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Proiect Masini Electrice II

Motor asincron trifazat


Autor: Jurca Razvan Calin
An III ET grupa 2/2
I. Cuprins:
Tema de proiectare............................................................pag.3
Memoriu de proiectare......................................................pag.4

Fisierul cu rezultate din MATLAB....................................pag.5
Caracteristici de functionare..............................................pag.10
esene de tole....................................................................pag.13
esen de ga!arit.................................................................pag.15
Calculul de incalzire...........................................................pag.1"
Bi!liografie.........................................................................pag.1#
$
II. Tema e proiectare

%a se proiecteze un motor asincron trifazat cu rotor in coli&ie in scurtcircuit ' in constructie
cu talpa care sa ai!a urmatoarele caracteristici(
) puterea nominala ( P! " 2#2 $%&' (
) turatia sincrona ( n) " )*** $rpm' (
) tensiunea nominala ( +! " ,** $-' (
) frec&enta nominala ( f! " .* $/z' (
) randament nominal ( *! " 0*#. $1'(
) factorul de putere ( cos2! " *#3, (
) curentul de pornire raportat (
" ' 5 +
,
,
-
.
) cuplul de pornire raportat (
1 ' $ +
M
M
-
.
) cuplul ma/im raportat (
0 ' $ +
M
M
-
1
) cone/iune stea 2
) clasa de izolatie F dar cresterea temperaturii &a fi corespunzatoare clasei B 2
3
III. Memoriu e prezentare
,n urma proiectarii au rezultat urmatoarele caracteristici te3nice(
a. randament nominal ( *! " 0*#0 $1'(
) factorul de putere ( cos2! " *#0). (
!. cuplul nominal ( M!" ,3#0) $!m'(
c. curentul nominal ( I!",#0) $A' (
d. curentul de pornire ( IP"2*#. $A' (
e. cuplul de pornire ( MP",3#4, $!m' (
f. curentul de pornire raportat (
$" ' 4 +
,
,
-
.
2
g. cuplul de pornire raportat (
$" ' $ +
M
M
-
.
2
3. cuplul ma/im raportat (
5"0 ' $ +
M
M
-
1
2
i. dimensiune de ga!arit + 1"0 4mm52
6distanta talpa)a/7
I-.5isierul cu rezultate in MAT6A7
4
.arameters of 8lectrical mac3ine
T3is is a results file generated !9 e0:or.m using sa&e:par.m
;enerated at( 30)Ma9)$00" 1<($"(55
Rate parameters
.n+$.$000002 => rated .o?er
n!+1000.0000002 rpm rated s9nc3ronous 6!ase7 speed
@n+400.0000002 @ rated line @oltage
m+3.0000002 .3ase num!er
cone/+A9A2 %tator ?indings connections
poles+".0000002 num!ers of poles
rpos+AiA2 rotor position( i )inner rotor' o ) outer rotor
r?=ind+AsA2 =ind of rotor ?indings( s ) s3ortcircuit cage
