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262

Matematica

RASPUNSURI

Bacalaureat

TESTE FINALE

rEST

Subiectul I

t.

q = 3;

=

^(:r+)

x? (x, + x^\2 - 2x.x^ I

3.
= 4.. 4. rtt + n -20=0 -S= {4i.
xrxz =
xtxz
y
s, - -l =-1= 3r+5y-8
cosr>0 = cosx
- =!S=tsr=-1.
" =0. o.*.(4,zrr)
x-l
5
\2' ) =
4
+

Subiectul al ll-lea
a. a) detA - -(a+ l)(a-2)2. b) detA + 0

I
2+ x=

Ax =

,.

f (1) =

a)

62014

i:

Ly =

- 2=

I
y=

42ot4.

b),f(5)

b=2.520t4. x= 5

a =!11gzor+

aelR

- l-l;2).c) a=3 s detA=-4;

r;t

R=

-2.5201\=

Subiectul al llFlea

t. a) r'(x) =

bt

TF.

de maxim;

/a+7^6

,[-f'

(('

r_.1)l

=
r; L, = - 2 =, =
t[;,
)J
.
102014. d f = h c + R, unde R(x) = ax + b; x = 0
=

1@)= 0 = x,,, =

|f

,Or,, -

*,

^(t*

r,,

Z.52ot41 +2.52014.

- 6G ) = punct

-\ = nunct de minim; c) f'(x + 2) = 1 a

8 + 6JZJ

2(x+2)2-8(x+2)+1
=l=x2-9=0=S={+3}.
(x+2-2)2

z. A

!;ul

l,-fffrl -

rlzdx

34; c) s@)

- zr* = O*-9

TEST 2
Subiectul I
t. z + 1 - + 4i;

2. L > 0

- 30a + zL > o +

!.

43

9a2

= 64 functii.

{- | -

4.

4i; _

I + 4i}.

ae(--; rlr(J; * -).

MBC dreptunghic, ip = 5

5. 3,= t + 3P- tOr+ 3 = 0; re{+, r}

+xe{-

= R =:.

l}.
6. MBC isoscel +[CA]=ICBI;hc=5
= C,(1; 8); Cr(l;-2);tc<0 = C(l;-2).
Subiectul al ll-lea
1;

(t l\
leoct 2ot4l
^ * (zt 7\ oltz
t' a) A'=
o =7 'b) detx(2014; =
= 14'099'
=
aosz
n)=
o)lro

lroru,

c) [X(m)]z = (mA + Ir)2 = 7 m2A + 2mA + I, = a(7* + 2)A + Iz = Xlm(]m + 2)1.

2. a) x * y = xy - 4x * 4y + 16 + 4 = (x - 4)(y - 4) + 4; b) Se demonstreazdprin inducfie
matematicd cd P(n): xt * xz. * ... * xn= (xt - 4)(xz- 4)...(x,- 4) + 4.
c) x x x x x = 31 + (x- 4)3 + 4= 31 + (x - 4)3 = 2'l
x =7.

Rdspunsuri

Teste

finale

263

Subiectul al lll-lea

I.

1!

1e2;f ,(x)

induclie matematicd cd 'P(n):

1- = \''/' rn

=, =

x = 0. b) Se demonstreazdpin

lrL
)-ez.c)
' -' tm l9)- = +
i-iy6 a 5

zn-r-

2.

a) (x

b)

-l)f(x) =

f(x) =f(x)

2r-t

i^-::- + 5 Lt'H *.
i-i2x

x2015 -l
x
=

-1

x20t4

-.
-;.

crescdtoare pe (1; +

c)

x20t3

J3(x

I + 1 + ... + I = 2075 > 0 + F strict

+ ... + x + 1 >

-.l)f(x)dx =

!'1*'o"-

-,-

l)d.* ="0'ur;r2'o'u

TEST 3
Subiectul I

r.

r=t + i;tzt = +

".

*r= -

*=

4;

L=

100; yr= -

*=

-25

V(- 4;

25).

!.C: x+ 3 > 0 + xe(- 3; + -;; J;.3 - 4 =3 = x = 46> 3; J; +3 -4 = -3 =

. -(u:-91 +7 --0
ll -l),1,..3
- n=- ?*n'l
- x=-z>-3= s = {- 2:461.4.2. tt(n
3
- 2)r. (n - 2)t
a -l
I
2015
10.12. sin60o
30.6.
G=
=s=4.s.
, =2014=
2014.6.&eBC= 2
Subiectu! al ll-lea

oo\

(z oo)
2 o 0l
r.a)/(0)=10 z ol;ftrr=lr z ol;u)detr(x)= x 2 ol=s-nudepindedex;
lx2l
[,02)
[rt2)
(z

o)
f2
c)S=lt+2+...+2014 2'2015 0 l=2015'11007
o

( z.zots

o
2

t+2+...+2015 2.2ots)
[ r 1007
2. a) f (l) = 0 = m + 2n = - 6; f (- 1) = 0 = m - 2n = - 2: m = - 4; n = - l;
b) f = x3 - 3x2 - x + 3 = (x - 3)(x- 1)(.r + 1);

zors

=3;f (I) = m + 2n + 6;f (2) = 4m + 4n + ll + 3m + 2n= Subiectul al lll-lea

t. a) f '(x) - (x + 2)e'*3 ; b) f "(x) = (x + 3)d+3 ; f "(x) = 0 = x = - 3; f (c),f(0)

ri-[r
=A(- 3;-2)=punctde inflexiune;"1'z+ol_
2.a)f=(2x+5)(x2+l);
b)

xl

4*

(xr- xr)z+
c)z(xl

*"i'.f'*'=
f(n))

*?= (x, * xr+ xr)2 -2(xrxr+ x{3+ xrxr)

(xr

fi+ x)

xr)z +

(xr-

+ 5(xl +

xr)z

=z(xl

x|+ x)

4+

x'zr)

+ Z(xr+ xr+

tio,[t

x+@(

=T

tl

ll'

3) =

-2=

I r]''*"# =r''
* n+l)

-, ='1,

-2(xrxr+ x{3+

*rt; =l;

4) + 15 = 0 = xf + x3r+ xl=

t2s
8

Matematica

Bacalaureat

TEST 4
Subiectul I

t.l0(at

arc)

= 5(0,5 +0,5 +

g.z)=95.2.

L=75;lv=f^*=-#,=+

!. C: x> I + "re[l; + *)i2x- 3 > 0 = r.[i, + *); +r, -28x + 25 = 0;A = 384;
(1 ,o[Zt

7f.2J6
^
*,.r=ff
= s= 1fi

3k

-6

=0

k=2

4.rk+t

j.

Tt=2160.

.()\6_k
.(3*2)k =ct.z6-k.3k. x3k4
="(;,,l
-

AC = BC

=2,m =

A,ABCisoscel.

6.r=arcsinl+m.
5

Subiectu! al ll-lea

I.

a) detfA(al

A2(a1 = B

2.

a)

a2

lsr'
,
' =l_
llo'

.A'(a)l
=2

=
*

xeQ;31;b) f

a=

(no,
lo2 |
_^ ,l= a2 > 0, V aelR; b) A2(a) = l^"toa2 |
[ or,

* Ji;c)

detA =

O;Y xe%rlx)

=/nu

y=2=s={(i;i)}.

lla2<

8o' ).

)'

r:,az

0, V aelR.

are riddcini

hZrIxT: c;4x = 4 *
=

=i:

Subiectu! al lll-lea
t. a\ f 'rrr\

< 0 pentru xe(0: + -)

=/strict
{(x. + 3m
descrescitoare. b),liE f (x) = 0
= y = 0 asimptotl orizontald spre - -, lf nu are asimptotii
orizontald spre + o;;r nu are asimptotd oblicd spre + -;/nu are asimptote verticale.

+ 3(x2 + yl7 *

(x2 +

q\[Zi;Nordm

a2

=|

zt.li = e + 6)rlt + 6

[=-7=X=t

l-{9

2.

a) g(x) =

?nfffi;

lui/<=r G'(x)

s'(x) =tG(x)
crescatoare pe

(x)

b) g sftict crescitoare pe IR

G'(t) = f (t)

lR. c)

!-1rlO,

I?

x) =

#i-

f,On + t't . 4i-dx

= 2(e3

0, V xetR

#>
-

s strict

e2).

TEST 5
Subiectul I

L z=+ -l,t
55

Ul =

Jzq.2. L<o =

a2

+ 2a -23 <o

ae(-

t - 2J6; - t + zJO.

265
- Teste finale
1
20
l0.8.sinB
^ 3
t.1.4.,-*.x=72o=x=900leipre[initial.5._=30=sin8=:.
(. n) J, Ji Ji J6
- 7n .(^ n\ .6 fin =cos[47t*
o.srn-=srnlzlt*i)=T;rrt
c)= 2,=7. 2 = 4.
+
Rdspunsuri

Subiectul al Il-lea

t.a)x(2a+t).x(5b-26)=,,-l'or"tb-23)

: l=[; I :l =
o ,)

tosr(2a+t))

[o
( o oz\
O 2 O I'
|(logr(ab)
0 0)

5b-23=2+b=5;2a + L=2= a=);Alxg1+x1a)=

(oozor+)(oozor+\

.,1

zot4

l=l o

2ot4

o ) lroro.rort
+ 1007 . 2Ol5logra = 2Ol4 - 2015 = a = 4.
(x, + x, * xr)z 2(xrx, + x
+ x;xr)
2. a) x! + +
[logrr,*r*r*...*ro'o

b)xf
*?

4 4-

o)

= 64;

tx3

xl) + 9(x, + xr+ x.) = 0

= xl+ xl+ x!= 2g4g'
0 I . xi-3, i = t3;adunam relaliile + S, - 325,-, +9S,-, = 0.

xl+ x!-32(x2,

32x, + 9

o l=

xl+

")
Subiectul
al lll-lea
t. a) f'(x) = l5(2x + 1); b) f"(x) = 30 > 0, V xelR =/convexd pe

'(2) = 75

= y

to=

6n+1
2n+l
,. a) e--::-;b)

2n+1

'(2)(x

xo)

75x

lR; c)

A(2i 125);

25 = 0.

