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Instructiuni pentru candidati:

Scrie in spatiile respective, numele si prenumele.


Citeste cu atentie fiecare enunt. Acolo unde este necesar, utilizeaza
hartile din atlasele geografice scolare. MULT SUCCES!

Numele, prenumele primului corector, scor acordat


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Numele si prenumele corectorului al doilea, scor acordat


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Nota finala _________________________________________________


Presedintele comisiei__________________________________________

1. Citeste afirmatiile de mai jos. Daca afirmatia este adevarata, incercuieste


litera A. Daca consideri afirmatia falsa, incercuieste litera F. Daca ai incercuit
litera F, scrie in spatiile libere, in locul cuvintelor subliniate, alte cuvinte
care fac afirmatia adevarata.
A F Mediul antropizat reprezinta mediul natural modificat partial de activitatea
umana.
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A F Coraziunea este actiunea de spulberare de catre vint a particulelor fine de


roca.
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2. In coloana A sint indicate tipuri de clima, iar in coloana B � culturi agricole


caracteristice acestora. Scrie pe liniile din coloana A cifrele din coloana B,
corespunzatoare fiecarui tip de clima (cifrele pot fi scrise doar o singura data).

Coloana A Coloana
B
__________ clima tropicala musonica 1. Cafea
__________ clima subtropicala mediteraniana 2. Citrice
__________ clima temperat-maritima 3. Orez

4. In

5. Maslin

6. Cartof L/0/1/2/3

3. Citeste fragmentul de text de mai jos si subliniaza trei erori.


�Musonii sint vinturi locale, care isi schimba directia de doua ori pe zi. Vara
directia este dinspre ocean spre uscat, iar iarna dinspre uscat spre ocean.
Musonul de iarna aduce precipitatii abundente�.
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4. Clasifica in trei grupe, conform criteriului dimensional, formele de relief


enumerate mai jos. Scrie tipul si cite doua exemple de forme de relief pentru
fiecare tip: L/0/1/2/3

Podisuri, ravene, bazine oceanice, dorsale medio-oceanice, doline, blocuri


continentale.
Tipul:
Exemple de forme de relief 1. 1. 1.
2. 2. 2.

5. Descrie procesul de formare a poleiului si indica:


a) doua conditii de formare a poleiului (in una-doua propozitii)
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b) doua consecinte negative ale poleiului (cite o propozitie pentru fiecare


exemplu):
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6. Calculeaza intinderea continentului Australia de la vest la est pe paralela 30�


lat. Sud, in grade si kilometri, stiind ca lungimea unui grad pe aceasta paralela
este de 96,5 km. Utilizeaza reteaua de grade. Indica harta aplicata. Efectueaza
toate calculele pe foaia de test.
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7. Compara clima pen-lei Florida cu cea a pen-lei California, utilizind hartile
tematice si completeaza tabelul:
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Criterii de comparare Peninsula Florida Peninsula California


Cantitatea medie de precipitatii
Tipul de clima
Doua cauze ce determina tipul de clima diferit:

a)

b)

a)
b)

8. In perioada actuala in Africa sunt frecvente razboaiele. Argumenteaza doua


cauze care determina acest fenomen (cite una doua propozitii pentru fiecare
cauza):
a) ____________________________________________________________________
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b) ____________________________________________________________________
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9. Dedu doua cauze care determina amplasarea intreprinderilor siderurgice din
Marea Britanie pe litoralul maritim, in a doua jumatate a sec. al XX-lea.
a) _____________________________________________________________________
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b) _____________________________________________________________________
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10. Folosind hartile tematice, descrie cite o consecinta in dezvoltarea economica


a Romaniei, care rezulta din fiecare particularitate a pozitiei economico-
geografice a tarii:
a. Romania are iesire la Marea Neagra __________________________________
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b) Romania este traversata de fluviul Dunarea __________________________________


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11. Argumenteaza, prin doua exemple, corectitudinea afirmatiei: �Integrarea
tarilor exportatoare de petrol in cadrul OPEC este avantajoasa pentru acestea�.
a) ____________________________________________________________________
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b) _____________________________________________________________________
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12. Decalajul in nivelul de dezvoltare social-economica dintre statele inalt


dezvoltate si cele in curs de dezvoltare este una din problemele globale ale
omenirii. Propune si argumenteaza trei cai de solutionare a acestei probleme.
a) _____________________________________________________________________
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b) _____________________________________________________________________
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c) _____________________________________________________________________
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