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Grind lemn lamelat ncleiat

S se proiecteze grinda principal din cadrul unui planeu teras; grinda Iiind realizata din
lemn lamelat ncleiat.
Date iniiale:
Localitate: Craiova 1.
L
0
15.90 |m| 2.
t 24 |mm| 3.
tip mbinare d-d (dini multipli) 4.
l
r
max 5 |m| 5.
l
r
min 1.5 |m| 6.
d 3 m 7.
q 30 |daN/m
2|
8.
d
p
0.35 |m| 9.
L
0
15.90 = m t 0.024 = m q 30 =
daN
m
2
d
p
0.35 = m d 3 = m
1. Predimensionarea grinzii
a) Determinarea lungimii de calcul
l
rez
d
p
0.02 0.35 0.02 = 0.33 = = m
l.rez - lungimea de rezemare
L
c
L
0
2
1
3
l
rez
+ 15.9 2
1
3
0.33 + = 16.12 = = m
L.c - lungimea de calcul a grinzii
b) Predimensionarea grinzii din condiia de rigiditate
h
rig
k
rig
t
L
c
15
> = k
rig
k
rig
L
c
t 15
16.12
0.024 15
= 44.778 = =
k
rig
45 = lamele h
rig
k
rig
t 45 0.024 = 1.08 = = m
c) Predimensionare din condiia de stabilitate lateral
h
stab
k
stab
t 6 b s = k
stab
b
pornire
h
rig
6
0.18 = = b 0.18 = m
k
stab
6 b
t
6 0.18
0.024
= 45 = = lamele h
stab
k
stab
t 1.08 = = m
k
Iinal
45 = lamele
h max h
stab
h
rig
,
( )
1.08 = = m
2. Evaluarea ncrcarilor
a) ncrcri permanente
greutatea proprie a grinzii -
h 1.08 = m b 0.18 = m
lemn
440 =
kg
m
3
conIorm Tabel 2.2, NP 005-2003
G h b
lemn
1.08 0.18 440 = 85.536 = =
daN
m
ncrcarea permanent caracteristic -
Q q d 30 3 = 90 = =
daN
m
P G Q + 175.536 = =
daN
m
b) ncrcri variabile
ncrcarea din zpad -
s
i
c
e
c
t
s
k
=
i

i
0.8 = coeIicient de Iorm al ncrcrii date de zpad,
conIorm Tabel 5.2, SR EN 1991-1-3
c
e
1 = coeIicient expunere
c
t
1 = coeIicient termic
s
k
150 =
daN
m
2
conIorm SR EN 1991-1-3, anexa national
s
i
c
e
c
t
s
k
0.8 150 = 120 = =
daN
m
2
S s d 120 3 = 360 = =
daN
m
c) ncrcarea de calcul
P
c
1.35 P 1.5 S + 1.35 175.536 1.5 360 + = 776.974 = =
daN
m
4. Verificarea de rezisten la strivire
p
max
R
strivire
s R
strivire
R
c
c
> l
rez
0.33 =
V
max
P
c
L
c
2
776.9736
16.12
2
= 6262.407 = = daN
p
max
2 V
max

( )
l
rez
b
2 6262.4072160000005
0.33 0.18
= 210855.462 = =
daN
m
2
conIorm tabel 2.3 din NP 005-2003
R
c
3.3 10
5
=
daN
m
2
m
uc
1 = conIorm Tabel 2.5 din NP 005-2003
m
dc.med
P 0.80 S 0.85 + ( )
P S +
0.834 = =

c
1.25 = conIorm Tabel 2.7 din NP 005-2003
R
c
m
uc
m
dc.med

R
c

c
0.834
3.3 10
5

1.25
= 220176 = =
daN
m
2
p
max
R
c
s explicit ALL , 210855.462 220176 s = 1 = se veriIic
4. Verificarea de rezisten la tensiuni normale

xmax
M
ymax
W
y
k
w
k
I

=
M
ymax
M
ymax
P
c
L
c
2

8
776.9736 16.12
2

8
= 25237.501 = = daN m
W
y
b h
2

6
0.18 1.08
2

6
= 0.035 = = m
3
k
w
0.8 = conIorm Tabel 4, Elemente realizate din lemn lamelat ncleiat, coeIicient pentru
nlimea grinzilor
k
I
1 = coeIiecient de Iorm

xmax
M
ymax
W
y
k
w
k
I

25237.501
0.035 0.8
= 901339.321 = =
daN
m
2
R
t
c
m
ut
m
d

R
t

i
= R
t
c
rezistena de calcul la ntindere a lemnului
m
ut
1 = Tabel 2.5, NP 005-2003 coeIicent al caondiiilor de lucru
m
d
0.55 = ncrcri permanente
Tabel 2.6, NP 005-2003, coeIicieni de lucru
m
d
0.65 = ncrcri de lung durat
m
dmed
P 0.55 S 0.65 + ( )
P S +
0.617 = = m
d
0.61 =
R
t
24 10
5
=
daN
m
2
Tabel 2.3, NP 005-2003

