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CATEDRA PROPEDEUTIC STOMATOLOGIC I IMPLANTOLOGIE

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A P R O B
Decanul facultii Stomatologie
USMF N.Testemianu
Dr.habilitat,profesor universitar
I.Lupan

____ ______________2013
SUBIECTELE CTRE EXAMENUL DE STAT
LA PROPEDEUTICA STOMATOLOGIC I IMPLANTOLOGIA DENTAR
DISCIPLINA CHIRURGIE OMF

1. Compliment simplu.
Pereii sinusului snt acoperii cu:
a) [x] Epiteliu pseudostratificat cilindric cu cili,
b) [ ] Epiteliu cubic;
c) [ ] Epiteliu plat;
d) [ ] Epiteliu prizmatic;
e) [ ] Epiteliu folicular.

2. Compliment simplu
Sinusul maxilar comunic cu:
a) [x] Cavitatea nazal;
b) [ ] Cavitatea bucal;
c) [ ] Orbita;
d) [ ] Glota;
e) [ ] Fosa subtemporal.

3. Compliment simplu
Muchii propulsatori ai mandibulei snt:
a) [ ] M. maseterin;
b) [ ] M. temporal;
c) [ ] M. pterigoidian intern;
d) [x] M. pterigoidian extern;
e) [ ] M. digastric.

4.Compliment simplu
Principala arter ce alimenteaz dinii de pe arcada inferioar este:
a) [ ] lingual;
b) [ ] palatin descendent;
c) [ ] sfeno-palatin;
d) [x] alveolar inferioar;
e) [ ] suborbitar.

5.Compliment simplu
Una din urmtoarele ramuri a n. trigemen conine ramuri motorii:
a) [ ] N. maxilar;

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b) [ ] N. oftalmic;
c) [x] N. mandibular;
d) [ ] N. pterigopalatin;
e) [ ] N. lingual.

6.Compliment simplu
Nervul mandibular este cea mai voluminoas ramur a trigemenului i iese din craniu prin
gaura:
a) [ ] Occipital mare;
b) [ ] Rotund;
c) [x] Oval;
d) [ ] Oftalmic;
e) [ ] Spinoas.

7.Compliment simplu
Nervul facial comunic cu n. lingual prin:
a) [ ] N. petros mare;
b) [ ] N. alveolar inferior;
c) [ ] N. sublingual;
d) [x] N. coarda timpanic;
e) [ ] La direct.

8.Compliment simplu
Asepsia prezint:
a) [ ] O msur de nlturare a microorganismelor patogene din procesele inflamatorii;
b) [x] Totalitetea msurilor i mijloacelor folosite pentru a mpedica contaminarea infecioas a
plgilor operatorii;
c) [ ] Sterilizarea instrumentelor prin autoclavare;
d) [ ] Pregtirea cmpului operator prin prelucrarea cu alcool;
e) [ ] Curarea instrumentelor prin diferite metode

9.Compliment simplu
Cel mai obinuit mijloc fizic de sterilizare (i mai des folosit) este:
a) [ ] Fierberea;
b) [ ] Iradierea;
c) [ ] Folosirea gazelor;
d) [x] Cldura uscat i umed;
e) [ ] Flambarea.

10.Compliment simplu
Autoclavarea se face la o temperatur i presiune anumit:
a) [ ] 200-250
0
C i 10 atm;
b) [x] 136-140
0
C i 2-2,2 atm;
c) [ ] 150-160
0
C i 2-3 atm;
d) [ ] 180-190
0
C i 2-5 atm;

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e) [ ] 200-210
0
C i 2-3 atm.

11. Compliment simplu
Autoclavarea (la 140
0
C i 2,2 atm) se efectueaz timp de:
a) [ ] 10-15 min;
b) [ ] 15-20 min;
c) [ ] 20-25 min;
d) [x] 30 min;
e) [ ] 60 min.

12.Compliment simplu
Dezinfecia cabinetului de chirurgie oral se efectueaz:
a) [ ] De dou ori pe zi;
b) [ ] O dat n sptmn;
c) [x] Zilnic de 2-3 ori cu soluii de cloramin, sptmnal curenie general;
d) [ ] Zilnic de 4-5 ori cu detergeni, ampon;
e) [ ] Prin aerisirea cabinetului peste fiecare or.

