432 495857 527079 436192 284181 164077

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale

ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38). Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

46

2.3
Vrsta (ani) Age (years) Total 0-4 0 1 2 3 4 5-9 5 6 7 8 9 10-14 10 11 12 13 14 15-19 15 16 17 18 19 20-24 20 21 22 23 24 25-29 25 26 27 28 29 30-34 30 31 32 33 34 35-39 35 36 37 38 39 40-44 40 41 42 43 44

Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 1) Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2011 1)
Total Ambele sexe Both sexes 21354396 1062695 199626 218277 217682 214953 212157 1055229 217752 214524 209162 206802 206989 1095415 213098 222490 222195 222929 214703 1172977 222858 221683 236047 236706 255683 1644400 254495 338919 337233 348789 364964 1590275 327421 338743 305698 295886 322527 1764339 344055 353881 355736 354681 355986 1672212 348360 353328 330289 314962 325273 1844332 334961 364267 394872 491193 259039 din care: Feminin of which: Female 10961859 516778 97358 105773 105639 104701 103307 512596 105738 104409 101482 100799 100168 534044 103807 108247 108594 108484 104912 572710 108566 108080 115219 115822 125023 806644 124033 166423 166099 170796 179293 776106 159802 165228 148593 143867 158616 859381 168227 171867 173051 172925 173311 817782 169403 172492 161351 154356 160180 914752 165544 180515 195072 245138 128483 Urban Ambele sexe Both sexes 11727153 579584 109800 120360 118726 116643 114055 531650 117249 112284 104249 100168 97700 502130 98481 101681 100854 101966 99148 571644 103738 103725 112653 117292 134236 939900 139113 192343 195336 203421 209687 957301 194815 203663 183451 178603 196769 1051660 209387 213083 211650 208737 208803 933480 199405 199976 184493 170806 178800 1072233 186072 206261 230743 299730 149427 din care: Feminin of which: Female 6136966 281267 53362 58180 57368 56854 55503 258242 56813 54591 50647 48919 47272 245033 47951 49458 49326 49749 48549 281447 50531 51248 55315 57843 66510 471852 69284 96438 97907 102110 106113 479836 97822 101846 91758 89245 99165 525729 105169 106304 105752 104339 104165 471717 99584 100296 93199 86826 91812 561590 96381 107705 120188 158232 79084 Rural Ambele sexe Both sexes 9627243 483111 89826 97917 98956 98310 98102 523579 100503 102240 104913 106634 109289 593285 114617 120809 121341 120963 115555 601333 119120 117958 123394 119414 121447 704500 115382 146576 141897 145368 155277 632974 132606 135080 122247 117283 125758 712679 134668 140798 144086 145944 147183 738732 148955 153352 145796 144156 146473 772099 148889 158006 164129 191463 109612 din care: Feminin of which: Female 4824893 235511 43996 47593 48271 47847 47804 254354 48925 49818 50835 51880 52896 289011 55856 58789 59268 58735 56363 291263 58035 56832 59904 57979 58513 334792 54749 69985 68192 68686 73180 296270 61980 63382 56835 54622 59451 333652 63058 65563 67299 68586 69146 346065 69819 72196 68152 67530 68368 353162 69163 72810 74884 86906 49399

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

47

2.3
Vrsta (ani) Age (years)

Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued
Total Ambele sexe Both sexes 1168162 223450 231892 234148 233516 245156 1414241 260877 269539 282863 298534 302428 1453901 307271 319145 274962 282005 270518 1221207 270927 277235 260697 208918 203430 882256 187617 172129 179460 168170 174880 893635 161472 192298 185066 180152 174647 717377 165717 150780 140243 133871 126766 451974 113504 102597 89395 79045 67433 249769 din care: Feminin of which: Female 587826 111283 116442 117630 118209 124262 728125 132625 137570 145486 154872 157572 767297 160814 167668 145350 149572 143893 660432 145311 149576 141416 113191 110938 495857 103533 96237 100925 94917 100245 527079 92966 112479 109653 107233 104748 436192 99505 91383 85507 81931 77866 284181 70742 64018 56274 49981 43166 164077 Urban Ambele sexe Both sexes 699197 130085 137038 140855 142087 149132 880436 160089 166252 174994 187831 191270 900136 194052 200981 171609 172161 161333 676102 157564 157283 143983 112536 104736 428645 94126 84531 86456 80647 82885 403582 74897 87135 84328 80804 76418 302858 71213 63634 59403 56050 52558 189915 47806 43247 37436 33438 27988 106700 din care: Feminin of which: Female 375853 69123 73754 75525 76733 80718 476241 86706 89608 94607 102176 103144 481069 104446 107472 91902 91662 85587 363945 84088 84482 77490 60791 57094 241653 51829 47658 48913 45697 47556 239195 43255 50903 50321 48416 46300 187216 43213 38859 37078 35110 32956 121910 30366 27626 24044 21564 18310 73171 Rural Ambele sexe Both sexes 468965 93365 94854 93293 91429 96024 533805 100788 103287 107869 110703 111158 553765 113219 118164 103353 109844 109185 545105 113363 119952 116714 96382 98694 453611 93491 87598 93004 87523 91995 490053 86575 105163 100738 99348 98229 414519 94504 87146 80840 77821 74208 262059 65698 59350 51959 45607 39445 143069 din care: Feminin of which: Female 211973 42160 42688 42105 41476 43544 251884 45919 47962 50879 52696 54428 286228 56368 60196 53448 57910 58306 296487 61223 65094 63926 52400 53844 254204 51704 48579 52012 49220 52689 287884 49711 61576 59332 58817 58448 248976 56292 52524 48429 46821 44910 162271 40376 36392 32230 28417 24856 90906

45-49 45 46 47 48 49 50-54 50 51 52 53 54 55-59 55 56 57 58 59 60-64 60 61 62 63 64 65-69 65 66 67 68 69 70-74 70 71 72 73 74 75-79 75 76 77 78 79 80-84 80 81 82 83 84 85 i peste / and over

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

48

2.4
ALBA Alba Iulia Aiud 2) Blaj 2) Sebe 2) Abrud Baia de Arie Cmpeni Cugir Ocna Mure Teiu Zlatna ARAD Arad 2) Chiineu-Cri Curtici Ineu Lipova Ndlac Pncota Pecica Sntana Sebi ARGE
2)

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 370816 68763 25782 20586 29764 5695 4171 7562 25587 14910 7404 8106 454073 164208 8238 8137 9479 10885 7990 7577 13942 13321 6214 636643 165733 35698 32421 10441 33698 14553 10423 712304 174182 23347 48578 19498 23223 14380 4871 12770 592242 204358 11096 16919 18146 10684 2478 11786 8129 10436 2614 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns BISTRIA-NSUD Bistria Beclean Nsud Sngeorz-Bi BOTOANI Dorohoi Bucecea Drbani Flmnzi Sveni tefneti BRAOV Braov 2) Codlea 2) Fgra 2) Scele 2) Ghimbav Predeal Rnov Rupea Victoria Zrneti BRILA Brila Furei Ianca nsurei BUZU Buzu Rmnicu Srat Nehoiu Ptrlagele Pogoanele
2) 2) 2) 2)

1)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 316834 85375 11710 10940 10977 444804 114799 29384 5217 11579 11843 7943 5610 598941 275901 24656 37360 33624 5558 5186 16525 5537 8528 25632 355173 208464 3995 11070 7007 477215 130320 38995 11201 7762 7494 318616 81807 28195 8513 5904 16931 12895 12617 11664

Botoani 2) 2)

Piteti Cmpulung 2) Curtea de Arge 2) Costeti Mioveni tefneti Topoloveni BACU Bacu Moineti 2) Oneti 2) Buhui Comneti Drmneti Slnic-Moldova Trgu Ocna BIHOR Oradea 2) Beiu 2) Marghita 2) Salonta 2) Aled Nucet Scueni tei Valea lui Mihai Vacu
2)

2)

CARA-SEVERIN Reia Caransebe 2) Anina Bile Herculane Boca Moldova Nou Oravia Oelu Rou
2)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. 2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

49

2.4
CLRAI Clrai 2) Oltenia 2) Budeti Fundulea Lehliu Gar CLUJ Cluj-Napoca 2) Cmpia Turzii 2) Dej 2) Gherla 2) 2)

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 310477 72754 26923 7175 6698 6347 689517 301913 26194 38065 22080 56701 9734 724276 299824 39598 43727 5531 18319 10513 10455 10782 36497 5522 14402 7665 221765
2)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns GALAI Galai 2) Tecuci 2) Bereti Trgu Bujor GIURGIU Giurgiu Bolintin-Vale Mihileti GORJ Trgu Jiu Motru 2) Bumbeti-Jiu Novaci Rovinari Trgu Crbuneti Tismana Turceni icleni HARGHITA Miercurea Ciuc Gheorgheni 2) Odorheiu Secuiesc Toplia 2) Bile Tunad Blan Borsec Cristuru Secuiesc Vlhia HUNEDOARA Brad Hunedoara 2) Lupeni 2) Ortie 2) Petroani 2) Vulcan 2) Aninoasa Clan Geoagiu Haeg Petrila Simeria Uricani Deva 2) 2)
2) 2) 2)

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 604627 287046 42175 3195 7516 279172 66949 12630 7475 375147 96737 22134 10360 5943 13384 8856 7699 8142 5148 323952 41166 19601 36277 15330 1580 7284 2735 10223 7138 457932 65998 15506 68852 28401 21191 41947 27998 4615 12723 5616 10830 24480 13329 9181

Turda Huedin

CONSTANA Constana 2) Mangalia 2) Medgidia 2) Bneasa Cernavod Eforie Hrova Murfatlar (Basarabi) Nvodari Negru Vod Ovidiu Techirghiol COVASNA Sfntu Gheorghe Trgu Secuiesc 2) Baraolt Covasna ntorsura Buzului DMBOVIA Trgovite Moreni 2) Fieni Geti Pucioasa Rcari Titu DOLJ Craiova 2) Bileti 2) Calafat 2) Bechet Dbuleni Filiai Segarcea
2)

2)

61074 19824 9348 11144 8993 528955 87484 20061 7584 14896 15200 6565 10058 697813 297510 19413 17382 3850 12485 18463 8080

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. 2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

50

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 285733 51541 34032 17068 8067 3493 4581 13060 821311 302971 42072 11856 13455 10624 334475 11659 21732 13394 8998 12248 22296 18102 36454 509163
2)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns IALOMIA Slobozia 2) Feteti 2) Urziceni 2) Amara Czneti Fierbini - Trg ndrei IAI Iai 2) Pacani 2) Hrlu Trgu Frumos Podul Iloaiei ILFOV Bragadiru Buftea Chitila Mgurele Otopeni Pantelimon Popeti-Leordeni Voluntari MARAMURE Baia Mare Sighetu Marmaiei Baia Sprie Bora Cavnic Dragomireti Slitea de Sus Seini Somcua Mare Tuii-Mgheru Trgu Lpu Ulmeni Vieu de Sus MEHEDINI Drobeta-Turnu Severin Orova 2) Baia de Aram Strehaia Vnju Mare
2) 2)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns MURE Trgu Mure 2) Reghin 2) Sighioara 2) Trnveni 2) Iernut Ludu Miercurea Nirajului Sarmau Sngeorgiu de Pdure Sovata Ungheni NEAM Piatra Neam 2) Roman 2) Bicaz Roznov Trgu Neam OLT Slatina 2) Caracal 2) Bal Corabia Drgneti-Olt Piatra-Olt Potcoava Scorniceti PRAHOVA Ploieti Cmpina 2) Azuga Bicoi Boldeti-Sceni Breaza Buteni Comarnic Mizil Plopeni Sinaia Slnic Urlai Vlenii de Munte
2)

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 578945 143221 36353 31803 25221 9555 17479 6193 7424 5540 9437 6992 560755 105892 66012 8386 9722 20618 458380 76736 34431 20632 18956 12027 6109 5862 12228 809124 225636 36356 4877 19465 11358 17277 9952 12914 15964 9353 11459 6430 11363 13411

137455 40823 16463 28333 5134 3173 5033 10308 8055 7837 12897 7537 16267 288775 105232 12373 5701 11438 6145

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. 2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

51

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 363040 110930 21877 7250 7040 14944 9271 240220 63980 7767 11278 16190 426121 154224 52048 10990 14473 16214 5606 8249 4274 4208 5867 7644 708933
2)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns SATU MARE Satu Mare Carei 2) Ardud Livada Negreti-Oa Tnad SLAJ Zalu Cehu Silvaniei Jibou imleu Silvaniei SIBIU Sibiu 2) Media 2) Agnita Avrig Cisndie Copa Mic Dumbrveni Miercurea Sibiului Ocna Sibiului Slite Tlmaciu SUCEAVA Suceava 2) Cmpulung Moldovenesc Flticeni 2) Rdui 2) Vatra Dornei 2) Broteni Cajvana Dolhasca Frasin Gura Humorului Liteni Miliui Salcea Siret Solca Vicovu de Sus TELEORMAN Alexandria Roiori de Vede 2) Turnu Mgurele 2) Videle Zimnicea
2) 2) 2)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns TIMI Timioara Lugoj 2) Buzia Ciacova Deta Fget Gtaia Jimbolia Reca Snnicolau Mare TULCEA Tulcea Babadag Isaccea Mcin Sulina VASLUI Vaslui 2) Brlad 2) Hui 2) Murgeni Negreti VLCEA
2) 2)

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 679848 307561 44434 7496 5113 6580 7221 6207 11826 8822 13152 244103 89993 10140 5304 10766 4258 447724 69992 68585 29113 7842 10103 404993

106682 19343 29562 29523 16353 6283 8714 11361 6521 15836 10254 5403 10064 9216 2626 14995 393164 48754 29681 27872 11553 14752

Rmnicu Vlcea Drgani 2) Bbeni Bile Govora Bile Olneti Blceti Berbeti Brezoi Climneti Horezu Ocnele Mari VRANCEA Focani 2) Adjud 2) Mreti Odobeti Panciu BUCURETI 2) BUCHAREST 2)

2)

110697 19988 9877 2882 4553 5503 5548 6907 8704 6661 3505 388943 97714 18453 12696 9076 8582 1919352

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. 2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

52

2.5

Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2011
Numrul judeelor, municipiilor, oraelor i comunelor Number of counties, municipalities, towns and communes n procente Date absolute fa de total Absolute data Percentage of total Judee

1)

Grupe de judee, municipii, orae i comune, dup numrul locuitorilor Groups of counties, municipalities, towns and communes, by inhabitants number

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number n procente fa de total Percentage of total

Date absolute Absolute data


2)

/ Counties

2)

Total Sub / under 300000 300000 - 399999 400000 - 499999 500000 - 599999 600000 - 699999 700000 - 799999 800000 i peste / and over

42 6 11 8 6 5 3 3

100,0 14,3 26,2 19,1 14,3 11,9 7,1 7,1

21354396 1559768 3850637 3571242 3369001 3308448 2145513 3549787

100,0 7,3 18,0 16,7 15,8 15,5 10,1 16,6

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns Total Sub / under 3000 3000 - 4999 5000 - 9999 10000 - 19999 20000 - 49999 50000 - 99999 100000 - 199999 200000 - 999999 1000000 i peste / and over 320 6 15 97 102 56 20 13 10 1
3)

100,0 1,9 4,7 30,3 31,9 17,5 6,2 4,1 3,1 0,3

11727153 14915 61619 707766 1392231 1747416 1449095 1723575 2711184 1919352

100,0 0,1 0,5 6,0 11,9 14,9 12,4 14,7 23,1 16,4

Comune / Communes Total Sub / under 1000 1000 - 1999 2000 - 4999 5000 - 9999 10000 i peste / and over 2861 81 609 1708 434 29
3)

100,0 2,8 21,3 59,7 15,2 1,0

9627243 59416 959619 5491459 2786437 330312

100,0 0,6 10,0 57,1 28,9 3,4

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. 2) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality. 3)

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2011. According to administrative territorial organization existing July 1, 2011.

53

2.6
Anii

Micarea natural a populaiei Vital statistics


Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Sporul natural Natural increase Nscui mori Dead-born children Decese la o vrst sub 1 an Infant deaths Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui- vii Live-births Decese Deaths Sporul natural Natural increase Cstorii Marriages Divoruri Divorces Nscui-mori la 1000 nscui (vii+mori) Dead-born children per 1000 births (live-births and dead-born) 15,9 15,9 15,7 15,4 15,0 14,3 14,7 17,9 16,1 14,8 13,2 11,9 10,9 11,0 11,1 10,1 9,9 9,7 9,3 9,1 8,7 8,5 8,4 8,0 8,4 7,8 8,0 7,9 7,6 7,6 7,0 6,9 6,5 6,3 6,5 6,2 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,2 5,9 5,8 6,2 6,0 6,0 5,7 5,2 4,7 4,5 4,3 4,0 4,1 Decese la o vrst sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii Infant deaths per 1000 live-births 74,6 69,4 58,8 55,2 48,6 44,1 46,6 46,6 59,5 54,9 49,4 42,4 40,0 38,1 35,0 34,7 31,4 31,2 30,3 31,6 29,3 28,6 28,0 23,9 23,4 25,6 23,2 28,9 25,4 26,9 26,9 22,7 23,3 23,3 23,9 21,2 22,3 22,0 20,5 18,6 18,6 18,4 17,3 16,7 16,8 15,0 13,9 12,0 11,0 10,1 9,8 9,4

Nscui-vii Live-births

Decese Deaths

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

352241 324859 301985 294886 287383 278362 273678 527764 526091 465764 427034 400146 389153 378696 427732 418185 417353 423958 416598 410603 398904 381101 344369 321498 350741 358797 376896 383199 380043 369544 314746 275275 260393 249994 246736 236640 231348 236891 237297 234600 234521 220368 210529 212459 216261 221020 219483 214728 221900 222388 212199 196242

160720 161936 172429 155767 152476 163393 157445 179129 188509 201225 193255 194306 189793 203559 191286 197538 204873 208685 211846 217509 231876 224635 224120 233892 233699 246670 242330 254286 253370 247306 247086 251760 263855 263323 266101 271672 286158 279315 269166 265194 255820 259603 269666 266575 258890 262101 258094 251965 253202 257213 259723 251439

191521 162923 129556 139119 134907 114969 116233 348635 337582 264539 233779 205840 199360 175137 236446 220647 212480 215273 204752 193094 167028 156466 120249 87606 117042 112127 134566 128913 126673 122238 67660 23515 -3462 -13329 -19365 -35032 -54810 -42424 -31869 -30594 -21299 -39235 -59137 -54116 -42629 -41081 -38611 -37237 -31302 -34825 -47524 -55197

197654 180465 184676 174931 169520 164229 171243 154105 146988 140011 145531 150215 157142 170130 175496 188139 195874 199794 201103 198139 182671 182973 174448 163826 164110 161094 167254 168079 172527 177943 192652 183388 174593 161595 154221 153943 150388 147105 145303 140014 135808 129930 129018 133953 143304 141832 146637 189240 149439 134275 115778 105599

36947 33373 38095 36129 35145 36914 25804 481) 4023 6991 7865 9570 11254 14472 17951 34479 35945 25726 33190 35855 34130 33635 33164 34534 32853 32587 34562 34110 36775 36008 32966 37031 29290 31193 39663 34906 35586 34752 39985 34408 30725 31135 31790 33073 35225 33193 32672 36308 35685 32341 32632 35780

5690 5251 4812 4601 4367 4048 4072 9644 8625 6984 5728 4822 4288 4194 4801 4288 4186 4144 3919 3754 3518 3257 2904 2605 2988 2824 3053 3053 2926 2821 2231 1910 1700 1582 1623 1472 1428 1483 1514 1459 1393 1282 1319 1290 1314 1262 1143 1009 993 969 856 811

26680 23190 18196 16270 13975 12264 12746 24590 31317 25584 21110 16964 15566 14444 14958 14498 13089 13207 12610 12995 11691 10886 9653 7676 8211 9191 8746 11077 9643 9940 8471 6258 6080 5822 5894 5027 5158 5209 4868 4360 4370 4057 3648 3546 3641 3310 3052 2574 2434 2250 2078 1850

19,1 17,5 16,2 15,7 15,2 14,6 14,3 27,4 26,7 23,3 21,1 19,5 18,8 18,2 20,3 19,7 19,5 19,6 19,1 18,6 18,0 17,0 15,3 14,3 15,5 15,8 16,5 16,7 16,5 16,0 13,6 11,9 11,4 11,0 10,9 10,4 10,2 10,5 10,5 10,4 10,5 9,8 9,7 9,8 10,0 10,2 10,2 10,0 10,3 10,4 9,9 9,2 2)

8,7 8,7 9,2 8,3 8,1 8,6 8,2 9,3 9,6 10,1 9,5 9,5 9,2 9,8 9,1 9,3 9,6 9,6 9,7 9,9 10,4 10,0 10,0 10,4 10,3 10,9 10,6 11,1 11,0 10,7 10,6 10,9 11,6 11,6 11,7 12,0 12,7 12,4 12,0 11,8 11,4 11,6 12,4 12,3 11,9 12,1 12,0 11,7 11,8 12,0 12,1 11,8 2)

10,4 8,8 7,0 7,4 7,1 6,0 6,1 18,1 17,1 13,2 11,6 10,0 9,6 8,4 11,2 10,4 9,9 10,0 9,4 8,7 7,6 7,0 5,3 3,9 5,2 4,9 5,9 5,6 5,5 5,3 3,0 1,0 -0,2 -0,6 -0,8 -1,6 -2,5 -1,9 -1,5 -1,4 -0,9 -1,8 -2,7 -2,5 -1,9 -1,9 -1,8 -1,7 -1,5 -1,6 -2,2 -2,6

2)

10,7 9,7 9,9 9,3 9,0 8,6 8,9 8,0 7,5 7,0 7,2 7,3 7,6 8,2 8,3 8,9 9,1 9,2 9,2 9,0 8,2 8,2 7,8 7,3 7,3 7,1 7,3 7,3 7,5 7,7 8,3 7,9 7,7 7,1 6,8 6,8 6,7 6,5 6,5 6,2 6,1 5,8 5,9 6,2 6,6 6,6 6,8 8,8 6,9 6,3 5,4 4,9

2)

2,01 1,80 2,04 1,92 1,86 1,94 1,35 *) 0,20 0,35 0,39 0,47 0,54 0,69 0,85 1,62 1,68 1,19 1,52 1,63 1,54 1,50 1,48 1,53 1,45 1,43 1,51 1,49 1,60 1,56 1,42 1,60 1,29 1,37 1,74 1,54 1,57 1,54 1,78 1,53 1,37 1,39 1,46 1,52 1,63 1,54 1,51 1,69 1,66 1,51 1,52 1,68 2)

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966). 2) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale

Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified (in October 1966).

ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38). Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

54

55

2.7
Anii

Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii Vital statistics, by area


Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Sporul natural Natural increase Nscui mori Dead-born children Decese la o vrst sub 1 an Infant deaths Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui- vii Live-births Decese Deaths Sporul natural Natural increase Cstorii Marriages Nscui-mori la 1000 nscui Divoruri (vii+mori) Divorces Dead-born children per 1000 births (live-births and dead-born) Decese la o vrst sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii Infant deaths per 1000 live-births

Nscui-vii Live-births

Decese Deaths

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

Years

URBAN 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 156950 135417 124016 117298 114422 109722 108226 110009 110186 108542 108254 102432 98190 100915 111348 117780 119477 116367 121518 121864 117851 106667 99331 101460 106784 107482 108771 112205 116450 115997 112733 111159 108436 110063 113225 112283 114316 116809 116384 114562 114352 116168 117632 114648 57619 33957 17232 9816 5651 -2483 -8224 -5988 -2547 -2617 -182 -7631 -15035 -11368 -2968 971 3093 1805 7166 5696 219 -7981 110382 101993 92663 85505 82263 83381 84864 82522 82912 81015 79128 77231 76547 81483 90179 92651 96605 104445 96963 86363 74787 67962 25553 28098 22443 23629 29767 26023 26389 25044 28702 25035 22486 22362 22675 23542 25134 23709 23338 26066 24806 22308 22144 25152 1217 974 830 747 768 693 691 689 714 670 612 567 602 569 633 589 538 498 468 474 420 363 3778 2654 2575 2315 2295 1996 2006 2036 1907 1650 1744 1594 1426 1381 1555 1458 1341 1186 1030 982 913 797 RURAL 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 157796 139858 136377 132696 132314 126918 123122 126882 127111 126058 126267 117936 112339 111544 104913 103240 100006 98361 100382 100524 94348 89575 147755 150300 157071 155841 157330 159467 169708 163318 156433 154035 147384 149540 156441 154292 144574 145292 141710 137403 138850 141045 142091 136791 10041 -10442 -20694 -23145 -25016 -32549 -46586 -36436 -29322 -27977 -21117 -31604 -44102 -42748 -39661 -42052 -41704 -39042 -38468 -40521 -47743 -47216 82270 81395 81930 76090 71958 70562 65524 64583 62391 58999 56680 52699 52471 52470 53125 49181 50032 84795 52476 47912 40991 37637 7413 8933 6847 7564 9896 8883 9197 9708 11283 9373 8239 8773 9115 9531 10091 9484 9334 10242 10879 10033 10488 10628 1014 936 870 835 855 779 737 794 800 789 781 715 717 721 681 673 605 511 525 495 436 448 4693 3604 3505 3507 3599 3031 3152 3173 2961 2710 2626 2463 2222 2165 2086 1852 1711 1388 1404 1268 1165 1053

URBAN 12,9 11,0 10,2 9,6 9,3 8,9 8,8 8,9 9,0 8,9 8,9 8,4 8,5 8,7 9,4 9,9 10,1 9,8 10,3 10,3 10,0 9,1 1) RURAL 14,3 12,9 12,9 12,7 12,7 12,3 12,0 12,4 12,4 12,3 12,3 11,5 11,0 11,0 10,7 10,6 10,3 10,2 10,4 10,4 9,8 9,3 1) 13,4 13,9 14,8 14,9 15,1 15,4 16,5 15,9 15,3 15,1 14,4 14,6 15,3 15,2 14,7 14,9 14,6 14,2 14,3 14,6 14,7 14,2 1) 0,9 -1,0 -1,9 -2,2 -2,4 -3,1 -4,5 -3,5 -2,9 -2,8 -2,1 -3,1 -4,3 -4,2 -4,0 -4,3 -4,3 -4,0 -3,9 -4,2 -4,9 -4,9 1) 7,5 7,5 7,7 7,3 6,9 6,8 6,4 6,3 6,1 5,8 5,5 5,2 5,1 5,2 5,4 5,0 5,2 8,8 5,4 4,9 4,2 3,9 1) 0,67 0,82 0,65 0,72 0,95 0,86 0,89 0,95 1,10 0,92 0,80 0,86 0,89 0,94 1,03 0,97 0,96 1,06 1,12 1,04 1,09 1,10 1) 6,4 6,6 6,3 6,3 6,4 6,1 6,0 6,2 6,3 6,2 6,1 6,0 6,3 6,4 6,4 6,5 6,0 5,2 5,2 4,9 4,6 5,0 29,7 25,8 25,7 26,4 27,2 23,9 25,6 25,0 23,3 21,5 20,8 20,9 19,8 19,4 19,9 17,9 17,1 14,1 14,0 12,6 12,3 11,8 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 8,2 8,2 8,7 8,8 8,8 9,1 9,5 9,4 9,2 9,1 8,9 9,0 9,8 9,7 9,6 9,9 9,8 9,7 9,7 9,9 10,0 9,8 1) 4,7 2,8 1,5 0,8 0,5 -0,2 -0,7 -0,5 -0,2 -0,2 -0,6 -1,3 -1,0 -0,2 0,3 0,1 0,6 0,4 -0,7 9,1 8,3 7,6 7,0 6,7 6,8 6,9 6,7 6,8 6,6 6,5 6,3 6,6 7,0 7,6 7,8 8,1 8,8 8,2 7,3 6,4 5,8 1) 2,10 2,27 1,84 1,93 2,42 2,11 2,14 2,04 2,34 2,05 1,84 1,83 1,96 2,04 2,12 2,00 1,96 2,20 2,10 1,89 1,88 2,15 1) 7,7 7,1 6,6 6,3 6,7 6,3 6,3 6,2 6,4 6,1 5,6 5,5 6,1 5,6 5,7 5,0 4,5 4,3 3,8 3,9 3,6 3,4 24,1 19,6 20,8 19,7 20,1 18,2 18,5 18,5 17,3 15,2 16,1 15,6 14,5 13,7 14,0 12,4 11,2 10,2 8,5 8,1 7,7 7,5 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

1)

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale

ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38). Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

56

57

2.8
2006 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2007 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2008 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2009 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2010 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2011 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste

Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor Live-births by age group of parents


Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani) Age group of father (years) 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste and over Nedeclarat Not stated Age group of mother (years) 2006 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2007 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2008 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2009 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2010 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2011 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over

Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani)

Total

15-19

20-24

25-29

219483 551 28329 54533 71721 44580 17537 2104 127 1 214728 562 26607 53250 68851 45512 17473 2345 120 8 221900 707 26949 56121 68119 49067 17600 3204 132 1 222388 758 25456 56985 65684 51371 18262 3746 126 212199 733 21775 52649 62843 51069 19051 3965 111 3 196242 748 20150 48171 56343 47715 19171 3803 134 7

4067 181 3173 617 78 13 4 1 4040 192 3088 648 91 16 5 4372 230 3247 796 84 14 1 4242 273 3153 725 76 12 3 3347 237 2481 557 52 15 5 3065 264 2279 452 50 12 6 1 1 -

24129 109 9652 11169 2705 414 74 6 24154 116 9667 11397 2498 407 61 8 26399 151 10504 12924 2324 420 62 14 27414 185 10336 13839 2478 484 84 8 25165 179 9158 12948 2327 453 82 18 22763 175 8375 11607 2073 441 83 9 -

67300 24 6901 25249 29242 5185 664 35 63157 30 6065 23827 27362 5168 646 58 1 62003 45 5779 23912 26016 5548 638 63 2 58839 38 4987 23501 24164 5443 642 63 1 53239 40 4115 20946 22425 5045 578 90 47079 38 3630 18910 19515 4360 567 56 3 -

61493 13 1882 9901 27105 19780 2684 120 8 62301 5 1972 10069 27064 20379 2680 127 5 66448 13 1906 11005 27776 22611 2886 244 7 68253 9 1812 11480 27522 24018 3102 303 7 66337 9 1367 10787 26629 24007 3261 273 4 60405 8 1257 10013 23680 21983 3226 230 8 -

32096 1 459 2103 7590 13777 7835 325 6 31946 2 426 2151 7191 14037 7683 448 7 1 31908 2 435 2341 7099 13988 7416 620 7 32299 1 378 2320 6999 14615 7298 679 9 33278 5 381 2518 7172 14740 7791 664 6 1 32259 7 386 2465 6813 14217 7741 621 9 -

8224 71 325 1178 2525 3473 641 11 8568 83 366 1177 2623 3609 698 12 10700 85 493 1518 3469 4043 1076 16 12112 1 102 545 1589 3937 4575 1345 18 12675 1 100 600 1530 4026 4848 1549 20 1 12566 1 84 496 1467 3929 5074 1501 14 -

3359 1 47 100 358 808 1367 619 59 3207 28 98 343 764 1325 595 52 2 3287 2 23 124 360 843 1204 684 47 3115 19 118 311 787 1129 711 40 3069 2 19 119 294 752 1074 769 39 1 2837 16 92 260 677 1033 712 45 2

1395 24 80 200 362 500 199 30 1426 22 59 187 373 513 241 29 2 1599 23 99 219 410 501 306 41 1573 1 12 96 178 386 503 362 35 1536 12 93 158 386 501 351 35 1524 1 11 64 138 345 526 390 47 2

17420 222 6120 4989 3265 1716 936 159 12 1 15929 217 5256 4635 2938 1745 951 170 14 3 15184 264 4947 4427 2723 1764 849 197 12 1 14541 250 4657 4361 2367 1689 926 275 16 13553 260 4142 4081 2256 1645 911 251 7 13744 254 4112 4072 2347 1751 915 283 7 3

58

59

2.9
2006

Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother
Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani) Age group of father (years) 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste and over Live-birth order 2006 219483 117003 65731 18831 7979 4157 2357 1363 2062 214728 112579 65296 18866 8071 4093 2366 1389 2068 221900 118439 66011 19098 8094 4266 2416 1454 2122 222388 117763 67452 18996 8193 4107 2458 1375 2044 212199 111139 65009 18385 7881 4122 2274 1356 2033 196242 101909 58593 17996 7917 4133 2362 1386 1946 551 530 21 562 543 19 707 688 19 758 735 23 733 714 19 748 718 30 28329 22901 4774 597 52 4 1 26607 21394 4533 620 56 4 26949 21354 4795 734 63 3 25456 20227 4472 688 65 4 21775 16773 4324 622 52 4 20150 15412 4031 642 63 2 54533 34225 14649 4019 1250 305 77 8 53250 33131 14463 4006 1256 319 62 13 56121 34736 15234 4356 1363 341 72 14 5 56985 35096 15524 4501 1416 350 84 12 52649 31825 14475 4441 1439 377 75 13 4 48171 28539 13290 4367 1467 392 98 14 4 71721 37636 22827 6218 2693 1342 640 239 126 68851 35885 21763 6122 2753 1291 608 286 143 68119 36600 20609 5832 2679 1413 609 237 140 65684 35554 20058 5405 2496 1209 587 239 136 62843 34691 18574 5109 2367 1214 549 227 112 56343 31027 16009 4831 2340 1210 582 227 117 44580 16539 17332 5029 2296 1364 848 560 612 45512 16569 18079 5059 2369 1380 905 559 592 49067 19279 18625 5148 2431 1438 922 588 636 51371 20141 19940 5227 2567 1416 916 567 597 51069 20569 19749 5000 2335 1388 877 535 616 47715 19438 17805 4807 2282 1353 893 548 589 17537 4741 5760 2662 1439 931 633 431 940 17473 4582 5965 2694 1382 887 622 406 935 17600 4989 6017 2543 1237 843 611 464 896 18262 5044 6519 2612 1310 880 635 425 837 19051 5514 6859 2578 1344 881 568 458 849 19171 5802 6527 2721 1388 916 597 416 804 2104 400 356 294 231 200 146 119 358 2345 447 455 349 242 201 161 120 370 3204 769 696 465 305 219 194 139 417 3746 937 904 543 331 237 224 126 444 3965 1029 996 621 332 244 200 117 426 3803 933 882 606 368 256 182 173 403 127 30 12 12 18 11 12 6 26 120 27 17 14 11 11 8 5 27 132 23 16 20 16 9 8 12 28 126 29 12 20 8 11 12 6 28 111 23 13 12 12 14 5 6 26 134 37 18 22 9 3 10 8 27 1 1 8 1 2 2 2 1 1 3 1 2 7 3 1 1 2 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2007 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2008 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2009 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2010 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2011 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over

Rangul nscutului-viu

Nscui-vii Live-births

Sub 15 Under

15-19

20-24

Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2007 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2008 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2009 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2010 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2011 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste

60

61

2.10
Anii Years 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii Average age of mother at birth, by area
ani / years

Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere Average age of mother at first birth Total 23,7 23,9 24,2 24,3 24,6 24,9 25,2 25,3 25,5 25,6 26,0 26,2 Urban 24,9 25,2 25,5 25,7 26,0 26,3 26,6 26,7 27,0 27,1 27,5 27,7 Rural 22,3 22,4 22,5 22,5 22,6 22,7 22,9 22,9 23,1 23,1 23,4 23,6

Vrsta medie a mamei la orice natere Average age of mother at any birth Total 25,5 25,8 26,0 26,2 26,4 26,7 26,9 27,0 27,1 27,3 27,6 27,7 Urban 26,3 26,6 26,9 27,1 27,3 27,6 27,8 28,0 28,1 28,3 28,6 28,8 Rural 24,9 25,1 25,3 25,4 25,5 25,7 25,8 25,9 25,9 26,0 26,2 26,3

2.11
Anii Years

ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst Abortions, by age group


Grupa de vrst (ani) la care a avut loc ntreruperea de sarcin Age group (years) when the abortion took place 15 - 19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45 - 49

Total

Numr / Number 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 149598 136647 127410 115457 101271 102896 16656 15012 13833 11982 9731 9589 30732 28290 27010 25442 22931 22812 37085 33035 28952 25794 22351 23005 32951 30582 28796 26220 23238 23241 25260 22611 21016 18468 16223 16893 6319 6488 7314 7167 6366 6875 595 629 489 384 431 481

Rate la 1000 femei / Rates per 1000 women 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 27,0 24,8 23,5 21,3 18,8 19,3 20,6 19,9 19,8 18,5 16,5 16,7 39,4 35,3 32,7 30,2 27,2 28,3 42,7 38,9 35,3 32,5 28,4 29,6 39,9 36,5 33,7 30,3 26,9 27,0 27,3 23,7 24,4 22,4 19,9 20,7 10,6 10,9 10,1 9,0 7,4 7,5 0,8 0,9 0,7 0,6 0,7 0,8

Rate la 1000 nscui-vii / Rates per 1000 live-births 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 683,5 638,1 578,3 520,9 478,9 526,8 587,9 564,2 513,3 470,7 446,9 475,9 563,5 531,3 481,3 446,5 435,5 473,6 517,1 479,8 425,0 392,7 355,7 408,3 739,1 672,0 586,9 510,4 455,0 487,1 1440,4 1294,1 1194,1 1011,3 851,6 881,2 3003,3 2766,7 2282,8 1913,2 1605,5 1807,8 4685,0 5241,7 3704,5 3047,6 3882,9 3589,6

62

2.12
Anii Years 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 3)

Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertlitii 1) 2) Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate
Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years) 15-19 59,1 62,6 58,4 61,5 56,8 52,4 51,7 79,8 82,4 72,6 65,7 62,1 61,3 60,6 69,3 69,2 70,0 71,2 72,8 72,5 72,3 71,1 68,9 57,5 56,1 57,3 62,9 65,3 62,7 59,3 51,5 49,8 47,4 47,0 45,0 42,0 40,0 40,8 40,3 40,0 39,0 35,8 32,7 33,4 33,8 33,5 35,0 35,2 38,5 39,3 36,9 35,2 20-24 164,1 155,4 147,4 144,0 144,0 140,7 143,0 251,8 241,4 215,7 201,4 190,9 185,9 182,4 202,3 197,8 196,9 200,9 198,5 200,2 200,4 194,3 184,4 178,4 191,9 191,4 191,3 189,7 176,7 169,1 145,2 131,1 127,1 124,6 119,3 109,5 102,2 100,7 96,9 93,3 90,2 82,2 81,5 79,7 77,2 73,3 69,8 66,5 67,9 67,5 62,3 59,7 25-29 121,2 110,1 105,0 102,9 102,6 99,8 98,2 198,1 193,9 171,7 151,6 138,1 131,6 124,2 142,9 138,5 136,7 138,1 132,7 128,8 126,8 121,6 107,2 99,9 114,7 121,1 126,7 126,4 123,8 118,0 97,8 78,6 77,1 74,2 75,8 73,4 72,4 72,6 77,6 77,6 78,5 73,8 77,6 79,0 80,7 83,9 82,7 81,0 83,1 82,7 79,9 72,6 30-34 67,6 60,1 54,9 53,1 52,2 53,5 53,4 124,1 126,5 108,0 94,9 82,7 76,9 71,6 78,3 71,4 69,4 67,6 64,4 61,0 58,3 56,4 47,5 42,5 50,5 55,2 63,3 65,7 63,0 58,8 46,4 34,2 31,1 28,3 28,7 29,4 30,1 33,9 36,3 37,3 38,7 37,4 38,3 41,7 46,2 51,8 54,0 54,4 57,4 59,4 59,2 55,5 35-39 39,0 32,4 29,5 28,2 26,2 25,1 25,1 59,7 63,9 54,7 48,8 44,3 40,7 37,6 40,2 36,7 33,4 32,3 30,3 28,4 25,0 23,4 19,6 17,4 20,1 21,4 26,1 28,7 27,3 25,6 19,4 13,9 12,9 11,4 11,3 11,0 10,9 11,2 11,7 12,4 13,4 13,7 15,0 16,1 17,6 18,7 19,0 18,3 20,5 22,1 23,3 23,4 40-44 45-49 14,5 13,2 11,4 10,7 9,5 8,9 8,3 16,6 17,3 15,0 13,8 13,1 12,0 10,3 10,7 10,0 9,0 8,6 8,2 7,6 6,5 6,3 5,2 4,5 4,6 5,1 6,4 8,1 7,3 7,1 5,5 4,0 3,7 3,2 3,2 3,1 2,9 2,9 2,8 2,8 3,1 3,0 3,0 3,1 3,4 3,6 3,5 3,9 4,4 4,7 4,6 4,2 1,4 0,9 0,8 0,7 0,8 0,8 0,9 1,2 1,2 1,0 0,9 0,8 0,8 0,6 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,5 0,6 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,3 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2

1)

2)

ani / years

Rata general de fertilitate General fertility rate 73,9 68,4 63,5 61,9 59,9 57,3 55,7 105,5 102,9 89,6 81,2 75,3 72,7 70,4 79,3 77,5 77,3 78,8 77,7 76,6 74,8 71,9 65,1 59,5 64,2 65,1 68,2 69,1 68,4 66,3 56,2 48,7 46,6 44,3 43,3 41,1 39,9 40,6 40,6 40,2 40,3 37,8 37,5 37,8 38,4 39,4 39,5 38,9 40,6 41,0 39,4 36,6

Indicele conjunctural al fertilitii Total fertility rate 2,3 2,2 2,0 2,0 2,0 1,9 1,9 3,7 3,6 3,2 2,9 2,7 2,5 2,4 2,7 2,6 2,6 2,6 2,5 2,5 2,4 2,4 2,2 2,0 2,2 2,3 2,4 2,4 2,3 2,2 1,8 1,6 1,5 1,4 1,4 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,2 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,4 1,3 1,3

1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei. / Live-births per 1000 women. 2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. / Number of children born by a woman during her fertile life. 3) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale

ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38). Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

63

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe Deaths, by age group and sex

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Total Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 258094 3600 334 365 941 1020 1421 1839 3348 3841 8146 13063 15686 16893 26951 36656 44769 43883 20653 11643 2788 254 251965 3046 327 343 906 1029 1243 1832 3295 3841 7602 12866 15958 16745 25386 35322 43293 42793 22821 10185 2843 289 253202 2865 325 315 888 1162 1201 1901 3055 4294 7136 13280 17144 16953 23538 35243 42702 42821 26597 8432 3068 282 Masculin / Male Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 136264 2006 198 231 628 744 1036 1311 2357 2729 5831 9179 10776 11113 16518 19875 21657 18042 7173 3879 902 79 133405 1748 193 214 609 785 915 1319 2363 2769 5395 9163 10971 11030 15475 19387 20839 17886 7951 3353 951 89 135410 1660 193 193 599 895 887 1363 2252 3084 5141 9614 11895 11131 14539 19795 20844 18100 9458 2723 963 81 137550 1517 159 189 501 878 886 1365 2063 3446 4926 9355 12065 12208 14207 19580 21017 18816 10514 2669 1080 109 137957 1422 166 171 394 830 825 1331 1997 3534 4435 8897 12070 12858 13373 19396 20972 19333 11734 3019 1061 139 132180 1303 134 164 394 746 689 1136 1714 3211 3844 7604 11256 13061 12463 17909 20519 19171 12406 3334 986 136 257213 2660 266 301 721 1210 1171 1841 2841 4766 6862 13021 17319 18187 22852 35049 42645 43893 29709 8284 3294 321 259723 2502 282 287 591 1112 1132 1795 2781 4924 6149 12246 17135 19233 21542 34716 42823 45172 31991 9428 3505 377 251439 2264 206 259 547 999 976 1607 2390 4464 5349 10631 16034 19470 20149 32043 41509 44918 33575 10489 3145 415

64

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare Deaths, by age group and sex - continued
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

Feminin / Female Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 121830 1594 136 134 313 276 385 528 991 1112 2315 3884 4910 5780 10433 16781 23112 25841 13480 7764 1886 175 118560 1298 134 129 297 244 328 513 932 1072 2207 3703 4987 5715 9911 15935 22454 24907 14870 6832 1892 200 117792 1205 132 122 289 267 314 538 803 1210 1995 3666 5249 5822 8999 15448 21858 24721 17139 5709 2105 201 119663 1143 107 112 220 332 285 476 778 1320 1936 3666 5254 5979 8645 15469 21628 25077 19195 5615 2214 212 121766 1080 116 116 197 282 307 464 784 1390 1714 3349 5065 6375 8169 15320 21851 25839 20257 6409 2444 238 119259 961 72 95 153 253 287 471 676 1253 1505 3027 4778 6409 7686 14134 20990 25747 21169 7155 2159 279

2.14
Total Neonatale Sub 7 zile 7-13 zile 14-29 zile Postneonatale 1 lun 2 luni 3-4 luni 5-6 luni 7-8 luni 9-11 luni

Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst Infant deaths, by age group
2006 3052 1723 1190 254 279 1329 367 273 303 177 95 114 2007 2574 1501 1023 241 237 1073 296 201 236 138 91 111 2008 2434 1397 919 234 244 1037 299 183 244 131 90 90 2009 2250 1289 824 224 241 961 264 180 237 130 80 70 2010 2078 1183 782 181 220 895 254 159 204 125 60 93 2011 1850 1063 695 173 195 787 245 138 163 102 68 71 Age group Total Neonatal Under 7 days 7-13 days 14-29 days Postneonatal 1 month 2 months 3-4 months 5-6 months 7-8 months 9-11 months

Grupa de vrst

65

2.15
Total

Decese, pe cauze de deces Deaths, by death causes


numr / number

2006 Masculin Male 136264 1902 1398 26597 Feminin Female 121830 610 306 18854

2007 Masculin Male 133405 1746 1331 26753 Feminin Female 118560 629 275 18630

2008 Masculin Male 135410 1832 1341 27705 Feminin Female 117792 653 298 18781

2009 Masculin Feminin Male Female 137550 1750 1278 28110 119663 608 245 19279

2010 Masculin Male 137957 1780 1249 28259 Feminin Female 121766 694 233 19243

2011 Masculin Male 132180 1575 1052 28718 Feminin Female 119259 658 231 19638 Total Infectious and parasitic diseases of which: Tuberculosis Neoplasm Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases of which: Diabete mellitus Mental and behavioural disorders Diseases of the nervous system Diseases of the circulatory system of which: Ischaemic heart disease Cerebrovascular diseases Diseases of the respiratory system Diseases of the digestive system Diseases of the genitourinary system Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Other causes

Boli infecioase i parazitare din care: Tuberculoz Tumori Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism din care: Diabet zaharat Tulburri mentale i de comportament Boli ale sistemului nervos Boli ale aparatului circulator din care: Boala ischemic a inimii Boli cerebro-vasculare Boli ale aparatului respirator Boli ale aparatului digestiv Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar Sarcin, natere i luzie Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Alte cauze

1020 975 437 977 75982 28030 24585 7840 8658 1343 -

1203 1144 126 882 84344 26587 29956 4833 5547 1023 34

1076 1033 481 1061 73263 27279 22982 7927 8723 1329 -

1306 1256 107 957 81253 25676 28041 4730 5845 965 33

1048 1015 455 1024 72949 27069 22060 7898 9325 1370 -

1230 1191 138 1008 80188 25465 26522 4412 6129 1055 30

1131 1068 457 1083 73559 26687 22273 8223 10112 1343 -

1267 1206 161 990 80982 25588 26534 4669 6345 1122 47

1155 1095 465 1219 73993 27021 22490 8062 10174 1402 -

1419 1355 153 1345 82366 26276 26815 4671 6430 1142 51

1074 1024 315 1384 70845 25796 21278 7923 8684 1437 -

1283 1199 112 1394 80693 25069 26295 4537 5815 1219 50

671

483

565

393

551

319

466

336

436

279

380

277

456

401

430

327

340

309

382

294

351

274

329

239

9732 649

3037 453

9343 708

2914 471

9908 1005

2892 648

9510 1424

2675 888

9280 1381

2752 947

8156 1360

2378 966

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994. Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

66

67

2.16
Total

Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death
numr / number

2006 3052 95

2007 2574 55

2008 2434 61

2009 2250 46

2010 2078 45

2011 1850 50

Boli infecioase i parazitare Infectious and parasitic diseases din care: / of which: Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature Infecia cu meningococi Meningococcus infection Boli ale sistemului nervos Diseases of the nervous system din care: / of which: Meningita Meningitis Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis Boli ale aparatului respirator Diseases of the respiratory system din care: / of which: Pneumonia Pneumonia Boli ale aparatului digestiv Diseases of the digestive system din care: / of which: Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period din care: / of which: Traumatisme obstetricale Obstetrics traumatisms Hemoragii fetale i neonatale Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities din care: / of which: Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator Congenital malformations of the circulatory system Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Alte cauze Other causes

52 8

22 6

34 3

20 5

24 4

20 3

66

52

49

42

30

35

23 15

26 6

15 10

18 6

9 8

10 6

838

733

729

633

602

514

819

695

708

617

572

492

35

36

32

37

30

35

15

22

22

25

18

17

1154

958

870

802

715

657

19 464

14 375

8 296

5 265

8 228

7 199

671

585

526

526

515

437

320

301

280

239

240

221

123

93

105

90

83

66

70

62

62

74

58

56

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994. Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

68

2.17
Anii Total

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii Life expectancy, by sex and area
ani / years

Pe sexe / By sex Masculin Male Feminin Female Urban / Urban Total Masculin Male 68,27 68,84 69,38 69,50 69,93 70,29 70,72 70,56 70,52 70,14 69,82 69,77 69,94 70,23 70,46 70,37 70,36 70,06 69,84 70,17 70,25 70,39 70,54 70,01 70,02 70,05 69,84 69,82 70,09 70,58 71,31 71,94 72,02 71,81 72,15 72,53 72,98 73,34 73,76 74,16 74,38 74,62 65,79 66,29 66,79 66,98 67,44 67,84 68,23 68,06 67,96 67,41 67,02 66,88 66,90 67,15 67,40 67,20 67,10 66,88 66,69 67,08 67,06 67,02 67,16 66,45 66,36 66,33 66,12 66,16 66,39 66,92 67,84 68,50 68,55 68,24 68,62 69,04 69,56 69,96 70,29 70,58 70,78 71,07

Pe medii / By area Rural / Rural Total Masculin Male 64,40 65,17 65,78 65,67 65,27 66,74 66,47 66,71 66,62 66,67 66,21 66,05 66,31 66,30 66,34 66,14 66,14 65,89 65,60 65,65 65,70 65,71 65,45 65,32 65,04 64,70 64,13 63,86 64,16 64,85 65,93 66,57 66,35 66,41 66,67 67,12 67,69 68,13 68,42 68,51 68,45 68,88 Feminin Female 68,83 69,61 70,20 70,02 70,60 71,18 71,04 71,28 71,46 71,24 71,03 71,07 71,53 71,65 71,82 71,85 71,98 71,86 71,58 71,60 71,80 72,25 72,29 72,52 72,68 72,66 72,33 72,26 72,58 72,91 73,49 74,17 74,20 74,14 74,41 74,83 75,13 75,50 76,05 76,36 76,54 76,81 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Years

Feminin Female 70,67 71,32 71,89 71,96 72,36 72,69 73,15 73,00 73,03 72,83 72,59 72,64 72,95 73,28 73,49 73,54 73,61 73,26 73,03 73,28 73,46 73,83 74,02 73,71 73,83 73,95 73,77 73,66 73,97 74,38 74,86 75,42 75,51 75,42 75,70 76,01 76,34 76,64 77,16 77,67 77,91 78,08

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

1)

67,33 68,00 68,58 68,55 69,08 69,58 69,69 69,76 69,82 69,54 69,21 69,14 69,42 69,60 69,77 69,70 69,74 69,53 69,27 69,42 69,56 69,76 69,78 69,52 69,48 69,40 69,05 68,95 69,24 69,74 70,53 71,19 71,18 71,01 71,32 71,76 72,22 72,61 73,03 73,33 73,47 73,77

65,07 65,70 66,27 66,28 66,83 67,29 67,37 67,45 67,42 67,10 66,68 66,53 66,70 66,83 66,98 66,81 66,78 66,55 66,30 66,51 66,56 66,59 66,56 66,06 65,88 65,70 65,30 65,19 65,46 66,05 67,03 67,69 67,61 67,42 67,74 68,19 68,74 69,17 69,49 69,68 69,76 70,11

69,51 70,26 70,85 70,77 71,29 71,82 71,97 72,06 72,18 71,98 71,75 71,78 72,17 72,40 72,61 72,65 72,78 72,59 72,32 72,41 72,65 73,05 73,17 73,17 73,32 73,36 73,09 73,00 73,32 73,67 74,20 74,84 74,90 74,78 75,06 75,47 75,80 76,14 76,68 77,09 77,30 77,53

66,63 67,41 68,01 67,87 68,46 68,99 68,79 69,03 69,08 68,94 68,59 68,53 68,89 68,94 69,04 68,95 68,99 68,81 68,52 68,55 68,70 68,88 68,75 68,76 68,67 68,46 67,99 67,80 68,11 68,66 69,53 70,20 70,08 70,08 70,34 70,78 71,23 71,64 72,05 72,23 72,26 72,63

1)

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani. Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years period. 1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38). Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

69

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor Marriages by age group of spouses


Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 under 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2006 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2007 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2008 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2009 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2010 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

146637 2249 28747 58111 27924 13516 5173 4014 2887 1801 2215 189240 3168 36301 69336 38548 18664 7327 5432 4090 2942 3432 149439 1786 28192 55749 32071 13532 6717 3960 3138 2038 2256 134275 1486 26426 49752 29976 11776 6024 3031 2412 1581 1811 115778 872 21266 43390 27094 10664 5583 2336 1790 1309 1474

19966 47912 42322 17361 1439 583 138 49 9296 14770 3914 577 7083 24234 22156 3766 1690 6493 11116 6427 337 1342 3619 4319 71 283 785 1197 27 112 342 611 14 52 161 252 4 28 58 108 5 15 33 55

9299 27 129 738 1790 3089 1702 1009 494 195 126

3309 8 34 86 296 578 709 827 462 202 107 4708 11 75 314 803 1155 1370 672 209 99 4680 1 21 116 374 897 1202 1001 669 261 138 4267 1 11 98 384 793 1220 902 537 211 110 3813 7 86 324 671 1226 728 428 237 106

2707 3 17 27 76 171 301 751 739 388 234 3692 7 8 71 229 401 1059 1170 526 221 2603 17 75 171 350 646 749 380 215 1973 3 12 54 130 254 468 577 317 158 1552 1 5 12 33 111 239 370 394 248 139

1806 2 5 17 23 40 98 251 512 464 394 3051 1 13 68 101 384 927 1019 538 2041 1 5 13 29 107 282 629 566 409 1591 6 11 28 87 192 497 421 349 1155 1 4 10 23 70 138 347 319 243

1014 2 2 8 15 25 74 156 269 463 1904 4 6 11 22 92 255 696 818 1161 3 10 19 62 156 375 536 897 1 4 7 13 45 136 307 384 737 1 1 9 15 27 95 235 354

941 3 2 5 6 2 10 45 85 783 1836 1 3 2 2 5 27 56 153 1587 936 1 1 6 4 11 43 92 778 816 1 4 7 16 43 88 657 607 1 1 2 1 8 30 55 509

25143 60296 52241 24013 12356 2376 703 72 12 4 12722 18881 4048 521 110 7806 29924 26356 4425 735 1865 8771 15889 9451 2166 314 1608 4535 6698 4396 47 262 866 1800 2668 9 86 284 687 1434 3 38 113 282 574 12 56 91 180 1 11 22 46 89 15671 51201 42153 19749 1162 559 52 7 7930 16378 3302 487 4990 24696 21414 3894 1330 7801 12662 7928 205 1353 3333 4611 36 290 921 1770 6 68 290 612 34 125 264 8 2 17 29 122 2 5 25 54 13230 48181 37720 17933 988 457 30 7 7008 15824 3050 445 3932 22694 18946 3554 1089 7521 11666 7614 169 1323 2885 4011 35 262 815 1504 4 52 197 476 1 29 76 209 2 9 32 64 2 10 23 49 9748 41034 34120 16122 571 267 27 5 5195 13058 2590 342 3003 19492 17208 3128 832 6622 10651 7069 117 1264 2677 3594 22 247 697 1401 1 52 152 340 5 11 68 156 16 32 52 2 5 18 35 9244 5 72 617 1884 2917 2018 982 461 194 94 7667 3 85 509 1632 2426 1827 679 307 130 69 6890 1 68 455 1551 2196 1665 520 256 115 63