i
1.1 = Tabel 2.7, NP 005-2003
R
t
c
m
ut
m
d

R
t

i
0.61
24 10
5

1.1
= 1330909.091 = = R
t
c
daN
m
2
k 0.9 = coeIicient care ine seama de caracteristica mbinrii

xmax
R
t
k s 901339.321 1330909.091 0.9 s = 1 = se veriIic
3. Verificarea de rezisten la tensiuni tangeniale

xz
max
V
z
max
1.5
|
\
|
.
k
r
A
=
xz
max
V
z
max
P
c
L
c

2
776.9736 16.12
2
= 6262.407 = = V
z
max
daN
k
r
0.5 = A b h 0.18 1.08 = 0.194 = = mp

xz
max
V
z
max
1.5
|
\
|
.
k
r
A
6262.407 1.5
0.5 0.194
= 96642.083 = =
xz
max
daN
m
2
m
uI,,
0.80 = Tabel 2.5, NP 005-2003 ,coeIicient al condiiilor de lucru
R
I,,
3 10
5
=
daN
m
2
Tabel 2.3, NP 005-2003, rezistena caracteristic a lemnului la
IorIecare n lungul Iibrelor
m
d
0.61 =

I,,
1.25 = Tabel 2.7, NP 005-2003, coeIicient parial de siguran
R
I,,
c
m
uI,,
m
d

R
I,,

I,,
0.80 0.61
3 10
5

1.25
= 117120 = = R
I,,
c
daN
m
2

xz
max
R
I,,
s 96642.083 117120 s = 1 = se veriIic
4. Verificarea de rigiditate
A
l
k
Iinal
t 45 0.024 = 1.08 = = t 0.024 = t
a
0.0001 =
A
a
k
Iinal
1
( )
t
a
45 1 ( ) 0.0001 = 0.0044 = =
V
l
A
l
A
l
A
a
+
1.08
1.08 0.0044 +
= 0.996 = =
V
a
A
a
A
l
A
a
+
0.0044
1.08 0.0044 +
= 0.004 = =
E
l
11300 10
5
=
daN
m
2
E
a
33900 10
5
=
daN
m
2
I b
h
3
12
0.019 = = m
4
E
ll
V
l
E
l
V
a
E
a
+ 0.996 11300 10
5
0.004 33900 10
5
+ = 1139040000 = =
daN
m
2
I
maxIinal
I
1
I
2
+ I

+ I
c
= I
1
I
1
- sgeata provenit din ncrcrile permanente
I
2
- sgeata provenit din ncrcrile temporare
I

- sgeata provenit din deplasrile produse de mbinri I

0 =
I
c
- contrasgeata iniial a grinzii nencrcate I
c
0 =
I
1inst
5
384
P
L
c
4
E
ll
I

5
384
175.536
16.12
4
1139040000 0.01889568
= 0.00717 = = m
k
deI
0.5 = Tabel 7 - ncrcri permanente, Elemente realizate din lemn lamelat ncleiat
I
1
I
1inst
1 k
deI
+
( )
0.0071 1 0.5 + ( ) = 0.0107 = = m
I
2inst
5
384
S
L
c
4
E
ll
I

5
384
360
16.12
4
1139040000 0.01889568
= 0.01471 = = m
k
deI
0.25 = Tabel 7 - ncrcri de lung durat, Elemente realizate din lemn lamelat ncleiat
I
2
I
2inst
1 k
deI
+
( )
0.01471 1 0.25 + ( ) = 0.0184 = = m
I
maxIinal
I
1
I
2
+ I

+ I
c
0.01065 0.0183875 + 0 + 0 = 0.029 = = m
I
lim
L
c
500
0.032 = = m
I
maxIinal
I
lim
s 0.0290375 0.032 s = 1 = se veriIic
5. Proiectarea alctuirii seciunii transversale a grinzii
k
Iinal
45 = lamele
h 1.08 = m
I
y
0.019 =
lamele
h
I
k
I
t max 0.15 h
h
2
z
0.7
,
|

\
|
|
.
> = k
I
R
t
c
1330909.091 =
daN
m
2
h
I
max 0.15 h
h
2
z
0.7
,
|

\
|
|
.
= max
0.15 h 0.162 =
h
2
|

\
|
|
.
z
0.7

1.08
2
0.561 = 0.021 =
h
I
0.162 = k
I
h
I
t
0.162
0.024
= 6.75 = =
h
I
7 t 0.168 = = m k
I
7 = lamele
k
II
k
II
t
h
3
|

\
|
|
.
h
I
> = k
II
k
II
h
3
h
I

t
1.08
3
0.168
0.024
= 8 = = lamele
h
II
8 t 0.192 = = m k
II
8 = lamele
h
III
k
IIc
t
h
3
> = k
IIc
k
III
h
3 t
1.08
3 0.024
= 15 = = lamele
h
III
15 t 0.36 = = m k
III
15 = lamele
h
IIc
k
IIc
t = k
IIc
= h h
I
h
II
+ h
III
+
( )
0.36 = m
h
IIc
15 t 0.36 = = m k
IIc
0.36
t
15 = =
z
0.7
R
t
c
0.7 I
y
k
w

M
ymax
1330909.091 0.7 0.019 0.8
25237.501
= 0.561 = =