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TEOLOGIA DOGMATi C

V.

Cretinismul
la "~e/. ~I Sliu ,le ci"" r><oldul 1~ n !<>r<i;u, $J
la scbimbuo. s.. la fal" (MI. 3. 16 17; 17,5).
li",. o,", Mooi. Core ""bui. d villJ. a teptat de
popooul !.<toei. fiul lui Uutnn~,c" (In. 1, ) 1_.>4 ).
po C.,e i.a rus j>L=tc.> Dum""'e,, T.tll (In. 6.
27). Acesta va ~Illtogra ",,,oni,,,. in cum"niu"".
de <J.-igine cu [)umoc'eu, prin jcnf. Sa pe crn<e.
Exegeza patn't,e! pertepe ldentit.tc-. No~lui
Vo<:hiului T ",t.:om..... , ... """, n hri<>occntri"",u l
lor. H,i,,,,. n Veduul Te't.o,ent. nU ~,le Mc,"a.
CI. i"g~ru! D"mnul~i, M.,-dc Sktn ic. [)om,,"1
,Iavei, llri01"" nu .,te un "''''cOrc ,,,,,.,a riJicat la
n .t. r< ol,,'ml <k din: <rqlim,m,,1 d~ nccpll1
Dimputrivil, r",,1 Domnu l il.vei Care S-. !leul
"'" Jl'"in naler< din I'CCIO.II." Mari. Ii .,Ud a <1<.
'"0;1 Mc>ia (l. RomaniJi<, )<$"_' Chri<t - n,~ I,fi'
ofth" WorlJ, 1983. pp. loo.WI). Ponlru "re>"ni,
M." ,Ie Cel 0:1><"1 din M.ri .
3. !'rin Tain. "ngoni cu m,,- "";
P'!' m"", 1'\'<<:1,> - "ph,.W<' .lgnn m (Apoc . 9, 41 _
<laml"i DI,hulul Sfint (Lfe-<. 1, 13: 4. 30).. {'li ",mn
.1 puliciplirii 1<,.- 1. ",aja in Hrisln. -Un'ul Domn~I~i (! C.,.-. 1. 2 1-22) $i .1 'Ils>crlrii 10< in m; _
;une. " .. "o"icl pe eare "uI_o Hri""" prok.
tieI, ,"",cnlotioll. irnp<ht c ..-;ci. Cei "'~c/>i i un~i
'jlMIin lui Hri,t,,", ,k"in hrist<i. cr<$(,m. m.r_
'()I"i i ""enici ai Si, hri'Iof"".
4. Dinlr< religii le monolcisl" (;udaicil }; ;,_
I.miei), ~rqhni"'lUl ",le , ingura re~g.o ca,~ in
v.j c! Dun' "ezeu ~ omul ... u unii Jl<1ltIu "'emi _
tate in per~ lui 11 ... , Hri,t,"" C"" S-. ",. t'I
""""-"i l,,,- ~ ..,Ieril pentm ci in timpullu, Pon~u
Pilal, c;\tre OIIul 30. Est.! ..... gur.o ",liga, '"""" inv.oWel Durnn""c"U_Cn:au",,1 elevi "" R"oeu"'plrltorul
e",aj;C; Sale, ci autorul cr.'liei o,to ,i a uhJl'ul
n"'-ntulfii, adiel ;"k:r\'1llC io <>I<J.-ie {'li " " r~f=
,,",ul cl.-.w li aliena! in ru-cpturile I"i de fiu adop_
tI>' a l lu i [)ullUlezeu. Pentru cre;tJm. 1" :'''''''''" ;.
tonel lu, 111> wn Nv.arc( .ti in ""nlml 'Sl<>nel,
caci vindeca",. i etiberorta \lIUaJlJt!i< <lin e<lnIJ'\l<
~ di" ",,,,.rt< ii "f""luI numai Lw: " 1-,, nin""oj Alt"'

,1

00""1'

II~ _~

".m,ttJ.intl " (F.A. 4, 12).

........ , ...

~I ...

~. C'C$lII\Ifmul "'" Ua "'1"'" 'ptot,al cu

Ve
eb,~1 Tc,lm\(m. <Icr<om:~. in os","", lui 1..... 1. Cu
'""Iul. cuc MpllC ",h ("rma .. in~~",lui J~ m"""
sj;.' 'li" 9. SI. ca ""ul (I,n "". uc,i _"Di cau '"
....1l11ui
,..,.1 111_'.... (F..,. Il!., IS~
""'e ch.iar r",da'"rullu, Dumne<eu C",It< I""'(c\i.
1".,nk ... lnlr\ll"" c, 'JI"""" Cu ..... ,... ! 1,,;
....~tII ......~
..... , f ."', ""i"'~. 1""" Mmn li
P"" profr -. lUng .... IN'u Prl..np.. Prefalll

' 'TMm'' ...

()o,",

\'houl Le
, .... 'i ci UumJtc:,,,,,t lui 1. . . 1
1. u,m .. 1'" ~,"t SIli In lu"", <:II sA di."o'W om
din Man . 1'< c .... $1.1. Io,~:te din ,nurti CI
1'" .. _101 fi<kl. pnn 1"''"''"' l"""'lu' S' irlt
Afir"" pnn Mana p prut IJulwI S!lnL DumK
u n lirg' hn"lclc J"'I'OIUlUI .1 ... CII sli mc:Iu<il
Matnu,ik ce "'li 1C<o]"I!. ,1 cread.' in LI. Se ,1.
""" mull' dn.1'I' 1" Ina,n .- <k uge, ' In """""a
t.c. .... ,i In """uaJa Evanllftcl"'.
I>c: ahfd. lJ.bJ,. lUI Io,u. dUl Nu""" fi I
"'I"""olikJr SI,. f""l IlIhl,. lu, lUMI d,n IImro l
SII" lUX"u. Profo!i. 1'i4/nw '''.1. Sfoinlul Ap..>I.
".lII',,ej num"l'" ""netlle gen: "b"'"ce 1""".",1
r~"u_." 'Il L .... J. 14; G.I. 4,
24 ~ I'M, .......pI, .... (Rom, 1. 1). ~"IJIIN'Q (Ia. 2.
22, I A. 8, .l2).
(Me . 12.24; T L, ... 1'.
4], t'lI',lorul "1""<h<llu. 10 ..... 1.... "", r,an~b<II.
"". <VC". ''''''''1 In _JUI J\p.toI,lor. au 1<'11

ni""",

Le,,,,.;,,..."

'ia''!'".,.'',

"n~" .U'U"'1e Sa,prur,1o< 1... Isncl mum("


ni".! lmrlonire. lor p<1"fc<IJ .. S" ~., ,~,," ni.rr~
~." (MI 5. 17). AcooIo: fii. _.oi<:ri c'q linc, con
~''''NI Tr...hl><-~ "",le. ,"-"" do,,::ou 1',>1.11 TC'o1am... "
ll,.mca 1"""'opo<IObci '1 1MI.i.... """,,,,ull'uuJ ...
T<>Ia"""" 1. ",""""ul \'h,u/u, re:s'>rI'I<"III. "" <.1
euns."uic din oJ",ul i"\f\l llohl.. crqhll.l unici
, . C rq<on'>lnul nu 10 iMI o 1''lIi,~ .. u "
""f*w-c a ",~gi~i i",La,,,,, dei 1In<l<", "" ~SI.
lin "mrlu _-.q: .... unul donlle ProfcI'. <_ tran ..
mL'c, ca inlcnlled .." c<""""dam""lo "'hg'N~ l'
"ic<. Silu'I' " "''''"''''' ~i ptrsoana lui lisu, 1In.
10i .....1 <lir,",e de ""le ak P",f<tih .. l.lumnc,<u
llISlIJi Se ,beOj><>I J' Se mawf.."" ", 1"', ...... ,..
l<l1l(I. lui llriot,,". liou' <,>1< rompor.t <ti Nou]
A(\;Im, ciie, \ in" d punl un ..1""<pul ""u .. ;""".,
<'<~nprom;"" <le ....",. etd<.... i in pkal 1 '...,hiull ..
Adam Tu. (<<. "" <PU"" ~i fa 10<", .:<1< In
"'po:><1 cIon-.:, <u lSIOria mlaruorii
de la
II>p,,,ul <~.~' "" (Ire v~I<~' Voeh,nJ re".
"",ni M.i ,nu11. Its,", v.." <ii hl~l< ocea.1I ",
~'"" '''''''''''''1.:11'. ~, de"", .." ..u. ti Ik<ocbl<ll "
,,1< 11<-...1 c,lea 1mp1rit,C'I Iw t:lotamM.m..

""''''''nt.

11lATAT
~,

la C....... n ..:" ro

d ou-jI;kN'h 1.... ,

U/lJ1<: Boi oon!'u.m ,i flrt .. ~ "-uutl It<k,itl P'" ,n: ..... pra pmK'" ..... ~
1m..
',-.s. in occl..,. ~mp. l<Iorici Ji ~",,k1ItI, ~I<
c<efI,"1I prnltU d<r",,1'1 crqlin'",,"uJu., Ci<., "'"
""" <Iad El fJ'~ toncomi,m, $i in mod d<pI,ft.

IDJ",,,,,,, ,....

0111 od e.'Ir"' " Duma ...... ad n"lirol K.IOo!I.


451). lId,d d<""OIlJco,ul lu, Olvld. tiul Ma".i,
dupa ItUp, li ~ ,uliu, [}um""u. dupI
Sa
divid. odiel C<"' .... t..'."li., cu To'lil~, eu Vuhul,
Unul din Tn:,,,,,, du"" ",noanl. numa, alund
~ .... don Nann:t ($IC "" ad<~n, H,,<~..w. M ....
{ullolul,. Domnul DOWU. LccIIInI pubI'ci a N_
lUI T .:<lamnIt KepC eu Evansh<ha dupA Ioan ....
Li,wJlul du> ,/0"""."1> 0\InunK" pqulof."""
_. pen,ru ,,1ri1.O ci 0.-" c:d rist>'rIIl" n>m
in limpullu, ....... u P,la' <:!II< imlll (,""irl1\11 lui
INnllC'/e\l cel ...".,it ('A_ C2J1. 1), C," s.. ,........
fUI' in ",,,f.,,,,1e dlll Vechiul T~,~, S.I intrupl' din ~ec....,.. Mori. in 1k11n-m. in "mpul h"
Jmd, 511\'1 Celu, Invial din """li in prim." dU""
<aN, . ea .. Ilm"'~'/,,",i fi .... . '>pI>. c.le .I.v.
e.lu, nl""111 d,n veci din Ta ..,. 1\01 Oumnc/eu
ioortK<1n S-a putul vcOCa, nu; ak-., in m.. ,uncl
publici hu r.",s: pn:diea",a
m,n
lIIIJl<. p..,ltl<, <:J\I<n.. rooanca. in.';","

"",lin

1'.

"."""""IIe'_

--o.u..;r. .... s..<jikII_ ~".u ar _UI

Do.,...

.., ,:In".d n..-,:", ....,u" jSrllIllu' A_il:.


Ihl"'f'I'IV, ~4)'_ de ...... pri.. in n ... . ;"1 4. 5;
Ff"" '. 5) $' ""n pat1irip"" (Il 1'1. 1. 4). nu la
fii n", d,,, I\l. e. I~ ~1'IcrJI' le di, ine
(;n.
11"";0 Pallma). I'ru<e,ul ,OOwn"",m" (t h.... I.)
um. nului incol'< in I'<"""n. Cu"'ntului ;"In',,"t.
in e.,e umln,'.'''a ",10 ,1 ...wnp.lI ... tl l' .n"!,,J
prin \IlIgorc. O"".n"~eirii . hl s.: adu,," in lrup"1
'i.liu fII"<>pr'u "r.... n..u.. <k huni ",i". pon,ru fi>
cumf4nu'c1 pkIol<lot ......'In:. dlu-IJ\IrtuM'UIIII fn.
,ivA
u_,,,,1n Lu, (",t tnn ..
fI",",tI Invind prut"...... "",J """ r.. h.m4'. prin
aJlCn:' duplltUp du:! ~eci,*" Man.l.' >Ixrit
,.Ia
lkumulv.i" c, d ....,l.:u lOTUl la
lDOd ~"'.ndnc", U . (.'an: mur,l ta nwd ruj.
'i-a ..ala, """ puternic <iccl' _ o i . r., 1rU",,1
<;tu j'Tl(it (d"llde " ..... <.lin
In. 19. 14).
M'elul lui l)umncl...... dt<dI.. ,,<ale OIl1 P<'ntn>
'<>Ii 'I'n: ru" (b'r. 10.20). bdul do~p;lqirij
(H" . 2. (4).
<lrim., de Arhi",oullimtos
(HOl. 2, Il.22). f'. a"I~I. eb<:m ..el ",,",nuril ...
, . ",ah,., (In. Il. Jl). I\rt"c.....'UI Hnol" ... G'~
po<Jrla prin ('<J'" 'N'rd ,II.."""" I<~~r f' I~J".

"",:"'.,<

*" "" ""_1.0. *'

i""""'''''

""",t.Ii.

Ii,.,

Of;

H()l.O(;IE D<.>C"AnO,

= .....-.CA

~,. ApIu'o!..- l' S"'"C<I" (SliIItul


C~ FilaJ~Ifi~'"

IX. 1),

'pa'I<:.

. Aei'''''''' min,u,toaR: (,""""",",,,,) alu.


1,,,,.11,,"0< '1 fi (omplolall plU' 'nir<arc.
Duhulu. III. ,UOf'. l' pn...duDar.a Bi...,c" II
Ciaci=une, Open m.f.nl~,," 1." oporJ tnrula_
fi, PrII> JX>II<rlru Duhulu, la Cu>ci.zecime. B'Nrica devine IrUf'Jllu' 11"'l()O. ;or I\po<mlu au f\>'l'
inv."il; cu p""""" <.It. c;llJ"'i <pr<.m adevlrul
('n. 16, Il). C"'I, inl1 a" deveni, ~i oi .. tem?'.. /
v...1I/1i1 Sfom" (1 tor. 6. 19) JI, n acel.., t,ml'.
m<m"'" ale lIupuIui lui lin""", foi od"",...... 1..
lJuoIne2cu. _/rai' '" III, IIrlSl.... cMmajJ ,.;; owJ,i
~III ... TlIIiJu,- (14. 17, 2.() Sub irup .... i.a Duhullll
SfJnl, B,sorica a sl."'1I1 pn" <:OaSmS <....,.,ul
Sfinlri Smpllln l' docln",,1e Sfinlci T .... II'
Z...... i"e/'pu'ul .......... 0.1 ... II. CJ>IS<:<lIIullgnauo
oi
f"",",,~ ......."ul <il: ~~jMm /,,:'DiN
1 dcS<mrwo IlJlt in''IJ,Ufa. cii ~ IDOIIII 1... Ili'"
IImlo<. I> corupuali~ cU ,ud ..,mul .. EJ,~" {WI"ilJic,i~ ril.lJ plVli/ci 1" ""''''' fi sii I,J,q~' c"
j~<ki;. C""i OI" """fllniJn",' il "'~='"';' i,ldau,.,.
iU"Qumul, ilt c'~'''" ... m. /;, '-"r~ .'.~ adu"", ''''''~

An""""',

."j1arN Cu,.." ,fl/z/"Iu Oun'''ez<!''- (C"'n

\/~;t

_z'~,,'. X, 3) 1.1 I"""pu'ul _'1 . UI. Orip ""c


<k<p<o "1:~1a d~ "1'111.1' I <'q1,,,,,,,,,-.. I... (Do
,.... 1'rut,p.. ~ 1'" nt~ lI~ca dU. umpIIl du O

rel.n"", d,n Scnplunk ca..".,, " din TraeI'l'"


..,.,....,.""_ Tenull .... In r~1> e":;lIl'''' d,n [""pul
oIiu. c ..... """'IaU. lle4' ci. mII mul,< II""" o:k
Cfql,nism .""". plalonl<:. d,a""";". "" inl.-cabl
..C~ "" jM
AI..", CU w".,a/m.ul, AcaJ"",1II
cu BlS~'ic" si """ieil eli "r~SIInIl '~. (C""",, ~...,.
"cii"" VI1. 9- 10),
13. Din JIU1IC' "" '<.'<kn:
dogma'io. c.q.
{UUiIIlul cupru"'" 00>.1,
p'''''''pal. il ell""""" cea lIcoprc I'N"""""", S~ T..,mc (lnl_
doIopa)" """ <lc>p\: ICOlIOO\lII Intrupini, p:: <an:
UlXc......w.cOOli c dlllOf d le ttC'_,oi la pn.
.......... IloIczullll "O II!II)inlpn!el. Ac ..It ........
-', """""" in SImbolul de ,;rc<hn\lo (381 ) " COD_
,.r,Il\I'" <le k """,......Jc ..",.,,;.,<.
Utsn OwnoIeUII ~C,nk_ fi'" _
c<i Ultul

JtH,,,,

.!ne'
d.o.lgn'.

..,

J)"",,~zcu i~ ('il" <'...~'" ~JI~ i~',


d.".
/;lIi""rl: TIIlM. F",I,I SJ,;n",( 0. .. fi Til,JI.';HI'II'

""f'~ P" f'/ul,/ PI"uJ~r: 1:1IJ.,,1 Sj""" I,U' f ",1


~,~ ,,"mai "", l'a/,', fi Duh,,1 Sfii,,! PiliT..,}.
~U"a/' J~ '" ",u/flj/ T~,d -\'u.",j ca. d~l' >u .. ' ,,,1
c.tpIVi. l/lf"fi ~J" ~"~'ili IlO Jill~ur Du",,,,,,,,,,
""T>d jin.
CUlt,_ flgH>bu1 ~w. fi <"Il!<I, "

S.

0<"" ,,,,i.

1.... ,'"', Ik,i ,.",

/oI/'Si n'~ ~~

""gur"","

sa cra,.

""~li, ,.~ 1""~1

Dun",nm a foc~ll()d'~

'apt,,,,iI. "'ZN/<: e<rw/, pa,,,,,,,,,,/.


U
.e..r",.

~'i,,~a

'<lCN' l'

fi

,~n i !i

1"""

Cu"';;nlul

,,,il<
afla in,,.-i,,u/~ EI"
'Od'~ j"{111Ir'J,e
;~g",', dld""" fi ",jl.'e.'
!)cop le"""",i . ,nlrur"'ni: .,Cnd. fi"I ....."
cJ ,..,ntn, mii"'"i ....,, """.>1roi, a """,.,,,Ior. cur<

"Noi ""

a'" ~oilcat "",,,,.,,,, IHi 0,,"'"""". ulI,,1 di~ eh,


"",.,1. ,Il)"'"' Tr",i , uJicii FiIII, S-a foc'" _;lm
ow.III Sfii'" i Iim FeekHlru M",w - om Iksil><i'fl,
c,,~, ""'. i",a foe" d< pUcu', Il"';"" N" ch'I' i
li",,,,, fiei, ,"', d""",n~i,,,('~ l' aa <>M'""QJ"C<i,
uJ,e" <$ Jn>"Ul'i D" .."~u" ds""ir1" li om
de'"'''''''!1 C~" r,,",it, .WJ ,mtlg"", S-Il .-".
""1"" ji a i"vw., " "."., zi, i S., ~"i, la ""e"ri J'
$Qd~ "cum 1" dreapla la,MIII. f' ,." "" """ iar'iri
,"'1,,11=,.., "'Ii O<'""",!, ,-..,.. "" Jii i,,"~ I crloot."",,, cur. pic<><' P'''''''''I/, I.u', Ip '" da ",_

pa,."/i,, .....ni."

"".

('~I,,,

,ii"

"a,.,,@

i""/CM

por""cUe LIi, I~ ..., da poM,ap.<o j<irJ d" 'for"."


(NiC<)dim IIgh~";I"1. bomoli>ghi'"r, cap, \ 1Jl).
1(. Crrdina .po., oIlCll fi" .'le un depozi' de
Joctru'" "" aparJ'" trc<:lltul",. ci un da, al lui f)um.
!>eZ"" I, "Ode"" manluilii oomcnilOO". Ade,;irul
elem, care ~"c
I1Ti",... a f,,,1 lransmi, i"
plinilalt" lu, lh_""lfu ~, fosl mJ1Jp<l1 in ,~~he
limbi" culm,i, incepOt><! cu ~iu. Cinci~~,<im ii , in
leru"lim (dire an~1 301_ Ik la inc~I"""1 N""lu,
J ,ogimi nl, ,neh","1 dc Du",,,,,"" in li,m-M e, io,
"'l<IIunl1J1il< Crt:$I.... "U l'mdu. m;'1Il,ii i ,Iinn._
Iii ale Cred in l,i 'I""'kllicc ,ve au ",'1"1 id...,,11I.
lea. unil.le>,
lida ...
i coot"'u;biID~b"~", lui Hri'I,"" Ce le m. i imJ""1anle
dintre as1. mlr1u rii ",nI <'<i,!ik ,"""""ioc ",re
fo<mca'" Ribli. en"jlmi. ,,, cat"< ,u,,1 ullerpret.te
ji M.';c';!c V""hmlui Te'I''''''"l (T<:>n. p"lmii,
!'roi.,,,) In h,min. lui Hn,l<'" ",,1 nviat
Cu lim!",l, Ili""nn. deL"oll.1 Cm1ih{a opull<~K'i f"rmu lon<! ,.... urt. mlim"i,;,; de eredinlA. co,
de plldJ, CreZ\lI <k 10 Ni<<e' " de la Cor"'.n_
lI00p0J (381). "~,l,,a nu ,"uprin<! Ade"ruI in {or_
muie """ ,n ddinill ;"t<1:I"olo, e, 00., ...1. un
c"ru~ns fOfl(<pN.I, min,m ",nliaL ",liO;! pct11ru

li,",

,.Ie..

mkgn"'c,....

I''''

lol c"li nii.


I ~. Crc' i ni,,"ul

'n"'.mn'. namk de ,mCc. a


iJ.in","c"i ""l!li. de "",,"Iru'" a persoan,i w,inlul",~, ,ni>luIli, lu i Il, i"", (Ff~, 1. 8), FI S.
prezentat. jar di<c,poIii L-au m,un",,",ut. ca ._praI"~ d'" C"I",t "n ghwl", ", 'jlJM.-alJ in !n:CUI. da, 1'"
C~fC T.. al a ~i,hl aewn nOlll popor al lui l)umnc~~u 1.",,,, (EA_ 18. IO:! Pt. 2. 9). Bi""ico lu i
IJumnczeu _ lUlesi. (r Cor. 1, 2). "1"",,,lIi. de
M

UOG"HI('~ ~ "''' " '"" ".'


Il. St.~,t",.. ""tuolii <Jqtinlluo- .. prt"zi,,~
'stf.l: din I ,\lSS de mi);.,."", de cr<l'ini (35"'. din
1"'1'"13)," llobulU! de S.57.1.954,OOO), 981 ",ili",-1lC ,""1 c.lolici. 4()4 mili(w><: ,unt pr(~~'h.n~,
218 mI[ioane ..,.,t ",,(xloq~ (fo '" m,lio""" "",1
angll,ani. i..- 282 d. ,mii.,..""" 'lli <re,tini, !'e
rclPu"'. ='i"ii <un! ,,--parti __ !i ..,!fd: Am,,";,a <le
Nord, 2~ 1147(0): Am<ric, Iltin!' 44J0S6,OC(I;
..... HT ()[ HOL ....'''.

rrimcl<: 0,,1<:. C<><ICi;I'\la otq>mii de,!"" .'".:m;n_


!do" Cuvin!ului ( .... mi"" V"h;). ,iidil< i <uiti
'~Lc de Duhul Sfii"! in ."Odul ji in eORliin). fi
m!"i tlIIIaIl<. filr.! o~"cPl''' . , pute. d
Ia

"""Joc.

"",_k,e. unor pet<ep~, met.fuice !"afunde


;, ,.lori etic. aU1entice n celelolte ,eligi,.
CI ..l"rtdkmat in afi,ma!ii l. hri'lo1ogice ~i

Jlfl",malologic Trad i ia onodo,~ nLl ;o li;<01 nici o


!"'i..;lale fundam<ntalJ inl'" i..oric ji c~i,. !o .

Africa:

in"" .-noa'ivi .... 'ea "mani! i inle..venli. divin:<. T,~


Lui. acea,la a """un,,,,u' p< .krlm . m~'l!u"a'<o
Ii h-crt,,),i tlIIIooc. con: 1""'\< d
1
"tUfl"i~!"
ne.Ii,il>1e. um"".'I. Cu loal<
!e . OOI",iolog .. o<l0d0.U IlU coadam".! ~be,
t"tOI umani c, '"''''. n ici nu inahl'la " ..I;vilale.
umorIA Cll r>< ce'''' riu. <br le di,,-,-"ffiC j-i 1<: mndocc
')'IT ":''1'''1 indumnc~cirii. In obo"l"",a cultunk ..
""""'" ldwile _T radili. p"tri,~, lu.! O oli!ooinc
p.,~itl,';I. Cultura. i"ldus.'l ca eXl'fe,ie !VI.I. l'
,i "eativ i!.)i, UmaJl< colective.' fos! lual1 n
""io< de eci mai m.vi P:irin\i ai IIi,cricii" (0"0_
do:aQ fI Cullllm, p. IN),
d) RQlu l ereill""".ulUJ .. as~.,n1,,' <u 1<.
iw,e luOIului. ferm~nn,1 caft OO<POI!C tnl!'''~'
fr.! minl:llurll (MI. 13,33). I)c 1. A<l.om . I""lul
n<a>cullini o lrincinlal !""Ill>l"'" u,"'ml; <k la
I I,iSlas Iuaml h.n,l", , ptruns in <""']>O.lll"
um.nulu; ~i ;O crea\iei, d in carc a flcu' u Ilpild
nouli (Il Cor. S. 17). Cnilmi,mul '" .",am'"' eu
" ",.tr <k poll.;";,e j' cu O ,Iln,c;l de in<=",~
IR",,,. 9. 33; I Pl. 2. 8). <iro;a",<:c. Cuvontul lu,
[)um"","u "rileTIul AJn'irulu! li M,,,-.ki va
[m"",,i lu,,,<. n <!ou . ,,~" .....-.te c""dll1Ja CI'<
Jiw:ioil", ' ~e<J'"I;o """,!lncio,'l ",. in v,aa
<1<.' .iei . .,Ceea u "if7~"'1 .,,~ i" ''''p. QC""Q ~'In'
", Imii in "m' ... (Lp"'''''' ca'r< ViQgllrl, 1'1. 1).
CretI",,,,,"1 eSie n lum.e, p~"trD lume. <1." nU
din IUlne. ci "r;lin d. Iwm. in onwnite ""ri",a""
,;lon. ''''ltIIllSmul . be""fiC1lO1 d< ",,~<ql' ,u..
tulu; cretin <au . -. ",omodO! C\I poliI". ".telo<.
<le ..
Il-. 1\1.1' In "rin, nici alCi,mul mili .. n'.
nici >u l.ri"Jml, nici ,<Ie.~ugiik tol.lita",. C",!,tini<inu! !I~buie sli in".I' diu oou si iI~ia"l n
"rani de .Li.,,!<1< JX'Iit ice Cu ""\11. t1ir:l p"" il<-siilc
unei 'IO.:ic'1!\i I""ud<,"""r"~"n,. I"'n'ru C'. '''1'<1,
... <xcrc,tc m,~,u"". lu, "",f<tlcl . 'ce..,O <k adI<
,n. ulit,t\lll1Le $J .utoritlile ]X>litice s. a.ig~,.
,lrq"""'~; liberu" )'<n1nl ~i. rnl,"',nl'" Ri",i.
cii in f;o",,."'3 liberl.li i rdi~",.sc,. li berUl'; de
Kiind,., de a ",-li .. n muJ Ii""r. r"Iri' il "01<>rilu< h~nghd'CI.lln' de ml<lUnca CI prul"'l<.

,""'pI

J~ I,W8.1 110;

L,.",.,..: 4OY.6HOOO; A,;.:

409.653000; o.:.ania: 22.6U.OOO (Br'lalmica


JJQ()k<ifln~ y~",. ! 996. p . 311 ).

"""",""'0,,,01 "",....

CnmcDluiu : sr. .\-In im Mlirturis itorul.


Despre cCDlniLtalu lui H ristu.

"'Ia

..
. i ',

"a

lege,

,,a c.;"Judeca lumea pnn Cg


'''"rul Su, dup; [""'1)\l,dia S . 1", ela "," dup
fire. Cit. dup;l Leg..." . JuJl'l ha, T(>\i vo.- fi j",lc<>1i rrin Hn ...... dup r.ego ... u !4nl Leg<. <1<",_
rece. prin 1;1, fJo.,mn..:/eu s... .Ili in
i",IiIC-ITnl
de modul de I""zen! . ~."""., <:'r~ Tdlasi,'
\'1

"*'

N _ ti!(qli.~ 111 cr~

"

111. . _ Da.

"'~

. ...

VI. Rew!laria lui


1. A ,..tn <It . e,-rt.II. JllKamni ".:.bI Il<
Cu>lnrulUJ hll Durnnoo_cu. CiI>\! ""'lhllh
,~<k ~.I~Jit.i fOI: oar.nnal'~ do'f'K clilt
p< clU' Cu,",n"'l lui Oumn",<u Lo,.... ul - 1.
t.,s f":n,ru' comun .," cu '''''',ml. L, N"tl~l i . S.
I.OS(lilu l rc.. dak" I'".1< fi
sub ,ui mul!e
ro'm,,' n " 'mlnle" LOf;O<\Ilui (l",,,,,,,1
- lU>1I". Apoo'~a 11. 7), car. '" p.c.c In """'''' ,i
n ...UIA
in .~raniile din V,,,h,ul renl-

''1''''''

01),,,,.,,,

'1'<"""''''

"",.nI.

..... ("-""III,, Tlumnczcu d,,, lLocira ",,,,tu, de


foc. <an: I "'."" 1... MOISO 1"1 ).1-4~ ti In n _
.-1 ..... m'r.'..... ,i .It Iu, 1....
II
~" .. do .. .....,.. in .....--n. lu' I.. uo Hn""'. <k."'" Cor. dau
"I""'.oli, .' h 'Jllhch,c;,_

1\<14.""""1;

mi""".

1. I~,(I uftwLa\k n",uroll Ilu, num"""'u:


, (.'_,I~ ,'''''~ .1"", lui n.,"'M",U II'> IK. 1,
4): __ IJ'..Jr "IJff<i. 14~{1> Ta. '. II'> 1l9. 7-1Oj.
""",IOd "","~. "" ochii inl<hg<"!C' omul "","1<:
","","",do el ong.nc.. ordu>ea, uru...... " """JIUl
"""tT>ulw .. n.,b,] =idI in ~"'" Unu' Crnl<>t
pnWnlIl. Carr IK un plan ",,"I.... ",,"""t tI
rkc\lmpbtlOl' cu COli. Sa (k 40, 2~-2b. 28;
I'lhle l 11).2(1). J':o.-cl ""ti. d'", R""'ilIu.p., la
{""'II, Wt nt":i=,,,~ n{~ tII' p"'''"'' S.

/ioN",.

".",,~~ 1/ J ,..,"cui"" .~ ",;,1 i~ for",ri ,,"n


r"llrwYc' 6"'elilf'lIliI; . " (!. 20), T,~ el 'pune ci.

dal,,,,,A

L~;; ItI<lnt~

c.'" colo ~; 1i1 In 0'"'",,"\0'

... turali. \lO"ul "e c.paci ...",. <k .-L <u' ..... "e 1'"
do; di""""" ~,ndc l' tiul o.~ c......

1)""''''''(11.

lUMII. P.wl rtc<k ci. de., !'il"'"

.,J,~ fin

fo<

"

DUIIIIII':ejl

.... u, .... nOI""," """" .. ..- l!l'


n..11IM'~U (n...,.. - f),IlJ)"~ ""'" L'~.lorul
""nom,,; al pI",jnt"l"i.
('Orc. JkuL '<l
I,>eu,",'d 1'" ",miin l nc~muj "",cnc..:. 'Ci" dIn_
(r ..... "I""'i"'" (l.nrnu....." in du_(~f
...., .. w ~d< .. LI lUI cdo~~ de f - .
..ba ... _Cc. i;r LI ",_ """;' .._
fl/Wtlii.
LA. 17, 26-21)

'""lObII.

1'1\'.1 C<l<\>I~rli c<l .mbclc p<Il;~j 'p:u\.n ~"'''_


",1.., 1O~lW<Jfl~~ii" de .ceu.i.ngun cak <k.
I~i din ace.. "..., ~... ro'WCrllla. (f.A L7. 30~
ma. pwi . rttunoala". in\ru~1I ,M..-.
('u'-""ulm Sr.nlul ]""" r.~''''-~IC ''-'-':~I'

..-'u-

menI.",. "r"i ,J '~'''~'"oJlllll C.'oa <'.~" llil', lar


,1/" "" i"d"lI(l~, Cd,a P' CW't,L ~'i~l" (In. ~ . 22~
l " ..dllZlll: ..Ar"",ufik ,', g.4<'K UoSfIJn <1,Is---

'-""Ii. BiJBocll

r;n;r

""r..-utlt" i~ ,...,., d, 1"0';

.", ~:iil. i~ fi,," d. inc6/t1Jgr.' ((:1<-",,,,,, Aleur><lrinul, .<;tm,J'a'a, YII, lOU.