70

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare Marriages by age group of spouses - continued
Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 under 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years)

2011 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

105599 599 18236 38670 25303 10304 5571 2247 1781 1336 1552

7909 36214 31770 15016 384 185 22 7 4219 11282 2324 334 2451 17206 15832 2669 710 6099 10134 6519 114 1117 2514 3567 21 253 689 1332 5 41 146 355 5 15 68 135 7 27 63 9 14 35

6679 61 406 1462 2200 1635 485 253 109 68

3855 14 90 323 657 1258 708 448 222 135

1608 2 9 42 107 290 366 409 242 141

1111 5 12 22 73 103 299 346 251

773 1 2 1 4 16 31 112 242 364

664 1 2 4 7 37 78 535

2.19
Starea civil a soului 2006 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2007 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2008 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2009 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2010 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2011 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv

Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie Marriages by previous marital status of spouses
Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife Total Necstorit Unmarried Divorat Divorced Vduv Widow Marital status of husband 2006 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2007 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2008 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2009 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2010 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2011 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower

146637 123635 21053 1949

124680 114573 9701 406

19420 8306 10293 821

2537 756 1059 722

189240 167286 20047 1907 149439 127286 20407 1746 134275 116162 16863 1250 115778 99887 14801 1090 105599 90095 14379 1125

168132 158237 9448 447 128578 118600 9616 362 116824 108298 8205 321 100409 92843 7298 268 90421 83278 6879 264

18510 8212 9538 760 18395 7917 9728 750 15582 7247 7821 514 13809 6546 6793 470 13639 6352 6802 485

2598 837 1061 700 2466 769 1063 634 1869 617 837 415 1560 498 710 352 1539 465 698 376

71

2.20
Anul i mediul Year and area

Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area
ani / years

Vrsta medie la cstorie Average age at marriage So Husband Soie Wife 27,2 28,1 25,6 27,7 28,1 27,3 27,7 28,4 26,4 27,5 28,2 26,2 27,6 28,4 26,1 28,8 28,8 26,6

Vrsta medie la prima cstorie Average age at first marriage So Husband 28,6 28,9 28,1 29,8 29,2 30,4 29,1 29,3 28,7 29,1 29,4 28,5 29,1 29,6 28,4 29,3 29,7 28,7 Soie Wife 25,3 26,2 23,7 26,3 26,4 26,2 25,9 26,6 24,5 25,8 26,6 24,4 26,0 26,9 24,3 26,2 27,1 24,6

2006 Total Urban Rural 2007 Total Urban Rural 2008 Total Urban Rural 2009 Total Urban Rural 2010 Total Urban Rural 2011 Total Urban Rural

30,8 31,2 29,9 31,3 31,2 31,4 31,2 31,5 30,5 30,9 31,2 30,2 30,9 31,4 30,1 31,4 31,8 30,6

2.21
a soului (ani) Age group

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor Divorces by age group of spouses


Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 and over 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over

Grupa de vrst

of husband (years) 2006 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

32672 47 1016 4893 7015 7324 3900 3691 2518 1212 1056

524 20 183 231 67 13 6 1 3 -

3267 16 560 1686 750 186 36 16 9 7 1

6833 4 199 2306 3022 1021 176 63 25 13 4

7003 6 43 538 2558 2957 596 216 63 13 13

6505 1 21 103 508 2803 1971 805 213 53 27

3009 4 10 71 274 902 1261 377 82 28

2617 4 12 24 53 154 1061 1020 219 70

1632 1 4 10 13 43 229 674 487 171

740 2 3 2 14 34 109 294 282

542 1 1 2 2 2 5 25 44 460

72

2.21

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare Divorces by age group of spouses - continued
Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 and over 526 16 188 216 76 23 6 1 442 11 180 164 62 21 2 1 1 278 6 119 93 48 10 2 202 5 78 80 29 8 2 171 3 73 60 32 3 3381 13 481 1725 887 200 50 14 6 4 1 3462 4 556 1636 961 227 47 16 8 2 5 3235 9 566 1455 931 200 53 11 4 2 4 3298 4 589 1460 947 243 39 10 4 2 3632 5 628 1613 1032 279 56 10 5 1 3 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over 631 1 10 28 69 523 691 1 4 6 25 62 593 605 2 4 4 10 26 65 494 647 2 1 7 26 81 530 827 3 7 35 99 683

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2007 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2008 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2009 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2010 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2011 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

36308 41 910 4836 7707 8487 4455 4057 2994 1591 1230 35685 19 944 4429 7497 7428 5506 3991 2971 1599 1301 32341 15 873 3829 6820 6342 5594 3444 2738 1521 1165 32632 9 851 3604 6891 6599 6051 3207 2645 1572 1203 35780 10 879 3984 7542 7009 6842 3441 2842 1764 1467

7158 9 173 2265 3201 1180 221 65 22 15 7 6537 2 134 2010 2989 1028 265 63 26 10 10 5820 126 1741 2669 931 258 61 18 11 5 5618 132 1568 2636 981 238 37 14 8 4 6212 1 148 1807 2841 1048 277 58 15 11 6

7856 3 40 510 2897 3344 709 236 77 29 11 7572 2 53 499 2848 2956 915 177 73 35 14 6860 40 433 2590 2587 908 201 66 25 10 7069 33 383 2607 2790 1012 168 51 11 14 7537 23 394 2897 2842 1094 169 69 26 23

7300 23 91 526 3226 2115 936 263 81 39 6741 13 82 509 2653 2381 786 222 66 29 5782 15 69 467 2091 2314 559 190 55 22 5805 12 75 539 2056 2345 531 173 52 22 6387 1 3 86 618 2261 2617 543 171 54 33

3696 17 82 410 1123 1490 476 77 21 4571 6 23 97 469 1661 1625 551 108 31 4620 3 25 84 434 1807 1543 572 117 35 5015 6 20 106 455 2134 1520 575 157 42 5709 2 17 97 509 2472 1662 703 181 66

2826 3 8 27 74 190 1058 1131 267 68 2747 10 18 56 173 1044 1098 278 70 2411 4 4 22 62 176 840 982 261 60 2349 15 17 48 223 751 953 272 70 2417 1 4 16 51 247 808 966 253 71

1967 2 2 8 22 37 214 845 642 195 1964 2 5 8 13 43 230 821 646 196 1807 5 7 17 62 183 751 601 181 1673 2 5 14 47 148 709 569 179 1852 1 3 5 11 60 156 728 684 204

967 2 3 8 3 33 146 407 365 958 5 4 15 43 147 392 352 923 2 2 6 10 36 129 384 354 956 1 1 3 4 10 35 140 420 342 1036 4 5 16 28 150 455 378

73

2.22
Anii Years 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution
Cu 5 copii i peste With 5 children and over 65 57 65 69 65 69

Total

Fr copii Without children 16558 18929 18910 17410 16922 19626

Cu 1 copil With 1 child 11878 12825 12166 10616 11299 11591

Cu 2 copii With 2 children 3544 3851 3881 3653 3727 3865

Cu 3 copii With 3 children 481 524 539 473 496 500

Cu 4 copii With 4 children 146 122 124 120 123 129

32672 36308 35685 32341 32632 35780

2.23
Anii Years

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by area and sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Total n urban In urban area n rural In rural area Total 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 334025 374156 389254 330672 458995 324626 176100 175666 185948 166853 236502 164019 157925 198490 203306 163819 222493 160607 334025 374156 389254 330672 458995 324626 Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area Din rural From rural area

194749 213668 232105 193120 273353 194248

139276 160488 157149 137552 185642 130378

Masculin / Male 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 149980 171118 179569 147712 206919 146080 77747 80190 84227 73752 105139 72246 72233 90928 95342 73960 101780 73834 149980 171118 179569 147712 206919 146080 90605 102448 111512 90274 128979 91758 59375 68670 68057 57438 77940 54322

Feminin / Female 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 184045 203038 209685 182960 252076 178546 98353 95476 101721 93101 131363 91773 85692 107562 107964 89859 120713 86773 184045 203038 209685 182960 252076 178546 104144 111220 120593 102846 144374 102490 79901 91818 89092 80114 107702 76056

74

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 2006 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2007 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2008 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2009 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over Total n urban In urban area n rural In rural area Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area Din rural From rural area

334025 56037 25075 48966 53245 41300 28956 15761 16673 16182 11401 20429

176100 25461 11643 28060 34533 24524 16127 7455 6898 6398 4486 10515

157925 30576 13432 20906 18712 16776 12829 8306 9775 9784 6915 9914

334025 56037 25075 48966 53245 41300 28956 15761 16673 16182 11401 20429

194749 26494 11628 25341 31535 23165 17614 10269 12169 12659 9089 14786

139276 29543 13447 23625 21710 18135 11342 5492 4504 3523 2312 5643

374156 62465 27147 53799 56207 45282 31334 18033 17325 18508 15105 28951

175666 25787 11179 27965 33648 25175 15946 7857 6237 6019 4699 11154

198490 36678 15968 25834 22559 20107 15388 10176 11088 12489 10406 17797

374156 62465 27147 53799 56207 45282 31334 18033 17325 18508 15105 28951

213668 28329 11861 26608 32613 25258 18378 11569 12416 14357 11956 20323

160488 34136 15286 27191 23594 20024 12956 6464 4909 4151 3149 8628

389254 67366 25678 55310 56420 48096 31303 21667 16904 19651 16546 30313

185948 29033 10939 29730 34331 26678 15803 9871 6423 6510 5192 11438

203306 38333 14739 25580 22089 21418 15500 11796 10481 13141 11354 18875

389254 67366 25678 55310 56420 48096 31303 21667 16904 19651 16546 30313

232105 32902 11656 28588 34637 29480 19232 14369 12177 15241 13087 20736

157149 34464 14022 26722 21783 18616 12071 7298 4727 4410 3459 9577

330672 66116 22618 52262 47459 41186 24594 18631 11897 14257 11545 20107

166853 28895 9725 28983 29757 23765 12803 9071 4983 5504 4459 8908

163819 37221 12893 23279 17702 17421 11791 9560 6914 8753 7086 11199

330672 66116 22618 52262 47459 41186 24594 18631 11897 14257 11545 20107

193120 32586 9700 26749 29535 25554 15141 12359 8478 10903 8865 13250

137552 33530 12918 25513 17924 15632 9453 6272 3419 3354 2680 6857

75

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii - continuare Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 2010 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2011 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over Total n urban In urban area 236502 40674 15018 38630 41835 34091 18985 14113 6945 7467 6537 12207 164019 28862 10029 26082 28399 23242 13505 10817 4735 5132 4487 8729 n rural In rural area 222493 52189 18676 31081 24126 23375 16317 13879 8825 10750 9423 13852 160607 38537 12698 22130 17498 16671 11841 10605 6111 7371 6987 10158 Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area 273353 46342 14730 36159 42406 36681 22485 18813 11400 14028 12528 17781 194248 34262 10050 24450 29029 25873 16351 14452 7828 9532 9099 13322 Din rural From rural area 185642 46521 18964 33552 23555 20785 12817 9179 4370 4189 3432 8278 130378 33137 12677 23762 16868 14040 8995 6970 3018 2971 2375 5565

458995 92863 33694 69711 65961 57466 35302 27992 15770 18217 15960 26059 324626 67399 22727 48212 45897 39913 25346 21422 10846 12503 11474 18887

458995 92863 33694 69711 65961 57466 35302 27992 15770 18217 15960 26059 324626 67399 22727 48212 45897 39913 25346 21422 10846 12503 11474 18887

2.25

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows determined by permanent residence changing
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Numr persoane / Number of persons Total Din rural n urban From rural to urban Din urban n urban From urban to urban Din rural n rural From rural to rural Din urban n rural From urban to rural Total Din rural n urban From rural to urban Din urban n urban From urban to urban Din rural n rural From rural to rural Din urban n rural From urban to rural 334025 75275 100825 64001 93924 374156 80235 95431 80253 118237 389254 78671 107277 78478 124828 330672 70246 96607 67306 96513 458995 96201 140301 89441 133052 324626 66784 97235 63594 97013

15,5 6,3 8,5 6,6 9,7

Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants 17,4 18,1 15,4 21,4 6,8 6,7 6,0 8,2 8,1 8,3 12,2 9,1 8,1 12,9 8,2 7,0 10,0 11,9 9,3 13,8

15,2 5,7 8,3 6,6 10,1

1) 1) 1) 1) 1)

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale

ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38). Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

76

2.26
Total Masculin Feminin

Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst (cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate) Emigrants, by sex and age group (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons
1)

2006 14197 5341 8856

2007 8830 3088 5742

2008 8739 3069 5670

2009 10211 3768 6443

2010 7906 2917 4989

2011 18307 8527 9780

Total Male Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group Sub 18 ani 18-25 ani 26-40 ani 41-50 ani 51-60 ani 61 ani i peste 963 1726 8198 1782 839 689 1003 1062 4979 982 460 344 1214 1107 4722 974 445 277 1316 1270 5351 1393 522 359 1062 1074 3955 1156 406 253 4746 3417 6155 2003 1188 798 Under 18 years 18-25 years 26-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 61 years and over

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

2.27
Total

Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie (cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate) Emigrants, by country of destination (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons

2006 14197

2007 8830

2008 8739

2009 10211

2010 7906

2011 18307

1)

Total

Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination Australia Austria Belgia Canada Frana Germania Grecia Iordania Israel Italia Marea Britanie Republica Moldova Spania S.U.A. Ungaria Alte ri 125 581 59 1655 529 3110 134 26 128 3393 227 112 330 1982 900 906 83 313 34 1787 372 1902 72 21 57 1401 71 149 138 1535 266 629 82 345 35 1738 431 1788 85 23 50 1098 130 189 238 1591 354 562 128 421 70 2045 576 1938 124 21 111 984 211 217 547 1793 331 694 81 569 46 858 405 1399 133 16 62 844 264 349 882 1086 266 646 112 1089 129 967 663 2014 160 139 2857 1906 251 254 3352 1350 514 2550 Australia Austria Belgium Canada France Germany Greece Jordan Israel Italy United Kingdom Republic of Moldova Spain U.S.A. Hungary Other countries

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

77

2.28
Total Masculin Feminin

Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst (cetenii strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia) Immigrants, by sex and age group (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons
1)

2006 7714 4762 2952

2007 9575 5871 3704

2008 10030 6041 3989

2009 8606 5177 3429

2010 7059 4242 2817

2011 15538 9505 6033

Total Male Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group Sub 18 ani 18-25 ani 26-40 ani 41-50 ani 51-60 ani 61 ani i peste 1083 868 3265 1469 729 300 1434 1002 3755 1880 1004 500 1451 1309 3878 1687 1142 563 1266 1266 3104 1399 977 594 951 975 2382 1264 878 609 1396 3405 6322 2320 1332 763 Under 18 years 18-25 years 26-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 61 years and over

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

2.29

Imigranii, dup ara de provenien (cetenii strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia) Immigrants, by origin country (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons

ara de provenien Total Austria Canada R.P. Chinez Frana Germania Irak Iran-Republica Islamica Israel Italia Liban Republica Moldova Spania Siria S.U.A Turcia Ungaria Alte ri

2006 7714 75 187 362 125 252 121 120 156 313 104 4349 37 151 292 273 103 694

2007 9575 126 271 375 184 423 129 139 239 844 162 4019 76 228 466 522 249 1123

2008 10030 126 334 580 153 526 136 88 204 1290 143 3476 98 224 581 566 368 1137

2009 8606 145 296 462 169 496 111 63 162 1233 94 2847 46 174 539 402 335 1032

2010 7059 111 230 321 149 438 58 45 108 1274 72 1973 77 135 434 398 294 942

2011 15538 80 224 319 143 357 140 75 130 692 85 8919 117 158 479 339 248 3033

1)

Origin country Total Austria Canada China, Peoples Rep. of France Germany Iraq Iran Israel Italy Lebanon Republic of Moldova Spain Syrian Arabian Republic U.S.A. Turkey Hungary Other countries

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

2.30
Anii Years 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe International migration determined by change of permanent residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Imigrani Immigrants Total 7714 9575 10030 8606 7059 15538 Masculin Male 4762 5871 6041 5177 4242 9505 Feminin Female 2952 3704 3989 3429 2817 6033 Total 14197 8830 8739 10211 7906 18307

Emigrani Emigrants Masculin Male 5341 3088 3069 3768 2917 8527 Feminin Female 8856 5742 5670 6443 4989 9780

Soldul migraiei internaionale Net international migration Total -6483 745 1291 -1605 -847 -2769 Masculin Male -579 2783 2972 1409 1325 978 Feminin Female -5904 -2038 -1681 -3014 -2172 -3747

1)

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

78

PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

FORA DE MUNC
3.1 3.2 3.3 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii .......................................................... 94 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii .................. 95 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011 ................................................................ 96 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2011 ................................................................ 96 Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ......................................... 98 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ......................................... 99 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ............ 100 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 .............................................................. 104 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale ................................................................... 105 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2011 ....... 105 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe ................................ 106 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 107 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe .................................................. 107 Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011 ............................. 109 Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011 ............................................... 110 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 112 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional ................................................. 112 omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, la 31 decembrie 2011 ............................................... 114 omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2011 .............................. 114 omajul de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ............... 116

LABOUR FORCE
Population by participation in economic activity, by sex and area Activity, employment and unemployment rates, by educational level, sex and area Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2011 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by status in employment, in 2011 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, by age group, sex and area, in 2011 Employment structure, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2011 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2011 Employment structure, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2011 Civil employment, by activity of national economy Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type of ownership, in 2011 Average number of employees, by activity of national economy and by sex Average number of employees, by ownership type, enterprises size class and by sex Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2011 Employees , by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2011 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate Persons who attend vocational training courses Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group, on December 31, 2011 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities, by age group and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2011 Long term unemployed, by sex and area

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7 3.8

3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12

3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18

3.19

3.20

80

Pagina Page
CONDIII DE MUNC 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 ............................ 117 Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese . ............................................................... 121 Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 122 Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 ............................ 122 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale ................................................................... 124 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale.......................... 128 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii ...................................... 129 WORKING CONDITIONS Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2011 Claims which caused conflicts of interest Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999 Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups

Teritorial 3.28 3.29 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................ Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ......................................... Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011 ..................................... Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 ..................................................................... Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................ Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial i pe sexe ......................................................................... Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 ..................................................................... omerii nregistrai i rata omajului, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2011 ........................... omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial, pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie, la 31 decembrie 2011 ....................................................... omajul de lung durat, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................................................................

Territorial Population by participation in economic activity, at territorial level, by sex and area Activity, employment and unemployment rates, at territorial level, by educational level, by sex and area, in 2011 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, at territorial level, by age group, sex and area, in 2011 Employment structure, at territorial level, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2011 Employment structure, at territorial level, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2011 Employment structure, at territorial level, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2011 Civil employment, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2011 Average number of employees, at territorial level Average number of employees, at territorial level and by sex Average number of employees, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2011 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate, at territorial level, on December 31, 2011 Registered unemployed, at territorial level, by category of personnel and educational level, on December 31, 2011 Long term unemployed, at territorial level, by sex and area

3.30

3.31

3.32

3.33

3.34

3.35 3.36 3.37

3.38 3.39

3.40

81

3.41

3.42 3.43 3.44

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ...................................................................... Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ..................... Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ..................................................................... Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 .....................................................................

Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy, at territorial level, in 2011 Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups, at territorial level, in 2011 Number of injured at work, at territorial level, in 2011 Conflicts of interest, at territorial level, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat i omajul; Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc); Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante); Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee. Surse administrative: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare i recalificare; Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale, pentru datele privind condiiile de munc.

DATA SOURCE Statistical surveys: Household labour force statistical survey, for data on employment and unemployment ; Labour cost survey carried out in economic and social units, for data regarding the number of employees (according to the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council no.530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structures); Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council no.453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies); Labour force balance, for data on civil employment by activity of national economy, by type of ownership and by county. Administrative sources: National Agency for Employment, for data on the number of registered unemployment and the number of persons who attend qualification and requalification courses; Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, for data on working conditions.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE FORA DE MUNC


Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs important de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de munc; ancheta furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date eseniale asupra principalelor segmente de populaie (activ - ocupat i n omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de corelare i structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio economice diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate internaional. ncepnd cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de munc n gospodrii se realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES LABOUR FORCE


Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is conceived as an important source of inter-census information about labour force; the survey provides, in a coherent way, essential data about main population segments (economically active - employed and unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socioeconomical features, under international comparability conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,

82

continu, permind astfel obinerea de date conjuncturale asupra mrimii i structurii ofertei de for de munc i evidenierea fenomenelor cu caracter sezonier care se manifest pe piaa forei de munc. Din anul 2004, volumul eantionului pe care se realizeaz ancheta este de 28080 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se calculeaz ca medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale. Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc este o cercetare statistic anual complex care furnizeaz elementele necesare efecturii unor analize privind evoluia diferitelor componente ale costului forei de munc i corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele necesare calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a ctigului salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei naionale, forme de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de salariai, sexe, regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 25000 de operatori economici i sociali, aparinnd tuturor claselor de mrime a ntreprinderii, indiferent de numrul de salariai. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, avnd ca perioad de referin luna de mijloc a trimestrului, furnizeaz elementele necesare calculrii ratei trimestriale a locurilor de munc vacante. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 25000 de ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se realizeaz pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de date: statistica demografic; cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc; cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO); surse administrative. Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora (personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Administraiei i Internelor, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), a salariailor organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor. Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia ocupat i omerii. Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au desfurat o activitate economic productoare de 1) bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii.
1)

resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking place on the labour market. Since 2004, the sample volume is of 28080 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.

Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical survey which provides the necessary elements for the analysis on the evolution of various components of labour cost and correlations among them, offering, as well, the necessary elements for the calculation of net and gross size, monthly and hourly, of the earnings structured by national economy activity, ownership type, legal form, employees category, sex, development region and county. It is achieved on a sample of about 25000 economic and social operators, from all enterprise size classes, irrespective of employees number. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical sample survey, having as reference period the quarter middle month; it provides the necessary elements for the calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried out on a sample of about 25000 enterprises / local units. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based on the information from several data sources: demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources. Civil employment includes, according to the methodology used for the labour force balance, all persons who, during the reference year, carried out a socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service staff), political and community organisations employees and the convicts. Economically active population (active persons) comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing available labour force for the production of goods and services; it includes employed population and unemployed. Employment includes, according to the methodology of Household labour force survey all persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an economic activity producing goods or services of at least 1) one hour during the reference period (one week) in order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other benefits.

Cel puin 15 ore pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai din agricultur - anterior anului 2011. At least 15 hours for self employed and agriculture contributing family workers - prior to 2011.

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ncepnd din anul 2011, lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n agricultur sunt considerai persoane ocupate doar dac sunt proprietarii produciei agricole (nu neaprat i ai pmntului) obinute i ndeplinesc una dintre urmtoarele condiii: a) producia agricol este destinat, fie i mcar n parte, vnzrii sau schimbului n natur (troc); b) producia agricol este destinat exclusiv consumului propriu dac aceasta reprezint o parte 2) substanial a consumului total al gospodriei. Sunt excluse din populaia ocupat persoanele care: desfoar activiti agricole minore3), n scop de recreere, hobby sau pentru a obine, suplimentar, produse alimentare fr ca acestea s constituie o parte important a consumului total al gospodriei; desfoar activiti agricole (cu o durat de peste 10 ore/spmn), producia agricol fiind destinat exclusiv consumului propriu, dar aceasta nereprezentnd o parte substanial a consumului total al gospodriei. n afara persoanelor care au un loc de munc i au lucrat n cursul sptmnii de referin, indiferent de statutul profesional, se consider persoane ocupate i cele care fac parte din urmtoarele categorii: persoanele care n cursul sptmnii de referin au desfurat o munc oarecare, pltit sau aductoare de venit, chiar dac erau n curs de pregtire colar obligatorie, erau la pensie sau beneficiau de pensie, erau nscrise la Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc (ANOFM), primind sau nu indemnizaie de omaj; ucenicii i stagiarii remunerai, care lucreaz cu program de lucru complet sau parial; membrii forelor armate. omerii conform definiiei internaionale a Biroului Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de 15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc simultan urmtoarele condiii: nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n scopul obinerii unor venituri; sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n ultimele patru sptmni diferite metode active pentru a-l gsi (nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a forei de munc sau la agenii particulare de plasare, aciuni pentru nceperea unei activiti pe cont propriu, publicarea de anunuri, apel la prieteni, rude, colegi, sindicate etc.); sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc.

Since 2011, self employed and contributing family workers who work in agriculture are considered employed persons only if they own agricultural production (not necessarily of land) obtained and fulfill one of the main conditions: a) agricultural production is meant at least partly to sale or change in kind; b) agricultural production is meant exclusively to own 2) of consumption if it represents a substantial part household total consumption. The following persons are excluded from employment: they carry out minor agricultural activities3), for recreation, hobby or to get, supplementary, food products without being an important part of household total consumption; they develop agricultural activities (over 10 hours per week), being exclusively meant for own consumption, but not representing a substantial part of household total consumption. Besides persons with a job and who worked during the reference week, no matter of professional status, there are considered employed persons those who belong to the following categories: persons who during the reference week carried out a certain paid or bringing income work, even if they had compulsory school training, were retired or benefited of pension, were registered at National Employment Agency (NEA) receiving or not unemployment benefit;

remunerated apprentices and trainees, who work with full or part time; members of armed forces.

Unemployed according to the international definition of International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are persons aged 15-74 years who, during the reference period, simultaneously meet the following conditions: have no job and are not carrying out any activity in order to get income; are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions during the last four weeks (registering at employment agencies, or private agencies for placement, attempts for starting an activity on own account, publishing notices, asking for a job among friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.);

are available to start work within the next two weeks, if they immediately find a job.

2) Cel puin 50% din consumul total al gospodriei. / At least 50% of household total consumption. 3) A cror durat n sptmna de referin nu depete 10 ore. / Whose duration in the reference week exceeds 10 hours.

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Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre populaia activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre populaia ocupat i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. Rata omajului reprezint raportul dintre numrul omerilor i populaia activ, exprimat procentual. Rata omajului de lung durat reprezint ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n populaia activ. Rata omajului de lung durat pentru tineri (15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr. Incidena omajului de lung durat reprezint ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n total omeri. Incidena omajului de lung durat pentru tineri (15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri. Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei persoane ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a veniturilor prin exercitarea unei activiti i anume: salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe baza unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate economic sau social - indiferent de forma ei de proprietate - sau la persoane particulare, n schimbul unei remuneraii sub form de salariu, pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de comision etc.; patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria) n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier, magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate are angajai unul sau mai muli salariai; lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat, sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai; lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc (agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate; membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de credit.

Activity rate represents the ratio between active population and total population aged 15-64 years expressed as percentage. Employment rate represents the ratio between employed population and total population aged 15-64 years expressed as percentage. Unemployment rate represents the ratio between the number of unemployed and active population expressed as percentage. Long term unemployment rate represents the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active population. Long term unemployment rate for young people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young unemployed for 6 months and over in young active population. Incidence of long term unemployment represents the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total unemployed. Incidence of long term unemployment for young people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young unemployed for six months and over in total young unemployed. Status in employment represents the situation of an employed person, depending on the way of achieving income from his activity, namely: employee, a person who carries out his activity based on an employment contract into an economic or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.;

employer, a person who carries out his occupation (trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency, workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity he has one or several employees; self-employed, a person who carries out his activity in his own unit or in an individual business, without hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by contributing family workers; contributing family worker, a person who carries out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a member of the family or a relative, for which he gets no remuneration as salary or payment in kind; peasant (agricultural) household is considered such a unit; member of an agricultural holding or of a non-agricultural co-operative, a person who worked either as owner of agricultural land into an agricultural holding set up according to legal provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen, consumption or credit co-operative.

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Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu au fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n contractul de munc. n efectivul de salariai luat n calculul numrului mediu se includ numai persoanele care au fost pltite. ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 (republicat) Codul muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea contractului individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003 (cu completrile i modificrile ulterioare) referitor la suspendarea raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu de maternitate, concediu pentru incapacitate temporar de munc, exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei autoriti executive, legislative ori judectoreti pe toat durata mandatului .a.m.d.). Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i cei care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de baz la unitatea raportoare. Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n care acetia i desfoar activitatea. omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care ndeplinesc cumulativ condiiile prevzute de Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se nregistreaz la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc n a crei raz teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz, reedina, ori alt furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care funcioneaz n condiiile prevzute de lege, n vederea obinerii unui loc de munc.

Average number of employees represents a simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily employees number, including from the weekly rest days, legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily number of employees taken into calculation for average number, there are not included: employees under unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into calculation as daily number the number of employees from previous day, less that of those whose labour contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not employed in full time are included in average number of employees, proportionally with the working time from the labour contract. Only persons paid are included in the number of employees taken into the calculation of average number. Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number taken into account when computing the average number excluded the employees whose labour contract/agreement was suspended according to the Law no. 53/2003 (republished) - Labour Code, art. 49-54, regarding the Suspension of the individual labour contract and the Law no. 161/2003 (with subsequent amendments) regarding suspension of the work agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily labour disability leave, exercising a function within an executive, legislative or judiciary authority during duration of the mandate a.s.o.). Number of employees on December 31 (number of employees) represents the number of employees employed with individual labour contract with definite or non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including those with suspended labour contract/agreement) existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year. The employees detached abroad and those who hold more than one position and are not having the main position at the reporting unit are not included. The breakdown of employees by activity of the national economy was carried out according to homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county according to the locality where they work. Registered unemployed represent persons who fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the Law no.76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment insurance and employment incentives and who register to the employment agency in the territorial zone they have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another provider of employment services, functioning according to the law, in order to get a job.

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Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer o are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele condiii: a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta de minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de pensionare; b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice o fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci; c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri mai mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin al asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de munc, n vigoare; Indicatorul social de referin al asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de munc, denumit n continuare indicator social de referin, reprezint unitatea exprimat n lei la nivelul creia se raporteaz prestaiile bneti, suportate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj, acordate att n vederea asigurrii proteciei persoanelor n cadrul sistemului asigurrilor pentru omaj, ct i n vederea stimulrii anumitor categorii de persoane pentru a se ncadra n munc, precum i a angajatorilor pentru a ncadra n munc persoane n cutarea unui loc de munc. Valoarea indicatorului social pentru anul 2011 este de 500 lei; d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc. Asimilai omerilor sunt persoanele n cutarea unui loc de munc i care nu au putut ocupa loc de munc dup absolvirea unei instituii de nvmnt i care ndeplinesc urmtoarele condiii: sunt absolveni ai instituiilor de nvmnt, n vrst de minimum 16 ani, care ntr-o perioad de 60 de zile de la absolvire nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit pregtirii profesionale; sunt absolveni ai colilor speciale pentru persoanele cu handicap n vrst de minim 16 ani care nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit pregtirii profesionale. Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul dintre numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc) i populaia activ civil (omeri + populaie ocupat civil, definit conform metodologiei balanei forei de munc). Locuri de munc vacante Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante, exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat procentual.

According to the legislation in force, unemployed position is held by person who fulfills the following cumulative conditions: a) he/she is looking for a job from 16 years old at least to pension age; b) his/her health, his/her physical and psychical capacities make him able to work; c) he/she has no job, he/she gets no income or, from legal activities, he/she gets an income lower than the value of reference social indicator of unemployment insurance and stimulation of employment in force; Social reference indicator of insurance unemployment and stimulation of employment, further called social reference indicator represents the unit expressed in lei at the level of which there are reported money provisions, supported from unemployment insurance budget, granted both to ensure persons protection within unemployment insurance system and to stimulate certain categories of persons to get a job, as well as employers in view to employ persons looking for a job. The social indicator value for 2011 is lei 500;

d) he/she is available to start work in the next period if he/she finds a job. Unemployed assimilated are persons looking for a job who could not occupy a job after graduation of education institution fulfilling the following conditions:

graduates of an education institution, aged minimum 16 years, who during 60 days period since graduation did not succeed to be employed according to vocational training; graduates of special schools for disabled persons aged minimum 16 years, who did not succeed to be employed according to their vocational training.

Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio between the number of unemployed (registered at the agencies for employment) and civil economically active population (unemployed + civil employment, defined according to the methodology of labour force balance). Job vacancies Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs (occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or meant for promotion inside the enterprise or institution), expressed as percentage.

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Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi indicatori. Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau care vor deveni vacante, pentru care: angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a posibililor candidai etc.); angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o perioad specific de timp. Perioada maxim necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant poate fi nelimitat. Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe care pot concura i persoane din interiorul ntreprinderii), indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat determinat sau nedeterminat, n program de lucru normal sau parial. Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate: destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei; din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un act normativ. Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate, pentru ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii fr plat, alte absene), se consider vacante, dac angajatorul dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat (temporar) i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a candidailor. Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii (exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante.

Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the two indicators. Number of vacancies includes the number of paid, newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies, for which: employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence through employment services, advertising in the newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact with possible candidates;

employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific period of time. Maximum period needed to occupy the vacancy can be unlimited.

There are considered vacancies those jobs for persons outside the enterprise (for which can also compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or part time. There are not considered vacancies the unoccupied jobs: exclusively meant to promote persons from inside the enterprise; from units of public, local administration blocked by normative documents. Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves, unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the employer wishes substitution during definite or temporary period and if he looks for candidates. Total number of jobs (occupied and vacant) includes the number of employees at the end of the month (except those with suspended labour contract / agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC
Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional, care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc, n ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, indiferent de natura juridic a contractului n baza cruia se desfoar activitatea i care provoac incapacitatea temporar de munc de cel puin trei zile, invaliditate sau deces.

WORKING CONDITIONS
Accident at work represents the violent body injury as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking place during labour process or when accomplishing duties at work, irrespective of the legal nature of contract on which the activity is based and which causes the temporary incapacity of work for at least three days, invalidity or death.

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n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul persoanelor accidentate, accidentul de munc se clasific n: accident care produce incapacitate temporar de munc de cel puin 3 zile; accident care produce invaliditate; accident mortal; accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel puin trei persoane. Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la 1000 salariai. Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia, pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind soluionarea conflictelor de munc. Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999.

According to consequences and to the number of persons injured, accidents at work are classified as follows: accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at least 3 days; accident causing invalidity; fatal accident at work; collective accident, when at least 3 persons are injured at the same time and due to the same cause. Rate of accidents at work represents accidents frequency or number of injured persons per 1000 employees. Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view to normalize the labour relationships between the unit, on the one side, and its employees, on the other side according to the Law no.168/1999. Strike represents a collective and voluntary ceasing of work within a unit, according to the Law no. 168/1999. According to CANE Rev.2 Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services. Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows, culture and recreation activities, other activities of national economy.

Conform CAEN Rev.2 Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport. Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.

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3.G1

Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale Civil employment, by main activities of national economy
CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2 2010 2011

29,1% 42,7% 42,5%

29,2%

7,5%

20,7%

7,3%

21,0%

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industrie1) Industry1)

Construcii Construction Servicii Services

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea

deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. / Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.

3.G2
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2011 Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2011
%

12,7 18,8 1,2

7,1 24,1 1,5

19,6 12,3 0,7

1,0 6,1 1,6

27,3

34,6 67,3 67,3 67,4 91,3 0,6 37,5

Total
Salariat Employee Patron Employer

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Urban

Rural

Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei cooperative Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or of a co-operative Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

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3.G3

Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2011 Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2011
CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2

Total

22,9%

29,9%

10,4% 36,8%
Masculin / Male Feminin / Female

15,5%

32,3%

32,2%

26,8%

2,1%

35,2%

17,0%

38,9%

Industrie Industry Construcii Construction

Servicii comerciale Trade services Servicii sociale Social services

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport. Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale. Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services. Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows, culture and recreation activities, other activities of national economy. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

91

3.G4
5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor Evolution of average number of employees

mii persoane / thou persons

4667

4885

5046

4774

4376 3085

4349

2948

3148

3339

2793

2880

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total Average number of employees - total Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1) Average number of employees from integral private sector1)
1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin. / Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

3.G5
800

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate

mii persoane / thou persons

7,8 7,0 7,1 5,2 4,6 4,0 3,9 4,4 4,4 403 167 2007 187 2008 709 302 2009 627 264 2010 6,3 5,2 4,9

600

400

200

460 191

368

461 204 2011

2006

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total Number of registered unemployed - total Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei Number of registered unemployed - women

Rata omajului - total Unemployment rate - total Rata omajului - femei Unemployment rate - women

92

3.G6
25 20 15 10 5 0

Rata omajului1), pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 Unemployment rate1), by age group, sex and area, in 2011

23,8 23,7

8,5 6,0 7,0 15-24 25-34 5,6 35-44 5,8 4,8 45-54 4,2 1,0 55 i peste and over
ani / years

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

% 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 15-24 16,7 8,7 6,5 25-34 32,4

6,4 4,8 35-44

6,3 3,8 45-54

5,6 1,1 55 i peste and over Rural


ani / years

Urban

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM= Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO= International Labour Office). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

93

3.1

Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii Population by participation in economic activity, by sex and area
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

mii persoane / thou persons Populaia activ Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Populaia ocupat Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural omeri1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de activitate2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de ocupare2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural 10041 5526 4515 5595 4446 9313 5074 4239 5115 4198 728 452 276 480 248 9994 5515 4479 5494 4500 9353 5116 4237 5072 4281 641 399 242 422 219 9944 5526 4418 5471 4473 9369 5157 4212 5101 4268 575 369 206 9924 5524 4400 5475 4449 9243 5100 4143 5032 4211 681 424 257 9965 5549 4416 5538 4427 9240 5112 4128 5032 4208 725 437 288 9868 5457 4411 5563 4305 9138 5026 4112 5072 4066 730 431 299 491 239 Economically active population Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Employment Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Unemployed1) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Activity rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Employment rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Unemployment rate1) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

370 443 506 205 238 219 procente / percentage 62,9 70,6 55,2 61,7 64,5 59,0 65,7 52,5 57,5 61,2 5,8 6,7 4,7 6,8 4,6 63,1 70,9 55,4 62,1 64,6 58,6 65,2 52,0 57,1 60,7 6,9 7,7 5,8 8,1 5,4 63,6 71,5 55,8 63,1 64,4 58,8 65,7 52,0 57,3 60,9 7,3 7,9 6,5 9,1 5,0

63,7 70,8 56,6 62,6 65,2 58,8 64,7 53,0 57,2 61,1 7,3 8,2 6,1 8,6 5,6

63,0 70,1 56,0 61,6 65,1 58,8 64,8 52,8 56,8 61,5 6,4 7,2 5,4 7,7 4,9

63,3 70,7 56,0 63,9 62,6 58,5 65,0 52,0 58,2 58,8 7,4 7,9 6,8 8,8 5,5

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office). 2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

94

3.2

Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj1), dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii Activity, employment and unemployment1) rates, by educational level, sex and area
procente / percentage

2010 Nivelul de educaie Educational level Total Superior Mediu Sczut Tertiary Medium Low

2011 Nivelul de educaie Educational level Total Superior Mediu Sczut Tertiary Medium Low

Rata de activitate2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de ocupare2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural 7,3 7,9 6,5 9,1 5,0 5,4 5,3 5,4 5,3 5,9 8,3 8,4 8,1 9,7 6,0 6,1 8,0 4,1 16,7 3,8 7,4 7,9 6,8 8,8 5,5 5,1 4,7 5,6 4,9 7,0 8,1 8,1 8,1 9,3 6,1 7,3 9,7 4,7 18,8 4,7 58,8 65,7 52,0 57,3 60,9 82,4 83,6 81,2 83,1 76,6 62,2 69,1 54,6 59,1 68,0 43,0 50,5 36,9 23,7 52,7 58,5 65,0 52,0 58,2 58,8 82,1 84,0 80,4 83,1 74,7 62,3 69,2 54,6 59,8 66,8 40,5 46,3 35,7 22,7 49,2 63,6 71,5 55,8 63,1 64,4 87,1 88,3 85,9 87,7 81,4 67,9 75,5 59,4 65,4 72,4 46,3 55,5 38,8 28,6 55,2 63,3 70,7 56,0 63,9 62,6 86,6 88,1 85,2 87,4 80,4 67,8 75,3 59,5 65,9 71,2 44,3 52,0 37,9 28,1 52,2

Activity rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Employment rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Unemployment rate1) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office). 2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

95

3.3

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2011
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total 15-64 ani employment years (thou persons)
9138 2612 85 1672 115 79 681 1165 434 185 128 145 18 170 157 466 392 402 56 176 95,8 85,5 99,9 99,9 99,9 99,9 99,8 99,9 99,8 99,9 99,9 100,0 100,0 99,8 100,0 100,0 99,7 99,5 99,1 99,5

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i Din total grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%) femei: (%) Total age groups (years) 65 years and over Of total, 15-64 ani 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%) women: years (%)
7,4 9,9 1,9 5,7 1,1 3,3 8,4 9,6 4,0 16,5 7,8 5,3 3,8 4,5 9,0 3,0 3,0 2,2 10,7 11,0 26,7 18,1 16,7 26,5 16,0 18,2 30,4 35,4 24,2 34,1 46,5 45,4 43,9 41,3 28,8 31,3 28,9 27,5 32,5 29,0 30,0 21,9 49,4 34,8 33,4 35,4 31,7 31,5 37,8 26,4 27,8 29,0 26,2 27,5 33,6 37,2 28,6 35,7 27,5 30,2 20,1 16,6 28,2 24,8 35,0 32,8 20,3 17,7 23,6 15,8 12,7 15,3 19,3 17,4 20,3 20,1 23,3 22,0 16,9 19,2 11,6 19,0 3,7 8,1 14,4 10,2 9,0 5,7 10,2 7,1 5,1 5,0 6,8 9,1 8,3 8,4 15,9 12,1 11,5 10,1 4,2 14,5 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,2 0,1 0,2 0,1 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,5 0,9 0,5 45,0 47,6 13,6 42,5 21,3 28,0 8,7 54,9 17,1 60,3 35,1 64,6 59,3 55,1 30,6 38,6 74,6 78,3 48,7 63,3 42,7 39,6 13,6 42,4 21,3 28,0 8,7 54,8 17,1 60,2 35,0 64,6 59,3 55,0 30,6 38,6 74,5 78,0 48,2 63,2

din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24
3,1 4,1 0,2 2,3 0,1 0,7 0,3 5,0 0,6 8,8 3,0 3,6 1,8 2,7 2,8 0,8 2,7 1,8 5,4 8,5

25-34
12,0 8,1 1,9 11,8 2,5 4,9 2,8 18,7 4,4 19,0 16,7 28,2 25,6 23,9 7,0 10,9 22,1 22,1 14,8 17,5

35-44
13,4 10,0 7,7 15,5 8,1 10,8 2,8 18,2 6,5 17,4 9,2 19,6 14,0 15,0 11,2 13,7 22,4 27,7 13,1 19,7

45-54
9,2 7,5 3,8 10,8 8,0 8,9 2,1 10,5 4,0 11,2 4,8 10,6 13,4 10,3 7,4 9,8 17,9 17,5 10,2 12,3

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over 55-64 (%)


5,0 9,9 2,0 2,6 2,7 0,7 2,4 1,6 3,8 1,3 2,6 4,5 3,1 2,2 3,4 9,4 8,9 4,7 5,2 2,3 8,0 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,5 0,1

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other activities of national economy

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

3.4

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2011 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by status in employment, in 2011
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) 9138 2612 85 1672 115 79 681 1165 434 185 128 145 18 170 157 466 392 402 56 176 din care, dup statutul profesional (%): of which, by status in employment (%): Salariat Employee 67,3 6,3 99,4 97,2 99,5 96,4 73,5 88,9 89,7 96,3 95,8 98,4 91,3 83,6 97,4 100,0 99,3 97,0 95,3 62,1 Patron Employer 1,2 0,2 0,4 1,0 0,4 0,3 1,7 4,0 0,9 3,0 0,9 0,1 5,3 3,5 0,9 0,2 0,9 1,4 1,9 Lucrtor pe cont propriu Self-employed 18,8 49,6 0,2 1,7 0,1 2,4 24,4 6,6 9,3 0,7 3,1 1,5 3,4 12,9 1,7 0,5 2,0 3,3 35,5 Din total Lucrtor femei: familial (%) neremunerat Of total, Contributing women: (%) family worker 12,7 43,9 0,1 0,9 0,4 0,5 0,1 0,2 0,1 0,5 45,0 47,6 13,6 42,5 21,3 28,0 8,7 54,9 17,1 60,3 35,1 64,6 59,3 55,1 30,6 38,6 74,6 78,3 48,7 63,3 din care, dup statutul profesional (%): of which, by status in employment (%): Salariat Employee 30,3 1,3 13,6 42,0 21,1 27,5 8,3 51,4 17,0 58,9 34,2 63,6 57,1 48,3 28,9 38,6 74,4 76,1 48,2 36,3 Patron Employer 0,3 0,2 0,2 0,1 1,3 1,0 0,1 1,4 1,1 0,2 0,1 0,6 0,3 0,8 Lucrtor pe cont propriu Self-employed 5,6 15,7 0,2 0,3 2,0 0,1 0,4 0,7 1,0 0,8 5,7 1,5 0,1 1,5 0,2 25,9 Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker 8,8 30,6 0,1 0,5 0,2 0,1 0,1 0,3 Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other activities of national economy

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

96

97

3.5

Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, by age group, sex and area, in 2011
procente / percentage

Grupe de vrst

Total populaie Total population

Persoane active Persoane Economically active persons inactive Total Ocupate omeri1) Non-economically Employed Unemployed1) active persons Total

Age groups

Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste

100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0

46,1 63,3 31,1 78,7 83,2 74,3 41,5 12,2 52,4 70,7 35,4 85,2 90,3 82,9 51,6 13,8 40,2 56,0 26,7 71,8 76,0 66,1 32,7 11,1 47,5 63,9 26,3 83,4 87,4 75,6 33,1 1,3 44,6 62,6 36,7 71,6 77,6 72,3 53,6 20,9

42,7 58,4 23,7 72,5 78,4 70,3 40,0 12,2 Masculin / Male 48,3 64,9 27,0 77,9 85,3 78,1 48,9 13,8 Feminin / Female 37,5 52,0 20,4 66,8 71,4 62,9 32,2 11,1 Urban 43,3 58,2 17,8 76,2 81,8 70,8 31,2 1,3 Rural 42,1 58,8 30,6 66,9 73,9 69,5 52,6 20,9

3,4 4,9 7,4 6,2 4,8 4,0 1,5 4,1 5,8 8,4 7,3 5,0 4,8 2,7 2,7 4,0 6,3 5,0 4,6 3,2 0,5 4,2 5,7 8,5 7,2 5,6 4,8 1,9 2,5 3,8 6,1 4,7 3,7 2,8 1,0 -

53,9 100,0 36,7 68,9 21,3 16,8 25,7 58,5 87,8 47,6 100,0 29,3 64,6 14,8 9,7 17,1 48,4 86,2 59,8 100,0 44,0 73,3 28,2 24,0 33,9 67,3 88,9 52,5 100,0 36,1 73,7 16,6 12,6 24,4 66,9 98,7 55,4 100,0 37,4 63,3 28,4 22,4 27,7 46,4 79,1

Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

98

3.6

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 Employment structure, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2011
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total employment 15-64 ani (thou persons) years 9138 1606 5406 370 3064 1972 2126 1721 405 5026 794 3172 180 1622 1370 1060 878 182 4112 812 2234 190 1442 602 1066 843 223 5072 1433 3300 304 2062 934 339 294 45 4066 173 2106 66 1002 1038 1787 1427 360 95,8 99,5 99,3 99,0 99,7 98,8 83,9 91,0 53,6 96,5 99,3 99,0 98,5 99,6 98,4 86,7 91,3 64,7 94,9 99,8 99,7 99,6 99,7 99,6 81,1 90,7 44,5 99,6 99,7 99,9 99,8 99,9 99,8 97,0 98,1 89,6 90,9 98,3 98,4 95,4 99,2 97,8 81,4 89,5 49,1 din care, n vrst de munc (%): 65 ani of which, at working age (%): i peste grupe de vrst (ani) (%) age groups (years) 65 years and over 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%) 7,4 3,8 7,3 2,8 8,3 6,5 10,5 11,3 7,1 26,7 40,9 24,7 31,3 25,4 22,4 20,9 22,9 12,2 Total 30,0 29,7 34,8 30,2 37,1 32,2 17,7 20,2 7,1 20,1 16,4 23,1 19,8 22,7 24,4 15,2 16,7 8,5 11,6 8,7 9,4 14,9 6,2 13,3 19,6 19,9 18,7 12,1 10,9 10,9 18,8 6,4 15,2 16,3 16,3 15,9 11,1 6,5 7,1 11,2 5,8 8,9 23,0 23,6 21,0 9,6 8,3 9,4 14,6 6,5 14,1 17,2 17,7 13,8 14,2 11,8 9,3 16,4 5,4 12,6 20,1 20,3 19,3 4,2 0,5 0,7 1,0 0,3 1,2 16,1 9,0 46,4 3,5 0,7 1,0 1,5 0,4 1,6 13,3 8,7 35,3 5,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,3 0,4 18,9 9,3 55,5 0,4 0,3 0,1 0,2 0,1 0,2 3,0 1,9 10,4 9,1 1,7 1,6 4,6 0,8 2,2 18,6 10,5 50,9

Nivel de educaie

Educational level

Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit

Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education

Masculin / Male 7,8 26,7 30,0 19,9 3,3 39,4 29,0 16,7 7,3 24,5 33,8 22,5 2,6 8,5 6,5 12,7 13,3 10,0 23,9 26,6 22,2 23,9 25,0 18,5 29,0 36,6 31,1 19,4 21,3 10,2 24,2 21,5 23,4 14,4 15,4 10,1

Feminin / Female 6,9 26,6 29,9 20,4 4,3 42,4 30,5 16,1 7,2 25,1 36,3 24,0 3,1 8,1 6,5 8,2 9,1 4,6 5,3 3,4 5,7 2,1 6,7 4,6 9,9 9,6 11,6 10,0 7,5 9,7 6,3 11,5 8,2 10,6 11,6 6,5 38,4 24,2 23,0 18,0 20,8 7,0 30,2 40,8 25,9 31,2 27,2 21,4 26,8 25,8 33,2 31,3 37,6 34,7 16,0 19,0 4,6 Urban 32,1 30,7 33,8 31,7 35,4 31,0 22,0 23,1 14,6 15,6 24,0 26,5 15,9 18,2 7,3 22,4 16,5 25,1 20,2 24,1 28,7 21,1 21,9 16,4 17,2 15,2 20,1 18,0 19,8 20,4 14,0 15,7 7,5

Rural 22,3 27,2 41,9 21,9 22,9 36,4 31,8 21,8 23,4 19,8 22,3 9,6 22,9 40,7 33,2 16,9 19,6 6,2

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

99

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2011
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) din care, n vrst of which, grupe de age groups 15-24 25-34 de munc (%): at working age (%): vrst (ani) (years) 35-44 45-54 55-64 Total 9138 95,8 7,4 26,7 30,0 20,1 11,6 4,2 Total

Grupe de ocupaii

Total 15-64 ani years

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over (%)

Occupation groups

Total Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari superiori Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Muncitori calificai i asimilai Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Masculin Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari superiori Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Muncitori calificai i asimilai Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Feminin Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari superiori Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Muncitori calificai i asimilai Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai 4112 94,9 6,9 26,6 29,9 20,4 11,1 5,1 5026 96,5 7,8 26,7 30,0 19,9 12,1 3,5

192 1276 622 383 1168 2107 1423 1967 960

99,5 99,7 99,8 100,0 99,9 84,5 99,9 97,3 94,5

1,9 2,6 5,7 7,3 9,4 9,7 6,0 8,9 12,3

23,4 38,7 33,1 31,6 29,9 17,6 24,2 25,9 23,3

40,1 29,4 29,7 33,8 33,2 21,1 34,6 32,9 27,7

23,4 18,5 21,2 20,3 20,4 16,4 25,8 20,0 19,0

10,7 10,5 10,1 7,0 7,0 19,7 9,3 9,6 12,2

0,5 0,3 0,2 0,1 15,5 0,1 2,7 5,5

Managers Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Clerical support workers Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers Male Total

132 537 300 122 452 1073 1112 1298 516

99,4 99,5 99,7 100,0 100,0 86,4 99,9 98,0 95,2

1,8 2,2 6,1 7,1 9,8 11,2 5,7 9,5 15,4

22,2 37,8 33,3 34,0 32,0 18,4 24,3 27,5 27,2

38,2 28,0 29,6 30,6 31,6 21,9 33,6 33,1 25,8

24,9 18,4 19,4 19,5 17,8 17,0 25,6 18,3 15,0

12,3 13,1 11,3 8,8 8,8 17,9 10,7 9,6 11,8

0,6 0,5 0,3 13,6 0,1 2,0 4,8

Managers Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Clerical support workers Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers Female Total

60 739 322 261 716 1034 311 669 444

99,6 99,9 99,8 100,0 99,8 82,6 99,9 95,8 93,7

2,2 2,9 5,3 7,3 9,1 8,3 6,8 7,8 8,7

26,0 39,4 32,9 30,5 28,5 16,7 23,9 22,7 18,8

44,1 30,4 29,8 35,3 34,3 20,2 38,1 32,3 29,9

20,0 18,5 22,9 20,7 22,1 15,8 26,7 23,3 23,7

7,3 8,7 8,9 6,2 5,8 21,6 4,4 9,7 12,6

0,4 0,1 0,2 0,2 17,4 0,1 4,2 6,3

Managers Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Clerical support workers Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

100

101

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 - continuare Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2011 - continued
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 Urban 5072 99,6 5,3 30,2 32,1 22,4 9,6 0,4 Total

Grupe de ocupaii

Total 15-64 ani years

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over (%)

Occupation groups

Urban Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari superiori Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Muncitori calificai i asimilai Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Rural Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari superiori Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Muncitori calificai i asimilai Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai 4066 90,9 10,0 22,3 27,2 17,2 14,2 9,1

159 1131 530 320 855 93 963 1021 339

99,5 99,7 99,8 100,0 99,9 88,9 100,0 99,8 99,6

2,0 2,0 5,4 6,6 8,7 7,4 4,7 6,7 11,4

24,5 38,7 33,8 32,7 30,8 20,0 23,1 26,1 22,7

40,7 30,0 29,3 33,4 32,0 19,5 33,2 34,4 29,0

21,9 18,8 21,0 20,6 21,0 19,2 28,4 23,5 25,6

10,4 10,2 10,3 6,7 7,4 22,8 10,6 9,1 10,9

0,5 0,3 0,2 0,1 11,1 0,2 0,4

Managers Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Clerical support workers Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers Rural Total

33 145 92 63 313 2014 460 946 621

99,5 99,8 100,0 99,9 99,8 84,3 99,9 94,5 91,7

1,6 7,0 7,8 10,6 11,2 9,9 8,7 11,4 12,8

18,5 38,5 29,1 26,1 27,4 17,5 26,6 25,6 23,7

36,7 24,3 31,9 35,8 36,6 21,1 37,5 31,1 27,0

30,4 16,5 22,4 18,6 18,7 16,3 20,5 16,2 15,4

12,3 13,5 8,8 8,8 5,9 19,5 6,6 10,2 12,8

0,5 0,2 0,1 0,2 15,7 0,1 5,5 8,3

Managers Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Clerical support workers Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Other categories of occupations of which: Unskilled workers

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

102

103

3.8
Statutul profesional

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 Employment structure, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2011
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total employment 15-64 ani (thou persons) years din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24 25-34 Total 35-44 45-54 65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over 55-64 (%)

Status in employment

Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat

9138 6153 107 1717 1161

95,8 99,9 99,1 85,0 89,5

7,4 6,1 1,8 4,1 19,5

26,7 30,2 20,6 16,2 24,3

30,0 33,3 34,9 25,8 18,0

20,1 21,6 29,4 19,1 12,4

11,6 8,7 12,4 19,8 15,3

4,2 0,1 0,9 15,0 10,5

Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker

Masculin / Male Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 5026 3381 79 1210 356 96,5 99,9 99,3 87,0 95,7 7,8 6,2 1,7 4,4 35,9 26,7 29,5 19,3 17,1 35,4 30,0 32,9 35,1 26,4 14,0 19,9 21,2 29,0 19,5 6,4 12,1 10,1 14,2 19,6 4,0 3,5 0,1 0,7 13,0 4,3 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker

Feminin / Female Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 4112 2772 28 507 805 94,9 99,9 98,4 80,0 86,7 6,9 6,0 2,1 3,5 12,3 26,6 31,0 24,0 14,0 19,4 Urban Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 5072 4630 82 311 49 99,6 99,9 98,9 97,5 90,2 5,3 5,1 1,7 7,7 20,4 30,2 30,8 20,6 23,7 29,4 Rural Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 4066 1523 25 1406 1112 90,9 99,9 99,7 82,2 89,5 10,0 9,4 2,3 3,3 19,5 22,3 28,2 20,5 14,5 24,1 27,2 36,0 38,3 24,6 18,3 17,2 19,2 27,3 18,7 12,4 14,2 7,1 11,3 21,1 15,2 9,1 0,1 0,3 17,8 10,5 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker 32,1 32,4 33,9 31,5 11,6 22,4 22,4 30,0 20,8 13,2 9,6 9,2 12,7 13,8 15,6 0,4 0,1 1,1 2,5 9,8 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker 29,9 33,8 34,5 24,4 19,8 20,4 22,2 30,7 18,1 15,0 11,1 6,9 7,1 20,0 20,2 5,1 0,1 1,6 20,0 13,3 Total of which: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing family worker

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

104

3.9

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale (la sfritul anului) Civil employment, by activity of national economy (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)


Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

2009 8411 2411 1774 73 1491 75 135 626 1138 419 125 125 114 49 164 207 230 413 408 67 141

2010 8371 2440 1733 65 1472 73 123 628 1140 426 133 134 133 31 156 204 204 390 406 63 150

2011 8366 2442 1754 65 1495 71 123 611 1157 434 138 136 130 30 161 228 197 385 374 59 130

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

3.10

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2011 (la sfritul anului) Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type of ownership, in 2011 (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

din care: femei Total of which: women

din total, pe forme de proprietate: of total, by type of ownership: Majoritar Majoritar Activity de stat privat (CANE Rev.2 sections) State Private majority majority 1320 767 28 155 29 26 51 49 22 2 131 3 10 10 6 36 16 197 358 313 32 1 7046 3210 2414 1599 36 1469 20 74 589 1155 303 135 126 120 24 125 212 27 61 27 129 Total of which: women Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Total din care: femei Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

8366 2442 1754 65 1495 71 123 611 1157 434 138 136 130 30 161 228 197 385 374 59 130 3977 1352 704 11 645 17 31 98 571 73 81 55 97 14 83 75 112 263 295 33 71

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

105

3.11
Total

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe Average number of employees, by activity of national economy and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total 2010 2011


4376 4349

Brbai Men 2010 2011


2291 2301 72 712 56 528 76 717 54 539

Femei Women 2010 2011


2085 2048 23 525 11 471 22 542 10 489

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)


Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 95 98 Industrie 1237 1259 Industrie extractiv 67 64 Industrie prelucrtoare 999 1028 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 73 70 Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 98 97 Construcii 337 334 Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 752 753 Transport i depozitare 258 256 Hoteluri i restaurante 108 108 Informaii i comunicaii 106 110 Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 101 99 Tranzacii imobiliare 27 27 Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 126 127 Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport 181 198 Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale 210 193 din sistemul public1) nvmnt 380 364 Sntate i asisten social 366 333 Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 53 51 Alte activiti de servicii 39 39

56

53

17

17

72 290

71 288

26 47

26 46

355 189 39 64 32 15 65

369 188 42 65 31 16 66

397 69 69 42 69 12 61

384 68 66 45 68 11 61

125

136

56

62

95 122 74 24 18

84 115 69 22 17

115 258 292 29 21

109 249 264 29 22

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Source: Labour cost survey.