designAs+AmA2 esign as( m)motor' g)generator
@fn+$30.#4010<2 @
,n+4.<105042 A Bated Current
fn+50.0000002 Cz Bated freDuenc9
TorD+$1.00<45$2 -m Bated TorDue
Mma/+53.#434352 E-m .ea= TorDue
nn+#1$.5#0#532 rpm Bated speed
nslip+0.0<040$2 Bated slip
=slip+0.5314412 critical slip
rF+0.0$50042 =gGmH$ ,nertial moment of rotor
Tmn+0.110$352 s Mec3anical time constant 6rated tor=7
Tm=+0.0500342 s Mec3anical time constant 6pea= torD7
.1n+$.0$11#"2 => Bated 8lectric po?er
etan+0.<0<4"<2 Bated efficienc9
cosp3in+0.<15$<< Bated po?er factor
etama/+0.<50$552 Ma/imum of efficienc9
cosp3ima/+0.<43400 Ma/imum of po?er factor
lcpertau+1.5000002 lengt3 per pole tau 6for start design7
seltaT+100.0000002 C Temperature rise in stator ?inding
reltaT+140.0000002 C Temperature rise in rotor ?inding
BoltColes +1.0000002 Factor to allo? for !olt 3oles in stator core
F> + 11.0000002 > Friction and ?indage loss at full load speed
8tator 9inings
-1+3$42 Turns per stator p3ase
.arallel.at3s+12
la9ers+$2
s%lots.er.ol.er.3ase+32 %tator %lots .er .ole .er .3ase
s%tep+0.<<<<<#2 %tator coil step
s!:c+10.0#55<"2 Turns per coils in stator ?indings from calculus
s!+1<.0000002 C3ose turns per coils in stator ?indings as integer num!er
Cp%+3".0000002 Conductors per slot in stator
f?s+0.##54#$2 istri!ution factor for stator ?inding
fc3s+0.####"32 %3orting factor
f?+0.#45$142 %tator ?indings factor
sI&er3angLengt3+10".3"3##32 mm' %tator o&er 3ang lengt3
MLC+$#1.3"3##32 mm' Lengt3 of t3e mean conductor
sdelcc+0."040"02 mm' diameter of elementar9 conductor from calculatin
selc+32 %tator elementar9 conductor on coil
sdelc+0.0500002 mm' it is standard diameter around sdelcc
5
sdelc:ins+0.<3$0002 mm' diameter of insulated elementar9 conductor
sacu+1.3$535#2 area of stator eDui&alent conductor
sacu:ins+1."310142 area of insulated stator eDui&alent conductor
s>ireBare +1.$##03<2 eDui&alent diameter of stator ?ire
s>ireCo& +1.4410""2 eDui&alent diameter of insulated stator ?ire
Rotor 9inings
r>ireBare+<.#15415eJ0002 mm iameter of rotor !are
r8ndBingC%A +13#.3"111$2 mmH$ 8nd of ring area
r3Bing +11.0000002 mm radial ring 3eig3t
f?r +0.#5"0002 >inding factor for sDuirrel)cage motor
8tator main imensions
so+$$3.0000002 mm' %tator I
si+14<.0000002 mm' %tator !ore diameter
s%lots+54.0000002 -o. of stator slots
BoltColes+1.0000002 T3ere are not e/actl9 !olt 3oles
lc+115.0000002 mm' Core lengt3
lc8ff+10".#500002 mm' 8ffecti&e iron lengt3
tau.ole+00.4#$"1#2 mm' pole pitc3