~ . C"l'/ll11"[ IW~'>sull
fIU lum """",'; p" M """'{ , ..
j" I"",~' (In 1. I S~
!OU,," l.faf1,ruL ("1(",,,,,, "Icundrinul. Otig.,.,
din AI""""> Ak~.n.In<1 ati .....""".tnl
"n:ILlPil< f' Ilk""Ii,l< dm.un. do linii"' ... rool

".r

.s'./,m,,",,

"""'l,i

""!'lI!>;I. II ,-wnllfi.e ..seln,nte.1e 1.0II0'ului",


1'\1'" in <1"<11" l' in liin", umOll.l de Log"... t C<ClI.
.... I.p""" ........ ~$r. PrUI eonl<u>pla" . IIatu,.tl .. u pn.. .... ,..1. u.t~k' (do lIfnre~ p;:r_
...... n. um.nlle .I'm'o' pe ocl.. "~'''Vul" d,n colo
,.Io/lll . Dumnc/.u umhl' tn lume .i 1..,. "'nle
1"'- <>"IJ ... 1 ultah,u..:' f'" ",n pe ci, d"ar
"""""'""',., "Uf'q>I;I~_ Dat., fii"\1- umani .. le
JA"-d~ de t, ""'" ""'" CInI<Jr. 1'" C..,L .... ..u:
mn la,,,,,,, ct _A 11. 271. Unlul Ne in i"oI$'
'~IU'" Iu, li" IU~1 "f.hii,,,,". n:1.(i"""t. un.., .."
'1""1: Oum"",c ... n."igu,. occI.1i ,nd_t
rati, CUSlDi<I. rlrn!ne parLlLt. todareetl. enigma--!.. I. __ U_ a'~" (JOSN" ~Iii ,. "...., fi"
"'RO""'" 1"'t....Tlii n i foi1,!I.. propr.. II altcn..,
,>IN ...",I ''''"1' Q ciirui 1"'''''<''''''0 li ;"'''"''' "",_
I'in ,10 la ha",1 (huri.) c",.. I""~ de la EI "(In.tin.
II .tpnk>j:,~ Il). Mai mull. , .. menii p<~ oi riLil.
.""'-'CI m ~k Iar l' pot de\'1:lIJ. _m,bd, ia

1""'"

""'li.

....... lor. "' ....-dod , ......1. ttlll<>UO " ~I __


I'n.. "",,..-. Dumnezeu "",,1.", f", C!IIIO'O<UI:
In ,noo .firm.Iov, <lin .)irmln. adiel rm',nd t.

, . Jl'Op au IMI

l'

',,"',In

pri""'i'.

11.39. ..FilocatLl n. p. 112)


"R .... d.l'. n.,,,,,,LO _" .... LI chw /'fUlIof.i<:a
III.nl'r...!j. mn .. \H ....h ... tc. ' .....""""IuJ o.: pildO.
jliin\o .elUall .fi,mi ci 'Plliu l i 'impur >u ..
,u'd "I"'I,.tl l' 'Ieml"f'llt, CI" nu 0l'l'"elltl
ocmuI Iola! al antici T """~ crc:atlt, """" ""'"
mhtll1"'" ~. creal'- lrimn" la ",.hlal,,"
<x"""""1, n"""".u. t.d. .., ;"\deg< el "mi un
,,''''''''1 """ce.. b, t al UIl"tnul",, o r'l"
dom., j""xp'"nlb,t.l o ,oolltll". o
oIL...... ..
"1<\11. D,n C"""" .e"'1a. ",,,II,.i. nu ma, oon,1IU-iq'" II apolOJlo contra "U/l~i " nICi 'n ...... r-;.,
lura .","mlc.l.
t I' ul11In,,,'U nu Rldl

,,,,,,,,,,,"ti.
,..-.l,,,,,

t...I, in

mi.

"""'CI...

t, ... id ..-.!tnc. ",,,..11 ,; ('/lei &._

,i

cOf>Crilii do l.l'oo.li' .... IT""lili'i . ,-i ,unI .,u .


mal~ de C"'aI, ..
cnnJu", 10 tin.lila'" lor
P. Irc'pto . _tpericOt tmruic . lefln. JlUd'
~rlCll ...-oflll"", pe de o paMc. ,i i""na "Cll $1
tU"'" dupl "il>I1., "" dc .tll par1<.
donJ
I">ll\i, inc<~n""'ib,lc. T~,. nu In<",,,,,,,I.1 p.
,.. ..:.1 pr;" rfOdinl'l" "Pleol'c do<><"'J'C1'u;lor
""nl<i (<XlIIC\>RlI""l. h",,, probe ''''1"" ong,n.....
>mllftll a Nluroo- Ihntelor t' 'f>tCi' .... (10.:1...,,;.
''ernli. a,um.k ,,,,,ro eb'Ar in "",1..mOll,ut lor
,C,,"II<. T""," rn>vu' du> "'tlc'$'
chi
,ru' . llrplll1"C , im ,l..- n 101< ,-,i. "'''''"luile 1"
""""lale ~nlr-un ""d ,c"OI;"\I(; "",,c.,..,,1 lhblla. in
",hu~b. "" rd.,i 11
coml1l>' "1"'''"''

Ii"""

"''''''''l\<

""iI""_
""""1
P. l,-capl' cu_,lrru """u,. Ido t. .... u. -

umAn<. "arc _

cb,,,, 10 c",.lia 1..... ,.

rillU".' c.'" sond<:v.' IrJn"'m,knlul Ce"" ,"'c.

Io;.,J) '" ",.IIC """"" lUI .... ci ... HI/k)I""ld r"l'""",1


i~1<JrS lOflI",ul_r ..: 1" """"I/(~"'.k
g

0tan1l#ZN ''''''~''' Ik 'LV rf '" A_O(, .)i O<MM


,ar il rlll()(Jrc~ (:ii<-, aprl>llp" /oala 111.'61, <ahdJ
'1)1' <~I' ,,~ ",,'lIitO d, ""u'r"'~ ,,'unfl~rhc,.

a.."_K "Wt'D/ ~"''''1';,*;fol''''n/Dr )apl,tI '" ,",


"" ~~ al, o-lIr.:er< Jrnil ptt FiJolWl'llI aYSI~;
1....,; ' (G<igonc J>:oloma.1N<pn ,'>jiUtI<t
122-.4'M~

u.,..; .

Re"dati_ prorelicii

""* <xk vllUlt:: in mod II<pIiv.

jlfUI MpIi'. dar "" d ... <:de "" ",II li cunn..:UII: din
,tomelllu) ..mtunt, .., 'U","'" .",,\,ulul ,i 1iml"'t",.

,i. m~ '""clot .. lui lJLlnli>flctl

..,.""" da> ...-lIIIouI Lw ii"'I.II. ~ nu pooo~ fi


cuI"' .... do nll1"~ l' do OIll'lC,II mn
Lu,
In lUllel cun,. "" Core """',. 1
In chip
""ihl<lc"_(Maxin~ MimlruJl<lnI~ C"P"'" ",....,ia.

44. 104. ,.I',I<><:at,." >01.7. ""

, .... ~unea .'lt.uli md "'t'UIIe. pelllnl.L ln~t.8.


pt' lJumotzt'\l drqM ealOd, de: Ilndc. CI ce" . .

I.CL"L~ICA

1. ~ ..... rima:!: 1UaOdal' liirt mW/<II1<


(.ml rty,o. , FA 14_ 17) $1 Ilri m=f.'liU~ u,bha "orbq.< do< ~ihililJ.~1e ,"Iinile ale 1111 I>tlm-

in,u". odd. prin

"

'R,

._Of,

DO.. "". Bk'.'

""'cU tic a Se n:vcl. i <le ._1 cl>ema la <redUl\li pc


I""f'OrIII Su: Jn ",,,Iu rnd~r; j; r~ n",ll~ folllri a
_bir D"m","~" <XImiOdrli prln,l", nOf"'; pna
Profet" (Fn. 1. 1), hnr.adc,ir, Vcchml Te".. ar~ii ca [)u"'"e~cu nu a im,.rupl '"C""blll
comuruu""~ S. cu omul. eh i., d\lpJ pkat (!-a.c.

(cuvilllel,): C,I.
~ 'Q duzll ~I

la

'rI<fl'

I 7, n Dwnnozcu. flml ali.n(c ,u nc.mul om.",,'c; cu Noe, dupJ pol"P (h, . ~. ~~ ca ,.


''''<'''i "n.o~unik' (Deul. 4, 19, 32. 8). Cu A,,,,,am
(! ac. 12. 1). pc c.n: il alege c. pJrUl,.I~ tuturor
n.omurllor ~nlinlulu.i (~'>c . I 7, S; 12. 3). cu pa-purulls,"cl. scos din rot. .. Lgiplu!ui, eirui. i da
'" SIR.... rrin M",,,,,, tq.. S. dj"lnli (lej. 3, i>-1I) .

ra-

!'op"rul nil",u' din A'TUn'. poporul . le. (lef, II'.


5), poporul .Ieg...." (R"",. I 1, l~). il al'e.pl. p<
\o!i. figld1,il. C.... va tn<:h~i , "ah""lii n<lUii.
eI'm;] \1 C"", ,'a aJuc< man,ui" n.amurilor, pnn
COO'Mire. ,utun.-. o, rei ; d ini (1 . 49, 5-<i; Rom
11.17-18.241
~. G.pcTi<n\>- v"<krii ,b"ci lu, [)ur"""'011 (t",..
r.nii) do ellre prof<1l" I"tnarl1i _ pc carc Il,,,,ri_
t'a ii ,cnc",.z> ca ,fI"1i. p!Ul ilununaa Ingorului
<k man, ,Lt (1.. , 5). nu ",'o """I'j' 1""", CU <u"""~'",,,a d,n f;\prul1. U. riindul oi. ,nda(ia ]1'<<>f"11",, nlind ",lui tic ,,j)<,!agO\l" p<ntru pnrnlf<.
lu' Me ... c. p<.<Oanli
.!. ,~te .. ",,,bm E",,"_
ghebel-. hang!.di. fiind irooo.lmpnl(oe> vi,.
toare [lUI f"lI"XU l lui 1""'01. Ili",",. a [>rim"-<> p<
Maria, m.m. ~"[U 1f1lp 1", lI,u., pt" 1'",1"'01
lOOIL care L-. b<~'/..Illl'" Ii,u" pe M~i, ca'~ ,1Ulaoc mndd de ,f'n"i. pentru <!C.tI",- 1'<' ma~ii
,a" ,_au nchln.t lu, Me,i. in Rc,t<em. [lat dem"nl<k prindpa lc l~te,"t< JIII \'hiol Legii_
lI";nI >Un!: I'",f<tiil. m.. ia nio. cor. I.ag;] ,de
doua Te"a'n<nt . prroji. ~, cuJlul puhlic. Ri",_
rie .alv.. ""nerilc \'hiu l,,, l.""""'nt. ",m.
b.ltlld C'~l!' lu, Mor",,,,,.
'1. In Vcchiul ~st'",<1\t, l'rofeu, <ln:pjll. ~
lrwtu, au 'U'lt "uvinlok i .u vi,ul .1.. Cu.-in!"loi ino i",o de "'ttu!,"'" (hc. I~. In hlc
pentru prim. da '. cind , I.n pe cor ",'Ilt-o
Ad'm s:e '~
in lrupul murit,,.- al lu i Moi"" .
.. Jfc"'lt~d a dom 'MI de la Ad,,,,, p,ma /0 M~'5'"
(Ro.". 5. 14). Omul e. <k"i.
glo.-llI<1" ,
l.eg" v<c1l< arat d ou,ul nu ",le' legat. 'ap'i ...
darnogc"" ci nu 1-. du. P< ""0><-'" 1>.11",t,,,,. L.
este ""u"', umhn. N,,,,lui c., t.menl (Col. 2. 17).
e .., I"'e<:<de , i j'" """""~k .

"!..-,,.

,ari"

,\e"i"..

"" , .., "m

Ac",n, d(!(',.

bOu; ik """""

"
Rc\'CI~!ia

Log,,,ului lui

DUIllIIC7CII

Inlrup'l ~M isi"ri,' a miintuirll

Cr~11im>rnul

.... 'e smgu... ,chlli< ~ . f' m'i lIIlirea


r-;rs<>Il.IJ intre Dumnezeu Il 0lIl. ntr_un nll<ku
dl"IOO-wn.n. pnn '''''''''''1Iirii uma .. in persoan, divin. 1 Fiulu i. lI"fd. Ii,u. j~l<lOi 1ncq><: li
I''''tem, in Ilumele ,,,,,,milo.-, o i ,It"'; c ,i "
mintuirii, cord .p.>rline. ca fiind Cuvorullui
rro,nnezeu in.uUpal. itknli~ ,u Cudntul Ca", cn
Jin ""1nici< CU Tlumnc,ou (In, 1. 1) $i prin Cor.
T.UI =1 1.."",,,, ltlt:!atc cu C""""ul Care. 10<\
aUZtI $' ViilUI in ,I.vl de I'rofq; ; de IIl><"loh
11 . Coi core au fosl ,1l.1t1ori ai Dlrurlrii, II<~
tezului. I'r."'I'II""irii. in"ierii i ruiltiri i lui li""
,Im N./3T\:t.
cunos<:UI per...,.",1 pe I.lomnul
, I,vei. ]!mtOiul, Me". lui Dumn",eu. 1Ir<><'oli i
au j'i"to\ ~i .u tr.n""i, c'pe,i.o,," lof' _S", ""
plll~m sii "OI _bim d~,pr~ a/~ U ,,"' vii,,,, fi
am au:ir' (I'.A 4, 101 . A,II<1, !li"'ri.... il ctl"""IC
re li,u, Hri<to' 'n.inte de Ciucizecu". $i jn.",I.
,1< ",riore. c.\rplor NUlJI.1J Te,t."I<:nl. Re' eI.li. ~i
cxpe.,<nl_ C",'antulu i eun,,,"ut, do Ri...,iea nu
'" lim"e.,,1 1, t,~tul Aiblici. Aiblt. nu ,. ,"".
l'undA cu Rewlol'.
lui Uurnn~u li "," i
,'u"inlel~ <ou noliutiile ~ibli,'c cu flumn,,,.,,, In _
,uJi . Slant_ Serip Lur.i ",le imp''''ti d< [roh,,1 lu ,
J)umne/cu .d ie' flumno,cu voit ,1 \.e sc,ie
"",,"c CU"inl' bibl".., Autor".u sen, Juj'i cum IU
IMul.i s.i -L ,u,,,,,,,,,,'. nu du", ;t .. nun .,;Le LI.
Ui><n r<Cw~,,",uL """,,,,ul Bibli,i "Iti"", li,,:'00 ,.:om. <le ."tofi\.,,,. odor ,orC"" f"'1 "''''.
[(\fi di,,,,,;, nbicrliv", Profeti. Apo'toli, [,"""O\],eDin ruoo ... nn.1 !idri, ,,,,,unului. Bibli. , ... te
mt",,"1 Atk,lrulul. <"lli",-". c.ko .pre rcr""n,
C~,antu lu , C"'" Se tk"'O!"-":i in ,Ia,,~ . Ribli. TCc.p"uka,. o'I'<,i<nl' Wlu'or c"oro S-a re".I.t
D""ul\IL [,Iozo!;, !'rufe(L Apo>t<>li. Te,,",!!,i. I.tin>:
vorbete <k itCd (,0"1",,,,,,,, inEre lege. n.tur.l"Re,el_li. hiblido l i Tradili. Ri""i<;i i.
12. Af'O"tC>l ii .u .u,il,'u "1zUI;;' [au alu" p<
li,u, Hristos. ",Mn"",/ 'poM":i,,''', n !eru>3lim
I ln. 1, 1), Li 1-' lrimi. '" f'.""p",o'du i.""i h~_
ghdia S., prin ru 'e",a nuhul"i Sffinl, fctld din
ci mutt,ri ai In"ieri i Sa le. ;npnd cu
eim.a, T""",.i <k ac.", . II.c' d*a 1", li, ... Hri,
''''. Cu,'",,'ul lJmc fhr. l, 1_2). c.te deli"i, j," fi
r<rl~d~, lem, in"", Bi",ric. "U .leaplJ o nou.
K"velalJe pub],cl n.a",t~ <k I'. ru,jc Tmnin.t.
Jar nu 1'" ,kphn CXl'licilllLi. lI"i , in ""v,.; c,"'' i_
in!a i ",,,,n,,,1 R iseric i; "'b in'porall> Duhului
$1';\](1. o.re ''''b,lc.tc "depoL,tul de cred",!"" ,>I>l,.

,,,,,,ni

1._,"

,nsil"

",II,

Ci""".-

g>.tonu fl<'lllr\l ",ntu,r<. lI.e, cI.!,ilc fW1i<:uI.", nu


pol compkta <ou amc!,on ace tiq>oJ:i1.
IJ. CUI1<>aI,aca ..ucnlic!. a R.velatle' ....
I""ihili celor carc foc o>pc,i"'l> pe ... oooli a .Ia
"ci lui rJ,'",oeZCU Ace~h' >pUn cllJumne,."U ",'e
impltilbil DU dUj\ fi,na S.., ci dur:! I ""Tril<

>ou "''''f!!Jilc d'\I,ne ne'.....a'e. Cum ne manluim


atL1nC'.' .. Prm cr~dlll,, cci credll!l~ ~ sufl<#nta

f>M"'" a n ~ c",m'ng~ c e~,,, D"","n~u, dar nu


C~

'5" Dw,me;cu fII

si"e~ [J;i.

C,;ci, ,'u'''-'<Q',"reafi,n!~i lu, n~m"~l~" """"" ({)t'm", ,i> .JnI


c~n_u,n, dar
i~ch","'~u-,uJljm"a ,,~ .Ia io lega'"ra cu c,
cu",,,,l~m dm jii"la lui lJ"mn~:~u, e, ~~ CIJ","i"l!u~~ cii Ei "'IS'"'' (Sllintul Vo<ik cel Mare.
EpiJtoia ! H, II. p, 4~1)

lo.ma,,,,11 c" fii"l" di"",,, /)-lj

A [ ,n(clq"e pe l)umn""eu "umai din medLtalia ji dtn 'I"',"IOli. a,upr~ 1"ldo< bib~ce nu est.
,uJ'UC'T>I. L "c"e<Mil" .xl'<ri,nl~ 1. rei cu ce. a
rrnh,!,!o... _ AI""t,~ i k>r i . h.nghdj nIOf. a<lK1,
eXp<'rien!. in'pir.liei, gln,;fi",i i i ilum,,"itli,
Lu' ,:'li;. pn:J ieatn,.i i, tcolog ii " utcn ,i ci '''' bu te 0.1
r<1"'"" cu \' in td,' S lan' ,,1 1"" n' "Cr,'" ,", ~m '''"'''
' =a ce am au:,', am" ,a \~.,"im ,)i
W j 'i ,vi "a '''Cii W!l"'''''U'~ cu noi" (1 In, 1, .1).
14. Re\'d.t,. Cu"iint"lui 'nlrup. t "'" mM!!in,"
ei delerminatl oM de <he"on lui [lumne,,," ,n i._
IOn, m;"""i,i ,. ded, de m;c~. Sa in. '" pri"q.
1< Fi i"!_ d;"in~. uecuJ'f,noll, (j<,"!zul~, ndmpr1i .
}ibill, hot<' n" i 1"""" de funli (nu e",ti '''''Io!::i.
en ,i. ,n!fe cr ., ,i """,eal), cl , <k mii,,,,,, "Xprt'
,iilor ,i a c<'ftcCj)1dor d;" limbajul "",an. full>Site
r<ntru. exprim. Re"el'li. Sa (S",nwl Va"le <e]
Marci ... F" ~ i"'I~,,;NI J~ a-L exprima f>" V"m '

,,,,,d, f>""""

n~"~" i

, .. le $i

m~ ;

;MI!(>)/bil

,j~

,,-L

('''''~~p<''

('<Tigorie Te"lo!,:ul. ()rario ''''/<>:I:i;;, 2. 4), In ",~,t


"""'. LI e_te. in acda.}i limp "chil""11 51..Ix>I"r
Siiu, a<J;c:l, "" ."',. Jm Si"" 1'" Sine, ior rrin Sine .
Cel .riu, <illu<qlc 'J'f" Sine. Cd cu """1 . ",,,,",
Ut """",lI.", (Ma. im Marturi,;'orul, A",l>i~u". 47).
Re,elati. ,'a an'a" I"m,a linali. 1 <!oua v~";re
in ,1., i alu, flri,\, .. (1 PL 1, n c:ind ~m'nM ' ..
ii plin de <un0'lti",. lui Dumn","u. <a mor
umplut de ar:! Ils. I 1. 9).
15, OplOi, <!PIT '''''l<nu'ul i ",moili,,!;.
11.<, da~<i;
a) hi'tii opini. dupI c.r" c""lineios,, 1 L-ar
cun,,,",t, re Dumne,,"u numa, ,lin cek ce 'unt
<r<'al<: ,k H ,kei. ,n c.I" .. " d< <OL';";. acestor. ,
anume. prin nega". celor c< "1111 cunoscut., PI-

.... , . " " ..... III' ... "

T1D~'

1i,,,,,c1I au

ori,., ci es'. Juml.llLi """""11'1$

dia Jum.o. c,~~Li, pc ~ o au ""l1II1" " fllowfu,


1Onn...-..a arpIll><ftI<' ra\JODllc $1. do"'''''<I/aIli tI.-

"'I,fo LuIIo1" "'_hllo"'....-.: """f'I ~0JI\1t.

~ ""11"1'" cclorcull<lKlM. ASlrd, CTqI'''''.U

c ....... 'wlllu' 1)"""",,",, nu numa, d,,, cde

....., c",.,,', eutl<>OCU'." n=o"""",,"',

c~

don 1.. _
"''''. Mocnll, C~ """ d o,', r " '. dor Cate nu
oM, fimlo 1 '" 1; ]le care ftU o au cel< """e. r,;.
<1,

"*,
"'.'odl oool"1(i<l ,
la
""'o,. 10
<le 1. ord"",. luonl; 1. 1._

UIm"'e,
"f'<11&

<or<

pl< .:.1 (\o:

-~~

Cf' ~ II'~"I

."

(''''al"r,

"'c....
' 11'C",
'"' ' d,vonl,
d' joi .toIogi. prin Mj,(lOIIo, dup.t
,II'\II nu c ",mN: din c.l. <.." "",

UO(, .. 'o,lC\C
1
dn;I .. Ik .r.nnoLi <k<'doli _'m
<Im!> aror.lld. Iw Dumn.cZ<1l (lA_ 1, M) ti 11111roma moneA I lUI 1>ocmncI"" (1.,. J, I~) Du",""A.-"'" nu "",' n",i d..copcnU ib inln:g""., n,..-'
.",un!1 In U111'~IJ"". CUO<"-t\<t<:o d,n ",,'dlli,
n"urlllllc h."",1.; c' "'1"",,1 . 1I1'-'1ojI.1I'" pre-

rti>u,.

,,,,,Ii'tip_ CIJ
<Mloc:il """""

,
, , '"
"

ci raI '''''.' ]>001. 01 d... ,n.l hh<ri~' 11"1"'nihill .1 <ltpiteh,'1 limitele ci n.'ura'" 11"",.._
tismull ..p.' nlil,uni ce l>umne".,. ..
CU"",,,","'.
FI "f'O" c. fluid l/,rmir) nu n><.n",. in'll ti Re...I.IU nU ",'e ,rrir".bill_ Ribl,. <LI m1ltur~ <.It
"",r.u,. ..., "" ... ",><nl. ,e...
do nwnd<>llf.
istoria: " J.:
rIDe ob,,,,,~, c
h) rlrm!J1 UI><n<J> au.nprn. lua 1... Funomru
1"""_ I\-~ d"",."", nu"""",cu. K\~""
..."""" (O .. n""",c~'l Sa protin>d;i, in .., nU,urI
indi' omul pull"p;lI. ~omum"""a <k ",nIl d,n_
n. r.u<lOIIIdo dl\,no. hi.U ,i "" t~oI\1g' ""re
<k ,.parii< '1"'< " e..:nl" d,y",I", !'fu,,,,,,,
"",iunc m,",t'vt. pun COO{.!Op"'~e i",,"tIi.U. unifi_
car" Ilr' nlC1l..,.." .I",i n.:itli!lli 0",.'0. I'~"nl"_u
1iI:\II aio:i IIUIi
l'fO'Cir.lri : pc olt o ".., 1>unI",,,"" ">le ndmp.t"",bi1. .....'izII, tI nce"",,",,
dupi CSC\'IPO Sa "..,ruei. dupl fi ..... Lu' .... , prn1Il
olt
pc olt aJli 1"'f\C, I>umnc""" W<~
~,bo1. lDcipuI II "",.~ <lupi hocrlrol."" dupJ
cn<...."k Lu, """' .. II . U ... <>10 fi",!> lu, r>umne' " " .IIC.'" ",ni I",-rlrik, i .....,llik l' ef'lel'iUle
,,"d<:

ra.:.

I""'."\<

"'co-.

"'1"'''''

,"""'

n>"'' '

f,,"",

fUM dlfo<lk, ~ c<iI ......" , t fi


Uri'" .I"'IJ", ,ur nu, !,,"'nI "firm" ,,,' d", lumlr<
"("''''''1'1''"' 1"" D<III""Z~. fi" can" de p""/,, Ui'
nu jUli""' ;" 'Ia'" ..:r loe "p"<JPkrn, f""I'lr" <4 ,,,1.;,; ''',,' ,~ C6N! ~ '1'" n(}i, p<'

"

,]" UII" .Lolrdrolr

e,,,,iI,

ru...l hm/u L'"

"g",,;.... i~~ihiM"

MII<', EfI'StoI. 1_14_ 1. PSlJ 11_ p. 481)

(\'1111. ,,<1

rlATH DI' TI"~.''''''' DOC"AT'C.\ \' IC'.>l"'''c.''

ce'''. 11/1 p""lrI< <1 prec"m do "g/ind" M "P"'PIe", penl'" cua Cf! se "m'ci i ,a chip in ~Q ..Isi
jel, /1" ne al"",!pl~m de .,..a/iune p<!111'" i",b~nJ
l"lj,~, ci """"" arcil"rea Um,11I1 ."'pr~", in "'.
()ar, de edoford inr~p'" $i caro 'uIII <ii" FI prill
fire, ,''' apropi.", nil re"/TOI al'c~"". el p<nrm "I~
fi p"m", Cel dm Ca ... Slml. lk "",,,,,eu "" ,,..,.
b"i~ ""ma; "ii ilO apr<!pj~"" ci "ii f' cre,I,'m in
el, f' s "" ,,jegu;m I""w d" 'pre iml/are" B;"~l,,i
prim i "nic fi spr~ i,,"pii,ir. a LIII i" 110i;1 "'"
prin impr"""" I"cra", I aj"wr"1 h",."I"i. -,ii do
Mlld;m d~mmta"" ,Ia'''; ch;p"l", Ji (/,~",,,,,,,rii
Cl( D"",,,~=~u. A"I/d, ,,,,le C"'h~1e dm e",a/I"''',
pril'lte drepl, i"allci mm"a, prill "ceas'" prl,""',
la oglindor~a (illul", j'i" u"e.le, J,zI.8~l1d a d~
/oale, in cA,p <in'l'lu ct/ ilO/oles,,1 u"i,,,' al Unul~,.
Juc~ mi"'ea """'fi. Ia ~k ""m ,.e
1", c"/~
car"", p" V,,"1 call,alOe ~i lI,aci",,. 1''''' fi'"~ in
In,cal ,Ied" ,iti
prin d~ () fotm.i M~,,,,n,a
1.,,-_ "~fJII'er~a ." ""~"-" cci ,>ti" IM C~ !n"lli 1/",,1
ac<la (Cal iS1 Catarygi(~uL &"pr~ ";~ra co"'~m
pla'im. 1', .. ri loc.ha~, voI. 8, pp, 414--11 5) ,
1)><> ,n "reme. L~gii, <lrq"i; li l'mfeli, \'O<k.u doar .p>ldc lui [)unUl.zeu, ,n .-remo> haru_
lui, Ap<10hi li E"mncliiltl vid ul. !}um_
Dt",i,-,i prin 1I\J[>Il i ~w de . 1......1 lui ]""" ] Ioi",..
C.re ........ '" """"",]", la S<h iml:w-c. s..,. fiol1.
hlo .1tlluco",. liri, dumnez.illi mai pro".. <k
r, in!>, e~. ".re se fO"arsJ,n trupul 'PO"'ZI>' ,n u-Un, din l'er.o.,,_I. Sli n!oi Tr<:omi, Trupul lui
lJn""" ."e nu numai plI' al .l.... i D<rn,,,,,,c"'i,
e, li """'''U!al,,, al ci_ Dupl ~ax i m M~lturi,i _
wruL "" 11 lum ini de 10 S<:hlmbare, 1, fal. a
D()mn~lui c",oc ,.>nobol al took-.g"'i" (Dumn",.",i )
,n ><ffiul ci ni "" 'mp.'irli~"le pe m~.u.-. ",,,,tri,
<lor el <ono ndITar<i 'pn: ce'"li mai nah (.na_
ll"llic). n .1.lI d cum, , \.,. D'Ir1UteZ~irii .".
."nbol al .hi[>lliul lui IhiS10< Caro Se Va .,.,.
deplln]o PUDu,i. S . la a doo. ,'<nirc .
T<ologia .nalo~icl li an.g<>gid se folo<cl<
d< o mullim" d,' ,imboluri poem", a a\inge "ele
inlelig,bil ., pkcand de la ,d. ,en,ihi!;:. C'<jlinul
c,te ~ar ii fjlo10f, i le"l(~_ hlozof, d<M'-';CC
ee"Oleva eu rul'"".' ,. cd. creale e. ,l .n.
ulItlo!e Cre.,,,,,,lui; l""log, dea. n;"., nmrdind
mint<a o de ... nl vl,.l""rc, eOfllcmrl.1JV1, ut<1
c.li ... . "01, 3. p, 255).
Jrepl
1. "jClcS,-"rt. lui Dw""e~<u, primind c. ""
Cuno"}k"" prin credin. ar<.; ~i un ><"'1) .n.ni)te ""'. ,1111 1""i",o '"'u .l~,.. lui Dullll1C''''~_ mn
~"I:ic, atlic-:i "M cd. ajl,;tw," ,<llh .""ptiuir" l' in
c
.... ",,,ine ..,m."e. Lui. dup. blIr .
,I",.,,~ .oua!iei, Ir~bi,i, ,.~ .,~ aprnl';~'" P<~"'" ,,//-

"u cred", .. Ii fptu".moral, ""Inr ".re .,_ou curli!'1 mmle. in lupi. cU pahln;le, Ni""",i nu_I. cun( .. ~k pe Dumnc,,,u ti nu ... mmui~tc Wi "r~_
Jin(ii (hr, 10, JI!--,19), ci tiin credin (Rom . 1,
17)_ Crc-dinfa - pi,II., fid.' . - le "~h,,ulul pute,ii
Ennghdi<:i, ""art. descbi'i harului . Col Cart Cf...le .. copleit <k lnlt1epciUJl<' ,Ii"i"" ; "" cutremuri nainte> !}umnc/eulul ,,~linldo<" : .. Da,
r,."di,,/u. ".pili~,1 i"eil~ nwe "i~ I"",W--ea flp"
""ilor. M-a ,mit 1'" ""i CI( &/W!OeO of/al mai
pr",'" de "'ale I'i CU Ad,,,;,,,1 n"mm'mil fj ,impiri; i am in/de:; n",i bin, "eca' prin dem"""'lru/i'
'IlO ,,"mai cd toaU , -aufo<"1 "in ,'~I~ Ci! '''' """. ci
l' i "iI >_,'" j1u:u' ",,",ai C~ C ~ "" 1<, II,,; (),m",e=~II.
C~ ~.'e d~(i c,edi,,,a """asi,,> Oa"~ ,,.~o p,,'er~
lIa"'ml" Sm, mai pr~."'~ ,,~ fire' F",.J i"doia{(j,
mai pro ...,s defi". de(><1r~Ci! <II" f"J",e ,,,ni cill~
\\1 la ralill d(!"(;,;/ prin Fi"I~ (/11. ID, 9) Ca'" n~
rld,e ~ IlU; n",j pr~JI" d~ nOI illf",e l' M d.i
,,,"pl,,ar~a ind"",,,~u!'oor~ II ,,~ '""""a.p""
,"'''al~Q Tar~lul C~ ud.. ",; "'1II~" (Gngo". r.l."'"' De.,pr~ Sjd"l" L~"';Ilii. ".4. hlo<.~." voi . 7.
r- 319). Ac~ 1;\ cunoo,lcrc prin crcdinl1e"e, ,,..
n,~;, .,n I"'l1c" (1 COl 13, 12). .<lidi 1'I,1ri\'l! cu c, - pacil.Lca li "'lri1i. ruiJ,~i. 1'a ro _nalogi<~ , dup
mhucl. in 1'<'-""';' "" fi",. i eu pute....... ~"""'J
omului : .,1'~,"eu.iI ' fi"!'; "ici "" C/jM" ~ (Q/
,cop,,1 1", V"mll~:~" '" fi"ca,~ I"u" ..". C" """l
al Scnp"'eii, "i "" 'cri" d~odaf~ IQ(l/e ul~
,'111'0""'. de ei ;..." c,on"" 101/01, p<!'tlm "iI INm"e=~" ">le ne.uprj", li. ;" il*l~pc",,,e,, Lui, "u
d'~ hUl'" in " cuprinde, ,""UIl inl!~r ,"u "'''. C.!ci
=ie~ G~ril ,le ,1", J~SI}N c,,"~laea ,'",,"ul 1,,mi oanea",. c" ''''i 'I'"nem d~spu.1 ";I~ Ireh"le
"ll~ 'PUM'" """'"'. dar D,,",,,~=e,,. ~ Id"!{,, c~l~
'P"-'~, clln'""41< i alle lalliro 1I<i"l<!le'~. $j "u I~
'I"'" "i 'fi,,/i; toau deodat, p<!n(m <.~ "" ~ j->Ja,
ca.iI I~ .p",.ci IO<1U c"te I~ "'''',,",C. d". pricilla
"ep",i"l'l <xm'~IIi/or i ca .., ni, .e iI",g,,,",c cu"an",1 fi , ,.~ focii lIeplc/ll ,,,,, lI~i",~le. din pricil1a wn""."r;;, ci ca Cf!1~ sp"'~ fie ",iisura
I~ ". oJicl . nolo~i. "i iari ,on,,1 ~ia <><ntM.
a/lOII, "lld~ Ik'l"'" ~c"I<11i cm-a'" ,,1 ",,,,~,e:~I~lii
.""'pIII,i, ~IlI'" c,i ha..,,1 dllnllleHI<' ' I~-(/ Jci,.""
si pe ",'~sl.a fi pe (U"cl~a potr",,' ,u u<I""",ij i <~
\.,...nK''''' (Pelru Oam."chon. 0",;,,111113, "Fii ,..