13. Compliment simplu
Metoda de anestezie utilizat cel mai des n stomatologie este:
a) [ ] Anestezia general;
b) [ ] Anestezia local;
c) [ ] Anestezia regional;
d) [x] Anestezia loco-regional;
e) [ ] Metode intermediare.

14.Compliment simplu
Prin anestezia la tuberozitate se blochez:
a) [ ] N. alveolari superiori i medii;
b) [ ] N. nazopalatin;
c) [ ] N. alveolari superiori i anteriori;
d) [x] N. alveolati superiori i posteriori;
e) [ ] N. palatinal.

15. Compliment simplu
Lipotimia este provocat cel mai des de:
a) [ ] Aciunea local a novocainei;
b) [ ] Scderea brusc a tensiunei arteriale;
c) [x] Aciunea hipotensiv a novocainei (Procainei);
d) [ ] De starea imunodeficitar a organismului;
e) [ ] De toxicitatea sporit a anestezicului.

16. Compliment simplu
Complicaiile septice postanestezice apar n special dup:
a) [ ] Anestezia plexal sau prin baraj;
b) [ ] Anestezia la gaura incisiv;

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c) [x] Anestezia la Spina Spix sau la tuberozitate;
d) [ ] Anestezia la gaura palatin sau mentonier;
e) [ ] n nici una din aceste situaii.

17.Compliment multiplu
Muchii ridictori a mandibulei snt:
a) [x] M. temporal;
b) [x] M. maseterin;
c) [ ] M. digastric;
d) [x] M. pterigoidian intern;
e) [ ] M. geniohioidian.

18 Compliment multiplu
Muchii cobortori a mandibulei snt:
a) [ ] M. maseterin;
b) [x] M. milohioidian;
c) [x] M. digastric;
d) [x] M. geniohioidian
e) [ ] M. temporal.


19. Compliment multiplu
Fasciile regiunii oro-maxilo-faciale snt:
a) [x] Fascia superficial a feei;
b) [x] Fascia proprie a feei;
c) [x] Fascia parotido-maseterin;
d) [x] Fascia bucofaringee;
e) [x] Fascia interpterigoidian.

20.Compliment multiplu
Nervul trigemen are trei ramuri principale:
a) [ ] N. alveolar;
b) [ ] N. lingual;
c) [x] N. maxilar;
d) [x] N. mandibular;
e) [x] N. oftalmic.

21. Compliment multiplu
Biopsia se efectueaz de a cpta material pentru histologie i a depista:
a) [x] Formaiunile tumorale benigne;
b) [x] Formaiunile tumorale maligne;
c) [x] Procesele patologice suspecte;
d) [x] Procesele inflamatorii;
e) [ ] Orice patologie a regiunii BMF.

22.Compliment multiplu

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Avantajele anesteziei loco-regionale snt:
a) [x] Uor de administrat fr pregtiri speciale;
b) [x] Nu necesit un personal special instruit i nici o aparatur deosebit;
c) [x] Ofer posibilitatea colaborrii cu pacientul;
d) [x] Nu e costisitoare;
e) [ ] Poate fi administrat oricrui pacient n intervenii de orice amploare.

23. Compliment multiplu
Prin premedicaie se reduce:
a) [x] Durerea;
b) [x] Excitabilitatea sistemului nervos central;
c) [x] Teama (frica);
d) [x] Secreia salivei;
e) [ ] Nici una din ele.

24. Compliment multiplu
Principalele substane anestezice loco-regionale se mpart n:
a) [x] Esteri;
b) [x] Amide;
c) [ ] Volatile;
d) [ ] Gazoase;
e) [ ] Lichide.

25.Compliment multiplu
Soluiile anestezice ntrebuinate n stomatologie trebuie s posede anumite caliti i anume:
a) [x] Aciune periferic temporal i reversibil asupra celulelor i fibrelor nervoase senzitive;
b) [x] S nu fie iritante pentru esuturi;
c) [x] S nu provoace modificri structurale;
d) [x] S nu provoace efecte generale nedorite;
e) [x] S nu fie toxice, toxomanice i s nu provoace alergie.

