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{\rtf\ansi\deff0\ansicpg1252

{\fonttbl
{\f0\froman times new roman;}{\f1\fswiss helvetica;}}
{\colortbl\red0\green0\blue0;}
{\info{\author purkait}}
\jexpand\viewkind1\viewscale100
\paperw11893\paperh16840\margl666\margr133\margt666\margb373
\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs
18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slm
ult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl
-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex
100 {1.ls -l}\par\column\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li213
3\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\
pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs2
0\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Basic Commands}\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20\cf
0\f0\charscalex100 {for listing the files as well as directories those are kept
in}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\chars
calex100 {the particular working directory}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \f
s20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0
\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#ls -l}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\col
no1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par
\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {2.ls -la}\par\pard\li
386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {files.}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl
-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\
slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {sa
me as 'ls -l'but by this command we can also see the hiden}\par\pard\sect\sectd\
sbknone\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech
root]#ls -la}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\c
olw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult
0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {3.ls -li}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \
fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {same as 'ls
-la' but it will also shows us the inode number of}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone
\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {each and every file}\
par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\pard\l
i386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#ls -li}\
par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\l
i386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0
\charscalex100 {4.ls}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex1
00 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl
-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {by this command we can see only file na
me nothing else}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20
\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#ls}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2
\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0
\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {5.clear}\par\pard
\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li
0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\char
scalex100 {it will clear the screen(short cut ctl+l)}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknon
e\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#
clear}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786
\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20
\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {6.exit}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\l
i0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to end a current session as we
ll current terminal logging}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\s
lmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]exit}\par\pard\sect\sectd\
sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmu
lt0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {7.to
uch}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\c
olumn\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs2
0\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to create a new empty file}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\

pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#to


uch}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\p
ard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\c
f0\f0\charscalex100 {8.cd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charsc
alex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\r
i0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to change the working/present dire
ctory}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#cd /home/mango}\par\pard\li2306\ri0\sl-200\slmu
lt0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {where '/home/mango' is the desired directory to
be change from}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {'/
root'}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786
\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20
\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {9.cat}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\p
ar\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to view the contents
of a file and it is also used for creating a}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\l
i386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {new file with some contents}
\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\pard\
li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#cat <fi
le name>
to view file contents}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf
0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#cat > newfilename
enter,then you can
write something in}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex10
0 {the file and then to save the file contents press clt+d then enter}\par\pard\
sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\
sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscal
ex100 {10.mkdir}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {s
yntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\
slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to make a new directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd
\sbknone\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech
root]#mkdir newdirname}\par\pard\li2306\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charsca
lex100 {you can also create a directory at your desired path without}\par\pard\l
i386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {changing your present workin
g directory}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {synta
x}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech r
oot]#mkdir /home/mango/newdirname}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw
2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li
386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {11.rm}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\s
lmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to
remove a empty file}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw4920\colsr-0\c
olno2\colw6173\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@n
ettech root]#rm filename}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\p
ard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f
0\charscalex100 {Page 1}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\sect\sectd\sbkpage\pgw
sxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\margtsxn666\margbsxn373\cols2\colno
1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\p
ard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\c
f0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {12.rmdi
r}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\col
umn\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-21
3\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex10
0 {Basic Commands}\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {t
o remove a empty directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\
marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100
{[root@nettech root]#rmdir directoryname}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs
18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {13.rm [-i/r/-f] to remove a directory with its subdirectories as well as its}\par\pard\li3
86\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {files that is to remove a dire
ctory which already contains some files in it}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0

\fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0


\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#rm -i directory/filename}\par\pard\li2306
\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 { -i stands for interactively}\p
ar\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {
-r
stands for recursively}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charsca
lex100 {
-f stands for forcefully}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\
pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\co
lno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {14.cp}\p
ar\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\
pard\li0\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to copy something in a d
estination file or directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn1684
0\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex1
00 {[root@nettech root]#cp sourcepath destinationpath}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200
\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {example: [root@nettech root]#cp /home/mango
/webmin.rpm /root/abcd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscale
x100 {
in this example the webmin.rpm file will be copied in}\p
ar\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {/root/abcd director
y}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\c
ols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20
\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {15.mv}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f
0\charscalex100 {to move one file or directory from one place to another place,
it}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\
pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {is also used for renam
ing adirectory or file}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscale
x100 {syntax}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[roo
t@nettech root]#mv source destination}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\c
f0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#mv oldfilename newfilename
[to chan
ge the file name]}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn6
66\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-2
13\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex10
0 {16.man}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}
\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\slmult
0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to view the mannual page of commands for syntax}\p
ar\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\
li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#man com
mandname}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrs
xn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {17.inf
o}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\col
umn\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\
cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to view the information about any command}\par\pard\sect\s
ectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-2
00\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#mkdir info}\par\pard\
sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\
colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\par
d\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {18.--help}\par\pard\li386
\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\
sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex
100 {to view the help doccuments of a command}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsx
n11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\c
f0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#commandname --help}\par\pard\sect\sectd
\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\c
olsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri
0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {19.dir}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\s
lmult0 \fs18\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to view
the subdirectories and filesn under the directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\p
gwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs
20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#dir}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pg
wsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\coln