106

3.12

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average number of emolyees, by ownership type, enterprises size class and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Forma de proprietate Ownership type Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor Enterprises size class Total Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over Proprietate public1) Public ownership1) Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over Proprietate privat2) Private ownership2) Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over

Total 2010 4376 1298 988 2090 1389 113 218 1058 2987 1185 770 1032 2011 4349 1208 1051 2090 1296 114 187 995 3053 1094 864 1095

Brbai / Male 2010 2291 710 553 1028 591 50 97 444 1700 660 456 584 2011 2301 665 599 1037 549 51 81 417 1752 614 518 620

Femei / Female 2010 2085 588 435 1062 798 63 121 614 1287 525 314 448 2011 2048 543 452 1053 747 63 106 578 1301 480 346 475

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, cooperative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Industrie - total Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor

Total 2010 2011 1237 1259 67 23 25 3 9 7 64 22 23 3 9 7

Brbai Men 2010 2011 712 56 20 20 2 8 6 528 64 14 1 7 18 717 54 19 19 2 8 6 539 63 13 1 8 20

Femei Women 2010 2011 525 11 3 5 1 1 1 471 73 7 *) 18 120 542 10 3 4 1 1 1 489 74 6 *) 20 124

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Industry - total Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs

999 1028 137 137 21 19 1 1 25 28 138 144

58

61

15

16

43

45

107

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

Total 2010 2011

Brbai Men 2010 2011

Femei Women 2010 2011

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment

47 9 14 6 28 8 37 38 34 73 20 32 49 107 29 54 9 25

49 9 13 6 28 9 40 38 34 70 23 34 50 120 27 54 10 24

36 5 7 4 19 3 24 28 27 57 9 17 38 51 24 34 4 22

37 5 6 4 19 4 25 27 27 54 11 18 39 60 22 35 4 21

11 4 7 2 9 5 13 10 7 16 11 15 11 56 5 20 5 3

12 4 7 2 9 5 15 11 7 16 12 16 11 60 5 19 6 3

73

70

56

53

17

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning 17 production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management 26 and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment 12 and distribution Used water collection 1 and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities 13 and services of decontamination

98 40 6

97 40 6

72 29 5

71 28 5

26 11 1

52

51

38

38

14

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

108

3.14

Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011 Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2011
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar Total privat1) of which: private majority ownership1) 4660 98 1344 65 1106 3340 70 1188 35 1080 Din total: Of total: Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Brbai Femei Men Women

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii

2444 76 756 54 574

2216 22 588 11 532

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesales and retail; repair of motor vehiclesand motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector2) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

71

20

54

17

102 358

53 337 830 143 116 110 99 22 104 204 16 33 26 42

74 307 401 201 46 70 34 16 72 149 85 116 72 24 19

28 51 431 73 73 50 75 12 68 71 112 258 274 33 25

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 832 Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public2) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 274 119 120 109 28 140 220 197 374 346 57 44

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral 2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

109

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011 Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2011
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar privat1) of which: private majority ownership1) 1188 35 1 20 *) 7 7 1080 148 19 2 31 158 Din total: Of total:

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Brbai Men

Femei Women

Total Industrie extractiv / Mining and quarrying Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Mining of coal and lignite Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Extracia minereurilor metalifere Mining of metal ores Alte activiti extractive Other mining and quarrying Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities Industrie prelucrtoare / Manufacturing Industria alimentar / Manufacture of food products Fabricarea buturilor / Manufacture of beverages Fabricarea produselor din tutun Manufacture of tobacco products Fabricarea produselor textile / Manufacture of textiles Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Manufacture of wearing apparel Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Manufacture of paper and paper products Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Printing and reproduction of recorded media Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

1344 65 21 24 3 9 8 1106 148 19 2 31 159

756 54 18 19 3 7 7 574 68 13 2 8 23

588 11 3 5 *) 2 1 532 80 6 23 136

66

66

18

48

54

54

40

14

10 14

10 11

6 7

4 7

29

27

20

42

42

26

16

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

110

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011 - continuare Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2011 - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar privat1) of which: private Brbai majority Men ownership1) 38 34 27 28 Din total: Of total:

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Femei Women

Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Industria metalurgic Manufacture of basic metals Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

38 35

11 7

74

69

57

17

25

24

12

13

35 51

35 51

18 40

17 11

134

134

66

68

28 60 11

26 59 10

23 38 5

5 22 6

26

18

22

71

20

54

17

102

53

74

28

41 7

8 2

29 6

12 1

54

43

39

15

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

111

3.16
Total

omerii nregistrai1) i rata omajului (la sfritul anului) Registered unemployed1) and unemployment rate (end of year)
persoane / persons

Total omeri / Total unemployed 2006 460495 166657 106112 49359 11186 176 83 79 14 293662 263613 23759 6290 5,2 2007 367838 121389 74249 37781 9359 121 64 48 9 246328 216027 23884 6417 4,0 2008 403441 143549 86056 44650 12843 259892 225848 26169 7875 4,4 2009 709383 435497 262026 131855 41616 273886 240969 24497 8420 7,8 2010 626960 329639 178728 110052 40859 1 1 297320 262874 25536 8910 7,0 2011 461013 182538 83576 71017 27945 278475 237689 30011 10775 5,2 2006 191449 74997 40821 27714 6462 51 17 30 4 116401 100505 12289 3607 4,6 2007 166626 60513 31588 23210 5715 32 8 21 3 106081 89325 12987 3769 3,9

Din care: femei / Of which: women 2008 187228 73039 37599 27213 8227 114189 94153 15087 4949 4,4 2009 302124 188457 93100 71697 23660 113667 97407 11282 4978 7,1 2010 264401 142429 60638 57710 24081 121972 103748 12891 5333 6,3 2011 203677 89604 33101 38622 17881 114073 93817 13964 6292 4,9 Total Recipients of unemployment benefit Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Recipients of support allowance Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Beneficiaries of compensatory payments according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999 Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Unpaid unemployed Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Unemployment rate (%)

Beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Beneficiari de alocaie de sprijin Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Beneficiari de pli compensatorii potrivit O.U.G.nr.98/1999 Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar omeri neindemnizai Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Rata omajului (%)

1) La ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc. / At the agencies for employment.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.17
Total

Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional Persons who attend vocational training courses
Persoane cuprinse n pregtire Persons attending training courses 2006 65031 55931 5452 3648 54906 33215 1630 2007 64093 53651 6007 4435 45731 26601 1432 2008 59703 50622 5307 3774 44490 25241 2258 2009 44347 41306 1346 1695 36586 24910 911 2010 39987 37979 825 1183 30692 23480 1702 2011 54751 52788 1014 949 50906 33713 10210 24819 10567 277 21891 6387 244 8924 4818 236 5894 3369 74 6713 5008 141 6713 5008 141 2006 din care: s-au ncadrat n activitate of which: employed in activity 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total of which: Unemployed Persons who benefit of free vocational training services Persons who do not benefit of free vocational training services

persoane / persons

din care: omeri Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional Persoane care nu beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional Au ncheiat pregtirea n cursuri organizate: omeri care au urmat cursuri finanate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj omeri care au urmat cursuri organizate din alte fonduri Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional finanate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj Persoane care au nceput cursurile n anul anterior La cererea persoanelor fizice interesate La cererea operatorilor economici n pregtire (cursuri n derulare) Au ntrerupt cursurile1)

Accomplished their training in organized courses: Unemployed who attended courses financed from unemployment insurance budget Unemployed who attended courses organized from other funds Persons who benefit of free vocational training services financed from unemployment insurance budget Persons beginning the training in the previous year At the request of interested natural persons At the request of the economic operators Under training (on going courses) Interrupted the training1)

3359 13169 3280 253 3508 5150

3531 11942 2016 209 12910 3508

3504 11643 1513 331 9912 3681

659 9035 960 111 4533 2301

413 4297 601 199 6391 1406

608 5776 506 93 9848 2180

13975

15260

3870

2451

1564

1564

1) Datele se refer numai la numrul omerilor nregistrai conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i

stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. / Data refer only to the number of registered unemployed according to the Law no. 76/2002 with subsequent amendments. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

112

113

3.18

omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, la 31 decembrie 2011 Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group, on December 31, 2011
persoane / persons

omeri nregistrai / Registered unemployed Grupe de vrst / Age groups Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years Total din care: Femei Primar, gimnazial, profesional din care: Femei Liceal i postliceal din care: Femei Universitar din care: Femei 461013 203677 321265 126918 101028 52586 38720 24173 81911 36029 29429 9035 40255 18701 12227 8293 35494 15532 21625 7190 5895 3247 7974 5095 108536 50027 82945 33868 17457 10732 8134 5427 119909 55738 91138 38681 22908 13386 5863 3671 58564 26855 47064 20759 8994 4829 2506 1267 56599 19496 49064 17385 5519 1691 2016 420

din care: beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj1) / of which: beneficiaries of unemployment indemnity1) Grupe de vrst / Age groups Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years 182538 89604 83576 33101 71017 38622 27945 17881 38523 19309 3957 1509 26300 12142 8266 5658 13423 7884 4286 1897 3712 2384 5425 3603 38372 21017 19649 8404 12566 8294 6157 4319 50591 25325 28502 11697 17466 10666 4623 2962 23459 10909 14634 6067 6871 3836 1954 1006 18170 5160 12548 3527 4102 1300 1520 333 Total of which: Women Primary, secondary, vocational of which: Women High school and post high school of which: Women University of which: Women

1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.19
Total Brbai Femei Sub 25 ani Brbai Femei 25 - 29 ani Brbai Femei 30 - 39 ani Brbai Femei 40 - 49 ani Brbai Femei 50 - 55 ani Brbai Femei Peste 55 ani Brbai Femei

omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj1), pe grupe de vrst i dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2011 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities1), by age group and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2011
persoane / persons

Total

1 zi - 3 luni 1 day - 3 months 70679 39217 31462 7659 4080 3579 7319 3236 4083 18876 9708 9168 20769 11644 9125 9200 5396 3804 6856 5153 1703

Durata omajului cuprins ntre: 3 - 6 luni 6 - 9 luni 3 - 6 months 6 - 9 months 70034 32007 38027 30368 14881 15487 5219 1903 3316 11355 4050 7305 13144 5606 7538 5692 2732 2960 4256 2835 1421 23926 11546 12380 302 145 157 704 315 389 5510 2252 3258 9144 4120 5024 4536 2155 2381 3730 2559 1171

Duration of unemployment: 9 - 12 luni 12 - 15 luni 9 - 12 months 12 - 15 months 15757 8772 6985 49 22 27 67 35 32 2321 1166 1155 6913 3512 3401 3594 1971 1623 2813 2066 747 1016 732 284 40 26 14 8 4 4 94 63 31 314 201 113 265 186 79 295 252 43

15 - 18 luni 15 - 18 months 139 82 57 46 26 20 9 2 7 33 22 11 33 21 12 13 8 5 5 3 2

18 - 21 luni 18 - 21 months 64 49 15 2 1 1 2 2 14 10 4 20 14 6 15 14 1 11 10 1

21 - 27 luni 21 - 27 months 923 529 394 57 33 24 95 44 51 169 84 85 254 148 106 144 88 56 204 132 72 Total Men Women Under 25 years Men Women 25 - 29 years Men Women 30 - 39 years Men Women 40 - 49 years Men Women 50 - 55 years Men Women Over 55 years Men Women

182538 92934 89604 38523 19214 19309 13423 5539 7884 38372 17355 21017 50591 25266 25325 23459 12550 10909 18170 13010 5160

1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

114

115

3.20

omajul1) de lung durat, pe sexe i medii Long term unemployed1), by sex and area
procente / percentage

2006
Rata omajului1) de lung durat (12 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului1) de lung durat pentru tineri (6 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Incidena omajului1) de lung durat (12 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011
Long term unemployment rate1) (12 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Long term unemployment rate1) for youth (6 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Incidence of long term unemployment1) (12 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

4,1 4,7 3,3 4,7 3,2

3,2 3,6 2,7 3,9 2,4

2,4 2,9 1,8 2,9 1,7

2,1 2,4 1,7 2,6 1,5

2,5 2,9 2,1 3,2 1,7

3,1 3,4 2,8 3,9 2,1

14,2 14,9 13,1 18,0 10,9

13,3 13,5 13,0 15,9 11,1

10,5 10,5 10,5 12,7 8,6

10,3 10,9 9,3 13,5 7,6

13,0 13,8 11,8 17,8 9,1

15,0 15,3 14,6 20,8 10,3

56,0 57,4 53,8 55,3 57,5

50,0 49,9 50,1 50,3 49,4

41,3 42,9 38,4 43,4 37,5

30,9 31,6 29,8 32,2 28,7

34,9 36,9 32,0 35,2 34,2

41,9 42,6 40,9 44,3 37,1

Incidena omajului1) de lung durat pentru tineri (6 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural

67,4 69,2 64,7 65,9 69,8

66,1 64,2 69,5 64,3 68,5

56,3 55,6 57,4 54,6 58,6

49,5 51,6 46,3 49,8 49,0

58,8 62,0 54,1 58,4 59,6

63,4 64,8 61,5 64,2 62,0

Incidence of long term unemployment1) for youth (6 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

116

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2011
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: accidente Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Agriculture, hunting and ancillary services Pescuit i acvacultur Fishing and acvaculture Silvicultur, exploatare forestier i servicii anexe Forestry and logging and ancillary services Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Extracia crbunelui Coal mining Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Extracia minereurilor metalifere Metalliferrous ores quarrying Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities Alte activiti extractive Other extractive activities Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing Produse alimentare Food products Buturi Beverages Produse din tutun Tobacco products Produse textile Textile products Articole de mbrcminte Clothing articles Articole de nclminte si pielarie Leather goods and footwear

3908 145 52 1

295 29 7 -

3613 116 45 1

37 1 -

159 3 -

30 -

0,81 0,54 0,26 0,11

92

22

70

1,58

249 192

12 7

237 185

2 1

11 5

7 5

2,98 9,71

23

22

0,74

1 7 26 1478 171 29 4 44 33 25

4 76 12 2 1

1 7 22 1402 159 27 4 44 33 24

1 15 2 1 1 -

6 59 6 4 4 -

2 15 4 -

0,20 0,77 1,40 1,06 1,08 0,61 1,79 0,49 0,17 0,52

Prelucrarea lemnului i a produselor din lemn (exclusiv mobil) 170 Wood and wooden products manufacturing (excluding furniture) Celuloz, hrtie i produse din hrtie Pulp, paper and paper products 18

162

2,31

16

1,18

117

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: accidente Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Publishing houses, poligraphy and recording reproducible registrations Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui i tratarea combustibililor nucleari Crude oil processing, coal coking and nuclear fuel treatment Substane i produse chimice Chemical substances and products Produse farmaceutice Pharmaceutical products Produse din cauciuc i mase plastice Rubber and plastic products Fabricarea produselor din minerale nemetalice Manufacturing of products of non metallic minerals Metalurgie / Metallurgy Construcii metalice i produse din metal Metallic structures and metal products Fabricarea calculatoarelor si a produselor electronice si optice Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment Fabricarea mijloacelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Repair and installation of machinery and equipment Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze i ap Electric and thermal energy, gas and water production and supply

0,40

0,27

62 6 72

5 1 4

57 5 68

1,50 0,47 1,66

74

69

1,49

107 137

2 8

105 129

1,75 1,45

20

20

0,80

88

83

1,09

43

41

0,81

157

148

14

2,85

77 88

4 2

73 86

1,44 0,81

33

29

1,08

0,33

83

79

0,95

118

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: accidente Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate; gestionarea deeurilor; activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor, activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Decontamination activities and services Construcii Construction Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, repararea i ntreinerea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale and retail, repair and maintenance of motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu ridicata - cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale - excepting motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu amnuntul - cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Retail - excepting motor vehicles and motorcycles Hoteluri i restaurante Hotels and restaurants Transport i depozitare Transport and storage Transporturi terestre, transporturi prin conducte Land transport, pipe-line transport

83

79

0,95

138

13

125

1,45

42

39

1,07

0,07

92

10

82

2,43

3 522

57

3 465

18

0,92 1,48

358

33

325

0,54

38

32

0,33

159

17

142

0,76

161

10

151

0,48

62 285

3 34

59 251

1 4

4 15

1 5

0,26 1,11

191

26

165

11

1,18

119

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: accidente Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Transporturi pe ap 6 Water transport Transporturi aeriene 1 Air transport Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi 55 Warehousing and support activities for transportation Activiti de pot i de curier 32 Postal and courier activities Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 57 Financial intermediation and insurance Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii 49 Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) 3 Insurance activities, reinsurance and pension funding (except social insurance public system) Activiti auxiliare pentru intermedieri financiare, activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii 5 Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities Tranzacii imobiliare 13 Real estate Informaii i comunicaii 49 Informatics and communications Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 63 Professional, scientific and technical activities Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport 163 Administrative and support service activities Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public 82 Public administration and defence; public system social insurance nvmnt / Education 50 Sntate i asisten social 88 Health and social assistance Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 14 Leisure, culture and sport activities Alte activiti de servicii 9 Other services

1 -

5 1

0,79 0,09

50

1,33

2 2

30 55

1 1

4 3

0,90 0,66

47

1,14

0,11

0,32

13 45

0,44 0,45

59

0,42

154

16

1,07

77

0,6

4 2

46 86

1 -

6 -

0,15 0,31

4 -

10 9

0,28 0,12

120

3.22
Revendicri Claims Total

Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese Claims which caused conflicts of interest
Pondere n total / Weight in total 2007 2008 2009 100,0 68,6 100,0 78,4 100,0 73,9

2006 100,0 57,7

2010 100,0 40,3

Salariale (neacordarea compensrilor, indexrilor, neplata salariilor la termen, neacordarea unor prime de vacan etc.) For salary reasons (non-payment of compensations, of indexations, of wages in time, of holidays bonuses a.s.o.) Organizarea muncii (revizuirea normelor de munc, organizarea timpului de lucru, programul de munc, lipsa fiei postului) Labour organisation (revision of labour norms, organisation of working time, schedule, lack of position file) Condiii de munc (neasigurarea condiiilor normale de munc i a condiiilor sociale, acordarea grupelor de munc etc.) Working conditions (lack of normal labour and social conditions, promotion in higher wage classes a.s.o.) Timp de munc (neacordarea zilelor libere, orelor suplimentare, concediilor suplimentare, lucrul n schimburi etc.) Working time (lack of days-off, additional hours and leaves, shifts a.s.o.) Drepturi sociale (lipsa unor msuri de protecie social la nivelul agenilor economici, sisteme proprii de asigurri sociale, acordare de locuine, bilete de tratament, fonduri pentru aciuni sociale etc.) Social rights (lack of some social security measures at economic units level, own systems of social insurance, dwellings, treatment tickets, funds for social actions a.s.o.) Viaa sindical (asigurarea condiiilor pentru desfurarea activitii sindicale, amestecul patronatului n activitatea sindical, msuri de sancionare a liderilor, lipsa de transparen, prezena liderilor la negocieri etc.) Trade-union life (conditions for union activity, employers involvement in the union activity, measures of leaders sanction, lack of transparency, presence of leaders at negotiations a.s.o.) Alte revendicri (modificri n structurile organizatorice, negocierea contractelor colective etc.) Other claims (changes in organisational structures, negotiation of collective contracts a.s.o.)

0,9

5,4

2,3

0,9

6,3

0,9

1,8

27,9

29,1

19,8

26,1

59,7

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

121

3.23
Total Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie
1)

Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 2006 95 10 12 9 6 13 7 7 8 4 6 6 7 2007 86 9 11 6 7 15 6 8 5 3 3 7 6 2008 116 14 32 11 10 11 10 8 4 7 2 5 2 2009 92 12 8 7 8 15 11 4 3 7 3 9 5 2010 73 3 9 4 7 7 6 8 9 4 3 9 4 2011 35 5 10 9 7 1 3 2006 109969 39076 11682 8579 3835 10690 3876 2612 2559 1816 11582 4744 8918 Numr salariai Total1) 2007 103552 6477 33595 3947 5893 23975 4077 5676 1292 1769 1696 6880 8275 2008 268732 24484 158556 38841 10506 5911 9057 1915 6083 7775 1695 3202 707 Number of employees Total1) 2009 161532 16980 5067 15878 14444 53193 30608 898 1539 4884 1465 14840 1736 2010 114408 541 34079 1819 6548 25427 2892 18338 14439 2998 2128 4418 781 2011 120546 12396 63644 30425 12558 218 1305 -

din care: participani la conflicte / of which: involved in conflicts 2006 79736 31492 10279 6385 2579 8071 2155 1893 1781 1347 7610 1128 5016 2007 72767 5480 27665 3181 4415 11628 3578 4258 908 1285 1285 4835 4249 2008 204798 15047 138006 29903 3092 2776 2330 1428 2890 6086 1230 1389 621 2009 104701 11702 3604 12411 4834 41001 15072 477 892 1715 1096 11455 442 2010 61682 329 20491 1668 4321 13690 1423 7320 4646 2268 1472 3408 646 2011 55647 5927 22822 15920 9956 215 807 Total January February March April May June July August September October November December

Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

3.24
Felul grevei Total

Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999
Numr greve Number of strikes 20062) 2 1 20072) 12 4 2008 8 3 2009 1 1 2010 2011 20062) 1493 1205 Numr salariai Total1) 20072) 27725 6251 2008 43677 2405 Number of employees Total1) 2009 400 400 2010 2011 -

din care: participani la greve / of which: involved in strikes 20062) 1254 979 20072) 8081 3340 2008 16730 1350 2009 360 360 2010 2011 -

Type of strike

Total Warning strike Warning strike followed by proper strike Proper strike

Grev de avertisment Grev de avertisment urmat de grev propriu-zis Grev propriu-zis

1 1

2 8

3 2

1205 288

4306 21474

13822 27450

979 275

2140 4741

8980 6400

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc greve. / For the units where strikes took place. 2) Datele aferente grevei de avertisment urmate de grev propriu - zis reprezint parte component a datelor aferente grevei de avertisment.

The data on the warning strike followed by proper strike represent a component of data on warning strike. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

122

123

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy
2010 2011 Numr salariai Number of employees din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts 55647 9299 28 -

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 73 37 3 3 -

Numr salariai Numr Number of employees conflicte Total1) din care: participani la conflicte Number of which: involved in conflicts of conflicts 114408 51427 748 1231 61682 28938 511 596 35 12 1 -

Total1)

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Produse ale industriei prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Industria pielriei i a produselor din piele Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea articolelor din beton, ciment i ipsos Fabricarea altor maini i utilaje cu destinaie specific Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Industria de maini i echipamente Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor si semiremorcilor Producia de piese i accesorii pentru autovehicule i pentru motoare de autovehicule Fabricarea articolelor pentru sport Fabricarea de mobil Repararea i ntreinerea aeronavelor i navelor spaiale Alte activiti industriale Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Construcii Lucrri de geniu civil Tranzacii imobiliare, nchirieri i activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor

120546 16513 73 -

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Agriculture, hunting and annex services Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of leather goods and footwear Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of cement, concrete and gypsum articles Manufacture of other machinery and equipment with specific destination Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal structures and products, except machinery and equiment Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Production of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and engines of motor vehicles Manufacture of sport articles Manufacture of furniture Repair and maintenance aircrafts and space ships Other manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construction Civil engineering Real estate transactions, rentings and services activities mainly rendered to enterprises

5 1 1 3 7 3 8 1 1 1 4 4 2 2 -

4140 666 331 654 13696 7470 21670 430 186 205 6830 6830 600 600 -

1603 450 320 395 4911 4430 15192 220 168 142 6426 6426 295 295 -

2 4 1 3 1 1 1 -

2133 11459 56 2222 570 570 570 -

2070 5044 47 1935 175 560 560 -

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

124

125

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale - continuare Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy - continued
2010 2011 Numr salariai Number of employees din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts

Numr salariai Numr Number of employees conflicte Total1) din care: participani la conflicte Number of which: involved in conflicts of conflicts

Total1)

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete Transport i depozitare Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Transporturi pe cale ferat Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Informaii i comunicare Telecomunicaii Activiti de editare Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Intermedieri financiare cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii Asigurri profesionale tiinifice i tehnice Cercetare dezvoltare Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Activiti de investigaii i protecie Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt nvmnt Alte activiti de servicii colective, sociale i personale Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale i de uz gospodresc Alte activiti de servicii Sntate i asisten social Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Alte activiti de servicii Alte activiti de servicii 4 1 1 2370 33 33 2117 22 22 2 2 1 1 1 1 772 772 28 28 143 143 375 375 16 16 140 140 4 2370 2117 10 2 2 7688 13900 13900 4263 10590 10590 10 7688 4263 3 3 8124 8124 1280 1280 1 1 127 127 90 90 2 11196 9596 1 4 1 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 8074 3468 650 2300 518 250 250 11517 11467 50 3049 1087 244 720 123 200 200 3325 3300 25 1 14 12 1 1 1 1 2 28 90476 88159 757 1560 820 820 11196 28 35624 34716 419 489 9 9 9596 1 8074 3049 1 28 28

Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale except of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Land transport and transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Railway transport Hotels and similar accommodation Hotels and similar accommodation Information and communication Telecommunication Publishing activities Financial intermediation and insurance Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding Professional, scientific and technical activities Research development Administrative and support service activities Activities of services on labour force Security and investigation articles Public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector Public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector Education Education Other collective, social and personal services of activities Repair of computers and personal and household goods Other service activities Health and social assistance Human health activities Shows, culture and recreation activities Activities of art creation and interpretation Other services Other services

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

126

127

3.26
Total

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy
procente / percentage

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2008

2009

2010

2011

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry - total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning

1,94 1,78 1,57 0,28 1,78

0,88 1,42 0,64 0,06 0,72

0,59 0,85 0,67 0,05 0,77

0,64 0,84 0,81 0,04 0,90

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie - total Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

0,41

0,27

0,14

0,11

production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and

0,97 1,45 0,60 0,64 0,71 0,59 2,52 0,60 2,02 1,33 5,97 1,43 6,28 2,25 0,99

0,44 0,60 0,22 0,43 0,40 0,54 0,97 0,20 0,95 0,73 2,14 0,56 3,42 0,94 0,54

0,54 0,53 0,24 0,47 0,12 0,76 0,84 0,16 0,62 0,59 1,17 0,17 1,10 0,88 0,29

0,86 0,44 0,32 0,61 0,41 0,89 0,77 0,45 0,45 0,79 1,09 0,16 1,05 0,83 0,37

decontamination activities Construction Wholesales and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante. / Source: Job vacancy survey.

128

3.27
Total1)

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de ocupaii

2008 1,94

2009 0,88

2010 0,59

Major occupation groups Total1) Members of legislative bodies, senior clerks and leaders Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Operators for installations, machinery and equipment assemblers Unskilled workers

Legislatori, nali funcionari i conductori Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur,silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai Operatori la instalaii, maini i asamblori de echipamente Muncitori necalificai

1,17 3,17 2,13 1,68 1,57 1,72 1,64 1,64 1,94

0,56 1,40 1,04 0,69 0,89 1,00 0,62 0,72 0,77

0,33 0,75 0,51 0,52 0,52 0,39 0,41 0,88 0,64

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante. / Source: Job vacancy survey.

3.27
Tota l 2 )

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii1)- continuare Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups1) - continued
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de ocupaii1)

2011 0,64

Major occupation groups1) Total


2)

Membri ai corpului legislativ ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari superiori Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Muncitori calificai i asimilai Operatori la instalaii i maini; asamblori de maini i echipamente Muncitori necalificai

0,38 0,67 0,65 0,58 0,48 0,24 0,51 0,90 0,85

Managers Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Clerical support workers Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Plant and machine operators and assemblers Elementary occupations

1) ncepnd cu anul 2011, grupele majore de ocupaii sunt conform Clasificrii Ocupaiilor din Romnia (COR - 2008), aprobat prin

H.G. nr. 1352/2010. / Starting with 2011, the major groups of occupations are according to the Classification of Occupations in Romania (COR - 2008), approved by G.D. no. 1352/2010. 2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante. / Source: Job vacancy survey.

129

VENITURILE, CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI POPULATION INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

VENITURILE POPULAIEI 4.1 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor ............................. 146 4.2 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2011 ............................................................. 146 4.3 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2011 ............................................................. 148 4.4 Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2011 .................... 148 4.5 Indicii ctigului salarial real .................................... 150 4.6 Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale, n luna octombrie 2011 ............................................ 150 4.7 Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute, realizate n luna octombrie 2011 .............................. 151 4.8 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 152 4.9 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ..................................... 154 4.10 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe .......................................... 154 4.11 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe .......................... 155 4.12 Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 ............................................................. 159 4.13 Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc ......................... 165 4.14 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 ............................................................. 166 4.15 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2011 ............................................................. 168 CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI 4.16 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor .......................... 172 4.17 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2011 ............................................................. 172 4.18 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2011 ............................................................. 174 4.19 Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 174

POPULATION INCOME Total income of households Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2011 Total income of households, by decile, in 2011 Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2011 Indices of real earnings Average gross salaries, by main activity of national economy, obtained in October 2011 Structure of employees, by gross salary group, obtained in October 2011 Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2011 Structural indicators of earnings and labour cost statistics Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of national economy, in 2011 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2011 POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION Total expenditure of households Total expenditure of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2011 Total expenditure of households, by decile, in 2011 Structure of total consumption expenditure of households

132

Pagina Page
4.20 Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 4.21 Consumul mediu anual, la principalele produse alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor .............................. 4.22 Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi), pe locuitor ......................... 4.23 nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat ................................................ Structure of money expenditure for households consumption Yearly average consumption, for the main food products and beverages, per inhabitant Daily average food consumption (expressed in calories and nutrients), per inhabitant Households endowment with durable goods

176 177 178 178

Teritorial 4.24 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2011 ........................ 4.25 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 ..................................................... 4.26 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011...................................................................... 4.27 Veniturile totale ale principalelor categorii de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011.................. 4.28 Cheltuielile totale ale principalelor categorii de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011..................

Territorial Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by sex, in 2011 Average gross nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2011 Average net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2011 Total income of main household categories, at territorial level, in 2011 Total expenditure of main household categories, at territorial level, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice:

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys:

Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie; Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc,
n unitile economico-sociale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc); Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale, n unitile economico-sociale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr. 1158/2005 privind statisticile pe termen scurt); Cercetarea statistic a salariilor, n luna octombrie, n unitile economico-sociale; Cercetarea statistic PRODROM A - Produse i servicii industriale; Cercetarea statistic privind producia vegetal la principalele culturi; Cercetarea statistic privind efectivele de animale i producia animal; Cercetarea statistic privind datele de comer internaional;

Family budgets survey; Labour cost survey, in socio- economic units


(according to Regulation (EC) no. 530/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural statistics on earnings and on labour costs); Monthly survey on earnings, in socio-economic units (according to Regulation (EC) no.1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning short-term statistics);

Survey on salaries, in October, in


socio-economic units;

Statistical survey PRODROM A - Industrial


products and services;

Statistical survey on crop production for main


crops;

Statistical survey on livestock and animal


production;

Statistical survey on international trade data;

133

Balanele produselor agricole la productor; Legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru


care se calculeaz indicatorul. Surse administrative:

Balances of producer agricultural products; The national legislation in force on July 1st of the
year for which the structural indicator is computed. Administrative sources:

Direcia Poliiei Rutiere din cadrul Inspectoratului


General al Poliiei Romne, pentru datele privind autovehiculele nscrise n circulaie; Statistica vamal; Evidenele societilor de telefonie; Compania Naional Pota Romn.

Road Police Directorate within General


Inspectorate of Romanian Police, for data regarding registered motor vehicles; Customs statistics; Phone companies records; National Company Romanian Post.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
VENITURILE POPULAIEI Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie permite colectarea informaiilor privind componena gospodriilor, veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul acestora i alte aspecte ale nivelului de trai al populaiei. Ancheta este organizat ca o cercetare trimestrial continu pe o perioad de 3 luni consecutive, pe un eantion de 9360 locuine permanente, repartizate n subeantioane lunare independente de cte 3120 locuine permanente. Cercetarea s-a desfurat n 780 centre de cercetare repartizate n toate judeele rii i n sectoarele municipiului Bucureti (427 n mediul urban i 353 n mediul rural). Includerea unei gospodrii ntr-o anumit categorie socio-economic s-a realizat pe baza statutului ocupaional principal al capului gospodriei. n categoria Agricultori s-au inclus gospodriile de lucrtori pe cont propriu n agricultur i membrii asociaiilor agricole. n cadrul gospodriilor de Pensionari s-au inclus i pensionarii agricoli. Gruparea gospodriilor pe decile de venit s-a efectuat pe baza venitului total pe o persoan, deflatat cu indicele preurilor de consum al populaiei cu baz ianuarie 2011. Decilele mpart seria gospodriilor ordonate cresctor dup nivelul venitului mediu lunar pe o persoan n 10 pri egale (grupe decilice). Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc: caracteristicile cercetrii sunt prezentate n capitolul nr. 3 - Piaa forei de munc (pagina 83). Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale asigur producerea informaiilor necesare pentru evaluarea tendinelor pe termen scurt ale ctigurilor salariale medii i ale numrului de salariai la nivel de activiti ale economiei naionale. Cercetarea se realizeaz cu periodicitate lunar, fiind cercetate circa 25000 ntreprinderi i uniti locale. Unitile din sectorul bugetar

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
POPULATION INCOME Family budgets survey allows to collect information on households composition, income, expenditure and consumption and other aspects of population living standard. The survey is organized as a quarterly continuous survey for a period of 3 successive months, on a sample of 9360 permanent dwellings, distributed in monthly independent sub-samples of 3120 permanent dwellings. The survey has been carried out in 780 survey centers distributed in all counties of the country and in Bucharest Municipality sectors (427 in urban area and 353 in rural area). A household was included in a certain socioeconomic category based on the main occupational status of the household reference person. The category Farmers includes households of self-employed in agriculture and members of agricultural associations. The households of Pensioners also include agricultural pensioners. Households were grouped by income deciles based on total income per person, deflated by population consumer price index with January 2011 as base. The deciles divide the household series structured ascending according to the level of monthly average income per person into 10 equal parts (decile groups). Labour cost survey: the characteristics of the survey are presented in chapter no. 3 - Labour market (page 83). Monthly survey on earnings ensures the necessary information for evaluating the average earnings short-term trends and number of employees at level of activities of the national economy. The survey is monthly carried out by observing approximately 25000 enterprises and local units. The units of the budgetary sector are

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sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare, excepie fcnd unitile administraiei publice locale pentru care datele la nivelul consiliilor locale comunale se culeg pe baz de eantion reprezentativ la nivel de jude (cca. 770 de uniti). Pentru sectorul economic, au fost incluse n cercetare unitile cu 4 salariai i peste, care reprezint 93,32% din numrul total al salariailor din acest sector. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Rezultatele acestei cercetri sunt utilizate pentru calculul indicilor trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc. Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie este o cercetare statistic anual care are ca obiectiv asigurarea informaiilor privind numrul de salariai pe grupe de salarii de baz i realizate, pe grupe majore de ocupaii, salariul mediu brut de baz i realizat, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, n luna octombrie. Se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 22000 de operatori economici i sociali. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Structura veniturilor pe surse de provenien este determinat de caracterul eterogen al gospodriilor, n funcie de statutul ocupaional al membrilor acestora. n anul 2011, componena gospodriilor pe categorii de gospodrii, dup statutul ocupaional al membrilor gospodriei se prezint astfel:

exhaustively surveyed, excepting the local public administration units for which the data at communal local councils level are collected based on a sample, representative at county level (about 770 units). As for the economic sector, the units with 4 employees and over have been included in the survey, these accounting for 93,32% of total number of employees in this sector. The military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded. The results of this survey are used when computing the quarterly indices of hourly labour cost. The survey on salaries in October is a yearly statistical survey having as objective to ensure the information about the number of employees by basic and obtained salary group, by major occupation group, basic and obtained average gross salary, by activity of national economy and by sex, in October. It is carried out on a sample of approximately 22000 economic and social operators.The military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded. Income structure by origin source is determined by the heterogeneous character of households, depending on the occupational status of their members. In 2011, the composition of households by household category, by occupational status of household members is presented as follows:

numr mediu de persoane / gospodrie / average number of persons / husehold

Statutul ocupaional al membrilor gospodriei Total persoane Persoane active Salariai Patroni i lucrtori pe cont propriu n activiti neagricole1) Agricultori omeri Alte persoane Persoane inactive Pensionari Elevi i studeni Casnice Alte persoane
1)

Total gospodrii din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of: Total Salariai Agricultori omeri Pensionari households Employees Farmers Unemployed Pensioners 2,877 1,286 0,812 3,098 1,892 1,690 3,454 1,724 0,154 3,289 1,974 0,584 2,446 0,578 0,319

Occupational status of household members Total persons Economically active persons Employees Employers and self-employed in non-agricultural activities1) Farmers Unemployed Other persons Non-economically active persons Pensioners Pupils and students Housewives Other persons

0,116 0,219 0,139 1,591 0,666 0,469 0,163 0,293

0,036 0,062 0,104 1,206 0,118 0,629 0,163 0,296

0,100 1,425 0,045 1,730 0,091 0,729 0,192 0,718

0,119 0,040 1,231 1,315 0,117 0,591 0,227 0,380

0,057 0,115 0,087 1,868 1,401 0,199 0,112 0,156

Inclusiv membrii cooperativelor neagricole. / Including members of non-agricultural holdings.

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Veniturile totale cuprind: veniturile bneti pe surse de provenien (salarii, venituri din activiti pe cont propriu, vnzri, ajutoare de omaj, pensii, alocaii pentru copii, burse i alte prestaii de protecie social, venituri din proprieti etc.); contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii (producie, stoc etc.), determinat pe baza preurilor medii lunare ale produselor respective. Ctigul salarial nominal brut cuprinde: salariile, respectiv drepturile n bani i n natur cuvenite salariailor pentru munca efectiv prestat (inclusiv pentru timpul lucrat suplimentar), potrivit formei de salarizare aplicat, sporurile i indemnizaiile acordate ca procentaj din salariu sau n sume fixe, alte adaosuri la salarii potrivit legii, sumele pltite pentru timpul nelucrat (indemnizaiile pentru concediile de odihn i de studii, zile de srbtoare i alte zile libere, sumele pltite din fondul de salarii pentru concediile medicale), premiile, primele de vacan i alte sume pltite din fondul de salarii potrivit prevederilor legislaiei n vigoare sau contractelor colective de munc; sumele pltite din profitul net i din alte fonduri (inclusiv contravaloarea tichetelor de mas). Ctigul salarial nominal net se calculeaz scznd din sumele brute aferente ctigului salarial nominal brut urmtoarele elemente: impozitul aferent; contribuia salariailor la bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj; contribuia individual de asigurri sociale de stat; contribuia salariailor pentru asigurrile sociale de sntate. Indicele ctigului salarial real se calculeaz ca raport ntre indicele ctigului salarial nominal mediu net i indicele general al preurilor de consum al populaiei, exprimat procentual. Costul forei de munc reprezint totalitatea cheltuielilor suportate de angajator pentru fora de munc i anume: sume brute pltite direct salariailor (cheltuieli directe): salarii, sume pltite pentru timpul nelucrat, premii i alte stimulente, drepturi n natur pltite din fondul de salarii sau din alte fonduri, sume pentru protecia social din fondul de salarii i din contribuia de asigurri sociale; alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc (cheltuieli indirecte) pentru formarea profesional,

Total income include: money income by origin sources (salaries, income from own account activities, sales, unemployment benefits, pensions, children allowances, scholarships and other allowances of social protection, income from properties a.s.o.); equivalent value of free or lower cost provisions (sales and services), estimated at selling price of offerer; equivalent value of consumption of food and non-food products from own resources (production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on monthly average prices of respective products. The gross nominal earnings includes: salaries, in cash and in kind for employees actually done work (including for supplementary worked time), according to the salary type applied, bonuses and allowances granted as salary percentage or as fixed amounts, other bonuses according to the law, amounts paid for unworked time (allowances for holiday and study leaves, holidays and other free days, amounts paid from salary funds for medical leaves), premiums, holiday bonuses and other amounts paid from salary funds according to the legislation provisions in force or to employment collective contracts; amounts paid from net profit and other funds (including equivalent value of lunch tickets). The net nominal earnings is calculated by subtracting from gross amounts related to gross nominal earnings the following elements: afferent tax; employees contribution to unemployment insurance budget; individual contribution to state social insurance; employees contribution to health insurance. The real earnings index is calculated as a ratio between the average net nominal earnings index and the population general consumer price index, expressed as percentage. The labour cost represents all the expenditure supported by the employer for the labour force, namely: gross amounts directly paid to employees (direct expenditure): salaries, amounts paid for unworked time, premiums and other incentives, rights in kind paid from salary funds or from other funds, amounts for social protection from salary funds and from social insurance contribution; other expenditure of the unit with labour force (indirect expenditure) for vocational training,

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contribuii pentru ajutorul de omaj i asigurri sociale, servicii pentru protecie social, alte cheltuieli. Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc pe un salariat s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc la numrul mediu al salariailor i numrul de luni ale anului. Costul mediu orar al forei de munc s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc la numrul de ore-om pltite. Indicele trimestrial al costului forei de munc este un indicator pe termen scurt care permite evaluarea tendinelor costurilor orare suportate de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Metodologia utilizat i seriile de date sunt construite n conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003 privind indicii costului forei de munc. Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz ca indici de tip Laspeyres, pentru costul total cu fora de munc i cele dou componente ale acestuia: cheltuieli directe (salariale) i cheltuieli indirecte (non-salariale), cu anul de referin 2008 pentru activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2. Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc sunt calculai ca indici provizorii pentru anul (N), urmnd a fi recalculai ca definitivi n anul (N+1), cnd devin disponibile datele (date definitive) din ancheta anual asupra costului forei de munc. Sursa datelor: Calculul indicilor trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc se realizeaz pe baza informaiilor obinute din dou surse de date statistice: Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr.1158/2005 privind statisticile pe termen scurt); Cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de munc (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc). Datele pentru perioada 2000-2008 au fost estimate conform noii Clasificri a Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2), armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu (NACE Rev.2). Metoda de estimare aplicat se bazeaz pe matricea de conversie a activitilor economice definite conform CAEN Rev.1, n activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2. La baza construirii matricei de conversie au stat datele colectate conform ambelor versiuni de CAEN, prin cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale, n cursul anului 2008, respectiv prin cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de munc, pentru anul 2007.

contributions to unemployment benefit and social insurance, social protection services, other expenditure. Monthly average labour cost per employee is calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and the average number of employees and the number of months during one year. Average hourly labour cost is calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and the number of hours - man paid. The quarterly labour cost index is a short-term indicator showing the assessment of hourly labour costs trends incurred by the employers as result of hiring the labour work force. The methodology used and data series built up are in accordance with the Regulation (EC) no. 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the labour cost index. The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as Laspeyres type indices for total labour cost and its main components: wages and salaries and other labour costs (non-wage costs), with reference year 2008 for economic activities according to CANE Rev.2. The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as provisional indices for year (N) and recalculated as final during year (N+1), when the data (final data) from the annual survey on labour costs become available. Data source: Quarterly labour cost indices are calculated based on the information obtained from two statistical data sources: Monthly statistical survey on earnings (according to the Regulation of European Council and Parliament no. 1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structure); Yearly statistical survey on labour cost (according to the Regulation of European Council and Parliament no. 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structure). Data for 2000-2008 period were estimated according to the new Classification of Activities in the National Economy (CANE Rev.2), compliant with the European classification in this field (NACE Rev.2). The estimation method applied relies on the conversion matrix of economic activities defined according to CANE Rev. 1 in economic activities defined according to CANE Rev.2. Conversion matrix was built based on data collected according to both CANE versions, by means of monthly statistical survey on earnings, during 2008, respectively by means of yearly statistical survey on labour cost for 2007.

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Costul total cu fora de munc - reprezint totalitatea cheltuielilor directe i indirecte suportate de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Conform metodologiei europene, se exclud cheltuielile suportate de angajator cu formarea profesional a angajailor, recrutarea personalului i echipamentul de protecie. Cheltuielile directe cu fora de munc - includ sumele brute pltite din fondul de salarii pentru timpul lucrat (inclusiv premii), pentru timpul nelucrat, drepturile n natur ca remunerare a muncii (potrivit prevederilor din contractele colective de munc), sumele brute pltite salariailor (ca stimulente) din profitul net realizat de unitate, sumele brute pltite din alte fonduri (inclusiv drepturi n natur) acordate conform legislaiei n vigoare. Cheltuielile indirecte cu fora de munc - includ contribuiile angajatorului la fondurile de asigurri i protecie social (omaj, sntate etc.), sumele brute pltite salariailor care prsesc unitatea (ieire la pensie, transfer, detaare etc.), sumele brute pltite pentru ntreruperi ale lucrului neimputabile salariailor, alte cheltuieli cu fora de munc. Costul mediu orar al fortei de munc reprezint raportul dintre cheltuielile angajatorului cu fora de munc i timpul efectiv lucrat. Timpul efectiv lucrat cuprinde numrul total de ore lucrate n program normal de lucru i numrul de ore lucrate suplimentar (n zilele lucrtoare, peste programul normal de lucru i n zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare). Sfera de acoperire: ncepnd cu anul 2008, indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz pentru activitile economice definite, conform Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2), armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu (NACE Rev.2). Pe lng seria indicilor trimestriali ai costului forei de munc n form brut (neajustat) se calculeaz i seriile n form: a) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare; b) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier, eliminndu-se efectul variaiei numrului de zile lucrtoare de la un trimestru la altul, precum i efectul variaiei sezoniere. Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda regresiv, n conformitate cu recomandrile Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003 privind indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc. Pentru ajustare s-a folosit pachetul de programe DEMETRA (metoda TRAMO/SEATS), care realizeaz estimarea efectului numrului de zile lucrtoare diferit de la un trimestru la altul i efectul calendarului (Patele ortodox, an bisect i alte srbtori naionale) precum i identificarea i corectarea valorilor extreme (schimbri ocazionale de nivel, tranzitorii sau permanente).

Total labour cost - represent the total expenditure direct remuneration and other expenditure incurred by the employer as result of hiring the labour work force. According to European methodology, vocational training costs, recruitment costs and expenditure on working clothes are excluded. Wage and salary costs - include gross payments as direct remuneration for hours worked (including bonuses), payment for days not worked, payments in kind (according to collective agreements), gross payment from net profit of the unit, gross payments from other funds (including in kind) according to national legislation in force. Other labour costs (non-wage costs) - include the employers social contributions (for unemployment, health etc.), gross payment for employees leaving the unit (retirement, transfer, detachment etc.), gross payments for work breaks not-imputed to the employees, other labour costs. Average hourly labour cost represents the ratio between the employers costs as result of employing the labour work force and the number of hours actually worked. Number of hours actually worked includes the total number of hours worked during the usual working time and the over time (additional to the normal working hours, during the weekends, holidays etc.). Coverage: Starting with 2008, quarterly labour cost indices are calculated for economic activities defined, according to the Classification of Activities in the National Economy (CANE Rev. 2), harmonized with European classification in the field NACE (Rev.2). Besides quarterly indices series of unadjusted labour cost, the following series are calculated: adjusted by working days effect; adjusted by working days and seasonal effect, being eliminated the effect of working days variation from one quarter to another, as well as effect of seasonal variation. Adjustment was done by regressive method, according to the recommendations of European Parliament and Council Regulation no. 450/2003 regarding quarterly indices of labour cost. For adjustment, the DEMETRA software package was used (TRAMO/SEATS method) estimating the effect of working days number different from one quarter to another and calendar effect (orthodox Easter, leap year and other national holidays) as well as identification and correction of extreme values (level occasional changes, transitory or permanent). a) b)

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Seria ajustat dup numrul de zile lucrtoare s-a obinut prin eliminarea acestor efecte din seria brut, cu ajutorul unor coeficieni de corecie, stabilii n funcie de modelul de regresie utilizat (aditiv sau multiplicativ). Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda indirect, respectiv prin aplicarea metodei de ajustare la nivelurile inferioare (asupra componentelor indicilor), indicii ajustai calculndu-se din componentele ajustate. Estimarea componentelor neobservate: trend-ciclu, sezonalitate i componenta neregulat se realizeaz de ctre programul SEATS pe baza modelelor ARIMA. Seriile ajustate sezonier s-au obinut prin eliminarea componentei sezoniere din seria ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare. Stabilirea modelelor de regresie folosite pentru fiecare serie se face anual i implic recalcularea seriilor ajustate calculate n anul precedent (recalculare datorat modificrii modelelor adoptate, numrului de regresori folosit i numrului de observaii disponibile). Disparitatea salarial de gen - n form neajustat, reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul salarial mediu brut realizat de brbai i cel realizat de femei n ctigul salarial brut realizat de brbai. Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie. Urmtorii indicatori structurali (sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc, capcana omajului, capcana salariului mic, sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil) se calculeaz - conform metodologiei Eurostat i OECD pentru o unitate etalon (notat n continuare cu AW) reprezentat de salariatul cu program complet de lucru din activitile de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale (seciunile C - K, conform CAEN Rev.1, respectiv seciunile B - N, conform CAEN Rev.2 ncepnd cu anul de referin 2008). Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc reprezint proporia tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale i impozit) suportate de angajat i de angajator n totalul costului forei de munc pentru un AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale. Capcana omajului - permite evaluarea consecinelor financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii ca AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale. Indicatorul msoar proporia sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii i plii contribuiilor de asigurri i protecie social i sistarea indemnizaiei de omaj i a altor beneficii sociale, n condiiile n care o persoan iese din omaj i intr n cmpul muncii.

Adjusted series by working days number was obtained by eliminating these effects from the adjusted series, by means of some correction coefficients, set up according to the regression model used (additive or multiplicative). Adjustment was done by indirect method, respectively applying the adjustment method at lower levels (over indices components), adjusted indices being calculated from adjusted components. Estimation of unobserved components trend-cycle, seasonality and irregular component is carried out by SEATS software based on ARIMA models. Seasonally adjusted series were obtained by eliminating seasonal components from adjusted series by working days effect. Regression models used for each series are yearly set up and involve recalculation of adjusted series calculated in the previous year (recalculation due to the change of adopted models, number of regression used and number of available observations). Gender pay gap - in unadjusted form, express the difference between mens and womens average gross earnings as a percentage of mens average gross earnings. Data source: The statistical survey on salaries in October. The following structural indicators (tax wedge on labour cost, unemployment trap, low wage trap, tax rate on disposable earnings) are calculated - according to the Eurostat and OECD methodology - for an average worker (noted further on as AW) who is a full-time employee working in activities of industry, construction and commercial services (sections C - K of CANE Rev.1, respectively sections B - N according to CANE Rev.2 since reference year 2008). Tax wedge on labour cost - is defined as share of total tax rates and social security contributions payable by the employee and employer in the gross labour costs for an AW who earns 67% of the average gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction and commercial services. Unemployment trap - measures the financial consequences of an AW, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction and commercial services, who moves from unemployment to employment. Unemployment trap measures what percentage of gross earnings is taxed away by higher tax and social security contributions, and also the withdrawal of unemployment and other social benefits, under the conditions where a person is no longer unemployed and become employed person.