C0+<0.00403$2 =@AsKmH3 Mac3ines constant' used for design start
lgMin+0.35<1<<2 mm minimum lengt3 of air)gap from calculus
lg+0.3000002 mm' air)gap lengt3
8tator slots : Primar; imensions
sMs+$."000002 mm' Mout3 of stator slot
s34+0.<000002 mm' 3eig3t of slot mout3
s>3+5.0""0<$2 mm' ?idt3 of top slots
s33+0.51004$2 mm
s>$+5.0""0<$2 mm
s3$+0.0000002 mm
s>1+0.405<0$2 !ottom slots ?idt3 mm
s31+$0.054<032 mm
sB1+3.00$#012 mm' radius of !ottom of stator slot
s3t+$0.0<501"2 mm' distance from !ottom circle center to air gap
s3IA+$5.0"<5102 mm' o&er all slot 3eig3t
sAlp3a+$$.5000002 degrees
s%lotAlp3a+0.11"3552 rad' angle !et?een t?o stator slots
tau%slot+<."10$#12 mm' stator slot pitc3 at !ore
s%lotArea+151.$""4$12 mmH$
s%lot>indingArea+143.3510<"2 mmH$' %lot area need for ?indings
%tator slot insulation
slot,nsulT3ic=+0.1500002 mm' T3ic=ness of slot insulation
slotClosureT3ic=+0.5000002 mm' T3ic=ness of slot closure 6?edge7
Rotor main imension
r%lots+44.0000002 -um!er of rotor slots
ri+104.0000002 mm' rotor !ore diameter
ro+140.4000002 mm' rotor outer diameter
rrF+"1.4#43#0 mm' rotor inertial radius
Rotor slots imensions
rMs+1.$000002 mm
r34+$.31#$102 mm' 3eig3t of mout3 of rotor slot
r33+".<1<4432 mm
r31+0.5000002 mm
"
r3IA+1$.4003352 mm
r>1+5.00"$<#2 mm
r>$+4.#<$0302 mm
8tator magnetic circuit imensions
sToot3Top+3."#04#$2 mm' ?idt3 at toot3 root
sToot3Bot+3."#"0$12 mm' ?idt3 nearest air)gap
sCoreept3+1$.4314<32 mm
/+$0".4$4"<#2 mm' effecti&e diameter of magnetic lengt3 pat3 in stator core
Rotor magnetic circuit imensions
rToot3Top+4."0""402 mm' ?idt3 of root of rotor Toot3
rToot3Bot+3.0"15452 mm' ?idt3 of rotor toot3 nearest air)gap
9+11".30"$$02 mm' effecti&e diameter of magnetic lengt3 pat3 in rotor core
rCoreept3+#.$$#""52 mm
8tator 9eig<t
>eig3t,ronLsed+41.4<44$#2 =g' >eig3t of iron used
>eig3t%tCore,ron+".<"0$002 =g
>eig3t%tTeet3,ron+4.10100#2 =g
>eig3t%t,ron+11.03135"2 =g' >eig3t of stator ,ron
>eig3t%tCu+".00304$2 =g' Copper ?eig3t
>eig3t%t+10.0350#02 =g' %tator ?eig3t
Rotor 9eig<t
>eig3tBt,ron+4.<501<02 =g' >eig3t of Botor ,ron
>eig3tCage+1.#5<4"$2 =g' Botor Copper ?eig3t
>eig3tBt+".<15"502 =g' Botor ?eig3t
>eig3tM+$4.5500402 =g' ;enerator ?eig3t
Electrical parameter
sB+3.5030$52 I3m' %tator resistance at 1$0.000000 grade C
rB+4.$100<02 I3m' Botor resistance at 1"0.000000 grade C
rm+$010.0000412 I3m' 8Dui&alent iron loss resistance
l3+0.30#3002 C
=:Carter+1.4140$42 Carter Factor
=:sat+$.00#$012 %aturated Factor
Fs+4.0401$"2 AKmmH$ %tator current densit9
Fr+4.0000002 A.mmH$ Botor current densit9