o2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\sl
mult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {20.su -}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs
20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to become a super
user}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn13
3\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[mango@nettech mango
]$su -}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {output wil
be}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech
root#]}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsx
n133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {21.who}
\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult
0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {by this command you can see the user name and thei
r ip addresses}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\
margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {who have l
oged in on your server}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscale
x100 {syntax}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[roo
t@nettech root]#who}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsx
n666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl
-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex
100 {22.whoami}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {sy
ntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\s
lmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {this command shows your current logged in ter
minal user name}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666
\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@net
tech root]#whoami}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn6
66\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-2
13\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex10
0 {23.who am i}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri
0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {this command shows you the logged i
n terminal number and user}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\
marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw4920\colsr-0\colno2\colw6173\pard\li386
\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {name and more detailed informati
on}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slm
ult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Page 2}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893
\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\sect\sectd\sbkpage\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn1
6840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\margtsxn666\margbsxn373\cols2\colno1\colw4440\colsr
-0\colno2\colw6653\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl
-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li38
6\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\p
ard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\pard\li386\
ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#who am i}\par
\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \f
s18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Basic Co
mmands}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn
133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {24.pwd}\
par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column
\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0
\f0\charscalex100 {to view the present working directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sb
knone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmu
lt0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#pwd}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbk
none\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr
-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl
-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {25.rpm -ivh}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\
slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmul
t0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to inta
ll a rpm package}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn66
6\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@ne

ttech root]#rpm -ivh packagename.rpm}\par\pard\li2306\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\c


f0\f0\charscalex100 {rpm stands for 'redhat package manager'}\par\pard\li2306\ri
0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {-i stands for install}\par\pard\li
386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {
-v stands fo
r verbose mode}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {
-h stands for with hash sign(#)}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgws
xn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw3266\colsr-0\colno2
\colw7826\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmu
lt0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {26.rpm -q}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs
20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to querry about an
y rpm package}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\m
argrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nette
ch root]#rpm -q packagename}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840
\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li38
6\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100 {27.rpm -e}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscale
x100 {synatx}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\
sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to uninstall a rpm package}\par\pard\
sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri
0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#rpm -e package}
\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \
fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {28.find /
-name to find any file or directory in linux file system}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl
-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmul
t0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#find / -name filename}\par\pa
rd\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \*\tx230
6\fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {29.su username}\tab \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to
switch from one user to another users home directory}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\
slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \f
s20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#su mango}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-20
0\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {output will be}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\
slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[mango@nettech root]#cd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\
sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[mango@nettech mango]#}\par\pard\sect
\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw
3266\colsr-0\colno2\colw7826\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li
386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-360\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\
charscalex100 {30.su - username}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\
charscalex100 {directory directly}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f
0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pa
rd\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-360\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0
\charscalex100 {to switch from one user to another user users home}\par\pard\sec
t\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\s
l-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#su - mango}\par\pa
rd\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\coln
o1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\
pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {31.useradd}\par\pard\l
i386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {synatx}\par\column\pard\li0\
ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charsc
alex100 {to create a new user}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn168
40\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex
100 {[root@nettech root]#useradd username}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn118
93\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw
8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \
fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {32.passwd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf
0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par
\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to give a password of a
user}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn1
33\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]
#passwd tarun}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {out