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Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul brut i creterea venitului net (cnd iese din omaj i intr n cmpul muncii) n ctigul brut. Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri particulare: fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dar nu n timpul perioadei de omaj, ci la un moment de timp ulterior, nespecificat; cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dup 2 luni de omaj. n acest caz, conform prevederilor legale, persoana beneficiaz din momentul angajrii pn la sfritul perioadei pentru care era ndreptit s primeasc indemnizaia de omaj, de o sum lunar suplimentar. Acest caz este introdus conform metodologiei revizuite a OECD i este relevant pentru politicile de ncurajare a rencadrrii n munc a omerilor. Capcana salariului mic - permite evaluarea consecinelor financiare n cazul n care o persoan salariat i mrete efortul de munc depus i implicit, nivelul salariului ctigat, adic, msoar proporia sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii, plii contribuiilor de asigurri, protecie social i orice alte reduceri sau sistri ale beneficiilor sociale, n condiiile n care are loc o cretere a ctigului brut. Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre creterea ctigului brut i cea a venitului net (creteri determinate de mrirea efortului de munc) n creterea ctigului brut. Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri particulare: persoan necstorit, fr copii, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW; cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur printe lucreaz, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW. Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil exprim cota corespunztoare tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale individuale i impozit) aplicate ctigurilor brute formate din ctiguri salariale i sume transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei. n determinarea indicatorului se iau n calcul ctigurile brute i nete pentru 13 cazuri particulare care in cont de starea civil, numrul ctigtorilor de salarii (din familie) i numrul de copii n ntreinere:

Unemployment trap express a report between the gross earnings and the growing of net incomes (when the employee moves from unemployment to employment). The indicator is calculated for two particular cases: without rehiring during unemployment period - when there are evaluated financial consequences in case of unemployment transfer in labour field, but not during unemployment period, at a subsequent time moment not specified. with rehiring after two unemployment months -when there are evaluated financial consequences in case of unemployment transfer in labour field, after two unemployment months. In this case, according to legal stipulations, person benefits from hiring moment till the end of period due to receive unemployment indemnity, of an additional monthly amount. This case is introduced according to OECD revised methodology and it is relevant for policies encouraging the unemployed rehiring. Low wage trap - measures the financial consequences for a person or a family when the employed person increases his/her work effort and implicitly the achieved earnings, i.e. it measures the share of amounts taken over from the gross earnings for the payment of taxes, insurance contributions, social protection and any other deductions or ceased social allowances, under the conditions of increased gross earnings. The indicator represents the weight of the difference between gross earnings increase and net income increase (entailed by the increased labour effort) in the gross earnings increase. Low wage trap is computed for two particular cases: single person without children moving from 33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW;

one-earner couple with two children moving from 33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW.

Tax wedge on disposable earnings - is defined as share of total retentions (tax rates and individual social security contributions) applied to gross earnings that contains the gross earnings and cash transfers from the government as family allowances. For determining the indicator the gross and net earnings are taken into account for 13 different family situations. Differences exist with respect to marital status, number of workers (in the family) and number of dependent children:

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persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW. Indicatorul se calculeaz ca diferen ntre 100% i raportul dintre ctigul disponibil i ctigul salarial mediu brut pentru fiecare din cele 13 cazuri particulare. Ctigul disponibil se calculeaz ca sum a ctigului salarial mediu net i sumelor transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei (conform legislaiei naionale: alocaia de stat pentru copii, alocaia familial complementar, alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental). Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Pentru calcularea reinerilor se utilizeaz legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie - ncepnd cu anul de referin 2008, conform metodologiei OECD. CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI Cheltuielile totale cuprind: cheltuielile bneti, indiferent de destinaie (consum, impozite i pli obligatorii, cumprri de animale i psri, imobile i terenuri, alte cheltuieli

single person without children, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 100% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 167% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 50% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 80% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 125% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person with 2 children, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, only one parent is working and earns 100% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working and earn100% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with no children, both persons are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with no children, both persons are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW. The indicator is calculated as a difference from 100% and the report between the disposable earnings (takehome pay) and gross earnings for each of the 13 family situations. The disposable earnings (take-home pay) is calculated as a sum of the net earnings and cash transfers from the government as family allowances (according to national legislation: state allowance for children, supplementary family allowance, sustaining allowance for single parent family). Data source: The statistical labour cost survey. In view to calculate the retentions, the legislation in force on July 1st is used - starting with the reference year 2008, according to OECD methodology. POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION Total expenditure include: money expenditure, irrespective of their destination (consumption, taxes and compulsory payments, purchases of animals and poultry, real estate and

141

de investiii etc.), inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii (producie, stoc etc.) determinat pe baza preurilor medii lunare ale produselor respective. Cheltuielile totale de consum cuprind: cheltuielile bneti pentru cumprarea produselor alimentare consumate, a mrfurilor nealimentare i pentru plata serviciilor, inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii. Consumul mediu anual de produse alimentare pe locuitor, exprimat n uniti fizice, reprezint cantitile de produse alimentare consumate n medie pe locuitor, n anul de referin, indiferent de forma sub care se consum (natural sau prelucrat), de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine alimentare, piaa liber, consumul din resurse proprii etc.), sau de locul unde se consum (gospodrii individuale, restaurante, cantine etc.). Consumul mediu anual de buturi, pe locuitor reprezint cantitile de buturi alcoolice i buturi nealcoolice, consumate n medie, pe locuitor, n anul de referin, indiferent de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine alimentare, piaa liber i producia proprie a productorilor agricoli numai pentru consumul de vin) i de locul unde se consum (gospodriile individuale ale populaiei, restaurante, cantine etc.). Att consumul de produse alimentare ct i consumul de buturi se calculeaz ca disponibil de consum (producie + import - export - prelucrare industrial - pierderi - variaie de stocuri) raportat la populaia total de la 1 iulie, anul de referin. Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi, pe locuitor reprezint coninutul n calorii i factori nutritivi al consumului alimentar mediu zilnic i se determin pe baza datelor privind consumul mediu net zilnic (exclusiv partea necomestibil a unui produs alimentar care se ndeprteaz att n timpul prelucrrii industriale sau culinare ct i n momentul consumului efectiv) i a compoziiei alimentelor, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi (proteine, lipide i glucide). nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat, se exprim prin numrul de bunuri de folosin ndelungat n stare de funcionare care revin n medie la 100 de gospodrii (exclusiv bunurile nchiriate sau mprumutate de la alte persoane sau instituii).

lands, other investment expenditure a.s.o.), including equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions (goods and services), evaluated at selling price of offering unit; equivalent value of consumption of food and non-food products from own resources (production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on monthly average prices of respective products. Total consumption expenditure include: money expenditure for buying consumed food products, non-food goods and for payment of services, including equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions (goods and services); equivalent value of food and non-food products consumption from own resources. Yearly average consumption of food products per inhabitant expressed in physical units, represents the quantities of food products consumed in average per capita in the reference year regardless the consumption type (natural or processed), the supply source (food stores, free market, consumption from own resources a.s.o.) or the consumption place (individual households, restaurants, canteens a.s.o.). Yearly average consumption of beverages, per inhabitant represents quantities alcoholic beverages, nonalcoholic beverages, consumed as average, per inhabitant in the reference year no matter of supply source (food stores, free market and own production of agricultural producers only for wine consumption) and of consumption place (population individual households, restaurants, conteens a.s.o.). Both food products consumption and beverages consumption are calculated as available for consumption (production + import - export - industrial processing - losses - change in stocks) related to total population on July 1st, reference year. Daily average food consumption expressed in calories and nutrients, per inhabitant represents the content in calories and nutrients of daily average food consumption and is determined based on data regarding daily net average consumption (excluding non-edible part of a food product being removed both-during industrial processing or cooking as well as in the moment of effective consumption) and food composition expressed in calories and nutrients (proteins, fats and carbohydrates). Households endowment with durable goods, is expressed by the number of durable goods in function, as average per 100 households (excluding goods rented or borrowed from other persons or institutions).

142

4.G1
24,7%

Structura veniturilor bneti Structure of money income


2006

5,8% 29,2%

4,3%

2011

3,9% 4,5% 61,1%

3,1% 3,8% 59,6%

Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Gross salaries and other salary rights Venituri din agricultur Income from agriculture

Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Income from non-agricultural independent activities Alte venituri Other income

Venituri din prestaii sociale Income from social provisions

4.G2
5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Ctigul salarial mediu brut, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 Average gross earnings, by activity of national economy, in 2011
lei/salariat / lei/employee

CAEN Rev.2 (seciuni) CANE Rev.2 (sections) 4727 4015 2852

2631 1819 1316 1648 1476

1980 1426

2017

2178 1704 1678 1139 1746

1162

Total

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

7 - Informaii i comunicaii 1 - Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Information and communication 2 - Industrie1) 8 - Intermedieri financiare i 1) asigurri Industry 3 - Construcii Financial intermediations and insurance Construction 9 - Tranzacii imobiliare 4 - Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Real estate activities repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 10 - Activiti profesionale, tiinifice Wholesale and retail; repair of motor i tehnice vehicles and motorcycles Professional, scientific and 5 - Transport i depozitare technical activities Transport and storage 11 - Activiti de servicii administrative 6 - Hoteluri i restaurante i activiti de servicii suport Hotels and restaurants Activities of administrative services and of support services

12 - Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public2) Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector2) 13 - nvmnt Education 14 - Sntate i asisten social Health and social assistance 15 - Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Shows, culture and recreation activities 16 - Alte activiti de servicii Other service activities

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate, 2)

gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. / Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

143

4.G3
2400 2000 1600

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by sex
lei/salariat / lei/employee

1814 1700 1468 1312 1095 981

1906 1775

2007 1786

2098 1848 1530 1349

1222 1200 1062 922 803 800 400 0 BRUT NET GROSS 2006

1348 1264

1405 1310

1466 1308

BRUT NET GROSS 2007


Brbai Men

BRUT NET GROSS 2008

BRUT NET GROSS 2009


Femei Women

BRUT NET GROSS 2010

BRUT NET GROSS 2011

4.G4

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum, n anul 2011 Structure of total consumption expenditure, in 2011
Total gospodrii / Total households

Salariai / Employees

25,0%
44,9%
30,1%

Agricultori / Farmers

28,0%
40,9%

14,7%
25,8%
59,5%

31,1%

omeri / Unemployed

Pensionari / Pensioners

25,4%

23,7%

49,2%
25,4%
Cheltuieli pentru produse alimentare Expenditure for food products Cheltuieli pentru mrfuri nealimentare Expenditure for non-food goods Cheltuieli pentru plata serviciilor Expenditure for payment of services

46,1%
30,2%

144

4.G5

Structura cheltuielilor totale ale gospodriilor Structure of total households expenditure


2006 2011

3,3% 13,5% 7,0% 73,8% 16,1% 9,7%

3,2%

70,2%

2,4%

0,8%

Cheltuieli de consum Consumption expenditure Cheltuieli pentru investiii Expenditure for investment

Cheltuieli de producie Production expenditure Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

4.G6
4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Evoluia consumului alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii), pe locuitor Evolution of daily average food consumption (expressed in calories), per inhabitant
calorii / calories

3455

3290

3300

3273

3212

3199

1999

1905

1874

1854

1805

1860

985 471

927 458

969 457

978 441

984 423

914 425

2006

2007
Calorii - total Calories - total

2008

2009

2010

2011

Lipide (n echiv. calorii) Fats (in equiv. calories) Proteine (n echiv. calorii) Proteins (in equiv. calories)

Glucide (n echiv. calorii) Carbohydrates (in equiv. calories)

Not: Conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO. / Note: According to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.

145

4.1

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor Total income of households


din care, gospodrii de: of which households of: Salariai / Employees Agricultori Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie lei, monthly per household

Total gospodrii / Total households 2008 2009 2010 2011

2008

Pensionari / Pensioners 2008 2009 2010 2011

Venituri totale

2131,67 2315,99 2304,28 2417,26 2852,99 3105,05 3091,09 3146,53 1594,47 1823,04 1672,24 2085,67 1300,62 1609,24 1647,32 1637,50 1704,38 1871,67 1905,44 2016,96 procente percentage

Total income

Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii

83,1 52,1 2,5 2,9 21,6 0,3

83,7 50,9 2,5 2,8 24,2 0,2

83,9 49,3 2,8 2,7 25,7 0,2

81,7 48,7 3,1 2,6 23,8 0,1

89,6 81,3 0,4 0,8 5,3 0,2

90,1 81,8 0,4 0,6 5,6 0,1

90,4 80,8 0,6 0,6 6,5 0,1

89,9 81,6 0,5 0,4 5,5 0,1

54,0 8,6 22,1 3,1 15,1 0,1

56,6 11,0 23,0 3,2 13,7 **)

56,3 9,0 24,7 3,4 14,3 0,1

49,0 7,3 23,6 3,1 9,5 **)

80,1 31,1 2,8 3,7 22,6 0,9

82,2 38,7 1,2 3,4 25,9 0,1

81,6 37,0 2,8 3,6 27,1 0,6

80,4 39,3 1,6 3,8 21,9 0,1

78,8 22,2 2,1 1,4 49,5 0,1

79,8 20,8 1,9 1,3 53,6 0,1

80,2 19,5 2,1 1,2 55,2 0,1

78,6 19,5 2,2 1,1 53,6 0,1

3,1

2,6

1,9

1,8

3,3

2,7

2,0

2,0

1,5

1,2

1,2

1,0

3,3

3,1

2,4

2,3

3,1

2,8

1,9

1,8

13,8

13,7

14,2

16,5

7,1

7,2

7,6

8,1

44,5

42,2

42,5

50,0

16,6

14,7

16,0

17,3

18,1

17,4

17,9

19,6

Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources

4.2

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2011 Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2011
Total gospodrii Total households Gospodrii cu: Households with: 1 persoan 1 person 2 persoane 2 persons 3 persoane 4 persoane 3 persons 4 persons 5 persoane 5 persons 6 persoane i mai multe 6 persons and more

lei, lunar pe o persoan lei, monthly per person Venituri totale 839,53 1111,39 1083,12 953,15 753,27 636,94 479,39 Total income

procente percentage Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 81,7 48,7 3,1 2,6 23,8 0,1 1,8 16,5 81,2 28,1 2,6 1,5 43,3 0,2 1,7 17,1 82,8 38,7 2,3 1,6 37,2 0,1 1,4 15,8 86,0 62,6 2,0 2,5 16,0 0,2 1,8 12,2 81,0 57,6 3,6 2,9 13,6 0,1 2,2 16,8 75,1 41,6 5,3 3,3 20,7 0,3 2,0 22,9 73,2 33,2 6,3 5,2 22,9 **) 2,1 24,7 Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources

146

147

4.3

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2011 (total gospodrii) Total income of households, by decile, in 2011 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 241 Decila 2 Decile 2 241 - 360 Decila 3 Decile 3 360 - 456 Decila 4 Decile 4 456 - 554 Decila 5 Decile 5 555 - 654 Decila 6 Decile 6 654 - 763 Decila 7 Decile 7 763 - 900 Decila 8 Decile 8 900 - 1082 Decila 9 Decile 9 1082 - 1434 Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1434

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie lei, monthly per household Venituri totale 1256,48 1618,32 1651,81 1932,05 2139,61 2167,71 2551,71 2779,79 3289,14 4785,05 Total income

procente percentage Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 50,3 5,1 12,0 6,4 23,0 **) 62,5 18,7 7,4 6,6 25,1 68,8 27,2 4,5 4,3 29,1 0,1 73,3 32,9 3,9 3,6 29,4 **) 78,8 38,4 3,2 2,5 30,6 **) 83,4 44,5 1,9 2,2 32,0 0,1 85,0 51,4 1,8 1,6 27,0 0,1 88,5 57,4 1,7 1,4 25,5 0,1 90,3 63,0 1,7 1,1 21,4 0,1 93,1 74,1 1,6 1,6 11,9 0,4 Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources

1,8 47,9

1,4 36,1

1,5 29,7

1,7 25,0

1,8 19,4

1,8 14,8

2,1 12,9

2,3 9,2

2,1 7,6

1,6 5,3

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2011. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2011.

4.4
Gospodrii de:

Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2011 Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2011
procente / percentage

Total

Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 241

Decila 2 Decile 2 241 - 360

Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 3 Decila 4 Decila 5 Decila 6 Decila 7 Decila 8 Decile 3 Decile 4 Decile 5 Decile 6 Decile 7 Decile 8 360 - 456 456 - 554 555 - 654 654 - 763 763 - 900 900 - 1082

Decila 9 Decile 9 1082 - 1434

Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1434

Households of:

Total Gospodrii Persoane Salariai Gospodrii Persoane Agricultori Gospodrii Persoane omeri Gospodrii Persoane Pensionari Gospodrii Persoane

100,0 100,0

10,0 14,6

10,0 12,0

10,0 10

10,0 10,0

10,0 9,9

10,0 9,1

10,0 9,3

10,0 8,9

10,0 8,5

10,0 7,7

Total Households Persons Employees Households Persons Farmers Households Persons Unemployed Households Persons Pensioners Households Persons

100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0

1,7 3,0 47,2 54,4 26,2 30,2 4,9 8,9

4,8 6,9 20,2 19,6 19,9 21,7 9,6 11,9

6,2 7,8 10,1 8,1 13,7 13,0 12,5 12,1

7,8 9,0 7,8 6,5 12,9 12,5 12,4 12,5

8,6 10,0 4,8 3,9 8,8 8,3 12,8 12,5

9,4 10,2 3,2 2,5 7,1 6,5 12,9 11,1

11,9 12,2 2,2 1,6 4,4 3,2 11,3 10,6

13,9 13,0 1,6 1,3 2,4 1,3 10,2 8,9

15,9 13,4 1,4 1,1 3,0 2,1 8,5 7,4

19,8 14,5 1,5 1,0 1,6 1,2 4,9 4,1

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2011. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2011.

148

149

4.5
Anii 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1990 100,0

Indicii ctigului salarial real Indices of real earnings


procente / percentage 1991 81,5 100,0 1992 70,8 86,9 100,0 1993 58,9 72,3 83,2 100,0 1994 59,1 72,5 83,4 100,3 100,0 1995 66,5 81,6 93,9 112,9 112,5 100,0 1996 72,7 89,3 102,7 123,5 123,1 109,4 100,0 1997 56,2 68,9 79,3 95,4 95,1 84,5 77,2 100,0 1998 58,4 71,7 82,5 99,1 98,8 87,8 80,3 104,0 100,0 1999 57,0 69,9 80,5 96,7 96,4 85,7 78,3 101,4 97,5 100,0 2000 59,4 72,9 83,9 100,9 100,6 89,4 81,7 105,8 101,8 104,3 100,0 2001 62,4 76,6 88,1 105,9 105,6 93,8 85,8 111,0 106,8 109,5 105,0 100,0 2002 63,9 78,4 90,2 108,5 108,1 96,1 87,8 113,7 109,4 112,2 107,5 102,4 100,0 2003 70,8 86,9 100,0 120,2 119,8 106,4 97,3 126,0 121,2 124,3 119,1 113,4 110,8 100,0 2004 78,3 96,0 110,5 132,9 132,5 117,7 107,6 139,3 134,1 137,4 131,7 125,5 122,5 110,5 100,0 2005 89,5 109,8 126,4 151,9 151,4 134,5 123,0 159,3 153,2 157,1 150,5 143,4 140,0 126,3 114,3 100,0 2006 97,4 119,6 137,7 165,5 165,0 146,5 134,0 173,5 166,9 171,1 164,0 156,2 152,5 137,7 124,6 109,0 100,0 2007 111,8 137,3 158,0 189,9 189,3 168,2 153,8 199,1 191,6 196,4 188,2 179,3 175,1 158,0 143,0 125,0 114,7 100,0 2008 130,3 159,9 184,0 221,2 220,5 195,9 179,1 232,0 223,2 228,7 219,2 208,9 204,0 184,1 166,5 145,7 133,7 116,5 100,0 2009 128,3 157,4 181,2 217,8 217,2 192,9 176,4 228,4 219,7 225,2 215,9 205,6 200,8 181,2 163,9 143,4 131,7 114,7 98,5 100,0 2010 123,6 151,7 174,6 209,8 209,2 185,8 169,9 220,0 211,7 217,0 208,0 198,1 193,5 174,6 158,0 138,2 126,8 110,5 94,9 96,3 100,0 2011 121,3 148,8 171,3 205,9 205,3 182,4 166,8 215,9 207,7 212,9 204,1 194,4 189,9 171,4 155,0 135,6 124,4 108,4 93,1 94,5 98,1 Years 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

4.6

Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale, n luna octombrie 2011 Average gross salaries, by main activity of national economy, obtained in October 2011
Numrul salariailor care au lucrat cel puin 21 zile cu program complet (mii persoane) Number of employees who worked at least 21 days in full time (thou persons) Total din care: femei of which: women 1645 19 447 9 402 15 21 31 269 34 52 37 58 6 38 41 148 239 193 20 13

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Salariul mediu brut realizat (lei/salariat) Average gross salary obtained (lei/employee) Total 1922 1492 1881 3409 1680 3451 1721 1621 1744 2187 1167 3981 4330 1912 3048 1224 2045 1697 1744 1536 1254 Brbai Men 2033 1510 2120 3401 1897 3482 1709 1575 1888 2140 1262 4219 5402 1970 3078 1131 2062 1841 1934 1618 1414 Femei Women 1794 1437 1551 3443 1431 3338 1755 1957 1584 2378 1111 3627 3847 1838 3010 1440 2034 1634 1693 1473 1104

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total salariai Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industria Industria extractiv Industria prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

3534 78 1064 51 862 69 82 260 569 174 82 91 85 14 86 136 248 343 244 35 25

Total employees Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

4.7
Total Pn la 800 801 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 3000 3001 - 4000 4001 - 5000 5001 - 6000 6001 - 7000 7001 - 8000 Peste 8000

Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute, realizate n luna octombrie 2011 Structure of employees, by gross salary group, obtained in October 2011
procente / percentage

Grupe de salarii brute realizate - lei -

Total 100,0 17,1 15,4 22,7 15,8 15,1 6,4 3,0 1,5 0,9 0,6 1,5

Brbai Men 100,0 16,4 15,1 21,0 15,5 16,4 7,0 3,4 1,7 1,0 0,7 1,8

Femei Women 100,0 17,9 15,7 24,5 16,1 13,6 5,8 2,7 1,2 0,8 0,5 1,2

Gross salary group obtained - lei Total Up to 800 801 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 3000 3001 - 4000 4001 - 5000 5001 - 6000 6001 - 7000 7001 - 8000 Over 8000

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2011. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2011.

Not: Pentru luna octombrie 2011 s-au luat n calcul numai salariaii care au lucrat cel puin 21 zile lucrtoare (cu program complet). Note: For October 2011, there were taken into account only employees who worked at least 21 working days (full time). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2011. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2011.

150

151

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) TOTAL SALARIAI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii BRBAI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante

Brut Gross 1902 1389 1890 3388 1675

2010 Net Net 1391 1024 1388 2435 1237

Brut Gross 1980 1426 2017 3619 1807

2011 Net Net 1444 1044 1470 2577 1324

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) TOTAL EMPLOYEES Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities MEN Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants

3708

2671

3876

2787

1701 1529 1597 2144 1059 3650 4445 1612 2652 1272

1256 1125 1166 1557 786 2687 3200 1182 1915 940

1823 1704 1678 2178 1139 4015 4727 1746 2852 1316

1333 1247 1227 1580 841 2965 3435 1268 2061 966

2707 1908 1659 1509 1117 2007 1395 2119 3374 1869

1968 1380 1226 1103 824 1466 1029 1549 2427 1373

2631 1819 1648 1476 1162 2098 1439 2266 3583 2027

1909 1316 1210 1076 852 1530 1053 1646 2553 1479

3754

2700

3921

2816

1698 1501 1832 2152 1124

1255 1105 1334 1562 832

1821 1658 1858 2192 1211

1332 1215 1355 1591 893

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

152

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii FEMEI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

Brut Gross 3842 5348 1647 2710 1182

2010 Net Net 2834 3844 1206 1957 880

Brut Gross 4205 5737 1863 2937 1224

2011 Net Net 3117 4167 1352 2126 903

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities WOMEN Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehiclesand motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

2518 2090 1815 1536 1294 1786 1370 1579 3460 1458

1848 1511 1338 1125 951 1308 1010 1170 2480 1085

2521 2001 1806 1522 1339 1848 1382 1686 3806 1565

1841 1450 1324 1113 979 1349 1012 1238 2705 1153

3560

2576

3728

2690

1711 1703 1387 2122 1021 3361 4035 1568 2589 1469

1260 1250 1017 1546 759 2465 2907 1154 1869 1074

1827 1991 1505 2140 1093 3739 4257 1594 2760 1517

1337 1450 1103 1550 808 2744 3094 1159 1990 1105

2864 1823 1619 1487 965

2069 1319 1197 1085 715

2716 1736 1607 1441 1025

1961 1254 1181 1049 754

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

153

4.9
Total

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor

Total 2010 2011 1902 1226 1844 2348 2195 1448 1986 2318 1765 1205 1804 2380 1980 1305 1884 2419 2183 1402 1994 2308 1894 1294 1860 2519

Brbai / Men 2010 2011 2007 1272 1924 2559 2451 1568 1998 2650 1852 1249 1908 2490 2098 1363 1958 2650 2485 1496 2027 2696 1977 1352 1947 2620

Femei / Women 2010 2011 1786 1170 1742 2145 2005 1352 1977 2078 1650 1148 1652 2236 1848 1233 1786 2191 1961 1326 1969 2028 1783 1221 1730 2389

Ownership type Enterprise size class Total Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Public ownership 1) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Private ownership 2 ) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over

Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate public 1) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate privat 2) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Includes: entirely 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

strin. / Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

4.10
Total

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor

Total 2010 2011 1391 903 1354 1711 1599 1066 1450 1686 1294 888 1327 1736 1444 957 1380 1759 1584 1030 1449 1673 1385 949 1365 1836

Brbai / Men 2010 2011 1466 937 1412 1862 1784 1153 1461 1926 1356 920 1401 1813 1530 999 1435 1925 1801 1099 1475 1951 1445 991 1429 1907

Femei / Women 2010 2011 1308 862 1281 1565 1462 997 1441 1513 1212 846 1220 1635 1349 905 1306 1595 1424 974 1429 1473 1305 896 1269 1745

Ownership type Enterprise size class Total Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Public ownership 1) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Private ownership 2 ) Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over

Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate public1) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate privat 2) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Includes: entirely 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

strin. / Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

154

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) TOTAL SALARIAI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor

2010 Brut Net Gross Net

2011 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) TOTAL EMPLOYEES

1890 1388 3388 2435 3268 2383 4045 2749 1825 3626 2862 1985 1335 2629

2017 1470 3619 2577 3358 2392 4518 2961 1974 3750 3192 2118 1438 2711

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment

1675 1237 1277 948 2341 1707 4484 3224 1416 1057 1129 858

1807 1324 1326 979 2460 1784 4943 3581 1581 1161 1215 909

1188

894

1281

951

1086

811

1226

911

1738 1283 1751 1283 4161 2973 2315 1705

1847 1348 1996 1447 4175 2991 2589 1879

3030 2187 1713 1263 2068 1513 2367 1726

3086 2231 1887 1375 2124 1544 2558 1862

1690 1245 2185 1605 1953 1438 1940 1417 2145 1574 2483 1823 1209 905 1285 963 2126 1558

1828 1331 2465 1788 2095 1525 2246 1631 2325 1706 2702 1957 1282 947 1520 1115 2142 1549

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

155

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare BRBAI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic

2010 Brut Net Gross Net

2011 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination MEN

3708 2671

3876 2787

1701 1256 2095 1538 2035 1512

1823 1333 2260 1643 2054 1497

1357 1008

1452 1071

2119 1549 3374 2427 3380 2462 3925 2788 1780 3649 1357 2433 4809 1483 1263 2778 2014 1304 2646 1005 1769 3454 1107 953

2266 1646 3583 2553 3475 2475 4343 2975 1908 3801 1411 2518 5095 1661 1339 3069 2125 1391 2747 1040 1823 3689 1216 998

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals

1869 1373

2027 1479

1309

978

1409 1043

1075

802

1235

917

1972 1453 1903 1389 4229 3027 2382 1754

2059 1499 2285 1649 4092 2932 2625 1905

3276 2357 1757 1291 2090 1528 2411 1759

3286 2379 1973 1436 2142 1554 2596 1892

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

156

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare FEMEI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor

2010 Brut Net Gross Net

2011 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination WOMEN

1706 1257 2313 1692 2179 1596 1982 1446 2424 1768 2500 1836 1217 910 1371 1022 2149 1575

1854 1350 2640 1922 2357 1708 2293 1664 2618 1920 2743 1986 1288 952 1732 1262 2165 1565

3754 2700

3921 2816

1698 1255 2067 1519 2062 1537

1821 1332 2223 1616 2065 1507

1377 1023

1484 1093

1579 1170 3460 2480 2534 1866 4572 2603 2068 3468 3233 1879 1500 2515

1686 1238 3806 2705 2586 1842 5277 2911 2328 3426 3726 2091 1685 2483

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs

1458 1085 1207 899 2151 1576 3414 2465 1391 1038 1109 844

1565 1153 1254 928 2333 1700 4353 3160 1551 1140 1196 894

1145

864

1236

919

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

157

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

2010 Brut Net Gross Net

2011 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

1121

840

1199

892

1450 1075 1601 1178 4009 2849 2170 1598

1563 1145 1721 1255 4393 3147 2509 1822

2878 2081 1634 1212 2010 1472 2197 1597

2964 2141 1741 1271 2078 1517 2406 1742

1631 1201 2075 1529 1689 1254 1790 1315 1892 1399 2404 1765 1194 896 1221 919 1977 1452

1739 1266 2311 1672 1812 1328 2075 1511 2028 1490 2528 1835 1271 938 1371 1012 1997 1447

3560 2576

3728 2690

1711 1260 2166 1586 1923 1409

1827 1337 2350 1709 2007 1454

1299

966

1362 1008

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

158

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2011
Serie brut (neajustat) Unadjusted series
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 97,39 101,81 104,73 99,28 103,42 100,10 108,91 101,49 106,11 108,65 100,21 105,53 101,87 101,62 82,74 77,86 81,13 77,61 104,26 101,90 101,03 107,80 101,86 110,04 105,39 110,70 101,53 108,39 110,89 102,76 104,78 108,18 102,50 89,64 86,90 89,70 89,83 107,46 109,50 103,67 107,39 103,83 111,16 106,67 110,97 104,59 112,12 105,51 105,47 111,38 111,07 104,12 118,43 116,92 118,31 106,77 110,59 109,55 104,57 108,62 104,99 104,89 108,98 110,83 106,83 109,45 109,07 107,86 115,70 111,62 102,41 114,38 112,46 118,48 109,25 112,22 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 97,85 103,34 105,20 101,43 103,48 100,12 109,14 102,12 105,97 107,51 101,41 106,36 102,31 102,30 82,85 102,39 102,55 108,28 104,06 110,10 105,41 110,94 102,16 108,25 109,72 103,99 105,61 108,65 103,18 89,75 110,03 105,23 107,88 106,07 111,22 106,69 111,20 105,24 111,97 104,40 106,74 112,25 111,55 104,81 118,58 110,05 106,14 109,11 107,26 104,94 109,01 111,07 107,50 109,31 107,92 109,15 116,61 112,11 103,09 114,52 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1)

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

159

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Serie brut (neajustat) Unadjusted series
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

Trim.I Q.I 78,05 82,07 77,92 104,82

Trim.II Q.II 87,10 90,74 90,19 108,04

Trim.III Q.III 117,20 119,68 107,19 111,18

Trim.IV Q.IV 112,72 119,85 109,68 112,83

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 95,81 97,45 103,08 100,20 96,71 106,10 107,67 99,23 105,70 107,78 100,09 106,90 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

92,52

94,93

96,76

97,85

103,23 100,02 108,08 99,31 106,61 112,73 96,15 102,55 100,29 99,23 82,37 77,21 77,97 76,54 102,26

109,83 105,30 109,86 99,34 108,89 115,05 98,59 101,83 106,51 100,08 89,23 86,17 86,21 88,59 105,40

110,95 106,58 110,12 102,34 112,64 109,47 101,20 108,23 109,35 101,66 117,90 115,94 113,70 105,29 108,46

104,69 108,89 109,99 104,53 109,96 113,17 103,49 112,44 109,90 100,00 113,87 111,51 113,86 107,73 110,07

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

160

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare 2) Working days adjusted series 2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 97,40 101,81 104,73 99,28 103,42 100,10 108,91 101,48 106,11 108,65 100,21 105,53 101,87 101,62 82,74 77,86 81,12 77,61 104,26 101,91 101,03 107,80 101,86 110,09 105,39 110,70 101,53 108,77 110,89 102,76 104,79 108,18 102,50 89,64 86,90 89,70 90,16 108,33 109,49 103,67 107,39 103,83 111,11 106,66 110,97 104,60 111,72 105,51 105,48 111,38 111,07 104,12 118,43 116,92 118,34 106,37 109,70 109,14 104,48 108,62 104,40 105,08 108,73 110,83 105,37 111,00 108,24 106,60 114,87 110,88 101,74 114,38 111,32 117,55 110,87 115,91 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 97,85 103,34 105,20 101,43 103,48 100,12 109,14 102,11 105,97 107,51 101,41 106,36 102,31 102,30 82,85 102,40 102,55 108,28 104,06 110,15 105,41 110,94 102,16 108,63 109,72 103,99 105,61 108,65 103,18 89,75 110,02 105,23 107,88 106,07 111,17 106,69 111,20 105,25 111,58 104,40 106,74 112,25 111,55 104,81 118,58 109,65 106,06 109,11 106,66 105,14 108,76 111,07 106,02 110,86 107,10 107,88 115,77 111,37 102,41 114,52 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1)

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

161

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare 2) Working days adjusted series 2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

Trim.I Q.I 78,05 82,06 77,92 104,82

Trim.II Q.II 87,10 90,74 90,52 108,92

Trim.III Q.III 117,20 119,71 106,79 110,29

Trim.IV Q.IV 111,58 118,92 111,31 116,53

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 95,82 97,45 103,08 100,21 96,70 106,10 107,66 99,23 105,70 107,38 100,01 106,90 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

92,53

94,93

96,76

97,30

103,23 100,01 108,08 99,30 106,61 112,73 96,14 102,56 100,29 99,22 82,37 77,21 77,96 76,54 102,26

109,88 105,30 109,86 99,34 109,28 115,05 98,59 101,83 106,51 100,08 89,23 86,17 86,21 88,91 106,26

110,90 106,58 110,12 102,35 112,25 109,47 101,20 108,23 109,35 101,66 117,90 115,94 113,73 104,90 107,59

104,88 108,64 109,99 103,10 111,52 112,30 102,28 111,63 109,17 99,33 113,87 110,38 112,97 109,33 113,69

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

162

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier 2) Working days and seasonally adjusted series 2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 98,78 101,40 105,80 99,81 103,92 100,71 109,65 101,80 106,06 110,02 100,98 107,51 102,45 102,43 87,88 79,83 81,82 77,61 104,27 102,10 100,39 108,47 100,96 109,12 105,02 110,79 101,92 108,73 109,68 103,41 104,94 107,81 102,24 91,07 87,06 90,03 90,16 107,87 108,41 104,22 107,34 102,61 110,19 106,69 110,12 104,14 111,69 107,19 103,36 111,06 110,01 103,42 112,00 113,16 117,09 106,37 110,68 108,49 104,71 108,05 104,64 105,44 108,95 110,60 105,06 111,09 106,29 105,94 113,87 110,66 103,34 108,37 110,37 117,02 110,88 114,70 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 99,25 102,92 106,27 101,97 103,98 100,74 109,88 102,43 105,92 108,87 102,19 108,35 102,89 103,10 87,99 102,59 101,90 108,95 103,14 109,18 105,05 111,03 102,56 108,58 108,53 104,65 105,76 108,28 102,92 91,18 108,92 105,79 107,82 104,82 110,25 106,71 110,35 104,79 111,55 106,07 104,60 111,94 110,50 104,11 112,14 108,99 106,29 108,53 106,89 105,50 108,98 110,84 105,71 110,94 105,17 107,21 114,76 111,14 104,02 108,51 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1)

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

163

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2011 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier 2) Working days and seasonally adjusted series 2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

Trim.I Q.I 80,02 82,77 77,92 104,83

Trim.II Q.II 87,27 91,07 90,52 108,45

Trim.III Q.III 113,43 118,45 106,79 111,28

Trim.IV Q.IV 110,63 118,38 111,32 115,31

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 97,14 97,05 104,13 100,40 96,09 106,76 106,64 99,75 105,64 106,73 100,23 106,35 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

93,02

94,09

95,62

97,51

103,73 100,63 108,81 99,61 106,56 114,16 96,89 104,47 100,86 100,01 87,48 79,16 78,63 76,54 102,27

108,91 104,94 109,95 99,73 109,24 113,80 99,22 101,97 106,15 99,83 90,66 86,33 86,52 88,91 105,80

109,98 106,60 109,28 101,90 112,22 111,22 99,17 107,93 108,31 100,98 111,50 112,20 112,53 104,89 108,56

105,24 108,87 109,76 102,79 111,61 110,28 101,65 110,66 108,95 100,90 107,88 109,44 112,46 109,34 112,50

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

164

4.13

Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc Structural indicators of earnings and labour cost statistics
procente / percentage

Indicatori structurali Disparitatea salarial de gen1) Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc2) Capcana omajului2) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de omaj3) - cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj4) Capcana salariului mic2) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - persoan necstorit, fr copii - cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur printe lucreaz Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil2) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW

2009 8,4 43,1

2010 12,6 43,3

2011 Structural Indicators 11,8 Gender pay gap1) 43,3 Tax wedge on labour cost 2 ) Unemployment trap 2 ) for the following cases: - without rehiring during 63,6 unemployment period3) 54,6 - with rehiring after two unemployment months4) Low wage trap 2 ) for the following cases: 31,0 - single person, without children - one-earner couple 34,4 with two children Tax wedge on disposable earnings (net earnings) 2 ) for the following cases: - single person without children, earnings 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 167% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 50% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 80% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 125% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person with 2 children, earnings 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, only one parent is working and earns 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with no children, both persons are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with no children, both persons are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW

73,4 61,7

70,6 59,7

30,4 29,5

30,6 31,0

26,8 28,4 29,8 25,3 27,6 29,1 10,8

27,1 28,7 29,9 25,7 27,9 29,3 12,1

27,4 28,8 29,9 25,9 28,1 29,5 19,3

18,9

19,7

23,6

19,7

22,8

23,3

25,6

26,0

26,4

24,1

24,6

25,0

27,1

27,4

27,6

28,4

28,7

28,8

1) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie. / Source: Survey on wages in October. 2) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc i legislaia naional n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru care se calculeaz indicatorul. / Source: Labour cost survey and the national legislation in force on July 1st of the year for which the structural indicator 3) Date comparabile cu seria precedent (cu excepia perioadei de referin pentru legislaia naional, care se modific din 1 ianuarie n 1 iulie). / Comparable data with previous series (except reference period for national legislation changed on January 1st to July 1st). 4) Conform metodologiei revizuite OECD. / According to OECD revised methodology.

is computed.

165

4.14

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2011 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of national economy, in 2011
Structura (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2569 1859 2682 5140 2367 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 14,93 10,82 15,52 30,71 13,68 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 77,7 77,7 76,5 72,1 77,1 74,5 75,0 72,0 68,3 72,6 2,6 2,3 3,8 3,0 3,9 0,6 0,4 0,7 0,8 0,6 Structure (%) Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii

22,3 22,3 23,5 27,9 22,9

0,2 **) 0,3 0,9 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

20,9 21,2 21,8 23,0 21,6

0,8 0,7 1,0 3,6 0,7

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

5236

30,28

75,3

71,0

3,7

0,6

24,7

0,4

0,4

22,3

1,6

2429 2215

13,97 12,92 12,43 16,32 8,54 30,24 35,39 13,38 21,25 9,91 15,75 13,49 13,71 11,37 8,64

77,7 77,7 78,4 77,8 78,4 77,4 78,3 78,3 78,3 78,6 77,8 78,5 78,9 78,4 78,2

73,6 75,7 76,0 74,1 76,4 75,9 74,8 75,3 76,4 75,7 75,5 76,1 74,6 76,2 76,1

3,5 1,5 2,0 3,0 1,5 1,1 2,6 2,7 1,4 2,5 1,6 2,0 3,3 1,7 1,8

0,6 0,5 0,4 0,7 0,5 0,4 0,9 0,3 0,5 0,4 0,7 0,4 1,0 0,5 0,3

22,3 22,3 21,6 22,2 21,6 22,6 21,7 21,7 21,7 21,4 22,2 21,5 21,1 21,6 21,8

0,2 0,1 0,1 0,3 **) 0,3 0,4 0,1 0,3 0,1 0,1 **) 0,1 0,2 **)

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

21,1 21,3 20,8 20,6 20,9 20,3 19,8 20,2 20,6 20,6 20,4 21,0 20,5 20,7 20,7

0,6 0,5 0,3 0,9 0,3 1,6 1,1 1,0 0,4 0,3 1,3 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,7

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 2128 Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 2813 1457 5194 6112 2289 3622 1699 2710 2333 2364 1954 1488

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

166

167

4.15

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2011 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2011
Structura (%) Structure (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2682 5140 4796 6347 4008 2633 4614 2367 1767 3537 6579 1909 1564 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 15,52 30,71 31,48 36,18 27,04 15,46 26,27 13,68 10,32 20,26 37,18 11,07 9,06 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 76,5 72,1 66,4 73,2 74,2 77,2 76,4 77,1 78,0 76,5 75,7 77,4 78,3 72,0 68,3 62,0 69,3 71,5 74,1 74,0 72,6 74,5 73,3 72,5 71,9 71,1 3,8 3,0 3,2 3,2 2,3 2,6 1,7 3,9 2,9 2,6 2,6 4,9 6,4 0,7 0,8 1,2 0,7 0,4 0,5 0,7 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,8 Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice

23,5 27,9 33,6 26,8 25,8 22,8 23,6 22,9 22,0 23,5 24,3 22,6 21,7

0,3 0,9 0,1 1,5 0,2 0,2 0,3 0,2 0,1 0,5 1,6 **) **)

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4

21,8 23,0 26,6 21,8 24,1 21,6 22,1 21,6 21,0 21,2 22,2 21,8 20,9

1,0 3,6 6,5 3,1 1,2 0,6 0,8 0,7 0,5 1,4 0,2 0,4 0,4

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products

1641

9,45

78,3

72,1

5,6

0,6

21,7

0,1

0,4

20,9

0,3

1568 2404 2563 5041 3499 4008 2484 2859 3434 2308 3204

9,19 13,92 14,91 28,83 20,46 23,08 14,27 16,49 19,62 13,43 18,39

78,0 77,5 78,5 75,4 76,8 77,3 77,2 76,2 74,1 78,0 77,9

74,4 72,5 75,0 71,5 70,9 73,9 73,5 72,6 70,0 74,1 74,1

3,1 4,4 3,1 3,4 5,3 2,7 3,2 3,0 3,6 3,4 3,2

0,5 0,6 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,5 0,6 0,5 0,5 0,6

22,0 22,5 21,5 24,6 23,2 22,7 22,8 23,8 25,9 22,0 22,1

0,1 0,2 0,1 0,8 0,2 0,5 0,4 0,5 0,2 0,1 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

21,2 21,6 20,8 21,9 21,9 21,2 21,3 21,1 24,5 21,0 21,1

0,3 0,3 0,2 1,6 0,7 0,6 0,7 1,8 0,8 0,5 0,4

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

168

169

4.15

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2011 - continuare Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2011 - continued
Structura (%) Structure (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2772 2932 3118 3545 1655 1979 2677 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 16,12 17,01 17,78 20,00 9,53 11,60 15,43 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 76,9 77,2 76,1 77,2 78,0 77,5 76,3 72,6 72,9 71,0 72,9 73,0 72,9 73,0 3,6 3,6 4,4 3,5 4,4 4,1 2,6 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,8 0,6 0,5 0,7 Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

23,1 22,8 23,9 22,8 22,0 22,5 23,7

0,2 0,3 0,4 0,2 0,1 **) 0,3

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

21,3 21,1 22,4 21,3 21,1 21,0 22,1

1,2 1,0 0,7 0,9 0,4 1,1 0,9

Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

5236

30,28

75,3

71,0

3,7

0,6

24,7

0,4

0,4

22,3

1,6

2429

13,97

77,7

73,6

3,5

0,6

22,3

0,2

0,4

21,1

0,6

2950 2466

17,00 14,25

77,8 77,0

72,8 74,1

4,3 2,4

0,7 0,5

22,2 23,0

0,3 0,3

0,4 0,5

20,9 22,1

0,6 0,1

1947

11,18

77,5

74,5

2,4

0,6

22,5

0,1

0,4

21,4

0,6

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

170

171

4.16

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor Total expenditure of households


din care, gospodrii de: of which households of: Salariai / Employees Agricultori Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie lei, monthly per household

Total gospodrii / Total households 2008 2009 2010 2011

2008

Pensionari / Pensioners 2008 2009 2010 2011

Cheltuieli totale

1915,19 2047,33 2062,95 2183,76 2540,00 2707,51 2722,89 2794,38 1501,31 1723,39 1618,49 2002,30 1360,36 1556,06 1615,92 1631,34 1504,48 1639,60 1685,39 1805,36 procente percentage

Total expenditure

Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii

84,6 22,2 22,4 17,3 2,1 1,4 15,8

84,5 22,3 22,2 17,8 1,3 1,2 16,2

84,1 22,1 22,1 18,2 1,5 1,1 15,7

81,8 21,8 21,1 17,6 0,8 1,1 16,1

92,0 21,3 22,3 18,3 1,8 0,5 24,5

91,8 21,2 21,6 18,9 0,9 0,4 25,7

91,3 21,1 21,2 19,1 1,2 0,4 25,3

90,9 21,3 21,0 18,9 0,6 0,4 25,8

52,7 17,5 15,5 8,3 2,3 4,0 2,5

55,4 17,8 17,4 8,8 1,5 4,0 3,3

56,0 18,4 17,8 9,1 1,9 3,6 2,7

47,9 16,4 15,0 8,6 0,6 2,8 2,2

84,1 28,3 21,5 18,7 4,7 0,7 7,5

84,8 27,8 21,8 20,2 0,7 0,5 10,6

83,7 27,9 20,3 21,6 0,4 0,8 10,2

82,7 27,4 20,4 20,4 0,4 0,7 10,8

79,5 23,5 23,2 17,0 2,0 2,3 7,6

80,1 23,5 23,6 17,8 1,5 1,9 7,7

79,8 23,0 23,8 17,9 1,5 1,8 7,4

78,1 22,7 22,2 17,5 1,0 1,8 8,8

15,4

15,5

15,9

18,2

8,0

8,2

8,7

9,1

47,3

44,6

44,0

52,1

15,9

15,2

16,3

17,3

20,5

19,9

20,2

21,9

Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources

4.17

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2011 Total expenditure of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2011
Total gospodrii Total households Gospodrii cu: Households with: 1 persoan 1 person 2 persoane 2 persons 3 persoane 4 persoane 3 persons 4 persons 5 persoane 5 persons 6 persoane i mai multe 6 persons and more

lei, lunar pe o persoan lei, monthly per person Cheltuieli totale 758,43 1058,34 966,57 846,20 682,30 587,06 434,78 Total expenditure

procente percentage Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 81,8 21,8 21,1 17,6 0,8 1,1 16,1 18,2 82,0 24,5 20,3 21,2 0,6 1,3 10,2 18,0 82,4 21,5 21,5 18,5 0,9 1,3 14,4 17,6 86,2 21,3 21,8 18,3 0,6 0,7 20,6 13,8 81,4 21,5 20,2 16,8 0,9 1,0 18,2 18,6 75,1 21,0 20,9 15,1 1,1 1,6 13,0 24,9 72,7 23,9 20,9 13,1 0,5 1,6 10,3 27,3 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources

172

173

4.18

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2011 (total gospodrii) Total expenditure of households, by decile, in 2011 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 241 Decila 2 Decile 2 241 - 360 Decila 3 Decile 3 360 - 456 Decila 4 Decile 4 456 - 554 Decila 5 Decile 5 555 - 654 Decila 6 Decile 6 654 - 763 Decila 7 Decile 7 763 - 900 Decila 8 Decile 8 900 - 1082 Decila 9 Decile 9 1082 - 1434 Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1434

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli totale 1367,88 1605,26 1588,35 1826,62 1990,37 1978,22 2302,53 2454,08 2821,50 3902,08 Total expenditure

procente percentage Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 56,0 63,7 69,1 73,5 79,1 83,8 85,7 89,5 91,2 93,5 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources

25,3 14,9 10,7 0,5 1,1 1,3 44,0

23,7 17,4 13,1 0,3 1,8 5,0 36,3

23,1 18,8 14,4 0,4 2,0 7,8 30,9

22,9 19,4 16,0 0,6 1,8 9,6 26,5

23,2 21,6 17,6 0,4 1,5 11,9 20,9

23,8 21,5 19,1 0,4 1,3 14,2 16,2

22,3 21,6 18,9 1,4 0,9 16,9 14,3

22,5 22,5 20,3 0,5 0,8 19,7 10,5

20,7 23,0 19,4 0,8 0,8 22,8 8,8

17,3 23,3 19,2 1,5 0,5 28,0 6,5

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2011. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2011.

4.19

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum ale gospodriilor Structure of total consumption expenditure of households
din care, gospodrii de: of which households of: Salariai / Employees Agricultori Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie lei, monthly per household

Total gospodrii / Total households 2008 2009 2010 2011

2008

Pensionari / Pensioners 2008 2009 2010 2011

Cheltuieli totale de consum

1365,36 1468,60 1486,43 1532,29 1727,84 1836,94 1849,57 1890,82

931,25 1103,67 1065,70 1171,32 1097,92 1265,17 1317,84 1310,60 1135,50 1253,30 1286,43 1330,71 procente percentage

Total consumption expenditure

Produse agroalimentare i buturi nealcoolice 40,9 Buturi alcoolice, tutun 6,5 mbrcminte i nclminte 6,7 Locuin, ap, electricitate, gaze i ali combustibili 15,6 Mobilier, dotarea i ntreinerea locuinei 4,8 Sntate 4,1 Transport 6,1 Comunicaii 5,0 Recreere i cultur 4,5 Educaie 0,8 Hoteluri, cafenele i restaurante 1,4 Diverse produse i servicii 3,6

40,9 7,1 6,0 15,8 4,6 4,5 5,8 5,1 4,4 0,9 1,3 3,6

41,0 7,7 5,4 16,6 4,0 4,5 6,0 5,0 4,0 0,7 1,3 3,8

41,7 7,6 5,0 16,3 4,0 4,7 6,0 4,7 4,1 0,6 1,3 4,0

37,2 6,6 7,9 15,0 5,2 2,2 7,4 5,9 5,4 1,2 1,6 4,4

37,4 7,1 7,0 15,1 4,9 2,4 7,2 6,0 5,4 1,3 1,6 4,6

37,6 8,1 6,4 15,9 4,1 2,4 7,3 5,8 4,9 1,1 1,6 4,8

37,9 8,0 6,0 15,9 4,0 2,9 7,6 5,5 4,7 0,8 1,7 5,0

55,9 9,6 5,4 11,8 3,6 1,9 3,9 2,7 2,5 0,1 1,0 1,6

53,2 9,7 5,8 11,5 3,5 1,9 5,2 3,2 2,4 0,4 1,0 2,2

53,8 10,1 5,4 11,7 3,1 1,9 5,3 3,1 2,5 0,1 1,0 2,0

54,4 9,4 4,9 12,0 3,2 1,8 4,7 3,1 3,1 0,2 1,1 2,1

47,4 8,0 5,7 15,7 3,2 3,7 4,2 4,3 3,2 0,7 0,7 3,2

45,6 8,4 4,3 15,6 3,8 2,2 6,5 5,3 3,5 0,6 1,0 3,2

45,8 7,9 4,1 16,8 3,6 2,7 5,0 5,4 3,3 0,8 1,2 3,4

46,4 7,8 4,1 17,1 3,8 2,8 4,7 5,0 3,1 0,7 0,8 3,7

43,2 5,8 5,2 17,5 4,4 7,3 4,5 4,0 3,7 0,4 1,1 2,9

42,6 6,4 4,9 17,6 4,5 7,8 4,0 4,3 3,7 0,6 0,8 2,8

42,4 6,6 4,3 18,4 4,2 7,9 4,5 4,2 3,3 0,3 0,8 3,1

43,3 6,6 3,8 17,9 4,2 8,0 4,3 4,0 3,5 0,4 0,7 3,3

Agro-food products and non - alcoholic drinks Beverages, tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furniture, dwelling endowment and maintenance Health Transport Communications Leisure and culture Education Hotels, cafees and restaurants Miscelaneous products and services

174

175

4.20

Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum ale gospodriilor Structure of money expenditure for households consumption
Total din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of: gospodrii Total Salariai Agricultori omeri Pensionari households Employees Farmers Unemployed Pensioners

2006 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2007 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2008 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2009 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2010 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2011 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 1320,83 1710,65 801,41 1112,25 1127,16 1286,29 1672,82 733,23 1128,20 1090,90 1275,03 1670,16 758,07 1085,74 1063,67 1185,33 1573,16 619,91 932,03 958,52 946,00 1318,78 507,70 793,85 725,15 815,46 1126,06 447,51 704,61 633,25

2006 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2007 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2008 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2009 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2010 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2011 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services

procente / percentage 35,6 35,0 29,4 34,2 34,5 31,3 41,2 39,3 19,5 39,5 33,0 27,5 36,4 35,3 28,3

procente / percentage 35,8 35,4 28,8 33,9 35,7 30,4 41,8 38,0 20,2 40,1 30,9 29,0 37,3 34,9 27,8

procente / percentage 35,9 36,2 27,9 34,4 36,0 29,6 42,3 37,5 20,2 41,4 31,3 27,3 36,8 36,4 26,8

procente / percentage 35,7 35,7 28,6 34,4 35,0 30,6 40,4 39,6 20,0 39,9 31,2 28,9 36,2 36,4 27,4

procente / percentage 35,5 35,4 29,1 34,3 34,5 31,2 40,6 39,4 20,0 39,9 29,2 30,9 35,6 36,8 27,6

procente / percentage 36,1 34,8 29,1 34,8 34,3 30,9 41,0 37,6 21,4 40,1 30,0 29,9 36,4 35,6 28,0

176

4.21

Consumul1) mediu anual, la principalele produse alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor Yearly average consumption1), for the main food products and beverages, per inhabitant
U.M. M.U. 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Produse de origine vegetal Crop products Cereale i produse din cereale Cereals and cereal products - n echivalent boabe - in equivalent grains - n echivalent fin - in equivalent flour Cartofi Potatoes Legume i produse din legume (n echivalent legume proaspete), leguminoase boabe i pepeni Vegetables and vegetable products (equivalent fresh vegetables), dried pulses and melons Fructe i produse din fructe (n echivalent fructe proaspete) Fruit and fruit products (equivalent fresh fruit) Zahr i produse din zahr (n echivalent zahr rafinat) Sugar and confectioneries (equivalent refined sugar) Grsimi vegetale (greutate brut) Vegetal fats (gross weight) Produse de origine animal Animal products Lapte i produse din lapte, n echivalent lapte de 3,5% grsime (exclusiv unt) Milk and dairy products in equivalent milk 3.5% fat (butter excluded) Ou Eggs Pete i produse din pete (n echivalent pete proaspt) Fish and fish products (fresh fish equivalent) Carne, produse din carne i organe comestibile (n echivalent carne proaspt) Meat, meat products and edible offals (equivalent fresh meat) Grsimi animale (greutate brut) Animal fats (gross weight) Buturi Beverages Buturi nealcoolice Soft-drinks Bere Beer Vin i produse din vin Wine and wine products Buturi alcoolice distilate (n echivalent alcool 100%) Distilled alcoholic beverages (in equivalent alcohol 100%)

kg kg kg

207,9 157,3 97,4

206,9 156,0 96,1

204,0 154,1 99,5

200,8 151,7 93,1

199,6 150,4 98,2

205,4 155,1 97,5

kg

181,7

164,1

176,0

168,2

174,4

181,0

kg

83,2

67,8

66,7

62,3

63,3

70,5

kg

29,0

24,9

23,2

25,8

22,1

22,4

kg

15,4

13,8

14,6

16,0

17,42)

15,4

litri litres buci pieces kg

246,6

252,8

254,7

233,2

224,0

227,7

277

268

267

243

239

249

4,6

3,8

4,0

4,8

4,6

3,7

kg

69,9

66,7

66,6

67,5

60,0

56,0

kg

3,8

3,3

3,3

3,9

3,4

2,8

litri litres litri litres litri litres litri litres

134,1 78,2 21,1

146,6 92,0 23,4

160,13) 155,93) 92,5 24,6 82,9 22,2

154,73) 140,43) 76,8 18,5 79,5 21,1

1,9

1,6

2,4

2,0

1,6

1,2

1) Disponibilul de consum. / Available for consumption. 2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. 3) Inclusiv consumul de bere nealcoolic. / Including non - alcoholic beer consumption.