,e

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.," 'jnuwoCl ,'mu] o-'nd . "" P".~'V '.'-'R',"I
P

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~ "1 "1"'1 wVll,f. ~u ~, ,"~mu "U IUJlr,w, '" .,
,jst~'" "1 ',u<) 'JOI \lI.IC! II "u~""-'" pd''I-'
' noD "S IP >ci 11""' "fI1~," mI rdnp ,,,,.'oz
'1 .'U~"" FI"'"''
rosR,,"nS") 'S'V;

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'1 !JO).o LIlJod 'I,u" ,~, ~J)U! ''''
.,. ""'_, ulJd '{'~n' I"IJ("I1U') '.'IUl)

:.>017 nu -"'(] -,,'}II""! ~u,,;xl V~ n!" ~1;xl"""dD i>d


)JJJ<jIl! t>;'"
l(] ',"."W''''4''!' '.>un
-,! ... u'""" ,I'I~"" "fll" R' '1"lIxu{h~J "fl "I"'U
-;o;:>d.~ li! 'Jo,nf " .. ni "-,. ",., ,pem\.u
""u:.., IL~"I ~,,-,,u LI J n.. r''-'~>' ,,~JiJI JOI

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-~...,W! , -~ 'fi'''''.'.!> !LI",rl~Aul () V~ ",'f'lnpHl ;:ou
'~Jtlw'" 3J.' ~II"I'"-'" nu ",u\ltl ... pup '''1'''''1''''
rWI~I'Wlld 'XI -1> .""100 qn, ti'lI" ,,_, "'[1 "'""'"'"
UI "\,,,xJ.'p ~\]'" "'>"" '~"] ." .,," u'r
-., n, ",/~,uu<.~",,' "., "'P' .kl" ulJd ,bl
.,"" "1' I1Snpox! 'I)lq>ro'l' P"IUnfl "'ITZ.:>dslp o ,!
., '''1", 1" '"'O, I'UI""" '"' 11
lInonu. O .'1'
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," 1;';'UI' "[1 sn,,,Jd
__ , 1",]UI'I.J<!m !~)UJ li) "o,,, ,>Jo:l 'H "~~w,~;"
'fJ"""U rlUI~ U! :u"'''l'!'' lI()."u,~.

.~, 'm.~n)""

~JI ~~J U ~~ !:I~. ! ~J] ~I~:)~ ' IOW ' !UP \..>J:)
' nl-' " IU J IIIO,)

"'1"'w li)

',MI '1]'~Jn,nH ',-.,,"~wnH '--'"I'Pd 'Imt~J".td ; /"~ 'w'Pl:'10" t '1661


Jl.>monH -~'''Idu ,"~ O1!\I'l''d 'S.'I"H ':J 'pUi '~'7>O,Ji'l"" "'WP' li ",,/.I"'JM" D'M'f ''''''''1
'' " " LI'I:(L',9 'dJ ',Ni I '.' lnJ~IY '''''' U -P:'f 'Il '1",' <r"'-'JX'I-w l>~!m1!' It PJ'M:O' V 'w;'PI 1:,-6 'JJ ' J -IOA 'I!"'-'JX''"'() p~,,~,ul5O(J u,I5~I<l '"ol'''''S nmw"u1 'HH :"b..m,nll 't Ils..! 'A1 X-I 'do> 'rtOfi"l/IIIP"'"~ 15UW'U "Iru 'uq" ul]'''1 -

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n~. '(II ""

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.

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Piuml' p~ ....""~u

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. )col<
. doul <lI sau

c"Ji"I~, 11\.12. ~tt,.,


Ri<c,,~a 'ecun"""ut

,
~~ " , _ , ""'~ pnr1TIl t:rrdml<i $t
,tii li., ..,ed i~
~;_iI""~ "" nJ,,~ <Jbi,c{ll filN(W>tTT"'"last~

."..,;....."' .. iIo'1'''"

';>r-{l'j F",""~."~

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Il"'f'.

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pr'''''''

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hilld E'~"" in c/'k r'~f!~~ lk ~TmrpN. CQ


o~ u",m,,,u,: d~
fl.u ul "",j oo<p"'"

'etlW' 'e,is '111 eri r"", .perii in numd.: /)(;mn~l",


"""Iru
H""", ,d .~ IrlJn>lneu,~ '~"'NO,1
,"",i.' [)m ~ I('i,.,.~ IIm in><iial ,ii "" i,i''''''<"<I'''

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m<>-

,1a1"'I' .le pl.(rllC $i ' ... asmit.,< ,C>'dali,i 'urran.lunok. dor a :nSll'" .,urn un itjl" dmlre
Trod:I'~ , ... 11 i' C~flok ,n'p:"'lc " can"nic, ~k
Noolu, I'estlmcn in cate a l,,.l,,,,rid r[lOJili.
, ... LI .i Uft. unpr""n! <u c!r1:k V<dJiulu: r ,-.to.
",om. formelll R,I>I:. =tlioJ.. !&<licl L>JIn>O (u,
"""uh (lCI1'N ""'wn\l f: p<"1r'U ""II. Mare;""
rnp,n,~ cU1'lo \'""h:ulw r......... ol$i 101 ""
,forl: la ",,,,,Ia in "' ...... "" ..... pm: ... 101 coca
"" ~ ..... ~ ......Isa Iu, T'a,d". A fi""
"":.",,un~' in ...w l~~
Re,dal" w"nl ..,. insi. muh mai larp
Sronl.ll <;a,l'luri ..'" (o
'''"I''",U Re, c
Ia\l<~. dor nu R,.,.oll:\>l~' c. ,; T....p... Seri,..
'"'" nu c.le "" f<IIp in WIr Cu,ml<k <i ...... ,.~
Itw.: C;\ln: "~po.1 :.ala .1.... ' Iu, Dum""' ...... c. Ia
Ci"""",,n>!. U,bl .. li. o """,,:UI< obicch". li
iod m,m.:na Cu>lmului lui Dumn<,,,,,. ,iab:1i

miRul,.

r._".V"

flfI, "-'.'

"R'A

gra1,e Uuhulu, Sf:in'. "um . i .,une; c"d e re ,"unu,mli i <;I;,l de 8i",riea cr<i!iul, Ciire .. ,
"I"rtinc ( !"('I cum Tai .. l. a" .u!or,to!. numai
,ind ,""I eelebrat. & comun,!.!<)_

,\. Biblia

crC')ti n ~

Vecb iu l T ta me H!
4. Bibli. lUI li,", IIm!." ti AI""lolilor a
fon Bibli. lui lstad c..... cuprmtlc. LC~"lL T'mf"jii
i alte c1r\L ca l'",lmi,. A.oc,t. ",k ca"onul <mic
p;lstrol de
,LI<.laitii din roblin.>. Ai=;ca
rrobat diferit. n(lJe, l",-ak <an:.u 'q in"l fte
un
fie unul !nodiu. plinli . _a .jun.
1. Iln e,"oo cOOIpl.1. [vwi din Akx""dria ,i <1i ..__
I'n" "u .ccoptat traduc,,,,. gre ....: V,,,hiului

,,,"'&(}S.

' ' 011 ,.du,.

.. ,-

T",la meni oumil~ SrpIU '~" I' . n<re ~urrimk, n


.Iim\ 'k ea'lile din canonul .1>1111<. d'1' oumik
. n. ~ i n ",k .. men . l"lo< it. i" cultul

bi,,,,,,",,,,.

Cele ma, muJt.o ci .. ,,, d in Ve<hiul i din 1'1001 In.


""'<1l1 (JSO) .unl din .vp',,~gilUa . din c.re se Cl1<07..1 in: Mat"u. Lll<a,l'dru.l""m'_ hro;. C.tl(>.
oul o<1U.1 al V.du"lui [<,lam.."l. n,c'Un<>SaJL de
Si",.!" 1 ,lin 1c,,,,,litn (1672). in ".nunul IX. ~u .
pnruk J" de carti canooic~ ~i 10 Cilfl' bu". <1<
ri!!~ (nwm l.' de cal"lici de"tm~,"'()";C~, iar de
pro1<,t.u\i upt><rif~) : ludi._: I ""Ira; 1, n, J1T Ma,"Ni: Tobit; Ldez",.tuL 1I,!dq",i""e. lui s..,1",
",,"'; Raroh: Scriwar lu, k"~,,,. _
~ . Cu!ilo c,nonicc se ,",po,t In ",.i multe
c>t<g,,"i :
r .matcuhul (edc ,'inci crji - .le lui Moi",),
fur" ,au L~l!.e" cuprinde i,w,ia evre'ilo, de la
,\"fum pn t. m""rt lu, ),1,>,,,.,_adica p,:ri,,,,~.
2!"JOO - 1200 i,lIr. lIe.st ....",1; Facerea (,'e,,~=a
li,lt .. i. c"-'>Iici Turn,i, i,tori. lui Ad,m~, b'n
.".,.," p;olri.mil, .. : tI""",rn, lsa . 10.0'- (bra~I),
,ez.re. ,oi", 12 f,i a, lui tlv ... m in ESipl (in
u"'p111 lu, jo,il); le,irea Emd,,/ (dihc",reo di"
robi. cglpl"ul",. la ,ore """ii au [",t 'Upllj; du('l
","'<1<' lui 10,if, re.... I.1id """,dui lui I.h, c: "Fu
",n' Ce l C< ,unf' 13, 14 ~ ewJul \' dll\c.-i. i,
",<lil;I", rri" dqe". darea eelol' zeee l',,",nu
(Decalngll/lui Moi",) p< Mu"!ck Sin,j .,lXortmul
,-<>rh<a cu Moi ...
d'", fat, cum "' ~e>rIlj un
Ofn cu pric!cnul du" (_13, II), f">1Ii",'/(c"p'md<
logul! p"',nJ oi;ciik rilu.le!i ,-,ccrdotal. '01'dus< d< ce, dm tfihul lui Lni); .\'um~r~l" (re -

Nou l T.,u me n!

,
(Iinl~

, :; in

1.\.

1,
,

ro

'M.",," bE TEOLOGIE ,"-",,, ," "",\ '"

I Co.-.

I~,

3-4) o"Donul ",,,ului T .. lu,elll S.u


p,astrat m. i mnlle li,le ak <lirJl", blb~". Li,l.
ci'(il<or canOn,e'. n numii, de 27. ' _M nch~,.t
doft/1,liv in ",wlul IV. A(~st. <ll)i ,unt menji,,
n.te. in u,dt/1e dlferit!. ill<q>nd cu Canonul opo<talie 85. I~n,",i, ,1< Ckn""tI1 Rom.nul. Apoi, ,1<'
Alan ic al Alex3l1drici , in s<'"Ti" ..",. (""""icI
39 din 367. ,le <.:b,ril al kru,.limulu i It 386). <le
,ino .. l<1< j",,"le din L.oo'ccI 0(0) _ clnMul6il.
d,n Rom' 13~2). din IlIpo<t/1e (393), <lm C>J1lIgin.a
(41~) _
ul
~i ,k Ioan Dam.sd't/1 (Mt1753) in Dogmatica IIV. ,\VlI). "n<le incluJc ~i
C",w,mde apostol'e<! ,eri,," <le Clement.
I~. r.rlc. pru,dpall Noului l.eg1mnt o
con,timi. c<le f"'lru h.nghdll.
1.",.,,""e1lil< sun' ,.memo,i il< Apo.tolllor-,
.,A",,,n!i;. i" """,,"orill. 1",. "~ s~ ,,,,n,,,<c Em11
ghd,," (lustin ..I/",I"-~ia 1, M, ll. AutQf itOle.
unic. a t:"lffigl,diiIOf vine din a<t"e. d lIis",;
r,ima'. "",,,iluind co""",,,1 N""h" Te,l . menl.
le_a elal vi'l' in predic. in ""'~<" in cultul.i
puhlic Ea. ,..:u""",,"t c.I [)Uhul SHint "re Cel
C.,<;-I in,pIT" 1'" e, .,,~h.l!st si ,cri< . memori,k
dr'--"'toliee. Ii tol !)uhul ilumioc .<J ex.g.tul in in_
LCI'f'I"I",~a me ..jullll bil>li< (d'o Il C"r 4.6),
hanghdiik nu >unt se"., i hi"gra li,'C <10."1",.
na lui li,u. JID N... at,t S<ri 'k ucmicii
lu, IlSu . dupa In,ie,". acqlla dau "'~rtll,ic ci
T""" dU! N.,,,,<I !< M"i, lui ])umll<Z<u .'
),fiinwil"ruIIWlUl. LI< s-au ",ri, in par"'a. 00... a
p<im\llu, '.""~, n limb" ~<.c . P"mdo trei han
gh<:~i se nu n",s< .in"l"i"'. <lo()"re<~ sunt "mila
c. l<..m. " u "ruelur.!, ",'anJ ,"""'-Iuru int,e cl~,
<lc,1"" "",'Ilim<ol.te p<i""ip.k 11"Ie/ul lui lI.us
do c1Jrc T,,,,,,. pn:dic. in ( .. W.,a. m~rt"ri.i,c. ca
pital. a Apostol ilor el li,,,,, ~ ...< Mesi. lu, t>u ,-,(oc
/"u (Ml. 16. IJ -20~ Sch,mbarea la roli. ""u" ......
I'a,imih. Pat,k coodamOlarea. Moanca, R.,li!>",_
,oa. nV'Cfe . iml\= . Lde P"~1I Ev.nghclii .unt;
l)lIpJ \1 0-1 _ ""ul din C~i o....ispreZ .
""i, h",,~bdi . sa. probabil n oramaKIi. IImb>
''Ofhit ii ,k lI>u>. p<"t", <r~lli"ii prm-"m!, din
,ude,. do
oi",,,. f",,,,'Olll din Ve<h'ul Te<tamenll"'nlru ~ onlt. c~ Fiul lui DWIUI<"zeu est.
Me,i. C.", v. aduce jmp~f:it i . lui Dumn~,"u,
l'nl. lrticularc: ge"".log .. lUI IlSu, de 1.
\ un", la Mari . Pre,li< .-IL' r< mllll'dt:ap ~-1).
,arc inolu,1e h"t"iril< ; rat'" ,~,,'ru, trimij'Teo
ApostoliI"", .. V~rg"!', i"wj"'l' '<J<lk

c.oo.. n

p",,,,..

"r<'

.';<"

,..,,,,,,,,rile.

bol"=~ndu-I~

in "u"ld~ la"",,i
Sfo,,',d,Ii [)o,/I",28. I ~~

j 'i ,,{

",,,,,,.,,0
Fi"I,,1 fi al

l)upJ Mucu . <are nu r.cc 1'""" dm grupul


Ap<",'oill"r. dar reJa c. c<. primii din ""dit;'"
SI"'lului PC\ru.
apare e. Sf;ntul lui Dwn
no,oo, Fiul Omului ruligbil (1 4, 21),
Dupl tu .. , Loc. nu ~ din Ce, Uoisproz=.
da' e uce",e a<o<,al cu Ap"'I"lull'.vd. Luc.
,daLe O/1 JuI' martori ocul.,i i dup! trad>!ll
Mariei. "'"",""t. cu .m~num< de<jlIT N0i"''''.~'
.-Ie"!"t" note/.u.! IUl llSu,. u-.nS<fie panhnklc eekbrc' ,"mc.;ul ' r.,-;",u!. fiul pl.t i in',," a<a<;l,
LaZi, i \log.tul, n.ar~",. de,pr~ e;!IJlon. cel",
Joi uc~n;oi. dupl Tnvien" lui h,uo, pe clrumul
>prt Lnl.u"
I)upi lo"n, A[X'St'" numi, T'~~"gu!. <leoore<e
II identitici pe h .... cu a,,'nlu l lui DUmf>t"A'U {i"
Pr"I"gul h.n~hd;'i\ i i cu "E" "",,", c.,~ e,le
numdo lui lah' ". Cltir N""lu i Testamenl in Ih
<e,id 'lK'el'" cU .""..U Lnngbelie' IItu'ghia din
noap'e. (li; P.~ti. I",n ,U pe larg mnde" minunikkap. 2.11). m....l. cuv;\nt\ri .Ie lui li",.
111-22\, ind"-,i" 1""ai1nu-a ele'PfC [)uhul SEini.
c. ('mtc din ,~":l,,n. <Ie,pl" Treime,
1L C ekblL< ci'ji .k :-'oului . . t,mcft' ,uni'
ep i,,"'ek Ap"""lulw I'ovd ci !r< R(>mani, T i IT
Lorin'en i. Gol.leni. Lfc,",tu. Fill peni, C"I(;oni. I
i TI 7",. ),>(],,<n'. IIi li T,mo!<i, Tii. Filim"n .
Ap"i. ['pisl,'I. ctre EHei. Fri'jol. lui Iacov, I
.) i "
L " l' JJl Ioan. Fpi<l"I. lui Jud.,
Ap"c.li p"" .
12. hpt"k ,\po"oli loT j<e ci lot" in ni"',i,,,:
,II: 1. Pot" la Ru,ahil C.n,. <eri,ii de Loc. m
dU<k i,luri" Ui",,,cii ele la incerut. du['llnli"re.
lui Ii,u, IIri,t"", al.geeoa lui ~bli. n I,ocul lui
lud!, l")~,)[in,. Lrohulu i Sfint. in , iu. Cin"i,,,_
"imii. "u' .. ,Iare. lui Polru, m<tituiITa c"muniti\, i Cf<$lllI< III iurul a l'fU in,ti lujii, lk .-trina Ar'--"'tolil" comuniunea. lmng<rc. paiIlii~, rug!clU""a
(",42), m.ni,iul!ui tefon . legere. d.. ,,,",,lor.
<on' <f1i,... lUL S.ul n Pa'd. t"(.""TIir~. pliglDi1"... djlal,,,-iile m; ,ionar" (Paul ji llam.'" 1, ,,,>udul
lli.'e"Ticii din leru"lim, inr. injlln.:a wmUIl,1l1i1<>t
""'lt",< $' conduoe,ii ,ee<l",," in diknlc c",'~
~",<elh, Cia'Ofi. lui P",'d la Ro",. (2~. JI})
U. Ap-o<.lip ...." Revela!i . ,cn<, <1< 1.;\..,~hcli,tul Ioan, Carte. 0_
' f",! inlrodusi u~or in
"_"', <le IIC:O, pllI a7i. nu citc~" n IIi"-TK .
E. ''''''1''' ,'u cel<: ""'~~ ""i",," cJ"~ ~'" lli...ri"i
<~n "',i . C.""" ,"<1< plin.! <le si",roIuri, <le vVlUni

li'"'

r,,,,,,

..... _

.... M'" OII""

" "" """'p>nolU CU CliDCICf opocalIplo<. C,~lc ~

n""",rek nU "'" li "l""ldcnufta.l.: cu ~aht1~k


,,,,..ne.:
{Numind 6(i6 fJOo"C SlI j............ Ihhilun,

,,",h<~uI imonhl.il!i; (Il. 18); .. umirul 7 ln~anIDli


d"l.hnilalca; awnirul 144 000 (12 1""""1 12
"f"""OIi) .Sl~ ",.. h\a'"" 10< ...... Lu'~, Aponhp... I<>sl o lIIin: ..... <le ruakLtl,,,. do: _
l" "'"
.,mbolun I"'mru mllul" l,\ul)1hia OO'IWi>h. In
ieooografi. , ... ~~I()"'. cdc p:olru f'inlC ,'u i, ITpr~_
~,,,,I pt ee, 1*\n1 bllllghcl'J'i: I.,d - l>1""u. v>\Clul - LIK1 , ... ul - Ma~~ ,,,hurui - IONa (.0.1'''''
4 ,7; El"" 1. 10).
14. 1'""""""" ii f~""'II,:'-oa Fhbll<" <n"fb"".
pnn odlu~.n:~ Noului l'c"amcnl 1. Ihbha lui
1..... 1.
WluI dlU .. "',,, ,mportarl'" ":le ale
I"luhulu, Stlnlln isra" .. U........"i. C>nOnIlI Sronle,
s.:tl{Mlln 01<: (1 hui.",A I 1I,...:ncii. T.f<lpan'i.
(II TI1I\, l, III) _ In"!""'I'" in"-"""",, '" {)umncA"

'"

"!,,

V{MI Ci ,,,,,,1.\,. d. ti. ,cd."',,')l& 1'. !'lUI ak>.~ ..


Dubul Sf".m. pnn a<~f1 tU,)''''' ri", 1-1 de. m.i.-
,une desJn ... tk\ 1, Ce. ""'I""'!i, I'n:>fClll, AI""'"

101".finl" _ ,'",n,....,., ,"r.,hbd "" Oumncleu .'


do:

l1li.,"', cu f 1. 1...<'1!"\" au",ntt<i ,""loci care "u

K~i "'1"'''.''ll. ""dallO'


a.:~<. ~
bibh,,

."'0<,1,,..

Il' Ln;p"'I,ci <1


"'c...u. fL'" r"""li.

,.i

Pir'"j'lur 1I,,,,,,"ci <an> " ,,~ ..


in oi
....,..x.lc ...... """II;,:~.
1~ Ut",,",~ '" f~1< tk A,bI .. ip ","k ti,.-
m<k ei (\o "'Il' ilaI<, dar.
al..... 10 1.I1urah",. la
Slinl<le TI,oe .1 in <uh 1),:
ea i, ;0'
<l<amol JI< 1"001; fi 1'" <...,tone"", .. 0.1<... "",. si
a:oo:dIloLC:. oi "'I<rp.-dc'" cu ... n~k: Stin",' Saip1\11. Lllil.i., III 1'001 'I'C>, ......"II~ 1"'SlIJ<' wonpkx<.
u,mIC .. liIreu <k ;nlo1o,", xlo.u
"""le nepOtrIViri .;tkntalc. O., Bi"c. o. in
d t.:1u",bo.: 1e",,1 Sr:nplwi; .. u d folf"j<:L<:
"'1<"'''''] ","v"'I<Ioo-.,~ IL:-a piura,..., cum IU fOiI

ti,.,

a<m,,""'''.

""fK<"C""' .

...""'i.

uneon. cu "'... r"'i .....


100-. Ot r.kU. n."" "n,ul\m", <k nUl"" ~, tk tith,,; ce ,.,," .,ri"";, !lIi li,", I Iri."" [hS<;ri,. k_.
piI'UaI i ' le f"I,,,,qk pot ,W", ........ pr.l.ltk."',,;
tnmrDL"". CII ... ' ....... 'WcI ".
~

m","" '",I~ bobli<c. A.wnu lHl ..... pron...... ' ia


11" .... m<>d ~[ (tk j'lildl.
"lck CR.lII=).

do"",

"eli,

8. Trwtlit1a

Can; ""

Ou au'onlO1 ..

16. So.ol" a1 ... .:auI'" ",,,,,,ni pt <"'" k-a Ilcuc

h, ... """nlOI 11< .... "',1".. St, J' can: rut .un' """,..
Ln ClIma ""cII" \1", 2U. J()). dar "'D'" . lte multe

"

~oltall

16. Il : lin 2.10. 21\, o harumt ..m\>ll ",1t"",.1


..Jeo,lnIlu . "'R"U' ndrllu",_
1 . Aul"""t" .. ca Tndll'e... I~ de <CI ma,
wan: omp:1fWl11. de K t a crN.b",k: f' rnt"c,1t
h~ql' bflI\Ioe: d rle........., dis<~mltl1ltuulu'
h.aI, ..... III;.1 in'",,,, B....nci, oc:r.rh,c 1,lIoe:. In
",n.~n.u ,,",,"IU). Jk\ ia/Il1o ,i OrM
,laic. C!",,,Ie. poI.trase. pnn 'p.:<ul'1 111 0 101 in
Ld""I"'Ic, dar lI,"". o... Li,.. l t-imj> h~r OJ'UU!
1", ti l(lck", "",,,,,,,,,Ii.bole cu ,~Ionlt el.""" alo
h anphc, " <u doIm<k lOnnulatc In "IOd .""'.
c,Ii...-. [x'lll"",,",,, di,",.ilate de U1l<"tfnliln.
.101 111- .......... h~ ciI fi in TrodI\>C_ dor "CUII . .
.'l..eni lII"UI<~ Trad'LlC' ..... lolI<c li.""","
In>'a\lr .... 'inlnk COII\>mI'" exploc'l in Re.el'lll
,b'"UI.I.. pruI UUP""IL" l>uJwlu, SIlm. "" ooun""

(1 Lor . 6; II COl I J. I lI; "H"",llN<oo


~~&.i
JISJD I/',"n . d"'<;<J!fk-a IJ., o..-..
Zftt fi n
n~ S{m.nJut lJd .iifk "" "" W/'
.t",iIr' I'n ar1KOi "'" ("""nli pooI'~ fi .......... 4~ in
mod parto<ular- .. f'J,J , ... pa la ,,,j ..drt~, ... 1

_1'"

v.. ..._

nl/lW>nt~ o.,..,n ..{ f' ~ in ...... ta erai cii


11(>:... , L a in,"" dI~ ...... /, I~ "'" ",Jntui" (Rom
10, '1; TCor IS. lS~, Se cu"'"" imnuri liru'l!lcc.

"""In

tintal. de 00111"",111,1. crc~~"c <ln",!!cc (<':'-'1 1.

I S.20; filip. 2, SII).


21. In
oIc 'ACO",,' , roatlDWII ":CIL'_
Il 1D<l<>dI. ..... ,.1(1. In q1hri cu cul'ul (Crezul
Af'OOIOIic) ,. cu 1MInIIn:. candidailor la 1JuI<; In

li,,,,,,,,.

...:oIIIl V. II,,,,,,,,, roti JIC'V\)I!i <li ~ """"


do""" 1111.... di,'illli Ilu, 1..... IIn.101. despre <orc un" ........,... ci este" "'hat ..._
.Iii CI !<mi: c<;k:lllk: flptun. Un ,.jno<! de "I"SOOJII
,lin IO<IIiI lIi>cn<1 l,..,kum.n~). eoo'uul Ik' lm_
plnrul CUII;l;anhn (c .... ,.. ronWfiJll. Cf"l',"'lm
inam ic de m",,"c _ JJ7. fi ind ,,""vin.cl. flri ru
1<<<' A~,io". DU rute. '" llrg "'J lmpcnul R...
"""'. CU cor''''''' 1. ( -00".0111101'01). '-1 n:""11 1.
1'-'<""0. in 1H. l' fOfmul~' rrim. p"n. " Cse
;ului_ O .lti <"Li .-1 ".1( cu J'If'~It. 1. n'lu'"
d"'nj .lJouhulu, .. ranI. <k oceea 1111 olt "nod <:al.
meru<. cUII.nc,,1 <k Implta,ul Tct><l"", '" ("OII'
'laDl"'''p..l. In 3'1 .... ''OWj~<bI Cn:rol
Pnn tImIIIc. C~.ul """ ~mbolul ti< <rcd; nri
OC1\I;Il a ro.t ""'OI",l<'" rnmelt doI.i "",,.& ""'.
<n~nic< (k nUme'"
Jw,o'C<.~ an lua! .,.r,~
c!"""Of'I difl ,,!<>all lun.ca" o<l-um""~l:

""''''''.<IX

COl . . . O ~ kplur, CU aua.llI.


,,'~ 01 /)ou."",.,"Uctl.'icnjlt"" ~.Ic <4MJ
.1. D." ... ,....... ' l' """'''' ..uo.u s~m~, Jo""" .,,;
"~<"'!II ~~. "" in ~/, n><XI, CI <qa ",,MI Rluflca ,,.,Mrlliaas,,i a ""<I'P"elar-o $1 a ,..-"1,,,..,
fJ, ac"a ,'ml~m ,~ fi ~,rturla
.Ob<J,
,""~/I "" '''/11,,=6 ">1>11""/11 Jn:. ... ut:ntJ".. ~_

fi""""

., po.""6 f)Ub/l"'.~"I>,-a :>rr.p< ...~. FIU''''-';,

,,,,uI

fi tlalal' "". SI,,", ~IU 11",,,,,,1 ~"'''"J,,,,,,,,.


, ,'~ ",-~I"li ,"'''' ..; M ",-","Iti ... J.:up<~m.., II d.'

"""'"",<'fi"..

iJI", &npt1U\i fi '" ('''" &.wr,a


-Ipo<. ~t~
unu om. .am...J R"""'/ J,."u
","m"" .,<t, .<1 v~,~I1t-<,i _<Ii Qm';~,,,>,<,; l' ... fi~
"m,;;:". f"! c,,"d Rlu,iN ",00r~iaru~4. r'''9

f/T""-,,,

'!.,

Q ,,,,,I"'j/ "" '''''''''~I~''~ la ,""9, ci


,1", D"/,,,/ 1111 l)""",e: "u (, aN! ~, "" ilmi/,iI "" i/
i",/vi;I.J/q,. "~Ii"'mlp< ~i ill ,,,,c/) , ~,,. i",I~<Jb,/~
." ,,~p,,",,/J ,d K'<7'Q.,J. ni,, ~,,~ /()/ tU amJ
,.-u><J. lIici "dfi' Qmol~il". . B"'''''~a "'" Q".
"'mr<!a "" "",.,n".:#Ia1<t !X-npwnJ. n,...",u",J l'

"",,,,101,;"

',,,dNM<t

",<1''''.

325 ,i C ""IlO ut!l>Ilf>!~ _ 3A 1. C "'71,1 d io 1~ 1 1".",


in gn:c<le, in le"tl<:"" tl! ",ofki ai 'w'",,!u,) arc n
\'Iaz;! bibli," pn"iI,,<U. cuprlllodr "".(liILll'O <T<1!'n.I

'.

<le."", [)umll<7(U _ sam~ T,.."nc.


rol!>i11011
in <"1111 ~ ifl ~althw." <le tUoOlC Ri""icil. crql""'.
....'" ce i oferi" luk .. bllC ecumemcIi S(le<.aLi_ In
cen1ruILn:LUlu; sili doetllflll oIc>ftt li.... II",,,,,

Q,.inJ <IC~<q' ",,'orlltll~" (I'.uwbul

"ii",,,,,,,,,,,"~ Cffdj"lii . .. cepl>lli.ro


din le...... l,m. 1612. I:ltu.:tullJ)
2. "iii III \h"oJ T<">Wn<nlld Oc,", 6. 4)
,jJCIJI/~ I"",,/~ Domnul """''''', ..../ ~"'ilm ~~u
'ngun,/ cx,.,.n" Il<f 1<. 1-18: Liniar,," lu' MOI
"-',. dl l' In Noull ..n"',-,nt, n,dola hlblld o
r",1 up,lmlll In .' C",tt Hlic"l~ d. c'edll'l
,""ln trt~url U"" lri..-, folos<,te o ""1I'I'i .n,
lnoLI< r.. 'fII Hrn/unol. fiul lui DlJm ...."'" Cdi
.j~' (\11 1b. 161; "o"",ndl b'm ,i v.,m,,~:.~1
,...,'110. 20, 1~! .. h .... Hrnlus
Rnm_ 1. 4). A!oe-on, mM1un,,,,,,,, c<1c: ma. dt~

;)OO;!.i,

"" o funII cu TatJl. Mintw.'<)rul ~ mitlluirea a..


