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Subiectul: Nevoia de a evita pericolul.

Data: _____________
I.Competene i abiliti:
Definiia nevoii:
definirea nevoii
enumerarea factorilor care influeneaz satisfacerea nevoii
descrierea interveniilor asistentului medical pentru meninerea
independenei n satisfacerea nevoii
enumerarea surselor de dificultate
indicarea problemelor de sntate.
II.Desfurarea leciei:
Definiia nevoii

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Enumerai factorii care influeneaz satisfacerea nevoii
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Analizai manifestrile de independen n meninerea nevoii

Securitatea fizic
Msuri de prevenire:
- a accidentelor
- infeciilor
- bolilor
- agresiunilor, a agenilor fizici (mecanici,
termici) chimici, (arsuri chimice, intoxicaii),
agresori umani, animale i autoagresiuni
(mutilri, suicid).

Securitatea psihologic
Stare de linite a individului, care se simte la adpost de toate pericolele.
Individul poate realiza control liber asupra mediului nconjurtor.
Msuri
- metode de destindere, de relaxare i de control al emoiilor;
- utilizarea mecanismelor de aprare n diferite situaii;
- rspuns eficace i adaptat la agent stresant;
- practicarea unui obicei, crez, religie
Securitatea sociologic
Mediu sntos:
britatea mediului
atea i umiditatea aerului 30%-60%
peratura ambiant ntre 18,3 C-25 C
poluare fonic, chimic, microbian

salu
calit
tem
fr

- mediu de siguran
- msuri de protecie social
Interveniile asistentului medical n problemele de dependen enumerate
Pentru meninerea unui mediu sntos:
- educ pacientul pentru evitarea polurii atmosferei cu praf, microbian prin
tergerea umed a mobilierului i aerisirea ncperilor
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Pentru prevenirea accidentelor:
- face educaie pentru prevenirea accidentelor,
verific dac sunt respectate normele de securitate

a muncii, normele ergonomice n unitile cu activiti cu risc de accidente


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Pentru prevenirea infeciilor:
- supravegheaz dac sunt respectate normele de igien,
salubritate,dezinfecie, dezinsecie, deratizare i circuitele
funcionale
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Analizai imaginea i
expunei prerea.

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Enumerai probleme de dependen n satisfacerea nevoii


Cnd nevoia de a evita pericolele nu este satisfcut, pot surveni mai multe
probleme:
- Vulnerabilitatea fa de pericole
- Afectarea fizic i psihic
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ngrijirea pacientului care are problemele de dependen enumerate
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III.Concluzii:
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