\,

Fi@)

=f,(x) > 0, V x> I

lilil*

Fn

TEST 6
Subiectul I

r. (5 . 0 + 4) + (5 . I + 4) + ... + (5'
2.

x2,

x2,

= (x, + xr)'

Zxrx,
t 1=

402

+ 4) = 5

402'-403

4.

403

zA? + xl)
, L + xl) + xtt + x2=
- 1;
z' + 1xl
z 0=
4

406627.

*',t + *1z = 1.
g

r-? >0=xe(--;-3)u(5; *-)l'-?

128
x+3
x+3=32 =x=-4.4.]1.
i. A'=simrA = **= Ir+ =.rA, = 4i yM='*
= yo,,=- 6 =+ A(- 4; - 6).

3.C:

6. AB2 = AC + BC

-2.

Subiectu! al !l-!ea

I.

a) detA = 6a

8l;b) detA -

6=

T,

r, a = I

determinat qi se rezolv6 prin metoda lui Cramer;

- _ j5 z= 1 S = {(1; 2; l)}.

Lz

AB =

6,fj.p=

detA =

1g(16 + 1) cm.

5 +sistemul compatibil

Ax=-75 = x = l;

Ay =

150

-y

=2;

266

Matematica

2. a)i + 2 + ...+ I = 0; b) u(Zn) = 1i; );4;3;i;B);

Subiectul al lll-lea

S= {0; i;

B; c)

Bacalaureat
B}.

Lu)!Wal=_*;!y{(x)=+-)x=2asimptot5verticald.o,I*@_f'/a\.'
_J \J)>
.
x<z

x+3

x>z

f'(x) = r*-,

x_3

- (x. 1,r:f'(3)
= e - l:c)f,,(x) = st-z * -J
.;S,,fOl = I -1.
(x - 2)t'"
- 21' " "
,2 4'

2. a) !g@)dx = . c; b)
< 1; c) Fie Fprimitive
=
[rr,trr,l* =u ++
a lui/+ F'(x) =f (x); F"(x) =f '(x) = I + 2x + 3xz + ... + 2074x2o13 > 0 pentru.re
[0; 1]
+ F convexd pe [0; 1].

#)1. #i:

TEST 7
Subiectul I

L - -. U. 74-8x'1 =74 - 4 - 8x2 = - 4 - x2 = I -x = r 1.

t2
,. f(x) = ax + b; A(4; 9)eG, e f(4) = 9 e 4a + b = 9; B(5; 1t)eGr<+,f(5) = 11 =+
5a + b = ll; f (x) = 2x + t, I IR
= R.. a. 3ab: a, be lt: 2; 3; 4l + 4 . 4 = t6numere.

3. Pe(MI't);lMP): tNPl *r=foib =2;!p= *;^

=
6. cos24" + cos156o = cos(180" - 156.) + cos156" = 0.
Subiectul al ll-lea

t.

t = p(2; r); Op = Ji.

= 2x + 5 = - 2 = x - - Z2 ,u,
2x + 5 = 2 + x = -:
-s = {- :, -i}, e D2(x) - 4D(x)+ 3 = 0 + 4xa -8-r2 + 3 = 0;
8+4 tr=i ".-. J',.- 1--. -.-. )as
J6
notdmx2=t+4p-81
+3=0;rr.z=,
; -1- =x=x.f;rr=i.=x=+
a) D(x) = 2x2;b) D(2x + 5) = 8

(2x + 5)2 = 4

s={*,={}
I 2' 2)

x2+ 5x + 4 = 0 xe{- 4;- 1}; b)"f(- 1) = 0 + -ln +

1;,f(-4) = 0
=
n
- = 16: m = 5; n = 4; c) (12 + 22 + ... + 20142) + 5(l + 2 + ... + 2Ol4) + 4 . 2OL5 =
2015(1007 . 1343 + 5 . 1007 + 4) = ZOts . t357MO.

2,

n=-

a)

4m

Subiectul al lll-lea

t, a) f '(x) = 2e'-3;f
spre

rc;