",,:nilor. ereZII! "'" hI NI<ca1 r"'l tr.i<lu> in III
.. rica.pu:o<:anl. In 35S,
H. C'""nl dIn lSl dt\'rnJ\ m;inu,;,i",. de
cru.lm!-l ""bI,d l' """-'n'el OUt""" c!'efl""l ....
<le . cee. nu ' _1 .<1"", nici .I''''''tta '"U p""rroza.e. lexlulu,. n,d lnl<xu~a "'-'~_,luia Cu .11 "el
AIt,n"ca 'IIIu SU51rogcn:O unu, "" ;col d,n C..,;
.trag~ WIb<'\:lnJc " . ve pentru >part.:",,, ... la fi,
....-.c. ""' ........ U tnlJl\Inn:~ 'l".ropik1< din q>OI'
ct>prOl. ~"~Iudrern pm>llior d,n cler, eJlromllb,ea

~1OOdu1

v-on,,/ """",.

"

"M. 'KOr. OI.. !Os ORI<

C~

<rclini'

unitatea hturgia Sin . J.


6.
pc"
.
s.;;:~-<io <11;, .'le o lndl~" pnm",th. l.
nu nwn<U
p<in",e BOIe/UIUI, a ;onirii plcald,,.- (S",,,,M.mal si Jmplr1j a nici, ci , i I"'nIru candid_Iulia eri_'''''!",l, "ar" l<obIli. <li ded",~
",lemn. cu Eva"~hc li . ,k",hi" : ~.u cTed ___ " (i~

~~~,

Ca~.
.

.....

M.r\UJj,ir~.

,.

"",,!ni

ung""'.!, 381, .. Noi e <k,u .. ,").


B . Una tiin ."""k ,.;n c~l. mal ,mpol1.me
ale """!tme, ,ulen,; "e!,"" " ",,,,.. iIUlc t<x_
1. li'uF):i<~ }i dr! i'" d < <uU. in i;ene !. o. 1.
,..:eput. comun i,"!c, crqLmi ,a aduna' j>L"Jllru
Liturghie (ad,c" fUSk"J.llc:fJ

_<Jiw,., comun). in

"'Ojlul ,re . -1 .du<c m"llumire (In g"',:,-~", <~ .


hori,lia) 1Il' Dumnezeu ""ni'" bit><f"""rik Sale
citro popor_ "I~m.ol ",,"",\li c"mun,tale pute. fi
U,-,<"r1c

(n grec""I< kkl ..i.). '\'cc.<I cult


cr<li" .... in_pir., d;" V <ch,ul resumen!, in c.,~
c~,, ! . un cult oficial ce '" tcn la Templu l din
kru'ahm, ",~mjl L<~u Jn"'",ce. Iudei; se adunau
in ,I,,~~o~; (e"-,,, ,le rulr.lc<und
.'udtul bo_
hlic,
""lll'; ~i ",mru 1,,,,Ie. 1I",,!'i . pr"dj_
eau rug<.,Wl'-' robl",l,
J'Cl>"u;l....ual<
,i srM. l<>rjk. nup.l C i nei"ccjrn~. j)i",n,. ,,~~ .
'mJ.
din
cuiI.
ale, rug'ciumk
nurnilli

"""Iru

'"1"'"', .c<"

<1< !.u<ll. ,,',,<a U,bh.,

"""Iru
""1'<"'''"

~j'

rn.j

Psalm il"" ro'pIa'"

M" lu i l i lur~i<, IIM a "".imllal 'lrutl",," lu, d< Ila


,.1, ~llf, T"uPl,hll ~j S;ingdUl lu, Hri,>< inlocuiqlc , ... , i1;",,1< tk onim.l. de la lomplu, Duminica, 7 iua noml",l "i. inl,",,,"q1" ""b;otul iw.J..ic .
;'",MI. f'atek imc.mn1 "dd... rca lllOr\ii ,;
invient lu, I ~"lo>, .... Cmeilccimc., <o\,MlOllre.
f}uhului SEinI. A,Ud. Bi""Ti<:-. "lun. ()r~ anL'.1
P"'1"i,,1 ci oolt, w IUg:ic'U1Ii ~i cu rill... hai p">prii.
cum Of fi ,lujba T. illdOf, In loal. ""e.le.: "'g;\ciunI, ,mnuri . b",...""u""'l"", .luJ"" ~, rilUliJuri.
'Iirt>.\.,Of' i I'n<lun, R iOri ca a r"""un,,,,,,ul Ribl i. i
I'rod!IlJ., u.dftdu-Ie, a'lf.L in experi""I' vi<: ~i
",,,,,,"cli a cwlinci", I< .., und" ' ... u pO>lr.Jl inlaC"',
~ <l<f",,,"'''. Fie ,,,,, .. ituie 1flCfl>I'ri. vie 1; r,,;lcU
a b'anl'-hd,~, ,i " '1 mlljtel AjX>StOOl"",
24. Alte i",,,re ale Tr..Jijic-; """ n, ""lI.ril.
Pori " ,;I'" 1; . Ie Srrii.orik>r b;.. rie~'~.I<' .1 ....
logq ilur, . I~ ",.rHrilor , .I~ <ollr.... r llo r II .It
din, il"". k I<,,(,,\: ilo< <. n' ou akilu;l M ii rtu_
, iri d~ <r~d i u,~ li C'I~b ;,m~, O<:CCp!JI< pc plan
local '"'u ",!!"o""l . I'nnl" ar"'l"hci au Iran"-<n"
in mod li<iei llid.h i. ,\ p", "'l i~J< . Parin!,i ,i """i~1l1J bt""'C<111 ou oIat"nl i au tk"'ultat doctrllla

G,igOfie I
(1.111.13%),.
mai ak,.
pab;le pe
, \ i.

,,
"

prqul .... ""'m p<nuu o~n\ll k.. Don ,;lndIIl d


IUlIlnk", UmiWOIori.
<k "U""'. dooI'I<w""II. j,haFi; din lindul """"",klr: ""'W'
"1<,11. SRn\ilor """~n .""mpl~ lulenllC< <k
en...J.n\.i~' ,le fl'C'ale orelunl
"d,,,~ si
fie deU.'Cb'IC ,le t <R.ndel. In"IUII' . "'-TU:ri"1'O'

ro .Ie cuno:l'!'m,. ck, au .~,.U OJIO"~' iDile II,


bbe .. T.mili< RoN,HI.tl'.-..Ji\JIII<'nd-: T 00\11
tSk l.Iib1l1lri& .. in II,....-.el. ItIthiI $1 ~ Oubulu, Noul T e<"'"en' '1 ani In BtS<fIcl i' "''''.
,lIlu,e ,n,,,,,, Tf1ldi'fl, L
Cred",!C,
Aposklli,,,, ok t iin; Biuric' in Duhul Sfint. idIOt
p'!~.~, <xphc=. ~.."u!u, Siin'.' s..-npturi

Ilcli"",

"1<:,.

""'' f'W"<'

:>''''

ife.,

a",,,~I LpI'.

26. In arari ilo: .,.,,""', In pw:lal~' e'''''lJIUl..c,n;uLl" credJn\~. """"' ... ,. mm .. lo~ .......
boIun. cvc nil oporf1n Sfialo, 10011' '" c..., n... u
nlo.-f ~ PmlRl R,,,,,,,"" OItodod. ouI<n-

18. Traol'l"'-':'" c:aroc1ef dmam..:" ,,,,,,111<,,


ec .. unui .......... fodtl,u,.. ~ pmNoo:a.
li rou,;oU <II di.-as'1MeI """",,,ri. loIood, rort
"",ru.oll. J)t !"kli. R''''-""<Ik Iocalt MI . '...... r.....'"

mii,

tK1~

llrI li ro. """"'1<. d", cau_


a aee."1O, cr<tl SiU II<'C'.,~ In ~x~gu.
,ici k .m " "'"'" ,-.r""~lt (I ~xfR,i" <X'nC(f'\t l'
''1',nll I'''''m . o'I'"~ LI " d c"",ulli.. Adc"iru!
1.\O"Mhclici n di"erk n",~" fol<vofice. 111""\11
mh",.k. "'CCI'C~ au fo>'-,""'<pt.,.- In
nUw-a \ro , _ DtI .... , <uhui..... adi ... """""fii'
"bol.: <u F,."'h....' A~ """k <II .I,~k. Tenuh ....
(C"""Q .""",11"",. 1'11 IIj .... u: el c..... ''''''''101
hm de

Trodtl'ft""" <10: 0L:1I mo, ....... mpoNn\i.


...., .... ""..... "'1< cmJiate " pnocue, "rl!.,,~
f",

"

'"I"l'<' dilil:,mOm;Inllllui bose,ledC. Ik """""""'.

'"""tI,

in da:\lt1u l
d.1 li, M olll,,.,ie...lf i' "
,",,,,,un;'"le ooeiok1:..:' ...... ",'Il ,; c~;ar
~n
pus <10:.....1" '" ,..,Iri 1Io<'''..a!f C'lft '"' or-\m ""101'1 100- f1~ ale h""phc,. Erw,1t pol (""",n.
rnn """,.. I'I,ilo lor
I0...... R,...nc. IHI
lisil' dlnl' bbo.T opiniIlor" le/'lor If<"COO<d~1t
c-u
du[o:bek """,ulaI< In mod ........
L,1 .... "IN /f U ti,~.. p.d.... , al.""'1>'''''',
I"" i~,~I~p ...." a'~,~1f Q ,,,,., p"L~I" ~'u '" "OI
dqfi"'~'ZI ,""" Ud'. sem, '" .1 nI< rq;; 0"'''''1'
,<"ii /<OI. m,lI mIII, d~, Sji" ... $a,P""' " (1 ..,.
I'u"n..:ul. C ~'''',',,/ VI. 6.. ,I"".ho" Xli. P 57),
17. t:~hd .. uni d. fo nd III'rt din . ..
r......... d... ~'d.lir : ... I.~ . t n.I~" d d lt.

,".u

h."""Ioo" CU

aq'il\S"" auI.! WI crqlln ..... .,oie """ pl;r,oo,c


'"''' <1,.1.:;,.. ;,;. in .r.oi <It L'"'S"d,c. b ... ln,. estc
" ..,~unc 'nI.,,,,, l Duhulu, S'..,I, C.n; ..~"'.
<lu.,-.: I.~" """v) rul (In, lb. I~~ in corx.~'ul
f.... ~ u(I<n."\lI h.nlll><l"ruluo: ""'dal"', 10'1" _

~'I"',

""ttJllI~r

."",<
.. <'SI< UII imc. prct ,mri",' ,i d
de

, ~;,.I.

"".,,,,,,tari.

,lin."."J

d~

1:1,,,,,,,;

C".-..I"" Jlia ~ti ~u a,~ n.eI O tiM,m""", '"'''"''''' l' ....'ol,'""" In""",,,r

,." 1"'-"""/" UNIII/'i. "'" I'i~, adie. Iompnlf! ~d


D<m'nI.1 a '1"'$ ,~jJ~ "n"!I~'f! """nou,li" fl'" .Ii
tI" fi~ vbljgal~ Iti JI~)'''''a d"'~faro a "Tii. pQ~d
... n~ ,a arizla' !"in dae.."m ... 'ai~ .. ,/,,'u/"i
Sd...... ,.""~ Ab,a """'''" 1... l<HI.,n~. pnn ""'.
boltiI ptin=6""; . rd Ioond DoJouhn Sfonl'" ti" l'
,."""",.,Ior. ca fi "", ~"""" P"~ ...-.dtn{IJ l' d,~'1
'" II,."",,, IIU n,~ dNU"''''' in"" lud,,, JI "Itn
/J;" ~ .. , AfH!.<lMif tii" 1...""1",, nQ~ 1"'" ,I~
aa",,~ l><
<f" dro.,,hil tI~ ti. P<ltd a

aM""""

.tl..".. "" ad~

d"" d," F";wa,-u. """ro", d. 1""".

A_"",k}r,tk "~cu,,.., .......

_n ... ,i
,~"',.., ",Ir."
/8

'<>luli. n ;,I<OIi..,. ilo: <111'\1"<1\ li eloi...- li<


,"><mI In,I\' N""I 'f c,.1lImrn1 l' TraJJ~' a"""I.~id
Am i"~I", cII ,,,, "J'u..- pion, d~ ~nrJ ,il ",-"" .
u/ ."""". Col,... ~
n'~ .dur -..mullur
;)a .,J dupd ''''P'. dar fiu ..II", [)u1NJOC~ d""';
" ..~,., l' p'''~"'' lui n-ota~u,

.Iu.",....

2'. ApOoIul _ hOllp..:h!1 _ n.~ IICI.'CI' ,,,.


.<pIral'" __ ,f ".,~ fi-'t" ........ IfI'$J $/Wofull'''''''

lI rl ..... (1.,. ~4. 44). In C"" U\lm"",~~u I re


""",,100' Iuonn cu Smc (2 tOI" ~. 19) Cu
ci
rrllIoIJ' C\I"'-"'$Ie " m;on; d.. c.... iLI".

1"''''.

_ ..It.'

"'1t....."..

,~..:o h~n""'lo

~i\rj1 ~

.... ,,,,.

_r".~
d'~pI"u"" P~ tim}",r 1..1
Irod 0.1''''1''''''''-( <u ",I~,

rilaf.ll" r",,,!, ,,1 lui


,.i,-u, pl'JJI,-U u,~ Cu r",pul. dm ,,1 cdruifn1<-"
--m ,,,-,,, dm P,,'mUl IlO; efi) ok I).,Jllnr.~ fonei'''.
Q .d rld",~ .~"'". j~
pnll n..,~,... pI'~''-~
; JJ(/'tJtll pI' ~fot(l; f' IN
/J8, fi' di~
.I~I, fi~ <It. piJgJm, i""_",, S'. )(OIr lilll' ,,/ But
'el, I~ .. (~w.rul~. u;,,-,. ..... ,~. L (21
, ),: .... ,,". nu ...
ci <Ab,1 doui ,r.-",,

.w,

'''' njla' fi

a".,,,

~j />o;!~I'"

d"no"",,"U!~Ii~"

,.-e'

au ,,-,cmlS" " ",iI""",,,1

".."1,,, 141 10,1 """,,",," (FA 1(1.

1/. II. 18) Ct.-' A..nJ f"Y'P"'Mllirli uducu"


""/" J'lIJIIICmuel
.I"}". """"- d.",""".i
M u.. ~ Ltgt, fI o ,,,,dl,,,,,,J u ~uf1duIUJ """ il
f<>.,:t" sol u ,/,IIt1Y.~ tk IHUkl,.,., f' th~ fJ'Vf1ffl' ..,.
,J,.u-.- d" ""1', 1'"0'''' li u n"f'~ n..., ti" ...".,

,m,""...."

i'"

1"0"'. >pU'' '

"

ta. ... .. ....

tO~

IIUA

'<K_

,,~

duo "J, 'n<>/'. Dar


dm """"'.~ pn.
""'" "'" iW7'tJJnja,,<w $htJI P""I""
I.,.~ 1<110/ ,,,..i1!hJ de ,-.. .vjdt"", eri.. , C..-.r ,..,.
rn~, ..
Jo,:4 .... par "',,,,, _ "'IV/"IW JUI
:~

"'*',.... __

....

,~""~" ",.,!

s...

.,...".,,,. fIo,... CII"i .., ul,.,.......,., dllltt_:r,rl"

al .... "...,.,,""'" Ik" ,,,.cilci.uN~, dt "dnl;_ir~


c"'" .~.j .....olroJea modul ill ( u,... '~I' I.. ,p/m"
C~" ~u ff'

"f'6 .. ,<:idei'"m

rl"~I" ru," 1~ ,."-

"""mi ""Hi"I* opIic",." al ''U'''''''' nil """ fora


d~1<"1"''''''''' C~tu' CII"" Q Ir'J" aa,' CI""nt $i,i..J... _ l t Q fll~"ul P..ru. <luI'" u " pn"'" lie

INlout'u P""''''''''

,,,1,... _ .....

la
ptY>pO.wum,
"u """,.. Ia 1",,",- CI II 1l4"p'oM SIlI fi~ f".Ii/al
...oJul.v
1fNJ"'/'.ai Ii~ dtI", eri CIIn'''

""',,,... ..

da< f"1'1II'<.,,' ,\-Iu'" ),.!irNrtl.I'OIU'. Rd ......"""


,<il", T"la'w. 27 ...Fdoeah. - IfI.I'!' 100-10 1 ~

R c( .pilular~

In "~I"'".n\ll ,,,,co"'. "'qUnll au .,wJIlI' <!


T...h\..

.,.-urul;\ .."t<; o TfkIi/,< ,n."-,,,u$.I. Jar 1i do:

,,,,,,,,,!Iti. mo, ;"'1;\"

un d",... n! Jc
phlnK ,; do: aj'Wv<: c,.din/OI c< ,-~
"<1< ,.,,",,, Jo ftJeh ..,,,,, ' . do: '''''Du,,,,,,,'<I< "'lnoo"UIf F ..

'd.h ..... "\f\S1I1U1JW din ,,""'"

(1,,,,,,"

1"''''''

".,IH1,...... lu,.

<"'d
1 h.., boUr'" ddin"II" ,,,"' .....
Dor .,.-11-,00 c~"""w S<1Ir<u'" l' ":lIulo """'1111"
(F.... 15. 2~29" Se 1""'"' ,.,,n,; "" 1"d,/.. opo'_
~,Ii,'l. UD"lln I<lllDulul <'.
~
"J,III"'" lo n,d ,. ApIl'(Dhlor (Ff",. 2, 2111: do "","",",ulu, ll.bllci. ,,"'. '" in"". ","1 el cr<,..

deoo",. A,,,,,,,,.

d""

lin""",, oSle .. dupA Scriplun"; "'" Ir>J' (IJ UTIl<


Itd,ci! ..... Jn<>$le""o. " ..... 11.,""

"i<1. tonc.hari_

Hibllognofie
.\/Jrtum".... de crhiond a Bi"",,,,, Orttld<>.<~. 1641.~. 19& 1;
1) ~IJnj IOl T~oJ<>t:;o DopI(JI..-J ar,t>Ja<. ,ul. L rr \3.110;
, I""t"ilw dogmatic t' "ml>o/,,,,j " ,.,1 .'(\1.). "0 1. 1. FIH, I~~ ~ , r r 1'70-201,
n.. Ort~oJox SI,"" B,b1~ Ve .. T~'!am.,,! a"d p,al"". S." K"'N J"",r. V~"'''''''. TIK>nl"
I'IlbllsM,. "a",,,II<, 199J:
j,,,," U...*- 1'''''<"11''-; QlMd<>u li,' 'Hl<""l""''''"' g BJ!'I~J (1r>d C. J"'p1 MlIn~ \bBonJh"
I99H I'f' 7S-l\()

"',~

VIII. Dogmele sintluJeltlr eC'ume"ice


Sirn,><kk "menice "PiU" in '''''''lu i IV, ca
f",",.! eX'''' L'tJ marii de .plie.", e""ci!i.,i'(ii
epi"""!,i(,,, i> d i,pu'.(. interne .(e !li""ri",i. lir.
f>ce 'rcl l' lflS,iru1J1k publice, (~lCn'rnli'I"'!i'i<i
in ,fe,a Ili,,-"';cii. m.i mult penlru a
ul,,1al
impe riului. '" vMe in .c d. un"ori, ""ci,iilc
,inooa!< mm e""lirm.1e c. kgi impe,i.1e (,i unpu," chIar e" 1",1') ,
1. Ce le mal Impo""n'" ,Ul1'C ",ri", . Ie doc tri""l ,.,,,d{)~c le C(lmh,u io dogme le ."lOOdelor
ccumcntce
Sinodui J ttUlncni < (1"k.,,, .. J 2~) . ,,,,,,pu,
p.. m. parte a C,e,ului, in ""e se defu l~,!e dj' i!tl_
1-'i"h,i I"i Dumnezeu in' rupat SinDdu) ,
1'"","n\<O, mp<>lri," "'"""ci (<11,~"nll de l'reoml
A,ic din AIe'a",I,i . Fgipll dupl
r lUI Or fi
m.i mio, .. Jid "Joo.-don .. Tal<llui, a. dint"i din
1fe cro.tunle ; upe"""'". Smodu l d"d.ni c; Fi,, 1
est. de o fiUl1ii (i" g.-.'''qte h" m,""";,,. 1. coosub".nl'al cu Totii ,
c~l. trei P<r""",, ,le
T,,' im ii
fiinja." Vuu"'''':''IT umd. "cim
P',!;1,\. Crezul fa<c d."".hin.: intIT u e u .. lumi,
'" 1i1"P l' 'pal'" de ciitIT Dum"","" T."I) , i 8 ~1_
"'rn "q"i.i" Fiulu i rlin Tat~ l, Fiu l fiu,d "nru
c,,, lai' IIU fim.," /Iri firm. d lo"t un "mp

,.1".

ta,,,

"at.

'u"

',,'ruC'1

dnd Fi ,, 1 n" e,..,


Si"","ul al I I-k. <cumeni< {C,m,""';""Po!.
38J) ",m parte, do,", (''''lUlu, in core se de
li"ql" di" .. Hal<a Ouhulu' sra,,1,SmOOul Oe ..bak
cd" ,\oul! ,loc',;ne n .,,10d0x< ak timpului: , c. "
lu i Ma<eoo.lle, car. ".~. depli~. Dumno,i,c ,
lI\ohului SI:;n', ~i eca. lui flpohnari<. ca r. nei'
pret."l" ,ulletulu, rai'''''') i" Ti, y. 11dst.,., SiooJu) "f,rmo c Duhul Stant ,,~'u inchma' " slii",
i",pr~ .... ,; CI' rml ji <li /-,,,,/", ti hul S-. i"tru!",t
d~ /" 1) .. ",,1 ~fcillt fi d,n Fa,,,,,,,, J(''''a'' Unil.t" b,o lu!; P"""",,,,I,,, te i" .. porob,1J de
di "~"'l"<> Lor .bs"luUi, S"wdul "",mpk!c,,,'.
d",,; " ..,z,,1 de 1. N",e<a eu 1n,'(itur.. dc'JlIT Du
.,ul Slinl ~j de.,!>'" Jl ,,,";c i . EI i"""du". coo<.rha " ,ru.!o!ogi"i (""u lineaeal de'pre tunr: ,,<q"P'
,'inla rMt Vi' Si; )"101' " , il, locul c.n"-q>\i<'i c idi,..,.
""re ,u>lmca grqi! in"'a,n"'" etern, r "triv i(
,i ",>Odch ul "-..-i"""" niman"i nu-, este n.MuIt ii
r'OpU"~ " c,eJuJll d,fetlt .au ,;1 eom""":1 . lt

c,,'/ <k'c:it ccl cu"o<c'" ,ub nume!. tit

"mao>-

""''''","i n"f"J1,(an ..

Si"od" l

.l lll-le~

..,unt.n;o I H ..... Hl ) ,e

linc contra lui Ne;tor;<, '1"'""'1' <k C""" anti "opol. c..-e jn" ~I' cI ho Ilnst,,. <x i,,> <k>UI p<:f'()atJe
""""pun,..,,,,,, <'u ,ele <k)lji tiri.le Sai . umanl
li di,ini,SlJhJ<!ul definC)lc '~>gm' <k<pr" unire.
cebt lk,".l tiri in 1',"N,ana "" ic;\, pr ~i ste"' in_
trupa,i, . hulUl, Sinodul '''''li' ". Mari., ma,,,,,
lui Ii,u" "" <,to mak'lropului sau .. Nscjj'oar<
Ii~ Uns,,,, ", cum <II,\ine. Ne .. ""i . """"'..,., Ii.u,
H"; ,,,,, "u .'" ", i 'kn\~ ;" S,ne, in . fari de I"-T'
,,"m, ia, pe""lOna <"< (""'<lnlul "<lui .
~""""t , ('''''l nh,1 ,_. ip"'l=al ;" """",,na S.
di"in;
n""str' pe <or. " lu"t" din M"n
J)"m"ului <a'.' nl'<Cl" un ''''gu, 'p"' ,a. in d '>I1'
li";, re Dum""",, (',el Ce S-a Intrupa'. de ",-'e''lI c,
c,tc "urn i,.. pc '!''1't "Ni" ""'. de VUIn"C",""

r'c

li,,,,

(T h",t"k". !,
~in"dul ~I

IV k'a um."k (C .klon. 4S 1)

'" 1''''' >" .... m",,,,Ii/,,mulu,, .'e<ie <M< ,u<m,"


ci Ilri,,, nu arc <k' ! o .i"gurl fi'e u natunl.
cea d UOln<",i",cl , tr" pul um,,, fi ind luat in
ap",~nll ,

Si"",J ul.t irml d in Ii,u, lI,i,t'" .~"t~


do,-, fin deP/il'" (>ou ruturi) " ... Wmoc,"ci.""J ..
ce .",,.,,.""'. - wlllc intr ... , ."n~'U'"
(sau
ipo,t"j, Persoana (ipo,ta.ul) in c.re ,unt ""ite
c,k 'k>It! fi,i este r.r..,..n. Cu,,"ntulu i I'Cjn ic,
h ,ea Sa umana nu ore ipom,,,1 ei propr,u, di,
li" e!, oi ~"c ",-um.~ 1."il""l>z;a'o) 10 pn"'-,." .
Ji"i"l ~'i ") "i f'd o
fi ,i
UOi!" intr"
., ,, ~ u r. Pc.",.,,:i, lini ",",f",i . nici ;dum lMre.

pcr" "'"

do".

'''n!

fii,. imJ"l'I'''', ni

""paf2IT ,
Sinodui al \.k-a um<R;e (C.mstantinol"'l.

~~) .. pronunlii1n'poIri,'a ""' .. '<oIogi i"fI''''''I'I'


,10; ",,,,,oflzi,,,, ji de """<nan,,,,,~, p",,1ru "u" i<ea
,post'"<l". a!'mcl" d c Bri.t", p"f<"a cele

,10". ti ri, eloi., d,,~ ce WlIz-e. "" h ln, nt"un


,i "gur if'\>S'.o, "It loc, Pc C nKc . .. Unu) rl,n
Trei me" . Cunlntu!. I ,uf~rn in trur. d .. ou
Dum " c>eif<' ",fe,;' 1" ''''l' sau DUmll c"u
'ilf",-it r<i n trop.

S;",,!! .. I.I YI_I~~ ['(""meni< (Con".ntin "p"l.


1i.'IO-AA1) r=" "",,'e, 1",1"'11''''' <T"""'i m"' to,,' 1i. _
mulm ~() , ingltea .'oinJj\ ci in Ii,u' Iim!", c."''''
,i()uj . ,,,inl" "aturale l i dooJ ru.::th i. "''''''I'''MI-

\OU.

celor <1001 fU"l, dar

~oinl>

Sa

ulIlan

eoo-

runl in mod ""rfecI cu ,,~. dUIIlJl<lc,.",. fiind


pc deplio nJumne"ili. [><rO<WLi ('"U 1","Ia,ul)
Fiului nu ">le ,"<hinlcnlli cu c,",!!inp.. <=c """ o
1'",,,,i.I.O'e 1 tl,ii um. ne.

Sinodu! .1 VII-Ir. ""lImrnk (Niu . 787)


cOIIdallln icanod'<UlUL erezie care "'p,ngea
"o""raa ~I ..... <ub "","'Xlul d ar C, """"lric:.

Si"udul .firm. c i""o". nu r."''' im.og'OIC lui


I)um"",cu ,'d "",:U"I. ceca a, in",mna id"l.
lTic. ci. Cu";n'ului lui [)umoc,eu n1rupal_ Te<:>k'gi. i"c",,,,,I.,,., d,;ci . alirmo ",.liI.OICa ,,'o,iei a

nlrup.\Jii lui Dum""zeu li ,..:unoate nloa.e.


peopne. u",a"it~i indutnnezoltci hulul, li<- r...,e
a J",!!n<110 dari inlr< .!con (Io'rio), care '" c....
VI"e lUI DUIlUI<"L<ll, fi cuhul de. ,""OCl'ilrc I P,"" k )'.
"u,in<' .fin~J".-. 10 cultul icomdo<,
nu ma,.n. lul .."SI;: """f.-',a,- Ci P'-""W1l1 "-'1"'-'/C"fII.';i
pc le<>ani, n.,<unc","ul~ dup numck ""ri. pc c~ .

"""i'), '''.,e ""

2. S",olldde ",'umenice nu ,'lIU prunun!al in


mc>< ",lemn, &.-,elil in c"mri "'pli,,,,,,k, i nu
.. u",. lulumf invl!"-lu,ilor "e';n. pa"'-'" <le
Ili""ricli. Ele , . u opril l. le/ele co'" <fau all"",,<
.!c' "'O/II, conce'n ,r';ndu,,,, HUpn ,Iocl,i"c; >m""'-' _,>!>lI W' ",.,e 1"-" 'ru u"i l.>.lCa Al><:rici I "" IW"
.. le. apte .",,,ade au jo.l "'-'cepl'le n erumcnicc
oc ;nIrCOW' Bi""ic', de .c",. der",i(iilc lor '<
nWIl"'" dog!IJc, Iim..! c_'prc"i .ulenlice l' e"'-'n
1",,,,.1e Joclm",i "r,,!lin<:, I.,li oc ".,-e ni.,; "Jmti
I.lco ''''\linulul, "ici =il.,... 1l;><.TIcii nu 1"'1 li
rtXWH_oscul .

Dupa.nui 181. nu 'ou ma, Imul""""Jc <c~.


morueO.
intr~gll IJlknci un.iw, .... k. lX.pn"..
de ..o. 1l,,,,..ic!l,,, y..:h, .. onrnlale, c",~ .p.r<au di
fan,n,.az;J moooli2JSmul, Jupi simxlul de Il! C.I
cedoo. . poi, J"'tllrc. Il i"'ri<ii Kum.,..,.C 'l()liec
(in 1054) au f"'l obsl"""'" ...,;""", tmp..olt ..'. C<lI, ..
li"u~,ij pe",'",ii sioodaJo 1. 1U"el ""um<n.ic, Cu
'oale ,,tea. Trodili. <><to<Ioxl o-o pamal i
""""nu,, 0\1 ca O no.m1 ob,ecl!vll. eXlenoorii
S iri,;;, ci ca O cMunuil'" in vraJ' U\lh\llul,
h isti O 1.. 0'li... peuuit", ".bUni, <are
d ~mrl. re care 1l,,,,,icllmr... g.loro <Ialon. de.
k plma " el.menl de "",(;Ol. $1 de i"l<!!,I''' .
flCc;w-c B""""'I'o. Ia untp<ll ,i 1. locul o" ar.
<o", i", de a .. lf>duco" i imorpre11 oco.st~ 1"",.1'110
comutli,

,1,

f""".",.

1).,

3. In "'""01,,( X \. II, ,.,.;()I de eunlruve"'. ,"'-'"

logice. orw .. ""i,wnsiri d< <,,"d'/lrJ", aldlulk


do' MI'mC." Knl()pouJ", (16251, pdru ),.t.wll.I

T~TAY

lui Dumnu"". Cidul cMer -pcd ps.-r:ls<um.


rrarea

(e> "l"fiOC<r~. '.'''I'l;\li; 1... [)uml>C/-<U) ar


,i -.;<"nd,,,. ltil!'<llmp""'.' nU " ]'\"t>ur-are JU'
ridic, ci " medJ811' onl"lo~,,'i "c "" m""' m

PC""""". i!,,"lali,ii, in ""eI",,1 div'lI<>-um.an .1


lui IIri".,.. A'lfd. "",ul <'el "hi <I<. j"" omul
cel n,"'. "",al,a <1<',,;"<
',,",Iie iIl raplul D"'~; al l5um~", umanulu! in ipost'H tI,,'in' a

"0<13

fiulu, lui Dom",?<..,.


T,~"}i.

III

c~

","1 "..,...."e

.lt.

clanficln. lk p.ld:

se ... umanilo!,-o lui Hri"",,_ ,lin :ac;;c.,i frJ-

m,;n."u,:! CU trupu l um.n, < {"",,, de "';;OlU,,,,"


.Con",,,imce<l lI>wi,r/or '''' ,_,,~, nar<, wr,.,l$PUN, pua JrMn",,"' ' llpo:>i. li,,,, IIristos .. '-'11
li'",1 pik~'''. ble.tem pentru n();, iar p.c"ul in
'"'l1lnli dcscmluITa umanului, c , Ii "'pIU,. f"i h,,-,,,,,n,,ic:i pr in m<:>aflc Iisus Jlri",," 1" . 'LImii
"",.."Ialea n ~" liciunn .'i (J"", log idi, ,n ".rc <k
c'he"'v!, <:= C rap<1f1ul """",v, i "j<!11l _ ~
dt ,,'II,) la """"tca 1'" cru<c (f,I, 2. (,.~) _.'u d ioc_
,,,,~a do pacat. ,u biru,,,,. m"'lii (1 Cor. 15. 26)?
Un
exemplu ar ti 1<~I()gi. chirului , i
",<~N,JI1"";; ,. "re <sI. [oart. djv~,.,a. Ce i"'....ma" "du"" ';"1".' Un"
ch'rul, i""'go Dei, in