26 Compliment multiplu
Avantajele anesteziei loco-regionale n chirurgia oro-maxilo-facial snt:
a) [x] Aciunea anestezicului este limitat la structurile pe care se intervin, fr a influena
teritorii prea ntinse i fr risc de accidente toxice generale;
b) [x] Administrarea este uoar avnd o tehnic simpl i precis, nu necesit aparatur
complicat i nici personal ajutor;
c) [x] Cmpul operator rmne complet (deschis) liber i desfurarea actului operator nu este
jenant;
d) [x] Nu suprim reflexele protectoare (de tuse i deglutiie), evit pericolul ptrunderii
sngerrii, salivei n cile respiratorii, expune riscuri vitale minime;
e) [x] Poate fi potenializat printr-o premedicaie corespunztoare sau precedat de sedarea
contient n scopul diminurii receptivitii psihice a pacientului.
27.Compliment multiplu
Printre reperele pentru anestezia nervului alveolar inferior figureaz:
a) [ ] Marginea anterioar a apofizei coronoide;

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b) [ ] Interlinia temporo-condilian;
c) [ ] Mijlocul distanei ntre maseter i simfiza mentonier;
d) [x] Creasta temporal a mandibulei;
e) [x] Plica pterigo-mandibular.

28.Compliment multiplu
Puncia anestezic pentru anestezia nervului nazopalatin se practic:
a) [ ] Pe mijlocul papilei incisive;
b) [x] Pe marginea papilei incisive;
c) [x] La 0,5 cm napoia i deasupra marginii gingivale;
d) [ ] La 1 cm napoia i deasupra marginii gingivale;
e) [ ] La 0,3 cm naintea i sub marginea gingival.

29. Compliment multiplu
Direcia acului n anestezia la tuberozitate pe cale oral este:
a) [ ] n jos;
b) [x] n sus;
c) [x] napoi;
d) [ ] nainte;
e) [x] nuntru.

30.Compliment multiplu
Accidentele i complicaiile generale ce pot surveni n cursul anesteziilor loco-regionale se
mpart:
a) [x] Psihogene;
b) [x] Toxice;
c) [x] Alergice;
d) [x] Alte accidente;
e) [x] Complicaiile cauzate de starea general a pacientului.

31.Compliment multiplu
n lipotimie tratamentul se ncepe cu:
a) [x] ntreruperea injectrii anestezicului;
b) [x] Aezarea pacientului n poziie orizontal cu capul mai jos dect corpul cu 15-20
0
(Poza
Tredelemburg);
c) [x] Controlul i favorizarea respiraiei (slbirea gulerului, cravatei, centurei, etc);
d) [x] Activarea respiraiei i circulaiei sanguine (flagelaie, aplicare de comprese reci pe fa,
inhalarea de vapori de amoniac);
e) [x] Tratamentul simptomatic medicamentos.

32.Compliment multiplu
Medicamentele absolut obligatorii pentru reanimare n cabinetul stomatologic snt:
a) [x] Antihipoxice;
b) [x] Cardiovasculare;
c) [x] Antialergice;
d) [x] Anticonvulsive;

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e) [ ] Antiseptice.

33. Compliment multiplu
Extracia dentar este:
a) [x] O intervenie chirurgical de necesitate, care urmrete ndeprtarea unui dinte care nu
mai poate fi recuperat, prin tratament conservativ;
b) [x] O intervenie ce implic principii chirurgicale mbinate cu o serie de principii adaptate din
fizic i mecanic, ce au drept scop ndeprtarea unui dinte din alveola sa;
c) [x] Este cea mai frecvent intervenie chirurgical, care se practic n stomatologie;
d) [x] O intervenie mutilant de lichidare a unui dinte cu proces patologic local, ns numai
dup ce s-au epuizat toate metodele conservatorii;
e) [ ] Operaia de rutin a fiecrui medic stomatolog, care o poate ndeplini n orice condiii i la
orice dinte.

34.Compliment multiplu
Se recomand extracia cu elevatoarele n urmtoarele situaii:
a) [ ] Anchiloze dentoalveolare;
b) [x] Rdcini situate sub marginea alveolei;
c) [x] Dini cu coroane conice ce nu permit adaptarea cletelui;
d) [ ] Dini cu distrucii coronare ntinse;
e) [ ] Rdcini cu anomalii de form, orientare sau numr.

35.Compliment multiplu
Contraindicaiile generale absolute ale extraciei dentare snt:
a) [ ] Iradierile n scop terapeutic;
b) [ ] Graviditatea;
c) [ ] Afeciuni hepatice;
d) [x] Leucoze acute;
e) [x] Infarctul miocardic.