- -, ,l$,f(x) are asimptottr 2. a) n =2 pk -f (x) = 3x- 12; b) ,1TJ(r) = * =+/nu are asimptori orizontal6 I@ * = x-+-@ lim V@) - mxf = 9 + y = - 3x + geste asimptotd li* x = - 3; n= r-+-@ oblicd spre +/nu '(x) - -/nu are asimptoti orizontald spre oblici spre + . c) ! - = f(x)= (x+ I)a+ :; fiy1rE, 3k+4 et lt= f ,(xo)@ =tro, J"I@'tdx=K. k +t;c) Jo[f(x; -31'.(f(x) -3)d.r n= * o; - x);A(0; 7n 11); - 1 + f(x)= )2n+t =#. -1 1ir,.-1@ = *'1i, -*r, = O. #,r +3 Rdspunsuri Teste finale 267 TEST 8 Subiectul I 1.. aroro = a= 2. r + 2013r = 6046. - 1 =A(- 1; 0) AO = .Ox = {A(a; 0) I f (a) = 0} ; f (a) = 0 = GraOy = {B(0; b) I f(0) = b};f(0) = 2 + B(0;2) Gf l; + BO = 2; AB = Ji; d(0, Gr) = ho*=+ !. C: x+ 3 > 0 + +re[-3; +-;; (x+3)2 -(x+ 3) =0+ (x+ 3)(x +2)=0 +S= l-3;-2]. lzc- 2 tl a.l e t tl =o=q, tt l2 -l 6. sinx = - =4. 5.2' -1. 1l ( 3n\ !;| *el"t;)= cos,v < 0i cosx = .li -'\" sin2x = 2sinxcosx = Subiectul al ll-lea l.a\AA , n x v 1l x4 !,t" fl=O= x-Y+10=0: h+t.: x4,u 4J, ;. b)Aoeiz=rl\l,A,=-20;A= 10; !4,u tl l-s s c)l-3 7 = 0 + A, Ay A, coliniare l-r e I 1 2.a)xr+x2+x3=-r-b ,=- za-t , --r=a=1. 1 f(x) = 2x3 + x2 - I7x + 2b; f(2) = 0 + b = J; (x = f = 2x3 + x2 - I7 x + 14; f = - 2)(2x + 7)(x - l). Subiectul al lll-lea t. a)/continudpe IR =/continudinx = 1 = 3 + a = 4 + 2a - I + a = 0. 13.x<l b) a = 0 .: f '(x) > 0. V xelR =/crescdtoare pe lRl -' > 1'" = f '(x)' = l[8*,x c)f (2) = 15;f '(2) = 16;y -f (2) =f '(2)(x -2);76x -y - l7 =0. b) a = 1 = c) a = 2, l; b=7 a) F'(x) = e'(zx+ 5) =/(x); b) y = nf,lr'61ar; h(x) = tu + 3; j-d-; 5tr(x)- /(x)f,a =- ztJler"+l ",'J0 err+7 L. ) I = - Zl'Jtt2+7 -LAt = - zarctpe " +2 ex =t e*dx dt; x= V- 109n' 3' = t= l;x= I = t= e TEST 9 Subiectul -lrxr+i) --4f(xr+xr)2 -3xrxrf =!1 1.17.2.1*1 =*l +f, -@r+x)(t 729' (*r*r)' 729 *l *) (*rrr)t B(l;* 1)eGr<+ I a + b 3 + c 3.A(0; -3)eGre"f(0) = f(l) = - = =2; =-3; C(2;3)eGf e iQ) = 3 + 2a + b =3; a = 1; b = l; c = -3 + f(x) = x2 + x -3. 268 Matematica Bacalaureat 20 6x6x 20 . 6x r= 100' T; T + 100 T = Sle=-r = 400 lei. s. Mfi = - *ri + (3 - y)j = l0/ - zj MG to; 5). 6. l=12cm;L= 15cm; P=54cm. = 4. x + Subiectul al ll-lea t. o"* e6: detA2 = e2t6;b) prin calcut direcr.; =('?: .10.) = -( ( 40 to4) {'; s ,1'.l, B)' --" = + zc tIb + 2d\ (rc 28\ cl x =(o'), ax = 48 a= r; c =3: b =2; =loa [c d) \2a+l0c zu +rca)=ltz oo)= (t 2\ a\ A2 1=+;X=13 4) 2. a) prin calcul direct; b) prin veriticare: c) 2(2tos"x - log;x2 t. a) 3 = 0 sau 3, Subiectul al lll-lea 3 = 0) x = z{2.3' '\2)22- r) * I = I = * 2J2; x = l; C:x > 0 = xe {l; Z^li}. 2x- I + o; 2x + 3 +o =+ D = R - {- 1, 1}, I z.'z)' b),f(r)=--!--: 2x-l 2x+3 (2x-t)(2x+3) =a=b=r; c\f'(x)=-;2;z* = ,- -'!!1-*'),,-;f,(x)=0=+x=^ 1^(2x _ t)' (2x + 3), (2x + (2x _ t)r'" ' ' 3\2 "f'(*) ++ ? ** +0 f(x) 2. a)9 -x2 =t=2xdx= I I no =-;[ua' l; strict crescitoare pe (--'-;)"(-1'-'), (- ', ))'(i, . -) d/+ xdx=-tr*=0 = r= 9;x=3= r= 0; r =;I ;''lo=ntb)A = jrrt'''u'= e; c) v=nfof'@)a*=ry 1le TEST 10 Subiectul I ,.20(20+t)(2.20+t\.=2870. 2.Graox= {A(a;0)tf(a)=0};5a+10=0= 6 =A(-2;0);GraOy = {B(0; b)lf(0)=b}:f(0) = 10+B(0;10); AB=2J26. t. C: x> 0;2x+ 3 > 0 =xe(0; + *); x, =2x + 3 = xr=- | q 0 G); xz = I 3 g= {3}. 8 - - a+7 f l\ 2 a-l 4.P= 2s.s.vtJ.v2<= a=-e. , f ;J.; ;=0+ 6. A = 12 . 24. sin45" = l44Ji cm2. Rdspunsuri Teste finale 269 Subiectul al ll-lea lx v r. a)AB: lt 2 l=o='7x+2y- ll =0; b)A=leOo2 1J l, -5 rl - 2- - sau20a 38 + a= 2 sau o = -2 = ".{- lr r}, c) C(3; 4); C' = sim*C; CCIAB; CC'nAB = {M}; MeAB; 4"t + !*), c'(2a 3; 7 *+ ) xc,= 2a - 3; ,, = \b a); cc'MB ) mcc,. AB = -, ffi ** 21=19+Zoa-2=38 **Y u; y* = -1 !c,= 7 - la l+, = ( :)= - I = o = I =+ l4o) .,(_93._ '( s3' fiI 2.a)f=81+12x2+6x+9; b) E = 2(x, + xr + xr)2 c),f = 0 (2x + 3)(4x2 6(xrx, + xrx, +3) = 0 = Subiectul al lll-lea l'.a)f'(x) == * xr\)= 2 (- 1)' - U . 1= O, -.{-}, - +t +5x;b)f'(x) =0=) 5x2-5x + I +} =0=+xe{ffJ; )x- J\x)- .t c) Itm rrou--:- 4x*2 2,.a);@- 1);b)ft,: a lui h, cl lR = ,l5g20l4rr0tr(x _ -+ 1) = 0. lR",h,(x)=f,(x)-;=++ I >0. H)(x) = h,(x) > 0 11 strict crescdtoare pe !),y,t*td* = l!:,u'+ x + n)dx = q#. TEST FieH,:tR -+tR,H,oprimitiva IR. Subiectul I t.7.r. Graox = {A(a;0) lf(a) =O1 G,noy= {B(0; b) t frc) = bl; fQ) lo =}= *1=O = a=- 3 =A(no t. * -4>O= re(--; -2lvl2; + -);x+ x2 - 4 =(x+ l)2 =r=- ]., = S =A. 3 ll =}; 1> 0 3;0); AO =3; Aouo=1. x )- I + xell;+ *1; l-z e.p=1.5.A= 6 2rAr;l= I : ; ;l= - 28;A=14.6.sinr20.=2sin60"cos6o.=f.2 I lo -3rl 270 Matematica Bacalaureat Subiectul al ll-lea I x y ll r.a)A,8,:l n n+l ll=O= x-y+1 =0;b) n=4= lr+r n+2 ll d(Co;AoB)=ffi=f,C)A\ancn=20+)'o,=,o+lAl=40+L=4o I n n+t ll sauA= -40; L,= l=n- 1 = n=41 saun=-39<0 =5= lr* I n+2 3n ll l2n ,. r(:) = o, or 2 -10-18 - 3= 90 4 {-rrj; :; S}; c)yi = - *., i =1, = 8 = a(v - v)(v - v)(v - h)O - ta) = 2a(2ya + lly3 - l3y' - 99y 2x2 {41}. t8= 0 x=+ S= 45), aeR,. Subiectul al lll-lea t.a)f'(x)=f(x)+(2x+2)d;b)f'(x) =[(x+ l)2+lld >0+/strictcrescdtoarepelR; c) *; +/nu ,lim/(x) = ,l3g/(x) = - are asimptote orizontale; *= ,y*+= - ; ..fk\ lim = r-+@ - +/nu are asimptote oblice;f lR --r IR +/ nu are asimptote verticale. t( 1\ x2 10 / 2xdx dt x I t 2. a) = = = = = - 9; x - 2 s t = - 6 => = 4026ll - fu ),b) I I ( I I l\ "f(l) (zlzor+ 5 = - 4 2o.3 ,r* l* torl6rr" *r" )'") l-, ffi=l;) , m TEST Subiectul a.(xr+ 2o a = xr)z J7 -2xrxr- (x,t + xr)=o z' . .6 = b - o 1 b. r. =!? -+ (2m+1)' -lly- 2m+l (f " fi(2) =0 m= 12. f (f(2)) =/(15) = 27 5. -h]= 10 = * = l0 +r= - fi, c: r+ I > 0 = x>-t + + s= { *} t.+ = *- mz -2m-48=0 = mel-6;8}. c' rs[r' + t)2' 6. re [0; 2r]; lcosxl 1 I ; =, =. cosx = *, - re{fln.2n.4n.5nl ;t i, ;l Rdspunsuri Teste finale 271 Subiectul al ll-lea (o 2a 2a\ '' ^, u =111, *= :,':)', (z I l) t'[l detB t6a3; t6a3 + 0 + aerR - {0}; :)'b) c) detA(a + 3) = 432 + 16(a +^3)3 = 432 = a = O. 2. a) f(0) = 1;/(1) =p = x =l = rlddcini a luif i;+i =g -(x2+x+i)+i c)h=f+1=(r+l).f=h:f. b)f =x(xz +r+ +restulimpd4iriilui/lageste t =fZ s; Subiectul al lll-lea r. c) at f i@) = #* fiQ)= J = =9.2. a) j; I,- -z -t 0; ;> b) tr= TEST Subiectul o2 ii =/, strict crescdtoare; e) In*r= - 2' n *1 + nl,. t. a ='W = rtrfu. u. 2. x = 2 neN D f ){x) > 0, V f(3 .2 -/ \r 3f(2) - 4.T**t=cl1Ja17 z; b <o; c='{/tooo; a> c > b; 4) = 46 - 23.3. s,o = tEry2 = 415. 7-2k 3 k=2 rr= :f. lo,li o'!+ = ;=;= = = f(2) - [m,J =C4'3u' 5. r = 0. 6. cos75o + cos105o = cos(180" Subiectu! al ll-lea 105") + cos105o = 0. 2 ,l 2 t lr l-r tr.a)rangA=2-lo I 1 l=0+a=-l;l l I I lr -r -rl l-o -r -r =0*b=li lr -l tl ; l=-6+0= b) (l; 1; 1; 1)solutie = ct=- l;b=-2:c)a=o;b=o=l; I l, o rung A = 3; x, cr+10 *=iry= 2. !, z = necunoscute principale, t = g.= necunoscutd 4-5a 8-ct 6 ir= 6 it=CL,C['elK. 3* - - 1 =0; A = 16: *,., = c)"f(0) = do) ao= l;f - l3xz - a) prin calcul direct; b) de multiplicitate2014); binomul lui Newton ) aqozs 2x l#; (2x ]2014. Subiectul al ll!-lea l. a)f '(x)= cos.r sinx + !;Of "{r)= )v .. f'(x) + -f"(x) lim llm -------;r= x+@ sinx - "or, * J, -zsln-x+-+_ -, -, =0; x+2 e xr -11 secundara; = l; *, = - I(cu ordin l)2014. Dezvoltind dupd 272 c) Matematica J'"'(x)= 0 + - cosr + sinx = 0 + 6ln6 2. a\ I,,2"n+t.fl2 c) Ir= it- sinx = cor ;x = ,r ln tttn6 + 101n5 51n26 51n25 Bacalaureat 5n) \q, Z -!ln5 - l; b) /,*r + @ + l\l^= 3ln'*r6 - J. 5ln1-r 5' + 2). TEST 1 4 Subiectul 1+4i T4 \ a., = 2-. 2. L> O = 25a2 -2Oa> O + ae(-*; 0lul:; + * ).r.9 lal 4. P = s. -; = - = ; ft s x + 3y -i = o. ). 6. AB2 = AC + Be - 2. AC . BC. AB= JA. 61 "ori = = funclii. Subiectul al ll-lea y+32=2 l.a)AX=B= I z =2;b) detA= 1+0+ sistemulestecompatibildeterminat; lx+2y+z=2 c) z = 2; y = - 4ix = 8 + S = {(8; - a; D}, 2, a) fi (*' - t) * fi (x- 1) qi/i (x2 + 1) ="f(1) ="f(- 1) = 0 + 3a+ 3 = 0 + a = - l; b).r, = - Jli;xr=,fli;+f :(x2 +2) +f = (x2 +2)(x2 +3a-2)"7 a= l; c)a=l+f(x+ 1)=0=+ (x+l)a +3(x+ l)2 +2 =0; (x+ 1)2 = t+P+3t+2=0; -3+1 tr= A,= l; tr,r= --tt -2 - x = - t + JZi: tz= - | + x = - L ! i; I s={-ttJii;_1ri} Subiectu! al lll-lea A U I = x-5 * x+5 = x'-5 '10 =A=l:B=-1.b)f'(x)=- (x-5)'= *--1-t (x+5)'' )) f"(x)= (x 5)"- (x .--:+ 5)' *, xelR - {t 5};c)/'(x) = 0=x= 0 =/(0) =-2= (0;-2) = punct de maxim pentru/. pe lR +/continud in x = 1 2. a) fcontinud = 3 . 1 + 5 = (a+ 1) . 1 - 7 + a = 8; [3x+5.x<l .) .1 -a b) a = 8 -f(x) = _ t', x>tt )lt7la- = J-(3x + 5)dx + J,-{sx- l)dx = 9; 1r, I.a)f(-x) .l c) J02l/(x)ldx = .'2 3. TEST 1 5 Subiectul I. 8 - 6i = a + b + 3 + ai + a + b + 3 = 8; a = - 6 = a = - 6; b = 11. 10(a' + a'o\ S,n = 2.'ru2 = 5(ar+ ar+9.2) = llo ) a1 =2, ororo=4o28. Rdspunsuri 273 Teste finale (5 \ 3.C:x+ 1>0; 3x-5>0:x+ I +l+ xe[;:+-.J;3x-5 =x* 13x=3' 111111112013 4. x = t -, *, -i * i - - + "' * zon- 2o:u= r -ii= zut+' + lc xr + xc n : x=2. =6: BMmediand + BM - /.: YM =le J. xu= -T 2 15 6.P=r;A= p(p-a)(p-b)(P-c)=Ef' 4 Subiectul al ll'lea lr* I lltl=2@2-3m+ ' l, , ,*l r.a)detA=l I 2m 4a + 2b lx+y=2 = -7;f(3)= 0 = 5 \ -'J*t)x+ b)/=[-i+t)xz*[-u ) = 0 =+ (2x + 5 + 1)2 = 0 f(2x +5)$ubiectul al Ill'lea

t.

a)

f,(x)

-2x-3
=--:f;b)

+0;m2-3m+ 1=0;A=5;

(v+z=2
c) m =o
= .l; *, =rn+ s = {(1; 1; 1)}

*,,,=3# + metl- i+)'

2,. a) f(2)= 0

1);b)detA

9a + 3b + 13

=0; a = -

U
lt = -'|'

t =!@-2)(x-3);c)a=0; b=l=7=@+l)2;

6.

x=

3'

lim f @) =0 +/nu
= ,-)-@
X

-;/nu are asimptote verticale

l( 5 \l
c) D =tR; Grnox - lA(a;0) l/(a) = 0) = tof ;, o )j; ctaot = {B(0;
tf '(x) =0 + x = -'rtr(-1)=z'Jit
b) l/(0) = bl ={B(0; s)}; f '(x) =-}f

are asimptotd

,l-r1

f"(x)

=4f,

f"(*\ =o =

x=

oblici la -

( 1\

i'r[- ;) = oJ;
2eJi

4J;
5

z,a1lly1*1t*=2e4
F(x) =

Zex+3

x+2

22
-2e3 _ l;b) F(x) =2e**3 -x+ C; F(1) = t = C =2-2ea;
-

2e+;

c)

e = fy6ln-* =

2e5

2ea

- l.