mlrt'l!"' uman i!ale i ,re"lio. dar. ",.i .k., in ,u,""", il.lo. ~",ul"i .,upr;t lumii I"i. in hbertatea
,~n"lui, ,llii <kfttlc"" 0","' ca _"""(X'().JnW,
(l'-"n [)am~.dUD). Allii coml"di
h.l ulk,ului cu ,rimWc. (M","'. ("udn', Duh),
in genenl . n i,,;. un "",''o, ci, .. d"l'" chip", ..
"d,-~';\ 1.
"'''''rtJ (~"p \1 <lJilcl). n~ 1> ()
p.,te dm , Uo<i .. cnrpul" e.k liin!> ",'le"!,.l:l
'''''''J lutivl ,i imJuctib il omu lui. ",emina<c.
""c <birul .1" .. In mi",orc. 1111 'p". ndumnezei,., UD a iI OUl"" al du!"'lui e>I~ "Q d"\~"i
v..m"<Z~lI ". ",,,a ce "fl"Upw1~ n.lura <lin.",ieil. a
,""uluit ~"p""'iL> lca ,,";gin.,> de a cre!to ,n Dum "';C\I, ~ . . . . '11 devem", do: la eh,p la ''''nlln.aJ~
, -a produs cde-re . Cu "" la omul ,al~,,"," ,i _
n ... ul, Je>!inul icl~, da, nu didIuge ... 'ura '"', care
nu ~ ''I''ld.lu i Du,~nCal1. Ou",' .'1< IICI d,SjX't:ut>i11"'"lro DlUl1"eZeu, dar DU .r~ ""flCi""l' """rgie
'" Id""""/C ""1' "" '1"" Dumnc/-'.'L Aici. inler_
vine h.rnl, <or" dooehidc din nou drum"l 'pr'
' nJ""mCZe ifc Est~ ndumn."lr" o "de\'''l!Ir~
iloli<ralJ '"' Pan . cum nu <x i" .. () '~'g m d~,1'"
U""II<dibililiilM " dmtre Dumn.zeu si 0111. U",'ii
fiD.hta!~. omulUI <ite .. a "e;~nr D"m,,~~ell ",
.luII<,i ,n Id H~.!i. e<!c buni. adi<:! ~o i U de

.1,

"'d

"""N'''''''''''''

,,,"U&" ...

,i,

OC TEOW<'. ,,:

lhurmc,-"u
r"rma c; ?

,~~,,,,,,,t:.\)O

i~ 'I"'~;ficital.a.

1:<T\,,~,n

n m.t..... lit.l<.)i in

Rdk~iik

lik.zof1ee $; 1.o!~!C~ '''''pr;t a~Ii_


","",ik,.- dog""" trin,w. au condu, la n<Jilun~a <k
"""rlhor~.J". <.re pereepe f,inl' lUI Dumn~/"u
din do,,~ la lUr;' fiioa di,'i"'. ""mumi i in<li,'"i_
bili 1; ;"""t",e~ . n ca'e ,ubmlii
lim~ ,
Pluralit.l. unitI n Tn'lll.' e (nu lnlei""). unita\<
di,'crsdic .t ,post>Il. (n u moo."<ml , Prin . nalo-gio. aeet , .finDajli '" p<~ I\o<c
un;",a
ipo<ta!Jcl ~1 IIsus llri,"", Sm,~lul e"m",nic de la
Cak~doo (451), c""frun' . l C~ ,.,-aiik timpt,h,i
(nc.l<,n.m<mul: 11",1."",, ,Iou,i natu ri. deci,~,
<1001 peno>.no, w,'inl.i um.ni: monoftz;,mul
ll"'to< '"" O "n~",l i","Ia/l. d i ,i n. de<i, ~ ."'gu'-I o'lUr;I),' .flll"al ci. in Intrupare, ipo<!",~
patllcular:l Fiului d", '"c ,ubiectul - rurt<\I""'.'
nalUlillun."e . .,tfd ,'A. ,n h"u, Hri"", n~scut in
E:I~tllle.,m. '~I"I o Pe,,,,,,n' Ilmc}, dollli n>tUn.
I\ee5to n.lun (lin) ,unI d"I1l"'''' '",k,k\g", (num_
. . lC ...~. nu !ic ntnfWld:! 'u "","","uca) 1; ,un'
UniI. tllri eoofuzi. (om"'1<,ul .do, <1,,";; fU!U"; ...
du<:< la, trei. natufi). f1r1 dl""""e ("'par.,n
lirik,.- ar de,iec m i"<ml 'o lrllpari,), A'Ud. mo'ur.
uman. nu
" i.tru,a. ci eoi"."t"",.",. Jeci
.. umal. Ii uni!:i r""'ianei di,"" lUI IIn't"" ,
Pc"" ahi ]Mr1e.
hu lu, nu s< i,Iet11ift<l~"
ral1U"~'. cu "'10\ u c~ .11 cU""I ,1 "aM"
um.n cac. oe p;i>1Ie. . "~Uli, dura unire,
i\<usu ridici m.i lIlul1e proNemc: u,"" o,"
"""' terminologiei te-o!"itc~, <ale I,,buie" li,'
moreu itu\OitJ., Care ar n ochi,.lcuUll actu.l . l " ..
cobul"",lu, " inil., i hl i<t<>kJgie fol<><il1n oecotul
Y? Pcnh"","",. unuca i",,,"'iei.r pute" ""'" <
exrh ,,1D<OIl.lJelltul", n",:ricnl"le ,.I"'",nor",al.':,
de,",'of'l-rin "le p,ihoh",,,i mo-deme? In Ce sen,~

",-,,.,li
"'''I''C

<'"

'1""""'"

''''',';lra!"

Raportul

d;nlr~

Iliblic

i Tr~di.ic

~. Inlre Bi,"-ricilc eli,,,, e, i,!lI i ol.Ul~n1<


,-"",tu".-. e.", ", .... mn"i tui " h0/4 ",lidJ pemro
vulL.. rdo d,sell!,i Id",ri'"'''' 1. acca,11 tcm~ De
IHIJI, ou!>",l"c" Slinki Scnpl\lli Nle """"IJIOlJ do:
1001< [J""flcile , -ro.!e eo"biunik inat.\. 0:1 Sffin1> S-criprurl <sI. eu\'.lnlullui D,,,,,,,,,,,,, ~i ci KOIlI
Tes1ament cupru"'" m.ir!uri. in'piraLJ a I'pld,,,
miumil""',," .,h.,\ik "" Ii,u, Hri, ,,,. , Arni, Ri _
"";dk sub
td", tIT , m..i .,Tr",lili"' . ac_

f,,,,,,.

<'qIIi do SflDtl Sc.,.,.ur:llrdM.uc '" f", inl<'lca.i in


c.:.. k~1ul en-Wn\o, B'KIlc;,. al Trad'l""_ 1" "'.

.ootnl I'"a ......... ek

m:ur><IOC eli Il,N ... (,><1


~i el, ;~ K<asll ......... ,.

,"""""
..
"""fu....,,,,
",." r ...1I1"I
., lIID<tK "" inl<fT1n:""',
~

fn lin;:, 11,..."",,1< de cn;:. /raJ,,~ CQnI"'" .......

rl:CU"""'" <al,,,,,,. ,........ nid. SlllIboIulul n,o",.


CQIl,I""U"''I'''lItOl1, in care nu ,~ n c. .!,ntj .<>u1.

mi".,.,,",o. <ar': a pret,,",,!, in,,_., fOtlll'


II ""pIIni. (", .lmla "I"';lohel.

<1

~"rt:\

6. Ptn"" ... Ie"""",;" ......... " li. '\nICfWlI. do


""'W., In pnmul M'kn .... !AIDl """",..,k smodaIt
IMI C(WIC'h .... ano au lS;~41 .......,~ de crtdlnli
" de "'.11 pc ... "",,, ... li. Mi,.
Romei f':-'l ia
cl\lr.l1 in ..c!! "",om con.:'!!..-. fimd 1. Iu"" $1
<,.11 cu odd.11< nl,< I"'lf,.r!.. k ((!(nllmle),
in rindu l tiro....
.ntlJ<lOl. de Ot1()M~".

,ri,..

"'C" " .

<1<.,.'0 Ro"," "ro ,-orital. hnp.muiui rom".


r\"fcl. "',",un,",,c. Mu.", '1"..,,,,,,1('<
",.1,

0<,.

''Ilt 'n ""''"'" in CII'<: . .

r:U"",,"

IIn'li In H",~ ..

bau ""''''"11, ia b&za h"""""", ~ ... I" ""'.".

.o-.. "f'O>l<>I'cl. si io'... .,.-"IIn!>

H,,,,,"< .. " n.:> ",~ <li:: un mi"hurl ..

F' ..... lcaIJ

(:OnI'''',,\IIlta $1 ''''''''1" do::dnn<1 eu T""hlil doi...."'1, pr ...,,11 do:: 1. Af'OSI'~' D.r."...."P" IMI
;''''''11 ""","1 l' ,,,.kl",OOmI do:: I.hst...,1It kl< re
ca .. k rCI"",mli_ Ik occo-.... oodul .,lt _fI<<>"",'1 ; ",-.nllrmal mD ""d n"" n ...I1 .. ", "u

- """....

<"""',,'u ' r.:rk-ol .did ha,,, .... ;"!,,,~ulu;","1'


<'fk~I~[ (\t. rC<\II""'I'< credin!" ..Jo:,k.~;
A;lftl. dad R",,;:,;';10 <aut' '",Iah,)."",,!:
<""'U"'lII>Ca 'lrol1. """",Il urui.", do:: up <'IlIk' ,li...
crd:lv .. II rit 'lali ""' "'("""!il l' ",a..'U1i
Tr-~

""'",,:1< c.noli"", l<xmulll,~ dupi sch,<mi d'n LOS4 ... [,"1 daIe,;II aM dor d'.1o&u1 ou

R, ........ 1k OI1<.oo<t. Il~ ~ ... I unu ... nod


~. U'SC1It. ' .... ano--c:oloh<1 n- ..... '" >aI"'" do:: WV<ruII tOD<,I ...,-J 11 pr"""lu' m,la",., bk~
,""-1, I>lioL, IDI":_"" =m><m<i.
m<;1u\li
<k><bldt ~alu 1"'"1ru ac<ep .. ""'",c",,l ilOcun~uII, n<ole,I.,i de hod,!," .au JlC"hu

",,-o.ci

D""hr." Cre'ul o""-'Il,e di" 3g I lhl"",,,~).


1. J)upl ,~""uno.nldc U ullulu , <le la \ 'al,"
I ~ 187110, "''''lin... l4: ,-.:[0 al< 1,;OO(:,(,u lo, \ 'ollc,n
11 (1%2.I96Sl. d",:,,,,,,, do:: crtd,p\1 O
ro in '""'-'1 .....ru.. 'u~.rrl al <:i,.."

'.""..,....10 ...

t'l"f'C'Il <.SI.: cN><urW <k K~

n,,,,,,.,,
..

Or ..t do: ..

,n'"

,no~hl.rl,,1

",1
C

~., r \. IlI: n:"r.'K,n,

e,le e" "". din Intel. bib!i p<ivitoare 1. au-

torit alea

ci.,. de Iisu, lui rwu, num.i lui: .ou

dogmelo de'PIT imaculota c'1)<Iccp\ i< i '!c'r


,n;ill>Tea h..:i". Tei "U lrurul \o '''' ,unI d.:oJu<c
din
de""" vlfj/.illlt.le.l"'rpdui. h'Ci."""i
MOli. oxpl,ti n h.nghelu . Pn"tr\" orrudoqr,
doctrina creltm' .,le, n <nud "","\ral, <locUin.
Sc"pturilor
ID. Teol"i,a rrotem"U, in opozi1 ie cu <ea
<01oJi d, ou <To,1e in hori ,ma inhilibili l11ii J'IC
epi"',,!,,,lui de Rom a (dnd "" c~rrimil <X <.!h ._

oot<n"'

,"";O", 'K \ ."

I'Cl" ' ,,-~'~A

dno), ruei in auMiulea <le .in 'JraJi\iei_ Au


lorit. ! upreml n maleri. de cred"'ll <Sl< [h_
bli . T.. ~i!'a <Me" 'UT~ . .,,,ndat cred.,,!ol i
nu <;online " inl<rpn:t..--c indiopc ....'bila <uvi.rm,lui lui IJumnc,cu_ n ""himh, !<>limu"ium S piri_
lu' S."cli "'JIL>lilu,e () m:lnun0 de .. k..,., . Lulh<c
."ptat l"lu~" Simlx,lul 'p<"'l<~ic, cel d, la
Nic" , cd 81nbwt Sfiintul Ala.",i,. I)e "",'me_
nea, le,,<>mar,<Ll t on.., ,,,,,, I'acrum. n mbur.J in
'>re nu }/It""-;,,. Scriplu,ii Pentru "'lo<loqi,
allorc. T" d i~e i ~,,< un CTil.:riu .l &X1T;"ei.

Rihl;ografic
_ Fncic/,~" (>G'riarhilM o,,-.,JJt,,1i di/j I M8 (,'o,; lo.n L Floe>,

'~"(H)",'I~ fI"Ni~ii

Orlvd".<lJ, Sibm

1993. VP, 529-53)):


Dog"",Uc4 i .... fflb.llicJ. ",>1 . 1, 1 9~R, I'f' . 201-270:
- I'at ... rhul So:>fJQw. alle,u hmulur (~W-;,3~), _;x',i><)"r~ si"",/u/ IM"",,,,,,,,c d~ <ud"", c
t,.., I'Ilfna,h,,1 &,gJ,,~ al c,msta""Mf"",,/m" (!nod_ !-. . J'clIT"'u), in .,()rlodo~ .. "> I 2 (199tJ), I'f'- 15-46.
-

TN!lo.~'d

IX. Doctrina despre DUI/llle:eu. Tlleologia


.,EU SU;\iT CEL C E

S UNT~

1. in l""lim .. din rugul e.,,' .nka, da, nu ""


onJ>lU,a, Me" "de ,'oc~a lUI llu",nel~u ' . Eu
",," D,,,,,,,,=,,,t I'o.'i",ilor 'ai [h,"ma~,,1 lui
>Toam aii", baIX: fi 011", Id<"OV" (Iq J,61_
.. \faife" li' c<",~ [).."uoeoew I~,,;, m<i ,vi ,101<'" la
/i" II/i {"a,1 fl le mi -'f""'~: Do",me=o"t pJrln/l",.
" ,,,ri "'--Il
lu "" 0." d<~'<i m<i i,,,,,,,,Ni
Ca,~
""",OI01.'li, "" .,.; I~ 'I'un' A.tllnci f)",,,_
"<.~,, ~
MDOU ' E'" ,,,nt C~I ('~ . unt
!,-'I'" sp"i fii/ur rlli "",el. Cd e~ nI-" ,dOI'"
la m," (l"} . .1, 14_1 ~)_ F ~ u <imi hn un in,,'. nma

Ir''''''

,_ti"
""1''''''' 1,,,

"'<

.uut <xi>kn1a "bsulut. ca", nU /Il< m rl1ntr ,,,i,ten",'. Fu ",", "u <SI< O <<<nl;\ ub,t'''l
,tal id, ci {;el (;~ s.: Tc,dc./. ca PTC/""(i. Ia .ri
larc;.au o ..:un>., 0.1.>, iimp LUI <>te cu Mul de
nct,!elos dt"",,,,O Dumn.zoit.. est. flr.l dt in<e1"''- Sau : Col Ce Se (L!., S< lr.Jn<m ile, Cd Ce ",lueo
101,,1 " JUllru nellm .. in fim(i'", Cd I", ntru C.TC
1001. i., in "~"1'~'\ll (a ti)., La COlO IOOle se inlor<;,
_leu

m,"'U

2. "f)wm,ezell d."'WU" (1<_ ~5, ISI, <1"


I'""on', nwnck I.ui 0'\< i nd.hi l. P'l"lIUl nu ('1"<>nun!i numok 11.1, Dumnc'/cu (YHWH _ Iahve),
Dumn<Leu _T al. l (Thc''''l, core e,te inloc"n ru ,i_
U,,! de Ado".i _ Kyn.:" _ D"mnu!, =-c .... Ii otrihun
~ 11... IL""_ Dup:l ..lorar", ", Iului de aur (k}_ 32),
)..\();,e , "'Te 11.1, Dumn",e";i "I',T ,n m'jlocul
",,,,,,rului, <a .e",t. _'" "aM ,Ia,'" S. : .. F." .oi
/r<c< fX' di"di!ll~~ ta t"",,td ,Ia", M"", "",' roili h,omelc lu, Jah"" ,i'dh"",
1'0(" M,a io,ii "" ,,"i
p',,.,u-o w::i. c'; "" f1(}at~ \~d<a "",,,1 )i/a M~~ i
,<6 Ira,a,,,';" (1"1 . JJ, I ~.10)_ .. A'ullci "c';z"t Moi.te i"dat" /a pJmo.w fI HI i'ld'''a/ lui DI,"",~~"" ,
Zlcand. d). a", ~)lat h,mQmJnI'; i" O<"iJii TM
....ci"""e, .," mearg'; S'a"aIl,,1 i" n"il"",,,llIo"",,.
cci
QC~fl" ~ li,dJI'';fllic, ade, i,,"'U IljAl~g",,..i1c Il"""""" Ii pJc"rek f' 'le fo ""'I"""'~(l
Td'~ " (lq, H, 8-9), .. N"mr "mi /Xe$us ok Illl""'"-

'Q ..

1""1',,,.,,/

(F il ip. 1, 9),

ed

C~

Dun,"",." ar<

UIl nume: . h

,,,,,,-- (le~. J, 14), li",. poa!"t>

,..,'"

.,eI, nu-

me." C<i",1 "'Ii ridiea pe hul .o,"IIII,i, """'el "'1'

"_""ll~ "ci L'II ""10'" (1", 8, 2~),

"'. ' . ' '''. ".. IO~ ,,,

3. "Cred '-III, U"ul

Uumn~Z<t"

Tatiil AWli .

.,'
<
""ee.
.,,,'m!. lui Dumnezeu. Om"",,"z unic,

Iom/' C~. dintii alirmalO< CTQtin!

<k,p<e

C. ", .n; cauza in SlOe li pnn SIIIC. C"",

~oe

in
v;'\<1 Cica!,", vlizutli $1ll<"vlzu1i, rri <k
""ul
ar eJdea in ndim!i. h i,,:i un , in gur [)umll""U
(k. 3. \4 ; Ik"t.Ll 6. 4; Mc. Il, (9),
unic.
ean: nm: Ilintli in . ltceva. flrl ncepu'. inlin,t
Crcdin~ intr-un Om!llleZCU unt< (mori."",,,,,) c""'"

C.""

"'""""1""

c~mun4

acea.t. ilwmn.eui! "',", ,,",' "


oi ko"" nI;'.
hmbaJul
i <um ",""im,

""'",c.,. ""

,
,

multOl" 'diga, c",e recun"", " <au,el

.a<fl. rerron.1& . ,,el,i.


4. C""<nl lui Marei"",lhsc'fica. ""'p"" idec"
de'pre .!t)i dumn,",,,i. unul al Prokhl ... i .INI.1
lu, Hri,ln, . Ea C<Jfccl" teooinl> iud.id, mo.
",~.i,"_ car. re/inn numa, o",ci,o,o" lUI DU/II
fl<;c\' . Fa. oomb.ltut li pol,lei'OIol <ar. confLlIKl.
C .. alOrul cu ".a!... I'rm,ipiullnnil.r:" MIIl1ur.i
fiinl car. 'UbZl>lii c. trei pm.mmc di"inetc', c.,..,
.. afiii illl"'m,allCnl m,!""". coc"Ten!i ~i ""liu",
"!lCle Cu ,Itele. .... nd princ'p Lul unic (mOl,arh'd)
in Totii: hul. pnn 1l.)Ic'c. Duhul, mn rur~",krc.
PrUK'PIUI "",,,,,,,,,e la min,uirc. oamenil..- lucrea". Sr. nla Trei me. da, . , ur;il"..~1 n~mijlocil
<s1~ CU"a"'"I, 'UI m"Jld' c,;, a ".ii' 1'" pJm~hI
!ii S-~J~rrji' ca ., rid,a 1;c"u1~ I"",ii, ci Il ,J~
a/l",d palid", fi 1""",,,, atdta li"'!,
\'~ "",i
p"rta fir""
""u",~a ,,,.i, priJl ca,.,. S--<, jiUul
""]locI/ar ciitr~ DWlln~=<lI" (N. Cab.o.,iI . Viara il!
Jlm"-'. Il! . 41.
~. In .!t>j!m.l;c'll I"'lri'lico '" I"e,'" d"tin clic
intr< lIl<o~'gi. , .d,d in.-l'un oc,;pre /iinla lui
Du""",z~u in Sioc . au Dumn<L~''''. >u~,l .n liala
con,un.1 .. ~I", tw rCTJ(",,~. ok'pr~ ,d'l iik ipo".
lallCe ",tr.',emuc< ii oikon"OIia, .di< . in ,Ii!'ura
de.pre R~'d.\", '<!S. p"r", ..."i in <",.!". i
n ",or,e, <k,pr< 1"''''1'=' i RiI ...um[>Llra'''" lu
crate <1. j)u"u.. z~u prin
CU"imului in
trupa' .i In pUlere. DuhulUI Sw,1. Thrologia . ""
condtoce 1. """<1\11 f,.n!cI lui I)w"".z<:u. ",finitl
i <llprafi'''I,.I~, plen,N<ltne. fi,"!ei li. "",f.qi,
lIlIii, I,beri! de on<e dc!erm","", li ..laii<. O i""" ...
rul. - "" """ J oc. la per>OlUllitaka lui DWIlIIt'L~"U
cel ,,u. "",..., "'.nif~.,. Ii >c mmun,;> io acte
""'d"o.a,~, ," " ' Ona mmluUl; (.i><:umpilriini)
dupl ,ade.. , r lt"'t. I'n" n",iurule hulu, >, al<
DuhuhIJ Sfint. in ",o.-i. poporului bra<l l' aU,
Oilwloo",io e,lc 'ama (my"cri<>,,) V""
s...1c. Ct""cl"'lii ina,"l~ <k ",,-"arca lumii , ca ",,'e
..J lic rcunil~ in Hmt". (Fie"' . 1_9111). l'a <lese<>1"''' mC'/c'Tll1 ,,;qii lu, DumnC/cu. 'h"" I''Ili . iar

nU ",le.

'"

cliei il!.<iif'
,
rdmn'ii, d~"",,.~a
n" I ii

"

,,,,,,,trol

,'!",..

p.,,,",,,...

,"",<1,.

. i/l

..,.,. 1;;:

nu 1<0 O csen
,\ '" topiCf'a In eSMtii

S"IJI"It,.~

sub ,II! Jrm,nlU<'lI-d"sp''' nP""np"".,,,,ull,


C~t~ "e 1"'< fi pe noi J<>ptlr/!{i ~i i" I~pta d~ dl)mina" " u"",o as"l"0 01",,0,
Ih'll> SI'" c~r~
'" c~,~ ""ma o",.n~a" c,j, ci c<m,,,,,i,~'e~ elern in"~ n"I, adpt>tJ la nuforfi/ rk 't",;,..,1 "'Rn
al
ca", ~ Sfci"lo Tr<,im~ P,'rsOdna
liman" "'I~ cre",J dupiJ chlp,,1 "ne. colllwliuni
s"p'en", d~ P'''''''"' Ji"", , d~ acu" ~i" romllniu~~~ nlr< pi!rman li """'{)(1nii <Ici 'i"l~ JN'J uall~'~ " Aceast =n"mw,,,, "br=,j de liM1ate
!i' <k c""",mc",..,: d) 'um~ flr p""'Od~~ li~,.e
nil ar ma,}i o I"m~ ~r~a,J de "10 Dum""z~" li~,
ci " '"m~ e",,,lIo,,; ~ U'",' p"n/e,,' d,~rr-" ~,..."",
IIdiberii, ('psi/ci de UII$> ", (D.S!.nilo>c, Cnm~n_
,ari" 1'1 ";'1/<' /,,' Ma,,~, p, 9}).
9. In Dumnozeu C_ S< do. Se Imn,mi!" ninu e impcrS<J<J.at !(~ul ~ 1',,,,,,,,,.1 i ,d.!i""./.
ln "",,,olul XIV, o di'puI> ,_a ivi! 1. Ai,,"! dc'pr.
l,;ba,m (.le la Mdia - hni!c, ,Jcc'. o li ruJIlI<). h ihwIIul e,1e () Jne'",U ,,'. precooiz.. z
con<en!",,,,a mmiii - eugc!ull. Oum",lCU in in,rn.! l i in,'..,.,..-e_ neinC<lar! numelui lu i li''''j,
in discut,ile cu ,""I"gii Vorbam de C.Iob< i. ,; cu
Akyndino> <II.:'f"o ruU u,," lum inii taOOr;c. pe c.....
"ihu)'ii, (irigoric 1',10",. (12%--1339)
rlOC~ di'lIoctie int", tiinj. <au c'"'''I> divilll, necreaII. ne""'hlltlbl,,,.n-, n"cul"in<J, inc'p,i"",bi ll "
en.'gul. d,vul< o,,-"'a!o . di~ii . .ieirile" <ou lucr!tril. puo cor< J)urm...'eu Cd ,'iu SI; comun ic.,
S< 1a,1 lnp.ilt1i\i!, indumnc"ok.)k, T ""Iogii Ia!ini,
'ub r<e!<xml el Il.'un divin e,t< .imrU, "",on,pu>1 i n.lupll>1'U. ',",ruoau ci hl<rul c<le <n0'1li.,
merii upraoamra!1, dat creaLl., eaTe sa .d:iug.>t
n.,urii rU fe, clzUI., iir. har. (;,igo,i. r.l .m.
ar.'. ci lrebuie , 1 fie ).. '~mp l"c in Oumnczcu,
,mprC\'ni i io ac.la, !,mp, atiit llumne.eir.. il>.",,ihili, 0;\, i "ule d,,, ilO"'/ Jiin/" f"in carc
de,' inc parlieipabi/. lucra,e "",c,,,.!i, ncd<:.prI l "
<II.: li injJ. dar ,Irooobiti de acU,ta. C..,d se Liec " o
DIOnln,",~,,..., " '" .firm~ !oa!e cO!e sun! 1n Durnao;:.
/eu, <k ci ~i fiin\ll li l ue,,,~a, c_ ~.~ ,,!i deod"!i.
cu l'er,n'"l< 1e trc imico,
10. floc,ri"" despt'. ena-gid<: ncm,a'e ,,<rc 1'' '''
rri< T""hl,ei ""'OOo~e rhcri!<n<. A"ind Ie"",i
hiolic (II 1'1 , 1, 4). aceast doctrinl <t;ll> h;u.
c"''''criei despre indunul<Z<lI'<a ",,,"lui (.hen,.;',)
i ' ... n,f,I1"""<' c",,(iei. I'al .. n"mul. pu, in ,,,'i_
den!1 d001 metode te"I()~ic< dll'c'Ecn!, : pc ok Q
parle, subst.,,!iol'''''ul .ool !ic (su pnm.'urnlul
pe'~ u.mral), p< de .ItJ parte. p<"onalhmu1 1'0-

,,"OI

"""UI""""',

""C

,,\'<<1<."

" ;"ie (nOlwa .stt !"''''lj~"",tli, ,uhice!i"iliti),


Ace<te "",'otk 'u "'pere.,"l a\u,," multor.,.
pilOle ale <klgmatidi. in 'peclal uprn ""tcriologie, ,i teologic; "",,,.mentale,
II. [)i<!inqi. dintr~ <:<onll. ipoo;ta,. ' .....'1];11 nu
","allln;' cman"\i,,,,i,,,, ,",u m<~b1i,m , Clci nu
<xi.ti an.I,,~i. ~ nti, int,e Dumnc,<u .; c"'"li c.
Intre CrealOr $i crea!uri, (;';S,,nc T<oI"B"l vor
I'>q'c de di<lan(.O (di .. t.m~ ) fu.ldamentol~ din !rc
dooa n.w,i dof.ri!e. Origine. i ~' ''I<--n .. ercojici
<lepU>d de C".,,,... de ,"in (.O Sa creatoare, "re.
tr..-o din .... n1. Ei are un ;ucepm in timp i in
.paji". &<, oxpu...! ,",'"Iuj,ei. ,;chimham, di5p3ri~ei.
,hm~ are ln~ origul<' in S,ne, B U < "".
puS:; temporaht!(II, ,i. pleni!udini, '""o,,,ode"te.
I'no UI1Il . 'C. Dumoc/cu nu SI: I., ,p.( i .Ii~.t.
I()c~lila!, li", i!.t 1. un loc , 'j'tol"l',a nu/. po.:t!c
obie<~v. P" [)umn~/c.." nu I""tc sl-L in,ere,~
in ,fer. im.nen,c;, in <CTI' p.n!e,,! .. u idolalIu ,
Chi .. mis!ici" care fo< e'pt:ritnl' ""ai lihili . il<>rilkltll, nu aling in mod obi" i,', emeret, fi",!> $J
perf<c!iun~> Lui . h""lu'iI (In 1, 13; 1 T~n. 6, 16;
Fili p, 4 . 7; Rom II. )3), l'>.umai inr",i'a!e> ,i
inc~mprehc"'i bili!>!ea ap"la'id I",t fi inl<lese,
C~ .in,l!lf ,,,.~ II~ ,
ou liinj> lu, Dumnu,u. .'
",,,rir~ fi '''''IOi,,'e ill r"mIM, "~"prop'mii. C~' ~
Ca,.... "''''~lIi 4i,,',.., ",m,e',,' mt Lo l'Iblt 1i /liri
.,,, p"',r. ,Ii_L ",d,," (1 Tim.~. IfI), n rond. "e,,_
"""te,.M c D,mllle="" nlO ".,.,,~ fi ",mascu' ~ fi
ea o c"n""le,r , Fd In.p/lc';" "",Iurizar<, a ,. piri.
,,,lui .""w' ni",. j'<fi""mea .-/ aratd p" D"",_
"eUu "U "eplltl/II' c"pri,u CII millteo, Ca
m,stn mai 1"""" d~ c"prilld~r"a nQ~,", J::"
cw,01''''IJ in n ~""h(H',"'e " (D, SllrulOl1e, N"U
la Ambl...~,~, p, 2(6),
12, N,,OIti <li d<:""lk . i " "'plic<: . ft"""Iiiie
b,blic< intr_un anwni! mediu eu l!u,,"1 i filolUlk
lIi",rica . ~ folooi, <le O lerm i'lOlogl< "din .r.,ii",
daT cu ><o,ul bib lic crel,n, Astf,,1: Oumnc~circ.
(ou.il ) ~.t< ~scoja ",,,,,uni. Treim ii; nu.la est<
tr.n"" ... dc-n!i; on.egia (1, .ingular) iosumni
m,~!ul 'k ' ewlali. ,i de O<!Wl h" DlJm",,/~u in
lume; ~D~rgl.il~ (Ia plur:al) ,unt m:Jnil'c"Mi ,manOo!" ,'arc
d"l'o " u, i. , r"ea >a u natu..
(phpi. ) e'!e ",. Iita!o. care cOllS~!ui~ u p<.-,,,,,,,ni ;
p..noan. s.au ' f"'S t ul (b) p.-..!a.i. ) tc subiectul
,. ,~ 1'<"""I}!i a,"m~, in mod indiv,dual. ae"".},
n.!ur' e idiomde if"'S!.ti<e (idiom.!.) ,un! ~"ac
!eriSlicil<;ou nsuj,rik pc ....... le.le ipol!"ulu"

N.,...

C_'

fi

WlJIC..,.

fi'"''

ro_ .... " ,,... ""

OM"

s.e.,,,,1 ICt5tQr ....... ,.; n~ rMi IOIJeaUI\& clar, de


lInJt. C<lOI\ro'o__ ,. oont\iz" inul,1e
13, . P<t Du_=~, nllfInI' M""od".d "" W
(in 1, I~l Nu cx ... i m,I""lol. inlr<
I)um~u l' " .... inlr< n.:crcaI " =101 I on.~'l:I.
ontlo). numno:/CU In ""un SI obsnIulJ, Of'Of'hcl,
tot.prop'lt. DU poal~ fi exprimat Irt limba, rrt._
~iot, ~p CUl" ar vrr. leol<>g>. <.laf.uel, olinna
11"1. 1">1111' 1. l"".. nu ' _Il ,,11.1 <xp":<'. <op;il>olii ...
!ioel CW~l>Cutl es<n(lo ._ Cd", C. al." il ... J, 14~
A' II"I,
,,I0i"ci (gN". l<) li: "1""
,,"'Ile",..'" ,hn pI.... ul '''''''"1''"1''' I\al ..... k core
OI' IIm.lI:l. l' eooSIJtnllcrik e, "'1' .....1. c' IN
pol fi dtrJ4"' . .,.. O lrallKeodn. SF IIIf"ut,
......... "\1.... '.'" libni l' do'po.ublli penUlI , ...
