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Ecuaii cu modul

1. Ecuaii a cror rezolvare au la baz definiia noiunii de modul. |x| = a, a 0 x {-a, a}.
x 2x 3x 12
x 1
x 1
2x 3
3
1
1
2
5
2
2. Ecuaii a cror rezolvare apeleaz la factorul comun.
|x 2| + |x2 4| = 0
|x 1| + |x2 3x + 2| + |x2 1| = 0
|x2 9| + |x2 4x + 3| = 0 |x + 3| + |2x + 6| + |5x + 15| = 0

x 1 2 x 2 3 x 3 23

.
2
3
4
24
|x - 3| - |5x - 15| + |8x - 24| = 0

3. Ecuaii a cror rezolvare apeleaz la principiul ATENIE.


|x 3| + |x 1| + |5x 6| = - 3 |x 1| + |x 2| + |x2 3x + 2| = - 1 |x - 1| + |x + 3| = - 9
|2x 3| + |3x 2| = - 5
|x| + |x 3| = - 2
|x - 7| + |2x 3| = - 2
4. Ecuaii a cror rezolvare are la baz reguli, cunotine, judeci.
|x + 2| = 9 2x; |x 3| = 3x 3; |x| + |x 3| = 9; |x| + |x 3| = 4; |x| + |x 3| = 3;
|x| + |x 3| = 1; 2|x 1| + |x + 5| = 3; 2|x 1| + |x + 5| = 7; 2| x 1| + |x + 5| = 1;
|x 2| + |x + 4| = 6; |x 2| + |x + 4| = 2; |x 2| + |x 4| = 1; |x 2| - |x + 3| = 3;
2|x 3| + 3|1 x| = 5; 7|x| - 5|2 x| = 11. |x 2| - |5 x|= 3;
8 | x | 3
7
1;
.
|x| + |2x| + |3x| +.+ |2008 x| = 2009 1005; 3|x| + 5 = 812;
| x 3|
| x | 3 2
x 2 4 x 4 2; 9 x 2 6 x 1 4; x 2 8x 16 5; ( x 1) 2 x; ( x 1) 2 2 x 3; x 2 x; x 2 x.
Aprofundare
1. |x| = 1; |x 1| = - 2; |x 1| = 2; | - x + 2| = 3; | - 7x + 9| = 0; | 3x 17| = - 1.
x
3x
x 1 x 1
2. | 6x 1| = 1 6x; | 2x 1| = - 3x 2; 1 1
; ; |6 x| = 2x + 3
2
5
3 2 2 3
3. | 2x + 1| + | 2x 1| = 0; | 3x 5| + | 2x 7| = - 2; | x 1| + | x 2| = 6;
| x 1| + | x 2| + | x 3| = 3.
( x 2) 2 ( x 4) 2 2 ; | x2 1| + | x + 1| = 0; | x2 4| + | x 2| = 0;
| x 1| + | x + 1| = 0; | x2 9| + | 2x 6| + | 3x 9| + | 4x 12| = 0.
5. A = { x R x + | x 1| = 4}; B = { x R | x 1| + | x 2| = 3};
C = { x R 2x - | x| + | x + 5| = 1}; D = { x R 5x + | x | + | x 1| + | x 2| = 1}

4.

6. | x 1| - 3 | x + 1| = 6; | x + 2| - 3 | x + 2| = 12; (x + 1)2 + 2 (2x 1) = x (x + 2) + 3;


2 (3 + 2x) + | x 1| = 4 (x + 3).
7. | x | = 2; | x 1| = 3; | x 3 | = 4; | 2x 3 | = 5; || x 5| - 3 | = 1; || x 7 | - 5 | = 3;
|| 2x 1| - 3 | = 2; || 3x 2 | - 6 | = 2.
8. | 3x 4| = | 1 2x |; | 7x 1 | = 21 9x; | 1 3x | = | 3 2x |; | 10 + x | = - 10 x;
| x 2 | + | x 1 | = 0; | 5x 2 | = 3 | x 1 |; | x 1 | + 2 | x 2 | = 3;
| x + 1 | + | x 1 | + | x 3 | = 3 + x; || x | - 1 | = 13; | 6 x | = 1; | 4x 3 | = 2 | x |;
| 3x 1 | = | 6 5x |; | x 2 | = 3 | 5 x |.
9. | 3x 2 | = 11 x; | x | - | x 2 | = 2; | x 1 | + | x 3| = 4; | x| + | x 1| + | x 2| = 6;
| x 1| + | 3x 3| = 0; | x 3| + 2 | x + 1| = 5; || x 1| + 2| = 1.
10. 2 x 3 2 5 2 ; | 3x + 1| = | x|; | x + 3| = | 2x 6|;