177

4.22

Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi), pe locuitor Daily average food consumption (expressed in calories and nutrients), per inhabitant
U.M. M.U. 2006 3455 2007 3290 2008 3300 2009 3273 2010 32121) 2011 3199

Calorii Calories din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Proteine Proteins din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Lipide Fats din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Glucide Carbohydrates

numr number numr number grame grams grame grams grame grams grame grams grame grams

925

912

920

888

833

809

114,3

111,2

111,5

107,7

103,4

103,8

58,6

57,6

57,7

55,8

51,7 105,91)

50,4

107,5

101,3

104,4

105,3

98,4

59,1

57,8

58,6

57,3

53,6 440,61)

51,5

485,4

462,4

457,8

452,7

454,2

Not: Conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO. / Note: According to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature. 1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

4.23
Aparate audio Audio sets Televizoare TV sets

nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat Households endowment with durable goods
numr mediu la 100 gospodrii / average number per 100 households

2006 85,6 118,5 89,6 24,7 92,2 64,8 52,6 23,4

2007 86,1 124,1 86,0 30,8 93,1 67,1 55,1 23,1

2008 86,1 132,0 83,1 36,8 94,1 70,8 58,7 27,1

2009 85,2 134,2 82,7 38,6 95,0 73,9 61,7 28,6

2010 82,7 138,4 80,0 41,1 95,3 75,3 63,8 28,6

2011 81,1 138,9 78,9 42,7 95,5 76,3 64,0 26,9

Frigidere i congelatoare Refrigerators and freezers Combin frigorific Refrigerating box Maini de gtit cu gaze Gas cooking stoves Maini electrice de splat rufe Electric washing machines Aspiratoare de praf Vacuum cleaners Autoturisme Cars

Sursa: Ancheta Bugetelor de Familie. / Source: Family Budgets Survey.

178

LOCUINE I UTILITI PUBLICE

DWELINGS AND PUBLIC UTILITIES

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11

Fondul de locuine .................................................... 184 Balana fondului de locuine ..................................... 185 Locuine terminate .................................................... 186 Locuine terminate, dup tipurile de instalaii cu care sunt dotate i fondurile de finanare ............ 188 Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit i sursele de finanare ............................... 190 Strzile oreneti ................................................... 190 Transportul public local de pasageri ........................ 191 Transportul public local de pasageri, pe tipuri de vehicule de transport ................................................ 191 Canalizare public i spaii verzi .............................. 191 Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite ....... 192 Reeaua i volumul apei potabile distribuite ............ 192 Teritorial

Dwellings stock Balance of dwellings stock Finished dwellings Finished dwellings, by type of installations they are endowed with and financing funds Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms and financing sources Town streets Local public passengers transport Local public passengers transport, by type of vehicles of transport Public sewerage and green spaces Natural gas distribution network and volume Drinking water supply network and volume Territorial Dwellings stock, at territorial level and by type of ownership, on December 31, 2011 Finished dwellings, at territorial level, in 2011 Town streets, at territorial level, on December 31, 2011 Local public passengers transport, at territorial level, on December 31, 2011 Public sewerage and green spaces, at territorial level, on December 31, 2011 Natural gas distribution network and volume, at territorial level, in 2011 Volume of drinking water supplied to the users, at territorial level, in 2011 Drinking water supply network, at territorial level, in 2011 Localities provided with thermal energy, at territorial level, on December 31, 2011

5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20

Fondul de locuine, n profil teritorial i pe forme de proprietate, la 31 decembrie 2011 ............................. Locuine terminate, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ........ Strzile oreneti, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2011 ..................................................... Transportul public local de pasageri, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2011 ...................................... Canalizare public i spaii verzi, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2011 ..................................................... Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ........................................ Volumul de ap potabil distribuit consumatorilor, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ........................................ Reeaua de distribuie a apei potabile, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ........................................ Localiti n care se distribuie energie termic, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2011 ........................

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic privind modificrile fondului de locuine; Cercetarea statistic privind locuinele terminate; Cercetri statistice privind alimentarea cu ap, canalizare public i spaii verzi, salubritatea i distribuia energiei termice, a gazelor naturale i alte cercetri statistice pentru domeniul edilitar.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on the changes in dwellings stock; Statistical survey on finished dwellings; Statistical surveys on water supply, public sewerage and green spaces, sanitation and distribution of electric energy, natural gas and other statistical surveys in urbanistic field.

180

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Fondul de locuine se determin pe baza datelor obinute la recensmintele populaiei i locuinelor i a modificrilor intervenite n cursul fiecrui an, respectiv: intrrile, reprezentnd locuinele date n folosin (locuine noi i spaii cu alt destinaie transformate n locuine); ieirile, reprezentnd demolrile i schimbarea locuinelor n spaii cu alt destinaie. Locuina este construcia, format din una sau mai multe camere de locuit situate la acelai nivel al cldirii sau la niveluri diferite, prevzut, n general, cu dependine (buctrie, baie etc.) sau cu alte spaii de deservire, independent din punct de vedere funcional, avnd intrarea separat din casa scrii, curte sau strad i care a fost construit, transformat sau amenajat n scopul de a fi folosit, n principiu, de o singur gospodrie. Locuina terminat n cursul unui an este acea construcie care nu a existat anterior i ale crei elemente, inclusiv fundaia, s-au construit pentru prima dat, la care s-au realizat toate categoriile de lucrri prevzute n documentaia de execuie i care au fost recepionate de beneficiar. Camera de locuit reprezint o ncpere dintr-o locuin care servete pentru locuit, avnd suprafaa de cel puin 4 m2, nlimea de cel puin 2 m pe cea mai mare parte a suprafeei sale i care primete lumin natural fie direct prin ferestre i / sau ui exterioare, fie indirect, prin verande cu ajutorul ferestrelor i / sau uilor, sau prin alte camere de locuit cu ajutorul glasvandurilor. Astfel, sunt considerate camere de locuit: dormitoarele, camerele de zi, holurile locuibile, ncperile cu dubl utilizare (din a cror suprafa, o parte este folosit pentru locuit) i de asemenea, alte ncperi destinate pentru locuit. Suprafaa (aria) construit desfurat (total) reprezint suma suprafeelor seciunilor orizontale ale tuturor nivelurilor cldirii (subsol, parter, etaje i mansard, exclusiv podurile circulabile sau necirculabile), delimitate de conturul exterior al pereilor exteriori. Nu se cuprind suprafeele aferente treptelor exterioare, teraselor neacoperite, ariile curilor interioare i exterioare de lumin sau de acces, mai mari de 4 m2, subsolurile tehnice. Suprafaa (aria) util desfurat (total) rezult din suprafaa construit desfurat, din care se scade suprafaa ocupat de perei (exclusiv pereii amovibili). Suprafaa (aria) locuibil desfurat (total) reprezint suma suprafeelor destinate pentru locuit a tuturor locuinelor sau spaiilor de locuit din cldire.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
Dwellings stock is determined based on data obtained from Population and Housing Censuses and on changes occurred each year, namely: inputs, representing dwellings in use (new dwellings and spaces with another destination changed into dwellings); outputs, representing demolitions and change of dwellings into spaces with another destination. A dwelling is the construction, made up by one or more habitation rooms situated at the same floor of the building or at different floors, generally endowed with outhouses (kitchen, bathroom a.s.o.) or with other service spaces, functionally independent, with separated entrance from the staircase hall, yard or street and which has been built, transformed or arranged with a view to be used, in principle, by a single household. A finished dwelling built during one year, is that building which did not exist before and whose elements, including the foundation, were built for the first time, for which all categories of work foreseen into the execution documentation were performed and which were received by beneficiary. Habitation room represents a room from a dwelling used for habitation, having an area of at least 4 sq.m, a height of at least 2 m on largest part of its area, which gets natural light either directly through windows and / or exterior doors, or indirectly through veranda by means of windows and / or doors, or by other habitation rooms by means of French windows. Thus, the following are considered habitation rooms: bedrooms, dining rooms, habitation halls, rooms with double use (of whose area, one part is used for habitation) and also, other rooms for habitation purpose. The total built up area represents the sum of horizontal section areas of all the building floors (basement, land-floor, floors and attic, excluding passing or non-passing garrets) limited by the outside contour of the external walls. The areas afferent to outside steps, uncovered terraces, inside yards and outside yards for lighting or access purposes exceeding 4 sq.m and technical basements are not included. Useful area (total area) results from unfolded built surface, of which the surface occupied by the walls is subtracted (excluding removable walls). Total unfolded living floor represents the sum of the areas meant for habitation of all dwellings or living spaces in the building.

181

Transportul public local de pasageri reprezint operaiunea de transport de pasageri care se efectueaz cu un vehicul rutier de transport, precum i cu metroul, n interiorul zonei administrativ-teritoriale a unei localiti, fr a depi limitele acesteia. Lungimea total simpl a reelei de distribuie a apei potabile reprezint lungimea tuburilor i conductelor instalate pe teritoriul localitii respective, pentru transportul apei potabile de la conductele de aduciune sau de la staiile de pompare pn la punctele de branare a consumatorilor. Apa potabil distribuit consumatorilor este cantitatea total de ap potabil livrat efectiv tuturor consumatorilor, populaiei i operatorilor economici, pentru nevoi productive i neproductive (casnice, bi publice, cldiri social-culturale i administrative, hoteluri, stropitul strzilor, spaii verzi etc.) prin reele de distribuie sau direct prin conducte de aduciune; se determin cu ajutorul apometrelor instalate la consumatori, iar n lipsa acestora pe baza normelor de consum paual. Lungimea total a conductelor de distribuie a gazelor naturale se refer la totalitatea conductelor (din reea i direct din conductele magistrale de transport) prin care se distribuie gaze la consumatorii dintr-o localitate, ncepnd de la staiile de reglare a presiunii i predare a gazelor de ctre furnizori pn la punctele de branare a consumatorilor. Gazele naturale distribuite efectiv reprezint volumul total de gaze naturale livrate consumatorilor prin reele de distribuie (inclusiv gazele naturale consumate de unitatea distribuitoare).

Local public passengers transport includes passengers transport operations carried out using a road transport vehicle as well as the subway, within the administrative-territorial area of a locality, without exceeding its boundaries. Simple total length of drinking water supply network represents the length of tubes and pipes placed in the respective locality, for drinking water transport from feed pipes or from pumping pipes up to the consumers connection points. Drinking water supplied to the users is the total quantity of drinking water actually delivered to all consumers, to the population and to economic operators, for productive and non-productive needs (domestic, public baths, social-cultural and administrative buildings, hotels, street wash, green spaces a.s.o.) through distribution networks or directly aduction by pipes; it is determined by means of water gauges installed at the consumers and, if they are not present, by means of flat rate consumption norms. Total length of distribution pipes of natural gas refers to all pipes (from network and directly from main transport pipes) distributing gas to the consumers in one locality, starting from pressure adjustment and gas delivery stations of suppliers up to the consumers connection points. Actually distributed natural gas represents the total volume of natural gas delivered to the consumers by means of distribution networks (including natural gas consumed by distribution unit).

5.G1
52,5%

Locuine terminate, pe medii Finished dwellings, by area


2006 47,5% 56,0% 20111) 44,0%

Urban

Rural

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

182

5.G2
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Locuine terminate, pe surse de finanare Finished dwellings, by financing sources


Numr locuine (mii) Number of dwellings (thou)

67,3

62,5 48,9

47,3 39,6

45,4

34,8

43,0

61,2

56,8

46,0

43,1

4,8 2006

4,3 2007

6,1 2008

5,7 2009

2,9 2010

2,3 2011
1)

Fonduri private Private funds

Fonduri publice Public funds

Total locuine terminate Total finished dwellings

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

5.G3

Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms
2006 7,7% 20111) 6,2%

21,7% 46,4% 52,5% 24,2%

18,6%

22,7%

cu o camer with one room cu dou camere with two rooms

cu trei camere with three rooms cu patru camere i peste with four rooms and over

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

183

5.1

Fondul de locuine Dwellings stock


Existent la sfritul anului Existing at end of year Locuine Camere de locuit Suprafaa locuibil (mii) (mii) (mii m2 ) Dwellings Habitation rooms Living floor (thou) (thou) (thou m2)

2006 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2007 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2008 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2009 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2010 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 20111) Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 8428 195 8233 22011 349 21662 330008 5690 324318 8385 193 8192 21841 347 21494 326413 5627 320786 8329 191 8138 21638 344 21294 322205 5521 316684 8270 191 8079 21428 346 21082 317834 5525 312309 8231 195 8036 21273 355 20918 314542 5690 308852

2006 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2007 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2008 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2009 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2010 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 20111) Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership

8468 196 8272

22168 351 21817

333349 5761 327588

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

184

5.2

Balana fondului de locuine Balance of dwellings stock


Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) 2010 20111) 8427941 46319 45419 900 6428 849 Camere de locuit (numr) Habitation rooms (number) 2010 21840874 188889 187779 1110 18413 2671 20111) 22011350 175756 173697 2059 18766 3421 Suprafaa locuibil Living floor (m2 ) 2010 20111)

Total Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end Urban / Urban Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end Rural / Rural Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end 3837266 26136 26076 60 3135 69 3860267 25559 25431 128 3414 100 10609084 106374 106189 185 8365 285 10707093 102651 102287 364 8898 301 149595427 151609580 2152777 2149204 3573 138578 5633 2078149 2071072 7077 144208 5251 4547706 23218 22786 432 3250 660 4567674 20760 19988 772 3014 749 11231790 82515 81590 925 10048 2386 11304257 73105 71410 1695 9868 3120 176817887 178398394 1764536 1736807 27729 184029 56668 1560224 1513184 47040 153018 43012 8384972 49354 48862 492 6385 729 326413314 330007974 3917313 3886011 31302 322607 62301 3638373 3584256 54117 297226 48263

5656 8427941

5579 8467832

15742 22011350

15345 22168340

260306 248963 330008020 333349121

2590 4567674

2265 4585420

7662 11304257

6748 11367494

127361 110006 178398394 179805600

3066 3860267

3314 3882412

8080 10707093

8597 10800846

132945 138957 151609626 153543521

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

185

5.3
Anii

Locuine terminate Finished dwellings


Din acestea, finanate din: Fonduri private Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Suprafaa Area Construit Built up Of which, financed from: Private funds (mii m2 ) (thou m2) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Construit Built up

Total Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Construit Built up Suprafaa (mii m2 ) Area (thou m 2 ) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor

Fonduri publice / Public funds Suprafaa (mii m2 ) Area (thou m2) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor Years

Total 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 20111) 39638 47299 67255 62520 48862 45419 5870 7374 9874 9140 7779 7247 4515 5702 7628 7038 6010 5579 2793 3523 4706 4372 3743 3473 34782 43000 61171 56764 45983 43062 5529 7038 9407 8715 7528 7054 Urban 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 20111) 18810 23799 32553 31417 22786 19988 2934 3766 4836 4525 3524 3084 2221 2869 3705 3448 2695 2354 1335 1694 2219 2105 1633 1434 15532 20205 28338 26511 20364 18210 2683 3476 4494 4156 3317 2947 Rural 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 20111) 20828 23500 34702 31103 26076 25431 2936 3608 5038 4615 4255 4163 2294 2833 3923 3590 3315 3225 1458 1829 2487 2267 2110 2039 19250 22795 32833 30253 25619 24852 2846 3562 4913 4559 4211 4107

Total 4281 5465 7285 6742 5830 5445 Urban 2056 2670 3459 3194 2547 2261 Rural 2225 2795 3826 3548 3283 3184 1414 1804 2422 2240 2087 2008 1578 705 1869 850 457 579 90 46 125 56 44 56 69 38 97 42 32 41 44 25 65 27 23 31 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 20111) 1235 1565 2046 1914 1533 1358 3278 3594 4215 4906 2422 1778 251 290 342 369 207 137 165 199 246 254 148 93 100 129 173 191 100 76 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 20111) 2649 3369 4468 4154 3620 3366 4856 4299 6084 5756 2879 2357 341 336 467 425 251 193 234 237 343 296 180 134 144 154 238 218 123 107 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 20111)

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

186

187

5.4

Locuine terminate, dup tipurile de instalaii cu care sunt dotate i fondurile de finanare Finished dwellings, by type of installations they are endowed with and financing funds
numr / number

Din acestea, finanate din: Of which,financed from: Tipul instalaiei 2006 Total Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid Urban Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid Rural Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid 2007 Total 2008 67255 66942 53096 43535 2009 62520 62020 49293 39623 2010 48862 48613 38297 28515 20111) 45419 45146 37302 29367 2006 34782 34416 22170 18151 Fonduri private 2007 43000 42459 30432 24121 2008 61171 60858 48534 39150 Private funds 2009 56764 56266 43738 34378 2010 45983 45746 35550 25795 20111) 43062 42790 35089 27172 2006 4856 4852 3224 3200 Fonduri publice / Public funds 2007 4299 4296 3669 3596 2008 6084 6084 4562 4385 2009 5756 5754 5555 5245 2010 2879 2867 2747 2720 20111) 2357 2356 2213 2195 Total Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Urban Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Rural Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Type of installation

39638 47299 39268 46755 25394 34101 21351 27717

20259 28150 1486 1442 17709 17328 18810 23799 18793 23745 16377 21252 15470 19189

47076 1014 18523 32553 32495 29946 26782

44480 906 16616 31417 31227 28534 25997

33404 727 14310 22786 22763 21095 18265

31568 509 12626 19988 19950 18676 16304

17185 1479 15935 15532 15516 13243 12341

24639 1440 16544 20205 20151 17749 15688

42711 1013 16807 28338 28280 25742 22591

39602 905 15803 26511 26323 23640 21146

30743 661 14159 20364 20342 18677 15852

29600 509 12308 18210 18172 16902 14532

3074 7 1774 3278 3277 3134 3129

3511 2 784 3594 3594 3503 3501

4365 1 1716 4215 4215 4204 4191

4878 1 813 4906 4904 4894 4851

2661 66 151 2422 2421 2418 2413

1968 318 1778 1778 1774 1772

14691 19516 959 819 3109 3299 20828 23500 20475 23010 9017 12849 5881 8528

29032 545 2801 34702 34447 23150 16753

27708 428 3111 31103 30793 20759 13626

19840 372 2480 26076 25850 17202 10250

17361 282 2043 25431 25196 18626 13063

11631 954 2896 19250 18900 8927 5810

16069 817 3154 22795 22308 12683 8433

24848 545 2770 32833 32578 22792 16559

22982 428 2982 30253 29943 20098 13232

17499 306 2465 25619 25404 16873 9943

15682 282 1991 24852 24618 18187 12640

3060 5 213 1578 1575 90 71

3447 2 145 705 702 166 95

4184 31 1869 1869 358 194

4726 129 850 850 661 394

2341 66 15 457 446 329 307

1679 52 579 578 439 423

5568 8634 527 623 14600 14029

18044 469 15722

16772 478 13505

13564 355 11830

14207 227 10583

5554 525 13039

8570 623 13390

17863 468 14037

16620 477 12821

13244 355 11694

13918 227 10317

14 2 1561

64 639

181 1 1685

152 1 684

320 136

289 266

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

188

189

5.5
Total Cu o camer

Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit i sursele de finanare Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms and financing sources
numr / number

2006

2007

2008 Total

2009

2010

20111)

39638 3038 8592 9615 18393

47299 3851 8743 12008 22697

67255 5332 16698 16879 28346

62520 5312 14721 15961 26526

48862 3269 9166 11020 25407

45419 2834 8439 10321 23825

Total With one room With two rooms With three rooms With four rooms and over

Cu dou camere Cu trei camere Cu patru camere i peste

Din acestea, finanate din: Of which, financed from: Fonduri private Private funds Total Cu o camer Cu dou camere Cu trei camere Cu patru camere i peste 34782 1356 5864 9278 18284 43000 2307 6640 11494 22559 61171 3688 13030 16303 28150 56764 3257 11453 15615 26439 45983 2318 7692 10711 25262 43062 1940 7246 10148 23728 Total With one room With two rooms With three rooms With four rooms and over

Fonduri publice Public funds Total Cu o camer Cu dou camere Cu trei camere Cu patru camere i peste 4856 1682 2728 337 109 4299 1544 2103 514 138 6084 1644 3668 576 196 5756 2055 3268 346 87 2879 951 1474 309 145 2357 894 1193 173 97 Total With one room With two rooms With three rooms With four rooms and over

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

5.6
din care: Modernizate

Strzile oreneti (la sfritul anului) Town streets (end of year)


km

2006 Lungimea strzilor oreneti 26065

2007 26168

2008 26309

2009 26606

2010 27005

2011 27846 Town streets length of which:

15314

15757

16157

16536

16911

17413

Modernized

190

5.7

Transportul public local de pasageri Local public passengers transport


2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Length of simple line (km) - at end of year Trams Trolleybuses Underground Number of registered vehicles (at end of year) Trams1) Buses and minibuses Trolleybuses Underground1)

Lungimea liniei simple (km) - la sfritul anului Tramvaie Troleibuze Metrou Numrul vehiculelor n inventar (la sfritul anului) Tramvaie1) Autobuze i microbuze Troleibuze Metrou1)
1) Vagoane. / Passenger carriages.

919,7 576,7 153,7

907,4 486,5 153,7

896,7 476,4 162,4

891,3 475,4 162,4

883,5 406,4 162,4

872,8 399,7 162,4

1513 6008 698 640

1433 5947 660 704

1481 5886 696 614

1438 6069 641 608

1411 5244 614 550

1358 5172 627 550

5.8
Total

Transportul public local de pasageri, pe tipuri de vehicule de transport Local public passengers transport, by type of vehicles of transport
mii pasageri / thou passengers

2007 2167133,1 665777,3 1136441,5 200133,3 164781,0

2008 2167474,5 672700,3 1124933,0 187824,2 182017,0

2009 2089600,6 635921,1 1084944,5 197848,0 170887,0

2010 2117199,1 629070,8 1119862,9 191033,4 177232,0

2011 1989716,1 569758,7 1077759,1 171673,3 170525,0 Total Trams Buses and minibuses Trolleybuses Underground

Tramvaie Autobuze i microbuze Troleibuze Metrou

5.9

Canalizare public i spaii verzi (la sfritul anului) Public sewerage and green spaces (end of year)
2006 2007 735 2008 760 2009 777 2010 798 2011 861

Localiti1) cu instalaii de canalizare public (numr) Localities1) with public sewerage installations (number) din care: / of which: Municipii i orae Municipalities and towns Lungimea total simpl a conductelor de canalizare public (km) Total simple length of public sewerage pipes (km) Suprafaa spaiilor verzi n municipii i orae (ha) Green spaces area in municipalities and towns (ha)
1) Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

708

308

309

309

308

309

309

18602

19356

20364

20953

21978

23137

20269

20724

21124

21232

22005

22451

191

5.10

Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite Natural gas distribution network and volume
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Number of localities1) provided with natural gas (end of year) Simple length of distribution pipes of natural gas (km) - end of year Natural gas distributed (million m3) of which: For household use

Numrul localitilor1) n care se distribuie gaze naturale (la sfritul anului) Lungimea simpl a conductelor de distribuie a gazelor naturale (km) - la sfritul anului Gaze naturale distribuite (milioane m3 ) din care: Pentru uz casnic

774

807

815

835

866

876

28960 30738 31927 33338 34726 35681 10332 11902 11049 2687 2535 2731 9773 2677 9639 10270 2823 2963

1) Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

5.11

Reeaua i volumul apei potabile distribuite Drinking water supply network and volume
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Number of localities1) with drinking water supplied installations (end of year) of which: Municipalities and towns Simple total length of drinking water supply network (km) - end of year of which: Municipalities and towns Drinking water supplied to the users (million m3) of which: For household use

Numrul localitilor1) cu instalaii de alimentare cu ap potabil (la sfritul anului) din care: Municipii i orae Lungimea total simpl a reelei de distribuie a apei potabile (km) - la sfritul anului din care: Municipii i orae Ap potabil distribuit consumatorilor (milioane m3 ) din care: Pentru uz casnic

1999 317

2070 318

2123 317

2191 317

2252 317

2304 317

50821 52578 56809 60456 63095 65901 25953 25636 26396 26857 27226 27474

1070 652

1065 671

1075 682

1065 681

1024 689

1022 677

1) Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

192

SECURITATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL

SOCIAL PROTECTION AND ASSISTANCE

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

PROTECIA SOCIAL A OMERILOR 6.1 Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor .......... 203 6.2 Indemnizaii de omaj ............................................ 204 6.3 Cheltuielile publice pe piaa muncii, pe categorii de cheltuieli i tipuri de intervenii publice .............................................. 204 ASIGURRI SOCIALE 6.4 Numrul mediu al pensionarilor ............................ 205 6.5 Pensia medie lunar .............................................. 205 6.6 Pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, dup nivelul pensiei, la 31 decembrie 2011 .................... 206 6.7 Indicii pensiei medii reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat .................................... 208 6.8 Biletele pentru tratament balnear i odihn acordate prin asigurrile sociale ............................ 208 6.9 Biletele pentru tratament balnear acordate prin asigurrile sociale de stat, pe staiuni balneoclimaterice .................................................. 210 ASISTEN SOCIAL 6.10 Alocaii i alte ajutoare acordate populaiei (sume pltite) ........................................ 211 6.11 Numrul centrelor de plasament funcionale i al serviciilor alternative (la sfritul anului) ........ 212 6.12 Numrul copiilor din centrele de plasament, pe grupe de vrst (la sfritul anului) .................. 214 6.13 Unitile din nvmntul special ........................ 214 6.14 Minorii cu deficiene din uniti de asisten social (la sfritul anului) ...................... 215 6.15 Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, dup nivelul de educaie i pe vrste .................... 216 6.16 Elevii din nvmntul special, primar i gimnazial, pe tipuri de uniti .............................. 216 6.17 Centre pentru asistarea adulilor ............................ 218 6.18 Numrul beneficiarilor din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate .................................. 219 6.19 Persoane adulte ngrijite n centre de asisten social ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pe tipuri de deficiene, la 31 decembrie 2011 .......................... 220 6.20 Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate ............................ 221 6.21 Veniturile i cheltuielile de protecie social............ 223 6.22 Cheltuielile de protecie social, pe categorii de cheltuieli i pe funcii de protecie social, n anul 2010 .......................................................... 223

UNEMPLOYED SOCIAL PROTECTION Expenditure for unemployed social protection Unemployment benefits Public expenditure on labour market, by expenditure category and type of public interventions SOCIAL INSURANCE Average number of pensioners Monthly average pension State social insurance pensioners, by level of pension, on December 31, 2011 Average real pension indices of state social insurance pensioners Tickets for balneary treatment and rest granted by means of social insurance Tickets for balneary treatment granted by means of state social insurance, by spa SOCIAL ASSISTANCE Allowances and other benefits granted to the population (payments) Number of functional placement centers and of alternative services (end of year) Number of children from placement centers, by age groups (end of year) Units from special education Under age persons with deficiencies from social assistance units (end of year) Children and pupils from special education, by level of education and by age Pupils from special, primary and secondary education, by type of units Centers for adults assistance Number of beneficiaries from the protection system of child under difficulty Adult persons taken care of in social assistance centers of National Authority for Disabled People, by type of deficiency, on December 31, 2011 Expenditure for social protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons Income and expenditure of social protection Expenditure of social protection, by category of expenditure and by functions of social protection, in 2010

194

Pagina Page
6.23 Ponderea cheltuielilor din cadrul fiecrei funcii de prestaie social, n totalul cheltuielilor cu prestaiile sociale i n Produsul Intern Brut .... 224 Teritorial 6.24 Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ...................................... 6.25 Numrul mediu al pensionarilor i pensia medie lunar de asigurri sociale de stat, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ...................................... 6.26 Cantine de ajutor social, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 .................................................................. Weight of expenditure within each function of social benefit, in total expenditure of social benefits and in Gross Domestic Product Territorial Expenditure for unemployed social protection, at territorial level, in 2011 Average number of pensioners and monthly average state social insurance pension, at territorial level, in 2011 Social assistance canteens, at territorial level, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic asupra unitilor colare de nvmnt preuniversitar special; Cercetarea statistic asupra numrului de pensionari i pensiei medii lunare; Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS (European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics) pentru statisticile privind protecia social; Colectarea naional de date asupra politicilor privind piaa muncii, conform metodologiei europene LMP (Labour Market Policies) pentru statisticile privind politicile care acioneaz pe piaa muncii. Surse administrative: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc, pentru datele privind protecia social a omerilor nregistrai; Casa Naional de Pensii Publice i Alte Drepturi de Asigurri Sociale, pentru datele privind protecia social a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale, precum i datele pentru biletele de tratament i odihn; Ministerul Culturii, Cultelor i Patrimoniului Naional Secretariatul de Stat pentru Culte; Casa de Asigurri a Avocailor; Ministerul Aprrii Naionale; Ministerul Administraiei i Internelor; Serviciul Romn de Informaii; Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pn n anul 2009 pentru datele privind: cheltuielile pentru protecia special a persoanelor

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on special preuniversity education units; Statistical survey on number of pensioners and monthly average pension; National data collection on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology for social protection statistics.

National data collection on labour market policies, according to LMP European methodology for labour market statistics.

Administrative sources: National Agency for Employment, for data on registered unemployed social protection; National Public Pension Office and Other Social Insurance Rights Office, for data on social protection of social insurance pensioners, as well as the data for balneary treatment and rest tickets; Ministry of Culture, Religions Affairs and National Heritage - State Secretariate for Cults; Lawyers Insurance Office; Ministry of National Defence; Ministry of Administration and Interior; Romanian Intelligence Office; National Authority for Disabled People, until 2009 for data on expenditure for special protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons, number of

195

cu handicap neinstituionalizate, numrul minorilor cu deficiene din unitile proprii specializate, centrele pentru asistarea adulilor, numrul persoanelor asistate n centre, pe tipuri de deficiene; Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Familiei i a Drepturilor Copilului, pn n anul 2009 i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii, pentru indicatorii din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate (prentmpinarea situaiilor ce pun n pericol securitatea i dezvoltarea copiilor cuprinde prevenirea prenatal a abandonului copilului sau meninerea copilului n familia natural); Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale, pentru datele privind cminele pentru persoane vrstnice i pentru datele privind alocaiile de stat i suplimentare, alocaia familial complementar i alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental i alte ajutoare acordate de la bugetul statului i bugetele locale. ncepnd cu anul 2010, Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale reprezint sursa datelor i pentru indicatorii furnizai pn n anul 2009 de Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap i Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Familiei i a Drepturilor Copilului.

under age persons with deficiencies from own specialized units, centers for assisting adults, number of persons assisted in centers, by type of deficiency; National Authority for Family and Child Rights Protection, until 2009 and Romanian Office for Adoptions, for indicators from the protection system of child under difficulty (preventing the situations jeopardizing the children security and growth, refers to the prenatal prevention of child abandonment or maintaing the child within his natural family); Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, for data on elderly persons hostels and for data on state and additional allowances, complementary family allowance and support allowance for mono-parental family and other benefits granted from state budget and local budgets. Since 2010, the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection is the source of data and indicators provided until 2009 by the National Authority for Disabled People and National Authority for Family and Child Rights Protection.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
PROTECIA SOCIAL A OMERILOR Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor : Indemnizaia de omaj reprezint o compensaie parial a veniturilor asiguratului ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc sau a veniturilor absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt care nu s-au putut ncadra n munc. Conform Legii nr. 76/2002, cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare, beneficiaz de indemnizaie de omaj: a) omerii care ndeplinesc cumulativ urmtoarele condiii: - au stagiu de cotizare de minimum 12 luni n ultimele 24 de luni premergtoare datei nregistrrii cererii; - nu realizeaz venituri sau realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii venituri mai mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin, n vigoare; - nu ndeplinesc condiiile de pensionare conform legii; - sunt nregistrai la ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
UNEMPLOYED SOCIAL PROTECTION Expenditure for unemployed social protection: Unemployment benefit represents a partial compensation of insured person income as a result of losing his job or income for graduates of education institutions who could not be employed. According to the Law no.76/2002, with subsequent amendments, the following persons receive unemployment benefit: a) unemployed fulfill cumulatively the following conditions: - have minimum 12 months contribution stage in the last 24 months before the registration date of the application; - have no income or have from authorized activities according to the law income lower than value of social reference indicator, in force; - do not fulfill retirement conditions according to the law; - are registered at employment agencies.

196

Cuantumul indemnizaiei de omaj, pentru aceast categorie de omeri, este o sum acordat lunar, difereniat n funcie de stagiul de cotizare astfel: - 75% din valoarea indicatorului social de referin n vigoare la data stabilirii acestuia, pentru persoanele cu un stagiu de cotizare de cel puin un an; la suma prevzut anterior se adaug o sum calculat prin aplicarea asupra mediei salariului de baz lunar brut pe ultimele 12 luni de stagiu de cotizare o cot procentual difereniat n funcie de stagiul de cotizare: 3% pentru cel puin 3 ani; 5% pentru cel puin 5 ani; 7% pentru cel puin 10 ani; 10 % pentru cel puin 20 ani. Conform Ordonanei de Urgen nr. 17 din 23 februarie 2011, constituie stagiu de cotizare i perioadele pentru care angajatorul este scutit, n condiiile legii, de plata contribuiei datorate la bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj. Indemnizaia de omaj se acord pe perioade difereniate n funcie de stagiul de cotizare astfel: 6 luni, pentru persoanele cu un stagiu de cotizare de cel puin 1 an; 9 luni, pentru persoanele cu un stagiu de cotizare de cel puin 5 ani; 12 luni, pentru persoanele cu un stagiu de cotizare mai mare de 10 ani. b) omerii asimilai care ndeplinesc cumulativ urmtoarele condiii: - sunt nregistrai la ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc; - nu realizeaz venituri sau realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii venituri mai mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin, n vigoare; - nu ndeplinesc condiiile de pensionare conform legii. Cuantumul indemnizaiei de omaj, pentru aceast categorie de omeri, este o sum fix, lunar, reprezentnd 50% din valoarea indicatorului social de referin n vigoare la data stabilirii acestuia i se acord pe o perioad de 6 luni. Conform Legii nr. 118 din 30 iunie 2010 (actualizat), cuantumul indemnizaiei de omaj stabilit n condiiile prevzute de lege i aflat n plat la data intrrii in vigoare a prezentei legi sau care se stabilete ori se repune n plat dup suspendare, potrivit prevederilor legale se diminueaz cu 15 %. Cheltuieli pentru formarea profesional reprezint cheltuielile efectuate pentru calificarea, recalificarea, perfecionarea i specializarea persoanelor aflate n cutarea unui loc de munc; formarea profesional se realizeaz prin cursuri, stagii de practic i specializare, organizate pe niveluri de pregtire, pe baza planului naional de formare profesional. Plata absolvenilor reprezint suma acordat angajatorilor care au ncadrat n munc, pe durat nedeterminat, absolveni ai unor instituii de

The quantum of unemployment benefit for this unemployed category is a monthly amount differentiated by contribution stage as follows: - 75% of social reference indicator in force at date of its settlement, for persons with at least one year contribution stage; at the amount previously stipulated it is added an amount calculated applying over the average of monthly gross basic salary in the last 12 months of contribution stage, a percentage quota differentiated by contribution stage; 3% for at least 3 years; 5% for at least 5 years; 7% for at least 10 years; 10% for at least 20 years. According to the Urgency Ordinance no.17 of February 23, 2011, contribution stage also includes the periods for which employer is saved according to the law of contribution payment to unemployment insurance budget. Unemployment benefit is granted on periods differentiated by contribution stage as follows: 6 months, for persons with contribution stage of at least one year; 9 months for persons with a contribution stage of at least 5 years; 12 months for persons with contribution stage higher than 10 years. b) unemployed assimilated fulfill cumulatively the following conditions: - are registered at employment agencies; - have no income or have from authorized activities according to the law income lower than value of social reference indicator, in force; - do not fulfill the retirement conditions according to the law. The quantum of unemployment benefit for this unemployed category is a fixed monthly amount representing 50% of value of social reference indicator in force at date of its settlement and is granted during 6 months period. According to the Law no.118 of June 30, 2010 (updated) the quantum of unemployment benefit set up under the conditions stipulated by the law and paid at date of coming into force of this law or which is set up or paid after suspension, according to legal stipulations is diminished by 15%. Expenditure for vocational training represent expenditure for the qualification, re-qualification, training and specialization of persons looking for a job; vocational training is done by means of courses, practice and specialization stages, organized by training levels, based on the national plan of vocational training. Graduates remuneration represents the amounts granted to the employers who employed graduates of educational institutions, for indefinite duration.

197

nvmnt. Suma lunar se stabilete conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 1 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea omerilor care se angajeaz nainte de expirarea perioadei de omaj reprezint sumele pltite n completarea veniturilor salariale omerilor (cu experien n munc i absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt) conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 72 i art. 73 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea mobilitii forei de munc reprezint sumele acordate ca prime de ncadrare persoanelor (omere) care se ncadreaz n munc nainte de expirarea perioadei n care beneficiaz de indemnizaie de omaj, ntr-o localitate situat la o distan mai mare de 50 km de localitatea n care i au domiciliul stabil i ca prime de instalare persoanelor (omere) care se ncadreaz n munc nainte de expirarea perioadei n care beneficiaz de indemnizaie de omaj, ntr-o alt localitate i, ca urmare a acestui fapt, i schimb domiciliul. Primele de ncadrare i de instalare se stabilesc conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 74, 75, 76 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea angajatorilor care ncadreaz omeri din categoria defavorizai reprezint sumele acordate angajatorilor care au ncadrat n munc, pe durat nederminat, absolveni din rndul persoanelor cu handicap. Suma lunar se stabilete conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 2, cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile compensatorii efectuate n cadrul programelor de restructurare, privatizare i lichidare reprezint sumele acordate persoanelor crora li s-au desfcut contractele individuale de munc ca urmare a concedierilor colective (O.G. nr. 7/1998 i O.U.G. nr. 98/1999 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). Alte cheltuieli cuprind sumele acordate sub form de credite ntreprinderilor mici i mijlocii pentru nfiinarea de noi locuri de munc, precum i cele necesare administrrii fondului pentru plata ajutorului de omaj. Conform metodologiei LMP, intervenia public pe piaa muncii reprezint intervenia public ce are ca scop atingerea unei funcionri eficiente i corectarea dezechilibrelor aprute pe piaa muncii. Interveniile publice se disting de celelalte intervenii ale administraiei publice prin faptul c sunt destinate unor grupuri particulare de persoane considerate ca de interes pentru buna funcionare a pieei muncii. Interveniile publice sunt de urmtoarele tipuri: Servicii privind piaa muncii - se refer la interveniile pe piaa muncii adresate persoanelor (participanilor) aflate n cutarea unui loc de munc, fr modificarea statutului lor pe piaa muncii, ci doar n scopul mijlocirii gsirii unui loc de munc.

The monthly amount granted is established based on Law no. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 1, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for unemployed getting employed before expiring their unemployment period represent the amounts paid to complete salary income for unemployed (with work experience and to graduates of educational units) according to the Law no. 76/2002 art. 72 and art. 73, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for labour force mobility represents the amounts granted as tax free employment bonuses for persons (unemployed) who get employed before expiring their period of receiving unemployment benefit in one locality situated at over 50 km far from their stable domicile locality and as installation bonuses for the persons (unemployed) who get employed before expiring their period of receiving unemployment benefit, into another locality and therefore change their domicile. The employment and installation bonuses are established according to Law no. 76/2002 - art. 74, 75, 76, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for employers who hire unfavoured unemployed represent the amounts granted to employers who employed, for indefinite duration, graduates among disabled persons. The monthly amount is established according to the Law no. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 2, with subsequent amendments. The compensations granted within the programmes of restructuring, privatization and liquidation are the amounts granted to those persons for whom individual employment contracts ceased as consequence of collective lay off (G.O. no. 7/1998 and G.P.O. no. 98/1999 with subsequent amendments and completions) Other expenditure include the amounts granted as credits to the small and medium enterprises to create new jobs, as well as those needed for the management of unemployment benefit funds. According to LMP methodology, public intervention on the labour market represents public intervention aiming at efficient functioning and disequilibria correction on the labour market. Public interventions are different from other interventions of general government because they are meant for special groups of persons of interest for the good functioning of labour market. Public interventions are of various types: Labour market services - refer to interventions on the labour market for persons (participants) seeking for a job, without changing their status on the labour market, only in order to find a job.

198

Msuri privind piaa muncii (msuri active) - se refer la interveniile pe piaa muncii privind participanii a cror principal activitate este cutarea activ a unui loc de munc i care se finalizeaz prin modificarea statutului lor pe piaa muncii. Suporturi financiare privind piaa muncii (msuri pasive) - se refer la interveniile care furnizeaz indivizilor asisten financiar, direct sau indirect, pentru persoanele dezavantajate pe piaa muncii. Transferurile ctre indivizi - reprezint cheltuielile publice transferate direct ctre indivizi i care sunt pltite n bani sau sub forma unei reduceri a impozitelor obligatorii. Transferuri ctre angajatori - se refer la cheltuielile publice transferate direct angajatorilor i care sunt pltite n bani sau sub forma unei reduceri ale impozitelor obligatorii. Transferurile ctre furnizorii de servicii - sunt cheltuielile publice transferate direct productorilor de bunuri i/sau servicii care sunt oferite indivizilor sau angajatorilor ca servicii directe (de exemplu formare profesional sau consiliere) n beneficiul participanilor. Alte cheltuieli - sunt acele cheltuieli care nu pot fi detaliate dup tipul beneficiarului direct.

Labour market measures (active measures) refer to interventions on the labour market regarding participants whose main activity is to seek for a job actively, and ends by changing their status on the labour market. Labour market financial supports (passive measures) - refer to interventions providing financial assistance, directly or indirectly, for disadvantaged persons on the labour market. Transfers to persons - represent public expenditure directly transferred to persons paid in cash or as discounts of compulsory taxes. Transfers to employers - refer to public expenditure directly transferred to employers paid in cash or as discounts of compulsory taxes. Transfers to providers of services - are public expenditure directly transferred to providers of goods and /or services for persons or employers as direct services (for instance, vocational training or consulting) for the benefit of participants. Other expenditure - are those expenditure which cannot be detailed by type of direct beneficiary.

ASIGURRI SOCIALE Pensia medie lunar s-a calculat prin raportarea sumelor cuvenite (conform deciziilor) pensionarilor existeni n plat n anul de referin, la numrul mediu lunar al acestora nmulit cu 12. De la 1 iulie 2000, sumele cuvenite pentru calculul pensiei medii lunare cuprind i valoarea impozitului aferent sumelor ce depesc plafonul stabilit prin lege (O.U.G. nr. 87/2000). ncepnd cu 1 ianuarie 2003, sumele cuvenite drept pensii nu mai includ contribuia pentru asigurrile sociale de sntate (O.U.G. nr. 147/2002). Indicele pensiei reale s-a calculat, numai pentru pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, ca raport procentual ntre indicele pensiei medii nominale i indicele general al preurilor de consum. Pensia medie nominal utilizat n calculul pensiei reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat cuprinde i pensia suplimentar. Pentru comparabilitatea seriei de date, ncepnd cu 1 iulie 2000, s-a dedus i valoarea impozitului. Conform metodologiei ESSPROS, protecia social reprezint expresia tuturor interveniilor ntreprinse de organismele publice sau private n scopul protejrii gospodriilor i indivizilor de consecinele unui set definit de riscuri sociale sau nevoi, n condiiile n care nu este implicat niciun aranjament simultan de reciprocitate sau unul individual.

SOCIAL INSURANCE Monthly average pension has been computed as a ratio between the amounts granted (in accordance with the pension decision) to the pensioners on payment during the reference year, and their monthly average number multiplied by 12. Since July 1, 2000, the amounts for the calculation of monthly average pension also comprise the value of tax for the amounts exceeding the threshold set up by the Law (G.P.O. no. 87/2000). Starting with January 1, 2003, amounts representing pensions do not include anymore health social insurance contribution (G.P.O. no. 147/2002). Real pension index has been calculated, only for state social insurance pensioners, as a percentage ratio between nominal average pension index and general consumer price index. Nominal average pension used for the calculation of real pension of state social insurance pensioners contains supplementary pension as well. For the data series comparability, beginning with July 1, 2000, the value of tax is also deducted. According to ESSPROS methodology, social protection represents the expression of all interventions of public or private bodies in order to protect the households and persons against the consequences of a set of social risks or needs, if no simultaneous mutual or individual arrangement is involved.

199

Funcia de protecie social se definete n termenii scopului final pe care trebuie s l ating protecia social, adic de protejare a indivizilor i familiilor/gospodriilor mpotriva riscului social major identificat. Prestaiile de protecie social se clasific pe opt funcii de protecie social, corespunztoare celor opt riscuri sociale majore identificate de ESSPROS. Funciile de protecie social sunt: boal/ngrijirea sntii; invaliditate; limit de vrst; urma; familie/copii; omaj; locuin; excluziune social (neclasificat n alt parte). Cheltuielile de protecie social cuprind: cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale; costuri administrative; alte tipuri de cheltuieli (de exemplu: dobnzi bancare n conexiune cu fondurile sociale). Cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale reprezint valoarea resurselor de protecie social alocate beneficiatilor n numerar sau n natur (bunuri i/sau servicii). Costuri administrative reprezint cheltuielile pe care le implic organizarea i administrarea schemelor de protecie social. Prestaiile dependente de un prag al venitului sunt cele care se acord condiionat, respectiv dac nivelul venitului beneficiarului se situeaz sub un prag prestabilit. Prestaiile independente de un prag al venitului sunt cele care se acord necondiionat de nivelul veniturilor beneficiarului.

Social protection function is defined in terms of final purpose for social protection, namely to protect persons and families/ households against major social risk identified. Provisions of social protection are divided into eight functions of social protection, according to those eight major social risks identified by ESSPROS. Social protection functions are: sickness/health care; disability; old age; survivor; family/children; unemployment; housing; social exclusion / non-classified elsewhere). Expenditure for social protection include: expenditure for social protection benefits; administrative costs; other types of expenditure (for instance, bank interests related to social funds); Expenditure for social protection benefits represent the value of social protection resources allocated to the beneficiaries in cash or in kind (goods and/or services). Administrative costs represent the expenditure for the organization and administration of social protection schemes. Means - tested benefits are conditioned provisions, respectively if the level of the beneficiary income is under a preset threshold. Non-means tested benefits are unconditioned provisions by the level of the beneficiary income.

200

6.G1
7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al pensionarilor Evolution of average number of pensioners

mii persoane / thou persons

5806 5785

5745 5726

5701 5685

5689 5676

5675 5664

5589 5580

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Pensionari - total Pensioners - total

Pensionari de asigurri sociale Social insurance pensioners

6.G2
5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 4780

Evoluia numrului mediu al pensionarilor de asigurri sociale Evolution of average number of social insurance pensioners

mii persoane / thou persons

4633

4794

4643

4819

4664

4877

4718

4927

4767

4903

4744

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) Social insurance pensioners (excluding farmers) Pensionari de asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance pensioners

201

6.G3
800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Evoluia pensiei medii lunare Evolution of monthly average pension


lei / persoan / lei person

711 593 573 686

739 717

773 753

399 311 298 117 159 389

253

300

309

311

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Pensionari de asigurri sociale Social insurance pensioners

Pensionari de asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance pensioners Pensionari de asigurri sociale - agricultori Social insurance pensioners - farmers

6.G4

Evoluia pensiei medii nominale i reale Evolution of nominal and real average pension
% anul precedent = 100 / previous year = 100

150 140 130 120 110 100 0 2006 2007 109,2 116,4 128,7

144,7

134,1 122,8

118,3 103,5

112,0

100,8 95,3 2011

97,5 2008 2009 2010

Indicele pensiei nominale Nominal pension index Indicele pensiei reale Real pension index

202

6.1
Total

Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor Expenditure for unemployed social protection


mii lei / lei thou

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

1543664,6 1447440,6 1386224,7 2722523,1 3822056,9 2170786,7 805495,4 724993,2 634347,6 1669818,3 2319704,9 1211435,8

Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment benefit (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc) 2) Unemployment benefit (unemployed without work experience) 2) Cheltuieli pentru formarea profesional Expenditure for vocational training Plata absolvenilor Graduates remuneration Pli pentru stimularea omerilor care se angajeaz nainte de expirarea perioadei de omaj 3) Incentives for unemployed who got employed before unemployment period expiry3) Pli pentru stimularea mobilitii forei de munc Incentives for labour force mobility3) Pli pentru stimularea angajatorilor care ncadreaz omeri din categoria defavorizai 3) Incentives for employers who hire unfavoured unemployed 3)

36330,0

29247,1

29712,9

64594,5

114122,1

74313,1

25330,9 64775,0

24723,2 59724,7

27468,1 56566,0

20460,6 51627,0

20911,9 35644,9

25449,8 36430,6

12478,3

13241,5

14402,5

15707,5

26269,3

16787,6

3)

5603,2

5725,0

6481,3

5338,0

7778,7

8424,3

75182,4

90180,7

101500,4

70343,2

55591,0

82216,1

Pli compensatorii efectuate n cadrul programelor de restructurare, privatizare i lichidare 45874,3 Compensations granted within the programmes of restructuring, privatization and liquidation Plati pentru stimularea absolvenilor Payments for graduates stimulation Combaterea marginalizrii sociale 4) Fight against social marginalization 4) Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure 1672,8 7704,8 463217,5

44825,1

59300,0

41598,2

22730,1

3874,9

2974,1 11849,2 439956,8

3558,7 15943,9 436943,3

2550,5 13206,8

2765,1 12090,4

2820,5 15306,8 693727,2

767278,5 1204448,5

1) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat persoanelor aflate n omaj ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc, conform articolului 39

din Legea nr. 76/2002, precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform articolului 72 din Legea nr.76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare i a veniturilor de completare, conform O.U.G. nr.175/2002, O.U.G. nr.8/2003, O.U.G. nr.115/2003, Legea nr.174/2003, Legea nr.138/2004 i O.U.G. nr.22/2004. Unemployment benefit granted to unemployed after losing their jobs, according to the article 39 of Law no.76/2002, as well as other amounts completing salary income of employees according to the article 72 of Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation with subsequent amendments and vocational reintegration, according to G.P.O. no.175/2002, G.P.O. no.8/2003, G.P.O. no.115/2003, Law no.174/2003, Law no.138/2004 and G.P.O. no.22/2004. 2) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt, conform articolului 40 din Legea nr.76/2002, precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform articolelor 72-73 din Legea nr.76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). Unemployment benefit granted to education institutions graduates according to the article 40 of Law no.76/2002 as well as other amounts completing salary income of employees according to the articles 72-73 of Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 3) Alte categorii de cheltuieli, conform Legii nr.76/2002, privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). Other category of expenditure according to Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 4) Conform Legii nr.116/2002 privind prevenirea i combaterea marginalizrii sociale. According to Law no.116/2002 regarding preventing and fighting against social marginalization. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. Source: National Agency for Employment.

203

6.2

Indemnizaii de omaj Unemployment benefits


2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Media lunar (lei / persoan) Monthly average (lei / person) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment benefit (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)2) Unemployment benefit (unemployed without work experience)2) 259 321 401 469 470 525

162

180

238

291

268

245

n procente fa de salariul minim brut pe economie In percentage as against the gross minimum salary in economy Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment benefit (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)2) Unemployment benefit (unemployed without work experience)2) 78,5 82,3 78,6 78,2 78,3 78,4

49,1

46,2

46,7

48,5

44,7

36,6

1) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat persoanelor aflate n omaj ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc, conform articolului 39

din Legea nr. 76/2002. / Unemployment benefit granted to unemployed after losing their jobs, according to the article 39 of Law no.76/2002. 2) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt, conform articolului 40 din Legea nr.76/2002. Unemployment benefit granted to education institutions, according to the article 40 of Law no.76/2002.

6.3

Cheltuielile publice pe piaa muncii1), pe categorii de cheltuieli i tipuri de intervenii publice Public expenditure on labour market1), by expenditure category and type of public interventions
mii lei / lei thou

Categorii de cheltuieli Expenditure category Tipuri de intervenii publice Types of public interventions Total2) Transferuri ctre indivizi Transfer to persons 2011 2010 2011 1418983 44447 Transferuri ctre angajatori Transfer to employers 2010 1012263) 40 1011843) 2011 71395 108 71287 Transferuri ctre furnizorii de servicii Transfer to suppliers of services 2010 2011 1470423) 150026 146416 6263) 149241 730

2010 Total Servicii privind piaa muncii Services on labour market Msuri privind piaa muncii Measures on labour market Suporturi financiare privind piaa muncii Financial support on labour market

31556513) 1640404 29073833) 146456 149349 447313)

1465413) 116464

2862654 1374591 28626523)

1374536

23)

56

1) Conform metodologiei europene (LMP), pentru statisticile privind politicile care acioneaz pe piaa muncii. 2) Diferenele ntre datele pe total i valorile obinute din nsumarea diverselor structuri utilizate sunt datorate rotunjirilor. 3) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

According to (LMP) European methodology for labour market statistics.

The differences between total data and data obtained by cumulating the different structures used are due to rounding up.

Sursa: Colectarea naional de date conform metodologiei LMP. / Source: National collections of data according to LMP methodology.

204

6.4

Numrul mediu al pensionarilor Average number of pensioners


mii persoane / thou persons
2006 2007 2008 5745 5701 5726 5685 4643 4664 932 866 4794 4819 3153 3186 2161 2099 992 1087 12 10 117 113 882 892 39 41 556 549 287 302 630 618 3 16 5 11 2 14 4 10 2009 2010 2011 5689 5675 5589 TOTAL 5676 5664 5580 Social insurance pensioners1) - total of which: 4718 4767 4744 State 799 737 677 Farmers Social insurance pensioners 4877 4927 4903 (excluding farmers) of which: 3239 3309 3350 For age limit 2030 2282 2607 With due complete stage 1209 1027 743 With due incomplete stage 9 9 9 Anticipated pension 112 123 125 Partial anticipated pension 909 887 834 Invalidity 42 41 39 I degree 545 511 442 II degree 322 335 353 III degree 608 599 585 Survivor pension 2 11 3 8 2 9 3 6 Social benefit 2) 1 - pension type War invalids, orphans and widows 8 pensioners 2 Invalidity 6 Survivor pension

TOTAL Pensionari de asigurri sociale1)- total din care: Stat Agricultori Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) din care: Pentru limit de vrst Cu stagiu complet de cotizare Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare Pensie anticipat Pensie anticipat parial De invaliditate Gradul I Gradul II Gradul III De urma Beneficiari de ajutor social 2) - tip pensie Pensionari I.O.V.R. (invalizi, orfani i vduve de rzboi) Invaliditate De urma

5806 5785 4633 1005 4780 3142 2194 948 12 119 866 37 560 269 641 3 18 5 13

1) Cuprind pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, pensionarii provenii din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Administraiei i Internelor, Serviciul Romn de Informaii, Secretariatul de Stat pentru Culte i Casa de Asigurri a Avocailor. / Comprise state social insurance pensioners, pensioners coming from the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior, the Romanian Intelligence Office, the State Secretariate for Cults and Lawyers Insurance Office. 2) Ajutorul social tip pensie pltit din fondul de asigurri sociale. / Support allowance of pension type paid from social insurance funds.