m........ cu U\I'IlD<z.:u. C ..... 101 1"",'tI S. 10$1
imfWll"bil Ruhli """.... utw ""II: <1< inUw.n
~',a. '" 1""'" in'f"cili<a ...~u. unlllno,,' <.JnJ
rnml".,." ' " ,...w.ru <k ~ul CI ,,",uni. AI".k~

,,1:.,'

,un,"" te"".

.11e ""v,ll1e, fiila ~d <ileM OUl I~. Sa.


lIIl $tim ..C. <il<~ in fil~\Il Sa __ CI ..te".
car< 'Hl dese""ll' limum. dor u ....
e lift lucru a'lron., L>unul<-z.:u ril<
on .... fltW ..... , prosu1I (It
tofy!!,"'u!. lh'i"'<' "",,, COIIl"'l'latmi
k>ClI.II .... "'~. ~,I" 4<2,.

Flin,.

RCHI"I'" dl\,ni1 ",le "'''TlJnl>,lli. Ihhll. nu

,"".,J

q ....
Re' d ...., din- ,.-.h..-~" <k . ,,,(onll ok
."",menl,' "" .I.h_e_ anltari "",,'<1" <... ~"",

1"",,

IIn.~'"

n' ... l .... ,_a

pn:~.n ... l

n", 1.

i,,,,,,,

I'l!.~

t:."

<,1< ",,~iue ' mJ.ura '"turc.. , ~< . )' ko.1t "O


dr:o$L'>l< pO.<'ul< ..... ,i lo",er",i. f'll J< Iiluti!.s...lc .J)u!'i
01100 li b"'n~ ... fiu!" 1 u ,.
"U' 1U,i,,~',. 1'" "OI , "oi "'1i fi mn~'''l' in
1........ I"n.~ (h t>6, Il. 49. 1~1. Trant>:<noJ< I<~ul JO

'"In

""'1* ...",,1.
~II'OJ'" 1<>(1--

C"" ~,,~ pnl~ It""~ l' pn_~ """.

In""

4.61 Slu'

.Di~lr~ ,~up'"

Tit. t>w",~~ pJ ....i"wll-u, i,,'r~,~'al fi ""-,..,,


",.;''''/'''' r~lr """ ,=unl~ ~ul....vr" p'rr.-. i_
r" ' ...i~ui,,.. j" /<ili ca o A~i~ W ''''" i",~,AI
D", r" /lui"," ~j'I' II unii I~, "" u '''' ,mp"
,;"" (1', 101. U.2 8), ~~ l ilnII<M "",,11-oul. I'n"
C..-. TOI,! 1. Crc",,,,,,1 !UllU' d)eUl 32. 4 1. II ~dul
!unleo in fii"!l,, Ouhul SIa"t 1'<""'1'1"1 .,,,,. al
C1c.,", (h " 1.!l.
Ik ""... "'" I'''.''''[>UD< ci _1_'''''''''' nu <
",<i ol...... 'f'I.Tll4. d:or ni.., _ > i In intrq:omc" {'u

.trib utr lr lu i Ollmn rzr u


1 de C.",

ie'". 1''''''"'''' <;1. '-CI CIl'" 1.." "I'<I 1. I","'"!'


"1'"""_ "'f!,lnd .numil. Ilr~u""'"l" I,,~ic<, ",..
~-n:.lt: "1"'111."""01 1'" m l" ur. "c Dumn.,eu
cw><.....-ul. II Se t:..:c n,'cun'"","l_"u In....-. mn! ' il

"'" la uh"....:u. u -.1 nu f..ci .Jo.T1I<JOI.IrIl'''' <u pu


.,,.,,, Lui ......' S. Mi... ~ dis"'''l. A....,,~,h~~
I~ . Iod,,,,,, .Jirmal". in a,d." lunr It"",
,,<I<,,!. VI"" .. ,,'l lui [l"nu,,"'eu'* /"" r<<"<'
g~'",n, hrr
,~" 1'",,,1," Dommr/", "", , ... , 1",,,
IklSWJ, .. (1.1<:1 . J, 1 4 )~, """"""la S, 11

~i

,
,

, "-' , ,\, '"

ni5u""'" 01...- ~u U
I"""P"'-

..J~viU<lIJ.

,,,,,,,,,,If'r.

I.Jr'"

imp6nil.l.-r do>

ain,

"eri.., J ......
Fdro'onsl"l, C,," 'n'<',

C&l~

....,.. ......
Q

~.U,

d,.,J. tti,,.., 01., ""lnl"

.w.Hl. ",rlt tk vointa


""Ii. ~"'TU b_iJfQ'",

50. , .. /iipfuri/r ,,' .,r,,'C '''.f'''c ,. wn;c ,.1 ",1>4


parlr rk buor}iJun/r Un" (M ... m \UrlUnsnorul.
CaNfr
drtJg<> ," 111. 2829 . .FiIocahil.~_
voI. 1. !'fi ~2.Kl)
17. Nu",d" 11." I'lumrKtcU . O T ........ Deu,
,..1.: mc"p,,,,,,, ("",,'onl 1111'0011
r><:
pi l,l:I . "(',, nOI "Ir n,.,..nruu (MI. 1, lJ J: ,.III'
c~P"IuJ foI~'j('", P" ''''''' " :.01"41 l).m"J~=r,," (Mc.
[3. 19),._
Illlni",,' ~ <"ro Iam ,,":11 J~ la
l)'''''''''UI/ "( In 8. 4{)), "Fu(l<rl~ ",il"m,,'~ al., lui
D"m",:,.. " WA 2. 11): V" c~1 , .~
&:0;'"
""", d"'f'II 1"I),m,,,,,,.,,"' (R<>",. ~. 1}).

th.,.,..

!""''''''''"L

"IX'

A,-.>! """'" (TII",.)

"""J""<""<

"'e 1...ru. ,; "plic" rnn

ohe D""'" (1. rl ..... l~ raI\:" .. fertl. atribUI.!" f,mIC' " .-;;;"'111<' lui r>umnc"",. ttltd. Ia
iii!, <-.: "" "",..,1.>11" .. ~jd In 1II<I'Ii'~' c",~.
pruiWok*" " "" .... pI~"'. Iu, DlnacLcll.
Pnn ~... l":lumnc:lou ~ ~KI ..In .tari" ~i
Se: _,f",,11 ar fI,ftlll"'''''''''U,
cu >ta=o
unu,Jw_ Alnlioo .. "" ~,-m pom ...... ",Ie
.... lIMrink nccn:al. In car~ tlownA<-"",u Se: wt.-ol .....Iri in e .,.",,,UIlC "OI "", ..1 ~i c.. c..... ~ .
Amoo.dc ....... J1U1lKk-lui J)um ... " .. do, 4~
eu IOiil< ci ,,~."I CII ''''l'''''"f~ 'ii ,"' .<:>i,...."'ci in
I~"K u ''''''jI''<~'''' ,J n"'''I,iIj'''~ i .. ~" t,,,.,.i. ;"
d 'p ~. ",er, """'''1 ,/~ <"-"",, I~ al Stim n r """,i ..
(1:.... , V-.muchlll. f),'Il"oli"a. J, A, Irod.cil .. P 27\,
Sfi nta S""Plur.l (" \""'11" aJ,:", r><ntno. de",ie
.tri butele rrVprio III,l)UIl'lI</Oil ,i I""t;ln lc Sale in
.fad de fi1l11' s., r..:"ltil\"i n.'l.L~,ri Imf<\lmut. tc
de la OlnICru (.. tr""""'''''r. .... I. f)a:r nil rrebu,c ..\
"" omblli< 1u, I)umnu ... """ <:<; "1-1"'" tiin(elQoI~, .~fcl. OI .....JrI"" Jald """""
FI. Ori ",,,,umUio-.:. n""' ..... ~"" dc$pro:
OwnIlC~CU. ct L ... t<Io:nufk ... cu fi",. "",01J.
c,t< " odoIatl1t
1& Astfel. [)r,_;..., fft< Ou. "J,d fI,ftll
,'ie. peno...Jl. "'1nIp"_~ ~, lKmalcnoll. <are
ale irlqoi ",nul ~oc>,1InIlOIC ,. C'" Ur EI"", ... fi
" ~ "'i~.Aoo l' "'.. , .... " (~.A 17. 18). li,,,,, Hri"""
1"",>, nUmonsttW: d' ..J)oJI /JoI ..........,., ~.,,~ f' u;
Ct" k ,-...,,11-, .1 ,,,,b,,,.~'; I '" in~.,", Ut
f' in
lMincir'" (1.., 4 , 24 ).
"f)ww",,,,,,, ul ...r'
{!~r.JO. 101, pr''''''I''ul
r,.,. "It,ii. Cel

,...,n,,., ""'Ipr<:nil fi ar",


nKI ""'''(1\11'''' ""~, ..., $' ruc"~'I.1 n,,""'!<-,

fii'"''''''

1'. n.,~,.,..u" ~"~

""'""'~

"1''''1 OU fi,nl<'1c ~ <OI t"",i/de .""". LI IN <SIc


~1f'I:"i1l:n. In limr "In '11>110 [l ..", in li .. ", ti
1 (oti de " .. t< .... r"oo"'P'" Icg,l..,.- fni, l' .Ii.:
de""",", "Du"",~;... ,. Ca,.,." ;;nl! U"""" fi ,_~
erl< n- IIm, fn ,a, .fu"~ filod Domnu/ "",ulu, l'
,,1 pdmJII,"ru' n" /"rrl'" in 'emple !licor', d.
",<i",i" (1' A 17.24), I'n" "0'0 SI. Uu""",,",,
Al(ofj" ",.,.o l <n"':./~, in
do: fi, I",,,,,a Il, oo.t.
Cu ".,a,I. m,,,,,.rc. "limflU l hmenl" uII,an'
m",;.1 nu <',... nl d,n "''''' "1' venicl lui
DUnUlrZt'\i " Vo~,",o/ .." nu...,r~ ,,,,, " (Am"" ~.
61. de ....,.. n...
nu ""
o"""nde de fOI~
lui' __ ..... .oool .... duc.,y [" DtJt ..1 Toiu~, tk j"
"'1"
...w~ .... fU8I' Ik ..... ..,; sili i~ ~e>". TI!
lIn>Io ",II 0."'; .... ,..,..,. .. u. iad, tk fofii
f), .... 1....
",rI.. d~ dilO'.->fii Ji <k """ _
Uft:4 '" "" ""ile ....... ' l' ~ ...;..., f" .,;
... P<""INI " ... '" 1"'" d,.,,,,,,,, TI>" (rs. 1311,
710: le. lJ.14),
DaelII<ilI>cI.oI I;,nl<l Solo nu 1'<"'1<: fi pllRIn'.
~" DO< ploile'" ,u~lc ,.uJ, <1,. J<V!,f Li, ". Il
putea. iall<u" cU m'nk" "" J)umi>C,eu. do.o lu
Cli nic ~k (Rom l. 211), Apolo . ",ea!Jli . fI'U"
denl< .unl d nl o m n c. re CU'''-''Item, c. pru> n' lle

"M'

"""i

an"" "" ...

LI,.k

\".,.,oel> lIIi Tltomnucu "-41.i d fi nu an:

S.k H ,,<le .J"<~,..,,uI" W;W< (1'4< 1. 1: In 1.


Il . .. CA J,,,,,;/ J' C~I tk p< _Ii"11 . 41. 4. 44.
6). Dum",,1CU .. re mal ponu. doc~I 'C'!jIlK, . In

poli''''

,n '" " ",'

lU>< in ~~"lenl.i t".'l .utl ... ca: .,u,u."",


duhlfur ~/ u ,.,.. '''''1/1/ i~ lci,,;~ci u "'" i~
''''''rU T""'i" ....' D<.lwl Tci.. 1''''''''' ;uI, fi , ....
.-,,~'" fo{D pd",.j"'~I"i" (P, UH. J0.31) .
nu ......xu .... p!WWtl< C1i>k1:i1" din .fn, nu
o"", I""'~. d<..,oxa, fI,n!> S..ocfiilld
adu" la C1'''\aOt1 d,n """~.,'cnli. DU IC~ .""'"
.00:'-... _ p~ <.it <I~ dl(""11 ."", rtTl4nu, d~ '"
pa""'''' "i",y Uptvk ",'" ,cilU, ,\/d~ u ctiJl~
,"""',.. fi ""~~,,I, M~I~ de ""):'rt~u, .......,,.." (1.
S5. 91. De, CSle c,~."",,1 llprunkJo-, f)urnn<;~...,
<:111< .hsoIol d,jen! de OIiI. <lupi liinp. Sa ",,".ualA.
"", ..1fi <nJ roIllJMIi d1l1 tnJp .. dm ""lkL ",cal .I..
,,,,,' D<,",,,r:~,, ""j(I~'I~r",~ fl "" ,",,1""," (O..
I 1, ~1. .,I)"",,,r:~u ",,_, Cd am .. /"' (~ u m . 23, 11/1.
In Ta",," "OI fI " ' I. I, li . u Ilrt .. . ile, EI .". "lA;'
1,,1,". C...... nU .. ". ni,i O.",ml,we: " Cu ci,," """
" ..",J,Ul ,j)j".. C,I
i "od~ "'/i RJ"
"/,,,/ ""mM,Q I~,[ CI< ,-in, .11;' a,,,m,,"a!, ""
,,, 'd fi" d ..... ~" ... ", ."... Sfij,w,/" fi,. 40. 18 ti ~5).

U"ltnl~' <~Itj /ldn>",," /i

,-<it-, ...."" It" IVt "'''1,,' con"""". .

(~In COl .<md,.,.,,,

,. .....OC '~ DQC".\I1C." ..

r".

"",,<1..

d".

'"!jIllC.'

"

"""'<

<'"

,~.

'RUf. "",

OfIliozi~,

'O~ " M' ~

in pilrtC. n"kn\. i n"''liri'" lui [)om-

nCl.~u .

,,,le

iubire" (lin 4, ~, 16).


in liin(:l Sa dWllnc,eia,,~ li
'-cn 'Cil, ",bir ' ins!i. Li cU"iotek .. v.mll~=~"
w. i"bir" . Apostolul Ioan IT~umil to.li '<'-0_
I.\ia Noolui T<otame01 Iubirea ... t~ n,u,; n",od"
lu,lJum ... ,,,,,-: "Iahw. lan,,,,. n,,",,,~.~u, i"bit""
d~ ""mem, milmti,- "d.lu~g-'''I>dii/"", plrn de
j",j,,,,ue j 'i de dr~ptme" (1.,. )4, 6). luhir~ ",Ii
grlldul in can: Dumnc/<1' i_o de"'ope.-it prop...
Sa inlimil'N. ,fO{~ adncul comuniwlII Sale "u
OlmII.'1lii . De ac,,,., dm I""Jlca crq li nil"" iubi",.
est. "arc. de fi unii cu Dum,,<z~"
de,
.., ~,t apropl<'" I"'r.<un.li.
Num.; un [)umn,,<u Care c>le In Sin. iublf<
<liP".'''''' li venid SUbZlS1 ca Treime. lubirn ,,>le,. ~. can' p,hITc.,d in [)unmc/ou un;'al<' ,!c r.inl~
" 'ITim<. r-'r"""""I",. Tol11 'plin.' "Ac~"r" ~j"
Fi,,1 .11"" Cel ",bir' (Mc.~, 7),...- hul "pune: "Dar
ca s c,moarc I",noa cii Eu iub'-Jc ~ Talul~;
p"",.>un Tatiil Mi-a ""ro"cir. dfa fi..c" (In 14, 31),
Dt!,m,."", est. fiinl1 persu"all, vie, ' lo!p""
,<nl:l, ,.re ir.oJ,v";: ;uhin:, tic '"-',-e. "':'l! iik dumnC"'i")!, ,un! c""",ii .10 i"hlT;' . Toate in<Ulirik li
lucrlrik lu i Dumn<7"" "jn 4arii " ,unt
Il
1"",1'; .1. ,ubinl. llhtlJl3r<a )' nhcwnplr.orc u
c. ",obil mblrea lu, l}uIIUlCLm bl" tic om: "nun,
""U,, Gfd a ",bit lumea, illdt /'" Fi,d S';" 1,/",,1_
N.i!;ruf IrU Jm, W ",ic~,e cr~,le j" t.1 j'II m, p,arci,
d ,ii aib<i vialci ""1',,,,<:.;" (In. J. Ib). J<rtf...pl.
lt,,"r~ a lu, Iln.t< an: c. pnn,' ipiu iubire'a, d.:ci,
1'" Im,a c, ,'ine din iublrc: " {)om"""",, i" w<kr~<IZ~
Jrag,,,,~a !,,;faIJ ,I~ ""i pri"
CII. ~n'",
20.

"Du,~"~:.,,

ab9ulu! )'

DUIIUl~<~U c,,~.

, ,

n" ,,"mai culme.


,. FlI'.

"'1

mir,.,

m,ulm

""i,

"
"
, 10'
CIlII"'Q'!~I'

t:/. oogal./iinJ

,4,/,

cu
., Jr,kla '.IIi, ,oi.<i in,l>oJgci f'1i"(1l COl. 8 , 9)
{h'Nt/'j,

mi

Orcrt... o in.",,, nu "urua, m,I""~",,,,.


fat- <k cel in n,vo/.: "C" a t:W"'t f"! Jiirac
",,,,,,, "el", p"'~"'i< $1 ~ ",;,,,,a,,,,1 car~ ""
.71.12),ci
1.

,' (

"

""ff</

Hris!u,' " n""i,. u;"'/ "'" uam incii piicii

"-'I" (I!.<xn. 5. ~). jn li,u, Hri,!, .. _"tc 1",,,,nLi. in


~i

iubjnoa lui [)wnne/,," r<n'ru ""mcni (T it 3,


4) . V<>in\J-lui [)omn"eu ..1. c"",,~nlf'il{~ n kl\e,
iubirii (Mc, 12,28.31), lub".a lu, VumDc~eu.
lJIaIuf,,>tal.l in Ii,u, Hri.!". c""-,,i!uie li.ru. de co-",iun, a Bi"-TIcii: .C ., "''' "O'~Ji"lat ca "id

",ci ,'i~I~. nI'" j"g~rii, "ici "apa",-,-;I"


mci <"ele d, awm, mco al~ c~ .".. fi , md p"'""I~,
mCI i"llm,"~, nici ~di",c,,1 fi "ici () ~I,J F"F'"rJ
mj va J""~" Jci I~ d~Jl(Jrl~ P<' "",' "~dra!!.",!"" 1",
D""m~=~"
jnfl'u !Iris!"" ,,,,,. Do",,,,,l "",.
m," (Rom . ~ . 3~ ..19).
21. lubi' lu, Dtlmn.z.-u se arat<l in ,jiufeni",
I>"."ir",ea (1 ,ITOp'''''''' Sa ( 1', .9~, J). Slinlcni~ lui

care

". ,

",(X,rr~~,

ar"',,",

,en,.

101' [Imn","

~'i,t<n\ll;

.,

li i"l;', dc,. ,!ci


I
'u i . '-'" ft flIr~ de ,fiIrw, da. nllma,
intderli <Unt Jup.
1
(('a(l<"" J~spr~ drag(><'~. 1
"01.2 . rr- 81 82).
dur

t,

BibUognfi~

Sfii"lull,",,, Dan,.""hlO. Dugm"ri~u, C.neo lnlii, Bu<u,.ti; F<ji'ura Scripla, \9\13. pp 1543;
lJ.Swulroo. r""l""w Dug",,,'"'' Ortodox, , 'oL r, I'P, I 132~ I ;
l Mm, " DII"""~~\I e>f~ 11Ibire ". in "V, "()rt,~~"d', XXTlI (W111, nr. 3, 1'1'. 3664112,

Come ntariu. Grill"ric Palalll a:


Teologia energi,lor n ecreale

[,m1' lu, l)un",cz~u o,u ndmprUlibil1, deo .."""


nu ,~>< din
i OI'" de>e0p"'l; f,ina "ode,

<Il,...

,-.,< <Il,.,

(;n~"fl<

1'"1.,,," araI;! el aeeasU IlImin ~"c "


en .. gio care i.-.d i 07~ ca ni~1e ra/o wn !i in", lu,
l"h,mocRlL f,i",l, .!cei, ~n'I'".la" . I';, adic'. ,.....
vind un ip<,,'a; pn'priu, Iq"il. Ii luernl. m;
DWIl'''''"U in of.,. ..,I\t multe i ",,,,.,'" \i, d.:i
il, . 1. elO .ori, ji prC/ml Dum"",eu in!rc~, n
f = ol,le!, nici Wl. din <le nu c f,in\> "'u ' [>0>11.
",, 1dlyin.
La Sc!wnbar.. S, 1. F.ta. Ti,,,, na mOlii """.
ce "U efa. nici no Sa p,c""h,ml\ ,n ce". "~ IIU
.f>, ci revelal "'"."~ <TII., <k,igu" n ah moo
decil Se ..,-il. UCCnlClIO( S.i, ])lai nain!o, R~,ok
Dumn':l.<llll s,.u -..-0101 prin T",pol SAu ,lrilt",,

printro l.mpiO r"'''''l'IITn1. ,


Fiin ,"" lui [)umnaou >&IT .. ,ii,~. 'po'I un de
c.'il' ".Ie implinlj,li, .d,d. ea est. In trei 'p""'a
.un, l'u dup ~ fiin,', nici dupi ,,<un ;p".. a.,
"" fac. c;,,~'a rJ"~ .l lui Dum",,,,,u. Domn",,,,,
nu
deloc n nimeni ji ;n mml<, del' osl.
pr,~oti",k:ni <le la].'l, NW!la1 locr"".. Ii ""'crea >mUnI' ~ f,rii <do, n 1<.i 'p"'lIsu,i ,e ;mponc in
,'hir fdUflt l' Jl'-'Il "',1 CII c.i """ mprt~"" ,10
o., A,tfel, tr.blli. JlnUl, imrrrun ."",le .I'flH'l":
lor. CI

1"".""

.'1.

lJumnezou
imp~"\ibiI, in
!~ItSinJ c~ .sle ,.C>rtxo de i<ire. ' de luc"",.
'"" esl. o enc,~i. ti, ... cl Lui, lI.rul rluhului
nil esle nici f, in!. lui Dumn",'\I . <1., nici" , impll
c"!"'nl'

Srnlul Grig()fie r.l.m. (12%.1359), "rN


'"ri, in.
Dtuniniel, l'o.mlu, l'alliloi', 10.
muleOli teza ... Jeijlte eneflliil~ divin, "_""CalO,
in fu<l1w.-or.. eu leoloRii O\I.~l i "i latini, <pTi.
Jmu\du~ pc expericIlI" isiba}lilor, ,>Te prncllc.u
rug;;';iu" ", im,i, pnn uni lieaTc. minli, cu mi
ma. jlcin<1 T~krinl< i 1. leu log" c. !'",,,Jo.-M.
carie, Maxim MirtUT\,",,"'I,,]~ lJ'l\l.",hill.
l,' , .. [>I'1.lIull """I~ fi ,.zu"",t;\ .,1 rol:
1 '(1 d. odwn.rii 'Ii, car, ,0'li"".0 di lumi
.. c< < 0 ..-:1"1 n ""pullu, Hn'l'" 1. S<:h"nb.m,
la Fali
un ' ;mll,,] all)w lu,<,,~o,,!;;ol.:,

.iIu,n.

Gn~m i ,

r.1.m a c'pune I,'/a ,. tip'c ,in>


pli,.lc. tiin!<, 1"'",-",.10. Iw ])\JnUl<:"~u, <10.'>1''''
locr""1c S.le {iUlI,.k~, '[>0>'''''''' nUII,,10 >orgii

j"dw,",.z<lIO<l'. ne" 10. aSi fel;


,Pm' r"",w'e, ",d~g_ $' lii:;r,l~ <i",plil"t"a
,j""'Ion"i",,,;, Jar ,.J "li d~,'filllle=, ,~~",I~ LUJ
'''\J'lral~,

ca fi calod Il

M,,,a lIefUU""tJ i'

<It'

li.

"'Cl

,,',i "" """""l"i lu

""4"i,',;, ;JlUP"''',

do""

"in ,~ ""

"fi"'" d,,,,,, ,I"""",;eiri li


""arii dlll""~
;'iel,1 "I~ /!i''''I", ~Jirci cr","~ fI ,,.cr~"'~, Cae,
,((,,"ai al" ar fi J""" pe"I"''' w , C~CI, li","
amam/n"" n"a~"'~, al';, fil/Jlll (a' 1" I",.-me"/I, ,,,,

""" "'''' "p,..,li,,"

'''Ii'

.I;~ ~"U, c~,,,


ra.-a i
"(~,,~/~ Q sill.~"e,j /I/mi"", NiCI " oi 'UI ,wcore,fI c
/)(,",n~::," ..a li 'mp<,rI'/> 1", D<In,,,e:m' """ "'".
, ';j

<I ,.lea ,un//ua,;ro "1,, 1". [)U""'N'"


"Qwi hu'-"/ i",j"",,,~;;~it()l' IJ r""apra
ik rr~""m", ca ,,j ""e""",", 'mprew,ii CII LI li f"!
,.1 C~ are Ji" fir<!" f"'K'Wii aa" ha,-, .\, J<i ""
ani,i C~ ~ "''''' "",,,,'ill"'I"I'<"/ ,'<i Fi"ll"i Dttm
""z~ Sa )ucu' ,li "OI C~ci r~no ar fi ~",~W.r " ii
J'~fi,cb fI"",n; IIm <a nOI. daca '''' ne,ar fi im
1'<ir1"'lir p<' V"h,,/ sfa",. '" ~ <u~'ur", mai bi,,~
="', doca "" ne, ar)i "", J"hrd ;"fi~rl; in ,,, 'hinol~"
!n'porl"" fi" ,'"te 1,,~,w,, 1 dU! FN:i{)o{Jf'{J, Sa jiiclll
"",' Aia .<i ,,~JiU./ If>t;~$uri aI~ flp<J(/'J!.>t' f"'! u,
CI"~ <O"" 1>L,~r,,', al~ lu, V~mnu~u, ~", 1'"
,'fi~ri, nici f"'! "JI~ .J n,," )dC< mar d~ "efo,;,,'i'
i"cat nJi ",mw, "u 1< ob,i, de kl i~'/X''''4I,,,a Ju",
ale,

C~cr

,\j, i ,'Ii

Ill/

"",:e,~-,rn f'

da, iro ro

i"""'''''''''''''_1I, d'" ....,/~-,'i uM~/.

Nici,~

"" '-ftlel fi" DII~"""" ar';' d~

r . rMtw........... U'A
"e{Jl"mciiM. inca' s "" poiJ' d,,,i Sfll'a ' .Ul
lmpil,t,~ir~ fop"',i/v, LOI> m/,,,,,al, c.. ,I'" Ha.
hi,,~ zis. 54 "~-L fi,ei pe EI lip,'" Je }iiuI li d<
ipWM.,~r". c F.I ,.,,~ II toale ",i';"I.1<
1;
ac<ccai cu l"crrilel.u,. can prill ". ",nt "~fii"
liule ~i ""pas"'''c. "dii nici ' ., "nl', nici i",,-,'a_
nori Niei sa IIufi.ci imp,muI,bilii ~""'Ia I"i UUn!
II~;'" c~a ">ai pr~S"f "" e"",u $i de """,e ,i i"
"''' n""'piJrr,ihiIJ 1; nemoruf"tatJ, I,""""d ,'''
u ~ "waI
Aici ., "" apari ca "" alt
F.~ II ,>mI~, m,,,,ilid n. a('~I" /0<1/, (mmcI<'role! c<l,
ip<>-,' atir., ra n~cr,atr .. fiillia 1,,; D,m,ne.{~u . ,ub
pretext .. l.mnplrtiip, d",,,,,,od'jti Nici 5<1 "" 'e
fad mo"or./rt. foc"nd jrr<a dllmn,uia-,c dill
Hr;<ti" lip,;ta h I"ct,tre. Nici "II Sabeli~, "0_
""'",d in alt ch,p ""mirilr 1,,( D"m""ze" to'ile ,le
r~"Ii'iili, w ",.d. <"< ar iti-""nma
aeelai 1,,_
m., adieu, "rrmai ~,e"lci. Si "u piJl~.-" '",rte IJC(.'.'
"a, ~untmd lucrrII_ I"i DtJ.IIIM;~" crmk li, p'i ..
pl<umt<'" IJO"le. illfol'llld .<r",plrtat<a Sa ca II~_
maifiind IIimic. i ...,.,.1" in fUR I".-i Or ' ~iI'r.~U im_
piiel" ' II<impiJr/i', "~,, in imprp-" I d!.<tinet i ..
uni,~. ,,<le l" il", Si"" i.. ie1 iri ;- i P"rrlN!~ n",c<in
J"_S,, ,il "~""carr, ill'I><1'lil<du-& "mpiir(d l'
impimu;-imlr<-& ,iilr"g dupa cA.p,,1 ..a:ei roIa/Y"
(fk'I""" ,mlliJ"~irta d.m<n.:~ra,('(i. 27. in . fil.,..
c.lI .... ",,1. 7. 1'1'. 407_40l1).
fm!'O",,. lu; V.. I.am. cor. re.1u<e. ndum_
neL"irC. omului la" .,imp U imila.o n~>rala > lui

I'n "

"'it.

"'''!ii-

'OD"

Du,,,,'ezeu. l'alama ,,,,,b<:$le <1< th. o, i. I"'rt,,; .


p"'~ .~.11 1 .

vi.\> lu, J)umnc,cu, po:: ci , c.l< ingadu it omul",. firi cODfuz,. de n.lur:! $i I.rol c>
' : ",la ;ji cru i /c/~ ~""n l . di"in' :
.. Cei '''''~ ""1'1""" /ur Dum,,~;~u f' Q" ajuns

la lima ""ntro

ra",~" fo" fiU"i, .,Ji,~.

1" i"""m -

- Clici fX!"'''' (JC~asta =.c piiri" ,i! ru ne--<>


fii""t f),'''''''ZO'd, C<I f~ Il<" foc" pUri"$' il. [)"ntnr.m..'a Sa. lllP\. 1. 4 /. ,"fii il! Duml!~u~. ca u;
""=~rr,,

Ci>,t' SlW illd"m,,~:eii

,
umt.1
'CIT" ,

nume"", 1. rlu.~I). '".>IT


ta1e <le fi"'j. J" in:! (,.. '"

1, I

1, PArimel.

S!l.l~I"".

a ....1. 1
j iI

Dumllezeu. 1Jup.l d .

IM'C' ,h,ITin"i (Ic'p'c J)",~neze" >e pol


.. Teolog,a ca'iilied ar fi ct>~5ff"""" 0' efi'
'W',
I
dm'" cund u,
forta in rapor' OI"
(fi
~ifr"I,i
,m
car. I
",<>J",,-I ,le

,i,,,

c"'):t'rr din,,,,,,!,,U

di>in~
<~wli,i. <-(,

w",c" fii"le;

iit

'.

'.-ologi
prin Ilicrri
primi .... "ce"iI/urllvr,
!iI putcril~ lot" .

lIIui

"

,'

,...

oi. EI. fi Du"",,,,, ... , in "'.

ca C~I Cc_; i"dun",r=<,i'J'" '''' ~i Dur' ac""a. /'i


a,,,,,'''' >(' ;mpirrlir:.-es~ <k l"craNa dumrrnriarr.
",,,,,~r r it< ~/t chip. dur~" ,kjr'''la 1", Du",~e-
~~" . f)., ac~ca f' c~wi,,,Jto,,; de Dum .. ,,,,,. -""'"
c.. i~d""",e:~i,,,u t,,,~ !i~",' all'lCriiri, dUnl'"
=""fti. ((;rigoric PalOlYl2, GJi"'te Ikspr<! ,..... "'J.lt~
.ro 1", U"mnez~,,- 105. .Y ilocal;""'. v, ~. 7, p. 494).
Aad",. ""nNi,e. ~S!. O vr duo)""'" (a,mcl

...,

liinl" wn,,,,, dul'l

. ~m4"",e.

<u Dumllt'zeu.

""

"Ii

7, p. 120)

KbIog .... O~

- Il S\lnil,..., Pml" f'


_ j,)bn ~k)"Cn<Iorff.
r.~\I,

i~"jl"''''''

$fi;""'/o"

&,~ P"lum~ . I,~_ Seri",., l)"'''.qli.

Sjiim"I,,,

Grignrl~

1992,
Pul"mru~, mi",O"J ",t<"w.,~, Ld. l~,~loped;d. 1/"'..1, "nsela

Uuftrrqli. 199~;

Georll~ P.f'I'do."I"!I<I"OII. M~",w",J~. "mi Pu/"miH ... {;<>d Br'-"*litoc. M.. ,,,,,,huS<ll<. J '<lly C'1"\)f$
llr!hodox J>r...... 1\IY-I

X. Dllmnezell Sfnta Treim e. TriutJ%gia


(\'c" iI..woJ.

.5100"

a.,- .'iJ;'''~i

T~M_1It

"",."

in

rn".

1, 1991, pp, 1-411

1. Or""k>XI~ io."\-I ndQII I d"ku,,~ ~""'u ...


1'1',rn:'l"'k: .l<'H"'" <klprt SiP.nl. rr~,m~ (l rJ_
. do lu&i. ) .' do~m. dup" In'm p. rc4 l' ~Ij
c"'''p.k"rc. lui li,... II")!,,, (l ... n.. mi . ). T l'ad> ..
rt<1111<od n~ ... """" .h.... Joci. de ol ~ .... QI~lo
. C, .... w COIIS~ I~I"',~,. _u '"""'~ 1~ du
pt'elu,us~,; pld8~1 dU"'8~u'~u:

,,1 """,,,/U,m

.... "",,... (SlOnrul \'~"lc cel MartI . .. /",..,pr>n


, " 1r"''''I'~ "./rI; f'
im-li.i' ...." "" ",,,.;ni