put will be}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {give


a password for user tarun:(here you have to type a password for tarun user)}\par
\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {confirm password:(aga
in type the same password)}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\
marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386
\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\cha
rscalex100 {33.userdel}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscale
x100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\
sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to remove a user from linux}\par\pard
\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1
\colw4920\colsr-0\colno2\colw6173\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\cha
rscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#userdel tarun}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\sl
mult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-40
0\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Page 3}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn
11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\sect\sectd\sbkpage\pgwsxn11893\pg
hsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\margtsxn666\margbsxn373\cols2\colno1\colw2306\
colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\r
i0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard
\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\
par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {34.groupadd}\par\p
ard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard
\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2133\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Basic
Commands}\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to add a
new group}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margr
sxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech r
oot]#groupadd groupname}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\mar
glsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri
0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charsc
alex100 {35.gruopdel}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex1
00 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl
-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to delete a group}\par\pard\sect\sectd\
sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\sl
mult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#groupdel groupname}\par\pa
rd\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\coln
o1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\
pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\
cf0\f0\charscalex100 {36.chown}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\c
harscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\
li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100 {to change the ownership of a file or directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd
\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\s
lmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#chown ownername filename}
\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {example:}\par\par
d\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech /]#ls -l}\p
ar\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {output}\par\pard\li
386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {drwxrw-rw2 root root
4096 Mar 11 12:03 abcd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\char
scalex100 {(permission) (own) (group own)(size)
(name)}\par\pard\l
i386\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#chown ta
run /abcd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {in this
example /abcd directory owner will be change to tarun user}\par\pard\li386\ri0\
sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {effect}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slm
ult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech /]#ls -l}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-2
00\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {drwxrw-rw2 tarun root
4096 M
ar 11 12:03 abcd}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn66
6\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-21
3\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\r
i0\sl-360\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {37.chgrp}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-20

0\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {syntax}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slm


ult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-360
\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to change the group ownership of a file or
directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margr
sxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettec ro
ot]#chgrp newgroupownername filename}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf
0\f0\charscalex100 {example}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\char
scalex100 {[root@nettech /]#ls -l}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f
0\charscalex100 {drwxrw-rw2 tarun root
4096 Mar 11 12:03 abcd}\par\
pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#ch
grp tarun /abcd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {e
ffect}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nette
ch /]#ls -l}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {drwxr
w-rw2 tarun tarun
4096 Mar 11 12:03 abcd}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbkno
ne\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0
\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-2
13\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-360\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex10
0 {38.chmod}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\s
l-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-360\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex1
00 {to change the permission of a file or directory}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone
\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \
fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {drwxrw-rw2 root root
4096 Mar 11 12:03 a
bcd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {(permission)
(ownr) (grpownr) (size)
(name)
IN}\par\pard\li3
86\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {OCTAL VALUE}\par\pard\li2306\r
i0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {d stands for directiry
READ=4}\par\pard\li2306\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100 {r stands for read only permission
WRITE=2}\pa
r\pard\li2306\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {w stands for write
only permission
EXECUTE=1}\par\pard\li2306\ri0\sl-200\slmul
t0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {x stands for execute only permission}\par\pard\s
ect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\c
olw2306\colsr-0\colno2\colw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\chars
calex100 { drwxrw-rw-}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\char
scalex100 {FIRST OCTET FOR DENOTING THE DIRECTORY OR FILE OR LINK FILE ETC.}\par
\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li
386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {
SECOND THREE
OCTET FOR USER OR OWNER PERMISSION (rwx OR 7 IN}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmul
t0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {OCTAL VALUE)}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \
fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {
THIRD THREE OCTET FOR GROUP PERMISSIO
N (rw- OR 6 IN OCTAL VALUE)}\par\pard\li2306\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\cha
rscalex100 {FORTH THREE OCTET FOR OTHERS PERMISSION (rw- OR 6 IN OCTAL VALUE)}\p
ar\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {SYNTAX}\par\pard\li
386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettec root]#chmod valu
e fileordirectoryname}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex
100 {example}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[roo
t@nettech /]#ls -l}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100
{drwxrw-rw2 tarun root
4096 Mar 11 12:03 abcd}\par\pard\li386\ri0\
sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech /]#chmod 402 /abcd}\par
\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech /]#ls l}\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {drw-----w2
tarun tarun
4096 Mar 11 12:03 abcd}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn1
1893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\cols2\colno1\colw2306\colsr-0\colno2\co
lw8786\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-386\slmult0
\fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {40.usermod}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {to modify
the user profile}\par\pard\li2613\ri0\sl-226\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100
{Page 4}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsx
n133\pard\sect\sectd\sbkpage\pgwsxn11893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\mar
gtsxn666\margbsxn373\cols2\colno1\colw4440\colsr-0\colno2\colw6653\pard\li386\ri

0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\


li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\p
ar\pard\li386\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs
20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {synatx}\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs1
8\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Basic Commands}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pgwsxn11
893\pghsxn16840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\pard\li386\ri0\sl-200\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\
f0\charscalex100 {[root@nettech root]#usermod -parameter groupname username}\par
\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs
18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\s
lmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri
0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard
\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li49
20\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par
\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs
18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\s
lmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri
0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard
\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li49
20\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par
\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs
18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\s
lmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri
0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard
\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li49
20\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par
\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs
18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\s
lmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri
0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard
\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult
0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li4920\ri0\sl373\slmult0 \fs20\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Page 5}\par}