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Fourier Series Coefficients for Standard Waveforms

1. Half-Wave Rectified Sine Wave


a
0
=DC Average = A / p
b
1
= A/2
A[ 1 + (-1)
n
]
a
n
= ----------------------- (For N=2 to infinity)
p ( 1- n
2
)
2. Full-Wave Rectified Sine Wave
a
0
=DC Average = 2A / p
b
n
= 0 (No Sines in this expansion)
4A (-1)
n
a
n
= -----------------------
p ( 1- 4n
2
)
3. Square Wave - Sine Expansion
a
0
=0 (When symmetrical around x-axis)
b
n
= 2A / (np) (N Odd, A=p-p value)
4. Square Wave - Cosine Expansion
a
0
=0 (When symmetrical around x-axis)
A sin (np / 2)
a
n
= -------------------- (Zero for even N)
(np / 2)
5. General Pulse Waveform
a
0
=A t / T
sin ( n p t / T)
a
n
= (2 A t / T ) ----------------------
( n p t / T)
6. Symmetrical Triangle
a
0
=0 (When symmetrical around x-axis)

a
n
= 8A / ( n p )
2
(For Odd N only)
7. Sawtooth
a
0
=0 (When symmetrical around x-axis)
2A
a
n
= ------ (-1)
n+1
(For all N)
n p