..,~ u d,,.'a

C~U

'''I',.,,''J,

(/"",;, .e ""/lfld

"'f1"'"'" <k",,, fi",";

CIi

i"";,,;,,,,,,

A lIwa iHfoM~~J l,,,.,~

>"pr~ ... J ~ Pn"...1~",<"

....u o ImI''' ",,; de


0.. ... , "R,br/(,,1 k .kth..Ihl . 'N i.,J.i/~'"

.....
<",,1<1' II "ct'I""du' _
f'
Ito
U"",,
"<'fii uki d,,,,,, .." ma, pn.'u.. d; ,,,,,,,'un
1"I,,,,,,klr (M.. im MJ, tu".",,,...I,
<lNI'MIr.t:,ef,ii iN...."."., # (111'""'" J""~_

pt'~I_l:i"'''foni

l'

,,;,....

RIf,.l'u",~"

J"I".i~

'lItol~)tI~

1K, .. f iKoo:al>.", 3, p.252). nel/'.....

.~

cum

p.-tC",~ ... .i

On IlC"_

nl~

",.

'."'1.... lui 1..", Tlnn" <b.pn: Ibnnc= 1.lioil


Slu.,. TaIiJ ""'Ins.
J. bl< <loc ...... ~. <n:fII"'fllWlIll.
,drtu,..,Ii in S,mbolul de <miinii (3811. _Cud
,~ 1... ,,,,1 Lh.n,n,;~" Tu!iil AM,!",,,,",,r
C..,/ in
LJa","
H"'!IM, t",IIII' D"m".;~u.
('ud il! Du/ud!:ifohl v.-..J "" 'ia,J for"''''''/. ..
l-I in 1",,,,,,1. 'nrutm Il< 1. 11ou:~, .. So- /ouI~"",;
-1Ibtd lui Du.- ..... u. N_rlr T",.ulii $' .1 hul..

V,,,,,

II.".

<. ,,1 V.iM"I",

0.. hec """" d,n <"'ln/de


\l!1lunorulul elin: A", .. IOI, Ie".te de hln~hch .. _Mug"". in''''I~11 ''''''~ rK"n".,.,I~, /)".
r,;J..r,,k'"'" ",mwW Tat~I", 1" al F",/" i # '" 'if<!.,",1", lh,h ." (MI. 2M. 19\. I\lCI "" c .. '"'" <li: ""

""Il'" OlllllC. ci de iri" nu",c, aa cum .. <.... IlI.


S!k.1ioi lllllrJl"" ..
I"", F.wll' pc!>j.ilonJ
J.),,~. 1,.,."""" C.... de ".I;'~lii I' 8N~Jpm-",J'
(rna<L. hnnlOOO.u.I. 1I,,,,...ca a <rt"~ u l <1.: 1. Jq_
,""pu' el n i'ti ..Un o..n"Ii"~" ,i Ta''; din CIUr

r. }",..

>IIm I,,"'~.

,u, Do",,,

{J ..

.s

liI'i>lO$

P""'''' C,,'~

'''''/r, "" 0... S/Jm in CU,., _'UIII ''''''' 1"


~_ 6l. Re,-d.". <<I".t:.nLl l' frn
""Ij a lUI I)umnc~"" ca l'~UDC '" e<>n".IlIlP

JNnf

<T1I11.- (1 CII.

1.. U,bI",_" ~i In 'fi"'.. llls..--ne" t' iu CA


perien!. I'rok\,I .,-~.- filljll, .... I:np! dlJlw inIIm, 06J><0"'~ do A"'~n .... Cu,,in.lul. n.,... ,,,,,,llilIt
IlUp:" (),In",,,I.<la"~i S" ,,,ci'~1 piI'i"'~I"1 " ...11"
A.-rI,~n," (I-.A. 1. ll.
n~

3.

o.:...lI1nl 01."",< T'1I\J1ioi'" leu' inutl Trtu ...

.<

trhda _ nlC in' .... ' de ~I .."ul C""IIC>rl~ ""


Nv,~)
miii m.. I'< afUl"'''''
a) (,m""."'. lui
CMt; S. d< .......
po:nI ca Unul " .~Jcul,J, I,,~~I~, lXm,,,.d ""',,,,
D<,mM.~u ~" mg,1rtJ1
(1"-,,'- 6. 4) 1"
/0 .Ilm~ ti- '~/' fj mci",..lli. C~" h
.'''''' {),".."r.~u f' n" .,,~ "1,,,1" (1.,_ 4~. 12). h"",
H""", ~ """';nl<l< dlll Uc\dcn_ 4, 6 rMc
12. 29-J.u). U ~, c '1\,,,"1 Llonm ( .. AI. . . ilt
3"f' 0..".1 II ~"-ffe ~ El LN",,. . Mc. 12. ]7).
A <rak'-" 1 mi al Domn nu tsk ",,"!rar<rWlIIiC'
in"un Il'lII"ne, <u uni . Tall l <,te rc'wl.! d<I J ,ul
ca Unul 'om : __ A",
n,,",~I~ TUlJI", "
(In_ ~_ 43\. II.", il . ",tI "" hLIJ c. I""'!K'P'" j;
c...,J a:w. hul c n TaLlI. J)uhul " in hul, ,.

""""",,,'_,.i

Ou.,"",.
Dvto", --

,,,m, ''''''II

T.U.Lia .............
Lx ..1J un ""gur DIornIIcIl."U petIlr\I ci 6'>l.I un
~ rIIIIOliesea, lIutnll\:l<'U.<Ie ~l pnn .....
' l>CfO" j 'r.,~): LI! ''''''g"r D~m"n~~ fI g,6 ~I r~_
! ,/r(H" " (HC"J. 41. 6). D,n
co-l cU"'''II.ru
pc IJ\lmlK/""_ U<.......'1""' .. Ia .. 0.1 hul", ~l(>-

"""""".t

'... " . lMt. IO~ . . . .

.... hl. li" <"']UI" pnI>C'PlP) T oLil~i ~xpl..:l "",.


IIlCII Ullc."rtnII,l3r.l de IiIn\1. do ''''''11 " de.,.""",
TIIIi! .......""" Flln!C" hol, t:d (;..., Se,.;qIC dm
Tot.l.l (O "'''''''1:htnl. hul U.... l McuI~ ( .. ...
t51e smlh>ClJ'ea A<~5N'O, l>uhul. (;~r~ jl'tlrC~do d,n
! atlJ ~, Se ,><lihnC)l" in 111'1. ASir,,!. "ni ...". d!\,
nii e.le "'",Iora. ior Inn il.IlC' ~.t. un. Un Du ...
,.,,,,,, inln:l\, SUIlI
b) Coo>ub;U<\\'Ihlal-" T"',mll 1-' .flllWllJ
de 5""'""'1 """"""'" 1 (IB), ~ar<: )okdc~'c .."..
""",ul hom_,i", In:UI1C"a _ II .m,wt GUlli

p"',,""'el ..... imp<U1 fi",,,, d,.-,ni. ThImr>t;-<II1I't"1


".)< t'ntnl<". T ",imll "u .~'.lllr.; <fumn",,,,. "
l:nul duJ'l .... nlJ. in
rc""", ... Care. Ii,,,. ,,, <"
OI,mn~,ru in nl ... """",. dup ~>cnlii Ku nUmi'
N!'a"l. ltlr .'1<
aji, CI li
"OUl? 1\1<,.".), ,uMa ",n' ;d<:nox., jStoOdui de
1. l-'''''I'''l1n"",,1. 5531. I"u num .. in ~ul T...
IOlu;, ia t1cm,LoI..... )' ia ""liun,," 1..,,- ",""\IM

'n:!

,do""d. "," ,; " ..

in'""""".

"M 1...." =-'1". 1"<,,<1'1",


111",,_
pintn:. dCl DumD<~ru l1li Jw"'vl '''~"' l' ,I'!do:.
r<n<knl "" rice ""V ..... CJtc InnoLori: de 10 lJllI.
mn hul. in rJuIt,,1 smn,. U\tmn"c" cn-,~.d p<<n
f ,u l in Duhul. ("'<oI" 1'''' de h..:n,ca lui I)w'!M-

,I..,,",,!><,,t..w

,,:u, d.r fIin"


tuc ....
" Dunvt.o~c"ca """.~ 'Utu",", in ",,' P,....""'"
d""""lI: 1lum""""U ~ Lnul. dar nu "'~,Lo,. ('d"
Ir<.l'cnot:oIac: ...... wI!w;(k li< "'''1mP ~, ti<
:nlu ~ I"n\l u.- ~r.-.;Li,..."Icnoi. dat dosUII<I . dup; ",I~~,k l de '"'1''''' cu T.\JJ i' ;"..
In: 1k '"' <u lum<~. A .....i: T.,iI ~ n",,,,,,-,,I fJ Bri

""'Ii-

ino:"""I, limdcl il' .,. (>1"'8'''''. in Sll,e In'''I' '


hul C.,. ~ ...... ll~ "U,IU, ,I,n T.I.I ~i Duhul. Cir.
jl'tlrCed<: RUma, d,n 1atn Ta'iil. Fiu!. Uulml Slln'

nu .""lllnrlc nwn ~'"u mC'l<Lohl.lt) .le fllRle,


dl''''', c, """ ,I.'<Mb,'c ""n "'Lo\Ilk' lot de: ,,"o
_ilie. FIUl nu c laii. TIUI ~,1~ Cel Ca,. "",li:,
tlule "''1<"111, 1Jultu1. fU'''''' hul ou ...."" r< Doi
hul. ".~o" pun:",..,,,,. ,..,1.[,0 I't' ....
~"'''", II" do.! loe<mt ,."'.1'.11 .... <k 1.......<
(1) n uru,"~a de ftin[.ll "."Uuu. Penoanok: ip
",,,uf.'I'\ (I,<1Ut<\ilk' 1"....... 1< in ,..port cu T.til,

..,k.

~J"lln

rot'li,le cor. i'li tntre U. Tatal < "'.


,.Ul do Fiul. Car< "". fiti ... '" dodl il! ",1'1'" ."
! aLiI "~''-n ...ni~,, ""_;fi,' fii! N,d J.... dr 8~8'~1
Tu/,i/li ~i<1 fii! Tg,AI n.r nlf<"'#<" ""_8' J..~ Jt
_ , Fioo/-- (:'>11 II. n, ('u,lintuJ mi li< 1. in
c<"f'UI la rd.\te.'U I .,ll tin 1. 1), lL Can: ""k
<turul hu Ounuk:, .... " _ 1).,. ,ton ''''' 1ltvoot'
"",'lIul ~Cul. 1, I ~), ;lril",""" ,1.- <1 lu, Out .. ",,

"~~~ T

(ing<IfK lIUIn,"quk ~ lucrare pIX1I<.l'" .din"


T"Uil. tm;" .. pnn" .', .. 1. ,. \Ie1i,lrt<cI'" ",,," Du.bul. Gn~ 1'.1_ po'f" ., u~ic InIlIJiooaLI:
_ti" la" T.l.I~ .. ",iI<" FIul ... in ,- fluhul Sllnt. A~

lillbk::l j" a{ir6"11w


mjr"ui",a "

I),.,,,,.~

adocl. ani;'"

sfint"," >UnI npc.n romllIIIli SI",,,,;

Toa ..... dor ea. ti .. , impl'1J1I iBIr< Lrl< lIci 1'..-

"""bu..

lIOalIC rn=a~

..,
TlI.llu. C..,. crea" dU.
VOID\I Sa. "no f,ul. in lJ\Ihul Sti"!; risc .......
J*an:a. fiului C .... s... In\f\lplll pnn T>uhul SIlM.
_uIWldu1 tit Talil; "r",~" Pu/MJlu, Car" "LOC
<le 1. T.'II. ,. C", .. c. Hul .... In aerul creajlci.

....

T.tll <'SI< ;v,orul. I-Iul, limIta, Duhul, dcvc"JIi", .


Du~ Vuit. 1 M.",....x/j,,; Q 'lUp"'; ,una a
101 Ce u,,-,a, Car~
prin 1'",/ fi "<Ia la
de"i,'cirr;r~
I)o/hod" (f><,p'" Duhul Sfi;"'.
X\ L )~. in 1"'1<1 cit. p. J7 K). Dumnc,ou
.. >IIs/ma,,,,,,,I,; "..",.,,""./ ,I~ gnj6 tII tul'/r(H". prm

!''''"

""",ii

es'.

nOII, in Dr,~,,1 SI"'''-' (Gn.<lO< S,n. II..I, C~"'~ '"


....""'d, 30. In ..F,loul<.-, ",... .. V(~. 7, p. 100)
h) _ht."'II"I~ jpJ""'", , ..nt Ind''''''r i" Du",.
j1,<td r~,,....~ "'1"""' ""~/~ .... "I'd~. ,<1
"""'<JSrJI"r/~ .~ J.w~bt-JC ;MIre d~. dm- ~u JupiIfi/nIij Dar-_ " - 1 . ~ ,.., .." ... fi"'" t. """'" 1" <li
crea,." C"'-"' "" Of" " " " " ~""" 1'>wt .'IjiJnI" Trrtm<!
$1 Tar<l.
~"","'~~:IU ~ ;_~
J~ .....". jiJrtJ ti.- (~p'" _ " fi """ C""i ~u

*''''.

""""IIft ,..

~ ,w",-., iplI<llIS.m, ci ~"'''''' ... ,.} J!NLq a-I..

'''''' e>'" T",<i{ JIM C"" iU'"I' /" C"""" ~r


Ct"k""le 0.. . ,;, '''p"rt ,u <r"",,,. fi'~Jc.d """'.-

1>1:

U,,,. K;"

"()'-" 'A llC~"

o:n" ,,"OCA

("';""'''i'~. s..pra'''8~el''' 11 '''''IT a/~


/"/~ 1", J""r~ ,.,.".. I>fffIH.
lfflQ nu ~,~ fiII/< C",-", "u '_:1/ in ropon "" "Ita>.t J ar
'fim,. f~" (Gr""",, P.I ...... T_uf ap/mli<:.

lingll'

"j.c,

112. J-,Ioc.I~". VII, P 314)_


4. T~

,~,ci

,"",,'-Iri ""I'ne: c tit " .... t,... 1"


P"""""",' ... ftlDllCC, ci, ti "",,"uw-

une. ,nl"'.p"'l'$Od.lIli In Jinul Tatllui sual ClI


1"-""'101 <kcMnc r>umn.oRU esk: , ..... '" (ef TIn 4,
$1 I~l [),n ,ub\U, EI II ~'c p< Fiul ,i -L putt:cdo: po: Duhul. CI 'I""lali< libere.. Nunu., lUI Ilurnne:Zeu l:on ,"e In S"'~ ,ub,,,, "'I..-cmJ ~ vqJ"c'
."I>.m'l t. T'f'<lIC. l:umuni""". intra!rtim,d"u
OSle de:l0"n1n. li de" oaulli din .(IUi. lob"''' ~.1.
<IUlj un iilli, r.1I' lC' ,; tr<im;; Pc"""n"l,... Dum
"<'"U cI'. in r.in\. S. d"ml1C,~i.",1 )i '-<jnicl
i"bi, .. in,il' {StllnlU l Chuil .1 kru,~lim"I", .
CQ,~knQ VI. '"
Intlatln . "''II'ri"", 1., Dumnc,cu in .. lOroe
k: face lui d,n ""VI '""''''.' 101 in numele Tre,
mu .....nd drqlI KUp lI.Iunorn .",an,tltu l' C,n_
\1<' 1. """,uNlIIl<'. cu in"",
Iu. Dum ...., ....
(Col 1. 201 inl<kStlll. astftl. di Intnq>ar-.:l FIU,",
lOtIIW 1n<Unl<lac:o
'-'<1' do: """,,u_
o,..,.,"" "-'>tI il! >i<>IIJ Ta[jJu,_ Fiul. tuI'1nm,'
in Iu"", pmlrUl " "'~ $O I "alnlll" II modul
,le "OSle"'" can: ... Inl in 1
E<tc Ir'''; '' in

"'''l!'

'Ii"".

"""'<1

' 'un<.

IUIII<. CI l~"",ul ,.,~< <~,>-I<tI, in /)w'''''''''u.


,""ul d.n
n purUl(lf Il ''''Iii 'nnilM<:.
W nu, C.1I'o:IWW .."an'i. ,zoIll.iI . MISH"'CI S.I

r ....","".
/" n"e ,In 1,,,,,,, al C,I",. r,~,. ad", /"fi,n,,; Iim
"'e. in e,,n,t dJm,,,,. de S"'". Tre;mii.
Mi~,i<_ f' """,'" ui fo<. u(l fi. P'1n h,,,1 ct)nlU~
LI fd." nun.! Stlnt. !)uhul. C.re .. ,".. ~ d,n
d,;n,il J.- (.", T""I . .,~ "'~II~IU r"'611 T!!""", o.1'11.1. ~,'" ""mi s.i ""~'"I"ic ninro lu, J)u,on"'CU
pi[,f,) ~l><>ml"" 0.'"""'%(111 ";,, e'" 1111 [){)m"~
<.
,ul-l de: "om"n iu"e (ef In 14.26; 1 Co<. I J.
(fJ;>", 0, fI. ",,' T"IJI IIMI,,, Cel dm cmor" in_
1J) l' J.l ""It,.... ,.., lu" .... Ii <1.""0\" """a:a la "'"1"
fl/iI""'; ~lJn,,, 7","", ,u un Dvn,"" D'''''"neu
di""
.... .:-.re "rll""O$I. '.nHihil ,n re""""" lu
,,/ MJlru l' , 7", II( ""',,,,, C",~ ... /10111'. prin
k"",1 j,jll /)ou. r~ "'{rQI1 <""11 Fiul C/ de" fi,n,d,
.""",1 r"'~/,,, 1.
TMd I l.u, I.e :iu fi ilt_
~ ill
F'''''i .... n..AuI Dar- T"'al
It".." II ;It
CII :/JI"" i/tu"",ij, ,u". CII
.'>la".;..,/ C....uur al lUI"""" C6.J tko Talal a'~
_lIIiI inuPl"_ ill "'P"'" CJI Cff<I/KI. ;"'rpul ~ f'

:,a
'''(NI"f '"
"',-1

F,u/, ."~,, ."", dolHl iltc'J'Ollun' /pnlKTl"'). d


......... D.tn. ilt ><'tU J.- N/,,(k. 1.., ZIC<' li Ft"'ui Ur_
<YfHJf /pro.o!",,) ilt """'" .... rtWI/w. pn<.UlIJ 1.
:ilY fi Ss"f!o;"j;J d, f<o 'luJII~ Pro. """""""

r",<il fi

hul Cu I>/,AIII 'u"', folii <k <:nQ~',

""

fi T,,'';.

un

';lIflu, ""''1""1 (priI/cip/ulii"" JIWX'''- !Mp<in, ~~


<il/SI"

C""",,,,",

lin fm~ur D,,",,,~:.u

CI

'""ul ... Intrup",- I'*' LVoll1j!h<liwl. ""'. ,..trq;t.:


1'< l"a de""" Mlun l' dapre I....=c. Duhulu,
~r.n' (eop 16), ""I>hn'OIJ,~. mlul AteiNil de "fIWK1tf", cit mingile""" de apiriIu.-.
llWIuI .,,~ Cd C..,,L ......... IJ,'ql. pc hul dec,
f"cI ("... iii ..........'" F,IIlu. dlm<mRDl:lci cshalolopci 1>< II Conc~UDC, III>.<nC1 ..le Oopcft-'
drn[j do I"IuhuI Sa.... l:_ n ka&I de '-ea<uI <:<ha_

.ti,

1OIoi'~

I'nn Lluhul Sfin'. R"encalriiqo<


In
planul "tun .... , d'~, In <ti al """'1oIog~i_ """ ....
,., ... "",. Tluhulu' !o'""~ 1l,"<flCI Se dU ,n m, ..
!Cluj <O<I'u"'OI"III l' al dillCQfl, ...... 'i\i, ,,~'""". pu_
n'nJ

""\il d

<ul) .JII<I<.--."" IJuhulu, sr.. "

'R. 'MOI. ' .... ..-.' Ok'A

5. C"atO<lerullrinilar ,1 1I"""c .. ' al Tainel.."",,,,} >Ol fI< ""bhni. 1. Fh.><ri ,,_ """
in Jlri>1'"
\(;.1.3.28), ca un ,rup cu mullc mlJularc. ca lII1
,<ruplu L,d,t ci", 1l;"I'e .. I~Nre .;,' . n.d wuUlea
ci ,,'e 8..-..n1311 de Fiul. cii."",i"'t," ,,,,,tuli lor
c;le Ilpcnl Uultului S'a"'. C..-,_I "I1IQto pe fi. c.. e in pl!rlc, n fdul.au pr":P' iu . H"tcnu ~i celelahc Tain. <un, pun~ do rel'\I< intre Sliml. Tr."".
i C{cd,nei,,~i : Ilotezul - relati. cu umanit.k. lui
lIri""" (<ledineio>,,1 ,-a dezbt<" <le "haina J_
p.de"'. lui Adam li sa mbr<>IC\' Iunie. ".,Iui
Ad.m); linge,,,. eu Mit - pe<:otc. Duhului SJ!ll;
C;I>.lloria _,dali . dmln- 1I,i"", i BiSC<ici. m<k1d
pentru rajXl<1ul dinlre "'Iii "'1". PodinJ" im
plc.... cu A i," ,,~", M.slui - terapi. trupu!ui
nle'ro.,i' ,10 ",Ilct, Prrolla - ,lujire. lIi"" i"i "
Eubar i<li. _ in car. daru,ile c. se ",I"e T. al'ar
(..j~rlf"fo,J d~ .'J"g~"),~ pref." In Tmrul \: n
:;';;''801< lui Ti,~. Hri,!< .. .
6. O inlelege,e .dec,.!ii. erol i nisn\U l ui pre_
,upun. n\l num,i aeccp!Iir<' ~i ml"u,;, i,o. <loc.
!rin.i de'pre Tn; 'mc, c; i 'nm'runer oi in molid. Ln cuii ,i intr_un m,k1 de vi.l trini!arii.
Slli"IU! V.. ile a ;n.i,"" e~ numdc OUl",I"i Sfint
, io m<nionO! in "rice d<>xo !"!!i,, i in",,,, ..~
li,urpcl . .koaroc~ .<lul moin!uini r>k Un act ,rini_
!... 'hLJId. !rebuic ,. f, c'I"",b,]l p,czen. l' lu
c... ,~. dhl!varo de vi.i. T",;mll. n a<~,t se"<.
"-'j>Cctul lor de me"",ri.1 . 1 im",,,n,~, ,n1intuirii
trebuie >1 fi. complet .. cu ecl do ulVOUrc
pr""'n '" Il r.\'l,,~ri, Duhului Sinl, Caro S<:
numq!e "lJ,mll<J<><1 d~ >farJ ".
li,utgltt. innoiel" flin!a Ili"""i! dop;l chirul
Sllnt"i Trouni. C.n: e"_ im'()e~!. "tl! ca "meni
de ,",dinP.. "S 'le ,uh,,,, """ 1'" all,i CiI i,,'r-,'"

"n.

galld '" mrluri,'i .. p~ TaIJI."" r',~II"i Jk Du_


/",1 SJanl. lr~.m"" Na de" fii"r~ ,i ~"k.>piv~M"
ITdad. IH. ",oou,ion kai achuri,'onl. C'l i T.
ni"d ul cumll,o<!rii <u Fuh .ri"ia: .Ja, fW..oi 1'"
Inl', car~ ne impiirl<qim
p<i",~ I "illlr-,'"
pot'r. s II~ "nel~' un,,1 Cu alltll prin ""," ... "".""

J,,,,,,",,

(lltur~hi. Sliin'u!ui V.. II.), Lin,,I(hi>. nu ";le ~It.;""a JOd1 " mar" rug:ici""" ,i j<-'1fJ ."",ntru un,,,", 1UlUror"', du~ o "",ddul C< ~!I \lO'
Slin'~, TreimI. Ni<:lieri nU o_a p;l.ll'>11 ma,
roree' im'IiJ';tu ... de>!"o Sfin '., Treime d,,,.! '"
cilrI,l< 'k CUIL ..Sfin" lJ"m"~:elJl~, Cel Ce 'o,"~
le al fii..,.1 priit Fiul cu imp"eull-I.." r~"Q Duh"
1", ~r.i.". Sp"'e ta, ....
C~U ~." "',.,o. . ,u, 1'"
r"t~/1" pnll Cur,' D,II,ul SJ'" ~ ;'~"i, '" IUIII".

A""{"'a:;,lJ<Jh"

""ii

!'''"

~i l'"lili<:

M,i muli impirali.u fost filoanen"


anem sau apo<l.!1 TeodoslC J "'1< an!!";.n ~"";
Un imraral nic~.n, Pnn1run edicl din J~(), ~"i
ca,.. .""'ll, milrluri,i ... de 10 N;c"" unl Cr'q_
'i", ec.m_id. cei l ali, antutiettni. ,,,,,1 .lc<1... ~
.... IN'i. Mlrturisir<. de neJm!-i din 3Kl, (lind rmmul.1J dt mpiirat.
"bli~.tori<: r<nlru l,~;.
c, r<lig.ie de Silit (k-xl.

exista dind S-a nls<u'l.

Dimpolnv,

Sllnlul V._

,;le .Iirm<l c Fiul. nJ'!<\!, ve$nic_ arc <l ",.leTC


o'.m;!. N_n'jt..-e. TalJ.l", u..".,1UtIII1 ci Ace ....r<
propria Lui cauz. prioeip," ,
Sfntul V .. ilc eomhii'ul "rin," core 1"0-

(In"".re.

<le.,,,,,

"""ci

Duhul , ...10" """lurJ. EI ''''Iine dunlji <Of,,"b,l,n li. li ,.uea T a"luI ji l' iu lui.

,"d",;v. ;"''''OO,,;;Q' EI ou nUme!le Duhul h,,

""oo''''on . <1, ho ","'l",.. n.


Sfinnol Vas ile < cunOl<llt prin ugummlarc.
biblicii OOctru'ci Irin;'...." nc~c," '" liind 1.
baza '""Iog,.i ,jogmo,i<;,-, C. li ",in impo<t;lllia
aeunlotJ IT.,.i!iei lilllf1li. ea regul! de ered,nti,
0.: . a,emene., ci eoml"" " lir"'l5h1e in Carc
.phe. [>noc'p'ul In M~~Ji - ,~. cr~J",di.
1 Sfi n,,,1 G.i~od. d. Nui.". (129.390).
"Teologu l'", pooll' ",edie'lot de mare !;Ikn', "Sle
mai .1.., J'<'otru C",'dm.iri '""Io~ir~,
",ris< p<'I11fU. eOlllb.lle plrenk .... ""'i,"'il"T. ale
cutihienilOf ' alo j><',",'mOl,xnal"I,""_ Lu i i 'le d._
IOf"" <ilt",", f'l'ec,,~r; e"'nllak de I,rmoni.
Ofi~Of'~ de "OZIanz dl>lmge. in .. i,""omi."
<li,in'.
rerioodc" (d. L". 12, ~&-n): Legeo
V~chiuIui TestomeHI , b.n~hd;a lu; Hf;<h .. ,
C;nr;"''''m~. <ao Vcn"e. l>uhului ~rin' . F;.",
j>Cf;NJ~ te' oiI <> p<"lSUlffil dl>lI"""ii a ~i;nlc; Tre,m;. In > lI<ia p<",ioJJl, JoopJ Cinc;,,cime . Tromn./ou s., <k'leor<r c. Salim! L>uh .
Pon'", <;""'ul G,i~Ofie, Totll, bul. Duhu l
Stiin' "'F"u inL1 termeni dt rd' I"" ...Jid ,J,,"'m_
n~,,",ii felatiile inl.",. dintr< Cd< tfC; I'c,-,"",,,,.
I),."igu,- i<l; I""icubrit;!l; comu"", , ... o-.fO<"
tm'li"; lIT;mio~_ """". nu",. n" .. teferi! ,mi Il!
,ullsl.n!" ,hirul i'\cnld ,; eumun, e" 1. ""~IJ"" .
1. pri""ipiul I;"",i r>Cf'o"",.... Dlluul<'zeu--i allr'
nu ". f,,"enl nici la li inl-'. ni<i la
ci_ 1. fe_
tk rog"''' !i de comun,une fiin\i.1 e" eXI>lI
,nlr< Talll \' hul. A<""tc distineli i p<"f'SOO,,1< ,unI.
neUlle,.. p<nlru T.lll; n. }l" p<",ru f,uL
rureN<fC' p<n'ru nuhul Sfiint . nc.;'flO' de 1.
N""",. lITbui,' inl<'1c.,l'H ",-" Io i ""n, O SJnguri!
f,ioi. ,ub.""'!li;n (n,i ;j>I><ta,, _ pcn""'D< , Det>!l<birik, dup alrihu'" <au lucf!ri, do< pll,u, h 1dl
~.(c liln!' lnn",,ndo...nLl .I>snl ul, iaf fiul are rol,,]
do<. stab,lI ",I.!,. ~u lum~a c",.11 duc 1 "bord,"'li''''<.In li la .ri.ni,m_
T",I,,!!,. lITbui,' ,1 ""cu""",,,1 T ,,!IUI ,(ubutu l <k ",i",-"p'u, , 1;.: ,"<"igine .,1 Fiul" i. pr,n Ilaj1cIT.
i.f al nuhulu,_ ",in j>lJfcedo,., T .!ll el~ , .. i""""
Dumn'''''irii C::.re .. , Ade.le in j,ul., in St'''''lul

StabiHru

j; a

,I \)~md
tcrmJ" olugl~ i t rinil ~{\'

9. In ]i ,.,.",o '~'IiJ'l< i i tom,ioolog,ei trU"1""'.


Orto<kl>.,a al'ul ''>nlribu\i. unor rcr""""lil.lt; ,i
UD,.- Pl,dihlri <k" mar< au'",,!;It< leologi,'" Al'de Akx.mlria (293.373), (mg,,,ic de N. nan, (329.390). (;TigOTi, ,1;; N)", .. (335 -394),
\, .. ,1< <1,; C",.",,,. (330.379). miril al AI.",,d,i., (3W.444). Chinl al 1cru<ahmului (t 31'.6).
I~n II,iso,("", (154.407), AMeno <k Am .. i, (t
410), SiooduI ""Umenl, dm J~ 1, prin ",.Iirm.r".
Cfc,",I ", ,le 1. Niceea, pri" w01l'klan.. aco"ui.
"u vlicol,,1 ,10 credinl;! de,rr<' Duhul Sffinl. prin
c"nilllmn.roa ar;.ni,m\ll\li (n oole \1' .. f~m,c
"un, .. "u'c) ,i pno>'motom.hilor. C{)fl'''lU,c Un
Iriumf .1 leolog!,'; J'Gri"ril~, rQpaJ"";~"i" "U
,JI"""/liceem" . Intr_.dedf. ci explici .. ,k)~m. de
1, N;ee .... , rafX""tul diHtr< ,u~'l.n,.. di,in.i un. ,i
lfO; P .."""ne . Ie 1';0111.
.) Sfi n," 1 V il. d. C ~lO r ('('a \ B()..) N), cunI"c-ul e. m.,,, "rg,ni,,,,,r i jj'urg;st
Im
pot",,,, III/ Ewtomi~ (3 eiif!i) li f)~'pre f)"h,,/
Sfnt. eontrlbuind 1. f'I"rulari,,,<. 'efmcnilOf
trilll1.!i prJTl 1<xwk tk cuiI. De .I,re\. ci. Il,'ul"
l"ofuod negezl. t!"xolog;e; lf. di\i .., .h:: .,M _
.. ;,~ T"'~I,,, j'i I'illl",. mp",,"nci CII lA,hul Sfonl '"_
l',."tru >ce"a, <Ioc"in. ,,"000x1I .S!~ oeee. ,lIte in
v.>! (1 "".,;a ,i 'rei 'J?()sr(1J~ Acel1 ' te,,",,"i nu
'unI ,inonimi deci nu 'rehu;. rolo,iti /lfl di>-1ulfl,e: Ol/.,;a nu
n negaic. ci. fiina lui DUJIl"",zeu_ een'rul S:iu n,al'T<>pi.1 ~i nc"hi,,,liva'.
lIup.ll'1r=a ", Lun,,,,,i,', elU<.' nv:ita el Fiul
fi'ndel te 'l<\SCU1 n" <,1~ j)~mnczt' " In ><'"
"ficl. <leu... oce O"",n<,-<u nu 1""1< comunica
n.",,. S "'<lnd ca J'fopr,t1'l< ""naI~=, lac"
",,,,fo,, ie ,n'", ~,""ilm~ i """aj''''''' . Ncn.~k1ea
...- _rliei mII,,,; "i"'''lelo< m.(.... k en'.le, "n'o
~"n()mi< . 1\ fOSl deci un t""r. eilDd lIul n_. n,,_
,., IAr", cra <le '<>1' "I'lnie, anUlllc d Fiul nu

""',e

<\1""""'"'.

,re,

"fi'

1*.

,.,te

"

h,,,,,,,,,.

[)uJ', ia prunul, ca Fiu n"'UI, io ",,1 de al doilu,


ca JJillI pur"" . Un I)"mne,-~" UDi.: ~i tre, 1'=0,0
""o tic..;'Tt cU pr"P<i<!",<~ St: .. Dar n,ci ., d~.'_
p.;r/,m "aw"l~ dllp.; i,,,,,'itur,, lu, Ark ca ..... ~
I>~"a d"~pM",
"u~,it ""hulli., nici . " c,,
,Iem in siir4cia iudai", $i joi presllpu"e~, "" foi b
