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List de laureai Nobel pentru literatur[modificare | modificare surs]

List a laureailor Premiului Nobel din 1901 pn n prezent.


An Nume ar Limb (limbi)
1901 Sully Prudhomme Frana Francez
1902 Theodor Mommsen Germania German
1903 Bjrnstjerne Bjrnson Norvegia Norvegian
1904
Frdric Mistral Frana Occitan
Jos Echegaray y Eizaguirre Spania Spaniol
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz Polonia Polonez
1906 Giosu Carducci Italia Italian
1907 Rudyard Kipling Regatul Unit Englez
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken Germania German
1909 Selma Lagerlf Suedia Suedez
1910 Paul Heyse Germania German
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck Belgia Francez
1912 Gerhart Hauptmann Germania German
1913 Rabindranath Tagore India Bengalez
1915 Romain Rolland Frana Francez
1916 Verner von Heidenstam Suedia Suedez
1917
Karl Adolph Gjellerup Danemarca Danez
Henrik Pontoppidan Danemarca Danez
1919 Carl Spitteler
Elveia
German
1920 Knut Hamsun Norvegia Norvegian
1921 Anatole France Frana Francez
1922 Jacinto Benavente Spania Spaniol
1923 William Butler Yeats Irlanda Englez
1924 Wadysaw Reymont Polonia Polonez
1925 George Bernard Shaw Irlanda Englez
1926 Grazia Deledda Italia Italian
1927 Henri Bergson Frana Francez
1928 Sigrid Undset Norvegia Norvegian
1929 Thomas Mann Germania German
1930 Sinclair Lewis Statele Unite Englez
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt Suedia Suedez
1932 John Galsworthy Regatul Unit Englez
1933 Ivan Alexeevici Bunin Rusia (n exil) Rus
1934 Luigi Pirandello Italia Italian
1936 Eugene O'Neill Statele Unite Englez
1937 Roger Martin du Gard Frana Francez
1938 Pearl S. Buck Statele Unite Englez
1939 Frans Eemil Sillanp Finlanda Finlandez
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen Danemarca Danez
1945 Gabriela Mistral Chile Spaniol
1946 Hermann Hesse
Elveia
German
1947 Andr Gide Frana Francez
1948 T. S. Eliot Statele Unite/ Regatul Unit Englez
1949 William Faulkner Statele Unite Englez
1950 Bertrand Russell Regatul Unit Englez
1951 Pr Lagerkvist Suedia Suedez
1952 Franois Mauriac Frana Francez
1953 Sir Winston Churchill Regatul Unit Englez
1954 Ernest Hemingway Statele Unite Englez
1955 Halldr Laxness Islanda Islandez
1956 Juan Ramn Jimnez Spania Spaniol
1957 Albert Camus Frana Francez
1958 Boris Leonidovici Pasternak (a refuzat premiul)
[1]
Rusia Rus
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo Italia Italian
1960 Saint-John Perse Frana Francez
1961 Ivo Andric Iugoslavia Srbo-croat
1962 John Steinbeck Statele Unite Englez
1963 Giorgos Seferis Grecia Greac
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre (a refuzat premiul)
[2]
Frana Francez
1965 Mihail olohov Rusia Rus
1966
emuel Iosef Agnon Israel Ebraic
Nelly Sachs Germania German
1967 Miguel ngel Asturias Guatemala Spaniol
1968 Yasunari Kawabata Japonia Japonez
1969 Samuel Beckett Irlanda Englez/Francez
1970 Alexandr Soljenin Rusia Rus
1971 Pablo Neruda Chile Spaniol
1972 Heinrich Bll Germania (Vest) German
1973 Patrick White Australia Englez
1974
Eyvind Johnson Suedia Suedez
Harry Martinson Suedia Suedez
1975 Eugenio Montale Italia Italian
1976 Saul Bellow Canada / Statele Unite Englez
1977 Vicente Aleixandre Spania Spaniol
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer Statele Unite Idi
1979 Odysseas Elytis Grecia Greac
1980 Czesaw Miosz Polonia / Statele Unite Polonez
1981 Elias Canetti Regatul Unit German
1982 Gabriel Garca Mrquez Columbia Spaniol
1983 William Golding Regatul Unit Englez
1984 Jaroslav Seifert Cehoslovacia Ceh
1985 Claude Simon Frana Francez
1986 Akinwande Oluwole Soyinka Nigeria Englez
1987 Iosif Brodski Rusia / Statele Unite Rus/Englez
1988 Naguib Mahfouz Egipt Arab
1989 Camilo Jos Cela Spania Spaniol
1990 Octavio Paz Mexic Spaniol
1991 Nadine Gordimer Africa de Sud Englez
1992 Derek Walcott Sfnta Lucia Englez
1993 Toni Morrison Statele Unite Englez
1994 Kenzaburo Oe Japonia Japonez
1995 Seamus Heaney Irlanda Englez
1996 Wisawa Szymborska Polonia Polonez
1997 Dario Fo Italia Italian
1998 Jos Saramago Portugalia Portughez
1999 Gnter Grass Germania German
2000 Gao Xingjian Frana / China Chinez
2001 Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul Regatul Unit Englez
2002 Imre Kertsz Ungaria Maghiar
2003 John Maxwell Coetzee Africa de Sud Englez
2004 Elfriede Jelinek Austria German
2005 Harold Pinter Regatul Unit Englez
2006 Orhan Pamuk Turcia Turc
2007 Doris Lessing Regatul Unit Englez
2008 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clzio Frana i Mauritius Francez
2009 Herta Mller Germania i Romnia German/Romn
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa Peru / Spania Spaniol
2011 Tomas Transtrmer Suedia Suedez
2012 Mo Yan China Chinez
2013 Alice Munro Canada Englez
Note[modificare | modificare surs]
Femeile scriitoare care au obinut aceast distincie sunt Selma Lagerlf, Grazia Deledda, Sigrid
Undset, Pearl S. Buck, Gabriela Mistral, Nelly Sachs, Nadine Gordimer, Toni Morrison,Wisawa
Szymborska, Elfriede Jelinek, Doris Lessing i Herta Mller.
Premiul Nobel nu msoar "valoarea absolut" a unui scriitor. Exist totui scriitori importani care nu
l-au obinut dei erau eligibili: Anna Ahmatova, Jorge Amado, Tudor Arghezi, Antonin
Artaud, Georges Bataille, Lucian Blaga, Maurice Blanchot, Jorge Luis Borges, Bertolt Brecht, Paul
Celan, Ren Char, Anton Pavlovici Cehov, Alejandro Ciornescu, Hugo Claus, Joseph Conrad, Julio
Cortzar, Jacques Derrida, Theodore Dreiser, Lion Feuchtwanger, Robert Frost, Thomas
Hardy, Willem Frederik Hermans, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Graham Greene, Aldous Huxley, Henrik
Ibsen, James Joyce, Franz Kafka, Nikos Kazantzakis, Arthur Koestler, D.H. Lawrence, Norman
Mailer, William Somerset Maugham, Andr Malraux, Sndor Mrai, Arthur Miller, Henry Miller, Yukio
Mishima, Alberto Moravia, Harry Mulisch, Robert Musil, Vladimir Nabokov, George Orwell, Fernando
Pessoa, Ezra Pound, Marcel Proust, Boleslaw Prus, Nichita Stnescu, Gertrude Stein, Wallace
Stevens, August Strindberg, Lev Nicolaevici Tolstoi, Arnold J. Toynbee, Marina vetaeva, Mark
Twain, Jules Verne, Franz Werfel, Thornton Wilder,Tennessee Williams sau Virginia Woolf.