6.5
TOTAL

Pensia medie lunar Monthly average pension


2006 2007 298 298 311 117 336 395 469 223 440 287 251 258 255 242 171 87 226 375 167 389 389 399 159 434 511 609 298 557 378 319 322 323 310 221 111 236 391 174 2008 572 573 593 253 631 741 879 475 803 560 460 462 466 449 320 161 245 403 181 2009 685 686 711 300 750 880 1051 591 953 669 542 544 549 530 381 188 245 402 181 2010 2011 716 717 739 309 778 753 753 773 311 815 TOTAL

lei/persoan / lei/person

Pensionari de asigurri sociale 1) - total din care: Stat Agricultori Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) din care: Pentru limit de vrst Cu stagiu complet de cotizare Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare Pensie anticipat Pensie anticipat parial De invaliditate Gradul I Gradul II Gradul III De urma Beneficiari de ajutor social 2)- tip pensie Pensionari I.O.V.R. (invalizi, orfani i vduve de rzboi) Invaliditate De urma

908 950 1057 1083 577 481 980 968 696 682 557 568 559 570 564 578 548 556 396 417 192 244 399 180 193 242 396 180

Social insurance pensions1) - total of which: State Farmers Social insurance pensions (excluding farmers) of which: For age limit With due complete stage With due incomplete stage Anticipated pension Partial anticipated pension Invalidity pensions I degree II degree III degree Survivor pension Social benefits 2) - pension type War invalids, orphans and widows pensioners Invalidity Survivor pension

1) Cuprind pensiile de asigurri sociale de stat, pensiile din sistemul Ministerului Aprrii Naionale, Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor, Serviciului Romn de Informaii, Secretariatului de Stat pentru Culte i Casei de Asigurri a Avocailor. / Comprise state social insurance pensions, the pensions of the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior, he Romanian Intelligence Office, theState Secretariate for Cults and Lawyers Insurance Office. 2) Ajutoare sociale tip pensie, pltite din fondul de asigurri sociale. / Support allowances of pension type, paid from social insurance funds.

205

6.6

Pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, dup nivelul pensiei, la 31 decembrie 2011 State social insurance pensioners, by level of pension, on December 31, 2011
Numr pensionari asigurri sociale de stat Number of state social insurance pensioners 4730214 1436 326 360 428 409 543 583 672 619 904 1390 1330 1729 4914 4606 7524 6388 7234 8869 11265 12391 15888 17671 20009 22475 24122 27487 29253 31272 33969 34938 36684 37107 95567 102384 113047 119563 265637 263821 512308 662340 259002 399357 348097 521398 464754 85064 46459 46057 13051 4479 1615 699 292 428 Limit de vrst / Age limit din care: / of which: Cu stagiu complet Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare de cotizare With due With due complete stage incomplete stage 2519776 170 32 40 33 37 36 45 44 32 49 40 68 113 1130 558 244 193 196 197 211 221 325 437 530 442 507 561 505 637 665 678 728 760 2376 2956 3981 6485 41023 42552 119821 336977 183243 324620 310152 491337 450315 82917 45375 45031 12846 4361 1567 681 278 418 720146 509 132 147 209 179 169 185 199 167 222 296 234 248 680 669 1834 1761 2225 3037 4848 5137 7543 8167 9410 10719 10512 11801 11723 12083 12665 12032 13128 13149 34785 37577 40013 40956 74426 71400 122301 90412 19823 17269 6982 4481 2479 541 257 295 62 41 20 2 2 3 Pensie anticipat parial Partial anticipated pension 121961 30 6 10 5 3 4 3 7 3 7 3 6 5 9 7 12 18 12 22 24 28 33 41 46 52 69 81 114 177 232 325 442 525 1840 2505 3248 3874 9532 10474 22985 28837 9202 10627 6342 5697 3222 535 301 264 58 30 17 4 3 3 Invaliditate / Invalidity din care: / of which: Total Gradul I I degree Gradul II II degree Gradul III III degree De urma Survivor pension Average montly quantum of the pension (lei / person)

Nivelul mediu lunar al pensiei (lei / persoan)

Total

Pensie anticipat Anticipated pension

Total Pn la 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 55 56 - 60 61 - 65 66 - 70 71 - 75 76 - 80 81 - 85 86 - 90 91 - 95 96 - 100 101 - 110 111 - 120 121 - 130 131 - 140 141 - 150 151 - 160 161 - 170 171 - 180 181 - 190 191 - 200 201 - 210 211 - 220 221 - 230 231 - 240 241 - 250 251 - 260 261 - 270 271 - 280 281 - 290 291 - 300 301 - 325 326 - 350 351 - 375 376 - 400 401 - 450 451 - 500 501 - 600 601 - 740 741 - 800 801 - 900 901 - 1000 1001 - 1200 1201 - 1600 1601 - 1800 1801 - 2000 2001 - 2500 2501 - 3000 3001 - 3500 3501 - 4000 4001 - 4500 4501 - 5000 Peste 5000
Sursa: Casa Naional de Pensii Publice. Source: National Public Pension Office.

3239922 679 164 187 242 216 205 230 243 199 271 336 302 361 1810 1227 2078 1954 2421 3234 5059 5358 7868 8604 9940 11161 11019 12362 12228 12720 13330 12710 13856 13909 37161 40533 43994 47441 115449 113952 242122 427389 203066 341889 317134 495818 452794 83458 45632 45326 12908 4402 1587 683 280 421

10285 2 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 3 4 1 2 2 2 1 1 3 3 2 2 3 1 4 3 5 9 3 11 13 11 13 42 50 178 1326 1152 2086 1899 2185 985 150 65 41 7 1 1 -

805296 303 54 53 64 62 73 77 83 76 96 108 98 99 233 266 307 375 412 496 565 709 815 903 1100 1334 1678 2224 2763 3360 4000 4650 5231 5699 16206 21939 31144 36538 85365 96096 191417 171583 38806 37521 18725 14023 6020 722 367 336 62 36 6 8 9 1

38067 3 3 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 7 4 6 3 8 11 11 13 17 16 18 26 26 30 47 55 46 60 76 98 330 508 1133 1749 5727 6328 9591 7078 1564 1560 828 642 350 42 21 12 4 3 2 -

403950 37 12 6 10 8 13 12 13 14 14 19 13 16 45 54 57 69 92 94 129 167 191 177 231 303 366 508 634 704 977 1170 1345 1715 5193 9595 16448 19766 44435 48748 99583 90278 20368 19525 9744 7139 3121 369 176 178 36 17 5 6 4 1

363279 263 42 44 54 52 58 64 70 61 80 88 84 82 181 208 244 303 312 391 425 529 607 710 851 1005 1286 1686 2082 2601 2977 3420 3810 3886 10683 11836 13563 15023 35203 41020 82243 74227 16874 16436 8153 6242 2549 311 170 146 22 16 1 2 3 -

552750 422 101 109 117 125 259 273 338 340 528 942 924 1263 2859 3102 5126 4039 4387 5115 5617 6295 7171 8120 8920 9926 11354 12817 14147 15011 16404 17248 17146 16971 40349 37394 34650 31697 55249 43249 55606 33205 6776 7234 3997 3675 1733 199 94 90 16 10 4 4 3

Total Under 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 55 56 - 60 61 - 65 66 - 70 71 - 75 76 - 80 81 - 85 86 - 90 91 - 95 96 - 100 101 - 110 111 - 120 121 - 130 131 - 140 141 - 150 151 - 160 161 - 170 171 - 180 181 - 190 191 - 200 201 - 210 211 - 220 221 - 230 231 - 240 241 - 250 251 - 260 261 - 270 271 - 280 281 - 290 291 - 300 301 - 325 326 - 350 351 - 375 376 - 400 401 - 450 451 - 500 501 - 600 601 - 740 741 - 800 801 - 900 901 - 1000 1001 - 1200 1201 - 1600 1601 - 1800 1801 - 2000 2001 - 2500 2501 - 3000 3001 - 3500 3501 - 4000 4001 - 4500 4501 - 5000 Over 5000

206

207

6.7
Anii 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Indicii pensiei medii reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat1) Average real pension indices of state social insurance pensioners1)
procente / percentage

1990 100,0

1991 74,3 100,0

1992 63,1 85,0 100,0

1993 56,3 75,8 89,2 100,0

1994 55,0 74,0 87,1 97,6 100,0

1995 61,4 82,6 97,2 109,0 111,6 100,0

1996 63,1 84,9 99,9 112,0 114,7 102,8 100,0

1997 50,3 67,7 79,7 89,3 91,5 82,0 79,7 100,0

1998 49,2 66,3 78,0 87,5 89,6 80,3 78,1 97,9 100,0

1999 47,2 63,5 74,7 83,8 85,8 76,9 74,8 93,8 95,8 100,0

2000

2001

2002 48,2 64,8 76,3 85,5 87,6 78,5 76,4 95,8 97,8 102,1 109,5 103,4 100,0

2003 51,6 69,5 81,8 91,7 93,9 84,1 81,8 102,6 104,8 109,4 117,4 110,8 107,2 100,0

2004 57,7 77,6 91,4 102,4 104,9 94,0 91,4 114,7 117,1 122,3 131,2 123,9 119,7 111,7 100,0

2005 62,3 83,9 98,8 110,7 113,4 101,6 98,8 124,0 126,6 132,2 141,8 133,8 129,4 120,7 108,1 100,0

2006 68,1 91,7 107,9 120,9 123,9 110,9 108,0 135,4 138,3 144,3 154,8 146,2 141,4 131,8 118,0 109,2 100,0

2007 83,6 112,6 132,5 148,5 152,1 136,2 132,6 166,2 169,8 177,2 190,1 179,5 173,6 161,9 145,0 134,1 122,8 100,0

2008 112,1 151,0 177,7 199,2 204,0 182,7 177,8 223,0 227,7 237,7 255,1 240,7 232,8 217,3 194,5 179,8 164,6 134,1 100,0

2009 125,7 169,2 199,1 223,2 228,6 204,8 199,3 249,9 255,2 266,4 285,8 269,8 260,9 243,4 217,9 201,6 184,6 150,3 112,0 100,0

2010 122,6 165,1 194,3 217,8 223,1 199,8 194,5 243,9 249,1 260,0 278,9 263,3 254,6 237,6 212,7 196,7 180,0 146,7 109,4 97,5 100,0

2011 116,8 157,3 185,1 207,5 212,6 190,4 185,3 232,3 237,3 247,7 265,7 250,8 242,7 226,4 202,6 187,4 171,6 139,7 104,2 93,0 95,3 100,0

Years 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

44,0 46,6 59,2 62,7 69,7 73,8 78,1 82,7 80,0 84,7 71,6 75,9 69,7 73,9 87,4 92,6 89,3 94,6 93,2 98,7 100,0 105,9 100,0

1) Inclusiv pensiile din sistemul Ministerului Aprrii Naionale, Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor i Serviciului Romn de Informaii.

Including the pensions of the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior and the Romanian Intelligence Office system.

6.8
Total bilete Total tickets

Biletele pentru tratament balnear i odihn acordate prin asigurrile sociale Tickets for balneary treatment and rest granted by means of social insurance
U.M. / M.U. 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance mii / thou mii / thou mii / thou 321,2 272,7 48,5 313,8 261,8 52,0 325,4 250,8 74,6 286,4 214,9 71,5 169,8 169,8 228,5 198,8 29,7

Tratament balnear Balneary treatment Odihn Rest Cheltuielile efectuate pentru tratament i odihn 1) Expenditure for treatment and rest

1)

mii lei 265062,3 lei thou

314729,0

315977,1 345232,3 239878,9 303598,5

1) Inclusiv cheltuielile efectuate pentru tratamentul balnear al agricultorilor, conform Ordonanei de Urgen a Guvernului nr. 31/1998.

Including farmers expenses for balneary treatment, according to Government Priority Ordinance no. 31/1998. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

208

209

6.9
Localitatea Locality Total

Biletele pentru tratament balnear acordate prin asigurrile sociale de stat1), pe staiuni balneoclimaterice Tickets for balneary treatment granted by means of state social insurance1), by spa
numr bilete / tickets number

Judeul

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

272653 Ialomia Mehedini Sibiu Neam Slaj Arge Prahova Timi Vlcea Covasna Timi Constana Constana Bihor Hunedoara Vlcea Cara-Severin Brila Bihor Constana Arad Constana Iai Maramure Vlcea Bacu Braov Dmbovia Constana Gorj Buzu Bistria-Nsud Prahova Bacu Prahova Mure Vrancea Bihor Bihor Bihor Bacu Constana Cluj Harghita Suceava Vlcea Vlcea 13246 2662 1083 3769 1211 115 351 7932 19111 20224 719 7535 317 25302 6136 8220 28955 8067 7914 4621 4493 312 2688 2192 19086 743 1435 5619 8570 234 3113 9522 2014 5223 3718 7595 125 184 1254 2007 6225 1410 7357 8922 1122

261786 14869 3132 1062 3687 1383 80 379 7866 18400 19777 799 7187 245 22353 7295 7368 25200 8188 8566 5279 5293 439 2799 2075 15157 558 1470 5794 7307 3290 9198 2066 4526 3726 7090 180 1223 2017 6539 1414 6767 8593 1150

250786 13941 3086 911 3150 1384 49 277 7525 17894 20094 629 7223 21933 7183 6377 23160 8107 8389 5142 5560 412 2832 1839 16395 329 1257 5764 7121 3170 7095 1964 4345 3430 6880 186 1236 1917 6009 1381 5727 8564 919

214901 12187 3221 878 2170 1247 226 6290 16281 18723 547 6452 199 19035 6776 5788 14331 7415 7512 3803 5278 420 2537 1631 13335 930 5256 6223 3420 4905 1629 3316 3016 7110 158 1088 1268 4943 1137 5610 7806 804

169816 8447 2385 599 1737 1052 266 5337 12334 16047 424 3167 220 15356 5312 4345 10657 5802 6394 3634 4010 338 2202 1018 12454 4494 4460 2936 2685 1214 2561 3373 5490 279 238 766 1579 3010 878 4226 7473 384 233

198810 9561 2693 731 1897 1173 6150 15099 18506 469 4173 33 16341 6316 5295 13310 7128 7729 5189 4589 438 2538 1159 14147 5050 5851 4059 2733 951 2920 3532 6211 285 310 832 2217 3308 1295 4768 9168 409 247

Amara Bala Bazna Blteti Bizua Bughea Buteni Buzia Cciulata Covasna Calacea Eforie Nord Eforie Sud Felix Geoagiu Govora Herculane Lacul Srat 1 Mai Mangalia Moneasa Neptun Nicolina Ocna ugatag Olneti Oneti Predeal Pucioasa Saturn Scelu Srata Monteoru Sngeorz-Bi Sinaia Slnic Moldova Slnic Prahova Sovata Soveja Stna de Vale Tnad Tinca Trgu Ocna Techirghiol Turda Tunad Vatra Dornei Vlenii de Munte Voineasa

1) Pentru pensionari, salariai bugetari i salariai trimii n vederea recuperrii capacitii de munc. / For pensioners, state employees

and employees sent for recovering the working capacity. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

210

6.10

Alocaii i alte ajutoare acordate populaiei (sume pltite) Allowances and other benefits granted to the population (payments)
mii lei / lei thou

2006 De la bugetul de stat From state budget Alocaii de stat pentru copii State allowances for children Alocaia familial complementar Complementary family allowance

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

4114628,11) 5606262,41) 5912078,51) 6053767,61) 6925643,91) 6325688,8 1263822,3 316730,5 2082807,8 297426,8 2586442,2 2894505,6 288685,5 405027,8 2916950,7 2834784,0 442171,3 2480,2

Alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental 165108,1 Support allowance for mono-parental family Indemnizaia pentru creterea copilului Benefit for child raising Stimulent pentru creterea copilului Incentive for child raising Indemnizaia pentru creterea copilului acordate persoanelor cu handicap Benefit for child raising for people with disability Alocaia pentru susinerea familiei Allowance for family support Ajutoare de nclzire - energie termic Benefits for thermal energy heating Ajutoare de nclzire - gaze naturale Benefits for natural gas heating Ajutoare de nclzire - lemne, crbuni sau combustibil petrolier Benefits for wood, coal or petroleum fuels Contribuii pentru asigurrile de sntate aferente beneficiarilor de venit minim garantat Health insurance contributions corresponding to the beneficiaries of guaranteed minimum income Asigurarea obligatorie a locuinelor pentru familiile beneficiare de ajutor minim garantat Compulsory payment of dwellings insurance for families receiving social benefit for ensuring the minimum guaranteed income Contribuii pentru asigurrile de sntate aferente indemnizaiei pentru creterea copilului Health insurance contributions coresponding to the benefit for child raising Alocaia pentru copii nou-nscui Allowance for new born children Trusoul pentru copii nou-nscui Outfits for new born children Sprijin financiar pentru constituirea familiei Financial aids for family set up Alocaii de ncredinare i plasament familial Allowances for family placement Ajutoare pentru soiile de militari n termen Benefits for wives of conscripts 1661174,0 36175,2

155733,3 1436236,3 23877,4

145442,8

180735,4

189034,9

1252,6

1320183,4 1737806,5 22211,1 18716,4

2212724,8 2176419,0 12256,6 20198,1

2622,1

12165,2

20583,0

27088,0

30601,7

219305,7 247951,4

207685,9 326426,4

185288,7 463104,4

140241,3 297576,8

133318,6 257763,9

223287,2 76809,7 147244,7

746549,2

529617,6

52413,4

466217,2

219190,7

20051,5

3363,9

86557,6

104262,8

131432,1

94034,1

122718,7

121140,0

36217,4 71314,5 190,0

37877,9 21359,1 87812,2 61790,2 -

39886,5 29709,2 76656,2 58596,5 -

44448,7 30311,0 78231,9 57501,3 -

29633,8 22508,2 35819,2 55648,2 -

6,32) 55,92) 53300,8 -

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. 2) Drepturi aferente anului 2010. / Rights for 2010. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

211

6.10

Alocaii i alte ajutoare acordate populaiei (sume pltite) - continuare Allowances and other benefits granted to the population (payments) - continued
mii lei / lei thou

2006 Ajutoare de urgen Emergency benefits Ajutoare financiare Financial benefits Ajutoare sociale pentru asigurarea venitului minim garantat Social support for insurance of the guaranteed minimum income Ajutorul pentru persoane refugiate Benefits for refugees De la bugetele locale From local budgets Ajutoare sociale pentru asigurarea venitului minim garantat Social support for insurance of the guaranteed minimum income Ajutorul pentru acoperirea unei pri din cheltuielile de nmormntare Aid for partially covering funeral expenses Ajutoare de urgen Emergency benefits 4228,5 5791,6

2007 7004,3 6629,1

2008 12786,8 9494,8

2009 1304,0

2010 220,6 1351,0

2011 6875,9 1388,6

387030,6

61,3 467383,2

163,4 422119,8

375,5 393058,2

330,4 433181,0

218,2 510402,6

207,4 34164,7

449233,0

396615,9

366540,4

414584,3

479099,1

1104,2 17046,0

1561,7 23942,2

2069,0 24448,8

2125,9 16470,8

2207,0 29096,5

1455,8 32708,9

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. 2) Drepturi aferente anului 2010. / Rights for 2010. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

6.11

Numrul centrelor de plasament funcionale i al serviciilor alternative (la sfritul anului) Number of functional placement centers and of alternative services (end of year)
2006 2007 1635 1251 384 2008 1595 1209 386 916 2009 1593 1217 376 946

numr / number

2010

2011

Centre de plasament / Placement centers Publice / Public Private / Private Servicii alternative la instituii de tip rezidenial clasic dezvoltate de serviciile publice specializate pentru protecia copilului Alternative services in classic residential type institutions developed by specialized public services for child protection Centre maternale Maternal centers Centre/servicii de ngrijire de zi Centers/services of day care Servicii de asisten i sprijin a tinerilor de peste 18 ani care urmeaz o form de educaie colar Assistance and support services for youngsters of over 18 years of age who attend a type of school education

1545 1140 405

1554 1546 1193 1190 361 356 945 960

5781) 860

60 99

61 277

63 281

63 317

63 295

60 287

49

27

21

20

21

20

1) Exclusiv serviciile de ngrijire zi aflate n subordinea consiliilor locale ale Direciei Generale de Asisten Social i Protecia Copilului i ale Organizaiei Private Acreditate. / There are excluding day care services under subordination of local councils General Department of Social Assistance and Child Protection and Certified Private Organisations. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Copilului. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection.

212

6.11

Numrul centrelor de plasament funcionale i al serviciilor alternative (la sfritul anului)- continuare Number of functional placement centers and of alternative services (end of year) - continued
numr / number

2006 Centre/servicii de consiliere i sprijin pentru prini Counseling and support centers/services for parents Servicii de prevenire a abandonului copilului n perioada preconceptiv Services for prevention of child abandon in pre-conceptive period Servicii de monitorizare, asisten i sprijin al femeii gravide predispus la abandonul copilului Services for monitoring, assistance and support for the pregnant woman prone to child abandon Centre de pregtire i sprijinire a reintegrrii i integrrii copilului n familie Centers of training and support for re-integration and integration for the child in the family Centre/servicii de ngrijire de zi i recuperare pentru copilul cu handicap/nevoi speciale Centers/services of day care and recuperation for the disabled/ special needs child Centre de asisten i sprijin pentru readaptare psihologic a copilului cu probleme psihosociale Centers for assistance and support for psychological re-adaptation of the child with psycho-social problems 59 20

2007 71 9

2008 70 5

2009 62 3

2010 62 3

2011 58 3

23

38

13

13

13

18

14

90

155

167

170

177

165

Servicii de orientare, supraveghere i sprijinire a reintegrrii sociale a copilului delicvent 20 Services of orientation, surveillance and support for the social re-integration of the delinquent child Servicii de asisten a copilului pentru exercitarea dreptului sau la exprimarea liber a opiniei sale 8 Services of assistance for the child in order to express his right or his opinion Servicii pentru sprijinirea copilului n exercitarea drepturilor sale Services for supporting the child in expressing his rights Centre de consiliere i sprijin pentru copilul maltratat, abuzat, neglijat Centers of counseling and support for the maltreated, abused and neglected child Servicii de orientare, supraveghere i sprijinire a copiilor strzii Services of orientation, surveillance and support for the street children Servicii/centre pentru copiii strzii Services/centers for the street children Centre de prevenire i consiliere antidrog pentru tineri Centers for anti-drug preventing and counseling youngsters Centre pentru mam i copil supui violenei domestice Centers for the mother and child under domestic violence Servicii mobile de terapie i sprijin pentru copii cu handicap din asistena maternal Mobile services of therapy and support for disabled children from the maternal assistance 3 31

14

14

18

19

17

1 1 13

10

14 21 3 13

14 20 1 1

12 20 1 1

12 23 7

12 27 6

10 31 7

10

Centre de urgen i sprijin pentru mame cu copii cu nevoi speciale 2 Centers of emergency and support for mothers and children with special needs Centre de prevenire a infracionalitii n rndul elevilor din coli Centers for prevention of crimes among the pupils Alte servicii nespecificate Other non-specified services 2 13

163

221

211

217

257

1) Exclusiv serviciile de ngrijire zi aflate n subordinea consiliilor locale ale Direciei Generale de Asisten Social i Protecia Copilului i ale Organizaiei Private Acreditate. / There are excluding day care services under subordination of local councils General Department of Social Assistance and Child Protection and Certified Private Organisations. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Copilului. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection.

213

6.12

Numrul copiilor din centrele de plasament, pe grupe de vrst (la sfritul anului) Number of children from placement centers, by age groups (end of year)
numr / number

Total

2009 Numrul copiilor n centrele de plasament din care, pe grupe de vrst (ani mplinii): sub 1 an 1 - 2 ani 3 - 6 ani 7 - 9 ani 10 - 13 ani 14 - 17 ani peste 18 ani

2010

2011

Centre de plasament Placement centers Publice Private Public Private 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 Number of children from placement centers of which, by age groups (years): under 1 year 1 - 2 years 3 - 6 years 7 - 9 years 10 - 13 years 14 - 17 years over 18 years

23696 23103 23240 19525 19126 19215

4171

3977

4025

234 371 1932 3112 5506 6981 5560

255 417 1959 3049 5619 6760 5044

271 469 1998 3153 5834 6828 4687

232 343 1476 2294 4396 5939 4845

246 395 1541 2327 4473 5760 4384

260 427 1608 2436 4639 5810 4035

2 28 456 818 1110 1042 715

9 22 418 722 1146 1000 660

11 42 390 717 1195 1018 652

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Copilului. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection.

6.13
Total

Unitile din nvmntul special (la nceputul anului colar) Units from special education (at the beginning of the school year)
numr / number

Tipuri de uniti colare Type of school units

2006/ 2007 174 9 125 12 28

2007/ 2008 176 13 122 13 28

2008/ 2009 172 14 113 14 31

2009/ 2010 170 13 105 41 11

2010/ 2011 166 11 106 45 4

2011/ 2012 160 13 99 43 5

Grdinie speciale Special kindergartens coli primare i gimnaziale speciale Special primary and secondary schools Licee speciale Special high schools coli profesionale speciale Special vocational schools

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra unitilor colare din nvmntul special. Source: Statistical survey on special education units.

214

6.14

Minorii cu deficiene din uniti de asisten social1) (la sfritul anului) Under age persons with deficiencies from social assistance units1) (end of year)
persoane / persons

2006 Uniti de asisten social1) pentru minori cu deficiene Social assitance units1) for under age persons with deficiencies Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional Integration centers for occupational therapy Centre de recuperare i reabilitare 2) Recovery and rehabilitation centers 2) 1 207

2007 144

2008 206

2009 121

2010 72

2011 46

206

144

205

121

72

46

1) Fostele uniti ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pn n anul 2009. / Until 2009, former units of the National Authority for Disabled People. 2) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

215

6.15
Vrsta

Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, dup nivelul de educaie i pe vrste (la nceputul anului colar) Children and pupils from special education, by level of education and by age (at the beginning of the school year)
persoane / persons

2008/ 2009

2009/ 2010

2010/ 2011

2011/ 2012

Precolar Pre-school

Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 16048 77 406 860 1244 1446 1722 2888 1655 1931 1590 2229 -

Liceal High school 1020 17 149 193 218 443

Profesional Vocational

Postliceal Post high school 224 224

Precolar Pre-school

Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 16308 122 482 924 1266 1508 1607 2780 1845 1856 1580 2338 -

Liceal Profesional High Vocational school 2063 40 578 557 414 474 5598 9 473 1214 3902

Primar i Postliceal Precolar gimnazial Post high Pre-school Primary and school secondary 197 197 2138 193 357 519 556 513 16341 68 401 982 1259 1473 1666 2511 1838 1913 1587 2643 -

Liceal Profesional High Vocational school 3690 74 670 1120 842 984 3509 34 455 3020

Postliceal Post high school 183 183

Primar i Precolar gimnazial Pre-school Primary and secondary 2324 223 360 577 542 622 16165 40 484 875 1251 1551 1661 2467 1672 1923 1535 2706 -

Liceal High school 4345 128 634 984 1056 1543

Profesional Postliceal Vocational Post high school 2094 1 60 2033 210 210

Age

Total

2156

8206 63 649 1371 1634 4489

2147 248 360 549 483 507 -

Total 3 years 4 years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years 12 years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years 18 years and over

3 ani 264 4 ani 366 5 ani 502 6 ani 504 7 ani 520 8 ani 9 ani 10 ani 11 ani 12 ani 13 ani 14 ani 15 ani 16 ani 17 ani 18 ani i peste -

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra unitilor colare din nvmntul special. Source: Statistical survey on special education units.

6.16
Total

Elevii din nvmntul special, primar i gimnazial, pe tipuri de uniti (la nceputul anului colar) Pupils from special, primary and secondary education, by type of units (at the beginning of the school year)
persoane / persons

Tipuri de uniti colare Type of school units

2006/ 2007 18079 12972 734 1321 735 414 1118 630 155

2007/ 2008 16861 11385 698 1309 864 565 1079 816 145

2008/ 2009 16048 10501 645 1311 857 741 989 874 130

2009/ 2010 16308 10206 622 1386 1137 960 956 889 152

2010/ 2011 16341 10402 626 1313 1172 1017 817 750 244

2011/ 2012 16165 9622 602 1378 1525 1288 734 708 308

coli speciale pentru debili mintal Special schools for mentally defective children coli speciale pentru deficiene de vz Special schools for sight deficiencies coli speciale pentru deficiene de auz Special schools for hearing deficiencies Centre colare speciale Special school type centers Centre de educaie special Special education centers Clase speciale integrate n nvmntul obinuit Special classes integrated into usual education coli pentru alte deficiene fizice i intelectuale 1) Schools for other physical and intelectual deficiencies Cmine coal pentru debili mintal School-type hostels for mentally defective children
1)

1) coli speciale pentru deficiene motorii, coli speciale pentru comportamentali (socio-afectivi), centre de pedagogie curativ i terapie

social, coli speciale de reeducare. / Special schools for motor deficiencies, special schools for socio-affective behaviour, centers of curative pedagogy and social therapy, special schools for rehabilitation. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra unitilor colare din nvmntul special. Source: Statistical survey on special education units.

216

217

6.17
Tipul unitii Type of units

Centre pentru asistarea adulilor Centers for adults assistance


Personal / Staff Medico-sanitar i de recuperare Administrativ Medical-sanitary Administrative and recovering 2010 7709 2794 2011 7297 2595 2010 2011 4925 4634 2041 1864

Uniti Units 2010 2011 Total Centre de ngrijire i asisten 1) Care and assistance centers 1) 490 99 524 102

Aduli asistai Assisted adults 2010 2011

24929 25581 6447 6542

Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional 1) 19 Centers for integration through occupational therapy 1) Centre de recuperare i reabilitare 2) Recovery and rehabilitation centers 2) Cmine pentru persoane vrstnice Elderly persons hostels 3)
3)

20

1550

1483

402

370

451

403

254

260

11077 11521

4513

4332

2433 2367

118

142

5855

6035

1) Instituiile de protecie social pentru persoane adulte cu handicap aflate n coordonarea metodologic a Ministerului Muncii, Familiei i

2) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap,

Proteciei Sociale. / Social protection institutions for adult disabled persons, under the methodological coordination of the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. 3) Finanate de la bugetele locale i de la bugetele organizaiilor neguvernamentale. / Financed from local budgets and non-governmental organisations budgets. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General de Protecie a Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

218

6.18

Numrul beneficiarilor din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate Number of beneficiaries from the protection system of child under difficulty
persoane / persons

2006 Numr de copii beneficiari ai activitilor de prevenire (date cumulate pe an) Number of children beneficiaries of preventive activities (data cumulated by year) Numr de copii aflai n ngrijire de tip familial definitiv (date cumulate pe an) Number of children under final care of family type (data cumulated by year) prin integrare n familia natural by integration in natural family prin adopii definitive i irevocabile by final and irrevocable adoptions naionale national Numr de copii aflai n ngrijire de tip familial temporar (la sfritul anului) Number of children under temporary care of family type (end of year) la rude pn la gradul IV relatives up to fourth level la alte familii / persoane other families / persons ncredinai n vederea adopiei custody for adoption la asistent maternal maternal assistant al serviciilor publice specializate public specialised services al organizaiilor private autorizate private authorised organisations Numr de copii protejai n centrele de plasament (la sfritul anului) Number of children protected in placement centers (end of year) n centrele de plasament ale serviciilor publice specializate placement centers of public specialised services n centrele de plasament ale organizaiilor private autorizate placement centers of private authorised organisations Numrul copiilor dezinstituionalizai Number of disinstitutionalised children reintegrai n familia natural reintegrated in their maternal family mplinirea vrstei de 18/26 ani getting 18/26 years of age declinare de competene, alte cauze competence decline, other causes 27986

2007 37657

2008 43201

2009 44008

2010 49331

2011 43621

4952

6153

5882

5722

5924

4962

3531 1421 1421

4859 1294 1294

4582 1300 1300

4506 1216 1216

4567 1357 1357

3805 1157 1157

48065

46442

45324

43816

42438

41127

23847 4215 194 19809 19571 238

21888 3870 282 20402 20216 186

20513 3738 272 20801 20663 138

19067 3783 331 20635 20519 116

17969 3889 663 19917 19829 88

17006 3967 678 19476 19388 88

26105

25114

24427

23696

23103

23240

21198

20532

20033

19525

19126

19215

4907

4582

4394

4171

3977

4025

4906 2077 1940 889

6594 2927 2117 1550

6129 2836 1834 1459

6170 2730 1809 1631

6472 2898 1841 1733

5626 2526 1565 1535

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Copilului i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection and Romanian Office for Adoption.

219

6.19

Persoane adulte ngrijite n centre de asisten social ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pe tipuri de deficiene, la 31 decembrie 2011 Adult persons taken care of in social assistance centers of National Authority for Disabled People, by type of deficiency, on December 31, 2011
Persoane adulte (numr) Adult persons (number) din care, n: of which, in: Centre de ngrijire i asisten Care and assistance centers 6542 724 Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional Centers for integration through occupational therapy 1483 22 Centre de recuperare i reabilitare 1) Recovery and rehabilitation centers1) 11521 1110

Tipuri de deficiene Type of deficiency Total

n % fa de total In % as against total

Total Fizic Physical Somatic Somatic Auditiv Auditive Vizual Vizual Mintal Mental Neuropsihic Neuropsychic Handicap sever (asociat) Severe disabled (asociated) Boli rare 2) Uncommon sickness Surdocecitate Deafness Social Social
2)

19546 1856

100,0 9,5

534

2,7

318

17

199

129

0,7

60

47

22

568

2,9

323

112

133

9624

49,2

2848

802

5974

4289

22,0

1218

358

2713

1481

7,6

497

112

872

65

0,3

43

16

995

5,1

506

482

1) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. 2) Bolile rare cuprind: boli rare i HIV/SIDA. Uncommon sickness comprise uncommon sickness and HIV. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

220

6.20

Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate Expenditure for social protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Cheltuieli (mii lei) Expenditure (lei thou) Total Drepturi bneti Money rights Persoane care au n ngrijire, supraveghere i acord ajutor permanent minorului sau adultului handicapat Persons who take care, watch and help permanently the disabled under age person or adult Indemnizaie lunar pentru adulii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Monthly benefit for adults with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii sociale pentru nevztorii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Social allowances for blind people with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii de stat pentru copii cu handicap State allowances for disabled children Faciliti financiare Financial facilities Indemnizaia lunar de hran pentru persoanele infectate cu HIV/SIDA 2) Monthly food benefit for AIDS infected persons2) Alocaia lunar de hran pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA 2) Monthly food allowance for AIDS sick children Cheltuieli ocazionate de plata drepturilor Expenditure for payment of rights Indemnizaia nsoitor pentru adultul nevztor Benefit for visual disabled persons attendants Buget complementar pentru persoanele cu handicap Monthly complementary personal budget for disabled persons 876500,6 1308827,8 1690044,61) 1978625,3 2172898,8 2162940,9 712623,8 772683,5 943901,5 1103294,9 1240548,8 1225740,7

396506,0

720369,8

943901,5

1103294,9 1165989,9 1156708,6

284816,6

25393,2

31301,2

26920,5

74558,9

69032,1

151121,5

29689,4

42699,0

56030,2

59048,2

59416,9

7069,9

3745,8

27753,0

30751,1

32550,2

34104,4

2)

1529,51)

934,1

695,3

661,7

5685,4

321,0

2977,0

6946,6

6466,5

5627,2

154890,5

213292,6

242976,1

265306

273003

347497,6

457892,0

537692,3

568283,8

564387

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. 2) Conform Legii nr. 10/2003 pentru modificarea O.U.G. nr. 102/1999 privind protecia social i ncadrarea n munc a persoanelor

cu handicap. Din anul 2008 sunt cuprini i adulii. / According to Law no.10/2003 amending G.P.O. no. 102/1999 on social protection and employment of disabled people. Since 2008, adults are also included. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

221

6.20

Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate - continuare Expenditure for social protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons - continued

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Numr mediu lunar de beneficiari Monthly average number of beneficiaries Drepturi bneti Money rights Persoane care au n ngrijire, supraveghere i acord ajutor permanent minorului sau adultului handicapat Persons who take care, watch and help permanently the disabled under age person or adult 466831 1228763 1356994 1304472 1400641 1407937

Indemnizaie lunar pentru adulii cu handicap grav sau accentuat 285373 Monthly benefit for adults with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii sociale pentru nevztorii cu handicap grav sau accentuat 3) 122485 Social allowances for blind people with severe 3) or accentuated disability Alocaii de stat pentru copii cu handicap State allowances for disabled children Faciliti financiare Financial facilities Indemnizaia lunar de hran pentru persoanele infectate cu HIV/SIDA 2) Monthly food benefit for AIDS infected persons 2) Alocaia lunar de hran pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA 2) Monthly food allowance for AIDS sick children Cheltuieli ocazionate de plata drepturilor Expenditure for payment of rights Indemnizaia nsoitor pentru adultul nevztor Benefit for visual disabled persons attendants Buget complementar pentru persoanele cu handicap Monthly complementary personal budget for disabled persons 56033

427125

493282

526285

547138

543266

129005

55937

60850

58960

65011

220302

89075

75274

90681

2940

1626

6310

6521

6862

7170

2)

380

267

207

182

360

1869

1694

1877

1994

42404

44603

45186

44918

44373

507295

590248

635444

663515

661311

2) Conform Legii nr. 10/2003 pentru modificarea O.U.G. nr. 102/1999 privind protecia social i ncadrarea n munc a persoanelor

cu handicap. Din anul 2008 sunt cuprini i adulii. / According to Law no.10/2003 amending G.P.O. no. 102/1999 on social protection and employment of disabled people. Since 2008, adults are also included. 3) Inclusiv numrul mediu lunar al nsoitorilor pentru nevztori. / Including average monthly number of blind people accompanying persons. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

222

6.21
Venituri Income Cheltuieli Expenditure Sold (+/-) Balance (+/-)

Veniturile i cheltuielile de protecie social1) Income and expenditure of social protection1)


U.M. / M.U. milioane lei lei million milioane lei lei million milioane lei lei million % % 2006 42642 44184 -1542 2007 54035 56375 -2340 2008 67885 73362 -5477 2009 78005 85579 -7574 2010 84454 91869 -7415

Ponderea cheltuielilor n Produsul Intern Brut Weight of expenditure in Gross Domestic Product

12,8

13,6

14,3

17,1

17,6

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European methodology

for social protection statistics. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

6.22

Cheltuielile de protecie social1), pe categorii de cheltuieli i pe funcii de protecie social, n anul 2010 Expenditure of social protection1), by category of expenditure and by functions of social protection, in 2010
Funcii de protecie social Functions of social protection

milioane lei / lei million

Categorii de cheltuieli Expenditure category

Total

Boal/ ngrijirea sntii


Sickness/

Limit Invaliditate de vrst


Disability

Familie/ Urma
Copii Family/
Children

Excluziune
omaj Locuin Unemployment Housing social Social
exclusion

Old age Survivor

Health care

Total cheltuieli de protecie social Total expenditure of social protection Cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale2) Expenditure for social protection benefits2) Independente de un prag al venitului Non-means tested din care: / of which: n numerar In cash n natur In kind Dependente de un prag al venitului Means-tested din care: / of which: n numerar In cash n natur In kind Costuri administrative Administrative costs Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

91869

90892

23212

8313

42015

4083

8760

2946

117

1446

84503

23203

8234

41551

3611

7904

59361 25142

1339 21865

7457 777

41386 165

3611 -

5569 2336

6388

79

464

472

856

2946

117

1446

6064 324 915 62 9 -

66 13 -

416 48 -

470 2 -

805 51 -

2921 25 117 -

1387 58 -

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS, pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European 2) Diferenele ntre datele pe total i valorile obinute din nsumarea diverselor structuri utilizate sunt datorate rotunjirilor. / The differences

methodology for social protection statistics.

between total data and data obtained by cumulating the different structures used are due to rounding up. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

223

6.23

Ponderea cheltuielilor din cadrul fiecrei funcii de prestaie social1), n totalul cheltuielilor cu prestaiile sociale i n Produsul Intern Brut Weight of expenditure within each function of social benefit1), in total expenditure of social benefits and in Gross Domestic Product
procente / percentage

Funciile de prestaie social Function of social benefit n procente fa de totalul cheltuielilor cu prestaiile sociale In % as against total expenditure of social benefits Boal / ngrijirea sntii Sickness / Health care Invaliditate Disability Limit de vrst Old age Urma Survivor Familie / Copii Family / Children omaj Unemployment Locuin Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion n procente fa de Produsul Intern Brut In % as against Gross Domestic Product Boal/ngrijirea sntii Sickness / Health care Invaliditate Disability Limit de vrst Old age Urma Survivor Familie/Copii Family/Children omaj Unemployment Locuin Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

100,0 26,1 8,7 41,5 4,5 14,1 2,7 2,4

100,0 26,8 9,6 41,7 3,9 12,7 2,0 3,3

100,0 25,2 9,8 46,2 4,4 10,6 1,4 0,2 2,2

100,0 24,6 9,6 47,4 4,7 10,0 2,4 0,1 1,2

100,0 25,5 9,1 46,2 4,5 9,6 3,2 0,1 1,8

12,5 3,2 1,1 5,2 0,6 1,8 0,3 0,3

13,2 3,5 1,3 5,5 0,5 1,7 0,3 0,4

14,0 3,5 1,4 6,5 0,6 1,5 0,2

16,8 4,1 1,6 8,0 0,8 1,7 0,4

17,4 4,4 1,6 8,0 0,8 1,7 0,6

2)

2)

2)

0,3

0,2

0,3

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS, pentru statisticile privind cheltuielile cu prestaiile sociale. / According to ESSPROS 2) Sub 0,003. / Under 0.003.

European methodology, for statistics on social benefits expenditure.

Sursa: Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection, on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

224

SNTATE

HEALTH

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8

7.9 7.10 7.11

Unitile sanitare, pe forme de proprietate .............. 230 Personalul medico-sanitar ........................................ 232 Paturile din unitile sanitare .................................... 233 Paturile de spital aferente anumitor specialiti medicale .................................. 233 Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin unele boli infecioase i parazitare ........................................... 234 Cazuri noi de mbolnvire, pe clase de boli, declarate de medicii de familie ................................ 235 Distribuia cazurilor de SIDA nregistrate, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i cale de transmitere ...... 236 Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, ca urmare a consumului de droguri, pe sexe, grupe de vrst i tipuri de droguri .......................... 238 Numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pe clase de boli ........................................................ 239 Asistena medical de urgen ................................. 240 Activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui ........ 240

Sanitary units, by type of ownership Medical-sanitary staff Beds from sanitary units Hospital beds related to certain medical specialities New cases of infectious and parasitic diseases New cases of illness, by disease classes, declared by family physicians AIDS cases breakdown recorded, by age group, sex and way of transmission Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, following drugs consumption, by sex, age group and drug type Number of patients out of hospital, by disease classes Emergency medical assistance Blood collecting and preserving

Teritorial

Territorial

7.12 7.13

Unitile sanitare, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ............ Paturile din spitale i personalul medico-sanitar, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 .........................................

Sanitary units, at territorial level, in 2011 Hospital beds and medical-sanitary staff, at territorial level, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice:

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys:

Cercetri statistice realizate n unitile sanitare.


Surse administrative:

Statistical surveys carried out in sanitary units.


Administrative sources:

Ministerul Sntii, pentru datele privind: numrul


cazurilor noi de mbolnvire, numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pentru perioada 2006-2009; activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui; numrul cazurilor de SIDA nregistrate; coala Naional de Sntate Public, Management i Perfecionare n Domeniul Sanitar, pentru datele privind numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, ncepnd cu anul 2010.

Ministry of Health, for data on: the number of new


cases of diseases; the number of patients out of hospital for 2006-2009 period; blood collecting and preserving; AIDS number of registered cases.

National School of Public Health, Management and


Professional Development, for data on the number of out of hospital patients, beginning with 2010.

226

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Reeaua unitilor sanitare este urmrit att pentru sectorul majoritar de stat, ct i pentru cel privat, datele reflectnd situaia nregistrat la sfritul anului. Tabelul privind ,,cazurile noi de mbolnvire pe clase de boli se refer numai la datele raportate de medicii de familie care au contract cu Casa Naional de Asigurri de Sntate. Datele din tabelul privind ,,pacienii ieii din spital, pentru perioada 2006-2009, se refer numai la unitile din sectorul majoritar de stat (numai reeaua Ministerului Sntii). ncepnd din anul 2010, datele din acest tabel se refer att la unitle din sectorul de stat ct i la cele din sectorul privat. n numrul medicilor, stomatologilor i personalului sanitar mediu este inclus i personalul corespunztor din alte ministere i instituii cu reea proprie. n numrul personalului sanitar mediu sunt inclui: asisteni medicali; asisteni de farmacie, surori medicale; tehnicieni sanitari; oficiani medicali; moae; laborani i alte categorii de personal sanitar cu studii medii asimilate. n numrul personalului sanitar auxiliar sunt inclui: infirmiere, ageni DDD (dezinsecie, dezinfecie, deratizare), brancardieri, biei, gipsari, nmolari, ambulanieri i alte categorii de personal asimilat. n numrul paturilor de spital sunt incluse i cele pentru nou nscui din spitalele sau seciile de obstetricginecologie; nu sunt incluse paturile pentru nsoitori. n numrul paturilor de spital: la specialitatea interne sunt incluse paturile pentru: interne, endocrinologie, boli profesionale, cardiologie, reumatologie, diabet zaharat, nutriie i boli metabolice, gastroenterologie i hematologie; la specialitatea chirurgie sunt incluse paturile pentru: chirurgie general; chirurgie maxilofacial; chirurgie infantil; chirurgie plastic i reparatorie; chirurgie cardiovascular; neurochirurgie; chirurgie toraco-pulmonar; ortopedie i urologie; la specialitatea psihiatrie sunt incluse paturile pentru psihiatrie i paturile pentru recuperare neuro - psiho - motorie; la specialitatea pediatrie sunt incluse paturile pentru pediatrie i distrofici. n numrul paturilor de spital pentru copii sunt cuprinse att paturile din spitalele i seciile de pediatrie, ct i cele pentru copiii din alte spitale.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
The network of sanitary units is observed both for the state majority sector and for the private one, the data reflecting the situation registered at the end of the year. The table concerning new cases of illness, by disease classes, refer only to the data raported by family doctors that have contracts with National House of Health Insurance. Data in the table concerning out of hospital patients, for 2006-2009 period, refer only to the state majority sectors units (only Ministry of Health network). Beginning with 2010, the data of the table refer both for the state majority sector and for the private one. The number of physicians, dentists and ancillary medical staff also includes the corresponding staff from other ministries and institutions with own network. The number of ancillary medical staff includes: medical assistants; pharmacy assistants, medical nurses; sanitary technicians; medical officiants; midwives; laboratory assistants and other categories of medical staff with equivalent secondary school degrees. The number of auxiliary medical staff includes: sick nurses, DDR staff (disinsection, disinfection, raticide), stretcher bearers, washers, gypsum, mud, ambulance staff and other categories of similar staff. The number of hospital beds also includes the beds for newborn children in hospitals or obstetrics-gynaecology section; beds for accompanying persons are not included. The number of hospital beds for: internal medicine includes beds for: internal medicine, endocrinology, professional diseases, cardiology, rheumatology, diabetes, nutritional and metabolic diseases, gastro-enterology and haematology; surgery includes beds for: general surgery; jaw face surgery; infant surgery; plastic surgery; cardiovascular surgery; neurosurgery; thorax - lung surgery; orthopaedics and urology; psychiatry includes beds for psychiatry and neuro psycho - motor recovery;

pediatrics includes beds for pediatrics and distrophics. The number of hospital beds for children covers the beds from pediatrics hospitals and departments, as well as those for children from other hospitals.

227

7.G1
14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

Evoluia principalelor uniti sanitare Evolution of main sanitary units


numr uniti / number of units

12613 10969 11211 9948 6878 9452 6209 8293

436 260 2006


Spitale Hospitals Policlinici Polyclinics Cabinete medicale de familie Family doctors offices

273

464 262 2011


Cabinete stomatologice Dentist offices

295

Farmacii i puncte farmaceutice Pharmacies and pharmaceutical points Cree Crches

Cabinete medicale de specialitate Health specialized offices

7.G2
150 120 90 60 30

Evoluia principalelor categorii de personal medico-sanitar Evolution of main categories of medical-sanitary staff
mii persoane / thou persons

127

136

132

130

127

126

47 11 10

48 12 11 2007

50

50

52

53

12 12 2008

12 12 2009

13 14 2010
Farmaciti Pharmaceutical chemists Personal sanitar mediu Ancillary medical staff

13 15 20111)

2006

Medici (exclusiv stomatologi) Physicians (excluding dentists) Stomatologi Dentists

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

228

7.G3
160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Paturile din unitile sanitare Beds from sanitary units


mii paturi / thou beds paturi la 1000 locuitori beds per 1000 inhabitants

6,6

6,4

6,4

6,5

6,2

7 6,0 6 5

142,0

4 138,0 138,2 138,9 132,0 128,5 3 2 1

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

20111)

Paturi Beds

Paturi la 1000 locuitori Beds for 1000 inhabitants

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

7.G4
80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin boli infecioase New cases of infectious diseases
mii / thou

71

69

74

75 68

71

20 8 2006 7 2007

19 5 2008

19 5 2009

18 5 2010

16 3 2011

15

Boli diareice acute Acute diarrhoea diseases

Hepatit viral Viral hepatits

Tuberculoz Tuberculosis

229

7.1

Unitile sanitare, pe forme de proprietate Sanitary units, by type of ownership


numr uniti / number of units

Forma de proprietate: Type of ownership: Total 2006 Spitale Ambulatorii integrate spitalelor i de specialitate Policlinici Dispensare medicale Centre de sntate1) Centre de sntate mintal Sanatorii T.B.C. Sanatorii balneare Preventorii Uniti medico-sociale Centre de diagnostic i tratament Centre medicale de specialitate Cabinete medicale de medicin general Cabinete medicale colare Cabinete medicale studeneti Cabinete medicale de familie Societi medicale civile Cabinete stomatologice Cabinete stomatologice colare Cabinete stomatologice studeneti Societi stomatologice civile medicale Cabinete medicale de specialitate Societi civile medicale de specialitate Farmacii Puncte farmaceutice Depozite farmaceutice Cree Laboratoare medicale Laboratoare de tehnic dentar Centre de transfuzie sanguin Alte tipuri de cabinete medicale 436 393 260 211 53 7 10 5 60 26 120 1007 791 52 10969 54 9948 415 32 95 6878 102 5347 862 427 273 1840 2047 41 425 2007 447 403 263 208 46 5 92) 4 66 27 133 1036 804 53 11048 66 10532 443 33 74 8370 156 5897 1009 424 272 2296 2158 41 380 2008 458 444 269 213 47 5 82) 4 66 30 158 1033 837 52 11279 106 11025 447 27 156 9038 224 6127 1088 413 280 2555 2130 41 469 2009 474 461 268 211 47 71 5 92) 4 68 28 171 1055 903 55 11390 108 11683 426 31 165 9998 251 6506 1080 368 287 2828 2226 41 437 2010 503 472 311 204 40 86 4 92) 4 68 26 188 1000 1235 52 11170 110 12036 424 29 159 8870 218 6682 1244 317 289 2978 2209 41 662 2011 464 414 262 187 18 86 2 92) 2 64 29 221 990 1312 54 11211 118 12613 433 28 171 9452 226 6969 1324 286 295 3008 2227 41 541 2006 419 388 28 210 52 7 9 5 60 7 5 69 791 52 8904 13 3269 415 32 8 1377 23 492 57 1 273 1268 555 41 350 Majoritar de stat Public majority 2007 425 394 22 206 45 5 82) 4 66 7 3 44 804 53 8524 16 3123 443 33 23 1433 92 481 44 272 1547 495 41 308 2008 428 434 23 211 46 5 82) 4 66 10 29 77 837 52 8566 14 3102 447 27 8 1581 29 482 53 274 1743 371 41 310 2009 431 443 15 210 46 71 5 72) 4 68 6 21 57 903 55 8177 10 2853 426 31 2 1587 13 501 39 283 1874 446 41 282 2010 428 443 17 203 38 86 4 72) 4 68 9 29 60 1235 52 6768 8 2339 424 29 1 1154 12 492 30 1 285 1785 390 41 267 2011 367 370 14 186 14 86 2 72) 2 64 9 30 41 1312 54 6219 9 2085 433 28 1 1158 13 404 53 1 286 1736 328 41 275 2006 17 5 232 1 1 1 19 115 938 2065 41 6679 87 5501 79 4855 805 426 572 1492 75 Majoritar privat / Private majority 2007 22 9 241 2 1 1 20 130 992 2524 50 7409 51 6937 64 5416 965 424 749 1663 72 2008 30 10 246 2 1 20 129 956 2713 92 7923 148 7457 195 5645 1035 413 6 812 1759 159 2009 43 18 253 1 1 2 22 150 998 3213 98 8830 163 8411 238 6005 1041 368 4 954 1780 155 2010 75 29 294 1 2 2 17 159 940 4402 102 2011 97 44 248 1 4 2 20 191 949 4992 109 Hospitals Integrated ambulatories of the hospitals and specialized ambulatories Polyclinics Dispensaries Health care centers1) Mental health care centers Tuberculosis sanatoria Balneary sanatoria Preventoria Health and social care units Diagnosis and curative centers Health specialized centers General practitioner offices Medical school offices Medical student offices Family doctors offices Medical civil societies Dentist offices Dentist school offices Dentist student offices Medical dentist civil societies Health specialized offices Medical specialized civil societies Pharmacies Pharmaceutical points Pharmaceutical stores Crches Medical laboratories Dentist laboratories Transfusion centers Other health care offices

9697 10528 158 7716 206 6190 1214 316 4 1193 1819 395 170 8294 213 6565 1271 285 9 1272 1899 266

1) Inclusiv centre de sntate cu paturi de spital. / Including health care centers with hospital beds. 2) Inclusiv sanatoriile de nevroze sau de neuropsihiatrie. / Including the neurosis or neuropsychiatry sanatoria.

230

231

7.2

Personalul medico-sanitar Medical-sanitary staff


persoane / persons

2006 Medici1) Physicians1) din care: femei1) of which: women1) Locuitori la un medic Population per physician Medici la 10000 locuitori Physicians per 10000 inhabitants Stomatologi Dentists din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un stomatolog Population per dentist Stomatologi la 10000 locuitori Dentists per 10000 inhabitants Farmaciti Pharmaceutical chemists din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un farmacist Population per pharmaceutical chemists Farmaciti la 10000 locuitori Pharmaceutical chemists per 10000 inhabitants Personal sanitar mediu Ancillary medical staff din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un cadru mediu Population per ancillary medical person Personal mediu la 10000 locuitori Ancillary medical staff per 10000 inhabitants Personal mediu la un medic Ancillary medical staff per physician Personal sanitar auxiliar Auxiliary medical staff din care: femei of which: women 46936 31786 460

2007 48199 33303 447

2008 50267 34897 428

2009 50386 34968 426

2010 52204 36151 411

2011 52541 36261 4062)

21,7

22,4

23,4

23,5

24,4

24,62)

10620 6829 2032

11651 7456 1849

11901 7553 1807

12497 7843 1718

12990 8381 1650

13355 8720 15992)

4,9

5,4

5,5

5,8

6,1

6,32)

9932 9177 2173

11108 10224 1939

11704 10705 1837

11996 10924 1790

13624 12410 1573

14575 13132 14652)

4,6

5,2

5,4

5,6

6,4

6,82)

126613 115555 170

136353 123608 158

132464 121175 162

129673 118205 166

126656 115352 169

125992 114812 1692)

58,7

63,3

61,6

60,4

59,1

59,02)

2,7

2,8

2,6

2,6

2,4

2,4

59124 50398

62292 52882

66339 56122

64801 54796

62838 52982

60130 50255

1) Exclusiv stomatologi. / Dentists excluded. 2) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

232

7.3

Paturile din unitile sanitare Beds from sanitary units


2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Paturi (numr) / Beds (number) Paturi n spitale - total din care: Pentru obstetric-ginecologie Pentru copii Pentru nou nscui i prematuri Paturi n cree Paturi n preventorii1) Paturi n uniti medico-sociale1) Paturi n sanatorii T.B.C.1) 142034 138025 138184 138915 132004 128501 11033 17582 10171 16313 10149 16455 10205 16878 4924 14161 390 2818 908 9226 8903 14924 18936 4651 4549 14880 15206 370 320 2925 610 2867 470 Beds in hospitals - total of which: For obstetrics-gynaecology For children For new-born and premature children Beds in crches Beds in preventoria1) Beds in medical social services units1) Beds in Tuberculosis sanatoria1)

5329 4922 4872 132201) 131351) 13729 495 420 420 2365 1437 2823 909 2726 918

Paturi la 1000 locuitori / Beds per 1000 inhabitants Paturi n spitale - total Pentru obstetric-ginecologie Pentru copii 6,6 0,5 0,8 6,4 0,5 0,8 6,4 0,5 0,8 6,5 0,5 0,8 6,2 0,4 0,7 6,0 2) Beds in hospitals - total 0,4 2) For obstetrics-gynaecology 0,9 2) For children

1) Numai unitile din sectorul public. / Only from public sector units. 2) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

7.4
Total

Paturile de spital aferente anumitor specialiti medicale Hospital beds related to certain medical specialities
numr paturi / number of beds

2006 142034

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011 Total of which: Internal medicine1) General surgery1) Obstetrics-gynaecology New-born and premature children Pediatrics1) Infectious diseases Tuberculosis and pneumology Psychiatry and neuropsychiatry1) Ophthalmology NTE Neurology Dermatology and venereology

138025 138184 138915 132004 128501

din care: Interne1) Chirurgie1) Obstetric-ginecologie Nou nscui i prematuri Pediatrie1) Boli infecioase Tuberculoz i pneumologie Psihiatrie i neuropsihiatrie1) Oftalmologie O.R.L. Neurologie Dermato-venerologie

30013 23202 11033 5329 10004 6767 10126 17184 2250 2996 5786 2322

29145 22273 10171 4922 9429 6350 9893 17099 2127 2511 5932 1982

29255 22768 10149 4872 9330 6190 9572 17097 2080 2557 5971 1970

28259 22530 10205 4924 9231 6109 9676 17420 2087 2587 5791 1943

26676 21493 9226 4651 8438 5518 9456 17137 1812 2371 5539 1608

24289 21265 8903 4549 7669 5501 9156 17067 1785 2355 5490 1613

1) Sfera de cuprindere este prezentat la pagina 227. / The coverage is presented in page 227.