274

Matematica

TEST

1 = 3 - 1 = 2elN.
Gf^Ox : y = 0 + f (x) = 0 <= x2 - 3x + 2 =
GrnOy : x = 0 +"f(0) = 2 + C(0, 2).

/\n

Jl+.lt
t'- tt\
"'11:72= #=
4.

tzOO-

3.

AB=

1200

rpg

d6

+9=

JE

xr =

L, x2

= 5; AC =

Jrs + 144= JiZr =

=3Ji

Ptour= AB + BC + AC

=5 +

'

Subiectul

L.

ll

a) m(o) = 3

- 120 = 1080 (lei).

ss=J8t+n5=.,600

LABcr'sinmiror

13

VE + Ee + cZ -6 + Ee = -eZ -VE
=
+Ed =Fe -VE=5i -Dj ++i -zj =si -:.sj;

6.

=2

,:- r . Ji. Jit=+ Ji = l . Jl.

Ji;,
i
G:T

J3 +

= t2gil

Bacalaureat

Subiectul I
to a=(.6),-

2.

13

ZJi=

AC

18

,'/\t

+ 3J34.

sinB--*sinC- -4
sin8=!l3 =

sinB =

t =Z
l0 5

'^

+ 1 = 4 + 4 inversiuni

0,, "=[]

:'^ I (; 1i i)=[l :1i)=,

23 olf,234)_(t2 ro).
2 4 r.J [: 2 4 rJ:[+ z t 3l
2 3 o) f, 2 3 o)=f, z 3 o)=,
o,=(t
- (4213) (3241)
o,=(1
" -[:

[r234)
(tz3 4\
(t23 4)
c)o.x=l
_l=x=o-r.1. - . ^l=
'
\4312)
[4312)
2 3 o) f' 2 3 ol=r, 2 3 4)
=*=('
-^-[3 2 4 rj [.+ 3 I z)-i 4 3 z|

2. a)f (x)=x4 -3x2 +2+f (x) = 0 <+ f -3x2 +2=O

Notdm x2=! )y2 -3y +2=O
* = 1= xr,r=!l
=

1,::=
2 + x''o= * Ji
b).f(x) = s(x) <+ xa - 3x2 + 2 = -,;'::.7
i:
+ f +2x3 -3f +2x+ I = 0 l: x2+0ecuatjareciproci de gradul IV

=*+2x-3+?*1=o,
xx.
lnot
^ I
x+lXx'
= Y=x'l-r=y'-

j'r.r=

y2

-2 + 2y- 3 = 0

y2 + 2y

5 = 0,

-2t2J6' *Je;*l**!--*lr-Je
=*+x(r+G)+ t=0
x

-- 2

Rdspunsuri

Teste

finale

275

|--.-=-

A= 1+ zJ6 +6-4=zJ6
Xtlat
""'*

+3=xr.r=-LAlW,

! = -"'t* G i + x(t- G) * t = o
=
x

A= 1+ 6-ZJ6 _ 4=3-ZJ6 <0 = ecua{ianu are soluliiinlR;

c) r = f(-3) = (- 3)o - 3 . (- 12 + 2 = 8l - 27 + Z = 56.

Subiectul

lll

t.a\a.=1- l+3+l =t-l =!,o-=s-(1*4+6+l * 9+9+l)\o 4+6+2 9+9+2)

l+3+2
6 6 '
3 1.
=,-a%*'\.u'Yl=q
-\61220)
-Y+ -4f "t2o)Xl0'
2oto
b)

a.- " -

a+ -)=, -, . Z,ufi . r=
t1
tt , *9r

2,0

1 tt.b

2 6 6 /+

, * !)

I 2 7 k
7.2 2-4 2-5 2.6

*' zl

T =#
l*b"=

O,0 <

bn

<I

",
, n+2

,y'+t n+2
\

2(n+2)'

o,= at. dz. ... .

=1,
2'

n.)

n-2 a-+
.r
2r' 2(n+l) 2(n+2)a+

an=

DUt'-+-zJ =

(b,) mdrginit

<I

n*,

rn-t(n+t)(n+2)'

I b,)

(b,) descrescdtor'

(b,) convergenr

2. a) Iimf (1t = liqE = 1 =/(0) =/continud

,+0
x+0 X
primitive F'(x)=f(x).

in x = 0 =+/continud pe IR +/admite
ts.

-'

_ u_tsx-x _
t,,*1F',tr) - t) =
0,,..F(x) -x_- F(0) /'H
x+0
r+0\ 2X ) x+0 2X
x+0 2X2
X'

ri*?

_]_ _o9:-

'
=1;nrtoJ'
r+0
4X

Q [*cosxf(xy4r =
=

=lir,
r+0{y
Jxzcos

th".
. ggg2 1.

*EI**

I
=lim
x+02[ggg2

.H-sin'.limsin-r=1.t.0=0:
I

l-*Hak

x+0 ;

r+0

-rcos, + Jcosxd,r = - rcos, + sin.t + C.

TEST I 7
Subiectul I
t. z- 2(l + i)3 =2(l + i3 +3i2 + 3l) = 2(I - i -3 +3i) =2(-2 +2i)
B..ez=-4
2. GfAGsi f(x) = g(x) a 4x - I = - 6x + 1 <+ l1x = 2 e

=-4

+ 4i

276

Matematica

Bacalaureat

I v 4 5I
fi l\
(+.r= -.
-- - -5,
5'' = -5 -'l =- -5 =Alt5'
tog{E * 2* n) = 1 = log.lx + ll =1=lr+11 =3=x+1=+3=
l-r + 1l > 0
?Il=-4,xr=2.
= xe lR, xe l- 4;2|
I

t.

4.125
2t5

135
315
145
415

235

345

325

435

245
425

20 numere

5! x.4-5

Al= -

365

265

635
465

625

64s

'3!

= 20 numere

165

6t5

5. M mijlocul [BQ = M(- 3;2)

Fie A' simetricul lui A fald de M
= M mijlocul [AA]
x,+x,,
3= -2+x,,n

=,T..=-6+2=-4

2._"_2-^n,_

6.

cosx =

(n

Subiectu!

ll

3
) x /t+""* MA=EZ=Ji
=-i,*.1r,")tcos-=l
, = 1j2( 5) \z s s

(z
I 2 a\I

(t\
r.A=ll -l ,1,,=lrl
,
[3 -1 1) (r/
I

+ - 2 - a + 6 + 3a + 2 - 2= 0 = 2a + 4= 0 = a = - 2,
- 2 + sistem compatibil determinat.
lz 2l 2
Dacd a + - 2 - or=
l, _ ll = - - 2 = - 4 +o = rangA = )
a) detA = 0

b) Dacd a =

22bl
sistemul este incompatibil daci A, + 0

I -l tl+o=

3
+ - 2-

-r rl

b + 6 + 3b + 2 -2+O
= 2b + 4 *0 = b +
Sistemul este incompatibil dacd a = - 2 qi b + - 2.

c)

a--

1+detA

lo 2 -tl

=-2+4=2*

lz o -l

rl=o;o.=1,
q=1,-r
Y r
' l, -r rl
l, r

-2.

sistemcompatibil determinat

=Z-l+3-2=2

lz2ol

II
A..=ll
-l ll=- Z+6+2-2=4

l: -1 rl

*= detA
,*..=0;1,=

..=?=t,r= -M..=1=2;(x,t,d=(0.
detA 2

,ol
detA
2

l.2).

