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Universitatea Tehnica de Constructii Bucuresti F.C.C.I.A.

Tema 5
Metoda elementului finit
M.E.F
Student: Anghelescu Adrian
Anul III C !ru"a #$ %umar ordine :#
Cerinta temei:

Sa se reali&e&e 'in SA( ) un re&ervor cilindric din otel S*+5 cu o
ra&a de 5 metri cu o inaltime de ,.#m si cu o grosime a invelisului
de -$mm.
Sa se re"re&inte de"lasarile intr.o sectiune diametrala .
Com"aratia eforturilor F#.# o/tinute in SA( *$$$ cu efortul
%din teoria de mem/rana.
0e&olvare si eta"e de lucru:
Ince"em "roiectul "rin reali&area formei cilindrului cu inaltimeara&a sa si
numarul de divi&iuni "e inaltime si "e diametrul sau.
In continuare definim materialul utili&at:
1u"a definirea materialului tre/uie definta sectiunea:
Se o/serva ca in aceasta o"tiune se selectea&a ti"ul sectiunii "e
care o vom utili&a si grosimea invelisului.A"oi aceasa sectiune se
atri/uie intregului re&ervor "rin selectarea totala 'ctrl2A) si a"oi
"rin comanda 3assign.areas.sections4.
Se incastrea&a cilindrul la /a&a.A"oi definim :
Tinand cont ca incarcarea varia&a doar "e inaltime'&)A si B sunt $.
(entru &5$ 15# iar "entru &5,.# C5.#6,.# .
Se "lasea&a incarcarile su/ forma de "resiuni "e su"rafata laterala:
A"oi se rulea&a a"licatia si se o/serva si deformata structurii:

Se citesc de"lasarile si se reali&ea&a ta/ele in E7cel'se calculea&a si %t):
TABLE: Joint
Displacements
Joint OutputCase CaseType U1 z
Text Text Text m m
1 C1 LinStatic 0 0
4 C1 LinStatic 0.000216 1.014
66 C1 LinStatic 0.00015 2.028
98 C1 LinStatic 0.000117 3.042
130 C1 LinStatic 0.000092 4.056
162 C1 LinStatic 0.000059 5.07
194 C1 LinStatic 0.00003 6.084
226 C1 LinStatic
1.173E-
07 7.098
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0 0.00005 0.0001 0.00015 0.0002 0.00025
Deplasari
I
n
a
l
t
i
m
e
TABLE:
Element
Forces -
Area
Sells
Area AreaElem SellType Joint OutputCase CaseType F11
1 1 Shell-Thin 1 C1 LinStatic -17.97
32 32 Shell-Thin 1 C1 LinStatic -17.97
1 1 Shell-Thin 4 C1 LinStatic 381.33
32 32 Shell-Thin 4 C1 LinStatic 381.33
33 33 Shell-Thin 4 C1 LinStatic 368.83
64 64 Shell-Thin 4 C1 LinStatic 368.83
33 33 Shell-Thin 66 C1 LinStatic 247.28
64 64 Shell-Thin 66 C1 LinStatic 247.28
65 65 Shell-Thin 66 C1 LinStatic 255.55
96 96 Shell-Thin 66 C1 LinStatic 255.55
65 65 Shell-Thin 98 C1 LinStatic 193.33
96 96 Shell-Thin 98 C1 LinStatic 193.33
97 97 Shell-Thin 98 C1 LinStatic 198.19
128 128 Shell-Thin 98 C1 LinStatic 198.19
97 97 Shell-Thin 130 C1 LinStatic 152.48
128 128 Shell-Thin 130 C1 LinStatic 152.48
129 129 Shell-Thin 130 C1 LinStatic 157.24
160 160 Shell-Thin 130 C1 LinStatic 157.24
129 129 Shell-Thin 162 C1 LinStatic 97.22
160 160 Shell-Thin 162 C1 LinStatic 97.22
161 161 Shell-Thin 162 C1 LinStatic 102.35
192 192 Shell-Thin 162 C1 LinStatic 102.35
161 161 Shell-Thin 194 C1 LinStatic 48.42
192 192 Shell-Thin 194 C1 LinStatic 48.42
193 193 Shell-Thin 194 C1 LinStatic 53.35
224 224 Shell-Thin 194 C1 LinStatic 53.35
193 193 Shell-Thin 226 C1 LinStatic -2.31
224 224 Shell-Thin 226 C1 LinStatic -2.31
Joint z 1-1 !t
1 0 -17.97 355
4 1.014 375.08 304.3
66 2.028 251.415 253.6
98 3.042 195.76 202.9
130 4.056 154.86 152.2
162 5.07 99.785 101.5
194 6.084 50.885 50.8
226 7.098 -2.31 0.1
Dia!rama Suprapusa F1-1-" si #t-$
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400
F1-1%#t
"