36.Compliment multiplu
Pentru extracia dinilor de pe arcada superioar se folosesc cletii:
a) [x] Drepi;
b) [x] S - fr pinteni;
c) [x] Baionetele;
d) [x] S - cu un pinten la falca vestibular;
e) [ ] n cioc.

37. Compliment multiplu
Pentru extracia dinilor de pe arcada inferioar se folosesc cletii:
a) [ ] n baionet;
b) [x] n cioc cu flcile nguste;
c) [x] n cioc cu pinteni pe ambele flci;
d) [x] ndoite pe lat (cioc);
e) [ ] S - cu un pinten pe falca vestibular.


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38. Compliment multiplu
Molarul de minte superior (M3) se extrage dup urmtoarele cerine:
a) [x] Se folosesc cletii pentru molarii de minte superiori;
b) [x] Bascularea vestibulo-palatinal se va practica prin micri de amplitudine redus;
c) [ ] Extracia se face cu elevatorul Lecluse;
d) [ ] Primele micri snt rotative;
e) [ ] Se folosete cletele n cioc.

39.Compliment multiplu
Extracia prin alveolotomie se recomand n unele din urmtoarele situaii:
a) [ ] Dinii extruzai:
b) [x] Resturi radiculare profunde intraosoase;
c) [x] Rdcini cu procese de hipercimentoz;
d) [x] Anchiloze dento-alveolare;
e) [x] Rdcini foarte recurbate care risc s se fractureze n cursul tentativei de extracie.

40. Compliment multiplu
Pentru extracii atipice ale molarului de minte inferior se folosesc:
a) [x] Bormaina (unitul), freze;
b) [x] Dlti, ciocan;
c) [x] Elevator n unghi (ascuit);
d) [x] Elevator drept (ascuit);
e) [ ] Elevator Lecluse.

41.Compliment multiplu
n general morfologia rdcinii influeneaz dificultatea extraciei molarului de minte inferior
prin:
a) [x] Lungimea rdcinilor;
b) [x] Curbura rdcinilor;
c) [x] Direcia curburii rdcinilor;
d) [x] Dimensiunea meziodistal a rdcinilor;
e) [ ] Spaiul periodontal.

42. Compliment multiplu
Alveolotomia este indicat n cazul:
a) [x] Rdcinilor aflate sub puni dentare;
b) [x] Anchilozelor dentoalveolare;
c) [x] Resturi radiculare profunde intraosoase, rmase dup extracii vechi;
d) [x] Odontoamelor satelite radiculare;
e) [x] Rdcinilor deformate prin procese de hipercimentoz.

43. Compliment multiplu
Separaia rdcinilor este indicat cnd:
a) [x] Acestea snt unite prin podeaua camerei pulpare i nu pot fi extrase mpreun;
b) [x] Rdcinile snt prea divergente;
c) [x] Rdcinile snt prea convergente, avnd ntre ele un sept osos gros;

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d) [ ] Resturile radiculare mici snt situate n fundul alveolei;
e) [ ] Una din rdcini a fost extras, rmnnd un rest radicular profund.

44.Compliment multiplu
Procesul de vindecare a plgii postextracionale este condiionat de:
a) [x] Factori locali;
b) [x] Factori generali (terenul pacientului);
c) [ ] De calitatea interveniei;
d) [ ] Atitudinea pacientului i ngrijirea plgii;
e) [ ] De toate mpreun.

45.Compliment multiplu
ntr-o plag alveolar normal, dac sngerarea persist peste 30 minute, se efectueaz:
a) [ ] Tamponament cu mee iodoformate cu scop hemostatic;
b) [ ] Rezecia marginilor osoase;
c) [x] Sutura plgii gingivomucoase;
d) [x] Tamponament compresiv pe alveol;
e) [x] Chiuretaj alveolar.

46 Compliment multiplu
Accidentele i complicaiile extraciilor dentare se divizeaz n:
a) [x] Incidente intraoperatorii;
b) [x] Complicaii postoperatorii;
c) [x] Accidente locale;
d) [x] Accidente generale;
e) [x] Accidente uoare, medii i grave.

47. Compliment multiplu
Accidentele generale n timpul extraciei dentare snt:
a) [x] Lipotimia;
b) [x] Sincopa albastr (respiratorie);
c) [x] Sincopa alb (cardiac);
d) [x] Convulsiile;
e) [x] ocul traumatic.