Rdspunsuri

Teste

finale

277

(11 1)

(r

..E)

,-l I ,- Tl ( o t'1 [ sino coso\ =x(0i

z. urxlr) ,(l) =lT
\3/ \6i I r Jrll 6 il=[-, oJ=[-*.0 sinoJ
t,-, T) l.-, , )
= X(o)
= rfl]
\3,r ,[l']
\6,/
( sint cosr) (

b)x(')' x(u) =[-.orr

'X(u))'X(v) =
_(-cos(t+u) sin(r+a)

cosu) (- cos(t + a) sin( + a) )

ri.,rJ' [-"orr rirrJ = [-sin( + ay -"or1r + r)J;
slurru

c) (x(/)

+u+v) -cos(t*r*r))f'
).I sinv "orr)=[-t*0 +u
+v)
u +v))

[-sin(t+u) -cos(r+z)/ [-cosv sinv/

-sin(l+
[cos(r
'x(v))P
_[ sinr cosr).[-cos(rz+v) sin(r.r+r) )=(-sin(r +u+v) -cos(t*r*r)''] fZt
[-cosr sint) (-sin(u +v) -cos(z+v).J (cos(t+n+v) -sin(r +u+v))''

x(t)'

(x(u)

= x(,) x(u) =[-:ff

-':::,lJ],) =(-X,yi3 -':*;],) =
X(u) .X(t) + comutativitatea
Element neutru: (V) re lR, I ee lR a.i. X(t) ' X(e) = X(e) ' X(t) = )(1)
t'''
cos{t + e1 sin(r +')
,in(, * e) = ge31e
x(t) .x(e) =()= [ cos, "ltr),
s,nt )
\.- sin(r + e) - cos(t + e)) \0')"t"-.r, neutru.
t) =,/ + e =L +/ =, =! = x(!\=(l
sinfI * -)
= sin(r + ,'r = -"'\2
2 \2) [o t)
2-

:;]

Din (b)

Element simetrizabil: V
(
+ -

[-

cos(t

sinlr +

t')

X(t),1X(t)a.i. X(0 ' X(t) = X(t) ' X(t)=

sin(t +

r';

cos(/

t') '\

* r)J=

t 0\
[o t)

,(i) =

sin(r+/')=0+t+t'=lt
- cos(r + f) - 1 + cos(t + t) = - I = t + t' -- n = t' = lt - t = X(r) = X(n * t) =
t*' -:":'] Deci, (G, .) este grup aberian.
sin(n - 11 cos(n - u)
=f
=[
sin(n
l)
t)
- i \cos' slll't )
[- cos(n Subiectul lll
2

i2){2

z.

u)

!i*,rr*t* = I'

;*=;t:#\d*=!h@o* ,{'= }*,

Dli.r"a>a.=.f"@l:,,-lir"aw=*f'\il,',,-r',,,1'=f"(1)-f'(t)+f,(uy=f,*!=z

f,(x)=i*,
f"(x) =

-12x2(x4 +

=
- ---?;1y= +rf '
(xa +1f3

l)t +

4x3 .

2.

@o

c) Pe [0,

fi

l] avem./

<

*=
*=

7;*. 7l;*
IJ

<

F:

t,

la0la

1 9i obfinem:

jj,* = *",*l' . !iron*=,1, = X, = ilror* r r.

TEST 18

Subiectu! I
2

-7)-tos,e)=i."r,(f)=i

tog,2=i=0,r, s [at =0,25.

2. I + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - L) = n2 :+n2 = 169 + n= 13;x=2n- I + x=26 _l =25
=
to a=)Oos,fzs

x=25.

L")= V(2, 0) - - = 2 + b = - 4a
!, Grtansent la axa ox + vsox = v(*
*
- f(2) = 0; (0; l)e G, + f(0) = l; f(x) = a* + bx + c + f(0) = c = 1 + c =
f(2)=0=4a+2b+ 1 = 0 + 4a-8a+ 1 = 0 +-4a+ 1 =0 + a=! +b=-t
4
b=-4a
1

x2

f(x)= 4 -x+
4.
5.

43 numere

1.

64numere;

N* = !tl = 1 . 2.

Subiectul ll
(s

I.a)A=l
'(4

o=

t
ro).'

24.

BCMD paralelogram

= tAd + E6t = tzi + c-frt = Vfrt

AM =AD + DM =21+ BC = 6 +3=9
= Vfrt= 9 = lil = let + E6t = g.
6. sina = J-J

3.4

f e Jl

=
(n

V,-G=?,r.[t,r,)=rm,, >0.

= 9. b

4e@; a2

5b2

=81

- 5'

16

= 81

80

=I

+ Aeo//.

Rdspunsuri

Teste finale

279

(a

(c
ulx'Y=[a sb\
,)'lo

tuo*rr)
undea2-5b2=L;c2-5&=l
- 5(ad + bc)z = a2c2 + lOabcd + 25b2& - 5a2& - l0 abcd -5b\-5&(az -5b2)=(a2- tk, -y\ = 1. Deci x.yea,//.

@c + 5bA2

c2(a2

5b2c2

l1

ldet(Q = p' - !b' = | * 0, (V) a, be Q. 4 * o infinitate de elemente.

a)
+
+/(2)
2. f(0) f(l)
: a + 1 +^3 + g + q + 6^+ a^= 3p = !.
b) A = 2 ) f = x3 + 3x + 2; f(0) = 2; f(l) = I + 3 + 2 = 0; f(2) = I + r = 1 rdddcini
c) Ze^e//, Z

O,

polinomului/.
c)Pentru

^
6e{0;l}
pglinomulestereductibllinZrl\.

Pentru

a=l =f

=x3 +3x+1.

1,/(1) = 2,f(2) = 0. aeA. Pentru aeZrpolinomul/este reductibil

"f(0) =
nu existl valori ale lui a pentm care polinomul/este ireductibil inZrlX).
=
Subiectul lll
t. a) f'(x) = (r - 3)("x - 4) + (x - 2)(x - 4) + (x - 2)(x - 3) =
= x2 - 7 x + 12 + x2 - 6x + 8 + * - 5x + 6; f'(x) = 3* - l8x + 26;

/(I) E
ur
-' rim

,,,,'('
rn

ri* *l

c)
x1,2

f'(x) = 0 +

Dac6 xe

b)

'--

=,

3xz

63

")

i)

- l8x + 26 = O;
tsxJru-312 18t2\6 grJ,

oaca*e(-*.

z.

- ?)(' - 1)('-

itZrl4

[+,

fi
fz@)

- 6)r(g

Ji

ln(x2

-*-)r"r,"
)"

"f(xJ

\ +.

srrict descrescetoare

srrict crescaroare.

!f]r*,e

/--ax=

3 /\

* Y "f(x) ,t

* t{'=

mz;

fr1, qr; = t:# ^* = i!:;'.6a = L6rctgurli,,=

4

=! .arcts2=ffr", fi7?
subiectut

r.

- rr",*1.=

arct81

- arctso=L.

TESr 19

9, ri +r = Ji * t lJl+ 1l = lt,4t + Ll =2'

-'i-=
=
#
1

2.f(-x)=(-x)s.u'-x

-,' * I= - (,' - +) = - f(x) + f(- x) = -f(x)+ffunclie

impar6.

Y/tlz
5-'=2+, *,
5'=!

3. 5"+

2=y'-2y+1=0= (y-D2= 1 =
)y=t3J'=1+;=0

280

Matematica

4. (7 - 6lzorz - 12013 - l.

lE

+Zj

=Z-i

1+

Bacalaureat

m-3=2=m=4

Zd=i+(m-Tj =2+2(m-3)=41:2=
,.(;,n) + sinz > o; ae(r,
+)-sin4 < o; r.(0, ]) = s,
".

element este sin4.

Subiectul !l

r.

a) A(3)

"=(?

;)

(;

:) = [i :),

de(A(3) + Ir) = 15

- 8 = 7 + 0 =rang (A(3) + Ir) = 2.

(x-t
b)A2(x\-(--t x2-t)
( t x.,J I I "-t)
x*r)=
2x +X+ *'
l) + (.r + t)(x2 - l))
_
=(r' -x-X+x+X-,{ 1* -t)(*, *,-rf+x2+2x+X )I
(zt* - ll 2x(x2 - tt')
2x ' A(x) + A2(x) - 2xA(x) = Q''
=
[ 2x z*t* * ,i )=
c) A(2)

r"=(: l) .
[;

det(A(2)+2Ir)=15-3=

2.

a)

+ f(i)
a .50

f(0)

;s0

;s0

:)

(i I
5

s -3)
tr*o+f A-1 ,e-r=I(
12(_l 3 )
(2i)so =

n
I
t2
, .50

)2s

_1)
4l
ll'
_t

4)

(- 1)" =

CSorto + Clo{ri + Crof\i2 + ... + Cfo-lio

- Crrnt i+ ... = aro = 2; aon -0.
P/:
Deci aro + a49 z.

c)f = (x2 -

=
1) .Q@) + ox + 6 (din IetR

qia, beC a3)

=1e@)eC[x]
= (x + i)so + (x- lso - e - D . e@) + qx + b, restul ax + b
(1 + l)50 + (1 -i)5oa+b=O=a=-b
"f(1) =
1) = (l - 1;so + (- I -ifo- a + b =O + a= b
"f(-

(I

+ i)2 =L + 2i +

7 = 2i=+

2b=0=b=0|a=0=ax+b=0

(1 + i)a = (2i)2 = 4P =

(1 + l)50= (1 + l)a8 .2i=(-4)12.2i;

Suhiectu!

Ill

4;

(l -

i)a =

4;

(1-;;so =C4)rz.ezD=*Zi.(_+1r,
\

r.

a) rim

- l) E [*'X
l'H x+o

ln(x

r+6

.
'(x) =

*-h(r-1)

b)

c)

Fie/(x) = +=)
x'

x2
xx'
semnul

= 0,

*-*r'-'.

lui/(x)

este dat de semnul

(f
hi g(x))(x'>o)

Rdspunsuri

x
x-l .

g(x)=

Teste finale

281

-ln(x -l);

\\\\
(V);e(1, -) g descrescdtoare pe (1, -) x > 2; S@) < E(2) = 2.
=
=
2. a) ro=
?) = ;,,(i),

b) 1, =

f;_f

=i!:Y:a, =ln{*,-

,,1, =

=h+

TEST 20
Subieotul

- ..6 =,8 + t-..fr = tetN,

2. f =3, az= 11 - 3 = 8, ar= 8 - 3 = 5;

t. * + 6x + 9 > 0 + (x + 3)z > 0 (A), (V) xelR.

4. x)O,lo{4 +logr32 + logrr -4 = 0 =lo{4 + logr;r -2=0 +
logrx = y

-rt Jr+a
=
-yz + y - z=0rlrn,r22
logl = -2 =

= * ( Z)=- t=*=BC

2(b2

o44

t.

= 2m=-

AC -ZAB . AC.

= AB2 +

BC =9 +25

Subiectul

- =]r = - 2,!z= l.
l'I I

-=

u. mdt. md2=- I

6.

-2.

c2)

3. s .