i,,,,,dre in n"III'" d",n"~:~;,,,,'ii, ,,/ribuind "",,",,i
C.{", ne""mll D"m"cz,,,", fi temnd",,e c, in
ace." Cil: .., ar pierde ~ntru n"; O<1NCUm dni"i_
lalea. mcir/llmilld c e.<le TaI{ Uloui D,mmnell
ad",'roI1i d~_l>-jiIllI w EI. {II ,[,;r1il, "" trd,..~

"fo-"

s admil~m

lIi,i exis""I~ <:~I"r tF~i pri"cil,ii pri.

,"/re

nwrdi"I~, c",." se i"'p<Xri",,~<' li'~ "i..bui~sc


d~. in/rlJd, .."d prin/r-<J ""en,ell~" !ire$~"ici p<!'

Ii",nia .Iinieii de care libia IIm >ciip"t" (C,""II


Iare apolagellca_ Despre ["!ia. cap. 37).
e) Sf,,'ul GriKo<i< de J';p," (335 . )94)0
I~dc ,,,1 mlc . 1 SI"ntulu; V,,-,;.,o ""k>g)i ><ri;t<r
mi"j,o_ in<".,c" "",c'Ttl."/,,,,, "o,,--din!,,'o dur"
mctO[!. lu, O,;gcn (1 M5,155), li~",ioo ind .liTmlOlii!c 1<~,1"l!icc ale ccl()l'l.lli c'l"'docicnioln".adc.
"M ci ,",le do; '''1<d cu multe dm ml><'riik ,<:OI< ..
~ici lui Ongen, mai ale. , co """')lla alcgo,idl <ko
in<C'fJ'IT'.TC Bihlic;, d," , nu . dm ite '''-'''' c<m-clu"i!c" 'lrinii!c ><-",tui.oc. ; ()n~, ci "'<l'1><
f'I""""""nta "" ~"lelor, oum.i in rugetullu i
nueu_L. ,:indul "u, (",,;gorie <k Ny'" 1. inllu
,""JaL cu ,,,)111"' '" mi,'idi . 1'" .ul<1fUl S"rI,'ril""
Qrl!Opag"ia ('o"e '''ilmite lui f)"mi,ic A,c_
op"gilol), '>Te ""lea". oc 1. ,'liryilul col ului IV_
In ". '.....,a sa, [k"I"" Sfimla Tr<i",.o (;rigoric
''''ring< ido;<. el in ,ei,"" ..- fi lITi dUmn<:LCi_
Di.~nC1iik in"" cele lITi r,,,"""nc nu pol li Sla
bili "" baa ,dajiilo" .. u a 1I><:"'1i"" 10'- oxlC"moo
OOT< ,mplici: g ..dc <k pule'~ i <k ~I(),ie_ Chiar
nurod< <kri," lc din lumi '; nu 1ml"'" liinJa_ Ce""
Ce ""'en,un d,,'u><jiile '''nI ,elal,i!c in'l'TtlC al<
peJ""""elor. ("00'" lui Apolinari<. GnS","," <le
to;yssa .rltma ml.grilat ".lUrll u",.ne I lui J In'

'"

C(l ntr(l\"C r>\' i c~lii c u pri,ir. Ia


doctrio a trinitarl

num-

, <h:lrillil T ,cim,i a 1

I ,

'm

Ii 11

tos. Ca """"re a UJurll 'po<tallC~,"'~ loc cornuru


care. """,,"'iil,lor u.... , n.ruri c;llIT (eal.llil n>IUJi
(""mm,,,,,wtw "'",ma,,,,,,).
JU. C"u I'MiJ!~i c"p.odocicD!o doclTlllClc fWl<la
"",male ok

C,"Illll,mulu,o

C... l<'f!I1.,nul<>gl. tnnj .


\I,~, .... nl dolini,,, " . bo l,'e l' o1'j;. m/ll!c foi",,,,

du,. argumenl~ ..S!""..lJ<~_

LI 1;': () di.,illq;" clar.i in",' ",ma

jI h.1P"_'
tCrmclll i;,l()"i~ la Ni,ocea ca .",,,,,imi ('n.
~i in Oc<idcnt cu SUh.'lalllia\ <le unde o .mb,
guita.o. <111\, exi'llI in ,""ca,t J'C,i<>a<Jl. """,Iu lui

taR"

"

In

cn."1~n".

H,,,,,,ocI. UU .., .. rul prnlIul race """",.


cuii poI'l'. onoood.ln pnIICII"U. H.,..~a Cfq
"'" la 1OIlI"'................ ..ti (K nIr'r1l1i r""",
Iu, Dumatlle1ll' noc, ca"~a Tremw" rit .....

in A... M..:" '1' II: dcnoh.l la. RumlI; """'.. <$lC


prqx<pl <k 1'rtJu<u. cii.. lllO,~. do ,\"oet . .
.......'"'" " de- SMw/,. A .....Li """""" es~ opDI
......,.1 idc:" do
odcnurodndu--II'" I Irul<"
tii T.tiI. 1Hu.1L""'.. .,.tclNmno:.tu, <lor Hn_
C1 aLll in ....... Lelc 1.., .posw... "l""",oLl ..mo~ .. ln ~ n.unnUt"lf'W" in nli;nOf,
Paul 04, Sa",_, "'tc"",~lIl .... zi. cu",,.
culi sub nun",k Il.: "''',,'''~'''nlJm Maro 1<"''''11 '
"'" I"'h1Jc. <le'e",1 CP""'-'I' <k All.u"hi. in 21'00.
eo,"b.llul J.: "ni"nlj'" dlll A!'XlIn<Jn~. el "".gl
whlb,.:nl1 ro-...,.,...II 1 CiI, ';alului tu, !)u""",U\l.
Ac",,'~ r.ind dou O pilI.," 1 -r"41ui, .jn&u~ "",
..,.n.l diviJlt. "'''''''1'',,1 ","e (monarhia) II (lUI""
dt,, ... SlooduJ "'"llll>Cnoc dc la '..:cea (12S1 i,
1III"""f1e 1'" ooJcr\>. lu, Paul .."..,ltru>l>. cir"", h:
lIIIpuD<. 1. "'''''LlC' Ia Ortodox,,. >i li< ~.~.
hok""li~ (e"""",,l 1~l. P1ro\" ~ ... do;: ."" .... ata.
'" fi. T<"'~u'I'. "I'<" 1u""""'II.
Pr'."'P'".'!I' lu, P.ul <It S""""'l' ..1. u(ml!
""""a: crqlinismul t>tc u
mOl>'Mii1a, CI'
luJal-,muL do: "<tL i" ""lemicl. cu
I1'
,1i'ur. ,k<p umllll",' lui J)um"",cu .SI ".'tI.
liali. Ace,"" unnal" .,1, do -.;& n.>.1Uft. ill<';l nU,
..... i Ta,~1 pcoWd.ll.l .. nn~"""" .ti .. '" l>u""'eNu
"" ad<'"U>1 "-,e. 1 ,ul nu "'. !)u,nnenu. ",,'
{'u.'a"'uL aici Inldql<"""'''. eU"inlUl est .. P'"
I~' lui nunu.ucv (J.: l1l><I<. <l'-1Lum,rea do IDI>"C; nu" JlC"OIni d,,
uncU cm: cOCXJld
cu H li .... <'il. Wl
om. dar in FI II.-.:ull rul ..",. ,"," in)<kreiullc..lu,
!)un""",u. FI (1(.,,"" hu olln,.i dup.\ (n!nlpa'.,
dupoj ,., S-a nh<ul in pAn'<I"'" Maicii S.k ".ul

'fI""""'.

mn.l .,<"'01""*. T... bu,~ li _"'IIIIU) I)u",


"","" {;noc: f' ("d~ tr~, I'<no.onc: Il"""'. 1""' fiecare
cu 1""P'"IIoIU ~.
ACel!e p<>Io1I' fi <T",i, ""I;tnm!'" Du
li
<kKlbC in
""IeUc. Sioodu! "cumenl< d,n
38! !t "'."Ii,,,,,.,' re cdc mai impott.o"," i (.ce
.."",,,,1,' d, ... hon in ce P'W'~I" ohlud,n~ .
"""i ..-ll (1r1,~k1~i.i
"mi , . ,1.<1.11. I""R~'
c.p.doci.", cooillkrl ci 1, ,.nI'".' 051<)( do
l,k'Si'. c.i.1l duu.! innu",,~ C"U.. <It).
lini'lmuluo.linnub"- do o.roIo;ia lUdoi<l. "" M Il<
n."<hx\inni., ti do poIi.<orb'" <lm,,,,-

1''''

!Il""

Du""

,i,...

1IIODIfium,,,,,

('11""""..

care ,ulI''''' """m\ll IR; pnnClp"


1.
l>upl.wn le 1'''. l~ ,ud".i "u r.-ron..'"11<
cll.w ."", n1....'U1 din TatlL du! <lom,I.;oI<. fi ci [.
,... i,lllo ,,tlme. prt1pI"J<,!>a1< 1'"""""", 1'r.rmI
ci hul ,e ca "'Ii rCllll1i "fiI ai Ion (),'ffll"';~II"
can. "" huruI':! lk fJII'II< di"inl p<in ~". ,Ja, nU
dupi ,iinlO dlvu"

'<l',,

a) ~ I O a I r h 1_ n i .' m Cum It .fon"'. ",-, ..


,bU ..."~'II.utU~" TotilUl . "" ,,>1< ""n'''r'ul "'"
!/II" lui Durnn<, ..... !iri 1 "' ...p .~"lml' '1"'>-

la><'Ioo- fi T"nlIa"'" lu' ~K"1l. Bot I ..1n.dJo."C


s.. lKuonpud. SllUpli'
F."",. <.'UIIOfCUd ... ~ ....... pOrM do ..
'n'rn.... de NlUbale Le,Jl cdCll" eart "'ll".'~U
,mulupll(",U'c." c..,..,I,O" (""''''''Ii,) f' mh.mul
,.", IM"cIOI' I, oum' l' ti al"",;. dc<rt<: .-...
piRIIU" In"IJlur1l oc.'pr. I."g",. U!'"nl.l' In
hanllh.h. ,Jupi I.w.n {<,'angheli
~upl
..mul1lphd,,~ in (l,n",

pag''''''

"""'i'Il"",,, du."m..-", ....

io"I'''''''''

,,,,sj -

face, " Ifel. <l<.:OI<'l:>Ir im,. CU"in' (1.og"l) ~,


hu, "",,,ind c hul .,Ie LU' ',,'ul inll'l'I"", 00.,
in ",n",1 eJ in Fiul >.llll!"'''''' 1n",lcrei""", (l.,.
M,,,ull q. Cum Itxui' ln M,~", ,i in
1..... nu <.Ie dlv,n . ,. \III om ..., a primi' i'n U
.. ca ,_____ 1~~opI~" PIII"",.A: ,..... 1ntrt: h'IUt

...,,,,,i. _d( C..imhu'j, ...><,ri.... L"I08UI", f,md 1.

t.u. Mu/oJf S"",ulolii~" J!lIO"i. io ~.Mnl.


T.,. pruW:lPiIlIa """""""',.m,lIU1 ..,lt tot.
ci d"ln,I.leo ImlJn""" nu J'OII'c fi h.i,.. lall in
nei O r""".1 ("IL cea 1 T.Ului. ~tt<" acnl farc
... di""'&<: ~ ('I1ncijliul ...11.1\" "" Oumne". " T""'\,IICI"" in.! <SI., aslfel. ""os.! L:u.t.t mal mul,( v....."'.k """,Lei le,.: mon.rlUl_
ni, m ~1 di ,, " ,~ k (,n"am,.'" ",",crt:). dupl ,"il",
("u".mlul OI. u .im"l:! pu,,, .... f"'li di...," .... '"
""",ni d< 1. T"'I,.w- nU"l< OumI><1'<:U Insu".
Fl ul"u .SI( Il
ca ... ""hl"III,~~unl cu
T.,11. 1",,-/1" ,'''" ",",,"",1\0' de Bite''''. <I,n Ron., i" 11>'.l"'nl", ci ... rlU.I sl-I atribuie lui H",_
1"" numele <le l)um...-J':ClL. '-" fel. fi """1I4U1 .111.
f,......." \ . o""rhlln;".. ul ..""doi. Q/"C apar<:

,,,f.!,

oo.r

$1 C,minlul ctlc
O """"' lloon1:1.. Paullnllfl"
Iti, <k mul' alUpn lU),lJ)l1 Iw
ro-""'m.c\c fi porlt<"lll'"d)lk klf i"", .. ,icc d!!paI
Nu .... i 'raliiul 1 ... .,,,bul< n,"'q,ca ,i 00,

I)um"",...., """

!)um"u<ir< . N"Ie",_ hulu, . lihatia. nu ~,,<


... n~.li. !),n ott:.sLl caw.i. I'. ul fu""" Il<J' con
dam .... '. in 2(08. de ongcn'lh
S""in.!"d <Ii L<>t!,,,ul co'"" .locu il n MOI" $'
in I'rokli ""'ui, hI .mul h.","- 1'" cor. Dumtltzn.
L_a adoptal dupllU.."~n"c ,i <luplln,jerc f'
Cinu. 1.. daI "" fel Il< dumrx........ Paul.,..,1LIIIIil

I"',,,,,"i

"

.oop!i'nI"mul.

er<~ie

O[W\lli la Roma, (\,,,"";1.


1\11 TheOOot (ctre J95), Dupi ""e.I . li<ll', Car.
S-. n"""l in mod mi"",ulos dint.." fi<>lri.
!"urut, la llotezuJ " Iordan, Duhul Slaot, o. ac ...
<"Sic Ilnst<,", LI . fOl>t r:i,ltguit,. "IV"'t J a ml nll1lt
llUne. prin "",--uha". SI,pe"tru ""," l)UIllIl.:ztU
La ~d"pl.t ca Fiul S:iu . Inlre hi "" .UIi" rdo\i"
de iuhln:, nu" umlale <li; <Iili,lanl".
hul de ~t. f"loselto termem,1 de , .. ommus~)S" in ""n,ul cii L"g,><.1 f.ce p>rtc din li_
crullUlCleiucii. hUlui, deci,
n.~.
<oi, C u,' ,mlul "'" o .ubLi,lcnl_"'u u 'p'--"laoii jII'U'
p<i . A.tfel. 01"" acc<pd nici O"'lenlO OiVonl"lu, "" ir><"U.'Oi'p,:""><ml rornpkl!, e~.la, .lltun tk
T ... I, nici unire. ",.IJ Fiului cU umonltate. n
li,"; Ilmu". Suoodul du. Anhol" " . JUI 264. ou a
oI imlTl" "" .. re. lui r.ul. S i ",~hll d in ;>/i~ 1-. con-Jaou .. t, dar Paul n-a oettptJt depw.er .. i ,"'",..
in fune!ie pin:i in 172. T"t 1 ce" ,in,.! I,,,!
resrins ler",."ul de "co"""b<t,nli.I", okoa""", ....
f"I",,, "u ",,,sul ci hul nU"'" ,uluiSlcnl.! mde_
p<;nden!i, n .125, l<mIenului ; .... o d.1 un.1t "Of!"
h u l $; Iot! ",ni de o tli n!~. dor ficc.'e"," fiin!.
dumnaeia",J <>.."lin'; in if".",a,ul Su l"''I''1u.
h) Sub tl.d i n 01 1. ni, m.IHian i.mul
c,t. n\ lpmro lui MI< (<< . 256--<:0' H6 ~ pree' 111
AI,"andn., di,eip<>1 .1 lUI Lu,'i," d. An!iohi .
ac,., ,tin <""I. lui Origen (IN5.254), C,,", in ,"~
dnd """,,ul. t~.~t. bibli.:e (Pilde 8, 22; In. 14.
n, 17,3), ,u,!i ne cii liin\. lui Dumn",eu "<le
un;,J li ioo"",un ic.bil a j i t rn~" 'OI\<:Io"i. ol Fiul
nu oro" natur! i&mieJ, ou T.tJl. S.p.lr.'"d fir"'
T.Iiilui ..k Ce' a I ',ulu" Ar.< f.ce u Jif<r<n!1i nt",
.. ",j"",,"' i """em, <>..' und:, inr.'ri"rilaka hul.i.
fiul ~ Dumne~e" a" " o,,,,, """ ......! pron ""'IIOr<,
,'i c,te cre.1: de a,,,..... U "'" w, i"c<pul. Al i<. f...-
mul.1 er~/ia '"', 'pun'mL .. ,01 fost <o, "mp cdnd
F",I "" uu" . dia, Tatl a ni,t.t in,in l, de i
f.jrl hul. j ,ul nU ..t~ de oce.'I' ".mfl Cu TaU!.
,lor "" ,k"",l><;le ili: celcl~l.e cre.turi. LI c cea
dinuli dintre ,,, ,!"ri, inldel"'iunca cre"l ,",U
"chipul" lu, j)umna~u. io.tru",ontul prII' ,ilf<'
hli l o ca. ccklalle e",. 'ur, .
!)el<' fost .p<lrot de E",'d>,~. epj'iOOp de Ni<omidia, A nc a ];1 , '<bcmcnl mlle31 <le ep"copu
,fle ..,,,,d,,, i " 'm,~.i~ de ,flnu",Ma. S i ",~lul T
ocumenic f(,.,lIu k.". nl>pun.ul <-.l 000x i",p"tll~a
""ici ari,"e, 'ub d""r,,-, "'I",',ii: "Car~ dm
I ",cii S" ''''''''"' ma; i"",,,u d~ lOIi ~dr , .. "" ,'.

'''1'

POD'' '

Tre im'.llric
~ic, 1',,:1'"

;.10,.,.

,.

,
,

1"

din

u "

,.

"',1.....
i

li halil
li . poeno. de 1.
. ma, mici th."ii! '!'.tii l.
neg. t

OJ
d. II, m. Pw><wJ oc pke ~ rc!n !e/a
lu, !;ab<h. ",t. tot o>OOote""nul ,.rllooarluc' de dI
nUCn!' iud.i onU . C"",ha.lnd .,i , ni,",ul. can:-T .
S<:j>lUlI pe TotiiJ .k hul in mud ",dic-.I (C",a"'r
ere,mrO), S.bcli. "'''lin,oe' T.tJI ,i Fiul ".bI, i. -.1
li < in '","pre..!i c. dikritc ",p<;<lc. m"duri .. u
eond;l;i in <an: flin!. dumn<zei.s:<j
n .Xl.
, i",. au Ci per>.n. di,tine!e in uni!at<. Dum
",,,ciri i. Dumnc/cu, in rr' 'l'ria Sa !iin!l nooif'TI:n
li.Il, 'ilJlI' I;\ <,te num " si.ngur ""r;oanl. dar. in
,eI.nil< eli ere.!io, '" cxv,im~ in !",i moduri (<1<
umk denumirea do mooal'-'m) : ",k T.I"1 cind 11
""""J<;r.im ca filllll"'p,on c. n:. ,ot WU<"C<
,u l, 0)'1 CIU" .. desoopcr!. ,,..; . h..~ in Vc<hiul ", .
I>n><n.; "," Fiul ca (,,,cI .. in Hri,!", l i ca Mon
!uu"r. J)umn""eu C",,: "<le in Uri,t", le Tatii
In; u" . COl"" luai l'rup dia M.".. ~ a <k'."<nit l JU,
Coro o,t., deci, UUl. lUt.!., lOIi lIrim.. ' Car

.pa,..,

suf,,"! pc auce (paUip""'aru .... ); LI ..le Duhul


ca parackl. ,linIilor,
/"nu unmre, penUil SaMhe d"hn<\>' d,n,,,,
totii" I-,~"'!~ ""'" OO<IUDol~. Totii ,; Fiul fitlld
,il'n]llc _.modaI "~liH In c,,", Dull1llezcu.porc F;"
""" lui I)urmw;J-Ca """ OunutocLC'n::l oIf. In """'"
dfc-reB\LI11. po._ol'laIe, IrUlJtarlI
!ind do. D,.muci" pc ~" ia in """"fcstIfto '"
In
s.bt~e nap. astfel, di.Ito<I"1o: ipooll.
tK>< In ti,n", ,~vi "'. Oe!lOCaI ,-t S.bel;.: ..... fuk,o"
IcJ1'ncnul <It pros"fH'n In ""II< "" ,,n"""l", ,ma
Jlne. lpoon.,,\l. pen'", 1 K ferm 1. Fiul ~ 1....
""",>\kral pc 1"'"'0 ~k: In:, dmumiri ....."I""lIri
,10: lu, IMnnc-JI;:\I. ca fiind " "",gtri P"fl.,,In pc"'*'" ht an: 1"._.,.,.. era ht(C1a ca __
ren" ul<rit><Ui. Ol1udoc,,, , .... actUl' de ~I ...
n' .... pc , care V<>ri>c," 010: "," pNJ"'P"
li Rou, . S.hclic r""l cOIlWunnl' ,Ic 1"'1'1
Call1 .
Sonodul dut Con,tontonopol (l SI ). ar" dcc"'"
ca mIMun.. IU 010:
<k la N;':oea (J2S) si
"" roc .Ilenotli........ \>Of>CV1 CfCz~1c ~ \n:'bwc o;t
r.......1..............,. In $fJ111: ctIn<lm,""" .... 1.....
"";;. 1n,"''''''U .. od<we .. ", ",...,i~".ni, ....... <.10",." " Ull P"OVOl.il."",.h';, ",boli.",;, m.",cI,.n,i.
fonn ..... ' fllf'Olinari "" (Canouu\ \), In .."anul 7.
's< ""pune ca . . Ii... " sa n. """".z,,\,. u ....
""'fI""_ <Iad .....-111 la On<>dn..o_ La fol fi ~ ...
9S II SlIOOlIDllli Qu,nL... t (1111691
d) ~I I ce d o II la" 1.
f(llmlde
",boN''''I'''''''''
"u
1. pi..-..-.a I"hth~lu,
Stint ,\b.~donj. eri><:"p do Con'llnt,,,opul
13(2) In"A'" cI Dul.u! ""le" creoturl (4,,,m~)'
"~"",t .e '1"' .... An" de<prc CU'"'lU!
f' ""
"rob- al tu, 1Jurnnc_Tatlil. l'a1tL.Itnii lui ""acedo"k n"",'!' ,.j>I>O'IQ'I_ah," ad,~n ai
Duhu!u, sr..., au foo k'<T <T1",,"~ <It Plrutpi
"",*"oc",,,. M~,,,,,",,,,,I r"", cond.lflll\lll
olt: Stn<odul din J~1. con: ... klf'\lll un ,",c<ll ok
e""d,n)! de$f>fe l>uhul Slin', dar llrI 0.1
,1 uprtoi l
1(\0" lim).l.)_ S,nodul VI
I tru! ... ). in c",ulUl !. fOOl11rmlo a<"C01 art ..01 In
,-arc .. fonnukazj ._kOIogr~ [)t,J..JII/ Sfin'--......
I"dl"""'" tu, Mat;""' .. ic f' dcclorl ci . DII/..II
~,.., U'~ ~"",""m.r,,~/ (~-.os) CI! I'-ISI'"
f)u~,,,.u,,1 "0"'''-- r.u .atbu\ Tora,;1 Con,,,," "n"I";,I"!Ul. ~,tr-o -"Cn;".", . dto .. ti. dup' S,",JdIl! de la Niceca d,n anul 7&7. fapc, A~"" 1.1
R""",i ....... I'uncu~
JI~()If/<- f' ..

ducipal'Itw...n. ,..e_-",

c_

dft.-I",iI cii

Dvtu./ Sfolt' ~.'" CIY<1fljN! fi ~ .. / Tatal.. " Si


nodul do<:l<Ic CI mevmatOlUllhu d li<: I"'m'l' In
ro"""""",,, Ilrtodoxl dupA <~ ... a'.ml llu.ll in
:". (11"-11"",) .. Oli> k ...

"''''''JCft-

.r.....

crtdI""

1""'''''

".1.>..,,,

1<0,,_';'"

,#<,". /'"

f"!,,..,".-

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.
l
:
FiII",!,,,, (dm Tatll i l FIUl) ,j,,"lnn.l
fOflll"la,' ok Sin ,>dul d in Flor.n", (14JA) dll?i
,."'~

un: Uuhu! an: r'in. SI. III ."cll-,i limp. fi de L<


TaUl 0;10 la Fiul J' ptnroc ", .... did U.. ul f' d,n
Ah.l. CI tltl>1,..'" OlfIJUf por.;,p'u $i printr-o Sili
,Iri 1<1',n:. " fj,ndclIOl"" Tltil, ... daI"
hutu, cMd l ... rtlioru . In .f..... de Perso.o.na Sa CI
TI,A.II ela' A"""ui. fi p<,rted<-t-c. f}u)[U'U1.
,><>du I d,n I _
1274 I rll 'IIU<' ci T.Iiil (Jf,~i
""" pru,,'. T>IohuluJ. "a
llt10 "'''''',,,;u,
dar l' ca Tatl.1 hulu, ...
altfel eL l1lf"'CIIIIl.
",""ti ... ", """,ul prtOC'pllL, duo~"'" pn:cdc!)g.
hul. f!UOII"r .... ,Tel. ... subJ""c.tr: compkJ'n<'a.
1Ofl\akl in"" Tltil ,i F,ul. ti< "'~ ""Illl'ln ........
I Duhul", nu e fIrIl,,~/o.ura ""
o 1 ,u!u,. 1'1
"'1<. in "fl'f' ~mp Duh"! T.'I!"; i; lluI1ul f,ulu,

,i

s.

y'''' {

,,"''''''1''"

i".

;001"" .".,,,,J,,d na adm .. flli",!u' , do


~ iI'l
Tn:im<. Tatlil ...., uri"""a "",.0;$
I ,,~l ..d,!..,
rluhul """",de din Tatlil
prirl hul Cn
por nuu ...) - ...,.,ptli.."..
tlt.oq". Ia F\orcn\ll. ml<>qur nu "'e" f"",,ull bo
blid. IIClumbllCOlogtl <le."",
To.llu; ,

sr""..
r..--""
h',..,

""",orhi.

in plIU, .ItCl\"ui .Lpn<1< S",oouhu etum,,,i< d,n

fii""""".

A [<><1 ,n",>dull~
litur&t!i. . .Iulic;i. inlT< "" VUlli Xl, r.ind ~u
DOO<:tlL do.:Ja, n SJ-oil I li R<"" ... in <IX. V-\'I
Ref"",...."" 1.... Xcqul Ilrt cu'", .. lUU
lV"", ""","",,'v \. 100, .. F./i"" .... ;~ ,~.'O"."',"
" ... i~,61r!'~m J~.".." d"f"'d. 'Nwr,,~,~d li
pivmt In;I,'ltoc-J paroh:"',,,.,; _., In 0.1o<l",il. XXV
(l97J).nr !.1'l'_3 ~ ~~)
3SI, Rd """""osul

In dtul,do ,eeC'tlto,
malu:

"'I""";';.~

.u 1.., ""blllI"l~ m.,

DopN de<pc o..n.tclCll Stlnta T"""", nu o


o "Ioc."u"", <k m... r."d. CI e lUI m,SICr earc
<kp;lCJte _"'optulh,_o_ T. ob\". 01 ti. n:.
"oI>o""ut.l li""" <It: ,..-ce""e tOfO"Dol"~lC' iri
"'lal<. (Ok"..'e n "",,~lc 111 V _ln specill. !n
l"""llC tit .. ,,,,,,,,, intre ...,tun Fiul", ti p~rtt-

.IL ._, ..... "" "" .,


d ..... f)uIIWIII (Gr'l!One do NOI""" CU..mldri
l~~

V,a).
TCTnI prino:or-II a ~I In.,,~ el.. p . ....
ua L_ ti h.enu- Tati"'; p.ia .1..1ia DMh.1 ro
creal"', In I>I""t Il In Biscncl. In IklVulli1f~a
Kes1el
Inln:harca' !n mod hw ""le
ulUI In ~e"':'''~ Duhuh.. cit 10 T.1jI ro"
inevl,.mll. fol<>SIIlO cI,u/.lI fillnquc (1' d. 1.
hul). ,<,<,I"li. "1"',,01Il. '=rt.t o wboJdooan:
('''lom.\o~I) :,u lu, fal" <k T.lill' a Duhului
!ali de F,ul. firi.ii ~nI ....m. de
.....loIOS,cl d!nt'" Hml<>< ~ o.,hu!. Teol"ll'" Miu:'
ril.atLI orull'.' "" !)Uhul d DU Cot 'Iut fI" ....

.',:1,,,,,,.

"'<lfII""'"'"'''

1)

Slln' ......

,
bui. oi !it I
1
<:<:p\l' doama llu

stao," Tffl_ "'" 1<> ,"",."..," "'" ,ubi,.... Eli\. I'1'1J.

1) SUniloooe. Tro/Qg>a ~"'" Oowdo,"", "', +. cap 'fdnt" T,.., ...., """""" ~. i ..." ". "" ru)20:
Sr.nlui "WIali< ~I Mar<, ni,. ~"" ..,I PSB n, ,~, fiII ''I~~. I'!'. : ~, I07

XI, DURllle:eU-CrcaltJru!
Crt'a. l.

cu~mld.

.d,, ~.

materiali fi ~plrl l .. all,


Mdintr. nefiinl A In m.!i M

1. ,,"" ;" ...plll D.. m"n~"

fi<"' .....,,1 II
rJ"";'''"/'' (~:w;, 1. 1). Cea lIin'.i afirmali. I...,I~
gicl. Bibliei <It" rclUllt d< C""~ul de 1. 1'011:"'
(32'1 in ""mui .1ti,I" Credr", In U."I D",,,
IfCr. r"MI """lO<:falorol. - Ac .. t
".1.
cunO!lCut d,n
i.torici lu, Dumnu.....
o.tl prin Prof~Li l' prin "1'O"'nli tin 1. j.,1. ti<
I n do.><1nNI ",",,1nIi ....JII" =_Llc n~ S<' rof>.
run.u cu mltoloi .... u tu """",oIOJII. Numi'
.. nl"ncalul
<TC<ba" puol. si acccr1c
><n'''-J I't calc ","unii. <JIDul nu ,I,c dnd '"
cum '.1"l'1li \lIIIwtsul: " ..."<frlU c"'"' .... /1 :dn".
lir 1'" p",,/.,,'~
Z,d'/Ofill I"mil ~d"''' <ldll
~"'" d. ," nll1W'~, Aerl,,"; '" d" d,,~ $i .'i,,/oi"
(l1 M.c 7.22-21). LI nl<lege. I\)'u,' ."mn,n
<>li. ulli"'Nul", .. t./ mi .... Jal ru'to$rl,,'Q ,""
adr ,..!",,'6
eri, '" .IIn' - (lnl 1. 171 Fi
Ioroli. t' l '"n .. nu C\l00K .... m.. ,o..d c lunlll
......"1 liri ",0\01,",,,.1 ,i , ,,,,,.,,,, "",,.,molu'

",,'.",oa

""i"-"'.

""...

"'<f''''

"""vii"

Rew!> ... AII'u,.11 ."" comr1ct:olli de r... .I~II.


>lJpranltImIlJ

1. Tai" <>le I)umnu.u fI'o'li"orul (puI"e.-.lor), 1Ju"",,;cu "''''''''lemic. Care <r.ud


lu", ln timr li ln 'pal'u, adiel. adu<:
nefi illit in fiinIA" CrUI" .c",ih iU . cmrincl ...
<ca inteligIbIL'. "e,,',ull. H,Ni. cf<.IutJ. S<' (k<.
d,idc cu Clrlcl F~ ...." (unt,,"). du", c.n:
T.IJI c=m dia ,-<>ia Sa li..........i p<"f'
><mall. fll"UI C",in, .. 1 '>lu C","1Or ,. froora'(O".
..5;JfI./",..j~d "I~"" 1. n PriD CU'Mllul Stu
le ... ns pc ...... II .,..IIC11j11 du! Itimic: -..CI Q zis l'
~..,u fiXUl. t)"
1/ """ :"br (P<.J2. ~I.
III I'nn L>ubul S1... Ca", acopcn'iII. Ilo i ........',
.pel. (Fac. 1.21. O"m""' ..... I pus in /lpIun _'U
Jl,,'e ,J~ "~I~' (FII:. 1. 30; 2. 7~ J~ 1"'~ :ile"fo
CII' [)(HI""'/ c~r,,1 illo/in";nwl, ,ar ilO " ,~pI~" u
i"Cf!Ia/ l' S... "",hi,-',I.,. 11 , 17)_ Dt ac .... "(IUO
I >aPiU .. te 10 do.: ,lIllbllll, l""hin.1li TIonmulu;

.,d,,,'1'\1

f>umnc,,,,,

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