48. Compliment multiplu
Plgile gingivale liniare snt produse de:
a) [x] Deraparea elevatorului drept;
b) [x] Aplicarea incorect a cletelui peste mucoas;
c) [ ] Sindesmotomia incomplet;
d) [ ] Alegerea incorect a instrumentelor;
e) [ ] Folosirea anesteziilor cu vasoconstrictoare.

49. Compliment multiplu
Accidentele sinusale n timpul extraciei dentare snt:

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a) [x] Deschiderea sinusului maxilar;
b) [x] mpingerea rdcinilor n cavitatea sinuzal;
c) [ ] Fracturarea tuberozitii maxilei cu perforarea sinusului;
d) [ ] Perforarea peretelui anterior;
e) [ ] Fractura osului palatin cu perforare de sinus.

50. Compliment multiplu
Complicaiile postextracionale pot fi:
a) [x] Precoce (hemoragia, alveolita);
b) [x] Tardive (dezechilibru ocluzoarticular, exostoze, bride cicatriciale periosoase etc );
c) [x] Uoare (abcese, periostite, alveolite etc);
d) [x] Medii (osteomielit, sinuzit, flegmon etc);
e) [x] Grave (septicemie, tromboze, flegmon).


































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1. SC. The walls of maxillary sinus are covered by:
A. Pluri(multi)-stratified cylindrical epithelium with cilia;
B. Cubic epithelium;
C. Plane (flat) epithelium;
D. Prismatic epithelium;
E. Follicular epithelium.


2.SC. The maxillary sinus communicates with:
A. Nasal cavity.
B. Oral cavity.
C. Orbital cavity.
D. Pharynx.
E. Fossa infratemporalis.

3.SC. Muscle that protrudes (propels) out the mandible is:
A. Masseter.
B. Temporal muscle.
C. Pterygoid internal.
D. Pterygoid external.
E. Digastricus.

4.SC. The main artery which supplies inferior teeth is:
A. Lingual artery;
B. Descending palatine artery;
C. Spheno-palatine artery;
D. Inferior alveolar artery;
E. Suborbital artery.

5.SC. One of the following branches of trigeminal nerve contains motor fibers:
A. Maxillary nerve;
B. Ophtalmic nerve;
C. Mandibular nerve;
D. Pterygopalatine nerve;
E. Lingual nerve.

6.SC. The mandibular nerve is the biggest branch of trigeminal nerve that leaves (exits) the
skull through foramen:
A. Occipital;
B. Rotundum;
C. Ovale;
D. Ophtalmic;
E. Spinosus
7.SC. The facial nerve communicates with lingual nerve through:
A. Petrossi major nerve;

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B. Inferior alveolar nerve;
C. Sublingual nerve;
D. Chorda tympani;
E. Direct.

8.SC. Asepsis presents:
A. A measure of pathogenic microorganisms abolishment in inflammatory processes;
B. Totality of measures and means used to prevent infectious contamination of
surgical wounds;
C. Instruments sterilization by autoclaving;
D. Preparing the operative field by processing it with alcohol;
E. Cleaning instruments using different methods.

9.SC. The most common and also frequent physical method of sterilization is:
A. Boiling;
B. Irradiation;
C. Gas usage;
D. Dry and moist (humid) heat;
E. Flaming.

10.SC. Autoclaving is performed at a certain temperature and pressure:
A. 200-250 C and 10 atm;
B. 136-140 C and 2-2,2 atm;
C. 150-160 C and 2-3 atm;
D. 180-190 C and 2-5 atm;
E. 200-210 C and 2-3 atm.

11.SC. Autoclaving (at 140 C and 2,2atm) is carried out during:
A. 10-15 min;
B. 15-20 min;
C. 20-25 min;
D. 30 min;
E. 60 min.

12.SC. Disinfection in the cabinet of oral surgery is performed:
A. Twice a day;
B. Once per week;
C. 2-3 times daily with bleach solutions, weekly - general cleaning;
D. 4-5 times daily with detergent, shampoo;
E. Cabinet ventilation after every hour.

13.SC. The most commonly used method of anesthesia in dentistry is:
A. General anesthesia.
B. Local anesthesia.
C. Regional anesthesia.
D. Loco-regional anesthesia.

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E. Intermediate methods.