- a2

)=

27

=m=-2r2

cos60o

ro-

2Q5 + 9)

15 =
19

D+BC=JD
68-19 49

ll

- (- 1)'= - I + permutarea este imparf,

(o b c)
(t 2 3\
.
b)o.x=x.ol.rI.Fiex=l
l+x-'=l-(1 2
-l
- 3)
[a b ")
a) m(o)

= 1 + e(o) = 1- l)z(o;

".,=(: ;)(i1)G l ;)=[l i

=[i :)(1 :;)=(l :")=(:: ;)=(l :

o=tr

Jl
l=
)t

J!

1l

l=a=l.b=2.c=3

(r23)
'=[, 2 3]
(t
2 3 ) fr 2 3\
2 3 \lsiXz=l
^ (t ^
c)FieX=l
l.o=l
'
[xtrl x(2) x(3))' (x'0) x'(2) x'(3))' u 32)
Din X2 = o

X2(I) =

1, XzQ)

= 3, X2(3) = 2

282

Matematica _ Bacalaureat

Dacd X(1)

= 1 =+ Xz(l) = X(1)

X(t) = 1

Dacdx(2) = 3 + xr^(z)=X(3) = x(3)=3 +x2(3)=x(3)

Dacd X(2) = 2 + X2(2) X(2) = 3 (contrad.)
=
=

Dacd

+ x20) = X(2) = r Xz(z)= X(1) = 3 contrad.

=
x2(l)=x(3) + x2(3)=

x(1) = 2

Dacdx(1) = 3 +

2.

a) A, = (xr

It )ct, ,l

* xr+ x; .l\

= (- 4) . ((- q2

l',
-

x3 ,,

3 . 4)= (-4X16

4* 4_ x{z_ xrxr_ x;xr) =

t2) = _

16

xr+xz*xr=-T=-+
12

x{z+xfi3*x;xr=l=o
x{*t= ja
b) a = - 3 +

3x3 + 12* + r2x + 3 0 | : 3 +

=
III, x, = - I solulie
x2 + 3x + 1 = 0

x3

4*

+ 4x +

r =0

ecualia reciproctr

3rJr- = -3r.6
22

_8._,, = 64
" =, B -

c)va+r=*.(+16)

ifu -i'

Subiectul tll
t' ") lsTi-) = _a = -2; hmr(x-2)
t'
6y

a=

64 25
- 25 -

25

=-2;f(0)=-2+f

39

=8.

continuatnxo = 0

11*---1-2- = p^ -Wrl - -1.

x) i\"2 1Z_-ryZ + 4 +,

x+2(2 _ x)(2 +

c) y

- 1 =f'(- t).

("r

+l)

=+ y

- I =|@

+g;

4*
.f'(x)=-z-'(-z!).
(x'+l)' =(7;g;Y-/ =-x-'( tY=-x'
1t *2
11(
2.a)1,-l-""
dx-- l;['ro l+x*

I f
I.,.l)d*=*'-rl,.rnr,+

=ln2-;;b)
fil

xet0, 1l

O3xz" < 1

= 03f ^(x)3f,;

# <x2'=,.=#l:,=)1,

c)liml-;0<I
<-l
il)a "
" 2ni-

H',=

o (t' ,,cle$telui") rlf ' =]-', +tn2= Rdspunsuri Teste finale 283 TEST 21 Subiectul r..,6 t" =36=729 {4.{i.J, {6t"+5a=625 {qT"=43=64 2. ctrrr= ar * l24r= 350 t(-) = 225r = - 225 r=- | a3so=a1+349r=125 + ar= 474; arco= ar + 99r = 474 - 99 = 375. b6 3. X^in = - = ; = 1 +"f(1) = 3 - 6* 1 = - 2 + minf(x) = - 2. 4. ar = 350 10 -+ 99 124 90 numere; 616r- = gO = a; j. dr =@+4 =U*=zi Subieotul t'.a)A b) 42, 52 ...92 -qj;6.cos2s= t -2sinza='Z-2525 -2.L=?. (-r 5\ (r 2) (-r -7\ '8=[o rJ [o -,J=[ o - r),det(A'B)=t+0=rang(A'B)=2. de* A2013 a) 6 numere. ll t +0 = (3) u' -.''l = {,1 '.], -(-^' [0 1) (0 -t) (-t (-r s) (r o\ .;a'=[o s\ ,.,J Io ,,,l=[o t)=t,; 2. -) A2ot2 . A- (A2)1006 . A=A A2o13 A. r = f(2) = 24 - 6 . 22 + 6 = 16 - 24 + 6 = - 2; I y2 - 6y + 6 = 0, b) Notdm 6+,1i6-24 6rzJt ^3 +V3 r 11g2=S +16 r.- =l-_-Ij----1 = =:-;:Jt'2 2 2 a2 =y >o )x.r.z== 16* 1[.n >o x2 =3 -Jl tx3,t=* deci, xr, )c2, x.', x4elt. x{-6xl+6=0 x!-6xl+6=0 x!-6xl+6=0 .+ xl-6x!+6=0 S, = (x, + x2+ x3+ xo)z -Z(xrxr+ xrxr+ + xrx4+ xz\+ x2x4+ )cax4) = c) 54 652 Subiectu! ll! t, a) + 24 =0 So 6' 12 - 24 * S+= 72 24 = 48. f'(l) = 4 - | = 3; f'(x) = 4x - L; x b),f(x) = 0 + c) =O-2.(-6)=12 f (x) = m: f q== x este 4x2 strict crescdto"* 1= 0 + * r),.te(1, -) ," [1. . -) 16-.16.tR; 284 Matemalica si stricr descrescf,toare a- * (r, ;], Bacalaureat to +++ '(x) ^=rG)=r Lr-'G) =)+uo co ---------f +a s. -P Dacd, <1+rn2 ecuatia nu are rrddcini reare. Dacd It riidaciniireatd;.Dacdmrr*tn2=ecuaria 2. a) continud pe lR =/ admite primitive F pe lR. Dar F,(x) . tx -2t = [fr'"' f,ran. _12 + ln(r+ =-lnlx-51f, o,l{}'fk) subiectut * f,fax* = !lfr*>a* rlr=- lg * =0 are o ln4- =,f(;) > 0, (V) xe lR = F 2, x > 2 [x - l-x+2'x<2' f{*.I,'fr* ln3 +rn4+ =ecuatia are2rdddcni."ut"r,.(O;j)r,rr.[i,._) , | .*,, l' "" este strict crescatoare pe lR;/(x) = ]' I q *=)*h2 ln3 =2rn4-2rn3 =rnl6 v = 0 asimptoti orizontali spre + -ln9 =rnE. @. TEST 22 tc 7.^=-ztJi --'1,2 -n _---3trJil _ 1- -Jil =--!,t-r-', 2 2, f(x) = ax + D crescltoare = !> O;f(f(x)) =f(ax + b) = a(ax + b) + b =9r + g + azx + ab + b =9x + g + a2 9 JL = = ='t 3, a > 0 + a = i = b = 2 f(x) = 3x + 2 = b(a+l)=8 k4 fus =4-to=_6;b=_f 4 a=_t=a>b. -t:b=#-n-fu ''^4. J; |*-2,*.o,$ -z-f lr,x<2=xe[g,2]
x= 4 -4x + x2 x2 -5x + 4=0,*r: fiiO, ij'=' xz=4et0,21
?. a=

tc;

lgl0-r=

J.

ae, n1

=@p!a:
l7;F

-2- r-3
@: *
=r
'r"/'|-3:4-2-Z=

,b=r,c=-5;
o. o.(0,

sin cr

= aoaO =

= {7t}.

solutie.

+ =x-3--Y+2+
2

,=0/1 -5J,
6= z'

+)=sinu<0, coss>0;sina(l-cosc)=0=

nu convtne; srncl

=r x =

sino,=0

+ g=n;

coso=

- Teste finale
Subiectul ll

285

Rispunsuri

L.

I
q

o'

lab' -

2.

a)

x,ye(2,*7

detA

*O

=1A-t;

o o) [, ;

bc'

#l

;, :
,;t,,
\--r7- -7 7t

> 2= x -2>01=
= ry>2=y-2>Ol

xo!=z(xy -2x-2y

+ 4)

o'l

(x-2)(y -2)

+ 2. >O (A) +

(2,

e)

>0

xy

-2x-2y

lui

4>O

lR.

>0

>'0

b) x " x = 2(x - 2)2 + 2; x ! = 2(x - 2)(y - 2) + 2

(x o x) o x =212(x -2)2 +2 -Z)2 + 2=2'22(x -2)2 + 2 = 23(x -2)2 + 2
x o x ox o... o x = 220t3(x - 2)20t2 + 2.
o

\----

ori

2013

=2y + I

c) x o y

2(x

2 + 2 =2Y +

-2)'

! - I = 2(5 -2)' (y' 2) + 2 = x -l =

lqx -rc=2y +t l4x -2y = -9l'(- 3)
=x

3{

=<[6y-10=x-l ={l*'6y=-91
27

-lslllB+
6v=--+-=bl'-"

tl

lll
t. a) a, =,1ir

l1

t x-6y=-e
-1lx

18
ll"

+Y-

f-tZx+6y=Zl

=18

27
22

Subiectul

$* J-z > ao, an> 0i - o^= rp + 4 - o,; tpi o^ - dn= o 1 ^ p(n): an*,> d,; q(0) = ar) do(A); P(n) A or,- o,- 3 = 0 - ,,.(+,-f = )r P(n ctn*r + 1) A; (a^), crescdtor; b) (a")^crescrtor, ,,.(+ (a)omhrginit (a),conversent "*)+ .P+o,-o, lim = n-+@ c) lim , (F. r*, + ,tl + a,11$ + a, - o,1 '

=llm
i'+*

2.

a) F primitivi

Z+an*r-Z-a,
+ F are proprietatea

(a, x <1

F'(x)=t+,r=,;F'(1) = 1;F(l-0)=F(1 +0) =p11;

rj(1)

Fj(r)

I *b)'Jt
["'x(lnx+l)

=|

b=0

F(x)

={ilJ.,''i,,
lr

F continul

1a*b=t

=,

(lnx+l)'dx=ln(lnx+ t;1"
=ln(2+

lnx+l

l)-lnl

=ln3;

286

Matematica

),

Bacalaureat

ctf(x)-F'(x)--,

f '(x) = - '1v2
t"O

='ir= i,

pe (1, +

-)

=/convexd

pe (1. + -1.