s%lotFill+0.5$151"2 fill factor for stator
Magnetic inuction
Bg:ma/+0.4""4""2 T air)gap magnetic induction
sBToot3+1.$3$<0#2 T magnetic induction in stator toot3
sBCore+1.1#0"442 T magnetic induction in stator 9o=e
rBToot3+1.311<142 T magnetic induction in rotor
rBCore+1.51151<2 T magnetic induction in rotor 9o=e
6osses
spcu+$43.#053352 >' %tator ?indings losses
,ronLoss+55.505$0$2 >' ,ron Loss
,ronLossCore+33.$3"1#"2 >' ,ron Loss
,ronLossTeet3+$$.33#00"2 >' ,ron Loss
stLoss+$##.4<0"0<2 >' %tator Loss
rpcu+$11."0011"2 >' Botor ?indings Loss
pmec+10.03<5002 >' Mec3anical loss
0
Rotor mec<anical stress
&ma/+15.435"#$2 mKs Ma/imum &alue of perip3er9 speed
sigma:9o=e+1.$$01502 -KmmH$ Mo=e stress under itself ?eig3t
sigma:ma/+3.1<41412 -KmmH$ Ma/imum stress in rotor 9o=e
Tor%ue an po9er ensit;
Tdn+0.#3004<2 -mK=g Bated torDue per =ilo
Td=+$.1#0$$$2 -mK=g .ea= torDue per =ilo
.d+0.0<#"102 =>K=g .o?er per =ilo
%tator slots ) .rimar9 dimeu?nsions
s%lot%3ape + 4A!A52 8tator slot s<ape
sMs+$."2 Mout3 of stator slot mm.
s34+0.<2 3eig3t of slot mout3 mm.
sAlp3a+$$.52 degrees
s3$+02 in t3is case as ?inding fills slot
Rotor slots : Primar; imensions
r%lot%=e?+$02 Botor s=e? + 1Kr%lot%=e? of rotor perip3er9
r%lot%3ape+ 4A!A52 Botor slot s3ape
rMs+1.$2 Mout3 of rotor slot mm.
r31+0.52
c<arge of materials
Fs+5.02 AKmmH$%tator current densit9
Fr+4.02 AKmmH$Botor current densit9
Fendring+42 AKmmH$Current denssit9 in rotor end ring of rotor cage
elsp+$$2 =AKm %pecificate electric load
sBToot3sp+1.52 T %pecificate magnetic inductin in stator Toot3
sBMo=esp+1.32 T %pecificate magnetic inductin in stator 9o=e
rBToot3sp+1."2 T %pecificate magnetic inductin in rotor Toot3
rBMo=esp+1.02 T %pecificate magnetic inductin in rotor 9o=e
Bagsp+0." 2 T %pecificate magnetic inductin in air gap
s%lotFills+0.42 %pecificate stator sllot fill
8econar; ata prescriptin
.arallel.at3s+12
lcpertau+1.52
s%lots.er.ol.er.3ase+32 %lots per pole per p3ase
la9ers+$2
s%tep+6mGs%lots.er.ol.er.3ase)17K6mGs%lots.er.ol.er.3ase72 %tator coill step
sI&e3ang:ins+$2 mm %tator o&er3ang insulated' minimum distance !et?een a/e and o&er3ang
delcma/+.052 mm Ma/imum diameter for elementar9 conductor in
stator
r%lots+442
seltaT +1002 Temperature rise in stator ?inding
reltaT +1402 Temperature rise in rotor ?inding
BoltColes + 12 Factor to allo? for !olt 3oles in stator core
<
+ 1 if no !olt 3oles
E + 1.05 if !olt 3oles
F> + 5G.n2 > Friction and ?indage loss at full load
Assumed 0.5E from .n
M0+30GF>K6piGn!72

