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Lesson Plan in Grade 8 Math

July 15, 2014



I. Objectives:
By the end of the lesson the students should be able to:
A. Identify if a binomial is a sum or difference of two cubes.
B. Describe the resulting factor of the sum or difference of two cubes.
C. Factor the sum or difference of two cubes.


II. Subject Matter: Factoring
Sub Topic: Factoring the sum or difference of two cubes
Reference: Math Time: Activity SourceBook, pg. 25
Making connections in Mathematics, Oronce ET. Al, pg. 334
Materials: Chalk, visual aids, activity sheets and flash cards
Strategies: Discovery, cooperative learning, discussion
III. Procedure:

A. Daily Routine
Teachers Activity Students Activity
Good morning!
Let us start our todays meeting with a
prayer. Who is the prayer leader for today?
At the count of one, pick all the trashes
under your chairs. At the count of two, put
it in your pocket and at the count of three
sit down.
(The teacher will check the attendance and
the assignments.)
Good morning Sir!
(The student prayer leader will lead the prayer)

B. Recall
Teachers Activity Students Activity
How do we factor the difference of two
squares?
(The teacher will call one student.)

Very good!
(Some students will raise their hand.)

Get the square root of the first and last
term.After getting the square roots express
them as product of the sum and difference of
two terms.

C. Priming
The teacher will give series of drills to be answered by the students orally.
(The flash cards contain the following)

and

.

Teachers Activity Students Activity
How did you get the cube root of a
variable raised in certain power?
How can we know if a monomial raised
in certain power is a perfect cube?
Divide the exponent by three.

The exponent should be multiples of three.









D. Lesson Proper

a. Activity
Directions:
Rewrite the monomials inside the table horizontally on the space provided to
create six term polynomial and simplify.
Fill the blank boxes by the GCMF of the aligned column or row.
Write the factors of the polynomial inside the parentheses.


x
3
x
2
y
-x
2
y -xy
2

xy
2
y
3

= ( )( )

a
3
-5a
2

5a
2
-25a
25a -125
= ( )( )

27x
3
-36x
2

36x
2
-48x
48x -64
= ( )( )

8y
3
-4y
2

4y
2
-2y
2y -1
= ( )( )

a
3
5a
2
b
-5a
2
b -25ab
2
25ab
2
125b
3
= ( )( )

a
6
b
3
3a
4
b
2

-3a
4
b
2
-9a
2
b
9a
2
b 27
= ( )( )
b. Analysis
Teachers Activity Students Activity
When you rewrite the monomials
horizontally to make six term polynomial on
your activity, what kind of polynomial did
you get?
Why did you think so?

Aside from being a binomial, what other
things did you observe?
Since we are on factoring. What do you
think is our lesson for today?
How can we know if a binomial is a sum or
difference of two cubes?
Going back to your activity, describe the
resulting factors of the sum or difference of
the cubes.
a
3
+ b
3
= (a + b)(a
2
ab + b
2
)
a
3
b
3
= (a b)(a
2
+ ab + b
2
)
Is this familiar with you?
On what lesson did you encounter these
formulas?
Binomial



Some terms were cancelled so they become
zero and there were only two terms left.
It is the sum or difference of two cubes.

Factoring the sum or difference of two cubes.

The first and the last termsmust be perfect
cubes.
One of the factors is a binomial and the other
one is a trinomial.



Yes!
Special products. Products of (x y)(x
2
xy
+ y
2
)

How are the terms of the product related to
the terms of the binomial factor?

How do you relate your binomial factor to
your trinomial factor?

All in all, how do we factor sum or
difference of cubes?




Example: Factor x
6
+ y
6

Is this a sum of two cubes?
How did you say so?


What is the cube root of x
6
?
How about y
6
?
What is next?

What is the binomial factor?
How about the trinomial factor?
What are the factors of x
6
+ y
6
?
Example 2: Factor x
3
125
Is this a difference of two cubes?
Why?
What is the binomial factor?
How did you say so?


What is the trinomial factor?

How?



What are the factors of x
3
125?
Do you want more examples?
(The teacher will give more examples if
necessary.)

The first and second term of the binomial
factor is the cube root of the first and second
term of the product and the sign was copied.
Square the first and second term of the
binomial factor and get the additive inverse of
the product of the terms.
Get the cube root of the first and last term.
Expressed them in a binomial and copy the
sign. Use the expressed binomial factor to get
the trinomial factor by squaring the first and
second term and getting the additive inverse
of their product as the middle term.

Yes?
The exponents of the first and second terms
are multiples of three. We can extract cube
roots from it.
x
2
.
y
2
.
Expressed them in binomial and copy the
sign.
x
2
+ y
2

x
4
- x
2
y
2
+ y
4

(x
2
+ y
2
)(x
4
- x
2
y
2
+ y
4
)

Yes!
x
3
and 125 are both perfect cubes.
x 5
Get the cube root of the first term and second
term. Express them in a binomial and copy the
sign.
x
2
+5x + 25

Use the expressed binomial to get the
trinomial. The square of x is x
2
. The square of
-5 is 25, and the additive inverse of (x)(-5) is
5x.
(x 5)( x
2
+5x + 25)
(The students will respond.)

c. Abstraction
Teachers Activity Students Activity
How can we identify if a binomial is a sum
or difference of two cubes?
What are the resulting factors of the sum or
difference of two cubes?
How do we factor the sum or difference of
two cubes?
The first and second terms are both perfect
cubes.
A binomial and a trinomial.
Get the cube root of the first and second
term and expressed them in a binomial and
copy the sign. Use the expressed binomial to
get the other trinomial factor. Get the square
of the first and second term and get the
additive inverse of the product of the two
terms.





d. Application
Teachers Activity Students Activity
x
6
y
9
+ 8z
12

27 + 64x
3

125 x
12

x
3
- 216
(The teacher will ask the four students to factor
the sum or difference of two cubes on the
board.)
(The teacher will choose four students to
answer.)
(The teacher will verify the answers.)
(Some students will raise their hand.)

IV. Evaluation
What did the bee say to the rose?

To answer the question stated, just factor the given sum of two cubes in column A. Find the answer in
column B and write the corresponding letter on the box.

COLUMN A COLUMN B
1. x
3
+ 27 B (x
2
y
3
-5z
4
)(x
4
y
6
+ 5x
2
y
3
z
4
+ 25z
8
)
2. 8x
3
+ 125y
6
H (x - y)(x
2
+ xy + y
2
)
3. x
6
y
9
+ z
12
D (2x + 5y
2
)(4x
2
10xy
2
+ 25y
4
)
4. 64x
9
- 729y
3
! (x
2
y
3
+ z
4
)(x
4
y
6
x
2
y
3
z
4
+ z
8
)
5. 27x
3
-1 I (x + 4)(x 4x + 16 )
6. x
3
- y
3
, (3x -1)(9x
2
+ 3x + 1)
7. x
6
y
9
125z
12
U (x+3)(x
2
- 3x + 9)
8. x
3
+ 64 (4x
3
9y)(16x
6
+ 36x
3
y + 81y
2
)

DECODER

4 6 8 5 7 1 2 3 4


V. Agreement
Teachers Activity Students Activity
For your assignment, answer the following
on your Math Time on page 26.

Practice Ex. 1.12
A Even numbered items
B odd numbered items
C even numbered items
(The students will take note the assignment.)


Prepared by:

Acejan L. Jadie
Practice Teacher,