233

7.5

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin unele boli infecioase i parazitare New cases of infectious and parasitic diseases
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Numr / Number Boli diareice acute Hepatit viral Tuberculoz Rubeol Grip Dizenterie Sifilis Tuse convulsiv Scarlatin Toxiinfecii alimentare Rugeol Erizipel Trichineloz Salmoneloz Leptospiroz 70892 7809 20371 3553 235 599 5661 37 3178 2404 3524 1796 350 645 386 69011 6854 18909 2958 575 735 4887 35 3577 2348 350 1497 432 620 316 73551 4832 18716 1746 835 371 4015 51 3106 1781 12 1423 503 624 200 67693 4633 17771 613 7122 337 3236 10 2169 1083 8 1125 366 940 139 75092 4518 15941 351 1600 259 2326 29 1659 946 193 1241 201 1096 171
1)

70789 3449 14607 4398 3133 385 2209 85 3016 725 4737 1194 142 924 99

Acute diarrhoea diseases Viral hepatitis Tuberculosis Rubella Influenza Dysentery Syphilis Whooping cough Scarlet fever Food poisoning Measles Erysipelas Trichinosis Salmonellosis Leptospirosis

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire la 100000 locuitori New cases of illness per 100000 inhabitants Boli diareice acute Hepatit viral Tuberculoz Rubeol Grip Dizenterie Sifilis Tuse convulsiv Scarlatin Toxiinfecii alimentare Rugeol Erizipel Trichineloz Salmoneloz Leptospiroz 328,4 36,2 94,4 16,5 1,1 2,8 26,2 0,2 14,7 11,1 16,3 8,3 1,6 3,0 1,8 320,4 31,8 87,8 13,7 2,7 3,4 22,7 0,2 16,6 10,9 1,6 7,0 2,0 2,9 1,5 342,0 22,5 87,0 8,1 3,9 1,7 18,7 0,2 14,4 8,3 0,1 6,6 2,3 2,9 0,9 315,3 21,6 82,8 2,9 33,2 1,6 15,1 **) 10,1 5,0 **) 5,2 1,7 4,4 0,6 350,4 21,1 74,4 1,6 7,5 1,2 10,9 0,1 7,7 4,4 0,9 5,8 0,9 5,1 0,8 331,5 2) 16,2 2) 68,4 2) 20,6 2) 14,7 2) 1,8 2) 10,3 2) 0,4 2) 14,1 2) 3,4 2) 22,2 2) 5,6 2) 0,7 2) 4,3 2) 0,5 2) Acute diarrhoea diseases Viral hepatitis Tuberculosis Rubella Influenza Dysentery Syphilis Whooping cough Scarlet fever Food poisoning Measles Erysipelas Trichinosis Salmonellosis Leptospirosis

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. 2) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.

Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

234

7.6
Clase de boli Total

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire, pe clase de boli, declarate de medicii de familie New cases of illness, by disease classes, declared by family physicians
mii / thou

2006 15324

2007 14287

2008 14604

2009 15407

2010 16204

2011 16233

Disease classes Total of which: Infectious and parasitic diseases Neoplasm Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases Blood and blood generation diseases Mental disorders Diseases of the nervous system and of sense organs Diseases of the circulatory system Diseases of the respiratory system Diseases of the digestive system Diseases of the genitourinary system Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and confinement Skin and hypodermic diseases Diseases of osteogenous and muscular system Congenital malformations Diseases originating in the perinatal period IIlness feelings Injury, poisoning

din care: Boli infecioase i parazitare Tumori Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism Boli de snge i ale organelor hematopoietice Tulburri mentale Boli ale sistemului nervos i organelor de sim Boli ale aparatului circulator Boli ale aparatului respirator Boli ale aparatului digestiv Boli ale organelor genito-urinare Complicaii ale sarcinii, naterii i luziei Boli de piele i esut subcutanat Boli ale sistemului osteo-muscular Anomalii congenitale Boli originale n perioada perinatal Stri ru definite Traumatisme, otrviri

739 51

688 52

657 52

623 59

589 66

611 68

299

491

575

494

513

512

149 170

175 210

185 238

153 247

155 285

150 301

1009

1021

1074

1135

1306

1385

818

778

780

831

920

905

7278

6234

6214

7081

6984

6880

1408

1399

1495

1460

1646

1635

1008

955

988

978

1075

1066

23

36

39

36

33

33

757

672

659

668

823

859

1078 4

1179 4

1238 4

1257 5

1365 12

1368 9

2 118 413

2 83 308

2 90 314

2 83 295

3 108 321

4 125 322

235

7.7

Distribuia cazurilor de SIDA 1), nregistrate 2), pe grupe de vrst, sexe i cale de transmitere AIDS cases 1 )breakdown recorded 2), by age group, sex and way of transmission
numr / number

Total

2006 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Total

2007 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Total

2008 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

2009 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

2010 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

2011 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA, pe grupe de vrst AIDS cases breakdown, by age group (la data diagnosticului) i sexe (at the date of diagnosis) and by sex Total Grupa de vrst 0 - 14 ani 0 - 11 luni 1 - 4 ani 5 - 9 ani 10 - 12 ani 13 - 14 ani Grupa de vrst de 15 ani i peste 15 - 19 ani 20 - 24 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 34 ani 35 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 59 ani 60 ani i peste 11157 7907 642 2534 3173 1284 274 3250 827 305 475 486 386 489 209 73 6346 4585 358 1512 1838 723 154 1761 419 109 227 281 219 316 145 45 4811 11440 3322 284 1022 1335 561 120 1489 408 196 248 205 167 173 64 28 7911 643 2536 3174 1284 274 3529 913 325 512 516 426 521 238 78 6518 4588 359 1513 1839 723 154 1930 470 123 244 301 246 337 163 46 4922 3323 284 1023 1335 561 120 1599 443 202 268 215 180 184 75 32 11717 7919 645 2538 3177 1285 274 3798 971 369 535 547 454 574 265 83 6671 4593 360 1515 1841 723 154 2078 498 144 254 324 258 373 178 49 5046 11972 3326 285 1023 1336 562 120 1720 473 225 281 223 196 201 87 34 7932 650 2543 3179 1285 275 4040 996 429 563 578 483 611 285 95 6825 4596 363 1515 1841 723 154 2229 508 175 266 344 281 405 192 58 5147 3336 287 1028 1338 562 121 1811 488 254 297 234 202 206 93 37 12211 7941 654 2547 3179 1286 275 4270 1001 493 592 608 514 646 309 107 6963 4598 364 1516 1841 723 154 2365 511 203 285 360 299 429 211 67 5248 3343 290 1031 1338 563 121 1905 490 290 307 248 215 217 98 40 12468 7951 659 2549 3181 1287 275 4517 1003 539 630 653 542 700 333 117 7130 4602 367 1517 1841 723 154 2528 511 222 315 393 322 462 229 74 5338 3349 292 1032 1340 564 121 1989 492 317 315 260 220 238 104 43 Total Age group 0 - 14 years 0 - 11 months 1 - 4 years 5 - 9 years 10 -12 years 13-14 years Age group 15 years and over 15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-49 years 50-59 years 60 years and over

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA la grupa de vrst 0 - 14 ani, AIDS cases breakdown for age group 0 - 14 years, dup calea de transmitere by way of transmission Total Mam-copil Factori de risc mam: Droguri intravenos Heterosexual Altele / necunoscut Hemofilie / coagulopatii Recipient transfuzii Nozocomial Utilizatori de droguri intravenoase Necunoscut 7907 367 1 228 138 9 1696 5122 713 4585 233 139 94 9 1001 2966 376 3322 134 1 89 44 695 2156 337 7911 371 1 229 141 9 1696 5122 713 4588 236 140 96 9 1001 2966 376 3323 135 1 89 45 695 2156 337 7919 377 1 230 146 9 1696 5122 715 4593 239 141 98 9 1001 2966 378 3326 138 1 89 48 695 2156 337 7932 388 1 236 151 9 1696 5122 717 4596 242 143 99 9 1001 2966 378 3336 146 1 93 52 695 2156 339 7941 397 1 242 154 9 1696 5122 717 4598 244 145 99 9 1001 2966 378 3343 153 1 97 55 695 2156 339 7951 405 1 246 158 9 1696 5122 1 718 4602 248 147 101 9 1001 2966 378 3349 157 1 99 57 695 2156 1 340 Total Mother to child Mother-risk factors: Intravenous drugs Heterosexual Other / unknown Haemophilia / clotting disorders Transfusion recipient Nosocomial Intravenous drug users Unknown

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA la grupa de vrst de 15 ani i peste, AIDS cases breakdown for age group 15 years and over, dup calea de transmitere by way of transmission Total Homo / bisexual Droguri intravenos Hemofilie / coagulopatii Recipient transfuzii Heterosexual Altele / necunoscut 3250 100 10 19 310 1987 824 1761 100 7 19 131 1070 434 1489 3 179 917 390 3529 107 13 19 310 2200 880 1930 107 10 19 131 1195 468 1599 3 179 1005 412 3798 115 14 19 310 2406 934 2078 115 11 19 131 1299 503 1720 3 179 1107 431 4040 134 17 20 310 2596 963 2229 134 12 20 131 1408 524 1811 5 179 1188 439 4270 147 25 20 310 2784 984 2365 147 19 20 131 1515 533 1905 6 179 1269 451 4517 163 51 20 310 2972 1001 2528 163 42 20 131 1630 542 1989 9 179 1342 459 Total Homo / bisexual Intravenous drugs Haemophilia / clotting disorders Transfusion recipient Heterosexual Other / unknown

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published. 2) La sfritul anului (total cumulat). / At the end of the year (cumulative total).

236

237

7.8

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, ca urmare a consumului de droguri, pe sexe, grupe de vrst i tipuri de droguri Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, following drugs consumption, by sex, age group and drug type
numr / number

2006

20071) 20082)

20092)

20102)

2011

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe sexe Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by sex Total Masculin Feminin Sex necunoscut din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Masculin Feminin Sex necunoscut 1912 1410 502 801 566 235 2420 1949 471 1432 1170 262 3649 3011 635 3 1931 1561 367 3 5353 4095 1253 5 3885 2867 1013 5 4419 3443 955 21 2706 2060 629 17 3587 2861 710 16 2094 1672 411 11 Total Male Female Unknown sex of total: new registered cases Male Female Unknown sex

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe grupe de vrst Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by age group Total Sub 15 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35 ani i peste Vrst necunoscut din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Sub 15 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35 ani i peste Vrst necunoscut 1912 57 319 398 347 185 606 801 30 157 208 148 68 190 2420 64 291 546 612 252 655 1432 41 184 343 359 146 359 3649 8 179 611 670 478 1697 6 1931 7 135 331 320 252 886 5353 8 198 624 847 765 2904 7 3885 8 178 453 556 550 2134 6 4419 16 229 602 801 631 2101 39 2706 15 191 404 443 338 1278 37 3587 25 330 548 687 603 1373 21 2094 19 289 418 374 282 700 12 Total Under 15 years 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 34 years 35 and over Unknown age of total: new registered cases Under 15 years 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 34 years 35 and over Unknown age

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe tipuri de droguri Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by drug type Total Opiacee Cocain Stimulante Hipnotice i sedative Halucinogene Inhalani volatili Canabis Alte substane din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Opiacee Cocain Stimulante Hipnotice i sedative Halucinogene Inhalani volatili Canabis Alte substane 1912 937 2 11 199 24 42 697 801 431 1 5 88 10 34 232 2420 1336 12 25 186 2 23 142 694 1432 768 12 16 107 2 11 130 386 3649 1469 11 23 178 4 14 121 1829 1931 736 10 19 103 2 11 105 945 5353 1303 13 7 94 9 16 104 3807 3885 710 12 5 68 8 11 93 2978 4419 1118 24 31 124 18 41 171 2892 2706 524 21 24 67 11 32 152 1875 3587 948 35 82 151 10 16 242 2103 2094 477 31 72 93 10 14 211 1186 Total Opium based substances Cocaine Stimulative substances Hypnotic and sedative Halluginocenic Essential inhalant Cannabis Other substances of total: new registered cases Opium based substances Cocaine Stimulative substances Hypnotic and sedative Halluginocenic Essential inhalant Cannabis Other substances

1) Include persoane admise la tratament n uniti ale Ministerului Sntii i Centre de Prevenire, Evaluare i Consiliere Antidrog din 2) Include persoane admise la tratament n uniti ale Ministerului Sntii, ambulator n Centre de asisten integrat n adicie ale

cadrul Ageniei Naionale Antidrog. / Include persons admitted for treatment in units belonging to the Ministry of Health and Prevention, Evaluation and Anti-drugs Consulting centres from the National Anti-drugs Agency.

Ageniei Naionale Antidrog i Centre de asisten privat i n cadrul sistemului penitenciar. / Include persons admitted for treatment in units belonging to the Ministry of Health and ambulatory in care centres to integrated addiction from the National Anti-drugs Agency and private care centres and within penitentiary system. Sursa: Inspectoratul General al Poliiei Romne din cadrul Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor. Source: General Inspectorate of Romanian Police within the Ministry of Administration and Interior.

238

7.9
Total

Numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pe clase de boli Number of patients out of hospital, by disease classes
mii persoane / thou persons

2006 4782 228

2007 4483 228

2008 4765 238

2009 4834 229

2010 49231) 221

2011 45161) 203

Boli infecioase i parazitare Infectious and parasitic diseases din care: / of which: Tuberculoz Tuberculosis Tumori Neoplasm Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases din care: / of which: Diabet zaharat Diabetes mellitus Tulburri mentale i de comportament Mental and behavioural disorders Boli ale sistemului nervos i organelor de sim Diseases of the nervous system and sense organs Boli ale aparatului circulator Diseases of the circulatory system din care: / of which: Boala ischemic a inimii Ischaemic heart disease Boli cerebro-vasculare Cerebrovascular diseases Boli ale aparatului respirator Diseases of the respiratory system Boli ale aparatului digestiv Diseases of the digestive system Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar Diseases of the genitourinary system Sarcin, natere i luzie Pregnancy, childbirth and confinement Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Alte cauze Other causes

43

46

48

45

45

40

323

325

397

405

427

415

152

152

169

182

162

145

65

61

67

72

73

68

259

253

274

289

289

279

249

238

256

257

284

271

682

609

657

682

713

642

106 144

121 125

79 125

80 126

85 128

72 119

649

616

652

673

631

582

504

464

479

474

520

477

348

317

326

321

331

280

407

384

396

385

376

332

135

126

129

133

125

113

45

38

32

32

30

28

309

274

278

267

270

241

492

459

482

505

544

508

1) Inclusiv sectorul privat. / Private sector included.

239

7.10
Anii Years

Asistena medical de urgen Emergency medical assistance


Persoane bolnave Patients Transportate Transported 1978125 1840997 1754994 1866580 1824990 1929610 Asistate Assisted 904926 783528 812646 879351 847323 735218

Autosalvri (numr) Ambulances (number)

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

3217 3123 2753 2547 2536 2556

7.11
Anii Years

Activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui 1) Blood collecting and preserving 1)


Cantitatea de snge i plasm transfuzat (litri) Quantity of transfused blood and plasma (litres) 139671 148421 146846 168881 153390 133510

Centre de transfuzie sanguin (numr) Blood transfusion centers (number)

Snge recoltat (litri) Collected blood (litres)

Bolnavi transfuzai (numr) Transfused patients (number)

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

41 41 41 41 41 41

144736 157775 156658 193919 184116 177767

193456 195304 214020 199000 211621 207456

1) n unitile cu proprietate majoritar de stat. / In the units with state majority ownership.

240

EDUCAIE

EDUCATION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie ....................... 247 Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe ................................................................ 249 Personalul didactic pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe ................................................................ 250 Absolvenii pe niveluri de educaie .......................... 250 Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i tipuri de coli ........................................................ 251 Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar ..................................................... 251 Elevii nscrii n nvmntul preuniversitar, dup studiul limbilor moderne ................................. 252 nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare ............................................ 254 nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri ................................ 256 nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire ................. 258 nvmntul special ................................................ 262 nvmntul superior, pe localiti .......................... 262 nvmntul superior, pe grupe de specializri ...... 266 nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe localiti, n anul universitar 2011/ 2012 .............. 270 nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe grupe de specializri .......................................... 270 nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie din instituiile private ...................................................... 272 Numrul elevilor care au promovat examenul de bacalaureat ........................................ 273 Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar ........................................................... 273 Teritorial

Education by level of education School aged population by level of education and by sex Teaching staff by level of education and by sex Graduates by level of education School aged population by level of education and type of school Enrolment rate for school aged population Pupils enrolled in pre-university education, by foreign language studied Pre-university education, by teaching language High school education, by profile Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile Special education Tertiary education, by locality Tertiary education, by group of specializations Tertiary education from private institutions, by locality, in 2011/ 2012 academic year Tertiary education from private institutions, by group of specializations Education by level of education from private institutions Number of pupils who graduated the School Leaving Examination Abandon rate in pre-university education Territorial School aged population at territorial level and level of education, in 2011/2012 school year Pre-school education, at territorial level, in 2011/2012 school year Primary and secondary education, at territorial level, in 2011/2012 school year High school education, at territorial level, in 2011/2012 school year Vocational education, at territorial level, in 2011/2012 school year Post high school education, at territorial level, in 2011/2012 school year Foremen education, at territorial level, in 2011/2012 school year Tertiary education, at territorial level, in 2011/2012 academic year

8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26

Populaia colar, n profil teritorial i niveluri de educaie, n anul colar 2011/ 2012 ............................... nvmntul precolar, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2011/ 2012 .............................................. nvmntul primar i gimnazial, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2011/ 2012 ............................... nvmntul liceal, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2011/2012 ................................................ nvmntul profesional, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2011/ 2012 .............................................. nvmntul postliceal, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2011/ 2012 ................................................ nvmntul de maitri, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2011/ 2012 .............................................. nvmntul superior, n profil teritorial, n anul universitar 2011/ 2012 .........................................

242

8.27

8.28 8.29

Numrul elevilor care au promovat examenul de bacalaureat, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/2011 ................................................ Absolvenii n profil teritorial i niveluri de educaie, n anul colar / universitar 2010/2011 ........... Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/2011 ...................

Number of pupils who graduated the School Leaving Examination, at territorial level, in 2010/2011 school year Graduates at territorial level and level of education, in 2010/2011 school / academic year Abandon rate in pre-university education, at territorial level, in 2010/2011 school year

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetri statistice realizate la nceputul i sfritul anului colar (universitar) n unitile de nvmnt de toate tipurile, pe forme de proprietate i niveluri de educaie.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical surveys carried out at the beginning and at the end of school year (academic year) in educational units of all types, by type of ownership and level of education.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Datele statistice privind numrul copiilor i elevilor nscrii, absolvenilor i personalului didactic din nvmntul preuniversitar (precolar, primar i gimnazial, liceal, profesional, postliceal) cuprind i pe cele din nvmntul special. Profilurile, calificrile profesionale i specializrile n care se pregtesc elevii i studenii sunt stabilite conform prevederilor legislaiei n vigoare, referitoare la organizarea i funcionarea nvmntului n Romnia i pe baza Nomenclatorului profilurilor, calificrilor profesionale i specializrilor, ntocmit de Institutul Naional de Statistic mpreun cu Ministerul Educaiei,

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
Data on the number of enrolled children and pupils, graduates and teaching staff of preuniversity education (pre-school, primary and secondary, high school, post high school) also refer to special education. Profiles, vocational qualifications and specializations for pupils and students are set up according to the stipulations of the in force legislation, referring to education organisation and functioning in Romania and based on Nomenclature of profiles, vocational qualifications and specialisations, drawn up by the National Institute of Statistics together with the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport. Statistical data on tertiary education (number of faculties, enrolled students, graduates and teaching staff) also include short term higher education (colleges), as well as foreign students who study in Romania; Romanian students who study in other countries are not included. Teaching staff is registered only once at the unit where there is the work record/basic norm. Foremen trainers who carry out training-educational activity within the educational system are also included in the same category. Enrollment rate for school aged population represents the ratio between number of pupils from a certain age group, no matter of education level and total population of the same age group.

Cercetrii, Tineretului i Sportului.


Datele statistice privind nvmntul universitar (numrul facultilor, studenii nscrii, absolvenii i personalul didactic) includ i nvmntul superior de scurt durat (colegii), precum i studenii strini care studiaz n Romnia; nu sunt inclui studenii romni care studiaz n alte ri. Cadrele didactice sunt nregistrate o singur dat la unitatea unde au cartea de munc/norma de baz. n aceeai categorie sunt inclui i maitrii instructori, care desfoar activitate instructiv-educativ n sistemul de nvmnt. Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar reprezint raportul dintre numrul elevilor dintr-o anumit grup de vrst, indiferent de nivelul de educaie i totalul populaiei de aceeai grup de vrst.

243

8.G1
0,3% 2,0%

Personalul didactic, pe niveluri de educaie Teaching staff, by level of education


2006/2007 2011/2012

11,0%

13,2% 0,5%

11,5%

15,1%

**)
24,0%

22,4%

51,1%

48,9%

nvmnt precolar Pre-school education nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education nvmnt liceal High school education **) = Sub 0,05% Under 0.05%

nvmnt profesional Vocational education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education nvmnt superior Tertiary education

8.G2

Populaia colar, pe niveluri de educaie (exclusiv postuniversitare) School aged population, by level of education (excluding post-university education)
%

100 80 60 40 20 0

18,1 0,8 45,0

20,6 1,0 44,0

20,6 1,2 43,2

18,6 1,5 43,7

16,7 1,7 44,3

14,1 2,1 45,0

21,2 14,9 2006/2007

19,6 14,8 2007/2008

19,9 15,1 2008/2009

20,2 16,0 2009/2010

20,6 16,7 2010/2011

21,2 17,6 2011/2012

Preprimar (precolar) Pre-primary (pre-school) Primar (clasele I-IV) Primary (forms I-IV) Teriar (superior) Tertiary (higher)

Secundar Secondary Post secundar Post secondary

244

8.G3

Ponderea elevilor care studiaz o limb strin (prima limb modern), n total elevi din nvmntul preuniversitar Weight of pupils learning a foreign language (first foreign language), in total number of pupils from pre-university education
2006/2007 2011/2012

9,7%

1,4% 22,3%

0,4%

2,8% 21,0%

30,7% 35,9%

39,7% 36,1%

nvmnt primar Primary education nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education

nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt profesional Vocational education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education

8.G4

Absolvenii, pe niveluri de educaie Graduates, by level of education


2006/2007 2010/2011

18,5% 1,9%

32,3%

27,7%

34,0%

3,2%

19,7%
27,6%

5,1%

30,0%
nvmnt profesional Vocational education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education

nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt superior Tertiary education

245

8.G5

Ponderea absolvenilor din nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri Weight of high-school graduates, by profile
2006/2007 2010/2011

11,1% 11,7% 48,1% 15,7%

7,3%

42,2%

29,1%

34,8%

Licee i colegii teoretice (inclusiv liceele de informatic) Theorethical high schools and colleges (including the informatics high schools) Licee industriale (inclusiv liceele de metrologie) Industrial high schools (including the metrology high schools) Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools Alte licee Other high schools

8.G6

Structura studenilor, pe grupe de specializri, din nvmntul superior Students in higher education institutes, by specialization groups
Anul universitar / Academic year
2006/2007 2011/2012

1,4% 21,8% 30,4% 26,3%

1,6% 28,3%

5,1%

10,1%

10,5% 30,8%
Tehnice Technical Medico-farmaceutice Medicine and pharmacy tiine economice Economics

12,5% 21,2%
tiine juridice Law science Universitar-pedagogice University-pedagogy Artistice Artistic

246

8.1

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Education by level of education (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance)
2006/2007 2007/2008 Total 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012

Uniti Units Populaia colar Enrolled population Copii n grdinie Children in kindergartens Elevi - total Pupils - total nvmnt de zi Full time education nvmnt seral Part-time education nvmnt cu frecven redus Part-time attendance education Studeni Students nvmnt de zi Full time education nvmnt seral Part-time education nvmnt cu frecven redus Part-time attendance education nvmnt deschis la distan Learning at distance Personal didactic Teaching staff

8484 4345581 648862 2911213 2784827 57324 69062 785506 539174 1115 68013 177204 277318

8230 4404581 650324 2846904 2700780 59681 86443 907353 555975 1132 89335 260911 276849

8221 4324992 652855 2781039 2612331 63559 105149 891098 516468 1616 93842 279172 275426

8244 4176866 666123 2735424 2558900 78694 97830 775319 562105 1626 132654 78934 268679

7588 4029226 673736 2682489 2516508 84860 81121 673001 513491 995 94239 64276 252953

7204 3823515 673641 2610022 2473022 81222 55778 539852 442613 592 46628 50019 247487

nvmnt precolar / Pre-school education Grdinie de copii Kindergartens Copii nscrii Children enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 1720 648862 36555 1731 650324 37348 1718 652855 38253 1697 666123 38322 1498 673736 37353 1367 673641 37391

nvmnt primar i gimnazial / Primary and secondary education coli Schools Elevi nscrii (n clase l-VIII) Pupils enrolled (in forms l-VIII) din care: / of which: n nvmntul gimnazial Secondary education Personal didactic Teaching staff din care:/ of which: n nvmntul gimnazial Secondary education Din nvmntul primar i gimnazial: Of primary and secondary education: nvmnt special: Special education: coli Schools Elevi nscrii (n clase l-VIII) Pupils enrolled (in forms l-VIII) Personal didactic Teaching staff 5045 1842208 922769 141601 86114 4737 1789693 924518 138972 84422 4727 1752335 893166 138560 84491 4623 1719676 873997 135231 82959 4248 1691441 862588 125005 77445 4022 1629406 819280 120927 74968

125 18079 6225

122 16861 6151

113 16048 6183

105 16308 6355

106 16341 6203

99 16165 6141

247

8.1

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) - continuare Education by level of education (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance) - continued
2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012

nvmnt liceal / High school education Licee High schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 1421 780925 62048 1426 791348 61620 1444 784361 60647 1638 837728 60255 1643 866543 59609 1615 888768 59380

nvmnt profesional / Vocational education coli Schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 115 250383 5643 147 220335 5939 147 189254 5129 98 115445 2803 5 54538 116 6 12382 64

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri / Post high school and foremen education coli Schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff din care: / of which: nvmnt de maitri Foremen education Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 79 37697 888 83 45528 1006 79 55089 864 80 62575 965 86 69967 1124 86 79466 1360

2693 18

4534 10

6319 29

6315 12

6108 13

6564 7

nvmnt superior / Tertiary education Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions Faculti Faculties Studeni nscrii - total Students enrolled - total din care: / of which: nvmnt de scurt durat (colegii) Short-term education (colleges) Din total: studeni strini care studiaz n Romnia Of total: foreign students studying in Romania Personal didactic Teaching staff 104 755 785506 106 631 907353 106 617 891098 108 624 775319 108 629 673001 108 614 539852

12937

1485

573

570

610

10396

11095

11887

13778

16138

17288

30583

31964

31973

31103

29746

28365

Rate la 10000 locuitori / Per 10000 inhabitants Elevi Pupils Studeni Students 1349 364 1322 421 1293 414 1274 361 1252 314 12221) 2531)

1)

Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

248

8.2

Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) School aged population by level of education and by sex (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance)

Total = T / Total = T Masculin = M / Male = M Feminin = F / Female = F Populaia colar Enrolled population T M F T M F T M F T M F

2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012

4345581 2164302 2181279 648862 331126 317736 1842208 950183 892025 922769 476353 446416

4404581 2185299 2219282 650324 332715 317609 1789693 923812 865881 924518 476600 447918

4324992 2151452 2173540 652855 333666 319189 1752335 904733 847602 893166 460685 432481

4176866 2084733 2092133 666123 340949 325174 1719676 888518 831158 873997 451168 422829

4029226 2019611 2009615 673736 344967 328769 1691441 874606 816835 862588 445455 417133

3823515 1929331 1894184 673641 344488 329153 1629406 844675 784731 819280 425005 394275

nvmnt precolar Pre-school education

nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education din care: / of which: nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education Din nvmntul primar i gimnazial: Of primary and secondary education: nvmnt special Special education

T M F T M F T M F T M F

18079 11099 6980 780925 370577 410348 250383 155309 95074 37697 10390 27307

16861 10428 6433 791348 382158 409190 220335 136798 83537 45528 12046 33482

16048 9971 6077 784361 380190 404171 189254 118881 70373 55089 15696 39393

16308 10219 6089 837728 418249 419479 115445 72949 42496 62575 17336 45239

16341 10264 6077 866543 441438 425105 54538 35223 19315 69967 19476 50491

16165 10215 5950 888768 456167 432601 12382 7898 4484 79466 23142 56324

nvmnt liceal High school education

nvmnt profesional Vocational education

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: / of which: nvmnt de maitri Foremen education

T M F T M F T M F

2693 2496 197 785506 346717 438789 12937 5685 7252

4534 4189 345 907353 397770 509583 1485 558 927

6319 5806 513 891098 398286 492812 573 147 426

6315 5903 412 775319 346732 428587 570 103 467

6108 5763 345 673001 303901 369100 610 105 505

6564 6140 424 539852 252961 286891 -

nvmnt superior Tertiary education din care: / of which: nvmnt de scurt durat (colegii) Short-term education (colleges)

249

8.3

Personalul didactic pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe Teaching staff by level of education and by sex

Total = T / Total = T Masculin = M / Male = M Feminin = F / Female = F Personal didactic Teaching staff nvmnt precolar Pre-school education nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education din care: / of which: nvmnt special Special education nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt profesional Vocational education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: / of which: nvmnt de maistri Foremen education nvmnt superior Tertiary education T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F

2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 277318 75850 201468 36555 93 36462 141601 34812 106789 6225 1066 5159 62048 21035 41013 5643 2537 3106 888 224 664 18 11 7 30583 17149 13434 276849 75876 200973 37348 108 37240 138972 34283 104689 6151 1113 5038 61620 20513 41107 5939 2521 3418 1006 326 680 10 3 7 31964 18125 13839 275426 74696 200730 38253 98 38155 138560 34472 104088 6183 1017 5166 60647 19820 40827 5129 2191 2938 864 260 604 29 15 14 31973 17855 14118 268679 71393 197286 38322 112 38210 135231 33561 101670 6355 1030 5325 60255 19407 40848 2803 1169 1634 965 305 660 12 8 4 31103 16839 14264 252953 65841 187112 37353 135 37218 125005 30451 94554 6203 998 5205 59609 19019 40590 116 57 59 1124 338 786 13 7 6 29746 15841 13905 247487 63120 184367 37391 125 37266 120927 29436 91491 6141 988 5153 59380 18592 40788 64 28 36 1360 381 979 7 3 4 28365 14558 13807

8.4

Absolvenii pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Graduates by level of education (full time, part-time, part-time attendance and learning at distance education)
2006/2007 219507 108294 187576 100541 133829 50623 12660 8322 1172 96 125499 74459 2007/2008 207798 102485 218205 112982 113084 43175 12986 9660 1339 100 232885 151092 2008/2009 204018 100346 202113 103574 100901 38303 17574 11406 2909 223 214826 128010 2009/2010 198981 97538 204863 103544 89805 32259 19232 12845 2952 233 191291 118992 2010/2011 229609 113148 202160 102136 34733 11679 21311 14279 2958 130 186900 112260

Anul colar / School year nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt liceal High school education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt profesional Vocational education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: feminin / of which: female din care: /of which: nvmnt de maitri foremen education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt superior Tertiary education din care: feminin / of which: female

250

8.5
Total

Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i tipuri de coli1) School aged population by level of education and type of school1)
procente / percentage

2006/ 2007 100,0 14,5 20,5 43,5 20,5 23,0 8,1 14,9 9,3 5,6 0,8 0,7 0,1 20,7 17,2 0,3 3,2

2007/ 2008 100,0 14,2 19,0 42,4 20,3 22,1 7,8 14,3 9,5 4,8 1,0 0,9 0,1 23,4 19,8 0,1 3,5

2008/ 2009 100,0 14,4 19,0 41,2 19,7 21,5 7,8 13,7 9,5 4,2 1,2 1,1 0,1 24,2 19,6 **) 4,6

2009/ 2010 100,0 15,1 19,3 41,5 19,9 21,6 7,8 13,8 11,2 2,6 1,4 1,3 0,1 22,7 17,6 **) 5,1

2010/ 2011 100,0 15,9 19,6 42,2 20,4 21,8 8,0 13,8 12,5 1,3 1,7 1,5 0,2 20,6 15,9 **) 4,7

2011/ 2012 100,0 16,9 20,3 43,2 20,6 22,6 8,6 14,0 13,7 0,3 2,0 1,8 0,2 17,6 13,5 **) 4,1 Total Pre-primary (pre-school) Primary (forms I-IV) Secondary Lower (forms V-VIII) Upper General (theoretical high school) Technical / vocational high school vocational Post secondary post high school foremen Tertiary (higher) long-term short-term (colleges) postuniversity

Preprimar (precolar) Primar (clase I-IV) Secundar Inferior (clase V-VIII) Superior General (liceu teoretic) Tehnic / vocaional liceu profesional Post secundar postliceal de maitri Teriar (superior) de lung durat de scurt durat (colegii) postuniversitar
1)

Conform Clasificrii Internaionale Standard a Educaiei (CISE) - 1997. / According to International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) - 1997.

8.6
Total

Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar Enrolment rate for school aged population
procente / percentage

2006/ 2007 77,3 80,9 97,0 95,0 75,7 55,9 75,3 80,0 97,2 95,1 73,9 50,5 79,5 81,9 96,9 94,9 77,7 61,5

2007/ 2008 79,7 81,8 96,0 94,4 77,4 63,8 77,2 81,1 96,2 94,6 75,4 57,3 82,3 82,6 95,7 94,2 79,5 70,5

2008/ 2009 79,6 81,7 95,0 94,4 79,2 63,3 77,4 80,9 95,2 94,5 77,4 57,5 82,0 82,6 94,8 94,3 81,1 69,2

2009/ 2010 78,7 81,9 94,9 94,5 81,3 59,3 76,8 81,2 95,2 94,7 80,2 54,0 80,7 82,6 94,7 94,4 82,5 64,8

2010/ 2011 77,6 82,1 94,6 94,0 80,8 56,0 76,0 81,4 94,8 94,2 80,1 51,3 79,3 82,8 94,4 93,7 81,5 60,9

20111)/ 2012 76,0 81,8 94,0 92,8 81,0 50,3 74,9 81,1 94,2 93,2 80,6 46,8 77,2 82,5 93,7 92,4 81,5 54,0 Total 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over Male 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over Female 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over

3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste Masculin 3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste Feminin 3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste
1)

Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

251

8.7

Elevii nscrii n nvmntul preuniversitar, dup studiul limbilor moderne Pupils enrolled in pre-university education, by foreign language studied
numr / number

Prima limb modern First foreign language 2006/ 2007 Total Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba englez francez german rus spaniol italian greac japonez portughez turc 2541738 1513882 956428 59031 3737 5048 3163 74 132 230 13 568073 368319 183797 13984 475 1155 327 16 911756 516732 365339 25116 1941 1601 1027 780925 473634 289878 13457 909 1599 1015 58 132 230 13 245526 125540 112912 5847 412 693 122 35458 29657 4502 627 672 2007/ 2008 2480878 1538900 877073 54405 2426 4427 3253 26 134 215 19 517694 353121 150486 12558 355 951 223 914039 538883 346930 24560 990 1513 1163 791348 497245 277786 12528 882 1568 945 26 134 215 19 215919 115395 95810 4066 199 395 54 41878 34256 6061 693 868 2008/ 2009 2413768 1562729 792784 48981 1748 4784 2385 26 127 204 516223 361865 141506 11567 220 857 208 882938 545879 311931 21819 799 1586 924 784361 517163 252001 11530 599 1803 908 26 127 204 185745 101726 79976 3331 130 538 44 44501 36096 7370 734 301 2009/ 2010 2372518 1610931 707378 44250 2632 4891 2101 26 115 194 509443 367974 129042 10883 304 1097 143 863036 559737 279413 20457 864 1608 957 837665 579417 243144 10700 1353 1824 892 26 115 194 112524 64170 46354 1541 72 362 25 49850 39633 9425 669 39 84 2010/ 2011 2313361 1619742 644927 39943 989 4784 2680 117 179 486907 358433 117078 9856 140 1092 308 850605 571735 257436 18260 510 1483 1181 866543 613988 238735 10149 301 2127 947 117 179 52881 31309 20785 681 82 24 56425 44277 10893 997 38 220 2011/ 2012 2237347 1638276 553875 37452 510 4646 2296 118 174 468969 358224 99740 9770 61 939 235 807116 562486 225405 16869 114 1376 866 888736 662974 212016 9671 335 2331 1117 118 174 9487 6148 3232 107 63039 48444 13482 1035 78 2006/ 2007 1550570 609992 789549 121681 15080 5438 8595 22 62 151 9516 4215 4096 905 149 129 22 877855 361845 430764 68393 11748 2736 2355 14 629281 231799 337000 49986 3093 2399 4805 48 151 30909 11930 16168 2204 88 132 387 3009 203 1521 193 2 42 1048 2007/ 2008 1632878 619765 863217 126400 9831 5680 7889 96 7678 2987 3630 935 32 94 878373 349596 447875 68152 7452 3039 2250 9 708341 251932 391705 55217 2226 2338 4836 87 35881 15009 18356 1936 121 160 299 2605 241 1651 160 143 410

A doua limb modern Second foreign language 2008/ 2009 1631885 577506 909998 123160 6931 6268 7641 47 131 203 8134 3176 4018 641 39 81 132 47 848445 316713 457196 64998 4686 2837 2000 15 737825 243489 429356 54902 2134 3068 4557 116 203 35270 13813 18043 2468 72 282 592 2211 315 1385 151 360 2009/ 2010 1673000 541896 988818 122627 5889 6152 7290 24 87 217 8023 2756 4147 984 25 71 16 24 827324 285721 470829 62836 3443 2719 1776 813978 245913 500113 57052 2372 3099 5125 87 217 21501 7377 12020 1608 49 263 184 2174 129 1709 147 189 2010/ 2011 1682189 518541 1022121 121243 5313 6576 8062 24 54 255 5362 1922 2520 764 17 25 90 24 814023 267546 475652 62620 3585 2719 1901 847409 244667 534296 56897 1711 3636 5893 54 255 12828 4203 7706 702 137 80 2567 203 1947 260 59 98 2011/ 2012 1654334 460058 1050909 123219 5168 6106 7696 250 122 28 778 5683 2038 2620 958 3 16 48 772483 235574 467373 61628 3323 2204 1912 469 868484 220483 575779 60264 1832 3826 5639 250 74 28 309 2474 723 1705 46 5210 1240 3432 323 10 60 145 Total English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Portuguese language Turkish language Primary education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Secondary education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Portuguese language Turkish language High school education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Portuguese language Turkish language Vocational education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Post high school and foremen education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language

nvmnt primar Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba greac Limba japonez nvmnt gimnazial Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba portughez Limba turc nvmnt liceal Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba greac Limba japonez Limba portughez Limba turc nvmnt profesional Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian

252

253

8.8

nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare1) (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) Pre-university education, by teaching language1) (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education)
2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012

COPII I ELEVI NSCRII CHILDREN AND PUPILS ENROLLED nvmnt precolar Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba bulgar Limba croat Limba romanes nvmnt primar i gimnazial Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba croat Limba romanes Limba englez nvmnt liceal Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba croat Limba bulgar Limba englez nvmnt profesional Limba romn Limba maghiar nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar din care: nvmnt de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar 648862 601137 41280 5417 272 280 219 28 81 94 54 650324 603025 41054 5122 235 320 259 29 78 127 75 652855 605635 41184 4975 252 309 253 22 60 87 78 666123 617934 41857 5356 224 309 226 22 47 73 75 673736 624092 42747 5982 144 298 251 12 62 75 73 673641 622942 43412 6277 161 347 250 10 69 84 89 Pre-school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Bulgarian language Croatian language Romanes language Primary and secondary education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Croatian language Romanes language English language High school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Croatian language Bulgarian language English language Vocational education Romanian language Hungarian language Post high school and foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language of which: Foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language

1842208 1737450 93944 9551 353 138 626 53 40 53 780925 745414 30968 3776 122 201 183 50 211 250383 240507 9876

1789693 1685749 92816 9981 247 115 587 55 52 91 791348 755562 31559 3528 114 198 220 80 87 220335 211565 8770

1752335 1649578 91732 9803 238 123 549 46 57 209 784361 748540 31616 3417 107 269 236 83 93 189254 181945 7309

1719676 1617465 90930 10147 198 115 529 38 69 185 837728 799905 33563 3373 112 307 292 78 98 115445 111224 4221

1691441 1589012 90779 10180 176 125 514 33 75 189 358 866543 826705 35452 3420 106 281 285 67 94 133 54538 52798 1740

1629406 1529155 87605 11234 161 104 488 22 68 241 328 888768 847644 36872 3289 106 257 255 84 107 154 12382 12229 153

37697 36545 1152 2693 2664 29

45528 44426 1102 4534 4534 -

55089 53821 1268 6319 6319 -

62575 61390 1185 6315 6315 -

69967 68591 1376 6108 6108 -

79466 78084 1382 6564 6564 -

1) Limba romn i limba minoritilor naionale. / Romanian language and language of national minorities.

254

8.8

nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare1) (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) - continuare Pre-university education, by teaching language1) (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education) - continued
2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012

PERSONAL DIDACTIC TEACHING STAFF nvmnt precolar Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba bulgar Limba croat nvmnt primar i gimnazial Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba croat Limba romanes Limba englez nvmnt liceal Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba croat Limba bulgar nvmnt profesional Limba romn Limba maghiar nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar din care: nvmnt de maitri Limba romn 36555 34350 2073 91 10 6 13 2 6 4 37348 35083 2138 80 10 7 14 2 7 7 38253 35969 2146 89 13 9 15 2 5 5 38322 36004 2185 92 9 9 13 2 3 5 37353 35088 2137 94 6 8 9 1 5 5 37391 35095 2126 132 7 11 9 1 5 5 Pre-school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Bulgarian language Croatian language Primary and secondary education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Croatian language Romanes language English language High school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Croatian language Bulgarian language Vocational education Romanian language Hungarian language Post high school and foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language of which: Foremen education Romanian language

141601 134503 6727 286 27 4 53 1 62048 59474 2292 181 16 13 29 23 20 5643 5563 80

138972 132202 6424 273 10 3 59 1 61620 58974 2401 167 21 14 31 12 5939 5865 74

138560 131455 6685 309 16 2 55 1 37 60647 57893 2479 177 21 17 35 25 5129 5098 31

135231 128411 6451 295 10 2 47 1 14 60255 57519 2473 186 19 16 35 7 2803 2790 13

118802 112490 6001 262 2 36 1 10 59609 56929 2420 175 19 18 39 9 116 116 -

120927 114456 6105 275 3 2 31 10 45 59380 56709 2456 140 14 14 40 7 64 64 -

888 863 25 18 18

1006 994 12 10 10

864 850 14 29 29

965 959 6 12 12

1124 1121 3 13 13

1360 1356 4 7 7

1) Limba romn i limba minoritilor naionale. / Romanian language and language of national minorities.

255

8.9

nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) High school education, by profile (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education)
2006/2007 2007/2008 1426 558 483 23 12 15 136 28 45 34 4 75 13 2008/2009 1444 560 487 22 10 18 150 27 45 34 4 73 14 2009/2010 1638 554 605 53 10 4 20 171 25 45 33 3 74 41 2010/2011 1643 554 589 56 9 3 17 188 25 45 33 3 76 45 2011/2012 1615 560 565 44 10 5 18 188 25 45 34 3 75 43

Licee / High schools Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools

1421 557 469 35 15 3 14 130 30 45 33 4 74 12

780925 361917 250510 7531 6276 2996 3625 96661 8812 13931 14418 1434 12188 626

791348 355586 265127 6583 5186 2672 3616 104674 6947 13522 13863 1358 11552 662

784361 352739 258273 7680 3913 1989 4508 109797 5463 13588 13947 1202 10242 1020

837728 344449 297941 11368 4156 2248 5016 126220 4748 13778 14324 1227 10190 2063

866543 338829 313110 13729 3738 2657 5363 139529 5639 13915 14761 1289 10294 3690

888768 342589 316721 14609 4682 2701 5983 148385 6848 14400 15542 1319 10644 4345

1) Inclusiv liceele de informatic. / Including the informatics high schools. 2) Inclusiv liceele de metrologie. / Including the metrology high schools.

256

8.9

nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) - continuare High school education, by profile (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education) - continued
2006/2007 2007/2008 218205 91252 79916 1978 1710 995 728 27734 2518 3472 3747 435 3530 190 2008/2009 202113 89138 68289 1883 1098 614 742 28535 2326 3224 3283 318 2427 236 2009/2010 204863 86350 74001 2242 862 352 1057 29369 1053 3300 3386 280 2468 143 2010/2011 2011/2012 202160 85277 70446 2201 582 517 1060 31668 938 3232 3426 273 2329 211 3)

Absolveni / Graduates Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools Personal didactic / Teaching staff Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools

187576 90311 54520 2235 2044 1128 1772 22019 2636 3561 3771 360 3071 148

62048 22290 25719 1452 652 73 441 5177 1362 2424 1253 107 897 201

61620 22012 26019 802 485 511 5679 1246 2407 1260 99 931 169

60647 21987 25017 820 364 623 5872 1161 2347 1175 94 959 228

60255 20988 24587 923 322 62 677 6167 1057 2578 1150 88 1036 620

59609 20617 23857 999 213 80 669 6528 1025 2555 1045 85 1072 864

59380 21020 23206 829 293 152 704 6419 1084 2525 1096 84 1105 863

1) Inclusiv liceele de informatic. / Including the informatics high schools. 2) Inclusiv liceele de metrologie. / Including the metrology high schools. 3) Anul colar 2011/2012 se ncheie dup examenul de corigen din toamn. / 2011/2012 school year ends after the autumn second

examination.