#
-. Caracteristici e functionare(


10

11

-I. =esen e tola >crestatura statorica si rotorica?

Crestatura statorica:
1$
Cresatatura rotorica:
-II. =esen e ga@arit
13

-III. Calcul e incalzire
14
.artile motorului care se dez&olta caldura sunt(infasurarile pac3etul de tole si lagarele.
.ierderile de putere care apar in motor la functionarea acestuia in regimul nominal sunt(
) .Cu1 + $43'#0 2
) .Fe + 55'50 2
) .Al$ + $11'"0 2
) .mec + 10'03< 2
%e calculeaza incalzirea carcasei fata de mediul am!iant(

5 C 4 33 ' 3"
34$ ' 14
10< ' 5$1

7 #"4 ' 0 03# ' 0 6 3 ' 14
03< ' 10 50 ' 55 "0 ' $11 #0 ' $43
7 % % 6
. . . .
o
$ 1 0
mec Fe $ Al 1 Cu
c
= =
+
+ + +
=
+
+ + +
=


Lnde (

=
C m
>
3 ' 14
$ 0 2
52 m 4 #"4 ' 0 #$5 ' 0 03# ' 0 1 L
4

%
52 m 4 03# ' 0
4
04#0$# ' 0
14 ' 3
4

%
$
L @ o
$
o
1
$
$
o
$
= + = + =
= = =
,ntre suprafata e/terioara a pac3etului de tole statoric si suprafata interioara a carcasei se
formeaza un interstitiu
5 m 4 10 5 ' 0
5
a

=
' prin care se transmit pierderile din pac3etul de tole
statoric .Fe si infasurarea statorica .cu12
,ncalzirea pac3etului de tole statoric fata de carcasa este(
5 C 4 15 ' 11
0$5 ' 0
000005 ' 0
#5 ' 301< A
o
a
a
s s
= =

=
Lnde(
15
[ ]
su!tiri straturi in aerului litatea conducti!i
C m
>
0$5 ' 0
m <05$53 ' 0 115 ' 0 $$3 ' 0 14 ' 3 l %
m
>
#5 ' 301<
<05$53 ' 0
50 ' 55 #0 ' $43
%
. .
A
o
a
$
1 1 e e
$
e
Fe 1 cu
s

=
= = =

=
+
=
+
=
,ncalzirea pac3etului de tole statoric fata de mediul am!iant este(
5 C 4 4<" ' 40 33 ' 3" 15 ' 11
o
c s fe
= + = + =
A&em (
5 m 4 3$0"04 ' 0 54 115 ' 0 7 0004 ' 0 1'50 0'0$ $ 6
- Lc 7 1 s?
$
1 s3 $ 6 - Lc . %
izolatiei2 a termica liatatea conducti!i )
C m
>
0'1
izolatiei2 grosimea 5 m 4 10 $5 ' 0 iar
m
>
05 ' 0"0
3$0"04 ' 0
#0 ' $43
%
.
A
( e/presia are si lor crestaturi suprafata prin caloric flu/ului densitatea A ( unde
52 C 4 01# ' 1
1 ' 0
000$5 ' 0
05 ' 0"0 A
$
1 1 cr
A
cr
o
i
3
i
$ A
cr
1 cu
i
i
o
i
i
i i
= + =
=

+ = =

=
=

= = =

= =

,ncalzirea infasurarii statorului fata de mediul am!iant(


5 C 4 3<" ' 4# 4<" ' 40 # ' 1
o
fe i cu
= + = + =
aca incalzirea motorului este suflata de aerul de racire6functionarea motorului cu
&entilator7' calculul anterior se &a corecta astfel(
eoarece suprafata %1 este suflata cu aer ' in aceasta zona apare o im!unatatire a
transmisiei de caldura.@iteza aerului se apreciaza la @+")1< mKs' corespunzator turatiilor de
050)3000 rpm.Coeficientul de transmisie a caldurii pe partea suflata este(

= + =
C m
>
0< ' 03 7 @ 3 ' 1 1 6 3 ' 14
o $
& 2
,ncalzirea carcasei fata de mediul am!iant de&ine(

52 C 4 33 ' 0
#"4 ' 0 0< ' 03 03# ' 0 3 ' 14
03< ' 10 50 ' 55 "0 ' $11 #0 ' $43
% %
. . . .
o
1 & $ 0
mec Fe $ Al 1 cu
c
=
+
+ + +
=
+
+ + +
=
1"
ceea ceconduce la modificarea incalzirii infasurarii statorice si a pac3etului de tole statoric
fata de mediul am!iant .
52 C 4 5 ' 1< 01# ' 1 4<# ' 1<
si
52 C 4 4<# ' 1< 15 ' 11 33 ' 0
o
i
A
Fe
A
Cu
o
s
A
C
A
Fe
= + = + =
= + = + =
,ncalzirile corespund claselor de izolatie B2

IA. 7i@liografie
10
: I. Cioc# C. !ica : BProiectarea masinilor electriceC
: Toma =orea : BProiectarea masinilor electrice vol IDIIC
BConstructia masinilor electriceC
: I. 8ora # I. !ovac : BInrumator e proiectareC
1<