14.SC. Which nerve branches are blocked during anesthesia at maxillary tuberosity?
A. Medial superior alveolar nerves;
B. Nazopalatine nerve;
C. Anterior superior alveolar nerves;
D. Posterior superior alveolar nerves;
E. Palatine nerve.

15.SC. Fainting is more often caused by:
A. Local action of Procaine;
B. The sharp decrease of blood pressure;
C. Hypotensive action of local anesthetic
D. The immunodeficient state of the body;
E. The increased toxicity of the anesthetic.

16.SC. Septic complications occur mainly after:
A. Plexal anesthesia;
B. Incisive anesthesia;
C. Spina Spix and tuberal anesthesia;
D. Palate or mental anesthesia;
E. In none of these situations.

17.MC. Muscles that raise (elevate) the mandible are:
A. Temporal muscle.
B. Masseter.
C. Digastricus.
D. Pterygoid internal.
E. Genio'glossus.

18.MC. Muscles which pull down the mandible are [downward]:
A. Masseter muscle;
B. Mylohioid muscle;
C. Digastric muscle;
D. Geniohioid muscle;
E. Temporal muscle.

19.MC. Fasciae of oro-maxillo-facial region are:
A. Superficial fascia of the face;
B. Propria fascia of the face;
C. Parotido-masseter fascia;
D. Buco-pharyngeal fascia;
E. Inter-pterygoid fascia.

20.MC. Trigeminal nerve is divided into 3 main branches:
A. Alveolar nerve;

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B. Lingual nerve;
C. Maxillary nerve;
D. Mandibular nerve;
E. Ophtalmic nerve.

21.MC. Biopsy is performed to obtain material for histology and to detect:
A. Benign tumors;
B. Malignant tumors;
C. Suspicious pathological processes;
D. Inflammatory processes;
E. Any pathology of OMF region.

22.MC. Advantages of loco-regional anesthesia are:
A. Easy in use without any special preparations.
B. Doesnt need a special trained staff and particular equipment.
C. Gives the possibility to cooperate with the patient.
D. Isnt expensive.
E. Can be applied to every patient in interventions of different extent.

23.MC. By premedication we obtain reduction of:
A. Pain;
B. CNS excitability;
C. Anxiety (fear);
D. Salivation;
E. None of them.

24. MC. Loco-regional anesthetic substances are classified in the following groups:
A. Esters
B. Amides
C. Volatile
D. Gas (gaseous)
E. Liquids.

25. MC. Anesthetic substances used in dentistry must posses certain qualities, such as:
A. Temporal and reversible peripheral action on sensitive nerve cells and fibers;
B. To not be irritating to the tissues;
C. To not cause structural changes;
D. To not cause adverse general effects;
E. To not be toxic and cause allergies.

26.MC. Advantages of loco-regional anesthesia in BMF surgery are:
A. Anesthetic action is limited to limited structures, without impacting large
territories, without risk of general toxic accidents;
B. Administration is easy having a simple and accurate technique does not require
complicated equipment or personal assistance;
C. Operatory field remains completely open and the surgery is not embarrassing;

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D. Does not suppress protective reflexes (cough and swallowing), avoid bleeding risk,
saliva enetring into the airways, exhibit minimum vital risks;
E. Can be potentiated by a corresponding premedication or preceded by conscious
sedation in order to reduce the patient's mental receptivity.

27. MC. Among the landmarks of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block are listed:
A. Anterior border of coronoid apophyses (processus);
B. Temporo-condylar line;
C. Midway between Masseter muscle and mental symphysis;
D. Temporal crest of the mandibular ramus.
E. Pterygo-mandibular raphe.

28. MC. Where is the needle introduced during nasopalatine anesthesia?
A. In the middle of the incisor's papilla.
B. In the lateral edge of incisor's papilla.
C. 0.5-0,7cm postriorly and above the gingival edge.
D. 1.5cm posteriorly and above the gingival edge.
E. 0.3cm anteriorly and below the gingival edge.

29.MC. The correct direction of the needle during introral anesthesia at maxillary tuberosity
is:
A. Inferior
B. Superior
C. Posterior
D. Anterior
E. Medial

30.MC. General accidents and complications that can occur during loco-regional anesthesia
are classified in:
A. Psychogenic;
B. Toxic;
C. Allergic;
D. Syncope;
E. Convulsions.