257

8.10

nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012 2006/ 2007 Absolveni / Graduates 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011

coli profesionale Vocational schools Construcii de maini Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic Electrotechnics and electronics Mine Mines Petrol Oil Metalurgie Metallurgy Energetic Energy Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Construcii-montaj Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport Pot i telecomunicaii Post and telecommunications Industrie alimentar Food industry Industrie uoar Light industry Poligrafie Poligraphy Agricultur Agriculture Silvicultur Forestry Teologie Theology Turism Tourism Comer Trade Alimentaie public Public catering

240924 211345 181048 109847 51029 10288 130863 110597 98529 87731 32997 55392 46740 41022 22642 26995 23595 19174 9986 6772 3778 2034 27719 21885 19224 17882 489 13618 11450 10143 8413 3688 2651

16 991 59 1413 2569 1202

762 54 983 2313 878

813 39 674 1890 629

696 63 297 1072 452 8884

507 20 229 385 137 4059

63 63 82 898

14 578 33 844 1361 590 8909

440 43 674 1265 454 8063

456 31 489 1203 352 7795

508 51 267 892 365 6898

306 16 173 283 57 2484

17270 16703 14728

13431 11280

9113

5148

2129

475

7286

5781

4736

3982

1178

13730 12235 10174 274 321 172 9808

9886 110 6074 8938 243 8364 1272 154 1352 6750

9222 63 2924 3357 157 3667 462 50 531 3206 6355

2340 10822 424 262 6396

9534 290 5938

7885 158 5504 8187 262 7392 1434 200 1204 5909

7589 96 4874 6708 160 6351 1078 140 1131 5829

6329 55 1977 1889 62 2107 319 41 332 2319 4716

11908 10960

26768 21087 15751 626 554 416

706 14421 10892 55 389 288 9280 1646 253 981 5735

22203 18457 14710 3394 543 1569 3083 399 2083 2245 317 2331

776 11416 51 182 441 1779 300 896 5960

11415 11064 11001

22640 21654 20092 13178

668 13077 11976 12151 11061

258

8.10

nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire - continuare Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile - continued
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 6140 2008/ 2009 5949 2009/ 2010 4265 2010/ 2011 2999 2011/ 2012 541 2006/ 2007 4193 Absolveni / Graduates 2007/ 2008 3729 2008/ 2009 3814 2009/ 2010 3456 2010/ 2011 2011

Industrie mic i prestri servicii Small-sized industry and rendering services Industrie Industry coli profesionale speciale Special vocational schools Construcii de maini Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic Electrotechnics and electronics Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Construcii-montaj Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport Industrie alimentar Food industry Industrie uoar Light industry Agricultur Agriculture Comer Trade Alimentaie public Public catering Industrie mic i prestri servicii Small-sized industry and rendering services Poligrafie Poligraphy nvmnt general General education Turism Tourism coli postliceale Post high schools Construcii de maini Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic Electrotechnics and electronics

6516

9459 1458 7 16 1774

8990 1173 12 1677

8206 1098 8 10 1420

21 5598 807 7 10 908

20 3509 488 670

2094 291 412

2966 387 6 520

2487 240 452

2372 262 7 431

2074 278 7 10 336

4 1736 254 294

1099

1179

1103

800

437

241

336

334

262

327

208

115 250 2872 312 72 1010

66 334 2691 305 132 950

45 315 2382 265 150 1016

18 216 1600 173 117 734

27 192 887 121 97 438

38 106 501 90 37 265

77 74 918 88 25 420

48 85 796 90 14 312

33 86 720 111 27 292

13 28 604 70 59 268

21 98 441 64 45 222

401

354

225

173

102

90

95

65

50

41

55

37 36 -

29 88 -

17 152 -

3 32 -

9 41

23

8 12 -

10 41 -

17 74 -

3 30 -

10 24

34772 40759 48546 56063 63676 72692 11398 11567 14565 16204 18296 215 65 363 160 584 281 507 258 574 225 647 236 124 23 44 258 134 223 110 195 111

259

8.10

nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire - continuare Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile - continued
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 122 15 2008/ 2009 161 36 55 15 2009/ 2010 147 93 101 15 2010/ 2011 121 93 136 15 2011/ 2012 114 62 230 15 2006/ 2007 32 Absolveni / Graduates 2007/ 2008 33 15 2008/ 2009 63 2009/ 2010 64 33 40 15 2010/ 2011 56 41 46 -

Geologie Geology Energetic Energy Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Arhitectur, sistematizare i construcii-montaj Architecture, arrangement and assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport Pot i telecomunicaii Post and telecommunications Industrie alimentar Food industry Industrie uoar Light industry Agricultur Agriculture Silvicultur Forestry Comer Trade Finane, contabilitate, administrativ Finances, accountancy, administrative Turism Tourism Servicii Services Informatic Informatics Sanitar Sanitary Cultur Culture nvmnt Education Asisten social Social assistance Altele Others

89 15

331

786

1086

1082

996

943

152

106

434

431

414

147

171

269

235

271

387

59

12

111

89

109

364 243 359 118 502 1041

731 467 665 164 337 357 1191

1291 510 881 239 442 533 1408

1450 455 959 242 415 927 1283

1316 481 929 245 437 970 1030

1565 625 909 261 545 834 1023

169 121 173 77 443 539

106 98 134 10 178 253

537 300 400 97 206 164 564

622 142 378 77 152 385 594

657 182 419 110 181 458 493

1337

564

519

415

450

443

689

123

233

171

154

289 1036 759

646 1437 668

1231 1636 1053

1142 1335 1204

1181 1206 1154

1498 1155 1458

156 450 363 7358 54 181 124 111

89 532 141 9252 46 144 251

544 716 374

460 652 449

464 509 429

26982 31183 35554 43044 51009 58941 111 305 117 347 57 229 18 428 124 207 39 392 138 260 11 345 126 170 541 90 115 596

9102 10835 12890 46 90 14 178 52 103 9 118 79 77 222

260

8.10

nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire - continuare Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile - continued
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 235 181 15 39 4534 908 470 175 193 622 112 1090 2008/ 2009 224 163 30 31 6319 1466 641 229 200 821 143 1590 2009/ 2010 197 156 14 27 6315 1593 677 61 203 99 867 104 1387 2010/ 2011 183 142 15 26 6108 1463 676 129 143 69 1043 18 1334 30 23 6564 1581 816 141 170 85 1144 25 1353 2011/ 2012 210 157 2006/ 2007 90 59 9 10 12 1172 172 97 62 25 217 66 29 145 Absolveni / Graduates 2007/ 2008 80 68 12 1339 252 168 52 60 225 37 237 2008/ 2009 100 69 14 17 2909 631 276 116 140 380 45 811 2009/ 2010 76 51 14 11 2952 756 337 107 60 388 48 633 2010/ 2011 57 46 11 2958 721 321 59 91 36 401 663

coli postliceale speciale Special post high schools Sanitar Sanitary Cultur Culture nvmnt Education Servicii Services coli de maitri Foremen schools Construcii de maini Engineering Electronic i electrotehnic Electronics and electrotechnics Mine Mines Petrol Oil Metalurgie Metallurgy Energetic Energy Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Construcii-montaj Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport Industria alimentar Food industry Industria uoar Light industry Agricultur Agriculture

232 177 21 10 24 2693 454 277 121 93 445 111 30 411

134

236

202

128

110

87

63

70

132

85

64

588 29 -

611 36 54 27

747 72 136 72

894 48 131 123

785 85 120 133

824 98 138 102

267 29 -

238 -

276 28 47 27

408 16 70 44

464 23 46 69

261

8.11
Anii colari 2006/2007

nvmntul special Special education


din care: n nvmntul of which: in education Total Precolar Pre-school 9 1767 779 453 443 13 2080 912 523 508 14 2156 881 583 567 13 2147 798 591 572 11 2139 801 587 563 13 2324 862 567 549 Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 125 18079 6980 6225 5159 122 16861 6433 6151 5038 113 16048 6077 6183 5166 105 16308 6089 6355 5325 106 16341 6077 6203 5205 99 16165 5950 6141 5153 Liceal High school 12 626 301 201 133 13 662 320 169 114 14 1020 527 228 157 41 2063 874 620 407 45 3690 1554 864 606 43 4345 1729 863 630 Profesional Vocational 28 9459 3688 1278 804 28 8990 3444 1225 787 31 8206 3109 1147 717 11 5598 2115 493 315 4 3509 1253 109 56 5 2094 712 63 36 Postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen 232 103 235 107 224 108 9 5 197 98 183 84 210 85 Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female Schools Pupils enrolled of which: female Teaching staff of which: female School years

coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin coli Elevi nscrii din care: feminin Personal didactic din care: feminin

174 30163 11851 8157 6539 176 28828 11216 8068 6447 172 27654 10702 8150 6612 170 26313 9974 8059 6619 166 25862 9769 7763 6430 160 25138 9338 7634 6368

2006/2007

2007/2008

2007/2008

2008/2009

2008/2009

2009/2010

2009/2010

2010/2011

2010/2011

2011/2012

2011/2012

8.12
Localiti

nvmntul superior, pe localiti (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Tertiary education, by locality (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance)
Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions 2006/ 2007 104 34 10 10 8 3 3 3 1 4 1 4 2 2007/ 2008 106 35 10 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2008/ 2009 106 35 10 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2009/ 2010 108 33 11 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2010/ 2011 108 33 11 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2011/ 2012 108 34 11 10 8 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 2 2006/ 2007 755 184 59 58 50 26 26 24 6 18 4 29 16 2007/ 2008 631 169 51 52 47 24 25 19 5 16 3 21 14 Faculti Faculties 2008/ 2009 617 167 51 51 46 23 23 20 5 15 3 19 14 2009/ 2010 624 165 51 50 45 23 23 19 5 15 3 21 14 2010/ 2011 629 170 50 50 43 23 25 19 5 15 3 21 14 2011/ 2012 614 170 50 49 41 18 27 18 5 15 3 16 14 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 Studeni nscrii Students enrolled 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012 2006/ 2007 Personal didactic Teacing staff 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012 Localities

Total Bucureti Iai Cluj-Napoca Timioara Craiova Braov Galai Ploieti Trgu Mure Petroani Sibiu Piteti

785506 907353 891098 775319 673001 539852 30583 31964 31973 31103 29746 28365 302248 60102 66033 48541 33431 37538 19757 10100 11313 4950 26816 16590 389517 62875 67982 50587 37634 49869 21006 9607 11757 5547 25884 17579 388161 60226 61487 47487 37650 60519 20363 8262 11425 5395 25221 15515 285720 58418 60371 42259 35667 58976 20117 8569 11654 4812 24211 13845 222047 55557 57595 39139 29956 45992 17765 8246 11705 4311 22077 12291 166667 10393 11280 11164 10707 10087 51157 3394 3345 3302 3316 3203 54203 3469 3561 3749 3932 3862 35862 2848 3036 3072 2306 2189 23488 1378 1381 1421 1462 1405 26267 1100 1091 1072 1018 926 15620 695 689 664 677 667 7652 367 364 358 366 351 10990 657 659 685 784 735 3352 207 213 209 211 203 18102 785 801 853 883 848 10106 552 570 585 555 525 9327 3016 3799 2052 1338 919 747 325 686 201 837 485

Total Bucharest Iai Cluj-Napoca Timioara Craiova Braov Galai Ploieti Trgu Mure Petroani Sibiu Piteti

262

263

8.12
Localiti

nvmntul superior, pe localiti (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) - continuare Tertiary education, by locality (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance) - continued
Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions 2006/ 2007 2 1 4 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 2007/ 2008 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2008/ 2009 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2009/ 2010 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2010/ 2011 2 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2011/ 2012 1 1 5 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2006/ 2007 11 2 3 32 12 27 9 24 4 6 7 7 7 3 12 10 7 1 4 2 3 1 1 3 2 2 2 2 4 3 4 5 2 1 1 1 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 4 5 2 3 1 2007/ 2008 11 2 2 30 9 24 8 23 3 3 7 4 2 1 9 7 6 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 Faculti Faculties 2008/ 2009 11 2 2 28 9 23 9 23 3 3 7 5 2 1 9 7 5 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2009/ 2010 10 2 1 29 9 25 9 24 3 5 7 6 2 1 9 7 5 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 1 2 2010/ 2011 10 2 1 29 9 25 9 24 3 5 7 6 2 1 8 7 5 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 2 3 1 1 1 2 2011/ 2012 9 7 1 28 9 22 9 16 3 5 8 6 3 2 8 6 5 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 4 2 2 1 1 3 2 1 2 3 1 1 1 2 2006/ 2007 6299 3892 1082 32701 10373 23100 8235 21082 2310 3191 5857 788 787 291 8557 6431 3891 199 466 262 985 25 47 895 305 133 105 183 397 396 613 347 124 206 34 39 128 156 1159 10 150 109 199 577 503 365 52 51 2007/ 2008 Studeni nscrii Students enrolled 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012 2006/ 2007 195 101 61 990 324 1461 278 569 44 40 164 337 141 4 7 22 Personal didactic Teacing staff 2007/ 2008 213 109 56 1021 327 1418 317 723 39 39 171 329 146 19 5 22 20 2008/ 2009 215 110 56 1023 355 1421 304 565 35 50 176 320 150 8 5 26 20 2009/ 2010 219 121 59 985 364 1446 297 565 32 40 181 19 327 151 9 5 30 19 17 2010/ 2011 210 109 57 957 342 1382 287 576 31 43 190 17 321 145 3 27 9 20 19 2011/ 2012 211 113 54 949 338 1409 285 527 28 39 164 15 296 139 2 28 16 20 Localities Baia Mare Reia Hunedoara Constana Suceava Oradea Bacu Arad Brila Rmnicu Vlcea Alba Iulia Satu Mare Bistria Buzu Trgovite Trgu Jiu Drobeta-Turnu Severin Botoani Blaj Deva Lugoj Marghita Caransebe Sfntu Gheorghe Gheorghieni Focani Beiu Nsud Clrai Sighetu Marmaiei Piatra Neam Zalu Cmpulung Vatra Dornei Brlad Aiud Trgu Secuiesc Odorheiu Secuiesc Miercurea Ciuc Toplia Slobozia Amara Giurgiu Crevedia Slatina Alexandria Sebi Sighioara Cmpina Cernica Roman

Baia Mare Reia Hunedoara Constana Suceava Oradea Bacu Arad Brila Rmnicu Vlcea Alba Iulia Satu Mare Bistria Buzu Trgovite Trgu Jiu Drobeta-Turnu Severin Botoani Blaj Deva Lugoj Marghita Caransebe Sfntu Gheorghe Gheorghieni Focani Beiu Nsud Clrai Sighetu Marmaiei Piatra Neam Zalu Cmpulung Vatra Dornei Brlad Aiud Trgu Secuiesc Odorheiu Secuiesc Miercurea Ciuc Toplia Slobozia Amara Giurgiu Crevedia Slatina Alexandria Sebi Sighioara Cmpina Cernica Roman

6385 5783 5383 5236 4920 4195 3845 3415 3077 2341 1168 1157 944 930 767 38915 40093 36860 38120 28438 11039 9947 9796 9299 8278 22075 21013 19182 17497 15717 8464 7512 7468 6792 5889 21997 20076 19224 23616 18020 2412 2021 1830 1444 1167 3176 2709 6060 4514 2802 5189 4780 4898 4645 4122 1084 1348 1939 1776 1489 1041 1282 1355 1241 1151 206 222 224 306 330 8102 7834 7998 7519 6269 7106 6307 5749 5215 4310 3879 3176 2960 2611 1569 218 361 293 298 269 691 599 2361 703 235 257 145 151 109 69 1007 946 1006 857 657 73 1174 962 804 860 669 255 315 224 188 145 200 164 141 536 433 311 191 296 439 383 391 499 467 797 405 516 499 500 492 460 760 845 867 783 589 394 425 428 425 466 276 151 4137 2173 573 162 143 121 51 103 39 16 189 253 66 144 58 292 456 193 358 270 1212 1025 971 940 838 315 290 388 66 259 203 216 239 211 655 730 557 690 593 952 686 607 559 506 510 401 313 222 154 38 31 28 13 3 252 236 251 240 186 102 76 71

264

265

8.13
nvmnt nvmnt nvmnt nvmnt

nvmntul superior, pe grupe de specializri (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Tertiary education, by group of specializations (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance)
2006/2007 785506 539174 1115 68013 177204 170921 150814 102151 93674 452 452 1490 1257 58927 56525 18193 17401 4740 4623 946 946 2691 2641 10459 7793 9671 8059 5423 4690 26398 25030 22737 15568 18551 11395 3869 3856 4541 3793 40028 40028 34104 34104 5924 5924 242330 139547 82696 33876 238711 165211 48722 37682 25775 21747 19443 13793 6300 6105 2007/2008 907353 555975 1132 89335 260911 178258 153970 122100 105671 397 397 1837 1518 41502 39839 18497 17471 4008 3952 836 836 959 959 11964 9202 42100 31497 3507 2353 5376 4317 28187 26227 14474 11661 10525 7712 3949 3949 4614 3741 41398 41398 34769 34769 6629 6629 294417 146792 116538 35694 265624 168394 53630 37280 25029 20561 18313 13501 6231 5983 2008/2009 891098 516468 1616 93842 279172 188660 159901 128328 108239 513 513 2579 1986 42719 40478 19209 17836 4109 4109 727 727 659 659 13199 9429 44614 32502 3645 2668 6361 4835 32250 29620 13385 10740 9547 6902 3838 3838 4691 3799 47758 47758 39970 39970 7788 7788 281421 121694 127399 38123 235923 140358 40321 29066 22484 18194 15897 10836 5139 4971 2009/2010 775319 562105 1626 132654 78934 168863 141027 111756 92006 401 401 2259 1930 36897 34545 16040 14767 3046 3046 514 514 432 432 12370 7943 39797 28428 5870 4939 5778 4198 30093 27486 11692 9477 7760 5545 3932 3932 3674 2921 50059 50059 41330 41330 8729 8729 223961 144388 112621 47291 210126 170463 40038 32983 16249 14868 11701 10351 4964 4698 2010/2011 673001 513491 995 94239 64276 160432 138174 108183 92166 377 377 2214 1925 35760 33539 15838 14705 2997 2997 413 413 392 392 11100 7593 39092 30225 3721 2977 5458 4136 28861 26890 10822 9295 6788 5261 4034 4034 3387 2710 54375 54375 45038 45038 9337 9337 170217 112593 96148 47758 182442 151860 36044 30776 15765 14539 11259 10273 4902 4573 2011/2012 539852 442613 592 46628 50019 152657 134617 107509 93978 374 374 2138 1796 35952 34039 15791 14939 2826 2826 345 290 195 195 9145 6941 37056 29514 3687 3064 4705 3756 26248 25041 11195 9459 7152 5416 4043 4043 3000 2383 54545 54545 45196 45196 9349 9349 114703 83362 67698 39457 141789 122593 30311 27004 14602 13768 9350 8627 4238 3965 Group of specializations STUDENTS ENROLLED - total Full time education Part-time education Part-time attendance education Learning at distance Technical of which: full time education Industry of which: full time education Mining of which: full time education Petroleum-Geology of which: full time education Electric power and electrotechnics of which: full time education Metallurgy and engineering of which: full time education Chemical technology of which: full time education Wood and building materials industry of which: full time education Light industry of which: full time education Food industry of which: full time education Engineering1) of which: full time education Other specialities of which: full time education Transport and telecommunications of which: full time education Architecture and construction of which: full time education Agriculture (veterinary medicine included) of which: full time education Agriculture of which: full time education Veterinary medicine of which: full time education Forestry of which: full time education Medicine and pharmacy of which: full time education Human medicine2) of which: full time education Pharmacy of which: full time education Economics of which: full time education Law science of which: full time education University-pedagogy of which: full time education Philology3) of which: full time education History-Philosophy4) of which: full time education Geography of which: full time education Biology of which: full time education

Grupe de specializri STUDENI NSCRII - total de zi seral cu frecven redus deschis la distan

Tehnice din care: nvmnt de zi Industrie din care: nvmnt de zi Mine din care: nvmnt de zi Petrol-Geologie din care: nvmnt de zi Energie electric i electrotehnic din care: nvmnt de zi Metalurgie i construcii de maini din care: nvmnt de zi Tehnologie chimic din care: nvmnt de zi Industria lemnului i materialelor de construcii din care: nvmnt de zi Industria uoar din care: nvmnt de zi Industria alimentar din care: nvmnt de zi Inginerie1) din care: nvmnt de zi Alte specializri din care: nvmnt de zi Transporturi i telecomunicaii din care: nvmnt de zi Arhitectur i construcii din care: nvmnt de zi Agricultur (inclusiv Medicin veterinar) din care: nvmnt de zi Agricultur din care: nvmnt de zi Medicin veterinar din care: nvmnt de zi Silvicultur din care: nvmnt de zi Medico-farmaceutice din care: nvmnt de zi Medicin uman2) din care: nvmnt de zi Farmacie din care: nvmnt de zi tiine economice din care: nvmnt de zi tiine juridice din care: nvmnt de zi Universitar-pedagogice din care: nvmnt de zi Filologie3) din care: nvmnt de zi Istorie-Filosofie4) din care: nvmnt de zi Geografie din care: nvmnt de zi Biologie din care: nvmnt de zi

1) Include: ingineria economic, ingineria mediului, tiine inginereti i ingineria industrial. / Economic engineering, environment 2) Inclusiv Stomatologie. / Stomatology included. 3) Inclusiv Jurnalistic. / Journalism included. 4) Inclusiv Teologie. / Theology included.

engineering, science engineering, industrial engineering included.

266

267

8.13

nvmntul superior, pe grupe de specializri (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) - continuare Tertiary education, by group of specializations (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance) - continued
2006/2007 2330 2284 19003 14853 59627 33028 15640 12084 41139 22961 393 335 339 339 10820 9698 4314 4314 2213 2169 4293 3215 125499 24758 15242 112 297 8880 2571 876 213 524 1312 457 1438 587 2892 3750 3089 661 849 6633 5810 823 37211 12568 42093 10172 5616 2555 1071 471 3316 9938 2911 6043 2236 832 429 975 2007/2008 2264 2204 20327 14849 74108 36347 16346 12503 48861 24651 44 44 471 471 11118 9727 4273 4273 2363 2286 4482 3168 232885 23949 17581 56 237 5884 2355 673 134 255 1395 6592 956 354 2373 2087 1550 537 598 6596 5754 842 91884 14458 92118 17900 9028 6024 2114 853 6561 28150 5615 15752 121 3880 1700 770 1410 2008/2009 1325 1325 17243 11847 69449 31094 14952 10397 48384 21899 292 292 437 437 9937 8634 3729 3729 2265 2179 3943 2726 214826 49342 36411 119 581 12029 5498 1080 240 343 3706 12815 1362 1370 5385 3336 2803 533 1478 8122 7103 1019 67420 21418 66140 11978 4664 3875 1204 359 3762 22659 3471 13942 78 148 2384 951 471 962 2009/2010 1414 1414 12968 11442 62248 55497 13841 11908 44833 25527 1324 1229 546 546 9689 8877 3776 3776 2313 2313 3600 2788 191291 30287 21062 97 339 6661 2595 608 101 157 2469 8035 1022 972 4161 2228 1684 544 842 7763 6392 1371 72641 17954 60198 10705 3707 3403 991 345 2865 20647 3391 13625 117 402 2448 953 596 899 2010/2011 1318 1318 12826 11654 50734 43740 13621 11870 34044 21289 1329 1228 600 600 9387 8731 3784 3784 2169 2169 3434 2778 186900 27946 20138 89 339 6199 2420 485 78 138 2423 7136 831 958 4397 1776 1234 542 677 9729 8118 1611 62685 26404 57589 9410 3767 3296 1032 280 3316 19714 3423 12730 95 444 82 2547 1078 645 824 2011/2012 1393 1393 11138 10203 34762 28156 12111 10744 21742 16644 1344 1295 605 601 8460 8039 3465 3465 1956 1956 3039 2618
7)

Grupe de specializri Chimie din care: nvmnt de zi Matematic-Fizic din care: nvmnt de zi Pedagogie5) din care: nvmnt de zi Educaie fizic din care: nvmnt de zi tiine politice i administrative din care: nvmnt de zi tiina mediului din care: nvmnt de zi tiine culturale din care: nvmnt de zi Artistice din care: nvmnt de zi Art plastic i decorativ din care: nvmnt de zi Art teatral i cinematografic6) din care: nvmnt de zi Muzic din care: nvmnt de zi ABSOLVENI Tehnice Industrie Mine Petrol-Geologie Energie electric i electrotehnic Metalurgie i construcii de maini Tehnologie chimic Industria lemnului i materialelor de construcii Industria uoar Industria alimentar Inginerie1) Alte specializri Transporturi i telecomunicaii Arhitectur i construcii Agricultur Agricultur Medicin veterinar Silvicultur Medico-farmaceutice Medicin uman2) Farmacie tiine economice tiine juridice Universitar-pedagogice Filologie3) Istorie-Filosofie4) Geografie Biologie Chimie Matematic-Fizic Pedagogie5) Educaie fizic tiine politice i administrative tiine culturale tiina mediului Artistic pedagogic Artistice Art plastic i decorativ Art teatral i cinematografic6) Muzic

Group of specializations Chemistry of which: full time education Mathematics-Physics of which: full time education Pedagogy5) of which: full time education Physical education of which: full time education Political and administrative sciences of wich: full time education Science of environment of wich: full time education Culture related sciences of wich: full time education Artistic of which: full time education Plastic and decorative arts of which: full time education Drama and cinematography6) of which: full time education Music of which: full time education GRADUATES Technical Industry Mining Petroleum-Geology Electric power, electrotechnics Metallurgy and engineering Chemical technology Wood and building materials industry Light industry Food industry Engineering1) Transport and telecommunications Architecture and construction Agriculture Agriculture Veterinary medicine Forestry Medicine and pharmacy Human medicine2) Pharmacy Economics Law science University-pedagogy Philology3) History-Philosophy4) Geography Biology Chemistry Mathematics-Physics Pedagogy5) Physical education Political and administrative studies Culture related sciences Environment related sciences Atistic-pedagogy Artistic Plastic and decorative arts Drama and cinematography6) Music

1) Include: ingineria economic, ingineria mediului, tiine inginereti i ingineria industrial. / Economic engineering, environment 2) Inclusiv Stomatologie. / Stomatology included. 3) Inclusiv Jurnalistic. / Journalism included. 4) Inclusiv Teologie. / Theology included. 5) Inclusiv Socio-psiho-pedagogie. / Socio-psycho-pedagogy included. 6) Inclusiv Coregrafie. / Choreography included. 7) Anul universitar 2011/2012 se ncheie dup restanele din toamn. / 2011/2012 university year ends after autumn second examinations.

engineering, science engineering, industrial engineering included.

268

269

8.14
Localiti Localities

nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe localiti, n anul universitar 2011/2012 Tertiary education from private institutions, by locality, in 2011/2012 academic year
Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions 51 17 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 1 1 1 6 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 4 Studeni nscrii Students enrolled Total din care: feminin of which: female 140388 73792 54 309 10915 1053 1003 169 8927 705 186 498 2929 7387 4213 69 281 3647 4488 657 829 1890 1408 2590 71 852 154 2805 388 902 2412 4529 73 49 63 91 74922 39788 16 158 6477 622 441 87 5009 420 92 320 1545 3741 1809 36 148 1855 2298 332 480 1048 707 1288 461 67 1497 196 434 1069 2324 30 31 33 63 Personal didactic Teaching staff Total din care: feminin of which: female 3993 2201 5 306 43 90 28 16 318 88 4 2 87 238 28 141 48 39 20 15 76 64 136 2106 1196 154 12 47 18 7 137 42 1 1 50 136 13 70 35 25 7 36 42 77 -

Faculti Faculties

Total Bucureti / Bucharest Alba Iulia Alexandria Arad Bacu Baia Mare Blaj Braov Brila Cernica Campulung Cluj-Napoca Constana Craiova Deva Focani Galai Iai Lugoj Miercurea Ciuc Oradea Piteti Rmnicu Vlcea Roman Satu Mare Sebi Sibiu Slobozia Trgu Jiu Trgu Mure Timioara Marghita Bistria Zalu Buzu

204 80 2 2 7 3 5 1 8 2 1 1 8 8 4 1 1 4 13 1 2 6 3 3 2 4 1 5 2 2 5 12 1 1 2 1

8.15

nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe grupe de specializri Tertiary education from private institutions, by group of specializations
Studeni nscrii n anul Absolveni n anul universitar 2011/2012 universitar 2010/2011 Students enrolled in Graduates in 2010/2011 2011/2012 academic year academic year Group of specializations Total din care: Total din care: feminin feminin of which: of which: female female 140388 94762 32788 12838 9439 6157 7655 4513 1269 1269 74922 51714 16182 7026 3862 2334 3094 1569 160 160 94456 55152 33914 5390 2681 1306 2430 1055 229 229 56090 STUDENTS ENROLLED - total 33047 Full time education 20197 Part-time attendance education 2846 Learning at distance 1321 Technical 532 of which: full time education 1215 Industry 426 of which: full time education 22 Electric energy and electrotechnics 22 of which: full time education

Grupe de specializri

STUDENI NSCRII - total nvmnt de zi nvmnt cu frecven redus nvmnt deschis la distan Tehnice din care: nvmnt de zi Industrie din care: nvmnt de zi Energie electric i electrotehnic din care: nvmnt de zi

270

8.15

nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe grupe de specializri - continuare Tertiary education from private institutions, by group of specializations - continued
Studeni nscrii n anul Absolveni n anul universitar 2011/2012 universitar 2010/2011 Students enrolled in Graduates in 2010/2011 2011/2012 academic year academic year Group of specializations Total din care: Total din care: feminin feminin of which: of which: female female 139 139 2944 1174 3303 1931 1202 1202 392 392 105 105 287 287 190 50 6874 6874 5568 5568 1306 1306 47825 33933 44233 21908 30875 24859 5952 4742 1644 1361 1547 1547 869 819 1699 1260 10538 8959 2548 2487 6030 3636 48 48 1142 1031 220 220 614 614 308 197 1 1 1606 658 1327 750 589 589 172 172 36 36 136 136 7 4 4364 4364 3271 3271 1093 1093 26626 18446 20625 10721 18815 15266 4181 3280 587 511 800 800 471 450 249 231 8164 7077 824 816 3526 2088 13 13 630 583 115 115 394 394 121 74 14 14 1087 309 1100 503 125 125 58 58 24 24 34 34 68 68 1838 1838 1587 1587 251 251 39625 22675 22322 8607 27458 20356 3088 2142 649 394 1140 1140 155 155 1211 1004 12075 11602 1186 1186 7951 2730 3 3 532 370 86 86 211 211 235 73 650 155 543 249 79 79 23 23 11 11 12 12 4 4 Metallurgy and machine buildings of which: full time education Food industry of which: full time education Engineering1) of which: full time education Architecture and construction of which: full time education Agriculture (veterinary medicine including) - total of which: full time education - total of total: Agriculture of which: full time education - total Veterinary medicine of which: full time education Forestry of which: full time education

Grupe de specializri

Metalurgie i construcii de maini din care: nvmnt de zi Industria alimentar din care: nvmnt de zi Inginerie1) din care: nvmnt de zi Arhitectur i construcii din care: nvmnt de zi Agricultur (inclusiv medicin veterinar) - total din care: nvmnt de zi - total din total: Agricultur din care: nvmnt de zi Medicin veterinar din care: nvmnt de zi Silvicultur din care: nvmnt de zi Medico-farmaceutice2) din care: nvmnt de zi Medicin uman din care: nvmnt de zi Farmacie din care: nvmnt de zi tiine economice din care: nvmnt de zi tiine juridice din care: nvmnt de zi Universitar-pedagogice din care: nvmnt de zi Filologie3) din care: nvmnt de zi Istorie-Filosofie4) din care: nvmnt de zi Geografie din care: nvmnt de zi Biologie din care: nvmnt de zi Matematic-Fizic din care: nvmnt de zi Pedagogie5) din care: nvmnt de zi Educaie fizic din care: nvmnt de zi tiine politice i administrative din care: nvmnt de zi tiina mediului din care: nvmnt de zi Artistice din care: nvmnt de zi Art plastic i decorativ din care: nvmnt de zi Art teatral i cinematografic6) din care: nvmnt de zi Muzic din care: nvmnt de zi

1311 Medicine and pharmacy2) 1311 of which: full time education 1097 Human medicine 1097 of which: full time education 214 Pharmacy 214 of which: full time education 25648 Economics 13934 of which: full time education 9258 Law science 3543 of which: full time education 18234 University-pedagogy 13538 of which: full time education 2413 Philology3) 1604 of which: full time education 315 History-Philosophy4) 163 of which: full time education 653 Geography 653 of which: full time education 80 Biology 80 of which: full time education 488 Mathematics-Physics 454 of which: full time education 8952 Pedagogy5) 8631 of which: full time education 365 Physical education 365 of which: full time education 4967 Political and administrative sciences 1587 of which: full time education 1 Environment related sciences 1 of which: full time education 318 Artistic 189 of which: full time education 48 Plastic and decorative arts 48 of which: full time education 106 Drama and cinematography6) 106 of which: full time education 164 Music 35 of which: full time education

1) Include inginerie economic / Economic engineering included. 2) Inclusiv Stomatologie. / Stomatology included. 3) Inclusiv Jurnalistic. / Journalism included. 4) Inclusiv Teologie. / Teology included. 5) Inclusiv Socio-psiho-pedagogie. / Socio-psycho-pedagogy included. 6) Inclusiv coregrafie. / Choreography included.

271

8.16

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie din instituiile private Education by level of education from private institutions
2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012

Uniti colare Education units nvmnt precolar nvmnt primar i gimnazial nvmnt liceal nvmnt profesional nvmnt postliceal i de maitri nvmnt superior 194 39 45 5 54 48 206 32 41 8 58 50 212 33 50 7 50 50 218 36 59 3 56 52 222 36 67 66 52 254 40 65 65 51 Pre-school education Primary and secondary education High school education Vocational education Post high school and foremen education Tertiary education

Populaia colar - nscrii Enrolled population nvmnt precolar din care: feminin nvmnt primar i gimnazial din care: feminin nvmnt liceal din care: feminin nvmnt profesional din care: feminin nvmnt postliceal i de maitri din care: feminin din care: nvmnt de maitri din care: feminin nvmnt superior din care: feminin 10598 5283 4596 2228 15095 6501 2818 1729 11086 5483 4525 2198 19186 8753 2646 1460 12245 6043 4201 1992 26255 11807 1996 1053 12150 5956 4397 2096 30370 13989 1503 775 12308 6007 4690 2220 29798 13564 664 332 17133 8318 5269 2452 22211 10433 44 8 Pre-school education of which: female Primary and secondary education of which: female High school education of which: female Vocational education of which: female Post high school and foremen education of which: female of which: Foremen education of which: female Tertiary education of which: female

19824 20587 23256 27679 32066 37445 16204 18006 20643 24448 27568 31499 200 227 260 204 113 68 10 4 2 2 1 265243 380509 410859 322337 239938 140388 150623 217378 236301 186571 135647 74922 Absolveni Graduates

nvmnt gimnazial din care: feminin nvmnt liceal din care: feminin nvmnt profesional din care: feminin nvmnt postliceal i de maitri din care: feminin din care: nvmnt de maitri din care: feminin nvmnt superior din care: feminin

260 117 3173 1412 1866 1174 6464 5122 58 6 33839 19629

321 159 3562 1459 1627 948 6626 5685 91 3 88028 55281

337 146 5122 2208 1528 793 6393 5609 112 91803 57602

349 176 7082 3253 1062 561 7344 6556 137 1 97422 63479

480 248 5495 2527 56 23 8114 7334 29 94456 56090

...1) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Secondary education of which: female High school education of which: female Vocational education of which: female Post high school and foremen education of which: female of which: Foremen education of which: female Tertiary education of which: female

1) Anul colar 2011/2012 se ncheie dup examenul de corigen din toamn. / 2011/2012 school year ends after the autumn second examination.

272

8.17

Numrul elevilor care au promovat examenul de bacalaureat (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) Number of pupils who graduated the School Leaving Examination (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education)
numr / number

2006/ 2007 Elevi - total din care: feminin 181589 97681

2007/ 2008 199972 105674

2008/ 2009 199006 102964

2009/ 2010 162482 88060

2010/ 2011 110412 64346 Pupils - total of which: female

8.18

Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar Abandon rate in pre-university education


procente / percentage

2006/ 2007 nvmnt primar i gimnazial din care: nvmnt primar nvmnt gimnazial nvmnt liceal nvmnt profesional nvmnt postliceal i de maitri 2,0

2007/ 2008 2,0

2008/ 2009 1,7

2009/ 2010 1,6

2010/ 2011 1,8 Primary and secondary education of which: Primary education Secondary education High school education Vocational education Post high school and foremen education

1,7 2,3 3,3 8,2

1,8 2,2 2,9 8,5

1,4 1,9 2,4 8,3

1,4 1,7 2,2 8,6

1,6 2,0 3,2 19,8

7,5

4,8

5,9

5,5

6,3

273

CULTUR I SPORT

CULTURE AND SPORT

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

CULTUR 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 Crile i brourile tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale ................ 282 Manuale colare i cursuri universitare tiprite, dup limba de predare ............................................. 284 Biblioteci .................................................................. 286 Ziare, reviste i alte publicaii periodice .................. 287 Muzee i colecii publice ......................................... 287 Cinematografe ......................................................... 288 Producia de filme ................................................... 288 Instituii i companii de spectacole sau concerte ............................................................ 289 Emisiuni la radio i televiziune (proprietate majoritar de stat) .................................. 290 Structura programelor difuzate de posturile de radio i televiziune (proprietate majoritar privat) .................................. 291 SPORT 9.11 9.12 9.13 Federaiile sportive, n anul 2011 ............................ 292 Clasamentul general la competiiile internaionale oficiale pe federaii, n anul 2011....... 294 Medaliile obinute de sportivii romni la Jocurile Olimpice, Campionatele Mondiale i Europene ................................................................. 295 Medaliile obinute de sportivii romni, pe ramuri de sport, la Jocurile Olimpice, n perioada 1896-2008 ............................................ 296 Participarea sportivilor romni la Jocurile Olimpice .................................................. 296

CULTURE Printed books and booklets, which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library Printed school books and university courses, by teaching language Libraries Newspapers, magazines and other periodicals Museums and public collections Cinemas Film production Institutions and companies for arts performing or concerts Radio and television broadcasts (state majority ownership) Structure of radio and TV stations broadcasts (private majority ownership) SPORT Sport federations, in 2011 General hierarchy on official international contests by federations, in 2011 Medals obtained by Romanian sportsmen in the Olympic Games, World and European Championships Medals obtained by Romanian sportsmen, by sport branches, in the Olympic Games 1896-2008 Participation of Romanian sportsmen in the Olympic Games

9.14

9.15

Teritorial 9.16 9.17 9.18 Biblioteci, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ...................... Cinematografe, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 .............. Activitatea sportiv, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ........

Territorial Libraries, at territorial level, in 2011 Cinemas, at territorial level, in 2011 Sport activity, at territorial level, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetri statistice privind activitatea bibliotecilor, a muzeelor i coleciilor publice, precum i a instituiilor i companiilor de spectacole sau concerte. Surse administrative: Biblioteca Naional a Romniei, pentru datele privind intrrile n Depozitul Legal al crilor i

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical surveys on libraries, museums and public collections, as well as institutions and companies for arts performing or concerts activity.

Administrative sources: The National Library of Romania, for data on inputs in Legal Stock of books and booklets, newspapers

276

brourilor, ziarelor i revistelor, manualelor i cursurilor universitare tiprite n anul de referin; Societatea Romn de Televiziune, Centrul Naional al Cinematografiei (R.A.D.E.F. ROMNIAFILM, Sahiafilm, Castelfilm, Animafilm, Atlantisfilm etc.), pentru numrul i activitatea cinematografelor, producia, distribuia i proiecia filmelor; Consiliul Naional al Audiovizualului, Societatea Romn de Televiziune, Societatea Romn de Radiodifuziune, pentru emisiunile de radio i televiziune; Ministerul Culturii i Patrimoniului Naional, pentru activitatea instituiilor publice de cultur i culte. Autoritatea Naional pentru Sport i Tineret.

and magazines, school books and university courses printed in the reference year; Romanian Television Company, Cinema National Center (R.A.D.E.F. ROMNIAFILM, Sahiafilm, Castelfilm, Animafilm, Atlantisfilm a.s.o.), for cinemas number and activity, film output, distribution and projection; Audio-visual National Council, Romanian Television Company, Romanian Broadcasting Company, for radio and television broadcasts; Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, for public institutions of culture and cults activity. National Authority of Sports and Youth.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
CULTUR
Producia de cri i brouri cuprinde toate publicaiile neperiodice imprimate i editate n ar, oferite publicului, i care ar trebui s figureze n bibliografia naional a rii, cu excepia publicaiilor editate n scopuri publicitare, cataloage, prospecte de reclam comercial, industrial i turistic, publicaii care atrag atenia asupra unor produse i servicii furnizate de editor, publicaii cu caracter efemer: orare, tarife, anuare telefonice, programe de spectacole, expoziii, trguri, statute i bilanuri, calendare, opere muzicale, producie cartografic (cu excepia atlasurilor i hrilor). n producia de cri se mai cuprind: publicaiile oficiale ale administraiei publice (cu excepia celor confideniale), manualele colare, cursurile i tezele universitare, cri i brouri reeditate, lucrri ilustrate, culegeri de gravuri i reproduceri de art, desene, albume de cri i brouri ilustrate, albume de benzi desenate. O publicaie este considerat c a fost oferit publicului atunci cnd s-a putut cumpra din comer, contra cost sau a fost oferit gratuit. n Numrul crilor i brourilor tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale s-au cuprins lucrrile aprute pe ntreg teritoriul rii realizate de editurile publice i particulare, atelierele instituiilor de nvmnt superior, oficiile de informare i documentare cu activitate editorial. Titlul publicaiei este utilizat ca unitate de msur a numrului de lucrri ce se editeaz sau se public prezentat sub forma unui volum de sine stttor din punct de vedere tipografic. n cazul ziarelor i revistelor se consider ca titlu denumirea separat a fiecrui ziar sau revist. Tirajul este numrul exemplarelor n care s-a tiprit o carte, o brour, un ziar sau revist, sau orice alt tipritur.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
CULTURE
Output of books and booklets comprises all occasional publications printed and issued in the country for the public and which should be included in the national bibliography, excepting publications issued for advertising purposes, catalogues, prospects of commercial, industrial and tourism advertisment, those which draw attention over some products and services supplied by the publisher, transient publications: time-tables, tariffs, telephone yearbooks, shows, exhibitions and fairs programs, statutes and balance-sheets, calendars, musical operas, cartography output (excepting atlases and maps). Books output also includes: official publications of public administration (excepting confidential ones), school books, university courses and theses, republished books and booklets, illustrated papers, collections of engravings and art reproductions, designs, albums of illustrated books and booklets, albums of cartoons. A publication is considered as released when it could be bought on the market or when is offered free of charge. "Number of printed books and booklets which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library" comprises papers issued on the whole country territory printed by public and private publishing-houses, workshops of tertiary education institutions, information and documentation offices. Title of the publication is used as measurement unit of papers number, printed or issued as independent volume from printing viewpoint. In case of newspapers and magazines, "title" is considered every separate name of newspaper or magazine. Number of printed copies represents the number of copies printed for a book, a booklet, a newspaper or magazine or any other publication.

277

Noiunile utilizate au urmtoarele semnificaii: Cartea reprezint publicaia neperiodic avnd cel puin 49 pagini; Broura reprezint publicaia neperiodic care conine ntre 5 i 48 pagini. Biblioteca este instituia, compartimentul sau structura specializat al crei scop principal este de a constitui, a organiza, a prelucra, a dezvolta i a conserva colecii de cri, publicaii, alte documente specifice i baze de date pentru a facilita utilizarea acestora n scop de informare, cercetare, educaie sau recreere. Biblioteca Naional a Romniei este instituia autorizat prin lege s exercite funcia de agenie naional, de depozit legal i este responsabil de culegerea i conservarea tuturor publicaiilor editate n ar (indiferent dac sunt destinate difuzrii comerciale sau gratuite) de ctre persoane fizice sau juridice romne, ori executate de acestea peste hotare, ntocmete statistica oficial a ediiilor naionale, are rolul de centru naional de informare bibliografic, stabilete cataloagele colective etc. Noiunile utilizate pentru caracterizarea activitii bibliotecilor au urmtoarele semnificaii: Volume de bibliotec sunt considerate crile, brourile, coleciile de ziare i reviste cu minimum 5 pagini, precum i materialele audiovizuale (casete cu benzi magnetice, diafilme, CD-uri, DVD-uri etc.) pentru toate tipurile de biblioteci: naionale, judeene, municipale, oreneti i comunale, ale instituiilor de nvmnt superior, ale operatorilor economici i ale unitilor colare. Utilizator, persoan care consult n sediul bibliotecii sau mprumut pentru acas cel puin o dat ntr-un an calendaristic o carte, brour sau o alt publicaie aparinnd bibliotecii respective. Producia ziarelor i revistelor cuprinde toate publicaiile periodice editate i imprimate n ar, oferite publicului i care, n general, ar trebui s figureze n bibliografia naional a rii; sunt exceptate publicaiile editate n scopuri publicitare: reclam comercial, industrial i turistic, publicaiile produselor i serviciilor furnizate de editori, publicaiile cu caracter ocazional: orare, tarife, anuare telefonice, programe de spectacole, expoziii, trguri, statute i bilanuri ale societilor, directive i circulare, calendare i opere muzicale, producia cartografic (cu excepia atlasurilor i hrilor). n producia de ziare i reviste mai sunt cuprinse: coleciile de legi i regulamente ale administraiei publice (cu excepia celor confideniale sau rezervate unor distribuii interne), periodicele academice i tiinifice, universitare i ale instituiilor de cercetri sau culturale, periodice ale organizaiilor profesionale, sindicale, politice, sportive, buletine parohiale i colare, programele de radio i televiziune dac sunt publicate sub form de reviste.

The terms used have the following meaning: Book represents an occasional publication of at least 49 pages; Booklet represents an occasional publication of 5 - 48 pages. Library is the institution, compartment or specialized structure whose main purpose is to constitute, organize, process, develop and preserve collections of books, publications, other specific documents and databases in order to facilitate their use for information, research, education or recreation. The National Library of Romania is the institution authorized by law to exercise the position of a national agency, of legal deposit and it is responsible to deal with the collection and preservation of all publications issued in the country (irrespective of being meant to commercial or free of charge dissemination) by Romanian natural or legal persons or issued abroad; it builds up the official statistics of national publications; it plays the role of a national center of bibliographical information; it sets up collective catalogues a.s.o. The terms used for characterizing the libraries activity have the following meaning: Volumes of library comprise books, booklets, collections of newspapers and magazines of minimum 5 pages, as well as audio-visual materials (magnetic tape cassettes, film-strips, CD, DVD, a.s.o.) for all types of libraries: national, county, municipality, town and communal, higher education institutions, economic and school operators. User, natural person who lends for home (or consults inside the library) at least once a year a book, a booklet or another publication belonging to a library. Output of newspapers and magazines includes all periodicals printed and issued in the country for the public and which, generally, should be comprised in the national bibliography, excepting publications printed for advertising purposes: commercial, industrial and tourism advertisment, publications on products and services supplied by publishers, occasional publications: timetables, tariffs, telephone yearbooks, shows, exhibitions and fairs programs, statutes and balance sheets of companies, directives and circulars, calendars and musical operas, cartography output (excepting atlases and maps). Output of newspapers and magazines also includes: collections of laws and regulations of public administration (excepting confidential ones or those for internal use), academic and scientific, university periodicals of research or cultural institutions, periodicals of vocational, trade-union, political, sport organizations, parish and school bulletins, radio and TV programs if are issued as magazines.

278

Noiunile utilizate au urmtoarele semnificaii: Ziarul reprezint publicaia cotidian sau cu o periodicitate mai mare n care se public tiri, informaii, comentarii asupra celor mai recente evenimente interne i internaionale: politice, sociale, culturale, profesionale, sportive etc. Revista reprezint publicaia periodic prin care se trateaz fie subiecte de interes general fie unele de specialitate (studii i informaii documentare referitoare la unele probleme din diverse domenii: legislaie, politic, economie, cultur, filozofie, tehnic, medicin, mod, sport etc.). Producia naional de filme este format din totalitatea filmelor cu band normal i ngust destinate proieciei cinematografice comerciale (nu sunt cuprinse filmele realizate pentru televiziune); un film este considerat produs n cursul unui an de referin dac, n anul respectiv a fost ncheiat producia i a fost proiectat n public pentru prima oar. Distribuia filmelor reprezint activitatea ntreprinderilor specializate care au distribuit reelei cinematografice naionale filme integral naionale, filme n coproducie i filme strine. Exploatarea filmelor este activitatea de difuzare ctre public a totalitii filmelor (integral naionale, n coproducie i strine) prin reeaua comercial fix (sli) sau n aer liber i prin grupurile mobile de proiecie dotate cu echipamente tehnice de specialitate. Emisiunile la radio i televiziune reprezint programele staiilor de radioemisiune i de televiziune transmise, avnd ca tematic activitile sociale, economice, politice, artistice etc. Unitatea de msur a emisiunilor este ora-program.

The terms used have the following meaning: Newspaper represents a daily publication or with higher periodicity, issuing news, information, comments on the most recent internal and international events of political, social, cultural, vocational, sport a.s.o. Magazine represents a periodical on a subject of general interest or specialised (documentary studies and information referring to topics from various fields: legislation, policy, economy, culture, philosophy, technique, medicine, fashion, sport a.s.o.). National output of films represents all films of normal and narrow strip for commercial cinema projection (TV films are not included); a film is considered as released during the reference year, when the production was finished and it was projected in public for the first time. Distribution of films represents the activity of specialized enterprises which distributed to the national cinemas network entirely national films, coproduction and foreign films. Exploitation of films represents all films (national, in coproduction and foreign) broadcasted for the public by fixed commercial network (own halls) or in the open air and by mobile groups of projection endowed with specialized technical equipment. Radio and TV broadcasts represent programs broadcasted by radio and TV stations having as topics social, economic, political, artistic a.s.o. activities. The measurement unit of broadcasts is "hour-program".

SPORT
n numrul seciilor sportive afiliate pe ramuri de sport aparinnd cluburilor publice i private, precum i asociaiilor sportive sunt cuprinse cele care s-au afiliat la federaiile naionale sportive. Sportivii legitimai sunt acei sportivi aflai n evidena federaiilor naionale i care particip la sistemul competiional organizat de ctre acestea. n rndul acestora nu sunt cuprini sportivii aflai n evidena comisiilor judeene constituite pe ramuri de sport sau cei care practic activiti sportive necompetiionale. n numrul antrenorilor cu norm ntreag sau arbitrilor sunt cuprinse persoanele care au o calificare recunoscut de federaiile naionale i au desfurat activitate n anul 2011.

SPORT
The number of affiliated sport sections by sport branches, belonging to the public and private clubs and associations, includes those affiliated to national sport federations. The legitimated sportsmen are those sportsmen in the evidence of national federations and taking part in the competitions system organized by them. Sportsmen in the evidence of the county commissions by sport branches or practising non-competitivity sport activities are not included among them. The number of full time coaches or referees includes those having a qualification recognized by the national federations and who carried out an activity in 2011.

279

9.G1
18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

Numrul i tirajul crilor i brourilor tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale Number and copies of printed books and booklets, which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library

14373

15566 13700 9720 11028 10210 8563 6123 5164 3425 11143 13889

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

20111)

Titluri / Titles

Tiraj - mii / Copies - thou

1)

Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

9.G2
200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Volume existente i eliberate din biblioteci Existing and lent volumes of libraries
milioane volume / million volumes

171,2

172,0

175,2

176,9

173,4

172,3

69,6

65,8

65,6

62,5

58,3

54,7

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Volume existente Existing volumes

Volume eliberate Lent volumes

280

9.G3
4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Ziare, reviste i alte publicaii periodice Newspapers, magazines and other periodicals
numr / number

4044 3978

3091 2261 2180 2400 2320 2690 2615 2708 2657 3046

81 2006

80 2007

75 2008

51 2009

45 2010

66 2011
1)

Titluri - total / Titles- total Alte periodiciti / Other periodicities Cotidiene / Daily newspapers
1)

Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

9.G4

Structura emisiunilor la radio n limbile minoritilor naionale Structure of radio broadcasts in national minorities languages
2006 2011

6,4% 5,5% 12,3% 9,8% 13,0%

17,6% 75,8% 59,6%

Maghiar / Hungarian German / German

Srb / Serbian Alte limbi / Other languages

281

9.1

Crile i brourile tiprite, intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale 1) Printed books and booklets, which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library 1)
2006 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 2007 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 15566 878 514 616 11028 753 408 670 2008 2009 2010 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 11143 575 346 519 13889 552 227 1097 2011 2) Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 5164 206 190 226 3425 260 125 219 Total Generalities Philosophy, psychology, logic, morality and ethics Religion, theology Social sciences Sociology, statistics Political and economic sciences Law, public administration, social assistance, social insurances Military sciences Education, instruction, training, leisure Trade, communications, transport, tourism Ethnography, anthropology, folklore Exact sciences Mathematics Natural sciences Applied sciences Medical sciences, public health Engineering, technology, industry, trades Agriculture, forestry, horticulture, fishery Managerial sciences Leadership, organisation, management Art and entertainment Territorial systematisation, urbanism, architecture Plastic arts, photos Music, performance art, theatre, film, cinema Games, sport Literature Literary texts Geography, history Geography History, archaeology, biography

Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) Titles Copies (thou) 13700 432 425 633 10210 522 343 1349 8563 535 299 469 6123 472 245 887

Total Generaliti Filozofie, psihologie, logic, moral i etic Religie, teologie tiine sociale Sociologie, statistic tiine politice i economice Drept, administraie public, asisten social, asigurri sociale tiine militare Educaie, nvmnt, instruire, timp liber Comer, comunicaii, transport, turism Etnografie, antropologie, folclor tiine exacte Matematic tiine naturale tiine aplicate tiine medicale, sntate public Inginerie, tehnologie, industrie, meserii Agricultur, silvicultur, horticultur, pescuit tiine manageriale Conducere, organizare, management Art i divertisment Sistematizare teritorial, urbanism, arhitectur Arte plastice, fotografie Muzic, arta spectacolului, teatru, film, cinema Jocuri, sport Literatur Texte literare Geografie, istorie Geografie Istorie, arheologie, biografie

14373 735 487 575

9720 441 408 553

212 937 825 201 727 134

123 398 356 46 446 70

231 884 907 187 863 3 102

116 410 391 49 477 1 54

183 698 846 87 782 123

81 280 408 28 478 130

112 522 508 54 635 95

42 205 254 23 281 60

140 618 694 55 961 85

71 237 419 19 404 37

41 241 291 37 519 32

14 76 123 7 108 7

535 627

325 264

538 733

653 294

445 643

280 257

304 366

131 91

523 562

482 203

266 245

107 38

775 1163 269 66 668

356 519 100 96 457

829 1408 223 53 620

450 401 79 254 352

740 1132 240 50 531

400 304 137 79 231

520 470 162 18 407

316 106 43 41 160

459 478 141 35 405

292 134 88 252 148

232 212 75 23 155

155 30 11 80 85

100 134 243 165

52 63 155 66

82 157 256 207

62 73 253 57

97 159 243 136

53 197 81 39

73 112 138 112

37 45 55 20

88 115 151 119

49 147 668 21

33 33 37 61

10 13 19 11

4150

3984

4527

4351

4292

3896

2264

2344

3509

7480

1746

1783

177 468

142 300

333 415

180 240

318 465

299 338

112 276

65 200

237 328

516 346

145 118

26 118

Clasificare ONU - UNESCO. UN - UNESCO Classification. Date provizorii. Provisional data. Sursa: Biblioteca Naional a Romniei. Source: The National Library of Romania.
2)

1)

282

283

9.2

Manuale colare i cursuri universitare tiprite, dup limba de predare 1) Printed school books and university courses, by teaching language 1)
2006 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 2007 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 2008 2009 2010 Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) 2011 2) Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou)

Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titluri Tiraj (mii) Titles Copies (thou) Titles Copies (thou) Manuale colare School books

Total din care, tiprite n: Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb, croat, slovac Limba englez Limba francez Alte limbi

226 145 27 17 4 4 29

446 307 20 20 4 18 77

174 131 19 11 4 9 -

212 171 11 11 3 16 -

113 84 9 11 5 3 1

175 105 6 6 57 1 *)

169 136 7 8 10 8 -

169 145 7 2 14 1 -

131 112 1 7 4 7 -

466 419 *) 14 24 9 -

21 19 *) 2 *) *) *) *)

135 133 *) 2 *) *) *) *)

Total of which, printed in: Romanian Hungarian German Serbian, Croatian, Slovakian English French Other languages

Cursuri universitare Universitary courses Total din care, tiprite n: Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb, croat, slovac Limba englez Limba francez Alte limbi 825 716 4 5 49 11 40 468 235 1 3 217 7 5 990 876 9 2 44 17 42 293 256 2 *) 15 4 16 710 655 4 24 20 7 220 203 2 6 7 2 261 248 1 1 9 1 1 63 61 *) *) 2 *) *) 143 136 6 1 37 35 1 1 Total of which, printed in: Romanian Hungarian German Serbian, Croatian, Slovakian English French Other languages

1)

2) Date provizorii.

Intrate n Depozitul Legal al Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei. Which entered the Legal Book Stock of the National Library of Romania. Provisional data.

284

285

9.3

Biblioteci Libraries
Volume existente Biblioteci (mii) Libraries Existing volumes (thou) (la sfritul anului) (end of year)

Anii Years

Cititori nscrii (mii) Registered readers (thou)

Volume eliberate (mii) Lent volumes (thou)

Biblioteci - total Libraries - total

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

12081 12366 12359 12229 11829 11630 4 4 4 4 4 4 106 102 105 104 100 100 789 715 787 684 589 622 8257 8602 8533 8518 8300 8028 2925 2943 2930 2919 2836 2876

171232 171990 175230 176888 173429 172307 20751 20840 20888 20990 21053 21099 25278 23995 25067 24903 24913 25157 12594 11835 12448 12875 10334 10587 62582 64919 66243 67673 67448 65300 50027 50401 50584 50447 49681 50164

4897 4697 4644 4580 4433 4262 40 39 33 32 46 44 673 634 597 592 559 534 124 102 150 99 88 93 2208 2186 2148 2157 2108 2047 1852 1736 1716 1700 1632 1544

69611 65795 65611 62543 58324 54684 913 611 617 536 665 656 12354 10790 11011 9335 9098 8979 1047 964 2066 910 1743 895 23597 23345 23103 23667 22524 21157 31700 30085 28814 28095 24294 22997

Biblioteci naionale1) National libraries1)

Biblioteci ale instituiilor de nvmnt superior Libraries of tertiary education institutions

Biblioteci specializate Specialized libraries

Biblioteci colare School libraries

Biblioteci publice Public libraries

1) Sunt incluse: Biblioteca Naional a Romniei, Biblioteca Academiei Romne, Biblioteca Pedagogic Naional i Biblioteca Militar

Naional. Are included: Romanian National Library, Romanian Academy Library, National Pedagogic Library and National Military Library.

286

9.4
Periodicitatea Titluri-total Cotidiene Alte periodiciti

Ziare, reviste i alte publicaii periodice Newspapers, magazines and other periodicals
2006 2261 81 2180 2007 2400 80 2320 2008 2690 75 2615 2009 2708 51 2657 2010 3091 45 3046 20111) 4044 66 3978 Periodicity Titles-total Daily newspapers Other periodicities

Din total: n limbile minoritilor naionale Of total: in the languages of the national minorities Titluri-total Cotidiene Alte periodiciti
1) Date provizorii. 2) i n alte limbi de circulaie internaional.

119 7 112

130 11 119

118 10 108

122 7 115

8412) 8 833

12982) 14 1284

Titles-total Daily newspapers Other periodicities

Provisional data.

And in other international languages. Sursa: Biblioteca Naional a Romniei. Source: The National Library of Romania.

9.5

Muzee i colecii publice Museums and public collections


2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Units - total (end of year) Visitors (thou)

Uniti - total (la sfritul anului) Vizitatori (mii)

666 10135

679 12255

688 10687

694 10169

687 8900

709 9528

Din total, uniti: / Of total, units: tiinele naturii Istoria tehnicii i tiinei Istorie Etnografie Istoria culturii Art Mixte 44 21 117 113 152 149 70 44 21 118 116 149 155 76 43 21 125 115 151 161 72 43 22 126 114 153 160 76 43 17 123 120 163 151 70 41 19 120 125 172 158 74 Natural sciences Technics and science history History Ethnography Culture history Art Mixed

287

9.6

Cinematografe Cinemas
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice - total (la sfritul anului) Cinemas and film installations - total (end of year) din care: / of which: Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice cu band normal Cinemas and film installations for normal films Caravane cinematografice Mobile cinemas Locuri n slile cinematografelor i instalaiilor cinematografice cu band normal Seats in cinemas and film installations for normal films Spectacole cinematografice - total (mii) Film performances - total (thou) din care la: / of which at: Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice cu band normal Cinemas and film installations for normal films Caravane cinematografice Mobile cinemas Spectatori - total (mii) Audience - total (thou) din care: / of which: Cinematografe i instalaii cinematografice cu band normal Cinemas and film installations for normal films Caravane cinematografice Mobile cinemas

73

72

75

74

68

76

73 -

71 1

74 1

73 1

67 1

75 1

44643

43057

46782

49871

50733

56728

96

100

128

185

240

300

96 -

100
*)

128
*)

185
*)

240
*)

299
1

2777

2928

3798

5280

6509

7235

2777 -

2911 17

3788 10

5258 22

6492 17

7215 20

Sursa: Ministerul Culturii i Patrimoniului Naional - Centrul Naional al Cinematografiei. Source: The Ministry of Culture and National Heritage - National Center of Cinematography.

9.7

Producia de filme1) Film production 1)


2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Movies (titles) 18 8 2 33 14 15 5 35 9 6 15 ... 19 14 18 ... 19 6 15 ... 14 11 2 ... Short films Documentary and scientific films (titles) TV serial films (episodes)
2)

Filme artistice (titluri) De scurt metraj Filme documentare i tiinifice (titluri)

2)

De lung metraj i mediu

Long and medium films

Filme seriale pentru televiziune (episoade)

1) Inclusiv producia societilor private. / Including the production of private companies. 2) Inclusiv filme de animaie. / Including animated films.

Sursa: Ministerul Culturii i Patrimoniului Naional - Centrul Naional al Cinematografiei. Source: The Ministry of Culture and National Heritage - National Center of Cinematography.

288

9.8

Instituii i companii de spectacole sau concerte1) Institutions and companies for art performing or concerts1)
2006 2007 156 62 25 8 8 17 7 28 1 2008 156 63 25 8 8 18 6 27 1 2009 161 62 25 8 8 17 6 34 4) 1 2010 158 63 23 8 8 17 5 33 4) 1 2011 162 64 21 8 8 17 5 38 4) 1 Units-total (end of year) Drama theatres 2) Puppet theatres 2) Opera houses Musical comedy and variety theatres Philharmonics and symphonic orchestras 3) Folk music bands Song and dance ensembles Circus Performances or concerts - total Drama theatres 2) Puppet theatres 2) Opera houses Musical comedy and variety theatres Philharmonics and symphonic orchestras 3) Folk music bands Song and dance ensembles Circus Audience - total (thou) Drama theatres 2) Puppet theatres 2) Opera houses Musical comedy and variety theatres Philharmonics and symphonic orchestras 3) Folk music bands Song and dance ensembles Circus

Uniti-total (la sfritul anului) Teatre dramatice 2) Teatre de ppui i marionete 2) Opere Teatre muzicale, de estrad sau de operet Filarmonic i orchestre simfonice 3) Orchestre populare Ansambluri artistice Circ Spectacole sau concerte - total Teatre dramatice 2) Teatre de ppui i marionete 2) Opere Teatre muzicale, de estrad sau de operet Filarmonic i orchestre simfonice 3) Orchestre populare Ansambluri arti