TEST 23
Subiectul

_ x+x-4 +2x-4=12-2x=16+x=8;2. xL. xz=3m=l+*=

I. 6=
2
,. 1lt+X = I + x13 +.t +2x=L + x3 +3x2 +3x+ x3 +3x2 +.r = 0 +
-'i G.o.
+ x(x2 + 3x + 1) = 0, rr = 0elR;xz,s = -a+=
4.

xT

I
Z;

2k

120-k

3 = 6 =; 120 -k = 18 + k= 102 e T,o, =Cl%.x6.2102.

5. dtll dr- *or=*or) -f, = = a=-4;6, a* b =n= b =IEcosZa + cos2b = 2cos(a + b)cos(a

b) =

2.

c{rgcos(a

b) =

a.)

2cos(a

b).

ll

Subiectul

(t)
(t I l+z\
r.A=11 t+m r l,a=l*1,
t.ll,l
I .) \*-)
\r I
a) detA

+ m)2 -f,

m=o+o=1"

,=

rr

lo I,o,=
(.0,

rangA

2. a) x,y=

I ll=

[r tt)

(t)
*
\

ll

rl

0l=-

rur,g.A

1+ 0

-,{ =Zil +,( -.{ -2tl

rangZ=

ransA-2

sistem incompatibil.

. - ye o// = . * - }; y * - : = .
{- )},

11
+ 2xY +, *

+y

- t, xy * } t

x * y = x + y + 2xy *

-, = * x ye a-//;
b) x x e =x + e + Zxe =l + r(l::9= 0 =+ e = 0
llt,lt
, " *'=0 =,
c) x * x = x + x

*0
* *'

-m2 = -m2;

*Z . Z.x'=0 =2x' =-, =

+ 2x2 _LAIL^z)_z
= 2x + 2x2 = z(,

*1)' - 1

*'

=-

q;

Rdspunsuri

Teste finde

287

X * )C * x * ...*-r = ]*l
\_de n

"l

-r

*;

ori

de 2000

,r(m

.X*X*X*...*f

se demonstreazl prin induclie

- ,;

=]19 -r+1-a

2'

ori

Subiectul lll
t. a) f'(x) = 2 - 2e-t = 2(l - e-\)i

(e-i I
l
b)f'(A=21't -;'=2--?; "2'_ >0pe 10, +-;'e2,> l

z.

'(x) = 0

c)

u)

J',r.[

f (-x)

eL

*,'t

- I=0-

[- l,

= f (x)./continud pe

b) v(+) =

rfi/l,.ro-,

= 1 = 2x = 0

eL'

pe [0.

+-):

x = 0 punct de extrem.

1]

jjtr + x21dx=

"(,1,.

*l)

=,,(r * 1) = T,

J*r' <21. f - x'1*"[* ; <2x'll +

= jjra, < [/!/i;d, = j; 2xndx = * = !' *n[r * a. = #r+
c)xe[0, 1] + I <

trecand la

I fr* fi rn[ + ,'dx = 0.

TEST 24
Subiectul

l.

r+i.,6
1 - fl-i\6)'z t+ir6=t-2iJr+3i2- t+,.6=-zQ+i.,6)---r-=u
---T:=l
Z l- 2
4
2
*

2, 2x - I 2 3x + 2 -

3x2

2x

2x

- I > x + 2 - 3* =

-11./i+36= -trJi ;r=(--.

*r,r=--6
6

3. Im/=/([1,
4, 211;

-l-Jrl
6

3x2

l"l

+x

3 > 0; x +

[-r+J:z,-*);)
6

3]) = [0,6];

i,16="+*=i+=i

+2i;

6. AB =2R+4.3=2R=R=6.
cos C
Subiectu! ll

,. ", o, = (l

;) t;

i)

(; l:),^-= (; [) i;

(t 2\ .(t o)_12 2)
b)A+o'=[o o)*1,
o)=1, B)
det(A +

A) = 76 -

4 = L2 + O
= A + At este inversabild

t
rf 8 -2) lq
(

(A + A\-1 =

"[-, ,)=l[-Ar

_1)
6l

I'

6)

l:)=

(l ::,),

l;

288

Matematica

b) (t 2\

u\.(,

-^-[" a)'l,

c\p=a_(o
w'A

d)=0 =
+0

c(a +

c=0

ar+u\_(r

(o2 +bc

rJ=[o o)=lo,*",

s2

bc +

d2J to

Bacalaureat

2)
4)

- | 1 a= + I

b@+A=2 =P=4+d=*.2
la= 1,d=2= a + d=2=
-L-u- b= tI -= A=(1
^-[o

z)'

II a = l, d = - 2 + a + d = -

|=

lll a = * l, d= 2 > a + d = I

+ b =2 =

b=

1)

- 2 +^
O

-zl

[; -t

t.

l'

2\t.

=(-'

't l'

Io

""1+A=l'(-, -?):

IYa=-l,d=-2=a+d=-3+U=-

l;

'
2. a)J'Ql)=8= 2-3+a+b=8 ++a+

[o -2)
S

b=9=lo=b=,
la=b

b)f = Q(x) . (x - l)2 ) 1= | riddcini dubld a lui/=/(1) =/,(1) = 0

+"f(1) = 0 2 -3 + a + b =0 a + b = I
=
=
f'(*) = 8x3 - 6x + a = f'(l)= 8 - 6 + a = 0 = a = - 2 = b = 3.

xf4+ x;x3+ x2x4+ xrxo) =(il'

c) 52 = Sl-2(xrxr+ x1x3+

Subiectul

lll

-, i =1- r.

X/

I x-l
t.a)f'(x)= '1
;- j= f

lr,,+1* +,'
tirr,

b)timl-91=16J=
r+@ X
x+@ .x
c).f"(x) = 0^
=

+ f (2) = ln2 +

l,H

x+-

x(r-!)
(

=1;,--

-'l-n

f -2x(x-t) ^ x-2x+2
= 0 =+'ff
= 0 + - x + 2= 0
_

--T

(
I
lr
elZ;
ln2 +
1=
,]

= x =2 =

Run"t de inflexiune.

!ji*= !(:, i i *)*=+-!

".il

i"

-f,mz*+31+ c

3x^d,
x'!2x-+-ilIl
*'*t l'
o, lt
= ['
'Jo
= n+l'
2x+3 -'-Jo
,**I 1*-"*tlo-

b1

2x'*t +

c) xe [0,

Dinb)

r]
I

= -+

x,*r

yn

s t;**

321,+31,=5Int

lifi*

tn*,

s.r,,

t= * _3nI,,ynelN*.

nerNx.

Rdspunsuri
Folosind

finale

Teste

289

< L t i = nlnl
I,-r2 In- 51.n-n
;: ^ a nI,' 3 |5 v n.lN*
n :,5'5(n+l)
5

criteriul clegtelui, efuim,lim*(nl,) =

si folosind

].

TEST 25
Subiectul I
,.. z = 1t + iJi)4- (l + ziJ, + 2i2)2 = QiJ, - r)2 = 8i2 - 4iJr+ 1 = - 7 - 4iJi =
Rez = - 7; 2. (f "g)(l) =/(g(1)) ="f(1) = | + I = 2;
,. (4x - 2)' = x(zx' l) = 4(2x - l)z = x(zx - l) = (2x - l)(4(2x- 1) - x) = 0 +

rr =

t41
8x

r;

x=

-4-

+2+l

4. f(a)>f(b);3

+ xr=

i > r.

= 6 funcfii;

sin260o =

ll

(z -l\
_r)

1. u)A,=[+

2
b\B=(
'

(z

1= *=r;I

fl)'\2) ff
\z)l'= - +2

-f =[: t)=,,,

lo

a=(4 -')=det=- 4+3=-r;

=a*
l/
[3 -t)
[-l

c) detB + 0

0')

2x2

* O + x *0 + f

A-t

A-=

*(i,1)=[;;]

2.a)3*(-3)=/-3+7=7i

b) (rx y) x z= (x+y +7) x 7=x + y + z+7 +7 =x * y + z+

.x x (-y * z)=x x (y + z+7)= x+y + z+ l!,a,,*" asociativi

14

c)xxx=2x+7

x*)c*x=3x+2.7
x,kxxx*x=4x+3.7
{ * x!...x x=
100

ori

Subiectul

l00x +99. 7=700<+ 100x= 7

=rt.O

lll

+3
r.a)limr
-- ' iii,r1v 11=,,,,{'.i)
,--

btf'txt

Olt

i)

2x(x- 1)-(r2 +3)

-1;_F-

=r,
2x2

-2x- *'-3
@ _tf-

*'-2x-3

--------------- -t

(x

- r)'

290
z. a
b)

Matematica

lro* r)i - (* + r)1) + r,

2!2)33.
J.s, = *=l= 161=iW+s;z- @+t)\+;.

.)/ = Joel ({x-- + 5 - J, * t>a* = 1

irci

!.. z2+z+l
2. x,= -

=01.(r- 1)+

oN

=-

z3=t=22013

+#=(23)n1+;g=I+t=2;

72r roerFI _ losr3s _

.ffi
=
=
= 5;

= Cf - (5r)5-r . 3k = C* . 5* . /_k . 3k
coliniari

_5, + l;.

#' =-+ = !,= 5.(- +)' -:-^= *'r-l-o=_ !_ro = _?

t Z
.,,( l2l)
= ,f- i,T ),!. togr- ;
T k+1

_ 2z

TEST 26

subiectu,

S.A,i

=d.6=d=

= f+

3a+32=0=e

f =

k=

I+

,=_+.