31. MC. Treatment of fainting starts with:
A. Interruption of anesthetic injection;
B. Placing the patient in horizontal position with the head lower than body with 15-20
degrees (Tredelemburg position);
C. Breath monitoring, airways must be released (loosening collar, tie, belt, etc.);
D. Respiration and blood circulation activation (flagellation, applying cold
compresses on the face, inhaling ammonia vapors);
E. Symptomatic medication.

32. MC. Absolutely required drugs for resuscitation in the dental room are:
A. Anti-hypoxic drugs;

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B. Cardiovascular drugs;
C. Anti-allergic drugs;
D. Anti-convulsant drugs;
E. Antiseptics.

33. MC. Dental extraction is:
A. A necessary surgical intervention, which aims to remove a tooth that cant be
recovered by conservative treatment;
B. An intervention that involves surgical principles combined with a set of principles
adapted from physics and mechanics, which aim to remove a tooth from its alveolar
socket;
C. It is the most common surgery practiced in dentistry;
D. A mutilating tooth removal with pathological process, but only after have
exhausted all conservative methods;
E. A routine operation of each dentist, who can perform it in any conditions and at any
tooth.

34. MC. Extraction using elevators is recommended in the following situations:
A. Dentoalveolar ankylosis;
B. Roots situated below the alveolar edge;
C. Teeth with conic crowns which do not permit forceps fixation;
D. Teeth with extensive coronary destructions;
E. Roots with shape, orientation or number abnormalities.

35. MC. Absolute general contraindications for dental extraction are:
A. Irradiation therapy;
B. Pregnancy;
C. Hepatic diseases;
D. Acute leucosis;
E. Recent myocardial infarction.

36. MC. For superior teeth extraction can be used the following forceps:
A. Straight;
B. S-shaped without tips;
C. Bayonet forceps;
D. S-shaped with one tip on vestibular beak;
E. Angled.

37. MC. For inferior teeth extraction can be used the following forceps:
A. Bayonet forceps;
B. Angled with narrow beaks;
C. Angled with tips on both beaks;
D. Angled with straight handles that are opened horizontally;
E. S-shaped with one tip on vestibular beak.

38. MC. Requirements for extraction of third superior molar are :

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A. Forceps for third superior molar;
B. Oro-palatal luxation is made with small amplitude;
C. Rotation movements;
D. Lecluse Forceps;
E. Angled forceps.

39. MC. Dental extraction through alveolotomia is recommended in the following cases:
A. Tooth extrusion
B. Deep intraosseous rest roots
C. Roots with hypercementosis
D. Dento-alveolar ankylosis
E. Curved root with a high risk of fracture during the extraction

40. MC. Extraction of intraalveolar roots is obligatory for:
A. Prevention of septic processes;
B. Creation of an appropriate prosthetic field;
C. Prevention of irritative processes;
D. Prevention of tumor processes;
E. Prevention of some inflammatory or proliferative gingival-periodontal processes.


41.MC. Root morphology influences the difficulty of the lower wisdom tooth extraction by:
A. Root length;
B. Root curvature;
C. Root curvature direction;
D. Mezio-distal root size/diameter;
E. Periodontal space.

42.MC. Which of the following statements are true? The surgical removal of a tooth:
A. Rather than forceps removal is likely to make subsequent replacement with a
dental implant less feasible
B. Will cause pain, the intensity of which will be determined by the amount of bone
removal and overall surgical difficulty
C. Requires that the patient be prescribed antibiotics reduce the likelihood of
postoperative infection
D. Always requires a radiograph as part of the surgical planning
E. Should always proceed immediately in the event of a failed forceps extraction

43. MC. Major indications for dental extraction are:
A. Complications of caries and marginal periodontitis;
B. Teeth causing local, loco-regional or distant complications;
C. Dentoalveolar disorders caused by trauma;
D. Urgent states;
E. Teeth that hinder orthodontic treatment.

44. M.C. Stages of wound healing after dental extraction are the following:

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A. On the 3-4
th
day after tooth removal are noticed granulations growing into the
blood clot.
B. On the 14
th
day the whole socket is filled with epithelium.
C. On 7-8
th
day appears osteoid tissue.
D. On the third month appears newly formed bone that still differs from the
surrounding one.
E. At the end of the 6
th
month alveolar socket is totally filled with bone.

45.M.C. If bleeding after extraction continues more than 30 minutes:
A. Tamponade with iodoform gauze.
B. Marginal bone resection.
C. Suture of the postextractional wound.
D. Compression of the socket.
E. Alveolar curettage.