2a.+.7
6. AB = AC = BC =)p.p_abc _
cosC cos.B cosl
Ot -

56

iZ* -,t.,,,r= G,

soo,"=@=ffi=
ETs s 3
\z 2 2 2-4"-'"'P+

Bacalaureat

[irat' =ro,l,=(\F--C=-{.=G- Jr-Ji+ r =G-6- Ji *t

F'(o)=

4.

cosA _

z.,lr55

J*

2 =r;"o"A=E=

2.56 = 16'
8

Subiectul lt

(r t 2 ) f r)
r.A=lr o 3 l,o=l"l;
[o o o-2) l.-,J
a) detA = 2a - 3a - a + 2 _ 2a + 2;
=
b) sistemcompatibil determinat= detA +0
=r _2a+_2+
a=3
= detA = - 4 + 0 =l sistem compatibil determinat.

,,o=1"

a*l;

; ;'l,=[].l,*=l I ; ;l=18_3_e_3=3;
3

l, t) 1.-U l-r 3 rl

Tz = Cl1axa . 3:

Rdspunsuri

Teste finale

291

Ir t 2l
lr r rl
or=l, r rl=3-z+7-!=3:*=1, o , | =3-e+l=-5:
l0 -1 1l

335
.r=--;i=--;;=-.

4"

2.

f= fd, - D = (Ji - D3 - zd, - | + z =

= (Ji - i)(z - zJii + i') - zJi + 2i + 2 = di - il|o - zJli> - z{z + zi + 2 =
= J, - 4i - i + 2Jjiz - 2Jl + 2i + z = - 3J, - 3i + 2;
a)

2x + z,

x3

I
I xJ'2+xtx3+x2x:i -Z 2
--=-,UTV,
x2 x3
xtx2x3
-a a

,.1
O)-a
xt

c) r = f(3) = 20 e
Subiectul III

't"x-.
z^--=

t. a) f '(x) =

c)/convexd

2x2

(1n10

6+a=0
2x2

a=

21.

+2x-1

x+l
- 2 L-2J1 - - 1 l'6.
44-2'

+ 2x- 1 = 0, *r,r=-JlF

Ipl*

I;++d. =
;

a1 ffr1x1ax
b)

27

x+l

f,(x)= 0 =

b)

z.

3 -11

l0

*+,

0 pentrure(0,

o) +/convexn

)t:;i*.I;7:

,ln2

+ I =t

+

arctg3

arctg2;

)2xdx=dt;x=0 + /= l;-r= 1 ) t=2

113
,1:,=-#l:,=- _r--16416
TEST 27

-:!;y=]+l; =: ?)
!

t.

12008

12010

i20tz

i20r3

- | + i2 + I + i = | + i. Imz = i.

conform tabel/nu este strict monotond pe lR

(1)'*'-,

(5/
3-n=\.51
r , __'-fl)'oo'
4
55
--l

-)

arctsx + C;

o li,,fran.= ['Ahdx:x2

Subiectul

pe (0,

=/nu

5(. l)zoor
=z['-t)
'q'
5

este injectivd.

292

Matematica

4.

4.

,S
p(p-a)(p-b)(p -c)
5.t=-undeS=
p

a=10,b=8,c=6$ip cu p=12=,S= 24=r=24 'i=r=2;6. sln c[ tsct' " cosctrl+3tioo) -ct 'Ltetga- Bacalaureat P. < Clo; + 3tgcr' =!i#:= I -dar coscr/ ,.) sin cr JL --2I - ts21 "2 r-19 3.q -9 cos cr, l3 + 3 sin cr Suhiectul l! r.a).4(0)or-,r=[-', [, b) rangA = 2 /r\ detA = 0 c)AX=j , \ L'l [-', I-ll =f!,-o' -il t 2)[, t 2) [, detA*O=x+5 ril=*", o 2) x = 5; +(l)A-r+ r,) sorugaecualieiesreunicdx=e-' .llf l. [,.] 2. a) 4 * 5 = 5;b)x x y = (x-3)(x -y) + 3 > 3, Vx, ye(3, + -); c) x *y = (x-3)(y - 3) + 3 + x * x= (x-3)2 + 3 x * x * x= (x _ 3)3 + 3 =x_3 = (r3)3 =x -3 x- 3=0 )c=3;(x3)2 I = = = + 1+ S= {3; 4;_2}. = Subiectul l. lll a) g'(x) = 3x2 +I g"(x) = 6x =S,(3) = 18 b) r,md@--Ja - f,(r) = zez; x+t X_l l- c) Construim funclia h(x) = flx) S@), -) -+ lR, demonstrdm ci h(x) * 0 pe [0, + -;. h(x) = sx - x3 - x- 1 = h'(x) = 2e2' - 3* - I. = Notim h'(x) = q(x) = q'(x) = 4eb - 6x. Notim q'(x) = t(x) + t'(x) = gs2s - 6 = 33 r'(x) = 0 ru )16 - tni+ = = = ia l3 *r=-ln24 conform tabel h(x) + 0, h strict crescitoare ,,. ^, I:ffi*= fi 4x): t(x) q'(x) +++++ o ---------++ q(x) q(x): +@ +++ {(x) h'(x'l h(x) flx) + g(x) pe [0, + -;. [;* . r:*]d. ;ilU;#* r:[ _ I lr 3 rr * =i*lr*alruu ' -=-1 - l' =.!2 * 1rnl. 2x+3ln 30'4 3 -ln2 4 h:[O, + ' ryf liravalax = f r6y - F'(x)dx= 2lt - F2(2) F2(t). Rdspunsuri Teste finale TEST 28 Subiectul to a= I + 6i -9 -9 = - 16eZ;2. L<0, m> 0 = 6i = 1o + } = 4. xe{r iJt; t Jil;S. lil = JKG 6. cos75o = cos(45o + 30") = Subiectul '.. a) ll *.(!,* -); r. o =1=1, 8; *(+ -;) o, u"*,,) =Ba2=0 =a=0: M(-t;.ror = [1' -'r). (; N = (l 1) (t+zo l. a",r *0 + (t +2a)(4a+ 1)+0 aelR tt-;'-i)' c)B=[ o 4a+t),1, (4a+t -t ) I . " (l+2a)(l+4a)( 0 2a+l) ca a = 3; b = 2$i a2 - 2b2 =
b) calcul direct; c) se verifici axiomele subgrupului'

2. a) z = 3 + 2JieMpentru
Subiectul

t. a

l'

lll

1ry,rff

b),f (x) < 0

c)'x+-*gx
lim

f'(z), tal =

+/strict

"* =E-=
e-*

-l

-1

2. a)f'(x)=

rfi;

descresc6toare pe (0, +

4-l

=0

=y-

r-irol 1,1i4ffi

-);

asimptot'orizontal'cdtre--'

F'(r);

F'(x)

=f(x)=*

*! = F'(t)=2;

c)f"(x)=24r0,V*>0.

TEST 29
Subiectul

a. a,=l; r = 8 i

sro =

g+il'

370.

3 17--1
\
.t- I . \ T1 *)+"f-l(x)
f-,:
L-;, -.J - L i,*
!. xe(o,2nl* * +}
sinx=2e[- 1, 1]; si* =-2'
{:,

='-7. I cl, '

ll-2 3 lll
A,,rc=+ll-,,,11=;

'lo

1ll

Cfo;

294

Matematica

b. @ -

i)

61pa +

Subiectul

= z&

Il

-ab -

i,

3 .2cos1 _ 4

2. 9 -

Bacalaureat

= tt.

(r oo\ (t o o\ (z o o\
r ol*lr , -, l=1, 2 -tl
[o o t) [, o t)[, o 2)

r.a)A(0)+A(r)=ls
b) det (-r)

c)A(x

.A0) = detA(x).

+y)=
a

1.

o o

(r
l@+D'z

Ir*y
inversabild V

detA(y) =

I -(r*y)l=
0 I )

detA(x

+y)= I +0=+A(x+y)esre

yelR.

2. a) 2 * (-2) =28;b) =|;.) x * y =2@ "

(- 100) * (-99) x ... x 0 x 1 x ... x 100 = 4
Subiectul tlt

t. a)f'(x)=--+"*,

or+-

(x + 7)'

1; b)
-'

Obt - 4) + 4; x * 4 = 4 x

-lim-/(r)
t-**

x-4,

V xelR

ljml.,)= l =y
- "* =t; ,+-@

asimptoti orizontald (nu avem asimptotd oblici). /,(- 1)

=
= o, \G r) =r# =
x = - r asimptotI verticald la dreapta. c) conform a) ,(x) "i
<0,
v xErR \ {- 1}
f

\ {- l}.
x-2

c) F(x)

14

17i

-2tn(x

*,{7i7

--Jo

lr

{x'+l

= 1E(x + 3arctgx

x2*l*

2..2).

c.

TEST 30

Subiectul I

2+5i
4+25
29 29',--

l.

z3

i+

2kn +

73

JTt=

l.

ll

a) det(AB) = detA .detB =

2kx + !
i5in---2,

ke

lO, 1, 21.

15

J^'
z.
6. -cos2x+ 3cosx - 2=O;jo.r= 2et-1,11;
Subiectul

,^,-fr ;o = s6s----2 a
.,+ isinl
=sssfr
- -=

4.p=4 =l
40 l0
5.sinc=Jil=R=

*=
=/strict

descrescdtoare pe IR

74 x
-L-z

cosx=

1; b) calcul direct;

1+ xe{2knl,keZ.

Rdspunsuri

- Teste frrale

295

+ gt

+ Ir)+..- + (A + Ir) -- 1000O, = Or.

,. a)f(-2)=6;b)r(- l) =0 =/i(r + 1); c)f = (x- Ji>@+ Jr)@- 1)(r+
Subiectul Il!
c)

X=

(A

12)

t. a)/'(r) = iZ+f,;b)f'(x)>
c) y

2.

-,f(o) =/(0[.r - o)

a)

I,= fi

*t',

b) 1,*, + 4I^=

c) In*r - ,.=

+,

0, V relR

+/strict

1).

cresc6toare pe lR;

1*.

=,1,- 4rn(x + ,l' = , - + nJ;

!::f

!:*i*<

. !),ffi*

t*u?*

*,

#1, =
0
= (1n) descrescd,o, = ,1rf = ',' i=
=

,1im1,

= 0'