46. M.C. Accidents and complications of tooth extraction are divided into:
A. Intraoperative accidents.
B. Postoperative complications.
C. Local accidents.
D. General accidents;.
E. Light, medium and severe accidents.

47. M.C. General accidents during dental extraction are:
A. Fainting.
B. Cardiac syncope.
C. Respiratory syncope.
D. Convulsions (seizures).
E. Traumatic shock.

48. M.C. Linear gingival wounds are produced by:
A. Elevator sideslip.
B. Incorrect application of the forceps over the soft tissue.
C. Incomplete sindesmotomy.
D. Use of improper instrument.
E. Using anesthesia with vasoconstrictor.

49. M.C. Accidents involving maxillary sinus can occur during removal of:
A. Superior third molar
B. First superior molar
C. Second superior molar
D. Second superior premolar
E. Superior canine.

50. M.C. Dental accidents during tooth removal can be the following:
A. Fracture of the crown or tooth which is being removed
B. Luxation of neighboring teeth

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C. Fracture of neighboring or antagonist teeth
D. Avulsion or injury of permanent tooth bud
E. Removal of a different tooth.












































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1.Compliment simplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

2. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [x]
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

3.Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] .

4. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] - ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] .

5.Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .


6. Compliment simplu.

:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;

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c) [x] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

7. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] .

8. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ]
;
b) [x]
;
c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

9 Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] .

10. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] 200-250
0
10 .;
b) [x] 136-140
0
2-2,2 .;
c) [ ] 150-160
0
2-3 .;
d) [ ] 180-190
0
2-5 .;
e) [ ] 200-210
0
2-3 .

11. Compliment simplu.
A ( 140
0
2,2 .) :
a) [ ] 10-15 .;
b) [ ] 15-20 .;
c) [ ] 20-25 .;
d) [x] 30 .;
e) [ ] 60 .


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12. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [x] 2-3 , ;
d) [ ] 4-5 , ;
e) [ ] .

13. Compliment simplu.
,
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] () ;
d) [x] - ;
e) [ ] .

14. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] .

15. Compliment simplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

16. Compliment simplu
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

17. Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [ ] ;

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d) [x] ;
e) [ ] - .

18. Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [x] - ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] - ;
e) [ ] .

19. Compliment multiplu.
- :
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] - ;
d) [x] .
e) [x] .

20.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] .

21.Compliment multiplu.
,
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] -- .

22.Compliment multiplu.
- :
a) [x] , ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] .

23.Compliment multiplu.
:

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a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] ();

24.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

25.Compliment multiplu.

:
a) [x]
;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] ;

26.Compliment multiplu.
-
:
a) [x] ,

b) [x]
;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ( ),
, ;
e) [x] ,
.


27. Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] - ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] - .


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28. Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] 0,5 ;
d) [ ] 1 ;
e) [ ] 0,5 .

29.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [x] .

30.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] .

31.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] , 15-
20

( Te);
c) [x] ( ,
, ).
d) [x] ( ,
, );
e) [x] .


32.Compliment multiplu.

:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] - ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [ ] .


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33.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ,
, ;
b) [x]
,
;
c) [x] ,
;
d) [x]
, ,
;
e) [ ] ,
.

34.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] - ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] , ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] , .

35.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] .

36.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] S- ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] S- ;
e) [ ] .

37. Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;

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e) [ ] S- .

38.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] -
;
c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ]

39.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [ ] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] - ;
e) [x] , .

40.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] , ;
b) [x] , ;
c) [x] ();
d) [x] ();
e) [ ] .

41. Compliment multiplu.
,
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] - ;
e) [ ] .



42.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] , ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ,
;
d) [x] ;

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e) [x] , .

43.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] , ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] , .

44.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ( );
c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

45.Compliment multiplu.
, 30 , :
a) [ ] ;
b) [ ] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] .

46.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] , , .

47.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [x] ;
d) [x] ;
e) [x] .

48. Compliment multiplu.
- :
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;

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c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

49. Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] ;
b) [x] ;
c) [ ] ;
d) [ ] ;
e) [ ] .

50.Compliment multiplu.
:
a) [x] (, );
b) [x] (- , ,
);
c) [x] (, , );
d) [x] (, , .);
e) [x] (, , .).









eful catedrei
dr.med. conf.univ. N.Chele













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